E.
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E
E (ē). 1. The fifth letter of the English alphabet. It derives its form, name, and value from the Latin, the form and value being further derived from the Greek, into which it came from the Phœnician, and ultimately, probably, from the Egyptian. Its etymological relations are closest with the vowels i, a, and o, as illustrated by to fall, to fell; man, pl. men; drink, drank, drench; dint, dent; doom, deem; goose, pl. geese; beef, OF. boef, L. bos; and E. cheer, OF. chiere, LL. cara.
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The letter e has in English several vowel sounds, the two principal being its long or name sound, as in eve, me, and the short, as in end, best. Usually at the end of words it is silent, but serves to indicate that the preceding vowel has its long sound, where otherwise it would be short, as in māne, cāne, mēte, which without the final e would be pronounced măn, căn, m&ebreve_;t. After c and g, the final e indicates that these letters are to be pronounced as s and j; respectively, as in lace, rage.

See Guide to Pronunciation, §§ 74-97.
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2. (Mus.) E is the third tone of the model diatonic scale. E♭ (E flat) is a tone which is intermediate between D and E.
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E-
E-. A Latin prefix meaning out, out of, from; also, without. See Ex-.
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Ea
Ea prop. n. 1. the Akkadian god of wisdom; son of Apsu and father of Marduk; counterpart of the Sumerian Enki.
[PJC]

2. the Babylonian god of waters and one of the supreme triad including Anu and Bel.
[WordNet 1.5]

Each
Each (ēch), a. or a. pron. [OE. eche, ælc, elk, ilk, AS. ælc; ā always + gelīc like; akin to OD. iegelik, OHG. ēogilīh, MHG. iegelīch, G. jeglich. √209. See 3d Aye, Like, and cf. Either, Every, Ilk.] 1. Every one of the two or more individuals composing a number of objects, considered separately from the rest. It is used either with or without a following noun; as, each of you or each one of you.Each of the combatants.” Fielding.
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&hand_; To each corresponds other. “Let each esteem other better than himself.” Each other, used elliptically for each the other. It is our duty to assist each other; that is, it is our duty, each to assist the other, each being in the nominative and other in the objective case.
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It is a bad thing that men should hate each other; but it is far worse that they should contract the habit of cutting one another's throats without hatred. Macaulay.
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Let each
His adamantine coat gird well.
Milton.
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In each cheek appears a pretty dimple. Shak.
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Then draw we nearer day by day,
Each to his brethren, all to God.
Keble.
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The oak and the elm have each a distinct character. Gilpin.
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2. Every; -- sometimes used interchangeably with every. Shak.
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I know each lane and every alley green. Milton.
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In short each man's happiness depends upon himself. Sterne.
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&hand_; This use of each for every, though common in Scotland and in America, is now un-English. Fitzed. Hall.

Syn. -- See Every.
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Eachwhere
Each"where` (?), adv. Everywhere. [Obs.]
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The sky eachwhere did show full bright and fair. Spenser.
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Eacles
Eacles n. a genus of moths including the imperial moth (Eacles imperialis).
Syn. -- genus Eacles.
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Eadish
Ead"ish (?), n. See Eddish.
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Eager
Ea"ger (?), a. [OE. egre sharp, sour, eager, OF. agre, aigre, F. aigre, fr. L. acer sharp, sour, spirited, zealous; akin to Gr. &unr_; highest, extreme, Skr. a&unr_;ra point; fr. a root signifying to be sharp. Cf. Acrid, Edge.] 1. Sharp; sour; acid. [Obs.] “Like eager droppings into milk.” Shak.
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2. Sharp; keen; bitter; severe. [Obs.] “A nipping and an eager air.” “Eager words.” Shak.
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3. Excited by desire in the pursuit of any object; ardent to pursue, perform, or obtain; keenly desirous; hotly longing; earnest; zealous; impetuous; vehement; as, the hounds were eager in the chase.
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And gazed for tidings in my eager eyes. Shak.
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How eagerly ye follow my disgraces! Shak.
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When to her eager lips is brought
Her infant's thrilling kiss.
Keble.
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A crowd of eager and curious schoolboys. Hawthorne.
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Conceit and grief an eager combat fight. Shak.
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4. Brittle; inflexible; not ductile. [Obs.]
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Gold will be sometimes so eager, as artists call it, that it will as little endure the hammer as glass itself. Locke.

Syn. -- Earnest; ardent; vehement; hot; impetuous; fervent; intense; impassioned; zealous; forward. See Earnest. -- Eager, Earnest. Eager marks an excited state of desire or passion; thus, a child is eager for a plaything, a hungry man is eager for food, a covetous man is eager for gain. Eagerness is liable to frequent abuses, and is good or bad, as the case may be. It relates to what is praiseworthy or the contrary. Earnest denotes a permanent state of mind, feeling, or sentiment. It is always taken in a good sense; as, a preacher is earnest in his appeals to the conscience; an agent is earnest in his solicitations.
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Eager
Ea"ger, n. Same as Eagre.
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Eagerly
Ea"ger*ly, adv. In an eager manner.
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Eagerness
Ea"ger*ness, n. 1. The state or quality of being eager; ardent desire. “The eagerness of love.” Addison.
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2. Tartness; sourness. [Obs.]

Syn. -- Ardor; vehemence; earnestness; impetuosity; heartiness; fervor; fervency; avidity; zeal; craving; heat; passion; greediness.
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Eagle
Ea"gle (?), n. [OE. egle, F. aigle, fr. L. aquila; prob. named from its color, fr. aquilus dark-colored, brown; cf. Lith. aklas blind. Cf. Aquiline.] 1. (Zoöl.) Any large, rapacious bird of the Falcon family, esp. of the genera Aquila and Haliæetus. The eagle is remarkable for strength, size, graceful figure, keenness of vision, and extraordinary flight. The most noted species are the golden eagle (Aquila chrysaëtus); the imperial eagle of Europe (Aquila mogilnik or Aquila imperialis); the American bald eagle (Haliæetus leucocephalus); the European sea eagle (Haliæetus albicilla); and the great harpy eagle (Thrasaetus harpyia). The figure of the eagle, as the king of birds, is commonly used as an heraldic emblem, and also for standards and emblematic devices. See Bald eagle, Harpy, and Golden eagle.
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2. A gold coin of the United States, of the value of ten dollars.
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3. (Astron.) A northern constellation, containing Altair, a star of the first magnitude. See Aquila.
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4. The figure of an eagle borne as an emblem on the standard of the ancient Romans, or so used upon the seal or standard of any people.
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Though the Roman eagle shadow thee. Tennyson.
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&hand_; Some modern nations, as the United States, and France under the Bonapartes, have adopted the eagle as their national emblem. Russia, Austria, and Prussia have for an emblem a double-headed eagle.
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Bald eagle. See Bald eagle. -- Bold eagle. See under Bold. -- Double eagle, a gold coin of the United States worth twenty dollars. -- Eagle hawk (Zoöl.), a large, crested, South American hawk of the genus Morphnus. -- Eagle owl (Zoöl.), any large owl of the genus Bubo, and allied genera; as the American great horned owl (Bubo Virginianus), and the allied European species (B. maximus). See Horned owl. -- Eagle ray (Zoöl.), any large species of ray of the genus Myliobatis (esp. M. aquila). -- Eagle vulture (Zoöl.), a large West African bid (Gypohierax Angolensis), intermediate, in several respects, between the eagles and vultures.
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Eagle-eyed
Ea"gle-eyed` (?), a. Sharp-sighted as an eagle. “Inwardly eagle-eyed.” Howell.
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Eagle-sighted
Ea"gle-sight`ed (?), a. Farsighted and strong-sighted; sharp-sighted. Shak.
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Eagless
Ea"gless (?), n. [Cf. OF. aiglesse.] (Zoöl.) A female or hen eagle. [R.] Sherwood.
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Eaglestone
Ea"gle*stone (?), n. (Min.) A concretionary nodule of clay ironstone, of the size of a walnut or larger, so called by the ancients, who believed that the eagle transported these stones to her nest to facilitate the laying of her eggs; aëtites.
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Eaglet
Ea"glet (?), n. [Cf. OF. aiglet.] (Zoöl.) A young eagle, or a diminutive eagle.
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Eagle-winged
Ea"gle-winged` (?), a. Having the wings of an eagle; swift, or soaring high, like an eagle. Shak.
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Eaglewood
Ea"gle*wood` (?), n. [From Skr. aguru, through Pg. aguila; cf. F. bois d'aigle.] A kind of fragrant wood. See Agallochum.
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Eagrass
Ea"grass (?), n. See Eddish. [Obs.]
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Eagre
Ea"gre (?), n. [AS. eágor, &unr_;gor, in comp., water, sea, eágor-streám water stream, sea.] A wave, or two or three successive waves, of great height and violence, at flood tide moving up an estuary or river; -- commonly called the bore or tidal bore. See Bore.

Ealdorman
Ealderman
{ Eal"der*man, Eal"dor*man (?) }, n. An alderman. [Obs.]
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Eale
Eale (?), n. [See Ale.] Ale. [Obs.] Shak.
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Eame
Eame (ēm), n. [AS. eám; akin to D. oom, G. ohm, oheim; cf. L. avunculus.] Uncle. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Ean
Ean (ēn), v. t. & i. [AS. eánian. See Yean.] To bring forth, as young; to yean. “In eaning time.” Shak.
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Eanling
Ean"ling (ēn"l&ibreve_;ng), n. [See Ean, Yeanling.] A lamb just brought forth; a yeanling. Shak.
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Ear
Ear (ēr), n. [AS. eáre; akin to OFries. áre, ár, OS. ōra, D. oor, OHG. ōra, G. ohr, Icel. eyra, Sw. öra, Dan. öre, Goth. auso, L. auris, Lith. ausis, Russ. ukho, Gr. o'y^s; cf. L. audire to hear, Gr. 'ai`ein, Skr. av to favor , protect. Cf. Auricle, Orillon.] 1. The organ of hearing; the external ear.
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&hand_; In man and the higher vertebrates, the organ of hearing is very complicated, and is divisible into three parts: the external ear, which includes the pinna or auricle and meatus or external opening; the middle ear, drum, or tympanum; and the internal ear, or labyrinth. The middle ear is a cavity connected by the Eustachian tube with the pharynx, separated from the opening of the external ear by the tympanic membrane, and containing a chain of three small bones, or ossicles, named malleus, incus, and stapes, which connect this membrane with the internal ear. The essential part of the internal ear where the fibers of the auditory nerve terminate, is the membranous labyrinth, a complicated system of sacs and tubes filled with a fluid (the endolymph), and lodged in a cavity, called the bony labyrinth, in the periotic bone. The membranous labyrinth does not completely fill the bony labyrinth, but is partially suspended in it in a fluid (the perilymph). The bony labyrinth consists of a central cavity, the vestibule, into which three semicircular canals and the canal of the cochlea (spirally coiled in mammals) open. The vestibular portion of the membranous labyrinth consists of two sacs, the utriculus and sacculus, connected by a narrow tube, into the former of which three membranous semicircular canals open, while the latter is connected with a membranous tube in the cochlea containing the organ of Corti. By the help of the external ear the sonorous vibrations of the air are concentrated upon the tympanic membrane and set it vibrating, the chain of bones in the middle ear transmits these vibrations to the internal ear, where they cause certain delicate structures in the organ of Corti, and other parts of the membranous labyrinth, to stimulate the fibers of the auditory nerve to transmit sonorous impulses to the brain.
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2. The sense of hearing; the perception of sounds; the power of discriminating between different tones; as, a nice ear for music; -- in the singular only.
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Songs . . . not all ungrateful to thine ear. Tennyson.
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3. That which resembles in shape or position the ear of an animal; any prominence or projection on an object, -- usually one for support or attachment; a lug; a handle; as, the ears of a tub, a skillet, or dish. The ears of a boat are outside kneepieces near the bow. See Illust. of Bell.
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4. (Arch.) (a) Same as Acroterium. (b) Same as Crossette.
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5. Privilege of being kindly heard; favor; attention.
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Dionysius . . . would give no ear to his suit. Bacon.
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Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears. Shak.
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About the ears, in close proximity to; near at hand. -- By the ears, in close contest; as, to set by the ears; to fall together by the ears; to be by the ears. -- Button ear (in dogs), an ear which falls forward and completely hides the inside. -- Ear finger, the little finger. -- Ear of Dionysius, a kind of ear trumpet with a flexible tube; -- named from the Sicilian tyrant, who constructed a device to overhear the prisoners in his dungeons. -- Ear sand (Anat.), otoliths. See Otolith. -- Ear snail (Zoöl.), any snail of the genus Auricula and allied genera. -- Ear stones (Anat.), otoliths. See Otolith. -- Ear trumpet, an instrument to aid in hearing. It consists of a tube broad at the outer end, and narrowing to a slender extremity which enters the ear, thus collecting and intensifying sounds so as to assist the hearing of a partially deaf person. -- Ear vesicle (Zoöl.), a simple auditory organ, occurring in many worms, mollusks, etc. It consists of a small sac containing a fluid and one or more solid concretions or otocysts. -- Rose ear (in dogs), an ear which folds backward and shows part of the inside. -- To give ear to, to listen to; to heed, as advice or one advising.Give ear unto my song.” Goldsmith. -- To have one's ear, to be listened to with favor. -- Up to the ears, deeply submerged; almost overwhelmed; as, to be in trouble up to one's ears. [Colloq.]
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Ear
Ear (ēr), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Eared (ērd); p. pr. & vb. n. Earing.] To take in with the ears; to hear. [Sportive] “I eared her language.” Two Noble Kinsmen.
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Ear
Ear, n. [AS. ear; akin to D. aar, OHG. ahir, G. ähre, Icel., Sw., & Dan. ax, Goth. ahs. √1. Cf. Awn, Edge.] The spike or head of any cereal (as, wheat, rye, barley, Indian corn, etc.), containing the kernels.
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First the blade, then the ear, after that the full corn in the ear. Mark iv. 28.
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Ear
Ear, v. i. To put forth ears in growing; to form ears, as grain; as, this corn ears well.
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Ear
Ear, v. t. [OE. erien, AS. erian; akin to OFries. era, OHG. erran, MHG. eren, ern, Prov. G. aren, ären, Icel. erja, Goth. arjan, Lith. arti, OSlav. orati, L. arare, Gr. &unr_;. Cf. Arable.] To plow or till; to cultivate. “To ear the land.” Shak.
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Earable
Ear"a*ble (?), a. Arable; tillable. [Archaic]
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Earache
Ear"ache` (?), n. Ache or pain in the ear.
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Earal
Ear"al (?), a. Receiving by the ear. [Obs.] Hewyt.
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Ear-bored
Ear"-bored` (?), a. Having the ear perforated.
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Earcap
Ear"cap` (?), n. A cap or cover to protect the ear from cold.
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Earcockle
Ear"coc`kle (?), n. (Bot.) A disease in wheat, in which the blackened and contracted grain, or ear, is filled with minute worms.
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Eardrop
Ear"drop` (?), n. 1. A pendant for the ear; an earring; as, a pair of eardrops.
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2. (Bot.) A species of primrose. See Auricula.
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Eardrum
Ear"drum` (?), n. (Anat.) The tympanum. See Illust. of Ear.
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Eared
Eared (?), a. 1. Having (such or so many) ears; -- used in composition; as, long-eared-eared; sharp-eared; full-eared; ten-eared.
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2. (Zoöl.) Having external ears; having tufts of feathers resembling ears.
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Eared owl (Zoöl.), an owl having earlike tufts of feathers, as the long-eared owl, and short-eared owl. -- Eared seal (Zoöl.), any seal of the family Otariidæ, including the fur seals and hair seals. See Seal.
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earflap
earflap n. one of two flaps attached to a cap to keep the ears warm. On some hats the earflaps may be adjusted or tied to the top of the hat, and lowered when needed in colder weather.
Syn. -- earlap.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Eariness
Ear"i*ness (?), n. [Scotch ery or eiry affected with fear.] Fear or timidity, especially of something supernatural. [Written also eiryness.]
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The sense of eariness, as twilight came on. De Quincey.
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Earing
Ear"ing, n. (Naut.) (a) A line used to fasten the upper corners of a sail to the yard or gaff; -- also called head earing. (b) A line for hauling the reef cringle to the yard; -- also called reef earing. (c) A line fastening the corners of an awning to the rigging or stanchions.
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Earing
Ear"ing, n. Coming into ear, as corn.
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Earing
Ear"ing, n. A plowing of land. [Archaic]
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Neither earing nor harvest. Gen. xlv. 6.
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Earl
Earl (?), n. [OE. eorl, erl, AS. eorl man, noble; akin to OS. erl boy, man, Icel. jarl nobleman, count, and possibly to Gr. &unr_; male, Zend arshan man. Cf. Jarl.] A nobleman of England ranking below a marquis, and above a viscount. The rank of an earl corresponds to that of a count (comte) in France, and graf in Germany. Hence the wife of an earl is still called countess. See Count.
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Earl
Earl, n. (Zoöl.) The needlefish. [Ireland]
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Earlap
Ear"lap` (?), n. The lobe of the ear.
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Earldom
Earl"dom (?), n. [AS. eorl-d&unr_;m; eorl man, noble + -d&unr_;m -dom.] 1. The jurisdiction of an earl; the territorial possessions of an earl.
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2. The status, title, or dignity of an earl.
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He [Pulteney] shrunk into insignificancy and an earldom. Chesterfield.
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Earldorman
Earl"dor*man (?), n. Alderman. [Obs.]
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Earlduck
Earl"duck` (?), n. (Zoöl.) The red-breasted merganser (Merganser serrator).
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Earles penny
Earles" pen`ny (?). [Cf. Arles, 4th Earnest.] Earnest money. Same as Arles penny. [Obs.]
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Earless
Ear"less (?), a. Without ears; hence, deaf or unwilling to hear. Pope.
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Earlet
Ear"let (?), n. [Ear + -let.] An earring. [Obs.]
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The Ismaelites were accustomed to wear golden earlets. Judg. viii. 24 (Douay version).
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earlier
earlier adj. occurring at a prior time; as, on earlier occasions.
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earliest
earliest adj. preceding all others in time.
Syn. -- premier, premiere.
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Earliness
Ear"li*ness (?), n. The state of being early or forward; promptness.
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Earl marshal
Earl" mar"shal (?). An officer of state in England who marshals and orders all great ceremonials, takes cognizance of matters relating to honor, arms, and pedigree, and directs the proclamation of peace and war. The court of chivalry was formerly under his jurisdiction, and he is still the head of the herald's office or college of arms.
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Earlock
Ear"lock` (?), n. [AS. eár-locca.] A lock or curl of hair near the ear; a lovelock. See Lovelock.
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Early
Ear"ly (&etilde_;r"l&ybreve_;), adv. [OE. erli, erliche, AS. &aemacr_;rlīce; &aemacr_;r sooner + līc like. See Ere, and Like.] Soon; in good season; seasonably; betimes; as, come early.
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Those that me early shall find me. Prov. viii. 17.
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You must wake and call me early. Tennyson.
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Early
Ear"ly, a. [Compar. Earlier (&etilde_;r"l&ibreve_;*&etilde_;r); superl. Earliest.] [OE. earlich. √204. See Early, adv.] 1. In advance of the usual or appointed time; in good season; prior in time; among or near the first; -- opposed to late; as, the early bird; an early spring; early fruit.
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Early and provident fear is the mother of safety. Burke.
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The doorsteps and threshold with the early grass springing up about them. Hawthorne.
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2. Coming in the first part of a period of time, or among the first of successive acts, events, etc.
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Seen in life's early morning sky. Keble.
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The forms of its earlier manhood. Longfellow.
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The earliest poem he composed was in his seventeenth summer. J. C. Shairp.
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Early English (Philol.) See the Note under English. -- Early English architecture, the first of the pointed or Gothic styles used in England, succeeding the Norman style in the 12th and 13th centuries.

Syn. -- Forward; timely; not late; seasonable.
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earlyish
earlyish adj. being somewhat early.
[WordNet 1.5]

Earmark
Ear"mark` (ēr"märk`), n. 1. A mark on the ear of sheep, oxen, dogs, etc., as by cropping or slitting.
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2. A mark for identification; a distinguishing mark.
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Money is said to have no earmark. Wharton.
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Flying, he [a slave] should be described by the rounding of his head, and his earmark. Robynson (More's Utopia).
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A set of intellectual ideas . . . have earmarks upon them, no tokens of a particular proprietor. Burrow.
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Earmark
Ear"mark`, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Earmarked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Earmarking.] 1. To mark, as sheep, by cropping or slitting the ear.
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2. To designate or reserve for a specific purpose; as, the alumni fund was earmarked for dormitory construction.
[PJC]

Ear-minded
Ear"-mind"ed (?), a. (Physiol. Psychol.) Thinking chiefly or most readily through, or in terms related to, the sense of hearing; specif., thinking words as spoken, as a result of familiarity with speech or of mental peculiarity; -- opposed to eye-minded.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Earn
Earn (&etilde_;rn), n. (Zoöl.) See Ern, n. Sir W. Scott.
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Earn
Earn (&etilde_;rn), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Earned (&etilde_;rnd); p. pr. & vb. n. Earning.] [AS. earnian; akin to OHG. arnōn to reap, aran harvest, G. ernte, Goth. asans harvest, asneis hireling, AS. esne; cf. Icel. önn working season, work.] 1. To merit or deserve, as by labor or service; to do that which entitles one to (a reward, whether the reward is received or not).
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The high repute
Which he through hazard huge must earn.
Milton.
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2. To acquire by labor, service, or performance; to deserve and receive as compensation or wages; as, to earn a good living; to earn honors or laurels.
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I earn that [what] I eat. Shak.
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The bread I have earned by the hazard of my life or the sweat of my brow. Burke.
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Earned run (Baseball), a run which is made without the assistance of errors on the opposing side.

Syn. -- See Obtain.
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Earn
Earn (&etilde_;rn), v. t. & i. [See 1st Yearn.] To grieve. [Obs.]
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Earn
Earn, v. i. [See 4th Yearn.] To long; to yearn. [Obs.]
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And ever as he rode, his heart did earn
To prove his puissance in battle brave.
Spenser.
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Earn
Earn, v. i. [AS. irnan to run. √11. See Rennet, and cf. Yearnings.] To curdle, as milk. [Prov. Eng.]
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earned
earned (&etilde_;rnd), adj. 1. Gained as a result of effort or action; -- used especially of income; as, earned income. Contrasted with unearned.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. (Baseball) not resulting from an error by an opposing team; -- used in the phrase earned runs.
[PJC]

earner
ear"ner (&etilde_;r"n&etilde_;r), n. someone who earns wages in return for labor.
Syn. -- wage earner.
[WordNet 1.5]

Earnest
Ear"nest (&etilde_;r"n&ebreve_;st), n. [AS. eornost, eornest; akin to OHG. ernust, G. ernst; cf. Icel. orrosta battle, perh. akin to Gr. 'orny`nai to excite, L. oriri to rise.] Seriousness; reality; fixed determination; eagerness; intentness.
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Take heed that this jest do not one day turn to earnest. Sir P. Sidney.
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And given in earnest what I begged in jest. Shak.
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In earnest, serious; seriously; not in jest; earnestly.
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Earnest
Ear"nest, a. 1. Ardent in the pursuit of an object; eager to obtain or do; zealous with sincerity; with hearty endeavor; heartfelt; fervent; hearty; -- used in a good sense; as, earnest prayers.
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An earnest advocate to plead for him. Shak.
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2. Intent; fixed closely; as, earnest attention.
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3. Serious; important. [Obs.]
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They whom earnest lets do often hinder. Hooker.

Syn. -- Eager; warm; zealous; ardent; animated; importunate; fervent; sincere; serious; hearty; urgent. See Eager.
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Earnest
Ear"nest, v. t. To use in earnest. [R.]
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To earnest them [our arms] with men. Pastor Fido (1602).
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Earnest
Ear"nest, n. [Prob. corrupted fr. F. arrhes, L. arra, arrha, arrhabo, Gr. 'arrabw`n, of Semitic origin, cf. Heb. ērāvōn; or perh. fr. W. ernes, akin to Gael. earlas, perh. fr. L. arra. Cf. Arles, Earles penny.] 1. Something given, or a part paid beforehand, as a pledge; pledge; handsel; a token of what is to come.
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Who hath also sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts. 2 Cor. i. 22.
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And from his coffers
Received the golden earnest of our death.
Shak.
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2. (Law) Something of value given by the buyer to the seller, by way of token or pledge, to bind the bargain and prove the sale. Kent. Ayliffe. Benjamin.
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Earnest money (Law), money paid as earnest, to bind a bargain or to ratify and prove a sale.

Syn. -- Earnest, Pledge. These words are here compared as used in their figurative sense. Earnest is not so strong as pledge. An earnest, like first fruits, gives assurance, or at least a high probability, that more is coming of the same kind; a pledge, like money deposited, affords security and ground of reliance for the future. Washington gave earnest of his talent as commander by saving his troops after Braddock's defeat; his fortitude and that of his soldiers during the winter at Valley Forge might rightly be considered a pledge of their ultimate triumph.
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Earnestful
Ear"nest*ful (?), a. Serious. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Earnestly
Ear"nest*ly, adv. In an earnest manner.
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Earnestness
Ear"nest*ness, n. The state or quality of being earnest; intentness; anxiety.
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An honest earnestness in the young man's manner. W. Irving.
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Earnful
Earn"ful (?), a. [From Earn to yearn.] Full of anxiety or yearning. [Obs.] P. Fletcher.
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Earning
Earn"ing, n.; pl. Earnings (&unr_;). That which is earned; wages gained by work or services; money earned; -- used commonly in the plural.
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As to the common people, their stock is in their persons and in their earnings. Burke.
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Earpick
Ear"pick` (?), n. An instrument for removing wax from the ear.
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earpiece
earpiece n. a device for converting electric signals into sounds, designed to be held over or inserted into the ear; as, The common telephone handset has a speaker and an earpiece.
Syn. -- earphone, headphone, phone.
[WordNet 1.5]

Ear-piercer
Ear"-pier`cer (?), n. (Zoöl.) The earwig.
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Earreach
Ear"reach` (?), n. Earshot. Marston.
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Earring
Ear"ring` (?), n. An ornament consisting of a ring passed through the lobe of the ear, with or without a pendant.
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Earsh
Earsh (?), n. See Arrish.
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ear-shaped
ear-shaped adj. having the shape of an ear.
Syn. -- auriform.
[WordNet 1.5]

Ear-shell
Ear"-shell` (?), n. (Zoöl.) any of various large edible marine gastropod mollusks of the genus Haliotis, having a flattened ear-shaped shell with a pearly interior; -- called also sea-ear. See Abalone.
Syn. -- abalone.
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Earshot
Ear"shot` (?), n. Reach of the ear; distance at which words may be heard. Dryden.
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Earshrift
Ear"shrift` (?), n. A nickname for auricular confession; shrift. [Obs.] Cartwright.
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Earsore
Ear"sore` (?), n. An annoyance to the ear. [R.]
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The perpetual jangling of the chimes . . . is no small earsore &unr_;s. Sir T. Browne.
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Ear-splitting
Ear"-split`ting (?), a. Deafening; disagreeably loud or shrill; as, ear-splitting strains.
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Earst
Earst (?), adv. See Erst. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Earth
Earth (&etilde_;rth), n. [AS. eorðe; akin to OS. ertha, OFries. irthe, D. aarde, OHG. erda, G. erde, Icel. jörð, Sw. & Dan. jord, Goth. aīrþa, OHG. ero, Gr. &unr_;, adv., to earth, and perh. to E. ear to plow.] 1. The globe or planet which we inhabit; the world, in distinction from the sun, moon, or stars. Also, this world as the dwelling place of mortals, in distinction from the dwelling place of spirits.
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That law preserves the earth a sphere
And guides the planets in their course.
S. Rogers.
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In heaven, or earth, or under earth, in hell. Milton.
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2. The solid materials which make up the globe, in distinction from the air or water; the dry land.
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God called the dry land earth. Gen. i. 10.
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He is pure air and fire, and the dull elements of earth and water never appear in him. Shak.
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3. The softer inorganic matter composing part of the surface of the globe, in distinction from the firm rock; soil of all kinds, including gravel, clay, loam, and the like; sometimes, soil favorable to the growth of plants; the visible surface of the globe; the ground; as, loose earth; rich earth.
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Give him a little earth for charity. Shak.
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4. A part of this globe; a region; a country; land.
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Would I had never trod this English earth. Shak.
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5. Worldly things, as opposed to spiritual things; the pursuits, interests, and allurements of this life.
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Our weary souls by earth beguiled. Keble.
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6. The people on the globe.
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The whole earth was of one language. Gen. xi. 1.
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7. (Chem.) (a) Any earthy-looking metallic oxide, as alumina, glucina, zirconia, yttria, and thoria. (b) A similar oxide, having a slight alkaline reaction, as lime, magnesia, strontia, baryta.
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8. A hole in the ground, where an animal hides himself; as, the earth of a fox. Macaulay.
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They [ferrets] course the poor conies out of their earths. Holland.
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9. (Elec.) The connection of any part an electric conductor with the ground; specif., the connection of a telegraph line with the ground through a fault or otherwise.

&hand_; When the resistance of the earth connection is low it is termed a good earth.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

&hand_; Earth is used either adjectively or in combination to form compound words; as, earth apple or earth-apple; earth metal or earth-metal; earth closet or earth-closet.
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Adamic earth, Bitter earth, Bog earth, Chian earth, etc. See under Adamic, Bitter, etc. -- Alkaline earths. See under Alkaline. -- Earth apple. (Bot.) (a) A potato. (b) A cucumber. -- Earth auger, a form of auger for boring into the ground; -- called also earth borer. -- Earth bath, a bath taken by immersing the naked body in earth for healing purposes. -- Earth battery (Physics), a voltaic battery the elements of which are buried in the earth to be acted on by its moisture. -- Earth chestnut, the pignut. -- Earth closet, a privy or commode provided with dry earth or a similar substance for covering and deodorizing the fæcal discharges. -- Earth dog (Zoöl.), a dog that will dig in the earth, or enter holes of foxes, etc. -- Earth hog, Earth pig (Zoöl.), the aard-vark. -- Earth hunger, an intense desire to own land, or, in the case of nations, to extend their domain. -- Earth light (Astron.), the light reflected by the earth, as upon the moon, and corresponding to moonlight; -- called also earth shine. Sir J. Herschel. -- Earth metal. See 1st Earth, 7. (Chem.) -- Earth oil, petroleum. -- Earth pillars or Earth pyramids (Geol.), high pillars or pyramids of earth, sometimes capped with a single stone, found in Switzerland. Lyell. -- Earth pitch (Min.), mineral tar, a kind of asphaltum. -- Earth quadrant, a fourth of the earth's circumference. -- Earth table (Arch.), the lowest course of stones visible in a building; the ground table. -- On earth, an intensive expression, oftenest used in questions and exclamations; as, What on earth shall I do? Nothing on earth will satisfy him. [Colloq.]
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Earth
Earth (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Earthed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Earthing.] 1. To hide, or cause to hide, in the earth; to chase into a burrow or den. “The fox is earthed.” Dryden.
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2. To cover with earth or mold; to inter; to bury; -- sometimes with up.
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The miser earths his treasure, and the thief,
Watching the mole, half beggars him ere noon.
Young.
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Why this in earthing up a carcass? R. Blair.
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Earth
Earth, v. i. To burrow. Tickell.
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Earth
Earth, n. [From Ear to plow.] A plowing. [Obs.]
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Such land as ye break up for barley to sow,
Two earths at the least, ere ye sow it, bestow.
Tusser.
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Earthbag
Earth"bag` (&etilde_;rth"băg`), n. (Mil.) A bag filled with earth, used commonly to raise or repair a parapet.
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earthball
earth"ball` n. any of various fungi of the genus Scleroderma having hard-skinned subterranean trufflelike fruiting bodies.
Syn. -- earth-ball, false truffle.
[WordNet 1.5]

Earthbank
Earth"bank` (&etilde_;rth"bă&nsmacr_;k`), n. A bank or mound of earth.
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Earthboard
Earth"board` (&etilde_;rth"bōrd`), n. (Agric.) The part of a plow, or other implement, that turns over the earth; the moldboard.
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earth-born
Earthborn
Earth"born`, earth"-born (&etilde_;rth"bôrn`), a. 1. Born of the earth; terrigenous; springing originally from the earth; human; having the characteristics of earthly life; as, earth-born beings.
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Some earthborn giant. Milton.
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2. Relating to, or occasioned by, earthly objects.
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All earthborn cares are wrong. Goldsmith.
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Earthbred
Earth"bred` (&etilde_;rth"br&ebreve_;d`), a. Low; grovelling; vulgar.
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earth-closet
earth-closet n. a small building with a bench having holes through which a user can defecate.
Syn. -- outhouse, privy, jakes.
[WordNet 1.5]

earth colors
earth colors n. pl. colors like those of soil or earth; brownish-reds and browns.
Syn. -- earth tones. [PJC]

earth-colored
earth-colored adj. having the color of soil or earth; reddish or reddish-brown.
Syn. -- earthlike.
[WordNet 1.5]

Earthdin
Earth"din` (&etilde_;rth"d&ibreve_;n`), n. An earthquake. [Obs.]
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Earthdrake
Earth"drake` (&etilde_;rth"drāk`), n. A mythical monster of the early Anglo-Saxon literature; a dragon. W. Spalding.
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Earthen
Earth"en (&etilde_;rth"'n), a. Made of earth; made of burnt or baked clay, or other like substances; as, an earthen vessel or pipe.
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Earthen-hearted
Earth"en-heart`ed (?), a. Hard-hearted; sordid; gross. [Poetic] Lowell.
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Earthenware
Earth"en*ware` (?), n. Vessels and other utensils, ornaments, or the like, made of baked clay. See Crockery, Pottery, Stoneware, and Porcelain.
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Earth flax
Earth" flax` (?). (Min.) A variety of asbestus. See Amianthus.
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Earthfork
Earth"fork` (?), n. A pronged fork for turning up the earth.
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earth-god
earth-god n. a god of fertility and vegetation.
[WordNet 1.5]

earth-goddess
earth-goddess n. a goddess of fertility and vegetation.
[WordNet 1.5]

Earthiness
Earth"i*ness (?), n. The quality or state of being earthy, or of containing earth; hence, grossness.
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Earthliness
Earth"li*ness (?), n. The quality or state of being earthly; worldliness; grossness; perishableness.
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Earthling
Earth"ling (?), n. [Earth + -ling.] An inhabitant of the earth; a mortal.
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Earthlings oft her deemed a deity. Drummond.
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Earthlight
Earth"light` (?), n. (Astron.) The sunlight reflected from the earth to the moon, by which we see faintly, when the moon is near the sun (either before or after new moon), that part of the moon's disk unillumined by direct sunlight, or “the old moon in the arms of the new.”
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Earthly
Earth"ly, a. 1. Pertaining to the earth; belonging to this world, or to man's existence on the earth; not heavenly or spiritual; carnal; worldly; as, earthly joys; earthly flowers; earthly praise.
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This earthly load
Of death, called life.
Milton.
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Whose glory is in their shame, who mind earthly things. Phil. iii. 19.
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2. Of all things on earth; possible; conceivable.
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What earthly benefit can be the result? Pope.
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3. Made of earth; earthy. [Obs.] Holland.

Syn. -- Gross; material; sordid; mean; base; vile; low; unsubstantial; temporary; corrupt; groveling.
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Earthly
Earth"ly, adv. In the manner of the earth or its people; worldly.
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Took counsel from his guiding eyes
To make this wisdom earthly wise.
Emerson.
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Earthly-minded
Earth"ly-mind`ed (?), a. Having a mind devoted to earthly things; worldly-minded; -- opposed to spiritual-minded. -- Earth"ly-mind`ed*ness, n.
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Earthmad
Earth"mad` (?), n. [Earth + mad an earthworm.] (Zoöl.) The earthworm. [Obs.]
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The earthmads and all the sorts of worms . . . are without eyes. Holland.
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Earthnut
Earth"nut` (?), n. (Bot.) A name given to various roots, tubers, or pods grown under or on the ground; as to: (a) The esculent tubers of the umbelliferous plants Bunium flexuosum and Carum Bulbocastanum. (b) The peanut. See Peanut.
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Earthpea
Earth"pea` (?), n. (Bot.) A species of pea (Amphicarpæa monoica). It is a climbing leguminous plant, with hairy underground pods.
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Earthquake
Earth"quake` (?), n. A shaking, trembling, or concussion of the earth, due to subterranean causes, often accompanied by a rumbling noise. The wave of shock sometimes traverses half a hemisphere, destroying cities and many thousand lives; -- called also earthdin, earthquave, and earthshock.
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Earthquake alarm, a bell signal constructed to operate on the theory that a few seconds before the occurrence of an earthquake the magnet temporarily loses its power.
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Earthquake
Earth"quake`, a. Like, or characteristic of, an earthquake; loud; startling.
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The earthquake voice of victory. Byron.
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Earthquave
Earth"quave` (?), n. An earthquake.
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earth-shaking
earth-shaking adj. sufficiently significant to affect the whole world; as, earth-shaking proposals; an earth-shaking event.
Syn. -- world-shaking, world-shattering(predicate), world shattering(predicate).
[WordNet 1.5]

Earth shine
Earth" shine` (?). See Earth light, under Earth.
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Earthshock
Earth"shock` (?), n. An earthquake.
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Earthstar
Earth"star` (?), n. (Bot.) A curious fungus of the genus Geaster, in which the outer coating splits into the shape of a star, and the inner one forms a ball containing the dustlike spores.
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earth tones
earth tones n. pl. colors like those of soil or earth; brownish-reds and browns.
Syn. -- earth colors. [PJC]

Earth-tongue
Earth"-tongue` (?), n. (Bot.) A fungus of the genus Geoglossum.

Earthwards
Earthward
{ Earth"ward (?), Earth"wards (&unr_;), } adv. Toward the earth; -- opposed to heavenward or skyward.
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Earthwork
Earth"work` (?), n. 1. (Mil.) Any construction, whether a temporary breastwork or permanent fortification, for attack or defense, the material of which is chiefly earth.
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2. (Engin.) (a) The operation connected with excavations and embankments of earth in preparing foundations of buildings, in constructing canals, railroads, etc. (b) An embankment or construction made of earth.
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Earthworm
Earth"worm` (?), n. 1. (Zoöl.) Any worm of the genus Lumbricus and allied genera, found in damp soil. One of the largest and most abundant species in Europe and America is L. terrestris; many others are known; -- called also angleworm and dewworm.
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2. A mean, sordid person; a niggard. Norris.
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Earthy
Earth"y (?), a. 1. Consisting of, or resembling, earth; terrene; earthlike; as, earthy matter.
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How pale she looks,
And of an earthy cold!
Shak.
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All over earthy, like a piece of earth. Tennyson.
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2. Of or pertaining to the earth or to, this world; earthly; terrestrial; carnal. [R.] “Their earthy charge.” Milton.
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The first man is of the earth, earthy; the second man is from heaven. As is the earthy, such are they also that are earthy. 1 Cor. xv. 47, 48 (Rev. Ver. )
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Earthy spirits black and envious are. Dryden.
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3. Gross; low; unrefined. “Her earthy and abhorred commands.” Shak.
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4. (Min.) Without luster, or dull and roughish to the touch; as, an earthy fracture.
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Earwax
Ear"wax` (?), n. (Anat.) See Cerumen.
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Earwig
Ear"wig` (ēr"w&ibreve_;g`), n. [AS. eárwicga; eáre ear + wicga beetle, worm: cf. Prov. E. erri-wiggle.] 1. (Zoöl.) Any insect of the genus Forficula and related genera, belonging to the order Dermaptera (formerly Euplexoptera). They have elongated bodies and a prominent pair of curved pincers at the rear of their abdomen.
[1913 Webster + PJC]

2. (Zoöl.) In America, any small chilopodous myriapod, esp. of the genus Geophilus. See Geophilus
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&hand_; Both insects are so called from the supposition that they creep into the human ear.
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3. A whisperer of insinuations; a secret counselor. Johnson.
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Earwig
Ear"wig` (ēr"w&ibreve_;g`), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Earwigged (ēr"w&ibreve_;gd`); p. pr. & vb. n. Earwigging (ēr"w&ibreve_;g*g&ibreve_;ng).] To influence, or attempt to influence, by whispered insinuations or private talk. “No longer was he earwigged by the Lord Cravens.” Lord Campbell.
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Earwitness
Ear"wit`ness (?), n. A witness by means of his ears; one who is within hearing and does hear; a hearer. Fuller.
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Ease
Ease (ēz), n. [OE. ese, eise, F. aise; akin to Pr. ais, aise, OIt. asio, It. agio; of uncertain origin; cf. L. ansa handle, occasion, opportunity. Cf. Agio, Disease.] 1. Satisfaction; pleasure; hence, accommodation; entertainment. [Obs.]
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They him besought
Of harbor and or ease as for hire penny.
Chaucer.
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2. Freedom from anything that pains or troubles; as: (a) Relief from labor or effort; rest; quiet; relaxation; as, ease of body.
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Usefulness comes by labor, wit by ease. Herbert.
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Give yourself ease from the fatigue of watching. Swift.

(b) Freedom from care, solicitude, or anything that annoys or disquiets; tranquillity; peace; comfort; security; as, ease of mind.
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Among these nations shalt thou find no ease. Deut. xxviii. 65.
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Take thine ease, eat, drink, and be merry. Luke xii. 19.

(c) Freedom from constraint, formality, difficulty, embarrassment, etc.; facility; liberty; naturalness; -- said of manner, style, etc.; as, ease of style, of behavior, of address.
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True ease in writing comes from art, not chance. Pope.
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Whate'er he did was done with so much ease,
In him alone 't was natural to please.
Dryden.
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At ease, free from pain, trouble, or anxiety. “His soul shall dwell at ease.” Ps. xxv. 12. -- Chapel of ease. See under Chapel. -- Ill at ease, not at ease, disquieted; suffering; anxious. -- To stand at ease (Mil.), to stand in a comfortable attitude in one's place in the ranks. -- With ease, easily; without much effort.

Syn. -- Rest; quiet; repose; comfortableness; tranquillity; facility; easiness; readiness.
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Ease
Ease (ēz), v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Eased (ēzd); p. pr. & vb. n. Easing.] [OE. esen, eisen, OF. aisier. See Ease, n.] 1. To free from anything that pains, disquiets, or oppresses; to relieve from toil or care; to give rest, repose, or tranquillity to; -- often with of; as, to ease of pain; to ease the body or mind.
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Eased [from] the putting off
These troublesome disguises which we wear.
Milton.
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Sing, and I 'll ease thy shoulders of thy load. Dryden.
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2. To render less painful or oppressive; to mitigate; to alleviate.
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My couch shall ease my complaint. Job vii. 13.
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3. To release from pressure or restraint; to move gently; to lift slightly; to shift a little; as, to ease a bar or nut in machinery.
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4. To entertain; to furnish with accommodations. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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To ease off, To ease away (Naut.), to slacken a rope gradually. -- To ease a ship (Naut.), to put the helm hard, or regulate the sail, to prevent pitching when closehauled. -- To ease the helm (Naut.), to put the helm more nearly amidships, to lessen the effect on the ship, or the strain on the wheel rope. Ham. Nav. Encyc.

Syn. -- To relieve; disburden; quiet; calm; tranquilize; assuage; alleviate; allay; mitigate; appease; pacify.
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eased
eased adj. made less severe or intense; mitigated.
Syn. -- alleviated, relieved.
[WordNet 1.5]

Easeful
Ease"ful (?), a. Full of ease; suitable for affording ease or rest; quiet; comfortable; restful. Shak. -- Ease"ful*ly, adv. -- Ease"ful*ness, n.
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Easel
Ea"sel (?), n. [D. ezel ass, donkey, hence, easel, or G. esel; akin to E. ass. See Ass.] A frame (commonly) of wood serving to hold a canvas upright, or nearly upright, for the painter's convenience or for exhibition.
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Easel picture, Easel piece, a painting of moderate size such as is made while resting on an easel, as distinguished from a painting on a wall or ceiling.
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Easeless
Ease"less (?), a. Without ease. Donne.
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Easement
Ease"ment (?), n. [OF. aisement. See Ease, n.] 1. That which gives ease, relief, or assistance; convenience; accommodation.
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In need of every kind of relief and easement. Burke.
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2. (Law) A liberty, privilege, or advantage, which one proprietor has in the estate of another proprietor, distinct from the ownership of the soil, as a way, water course, etc. It is a species of what the civil law calls servitude. Kent.
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3. (Arch.) A curved member instead of an abrupt change of direction, as in a baseboard, hand rail, etc.
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Easily
Eas"i*ly (?), adv. [From Easy.] 1. With ease; without difficulty or much effort; as, this task may be easily performed; that event might have been easily foreseen.
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2. Without pain, anxiety, or disturbance; as, to pass life well and easily. Sir W. Temple.
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3. Readily; without reluctance; willingly.
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Not soon provoked, she easily forgives. Prior.
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4. Smoothly; quietly; gently; gracefully; without &unr_;umult or discord.
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5. Without shaking or jolting; commodiously; as, a carriage moves easily.
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Easiness
Eas"i*ness (?), n. 1. The state or condition of being easy; freedom from distress; rest.
[1913 Webster]

2. Freedom from difficulty; ease; as, the easiness of a task.
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3. Freedom from emotion; compliance; disposition to yield without opposition; unconcernedness.
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Give to him, and he shall but laugh at your easiness. South.
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4. Freedom from effort, constraint, or formality; -- said of style, manner, etc.
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With painful care, but seeming easiness. Roscommon.
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5. Freedom from jolting, jerking, or straining.
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easing
easing n. 1. a change for the better.
Syn. -- moderation, relief.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. the act of reducing something unpleasant, such as pain.
Syn. -- alleviation, relief.
[WordNet 1.5]

East
East (ēst), n. [OE. est, east, AS. eást; akin to D. oost, oosten, OHG. ōstan, G. ost, osten, Icel. austr, Sw. ost, Dan. öst, östen, Lith. auszra dawn, L. aurora (for ausosa), Gr. 'hw`s, "e`os, 'a`yws, Skr. ushas; cf. Skr. ush to burn, L. urere. √149, 288. Cf. Aurora, Easter, Sterling.] 1. The point in the heavens where the sun is seen to rise at the equinox, or the corresponding point on the earth; that one of the four cardinal points of the compass which is in a direction at right angles to that of north and south, and which is toward the right hand of one who faces the north; the point directly opposite to the west.
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The east began kindle. E. Everett.
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2. The eastern parts of the earth; the regions or countries which lie east of Europe; the orient. In this indefinite sense, the word is applied to Asia Minor, Syria, Chaldea, Persia, India, China, etc.; as, the riches of the East; the diamonds and pearls of the East; the kings of the East.
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The gorgeous East, with richest hand,
Showers on her kings barbaric pearl and gold.
Milton.
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3. (U. S. Hist. and Geog.) Formerly, the part of the United States east of the Alleghany Mountains, esp. the Eastern, or New England, States; now, commonly, the whole region east of the Mississippi River, esp. that which is north of Maryland and the Ohio River; -- usually with the definite article; as, the commerce of the East is not independent of the agriculture of the West.
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East by north, East by south, according to the notation of the mariner's compass, that point which lies 111/4° to the north or south, respectively, of the point due east. -- East-northeast, East-southeast, that which lies 221/2° to the north or south of east, or half way between east and northeast or southeast, respectively. See Illust. of Compass.
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East
East (?), a. 1. Toward the rising sun; or toward the point where the sun rises when in the equinoctial; as, the east gate; the east border; the east side; the east wind is a wind that blows from the east.
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2. (Eccl.) Designating, or situated in, that part of a church which contains the choir or chancel; as, the east front of a cathedral.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

East
East, adv. Eastward.
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East
East, v. i. To move toward the east; to veer from the north or south toward the east; to orientate.
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eastbound
eastbound adj. 1. moving toward the east; as, eastbound trains.
Syn. -- eastward.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. designated for traffic moving toward the east; -- of lanes in roads or railroads, or other traffic lanes; as, the eastbound lanes of Interstate 80 are blocked by an overturned tractor-trailer; the train will leave on eastbound platform 5.
[PJC]

east-central
east-central adj. of a region of the U. S. generally including Kentucky and West Virginia.
[WordNet 1.5]

Easter
Eas"ter (ēs"t&etilde_;r), n. [AS. eáster, eástran, paschal feast, Easter; akin to G. ostern; fr. AS. Eástre, a goddess of light or spring, in honor of whom a festival was celebrated in April; whence this month was called in AS. Eástermōnað. From the root of E. east. See East.] 1. An annual church festival commemorating Christ's resurrection, and occurring on Sunday, the second day after Good Friday. It corresponds to the pascha or passover of the Jews, and most nations still give it this name under the various forms of pascha, pasque, pâque, or pask.
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2. The day on which the festival is observed; Easter day.
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&hand_; Easter is used either adjectively or as the first element of a compound; as, Easter day or Easter-day, Easter Sunday, Easter week, Easter gifts, Easter eggs.
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Sundays by thee more glorious break,
An Easter day in every week.
Keble.
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&hand_; Easter day, on which the rest of the movable feasts depend, is always the first Sunday after the fourteenth day of the calendar moon which (fourteenth day) falls on, or next after, the 21st of March, according to the rules laid down for the construction of the calendar; so that if the fourteenth day happen on a Sunday, Easter day is the Sunday after. Eng. Cyc.
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Easter dues (Ch. of Eng.), money due to the clergy at Easter, formerly paid in communication of the tithe for personal labor and subject to exaction. For Easter dues, Easter offerings, voluntary gifts, have been substituted. -- Easter egg. (a) A painted or colored egg used as a present at Easter. (b) An imitation of an egg, in sugar or some fine material, sometimes made to serve as a box for jewelry or the like, used as an Easter present.
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Easter
East"er (?), v. i. (Naut.) To veer to the east; -- said of the wind. Russell.
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Easter lily
Eas"ter lil`y. (Bot.) Any one of various lilies or lilylike flowers which bloom about Easter; specif.: (a) The common white lily (Lilium candidum), called also Annunciation lily. (b) The larger white lily (Lilium longiflorum eximium, syn. L. Harrisii) called also Bermuda lily. (c) The daffodil (Narcissus Pseudo-Narcissus). (d) The Atamasco lily.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Easterling
East"er*ling (?), n. [Cf. Sterling.] 1. A native of a country eastward of another; -- used, by the English, of traders or others from the coasts of the Baltic.
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Merchants of Norway, Denmark, . . . called . . . Easterlings because they lie east in respect of us. Holinshed.
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2. A piece of money coined in the east by Richard II. of England. Crabb.
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3. (Zoöl.) The smew.
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Easterling
East"er*ling, a. Relating to the money of the Easterlings, or Baltic traders. See Sterling.
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Easterly
East"er*ly, a. 1. Coming from the east; as, it was easterly wind.
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2. Situated, directed, or moving toward the east; as, the easterly side of a lake; an easterly course or voyage.
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Easterly
East"er*ly, adv. Toward, or in the direction of, the east.
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Eastern
East"ern (?), a. [AS. eástern.] 1. Situated or dwelling in the east; oriental; as, an eastern gate; Eastern countries.
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Eastern churches first did Christ embrace. Stirling.
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2. Going toward the east, or in the direction of east; as, an eastern voyage.
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Eastern Church
Eastern Church. That portion of the Christian church which prevails in the countries once comprised in the Eastern Roman Empire and the countries converted to Christianity by missionaries from them. Its full official title is The Orthodox Catholic Apostolic Eastern Church. It became estranged from the Western, or Roman, Church over the question of papal supremacy and the doctrine of the filioque, and a separation, begun in the latter part of the 9th century, became final in 1054. The Eastern Church consists of twelve (thirteen if the Bulgarian Church be included) mutually independent churches (including among these the Hellenic Church, or Church of Greece, and the Russian Church), using the vernacular (or some ancient form of it) in divine service and varying in many points of detail, but standing in full communion with each other and united as equals in a great federation. The highest five authorities are the patriarch of Constantinople, or ecumenical patriarch (whose position is not one of supremacy, but of precedence), the patriarch of Alexandria, the patriarch of Jerusalem, the patriarch of Antioch, and the Holy Synod of Russia. The Eastern Church accepts the first seven ecumenical councils (and is hence styled only schismatic, not heretical, by the Roman Catholic Church), has as its creed the Niceno-Constantinopolitan (without the later addition of the filioque, which, with the doctrine it represents, the church decisively rejects), baptizes infants with trine immersion, makes confirmation follow immediately upon baptism, administers the Communion in both kinds (using leavened bread) and to infants as well as adults, permits its secular clergy to marry before ordination and to keep their wives afterward, but not to marry a second time, selects its bishops from the monastic clergy only, recognizes the offices of bishop, priest, and deacon as the three necessary degrees of orders, venerates relics and icons, and has an elaborate ritual. See also Greek Church, under Greek.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

easterner
easterner n. an inhabitant of an eastern area; especially of the eastern U. S.
[WordNet 1.5]

Easternmost
East"ern*most` (?), a. Most eastern.
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East Indian
East" In"di*an (?; see Indian). Belonging to, or relating to, the East Indies. -- n. A native of, or a dweller in, the East Indies.
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Easting
East"ing, n. (Naut. & Surv.) The distance measured toward the east between two meridians drawn through the extremities of a course; distance of departure eastward made by a vessel.
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East-insular
East`-in"su*lar (?), a. Relating to the Eastern Islands; East Indian. [R.] Ogilvie.

Eastwards
Eastward
{ East"ward (?), East"wards (?), } adv. Toward the east; in the direction of east from some point or place; as, New Haven lies eastward from New York.
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Easy
Eas"y (?), a. [Compar. Easier (?); superl. Easiest.] [OF. aisié, F. aisé, prop. p. p. of OF. aisier. See Ease, v. t.] 1. At ease; free from pain, trouble, or constraint; as: (a) Free from pain, distress, toil, exertion, and the like; quiet; as, the patient is easy. (b) Free from care, responsibility, discontent, and the like; not anxious; tranquil; as, an easy mind. (c) Free from constraint, harshness, or formality; unconstrained; smooth; as, easy manners; an easy style. “The easy vigor of a line.” Pope.
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2. Not causing, or attended with, pain or disquiet, or much exertion; affording ease or rest; as, an easy carriage; a ship having an easy motion; easy movements, as in dancing.Easy ways to die.” Shak.
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3. Not difficult; requiring little labor or effort; slight; inconsiderable; as, an easy task; an easy victory.
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It were an easy leap. Shak.
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4. Causing ease; giving freedom from care or labor; furnishing comfort; commodious; as, easy circumstances; an easy chair or cushion.
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5. Not making resistance or showing unwillingness; tractable; yielding; complying; ready.
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He gained their easy hearts. Dryden.
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He is too tyrannical to be an easy monarch. Sir W. Scott.
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6. Moderate; sparing; frugal. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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7. (Com.) Not straitened as to money matters; as, the market is easy; -- opposed to tight.
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Honors are easy (Card Playing), said when each side has an equal number of honors, in which case they are not counted as points.

Syn. -- Quiet; comfortable; manageable; tranquil; calm; facile; unconcerned.
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Easy-chair
Eas"y-chair` (ēz"&ybreve_;*châr`), n. An armchair for ease or repose. “Laugh . . . in Rabelais' easy-chair.” Pope.
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easy-going
easygoing
eas"y*go`ing, eas"y-go`ing (ēz"&ybreve_;*gō`&ibreve_;ng), a. 1. Moving easily; hence, mild-tempered; relaxed and casual; ease-loving; inactive. Contrasted with tense. [wns=2]
Syn. -- degage, easy-going, laid-back.
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2. having a lax moral or disciplinary standard. [wns=1] strict
Syn. -- lenient.
[WordNet 1.5]

3. unhurried; as, an easygoing pace. Opposite of hurried. [wns=3]
Syn. -- easy, leisurely.
[WordNet 1.5]

4. unaggressive; as, his easygoing approach to business. Opposite of aggressive. [wns=4]
Syn. -- low-pressure.
[WordNet 1.5]

easygoingness
easygoingness n. being without worry or concern.
[WordNet 1.5]

Eat
Eat (ēt), v. t. [imp. Ate (āt; 277), Obsolescent & Colloq. Eat (&ebreve_;t); p. p. Eaten (ēt"'n), Obs. or Colloq. Eat (&ebreve_;t); p. pr. & vb. n. Eating.] [OE. eten, AS. etan; akin to OS. etan, OFries. eta, D. eten, OHG. ezzan, G. essen, Icel. eta, Sw. äta, Dan. æde, Goth. itan, Ir. & Gael. ith, W. ysu, L. edere, Gr. 'e`dein, Skr. ad. √6. Cf. Etch, Fret to rub, Edible.] 1. To chew and swallow as food; to devour; -- said especially of food not liquid; as, to eat bread. “To eat grass as oxen.” Dan. iv. 25.
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They . . . ate the sacrifices of the dead. Ps. cvi. 28.
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The lean . . . did eat up the first seven fat kine. Gen. xli. 20.
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The lion had not eaten the carcass. 1 Kings xiii. 28.
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With stories told of many a feat,
How fairy Mab the junkets eat.
Milton.
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The island princes overbold
Have eat our substance.
Tennyson.
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His wretched estate is eaten up with mortgages. Thackeray.
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2. To corrode, as metal, by rust; to consume the flesh, as a cancer; to waste or wear away; to destroy gradually; to cause to disappear.
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To eat humble pie. See under Humble. -- To eat of (partitive use).Eat of the bread that can not waste.” Keble. -- To eat one's words, to retract what one has said. (See the Citation under Blurt.) -- To eat out, to consume completely.Eat out the heart and comfort of it.” Tillotson. -- To eat the wind out of a vessel (Naut.), to gain slowly to windward of her.

Syn. -- To consume; devour; gnaw; corrode.
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Eat
Eat, v. i. 1. To take food; to feed; especially, to take solid, in distinction from liquid, food; to board.
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He did eat continually at the king's table. 2 Sam. ix. 13.
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2. To taste or relish; as, it eats like tender beef.
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3. To make one's way slowly.
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To eat, To eat in or To eat into, to make way by corrosion; to gnaw; to consume. “A sword laid by, which eats into itself.” Byron. -- To eat to windward (Naut.), to keep the course when closehauled with but little steering; -- said of a vessel.
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Eatable
Eat"a*ble (ēt"&adot_;*b'l), a. Capable of being eaten; fit to be eaten; proper for food; esculent; edible. -- n. Something fit to be eaten.
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Eatage
Eat"age (ēt"&auptack_;j; 48), n. Eatable growth of grass for horses and cattle, esp. that of aftermath.
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eaten
eaten adj. ingested through the mouth. Contrasted with uneaten. [Narrower terms: consumed; devoured, eaten up(predicate)]
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Eater
Eat"er (ēt"&etilde_;r), n. One who, or that which, eats.
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Eath
Eath (ēth), a. & adv. [AS. eáðe.] Easy or easily. [Obs.]Eath to move with plaints.” Fairfax.
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Eating
Eat"ing (?), n. 1. The act of tasking food; the act of consuming or corroding.
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2. Something fit to be eaten; food; as, a peach is good eating. [Colloq.]
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Eating house, a house where cooked provisions are sold, to be eaten on the premises.
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Eau de Cologne
Eau` de Co*logne" (?). [F. eau water (L. aqua) + de of + Cologne.] Same as Cologne.
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Eau de vie
Eau` de vie" (?). [F., water of life; eau (L. aqua) water + de of + vie (L. vita) life.] French name for brandy. Cf. Aqua vitæ, under Aqua. Bescherelle.
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Eau forte
Eau` forte" (ō` f&ouptack_;rt"). [F., strong water, nitric acid (which is used in etching plates).] (Art) An etching or a print from an etched plate.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Eavedrop
Eave"drop` (?), n. A drop from the eaves; eavesdrop. [R.] Tennyson.
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Eaves
Eaves (?), n. pl. [OE. evese, pl. eveses, AS. efese eaves, brim, brink; akin to OHG. obisa, opasa, porch, hall, MHG. obse eaves, Icel. ups, Goth. ubizwa porch; cf. Icel. upsar-dropi, OSw. opsä-drup water dropping from the eaves. Probably from the root of E. over. The s of eaves is in English regarded as a plural ending, though not so in Saxon. See Over, and cf. Eavesdrop.] 1. (Arch.) The edges or lower borders of the roof of a building, which overhang the walls, and cast off the water that falls on the roof.
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2. Brow; ridge. [Obs.]Eaves of the hill.” Wyclif.
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3. Eyelids or eyelashes.
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And closing eaves of wearied eyes. Tennyson.
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Eaves board (Arch.), an arris fillet, or a thick board with a feather edge, nailed across the rafters at the eaves of a building, to raise the lower course of slates a little, or to receive the lowest course of tiles; -- called also eaves catch and eaves lath. -- Eaves channel, Eaves gutter, Eaves trough. Same as Gutter, 1. -- Eaves molding (Arch.), a molding immediately below the eaves, acting as a cornice or part of a cornice. -- Eaves swallow (Zoöl.). (a) The cliff swallow; -- so called from its habit of building retort-shaped nests of mud under the eaves of buildings. See Cliff swallow, under Cliff. (b) The European swallow.
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Eavesdrop
Eaves"drop` (ēvz"dr&obreve_;p`), v. i. [Eaves + drop.] To stand under the eaves, near a window or at the door, of a house, to listen and learn what is said within doors; hence, to listen secretly to what is said in private.
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To eavesdrop in disguises. Milton.
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Eavesdrop
Eaves"drop`, n. The water which falls in drops from the eaves of a house.
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Eavesdropper
Eaves"drop`per (?), n. One who stands under the eaves, or near the window or door of a house, to listen; hence, a secret listener.
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Eavesdropping
Eaves"drop`ping (?), n. (Law) The habit of lurking about dwelling houses, and other places where persons meet for private intercourse, secretly listening to what is said, and then tattling it abroad. The offense is indictable at common law. Wharton.
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Ebb
Ebb (&ebreve_;b), n. (Zoöl.) The European bunting.
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Ebb
Ebb, n. [AS. ebba; akin to Fries. ebba, D. eb, ebbe, Dan. & G. ebbe, Sw. ebb, cf. Goth. ibuks backward; prob. akin to E. even.] 1. The reflux or flowing back of the tide; the return of the tidal wave toward the sea; -- opposed to flood; as, the boats will go out on the ebb.
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Thou shoreless flood which in thy ebb and flow
Claspest the limits of morality!
Shelley.
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2. The state or time of passing away; a falling from a better to a worse state; low state or condition; decline; decay. “Our ebb of life.” Roscommon.
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Painting was then at its lowest ebb. Dryden.
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Ebb and flow, the alternate ebb and flood of the tide; often used figuratively.
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This alternation between unhealthy activity and depression, this ebb and flow of the industrial. A. T. Hadley.
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Ebb
Ebb (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Ebbed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Ebbing.] [AS. ebbian; akin to D. & G. ebben, Dan. ebbe. See 2d Ebb.] 1. To flow back; to return, as the water of a tide toward the ocean; -- opposed to flow.
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That Power who bids the ocean ebb and flow. Pope.
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2. To return or fall back from a better to a worse state; to decline; to decay; to recede.
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The hours of life ebb fast. Blackmore.

Syn. -- To recede; retire; withdraw; decay; decrease; wane; sink; lower.
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Ebb
Ebb, v. t. To cause to flow back. [Obs.] Ford.
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Ebb
Ebb, a. Receding; going out; falling; shallow; low.
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The water there is otherwise very low and ebb. Holland.
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Ebb tide
Ebb" tide` (?). The reflux of tide water; the retiring tide; -- opposed to flood tide.
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EBCDIC
EBCDIC (&ebreve_;b"s&ebreve_;*d&ibreve_;k`), n. [acronym from Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code.] (Computers) a 8-bit code for representing alphanumerical information in a digital information storage medium. It was used expecially on IBM mainframes, and differed substantially from the ASCII code. [acronym]
[PJC]

Ebionite
E"bi*o*nite (?), n. [Heb. ebyonīm poor people.] (Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect of heretics, in the first centuries of the church, whose doctrine was a mixture of Judaism and Christianity. They denied the divinity of Christ, regarding him as an inspired messenger, and rejected much of the New Testament.
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Ebionitism
E"bi*o*ni`tism (?), n. (Eccl. Hist.) The system or doctrine of the Ebionites.
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Eblanin
Eb"la*nin (?), n. (Chem.) See Pyroxanthin.
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Eblis
Eb"lis (?), n. [Ar. iblis.] (Moham. Myth.) The prince of the evil spirits; Satan. [Written also Eblees.]
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Ebola virus
E*bo"la vir`us (Med.) (&euptack_;*bō"l&adot_; vī'rŭs), n. an exceptionally virulent hemorrhaic virus with a high mortality rate, first recognized in an outbreak on the Ebola river in africa.
[PJC]

Ebon
Eb"on (?), a. 1. Consisting of ebony.
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2. Like ebony, especially in color; black; dark.
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Night, sable goddess! from her ebon throne. Young.
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Ebon
Eb"on, n. Ebony. [Poetic] “Framed of ebon and ivory.” Sir W. Scott.
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Ebonist
Eb"on*ist (?), n. One who works in ebony.
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Ebonite
Eb"on*ite (?), n. (Chem.) A hard, black variety of vulcanite. It may be cut and polished, and is used for many small articles, as combs and buttons, and for insulating material in electric apparatus.
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Ebonize
Eb"on*ize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ebonized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Ebonizing.] To make black, or stain black, in imitation of ebony; as, to ebonize wood.
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Ebony
Eb"on*y (?), n.; pl. Ebonies (#). [F. ébène, L. ebenus, fr. Gr. &unr_;; prob. of Semitic origin; cf. Heb. hobnīm, pl. Cf. Ebon.] A hard, heavy, and durable wood, which admits of a fine polish or gloss. The usual color is black, but it also occurs red or green.
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&hand_; The finest black ebony is the heartwood of Diospyros reticulata, of the Mauritius. Other species of the same genus (D. Ebenum, Melanoxylon, etc.), furnish the ebony of the East Indies and Ceylon. The West Indian green ebony is from a leguminous tree (Brya Ebenus), and from the Excæcaria glandulosa.
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Ebony
Eb"on*y, a. Made of ebony, or resembling ebony; black; as, an ebony countenance.
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This ebony bird beguiling my sad fancy into smiling. Poe.
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Ebracteate
E*brac"te*ate (?), a. [Pref. e- + bracteate.] (Bot.) Without bracts.
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Ebracteolate
E*brac"te*o*late (?), a. [Pref. e- + bracteolate.] (Bot.) Without bracteoles, or little bracts; -- said of a pedicel or flower stalk.
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Ebrauke
E*brau"ke (?), a. [L. Hebraicus: cf. F. Hébraïque.] Hebrew. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Ebriety
E*bri"e*ty (?), n.; pl. Ebrieties (#). [L. ebrietas, from. ebrius intoxicated: cf. F. ébriéte. Cf. So&unr_;er.] Drunkenness; intoxication by spirituous liquors; inebriety. “Ruinous ebriety.” Cowper.
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Ebrillade
E*bril"lade (&euptack_;*br&ibreve_;l"lăd), n. [F.] (Man.) A bridle check; a jerk of one rein, given to a horse when he refuses to turn.
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Ebriosity
E`bri*os"i*ty (ē`br&ibreve_;*&obreve_;s"&ibreve_;*t&ybreve_;), n. [L. ebriositas, from ebriousus given to drinking, fr. ebrius. See Ebriety.] Addiction to drink; habitual drunkenness.
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Ebrious
E"bri*ous (ē`br&ibreve_;*ŭs), a. [L. ebrius.] Inclined to drink to excess; intoxicated; tipsy. [R.] M. Collins.
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Ebulliate
E*bul"li*ate (?), v. i. To boil or bubble up. [Obs.] Prynne.

Ebulliency
Ebullience
{ E*bul"lience (?; 106), E*bul"lien*cy (?), } n. A boiling up or over; effervescence. Cudworth.
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Ebullient
E*bul"lient (?), a. [L. ebulliens, -entis, p. pr. of ebullire to boil up, bubble up; e out, from + bullire to boil. See 1st Boil.] Boiling up or over; hence, manifesting exhilaration or excitement, as of feeling; effervescing.Ebullient with subtlety.” De Quincey.
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The ebullient enthusiasm of the French. Carlyle.
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Ebullioscope
E*bul"li*o*scope (?), n. [L. ebullire to boil up + -scope.] (Phys. Chem.) An instrument for observing the boiling point of liquids, especially for determining the alcoholic strength of a mixture by the temperature at which it boils.
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Ebullition
Eb`ul*li"tion (?), n. [F. ébullition, L. ebullitio, fr. ebullire. See Ebullient.] 1. A boiling or bubbling up of a liquid; the motion produced in a liquid by its rapid conversion into vapor.
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2. Effervescence occasioned by fermentation or by any other process which causes the liberation of a gas or an aëriform fluid, as in the mixture of an acid with a carbonated alkali. [Formerly written bullition.]
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3. A sudden burst or violent display; an outburst; as, an ebullition of anger or ill temper.
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Eburin
Eb"ur*in (?), n. A composition of dust of ivory or of bone with a cement; -- used for imitations of valuable stones and in making moldings, seals, etc. Knight.
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Eburnation
E`bur*na"tion (?), n. [L. eburnus of ivory, fr. ebur ivory: cf. F. éburnation. See Ivory.] (Med.) A condition of bone cartilage occurring in certain diseases of these tissues, in which they acquire an unnatural density, and come to resemble ivory.
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Eburnean
E*bur"ne*an (?), a. [L. eburneus, fr. ebur ivory. See Ivory.] Made of or relating to ivory.
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Eburnification
E*bur`ni*fi*ca"tion (?), n. [L. eburnus of ivory (fr. ebur ivory) + facere to make.] The conversion of certain substances into others which have the appearance or characteristics of ivory.
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Eburnine
Eb"ur*nine (?), a. Of or pertaining to ivory. “[She] read from tablet eburnine.” Sir W. Scott.
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Ecardines
E*car"di*nes (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. L. e out, without + cardo a hinge.] (Zoöl.) An order of Brachiopoda; the Lyopomata. See Brachiopoda.
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ecarte
É`car`té" (?), n. [F., prop. p. p. fr. écarter to reject, discard.] A game at cards for two persons, with 32 cards, ranking K, Q, J, A, 10, 9, 8, 7. Five cards are dealt each player, and the 11th turned as trump. Five points constitute a game.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Ecaudate
E*cau"date (?), a. [Pref. e- + caudate.] 1. (Bot.) Without a tail or spur.
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2. (Zoöl.) Tailless.
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Ecballium
Ec*bal"li*um (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;. See Ecbole.] (Bot.) A genus of cucurbitaceous plants consisting of the single species Ecballium agreste (or Elaterium), the squirting cucumber. Its fruit, when ripe, bursts and violently ejects its seeds, together with a mucilaginous juice, from which elaterium, a powerful cathartic medicine, is prepared.
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Ecbasis
Ec"ba*sis (&ebreve_;k"b&adot_;*s&ibreve_;s), n. [L., fr. Gr. 'e`kbasis a going out, issue, or event; 'ek out + bai`nein to go.] (Rhet.) A figure in which the orator treats of things according to their events consequences.
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Ecbatic
Ec*bat"ic (?), a. [See Ecbasis.] (Gram.) Denoting a mere result or consequence, as distinguished from telic, which denotes intention or purpose; thus the phrase "i`na plhrw`qh, if rendered “so that it was fulfilled,” is ecbatic; if rendered “in order that it might be.” etc., is telic.
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Ecbole
Ec"bo*le (&ebreve_;k"b&ouptack_;*lē), n. [NL., fr. Gr. 'ekbolh` a throwing out, a digression, fr. 'ekba`llein to throw out; 'ek out of + ba`llein to throw.] (Rhet.) A digression in which a person is introduced speaking his own words.
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Ecbolic
Ec*bol"ic (?), n. [See Ecbole.] (Med.) A drug, as ergot, which by exciting uterine contractions promotes the expulsion of the contents of the uterus.
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Ecboline
Ec"bo*line (?; 104), n. [Gr. 'ekbolh` a throwing out; 'ek out + ba`llein to throw.] (Chem.) An alkaloid constituting the active principle of ergot; -- so named from its power of producing abortion.
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Eccaleobion
Ec`ca*le*o"bi*on (?), n. [Gr. 'ekkalei^n to call out ('ek out of + kalei^n to call) + bi`os life.] A contrivance for hatching eggs by artificial heat.
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Ecce homo
Ec"ce ho"mo (&ebreve_;k"s&euptack_; hō"m&ouptack_;). [L., behold the man. See John xix. 5.] (Paint.) A picture which represents the Savior as given up to the people by Pilate, and wearing a crown of thorns.
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Eccentric
Ec*cen"tric (&ebreve_;k*s&ebreve_;n"tr&ibreve_;k), a. [F. excentrique, formerly also spelled eccentrique, fr. LL. eccentros out of the center, eccentric, Gr. 'e`kkentros; 'ek out of + ke`ntron center. See Ex-, and Center, and cf. Excentral.] 1. Deviating or departing from the center, or from the line of a circle; as, an eccentric or elliptical orbit; pertaining to deviation from the center or from true circular motion.
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2. Not having the same center; -- said of circles, ellipses, spheres, etc., which, though coinciding, either in whole or in part, as to area or volume, have not the same center; -- opposed to concentric.
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3. (Mach.) Pertaining to an eccentric; as, the eccentric rod in a steam engine.
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4. Not coincident as to motive or end.
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His own ends, which must needs be often eccentric to those of his master. Bacon.
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5. Deviating from stated methods, usual practice, or established forms or laws; deviating from an appointed sphere or way; departing from the usual course; irregular; anomalous; odd; as, eccentric conduct. “This brave and eccentric young man.” Macaulay.
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He shines eccentric, like a comet's blaze. Savage.
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Eccentric anomaly. (Astron.) See Anomaly. -- Eccentric chuck (Mach.), a lathe chuck so constructed that the work held by it may be altered as to its center of motion, so as to produce combinations of eccentric combinations of eccentric circles. -- Eccentric gear. (Mach.) (a) The whole apparatus, strap, and other parts, by which the motion of an eccentric is transmitted, as in the steam engine. (b) A cogwheel set to turn about an eccentric axis used to give variable rotation. -- Eccentric hook or Eccentric gab, a hook-shaped journal box on the end of an eccentric rod, opposite the strap. -- Eccentric rod, the rod that connects an eccentric strap with any part to be acted upon by the eccentric. -- Eccentric sheave, or Eccentric pulley, an eccentric. -- Eccentric strap, the ring, operating as a journal box, that encircles and receives motion from an eccentric; -- called also eccentric hoop.

Syn. -- Irregular; anomalous; singular; odd; peculiar; erratic; idiosyncratic; strange; whimsical.
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Eccentric
Ec*cen"tric (&ebreve_;k*s&ebreve_;n"tr&ibreve_;k), n. 1. A circle not having the same center as another contained in some measure within the first.
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2. One who, or that which, deviates from regularity; an anomalous or irregular person or thing.
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3. (Astron.) (a) In the Ptolemaic system, the supposed circular orbit of a planet about the earth, but with the earth not in its center. (b) A circle described about the center of an elliptical orbit, with half the major axis for radius. Hutton.
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4. (Mach.) A disk or wheel so arranged upon a shaft that the center of the wheel and that of the shaft do not coincide. It is used for operating valves in steam engines, and for other purposes. The motion derived is precisely that of a crank having the same throw.
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Back eccentric, the eccentric that reverses or backs the valve gear and the engine. -- Fore eccentric, the eccentric that imparts a forward motion to the valve gear and the engine.
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Eccentrical
Ec*cen"tric*al (?), a. See Eccentric.
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Eccentrically
Ec*cen"tric*al*ly, adv. In an eccentric manner.
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Drove eccentrically here and there. Lew Wallace.
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Eccentricity
Ec`cen*tric"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Eccentricities (#). [Cf. F. excentricité.] 1. The state of being eccentric; deviation from the customary line of conduct; oddity.
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2. (Math.) The ratio of the distance between the center and the focus of an ellipse or hyperbola to its semi-transverse axis.
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3. (Astron.) The ratio of the distance of the center of the orbit of a heavenly body from the center of the body round which it revolves to the semi-transverse axis of the orbit.
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4. (Mech.) The distance of the center of figure of a body, as of an eccentric, from an axis about which it turns; the throw.
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Ecchymose
Ec"chy*mose (?), v. t. (Med.) To discolor by the production of an ecchymosis, or effusion of blood, beneath the skin; -- chiefly used in the passive form; as, the parts were much ecchymosed.
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Ecchymosis
Ec`chy*mo"sis (?), n.; pl. Ecchymoses (&unr_;). [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to extravasate; 'ek out of + &unr_; to pour.] (Med.) A livid or black and blue spot, produced by the extravasation or effusion of blood into the areolar tissue from a contusion.
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Ecchymotic
Ec`chy*mot"ic (?), a. Pertaining to ecchymosis.
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Eccle
Ec"cle (?), n. (Zoöl.) The European green woodpecker; -- also called ecall, eaquall, yaffle. [Prov. Eng.]
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Ecclesia
Ec*cle"si*a (?), n.; pl. Ecclesiæ (&unr_;). [L., fr. Gr. &unr_;.] 1. (Gr. Antiq.) The public legislative assembly of the Athenians.
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2. (Eccl.) A church, either as a body or as a building.
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Ecclesial
Ec*cle"si*al (?), a. Ecclesiastical. [Obs.] Milton.
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Ecclesiarch
Ec*cle"si*arch (?), n. [LL. ecclesiarcha, fr. Gr. &unr_; church + &unr_; to rule: cf. F. ecclésiarque.] An official of the Eastern Church, resembling a sacrist in the Western Church.
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Ecclesiast
Ec*cle"si*ast (?), n. 1. An ecclesiastic. Chaucer.
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2. The Apocryphal book of Ecclesiasticus. [Obs.]
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Ecclesiastes
Ec*cle`si*as"tes (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. &unr_; a preacher. See Ecclesiastic, a.] One of the canonical books of the Old Testament.
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Ecclesiastic
Ec*cle`si*as"tic (?; 277), a. [L. ecclesiasticus, Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; an assembly of citizens called out by the crier; also, the church, fr. &unr_; called out, fr. &unr_; to call out; 'ek out + &unr_; to call. See Ex-, and Hale, v. t., Haul.] Of or pertaining to the church. See Ecclesiastical.Ecclesiastic government.” Swift.
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Ecclesiastic
Ec*cle`si*as"tic, n. A person in holy orders, or consecrated to the service of the church and the ministry of religion; a clergyman; a priest.
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From a humble ecclesiastic, he was subsequently preferred to the highest dignities of the church. Prescott.
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Ecclesiastical
Ec*cle`si*as"tic*al (?), a. [See Ecclesiastical, a.] Of or pertaining to the church; relating to the organization or government of the church; not secular; as, ecclesiastical affairs or history; ecclesiastical courts.
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Every circumstance of ecclesiastical order and discipline was an abomination. Cowper.
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Ecclesiastical commissioners for England, a permanent commission established by Parliament in 1836, to consider and report upon the affairs of the Established Church. -- Ecclesiastical courts, courts for maintaining the discipline of the Established Church; -- called also Christian courts. [Eng.] -- Ecclesiastical law, a combination of civil and canon law as administered in ecclesiastical courts. [Eng.] -- Ecclesiastical modes (Mus.), the church modes, or the scales anciently used. -- Ecclesiastical States, the territory formerly subject to the Pope of Rome as its temporal ruler; -- called also States of the Church.
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Ecclesiastically
Ec*cle`si*as"tic*al*ly (?), adv. In an ecclesiastical manner; according ecclesiastical rules.
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Ecclesiasticism
Ec*cle`si*as"ti*cism (?), n. Strong attachment to ecclesiastical usages, forms, etc.
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Ecclesiasticus
Ec*cle`si*as"ti*cus (?), n. [L.] A book of the Apocrypha.
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Ecclesiological
Ec*cle`si*o*log"ic*al (?), a. Belonging to ecclesiology.
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Ecclesiologist
Ec*cle`si*ol"o*gist (?), n. One versed in ecclesiology.
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Ecclesiology
Ec*cle`si*ol"o*gy (?), n. [Ecclesia + -logy.] The science or theory of church building and decoration.
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Eccritic
Ec*crit"ic (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; secretive, fr. &unr_; to choose out.] (Med.) A remedy which promotes discharges, as an emetic, or a cathartic.
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Ecderon
Ec"der*on (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. 'ek out + &unr_; skin.] (Anat.) See Ecteron. -- Ec`der*on"ic (#), a.
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Ecdysis
Ec"dy*sis (?), n.; pl. Ecdyses (#). [NL., fr. Gr. 'e`kdysis a getting out, fr. 'ekdy`ein, to put off; 'ek out + dy`ein to enter.] (Biol.) The act of shedding, or casting off, an outer cuticular layer, as in the case of serpents, lobsters, etc.; a coming out; as, the ecdysis of the pupa from its shell; exuviation.
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Ecgonine
Ec"go*nine (?; 104), n. [Gr. 'e`kgonos sprung from.] (Chem.) A colorless, crystalline, nitrogenous base, obtained by the decomposition of cocaine.
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echauguette
É`chau`guette" (?), n. [F.] A small chamber or place of protection for a sentinel, usually in the form of a projecting turret, or the like. See Castle.
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Eche
Ech"e (ēsh"&eitalic_;), a. or a. pron. Each. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Echelon
Ech"e*lon (&ebreve_;sh"&eitalic_;*l&obreve_;n), n. [F., fr. échelle ladder, fr. L. scala.] 1. (Mil.) An arrangement of a body of troops when its divisions are drawn up in parallel lines each to the right or the left of the one in advance of it, like the steps of a ladder in position for climbing. Also used adjectively; as, echelon distance. Upton (Tactics).
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2. (Naval) An arrangement of a fleet in a wedge or V form. Encyc. Dict.
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Echelon lens (Optics), a large lens constructed in several parts or layers, extending in a succession of annular rings beyond the central lens; -- used in lighthouses.
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Echelon
Ech"e*lon (?), v. t. (Mil.) To place in echelon; to station divisions of troops in echelon.
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Echelon
Ech"e*lon, v. i. To take position in echelon.
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Change direction to the left, echelon by battalion from the right. Upton (Tactics).
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Echeneididae
Echeneididae n. a natural family of fishes having a sucking disk on the head for clinging to other fishes and to ships.
Syn. -- family Echeneididae, family Echeneidae.
[WordNet 1.5]

Echeneis
Echeneis n. the type genus of the Echeneididae; they are typical remoras.
Syn. -- genus Echeneis.
[WordNet 1.5]

Echidna
E*chid"na (&euptack_;*k&ibreve_;d"n&adot_;), n. [L., a viper, adder, Gr. 'e`chidna.] 1. (Gr. Myth.) A monster, half maid and half serpent.
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2. (Zoöl.) A genus of Monotremata found in Australia, Tasmania, and New Guinea. They are toothless and covered with spines; -- called also porcupine ant-eater, and Australian ant-eater.
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Echidnine
E*chid"nine (?; 104), n. [See Echidna.] (Chem.) The clear, viscid fluid secreted by the poison glands of certain serpents; also, a nitrogenous base contained in this, and supposed to be the active poisonous principle of the virus. Brande & C.

Echidnophaga
E*chid"no*pha*ga (?), n. (Zoöl.) a genus of fleas including the stick-tight flea (Echidnophaga gallinacea), which is a serious pest in subtropical America, infesting poultry and frequently attacking man and domestic animals. [Stedman]
[PJC]

Echinated
Echinate
{ Ech"i*nate (?), Ech"i*na`ted (?), } a. [L. echinatus. See Echinus.] Set with prickles; prickly, like a hedgehog; bristled; as, an echinated pericarp.
Syn. -- echinulate.
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Echinid
E*chi"nid (?), a. & n. (Zoöl.) Same as Echinoid.
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Echinidan
E*chin"i*dan (?), n. [Cf. F. échinide.] (Zoöl.) One the Echinoidea.
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Echinital
E*chin"i*tal (?), a. Of, or like, an echinite.
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Echinite
Ech"i*nite (?), n. [Cf. F. échinite. See Echinus.] (Paleon.) A fossil echinoid.
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Echinochloa
Echinochloa n. 1. annual or perennial succulent grasses of warm regions.
Syn. -- genus Echinochloa.
[WordNet 1.5]

echinococcosis
e*chi"no*coc*co`sis (&ebreve_;*kī"n&ouptack_;*k&obreve_;k*kō`s&ibreve_;s), n. (Med.) infestation with echinococci (tapeworms). An infection with the larval form is called hydatid disease.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Echinococcus
E*chi`no*coc"cus (&ebreve_;*kī"n&ouptack_;*k&obreve_;k*k), n. [NL., fr. Gr. 'echi^nos hedgehog, sea urchin + ko`kkos grain, seed, berry. So called because forming little granular bodies, each armed with hooklets and disposed upon the inner wall of the hydatid cysts.] (Zoöl.) A parasite of man and of many domestic and wild animals, forming compound cysts or tumors (called hydatid cysts) in various organs, but especially in the liver and lungs, which often cause death. It is the larval stage of the Tænia echinococcus, a small tapeworm peculiar to the dog. The adult form is not found in man.
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echinocyte
ech"i*no*cyte (&ebreve_;k"&ibreve_;*n&ouptack_;*sīt), n. (Biol.) a red blood cell which has become crenated.
[PJC]

Echinoderm
E*chin"o*derm` (?), n. (Zoöl.) One of the Echinodermata.
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Echinodermal
E*chi`no*der"mal (?), a. (Zoöl.) Relating or belonging to the echinoderms.
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Echinodermata
E*chi`no*der"ma*ta (&euptack_;*kī`n&ouptack_;*d&etilde_;r"m&adot_;*t&adot_;), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. 'echi^nos hedgehog, sea urchin + de`rma, -atos, skin.] (Zoöl.) One of the grand divisions of the animal kingdom. By many writers it was formerly included in the Radiata. [Written also Echinoderma.]
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&hand_; The species usually have an exterior calcareous skeleton, or shell, made of many pieces, and often covered with spines, to which the name. They may be star-shaped, cylindrical, disk-shaped, or more or less spherical. The body consists of several similar parts (spheromeres) repeated symmetrically around a central axis, at one end of which the mouth is situated. They generally have suckers for locomotion. The group includes the following classes: Crinoidea, Asterioidea, Ophiuroidea, Echinoidea, and Holothurioidea. See these words in the Vocabulary, and also Ambulacrum.
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Echinodermatous
E*chi`no*der"ma*tous (?), a. (Zoöl.) Relating to Echinodermata; echinodermal.
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Echinoid
E*chi"noid (?), a. [Echinus + -oid.] (Zoöl.) Of or pertaining to the Echinoidea. -- n. One of the Echinoidea.
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Echinoidea
Ech`i*noi"de*a (?), n. pl. [NL. See Echinus, and -oid.] (Zoöl.) The class Echinodermata which includes the sea urchins. They have a calcareous shell, usually more or less spheroidal or disk-shaped, composed of many united plates, and covered with movable spines. See Spatangoid, Clypeastroid. [Written also Echinidea, and Echinoida.]
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Echinozoa
E*chi`no*zo"a (&euptack_;*kī`n&ouptack_;*zō"&adot_;), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. 'echi^nos an echinus + zw^,on an animal.] (Zoöl.) The Echinodermata.
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Echinulate
E*chin"u*late (?), a. (Bot. & Zoöl.) Set with small spines or prickles.
Syn. -- echinate. [1913 Webster]

Echinus
E*chi"nus (?), n.; pl. Echini (#). [L., a hedgehog, sea urchin, Gr. 'echi^nos.] 1. (Zoöl.) A hedgehog.
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2. (Zoöl.) A genus of echinoderms, including the common edible sea urchin of Europe.
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3. (Arch.) (a) The rounded molding forming the bell of the capital of the Grecian Doric style, which is of a peculiar elastic curve. See Entablature. (b) The quarter-round molding (ovolo) of the Roman Doric style. See Illust. of Column (c) A name sometimes given to the egg and anchor or egg and dart molding, because that ornament is often identified with the Roman Doric capital. The name probably alludes to the shape of the shell of the sea urchin.
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Echiuroidea
Ech`i*u*roi"de*a (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. echiurus, the name of one genus (Gr. 'e`chis an adder + o'yra` tail) + -oid.] (Zoöl.) A division of Annelida which includes the genus Echiurus and allies. They are often classed among the Gephyrea, and called the armed Gephyreans.
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Echo
Ech"o (&ebreve_;k"&ouptack_;), n.; pl. Echoes (&ebreve_;k"ōz). [L. echo, Gr. 'hchw` echo, sound, akin to 'hchh`, 'h^chos, sound, noise; cf. Skr. vāç to sound, bellow; perh. akin to E. voice: cf. F. écho.] 1. A sound reflected from an opposing surface and repeated to the ear of a listener; repercussion of sound; repetition of a sound.
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The babbling echo mocks the hounds. Shak.
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The woods shall answer, and the echo ring. Pope.
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2. Fig.: Sympathetic recognition; response; answer.
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Fame is the echo of actions, resounding them. Fuller.
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Many kind, and sincere speeches found an echo in his heart. R. L. Stevenson.
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3. (a) (Myth. & Poetic) A wood or mountain nymph, regarded as repeating, and causing the reverberation of them.
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Sweet Echo, sweetest nymph, that liv'st unseen
Within thy airy shell.
Milton.

(b) (Gr. Myth.) A nymph, the daughter of Air and Earth, who, for love of Narcissus, pined away until nothing was left of her but her voice.
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Compelled me to awake the courteous Echo
To give me answer from her mossy couch.
Milton.
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4. (Whist, Contract Bridge) (a) A signal, played in the same manner as a trump signal, made by a player who holds four or more trumps (or as played by some exactly three trumps) and whose partner has led trumps or signaled for trumps. (b) A signal showing the number held of a plain suit when a high card in that suit is led by one's partner.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Echo organ (Mus.), a set organ pipes inclosed in a box so as to produce a soft, distant effect; -- generally superseded by the swell. -- Echo stop (Mus.), a stop upon a harpsichord contrived for producing the soft effect of distant sound. -- To applaud to the echo, to give loud and continuous applause. M. Arnold.
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I would applaud thee to the very echo,
That should applaud again.
Shak.
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Echo
Ech"o, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Echoed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Echoing. -- 3d pers. sing. pres. Echoes (&unr_;).] 1. To send back (a sound); to repeat in sound; to reverberate.
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Those peals are echoed by the Trojan throng. Dryden.
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The wondrous sound
Is echoed on forever.
Keble.
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2. To repeat with assent; to respond; to adopt.
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They would have echoed the praises of the men whom they envied, and then have sent to the newspaper anonymous libels upon them. Macaulay.
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Echo
Ech"o, v. i. To give an echo; to resound; to be sounded back; as, the hall echoed with acclamations.Echoing noise.” Blackmore.
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Echoer
Ech"o*er (?), n. One who, or that which, echoes.
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echo chamber
ech"o cham"ber (?), n. (Music, broadcasting) A room with walls that resonate sound, producing audible echoes; it is used especially to create special sound effects in recording music.
[PJC]

echoic
echoic adj. 1. (linguistics) Formed in imitation of a natural sound; -- of words. Contrasted to nonechoic.
Syn. -- imitative, onomatopoeic, onomatopoeical, onomatopoetic.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. Like or characteristic of an echo.
Syn. -- echolike.
[WordNet 1.5]

echoing
echoing adj. Reflecting sounds so as to create multiple echoes; as, a hotel with echoing halls.
[WordNet 1.5]

Echoless
Ech"o*less, a. Without echo or response.
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Echometer
E*chom"e*ter (?), n. [Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, sound + -meter: cf. F. échomètre.] (Mus) A graduated scale for measuring the duration of sounds, and determining their different, and the relation of their intervals. J. J. Rousseau.
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Echometry
E*chom"e*try (?), n. [Cf. F. échométrie.] 1. The art of measuring the duration of sounds or echoes.
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2. The art of constructing vaults to produce echoes.

Echoon
Echon
{ Ech*on" (?), Ech*oon" (?) }, pron. Each one. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Echopathy
E*chop"a*thy (?), n. [Echo + -pathy, as in homeopathy.] (Med.) A morbid condition characterized by automatic and purposeless repetition of words or imitation of actions.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Echoscope
Ech"o*scope (?), n. [Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, sound + -scope.] (Med.) An instrument for intensifying sounds produced by percussion of the thorax. Knight.
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eclair
É`clair" (?), n. [F.] (Cookery) A kind of frosted cake, containing flavored cream.
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Eclaircise
E*clair"cise (?), v. t. [F. éclaircir; pref. es- (L. ex) + clair clear, L. clarus.] To make clear; to clear up what is obscure or not understood; to explain.
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Eclaircissement
E*clair"cisse*ment (?), n. [F., fr. éclaircir. See Eclaircise, v. t.] The clearing up of anything which is obscure or not easily understood; an explanation.
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The eclaircissement ended in the discovery of the informer. Clarendon.
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Eclampsia
Ec*lamp"si*a (?), n. [NL., from Gr. &unr_; a shining forth, fr. &unr_; to shine forth; &unr_; out + &unr_; to shine.] (Med.) A fancied perception of flashes of light, a symptom of epilepsy; hence, epilepsy itself; convulsions.
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&hand_; The term is generally restricted to a convulsive affection attending pregnancy and parturition, and to infantile convulsions.
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Eclampsy
Ec*lamp"sy (?), n. (Med.) Same as Eclampsia.
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Eclat
E*clat" (?), n. [F. éclat a fragment, splinter, explosion, brilliancy, splendor, fr. éclater to splinter, burst, explode, shine brilliantly, prob. of German origin; cf. OHG. sleizan to slit, split, fr. slīzan, G. schleissen; akin to E. slit.] 1. Brilliancy of success or effort; splendor; brilliant show; striking effect; glory; renown. “The eclat of Homer's battles.” Pope.
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2. Demonstration of admiration and approbation; applause. Prescott.
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Eclectic
Ec*lec"tic (?), a. [Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to pick out, choose out: cf. F. éclectique. See Eclogue, and cf. Elect.] 1. Selecting; choosing (what is true or excellent in doctrines, opinions, etc.) from various sources or systems; as, an eclectic philosopher.
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2. Consisting, or made up, of what is chosen or selected; as, an eclectic method; an eclectic magazine.
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Eclectic physician, one of a class of practitioners of medicine, who select their modes of practice and medicines from all schools; formerly, sometimes the same as botanic physician. [U.S.] -- Eclectic school. (Paint.) See Bolognese school, under Bolognese.
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Eclectic
Ec*lec"tic (?), n. One who follows an eclectic method.
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Eclectically
Ec*lec"tic*al*ly (?), adv. In an eclectic manner; by an eclectic method.
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Eclecticism
Ec*lec"ti*cism (?), n. [Cf. F. éclecticisme. Cf. Electicism.] Theory or practice of an eclectic.
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Eclegm
Ec*legm" (?), n. [F. éclegme, L. ecligma, fr. Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to lick up.] (Med.) A medicine made by mixing oils with sirups. John Quincy.
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Eclipse
E*clipse" (&euptack_;*kl&ibreve_;ps"), n. [F. éclipse, L. eclipsis, fr. Gr. 'e`kleipsis, prop., a forsaking, failing, fr. 'eklei`pein to leave out, forsake; 'ek out + lei`pein to leave. See Ex-, and Loan.] 1. (Astron.) An interception or obscuration of the light of the sun, moon, or other luminous body, by the intervention of some other body, either between it and the eye, or between the luminous body and that illuminated by it. A lunar eclipse is caused by the moon passing through the earth's shadow; a solar eclipse, by the moon coming between the sun and the observer. A satellite is eclipsed by entering the shadow of its primary. The obscuration of a planet or star by the moon or a planet, though of the nature of an eclipse, is called an occultation. The eclipse of a small portion of the sun by Mercury or Venus is called a transit of the planet.
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&hand_; In ancient times, eclipses were, and among unenlightened people they still are, superstitiously regarded as forerunners of evil fortune, a sentiment of which occasional use is made in literature.
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That fatal and perfidious bark,
Built in the eclipse, and rigged with curses dark.
Milton.
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2. The loss, usually temporary or partial, of light, brilliancy, luster, honor, consciousness, etc.; obscuration; gloom; darkness.
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All the posterity of our fist parents suffered a perpetual eclipse of spiritual life. Sir W. Raleigh.
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As in the soft and sweet eclipse,
When soul meets soul on lovers' lips.
Shelley.
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Annular eclipse. (Astron.) See under Annular. -- Cycle of eclipses. See under Cycle.
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Eclipse
E*clipse", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Eclipsed (&euptack_;*kl&ibreve_;pst"); p. pr. & vb. n. Eclipsing.] 1. To cause the obscuration of; to darken or hide; -- said of a heavenly body; as, the moon eclipses the sun.
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2. To obscure, darken, or extinguish the beauty, luster, honor, etc., of; to sully; to cloud; to throw into the shade by surpassing. “His eclipsed state.” Dryden.
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My joy of liberty is half eclipsed. Shak.
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Eclipse
E*clipse", v. i. To suffer an eclipse.
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While the laboring moon
Eclipses at their charms.
Milton.
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eclipsis
eclipsis n. (Linguistics) the omission or suppression of parts of words or sentences.
Syn. -- ellipsis.
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ecliptic
e*clip"tic (&euptack_;*kl&ibreve_;p"t&ibreve_;k), n. [Cf. F. écliptique, L. linea ecliptica, Gr. 'ekleiptiko`s, prop. adj., of an eclipse, because in this circle eclipses of the sun and moon take place. See Ecliptic, a.] 1. (Astron.) A great circle of the celestial sphere, making an angle with the equinoctial of about 23° 28′. It is the apparent path of the sun, or the real path of the earth as seen from the sun.
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2. (Geog.) A great circle drawn on a terrestrial globe, making an angle of 23° 28′ with the equator; -- used for illustrating and solving astronomical problems.
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Ecliptic
E*clip"tic, a. [L. eclipticus belonging to an eclipse, Gr. 'ekleiptiko`s. See Eclipse.] 1. Pertaining to the ecliptic; as, the ecliptic way.
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2. Pertaining to an eclipse or to eclipses.
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Lunar ecliptic limit (Astron.), the space of 12° on the moon's orbit from the node, within which, if the moon happens to be at full, it will be eclipsed. -- Solar ecliptic limit, the space of 17° from the lunar node, within which, if a conjunction of the sun and moon occur, the sun will be eclipsed.
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Eclogite
Ec"lo*gite (?), n. [See Ecloque.] (Min.) A rock consisting of granular red garnet, light green smaragdite, and common hornblende; -- so called in reference to its beauty.
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Eclogue
Ec"logue (?), n. [L. ecloga, Gr. &unr_; a selection, choice extracts, fr. &unr_; to pick out, choose out; 'ek out + &unr_; to gather, choose: cf. F. égloque, écloque. See Ex-, and Legend.] A pastoral poem, in which shepherds are introduced conversing with each other; a bucolic; an idyl; as, the Ecloques of Virgil, from which the modern usage of the word has been established.

ecobabble
e"co*bab`ble n. using the technical language of ecology to make the user seem ecologically aware.
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ecological
ecological (&euptack_;*k&ouptack_;"l&obreve_;j"&ibreve_;*k&aitalic_;l), adj. of or pertaining to ecology; as, an ecological disaster.
Syn. -- bionomic, bionomical.
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ecologist
ecologist (&euptack_;*k&obreve_;l"&ouptack_;*j&ibreve_;st), n. a biologist who studies the relation between organisms and their environment.
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ecology
ecology (&euptack_;*k&obreve_;l"&ouptack_;*j&ybreve_;), n. [Gr. o'i^kos house + -logy.] (Biol.) the branch of biology concerned with the various relations of animals and plants to one another and to their surrounding environment.
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econometric
econometric adj. of or pertaining to econometrics; as, econometric theories.
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econometrician
econometrician n. an economist who uses statistical and mathematical methods.
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econometrics
e*con`o*met"rics (&euptack_;*k&obreve_;n`&ouptack_;*m&ebreve_;t"r&ibreve_;ks), n. the application of mathematics and statistics to the study of economic and financial data.
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Economical
Economic
{ E`co*nom"ic (?; 277), E`co*nom"ic*al (?), } a. [F. économique, L. oeconomicus orderly, methodical, Gr. &unr_; economical. See Economy.] 1. Pertaining to the household; domestic. “In this economical misfortune [of ill-assorted matrimony.]” Milton.
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2. Relating to domestic economy, or to the management of household affairs.
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And doth employ her economic art
And busy care, her household to preserve.
Sir J. Davies.
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3. Managing with frugality; guarding against waste or unnecessary expense; careful and frugal in management and in expenditure; -- said of character or habits.
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Just rich enough, with economic care,
To save a pittance.
Harte.
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4. Managed with frugality; not marked with waste or extravagance; using the minimum of time or effort or resources required for effectiveness; frugal; -- said of acts; saving; as, an economical use of money or of time; an economic use of home heating oil. [wns=3]
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5. of or pertaining to the national or regional economy; relating to political economy; relating to the means of living, or the resources and wealth of a country; relating to the production or consumption of goods and services of a nation or region; as, economic growth; economic purposes; economical truths; an economic downturn.
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These matters economical and political. J. C. Shairp.
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There was no economical distress in England to prompt the enterprises of colonization. Palfrey.
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Economic questions, such as money, usury, taxes, lands, and the employment of the people. H. C. Baird.
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6. Regulative; relating to the adaptation of means to an end. Grew.
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7. of or pertaining to economics. economic theory
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8. profitable. Opposite of uneconomic. [wns=4]
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9. avoiding waste; as, an economical meal. Opposite of wasteful.
Syn. -- frugal, scotch, sparing, stinting, thrifty.
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&hand_; Economical is the usual form when meaning frugal, saving; economic is the form commonly used when meaning pertaining to the management of a household, or of public affairs.
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Economically
E`co*nom"ic*al*ly (?), adv. With economy; with careful management; with prudence in expenditure.
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Economics
E`co*nom"ics (ē`k&obreve_;*n&obreve_;m"&ibreve_;ks), n. [Gr. ta` o'ikonomika`, equiv. to "h o'ikonomi`a. See Economic.] 1. The science of household affairs, or of domestic management.
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2. Political economy; the science of the utilities or the useful application of wealth or material resources; the study of the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services of a nation or region, and its effect on the wealth of a country. See Political economy, under Political. “In politics and economics.” V. Knox.
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economise
economise v. t. same as economize.
Syn. -- conserve, husband, economize.
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economiser
economiser n. a person who economizes and avoids waste.
Syn. -- economizer.
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Economist
E*con"o*mist (?), n. [Cf. F. économiste.] 1. One who economizes, or manages domestic or other concerns with frugality; one who expends money, time, or labor, judiciously, and without waste.Economists even to parsimony.” Burke.
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2. One who is conversant with political economy; an expert in the field of economics. [wns=1]
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Economization
E*con`o*mi*za"tion (?), n. The act or practice of using to the best effect. [R.] H. Spenser.
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Economize
E*con"o*mize (&euptack_;*k&obreve_;n"&ouptack_;*mīz), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Economized (&euptack_;*k&obreve_;n"&ouptack_;*mīzd); p. pr. & vb. n. Economizing.] [Cf. F. économiser.] To manage with economy; to use with prudence; to expend with frugality; as, to economize one's income. [Written also economise.]
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Expenses in the city were to be economized. Jowett (Thucyd. ).
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Calculating how to economize time. W. Irving.
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Economize
E*con"o*mize, v. i. To be prudently sparing in expenditure; to be frugal and saving; as, to economize in order to grow rich. [Written also economise.] Milton.
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Economizer
E*con"o*mi`zer (?), n. 1. One who, or that which, economizes.
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2. Specifically: (Steam Boilers) An arrangement of pipes for heating feed water by waste heat in the gases passing to the chimney.
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economy
e*con"o*my (&euptack_;*k&obreve_;n"&ouptack_;*m&ybreve_;), n.; pl. Economies (&euptack_;*k&obreve_;n"&ouptack_;*m&ibreve_;z). [F. économie, L. oeconomia household management, fr. Gr. o'ikonomi`a, fr. o'ikono`mos one managing a household; o'i^kos house (akin to L. vicus village, E. vicinity) + no`mos usage, law, rule, fr. ne`mein to distribute, manage. See Vicinity, Nomad.] 1. The management of domestic affairs; the regulation and government of household matters; especially as they concern expense or disbursement; as, a careful economy.
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Himself busy in charge of the household economies. Froude.
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2. Orderly arrangement and management of the internal affairs of a state or of any establishment kept up by production and consumption; esp., such management as directly concerns wealth; as, political economy.
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3. The system of rules and regulations by which anything is managed; orderly system of regulating the distribution and uses of parts, conceived as the result of wise and economical adaptation in the author, whether human or divine; as, the animal or vegetable economy; the economy of a poem; the Jewish economy.
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The position which they [the verb and adjective] hold in the general economy of language. Earle.
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In the Greek poets, as also in Plautus, we shall see the economy . . . of poems better observed than in Terence. B. Jonson.
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The Jews already had a Sabbath, which, as citizens and subjects of that economy, they were obliged to keep. Paley.
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4. Thrifty and frugal housekeeping; management without loss or waste; frugality in expenditure; prudence and disposition to save; as, a housekeeper accustomed to economy but not to parsimony.
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Political economy. See under Political.

Syn. -- Economy, Frugality, Parsimony. Economy avoids all waste and extravagance, and applies money to the best advantage; frugality cuts off indulgences, and proceeds on a system of saving. The latter conveys the idea of not using or spending superfluously, and is opposed to lavishness or profusion. Frugality is usually applied to matters of consumption, and commonly points to simplicity of manners; parsimony is frugality carried to an extreme, involving meanness of spirit, and a sordid mode of living. Economy is a virtue, and parsimony a vice.
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I have no other notion of economy than that it is the parent to liberty and ease. Swift.
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The father was more given to frugality, and the son to riotousness [luxuriousness]. Golding.
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ecorche
É`cor`ché" (?), n. [F.] (Fine Arts) A manikin, or image, representing an animal, especially man, with the skin removed so that the muscles are exposed for purposes of study.
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ecossaise
É`cos`saise" (?), n. [F.] (Mus.) A dancing tune in the Scotch style.
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Ecostate
E*cos"tate (?), a. [Pref. e- + costate.] (Bot.) Having no ribs or nerves; -- said of a leaf.
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ecoute
É`coute" (?), n. [F., a listening place.] (Mil.) One of the small galleries run out in front of the glacis. They serve to annoy the enemy's miners.
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Ecphasis
Ec"pha*sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to speak out.] (Rhet.) An explicit declaration.
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Ecphonema
Ec`pho*ne"ma (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; a thing called out, fr. &unr_; to cry out; 'ek out + &unr_; voice.] (Rhet.) A breaking out with some interjectional particle.
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Ecphoneme
Ec"pho*neme (?), n. [See Ecphonema.] A mark (!) used to indicate an exclamation. G. Brown.
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Ecphonesis
Ec`pho*ne"sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;. See Ecphonema.] (Rhet.) An animated or passionate exclamation.
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The feelings by the ecphonesis are very various. Gibbs.
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Ecphractic
Ec*phrac"tic (?), a. [Gr. &unr_;, from &unr_; to open; 'ek out + &unr_; to block up: cf. F. ecphractique.] (Med.) Serving to dissolve or attenuate viscid matter, and so to remove obstructions; deobstruent. -- n. An ecphractic medicine. Harvey.
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ecrasement
É`crase`ment" (?), n. [F.] (Surg.) The operation performed with an écraseur.
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ecraseur
É`cra`seur" (?), n. [F., fr. écraser to crush.] (Surg.) An instrument intended to replace the knife in many operations, the parts operated on being severed by the crushing effect produced by the gradual tightening of a steel chain, so that hemorrhage rarely follows.
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ecru
É`cru" (?), a. [F., fr. L. crudus raw.] Having the color or appearance of unbleached stuff, as silk, linen, or the like.
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Ecstasy
Ec"sta*sy (?), n.; pl. Ecstasies (#). [F. extase, L. ecstasis, fr. Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to put out of place, derange; &unr_; = 'ek out + &unr_; to set, stand. See Ex-, and Stand.] [Also written extasy.] 1. The state of being beside one's self or rapt out of one's self; a state in which the mind is elevated above the reach of ordinary impressions, as when under the influence of overpowering emotion; an extraordinary elevation of the spirit, as when the soul, unconscious of sensible objects, is supposed to contemplate heavenly mysteries.
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Like a mad prophet in an ecstasy. Dryden.
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This is the very ecstasy of love. Shak.
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2. Excessive and overmastering joy or enthusiasm; rapture; enthusiastic delight.
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He on the tender grass
Would sit, and hearken even to ecstasy.
Milton.
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3. Violent distraction of mind; violent emotion; excessive grief of anxiety; insanity; madness. [Obs.]
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That unmatched form and feature of blown youth
Blasted with ecstasy.
Shak.
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Our words will but increase his ecstasy. Marlowe.
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4. (Med.) A state which consists in total suspension of sensibility, of voluntary motion, and largely of mental power. The body is erect and inflexible; the pulsation and breathing are not affected. Mayne.
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Ecstasy
Ec"sta*sy, v. t. To fill ecstasy, or with rapture or enthusiasm. [Obs.]
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The most ecstasied order of holy . . . spirits. Jer. Taylor.
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Ecstatic
Ec*stat"ic (?), a. [Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_;: cf. F. extatique. See Ecstasy, n.] 1. Pertaining to, or caused by, ecstasy or excessive emotion; of the nature, or in a state, of ecstasy; as, ecstatic gaze; ecstatic trance.
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This ecstatic fit of love and jealousy. Hammond.
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2. Delightful beyond measure; rapturous; ravishing; as, ecstatic bliss or joy.
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Ecstatic
Ec*stat"ic, n. An enthusiast. [R.] Gauden.
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Ecstatical
Ec*stat"ic*al (?), a. 1. Ecstatic. Bp. Stillingfleet.
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2. Tending to external objects. [R.] Norris.
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Ecstatically
Ec*stat"ic*al*ly, adv. Rapturously; ravishingly.

Ecto-
Ect-
{ Ect- (?), Ec"to- (?) }. [Gr. 'ekto`s outside outside.] A combining form signifying without, outside, external.
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Ectad
Ec"tad (?), adv. [Ect- + L. ad towards.] (Anat.) Toward the outside or surface; -- opposed to entad. B. G. Wilder.
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Ectal
Ec"tal (?), a. [See Ect-.] (Anat.) Pertaining to, or situated near, the surface; outer; -- opposed to ental. B. G. Wilder.
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Ectasia
Ec*ta"si*a (?), n. [NL. See Ectasis.] (Med.) A dilatation of a hollow organ or of a canal.
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Ectasis
Ec"ta*sis (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. &unr_;; 'ek out + &unr_; to stretch.] (Pros.) The lengthening of a syllable from short to long.
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Ectental
Ec*ten"tal (?), a. [Gr. 'ekto`s outside + &unr_; inside.] (Biol.) Relating to, or connected with, the two primitive germ layers, the ectoderm and ectoderm; as, the “ectental line” or line of juncture of the two layers in the segmentation of the ovum. C. S. Minot.
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Ecteron
Ec"ter*on (?), n. [See Ect-.] (Anat.) The external layer of the skin and mucous membranes; epithelium; ecderon. -- Ec`ter*on"ic (#), a.
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Ectethmoid
Ec*teth"moid (?), a. [Ect- + ethmoid.] (Anat.) External to the ethmoid; prefrontal.
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Ecthlipsis
Ec*thlip"sis (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to squeeze out.] 1. The dropping out or suppression from a word of a consonant, with or without a vowel.
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2. (Lat. Pros.) The elision of a final m, with the preceding vowel, before a word beginning with a vowel.
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Ecthoreum
Ec`tho*re"um (?), n.; pl. Ecthorea (#). [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; to leap out; ek out + &unr_;, &unr_;, to leap, dart.] (Zoöl.) The slender, hollow thread of a nettling cell or cnida. See Nettling cell. [Written also ecthoræum.]
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Ecthyma
Ec*thy"ma (?), n.; pl. Ecthymata (#). [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; pimple, fr. &unr_; to break out.] (Med.) A cutaneous eruption, consisting of large, round pustules, upon an indurated and inflamed base. Dunglison.
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Ecto-
Ec"to- (?). See Ect-.
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Ectoblast
Ec"to*blast (?), n. [Ecto- + Gr. &unr_; bud, germ.] (Biol.) (a) The outer layer of the blastoderm; the epiblast; the ectoderm. (b) The outer envelope of a cell; the cell wall. Agassiz.
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Ectobronchium
Ec`to*bron"chi*um (?), n.; pl. Ectobronchia (#). [NL. See Ecto-, and Bronchia.] (Anat.) One of the dorsal branches of the main bronchi in the lungs of birds.

Ectocuniform
Ectocuneriform
{ Ec`to*cu*ne"ri*form (?), Ec`to*cu"ni*form (?), } n. [Ecto- + cuneiform, cuniform.] (Anat.) One of the bones of the tarsus. See Cuneiform.
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Ectocyst
Ec"to*cyst (?), n. [Ecto- + Gr. &unr_; bladder.] (Zoöl.) The outside covering of the Bryozoa.
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Ectoderm
Ec"to*derm (?), n. [Ecto- + -derm.] (Biol.) (a) The outer layer of the blastoderm; epiblast. (b) The external skin or outer layer of an animal or plant, this being formed in an animal from the epiblast. See Illust. of Blastoderm.

Ectodermic
Ectodermal
{ Ec`to*der"mal (?), Ec`to*der"mic (?), } a. (Biol.) Of or relating to the ectoderm.
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Ectolecithal
Ec`to*lec"i*thal (?), a. [Ecto- + Gr. &unr_; the yolk of an egg.] (Biol.) Having the food yolk, at the commencement of segmentation, in a peripheral position, and the cleavage process confined to the center of the egg; as, ectolecithal ova.
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Ectomere
Ec"to*mere (?), n. [Ecto- + -mere.] (Biol.) The more transparent cells, which finally become external, in many segmenting ova, as those of mammals.
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Ectoparasite
Ec`to*par"a*site (?), n. (Zoöl.) Any parasite which lives on the exterior of animals; -- opposed to endoparasite. -- Ec`to*par`a*sit"ic (#), a.
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Ectopia
Ec*to"pi*a (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. 'ek out + &unr_; place.] (Med.) A morbid displacement of parts, especially such as is congenial; as, ectopia of the heart, or of the bladder.
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Ectopic
Ec*top"ic (?), a. (Med.) Out of place; congenitally displaced; as, an ectopic organ.
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Ectoplasm
Ec"to*plasm (?), n. [Ecto- + Gr. &unr_; form.] (Biol.) (a) The outer transparent layer of protoplasm in a developing ovum. (b) The outer hyaline layer of protoplasm in a vegetable cell. (c) The ectosarc of protozoan.
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Ectoplastic
Ec`to*plas"tic (?), a. [Ecto- + Gr. &unr_; to mold.] Pertaining to, or composed of, ectoplasm.
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Ectoprocta
Ec`to*proc"ta (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. 'ekto`s outside outside + &unr_; the anus.] (Zoöl.) An order of Bryozoa in which the anus lies outside the circle of tentacles.
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Ectopy
Ec"to*py (?), n. (Med.) Same as Ectopia.
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Ectorganism
Ect*or"gan*ism (?), n. [Ect- + organism.] (Biol.) An external parasitic organism.
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Ectosarc
Ec"to*sarc (?), n. [Ecto- + Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, flesh.] (Biol.) The semisolid external layer of protoplasm in some unicellular organisms, as the amœba; ectoplasm; exoplasm.
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Ectosteal
Ec*tos"te*al (?), a. (Physiol.) Of or pertaining to ectostosis; as, ectosteal ossification.
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Ectostosis
Ec`tos*to"sis (?), n. [NL. See Ect-, and Ostosis.] (Physiol.) A process of bone formation in which ossification takes place in the perichondrium and either surrounds or gradually replaces the cartilage.
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Ectozoic
Ec`to*zo"ic (?), a. (Zoöl.) See Epizoic.
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Ectozoon
Ec`to*zo"ön (?), n.; pl. Ectozoa (#). [NL., fr. Gr. 'ekto`s outside outside + zw^,on an animal.] (Zoöl.) See Epizoön.
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Ectropion
Ec*tro"pi*on (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; a turning aside; &unr_; from + &unr_; to turn.] (Med.) An unnatural eversion of the eyelids.
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Ectropium
Ec*tro"pi*um (?), n. [NL.] (Med.) Same as Ectropion.
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Ectrotic
Ec*trot"ic (?), a. [Gr. &unr_; for abortion; 'ek out + &unr_; to wound, cause mischief to.] (Med.) Having a tendency to prevent the development of anything, especially of a disease.
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Ectypal
Ec"ty*pal (?), a. [L. ectypus worked in high relief, Gr. &unr_;; out + &unr_; stamp, figure. See Type.] Copied, reproduced as a molding or cast, in contradistinction from the original model.
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Ectype
Ec"type (?), n. [Cf. F. ectype. See Ectypal.] 1. (Classical Archæol.) (a) A copy, as in pottery, of an artist's original work. Hence: (b) A work sculptured in relief, as a cameo, or in bas-relief (in this sense used loosely).
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2. A copy from an original; a type of something that has previously existed.
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Some regarded him [Klopstock] as an ectype of the ancient prophets. Eng. Cyc. .
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Ectypography
Ec`ty*pog"ra*phy (?), n. [Ectype + -graphy.] A method of etching in which the design upon the plate is produced in relief.

Ecumenical
Ecumenic
{ Ec`u*men"ic (?), Ec`u*men"ic*al (?), } a. [L. oecumenicus, Gr. &unr_; (sc. &unr_;) the inhabited world, fr. &unr_; to inhabit, from o'i^kos house, dwelling. See Economy.] General; universal; in ecclesiastical usage, that which concerns the whole church; as, an ecumenical council. [Written also œcumenical.]
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Ecumenical Bishop, a title assumed by the popes. -- Ecumenical council. See under Council.
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Ecurie
Ec"u*rie (?), n. [F. See Equerry.] A stable.
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Eczema
Ec"ze*ma (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. 'e`kzema; "ek out + zei^n to boil.] (Med.) An inflammatory disease of the skin, characterized by the presence of redness and itching, an eruption of small vesicles, and the discharge of a watery exudation, which often dries up, leaving the skin covered with crusts; -- called also tetter, milk crust, and salt rheum.
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Eczematous
Ec*zem"a*tous (?), a. (Med.) Pertaining to eczema; having the characteristic of eczema.
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-ed
-ed (?). The termination of the past participle of regular, or weak, verbs; also, of analogous participial adjectives from nouns; as, pigmented; talented.
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Edacious
E*da"cious (?), a. [L. edax, edacis, fr. edere to eat.] Given to eating; voracious; devouring.
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Swallowed in the depths of edacious Time. Carlyle.

-- E*da"cious*ly, adv. -- E*da"cious*ness, n.
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Edacity
E*dac"i*ty (?), n. [L. edacitas.] Greediness; voracity; ravenousness; rapacity. Bacon.
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Edam cheese
Edam
E"dam (?), n., or Edam cheese. A mild Dutch pressed cheese of yellow color and fine flavor, made in balls weighing three or four pounds, and usually colored crimson outside; -- so called from the village of Edam, near Amsterdam. Also, cheese of the same type, wherever made.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

edaphosaurus
edaphosaurus n. an extinct heavy-bodied reptile of the late Paleozoic having a dorsal sail or crest.
[WordNet 1.5]

Edda
Ed"da (?), n.; pl. Eddas (#). [Icel., lit. great-grandmother (i. e., of Scandinavian poetry), so called by Bishop Brynjúlf Sveinsson, who brought it again to light in 1643.] The religious or mythological book of the old Scandinavian tribes of German origin, containing two collections of Sagas (legends, myths) of the old northern gods and heroes.
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&hand_; There are two Eddas. The older, consisting of 39 poems, was reduced to writing from oral tradition in Iceland between 1050 and 1133. The younger or prose Edda, called also the Edda of Snorri, is the work of several writers, though usually ascribed to Snorri Sturleson, who was born in 1178.

Eddic
Eddaic
{ Ed*da"ic (?), Ed"dic (?) }, a. Relating to the Eddas; resembling the Eddas.
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Edder
Ed"der (?), n. [See Adder.] (Zoöl.) An adder or serpent. [Prov. Eng.] Wright.
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Edder
Ed"der, n. [AS. edor hedge, fence; akin to etar.] Flexible wood worked into the top of hedge stakes, to bind them together. [Obs.] Tusser.
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Edder
Ed"der, v. t. To bind the top interweaving edder; as, to edder a hedge. [Obs.]
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Eddish
Ed"dish (?), n. [AS. edisc; cf. AS. pref. ed- again, anew. Cf. Eddy, and Arrish.] Aftermath; also, stubble and stubble field. See Arrish. [Eng.]
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Eddoes
Ed"does (?), n. pl. (Bot.) The tubers of Colocasia antiquorum. See Taro.
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Eddy
Ed"dy (&ebreve_;d"d&ybreve_;), n.; pl. Eddies (&ebreve_;d"d&ibreve_;z). [Prob. fr. Icel. iða; cf. Icel. pref. ið- back, AS. ed-, OS. idug-, OHG. ita-; Goth. id-.] 1. A current of air or water running back, or in a direction contrary to the main current.
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2. A current of water or air moving in a circular direction; a whirlpool.
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And smiling eddies dimpled on the main. Dryden.
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Wheel through the air, in circling eddies play. Addison.
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Used also adjectively; as, eddy winds. Dryden.
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Eddy
Ed"dy, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Eddied (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Eddying.] To move as an eddy, or as in an eddy; to move in a circle.
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Eddying round and round they sink. Wordsworth.
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Eddy
Ed"dy, v. t. To collect as into an eddy. [R.]
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The circling mountains eddy in
From the bare wild the dissipated storm.
Thomson.
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Eddy current
Ed"dy cur"rent (?). (Elec.) An induced electric current circulating wholly within a mass of metal; -- called also Foucault current.
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Eddy kite
Ed"dy kite (?). Called also Malay kite. [After William A. Eddy, American kite expert.] A quadrilateral, tailless kite, with convex surfaces exposed to the wind. This kite was extensively used by Eddy in his famous meteorological experiments. It is now generally superseded by the box kite.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Edelweiss
E"del*weiss (?), n. [G., fr. edel noble + weiss white.] (Bot.) A little, perennial, white, woolly plant (Leontopodium alpinum), growing at high elevations in the Alps. It is the national flower of Austria.
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Edema
E*de"ma (?), n. [NL.] (Med.) Same as œdema.

Edematose
Edematous
{ E*de"ma*tous (?), or E*de"ma*tose` (?) }, a. (Med.) Same as œdematous.
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Eden
E"den (?), n. [Heb. ēden delight, pleasure; also, a place of pleasure, Eden.] The garden where Adam and Eve first dwelt; hence, a delightful region or residence.
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Edenic
E*den"ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to Eden; paradisaic.Edenic joys.” Mrs. Browning.
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Edenite
E"den*ite (?), n. [From Edenville, N. Y.] (Min.) A variety of amphibole. See Amphibole.
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Edenized
E"den*ized (?), a. Admitted to a state of paradisaic happiness. [R.] Davies (Wit's Pilgr. ).
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Edental
E*den"tal (?), a. See Edentate, a. -- n. (Zoöl.) One of the Edentata.
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Edentalous
E*den"tal*ous (?), a. See Edentate, a.
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Edentata
E`den*ta"ta (?), prop. n. pl. [NL., neut. pl. from L. edentatus, p. p. of edentare to render toothless; e out + dens, dentis, tooth.] (Zoöl.) An order of mammals including the armadillos, sloths, and anteaters; -- called also Bruta. The incisor teeth are rarely developed, and in some groups all the teeth are lacking.
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Edentate
E*den"tate (?), a. 1. Destitute of teeth; as, an edentate quadruped; an edentate leaf.
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2. (Zoöl.) Belonging to the Edentata.
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Edentate
E*den"tate (&euptack_;*d&ebreve_;n"t&auptack_;t), n. (Zoöl.) One of the Edentata.
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Edentated
E*den`ta*ted (&euptack_;*d&ebreve_;n"t&auptack_;*t&ebreve_;d), a. Same as Edentate, a.
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Edentation
E`den*ta"tion (ē`d&ebreve_;n*tā"shŭn), n. A depriving of teeth. [R.] Cockeram.
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Edentulous
E*den"tu*lous (&euptack_;*d&ebreve_;n"t&uuptack_;*lŭs; 135), a. [L. edentulus; e out + dens, dentis, tooth.] Toothless.
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Edge
Edge (&ebreve_;j), n. [OE. eg, egge, AS. ecg; akin to OHG. ekka, G. ecke, Icel. & Sw. egg, Dan. eg, and to L. acies, Gr. 'akh` point, Skr. açri edge. √1. Cf. Egg, v. t., Eager, Ear spike of corn, Acute.] 1. The thin cutting side of the blade of an instrument; as, the edge of an ax, knife, sword, or scythe. Hence, (figuratively), That which cuts as an edge does, or wounds deeply, etc.
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He which hath the sharp sword with two edges. Rev. ii. 12.
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Slander,
Whose edge is sharper than the sword.
Shak.
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2. Any sharp terminating border; a margin; a brink; extreme verge; as, the edge of a table, a precipice.
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Upon the edge of yonder coppice. Shak.
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In worst extremes, and on the perilous edge
Of battle.
Milton.
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Pursue even to the very edge of destruction. Sir W. Scott.
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3. Sharpness; readiness or fitness to cut; keenness; intenseness of desire.
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The full edge of our indignation. Sir W. Scott.
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Death and persecution lose all the ill that they can have, if we do not set an edge upon them by our fears and by our vices. Jer. Taylor.
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4. The border or part adjacent to the line of division; the beginning or early part; as, in the edge of evening. “On the edge of winter.” Milton.
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Edge joint (Carp.), a joint formed by two edges making a corner. -- Edge mill, a crushing or grinding mill in which stones roll around on their edges, on a level circular bed; -- used for ore, and as an oil mill. Called also Chilian mill. -- Edge molding (Arch.), a molding whose section is made up of two curves meeting in an angle. -- Edge plane. (a) (Carp.) A plane for edging boards. (b) (Shoemaking) A plane for edging soles. -- Edge play, a kind of swordplay in which backswords or cutlasses are used, and the edge, rather than the point, is employed. -- Edge rail. (Railroad) (a) A rail set on edge; -- applied to a rail of more depth than width. (b) A guard rail by the side of the main rail at a switch. Knight. -- Edge railway, a railway having the rails set on edge. -- Edge stone, a curbstone. -- Edge tool. (a) Any tool or instrument having a sharp edge intended for cutting. (b) A tool for forming or dressing an edge; an edging tool. -- To be on edge, (a) to be eager, impatient, or anxious. (b) to be irritable or nervous. -- on edge, (a) See to be on edge. (b) See to set the teeth on edge. -- To set the teeth on edge, (a) to cause a disagreeable tingling sensation in the teeth, as by bringing acids into contact with them. [archaic] Bacon. (b) to produce a disagreeable or unpleasant sensation; to annoy or repel; -- often used of sounds; as, the screeching of of the subway train wheels sets my teeth on edge.
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Edge
Edge (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Edged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Edging.] 1. To furnish with an edge as a tool or weapon; to sharpen.
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To edge her champion's sword. Dryden.
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2. To shape or dress the edge of, as with a tool.
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3. To furnish with a fringe or border; as, to edge a dress; to edge a garden with box.
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Hills whose tops were edged with groves. Pope.
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4. To make sharp or keen, figuratively; to incite; to exasperate; to goad; to urge or egg on. [Obs.]
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By such reasonings, the simple were blinded, and the malicious edged. Hayward.
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5. To move by little and little or cautiously, as by pressing forward edgewise; as, edging their chairs forwards. Locke.
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Edge
Edge, v. i. 1. To move sideways; to move gradually; as, edge along this way.
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2. To sail close to the wind.
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I must edge up on a point of wind. Dryden.
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To edge away or To edge off (Naut.), to increase the distance gradually from the shore, vessel, or other object. -- To edge down (Naut.), to approach by slow degrees, as when a sailing vessel approaches an object in an oblique direction from the windward. -- To edge in, to get in edgewise; to get in by degrees. -- To edge in with, as with a coast or vessel (Naut.), to advance gradually, but not directly, toward it.
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Edgebone
Edge"bone` (?), n. Same as Aitchbone.
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edged
edged adj. 1. having a specified kind of border or edge; as, a black-edged card; dried sweat left salt-edged patches. [Postpositional]
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2. having a cutting edge or especially an edge or edges as specified; often used in combination; as, a dull-edged blade. Opposit of edgeless. [Postpositional]
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3. having a biting effect, implying criticism; -- used of words or language; as, edged satire.
Syn. -- cutting, harsh, sharp, sharp-worded, stinging.
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Edgeless
Edge"less, a. Without an edge; not sharp; blunt; obtuse; as, an edgeless sword or weapon.
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Edgelong
Edge"long (?; 115), adv. In the direction of the edge. [Obs.]
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Three hundred thousand pieces have you stuck
Edgelong into the ground.
B. Jonson.
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Edgeshot
Edge"shot (?), a. (Carp.) Having an edge planed, -- said of a board. Knight.

Edgewise
Edgeways
{ Edge"ways (?), Edge"wise (?), } adv. With the edge towards anything; in the direction of the edge.
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to get a word in edgewise to succeed in expressing an opinion in a conversation, in spite of constant speech from another or others; as, he talked incessantly and I couldn't get a word in edgewise. the form edgeways is now uncommon.
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Glad to get in a word, as they say, edgeways. Sir W. Scott.
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Edging
Edg"ing (?), n. 1. That which forms an edge or border, as the fringe, trimming, etc., of a garment, or a border in a garden. Dryden.
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2. The operation of shaping or dressing the edge of anything, as of a piece of metal.
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Edging machine, a machine tool with a revolving cutter, for dressing edges, as of boards, or metal plates, to a pattern or templet.
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Edgingly
Edg"ing*ly, adv. Gradually; gingerly. [R.]
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Edgy
Edg"y (?), a. [From Edge.] 1. Easily irritated; sharp; as, an edgy temper.
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2. (Fine Arts) Having some of the forms, such as drapery or the like, too sharply defined. “An edgy style of sculpture.” Hazlitt.
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Edh
Edh (?), n. The name of the Anglo-Saxon letter ð, capital form Ð. It is sounded as “English th in a similar word: ōðer, other, dôð, doth.” March.
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Edibility
Ed`i*bil"i*ty (?), n. Suitableness for being eaten; edibleness.
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Edible
Ed"i*ble (?), a. [L. edibilis, fr. edere to eat. See Eat.] Fit to be eaten as food; eatable; esculent; as, edible fishes. Bacon. -- n. Anything edible.
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Edible bird's nest. See Bird's nest, 2. -- Edible crab (Zoöl.), any species of crab used as food, esp. the American blue crab (Callinectes hastatus). See Crab. -- Edible frog (Zoöl.), the common European frog (Rana esculenta), used as food. -- Edible snail (Zoöl.), any snail used as food, esp. Helix pomatia and H. aspersa of Europe.
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Edibleness
Ed"i*ble*ness, n. Suitableness for being eaten.
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Edict
E"dict (?), n. [L. edictum, fr. edicere, edictum, to declare, proclaim; e out + dicere to say: cf. F. édit. See Diction.] A public command or ordinance by the sovereign power; the proclamation of a law made by an absolute authority, as if by the very act of announcement; a decree; as, the edicts of the Roman emperors; the edicts of the French monarch.
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It stands as an edict in destiny. Shak.
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Edict of Nantes (French Hist.), an edict issued by Henry IV. (A. D. 1598), giving toleration to Protestants. Its revocation by Louis XIV. (A. D. 1685) was followed by terrible persecutions and the expatriation of thousands of French Protestants.

Syn. -- Decree; proclamation; law; ordinance; statute; rule; order; manifesti; command. See Law.
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Edictal
E*dic"tal (?), a. Relating to, or consisting of, edicts; as, the Roman edictal law.
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Edificant
Ed"i*fi*cant (?), a. [L. aedificans, -antis, p. pr. of aedificare. See Edify.] Building; constructing. [R.] Dugard.
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Edification
Ed`i*fi*ca"tion (?), n. [L. aedificatio: cf. F. édification. See Edify.] 1. The act of edifying, or the state of being edified; a building up, especially in a moral or spiritual sense; moral, intellectual, or spiritual improvement; instruction.
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The assured edification of his church. Bp. Hall.
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Out of these magazines I shall supply the town with what may tend to their edification. Addison.
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2. A building or edifice. [Obs.] Bullokar.
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Edificatory
Ed"i*fi*ca`to*ry (?), a. Tending to edification. Bp. Hall.
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Edifice
Ed"i*fice (?), n. [L. aedificium, fr. aedificare: cf. F. édifice. See Edify.] A building; a structure; an architectural fabric; -- chiefly applied to elegant houses, and other large buildings; as, a palace, a church, a statehouse.
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Edificial
Ed`i*fi"cial (?), a. [L. aedificialis.] Pertaining to an edifice; structural.
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Edifier
Ed"i*fi`er (?), n. 1. One who builds. [Obs.]
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2. One who edifies, builds up, or strengthens another by moral or religious instruction.
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Edify
Ed"i*fy (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Edified (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Edifying.] [F. édifier, L. aedificare; aedes a building, house, orig., a fireplace (akin to Gr. &unr_; to burn, Skr. idh to kindle, OHG. eit funeral pile, AS. ād, OIr. aed fire) + facere to make. See Fact, -fy.] 1. To build; to construct. [Archaic]
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There was a holy chapel edified. Spenser.
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2. To instruct and improve, especially in moral and religious knowledge; to teach.
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It does not appear probable that our dispute [about miracles] would either edify or enlighten the public. Gibbon.
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3. To teach or persuade. [Obs.] Bacon.
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Edify
Ed"i*fy, v. i. To improve. [R.] Swift.
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Edifying
Ed"i*fy`ing (?), a. Instructing; improving; as, an edifying conversation. -- Ed"i*fy`ing*ly, adv. -- Ed"i*fy`ing*ness, n.
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Edile
E"dile (?), n. [L. aedilis: cf. F. édile. Cf. ædile.] (Rom. Antiq.) See ædile.
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Edileship
E"dile*ship, n. The office of ædile. T. Arnold.
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Edingtonite
Ed"ing*ton*ite (?), n. (Min.) A grayish white zeolitic mineral, in tetragonal crystals. It is a hydrous silicate of alumina and baryta.
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Edit
Ed"it (&ebreve_;d"&ibreve_;t), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Edited; p. pr. & vb. n. Editing.] [F. éditer, or L. editus, p. p. of edere to give out, put forth, publish; e out + dare to give. See Date a point of time.] To superintend the publication of; to revise and prepare for publication; to select, correct, arrange, etc., the matter of, for publication; as, to edit a newspaper.
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Philosophical treatises which have never been edited. Enfield.
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edited
edited adj. improved or corrected by critical editing.
Syn. -- emended.
[WordNet 1.5]

Edition
E*di"tion (?), n. [L. editio, fr. edere to publish; cf. F. édition. See Edit.] 1. A literary work edited and published, as by a certain editor or in a certain manner; as, a good edition of Chaucer; Chalmers' edition of Shakespeare.
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2. The whole number of copies of a work printed and published at one time; as, the first edition was soon sold.
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edition de luxe
É`di`tion" de luxe" (?). [F.] See Luxe.
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Editioner
E*di`tion*er (?), n. An editor. [Obs.]
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Editor
Ed"i*tor (?), n. [L., that which produces, from edere to publish: cf. F. éditeur.] One who edits; esp., a person who prepares, superintends, revises, and corrects a book, magazine, or newspaper, etc., for publication.
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Editorial
Ed`i*to"ri*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to an editor; written or sanctioned by an editor; as, editorial labors; editorial remarks.
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Editorial
Ed`i*to"ri*al, n. A leading article in a newspaper or magazine; an editorial article; an article published as an expression of the views of the editor.
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editorialize
ed`i*to"ri*al*ize v. i. 1. to write an opinion in an editorial in a publication.
[PJC]

2. to insert personal opinions into an article or statement that is supposed to be an objective statement of facts.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Editorially
Ed`i*to"ri*al*ly (?), adv. In the manner or character of an editor or of an editorial article.
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Editorship
Ed"i*tor*ship (?), n. The office or charge of an editor; care and superintendence of a publication.
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Editress
Ed"i*tress (?), n. A female editor.
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Edituate
E*dit"u*ate (?), v. t. [LL. aedituatus, p. p. of aedituare, fr. L. aedituus a temple warden; aedes building, temple + tueri to guard.] To guard as a churchwarden does. [Obs.] J. Gregory.
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Edomite
E"dom*ite (?), n. One of the descendants of Esau or Edom, the brother of Jacob; an Idumean.
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Edriophthalma
Ed`ri*oph*thal"ma (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. "edrai^os steadfast + 'ofqalmo`s the eye.] (Zoöl.) A group of Crustacea in which the eyes are without stalks; the Arthrostraca. [Written also Edriophthalmata.]
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Edriophthalmous
Ed`ri*oph*thal"mous (?), a. (Zoöl.) Pertaining to the Edriophthalma.
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educability
ed`u*ca*bil"i*ty (&ebreve_;d`&uuptack_;*k&adot_;*b&ibreve_;l"&ibreve_;*t&ybreve_;), n. [Cf. F. éducabilité.] Capability of being educated.
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educable
ed"u*ca*ble (&ebreve_;d"&uuptack_;*k&adot_;*b'l; 135), a. [Cf. F. éducable.] Capable of being educated. “Men are educable.” M. Arnold.
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educate
ed"u*cate (&ebreve_;d"&uuptack_;*kāt), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Educated (&ebreve_;d"&uuptack_;*kā`t&ebreve_;d); p. pr. & vb. n. Educating (&ebreve_;d"&uuptack_;*kā`t&ibreve_;ng).] [L. educatus, p. p. of educare to bring up a child physically or mentally, to educate, fr. educere to lead forth, bring up (a child). See Educe.] To bring up or guide the powers of, as a child; to develop and cultivate, whether physically, mentally, or morally, but more commonly limited to the mental activities or senses; to expand, strengthen, and discipline, as the mind, a faculty, etc.; to form and regulate the principles and character of; to prepare and fit for any calling or business by systematic instruction; to cultivate; to train; to instruct; as, to educate a child; to educate the eye or the taste.

Syn. -- To develop; instruct; teach; inform; enlighten; edify; bring up; train; breed; rear; discipline; indoctrinate.
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Educated
Ed"u*ca`ted (?), a. Formed or developed by education; as, an educated man.
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educatee
educatee n. a learner who is enrolled in an educational institution.
Syn. -- student, pupil.
[WordNet 1.5]

Education
Ed`u*ca"tion (?; 135), n. [L. educatio; cf. F. éducation.] The act or process of educating; the result of educating, as determined by the knowledge skill, or discipline of character, acquired; also, the act or process of training by a prescribed or customary course of study or discipline; as, an education for the bar or the pulpit; he has finished his education.
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To prepare us for complete living is the function which education has to discharge. H. Spenser.

Syn. -- Education, Instruction, Teaching, Training, Breeding. Education, properly a drawing forth, implies not so much the communication of knowledge as the discipline of the intellect, the establishment of the principles, and the regulation of the heart. Instruction is that part of education which furnishes the mind with knowledge. Teaching is the same, being simply more familiar. It is also applied to practice; as, teaching to speak a language; teaching a dog to do tricks. Training is a department of education in which the chief element is exercise or practice for the purpose of imparting facility in any physical or mental operation. Breeding commonly relates to the manners and outward conduct.
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Educational
Ed`u*ca"tion*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to education. “His educational establishment.” J. H. Newman.
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educationalist
educationalist n. a specialist in the theory of eduction.
Syn. -- educationist.
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Educationist
Ed`u*ca"tion*ist, n. One who is versed in the theories of, or who advocates and promotes, education.
Syn. -- educationalist.
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Educative
Ed"u*ca*tive (?; 135), a. [Cf. F. éducatif.] Tending to educate; that gives education; as, an educative process; an educative experience.
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Educator
Ed"u*ca`tor (?), n. [L.] One who educates; a teacher.
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Educe
E*duce" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Educed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Educing (?).] [L. educere; e out + ducere to lead. See Duke.] To bring or draw out; to cause to appear; to produce against counter agency or influence; to extract; to evolve; as, to educe a form from matter.
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The eternal art educing good from ill. Pope.
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They want to educe and cultivate what is best and noblest in themselves. M. Arnold.
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Educible
E*du"ci*ble (?), a. Capable of being educed.
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Educt
E"duct (?), n. [L. eductum, fr. educere.] That which is educed, as by analysis. Sir W. Hamilton.
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Eduction
E*duc"tion (?), n. [L. eductio.] The act of drawing out or bringing into view.
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Eduction pipe, and Eduction port. See Exhaust pipe and Exhaust port, under Exhaust, a.
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Eductive
E*duc"tive (?), a. Tending to draw out; extractive.
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Eductor
E*duc"tor (?), n. [L., tutor.] One who, or that which, brings forth, elicits, or extracts.
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Stimulus must be called an eductor of vital ether. E. Darwin.
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Edulcorant
E*dul"co*rant (?), a. [See Edulcorate.] Having a tendency to purify or to sweeten by removing or correcting acidity and acrimony.
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Edulcorant
E*dul"co*rant, n. An edulcorant remedy.
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Edulcorate
E*dul"co*rate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Edulcorated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Edulcorating.] [L. e out + dulcoratus, p. p. of dulcorare to sweeten, fr. dulcor sweetness, fr. dulcis sweet: cf. F. édulcorer.] 1. To render sweet; to sweeten; to free from acidity.
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Succory . . . edulcorated with sugar and vinegar. Evelyn.
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2. (Chem.) To free from acids, salts, or other soluble substances, by washing; to purify. [R.]
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Edulcoration
E*dul`co*ra"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. édulcoration.] 1. The act of sweetening or edulcorating.
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2. (Chem.) The act of freeing from acids or any soluble substances, by affusions of water. [R.] Ure.
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Edulcorative
E*dul"co*ra*tive (?), a. Tending to &unr_;weeten or purify by affusions of water.
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Edulcorator
E*dul"co*ra`tor (?), n. A contrivance used to supply small quantities of sweetened liquid, water, etc., to any mixture, or to test tubes, etc.; a dropping bottle.
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Edulious
E*du"li*ous (?), a. [L. edulis, fr. edere to eat.] Edible. [Obs.]Edulious pulses.” Sir T. Browne.
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-ee
-ee (?). [Formed on the F. p. p. ending , masc.] A suffix used, chiefly in law terms, in a passive signification, to indicate the direct or indirect object of an action, or the one to whom an act is done or on whom a right is conferred; as in assignee, donee, alienee, grantee, etc. It is correlative to -or, the agent or doer.

Eeke
Eek
{ Eek, Eeke (?) }, v. t. See Eke. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Eel
Eel (?), n. [AS. &unr_;l; akin to D., G., & Dan. aal, Icel. āll, Sw. ål.] (Zoöl.) An elongated fish of many genera and species. The common eels of Europe and America belong to the genus Anguilla. The electrical eel is a species of Gymnotus. The so called vinegar eel is a minute nematode worm. See Conger eel, Electric eel, and Gymnotus.
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Eelbuck
Eel"buck` (?), n. An eelpot or eel basket.
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Eelfare
Eel"fare` (?), n. [Eel + fare a journey or passage.] (Zoöl.) A brood of eels. [Prov. Eng.]
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Eelgrass
Eel"grass` (?), n. (Bot.) A plant (Zostera marina), with very long and narrow leaves, growing abundantly in shallow bays along the North Atlantic coast.
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Eel-mother
Eel"-moth`er (?), n. (Zoöl.) The eelpout.
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Eelpot
Eel"pot` (?), n. A boxlike structure with funnel-shaped traps for catching eels; an eelbuck.
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Eelpout
Eel"pout` (?), n. [AS. &unr_;lepute.] (Zoöl.) (a) A European fish (Zoarces viviparus), remarkable for producing living young; -- called also greenbone, guffer, bard, and Maroona eel. Also, an American species (Z. anguillaris), -- called also mutton fish, and, erroneously, congo eel, ling, and lamper eel. Both are edible, but of little value. (b) A fresh-water fish, the burbot.
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Eelspear
Eel"spear` (?), n. A spear with barbed forks for spearing eels.
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E'en
E'en (?), adv. A contraction for even. See Even.
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I have e'en done with you. L'Estrange.
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Een
Een (?), n. The old plural of Eye.
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And eke with fatness swollen were his een. Spenser.
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E'er
E'er (?; 277), adv. A contraction for ever. See Ever.

Eery
Eerie
{ Ee"rie, Ee"ry } (?), a. [Scotch, fr. AS. earh timid.] 1. Serving to inspire fear, esp. a dread of seeing ghosts; wild; weird; as, eerie stories.
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She whose elfin prancer springs
By night to eery warblings.
Tennyson.
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2. Affected with fear; affrighted. Burns.
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Eerily
Ee"ri*ly (?), adv. In a strange, unearthly way.
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Eerisome
Ee"ri*some (?), a. Causing fear; eerie. [Scot.]
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Eet
Eet (?), obs. imp. of Eat. Chaucer.
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Effable
Ef"fa*ble (?), a. [L. effabilis; ex out + fari to speak.] Capable of being uttered or explained; utterable. Barrow.
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Efface
Ef*face" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Effaced (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Effacing (?).] [F. effacer; pref. es- (L. ex) + face face; prop., to destroy the face or form. See Face, and cf. Deface.] 1. To cause to disappear (as anything impresses or inscribed upon a surface) by rubbing out, striking out, etc.; to erase; to render illegible or indiscernible; as, to efface the letters on a monument, or the inscription on a coin.
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2. To destroy, as a mental impression; to wear away.
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Efface from his mind the theories and notions vulgarly received. Bacon.

Syn. -- To blot out; expunge; erase; obliterate; cancel; destroy. -- Efface, Deface. To deface is to injure or impair a figure; to efface is to rub out or destroy, so as to render invisible.
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Effaceable
Ef*face"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being effaced.
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Effacement
Ef*face"ment (?), n. [Cf. F. effacement.] The act if effacing; also, the result of the act.
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Effascinate
Ef*fas"ci*nate (?), v. t. [L. effascinare.] To charm; to bewitch. [Obs.] Heywood.
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Effascination
Ef*fas`ci*na"tion (?), n. [L. effascinatio.] A charming; state of being bewitched or deluded. [Obs.]
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Effect
Ef*fect" (?), n. [L. effectus, fr. efficere, effectum, to effect; ex + facere to make: cf. F. effet, formerly also spelled effect. See Fact.] 1. Execution; performance; realization; operation; as, the law goes into effect in May.
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That no compunctious visitings of nature
Shake my fell purpose, nor keep peace between
The effect and it.
Shak.
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2. Manifestation; expression; sign.
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All the large effects
That troop with majesty.
Shak.
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3. In general: That which is produced by an agent or cause; the event which follows immediately from an antecedent, called the cause; result; consequence; outcome; fruit; as, the effect of luxury.
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The effect is the unfailing index of the amount of the cause. Whewell.
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4. Impression left on the mind; sensation produced.
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Patchwork . . . introduced for oratorical effect. J. C. Shairp.
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The effect was heightened by the wild and lonely nature of the place. W. Irving.
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5. Power to produce results; efficiency; force; importance; account; as, to speak with effect.
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6. Consequence intended; purpose; meaning; general intent; -- with to.
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They spake to her to that effect. 2 Chron. xxxiv. 22.
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7. The purport; the sum and substance. “The effect of his intent.” Chaucer.

8. Reality; actual meaning; fact, as distinguished from mere appearance.
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No other in effect than what it seems. Denham.
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9. pl. Goods; movables; personal estate; -- sometimes used to embrace real as well as personal property; as, the people escaped from the town with their effects.
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For effect, for an exaggerated impression or excitement. -- In effect, in fact; in substance. See 8, above. -- Of no effect, Of none effect, To no effect, or Without effect, destitute of results, validity, force, and the like; vain; fruitless. “Making the word of God of none effect through your tradition.” Mark vii. 13. “All my study be to no effect.” Shak. -- To give effect to, to make valid; to carry out in practice; to push to its results. -- To take effect, to become operative, to accomplish aims. Shak.

Syn. -- Effect, Consequence, Result. These words indicate things which arise out of some antecedent, or follow as a consequent. Effect, which may be regarded as the generic term, denotes that which springs directly from something which can properly be termed a cause. A consequence is more remote, not being strictly caused, nor yet a mere sequence, but following out of and following indirectly, or in the train of events, something on which it truly depends. A result is still more remote and variable, like the rebound of an elastic body which falls in very different directions. We may foresee the effects of a measure, may conjecture its consequences, but can rarely discover its final results.
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Resolving all events, with their effects
And manifold results, into the will
And arbitration wise of the Supreme.
Cowper.
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Shun the bitter consequence, for know,
The day thou eatest thereof, . . . thou shalt die.
Milton.
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Effect
Ef*fect" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Effected; p. pr. & vb. n. Effecting.] 1. To produce, as a cause or agent; to cause to be.
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So great a body such exploits to effect. Daniel.
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2. To bring to pass; to execute; to enforce; to achieve; to accomplish.
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To effect that which the divine counsels had decreed. Bp. Hurd.
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They sailed away without effecting their purpose. Jowett (Th. ).

Syn. -- To accomplish; fulfill; achieve; complete; execute; perform; attain. See Accomplish.
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Effecter
Ef*fect"er (?), n. One who effects.
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Effectible
Ef*fect"i*ble (?), a. Capable of being done or achieved; practicable; feasible. Sir T. Browne.
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Effection
Ef*fec"tion (?), n. [L. effectio: cf. F. effection.] Creation; a doing. [R.] Sir M. Hale.
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Effective
Ef*fect"ive (?), a. [L. effectivus: cf. F. effectif.] Having the power to produce an effect or effects; producing a decided or decisive effect; efficient; serviceable; operative; as, an effective force, remedy, speech; the effective men in a regiment.
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They are not effective of anything, nor leave no work behind them. Bacon.
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Whosoever is an effective, real cause of doing his heighbor wrong, is criminal. Jer. Taylor.

Syn. -- Efficient; forcible; active; powerful; energetic; competent. See Effectual.
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Effective
Ef*fect"ive, n. 1. That which produces a given effect; a cause. Jer. Taylor.
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2. One who is capable of active service.
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He assembled his army -- 20,000 effectives -- at Corinth. W. P. Johnston.
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3. [F. effectif real, effective, real amount.] (Com.) Specie or coin, as distinguished from paper currency; -- a term used in many parts of Europe. Simmonds.
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4. The serviceable soldiers in a country; an army or any military body, collectively; as, France's effective.
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Effectively
Ef*fect"ive*ly, adv. With effect; powerfully; completely; thoroughly.
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Effectiveness
Ef*fect"ive*ness, n. The quality of being effective.
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Effectless
Ef*fect"less (?), a. Without effect or advantage; useless; bootless. Shak. -- Ef*fect"less*ly, adv.
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Effector
Ef*fect"or (?), n. [L.] An effecter. Derham.
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Effectual
Ef*fec"tu*al (?; 135), a. [See Effect, n.] Producing, or having adequate power or force to produce, an intended effect; adequate; efficient; operative; decisive. Shak.
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Effectual steps for the suppression of the rebellion. Macaulay.
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Effectual calling (Theol.), a doctrine concerning the work of the Holy Spirit in producing conviction of sin and acceptance of salvation by Christ, -- one of the five points of Calvinism. See Calvinism.

Syn. -- Effectual, Efficacious, Effective. An efficacious remedy is had recourse to, and proves effective if it does decided good, effectual if it does all the good desired. C. J. Smith.
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effectuality
effectuality n. the power to be effective.
Syn. -- effectiveness, effectivity, effectualness.
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Effectually
Ef*fec"tu*al*ly, adv. 1. With effect; efficaciously.
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2. Actually; in effect. [Obs.] Fuller.
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Effectualness
Ef*fec"tu*al*ness, n. The quality of being effectual.
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Effectuate
Ef*fec"tu*ate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Effectuated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Effectuating.] [Cf. F. effectuer. See Effect, n. & v. t.] To bring to pass; to effect; to achieve; to accomplish; to fulfill.
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A fit instrument to effectuate his desire. Sir P. Sidney.
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In order to effectuate the thorough reform. G. T. Curtis.
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Effectuation
Ef*fec`tu*a"tion (?), n. Act of effectuating.

Effectuous
Effectuose
{ Ef*fec"tu*ose` (?), Ef*fec"tu*ous (?), } a. Effective. [Obs.] B. Jonson.
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Effectuously
Ef*fec"tu*ous*ly, adv. Effectively. [Obs.]
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Effeminacy
Ef*fem"i*na*cy (?), n.; pl. Effeminacies (#). [From Effeminate.] Characteristic quality of a woman, such as softness, luxuriousness, delicacy, or weakness, which is unbecoming a man; womanish delicacy or softness; -- used reproachfully of men. Milton.
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Effeminate
Ef*fem"i*nate (?), a. [L. effeminatus, p. p. of effeminare to make a woman of; ex out + femina a woman. See Feminine, a.] 1. Having some characteristic of a woman, as delicacy, luxuriousness, etc.; soft or delicate to an unmanly degree; womanish; weak.
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The king, by his voluptuous life and mean marriage, became effeminate, and less sensible of honor. Bacon.
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An effeminate and unmanly foppery. Bp. Hurd.
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2. Womanlike; womanly; tender; -- in a good sense.
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Gentle, kind, effeminate remorse. Shak.
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&hand_; Effeminate and womanish are generally used in a reproachful sense; feminine and womanly, applied to women, are epithets of propriety or commendation.
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Effeminate
Ef*fem"i*nate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Effeminated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Effeminating (?).] To make womanish; to make soft and delicate; to weaken.
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It will not corrupt or effeminate children's minds. Locke.
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Effeminate
Ef*fem"i*nate, v. i. To grow womanish or weak.
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In a slothful peace both courage will effeminate and manners corrupt. Pope.
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Effeminately
Ef*fem"i*nate*ly (?), adv. 1. In an effeminate or womanish manner; weakly; softly; delicately. “Proud and effeminately gay.” Fawkes.
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2. By means of a woman; by the power or art of a woman. [R.]Effeminately vanquished.” Milton.
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Effeminateness
Ef*fem"i*nate*ness, n. The state of being effeminate; unmanly softness. Fuller.
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Effemination
Ef*fem`i*na"tion (?), n. [L. effeminatio.] Effeminacy; womanishness. [Obs.] Bacon.
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Effeminize
Ef*fem"i*nize (?), v. t. To make effeminate. [Obs.]
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Effendi
Ef*fen"di (?), n., [Turk. efendi, fr. Modern Gr. &unr_;, fr. Gr. &unr_; a chief. See Authentic.] Master; sir; -- a Turkish title of respect, applied esp. to a state official or man of learning, as one learned in the law, but often simply as the courtesy title of a gentleman.
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Efferent
Ef"fe*rent (?), a. [L. efferens, -entis, p. pr. of effere to bear out; ex out + ferre to bear.] (Physiol.) (a) Conveying outward, or discharging; -- applied to certain blood vessels, lymphatics, nerves, etc. (b) Conveyed outward; as, efferent impulses, i. e., such as are conveyed by the motor or efferent nerves from the central nervous organ outwards; -- opposed to afferent.
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Efferent
Ef"fe*rent (?), n. An efferent duct or stream.
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Efferous
Ef"fer*ous (?), a. [L. efferus savage; ex (intens.) + ferus wild.] Like a wild beast; fierce. [Obs.]
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Effervesce
Ef`fer*vesce" (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Effervesced (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Effervescing (?).] [L. effervescere; ex + fervescere to begin boiling, incho., fr. fervere to boil. See Fervent.] 1. To be in a state of natural ebullition; to bubble and hiss, as fermenting liquors, or any fluid, when some part escapes in a gaseous form.
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2. To exhibit, in lively natural expression, feelings that can not be repressed or concealed; as, to effervesce with joy or merriment.

Effervescency
Effervescence
{ Ef`fer*ves"cence (?), Ef`fer*ves"cen*cy (?), } n. [Cf. F. effervescence.] A kind of natural ebullition; that commotion of a fluid which takes place when some part of the mass flies off in a gaseous form, producing innumerable small bubbles; as, the effervescence of a carbonate with citric acid.
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Effervescent
Ef`fer*ves"cent (?), a. [L. effervescences, p. pr. of effervescere: cf. F. effervescent.] Gently boiling or bubbling, by means of the disengagement of gas
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Effervescible
Ef`fer*ves"ci*ble (?), a. Capable of effervescing.
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Effervescive
Ef`fer*ves"cive (?), a. Tending to produce effervescence. “An effervescive force.” Hickok.
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Effet
Ef"fet (?), n. [See Eft, n.] (Zoöl.) The common newt; -- called also asker, eft, evat, and ewt.
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Effete
Ef*fete" (?), a. [L. effetus that has brought forth, exhausted; ex + fetus that has brought forth. See Fetus.] No longer capable of producing young, as an animal, or fruit, as the earth; hence, worn out with age; exhausted of energy; incapable of efficient action; no longer productive; barren; sterile.
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Effete results from virile efforts. Mrs. Browning
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If they find the old governments effete, worn out, . . . they may seek new ones. Burke.
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Efficacious
Ef`fi*ca"cious (?), a. [L. eficax, -acis, fr. efficere. See Effect, n.] Possessing the quality of being effective; productive of, or powerful to produce, the effect intended; as, an efficacious law.

Syn. -- See Effectual.

-- Ef`fi*ca"cious*ly, adv.
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efficaciousness
ef`fi*ca"cious*ness n. the capacity or power to produce a desired effect.
Syn. -- efficacy.
[WordNet 1.5]

efficacity
ef`fi*cac"i*ty (?), n. [L. efficacitas: cf. F. efficacité.] Efficacy. [R.] J. Fryth.
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efficacy
ef"fi*ca*cy (?), n. [L. efficacia, fr. efficax. See Efficacious.] Power to produce effects; operation or energy of an agent or force; production of the effect intended; as, the efficacy of medicine in counteracting disease; the efficacy of prayer. “Of noxious efficacy.” Milton.
Syn. -- efficacy.
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Syn. -- Virtue; force; energy; potency; efficiency.
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efficiency
efficience
{ ef*fi"cience (&ebreve_;f*f&ibreve_;sh"&eitalic_;ns), ef*fi"cien*cy (&ebreve_;f*f&ibreve_;sh"&eitalic_;n*s&ybreve_;), } n. [L. efficientia.] 1. The quality of being efficient or producing an effect or effects; efficient power; effectual agency.
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The manner of this divine efficiency being far above us. Hooker.
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2. (Mech.) The ratio of useful work to energy expended. Rankine.
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efficiency of a heat engine, the ratio of the work done by an engine, to the work due to the heat supplied to it.
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efficiency apartment
efficiency apartment n., a small apartment{4}, sometimes furnished, with minimal kitchen and bath facilities. The unit may comprise a single room plus a bathroom, and the kitchen facilities are often open to the main room, or may form a small niche in a corner. There are many variations of efficiency apartment, including some in which furnishings such as a bed may be pulled out from a wall recess and stored there again when not in use. Also called an efficiency.
[PJC]

efficient
ef*fi"cient (&ebreve_;f*f&ibreve_;sh"&eitalic_;nt), a. [L. efficiens, -entis, p. pr. of efficere to effect: cf. F. efficient. See Effect, n.] Causing effects; producing results; that makes the effect to be what it is; actively operative; not inactive, slack, or incapable; characterized by energetic and useful activity; as, an efficient officer, power.
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The efficient cause is the working cause. Wilson.

Syn. -- Effective; effectual; competent; able; capable; material; potent.
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Efficient
Ef*fi"cient (?), n. An efficient cause; a prime mover.
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God . . . moveth mere natural agents as an efficient only. Hooker.
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Efficiently
Ef*fi"cient*ly, adv. With effect; effectively.
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Effierce
Ef*fierce" (?), v. t. [Pref. ex- (intens.) + fierce.] To make fierce. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Effigial
Ef*fig"i*al (?), a. Relating to an effigy.
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Effigiate
Ef*fig"i*ate (?), v. t. [L. effigiatus, p. p. of effigiare to form, fr. effigies. See Effigy.] To form as an effigy; hence, to fashion; to adapt.
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[He must] effigiate and conform himself to those circumstances. Jer. Taylor.
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Effigiation
Ef*fig`i*a"tion (?), n. [Cf. LL. effigiatio.] The act of forming in resemblance; an effigy. Fuller.
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Effigies
Ef*fig"i*es (?), n. [L.] See Effigy. Dryden.
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Effigy
Ef"fi*gy (?), n.; pl. Effigies (#). [L. effigies, fr. effingere to form, fashion; ex + fingere to form, shape, devise. See Feign.] The image, likeness, or representation of a person, whether a full figure, or a part; an imitative figure; -- commonly applied to sculptured likenesses, as those on monuments, or to those of the heads of princes on coins and medals, sometimes applied to portraits.
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To burn in effigy, or To hang in effigy, to burn or to hang an image or picture of a person, as a token of public odium.
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Efflagitate
Ef*flag"i*tate (?), v. t. [L. efflagitatus, p. p. of efflagitare.] To ask urgently. [Obs.] Cockeram.
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Efflate
Ef*flate" (?), v. t. [L. efflatus, p. p. of efflare to blow or breathe out; ex + flare to blow.] To fill with breath; to puff up. Sir T. Herbert.
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Efflation
Ef*fla"tion (?), n. The act of filling with wind; a breathing or puffing out; a puff, as of wind.
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A soft efflation of celestial fire. Parnell.
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Effloresce
Ef`flo*resce" (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Effloresced (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Efflorescing (?).] [L. efflorescere to bloom, blossom; ex + florescere to begin to blossom, incho., fr. florere to blossom, fr. flos a flower. See Flower.] 1. To blossom forth. Carlyle.
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2. (Chem.) To change on the surface, or throughout, to a whitish, mealy, or crystalline powder, from a gradual decomposition, esp. from the loss of water, on simple exposure to the air; as, Glauber's salts, and many others, effloresce.
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3. To become covered with a whitish crust or light crystallization, from a slow chemical change between some of the ingredients of the matter covered and an acid proceeding commonly from an external source; as, the walls of limestone caverns sometimes effloresce with nitrate of calcium in consequence of the action of nitric acid formed in the atmosphere.
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Efflorescence
Ef`flo*res"cence (?), n. [F. efflorescence.] 1. (Bot.) Flowering, or state of flowering; the blooming of flowers; blowth.
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2. (Med.) A redness of the skin; eruption, as in rash, measles, smallpox, scarlatina, etc.
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3. (Chem.) (a) The formation of the whitish powder or crust on the surface of efflorescing bodies, as salts, etc. (b) The powder or crust thus formed.
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Efflorescency
Ef`flo*res"cen*cy (?), n. The state or quality of being efflorescent; efflorescence.
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Efflorescent
Ef`flo*res"cent (?), a. [F. efflorescent, L. efflorescens, -entis, blooming, p. pr. of efflorescere. See Effloresce, v. i.] 1. That effloresces, or is liable to effloresce on exposure; as, an efflorescent salt.
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2. Covered with an efflorescence.
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Efflower
Ef*flow"er (?), v. t. [Cf. F. effleurer.] (Leather Making) To remove the epidermis of (a skin) with a concave knife, blunt in its middle part, -- as in making chamois leather.
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Effluence
Ef"flu*ence (?), n. [Cf. F. effluence.] 1. A flowing out, or emanation.
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2. That which flows or issues from any body or substance; issue; efflux.
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Bright effluence of bright essence increate! Milton.
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And, as if the gloom of the earth and sky had been but the effluence of these two mortal hearts, it vanished with their sorrow. Hawthorne.
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Effluency
Ef"flu*en*cy (?), n. Effluence.
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Effluent
Ef"flu*ent (?), a. [L. effluens, -entis, p. pr. of effluere to flow out; ex + fluere to flow: cf. F. effluent. See Fluent.] Flowing out; as, effluent beams. Parnell.
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Effluent
Ef"flu*ent, n. (Geog.) A stream that flows out of another stream or lake.
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Effluviable
Ef*flu"vi*a*ble (?), a. Capable of being given off as an effluvium.Effluviable matter.” Boyle.
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Effluvial
Ef*flu"vi*al (?), a. Belonging to effluvia.
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Effluviate
Ef*flu"vi*ate (?), v. i. To give forth effluvium. [R.] “An effluviating power.” Boyle.
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Effluvium
Ef*flu"vi*um (?), n.; pl. Effluvia (#). [L., a flowing out, fr. effluere to flow out. See Effluent, a.] Subtile or invisible emanation; exhalation perceived by the sense of smell; especially, noisome or noxious exhalation; as, the effluvium from diseased or putrefying bodies, or from ill drainage.
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Efflux
Ef"flux (?), n. [See Effluent, Flux.] 1. The act or process of flowing out, or issuing forth; effusion; outflow; as, the efflux of matter from an ulcer; the efflux of men's piety.
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It is then that the devout affections . . . are incessantly in efflux. I. Taylor.
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2. That which flows out; emanation; effluence.
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Prime cheerer, light! . . .
Efflux divine.
Thomson.
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Efflux
Ef*flux" (?), v. i. To run out; to flow forth; to pass away. [Obs.] Boyle.
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Effluxion
Ef*flux"ion (?), n. [From Efflux.] 1. The act of flowing out; effusion.
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2. That which flows out; effluvium; emanation.
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Some light effluxions from spirit to spirit. Bacon.
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Effodient
Ef*fo"di*ent (?), a. [L. effodiens, p. pr. of effodere to dig out; ex + fodere to dig.] Digging up.
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Efforce
Ef*force (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Efforced (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Efforcing (?).] [OF. esforcier (F. s'efforcer to exert one's self), LL. exforciare; L. ex + fortis strong. See Force.] To force; to constrain; to compel to yield. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Efform
Ef*form" (?), v. t. [Pref. ex- + form.] To form; to shape. [Obs.]
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Efforming their words within their lips. Jer. Taylor.
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Efformation
Ef`for*ma"tion (?), n. The act of giving shape or form. [Obs.] Ray.
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Effort
Ef"fort (?), n. [F. effort, OF. esfort, for esfors, esforz, fr. esforcier. See Efforce.] 1. An exertion of strength or power, whether physical or mental, in performing an act or aiming at an object; more or less strenuous endeavor; struggle directed to the accomplishment of an object; as, an effort to scale a wall.
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We prize the stronger effort of his power. Pope.
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2. (Mech.) A force acting on a body in the direction of its motion. Rankine.

Syn. -- Endeavor; exertion; struggle; strain; straining; attempt; trial; essay. See Attempt.
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Effort
Ef"fort, v. t. To stimulate. [Obs.] “He efforted his spirits.” Fuller.
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effortful
effortful adj. 1. requiring great physical effort. Opposite of effortless. [Narrower terms: arduous, backbreaking, back-breaking, grueling, gruelling, hard, heavy, laborious, labourious, punishing, slavish, strenuous, toilsome; exhausting, tiring, wearing, wearying] Also See: difficult, hard.
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Effortless
Ef"fort*less, a. 1. Making no effort. Southey.
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2. requiring little or no effort; as, an effortless victory.
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Effossion
Ef*fos"sion (?), n. [L. effossio. See Effodient.] A digging out or up. [R.] “The effossion of coins.” Arbuthnot.
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Effranchise
Ef*fran"chise (?), v. t. [Pref. ex- + franchise: cf. OF. esfranchir.] To enfranchise.
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Effray
Ef*fray" (?), v. t. [F. effrayer. See Affray.] To frighten; to scare. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Effrayable
Ef*fray"a*ble (?), a. Frightful. [Obs.] Harvey.
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Effrenation
Ef`fre*na"tion (?), n. [L. effrenatio, fr. effrenare to unbridle; ex + frenum a bridle.] Unbridled license; unruliness. [Obs.] Cockeram.
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Effront
Ef*front" (?), v. t. To give assurance to. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
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Effrontery
Ef*front"er*y (?), n.; pl. Effronteries (#). [F. effronterie, fr. effronté shameless, fr. L. effrons, -ontis, putting forth the forehead, i. e., barefaced, shameless; ex + frons the forehead. See Front.] Impudence or boldness in confronting or in transgressing the bounds of duty or decorum; insulting presumptuousness; shameless boldness; barefaced assurance.
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Corruption lost nothing of its effrontery. Bancroft.

Syn. -- Impudence; sauciness. See Impudence.
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Effrontit
Ef*front"it (?), a. [F. effronté.] Marked by impudence. [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.
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Effrontuously
Ef*fron"tu*ous*ly (?; 135), adv. Impudently. [Obs.] R. North.
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Effulge
Ef*fulge" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Effulged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Effulging (?).] [L. effulgere to shine forth; ex + fulgere to flash, shine. See Fulgent.] To cause to shine with abundance of light; to radiate; to beam. [R.]
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His eyes effulging a peculiar fire. Thomson.
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Effulge
Ef*fulge", v. i. To shine forth; to beam.
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Effulgence
Ef*ful"gence (?), n. The state of being effulgent; extreme brilliancy; a flood of light; great luster or brightness; splendor.
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The effulgence of his glory abides. Milton.
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The bright and the balmy effulgence of morn. Beattie.
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Effulgent
Ef*ful"gent (?), a. [L. effulgens, -entis, p. pr. of effulgere.] Diffusing a flood of light; shining; luminous; beaming; bright; splendid.Effulgent rays of light.” Cowper.
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Effulgently
Ef*ful"gent*ly, adv. In an effulgent manner.
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Effumability
Ef*fu`ma*bil"i*ty (?), n. The capability of flying off in fumes or vapor. [Obs.] Boyle.
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Effume
Ef*fume" (?), v. t. [L. effumare to emit smoke; ex + fumare to smoke, fr. fumus smoke.] To breathe or puff out. [Obs.] B. Jonson.
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Effund
Ef*fund" (?), v. t. [L. effundere. See Effuse.] To pour out. [Obs.] Dr. H. More.
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Effuse
Ef*fuse" (?), a. [L. effusus, p. p. of effundere to pour out; ex + fundere to pour. See Fuse to melt.] 1. Poured out freely; profuse. [Obs.]
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So should our joy be very effuse. Barrow.
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2. Disposed to pour out freely; prodigal. [Obs.] Young.
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3. (Bot.) Spreading loosely, especially on one side; as, an effuse inflorescence. Loudon.
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4. (Zoöl.) Having the lips, or edges, of the aperture abruptly spreading; -- said of certain shells.
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Effuse
Ef*fuse", n. Effusion; loss. “Much effuse of blood.” Shak.
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Effuse
Ef*fuse" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Effused (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Effusing.] To pour out like a stream or freely; to cause to exude; to shed. [R.]
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With gushing blood effused. Milton.
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Effuse
Ef*fuse", v. i. To emanate; to issue. Thomson.
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Effusion
Ef*fu"sion (?), n. [L. effusio: cf. F. effusion.] 1. The act of pouring out; as, effusion of water, of blood, of grace, of words, and the like.
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To save the effusion of my people's blood. Dryden.
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2. That which is poured out, literally or figuratively.
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Wash me with that precious effusion, and I shall be whiter than sow. Eikon Basilike.
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The light effusions of a heedless boy. Byron.
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3. (Pathol.) (a) The escape of a fluid out of its natural vessel, either by rupture of the vessel, or by exudation through its walls. It may pass into the substance of an organ, or issue upon a free surface. (b) The liquid escaping or exuded.
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effusive
ef*fu"sive (?), a. 1. Pouring out; pouring forth freely. [archaic] “Washed with the effusive wave.” Pope.
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2. (Geol.) formed by an outpouring of molten lava, or pertaining to rocks so formed.
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3. overly demonstrative; expressing emotion in an unrestrained manner; exhibiting unrestrained enthusiasm; -- of people and human actions; as, effusive thanks; an effusive letter of recommendation. Contrasted with reserved. [wns=1+2]
Syn. -- gushing, gushy, burbling, burbly. [PJC]

Effusive rocks (Geol.), volcanic rocks formed by a nonexplosive outpouring of lava in molten or plastic form; in distinction from so-called intrusive, or plutonic, rocks.

-- Ef*fu"sive*ly, adv. -- Ef*fu"sive*ness, n.
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effusiveness
ef*fu"sive*ness n. a friendly open trait of a talkative person; enthusiasm exhibited with little restraint.
Syn. -- expansiveness.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Efreet
Ef"reet (?), n. See Afrit.
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Eft
Eft (?), n. [AS. efete lizard. See Newt.] (Zoöl.) (a) A European lizard of the genus Seps. (b) A salamander, esp. the European smooth newt (Triton punctatus).
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Eft
Eft, adv. [AS. eft, æft, again, back, afterward. See Aft, After.] Again; afterwards; soon; quickly. [Obs.]
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I wold never eft comen into the snare. Spenser.

Eftsoons
Eftsoon
{ Eft*soon" (?), Eft*soons" (?), } adv. [OE. eftsone, eftsones; AS. eft + sōna soon. See Eft, and Soon.] Again; anew; a second time; at once; speedily. [Archaic]
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And, if he fall from his capel [horse] eftsone. Chaucer.
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The champion stout eftsoons dismounted. Spenser.
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Egad
E*gad" (?), interj. [Euphemistic corruption of the oath, “by God.”] An exclamation expressing exultation or surprise, etc.
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Egal
E"gal (?), a. [F. égal. See Equal.] Equal; impartial. [Obs.] Shak.
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Egality
E*gal"i*ty (?), n. [OE. egalite, F. égalité.] Equality. Chaucer. Tennyson.
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Egean
E*ge"an (?), a. See Ægean.
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Egence
E"gence (?), n. [L. egens, -entis, p. pr. of egere to be needy, suffer want.] The state of needing, or of suffering a natural want. [R.] J. Grote.

Egre
Eger
{ E"ger (?), E"gre }, a. [See Eager.] Sharp; bitter; acid; sour. [Obs.]
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The egre words of thy friend. Chaucer.
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Eger
E"ger, n. An impetuous flood; a bore. See Eagre.
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Egerminate
E*ger"mi*nate (?), v. i. [From L. egerminare to sprout.] To germinate. [Obs.]
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Egest
E*gest" (?), v. t. [L. egestus, p. p. of egerere to carry out, to discharge; e out + gerere to carry.] (Physiol.) To cast or throw out; to void, as excrement; to excrete, as the indigestible matter of the food; in an extended sense, to excrete by the lungs, skin, or kidneys.
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Egesta
E*ges"ta (?), n. pl. [NL., neut. pl. from p. p. of L. egere. See Egest.] (Physiol.) That which is egested or thrown off from the body by the various excretory channels; excrements; -- opposed to ingesta.
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Egestion
E*ges"tion (?), n. [L. egestio.] Act or process of egesting; a voiding. Sir M. Hale.
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Egg
Egg (&ebreve_;g), n. [OE., fr. Icel. egg; akin to AS. æg (whence OE. ey), Sw. ägg, Dan. æg, G. & D. ei, and prob. to OSlav. aje, jaje, L. ovum, Gr. 'w,o`n, Ir. ugh, Gael. ubh, and perh. to L. avis bird. Cf. Oval.] 1. (Popularly) The oval or roundish body laid by domestic poultry and other birds, tortoises, etc. It consists of a yolk, usually surrounded by the “white” or albumen, and inclosed in a shell or strong membrane.
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2. (Biol.) A simple cell, from the development of which the young of animals are formed; ovum; germ cell.
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3. Anything resembling an egg in form.
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&hand_; Egg is used adjectively, or as the first part of self-explaining compounds; as, egg beater or egg-beater, egg case, egg ladle, egg-shaped, etc.
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Egg and anchor (Arch.), see egg-and-dart in the vocabulary, below; -- called also egg and dart, and egg and tongue. See Anchor, n., 5. Ogilvie. -- Egg cleavage (Biol.), a process of cleavage or segmentation, by which the egg undergoes endogenous division with formation of a mass of nearly similar cells, from the growth and differentiation of which the new organism is ultimately formed. See Segmentation of the ovum, under Segmentation. -- Egg development (Biol.), the process of the development of an egg, by which the embryo is formed. -- Egg mite (Zoöl.), any mite which devours the eggs of insects, as Nothrus ovivorus, which destroys those of the canker worm. -- Egg parasite (Zoöl.), any small hymenopterous insect, which, in the larval stage, lives within the eggs of other insects. Many genera and species are known.
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Egg
Egg, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Egged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Egging (?).] [OE. eggen, Icel. eggja, fr. egg edge. &unr_;&unr_;. See Edge.] To urge on; to instigate; to incite&unr_;
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Adam and Eve he egged to ill. Piers Plowman.
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[She] did egg him on to tell
How fair she was.
Warner.
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egg-and-anchor
egg-and-anchor n. same as egg-and-dart.
Syn. -- egg-and-dart, egg-and-tongue.
[WordNet 1.5]

egg and dart
egg-and-dart
egg-and-dart, egg and dart n. a decorative ovolo molding, having a series of egg-shaped figures alternating with another shape in the form of a dart or anchor. Also used attributively; as, an egg-and-dart molding; an egg-and-dart design. Called also egg and dart, and egg and tongue
Syn. -- egg-and-anchor, egg and anchor, egg-and-tongue, egg and tongue.
[WordNet 1.5]

egg-and-tongue
egg-and-tongue n. same as egg-and-dart.
Syn. -- egg-and-anchor, egg-and-dart.
[WordNet 1.5]

Eggar
Eg"gar (?), n. [Etymol. uncertain.] (Zoöl.) Any bombycid moth of the genera Eriogaster and Lasiocampa; as, the oak eggar (L. roboris) of Europe.
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egg-beater
egg beater
egg beater, egg-beater n. a small device having one or usually two blades, each having several stiff oval wires at the tip. The blades are swirled or rotated for beating eggs or whipping cream. The electrical variety typically have two such blades, which are arranged so that the tips of the blades interlace while rotating.
Syn. -- eggwhisk.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Egg-bird
Egg"-bird` (?), n. (Zoöl.) A species of tern, esp. the sooty tern (Sterna fuliginosa) of the West Indies. In the Bahama Islands the name is applied to the tropic bird, Phaëthon flavirostris.
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Egg-cup
Egg"-cup` (?), n. A cup used for holding an egg, at table.
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Eggement
Eg"ge*ment (?), n. [Egg, v. t. + -ment.] Instigation; incitement. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Egger
Egg"er (?), n. [See Egg, n.] One who gathers eggs; an eggler.
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Egger
Egg"er, n. [See Egg, v. t.] One who eggs or incites.
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Eggery
Egg"er*y (?), n. A place where eggs are deposited (as by sea birds) or kept; a nest of eggs. [R.]
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Egg-glass
Egg"-glass` (?), n. A small sandglass, running about three minutes, for marking time in boiling eggs; also, a small glass for holding an egg, at table.
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Egghot
Egg"hot` (?), n. A kind of posset made of eggs, brandy, sugar, and ale. Lamb.
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Eggler
Egg"ler (?), n. One who gathers, or deals in, eggs.
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Eggnog
Egg`nog" (?), n. A drink consisting of eggs beaten up with sugar, milk, and (usually) wine or spirits.
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egg-plant
eggplant
egg"plant`, egg-plant (?), n. 1. (Bot.) A plant (Solanum Melongena), of East Indian origin, allied to the tomato, and bearing a large, glossy, edible fruit, shaped somewhat like an egg; mad-apple. It is widely cultivated for its fruit, commonly eaten as a vegetable.
Syn. -- eggplant, aubergine, brinjal, eggplant bush, garden egg, mad apple, Solanum melongena.
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2. The fruit of the eggplant{1}.
[PJC]

egg-producing
egg-producing adj. (Biol.) same as young-bearing.
Syn. -- young-bearing(prenominal).
[WordNet 1.5]

eggshake
eggshake n. a milkshake with egg in it.
[WordNet 1.5]

egg-shaped
egg"-shaped` (?), a. Resembling an egg in form; ovoid.
Syn. -- elliptic, elliptical, oval, ovate, oviform, ovoid, prolate.
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eggshell
egg"shell` (?), n. 1. The shell or exterior covering of an egg. Also used figuratively for anything resembling an eggshell.
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2. (Zoöl.) A smooth, white, marine, gastropod shell of the genus Ovulum, resembling an egg in form.
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eggshell
egg"shell` (?), a. 1. of a pale, yellowish-white color; as, an eggshell ceiling and light green walls.
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2. (Architecture) having a smooth but not glossy texture like that of a hen's egg; as, a latex paint giving an eggshell finish. Also referred to as matte glaze or non-lustrous glaze.
[PJC]

Egg squash
Egg" squash` (?). A variety of squash with small egg-shaped fruit.
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Eghen
E"ghen (?), n. pl. Eyes. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Egilopical
Eg`i*lop"ic*al (?), a. [See Ægilops.] (Med.) Pertaining to, of the nature of, or affected with, an Ægilops, or tumor in the corner of the eye.
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Egilops
Eg"i*lops (?), n. See Ægilops.

Eglandulous
Eglandulose
{ E*glan"du*lose` (?; 135), E*glan"du*lous (?), } a. [Pref. e- + glandulose, glandulosus.] Destitute of glands.
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Eglantine
Eg"lan*tine (?), n. [F. églantine, fr. OF. aiglent brier, hip tree, fr. (assumed) LL. acuculentus, fr. a dim. of L. acus needle; cf. F. aiguille needle. Cf. Aglet.] (Bot.) (a) A species of rose (Rosa Eglanteria), with fragrant foliage and flowers of various colors. (b) The sweetbrier (R. rubiginosa).
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&hand_; Milton, in the following lines, has applied the name to some twining plant, perhaps the honeysuckle.
[1913 Webster] Through the sweetbrier, or the vine,
Or the twisted eglantine.
L'Allegro, 47. “In our early writers and in Gerarde and the herbalists, it was a shrub with white flowers.” Dr. Prior.

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Eglatere
Eg"la*tere (?), n. Eglantine. [Obs. or R.] [Written also eglantere.] Tennyson.
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Egling
Eg"ling (?), n. [Etymol. uncertain.] (Zoöl.) The European perch when two years old. [Prov. Eng.]
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Eglomerate
E*glom"er*ate (?), v. t. [Pref. e- + glomerate.] To unwind, as a thread from a ball. [R.]
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ego
e"go (?), n.; pl. egos (&unr_;). [L., I.] The conscious and permanent subject of all psychical experiences, whether held to be directly known or the product of reflective thought; the subject consciously considered as “I” by a person; -- opposed to non-ego.
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2. (Psychoanalysis) that one of the three parts of a person's psychic apparatus that mediates consciously between the drives of the id and the realities of the external physical and social environment, by integrating perceptions of the external world and organizing the reactions to it. Contrasted with the id and superego.
[PJC]

3. egotism; as, a job requiring a diplomat without too much ego.
[PJC]

4. self-esteem; as, he has an overinflated ego.
[PJC]

egocentric
egocentric adj. having an attitude which is almost exclusively concerned with one's own needs or desires.
Syn. -- egoistical, self-centered, self-centred.
[WordNet 1.5]

egocentric
egocentric n. a self-centered person with little regard for others.
Syn. -- egoist.
[WordNet 1.5]

egocentrism
egocentrism n. the personality trait that causes one to attempt to get personal recognition for oneself (especially by unacceptable means).
Syn. -- egoism, self-interest, self-concern, self-centeredness.
[WordNet 1.5]

Egoical
E*go"i*cal (?), a. Pertaining to egoism. [R.]
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Egoism
E"go*ism (?), n. [F. égoïsme, fr. L. -ego I. See I, and cf. Egotism.] 1. (Philos.) The doctrine of certain extreme adherents or disciples of Descartes and Johann Gottlieb Fichte, which finds all the elements of knowledge in the ego and the relations which it implies or provides for.
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2. Excessive love and thought of self; the habit of regarding one's self as the center of every interest; selfishness; -- opposed to altruism.
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Egoist
E"go*ist, n. [F. égoïste. See Egoism.] 1. One given overmuch to egoism or thoughts of self.
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I, dullard egoist, taking no special recognition of such nobleness. Carlyle.
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2. (Philos.) A believer in egoism.

Egoistical
Egoistic
{ E`go*is"tic (?), E`go*is"tic*al (?), } a. Pertaining to egoism; imbued with egoism or excessive thoughts of self; self-loving.
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Ill-natured feeling, or egoistic pleasure in making men miserable. G. Eliot.
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Egoistically
E`go*is"tic*al*ly, adv. In an egoistic manner.
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Egoity
E*go"i*ty (?), n. Personality. [R.] Swift.
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Egomism
E"go*mism (?), n. Egoism. [R.] A. Baxter.
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Egophonic
E`go*phon"ic (?), a. Belonging to, or resembling, egophony.
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Egophony
E*goph"o*ny (?), n. [Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, goat + &unr_; voice.] (Med.) The sound of a patient's voice so modified as to resemble the bleating of a goat, heard on applying the ear to the chest in certain diseases within its cavity, as in pleurisy with effusion.
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Egotheism
E"go*the`ism (?), n. [Gr. 'egw` I + qeo`s God.] The deification of self. [R.]
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Egotism
E"go*tism (?; 277), n. [L. ego I + ending -tism for -ism, prob. influenced by other English words in -tism fr. the Greek, where t is not part of the ending, as baptism. See Egoism.] The practice of too frequently using the word I; hence, a speaking or writing overmuch of one's self; self-exaltation; self-praise; the act or practice of magnifying one's self or parading one's own doings. The word is also used in the sense of egoism.
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His excessive egotism, which filled all objects with himself. Hazlitt.

Syn. -- Egotism, Self-conceit, Vanity, Egoism. Self-conceit is an overweening opinion of one's talents, capacity, attractions, etc.; egotism is the acting out of self-conceit, or self-importance, in words and exterior conduct; vanity is inflation of mind arising from the idea of being thought highly of by others. It shows itself by its eagerness to catch the notice of others. Egoism is a state in which the feelings are concentrated on one's self. Its expression is egotism.
[1913 Webster]

Egotist
E"go*tist (?), n. [L. ego I + ending -tist for -ist. See Egotism, and cf. Egoist.] One addicted to egotism; one who speaks much of himself or magnifies his own achievements or affairs.

Egotistical
Egotistic
{ E`go*tis"tic (?), E`go*tis"tic*al (?), } a. Addicted to, or manifesting, egotism; having an exaggerated view of one's own importance or good qualities.
Syn. -- egotistic; narcissistic; self-loving; conceited; vain; self-important; opinionated.
[1913 Webster + WordNet 1.5]

Egotistically
E`go*tis"tic*al*ly, adv. With egotism.
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Egotize
E"go*tize (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Egotized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Egotizing (?).] [See Egotism.] To talk or write as an egotist. Cowper.
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Egranulose
E*gran"u*lose` (?), a. [Pref. e- + granule.] (Bot.) Having no granules, as chlorophyll in certain conditions. R. Brown.
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Egre
E"gre (?), a. & n. See Eager, and Eagre. [Obs.]
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Egregious
E*gre"gious (?; 277), a. [L. egregius; lit., separated or chosen from the herd, i. e., distinguished, excellent; e out + grex, gregis, herd. See Gregarious.] Surpassing; extraordinary; distinguished (in a bad sense); -- formerly used with words importing a good quality, but now joined with words having a bad sense; as, an egregious rascal; an egregious ass; an egregious mistake.
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The egregious impudence of this fellow. Bp. Hall.
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His [Wyclif's] egregious labors are not to be neglected. Milton.
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Egregiously
E*gre"gious*ly (?), adv. Greatly; enormously; shamefully; as, egregiously cheated.
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Egregiousness
E*gre"gious*ness (?; 277), n. The state of being egregious.
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Egremoin
Eg"re*moin (?), n. [See Agrimony.] Agrimony (Agrimonia Eupatoria). [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Egress
E"gress (?), n. [L. egressus, fr. egredi to go out; e out + gradi to go. See Grade.] 1. The act of going out or leaving, or the power to leave; departure.
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Embarred from all egress and regress. Holland.
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Gates of burning adamant,
Barred over us, prohibit all egress.
Milton.
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2. (Astron.) The passing off from the sun's disk of an inferior planet, in a transit.
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Egress
E*gress" (?), v. i. To go out; to depart; to leave.
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Egression
E*gres"sion (?), n. [L. egressio.] The act of going; egress. [R.] B. Jonson.
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Egressor
E*gress"or (?), n. One who goes out. [R.]
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Egret
E"gret (?), n. [See Aigret, Heron.] 1. (Zoöl.) The name of several species of herons which bear plumes on the back. They are generally white. Among the best known species are the American egret (Ardea egretta syn. Herodias egretta); the great egret (Ardea alba); the little egret (Ardea garzetta), of Europe; and the American snowy egret (Ardea candidissima).
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A bunch of egrets killed for their plumage. G. W. Cable.
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2. A plume or tuft of feathers worn as a part of a headdress, or anything imitating such an ornament; an aigrette.
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3. (Bot.) The flying feathery or hairy crown of seeds or achenes, as the down of the thistle.
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4. (Zoöl.) A kind of ape.
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Egrette
E*grette" (?), n. [See Aigrette.] Same as Egret, n., 2.
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Egrimony
Eg"ri*mo*ny (?), [Corrupted fr. agrimony.] (Bot.) The herb agrimony. [Obs.]
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Egrimony
Eg"ri*mo*ny, n. [L. aegrimonia.] Sorrow. [Obs.]
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Egriot
E"gri*ot (?), n. [F. aigrette, griotte, formerly agriote; cf. aigre sour.] A kind of sour cherry. Bacon.
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Egritude
E"gri*tude (?), n. [L. aegritudo, fr. aeger sick.] Sickness; ailment; sorrow. [Obs.] Sir T. Elyot.
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Egypt
Egypt n. a country at the northeastern corner of Africa. At one time it was joined with Syria to form the United Arab Republic.
Syn. -- United Arab Republic.
[WordNet 1.5]

Egyptian
E*gyp"tian (?), a. [L. Aegyptius, Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; (L. Aegyptus) Egypt: cf. F. égyptien. Cf. Gypsy.] Pertaining to Egypt, in Africa.
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Egyptian bean. (Bot.) (a) The beanlike fruit of an aquatic plant (Nelumbium speciosum), somewhat resembling the water lily. (b) See under Bean, 1. -- Egyptian cross. See Illust. (No. 6) of Cross. -- Egyptian thorn (Bot.), a medium-sized tree (Acacia vera). It is one of the chief sources of the best gum arabic.
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Egyptian
E*gyp"tian, n. 1. A native, or one of the people, of Egypt; also, the Egyptian language.
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2. A gypsy. [Obs.] Shak.
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Egyptize
E"gypt*ize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Egyptized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Egyptizing (?).] To give an Egyptian character or appearance to. Fairbairn.

Egyptologist
Egyptologer
{ E`gyp*tol"o*ger (?), E`gyp*tol"o*gist (?), } n. One skilled in the antiquities of Egypt; a student of Egyptology.
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Egyptological
E*gyp`to*log"ic*al (?), a. Of, pertaining to, or devoted to, Egyptology.
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Egyptology
E`gyp*tol"o*gy (?), n. [Egypt + -logy.] The science or study of Egyptian antiquities, esp. the hieroglyphics.
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Eh
Eh (?), interj. [OE. ei, ey.] An expression of inquiry or slight surprise.
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Ehlite
Eh"lite (?), n. [From Ehl near Linz, where it occurs.] (Min.) A mineral of a green color and pearly luster; a hydrous phosphate of copper.
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Eider
Ei"der (?), n. [Of Scand. origin, cf. Icel æ&unr_;r; akin to Sw. eider, Dan. ederfugl.] (Zoöl.) Any species of sea duck of the genus Somateria, esp. Somateria mollissima, which breeds in the northern parts of Europe and America, and lines its nest with fine down (taken from its own body) which is an article of commerce; -- called also eider duck. The American eider (S. Dresseri), the king eider (S. spectabilis), and the spectacled eider (Arctonetta Fischeri) are related species.
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Eider down. [Cf. Icel. æðardūn, Sw. eiderdūn, Dan. ederduun.] Down of the eider duck, much sought after as an article of luxury.
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Eidograph
Ei"do*graph (?), n. [Gr. e'i^dos form + graph.] An instrument for copying drawings on the same or a different scale; a form of the pantograph.
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Eidolon
Ei*do"lon (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; image. See Idol.] An image or representation; a form; a phantom; an apparition. Sir W. Scott.
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Eigh
Eigh (?), interj. An exclamation expressing delight.
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Eight
Eight (āt), n. [See Ait.] An island in a river; an ait. [Obs.] “Osiers on their eights.” Evelyn.
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Eight
Eight (āt), a. [AS. eahta; akin to OS. ahto, OFries. achta, D. & G. acht, OHG. ahto, Icel. ātta, Sw. åtta, Dan. otte, Goth. ahtau, Lith. asztůni, Ir. & Gael. ochd, W. wyth, Armor. eich, eiz, L. octo, Gr. 'oktw`, Skr. ash&tsdot_;an. √306. Cf. Octave.] Seven and one; as, eight years.
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Eight
Eight (āt), n. 1. The number greater by a unit than seven; eight units or objects.
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2. A symbol representing eight units, as 8 or viii.
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Eighteen
Eight"een` (ā"tēn`), a. [AS. eahtat&ymacr_;ne, eahtatēne. See Eight, and Ten, and cf. Eighty.] Eight and ten; as, eighteen pounds.
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Eighteen
Eight"een`, n. 1. The number greater by a unit than seventeen; eighteen units or objects.
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2. A symbol denoting eighteen units, as 18 or xviii.
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Eighteenmo
Eight`een"mo (?), a. & n. See Octodecimo.
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Eighteenth
Eight"eenth` (?), a. [From Eighteen.] 1. Next in order after the seventeenth.
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2. Consisting of one of eighteen equal parts or divisions of a thing.
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Eighteenth
Eight"eenth`, n. 1. The quotient of a unit divided by eighteen; one of eighteen equal parts or divisions.
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2. The eighth after the tenth.
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Eightetethe
Eight"e*teth`e (?), a. [OE., fr. AS. eahtateóða; eahta eight + teóða tenth. Cf. Eighteenth, Tenth.] Eighteenth. [Obs.]
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Eightfold
Eight"fold` (?), a. Eight times a quantity.
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Eighth
Eighth (ātth), a. [AS. eahtoða.] 1. Next in order after the seventh.
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2. Consisting of one of eight equal divisions of a thing.
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Eighth note (Mus.), the eighth part of a whole note, or semibreve; a quaver.
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Eighth
Eighth, n. 1. The quotient of a unit divided by eight; one of eight equal parts; an eighth part.
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2. (Mus.) The interval of an octave.
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Eighthly
Eighth"ly, adv. As the eighth in order.
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eighties
eighties n. the decade from 1980 to 1989.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. the time of life between 80 and 90.
Syn. -- mid-eighties.
[WordNet 1.5]

Eightieth
Eight"i*eth (?), a. [From Eighty.] 1. The next in order after seventy-ninth.
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2. Consisting of one of eighty equal parts or divisions.
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Eightieth
Eight"i*eth, n. The quotient of a unit divided by eighty; one of eighty equal parts.
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Eightling
Eight"ling (?), n. [Eight + -ling.] (Crystallog.) A compound or twin crystal made up of eight individuals.
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Eightscore
Eight"score` (?), a. & n. Eight times twenty; a hundred and sixty.
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eightsome
eight"some n. eight people considered as a unit; as, there was an eightsome ahead of us on the golf course.
Syn. -- octet, octette.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. a Scottish reel for eight dancers.
[WordNet 1.5]

eight-spot
eight-spot n. a playing card with eight pips on the face; an eight. [slang]
[WordNet 1.5]

eightvo
eightvo n. the size of a book (ca. 16 x 23 cm) whose pages are made by folding a sheet of paper three times to form eight leaves. The pages have about half the area of a quarto. Symbolized as 8vo, and .
Syn. -- octavo, 8vo, 8°.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Eighty
Eight"y (?), a. [AS. eahtatig, where the ending -tig is akin to English ten; cf. G. achtzig. See Eight, and Ten.] Eight times ten; fourscore.
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Eighty
Eight"y, n. 1. The sum of eight times ten; eighty units or objects.
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2. A symbol representing eighty units, or ten eight times repeated, as 80 or lxxx.
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Eigne
Eigne (?), a. [OF. aisné, ainsné, F. aîné, fr. L. ante natus born before. Cf. Esnecy.] 1. (Law) Eldest; firstborn. Blackstone.
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2. Entailed; belonging to the eldest son. [Obs.]
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Bastard eigne, a bastard eldest son whose parents afterwards intermarry.
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Eiking
Eik"ing (?), n. (Naut.) See Eking.
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Eikon
Ei"kon (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. e'ikw`n.] 1. An image or effigy; -- used rather in an abstract sense, and rarely for a work of art.
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2. an ikon.
[PJC]

Eikonogen
Ei*kon"o*gen (?), n. [Gr. e'ikw`n, e'iko`nos, image + root of gi`gnesqai to be born.] (Photog. & Chem.) The sodium salt of a sulphonic acid of a naphthol, C10H5(OH)(NH2)SO3Na used as a developer.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Eikosane
Ei"ko*sane (?), n. [Gr. e'i`kosi.] (Chem.) A solid hydrocarbon, C20H42, of the paraffin series, of artificial production, and also probably occurring in petroleum.
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Eikosylene
Ei*kos"y*lene (?), n. [Gr. e'i`kosi twenty + acetylene.] (Chem.) A liquid hydrocarbon, C20H38, of the acetylene series, obtained from brown coal.
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Eild
Eild (?), n. [See Eld.] Age. [Obs.] Fairfax.
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eire
eire (?), n. Air. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Eire
Eire (?), prop. n. the Irish name for Ireland; the name used in 1937 to 1949 for the Republic of Ireland.
Syn. -- Erin, Ireland. [PJC]

Eirenarch
Ei`re*narch (?), n. [See Irenarch.] (Gr. Antiq.) A justice of the peace; irenarch.
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Eirenic
Ei*ren"ic (?), a. Pacific. See Irenic.
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Eirie
Ei"rie (?), n. See Aerie, and Eyrie.
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Eisel
Ei"sel (?), n. [OF. aisil, aissil, fr. L. acetum. Cf. Acetic.] Vinegar; verjuice. [Obs.] Sir T. More.
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Eisteddfod
Eis*tedd"fod (ās*t&ebreve_;&thlig_;"vōd), n. [W., session, fr. eistedd to sit.] An assembly or session of the Welsh bards; an annual congress of bards, minstrels and literati of Wales, -- being a patriotic revival of the old custom.
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Either
Ei"ther (ē"&thlig_;&etilde_;r or ī"&thlig_;&etilde_;r; 277), a. & pron. [OE. either, aither, AS. &aemacr_;gðer, &aemacr_;ghwæðer (akin to OHG. ēogiwedar, MHG. iegeweder); ā + ge + hwæðer whether. See Each, and Whether, and cf. Or, conj.] 1. One of two; the one or the other; -- properly used of two things, but sometimes of a larger number, for any one.
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Lepidus flatters both,
Of both is flattered; but he neither loves,
Nor either cares for him.
Shak.
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Scarce a palm of ground could be gotten by either of the three. Bacon.
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There have been three talkers in Great British, either of whom would illustrate what I say about dogmatists. Holmes.
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2. Each of two; the one and the other; both; -- formerly, also, each of any number.
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His flowing hair
In curls on either cheek played.
Milton.
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On either side . . . was there the tree of life. Rev. xxii. 2.
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The extreme right and left of either army never engaged. Jowett (Thucyd).
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Either
Ei"ther, conj. Either precedes two, or more, coördinate words or phrases, and is introductory to an alternative. It is correlative to or.
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Either he is talking, or he is pursuing, or he is in a journey, or peradventure he sleepeth. 1 Kings xviii. 27.
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Few writers hesitate to use either in what is called a triple alternative; such as, We must either stay where we are, proceed, or recede. Latham.
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&hand_; Either was formerly sometimes used without any correlation, and where we should now use or.
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Can the fig tree, my brethren, bear olive berries? either a vine, figs? James iii. 12.
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Ejaculate
E*jac"u*late (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ejaculated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Ejaculating.] [L. ejaculatus, p. p. of ejaculari to throw out; e out + ejaculari to throw, fr. jaculum javelin, dart, fr. jacere to throw. See Eject.] 1. To throw out suddenly and swiftly, as if a dart; to dart; to eject. [Archaic or Technical]
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Its active rays ejaculated thence. Blackmore.
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2. To throw out, as an exclamation; to utter by a brief and sudden impulse; as, to ejaculate a prayer.
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Ejaculate
E*jac"u*late (?), v. i. 1. To utter ejaculations; to make short and hasty exclamations. [R.]Ejaculating to himself.” Sir W. Scott.
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2. to eject semen; -- of a male animal (esp. a human or other mammal) during coitus.
[PJC]

Ejaculation
E*jac`u*la"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. éjaculation.] 1. The act of throwing or darting out with a sudden force and rapid flight. [Archaic or Technical] “An ejaculation or irradiation of the eye.” Bacon.
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2. The uttering of a short, sudden exclamation or prayer, or the exclamation or prayer uttered.
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In your dressing, let there be jaculations fitted to the several actions of dressing. Jer. Taylor.
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3. (Physiol.) The act of ejecting or suddenly throwing, as a fluid from a duct.
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Ejaculator
E*jac"u*la`tor (?), n. [NL. See Ejaculate.] (Anat.) A muscle which helps ejaculation.
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Ejaculatory
E*jac"u*la*to*ry (?), a. 1. Casting or throwing out; fitted to eject; as, ejaculatory vessels.
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2. Suddenly darted out; uttered in short sentences; as, an ejaculatory prayer or petition.
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3. Sudden; hasty. [Obs.]Ejaculatory repentances, that take us by fits and starts.” L'Estrange.
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Eject
E*ject" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ejected; p. pr. & vb. n. Ejecting.] [L. ejectus, p. p. of ejicere; e out + jacere to throw. See Jet a shooting forth.] 1. To expel; to dismiss; to cast forth; to thrust or drive out; to discharge; as, to eject a person from a room; to eject a traitor from the country; to eject words from the language. “Eyes ejecting flame.” H. Brooke.
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2. (Law) To cast out; to evict; to dispossess; as, to eject tenants from an estate.

Syn. -- To expel; banish; drive out; discharge; oust; evict; dislodge; extrude; void.
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Eject
E"ject (?), n. [See Eject, v. t.] (Philos.) An object that is a conscious or living object, and hence not a direct object, but an inferred object or act of a subject, not myself; -- a term invented by W. K. Clifford.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Ejecta
E*jec"ta (?), n. pl. [L., neut. pl. of ejectus cast out. See Eject.] Matter ejected; material thrown out; as, the ejecta of a volcano; the ejecta, or excreta, of the body.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Ejection
E*jec"tion (?), n. [L. ejectio: cf. F. éjection.] 1. The act of ejecting or casting out; discharge; expulsion; evacuation. “Vast ejection of ashes.” Eustace. “The ejection of a word.” Johnson.
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2. (Physiol.) The act or process of discharging anything from the body, particularly the excretions.
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3. The state of being ejected or cast out; dispossession; banishment.
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Ejectment
E*ject"ment (?), n. 1. A casting out; a dispossession; an expulsion; ejection; as, the ejectment of tenants from their homes.
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2. (Law) A species of mixed action, which lies for the recovery of possession of real property, and damages and costs for the wrongful withholding of it. Wharton.
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Ejector
E*ject"or (?), n. 1. One who, or that which, ejects or dispossesses.
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2. (Mech.) A jet jump for lifting water or withdrawing air from a space.
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3. That part of the mechanism of a breech-loading firearm which ejects the empty shell.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Ejector condenser (Steam Engine), a condenser in which the vacuum is maintained by a jet pump.
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Ejoo
E"joo (ē"j&oomacr_;), n. [Malay ījū or hījū.] Gomuti fiber. See Gomuti.
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Ejulation
Ej`u*la"tion (?), n. [L. ejulatio, fr. ejulare to wail, lament.] A wailing; lamentation. [Obs.]Ejulation in the pangs of death.” Philips.

Ekaboron
Ekabor
{ Ek"a*bor` (&ebreve_;k"&adot_;*bōr`), Ek"a*bo"ron (-bō"r&obreve_;n), } n. [G., fr. Skr. ēka one + G. bor, boron, E. boron.] (Chem.) The name given by Mendelejeff in accordance with the periodic law, and by prediction, to a hypothetical element then unknown, but since discovered and named scandium; -- so called because it was a missing analogue of the boron group. See Scandium.
[1913 Webster]

Ekaluminium
Ek*al`u*min"i*um (?), n. [Skr. ēka one + E. aluminium.] (Chem.) The name given by Mendeleev to a hypothetical element, -- later discovered and called gallium. See Gallium, and cf. Ekabor. Also see periodic table.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Ekasilicon
Ek`a*sil"i*con (?), n. [Skr. ēka one + E. silicon.] (Chem.) The name of a hypothetical element predicted by Mendeleev and afterwards discovered and named germanium; -- so called because it was a missing analogue of the silicon group. See Germanium, and cf. Ekabor. Also see periodic table.
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Eke
Eke (ēk), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Eked (ēkt); p. pr. & vb. n. Eking.] [AS. ēkan, &ymacr_;kan; akin to OFries. āka, OS. ōkian, OHG. ouhhōn to add, Icel. auka to increase, Sw. öka, Dan. öge, Goth. aukan, L. augere, Skr. ōjas strength, ugra mighty, and probably to English wax, v. i. Cf. Augment, Nickname.] To increase; to add to; to augment; -- now commonly used with out, the notion conveyed being to add to, or piece out by a laborious, inferior, or scanty addition; as, to eke out a scanty supply of one kind with some other. “To eke my pain.” Spenser.
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He eked out by his wits an income of barely fifty pounds. Macaulay.
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Eke
Eke, adv. [AS. eác; akin to OFries. ák, OS. &unr_;k, D. &unr_;ok, OHG. ouh, G. auch, Icel. auk, Sw. och and, Dan. og, Goth. auk for, but. Prob. from the preceding verb.] In addition; also; likewise. [Obs. or Archaic]
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'T will be prodigious hard to prove
That this is eke the throne of love.
Prior.
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A trainband captain eke was he
Of famous London town.
Cowper.
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&hand_; Eke serves less to unite than to render prominent a subjoined more important sentence or notion. Mätzner.
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Eke
Eke, n. An addition. [R.]
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Clumsy ekes that may well be spared. Geddes.
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Ekebergite
Ek"e*berg`ite (?), n. [From Ekeberg, a German.] (Min.) A variety of scapolite.
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Ekename
Eke"name` (?), n. [See Nickname.] An additional or epithet name; a nickname. [Obs.]
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Eking
Ek"ing (?), n. [From Eke, v. t.] (Shipbuilding) (a) A lengthening or filling piece to make good a deficiency in length. (b) The carved work under the quarter piece at the aft part of the quarter gallery. [Written also eiking.]
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E-la
E"-la` (?), n. Originally, the highest note in the scale of Guido; hence, proverbially, any extravagant saying. “Why, this is above E-la!” Beau. & Fl.
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El Aaiun
El Aaiun prop. n. (Geography) The capital city of Western Sahara. Population (2000) = 20,010.
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Elaborate
E*lab"o*rate (?), a. [L. elaboratus, p. p. of elaborare to work out; e out + laborare to labor, labor labor. See Labor.] Wrought with labor; finished with great care; studied; executed with exactness or painstaking; as, an elaborate discourse; an elaborate performance; elaborate research.
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Drawn to the life in each elaborate page. Waller.

Syn. -- Labored; complicated; studied; perfected; high-wrought.

-- E*lab"o*rate*ly, adv. -- E*lab"o*rate*ness, n.
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Elaborate
E*lab"o*rate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Elaborated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Elaborating (?).] 1. To produce with labor
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They in full joy elaborate a sigh, Young.
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2. To perfect with painstaking; to improve or refine with labor and study, or by successive operations; as, to elaborate a painting or a literary work.
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The sap is . . . still more elaborated and exalted as it circulates through the vessels of the plant. Arbuthnot.
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Elaboration
E*lab`o*ra"tion (?), n. [L. elaboratio: cf. F. élaboration.] 1. The act or process of producing or refining with labor; improvement by successive operations; refinement.
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2. (Physiol.) The natural process of formation or assimilation, performed by the living organs in animals and vegetables, by which a crude substance is changed into something of a higher order; as, the elaboration of food into chyme; the elaboration of chyle, or sap, or tissues.
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Elaborative
E*lab"o*ra*tive (?), a. Serving or tending to elaborate; constructing with labor and minute attention to details.
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Elaborative faculty (Metaph.), the intellectual power of discerning relations and of viewing objects by means of, or in, relations; the discursive faculty; thought.
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Elaborator
E*lab"o*ra`tor (?), n. One who, or that which, elaborates.
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Elaboratory
E*lab"o*ra*to*ry (?), a. Tending to elaborate.
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Elaboratory
E*lab"o*ra*to*ry, n. A laboratory. [Obs.]
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Elaeagnus
E`læ*ag"nus (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; a Bœotian marsh plant; &unr_; olive + &unr_; sacred, pure.] (Bot.) A genus of shrubs or small trees, having the foliage covered with small silvery scales; oleaster.
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Elaeis
E*læ"is (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; olive tree.] (Bot.) A genus of palms.
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&hand_; Elæis Guineensis, the African oil palm, is a tree twenty or thirty feet high, with immense pinnate leaves and large masses of fruit. The berries are rather larger than olives, and when boiled in water yield the orange-red palm oil.
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Elaeolite
E*læ"o*lite (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; olive oil, oil + -lite.] (Min.) A variety of hephelite, usually massive, of greasy luster, and gray to reddish color.
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Elæolite syenite, a kind of syenite characterized by the presence of elæolite.
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Elaeoptene
E`læ*op"tene (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; olive oil, oil + &unr_; winged, fleeting.] (Chem.) The more liquid or volatile portion of certain oily substance, as distinguished from stearoptene, the more solid parts. [Written also elaoptene.]
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Elaidate
E*la"i*date (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of elaidic acid.
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Elaidic
E`la*id"ic (?), a. [Cf. F. élaïdique. See Elaine.] Relating to oleic acid, or elaine.
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Elaidic acid (Chem.), a fatty acid isomeric with oleic acid, and obtained from it by the action of nitrous acid.
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Elaidin
E*la"i*din (?), n. [Cf. F. élaïdine.] (Chem.) A solid isomeric modification of olein.

Elain
Elaine
{ E*la"ine (?), or E*la"in }, n. [Gr. &unr_; olive oil, oil, from &unr_; the olive tree: cf. F. élaïne.] (Chem.) Same as Olein.
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Elaiodic
E`lai*od"ic (?), a. [Gr. &unr_; olive oil, oil + e'i^dos form.] (Chem.) Derived from castor oil; ricinoleic; as, elaiodic acid. [R.]
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Elaiometer
E`lai*om"e*ter (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; olive oil, oil + -meter.] (Chem.) An apparatus for determining the amount of oil contained in any substance, or for ascertaining the degree of purity of oil.
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Elamite
E"lam*ite (?), n. A dweller in Flam (or Susiana), an ancient kingdom of Southwestern Asia, afterwards a province of Persia.
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Elamping
E*lamp"ing (?), a. [See Lamp.] Shining. [Obs.] G. Fletcher.
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elan
É`lan" (?), n. [F., fr. élancer to dart.] Ardor inspired by passion or enthusiasm.
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Elance
E*lance" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Elanced (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Elancing (?).] [F. élancer, OF. eslancier; pref. es- (L. ex) + F. lancer to dart, throw, fr. lance.] To throw as a lance; to hurl; to dart. [R.]
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While thy unerring hand elanced . . . a dart. Prior.
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Eland
E"land (?), n. [D. eland elk, of Slav. origin; cf. Pol. jelen stag, Russ. oléne, Lith. elnis; perh. akin to E. elk.] 1. (Zoöl.) A species of large South African antelope (Oreas canna). It is valued both for its hide and flesh, and is rapidly disappearing in the settled districts; -- called also Cape elk.
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2. (Zoöl.) The elk or moose.
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Elanet
E*la"net (?), n. (Zoöl.) A kite of the genus Elanus.
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Elaolite
E*la"o*lite (?), n. (Min.) See Elæolite.
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Elaphe
Elaphe n. a genus of snakes comprising the Old World and American rat snakes.
Syn. -- genus Elaphe.
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elapid
elapid n. a venomous snake of the family Elapidae, including the .
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Elapidae
Elapidae n. a natural family of snakes including the cobras, kraits, mambas, the New World coral snakes, and Australian taipan and tiger snakes.
Syn. -- family Elapidae.
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Elaoptene
E`la*op"tene (?), n. (Chem.) See Elæoptene.
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Elaphine
El"a*phine (?), a. [Gr. &unr_; stag.] (Zoöl.) Pertaining to, resembling, or characteristic of, the stag, or Cervus elaphus.
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Elaphure
El"a*phure (?), n. (Zoöl.) A species of deer (Elaphurus Davidianus) found in china. It is about four feet high at the shoulder and has peculiar antlers.
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Elapidation
E*lap`i*da"tion (?), n. [L. elapidatus cleared from stones; e out + lapis stone.] A clearing away of stones. [R.]
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Elapine
El"a*pine (?), a. [See Elaps.] (Zoöl.) Like or pertaining to the Elapidæ, a family of poisonous serpents, including the cobras. See Ophidia.
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Elaps
E"laps (?), n. [NL., of uncertain origin.] (Zoöl.) A genus of venomous snakes found both in America and the Old World. Many species are known. See Coral snake, under Coral.
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Elapse
E*lapse" (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Elapsed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Elapsing.] [L. elapsus, p. p. of elabi to glide away; e out + labi to fall, slide. See Lapse.] To slip or glide away; to pass away silently, as time; -- used chiefly in reference to time.
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Eight days elapsed; at length a pilgrim came. Hoole.
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Elapsion
E*lap"sion (?), n. The act of elapsing. [R.]
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Elaqueate
E*la"que*ate (?), v. t. [L. elaqueatus, p. p. of elaqueare to unfetter.] To disentangle. [R.]
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Elasipoda
El`a*sip"o*da (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; metal beaten out, metal plate + -poda.] (Zoöl.) An order of holothurians mostly found in the deep sea. They are remarkable for their bilateral symmetry and curious forms. [Written also Elasmopoda.]
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Elasmobranch
E*las"mo*branch (?), a. (Zoöl.) Of or pertaining to the Elasmobranchii. -- n. One of the Elasmobranchii.
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Elasmobranchiate
E*las`mo*bran"chi*ate (?), a. (Zoöl.) Of or pertaining to Elasmobranchii. -- n. One of the Elasmobranchii.
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Elasmobranchii
E*las`mo*bran"chi*i (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; a metal plate + L. branchia a gill.] (Zoöl.) A subclass of fishes, comprising the sharks, the rays, and the Chimæra. The skeleton is mainly cartilaginous.
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Elasmosaurus
E*las`mo*sau"rus (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; a metal plate + &unr_; a lizard.] (Paleon.) An extinct, long-necked, marine, cretaceous reptile from Kansas, allied to Plesiosaurus.
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Elastic
E*las"tic (&euptack_;*lăs"t&ibreve_;k), a. [Formed fr. Gr. 'elay`nein to drive; prob. akin to L. alacer lively, brisk, and E. alacrity: cf. F. élastique.] 1. Springing back; having a power or inherent property of returning to the form from which a substance is bent, drawn, pressed, or twisted; springy; having the power of rebounding; as, a bow is elastic; the air is elastic; India rubber is elastic.
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Capable of being drawn out by force like a piece of elastic gum, and by its own elasticity returning, when the force is removed, to its former position. Paley.
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2. Able to return quickly to a former state or condition, after being depressed or overtaxed; having power to recover easily from shocks and trials; as, elastic spirits; an elastic constitution.
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Elastic bitumen. (Min.) See Elaterite. -- Elastic curve. (a) (Geom.) The curve made by a thin elastic rod fixed horizontally at one end and loaded at the other. (b) (Mech.) The figure assumed by the longitudinal axis of an originally straight bar under any system of bending forces. Rankine. -- Elastic fluids, those which have the property of expanding in all directions on the removal of external pressure, as the air, steam, and other gases and vapors. -- Elastic limit (Mech.), the limit of distortion, by bending, stretching, etc., that a body can undergo and yet return to its original form when relieved from stress; also, the unit force or stress required to produce this distortion. Within the elastic limit the distortion is directly proportional to the stress producing it. -- Elastic tissue (Anat.), a variety of connective tissue consisting of a network of slender and very elastic fibers which are but slightly affected by acids or alkalies. -- Gum elastic, caoutchouc.
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Elastic
E*las"tic, n. An elastic woven fabric, as a belt, braces or suspenders, etc., made in part of India rubber. [Colloq.]
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Elastical
E*las"tic*al (&euptack_;*lăs"t&ibreve_;*k&aitalic_;l), a. Elastic. [R.] Bentley.
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elastic band
e*las"tic band" (?), n. Same as rubber band.
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Elastically
E*las"tic*al*ly, adv. In an elastic manner; by an elastic power; with a spring.
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Elasticity
E`las*tic"i*ty (ē`lăs*t&ibreve_;s"&ibreve_;*t&ybreve_;), n. [Cf. F. élasticité.] 1. The quality of being elastic; the inherent property in bodies by which they recover their former figure or dimensions, after the removal of external pressure or altering force; springiness; resilience; tendency to rebound; as, the elasticity of caoutchouc; the elasticity of the air.
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2. Power of resistance to, or recovery from, depression or overwork; -- usually referred to as resilience[3].
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Coefficient of elasticity, the quotient of a stress (of a given kind), by the strain (of a given kind) which it produces; -- called also coefficient of resistance. -- Surface of elasticity (Geom.), the pedal surface of an ellipsoid (see Pedal); a surface used in explaining the phenomena of double refraction and their relation to the elastic force of the luminous ether in crystalline media.
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elasticized
elasticized adj. made with strands or inserts of elastic, allowing it to stretch; -- of fabrics; as, slacks with an elasticized waistband.
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Elasticness
E*las"tic*ness (?), n. The quality of being elastic; elasticity.
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Elastin
E*las"tin (?), n. [Elastic + -in.] (Physiol. Chem.) A nitrogenous substance, somewhat resembling albumin, which forms the chemical basis of elastic tissue. It is very insoluble in most fluids, but is gradually dissolved when digested with either pepsin or trypsin.
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Elastoplast
Elastoplast n. [a British trademark.] an elastic bandage.
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Elate
E*late" (?), a. [L. elatus elevated, fig., elated, proud (the figure, perh., being borrowed from a prancing horse); e out + latus (used as p. p. of ferre to bear), for tlatus, and akin to E. tolerate. See Tolerate, and cf. Extol.]
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1. Lifted up; raised; elevated.

With upper lip elate. Fenton.
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And sovereign law, that State's collected will,
O'er thrones and globes, elate,
Sits empress, crowning good, repressing ill.
Sir W. Jones.
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2. Having the spirits raised by success, or by hope; flushed or exalted with confidence; elated; exultant.
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O, thoughtless mortals! ever blind to fate,
Too soon dejected, and dejected, and too soon elate.
Pope.
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Our nineteenth century is wonderfully set up in its own esteem, wonderfully elate at its progress. Mrs. H. H. Jackson.

Syn. -- Puffed up; lofty; proud; haughty; exalted; inspirited; transported; delighted; overjoyed.
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Elate
E*late" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Elated; p. pr. & vb. n. Elating.] 1. To raise; to exalt. [R.]
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By the potent sun elated high. Thomson.
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2. To exalt the spirit of; to fill with confidence or exultation; to elevate or flush with success; to puff up; to make proud.
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Foolishly elated by spiritual pride. Warburton.
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You ought not be elated at the chance mishaps of your enemies. Jowett (Thucyd. ).
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Elatedly
E*lat"ed*ly (?), adv. With elation.
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Elatedness
E*lat"ed*ness, n. The state of being elated.
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Elater
E*lat"er (?), n. One who, or that which, elates.
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Elater
El"a*ter (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; driver, fr. &unr_; to drive.] 1. (Bot.) An elastic spiral filament for dispersing the spores, as in some liverworts.
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2. (Zoöl.) Any beetle of the family Elateridæ, having the habit, when laid on the back, of giving a sudden upward spring, by a quick movement of the articulation between the abdomen and thorax; -- called also click beetle, spring beetle, and snapping beetle.
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3. (Zoöl.) The caudal spring used by Podura and related insects for leaping. See Collembola.
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Elater
El"a*ter (?), n. (Chem.) The active principle of elaterium, being found in the juice of the wild or squirting cucumber (Ecballium agreste, formerly Motordica Elaterium) and other related species. It is extracted as a bitter, white, crystalline substance, which is a violent purgative.
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Elaterite
El"a*ter*ite (?), n. (Min.) A mineral resin, of a blackish brown color, occurring in soft, flexible masses; -- called also mineral caoutchouc, and elastic bitumen.
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Elaterium
El`a*te"ri*um (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. &unr_;, neut. of &unr_; driving. See 2d Elater.] A cathartic substance obtained, in the form of yellowish or greenish cakes, as the dried residue of the juice of the wild or squirting cucumber (Ecballium agreste, formerly called Momordica Elaterium).
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Elaterometer
El`a*ter*om"e*ter (?), n. Same as Elatrometer.
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Elatery
El"a*ter*y (?), n. [See 2d Elater.] Acting force; elasticity. [Obs.] Ray.
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Elation
E*la"tion (?), n. [L. elatio. See Elate.] A lifting up by success; exaltation; inriation with pride of prosperity. “Felt the elation of triumph.” Sir W. Scott.
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Elative
E*la"tive (?), a. (Gram.) Raised; lifted up; -- a term applied to what is also called the absolute superlative, denoting a high or intense degree of a quality, but not excluding the idea that an equal degree may exist in other cases.
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Elatrometer
El`a*trom"e*ter (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; a driver + -meter.] (Physics) An instrument for measuring the degree of rarefaction of air contained in the receiver of an air pump. [Spelt also elaterometer.]
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Elayl
E*la"yl (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; olive oil, oil + yl.] (Chem.) Olefiant gas or ethylene; -- so called by Berzelius from its forming an oil combining with chlorine. [Written also elayle.] See Ethylene.
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Elbow
El"bow (?), n. [AS. elboga, elnboga (akin to D. elleboga, OHG. elinbogo, G. ellbogen, ellenbogen, Icel. &unr_;lnbogi; prop.; arm-bend); eln ell (orig., forearm) + boga a bending. See 1st Ell, and 4th Bow.] 1. The joint or bend of the arm; the outer curve in the middle of the arm when bent.
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Her arms to the elbows naked. R. of Gloucester.
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2. Any turn or bend like that of the elbow, in a wall, building, and the like; a sudden turn in a line of coast or course of a river; also, an angular or jointed part of any structure, as the raised arm of a chair or sofa, or a short pipe fitting, turning at an angle or bent.
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3. (Arch.) A sharp angle in any surface of wainscoting or other woodwork; the upright sides which flank any paneled work, as the sides of windows, where the jamb makes an elbow with the window back. Gwilt.
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&hand_; Elbow is used adjectively or as part of a compound, to denote something shaped like, or acting like, an elbow; as, elbow joint; elbow tongs or elbow-tongs; elbowroom, elbow-room, or elbow room.
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At the elbow, very near; at hand. -- Elbow grease, energetic application of force in manual labor. [Low] -- Elbow in the hawse (Naut.), the twisting together of two cables by which a vessel rides at anchor, caused by swinging completely round once. Totten. -- Elbow scissors (Surg.), scissors bent in the blade or shank for convenience in cutting. Knight. -- Out at elbow, with coat worn through at the elbows; shabby; in needy circumstances.
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Elbow
El"bow, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Elbowed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Elbowing.] To push or hit with the elbow, as when one pushes by another.
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They [the Dutch] would elbow our own aldermen off the Royal Exchange. Macaulay.
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To elbow one's way, to force one's way by pushing with the elbows; as, to elbow one's way through a crowd.
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Elbow
El"bow (?), v. i. 1. To jut into an angle; to project or to bend after the manner of an elbow.
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2. To push rudely along; to elbow one's way. “Purseproud, elbowing Insolence.” Grainger.
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Elbowboard
El"bow*board` (?), n. The base of a window casing, on which the elbows may rest.
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Elbowchair
El"bow*chair` (?), n. A chair with arms to support the elbows; an armchair. Addison.
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Elbowroom
El"bow*room` (?), n. Room to extend the elbows on each side; ample room for motion or action; free scope. “My soul hath elbowroom.” Shak.
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Then came a stretch of grass and a little more elbowroom. W. G. Norris.
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Elcaja
El*ca"ja (?), n. [Ar.] (Bot.) An Arabian tree (Trichilia emetica). The fruit, which is emetic, is sometimes employed in the composition of an ointment for the cure of the itch.
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Elcesaite
El*ce"sa*ite (?), n. [From Elcesai, the leader of the sect.] (Eccl.) One of a sect of Asiatic Gnostics of the time of the Emperor Trajan.
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el cheapo
el cheapo (?), a. cheap; inexpensive and of inferior quality; as, an el cheapo cigar. [jocose slang]
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Eld
Eld (&ebreve_;ld), a. [AS. eald.] Old. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Eld
Eld, n. [AS. yldu, yldo, eldo, old age, fr. ald, eald, old. See Old.] 1. Age; esp., old age. [Obs. or Archaic]
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As sooth is said, eelde hath great avantage. Chaucer.
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Great Nature, ever young, yet full of eld. Spenser.
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2. Old times; former days; antiquity. [Poetic]
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Astrologers and men of eld. Longfellow.
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Eld
Eld, v. i. To age; to grow old. [Obs.]
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Eld
Eld, v. t. To make old or ancient. [Obs.]
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Time, that eldeth all things. Rom. of R.
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Elder
Eld"er (?), a. [AS. yldra, compar. of eald old. See Old.] 1. Older; more aged, or existing longer.
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Let the elder men among us emulate their own earlier deeds. Jowett (Thucyd. )
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2. Born before another; prior in years; senior; earlier; older; as, his elder brother died in infancy; -- opposed to younger, and now commonly applied to a son, daughter, child, brother, etc.
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The elder shall serve the younger. Gen. xxv. 23.
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But ask of elder days, earth's vernal hour. Keble.
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Elder hand (Card Playing), the hand playing, or having the right to play, first. Hoyle.
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Elder
Eld"er, n. [AS. ealdor an elder, prince, fr. eald old. See Old, and cf. Elder, a., Alderman.] 1. One who is older; a superior in age; a senior. 1 Tim. v. 1.
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2. An aged person; one who lived at an earlier period; a predecessor.
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Carry your head as your elders have done. L'Estrange.
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3. A person who, on account of his age, occupies the office of ruler or judge; hence, a person occupying any office appropriate to such as have the experience and dignity which age confers; as, the elders of Israel; the elders of the synagogue; the elders in the apostolic church.
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&hand_; In the modern Presbyterian churches, elders are lay officers who, with the minister, compose the church session, with authority to inspect and regulate matters of religion and discipline. In some churches, pastors or clergymen are called elders, or presbyters.
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4. (M. E. Ch.) A clergyman authorized to administer all the sacraments; as, a traveling elder.
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Presiding elder (Meth. Ch.), an elder commissioned by a bishop to have the oversight of the churches and preachers in a certain district. -- Ruling elder, a lay presbyter or member of a Presbyterian church session. Schaff.
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Elder
El"der (?), n. [OE. ellern, eller, AS. ellen, cf. LG. elloorn; perh. akin to OHG. holantar, holuntar, G. holunder; or perh. to E. alder, n.] (Bot.) A genus of shrubs (Sambucus) having broad umbels of white flowers, and small black or red berries.
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&hand_; The common North American species is Sambucus Canadensis; the common European species (S. nigra) forms a small tree. The red-berried elder is S. pubens. The berries are diaphoretic and aperient. The European elder (Sambucus nigra) is also called the elderberry, bourtree, Old World elder, black elder, and common elder.
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Box elder. See under 1st Box. -- Dwarf elder. See Danewort. -- Elder tree. (Bot.) Same as Elder. Shak. -- Marsh elder, the cranberry tree Viburnum Opulus).
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elderberry
el"der*ber`ry (?), n. (Bot.) 1. The berrylike drupe of the elder. That of the Old World elder (Sambucus nigra) and that of the American sweet elder (S. Canadensis) are sweetish acid, and are eaten as a berry or made into wines or jellies.
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2. the European variety of elder (see 3rd elder), a common black-fruited shrub or small tree of Europe and Asia; the fruit is used for wines and jellies.
Syn. -- bourtree, black elder, common elder, European elder, Sambucus nigra.
[WordNet 1.5]

Elderish
Eld"er*ish (?), a. Somewhat old; elderly. [R.]
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Elderly
Eld"er*ly, a. Somewhat old; advanced beyond middle age; bordering on old age; as, elderly people.
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Eldern
El"dern (?), a. Made of elder. [Obs.]
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He would discharge us as boys do eldern guns. Marston.
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Eldership
Eld"er*ship (?), n. 1. The state of being older; seniority. “Paternity an eldership.” Sir W. Raleigh.
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2. Office of an elder; collectively, a body of elders.
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Elderwort
El"der*wort` (?), n. (Bot.) Danewort.
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Eldest
Eld"est (?), a. [AS. yldest, superl. of eald old. See Elder, a.] 1. Oldest; longest in duration. Shak.
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2. Born or living first, or before the others, as a son, daughter, brother, etc.; first in origin. See Elder. “My lady's eldest son.” Shak.
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Their eldest historians are of suspected credit. Bp. Stillingfleet.
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Eldest hand (Card Playing), the player on the dealer's left hand. R. A. Proctor.
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Elding
El"ding (?), n. [Icel. elding, fr. elda to kindle, eldr fire; akin to AS. æld fire, ælan to burn.] Fuel. [Prov. Eng.] Grose.
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El Dorado
El` Do*ra"do (?), pl. El Doradoes (&unr_;). [Sp., lit., the gilt (sc. land); el the + dorado gilt, p. p. of dorare to gild. Cf. Dorado.] 1. A name given by the Spaniards in the 16th century to an imaginary country in the interior of South America, reputed to abound in gold and precious stones.
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2. Any region of fabulous wealth; exceeding richness.
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The whole comedy is a sort of El Dorado of wit. T. Moore.
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Eldritch
El"dritch (?), a. Hideous; ghastly; as, an eldritch shriek or laugh. [Local, Eng.]
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Eleatic
E`le*at"ic (?), a. [L. eleaticus, from Elea (or Velia) in Italy.] Of or pertaining to a certain school of Greek philosophers who taught that the only certain science is that which owes nothing to the senses, and all to the reason. -- n. A philosopher of the Eleatic school.
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Eleaticism
E`le*at"i*cism (?), n. The Eleatic doctrine.
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Elecampane
El`e*cam*pane" (?), n. [F. énulecampane, NL. inula campana; L. inula elecampane + LL. campana a bell; cf. G. glockenwurz, i. e., “bellwort.”] 1. (Bot.) A large, coarse herb (Inula Helenium), with composite yellow flowers. The root, which has a pungent taste, is used as a tonic, and was formerly of much repute as a stomachic.
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2. A sweetmeat made from the root of the plant.
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Elect
E*lect" (?), a. [L. electus, p. p. of eligere to elect; e out + legere to choose. See Legend, and cf. Elite, Eclectic.] 1. Chosen; taken by preference from among two or more. “Colors quaint elect.” Spenser.
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2. (Theol.) Chosen as the object of mercy or divine favor; set apart to eternal life. “The elect angels.” 1 Tim. v. 21.
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3. Chosen to an office, but not yet actually inducted into it; as, bishop elect; governor or mayor elect.
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Elect
E*lect", n. 1. One chosen or set apart.
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Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, in whom my soul delighteth. Is. xlii. 1.
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2. pl. (Theol.) Those who are chosen for salvation.
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Shall not God avenge his won elect? Luke xviii. 7.
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Elect
E*lect", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Elected; p. pr. & vb. n. Electing.] 1. To pick out; to select; to choose.
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The deputy elected by the Lord. Shak.
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2. To select or take for an office; to select by vote; as, to elect a representative, a president, or a governor.
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3. (Theol.) To designate, choose, or select, as an object of mercy or favor.

Syn. -- To choose; prefer; select. See Choose.
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Electant
E*lect"ant (?), n. [L. electans, p. pr. of electare.] One who has the power of choosing; an elector. [R.]
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Electary
E*lec"ta*ry (?), n. (Med.) See Electuary.
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Electic
E*lec"tic (?), a. See Eclectic.
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Electicism
E*lec"ti*cism (?), n. See Eclecticism.
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Election
E*lec"tion (?), n. [F. élection, L. electio, fr. eligere to choose out. See Elect, a.] 1. The act of choosing; choice; selection.
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2. The act of choosing a person to fill an office, or to membership in a society, as by ballot, uplifted hands, or viva voce; as, the election of a president or a mayor.
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Corruption in elections is the great enemy of freedom. J. Adams.
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3. Power of choosing; free will; liberty to choose or act. “By his own election led to ill.” Daniel.
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4. Discriminating choice; discernment. [Obs.]
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To use men with much difference and election is good. Bacon.
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5. (Theol.) Divine choice; predestination of individuals as objects of mercy and salvation; -- one of the “five points” of Calvinism.
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There is a remnant according to the election of grace. Rom. xi. 5.
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6. (Law) The choice, made by a party, of two alternatives, by taking one of which, the chooser is excluded from the other.
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7. Those who are elected. [Obs.]
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The election hath obtained it. Rom. xi. 7.
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To contest an election. See under Contest. -- To make one's election, to choose.
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He has made his election to walk, in the main, in the old paths. Fitzed. Hall.
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Electioneer
E*lec`tion*eer" (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Electionered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Electioneering.] To make interest for a candidate at an election; to use arts for securing the election of a candidate.
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A master of the whole art of electioneering. Macaulay.
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Electioneerer
E*lec`tion*eer"er (?), n. One who electioneers.
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Elective
E*lect"ive (?), a. [Cf. F. électif.] 1. Exerting the power of choice; selecting; as, an elective act.
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2. Pertaining to, or consisting in, choice, or right of choosing; electoral.
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The independent use of their elective franchise. Bancroft.
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3. Bestowed or passing by election; as, an elective office.
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Kings of Rome were at first elective; . . . for such are the conditions of an elective kingdom. Dryden.
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4. Dependent on choice; that can be refused; as, an elective college course. Opposite of required or mandatory.
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Elective affinity or Elective attraction (Chem.), a tendency to unite with certain things; chemism.
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Elective
E*lect"ive, n. In an American college, an optional study or course of study; a course that is not required. [Colloq.]
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Electively
E*lect"ive*ly, adv. In an elective manner; by choice.
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elective surgery
e*lect"ive sur"ger*y, n. surgery that is not essential, especially surgery to correct a condition that is not life-threatening; surgery that is not required for survival. See also cosmetic surgery.
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Elector
E*lect"or (?), n. [L., fr. eligere: cf. F. électeur.] 1. One who elects, or has the right of choice; a person who is entitled to take part in an election, or to give his vote in favor of a candidate for office.
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2. Hence, specifically, in any country, a person legally qualified to vote.
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3. In the old German empire, one of the princes entitled to choose the emperor.
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4. One of the persons chosen, by vote of the people in the United States, to elect the President and Vice President.
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Elector
E*lect"or (?), a. [Cf. F. électoral.] Pertaining to an election or to electors.
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In favor of the electoral and other princes. Burke.
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Electoral college, the body of princes formerly entitled to elect the Emperor of Germany; also, a name sometimes given, in the United States, to the body of electors chosen by the people to elect the President and Vice President.
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Electorality
E*lect`or*al"i*ty (?), n. The territory or dignity of an elector; electorate. [R.] Sir H. Wotton.
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Electorate
E*lect"or*ate (?), n. [Cf. F. électorat.] 1. The territory, jurisdiction, or dignity of an elector, as in the old German empire.
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2. The whole body of persons in a nation or state who are entitled to vote in an election, or any distinct class or division of them.
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The middle-class electorate of Great Britain. M. Arnold.
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Electoress
E*lect"or*ess (?), n. [Fem. of Elector.] An electress. Bp. Burnet.
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Electorial
E`lec*to"ri*al (?), a. Electoral. Burke.
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Electorship
E*lect"or*ship (?), n. The office or status of an elector.

Electer
Electre
{ E*lec"tre, E*lec"ter } (?), n. [L. electrum: cf. F. électre mixture of gold and silver. See Electrum.] 1. Amber. See Electrum. [Obs.]
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2. A metallic substance compounded of gold and silver; an alloy. [Obs.] Wyclif.
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Electrepeter
E`lec*trep"e*ter (&euptack_;`l&ebreve_;k*tr&ebreve_;p"&euptack_;*t&etilde_;r), n. [Electro + Gr. tre`pein to turn.] An instrument used to change the direction of electric currents; a commutator. [R.]
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Electress
E*lect"ress (&euptack_;*l&ebreve_;k"tr&ebreve_;s), n. [Cf. F. électrice. Cf. Electoress.] The wife or widow of an elector in the old German empire. Burke.

Electrical
Electric
{ E*lec"tric (&euptack_;*l&ebreve_;k"tr&ibreve_;k), E*lec"tric*al (&euptack_;*l&ebreve_;k"tr&ibreve_;*k&aitalic_;l), } a. [L. electrum amber, a mixed metal, Gr. 'h`lektron; akin to 'hle`ktwr the beaming sun, cf. Skr. arc to beam, shine: cf. F. électrique. The name came from the production of electricity by the friction of amber.] 1. Pertaining to electricity; consisting of, containing, derived from, or produced by, electricity; as, electric power or virtue; an electric jar; electric effects; an electric spark; an electric charge; an electric current; an electrical engineer.
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2. Capable of occasioning the phenomena of electricity; as, an electric or electrical machine or substance; an electric generator.
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3. Electrifying; thrilling; magnetic.Electric Pindar.” Mrs. Browning.
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4. powered by electricity; as, electrical appliances; an electric toothbrush; an electric automobile.
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Electric atmosphere, or Electric aura. See under Aura. -- Electrical battery. See Battery. -- Electrical brush. See under Brush. -- Electric cable. See Telegraph cable, under Telegraph. -- Electric candle. See under Candle. -- Electric cat (Zoöl.), one of three or more large species of African catfish of the genus Malapterurus (esp. M. electricus of the Nile). They have a large electrical organ and are able to give powerful shocks; -- called also sheathfish. -- Electric clock. See under Clock, and see Electro-chronograph. -- Electric current, a current or stream of electricity traversing a closed circuit formed of conducting substances, or passing by means of conductors from one body to another which is in a different electrical state. -- Electric eel, or Electrical eel (Zoöl.), a South American eel-like fresh-water fish of the genus Gymnotus (G. electricus), from two to five feet in length, capable of giving a violent electric shock. See Gymnotus. -- Electrical fish (Zoöl.), any fish which has an electrical organ by means of which it can give an electrical shock. The best known kinds are the torpedo, the gymnotus, or electrical eel, and the electric cat. See Torpedo, and Gymnotus. -- Electric fluid, the supposed matter of electricity; lightning. [archaic] -- Electrical image (Elec.), a collection of electrical points regarded as forming, by an analogy with optical phenomena, an image of certain other electrical points, and used in the solution of electrical problems. Sir W. Thomson. -- Electric machine, or Electrical machine, an apparatus for generating, collecting, or exciting, electricity, as by friction. -- Electric motor. See Electro-motor, 2. -- Electric osmose. (Physics) See under Osmose. -- Electric pen, a hand pen for making perforated stencils for multiplying writings. It has a puncturing needle driven at great speed by a very small magneto-electric engine on the penhandle. -- Electric railway, a railway in which the machinery for moving the cars is driven by an electric current. -- Electric ray (Zoöl.), the torpedo. -- Electric telegraph. See Telegraph.
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Electric
E*lec"tric (?), n. (Physics) A nonconductor of electricity, as amber, glass, resin, etc., employed to excite or accumulate electricity.
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Electrically
E*lec"tric*al*ly (?), adv. In the manner of electricity, or by means of it; thrillingly.
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Electricalness
E*lec"tric*al*ness, a. The state or quality of being electrical.
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electrician
e`lec*tri"cian (ē`l&ebreve_;k*tr&ibreve_;sh"&aitalic_;n), n. 1. An investigator of electricity; one versed in the science of electricity. [archaic]
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2. a technician who installs, repairs, or maintains electrical wiring or electrical devices, especially in buildings.
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3. a person who is licensed by a governmental board to install electrical wiring and devices in structures; called also a licensed electrician.
[PJC]

Electricity
E`lec*tric"i*ty (ē`l&ebreve_;k*tr&ibreve_;s"&ibreve_;*t&ybreve_;), n.; pl. Electricities (ē`l&ebreve_;k*tr&ibreve_;s"&ibreve_;*t&ibreve_;z). [Cf. F. électricité. See Electric.] 1. (Physics) a property of certain of the fundamental particles of which matter is composed, called also electric charge, and being of two types, designated positive and negative; the property of electric charge on a particle or physical body creates a force field which affects other particles or bodies possessing electric charge; positive charges create a repulsive force between them, and negative charges also create a repulsive force. A positively charged body and a negatively charged body will create an attractive force between them. The unit of electrical charge is the coulomb, and the intensity of the force field at any point is measured in volts.
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2. any of several phenomena associated with the accumulation or movement of electrically charged particles within material bodies, classified as static electricity and electric current. Static electricity is often observed in everyday life, when it causes certain materials to cling together; when sufficient static charge is accumulated, an electric current may pass through the air between two charged bodies, and is observed as a visible spark; when the spark passes from a human body to another object it may be felt as a mild to strong painful sensation. Electricity in the form of electric current is put to many practical uses in electrical and electronic devices. Lightning is also known to be a form of electric current passing between clouds and the ground, or between two clouds. Electric currents may produce heat, light, concussion, and often chemical changes when passed between objects or through any imperfectly conducting substance or space. Accumulation of electrical charge or generation of a voltage differnce between two parts of a complex object may be caused by any of a variety of disturbances of molecular equilibrium, whether from a chemical, physical, or mechanical, cause. Electric current in metals and most other solid coductors is carried by the movement of electrons from one part of the metal to another. In ionic solutions and in semiconductors, other types of movement of charged particles may be responsible for the observed electrical current.
[PJC]

&hand_; Electricity is manifested under following different forms: (a) Statical electricity, called also Frictional electricity or Common electricity, electricity in the condition of a stationary charge, in which the disturbance is produced by friction, as of glass, amber, etc., or by induction. (b) Dynamical electricity, called also Voltaic electricity, electricity in motion, or as a current produced by chemical decomposition, as by means of a voltaic battery, or by mechanical action, as by dynamo-electric machines. (c) Thermoelectricity, in which the disturbing cause is heat (attended possibly with some chemical action). It is developed by uniting two pieces of unlike metals in a bar, and then heating the bar unequally. (d) Atmospheric electricity, any condition of electrical disturbance in the atmosphere or clouds, due to some or all of the above mentioned causes. (e) Magnetic electricity, electricity developed by the action of magnets. (f) Positive electricity, the electricity that appears at the positive pole or anode of a battery, or that is produced by friction of glass; -- called also vitreous electricity. (g) Negative electricity, the electricity that appears at the negative pole or cathode, or is produced by the friction of resinous substance; -- called also resinous electricity. (h) Organic electricity, that which is developed in organic structures, either animal or vegetable, the phrase animal electricity being much more common.
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3. The science which studies the phenomena and laws of electricity; electrical science.
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4. Fig.: excitement, anticipation, or emotional tension, usually caused by the occurrence or expectation of something unusual or important.

Electrical light
Electrical light, 1. the light produced by a current of electricity which in passing through a resisting medium heats it to incandescence or burns it. See under Carbon.
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2. a lamp whose light is produced by passing an electric current through a light bulb, especially an incandescent lamp.
[PJC]

electric chair
e*lec"tric chair`, n. a device used for execution of criminals, consisting of a specially designed chair in which the victim is killed by passing a large current of electricity through the body. This method of killing is called electrocution.
Syn. -- the chair, death chair, hot seat. [PJC]

electrical charge
electric charge
electric charge, electrical charge, same as electricity{1}.
[PJC]

electrical current
electric current
electric current, electrical current, the movement of electrically charged particles, atoms, or ions, through solids, liquids, gases, or free space; the term is usually used of relatively smooth movements of electric charge through conductors, whether constant or variable. Sudden movements of charge are usually referred to by other terms, such as spark or lightning or discharge. In metallic conductors the electric current is usually due to movement of electrons through the metal. The current is measured as the rate of movement of charge per unit time, and is counted in units of amperes. As a formal definition, the direction of movement of electric current is considered as the same as the direction of movement of positive charge, or in a direction opposite to the movement of negative charge. Electric current may move constantly in a single direction, called direct current (abbreviated DC), or may move alternately in one direction and then the opposite direction, called alternating current (abbreviated AC).
[PJC]

Electrifiable
E*lec"tri*fi`a*ble (?), a. Capable of receiving electricity, or of being charged with it.
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Electrification
E*lec`tri*fi*ca"tion (?), n. (Physics) The act of electrifying, or the state of being charged with electricity.
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Electrify
E*lec"tri*fy (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Electrified (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Electrifying (?).] [Electric + -fy.] 1. To communicate electricity to; to charge with electricity; as, to electrify a jar.
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2. To cause electricity to pass through; to affect by electricity; to give an electric shock to; as, to electrify a limb, or the body.
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3. To excite suddenly and violently, esp. by something highly delightful or inspiriting; to thrill; as, this patriotic sentiment electrified the audience.
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If the sovereign were now to immure a subject in defiance of the writ of habeas corpus . . . the whole nation would be instantly electrified by the news. Macaulay.
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Try whether she could electrify Mr. Grandcourt by mentioning it to him at table. G. Eliot.
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4. To equip for employment of electric power; to modify (a device) so that it uses electrical power as the main source of energy; as, to electrify a railroad.
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Electrify
E*lec"tri*fy, v. i. To become electric.
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Electrine
E*lec"trine (?), a. [L. electrinus of amber. See Electric.] 1. Belonging to, or made of, amber.
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2. Made of electrum, an alloy used by the ancients.
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Electrition
E`lec*tri"tion (?), n. (Physiol.) The recognition by an animal body of the electrical condition of external objects.
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Electrization
E*lec`tri*za"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. électrisation.] The act of electrizing; electrification.
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Electrize
E*lec"trize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Electrized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Electrizing (?).] [Cf. F. électriser.] To electricity. Eng. Cyc.
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Electrizer
E*lec"tri`zer (?), n. One who, or that which, electrizes.
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Electro-
E*lec"tro- (?). [L. electrum amber. See Electric.] A prefix or combining form signifying pertaining to electricity, produced by electricity, producing or employing electricity, etc.; as, electro-negative; electro-dynamic; electro-magnet.
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Electro
E*lec"tro, n. An electrotype.
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Electro-ballistic
E*lec`tro-bal*lis"tic (?), a. Pertaining to electro-ballistics.
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Electro-ballistics
E*lec`tro-bal*lis"tics (?), n. The art or science of measuring the force or velocity of projectiles by means of electricity.
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Electro-biologist
E*lec`tro-bi*ol"o*gist (?), n. (Biol.) One versed in electro-biology.
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Electro-biology
E*lec`tro-bi*ol"o*gy (?), n. (Biol.) 1. That branch of biology which treats of the electrical phenomena of living organisms.
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2. That phase of mesmerism or animal magnetism, the phenomena of which are supposed to be produced by a form of electricity.
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Electro-bioscopy
E*lec`tro-bi*os"co*py (?), n. [Electro- + Gr. &unr_; life + -scopy.] (Biol.) A method of determining the presence or absence of life in an animal organism with a current of electricity, by noting the presence or absence of muscular contraction.
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Electro-capillarity
E*lec`tro-cap`il*lar"i*ty (?), n. (Physics) The occurrence or production of certain capillary effects by the action of an electrical current or charge.
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Electro-capillary
E*lec`tro-cap"il*la*ry (?), a. (Physics) Pert. to, or caused by, electro-capillarity.
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Electro-chemical
E*lec`tro-chem"ic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to electro-chemistry. Ure.
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Electro-chemistry
E*lec`tro-chem"is*try (?), n. That branch of science which treats of the relation of electricity to chemical changes.
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Electro-chronograph
E*lec`tro-chron"o*graph (?), n. (Astron. Physics) An instrument for obtaining an accurate record of the time at which any observed phenomenon occurs, or of its duration. It has an electro-magnetic register connected with a clock. See Chronograph.
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Electro-chronographic
E*lec`tro-chron`o*graph"ic (?), a. Belonging to the electro-chronograph, or recorded by the aid of it.
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Electrocute
E*lec"tro*cute` (?), v. t. [Electro- + cute in execute.] To execute or put to death by electricity. -- E*lec`tro*cu"tion, n.
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electrocution
electrocution n. 1. execution by electricity. Electrocution as a form of punishment for crime is usually carried out while the victim is sitting in a chair specially designed for the purpose, called an electric chair, fitted with electrodes that contact the head and limbs. To be executed in such a manner is sometimes referred to in grim humor as to ride the lightning.
Syn. -- burning.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

2. killing by electric shock.
[WordNet 1.5]

electrocutioner
electrocutioner n. an executioner who uses electricity to kill the condemned person.
[WordNet 1.5]

Electrode
E*lec"trode (&euptack_;*l&ebreve_;k"trōd), n. [Electro- + Gr. "odo`s way, path: cf. F. électrode.] (Elec.) a conducting object by which electricity is conveyed into or from a solution or other non-metallic conducting medium; esp., the ends of the wires or conductors, leading from source of electricity, and terminating in the medium traversed by the current. Electrodes may be specially designed or made of a special material for particular purposes, as for example silver electrodes used in electroplating.
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Electro-dynamical
Electro-dynamic
{ E*lec`tro-dy*nam"ic (?), E*lec`tro-dy*nam"ic*al (?), } a. (Physics) Pertaining to the movements or force of electric or galvanic currents; dependent on electric force.
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Electro-dynamics
E*lec`tro-dy*nam"ics (?), n. 1. The phenomena of electricity in motion.
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2. The branch of science which treats of the properties of electric currents; dynamical electricity.
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Electro-dynamometer
E*lec`tro-dy`na*mom"e*ter (?), n. An instrument for measuring the strength of electro-dynamic currents.
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Electro-engraving
E*lec`tro-en*grav"ing (?), n. The art or process of engraving by means of electricity.
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Electro-etching
E*lec`tro-etch"ing (?), n. A mode of etching upon metals by electrolytic action.
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Electrogenesis
E*lec`tro*gen"e*sis (?), n. [Electro- + genesis.] (Physiol.) Same as Electrogeny.
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Electrogenic
E*lec`tro*gen"ic (?), a. (Physiol.) Of or pertaining to electrogenesis; as, an electrogenic condition.
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Electrogeny
E`lec*trog"e*ny (?), n. [Electro- + Gr. &unr_; to produce.] (Physiol.) A term sometimes applied to the effects (tetanus) produced in the muscles of the limbs, when a current of electricity is passed along the spinal cord or nerves.
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Electro-gilding
E*lec`tro-gild"ing (?), n. The art or process of gilding copper, iron, etc., by means of voltaic electricity.
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Electro-gilt
E*lec"tro-gilt` (?), a. Gilded by means of voltaic electricity.
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Electrograph
E*lec"tro*graph (?), n. [Electro- + -graph.] 1. A mark, record, or tracing, made by the action of electricity.
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2. An apparatus, controlled by electric devices, used to trace designs for etching.
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3. An instrument for the reproduction at a distance of pictures, maps, etc., by means of electricity. [archaic]
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4. An image made by the Röntgen rays; a sciagraph. [archaic]
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5. A cinematograph using the arc light. [archaic]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Electrographic
E*lec`tro*graph"ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to an electrograph or electrography.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Electrography
E*lec*trog"ra*phy (?), n. 1. The art or process of making electrographs or using an electrograph.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

2. = Galvanography.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Electro-kinetic
E*lec`tro-ki*net"ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to electro-kinetics.
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Electro-kinetics
E*lec`tro-ki*net"ics (?), n. That branch of electrical science which treats of electricity in motion.
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Electrolier
E*lec`tro*lier" (?), n. [Formed from electric in imitation of chandelier.] A branching frame, often of ornamental design, to support electric illuminating lamps.
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Electrology
E`lec*trol"o*gy (?), n. [Electro- + -logy.] That branch of physical science which treats of the phenomena of electricity and its properties.
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Electrolysis
E`lec*trol"y*sis (?), n. [Electro- + Gr. &unr_; a loosing, dissolving, fr. &unr_; to loose, dissolve.] (Physics & Chem.) The act or process of chemical decomposition, by the action of electricity; as, the electrolysis of silver or nickel for plating; the electrolysis of water.
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Electrolyte
E*lec"tro*lyte (?), n. [Electro- + Gr. &unr_; a dissoluble: cf. F. électrolyte.] (Physics & Chem.) A compound decomposable, or subjected to decomposition, by an electric current.

Electrolytical
Electrolytic
{ E*lec`tro*lyt"ic (?), E*lec`tro*lyt"ic*al (?), } a. [Cf. F. électrolytique.] Pertaining to electrolysis; as, electrolytic action. -- E*lec`tro*lyt"ic*al*ly, adv.
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Electrolyzable
E*lec"tro*ly`za*ble (?), a. Capable of being electrolyzed, or decomposed by electricity.
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Electrolyzation
E*lec`tro*ly*za"tion (?), n. The act or the process of electrolyzing.
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Electrolyze
E*lec"tro*lyze (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Electrolyzed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Electrolyzing (?).] [Cf. F. électrolyser. See Electrolysis.] 1. To decompose by the direct action of electricity. Faraday.
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2. [See Electrolysis.] To subject to electrolysis. -- E*lec`tro*ly*za"tion (#), n.
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Electro-magnet
E*lec`tro-mag"net (?), n. A mass, usually of soft iron, but sometimes of some other magnetic metal, as nickel or cobalt, rendered temporarily magnetic by being placed within a coil of wire through which a current of electricity is passing. The metal is generally in the form of a bar, either straight, or bent into the shape of a horseshoe.
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Electro-magnetic
E*lec`tro-mag*net"ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to electromagnetism.
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Electro-magnetic engine, an engine in which the motive force is electro-magnetism. -- Electro-magnetic theory of light (Physics), a theory of light which makes it consist in the rapid alternation of transient electric currents moving transversely to the direction of the ray.
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Electro-magnetism
E*lec`tro-mag"net*ism n. 1. magnetism produced by an electric current.
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2. one of the fundamental forces of nature, responsible for both electrical and magnetic phenomena. Called also the electromagnetic force. Formerly believed to be separate phenomena, electricity and magnetism were shown by experiment and theory to be different aspects of the electromagnetic force. It is responsible for the forces generated between magnetically or electrically charged objects, and is the fundamental force responsible for the characteristics of electromagnetic radiation, including light.
[PJC]

3. the branch of physics concerned with electromagnetic phenomena.
[WordNet 1.5]

Electro-metallurgy
E*lec`tro-met"al*lur`gy (?), n. The act or art precipitating a metal electro-chemical action, by which a coating is deposited, on a prepared surface, as in electroplating and electrotyping; galvanoplasty.
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Electrometer
E`lec*trom"e*ter (?), n. [Electro- + -meter: cf. F. électromètre.] (Physics) An instrument for measuring the quantity or intensity of electricity; also, sometimes, and less properly, applied to an instrument which indicates the presence of electricity (usually called an electroscope).
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Balance electrometer. See under Balance.

Electro-metrical
Electro-metric
{ E*lec`tro-met"ric (?), E*lec`tro-met"ric*al (?), } a. [Cf. F. électrométrique.] Pertaining to electrometry; made by means of an electrometer; as, an electrometrical experiment.
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Electrometry
E`lec*trom"e*try (?), n. [Cf. F. électrométrie.] (Physics) The art or process of making electrical measurements.
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Electro-motion
E*lec`tro-mo"tion (?), n. The motion of electricity or its passage from one metal to another in a voltaic circuit; mechanical action produced by means of electricity.
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Electro-motive
E*lec`tro-mo"tive (?), a. Producing electro-motion; producing, or tending to produce, electricity or an electric current; causing electrical action or effects.
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Electro-motive force (Physics), the force which produces, or tends to produce, electricity, or an electric current; sometimes used to express the degree of electrification as equivalent to potential, or more properly difference of potential.
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Electromotor
E*lec`tro*mo"tor (?), n. [Cf. F. électromoteur.] 1. (Physics) A mover or exciter of electricity; as apparatus for generating a current of electricity.
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2. (Mech.) An apparatus or machine for producing motion and mechanical effects by the action of electricity; an electro-magnetic engine.
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Electro-muscular
E*lec`tro-mus"cu*lar (?), a. (Physiol.) Pertaining to the reaction (contraction) of the muscles under electricity, or their sensibility to it.
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Electron
E*lec"tron (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. 'h`lektron. See Electric.] 1. Amber; also, the alloy of gold and silver, called electrum. [archaic]
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2. (Physics & Chem.) one of the fundamental subatomic particles, having a negative charge and about one thousandth the mass of a hydrogen atom. The electron carries (or is) a natural unit of negative electricity, equal to 3.4 x 10-10 electrostatic units, and is classed by physicists as a lepton. Its mass is practically constant at the lesser speeds, but increases due to relativistic effects as the velocity approaches that of light. Electrons are all of one kind, so far as is known. Thus far, no structure has been detected within an electron, and it is probably one of the ultimate composite constituents of all matter. An atom or group of atoms from which an electron has been detached has a positive charge and is called a cation. Electrons are projected from the cathode of vacuum tubes (including television picture tubes) as cathode rays and from radioactive substances as the beta rays. Previously also referred to as corpuscle, an obsolete term. The motion of electrons through metallic conductors is observed as an electric current. A particle identical to the electron in mass and most other respects, but having a positive instead of a negative charge, is called a positron, or antielectron
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

Electronegative
Electro-negative
E*lec`tro-neg"a*tive, E*lec`tro*neg"a*tive (?), a. (Chem. & Physics) 1. Having the property of being attracted by an electro-positive body, or a tendency to pass to the positive pole in electrolysis, by the law that opposite electricities attract each other. Contrasted with neutral and electropositive
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2. Negative; nonmetallic; acidic; -- opposed to positive, metallic, or basic.
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3. (Physics) carrying a negative electrical charge.
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4. (Chem. and Physics) having a tendency to take up electrons and form negative ions; having a relatively positive electrode potential.
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Electro-negative
E*lec`tro-neg"a*tive, n. (Chem. & Physics) A body which passes to the positive pole in electrolysis; an anion.
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electroneutral
electroneutral adj. (Physics) having no net electric charge; not electrified; uncharged; neutral. Opposite of charged.
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Electronic
E`lec*tron"ic (?), a. (Physics & Chem.) 1. Of or pertaining to an electron or electrons; as, electronic energy. [wns=2]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

2. Using the methods or principles of electronics as part of the working mechanism; -- of devices; as, electronic circuit; electronic devices; electronic entertainment devices.
[PJC]

3. Using computerized storage or transmission of information; as, electronic banking; electronic mail; electronic fund transfer.
[PJC]

4. of or pertaining to electronics. [wns=1]
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electronic device
electronic device n. a device depending on the principles of electronics and using the manipulation of electron flow for its operation.
[PJC]

&hand_; Numerous electronic devices are in daily use, among them the television, radio, computer, robot, transmitter, receiver, VCR, CD player, etc.
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Electronic mail
E`lec*tron"ic mail (?), n. (Computers) 1. a message transmitted from one computer to another, accessible by means of a mail reading program on the receiving computer. The message may have one or many intended recipients, and may be directed by the sending program to one or to multiple receiving computers. The message is typically in the form of a computer file, and may be a simple ASCII text, or any other type of binary coded information
Syn. -- email. [PJC]

electronics
electronics n. 1. the branch of physics that deals with the behavior of electrons. Electronics is primarily concerned with phenomena other than simple conduction, such as emission of electrons, storage of electrical charge, the effects of electrical fields on the conduction of electrons through a circuit, and amplification and manipulation of electric signals such as voltage or current by design of circuits. Electronics also encompasses the application of such fundamental principles to the construction of devices using the manipulation of electrons in their operation, known as electronic devices.
[PJC]

2. the branch of engineering concerned with design of devices using the principles of electronics, for practical purposes.
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3. electronic devices generally, or the electronic circuits within an electronic device. The Russian harvesters are sturdily constructed, but their electronics are primitive.
[PJC]

electron-volt
electron-volt n. a unit of energy, being equal to the kinetic energy acquired by an electron when accelerated through a potential difference of one volt. It is equal to 1.602 x 10-19 Joules. It is abbreviated eV. The unit electron-volt is often used to express the rest mass and the energy of fundamental particles, especially when accelerated to high velocity in an accelerator. In accelerators, the units encountered are more commonly megaelectron-volts (MeV or million electron-volts) and giga-electron-volts (GeV or billion electron-volts).
[PJC]

Electropathy
E`lec*trop"a*thy (?), n. [Electro- + Gr. pa`qos suffering.] (Med.) The treatment of disease by electricity.
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Electrophone
E*lec"tro*phone (?), n. [Electro- + Gr. fwnh` sound.] (Physics) An instrument for producing sound by means of electric currents.
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electrophoresis
electrophoresis n. 1. (Chem.) the motion of charged molecules or particles in a liquid medium under the influence of an electric field; particles with a positive charge move toward the cathode and negative to the anode. [wns=1]
Syn. -- cataphoresis.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. (Chem., Biochem.) the application of the principle of electrophoresis to separate molecules, used as an analytical or preparative technique; as, separation by electrophoresis; gel electrophoresis.
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&hand_; Gel electrophoresis is a technique in which the molecules to be separated are moved through a gelatinous medium under the influence of an electric field. At the completion of a period of electrophoresis, the gel, unlike a liquid solution, may be manipulated as a single object, permitting the substances contained within to be detected or visualized by a variety of methods, and their relative mobilities determined. It is therefore a popular analytic tool in biochemistry, and has many variants. Popular substances used to create the gel are starch, polyacrylamide, and agarose. Since a polyacrylamide gel can be created with different concentrations and different degrees of cross-linking, the pore size of the gel can be controlled to provide special properties appropriate to separation of specific molecules, as for example optimizaion for separation within a particular molecular weight range. in SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, SDS (sodium dodecyl sulfate, a detergent) is included; it binds to and denatures protein molecules, allowing them to be separated on the basis of their molecular weight alone. It is thus used as one method of determining the molecular weights of isolated protein chains.
[PJC]

electrophoretic
electrophoretic adj. of or pertaining to electrophoresis; electrophoretic mobility; accomplished using electrophoresis; as, electrophoretic separation; electrophoretic analysis.
Syn. -- cataphoretic.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Electrophoridae
Electrophoridae n. small natural family comprising the electric eels.
Syn. -- family Electrophoridae.
[WordNet 1.5]

Electrophorus
E*lec`troph"o*rus (?), n.; pl. ‖Electrophori (#). [NL., fr. combining form electro- + Gr. fe`rein to bear.] (Physics) An instrument for exciting electricity, and repeating the charge indefinitely by induction, consisting of a flat cake of resin, shellac, or ebonite, upon which is placed a plate of metal.
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Electro-physiological
E*lec`tro-phys`i*o*log"ic*al (?), a. (Physiol.) Pertaining to electrical results produced through physiological agencies, or by change of action in a living organism.
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Electro-physiology
E*lec`tro-phys`i*ol"o*gy (?), n. (Physiol.) That branch of physiology which treats of electric phenomena produced through physiological agencies; it is especially concerned with electrical impulses generated by and conducted between nerves.
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Electroplate
E*lec"tro*plate` (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Electroplating.] (Mech.) To plate or cover with a coating of metal, usually silver, nickel, chromium, or gold, by means of electrolysis.
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Electroplater
E*lec"tro*pla`ter (?), n. One who electroplates.
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electroplating
e*lec"tro*pla`ting (?), n. The art or process of depositing a coating (commonly) of silver, gold, or nickel on an inferior metal, by means of an electric current. The metal to be deposited on an article is usually used as the anode and the article to be plated as the cathode, in an electrolyte solution in which the plating metal is the cation. The process is conducted in a tank called an electroplating bath, which holds the electrolyte solution.
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Electropoion fluid
Electropoion
E*lec`tro*poi"on (?), n., or Electropoion fluid. [NL.; electro- + Gr. poiw^n, p. pr. of poiei^n to make.] (Elec.) An exciting and depolarizing acid solution used in certain cells or batteries, as the Grenet battery. Electropoion is best prepared by mixing one gallon of concentrated sulphuric acid diluted with three gallons of water, with a solution of six pounds of potassium bichromate in two gallons of boiling water. It should be used cold.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Electro-polar
E*lec`tro-po"lar (?), a. (Physics) Possessing electrical polarity; positively electrified at one end, or on one surface, and negatively at the other; -- said of a conductor.
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Electro-positive
E*lec`tro-pos"i*tive (?), a. 1. (Physics) Of such a nature relatively to some other associated body or bodies, as to tend to the negative pole of a voltaic battery, in electrolysis, while the associated body tends to the positive pole; -- the converse or correlative of electro-negative.
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&hand_; An element that is electro-positive in one compound may be electro-negative in another, and vice versa.
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2. (Chem.) Hence: Positive; metallic; basic; -- distinguished from negative, nonmetallic, or acid.
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Electro-positive
E*lec`tro-pos"i*tive, n. (Chem. & Physics) A body which passes to the negative pole in electrolysis.

Electro-puncturing
Electro-puncturation
{ E*lec`tro-punc`tu*ra"tion (?), E*lec`tro-punc`tur*ing (?; 135) }, n. (Med.) See Electropuncture.
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Electro-puncture
E*lec`tro-punc`ture (?; 135), n. (Med.) An operation that consists in inserting needless in the part affected, and connecting them with the poles of a galvanic apparatus.
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Electroscope
E*lec"tro*scope (?), n. [Electro- + -scope: cf. F. électroscope.] (Physics) An instrument for detecting the presence of electricity, or changes in the electric state of bodies, or the species of electricity present, as by means of pith balls, and the like.
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Condensing electroscope (Physics), a form of electroscope in which an increase of sensibility is obtained by the use of a condenser.
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Electroscopic
E*lec`tro*scop"ic (?), a. Relating to, or made by means of, the electroscope.
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Electrostatic
E*lec`tro*stat"ic (?), a. Pertaining to electrostatics.
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Electrostatics
E*lec`tro*stat"ics (?), n. (Physics) That branch of science which treats of statical electricity or electric force in a state of rest.
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Electro-stereotype
E*lec`tro-ste"re*o*type (?), n. Same as Electrotype.
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Electro-telegraphic
E*lec`tro-tel`e*graph"ic (?), a. Pertaining to the electric telegraph, or by means of it.
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Electro-telegraphy
E*lec`tro-te*leg"ra*phy (?), n. The art or science of constructing or using the electric telegraph; the transmission of messages by means of the electric telegraph.
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Electro-therapeutics
E*lec`tro-ther`a*peu"tics (?), n. (Med.) The branch of medical science which treats of the applications agent.
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Electro-thermancy
E*lec`tro-ther"man*cy (?), n. That branch of electrical science which treats of the effect of an electric current upon the temperature of a conductor, or a part of a circuit composed of two different metals.
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Electro-tint
E*lec"tro-tint` (?), n. (Fine Arts) A style of engraving in relief by means of voltaic electricity. A picture is drawn on a metallic plate with some material which resists the fluids of a battery; so that, in electro-typing, the parts not covered by the varnish, etc., receive a deposition of metal, and produce the required copy in intaglio. A cast of this is then the plate for printing.
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Electrotonic
E*lec`tro*ton"ic (?), a. 1. (Physics) Of or pertaining to electrical tension; -- said of a supposed peculiar condition of a conducting circuit during its exposure to the action of another conducting circuit traversed by a uniform electric current when both circuits remain stationary. Faraday.
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2. (Physiol.) Relating to electrotonus; as, the electrotonic condition of a nerve.
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Electrotonize
E`lec*trot"o*nize (?), v. t. (Physiol.) To cause or produce electrotonus.
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Electrotonous
E`lec*trot"o*nous (?), a. Electrotonic.
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Electrotonus
E`lec*trot"o*nus (?), n. [NL., fr. combining form electro- + Gr. &unr_; tension.] (Physiol.) The modified condition of a nerve, when a constant current of electricity passes through any part of it. See Anelectrotonus, and Catelectrotonus.
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Electrotype
E*lec"tro*type (?), n. [Electro- + -type.] A facsimile plate made by electrotypy for use in printing; also, an impression or print from such plate. Also used adjectively.
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&hand_; The face of an electrotype consists of a shell of copper, silver, or the like, produced by the action of an electrical current upon a plate of metal and a wax mold suspended in an acid bath and connected with opposite poles of the battery. It is backed up with a solid filling of type metal.
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Electrotype
E*lec"tro*type, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Electrotyped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Electrotyping (?).] To make facsimile plates of by the electrotype process; as, to electrotype a page of type, a book, etc. See Electrotype, n.
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Electrotyper
E*lec"tro*ty`per (?), n. One who electrotypes.
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Electrotypic
E*lec`tro*typ"ic (?), a. Pertaining to, or effected by means of, electrotypy.
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Electrotyping
E*lec"tro*ty`ping (?), n. The act or the process of making electrotypes.
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Electrotypy
E*lec"tro*ty`py (?), n. The process of producing electrotype plates. See Note under Electrotype, n.
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Electro-vital
E*lec`tro-vi"tal (?), a. Derived from, or dependent upon, vital processes; -- said of certain electric currents supposed by some physiologists to circulate in the nerves of animals.
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Electro-vitalism
E*lec`tro-vi"tal*ism (?), n. (Physiol.) The theory that the functions of living organisms are dependent upon electricity or a kindred force.
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Electrum
E*lec"trum (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. &unr_;. See Electric, and cf. Electre, Electron.] 1. Amber.
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2. An alloy of gold and silver, of an amber color, used by the ancients.
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3. German-silver plate. See German silver, under German.
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Electuary
E*lec"tu*a*ry (?; 135), n.; pl. Electuaries (#). [OE. letuaire, OF. lettuaire, electuaire, F. électuaire, L. electuarium, electarium. prob. fr. Gr. &unr_;, &unr_; a medicine that is licked away, fr. Gr. &unr_; to lick up; 'ek out + &unr_; to lick. See Lick, and cf. Eclegm.] (Med.) A medicine composed of powders, or other ingredients, incorporated with some convserve, honey, or sirup; a confection. See the note under Confection.
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Eleemosynarily
El`ee*mos"y*na*ri*ly (?), adv. In an eleemosynary manner; by charity; charitably.
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Eleemosynary
El`ee*mos"y*na*ry (?; 277), a. [LL. eleemosynarius, fr. eleemosyna alms, Gr. &unr_; alms. See Alms.] 1. Relating to charity, alms, or almsgiving; intended for the distribution of charity; as, an eleemosynary corporation.
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2. Given in charity or alms; having the nature of alms; as, eleemosynary assistance.Eleemosynary cures.” Boyle.
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3. Supported by charity; as, eleemosynary poor.
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Eleemosynary
El`ee*mos"y*na*ry, n.; pl. Eleemosynaries (&unr_;). One who subsists on charity; a dependent. South.

Elegancy
Elegance
{ El"e*gance (?), El"e*gan*cy (?), } n. [L. elegantia, fr. elegans, -antis, elegant: cf. F. élégance.] 1. The state or quality of being elegant; beauty as resulting from choice qualities and the complete absence of what deforms or impresses unpleasantly; grace given by art or practice; fine polish; refinement; -- said of manners, language, style, form, architecture, etc.
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That grace that elegance affords. Drayton.
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The endearing elegance of female friendship. Johnson.
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A trait of native elegance, seldom seen in the masculine character after childhood or early youth, was shown in the General's fondness for the sight and fragrance of flowers. Hawthorne.
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2. That which is elegant; that which is tasteful and highly attractive.
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The beautiful wildness of nature, without the nicer elegancies of art. Spectator.

Syn. -- Elegance, Grace. Elegance implies something of a select style of beauty, which is usually produced by art, skill, or training; as, elegance of manners, composition, handwriting, etc.; elegant furniture; an elegant house, etc. Grace, as the word is here used, refers to bodily movements, and is a lower order of beauty. It may be a natural gift; thus, the manners of a peasant girl may be graceful, but can hardly be called elegant.
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Elegant
El"e*gant (?), a. [L. elegans, -antis; akin to eligere to pick out, choose, select: cf. F. élégant. See Elect.] 1. Very choice, and hence, pleasing to good taste; characterized by grace, propriety, and refinement, and the absence of every thing offensive; exciting admiration and approbation by symmetry, completeness, freedom from blemish, and the like; graceful; tasteful and highly attractive; as, elegant manners; elegant style of composition; an elegant speaker; an elegant structure.
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A more diligent cultivation of elegant literature. Prescott.
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2. Exercising a nice choice; discriminating beauty or sensitive to beauty; as, elegant taste.

Syn. -- Tasteful; polished; graceful; refined; comely; handsome; richly ornamental.
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Elegantly
El"e*gant*ly, adv. In a manner to please nice taste; with elegance; with due symmetry; richly.
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Elegiac
E*le"gi*ac (?; 277), a. [L. elegiacus, Gr. &unr_;: cf. F. élégiaque. See Elegy.] 1. Belonging to elegy, or written in elegiacs; plaintive; expressing sorrow or lamentation; as, an elegiac lay; elegiac strains.
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Elegiac griefs, and songs of love. Mrs. Browning.
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2. Used in elegies; as, elegiac verse; the elegiac distich or couplet, consisting of a dactylic hexameter and pentameter.
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Elegiac
E*le"gi*ac (?), n. Elegiac verse.
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Elegiacal
El`e*gi"a*cal (?), a. Elegiac.
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Elegiast
E*le"gi*ast (?), n. One who composes elegies. Goldsmith.
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Elegiographer
El`e*gi*og"ra*pher (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; an elegy + -graph + -er.] An elegist. [Obs.]
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Elegist
El"e*gist (?), n. A write of elegies. T. Warton.
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Elegit
E*le"git (?), n. [L., he has chosen, fr. eligere to choose. See Elect.] (Law) A judicial writ of execution, by which a defendant's goods are appraised and delivered to the plaintiff, and, if not sufficient to satisfy the debt, all of his lands are delivered, to be held till the debt is paid by the rents and profits, or until the defendant's interest has expired.
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Elegize
El"e*gize (?), v. t. To lament in an elegy; to celebrate in elegiac verse; to bewail. Carlyle.
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Elegy
El"e*gy (?), n.; pl. Elegies (#). [L. elegia, Gr. &unr_;, fem. sing. (cf. &unr_;, prop., neut. pl. of &unr_; a distich in elegiac verse), fr. &unr_; elegiac, fr. &unr_; a song of mourning.] A mournful or plaintive poem; a funereal song; a poem of lamentation. Shak.
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Eleidin
E*le"i*din (?), n. (Biol.) Lifeless matter deposited in the form of minute granules within the protoplasm of living cells.
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Elemi figs
Eleme figs
{ El"e*me figs`, or El"e*mi figs` } (&ebreve_;l"&euptack_;*m&ibreve_;). [Turk. eleme anything which has been sifted and freed from dust or broken parts.] A kind of figs of superior quality.
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Element
El"e*ment (?), n. [F. élément, L. elementum.] 1. One of the simplest or essential parts or principles of which anything consists, or upon which the constitution or fundamental powers of anything are based.
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2. One of the ultimate, undecomposable constituents of any kind of matter. Specifically: (Chem.) A substance which cannot be decomposed into different kinds of matter by any means at present employed; as, the elements of water are oxygen and hydrogen.
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&hand_; The elements are naturally classified in several families or groups, as the group of the alkaline elements, the halogen group, and the like. They are roughly divided into two great classes, the metals, as sodium, calcium, etc., which form basic compounds, and the nonmetals or metalloids, as oxygen, sulphur, chlorine, which form acid compounds; but the distinction is only relative, and some, as arsenic, tin, aluminium, etc., form both acid and basic compounds. The essential fact regarding every element is its relative atomic number, which is equal to the number of protons in the nucleus, and also equal to the number of electrons in orbitals around the nucleus when the atom is neutral. When the elements are tabulated in the order of their ascending atomic numbers, the arrangement constitutes the series of the Periodic law of Mendelejeff. See Periodic law, under Periodic. This Periodic law enables us to predict the qualities of unknown elements. The number of elements known in 1890 were about seventy-five, but at that time the gaps in the Periodic law indicated the possibility of many more. All of the elements up to atomic number 100 have now been observed though some are radioactive and very unstable, and in some cases cannot be accumulated in quantity sufficient to actually see by eye. The properties predicted by the periodic law wre close to the observed properties in many cases. Additional unstable elements of atomic number over 100 are observed from time to time, prepared in cyclotrons, particle acclerators, or nuclear reactors, and some of their properties are measurable by careful observation of microscopic quantities, as few as several atoms. For such unstable elements, the properties are now predicted primarily by calculations based on quantum mechanics. Such theories suggest that there may be an "island" of relative stability of elements of atomic number over 120, but this has yet to be confirmed by experiment.
Many of the elements with which we are familiar, as hydrogen, carbon, iron, gold, etc., have been recognized, by means of spectrum analysis, in the sun and the fixed stars. The chemical elements are now known not be simple bodies, but only combinations of subatomic particles such as protons, neutrons, and electrons; ahd protons and neutrons are now believed to be themselves combinations of quarks, particles which are not observed singly, but only in combinations.
In formulas, the elements are designated by abbreviations of their names in Latin or New Latin, given in the table below. The atomic weights given in the table below are the chemical atomic weights, in some cases being the weighted average of the atomic weights of individual isotopes, each having a different atomic weight. The atomic weight of the individual isotopes are called the physical atomic weights. In those few cases where there is only one stable isotope of an element, the chemical and physical atomic weights are the same. The mass-spectrometric atomic weights are those used for careful mass-spectrometric measurements. For more details about individual elements, see the element names in the vocabulary

The Elements
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Name |Sym-| Atomic Weight |
|bol | O=16 | H=1 | C=12.000
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Aluminum | Al | 27.1 | 26.9 |
Antimony (Stibium) | Sb | 120 | 119.1 |
Argon | A | 39.9 | 39.6 |
Arsenic | As | 75 | 74.4 |
Astatine | At |
Barium | Ba | 137.4 | 136.4 |
Beryllium | Be |
Bismuth | Bi | 208.5 | 206.9 |
Boron | B | 11 | 10.9 |
Bromine | Br | 79.96 | 79.36|
Cadmium | Cd | 112.4 | 111.6 |
Cesium (Caesium) | Cs | 133 | 132 |
Calcium | Ca | 40 | 39.7 |
Carbon | C | 12 | 11.91| 12.000
Cerium | Ce | 140 | 139 |
Chlorine | Cl | 35.45 | 35.18|
Chromium | Cr | 52.1 | 51.7 |
Cobalt | Co |
Columbium (see Beryllium)
Copper | Cu |
(Cuprum)
Erbium | Er |
Europium | Eu |
Einsteinium | Es |
Fermium | Fe |
Fluorine | F |
Gadolinium | Gd |
Gallium | Ga |
Germanium | Ge |
Glucinum (now Beryllium)
Gold (Aurum) | Au |
Helium | He |
Hydrogen | H |
Indium | In |
Iodine | I |
Iridium | Ir |
Iron | Fe |
(Ferrum)
Krypton | Kr |
Lanthanum | La |
Lead | Pb |
(Plumbum)
Lithium | Li |
Magnesium | Mg |
Manganese | Mn |
Mercury | Hg |
(Hydrargyrum)
Molybdenum | Mo |
Neodymium | Nd |
Neon | Ne |
Nickel | Ni |
Niobium | Nb |
(see Columbium)
Nitrogen | N |
Osmium | Os |
Oxygen | O |
Palladium | Pd |
Phosphorus | P |
Platinum | Pt |
Potassium | K |
(Kalium)
Praseodymium | Pr |
Rhodium | Rh |
Rubidium | Rb |
Ruthenium | Ru |
Samarium | Sa |
Scandium | Sc |
Selenium | Se |
Silicon | Si |
Silver | Ag |
(Argentum)
Sodium | Na |
(Natrium)
Strontium | Sr |
Sulphur | S |
Tantalum | Ta |
Tellurium | Te |
Thallium | Tl |
Thorium | Th |
Thulium | Tu |
Tin | Sn |
(Stannum)
Titanium | Ti |
Tungsten | W |
(Wolframium)
Uranium | U |
Vanadium | V |
Wolfranium (see Tungsten)
Xenon | X |
Ytterbium | Yb |
Yttrium | Y |
Zinc | Zn |
Zirconium | Zr |
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Several other elements have been announced, as holmium, vesbium, austrium, etc., but their properties, and in some cases their existence, have not yet been definitely established.
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3. One of the ultimate parts which are variously combined in anything; as, letters are the elements of written language; hence, also, a simple portion of that which is complex, as a shaft, lever, wheel, or any simple part in a machine; one of the essential ingredients of any mixture; a constituent part; as, quartz, feldspar, and mica are the elements of granite.
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The simplicity which is so large an element in a noble nature was laughed to scorn. Jowett (Thucyd.).
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4. (a) One out of several parts combined in a system of aggregation, when each is of the nature of the whole; as, a single cell is an element of the honeycomb. (b) (Anat.) One of the smallest natural divisions of the organism, as a blood corpuscle, a muscular fiber.
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5. (Biol.) One of the simplest essential parts, more commonly called cells, of which animal and vegetable organisms, or their tissues and organs, are composed.
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6. (Math.) (a) An infinitesimal part of anything of the same nature as the entire magnitude considered; as, in a solid an element may be the infinitesimal portion between any two planes that are separated an indefinitely small distance. In the calculus, element is sometimes used as synonymous with differential. (b) Sometimes a curve, or surface, or volume is considered as described by a moving point, or curve, or surface, the latter being at any instant called an element of the former. (c) One of the terms in an algebraic expression.
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7. One of the necessary data or values upon which a system of calculations depends, or general conclusions are based; as, the elements of a planet's orbit.
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8. pl. The simplest or fundamental principles of any system in philosophy, science, or art; rudiments; as, the elements of geometry, or of music.
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9. pl. Any outline or sketch, regarded as containing the fundamental ideas or features of the thing in question; as, the elements of a plan.
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10. One of the simple substances, as supposed by the ancient philosophers; one of the imaginary principles of matter. (a) The four elements were, air, earth, water, and fire; whence it is said, water is the proper element of fishes; air is the element of birds. Hence, the state or sphere natural to anything or suited for its existence.
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Of elements
The grosser feeds the purer: Earth the Sea;
Earth and the Sea feed Air; the Air those Fires
Ethereal.
Milton.
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Does not our life consist of the four elements? Shak.
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And the complexion of the element [i. e.,the sky or air]
In favor's like the work we have in hand,
Most bloody, fiery, and most terrible.
Shak.
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About twelve ounces [of food], with mere element for drink. Cheyne.
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They show that they are out of their element. T. Baker.

Esp., the conditions and movements of the air. “The elements be kind to thee.” (b) The elements of the alchemists were salt, sulphur, and mercury. Brande & C.
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11. pl. The whole material composing the world.
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The elements shall melt with fervent heat. 2 Peter iii. 10.
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12. pl. (Eccl.) The bread and wine used in the eucharist or Lord's supper.
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Magnetic element, one of the hypothetical elementary portions of which a magnet is regarded as made up.
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Element
El"e*ment (&ebreve_;l"&euptack_;*m&ebreve_;nt), v. t. 1. To compound of elements or first principles. [Obs.] “[Love] being elemented too.” Donne.
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2. To constitute; to make up with elements.
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His very soul was elemented of nothing but sadness. Walton.
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Elemental
El`e*men"tal (&ebreve_;l`&euptack_;*m&ebreve_;n"t&aitalic_;l), a. 1. Pertaining to the elements, first principles, and primary ingredients, or to the four supposed elements of the material world; as, elemental air.Elemental strife.” Pope.
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2. Pertaining to rudiments or first principles; rudimentary; elementary. “The elemental rules of erudition.” Cawthorn.
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Elementalism
El`e*men"tal*ism (-&ibreve_;z'm), a. The theory that the heathen divinities originated in the personification of elemental powers.
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Elementality
E`le*men*tal"i*ty (-m&ebreve_;n*tăl"&ibreve_;*t&ybreve_;), n. The condition of being composed of elements, or a thing so composed.
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Elementally
El`e*men"tal*ly (?), adv. According to elements; literally; as, the words, “Take, eat; this is my body,” elementally understood.
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Elementar
El`e*men"tar (?), a. Elementary. [Obs.] Skelton.
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Elementariness
El`e*men"ta*ri*ness (?), n. The state of being elementary; original simplicity; uncompounded state.
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Elementarity
El`e*men*tar"i*ty (?), n. Elementariness. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
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Elementary
El`e*men"ta*ry (?), a. [L. elementarius: cf. F. élémentaire.] 1. Having only one principle or constituent part; consisting of a single element; simple; uncompounded; as, an elementary substance.
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2. Pertaining to, or treating of, the elements, rudiments, or first principles of anything; initial; rudimental; introductory; as, an elementary treatise.
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3. Pertaining to one of the four elements, air, water, earth, fire. “Some luminous and fiery impressions in the elementary region.” J. Spencer.
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Elementation
El`e*men*ta"tion (?), n. Instruction in the elements or first principles. [R.]
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Elementoid
El"e*men*toid` (?), a. [Element + -oid.] Resembling an element.
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Elemi
El"e*mi (?), n. [Cf. F. élemi, It. elemi, Sp. elemi; of American or Oriental. origin.] A fragrant gum resin obtained chiefly from tropical trees of the genera Amyris and Canarium. Amyris elemifera yields Mexican elemi; Canarium commune, the Manila elemi. It is used in the manufacture of varnishes, also in ointments and plasters.
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Elemin
El"e*min (?), n. (Chem.) A transparent, colorless oil obtained from elemi resin by distillation with water; also, a crystallizable extract from the resin.
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Elench
E*lench" (&euptack_;*l&ebreve_;&nsmacr_;k"), n.; pl. Elenchs (#). [L. elenchus, Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to convict, confute, prove: cf. OF. elenche.] (Logic) (a) That part of an argument on which its conclusiveness depends; that which convinces of refutes an antagonist; a refutation. (b) A specious but fallacious argument; a sophism.
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Elenchical
E*len"chic*al (?), a. Pertaining to an elench.
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Elenchically
E*len"chic*al*ly, adv. By means of an elench.
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Elenchize
E*len"chize (?), v. i. To dispute. [R.] B. Jonson.

Elenchtical
Elenchtic
{ E*lench"tic, E*lench"tic*al (?) }, a. Same as Elenctic.
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Elenchus
E*len"chus (?), n. [L.] Same as Elench.

Elenctical
Elenctic
{ E*lenc"tic (?), E*lenc"tic*al (?), } a. [Gr.&unr_;.] (Logic) Serving to refute; refutative; -- applied to indirect modes of proof, and opposed to deictic.
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Elenge
El"enge (?), a. [Cf. AS. ellende foreign, strange, G. elend miserable.] Sorrowful; wretched; full of trouble. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Elengeness
El"enge*ness, n. Loneliness; misery. [Obs.]
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Elephansy
El"e*phan*sy (?), n. [L. elephantia.] Elephantiasis. [Obs.] Holland.
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Elephant
El"e*phant (&ebreve_;l"&euptack_;*f&aitalic_;nt), n. [OE. elefaunt, olifant, OF. olifant, F. éléphant, L. elephantus, elephas, -antis, fr. Gr. 'ele`fas, 'ele`fantos; of unknown origin; perh. fr. Skr. ibha, with the Semitic article al, el, prefixed, or fr. Semitic Aleph hindi Indian bull; or cf. Goth. ulbandus camel, AS. olfend.] 1. (Zoöl.) A mammal of the order Proboscidia and family Elephantidae, of which two living species, Elephas maximus (formerly Elephas Indicus) and Loxodonta Africana (formerly E. Africanus), and several fossil species, are known. They have five toes, a long proboscis or trunk, and two large ivory tusks proceeding from the extremity of the upper jaw, and curving upwards. The molar teeth are large and have transverse folds. Elephants are the largest land animals now existing. The elephant is classed as a pachyderm.
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2. Ivory; the tusk of the elephant. [Obs.] Dryden.
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Elephant apple (Bot.), an East Indian fruit with a rough, hard rind, and edible pulp, borne by Feronia elephantum, a large tree related to the orange. -- Elephant bed (Geol.), at Brighton, England, abounding in fossil remains of elephants. Mantell. -- Elephant beetle (Zoöl.), any very large beetle of the genus Goliathus (esp. G. giganteus), of the family Scarabæidæ. They inhabit West Africa. -- Elephant fish (Zoöl.), a chimæroid fish (Callorhynchus antarcticus), with a proboscis-like projection of the snout. -- Elephant paper, paper of large size, 23 × 28 inches. -- Double elephant paper, paper measuring 263/4 × 40 inches. See Note under Paper. -- Elephant seal (Zoöl.), an African jumping shrew (Macroscelides typicus), having a long nose like a proboscis. -- Elephant's ear (Bot.), a name given to certain species of the genus Begonia, which have immense one-sided leaves. -- Elephant's foot (Bot.) (a) A South African plant (Testudinaria Elephantipes), which has a massive rootstock covered with a kind of bark cracked with deep fissures; -- called also tortoise plant. The interior part is barely edible, whence the plant is also called Hottentot's bread. (b) A genus (Elephantopus) of coarse, composite weeds. -- Elephant's tusk (Zoöl.), the tooth shell. See Dentalium.
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Elephantiac
El`e*phan"ti*ac (?), a. (Med.) Affected with elephantiasis; characteristic of elephantiasis.
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Elephantiasis
El`e*phan*ti"a*sis (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. &unr_;, from 'ele`fas, 'ele`fantos, an elephant.] (Med.) A disease of the skin, in which it become enormously thickened, and is rough, hard, and fissured, like an elephant's hide.
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Elephantidae
Elephantidae n. a natural family of mammals comrising the elephants.
Syn. -- family Elephantidae.
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elephant-tusk
elephant-tusk n. an annual of the southern U.S. and Mexico (Proboscidea louisianica) having large whitish or yellowish flowers mottled with purple and a long curving beak.
Syn. -- common unicorn plant, devil's claw, common devil's claw, proboscis flower, ram's horn, Proboscidea louisianica.
[WordNet 1.5]

Elephantine
El`e*phan"tine (?), a. [L. elephantinus of ivory, Gr. &unr_;: cf. F. éléphantin.] Pertaining to the elephant, or resembling an elephant (commonly, in size); hence, huge; immense; heavy; as, of elephantine proportions; an elephantine step or tread.
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Elephantine epoch (Geol.), the epoch distinguished by the existence of large pachyderms. Mantell. -- Elephantine tortoise (Zoöl.), a huge land tortoise; esp., Testudo elephantina, from islands in the Indian Ocean; and T. elephantopus, from the Galapagos Islands.

Elephantoidal
Elephantoid
{ El"e*phan*toid` (?; 277), El`e*phan*toid"al (?), } a. [Elephant + -oid.] (Zoöl.) Resembling an elephant in form or appearance.
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Eleusine
Eleusine n. a genus of annual and perennial grasses of savannas and upland grasslands.
Syn. -- genus Eleusine.
[WordNet 1.5]

Eleusinian
El`eu*sin"i*an (?), a. [L. Eleusinius, Gr. &unr_;.] Pertaining to Eleusis, in Greece, or to secret rites in honor of Ceres, there celebrated; as, Eleusinian mysteries or festivals.
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Eleutherodactylus
Eleutherodactylus n. a genus of completely terrestrial robber frogs.
Syn. -- genus Eleutherodactylus.
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Eleutheromania
E*leu`ther*o*ma"ni*a (?), n. [Gr. 'eleu`qeros free + E. mania.] A mania or frantic zeal for freedom. [R.] Carlyle.
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Eleutheromaniac
E*leu`ther*o*ma"ni*ac, a. Mad for freedom. [R.]
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Eleuthero-petalous
E*leu`ther*o-pet"al*ous (?), a. [Gr. 'eleu`qeros free + E. petal.] (Bot.) Having the petals free, that is, entirely separate from each other; -- said of both plant and flower.
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Elevate
El"e*vate (?), a. [L. elevatus, p. p.] Elevated; raised aloft. [Poetic] Milton.
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Elevate
El"e*vate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Elevated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Elevating (?).] [L. elevatus, p. p. of elevare; e + levare to lift up, raise, akin to levis light in weight. See Levity.] 1. To bring from a lower place to a higher; to lift up; to raise; as, to elevate a weight, a flagstaff, etc.
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2. To raise to a higher station; to promote; as, to elevate to an office, or to a high social position.
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3. To raise from a depressed state; to animate; to cheer; as, to elevate the spirits.
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4. To exalt; to ennoble; to dignify; as, to elevate the mind or character.
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5. To raise to a higher pitch, or to a greater degree of loudness; -- said of sounds; as, to elevate the voice.
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6. To intoxicate in a slight degree; to render tipsy. [Colloq. & Sportive] “The elevated cavaliers sent for two tubs of merry stingo.” Sir W. Scott.
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7. To lessen; to detract from; to disparage. [A Latin meaning] [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.
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To elevate a piece (Gun.), to raise the muzzle; to lower the breech.

Syn. -- To exalt; dignify; ennoble; erect; raise; hoist; heighten; elate; cheer; flush; excite; animate.
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Elevated
El"e*va`ted (?), a. Uplifted; high; lofty; also, animated; noble; as, elevated thoughts.
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Elevated railway, one in which the track is raised considerably above the ground, especially a city railway above the line of street travel.
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Elevatedness
El"e*va`ted*ness, n. The quality of being elevated.
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Elevation
El`e*va"tion (?), n. [L. elevatio: cf. F. élévation.] 1. The act of raising from a lower place, condition, or quality to a higher; -- said of material things, persons, the mind, the voice, etc.; as, the elevation of grain; elevation to a throne; elevation of mind, thoughts, or character.
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2. Condition of being elevated; height; exaltation. “Degrees of elevation above us.” Locke.
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His style . . . wanted a little elevation. Sir H. Wotton.
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3. That which is raised up or elevated; an elevated place or station; as, an elevation of the ground; a hill.
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4. (Astron.) The distance of a celestial object above the horizon, or the arc of a vertical circle intercepted between it and the horizon; altitude; as, the elevation of the pole, or of a star.
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5. (Dialing) The angle which the style makes with the substylar line.
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6. (Gunnery) The movement of the axis of a piece in a vertical plane; also, the angle of elevation, that is, the angle between the axis of the piece and the line o&unr_; sight; -- distinguished from direction.
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7. (Drawing) A geometrical projection of a building, or other object, on a plane perpendicular to the horizon; orthographic projection on a vertical plane; -- called by the ancients the orthography.
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Angle of elevation (Geodesy), the angle which an ascending line makes with a horizontal plane. -- Elevation of the host (R. C. Ch.), that part of the Mass in which the priest raises the host above his head for the people to adore.
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Elevator
El"e*va`tor (?), n. [L., one who raises up, a deliverer: cf. F. élévateur.] 1. One who, or that which, raises or lifts up anything.
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2. A mechanical contrivance, usually an endless belt or chain with a series of scoops or buckets, for transferring grain to an upper loft for storage.
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3. A cage or platform (called an elevator car) and the hoisting machinery in a hotel, warehouse, mine, etc., for conveying persons, goods, etc., to or from different floors or levels; -- called in England a lift; the cage or platform itself.
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4. A building for elevating, storing, and discharging, grain.
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5. (Anat.) A muscle which serves to raise a part of the body, as the leg or the eye.
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6. (Surg.) An instrument for raising a depressed portion of a bone.
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7. (Aëronautics) A movable plane or group of planes used to control the altitude or fore-and-aft poise or inclination of an airship or flying machine.
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Elevator head, Elevator leg, and Elevator boot, the boxes in which the upper pulley, belt, and lower pulley, respectively, run in a grain elevator. [1913 Webster] -- Elevator shoes, shoes having unusually thick soles and heels, designed to make a person appear taller than he or she actually is. [PJC]

Elevatory
El"e*va`to*ry (?), a. Tending to raise, or having power to elevate; as, elevatory forces.
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Elevatory
El"e*va`to*ry, n. [Cf. F. élévatoire.] (Surg.) See Elevator, n. (e). Dunglison.
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eleve
É`lève" (&auptack_;`l&auptack_;v"), n. [F., fr. élever to raise, bring up.] A pupil; a student.
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Eleven
E*lev"en (&euptack_;*l&ebreve_;v"'n), a. [OE. enleven, AS. endleofan, endlufon, for nleofan; akin to LG. eleve, ölwe, ölwen, D. elf, G. elf, eilf, OHG. einlif, Icel. ellifu, Sw. elfva, Dan. elleve, Goth. ainlif, cf. Lith. vënolika; and fr. the root of E. one + (prob.) a root signifying “to be left over, remain,” appearing in E. loan, or perh. in leave, v. t., life. See One, and cf. Twelve.] Ten and one added; as, eleven men.
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Eleven
E*lev"en, n. 1. The sum of ten and one; eleven units or objects.
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2. A symbol representing eleven units, as 11 or xi.
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3. (Cricket & American Football) The eleven men selected to play on one side in a match, as the representatives of a club or a locality; as, the all-England eleven.
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eleven-plus
eleven-plus n. an examination taken by 11 and 12 year old students in England to select suitable candidates for grammar school; -- now no longer used.
Syn. -- 11-plus.
[WordNet 1.5]

Eleventh
E*lev"enth (?), a. [Cf. AS. endlyfta. See Eleven.] 1. Next after the tenth; as, the eleventh chapter.
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2. Constituting one of eleven parts into which a thing is divided; as, the eleventh part of a thing.
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3. (Mus.) Of or pertaining to the interval of the octave and the fourth.
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Eleventh
E*lev"enth, n. 1. The quotient of a unit divided by eleven; one of eleven equal parts.
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2. (Mus.) The interval consisting of ten conjunct degrees; the interval made up of an octave and a fourth.
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Elf
Elf (&ebreve_;lf), n.; pl. Elves (&ebreve_;lvz). [AS. ælf, ylf; akin to MHG. alp, G. alp nightmare, incubus, Icel. ālfr elf, Sw. alf, elfva; cf. Skr. &rsdot_;bhu skillful, artful, rabh to grasp. Cf. Auf, Oaf.] 1. An imaginary supernatural being, commonly a little sprite, much like a fairy; a mythological diminutive spirit, supposed to haunt hills and wild places, and generally represented as delighting in mischievous tricks.
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Every elf, and fairy sprite,
Hop as light as bird from brier.
Shak.
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2. A very diminutive person; a dwarf.
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Elf arrow, a flint arrowhead; -- so called by the English rural folk who often find these objects of prehistoric make in the fields and formerly attributed them to fairies; -- called also elf bolt, elf dart, and elf shot. -- Elf child, a child supposed to be left by elves, in room of one they had stolen. See Changeling. -- Elf fire, the ignis fatuus. Brewer. -- Elf owl (Zoöl.), a small owl (Micrathene Whitneyi) of Southern California and Arizona.
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Elf
Elf, v. t. To entangle mischievously, as an elf might do.
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Elf all my hair in knots. Shak.
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Elfin
Elf"in (-&ibreve_;n), a. Relating to elves.
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Elfin
Elf"in, n. A little elf or urchin. Shenstone.
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Elfish
Elf"ish, a. Of or relating to the elves; elflike; implike; weird; scarcely human; mischievous, as though caused by elves.Elfish light.” Coleridge.
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The elfish intelligence that was so familiar an expression on her small physiognomy. Hawthorne.
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Elfishly
Elf"ish*ly, adv. In an elfish manner.
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Elfishness
Elf"ish*ness, n. The quality of being elfish.
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Elfkin
Elf"kin (?), n. A little elf.
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Elfland
Elf"land` (?), n. Fairyland. Tennyson.
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Elflock
Elf"lock` (?), n. Hair matted, or twisted into a knot, as if by elves.
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Elgin marbles
El"gin mar"bles (?). Greek sculptures in the British Museum. They were obtained at Athens, about 1811, by Lord Elgin.
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Elicit
E*lic"it (?), a. [L. elictus, p. p. of elicere to elicit; e + lacere to entice. Cf. Delight, Lace.] Elicited; drawn out; made real; open; evident. [Obs.] “An elicit act of equity.” Jer. Taylor.
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Elicit
E*lic"it, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Elicited; p. pr. & vb. n. Eliciting.] To draw out or entice forth; to bring to light; to bring out against the will; to deduce by reason or argument; as, to elicit truth by discussion.
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Elicitate
E*lic"i*tate (?), v. t. To elicit. [Obs.]
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Elicitation
E*lic`i*ta"tion (?), n. The act of eliciting. [Obs.] Abp. Bramhall.
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elicited
e*lic"i*ted adj. called forth from a latent or potential state by stimulation; as, an elicited response.
Syn. -- evoked.
[WordNet 1.5]

Elide
E*lide" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Elided; p. pr. & vb. n. Eliding.] [L. elidere to strike out or off; e + laedere to hurt by striking: cf. F. élider. See Lesion.] 1. To break or dash in pieces; to demolish; as, to elide the force of an argument. [Obs.] Hooker.
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2. (Gram.) To cut off, as a vowel or a syllable, usually the final one; to subject to elision.
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Eligibility
El`i*gi*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. éligibilité.] The quality of being eligible; eligibleness; as, the eligibility of a candidate; the eligibility of an offer of marriage.
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Eligible
El"i*gi*ble (?), a. [F. éligible, fr. L. eligere. See Elect.] 1. That may be selected; proper or qualified to be chosen; legally qualified to be elected and to hold office.
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2. Worthy to be chosen or selected; suitable; desirable; as, an eligible situation for a house.
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The more eligible of the two evils. Burke.
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Eligibleness
El"i*gi*ble*ness, n. The quality of being worthy or qualified to be chosen; suitableness; desirableness.
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Eligibly
El"i*gi*bly, adv. In an eligible manner.
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Elimate
El"i*mate (?), v. t. [L. elimatus, p. p. of elimare to file up; e out + limare to file, fr. lima file.] To render smooth; to polish. [Obs.]
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Eliminant
E*lim"i*nant (?), n. (Math.) The result of eliminating n variables between n homogeneous equations of any degree; -- called also resultant.
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Eliminate
E*lim"i*nate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Eliminated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Eliminating (?).] [L. eliminatus, p. p. of eliminare; e out + limen threshold; prob. akin to limes boundary. See Limit.] 1. To put out of doors; to expel; to discharge; to release; to set at liberty.
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Eliminate my spirit, give it range
Through provinces of thought yet unexplored.
Young.
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2. (Alg.) To cause to disappear from an equation; as, to eliminate an unknown quantity.
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3. To set aside as unimportant in a process of inductive inquiry; to leave out of consideration.
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Eliminate errors that have been gathering and accumulating. Lowth.
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4. To obtain by separating, as from foreign matters; to deduce; as, to eliminate an idea or a conclusion. [Recent, and not well authorized]
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5. (Physiol.) To separate; to expel from the system; to excrete; as, the kidneys eliminate urea, the lungs carbonic acid; to eliminate poison from the system.
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Elimination
E*lim`i*na"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. élimination.] 1. The act of expelling or throwing off; (Physiol.) the act of discharging or excreting waste products or foreign substances through the various emunctories.
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2. (Alg.) Act of causing a quantity to disappear from an equation; especially, in the operation of deducing from several equations containing several unknown quantities a less number of equations containing a less number of unknown quantities.
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3. The act of obtaining by separation, or as the result of eliminating; deduction. [See Eliminate, 4.]
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Eliminative
E*lim"i*na*tive (?), a. (Physiol.) Relating to, or carrying on, elimination.
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Elinguate
E*lin"guate (?), v. t. [L. elinguare.] To deprive of the tongue. [Obs.] Davies (Holy Roode).
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Elinguation
E`lin*gua"tion (?), n. [L. elinguatio. See Elinguid.] (O. Eng. Law) Punishment by cutting out the tongue.
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Elinguid
E*lin"guid (?), a. [L. elinguis, prop., deprived of the tongue; hence, speechless; e + lingua tongue.] Tongue-tied; dumb. [Obs.]
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Eliquament
E*liq"ua*ment (?), n. A liquid obtained from fat, or fat fish, by pressure.
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Eliquation
El`i*qua"tion (?), n. [L. eliquatio, fr. eliquare to clarify, strain; e + liquare to make liquid, melt.] (Metallurgy) The process of separating a fusible substance from one less fusible, by means of a degree of heat sufficient to melt the one and not the other, as an alloy of copper and lead; liquation. Ure.
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Elison
E*li"son (?), n. [L. elisio, fr. elidere, elisum, to strike out: cf. F. élision. See Elide.] 1. Division; separation. [Obs.] Bacon.
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2. (Gram.) The cutting off or suppression of a vowel or syllable, for the sake of meter or euphony; esp., in poetry, the dropping of a final vowel standing before an initial vowel in the following word, when the two words are drawn together.
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Elisor
E*li"sor (?), n. [F. éliseur, fr. élire to choose, L. eligere. See Elect.] (Eng. Law) An elector or chooser; one of two persons appointed by a court to return a jury or serve a writ when the sheriff and the coroners are disqualified.
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elite
É`lite" (ā`lēt"), n. [F., fr. élire to choose, L. eligere. See Elect.] 1. A choice or select body; the flower; as, the élite of society.
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2. See Army organization, Switzerland.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Elix
E*lix" (?), v. t. [See Elixate.] To extract. [Obs.] Marston.
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Elixate
E*lix"ate (?), v. t. [L. elixatus, p. p. of elixare to seethe, fr. elixus thoroughly boiled; e + lixare to boil, lix ashes.] To boil; to seethe; hence, to extract by boiling or seething. [Obs.] Cockeram.
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Elixation
El`ix*a"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. élixation.] A seething; digestion. [Obs.] Burton.
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Elixir
E*lix"ir (?), n. [F. élixir, Sp. elixir, Ar. eliksīr the philosopher's stone, prob. from Gr. &unr_; dry, (hence probably) a dry powder; cf. Skr. kshā to burn.] 1. (Med.) A tincture with more than one base; a compound tincture or medicine, composed of various substances, held in solution by alcohol in some form.
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2. (Alchemy) An imaginary liquor capable of transmuting metals into gold; also, one for producing life indefinitely; as, elixir vitæ, or the elixir of life.
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3. The refined spirit; the quintessence.
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The . . . elixir of worldly delights. South.
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4. Any cordial or substance which invigorates.
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The grand elixir, to support the spirits of human nature. Addison.
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Elizabeth
Elizabeth prop. n. [a proper name from the Hebrew, probably meaning “ God of the oath” or “ oath of God”.] 1. Queen Elizabeth II. of the United Kingdom, born 1926.
Syn. -- Elizabeth II.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. Elizabeth I., the Queen of England from 1558 to 1603. She was the daughter of Henry VIII. and Anne Boleyn (1533-1603).
Syn. -- Elizabeth I.
[WordNet 1.5]

&hand_; Elizabeth was born at Greenwich, near London, Sept. 7, 1533: died at Richmond, near London, March 24, 1603. She reigned as Queen of England from 1558 to 1603. She was the daughter of Henry VIII. and Anne Boleyn; was brought up in the Protestant faith; studied the classical languages under Roger Ascham; and is said to have been proficient in French and Italian. On her accession she appointed as secretary of state Sir William Cecil (later Baron Burleigh), who remained her chief adviser for forty years, until his death in 1598. She repealed the Roman Catholic legislation of the previous reign, reenacted the laws of Henry VIII. relating to the church, published the Thirty-nine Articles (1563), and completed the establishment of the Anglican Church. In 1564 she concluded the treaty of Troyes with France, by which she renounced her claims to Calais in consideration of 220,000 crowns. In 1587 she signed the death-warrant of Mary Queen of Scots, who, expelled by a rebellion of her subjects, had taken refuge in England in 1568, and who, by means, it is said, of forged documents, had been involved by the government in a conspiracy of Savage, Ballard, Babington, and others against Queen Elizabeth. In 1588 her admiral Howard, assisted by Drake, Hawkins, Frobisher, Winter, and Raleigh defeated the Spanish Armada in the English Channel, and prevented an invasion of England. Her reign, which was one of commercial enterprise and of intellectual activity, was made illustrious by Shakespeare, Sidney, Spenser, Bacon, and Ben Jonson.
[Century Dict.]

3. Saint Elizabeth of Hungary; Born at Presburg, Hungary 1207, died died at Marburg, Germany, Nov. 19, 1231. She was a Hungarian princess, daughter of Andrew II. of Hungary, and wife of Louis, landgrave of Thuringia, celebrated for her sanctity.
[PJC]

4. a city in Union County in northeastern New Jersy, pop. ca. 106,000. It lies between Newark to the north and Linden to the south, and has a large port, regulated by the Port of New York Authority. It also contains most of the runway area of the Newark International Airport.
[PJC]

Elizabethan
E*liz"a*beth`an (?), prop. a. Pertaining to Queen Elizabeth I. or her times, esp. to the architecture or literature of her reign; as, the Elizabethan writers, drama, literature. -- n. One who lived in England in the time of Queen Elizabeth. Lowell.
[1913 Webster]

elk
elk (&ebreve_;lk), n. [Icel. elgr; akin to Sw. elg, AS. eolh, OHG. elaho, MHG. elch, cf. L. alces; perh. akin to E. eland.] (Zoöl.) A large deer, of several species. The European elk Alces alces (formerly Alces machlis or Cervus alces) is closely allied to the American moose. The American elk, or wapiti (Cervus Canadensis) the largest member of the deer family, has large, spreading antlers and is closely related to the European stag. See Moose, and Wapiti.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Irish elk (Paleon.), a large, extinct, Quaternary deer (Cervus giganteus) with widely spreading antlers. Its remains have been found beneath the peat of swamps in Ireland and England. See Illustration in Appendix; also Illustration of Antler. -- Cape elk (Zoöl.), the eland.

elke
elk
{ elk, elke } (?), n. (Zoöl.) The European wild or whistling swan (Cygnus ferus).
[1913 Webster]

Elk
Elk (&ebreve_;lk), prop. n. a member of the fraternal organization named Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, supporting various services to their communities.
[PJC]

elkhound
elk"hound (&ebreve_;lk"hound), n. a breed of compact medium-sized dog with a heavy gray coat developed in Norway for hunting elk.
[WordNet 1.5]

Elknut
Elk"nut` (?), n. (Bot.) The buffalo nut. See under Buffalo.
[1913 Webster]

Elkwood
Elk"wood` (?), n. The soft, spongy wood of a species of Magnolia (M. Umbrella).
[1913 Webster]

Ell
Ell (?), n. [AS. eln; akin to D. el, elle, G. elle, OHG. elina, Icel. alin, Dan. alen, Sw. aln, Goth. alenia, L. ulna elbow, ell, Gr. &unr_; elbow. Cf. Elbow, Alnage.] A measure for cloth; -- now rarely used. It is of different lengths in different countries; the English ell being 45 inches, the Dutch or Flemish ell 27, the Scotch about 37.
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Ell
Ell, n. (Arch.) See L.
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Ellachick
El"la*chick (?), n. [Native Indian name.] (Zoöl.) A fresh-water tortoise (Chelopus marmoratus) of California; -- used as food.
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Ellagic
El*lag"ic (?), a. [F., fr. galle gall (with the letters reversed).] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, gallnuts or gallic acid; as, ellagic acid.
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Ellagic acid (Chem.), a white crystalline substance, C14H8O9, found in bezoar stones, and obtained by the oxidation of gallic acid.
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Ellebore
El"le*bore (?), n. Hellebore. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Elleborin
El*leb"o*rin (?), n. See Helleborin.
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Elleck
El"leck (?), n. [Etymol. uncertain.] (Zoöl.) The red gurnard or cuckoo fish. [Prov. Eng.]

Ellingeness
Ellengeness
Ellinge
Ellenge
{El"lenge (?), El"linge (?), a., El"lenge*ness, El"linge*ness, n }. See Elenge, Elengeness. [Obs.]
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Elles
El"les (?), adv. & conj. See Else. [Obs.]
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Ellipse
El*lipse" (&ebreve_;l*l&ibreve_;ps"), n. [Gr. 'e`lleipsis, prop., a defect, the inclination of the ellipse to the base of the cone being in defect when compared with that of the side to the base: cf. F. ellipse. See Ellipsis.] 1. (Geom.) An oval or oblong figure, bounded by a regular curve, which corresponds to an oblique projection of a circle, or an oblique section of a cone through its opposite sides. The greatest diameter of the ellipse is the major axis, and the least diameter is the minor axis. See Conic section, under Conic, and cf. Focus.
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2. (Gram.) Omission. See Ellipsis.
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3. The elliptical orbit of a planet.
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The Sun flies forward to his brother Sun;
The dark Earth follows wheeled in her ellipse.
Tennyson.
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Ellipsis
El*lip"sis (&ebreve_;l*l&ibreve_;p"s&ibreve_;s), n.; pl. Ellipses (&ebreve_;l*l&ibreve_;p"sēz). [L., fr. Gr. 'e`lleipsis a leaving, defect, fr. 'ellei`pein to leave in, fall short; 'en in + lei`pein to leave. See In, and Loan, and cf. Ellipse.] 1. (Gram.) Omission; a figure of syntax, by which one or more words, which are obviously understood, are omitted; as, the virtues I admire, for, the virtues which I admire.
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2. (Geom.) An ellipse. [Obs.]
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3. (Printing) a printing symbol, usually three periods in a row (. . .), indicating the omission of some part of a text; -- used commonly in quotations, so as to suppress words not essential to the meaning. A long dash (---) and three asterisks (* * *) are sometimes used with the same meaning.
[PJC]

Ellipsograph
El*lip"so*graph (?), n. [Ellipse + graph: cf. F. ellipsographe.] An instrument for describing ellipses; -- called also trammel.
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Ellipsoid
El*lip"soid (?), n. [Ellipse + -oid: cf. F. ellipsoide.] (Geom.) A solid, all plane sections of which are ellipses or circles. See Conoid, n., 2 (a).
[1913 Webster]

&hand_; The ellipsoid has three principal plane sections, a, b, and c, each at right angles to the other two, and each dividing the solid into two equal and symmetrical parts. The lines of meeting of these principal sections are the axes, or principal diameters of the ellipsoid. The point where the three planes meet is the center.
[1913 Webster]

Ellipsoid of revolution, a spheroid; a solid figure generated by the revolution of an ellipse about one of its axes. It is called a prolate spheroid, or prolatum, when the ellipse is revolved about the major axis, and an oblate spheroid, or oblatum, when it is revolved about the minor axis.

Ellipsoidal
Ellipsoid
{ El*lip"soid (?), El`lip*soi"dal (?), } a. Pertaining to, or shaped like, an ellipsoid; as, ellipsoid or ellipsoidal form.

Elliptical
Elliptic
{ El*lip"tic (?), El*lip"tic*al (?), } a. [Gr. &unr_;: cf. F. elliptique. See Ellipsis.] 1. Of or pertaining to an ellipse; having the form of an ellipse; oblong, with rounded ends.
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The planets move in elliptic orbits. Cheyne.
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The billiard sharp who any one catches,
His doom's extremely hard --
He's made to dwell
In a dungeon cell
On a spot that's always barred.
And there he plays extravagant matches
In fitless finger-stalls
On a cloth untrue
With a twisted cue
And elliptical billiard balls!

Gilbert and Sullivan (The Mikado: The More Humane Mikado Song)

2. Having a part omitted; as, an elliptical phrase.
[1913 Webster]

3. leaving out information essential to comprehension; so concise as to be difficult to understand; obscure or ambiguous; -- of speech or writing; as, an elliptical comment.
[PJC]

Elliptic chuck. See under Chuck. -- Elliptic compasses, an instrument arranged for drawing ellipses. -- Elliptic function. (Math.) See Function. -- Elliptic integral. (Math.) See Integral. -- Elliptic polarization. See under Polarization.
[1913 Webster]

Elliptically
El*lip"tic*al*ly, adv. 1. In the form of an ellipse.
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2. With a part omitted; as, elliptically expressed.
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Ellipticity
El`lip*tic"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. ellipticité.] Deviation of an ellipse or a spheroid from the form of a circle or a sphere; especially, in reference to the figure of the earth, the difference between the equatorial and polar semidiameters, divided by the equatorial; thus, the ellipticity of the earth is 1/29966.
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&hand_; Some writers use ellipticity as the ratio of the difference of the two semiaxes to the minor axis, instead of the major. Nichol.
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Elliptic-lanceolate
El*lip"tic-lan"ce*o*late (?), a. (Bot.) Having a form intermediate between elliptic and lanceolate.
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Elliptograph
El*lip"to*graph (?), n. Same as Ellipsograph.
[1913 Webster]

Ellwand
Ell"wand (?), n. Formerly, a measuring rod an ell long.
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Elm
Elm (?), n. [AS. elm; akin to D. olm, OHG. elm, G. ulme, Icel. almr, Dan. & Sw. alm, L. ulmus, and E. alder. Cf. Old.] (Bot.) A tree of the genus Ulmus, of several species, much used as a shade tree, particularly in America. The English elm is Ulmus campestris; the common American or white elm is U. Americana; the slippery or red elm, U. fulva.
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Elm beetle (Zoöl.), one of several species of beetles (esp. Galeruca calmariensis), which feed on the leaves of the elm. -- Elm borer (Zoöl.), one of several species of beetles of which the larvæ bore into the wood or under the bark of the elm (esp. Saperda tridentata). -- Elm butterfly (Zoöl.), one of several species of butterflies, which, in the caterpillar state, feed on the leaves of the elm (esp. Vanessa antiopa and Grapta comma). See Comma butterfly, under Comma. -- Elm moth (Zoöl.), one of numerous species of moths of which the larvæ destroy the leaves of the elm (esp. Eugonia subsignaria, called elm spanworm). -- Elm sawfly (Zoöl.), a large sawfly (Cimbex Americana). The larva, which is white with a black dorsal stripe, feeds on the leaves of the elm.
[1913 Webster]

Elmen
Elm"en (?), a. Belonging to elms. [Obs.]
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Elmo's fire
El"mo's fire` (?). See Corposant; also Saint Elmo's Fire, under Saint.
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Elmy
Elm"y (?), a. Abounding with elms.
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The simple spire and elmy grange. T. Warton.
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Elocation
El`o*ca"tion (?), n. [Pref. e- + locate.] 1. A removal from the usual place of residence. [Obs.]
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2. Departure from the usual state; an ecstasy. [Obs.]
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Elocular
E*loc"u*lar (&euptack_;*l&obreve_;k"&uuptack_;*l&etilde_;r), a. [Pref. e- + locular.] Having but one cell, or cavity; not divided by a septum or partition.
[1913 Webster]

Elocution
El`o*cu"tion (?), n. [L. elocutio, fr. eloqui, elocutus, to speak out: cf. F. élocution. See Eloquent.] 1. Utterance by speech. [R.]
[1913 Webster]

[Fruit] whose taste . . .
Gave elocution to the mute, and taught
The tongue not made for speech to speak thy praise.
Milton.
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2. Oratorical or expressive delivery, including the graces of intonation, gesture, etc.; style or manner of speaking or reading in public; as, clear, impressive elocution. “The elocution of a reader.” Whately
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3. Suitable and impressive writing or style; eloquent diction. [Obs.]
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To express these thoughts with elocution. Dryden.
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Elocutionary
El`o*cu"tion*a*ry (?), a. Pertaining to elocution.
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Elocutionist
El`o*cu"tion*ist, n. One who is versed in elocution; a teacher of elocution.
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Elocutive
El"o*cu`tive (?), a. Pertaining to oratorical expression. [Obs.] Feltham.
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Elodian
E*lo"di*an (?), n. (Zoöl.) One of a tribe of tortoises, including the terrapins, etc., in which the head and neck can be withdrawn.
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eloge
É`loge" (?), n. [F. See Elogium.] A panegyrical funeral oration.
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Elogist
El"o*gist (?), n. [F. élogiste.] One who pronounces an éloge.

Elogy
Elogium
{ E*lo"gi*um (&euptack_;*lō"j&ibreve_;*ŭm), El"o*gy (&ebreve_;l"&ouptack_;*j&ybreve_;), } n. [L. elogium a short saying, an inscription, fr. Gr. lo`gos speech, fr. le`gein to speak. Cf. Éloge.] The praise bestowed on a person or thing; panegyric; eulogy.
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Elohim
E*lo"him (&euptack_;*lō"h&ibreve_;m), n. [Heb.] One of the principal names by which God is designated in the Hebrew Scriptures.
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Elohist
E*lo"hist (?), n. The writer, or one of the writers, of the passages of the Old Testament, notably those of the Pentateuch, which are characterized by the use of Elohim instead of Jehovah, as the name of the Supreme Being; -- distinguished from Jehovist. S. Davidson.
[1913 Webster]

Elohistic
El`o*his"tic (?), a. Relating to Elohim as a name of God; -- said of passages in the Old Testament.
[1913 Webster]

Eloign
E*loign" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Eloigned (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Eloigning.] [F. éloigner, OF. esloignier; pref. es- (L. ex) + OF. & F. loin far, far off, L. longe, fr. longus long. See Elongate.] [Written also eloin.] 1. To remove afar off; to withdraw. [Obs.]
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From worldly cares he did himself eloign. Spenser.
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2. (Law) To convey to a distance, or beyond the jurisdiction, or to conceal, as goods liable to distress.
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The sheriff may return that the goods or beasts are eloigned. Blackstone.
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Eloignate
E*loign"ate (?), v. t. To remove. [Obs.] Howell.
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Eloignment
E*loign"ment (?), n. [F. éloignement.] Removal to a distance; withdrawal. [Obs.]
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Eloin
E*loin" (?), v. t. See Eloign.
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Eloinate
E*loin"ate (?), v. t. See Eloignate.
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Eloinment
E*loin"ment (?), n. See Eloignment.
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Elong
E*long" (?; 115), v. t. [See Eloign, Elongate.] 1. To lengthen out; to prolong. [Obs.]
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2. To put away; to separate; to keep off. [Obs.] Wyatt.
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Elongate
E*lon"gate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Elongated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Elongating.] [LL. elongatus, p. p. of elongare to remove, to prolong; e + L. longus long. See Long, a., and cf. Eloign.] 1. To lengthen; to extend; to stretch; as, to elongate a line.
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2. To remove further off. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
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Elongate
E*lon"gate, v. i. To depart to, or be at, a distance; esp., to recede apparently from the sun, as a planet in its orbit. [R.]
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Elongate
E*lon"gate (?), a. [LL. elongatus.] Drawn out at length; elongated; as, an elongate leaf. “An elongate form.” Earle.
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elongated
elongated adj. 1. having a length noticeably longer than the width.
Syn. -- elongate.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

2. rendered longer.
Syn. -- lengthened.
[PJC]

Elongation
E`lon*ga"tion (?; 277), n. [LL. elongatio: cf. F. élongation.] 1. The act of lengthening, or the state of being lengthened; protraction; extension.Elongation of the fibers.” Arbuthnot.
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2. That which lengthens out; continuation.
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May not the mountains of Westmoreland and Cumberland be considered as elongations of these two chains? Pinkerton.
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3. Removal to a distance; withdrawal; a being at a distance; distance.
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The distant points in the celestial expanse appear to the eye in so small a degree of elongation from one another, as bears no proportion to what is real. Glanvill.
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4. (Astron.) The angular distance of a planet from the sun; as, the elongation of Venus or Mercury.
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Elope
E*lope" (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Eloped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Eloping.] [D. ontloopen to run away; pref. ont- (akin to G. ent-, AS. and-, cf. E. answer) + loopen to run; akin to E. leap. See Leap, v. t.] To run away, or escape privately, from the place or station to which one is bound by duty; -- said especially of a woman or a man, either married or unmarried, who runs away with a paramour or a sweetheart.
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Great numbers of them [the women] have eloped from their allegiance. Addison.
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Elopement
E*lope"ment (?), n. The act of eloping; secret departure; -- said of a woman and a man, one or both, who run away from their homes for marriage or for cohabitation.
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Eloper
E*lop"er (?), n. One who elopes.
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Elops
E"lops (?), n. [L. elops, helops, a kind of sea fish, Gr. &unr_;.] 1. (Zoöl.) A genus of fishes. See Saury.
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2. A mythical serpent. [Obs.] Milton.
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Eloquence
El"o*quence (?), n. [F. éloquence, L. eloquentia, fr. eloquens. See Eloquent.] 1. Fluent, forcible, elegant, and persuasive speech in public; the power of expressing strong emotions in striking and appropriate language either spoken or written, thereby producing conviction or persuasion.
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Eloquence is speaking out . . . out of the abundance of the heart. Hare.
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2. Fig.: Whatever produces the effect of moving and persuasive speech.
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Silence that spoke and eloquence of eyes. Pope.
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The hearts of men are their books; events are their tutors; great actions are their eloquence. Macaulay.
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3. That which is eloquently uttered or written.
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O, let my books be then the eloquence
And dumb presagers of my speaking breast.
Shak.

Syn. -- Oratory; rhetoric.
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Eloquent
El"o*quent (?), a. [F. éloquent, L. eloquens, -entis, p. pr. of eloqui to speak out, declaim; e + loqui to speak. See Loquacious.] 1. Having the power of expressing strong emotions or forcible arguments in an elevated, impassioned, and effective manner; as, an eloquent orator or preacher.
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O Death, all-eloquent! You only prove
What dust we dote on when 't is man we love.
Pope.
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2. Adapted to express strong emotion or to state facts arguments with fluency and power; as, an eloquent address or statement; an eloquent appeal to a jury.
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Eloquently
El"o*quent*ly, adv. In an eloquent manner.

Elritch
Elrich
{ El"rich (?) or El"ritch }, a. Ghastly; preternatural. Same as Eldritch. [Scot. & Local, Eng.]
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Else
Else (?), a. & pron. [OE. & AS. elles otherwise, gen. sing. of an adj. signifying other; akin to OHG. elles otherwise, OSw. äljes, Sw. eljest, Goth. aljis, adj., other, L. alius, Gr. &unr_;. Cf. Alias, Alien.] Other; one or something beside; as, Who else is coming? What else shall I give? Do you expect anything else? “Bastards and else.” Shak.
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&hand_; This word always follows its noun. It is usual to give the possessive form to else rather than to the substantive; as, somebody else's; no one else's. “A boy who is fond of somebody else's pencil case.” G. Eliot. “A suit of clothes like everybody else's.” Thackeray.
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Else
Else, adv. & conj. 1. Besides; except that mentioned; in addition; as, nowhere else; no one else.
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2. Otherwise; in the other, or the contrary, case; if the facts were different.
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For thou desirest not sacrifice; else would I give it. Ps. li. 16.
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&hand_; After ‘or', else is sometimes used expletively, as simply noting an alternative. “Will you give thanks, . . . or else shall I?” Shak.
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Elsewhere
Else"where` (?), adv. 1. In any other place; as, these trees are not to be found elsewhere.
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2. In some other place; in other places, indefinitely; as, it is reported in town and elsewhere.
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Elsewhither
Else"whith`er (?), adv. To some, or any, other place; as, you will have to go elsewhither for it. R. of Gloucester. “For elsewhither was I bound.” Carlyle.
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Elsewise
Else"wise` (?), adv. Otherwise. [R.]
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Elsin
El"sin (?), n. A shoemaker's awl. [Prov. Eng.]
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Elucidate
E*lu"ci*date (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Elucidated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Elucidating (?).] [LL. elucidatus, p. p. of elucidare; e + lucidus full of light, clear. See Lucid.] To make clear or manifest; to render more intelligible; to illustrate; as, an example will elucidate the subject.
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Elucidation
E*lu`ci*da"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. élucidation.] A making clear; the act of elucidating or that which elucidates, as an explanation, an exposition, an illustration; as, one example may serve for further elucidation of the subject.
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Elucidative
E*lu"ci*da`tive (?), a. Making clear; tending to elucidate; as, an elucidative note.
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Elucidator
E*lu"ci*da`tor (?), n. One who explains or elucidates; an expositor.
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Elucidatory
E*lu"ci*da*to*ry (?), a. Tending to elucidate; elucidative. [R.]
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Eluctate
E*luc"tate (?), v. i. [L. eluctatus, p. p. of eluctari to struggle out; e + luctari to wrestle.] To struggle out; -- with out. [Obs.] Bp. Hacket.
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Eluctation
E`luc*ta"tion (?), n. [L. eluctatio.] A struggling out of any difficulty. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.
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Elucubrate
E*lu"cu*brate (?), v. i. [L. elucubratus, p. p. of elucubrare to compose by lamplight.] See Lucubrate. [Obs.] Blount.
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Elucubration
E*lu`cu*bra"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. élucubration.] See Lucubration. [Obs.] Evelyn.
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Elude
E*lude" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Eluded; p. pr. & vb. n. Eluding.] [L. eludere, elusum; e + ludere to play: cf. F. éluder. See Ludicrous.] To avoid slyly, by artifice, stratagem, or dexterity; to escape from in a covert manner; to mock by an unexpected escape; to baffle; as, to elude an officer; to elude detection, inquiry, search, comprehension; to elude the force of an argument or a blow.
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Me gentle Delia beckons from the plain,
Then, hid in shades, eludes he eager swain.
Pope.
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The transition from fetichism to polytheism seems a gradual process of which the stages elude close definition. Tylor.

Syn. -- To evade; avoid; escape; shun; eschew; flee; mock; baffle; frustrate; foil.
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Eludible
E*lud"i*ble (?), a. Capable of being eluded; evadible.
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Elul
E"lul (?), n. [Heb.] The sixth month of the Jewish year, by the sacred reckoning, or the twelfth, by the civil reckoning, corresponding nearly to the month of September.
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Elumbated
E*lum"ba*ted (?), a. [L. elumbis; e + lumbus loin.] Weak or lame in the loins. [Obs.]
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Elusion
E*lu"sion (?), n. [LL. elusio, fr. L. eludere, elusum. See Elude.] Act of eluding; adroit escape, as by artifice; a mockery; a cheat; trickery.
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Elusive
E*lu"sive (?), a. Tending to elude; using arts or deception to escape; adroitly escaping or evading; eluding the grasp; fallacious.
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Elusive of the bridal day, she gives
Fond hopes to all, and all with hopes deceives.
Pope.

-- E*lu"sive*ly, adv. -- E*lu"sive*ness, n.
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Elusory
E*lu"so*ry (?), a. [LL. elusorius.] Tending to elude or deceive; evasive; fraudulent; fallacious; deceitful; deceptive. -- E*lu"so*ri*ness (#), n.
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Elute
E*lute" (?), v. t. [L. elutus, p. p. of eluers to elute; e + luere to wash.] To wash out. [R.] Arbuthnot.
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Elutriate
E*lu"tri*ate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Elutriated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Elutriating (?).] [L. elutriatus, p. p. of elutriare.] To wash or strain out so as to purify; as, to elutriate the blood as it passes through the lungs; to strain off or decant, as a powder which is separated from heavier particles by being drawn off with water; to cleanse, as by washing.
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Elutriation
E*lu`tri*a"tion (?), n. The process of elutriating; a decanting or racking off by means of water, as finer particles from heavier.
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Eluxate
E*lux"ate (?), v. t. [Pref. e- + luxate.] To dislocate; to luxate.
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Eluxation
E`lux*a"tion (?), n. Dislocation; luxation.
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Elvan
Elv"an (?), a. 1. Pertaining to elves; elvish.
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2. (Mining) Of or pertaining to certain veins of feldspathic or porphyritic rock crossing metalliferous veins in the mining districts of Cornwall; as, an elvan course.

Elvanite
Elvan
{ Elv"an, Elv"an*ite (?) }, n. The rock of an elvan vein, or the elvan vein itself; an elvan course.
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Elve
Elve (?), n. An old form of Elf.
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Elver
El"ver (?), n. (Zoöl.) A young eel; a young conger or sea eel; -- called also elvene.
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Elves
Elves (?), n.; pl. of Elf.
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Elvish
Elv"ish (?), a. 1. Pertaining to elves; implike; mischievous; weird; also, vacant; absent in demeanor. See Elfish.
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He seemeth elvish by his countenance. Chaucer.
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2. Mysterious; also, foolish. [Obs.]
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Elvishly
Elv"ish*ly, adv. In an elvish manner. Sir W. Scott.
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Elwand
El"wand (?), n. [Obs.] See Ellwand.
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Elysian
E*ly"sian (?), a. [L. Elysius, fr. Elysium.] Pertaining, or the abode of the blessed after death; hence, yielding the highest pleasures; exceedingly delightful; beatific.Elysian shades.” Massinger.Elysian age.” Beattie.
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This life of mortal breath
Is but a suburb of the life elysian.
Longfellow.
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Elysium
E*ly"sium (&euptack_;*l&ibreve_;zh"ŭm or &euptack_;*l&ibreve_;zh"&ibreve_;*ŭm), n.; pl. E. Elysiums (#), L. Elysia (#). [L., fr. Gr. 'Hly`sion, 'Hly`sion pedi`on, Elysian field.] (Anc. Myth.) 1. A dwelling place assigned to happy souls after death; the seat of future happiness; Paradise.
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2. Hence, any delightful place.
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An Elysium more pure and bright than that of the Greeks. I. Taylor.
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Elytriform
E*lyt"ri*form (&euptack_;*l&ibreve_;t"r&ibreve_;*fôrm or &euptack_;*lī"tr&ibreve_;*fôrm), a. [Elytrum + -form.] (Zoöl.) Having the form, or structure, of an elytron.
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Elytrin
El"y*trin (&ebreve_;l"&ibreve_;"tr&ibreve_;n or &euptack_;*lī"tr&ibreve_;n), n. [From Elytrum.] (Chem.) See Chitin.
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Elytroid
El"y*troid (?), a. [Gr. 'e`lytron sheath, a wing case + -oid.] (Zoöl.) Resembling a beetle's wing case.

Elytrum
Elytron
El"y*tron (?; 277), El"y*trum (-tr&unr_;m) n.; pl. Elytra (#). [NL., fr. Gr. 'e`lytron, fr. 'ely`ein to roll round.] (Zoöl.) (a) One of the anterior pair of wings in the Coleoptera and some other insects, when they are thick and serve only as a protection for the posterior pair. See Coleoptera. (b) One of the shieldlike dorsal scales of certain annelids. See Chætopoda.
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Elzevir
El"ze*vir (?), a. (Bibliog.) Applied to books or editions (esp. of the Greek New Testament and the classics) printed and published by the Elzevir family at Amsterdam, Leyden, etc., from about 1592 to 1680; also, applied to a round open type introduced by them.
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The Elzevir editions are valued for their neatness, and the elegant small types used. Brande & C.
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'Em
'Em (?). An obsolete or colloquial contraction of the old form hem, them. Addison.
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Em
Em (?), n. (Print.) The portion of a line formerly occupied by the letter m, then a square type, used as a unit by which to measure the amount of printed matter on a page; the square of the body of a type.
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Em-
Em-. A prefix. See En-.
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Emacerate
E*mac"er*ate (?), v. t. & i. [L. emaceratus emaciated; e + macerare to make soft.] To make lean or to become lean; to emaciate. [Obs.] Bullokar.
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Emaceration
E*mac`er*a"tion (?), n. Emaciation. [Obs.]
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Emaciate
E*ma"ci*ate (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Emaciated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Emaciating.] [L. emaciatus, p. p. of emaciare to make lean; e + maciare to make lean or meager, fr. macies leanness, akin to macer lean. See Meager.] To lose flesh gradually and become very lean; to waste away in flesh. “He emaciated and pined away.” Sir T. Browne.
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Emaciate
E*ma"ci*ate, v. t. To cause to waste away in flesh and become very lean; as, his sickness emaciated him.
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Emaciate
E*ma"ci*ate (?), a. [L. emaciatus, p. p.] Emaciated.Emaciate steeds.” T. Warton.
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emaciated
emaciated adj. having become so thin that the bones noticeably protude under the skin; as, emaciated bony hands.
Syn. -- bony, cadaverous, gaunt, haggard, pinched, skeletal, wasted.
[WordNet 1.5]

Emaciation
E*ma`ci*a"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. émaciation.] 1. The act of making very lean.
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2. The state of being emaciated or reduced to excessive leanness; an excessively lean condition.
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Emaculate
E*mac"u*late (?), v. t. [L. emaculatus, p. p. of emaculare to clear from spots. See Maculate.] To clear from spots or stains, or from any imperfection. [Obs.] Hales.
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Emaculation
E*mac`u*la"tion (?), n. The act of clearing from spots. [Obs.] Johnson.
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e-mail
email
E-mail
E-mail, email, e-mail (ē"mâl`), n. electronic mail; a digitally encoded message sent from one computer to another through an electronic communications medium, especially by means of a computer network.
Syn. -- electronic mail.
[PJC]

e-mail
email
E-mail
E-mail, email, e-mail v. t. [imp. & p. p. E-mailed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. E-mailing.] to send (an e-mail message) to someone; as, I emailed the article to the editor; she emailed me her report.
Syn. -- mail electronically.
[WordNet 1.5]

aemail ombrant
æ`mail` om`brant" (?). [F., shaded enamel.] (Fine Arts) An art or process of flooding transparent colored glaze over designs stamped or molded on earthenware or porcelain. Ure.
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Emanant
Em"a*nant (?), a. [L. emanans, -antis, p. pr. of emanare. See Emanate.] Issuing or flowing forth; emanating; passing forth into an act, or making itself apparent by an effect; -- said of mental acts; as, an emanant volition.
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Emanate
Em"a*nate (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Emanated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Emanating.] [L. emanare, emanatum, to emanate; e out + manare to flow, prob. for madnare, and akin to madere to be wet, drip, madidus wet, drenched, drunk, Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, wet, &unr_; to be wet, Skr. mad to boil, matta drunk. Cf. Emane.]
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1. To issue forth from a source; to flow out from more or less constantly; as, fragrance emanates from flowers.

2. To proceed from, as a source or fountain; to take origin; to arise, to originate.
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That subsisting from of government from which all special laws emanate. De Quincey.

Syn. -- To flow; arise; proceed; issue; originate.
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Emanate
Em"a*nate (?), a. Issuing forth; emanant. [R.]
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Emanation
Em`a*na"tion (?), n. [L. emanatio: cf. F. émanation.] 1. The act of flowing or proceeding from a fountain head or origin. South.
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Those profitable and excellent emanations from God. Jer. Taylor.
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2. That which issues, flows, or proceeds from any object as a source; efflux; an effluence; as, perfume is an emanation from a flower.
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An emanation of the indwelling life. Bryant.
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Emanative
Em"a*na*tive (?), a. Issuing forth; effluent.
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Emanatively
Em"a*na*tive*ly, adv. By an emanation.
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Emanatory
Em"a*na*to*ry (?), a. Emanative; of the nature of an emanation. Dr. H. More.
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Emancipate
E*man"ci*pate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Emancipated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Emancipating.] [L. emancipatus, p. p. of emancipare to emancipate; e + mancipare to transfer ownership in, fr. manceps purchaser, as being one who laid his hand on the thing bought; manus hand + capere to take. See Manual, and Capable.] To set free from the power of another; to liberate; as: (a) To set free, as a minor from a parent; as, a father may emancipate a child. (b) To set free from bondage; to give freedom to; to manumit; as, to emancipate a slave, or a country.
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Brasidas . . . declaring that he was sent to emancipate Hellas. Jowett (Thucyd. ).

(c) To free from any controlling influence, especially from anything which exerts undue or evil influence; as, to emancipate one from prejudices or error.
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From how many troublesome and slavish impertinences . . . he had emancipated and freed himself. Evelyn.
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To emancipate the human conscience. A. W. Ward.
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Emancipate
E*man"ci*pate (?), a. [L. emancipatus, p. p.] Set at liberty.
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emancipated
emancipated adj. 1. free from traditional social restraints; -- used especially of women; as, an emancipated young woman pursuing her career. [wns=1]
Syn. -- liberated.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. freed from bondage. [wns=2]
Syn. -- freed, liberated.
[WordNet 1.5]

emancipative
emancipating
emancipating emancipative adj. permitting or conducive to the reduction of restraints on behavior.
Syn. -- freeing, liberating.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Emancipation
E*man`ci*pa"tion (?), n. [L. emancipatio: cf. F. émancipation.] The act of setting free from the power of another, from slavery, subjection, dependence, or controlling influence; also, the state of being thus set free; the act or process of emancipation, or the state thereby achieved; liberation; as, the emancipation of slaves; the emancipation of minors; the emancipation of a person from prejudices; the emancipation of the mind from superstition; the emancipation of a nation from tyranny or subjection.

Syn. -- Deliverance; liberation; release; freedom; manumission; enfranchisement.
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Emancipationist
E*man`ci*pa"tion*ist, n. An advocate of emancipation, esp. the emancipation of slaves.
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Emancipator
E*man"ci*pa`tor (?), n. [L.] One who emancipates.
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Emancipatory
E*man"ci*pa*to*ry (?), a. Pertaining to emancipation, or tending to effect emancipation.Emancipatory laws.” G. Eliot.
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Emancipist
E*man"ci*pist (?), n. A freed convict. [Australia]
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Emarginate
E*mar"gi*nate (?), v. t. [L. emarginare; e out + marginare to furnish with a margin, fr. margo margin.] To take away the margin of.

Emarginated
Emarginate
{ E*mar"gi*nate (?), E*mar"gi*na`ted (?), } a. 1. Having the margin interrupted by a notch or shallow sinus.
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2. (Bot.) Notched at the summit.
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3. (Cryst.) Having the edges truncated.
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Emarginately
E*mar"gi*nate*ly, adv. In an emarginate manner.
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Emargination
E*mar`gi*na"tion (?), n. The act of notching or indenting the margin, or the state of being so notched; also, a notch or shallow sinus in a margin.
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Emasculate
E*mas"cu*late (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Emasculated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Emasculating (?).] [L. emasculare; e + masculus male, masculine. See Male masculine.] 1. To deprive of virile or procreative power; to castrate power; to castrate; to geld.
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2. To deprive of masculine vigor or spirit; to weaken; to render effeminate; to vitiate by unmanly softness.
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Luxury had not emasculated their minds. V. Knox.
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emasculate
e*mas"cu*late (?), a. Deprived of virility or vigor; unmanned; weak.Emasculate slave.” Hammond.
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emasculated
emasculated adj. 1. having the testicles removed; -- of a male animal.
Syn. -- cut, gelded, sexless.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. deprived of virility, vigor, or manly character.
[PJC]

emasculation
e*mas`cu*la"tion (?), n. 1. The act of depriving of virility, or the state of being so deprived; castration.
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2. The act of depriving, or state of being deprived, of vigor or strength; unmanly weakness.
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Emasculator
E*mas"cu*la`tor (?), n. [L.] One who, or that which, emasculates.
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Emasculatory
E*mas"cu*la*to*ry (?), a. Serving or tending to emasculate.
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Embace
Em*bace" (?), v. t. See Embase. [Obs.]
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Embale
Em*bale" (?), v. t. [F. emballer; pref. em- (L. in) + balle bale. See 1st Bale.] [Obs.] 1. To make up into a bale or pack. Johnson.
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2. To bind up; to inclose.
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Legs . . . embaled in golden buskins. Spenser.
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Emball
Em*ball" (?), v. t. [See Embale.] To encircle or embrace. [Obs.] Sir P. Sidney.
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Embalm
Em*balm" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Embalmed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Embalming.] [F. embaumer; pref. em- (L. in) + baume balm. See Balm.] 1. To anoint all over with balm; especially, to preserve from decay by means of balm or other aromatic oils, or spices; to fill or impregnate (a dead body), with aromatics and drugs that it may resist putrefaction.
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Joseph commanded his servants, the physicians, to embalm &unr_;is father; and the physicians embalmed Israel. Gem. l. 2.
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2. To fill or imbue with sweet odor; to perfume.
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With fresh dews embalmed the earth. Milton.
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3. To preserve from decay or oblivion as if with balm; to perpetuate in remembrance.
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Those tears eternal that embalm the dead. Pope.
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Embalmer
Em*balm"er (?), n. One who embalms.
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Embalmment
Em*balm"ment (?), n. [Cf. F. embaumement.] The act of embalming. [R.] Malone.
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Embank
Em*bank" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Embanked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Embanking.] [Pref. em- + bank. Cf. Imbank.] To throw up a bank so as to confine or to defend; to protect by a bank of earth or stone.
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Embankment
Em*bank"ment (?), n. 1. The act of surrounding or defending with a bank.
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2. A structure of earth, gravel, etc., raised to prevent water from overflowing a level tract of country, to retain water in a reservoir, or to carry a roadway, etc.
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Embar
Em*bar" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Embarred (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Embanking.] [Pref. em- + bar: cf. F. embarrer. Cf. Embargo.] 1. To bar or shut in; to inclose securely, as with bars.
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Where fast embarred in mighty brazen wall. Spenser.
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2. To stop; to hinder by prohibition; to block up.
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He embarred all further trade. Bacon.
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Embarcation
Em`bar*ca"tion (?), n. Same as Embarkation.
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Embarge
Em*barge" (?), v. t. To put in a barge. [Poetic] Drayton.
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Embargo
Em*bar"go (?), n.; pl. Embargoes (#). [Sp., fr. embargar to arrest, restrain; pref. em- (L. in) + Sp. barra bar, akin to F. barre bar. See Bar.] An edict or order of the government prohibiting the departure of ships of commerce from some or all of the ports within its dominions; a prohibition to sail.
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&hand_; If the embargo is laid on an enemy's ships, it is called a hostile embargo; if on the ships belonging to citizens of the embargoing state, it is called a civil embargo.
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Embargo
Em*bar"go, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Embargoed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Embargoing.] To lay an embargo on and thus detain; to prohibit from leaving port; -- said of ships, also of commerce and goods.
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Embark
Em*bark" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Embarked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Embarking.] [F. embarquer; pref. em- (L. in) + barque bark: cf. Sp. embarcar, It. imbarcare. See Bark. a vessel.] 1. To cause to go on board a vessel or boat; to put on shipboard.
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2. To engage, enlist, or invest (as persons, money, etc.) in any affair; as, he embarked his fortune in trade.
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It was the reputation of the sect upon which St. Paul embarked his salvation. South.
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Embark
Em*bark", v. i. 1. To go on board a vessel or a boat for a voyage; as, the troops embarked for Lisbon.
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2. To engage in any affair.
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Slow to embark in such an undertaking. Macaulay.
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Embarkation
Em`bar*ka"tion (?), n. 1. The act of putting or going on board of a vessel; as, the embarkation of troops.
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2. That which is embarked; as, an embarkation of Jesuits. Smollett.
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Embarkment
Em*bark"ment (?), n. [Cf. F. embarquement.] Embarkation. [R.] Middleton.
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Embarrass
Em*bar"rass (&ebreve_;m*băr"r&aitalic_;s), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Embarrassed (&ebreve_;m*băr"r&aitalic_;st); p. pr. & vb. n. Embarrassing.] [F. embarrasser (cf. Sp. embarazar, Pg. embaraçar, Pr. barras bar); pref. em- (L. in) + LL. barra bar. See Bar.] 1. To hinder from freedom of thought, speech, or action by something which impedes or confuses mental action; to make (a person) unpleasantly self-conscious; to perplex; to discompose; to disconcert; as, laughter may embarrass an orator. [wns=1]
Syn. -- abash, discompose, disconcert, discomfit, chagrin. [1913 Webster +PJC]

2. To hinder from liberty of movement; to impede; to obstruct; as, business is embarrassed; public affairs are embarrassed. [wns=2]
Syn. -- obstruct, blockade, block, hinder, stymie. [1913 Webster]

3. (Com.) To involve in difficulties concerning money matters; to incumber with debt; to beset with urgent claims or demands; -- said of a person or his affairs; as, a man or his business is embarrassed when he can not meet his pecuniary engagements.

Syn. -- To hinder; perplex; entangle; confuse; puzzle; disconcert; abash; distress. -- To Embarrass, Puzzle, Perplex. We are puzzled when our faculties are confused by something we do not understand. We are perplexed when our feelings, as well as judgment, are so affected that we know not how to decide or act. We are embarrassed when there is some bar or hindrance upon us which impedes our powers of thought, speech, or motion. A schoolboy is puzzled by a difficult sum; a reasoner is perplexed by the subtleties of his opponent; a youth is sometimes so embarrassed before strangers as to lose his presence of mind.
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Embarrass
Em*bar"rass, n. [F. embarras. See Embarrass, v. t.] Embarrassment. [Obs.] Bp. Warburton.
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embarrassed
embarrassed adj. 1. feeling uneasily or unpleasantly self-conscious due to some event or circumstance; as, she was embarrassed by her child's tantrums.
Syn. -- abashed, self-conscious.
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2. feeling inferior or unworthy and hence unpleasantly self-conscious; as, too embarrassed to say hello to his drunken father on the street.
Syn. -- chagrined, mortified.
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embarrassing
embarrassing adj. 1. hard to deal with; as, greeted with an embarrassing silence.
Syn. -- awkward, disconcerting, off-putting, sticky, tight, unenviable.
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2. causing to feel shame or chagrin or vexation.
Syn. -- mortifying, shame-making.
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Embarrassment
Em*bar"rass*ment (?), n. [F. embarrassement.] 1. A state of being embarrassed; perplexity; impediment to freedom of action; entanglement; hindrance; confusion or discomposure of mind, as from not knowing what to do or to say; disconcertedness.
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The embarrassment which inexperienced minds have often to express themselves upon paper. W. Irving.
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The embarrassments tom commerce growing out of the late regulations. Bancroft.
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2. Difficulty or perplexity arising from the want of money to pay debts.
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Embase
Em*base" (?), v. t. [Pref. em- + base, a. or v. t.: cf. OF. embaissier.] To bring down or lower, as in position, value, etc.; to debase; to degrade; to deteriorate. [Obs.]
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Embased the valleys, and embossed the hills. Sylvester.
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Alloy in coin of gold . . . may make the metal work the better, but it embaseth it. Bacon.
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Such pitiful embellishments of speech as serve for nothing but to embase divinity. South.
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Embasement
Em*base"ment (?), n. [From Embase, v. t.] Act of bringing down; depravation; deterioration. South.
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Embassade
Em"bas*sade (?), n. [F. ambassade. See Embassy.] An embassy. See Ambassade. [Obs.] Shak.
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Embassador
Em*bas"sa*dor (?), n. [F. ambassadeur, Sp. embajador, LL. ambassiator, ambasciator. See Embassy, and cf. Ambassador.] Same as Ambassador.
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Stilbon, that was a wise embassadour,
Was sent to Corinth.
Chaucer.
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Myself my king's embassador will go. Dryden.
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Embassadorial
Em*bas`sa*do"ri*al (?), a. [Cf. F. ambassadorial.] Same as Ambassadorial.
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Embassadress
Em*bas"sa*dress (?), n. [Cf. F. ambassadrice.] Same as Ambassadress.
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Embassadry
Em*bas"sa*dry (?), n. [Cf. OF. ambassaderie.] Embassy. [Obs.] Leland.
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Embassage
Em"bas*sage (?; 48), n. 1. An embassy. “He sent a solemn embassage.” Bacon.
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Except your embassages have better success. Motley.
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2. Message; errand. Shak.
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Embassy
Em"bas*sy (?), n.; pl. Embassies (#). [OF. ambassée, embascée, LL. ambasciata, fr. ambasciare for ambactiare to go on a mission, fr. L. ambactus vassal, dependent, of Celtic or German origin; cf. W. amaeth husbandman, Goth. andbahts servant, G. amt office, OHG. ambaht. Cf. Ambassador.] 1. The public function of an ambassador; the charge or business intrusted to an ambassador or to envoys; a public message to; foreign court concerning state affairs; hence, any solemn message.
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He sends the angels on embassies with his decrees. Jer. Taylor.
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2. The person or persons sent as ambassadors or envoys; the ambassador and his suite; envoys.
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3. The residence or office of an ambassador.
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&hand_; Sometimes, but rarely, spelled ambassy.
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Embastardize
Em*bas"tard*ize (?), v. t. [Pref. em- + bastardize.] To bastardize. [Obs.]
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Embathe
Em*bathe" (?), v. t. [Pref. em- + bathe. Cf. Imbathe.] To bathe; to imbathe.
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Embattail
Em*bat"tail (?), v. t. [See Embattle.] To furnish with battlements; to fortify as with battlements. [Archaic]
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To embattail and to wall about thy cause
With iron-worded proof.
Tennyson.
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Embattle
Em*bat"tle (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Embattled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Embattling (?).] [OF. embataillier; pref. em- (L. in) + F. bataille battle. See Battle, and cf. Battlement.] To arrange in order of battle; to array for battle; also, to prepare or arm for battle; to equip as for battle.
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One in bright arms embattled full strong. Spenser.
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Here once the embattled farmers stood
And fired the shot heard round the world.
Emerson.
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Embattle
Em*bat"tle, v. i. To be arrayed for battle. [Obs.]
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Embattle
Em*bat"tle, v. t. [See Battlement.] To furnish with battlements.Embattled house.” Wordsworth.
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Embattled
Em*bat"tled (?), a. 1. Having indentations like a battlement. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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2. (Her.) Having the edge broken like battlements; -- said of a bearing such as a fess, bend, or the like.
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3. Having been the place of battle; as, an embattled plain or field. J. Baillie.
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Embattlement
Em*bat"tle*ment (?), n. 1. An intended parapet; a battlement.
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2. The fortifying of a building or a wall by means of battlements.
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Embay
Em*bay" (?), v. t. [Pref. em- + bay to bathe.] To bathe; to soothe or lull as by bathing. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Embay
Em*bay", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Embayed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Embaying.] [Pref. em- + 1st bay.] To shut in, or shelter, as in a bay.
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If that the Turkish fleet
Be not ensheltered and embayed, they are drowned.
Shak.
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Embayment
Em*bay"ment (?), n. A bay. [R.]
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The embayment which is terminated by the land of North Berwick. Sir W. Scott.
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Embeam
Em*beam" (?), v. t. To make brilliant with beams. [R.] G. Fletcher.
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Embed
Em*bed" (&ebreve_;m*b&ebreve_;d"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Embedded; p. pr. & vb. n. Embedding.] [Pref. em- + bed. Cf. Imbed.] To lay as in a bed; to lay in surrounding matter; to bed; as, to embed a thing in clay, mortar, or sand.
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embedded
embedded adj. 1. enclosed or fixed firmly in a surrounding mass; surrounded on all sides; as, found pebbles embedded in the silt; stone containing many embedded fossils; as, peach and plum seeds embedded in a sweet edible pulp. [wns=1]
Syn. -- fixed.
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2. inserted as an integral part of a surrounding whole; as, confused by the embedded Latin quotations; an embedded subordinate clause. [wns=2]
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Embedment
Em*bed"ment (?), n. The act of embedding, or the state of being embedded.
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Embellish
Em*bel"lish (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Embellished (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Embellishing.] [OE. embelisen, embelisshen, F. embellir; pref. em- (L. in) + bel, beau, beautiful. See Beauty.] To make beautiful or elegant by ornaments; to decorate; to adorn; as, to embellish a book with pictures, a garden with shrubs and flowers, a narrative with striking anecdotes, or style with metaphors.

Syn. -- To adorn; beautify; deck; bedeck; decorate; garnish; enrich; ornament; illustrate. See Adorn.
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Embellisher
Em*bel"lish*er (?), n. One who embellishes.
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Embellishment
Em*bel"lish*ment (?), n. [Cf. F. embellissement.] 1. The act of adorning, or the state of being adorned; adornment.
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In the selection of their ground, as well as in the embellishment of it. Prescott.
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2. That which adds beauty or elegance; ornament; decoration; as, pictorial embellishments.
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The graces and embellishments of the exterior man. I. Taylor.
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Ember
Em"ber (?), n. [OE. emmeres, emeres, AS. &unr_;myrie; akin to Icel. eimyrja, Dan. emmer, MHG. eimere; cf. Icel. eimr vapor, smoke.] A lighted coal, smoldering amid ashes; -- used chiefly in the plural, to signify mingled coals and ashes; the smoldering remains of a fire. “He rakes hot embers.” Dryden.
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He takes a lighted ember out of the covered vessel. Colebrooke.
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Ember
Em"ber, a. [OE. ymber, AS. ymbren, ymbryne, prop., running around, circuit; ymbe around + ryne a running, fr. rinnan to run. See Amb-, and Run.] Making a circuit of the year of the seasons; recurring in each quarter of the year; as, ember fasts.
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Ember days (R. C. & Eng. Ch.), days set apart for fasting and prayer in each of the four seasons of the year. The Council of Placentia [A. D. 1095] appointed for ember days the Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday after the first Sunday in Lent, Whitsuntide, the 14th of September, and the 13th of December. The weeks in which these days fall are called ember weeks.
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Ember-goose
Em"ber-goose` (?), n. [Cf. Norw. embergaas, hav-imber, hav-immer, Icel. himbrin, himbrimi.] (Zoöl.) The loon or great northern diver. See Loon. [Written also emmer-goose and imber-goose.]
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Emberings
Em"ber*ings (?), n. pl. Ember days. [Obs.]
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Embetter
Em*bet"ter (?), v. t. To make better. [Obs.]
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Embezzle
Em*bez"zle (&ebreve_;m*b&ebreve_;z"z'l), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Embezzled (&ebreve_;m*b&ebreve_;z"z'ld); p. pr. & vb. n. Embezzling (?).] [Norm. F. embeseiller to destroy; cf. OF. besillier to ill treat, ravage, destroy. Cf. Bezzle.] 1. To appropriate fraudulently to one's own use, as property intrusted to one's care; to apply to one's private uses by a breach of trust; as, to embezzle money held in trust.
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2. To misappropriate; to waste; to dissipate in extravagance. [Obs.]
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To embezzle our money in drinking or gaming. Sharp.
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embezzled
embezzled adj. 1. taken for one's own use in violation of a trust; -- of money; as, the banker absconded with embezzled payroll; the embezzled funds amounted to millions of dollars.
Syn. -- misappropriated.
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Embezzlement
Em*bez"zle*ment (?), n. The fraudulent appropriation of property by a person to whom it has been intrusted; as, the embezzlement by a clerk of his employer's money; embezzlement of public funds by the public officer having them in charge.
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&hand_; Larceny denotes a taking, by fraud or stealth, from another's possession; embezzlement denotes an appropriation, by fraud or stealth, of property already in the wrongdoer's possession. In England and in most of the United States embezzlement is made indictable by statute.
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Embezzler
Em*bez"zler (?), n. One who embezzles.
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Embillow
Em*bil"low (?), v. i. To swell or heave like a wave of the sea. [R.] Lisle.
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Embiotocidae
Embiotocidae n. a natural family of viviparous percoid fishes comprising the surf fishes.
Syn. -- family Embiotocidae.
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Embiotocoid
Em`bi*ot"o*coid (?), a. [NL. Embiotoca, the name of one genus + -oid.] (Zoöl.) Belonging to, or resembling, the Embiotocidæ. -- n. One of a family of fishes (Embiotocidæ) abundant on the coast of California, remarkable for being viviparous; -- also called surf fish and viviparous fish. See Illust. in Appendix.
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Embitter
Em*bit"ter (?), v. t. To make bitter or sad. See Imbitter.
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Embitterment
Em*bit"ter*ment (?), n. The act of embittering; also, that which embitters.
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Emblanch
Em*blanch" (?), v. t. [Pref. em- + 1st blanch.] To whiten. See Blanch. [Obs.] Heylin.
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Emblaze
Em*blaze" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Emblazed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Emblazing.] [Pref. em- + 1st blaze.] 1. To adorn with glittering embellishments.
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No weeping orphan saw his father's stores
Our shrines irradiate, or emblaze the floors.
Pope.
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2. To paint or adorn with armorial figures; to blazon, or emblazon. [Archaic]
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The imperial ensign, . . . streaming to the wind,
With gems and golden luster rich emblazed.
Milton.
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Emblazon
Em*bla"zon (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Emblazoned (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Emblazoning.] [Pref. em- + blazon. Cf. Emblaze.] 1. To depict or represent; -- said of heraldic bearings. See Blazon.
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2. To deck in glaring colors; to set off conspicuously; to display pompously; to decorate.
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The walls were . . . emblazoned with legends in commemoration of the illustrious pair. Prescott.
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Emblazoner
Em*bla"zon*er (?), n. One who emblazons; also, one who publishes and displays anything with pomp.
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Emblazoning
Em*bla"zon*ing, n. The act or art of heraldic decoration; delineation of armorial bearings.
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Emblazonment
Em*bla"zon*ment (?), n. An emblazoning.
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Emblazonry
Em*bla"zon*ry (?), n.; pl. Emblazonries (&unr_;). The act or art of an emblazoner; heraldic or ornamental decoration, as pictures or figures on shields, standards, etc.; emblazonment.
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Thine ancient standard's rich emblazonry. Trench.
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Emblem
Em"blem (?), n. [F. emblème, L. emblema, -atis, that which is put in or on, inlaid work, fr. Gr. &unr_; a thing put in or on, fr. &unr_; to throw, lay, put in; &unr_; in + &unr_; to throw. See In, and Parable.] 1. Inlay; inlaid or mosaic work; something ornamental inserted in a surface. [Obs.] Milton.
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2. A visible sign of an idea; an object, or the figure of an object, symbolizing and suggesting another object, or an idea, by natural aptness or by association; a figurative representation; a typical designation; a symbol; as, a balance is an emblem of justice; a scepter, the emblem of sovereignty or power; a circle, the emblem of eternity. “His cicatrice, an emblem of war, here on his sinister cheek.” Shak.
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3. A picture accompanied with a motto, a set of verse, or the like, intended as a moral lesson or meditation.
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&hand_; Writers and artists of the 17th century gave much attention and study to the composition of such emblems, and many collections of them were published.

Syn. -- Sign; symbol; type; device; signal; token. -- Sign, Emblem, Symbol, Type. Sign is the generic word comprehending all significant representations. An emblem is a visible object representing another by a natural suggestion of characteristic qualities, or an habitual and recognized association; as, a circle, having no apparent beginning or end, is an emblem of eternity; a particular flag is the emblem of the country or ship which has adopted it for a sign and with which it is habitually associated. Between emblem and symbol the distinction is slight, and often one may be substituted for the other without impropriety. See Symbol. Thus, a circle is either an emblem or a symbol of eternity; a scepter, either an emblem or a symbol of authority; a lamb, either an emblem or a symbol of meekness. “An emblem is always of something simple; a symbol may be of something complex, as of a transaction . . . In consequence we do not speak of actions emblematic.” C. J. Smith. A type is a representative example, or model, exhibiting the qualities common to all individuals of the class to which it belongs; as, the Monitor is a type of a class of war vessels.
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Emblem
Em"blem (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Emblemed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Embleming.] To represent by an emblem; to symbolize. [R.]
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Emblemed by the cozening fig tree. Feltham.

Emblematical
Emblematic
{ Em`blem*at"ic (?), Em`blem*at"ic*al (?), } a. [Cf. F. emblématique.] Pertaining to, containing, or consisting in, an emblem; symbolic; typically representative; representing as an emblem; as, emblematic language or ornaments; a crown is emblematic of royalty; white is emblematic of purity. -- Em`blem*at"ic*al*ly, adv.
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Emblematiccize
Em`blem*at"ic*cize (?), v. t. To render emblematic; as, to emblematicize a picture. [R.] Walpole.
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Emblematist
Em*blem"a*tist (?), n. A writer or inventor of emblems. Sir T. Browne.
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Emblematize
Em*blem"a*tize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Emblematized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Emblematizing (?).] To represent by, or as by, an emblem; to symbolize.
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Anciently the sun was commonly emblematized by a starry or radiate figure. Bp. Hurd.
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Emblement
Em"ble*ment (?), n. [OF. embleer to sow with corn, F. emblaver, fr. LL. imbladare; pref. in- + LL. bladum grain, F. blé.] (Law) The growing crop, or profits of a crop which has been sown or planted; -- used especially in the plural. The produce of grass, trees, and the like, is not emblement. Wharton's Law Dict.
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Emblemize
Em"blem*ize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Emblemized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Emblemizing (?).] To represent by an emblem; to emblematize. [R.]
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Embloom
Em*bloom" (?), v. t. To emblossom. Savage.
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Emblossom
Em*blos"som (?), v. t. To cover or adorn with blossoms.
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On the white emblossomed spray. J. Cunningham.
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Embodier
Em*bod"i*er (?), n. One who embodies.
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Embodiment
Em*bod"i*ment (?), n. 1. The act of embodying; the state of being embodied.
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2. That which embodies or is embodied; representation in a physical body; a completely organized system, like the body; as, the embodiment of courage, or of courtesy; the embodiment of true piety.
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Embody
Em*bod"y (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Embodied (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Embodying.] To form into a body; to invest with a body; to collect into a body, a united mass, or a whole; to incorporate; as, to embody one's ideas in a treatise. [Written also imbody.]
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Devils embodied and disembodied. Sir W. Scott.
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The soul, while it is embodied, can no more be divided from sin. South.
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Embody
Em*bod"y, v. i. To unite in a body, a mass, or a collection; to coalesce. [Written also imbody.]
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Firmly to embody against this court party. Burke.
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Embogue
Em*bogue" (?), v. i. [See Disembogue.] To disembogue; to discharge, as a river, its waters into the sea or another river. [R.]
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Emboguing
Em*bo"guing (?), n. The mouth of a river, or place where its waters are discharged. [R.]
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Emboil
Em*boil" (?), v. i. To boil with anger; to effervesce. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Emboil
Em*boil", v. t. To cause to boil with anger; to irritate; to chafe. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Emboitement
Em`boîte"ment` (?), n. [F., fr. emboîter to fit in, insert; en in + boîte box.] (Biol.) The hypothesis that all living things proceed from preëxisting germs, and that these encase the germs of all future living things, inclosed one within another. Buffon.
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Embolden
Em*bold"en (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Emboldened (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Emboldening (?).] To give boldness or courage to; to encourage. Shak.
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The self-conceit which emboldened him to undertake this dangerous office. Sir W. Scott.
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Emboldener
Em*bold"en*er (?), n. One who emboldens.
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Embolic
Em*bol"ic (?), a. [Gr. &unr_; to throw in. See Embolism.] 1. Embolismic.
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2. (Med.) Pertaining to an embolism; produced by an embolism; as, an embolic abscess.
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3. (Biol.) Pushing or growing in; -- said of a kind of invagination. See under Invagination.
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Embolism
Em"bo*lism (?), n. [L. embolismus, from Gr. &unr_; to throw or put in, insert; cf. &unr_; intercalated: cf. F. embolisme. See Emblem.] 1. Intercalation; the insertion of days, months, or years, in an account of time, to produce regularity; as, the embolism of a lunar month in the Greek year.
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2. Intercalated time. Johnson.
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3. (Med.) The occlusion of a blood vessel by an embolus. Embolism in the brain often produces sudden unconsciousness and paralysis.
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Embolismal
Em`bo*lis"mal (?), a. Pertaining to embolism; intercalary; as, embolismal months.

Embolismatical
Embolismatic
{ Em`bo*lis*mat"ic (?), Em`bo*lis*mat"ic*al (?), } a. Embolismic.

Embolismical
Embolismic
{ Em`bo*lis"mic (?), Em`bo*lis"mic*al (?), } a. [Cf. F. embolismique.] Pertaining to embolism or intercalation; intercalated; as, an embolismic year, i. e., the year in which there is intercalation.
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Embolite
Em"bo*lite (?), n. [From Gr. &unr_; something thrown in between.] (Min.) A mineral consisting of both the chloride and the bromide of silver.
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Embolus
Em"bo*lus (?), n.; pl. Emboli (#). [L., fr. Gr. &unr_; pointed so as to be put or thrust in, fr. &unr_; to throw, thrust, or put in. See Emblem.] 1. Something inserted, as a wedge; the piston or sucker of a pump or syringe.
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2. (Med.) A plug of some substance lodged in a blood vessel, being brought thither by the blood current. It consists most frequently of a clot of fibrin, a detached shred of a morbid growth, a globule of fat, or a microscopic organism.
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Emboly
Em"bo*ly (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; a putting into.] (Biol.) Embolic invagination. See under Invagination.
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Embonpoint
Em`bon`point" (?), n. [F., fr. en bon point in good condition. See Bon, and Point.] Plumpness of person; -- said especially of persons somewhat corpulent.
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Emborder
Em*bor"der (?), v. t. [Pref. em- (L. in) + border: cf. OF. emborder.] To furnish or adorn with a border; to imborder.
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Embosom
Em*bos"om (?), v. t. [Written also imbosom.] 1. To take into, or place in, the bosom; to cherish; to foster.
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Glad to embosom his affection. Spenser.
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2. To inclose or surround; to shelter closely; to place in the midst of something.
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His house embosomed in the grove. Pope.
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Some tender flower . . . .
Embosomed in the greenest glade.
Keble.
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Emboss
Em*boss" (?; 115), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Embossed (?; 115); p. pr. & vb. n. Embossing.] [Pref. em- (L. in) + boss: cf. OF. embosser to swell in bunches.] 1. To raise the surface of into bosses or protuberances; particularly, to ornament with raised work.
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Botches and blains must all his flesh emboss. Milton.
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2. To raise in relief from a surface, as an ornament, a head on a coin, or the like.
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Then o'er the lofty gate his art embossed
Androgeo's death.
Dryden.
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Exhibiting flowers in their natural color embossed upon a purple ground. Sir W. Scott.
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Emboss
Em*boss", v. t. [Etymology uncertain.] To make to foam at the mouth, like a hunted animal. [Obs.]
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Emboss
Em*boss", v. t. [Cf. Pr. & Sp. emboscar, It. imboscare, F. embusquer, and E. imbosk.] 1. To hide or conceal in a thicket; to imbosk; to inclose, shelter, or shroud in a wood. [Obs.]
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In the Arabian woods embossed. Milton.
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2. To surround; to ensheath; to immerse; to beset.
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A knight her met in mighty arms embossed. Spenser.
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Emboss
Em*boss", v. i. To seek the bushy forest; to hide in the woods. [Obs.] S. Butler.
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Embossed
Em*bossed" (?; 115), a. 1. Formed or covered with bosses or raised figures.
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2. Having a part projecting like the boss of a shield.
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3. Swollen; protuberant. [Obs.] “An embossed carbuncle.” Shak.
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Embosser
Em*boss"er (?; 115), n. One who embosses.
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Embossment
Em*boss"ment (?), n. 1. The act of forming bosses or raised figures, or the state of being so formed.
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2. A bosslike prominence; figure in relief; raised work; jut; protuberance; esp., a combination of raised surfaces having a decorative effect. “The embossment of the figure.” Addison.
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Embottle
Em*bot"tle (?), v. t. To bottle. [R.] Phillips.
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Embouchure
Em`bou`chure" (?), n. [F., fr. emboucher to put to the mouth; pref. em- (L. in) + bouche the mouth. Cf. Embouge, Debouch.] 1. The mouth of a river; also, the mouth of a cannon.
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2. (Mus.) (a) The mouthpiece of a wind instrument. (b) The shaping of the lips to the mouthpiece; as, a flute player has a good embouchure.
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Embow
Em*bow" (?), v. t. To bend like a bow; to curve.Embowed arches.” [Obs. or R.] Sir W. Scott.
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With gilded horns embowed like the moon. Spenser.
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Embowel
Em*bow"el (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Emboweled (?) or Embowelled; p. pr. & vb. n. Emboweling or Embowelling.] 1. To disembowel.
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The barbarous practice of emboweling. Hallam.
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The boar . . . makes his trough
In your emboweled bosoms.
Shak.
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&hand_; Disembowel is the preferable word in this sense.
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2. To imbed; to hide in the inward parts; to bury.
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Or deep emboweled in the earth entire. Spenser.
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Emboweler
Em*bow"el*er (?), n. One who takes out the bowels. [Written also emboweller.]
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Embowelment
Em*bow"el*ment (?), n. Disembowelment.
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Embower
Em*bow"er (?), v. t. To cover with a bower; to shelter with trees. [Written also imbower.] [Poetic] Milton. -- v. i. To lodge or rest in a bower. [Poetic] “In their wide boughs embow'ring. Spenser.
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Embowl
Em*bowl" (?), v. t. To form like a bowl; to give a globular shape to. [Obs.] Sir P. Sidney.
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Embox
Em*box" (?), v. t. To inclose, as in a box; to imbox.
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Emboyssement
Em*boysse"ment (&ebreve_;m*bois"m&eitalic_;nt), n. [See Embushment.] An ambush. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Embrace
Em*brace" (&ebreve_;m*brās"), v. t. [Pref. em- (intens.) + brace, v. t.] To fasten on, as armor. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Embrace
Em*brace", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Embraced (&ebreve_;m*brāst"); p. pr. & vb. n. Embracing (&ebreve_;m*brā"s&ibreve_;ng).] [OE. embracier, F. embrasser; pref. em- (L. in) + F. bras arm. See Brace, n.] 1. To clasp in the arms with affection; to take in the arms; to hug.
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I will embrace him with a soldier's arm,
That he shall shrink under my courtesy.
Shak.
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Paul called unto him the disciples, and embraced them. Acts xx. 1.
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2. To cling to; to cherish; to love. Shak.
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3. To seize eagerly, or with alacrity; to accept with cordiality; to welcome. “I embrace these conditions.” “You embrace the occasion.” Shak.
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What is there that he may not embrace for truth? Locke.
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4. To encircle; to encompass; to inclose.
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Low at his feet a spacious plain is placed,
Between the mountain and the stream embraced.
Denham.
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5. To include as parts of a whole; to comprehend; to take in; as, natural philosophy embraces many sciences.
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Not that my song, in such a scanty space,
So large a subject fully can embrace.
Dryden.
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6. To accept; to undergo; to submit to. “I embrace this fortune patiently.” Shak.
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7. (Law) To attempt to influence corruptly, as a jury or court. Blackstone.

Syn. -- To clasp; hug; inclose; encompass; include; comprise; comprehend; contain; involve; imply.
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Embrace
Em*brace" (?), v. i. To join in an embrace.
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Embrace
Em*brace", n. Intimate or close encircling with the arms; pressure to the bosom; clasp; hug.
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We stood tranced in long embraces,
Mixed with kisses.
Tennyson.
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Embracement
Em*brace"ment (?), n. [Cf. F. embrassement.] 1. A clasp in the arms; embrace.
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Dear though chaste embracements. Sir P. Sidney.
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2. State of being contained; inclosure. [Obs.]
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In the embracement of the parts hardly reparable, as bones. Bacon.
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3. Willing acceptance. [Obs.]
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A ready embracement of . . . his kindness. Barrow.
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Embraceor
Em*brace"or (?), n. (Law) One guilty of embracery.
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Embracer
Em*bra"cer (?), n. One who embraces.
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Embracery
Em*bra"cer*y (?), n. (Law) An attempt to influence a court, jury, etc., corruptly, by promises, entreaties, money, entertainments, threats, or other improper inducements.
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Embracive
Em*bra"cive (?), a. Disposed to embrace; fond of caressing. [R.] Thackeray.
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Embraid
Em*braid" (?), v. t. [Pref. em- (L. in) + 1st braid.] 1. To braid up, as hair. [Obs.] Spenser.
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2. To upbraid. [Obs.] Sir T. Elyot.
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Embranchment
Em*branch"ment (?), n. [Cf. F. embranchement.] The branching forth, as of trees.
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Embrangle
Em*bran"gle (?), v. t. [Pref. em- (L. in) + brangle.] To confuse; to entangle.
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I am lost and embrangled in inextricable difficulties. Berkeley.
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Embrasure
Em*bra"sure (?; 135), n. [See Embrace.] An embrace. [Obs.] “Our locked embrasures.” Shak.
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Embrasure
Em*bra"sure (277), n. [F., fr. embraser, perh. equiv. to ébraser to widen an opening; of unknown origin.] 1. (Arch.) A splay of a door or window.
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Apart, in the twilight gloom of a window's embrasure,
Sat the lovers.
Longfellow.
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2. (Fort.) An aperture with slant sides in a wall or parapet, through which cannon are pointed and discharged; a crenelle. See Illust. of Casemate.
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Embrave
Em*brave" (?), v. t. 1. To inspire with bravery. [Obs.] Beaumont.
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2. To decorate; to make showy and fine. [Obs.]
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And with sad cypress seemly it embraves. Spenser.
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Embrawn
Em*brawn" (?), v. t. To harden. [Obs.]
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It will embrawn and iron-crust his flesh. Nash.
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Embread
Em*bread" (?), v. t. [Pref. em- (L. in) + bread = 1st braid.] To braid. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Embreathement
Em*breathe"ment (?), n. The act of breathing in; inspiration. [R.]
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The special and immediate suggestion, embreathement, and dictation of the Holy Ghost. W. Lee.
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Embrew
Em*brew" (?), v. t. To imbrue; to stain with blood. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Embright
Em*bright" (?), v. t. To brighten. [Obs.]
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Embrocate
Em"bro*cate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Embrocated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Embrocating.] [NL. embrocatus, p. p. of embrocare; cf. Gr. &unr_; lotion, fomentation, fr. &unr_; to foment; &unr_; in + &unr_; to wet.] (Med.) To moisten and rub (a diseased part) with a liquid substance, as with spirit, oil, etc., by means of a cloth or sponge.
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Embrocation
Em`bro*ca"tion (?), n. [NL. embrocatio: cf. F. embrocation.] (Med.) (a) The act of moistening and rubbing a diseased part with spirit, oil, etc. (b) The liquid or lotion with which an affected part is rubbed.
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Embroglio
Em*brogl"io (?), n. See Imbroglio.
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Embroider
Em*broid"er (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Embroidered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Embroidering.] [OE. embrouden. See Broider.] To ornament with needlework; as, to embroider a scarf.
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Thou shalt embroider the coat of fine linen. Ex. xxviii. 39.
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embroidered
embroidered adj. decorated with embroidery.
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Embroiderer
Em*broid"er*er (?), n. One who embroiders.
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embroideress
embroideress n. a woman who embroiders; a woman embroiderer.
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Embroidery
Em*broid"er*y (?), n.; pl. Embroideries (&unr_;). 1. Needlework used to enrich textile fabrics, leather, etc.; also, the art of embroidering.
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2. Diversified ornaments, especially by contrasted figures and colors; variegated decoration.
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Fields in spring's embroidery are dressed. Addison.
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A mere rhetorical embroidery of phrases. J. A. Symonds.
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Embroil
Em*broil" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Embroiled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Embroiling.] [F. embrouiller; pref. em- (L. in) + brouiller. See 1st Broil, and cf. Imbroglio.] 1. To throw into confusion or commotion by contention or discord; to entangle in a broil or quarrel; to make confused; to distract; to involve in difficulties by dissension or strife.
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The royal house embroiled in civil war. Dryden.
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2. To implicate in confusion; to complicate; to jumble.
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The Christian antiquities at Rome . . . are so embroiled with &unr_;able and legend. Addison.

Syn. -- To perplex; entangle; distract; disturb; disorder; trouble; implicate; commingle.
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Embroil
Em*broil", n. See Embroilment.
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Embroiler
Em*broil"er (?), n. One who embroils.
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Embroilment
Em*broil"ment (?), n. [Cf. F. embrouillement.] The act of embroiling, or the condition of being embroiled; entanglement in a broil. Bp. Burnet.
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Embronze
Em*bronze" (?), v. t. 1. To embody in bronze; to set up a bronze representation of, as of a person. [Poetic]
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2. To color in imitation of bronze. See Bronze, v. t.
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Embrothel
Em*broth"el (?), v. t. To inclose in a brothel. [Obs.] Donne.

Embroyde
Embrowde
Embroude
{ Em*broud"e (?), Em*browd"e, Em*broyd"e (?) }, v. t. To embroider; to adorn. [Obs.]
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Embrowded was he, as it were a mead
All full of fresshe flowers, white and red.
Chaucer.
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Embrown
Em*brown" (?), v. t. [Pref. em- (L. in) + brown.] To give a brown color to; to imbrown.
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Summer suns embrown the laboring swain. Fenton.
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Embrue
Em*brue" (?), v. t. See Imbrue, Embrew. [Obs.]
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Embrute
Em*brute" (?), v. t. [Pref. em- (L. in) + brute. Cf. Imbrute.] To brutify; to imbrute.
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All the man embruted in the swine. Cawthorn.
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Embryo
Em"bry*o (?), n.; pl. Embryos (#). [F. embryon, Gr. 'e`mbryon, perh. fr. &unr_; in (akin to L. &unr_; E. in) + &unr_; to be full of, swell with; perh. akin to E. brew.] (Biol.) The first rudiments of an organism, whether animal or plant; as: (a) The young of an animal in the womb, or more specifically, before its parts are developed and it becomes a fetus (see Fetus). (b) The germ of the plant, which is inclosed in the seed and which is developed by germination.
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In embryo, in an incipient or undeveloped state; in conception, but not yet executed. “The company little suspected what a noble work I had then in embryo.” Swift.
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Embryo
Em"bry*o, a. Pertaining to an embryo; rudimentary; undeveloped; as, an embryo bud.
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Embryogenic
Em`bry*o*gen"ic (?), a. (Biol.) Pertaining to the development of an embryo.
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Embryogeny
Em`bry*og"e*ny (?), n. [Gr. 'e`mbryon an embryo + root of &unr_; to produce: cf. F. embryogénie.] (Biol.) The production and development of an embryo.
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Embryogony
Em`bry*og"o*ny (?), n. [Gr. 'e`mbryon an embryo + gonh` generation.] (Biol.) The formation of an embryo.
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Embryography
Em`bry*og"ra*phy (?), n. [Gr. 'e`mbryon an embryo + -graphy.] (Biol.) The general description of embryos.

Embryological
Embryologic
{ Em`bry*o*log"ic (?), Em`bry*o*log"ic*al (?), } a. (Biol.) Of or pertaining to embryology.
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Embryologist
Em`bry*ol"o*gist (?), n. One skilled in embryology.
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Embryology
Em`bry*ol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. 'e`mbryon an embryo + -logy: cf. F. embryologie.] (Biol.) The science which relates to the formation and development of the embryo in animals and plants; a study of the gradual development of the ovum until it reaches the adult stage.
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Embryon
Em"bry*on (?), n. & a. [NL.] See Embryo.
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Embryonal
Em"bry*o*nal (?), a. (Biol.) Pertaining to an embryo, or the initial state of any organ; embryonic.
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Embryonary
Em"bry*o*na*ry (?), a. (Biol.) Embryonic.

Embryonated
Embryonate
{ Em"bry*o*nate (?), Em"bry*o*na`ted (?), } a. (Biol.) In the state of, or having, an embryonal.
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Embryonic
Em`bry*on"ic (?), a. (Biol.) Of or pertaining to an embryo; embryonal; rudimentary.
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Embryonic sac or Embryonic vesicle (Bot.), the vesicle within which the embryo is developed in the ovule; -- sometimes called also amnios sac, and embryonal sac.
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Embryoniferous
Em`bry*o*nif"er*ous (?), a. [Embryo + -ferous.] (Biol.) Having an embryo.
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Embryoniform
Em`bry*on"i*form (?), a. [Embryo + -form.] (Biol.) Like an embryo in form.
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Embryoplastic
Em`bry*o*plas"tic (?), n. [Embryo + plastic.] (Biol.) Relating to, or aiding in, the formation of an embryo; as, embryoplastic cells.
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Embryo sac
Em"bry*o sac` (?). (Bot.) See under Embryonic.
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Embryotic
Em`bry*ot"ic (?), a. (Biol.) Embryonic.
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Embryotomy
Em`bry*ot"o*my (?), n. [Gr. 'e`mbryon an embryo + te`mnein to cut: cf. F. embryotomie.] (Med.) The cutting a fetus into pieces within the womb, so as to effect its removal.
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Embryotroph
Em"bry*o*troph` (?), n. [Gr. 'e`mbryon an embryo + trofh` nourishment.] (Biol.) The material from which an embryo is formed and nourished.
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Embryous
Em"bry*ous (?), a. Embryonic; undeveloped. [R.]
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Embulk
Em*bulk" (?), v. t. To enlarge in the way of bulk. [R.] Latham.
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Emburse
Em*burse" (?), v. t. [See Imburse.] To furnish with money; to imburse. [Obs.]
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Embush
Em*bush" (?), v. t. [Cf. Ambush, Imbosk.] To place or hide in a thicket; to ambush. [Obs.] Shelton.
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Embushment
Em*bush"ment (?), n. [OE. embusshement, OF. embuschement, F. embûchement.] An ambush. [Obs.]
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Embusy
Em*bus"y (?), v. t. To employ. [Obs.] Skelton.
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Eme
Eme (?), n. [See Eame.] An uncle. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Emeer
E*meer" (?), n. Same as Emir.
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Emenagogue
E*men"a*gogue (?), n. See Emmenagogue.
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Emend
E*mend" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Emended; p. pr. & vb. n. Emending.] [L. emendare; e out + menda, mendum, fault, blemish: cf. F. émender. Cf. Amend, Mend.] To purge of faults; to make better; to correct; esp., to make corrections in (a literary work); to alter for the better by textual criticism, generally verbal.

Syn. -- To amend; correct; improve; better; reform; rectify. See Amend.
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Emendable
E*mend"a*ble (?), a. [L. emendabilis. Cf. Amendable.] Corrigible; amendable. [R.] Bailey.
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Emendately
Em"en*date*ly (?), adv. Without fault; correctly. [Obs.]
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Emendation
Em`en*da"tion (?), n. [L. emendatio: cf. F. émendation.] 1. The act of altering for the better, or correcting what is erroneous or faulty; correction; improvement. “He lies in his sin without repentance or emendation.” Jer. Taylor.
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2. Alteration by editorial criticism, as of a text so as to give a better reading; removal of errors or corruptions from a document; as, the book might be improved by judicious emendations.
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Emendator
Em"en*da`tor (?), n. [L.] One who emends or critically edits.
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Emendatory
E*mend"a*to*ry (?), a. [L. emendatorius.] Pertaining to emendation; corrective.Emendatory criticism.” Johnson.
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Emender
E*mend"er (?), n. One who emends.
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Emendicate
E*men"di*cate (?), v. t. [L. emendicatus, p. p. of emendicare to obtain by begging. See Mendicate.] To beg. [Obs.] Cockeram.
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Emerald
Em"er*ald (?), n. [OE. emeraude, OF. esmeraude, esmeralde, F. émeraude, L. smaragdus, fr. Gr. &unr_;; cf. &unr_;kr. marakata.] 1. (Min.) A precious stone of a rich green color, a variety of beryl. See Beryl.
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2. (Print.) A kind of type, in size between minion and nonpare&unr_;l. It is used by English printers.
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&hand_; This line is printed in the type called emerald.
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Emerald
Em"er*ald, a. Of a rich green color, like that of the emerald.Emerald meadows.” Byron.
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Emerald fish (Zoöl.), a fish of the Gulf of Mexico (Gobionellus oceanicus), remarkable for the brilliant green and blue color of the base of the tongue; -- whence the name; -- called also esmeralda. -- Emerald green, a very durable pigment, of a vivid light green color, made from the arseniate of copper; green bice; Scheele's green; -- also used adjectively; as, emerald green crystals. -- Emerald Isle, a name given to Ireland on account of the brightness of its verdure. -- Emerald spodumene, or Lithia emerald. (Min.) See Hiddenite. -- Emerald nickel. (Min.) See Zaratite.
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Emeraldine
Em"er*ald*ine (?; 104), n. A green compound used as a dyestuff, produced from aniline blue when acted upon by acid.
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Emeraud
Em"er*aud (?), n. [See Emerald, n.] An emerald. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Emerge
E*merge" (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Emerged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Emerging (?).] [L. emergere, emersum; e out + mergere to dip, plunge. See Merge.] To rise out of a fluid; to come forth from that in which anything has been plunged, enveloped, or concealed; to issue and appear; as, to emerge from the water or the ocean; the sun emerges from behind the moon in an eclipse; to emerge from poverty or obscurity. “Thetis . . . emerging from the deep.” Dryden.
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Those who have emerged from very low, some from the lowest, classes of society. Burke.
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Emergence
E*mer"gence (?), n.; pl. Emergences (&unr_;). The act of rising out of a fluid, or coming forth from envelopment or concealment, or of rising into view; sudden uprisal or appearance.
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The white color of all refracted light, at its very first emergence . . . is compounded of various colors. Sir I. Newton.
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When from the deep thy bright emergence sprung. H. Brooke.
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Emergency
E*mer"gen*cy (?), n.; pl. Emergencies (#). [See Emergence.] 1. Sudden or unexpected appearance; an unforeseen occurrence; a sudden occasion.
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Most our rarities have been found out by casual emergency. Glanvill.
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2. An unforeseen occurrence or combination of circumstances which calls for immediate action or remedy; pressing necessity; exigency.
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To whom she might her doubts propose,
On all emergencies that rose.
Swift.
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A safe counselor in most difficult emergencies. Brougham.

Syn. -- Crisis; conjuncture; exigency; pinch; strait; necessity.
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Emergent
E*mer"gent (?), a. [L. emergens, p. pr. of emergere.] 1. Rising or emerging out of a fluid or anything that covers or conceals; issuing; coming to light.
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The mountains huge appear emergent. Milton.
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2. Suddenly appearing; arising unexpectedly; calling for prompt action; urgent.
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Protection granted in emergent danger. Burke.
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Emergent year (Chron.), the epoch or date from which any people begin to compute their time or dates; as, the emergent year of Christendom is that of the birth of Christ; the emergent year of the United States is that of the declaration of their independence.

-- E*mer"gent*ly, adv. -- E*mer"gent*ness, n. [R.]
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Emeril
Em"er*il (?), n. 1. Emery. [Obs.] Drayton.
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2. A glazier's diamond. Crabb.
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Emerited
Em"er*it*ed (?), a. [See Emeritus.] Considered as having done sufficient public service, and therefore honorably discharged. [Obs.] Evelyn.
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Emeritus
E*mer"i*tus (?), a. [L., having served out his time, p. p. of emerere, emereri, to obtain by service, serve out one's term; e out + merere, mereri, to merit, earn, serve.] Honorably discharged from the performance of public duty on account of age, infirmity, or long and faithful services; -- said of an officer of a college or pastor of a church.
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Emeritus
E*mer"i*tus, n.; pl. Emeriti (#). [L.] A veteran who has honorably completed his service.

Emeroids
Emerods
{ Em"er*ods (?), Em"er*oids (?), } n. pl. [OF. emmeroides. See Hemorrhoids.] Hemorrhoids; piles; tumors; boils. [R.] Deut. xxviii. 27.
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Emersed
E*mersed" (?), a. [L. emersus, p. p. See Emerge.] (Bot.) Standing out of, or rising above, water. Gray.
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Emersion
E*mer"sion (?), n. [Cf. F. émersion. See Emerge.] 1. The act of emerging, or of rising out of anything; as, emersion from the sea; emersion from obscurity or difficulties.
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Their immersion into water and their emersion out of the same. Knatchbull.
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2. (Astron.) The reappearance of a heavenly body after an eclipse or occultation; as, the emersion of the moon from the shadow of the earth; the emersion of a star from behind the moon.
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Emery
Em"er*y (?), n. [F. émeri, earlier émeril, It. smeriglio, fr. Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, &unr_;, cf. &unr_; to wipe; perh. akin to E. smear. Cf. Emeril.] (Min.) Corundum in the form of grains or powder, used in the arts for grinding and polishing hard substances. Native emery is mixed with more or less magnetic iron. See the Note under Corundum.
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Emery board, cardboard pulp mixed with emery and molded into convenient. -- Emery cloth or Emery paper, cloth or paper on which the powder of emery is spread and glued for scouring and polishing. -- Emery wheel, a wheel containing emery, or having a surface of emery. In machine shops, it is sometimes called a buff wheel, and by the manufacturers of cutlery, a glazer.
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Emesis
Em"e*sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;. See Emetic.] (Med.) A vomiting.
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Emetic
E*met"ic (?), a. [L. emeticus, Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to vomit, akin to L. vomere: cf. F. émétique. See Vomit.] (Med.) Inducing to vomit; exciting the stomach to discharge its contents by the mouth. -- n. A medicine which causes vomiting.
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Emetical
E*met"ic*al (?), a. Inducing to vomit; producing vomiting; emetic. -- E*met"ic*al*ly, adv.
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Emetine
Em"e*tine (?; 104), n. [See Emetic.] (Chem.) A white crystalline bitter alkaloid extracted from ipecacuanha root, and regarded as its peculiar emetic principle.
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Emeto-cathartic
Em`e*to-ca*thar"tic (?), a. [Gr. &unr_; vomiting + E. cathartic.] (Med.) Producing vomiting and purging at the same time.

Emew
Emeu
{ E"meu, or E"mew (?) }, n. (Zoöl.) See Emu.
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emeute
É`meute" (?), n. [F.] A seditious tumult; an outbreak.
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E. M. F.
E. M. F. (Physics) An abbreviation for electro-motive force.
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Emforth
Em*forth" (?), prep. [AS. em-, emn-, in comp. equiv. to efen equal + forð forth.] According to; conformably to. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Emforth my might, so far as lies in my power. [Obs.]
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Emgalla
Em*gal"la (?), n. (Zoöl.) [Native name.] The South African wart hog. See Wart hog.
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Emicant
Em"i*cant (?), a. [L. emicans, p. pr. of emicare. See Emication.] Beaming forth; flashing. [R.]
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Which emicant did this and that way dart. Blackmore.
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Emication
Em`i*ca"tion (?), n. [L. emicatio, fr. emicare to spring out or forth; e out + micare to move quickly to and fro, to sparkle.] A flying off in small particles, as heated iron or fermenting liquors; a sparkling; scintillation. Sir T. Browne.
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Emiction
E*mic"tion (?), n. [L. e out + mingere, mictum, to make water.] 1. The voiding of urine.
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2. What is voided by the urinary passages; urine.
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Emictory
E*mic"to*ry (?), a. & n. (Med.) Diuretic.
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Emigrant
Em"i*grant (?), a. [L. emigrans, -antis, p. pr. of emigrare to emigrate: cf. F. émigrant. See Emigrate, v. i.] 1. Removing from one country to another; emigrating; as, an emigrant company or nation.
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2. Pertaining to an emigrant; used for emigrants; as, an emigrant ship or hospital.
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Emigrant
Em"i*grant, n. One who emigrates, or quits one country or region to settle in another.

Syn. -- Emigrant, Immigrant. Emigrant and emigration have reference to the country from which the migration is made; the correlative words immigrant and immigration have reference to the country into which the migration is made, the former marking the going out from a country, the latter the coming into it.
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Emigrate
Em"i*grate (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Emigrated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Emigrating.] [L. emigratus, p. p. of emigrare to remove, emigrate; e out + migrare to migrate. See Migrate.] To remove from one country or State to another, for the purpose of residence; to migrate from home.
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Forced to emigrate in a body to America. Macaulay.
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They [the Huns] were emigrating from Tartary into Europe in the time of the Goths. J. H. Newman.
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Emigrate
Em"i*grate (?), a. Migratory; roving. [Obs.]
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Emigration
Em`i*gra"tion (?), n. [L. emigratio: cf. F. émigration.] 1. The act of emigrating; removal from one country or state to another, for the purpose of residence, as from Europe to America, or, in America, from the Atlantic States to the Western.
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2. A body emigrants; emigrants collectively; as, the German emigration.
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Emigrational
Em`i*gra"tion*al (?), a. Relating to emigration.
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Emigrationist
Em`i*gra"tion*ist, n. An advocate or promoter of emigration.
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Emigrator
Em"i*gra`tor (?), n. One who emigrates; am emigrant. [R.]
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emigre
É`mi`gré" (?), n. [F., emigrant.] 1. One of the natives of France who were opposed to the first Revolution, and who left their country in consequence.
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2. Hence: Any emigrant, especially one who had fled his/her native land due to political conditions.
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Eminence
Em"i*nence (?), n. [L. eminentia, fr. eminens eminent: cf. F. éminence.] 1. That which is eminent or lofty; a high ground or place; a height.
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Without either eminences or cavities. Dryden.
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The temple of honor ought to be seated on an eminence. Burke.
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2. An elevated condition among men; a place or station above men in general, either in rank, office, or celebrity; social or moral loftiness; high rank; distinction; preferment. Milton.
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You 've too a woman's heart, which ever yet
Affected eminence, wealth, sovereignty.
Shak.
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3. A title of honor, especially applied to a cardinal in the Roman Catholic Church.
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Eminency
Em"i*nen*cy (?), n.; pl. Eminences (&unr_;). State of being eminent; eminence.Eminency of estate.” Tillotson.
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Eminent
Em"i*nent (?), a. [L. eminens, -entis, p. pr. of eminere to stand out, be prominent; e out + minere (in comp.) to project; of uncertain origin: cf. F. éminent. Cf. Menace.] 1. High; lofty; towering; prominent. “A very eminent promontory.” Evelyn
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2. Being, metaphorically, above others, whether by birth, high station, merit, or virtue; high in public estimation; distinguished; conspicuous; as, an eminent station; an eminent historian, statements, statesman, or saint.
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Right of eminent domain. (Law) See under Domain.

Syn. -- Lofty; elevated; exalted; conspicuous; prominent; remarkable; distinguished; illustrious; famous; celebrated; renowned; well-known. See Distinguished.
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Eminently
Em"i*nent*ly, adv. In an eminent manner; in a high degree; conspicuously; as, to be eminently learned.

Emeer
Emir
{ E"mir (?), E*meer" (?) }, n. [Ar. emīr, amīr, commander: cf. F. émir. Cf. Admiral, Ameer.] An Arabian military commander, independent chieftain, or ruler of a province; also, an honorary title given to the descendants of Mohammed, in the line of his daughter Fatima; among the Turks, likewise, a title of dignity, given to certain high officials.

Emeership
Emirship
{ E`mir*ship, E*meer"ship }, n. The rank or office of an Emir.
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Emissary
Em"is*sa*ry (?), n.; pl. Emissaries (#). [L. emissarius, fr. emittere, emissum, to send out: cf. F. émissaire. See Emit.] An agent employed to advance, in a covert manner, the interests of his employers; one sent out by any power that is at war with another, to create dissatisfaction among the people of the latter.
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Buzzing emissaries fill the ears
Of listening crowds with jealousies and fears.
Dryden.

Syn. -- Emissary, Spy. A spy is one who enters an enemy's camp or territories to learn the condition of the enemy; an emissary may be a secret agent appointed not only to detect the schemes of an opposing party, but to influence their councils. A spy must be concealed, or he suffers death; an emissary may in some cases be known as the agent of an adversary without incurring similar hazard.
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Emissary
Em"is*sa*ry, a. 1. Exploring; spying. B. Jonson.
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2. (Anat.) Applied to the veins which pass out of the cranium through apertures in its walls.
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Emissaryship
Em"is*sa*ry*ship`, n. The office of an emissary.
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Emission
E*mis"sion (?), n. [L. emissio: cf. F. émission. See Emit.] 1. The act of sending or throwing out; the act of sending forth or putting into circulation; issue; as, the emission of light from the sun; the emission of heat from a fire; the emission of bank notes.
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2. That which is sent out, issued, or put in circulation at one time; issue; as, the emission was mostly blood.
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Emission theory (Physics), the theory of Newton, regarding light as consisting of emitted particles or corpuscles. See Corpuscular theory, under Corpuscular.
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Emissitious
Em`is*si"tious (?), a. [L. emissitius, fr. emittere.] Looking, or narrowly examining; prying. [Obs.] “Those emissitious eyes.” Bp. Hall.
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Emissive
E*mis"sive (?), a. Sending out; emitting; as, emissive powers.
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Emissivity
Em`is*siv"i*ty (?), n. Tendency to emission; comparative facility of emission, or rate at which emission takes place; specif. (Physics), the rate of emission of heat from a bounding surface per degree of temperature difference between the surface and surrounding substances (called by Fourier external conductivity).
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Emissory
E*mis"so*ry (?), a. (Anat.) Same as Emissary, a., 2.
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Emit
E*mit" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Emitted (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Emitting.] [L. emittere to send out; e out + mittere to send. See Mission.] 1. To send forth; to throw or give out; to cause to issue; to give vent to; to eject; to discharge; as, fire emits heat and smoke; boiling water emits steam; the sun emits light.
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Lest, wrathful, the far-shooting god emit
His fatal arrows.
Prior.
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2. To issue forth, as an order or decree; to print and send into circulation, as notes or bills of credit.
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No State shall . . . emit bills of credit. Const. of the U. S.
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Emittent
E*mit"tent (?), a. [L. emittens, p. pr. emittere.] Sending forth; emissive. Boyle.
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emitting
emitting adj. [pr. p. of emit (definition 2)] giving off light or heat or radiation; as, the physical temperature of the emitting material.
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Emmanthe
Emmanthe n. 1. a genus of plants consisting of one species, the yellow bells.
Syn. -- genus Emmanthe.
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Emmantle
Em*man"tle (?), v. t. [Pref. em- (L. in) + mantle: cf. F. emmanteler. Cf. Inmantle.] To cover over with, or as with, a mantle; to put about as a protection. [Obs.] Holland.
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Emmanuel
Em*man"u*el (?), n. See Immanuel. Matt. i. 23.
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Emmarble
Em*mar"ble (?), v. t. To turn to marble; to harden. [Obs.]
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Thou dost emmarble the proud heart. Spenser.
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Emmenagogue
Em*men"a*gogue (?), n. [Gr. &unr_;, n. pl., menses (&unr_; in + &unr_; month) + &unr_; leading, fr. &unr_; to lead: cf. F. emménagogue.] (Med.) A medicine that promotes the menstrual discharge.
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Emmenthaler
Emmenthal
Emmentaler
Emmental
Emmental, Emmentaler, Emmenthal, Emmenthaler n. a type of large-holed Swiss cheese.
Syn. -- Emmenthal, Emmental, Emmenthaler.
[WordNet 1.5]

emmer
emmer n. a hard red wheat (Triticum dicoccum) grown especially in Russia and Germany; also grown in the U. S. as stock feed.
Syn. -- starch wheat, two-grain spelt, Triticum dicoccum.
[WordNet 1.5]

Emmet
Em"met (&ebreve_;m"m&ebreve_;t), n. [OE. emete, amete, AS. æmete. See Ant.] (Zoöl.) An ant. [chiefly dialect]
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Emmet hunter (Zoöl.), the wryneck{3}, a type of bird related to the woodpeckers.
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Emmetropia
Em`me*tro"pi*a (&ebreve_;m"m&euptack_;*trō"p&ibreve_;*&adot_;), n. [NL., fr. Gr. 'e`mmetros in measure, proportioned, suitable ('en in + me`tron measure) + 'w`ps, 'wpo`s, eye.] (Med.) That refractive condition of the eye in which the rays of light are all brought accurately and without undue effort to a focus upon the retina; -- opposed to hypermetropia, myopia, and astigmatism.
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Emmetropic
Em`me*trop"ic (?), a. Pertaining to, or characterized by, emmetropia.
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The normal or emmetropic eye adjusts itself perfectly for all distances. J. Le Conte.
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Emmetropy
Em*met"ro*py (?), n. (Med.) Same as Emmetropia.
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Emmew
Em*mew" (?), v. t. [Pref. em- (L. in) + mew. Cf. Immew.] To mew or coop up. [Obs.] Shak.
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Emmove
Em*move" (?), v. t. [For emove: cf. F. émouvoir, L. emovere. See Emotion.] To move; to rouse; to excite. [Obs.]
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Emodin
Em"o*din (?), n. (Chem.) An orange-red crystalline substance, C15H10O5, obtained from the buckthorn, rhubarb, etc., and regarded as a derivative of anthraquinone; -- so called from a species of rhubarb (Rheum emodei).
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Emollescence
Em`ol*les"cence (?), n. [L. e out + mollescere, incho. fr. mollere to be soft, mollis soft.] That degree of softness in a body beginning to melt which alters its shape; the first or lowest degree of fusibility.
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Emolliate
E*mol"li*ate (?; 106), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Emolliated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Emolliating.] [See Emollient, a.] To soften; to render effeminate.
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Emolliated by four centuries of Roman domination, the Belgic colonies had forgotten their pristine valor. Pinkerton.
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Emollient
E*mol"lient (?; 106), a. [L. emolliens, -entis, p. pr. of emollire to soften; e out + mollire to soften, mollis soft: cf. F. émollient. See Mollify.] Softening; making supple; acting as an emollient.Emollient applications.” Arbuthnot.
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Emollient
E*mol"lient (?; 105), n. (Med.) An external something or soothing application to allay irritation, soreness, etc.
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Emollition
Em`ol*li"tion (?), n. The act of softening or relaxing; relaxation. Bacon.
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Emolument
E*mol"u*ment (?), n. [L. emolumentum, lit., a working out, fr. emoliri to move out, work out; e out + moliri to set in motion, exert one's self, fr. moles a huge, heavy mass: cf. F. émolument. See Mole a mound.] The profit arising from office, employment, or labor; gain; compensation; advantage; perquisites, fees, or salary.
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A long . . . enjoyment of the emoluments of office. Bancroft.
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Emolumental
E*mol`u*men"tal (?), a. Pertaining to an emolument; profitable. [R.] Evelyn.

Emongst
Emong
{ E*mong" (?), E*mongst" (?) }, prep. Among. [Obs.]
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Emotion
E*mo"tion (?), n. [L. emovere, emotum, to remove, shake, stir up; e out + movere to move: cf. F. émotion. See Move, and cf. Emmove.] A moving of the mind or soul; excitement of the feelings, whether pleasing or painful; disturbance or agitation of mind caused by a specific exciting cause and manifested by some sensible effect on the body.
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How different the emotions between departure and return! W. Irving.
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Some vague emotion of delight. Tennyson.

Syn. -- Feeling; agitation; tremor; trepidation; perturbation; passion; excitement. -- Emotion, Feeling, Agitation. Feeling is the weaker term, and may be of the body or the mind. Emotion is of the mind alone, being the excited action of some inward susceptibility or feeling; as, an emotion of pity, terror, etc. Agitation may be bodily or mental, and usually arises in the latter case from a vehement struggle between contending desires or emotions. See Passion. “Agitations have but one character, viz., that of violence; emotions vary with the objects that awaken them. There are emotions either of tenderness or anger, either gentle or strong, either painful or pleasing.” Crabb.
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Emotional
E*mo"tion*al (?), a. Pertaining to, or characterized by, emotion; excitable; easily moved; sensational; as, an emotional nature.
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Emotionalism
E*mo"tion*al*ism (?), n. The cultivation of an emotional state of mind; tendency to regard things in an emotional manner.
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Emotionalize
E*mo"tion*al*ize (?), v. t. To give an emotional character to.
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Brought up in a pious family where religion was not talked about emotionalized, but was accepted as the rule of thought and conduct. Froude.
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Emotioned
E*mo"tioned (?), a. Affected with emotion. [R.] “The emotioned soul.” Sir W. Scott.
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emotionless
e*mo"tion*less adj. 1. unsusceptible to, destitute of, or showing no emotion; unmoved by feeling. Opposite of emotional; as, he kept his emotionless objectivity and faith in the cause he served. [Narrower terms: matter-of-fact, prosaic; philosophical, philosophic; phlegmatic, phlegmatical, stolid; stoic, stoical; unblinking] Also See: cool, passionless, unmoved(predicate), unmoving.
Syn. -- unemotional, passionless.
[WordNet 1.5]

Emotive
E*mo"tive (?), a. Attended by, or having the character of, emotion. H. Brooke. -- E*mo"tive*ly, adv.
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Emotiveness
E*mo"tive*ness, n. Susceptibility to emotion. G. Eliot.
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Emotivity
E`mo*tiv"i*ty (?), n. Emotiveness. Hickok.
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Emove
E*move" (?), v. t. To move. [Obs.] Thomson.
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Empair
Em*pair" (?), v. t. To impair. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Empaistic
Em*pais"tic (?), a. [Gr. &unr_; (sc. &unr_;), fr. &unr_; to stamp in; &unr_; in + &unr_; to strike.] (Fine Arts) Having to do with inlaid work; -- especially used with reference to work of the ancient Greeks.
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Empale
Em*pale" (?), v. t. [Pref. em- (L. in) + pale: cf. OF. empalir.] To make pale. [Obs.]
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No bloodless malady empales their face. G. Fletcher.
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Empale
Em*pale", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Empaled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Empaling.] [OF. empaler to palisade, pierce, F. empaler to punish by empalement; pref. em- (L. in) + OF. & F. pal a pale, stake. See Pale a stake, and cf. Impale.] [Written also impale.] 1. To fence or fortify with stakes; to surround with a line of stakes for defense; to impale.
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All that dwell near enemies empale villages, to save themselves from surprise. Sir W. Raleigh.
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2. To inclose; to surround. See Impale.
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3. To put to death by thrusting a sharpened stake through the body.
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4. (Her.) Same as Impale.
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Empalement
Em*pale"ment (?), n. [Cf. F. empalement, fr. empaler. See Empale.] [Written also impalement.] 1. A fencing, inclosing, or fortifying with stakes.
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2. A putting to death by thrusting a sharpened stake through the body.
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3. (Her.) Same as Impalement.
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Empanel
Em*pan"el (?), n. [Pref. em- (L. in) + panel.] (Law) A list of jurors; a panel. [Obs.] Cowell.
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Empanel
Em*pan"el, v. t. See Impanel.
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Empanoplied
Em*pan"o*plied (?), a. [Pref. em- + panoply.] Completely armed; panoplied. Tennyson.
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Emparadise
Em*par"a*dise (?), v. t. Same as Imparadise.
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Empark
Em*park" (?), v. t. [Pref. em- + park: cf. OF. emparchier, emparkier. Cf. Impark.] To make a park of; to inclose, as with a fence; to impark. [Obs.]
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Emparlance
Em*par"lance (?), n. Parley; imparlance. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Empasm
Em*pasm" (?), n. [F. empasme, fr. Gr. &unr_; to sprinkle in or on; &unr_; in + &unr_; to sprinkle.] A perfumed powder sprinkled upon the body to mask the odor of sweat.
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Empassion
Em*pas"sion (?), v. t. To move with passion; to affect strongly. See Impassion. [Obs.]
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Those sights empassion me full near. Spenser.
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Empassionate
Em*pas"sion*ate (?), a. Strongly affected. [Obs.]
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The Briton Prince was sore empassionate. Spenser.
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Empawn
Em*pawn" (?), v. t. [Pref. em- + pawn. Cf. Impawn.] To put in pawn; to pledge; to impawn.
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To sell, empawn, and alienate the estates. Milman.
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Empeach
Em*peach" (?), v. t. To hinder. See Impeach. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Empearl
Em*pearl" (&ebreve_;m*p&etilde_;rl"), v. t. [Pref. em- + pearl. Cf. Impearl.] To form like pearls; to decorate with, or as with, pearls; to impearl.
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Empeople
Em*peo"ple (&ebreve_;m*pē"p'l), v. t. To form into a people or community; to inhabit; to people. [Obs.]
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We now know 't is very well empeopled. Sir T. Browne.
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Emperess
Em"per*ess (?), n. See Empress. [Obs.]
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Emperice
Em"per*ice (?), n. An empress. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Emperil
Em*per"il (?), v. t. To put in peril. See Imperil. Spenser.
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Emperished
Em*per"ished (?), a. Perished; decayed. [Obs.]
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I deem thy brain emperished be. Spenser.
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Emperor
Em"per*or (?), n. [OF. empereor, empereour, F. empereur, L. imperator, fr. imperare to command; in in + parare to prepare, order. See Parade, and cf. Imperative, Empress.] The sovereign or supreme monarch of an empire; -- a title of dignity superior to that of king; as, the emperor of Germany or of Austria; the emperor or Czar of Russia.
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Emperor goose (Zoöl.), a large and handsome goose (Philacte canagica), found in Alaska. -- Emperor moth (Zoöl.), one of several large and beautiful bombycid moths, with transparent spots on the wings; as the American Cecropia moth (Platysamia cecropia), and the European species (Saturnia pavonia). -- Emperor paper. See under Paper. -- Purple emperor (Zoöl.), a large, strong British butterfly (Apatura iris).
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Emperorship
Em"per*or*ship, n. The rank or office of an emperor.
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Empery
Em"per*y (?), n. [L. imperium, influenced by OF. emperie, empire. See Empire.] Empire; sovereignty; dominion. [Archaic] Shak.
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Struggling for my woman's empery. Mrs. Browning.
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Empetraceae
Empetraceae n. a natural family of heathlike shrubs including the crowberry (Empetrum nigrum).
Syn. -- family Empetraceae, crowberry family.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Empetrum
Empetrum prop. n. A genus of heathlike shrubs including the crowberry (Empetrum nigrum).
Syn. -- genus Empetrum.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

emphasis
em"pha*sis (&ebreve_;m"f&adot_;*s&ibreve_;s), n.; pl. Emphases (&ebreve_;m"f&adot_;*sēz). [L., fr. Gr. 'e`mfasis significance, force of expression, fr. 'emfai`nein to show in, indicate; 'en in + fai`nein to show. See In, and Phase.] 1. (Rhet.) A particular stress of utterance, or force of voice, given in reading and speaking to one or more words whose signification the speaker intends to impress specially upon his audience.
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The province of emphasis is so much more important than accent, that the customary seat of the latter is changed, when the claims of emphasis require it. E. Porter.
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2. A peculiar impressiveness of expression or weight of thought; vivid representation, enforcing assent; as, to dwell on a subject with great emphasis.
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External objects stand before us . . . in all the life and emphasis of extension, figure, and color. Sir W. Hamilton.
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3. a special attention given to, or extra importance attached to, something; as, a guided tour of Egypt with emphasis on the monuments along the Nile.
[PJC]

4. something to which great importance is attached; as, the need for increased spending on education was the emphasis of his speech.
[PJC]

emphasise
em"pha*sise v. t. To place emphasis on; same as emphasize.
Syn. -- overemphasize, over-emphasize, overstress.
[WordNet 1.5]

Emphasize
Em"pha*size (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Emphasized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Emphasizing (?).] To utter or pronounce with a particular stress of voice; to make emphatic; as, to emphasize a word or a phrase.

emphasized
em"pha*sized adj. Having stress or emphasis.
Syn. -- emphatic. [WordNet 1.5]

emphasizing
emphasizing n. The act of giving special importance or significance to something.
Syn. -- accenting.
[WordNet 1.5]

emphatical
emphatic
{ em*phat"ic (?), em*phat"ic*al (?), } a. [Gr. &unr_;: cf. F. emphatique. See Emphasis.] 1. Uttered with emphasis; made prominent and impressive by a peculiar stress of voice; laying stress; deserving of stress or emphasis; forcible; impressive; strong; as, to remonstrate in an emphatic manner; emphatic denials; an emphatic word; an emphatic tone; emphatic reasoning.
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2. Striking the sense; attracting special attention; impressive; forcible.Emphatical colors.” Boyle.Emphatical evils.” Bp. Reynolds.

3. Forceful and definite in expression or action; -- of statements, actions, or sections of documents; as, the document contained a particularly emphatic guarantee of religious liberty.
Syn. -- forceful.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

4. Sudden and strong; -- of statements; as, an emphatic no.
Syn. -- exclamatory.
[WordNet 1.5]

Syn. -- Forcible; earnest; impressive; energetic; striking; positive; important; special; significant.
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emphatically
em*phat"ic*al*ly, adv. 1. With emphasis; forcibly; in a striking manner or degree; preëminently; as, he emphatically denied the allegations.
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He was indeed emphatically a popular writer. Macaulay.
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2. Not really, but apparently. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
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Emphaticalness
Em*phat"ic*al*ness, n. The quality of being emphatic; emphasis.
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Emphractic
Em*phrac"tic (?), a. [Gr. &unr_; obstructing, fr. &unr_; to block up.] (Med.) Having the quality of closing the pores of the skin.
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Emphrensy
Em*phren"sy (?), v. t. To madden. [Obs.]
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Emphysema
Em`phy*se"ma (?), n. [NL., from Gr. &unr_; inflation, fr. &unr_; to inflate; &unr_; in + &unr_; to blow: cf. F. emphysème.] (Med.) A swelling produced by gas or air diffused in the cellular tissue.
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Emphysema of the lungs, Pulmonary emphysema (Med.), a common disease of the lungs in which the air cells are distended and their partition walls ruptured by an abnormal pressure of the air contained in them.
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Emphysematous
Em`phy*sem"a*tous (?), a. [Cf. F. emphysémateux.] (Med.) Pertaining to, or of the nature of, emphysema; swelled; bloated.
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Emphyteusis
Em`phy*teu"sis (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. &unr_;, lit., an implanting, fr. &unr_; to plant or improve land; &unr_; in + &unr_; to plant.] (Rom. Law) A real right, susceptible of assignment and of descent, charged on productive real estate, the right being coupled with the enjoyment of the property on condition of taking care of the estate and paying taxes, and sometimes a small rent. Heumann.
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Emphyteutic
Em`phy*teu"tic (?), a. [L. emphyteuticus.] Of or pertaining to an emphyteusis; as, emphyteutic lands.
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Emphyteuticary
Em`phy*teu"ti*ca*ry (?), n. [L. emphyteuticarius, a.] One who holds lands by emphyteusis.
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Empierce
Em*pierce" (?), v. t. [Pref. em- + pierce. Cf. Impierce.] To pierce; to impierce. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Empight
Em*pight" (?), a. [Pref. em- + pight pitched, fixed.] Fixed; settled; fastened. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Empire
Em"pire (?), n. [F., fr. L. imperium a command, sovereignty, dominion, empire, fr. imperare. See Emperor; cf. Imperial.] 1. Supreme power; sovereignty; sway; dominion. “The empire of the sea.” Shak.
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Over hell extend
His empire, and with iron scepter rule.
Milton.
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2. The dominion of an emperor; the territory or countries under the jurisdiction and dominion of an emperor (rarely of a king), usually of greater extent than a kingdom, always comprising a variety in the nationality of, or the forms of administration in, constituent and subordinate portions; as, the Austrian empire.
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Empire carries with it the idea of a vast and complicated government. C. J. Smith.
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3. Any dominion; supreme control; governing influence; rule; sway; as, the empire of mind or of reason. “Under the empire of facts.” M. Arnold.
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Another force which, in the Middle Ages, shared with chivalry the empire over the minds of men. A. W. Ward.
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Celestial empire. See under Celestial. -- Empire City, a common designation of the city of New York. -- Empire State, a common designation of the State of New York.

Syn. -- Sway; dominion; rule; control; reign; sovereignty; government; kingdom; realm; state.
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Empire State
Empire State. New York; -- a nickname alluding to its size and wealth.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Empire State of the South
Empire State of the South. Georgia; -- a nickname.
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Empire State of the West
Empire State of the West. Missouri; -- a nickname.
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Empiric
Em*pir"ic (?; 277), n. [L. empiricus an empiric, Gr. &unr_; experienced, equiv. to &unr_;; &unr_; in + &unr_; a trial, experiment; akin to &unr_; ford, way, and E. fare: cf. F. empirique. See In, and Fare.] 1. One who follows an empirical method; one who relies upon practical experience.
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2. One who confines himself to applying the results of mere experience or his own observation; especially, in medicine, one who deviates from the rules of science and regular practice; an ignorant and unlicensed pretender; a quack; a charlatan.
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Among the Greek physicians, those who founded their practice on experience called themselves empirics. Krauth-Fleming.
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Swallow down opinions as silly people do empirics' pills. Locke.

Empirical
Empiric
{ Em*pir"ic (?), Em*pir"ic*al (?), } a. 1. Pertaining to, or founded upon, experiment or experience; depending upon the observation of phenomena; versed in experiments.
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In philosophical language, the term empirical means simply what belongs to or is the product of experience or observation. Sir W. Hamilton.
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The village carpenter . . . lays out his work by empirical rules learnt in his apprenticeship. H. Spencer.
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2. Depending upon experience or observation alone, without due regard to science and theory; -- said especially of medical practice, remedies, etc.; wanting in science and deep insight; as, empiric skill, remedies.
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Empirical formula. (Chem.) See under Formula.

Syn. -- See Transcendental.
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Empirically
Em*pir"ic*al*ly, adv. By experiment or experience; without science; in the manner of quacks.
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Empiricism
Em*pir"i*cism (?), n. 1. The method or practice of an empiric; pursuit of knowledge by observation and experiment.
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2. Specifically, a practice of medicine founded on mere experience, without the aid of science or a knowledge of principles; ignorant and unscientific practice; charlatanry; quackery.
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3. (Metaph.) The philosophical theory which attributes the origin of all our knowledge to experience.
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Empiricist
Em*pir"i*cist (?), n. An empiric.
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Empiristic
Em`pi*ris"tic (?), a. (Physics) Relating to, or resulting from, experience, or experiment; following from empirical methods or data; -- opposed to nativistic.
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Emplace
Em*place" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Emplaced (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Emplacing (?).] [Cf. F. emplacer. See En-; Place, v. & n.] To put into place or position; to fix on an emplacement.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Emplacement
Em*place"ment (?), n. [Cf. F. emplacement.] A putting in, or assigning to, a definite place; localization; as, the emplacement of a structure.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Emplaster
Em*plas"ter (?), n. [OF. emplastre, F. emplâtre, L. emplastrum a plaster or salve, fr. Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to plaster up, daub over; &unr_; in + &unr_; to form, mold, apply as a plaster.] See Plaster. [Obs.] Wiseman.
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Emplaster
Em*plas"ter, v. t. [Cf. OF. emplastrer, F. emplâtrer. See Emplaster, n.] To plaster over; to cover over so as to present a good appearance. [Obs.] “Fair as ye his name emplaster.” Chaucer.
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Emplastic
Em*plas"tic (?), a. [Cf. F. emplastique, fr. Gr. &unr_; clogging. See Emplaster.] Fit to be applied as a plaster; glutinous; adhesive; as, emplastic applications.
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Emplastic
Em*plas"tic, n. A medicine causing constipation.
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Emplastration
Em`plas*tra"tion (?), n. [L. emplastratio a budding.] 1. The act or process of grafting by inoculation; budding. [Obs.] Holland.
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2. [See 1st Emplaster.] (Med.) The application of a plaster or salve.
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Emplead
Em*plead" (?), v. t. [Pref. em- (L. in) + plead: cf. F. emplaidier. Cf. Implead.] To accuse; to indict. See Implead.
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Emplection
Em*plec"tion (?), n. See Emplecton.
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Emplecton
Em*plec"ton (?), n. [F. or L. emplecton, fr. Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; interwoven, fr. &unr_; to plait or weave in; &unr_; in + &unr_; to twist, weave.] A kind of masonry in which the outer faces of the wall are ashlar, the space between being filled with broken stone and mortar. Cross layers of stone are interlaid as binders. [R.] Weale.
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Emplore
Em*plore" (?), v. t. See Implore. [Obs.]
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Employ
Em*ploy" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Employed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Employing.] [F. employer, fr. L. implicare to fold into, infold, involve, implicate, engage; in + plicare to fold. See Ply, and cf. Imply, Implicate.] 1. To inclose; to infold. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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2. To use; to have in service; to cause to be engaged in doing something; -- often followed by in, about, on, or upon, and sometimes by to; as: (a) To make use of, as an instrument, a means, a material, etc., for a specific purpose; to apply; as, to employ the pen in writing, bricks in building, words and phrases in speaking; to employ the mind; to employ one's energies.
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This is a day in which the thoughts . . . ought to be employed on serious subjects. Addison.

(b) To occupy; as, to employ time in study. (c) To have or keep at work; to give employment or occupation to; to intrust with some duty or behest; as, to employ a hundred workmen; to employ an envoy.
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Jonathan . . . and Jahaziah . . . were employed about this matter. Ezra x. 15.
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Thy vineyard must employ the sturdy steer
To turn the glebe.
Dryden.
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To employ one's self, to apply or devote one's time and attention; to busy one's self.

Syn. -- To use; busy; apply; exercise; occupy; engross; engage. See Use.
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Employ
Em*ploy", n. [Cf. F. emploi.] That which engages or occupies a person; fixed or regular service or business; employment.
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The whole employ of body and of mind. Pope.
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In one's employ, in one's service.
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Employable
Em*ploy"a*ble (?), a. [Cf. F. employable.] Capable of being employed; capable of being used; fit or proper for use. Boyle.
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Employe
Em`ploy`é" (?), n. [F., p. p. of employer.] One employed by another; a clerk or workman in the service of an employer.
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Employee
Em`ploy*ee" (?), n. [The Eng. form of employé.] One employed by another.
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Employer
Em*ploy"er (?), n. One who employs another; as, an employer of workmen.
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Employment
Em*ploy"ment (?), n. 1. The act of employing or using; also, the state of being employed.
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2. That which engages or occupies; that which consumes time or attention; office or post of business; service; as, agricultural employments; mechanical employments; public employments; in the employment of government.
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Cares are employments, and without employ
The soul is on a rack.
Young.

Syn. -- Work; business; occupation; vocation; calling; office; service; commission; trade; profession.
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Emplumed
Em*plumed" (?), a. Plumed. [R.]
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Emplunge
Em*plunge" (?), v. t. [Cf. Implunge.] To plunge; to implunge. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Empoison
Em*poi"son (?), v. t. [F. empoisonner; pref. em- + F. poison. See Poison, and cf. Impoison.] To poison; to impoison. Shak.
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Empoison
Em*poi"son, n. Poison. [Obs.] Remedy of Love.
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Empoisoner
Em*poi"son*er (?), n. Poisoner. [Obs.] Bacon.
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Empoisonment
Em*poi"son*ment (?), n. [F. empoisonnement.] The act of poisoning. Bacon.

Emporetical
Emporetic
{ Em`po*ret"ic (?), Em`po*ret"ic*al (?), } a. [L. emporeticus, Gr. &unr_;. See Emporium.] Pertaining to an emporium; relating to merchandise. [Obs.] Johnson.
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Emporium
Em*po"ri*um (?), n.; pl. Emporiums (#), L. Emporia (#). [L., fr. Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; belonging to commerce, fr. &unr_; traveler, trader; &unr_; in + &unr_; way through and over, path. See In, and Empiric, Fare.] 1. A place of trade; a market place; a mart; esp., a city or town with extensive commerce; the commercial center of a country.
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That wonderful emporium [Manchester] . . . was then a mean and ill-built market town. Macaulay.
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It is pride . . . which fills our streets, our emporiums, our theathers. Knox.
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2. (Physiol.) The brain. [Obs.]
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Empoverish
Em*pov"er*ish (?), v. t. See Impoverish.
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Empower
Em*pow"er (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Empowered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Empowering.] 1. To give authority to; to delegate power to; to commission; to authorize (having commonly a legal force); as, the Supreme Court is empowered to try and decide cases, civil or criminal; the attorney is empowered to sign an acquittance, and discharge the debtor.
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2. To give moral or physical power, faculties, or abilities to. “These eyes . . . empowered to gaze.” Keble.
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3. to enable or permit; to give more opportunity for independent action.
[PJC]

empowered
empowered adj. 1. invested with legal power or official authority especially as symbolized by having a scepter.
Syn. -- sceptered, sceptred.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. enabled or permitted; as, the women's liberation movement empowered wives to take more control of their own lives.
[PJC]

Empress
Em"press (?), n. [OE. empress, emperice, OF. empereis, empereris, fr. L. imperatrix, fem. of imperator. See Emperor.] 1. The consort of an emperor. Shak.
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2. A female sovereign.
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3. A sovereign mistress.Empress of my soul.” Shak.
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Empress cloth, a cloth for ladies' dresses, either wholly of wool, or with cotton warp and wool weft. It resembles merino, but is not twilled.
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Empressement
Em`presse`ment" (?), n. [F., fr s'empresser to hasten.] Demonstrative warmth or cordiality of manner; display of enthusiasm.

He grasped my hand with a nervous empressement. Poe.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Emprint
Em*print" (?), v. t. [Obs.] See Imprint.
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Emprise
Em*prise" (?), n. [OF. emprise, fr. emprendre to undertake; pref. em- (L. in) + F. prendre to take, L. prehendere, prendere; prae before + a verb akin to E. get. See Get, and cf. Enterprise, Impresa.] [Archaic] 1. An enterprise; endeavor; adventure. Chaucer.
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In brave pursuit of chivalrous emprise. Spenser.
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The deeds of love and high emprise. Longfellow.
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2. The qualifies which prompt one to undertake difficult and dangerous exploits.
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I love thy courage yet and bolt emprise;
But here thy sword can do thee little stead.
Milton.
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Emprise
Em*prise", v. t. To undertake. [Obs.] Sackville.
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Emprising
Em*pris"ing (?), a. [From Emprise, v. t.] Full of daring; adventurous. [Archaic] T. Campbell.
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Emprison
Em*pris"on (?), v. t. [Obs.] See Imprison.
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Emprosthotonos
Em`pros*thot"o*nos (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; forward + &unr_; to draw.] (Med.) A drawing of the body forward, in consequence of the spasmodic action of some of the muscles. Gross.
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Empte
Emp"te (?), v. t. To empty. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Emptier
Emp"ti*er (?; 215), n. One who, or that which, empties.
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Emptier
Emp"ti*er, compar. of Empty.
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Emptiness
Emp"ti*ness, n. [From Empty.] 1. The state of being empty; absence of contents; void space; vacuum; as, the emptiness of a vessel; emptiness of the stomach.
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2. Want of solidity or substance; unsatisfactoriness; inability to satisfy desire; vacuity; hollowness; as, the emptiness of earthly glory.
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3. Want of knowledge; lack of sense; vacuity of mind.
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Eternal smiles his emptiness betray. Pope.
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The sins of emptiness, gossip, and spite. Tennyson.
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Emption
Emp"tion (?), n. [L. emptio, fr. emere to buy.] The act of buying. [R.] Arbuthnot.
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Emptional
Emp"tion*al (?), a. Capable of being purchased.
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Empty
Emp"ty (?; 215), a. [Compar. Emptier (?); superl. Emptiest.] [AS. emtig, æmtig, æmetig, fr. æmta, æmetta, quiet, leisure, rest; of uncertain origin; cf. G. emsig busy.] 1. Containing nothing; not holding or having anything within; void of contents or appropriate contents; not filled; -- said of an inclosure, or a container, as a box, room, house, etc.; as, an empty chest, room, purse, or pitcher; an empty stomach; empty shackles.
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2. Free; clear; devoid; -- often with of. “That fair female troop . . . empty of all good.” Milton.
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I shall find you empty of that fault. Shak.
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3. Having nothing to carry; unburdened. “An empty messenger.” Shak.
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When ye go ye shall not go empty. Ex. iii. 21.
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4. Destitute of effect, sincerity, or sense; -- said of language; as, empty words, or threats.
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Words are but empty thanks. Cibber.
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5. Unable to satisfy; unsatisfactory; hollow; vain; -- said of pleasure, the world, etc.
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Pleas'd in the silent shade with empty praise. Pope.
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6. Producing nothing; unfruitful; -- said of a plant or tree; as, an empty vine.
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Seven empty ears blasted with the east wind. Gen. xli. 27.
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7. Destitute of, or lacking, sense, knowledge, or courtesy; as, empty brains; an empty coxcomb.
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That in civility thou seem'st so empty. Shak.
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8. Destitute of reality, or real existence; unsubstantial; as, empty dreams.
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&hand_; Empty is used as the first element in a compound; as, empty-handed, having nothing in the hands, destitute; empty-headed, having few ideas; empty-hearted, destitute of feeling.

Syn. -- See Vacant.
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Empty
Emp"ty (?), n.; pl. Empties (&unr_;). An empty box, crate, cask, etc.; -- used in commerce, esp. in transportation of freight; as, “special rates for empties.”
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Empty
Emp"ty, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Emptied (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Emptying.] To deprive of the contents; to exhaust; to make void or destitute; to make vacant; to pour out; to discharge; as, to empty a vessel; to empty a well or a cistern.
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The clouds . . . empty themselves upon the earth. Eccl. xi. 3.
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Empty
Emp"ty, v. i. 1. To discharge itself; as, a river empties into the ocean.
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2. To become empty. “The chapel empties.” B. Jonson.
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empty-bellied
empty-bellied adj. needing nourishment; hungry; as, empty-bellied children.
[WordNet 1.5]

empty-handed
empty-handed adj. having acquired or gained nothing; as, the returned from the negotiations empty-handed.
Syn. -- unrewarded.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. carrying nothing in the hands.
[WordNet 1.5]

empty-headed
empty-headed adj. lacking seriousness; given to frivolity.
Syn. -- airheaded, dizzy, featherbrained, giddy, lightheaded, light-headed, silly.
[WordNet 1.5]

Emptying
Emp"ty*ing, n. 1. The act of making empty. Shak.
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2. pl. The lees of beer, cider, etc.; yeast. [U.S.]
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Empugn
Em*pugn" (?), v. t. [Obs.] See Impugn.
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Empurple
Em*pur"ple (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Empurpled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Empurpling (?).] [Pref. em- + purple. Cf. Impurple.] To tinge or dye of a purple color; to color with purple; to impurple. “The deep empurpled ran.” Philips.
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Empuse
Em*puse" (?), n. [LL. empusa, Gr. &unr_;.] A phantom or specter. [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.
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Empuzzle
Em*puz"zle (?), v. t. [Pref. em- + puzzle.] To puzzle. [Archaic] Sir T. Browne.
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Empyema
Em`py*e"ma (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;, from &unr_; to suppurate; &unr_; in + &unr_; pus.] (Med.) A collection of blood, pus, or other fluid, in some cavity of the body, especially that of the pleura. Dunglison.
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&hand_; The term empyema is now restricted to a collection of pus in the cavity of the pleura.
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Empyesis
Em`py*e"sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; suppuration.] (Med.) An eruption of pustules.
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Empyreal
Em*pyr"e*al (?), a. [L. empyrius, empyreus, fiery, Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, in fire, fiery; &unr_; in + &unr_; fire. See In, and Fire.] Formed of pure fire or light; refined beyond aërial substance; pertaining to the highest and purest region of heaven.
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Go, soar with Plato to the empyreal sphere. Pope.
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Empyreal air, oxygen gas.
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Empyreal
Em*pyr"e*al, n. Empyrean. Mrs. Browning.
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Empyrean
Em`py*re"an (?; 277), n. [See Empyreal.] The highest heaven, where the pure element of fire was supposed by the ancients to subsist.
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The empyrean rung
With hallelujahs.
Milton.
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Empyrean
Em`py*re"an, a. Empyreal. Akenside.
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Empyreuma
Em`py*reu"ma (?), n. [NL., from Gr. &unr_; a live coal covered with ashes, fr. &unr_; to set on fire, fr. &unr_;: cf. F. empyreume. See Empyreal.] (Chem.) The peculiar smell and taste arising from products of decomposition of animal or vegetable substances when burnt in close vessels.

Empyreumatical
Empyreumatic
{ Em`py*reu*mat"ic (?), Em`py*reu*mat"ic*al (?), } a. [Cf. F. empyreumatique.] Of or pertaining to empyreuma; as, an empyreumatic odor.
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Empyreumatic oils, oils obtained by distilling various organic substances at high temperatures. Brande & C.
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Empyreumatize
Em`py*reu"ma*tize (?), v. t. To render empyreumatic. [R.]
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Empyrical
Em*pyr"ic*al (?), a. [Gr. &unr_; in fire. See Empyreal.] Containing the combustible principle of coal. Kirwan.
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Empyrosis
Em"py*ro"sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;; &unr_; in + &unr_; to burn.] A general fire; a conflagration. [Obs.] Sir M. Hale.
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Emrods
Em"rods (?), n. pl. See Emerods. [Obs.]
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Emu
E"mu (?), n. [Cf. Pg. ema ostrich, F. émou, émeu, emu.] (Zoöl.) A large Australian bird, of two species (Dromaius Novæ-Hollandiæ and D. irroratus), related to the cassowary and the ostrich. The emu runs swiftly, but is unable to fly. [Written also emeu and emew.]
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&hand_; The name is sometimes erroneously applied, by the Brazilians, to the rhea, or South American ostrich.
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Emu wren. See in the Vocabulary.
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Emulable
Em"u*la*ble (?), a. [L. aemulari to emulate + -able.] Capable of being emulated. [R.]
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Some imitable and emulable good. Abp. Leighton.
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Emulate
Em"u*late (?), a. [L. aemulatus, p. p. of aemulari, fr. aemulus emulous; prob. akin to E. imitate.] Striving to excel; ambitious; emulous. [Obs.] “A most emulate pride.” Shak.
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Emulate
Em"u*late (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Emulated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Emulating (?).] To strive to equal or to excel in qualities or actions; to imitate, with a view to equal or to outdo, to vie with; to rival; as, to emulate the good and the great.
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Thine eye would emulate the diamond. Shak.
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Emulation
Em`u*la"tion (?), n. [L. aemulatio: cf. F. émulation.] 1. The endeavor to equal or to excel another in qualities or actions; an assiduous striving to equal or excel another; rivalry.
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A noble emulation heats your breast. Dryden.
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2. Jealous rivalry; envy; envious contention.
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Such factious emulations shall arise. Shak.

3. imitation (of an admired model) for the purpose of improving one's own qualities.
[PJC]

[Chivalry was] an ideal which, if never met with in real life, was acknowledged by all as the highest model for emulation. Thomas Bulfinch (Mythology)
[PJC]

4. (Computers) the imitation of the actions of a computer system or component, especially a processor, by means of a computer program, with the goal of predicting the behavior and performance characteristics of that system without actually manufacturing it.
[PJC]

1996 marked the year that emulation became a mainstream design verification tool. Computer Design (editorial, 1998)

Syn. -- Competition; rivalry; contest; contention; strife. -- Emulation, Competition, Rivalry. Competition is the struggle of two or more persons for the same object. Emulation is an ardent desire for superiority, arising from competition, but now implying, of necessity, any improper feeling. Rivalry is a personal contest, and, almost of course, has a selfish object and gives rise to envy. “Competition and emulation have honor for their basis; rivalry is but a desire for selfish gratification. Competition and emulation animate to effort; rivalry usually produces hatred. Competition and emulation seek to merit success; rivalry is contented with obtaining it.” Crabb.
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Emulative
Em"u*la*tive (?), a. Inclined to emulation; aspiring to competition; rivaling; as, an emulative person or effort.Emulative zeal.” Hoole.
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Emulatively
Em"u*la*tive*ly, adv. In an emulative manner; with emulation.
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Emulator
Em"u*la`tor (?), n. [L. aemulator.] One who emulates, or strives to equal or surpass.
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As Virgil rivaled Homer, Milton was the emulator of both. Bp. Warburton.
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Emulatory
Em"u*la*to*ry (?), a. Pertaining to emulation; connected with rivalry. [R.]Emulatory officiousness.” Bp. Hall.
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Emulatress
Em"u*la`tress (?), n. A female emulator. [R.]
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Emule
Em"ule (?), v. t. [F. émuler. See Emulate.] To emulate. [Obs.]Emuled of many.” Spenser.
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Emulge
E*mulge" (?), v. t. [L. emulgere, emulsum; e out + mulgere to milk; akin to E. milk. See Milk.] To milk out; to drain. [Obs.] Bailey.
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Emulgent
E*mul"gent (?), a. [L. emulgens, p. pr. of emulgere to milk out: cf. F. émulgent. So called because regarded by the ancients as straining out the serum, as if by milking, and so producing the urine.] (Anat.) Pertaining to the kidneys; renal; as, emulgent arteries and veins. -- n. An emulgent vessel, as a renal artery or vein.
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Emulgent
E*mul"gent, n. (Med.) A medicine that excites the flow of bile. [Obs.] Hoblyn.
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Emulous
Em"u*lous (?), a. [L. aemulus. See Emulate.] 1. Ambitiously desirous to equal or even to excel another; eager to emulate or vie with another; desirous of like excellence with another; -- with of; as, emulous of another's example or virtues.
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2. Vying with; rivaling; hence, contentious, envious.Emulous Carthage.” B. Jonson.
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Emulous missions 'mongst the gods. Shak.
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Emulously
Em"u*lous*ly, adv. In an emulous manner.
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Emulousness
Em"u*lous*ness, n. The quality of being emulous.
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Emulsic
E*mul"sic (?), a. Pertaining to, or produced from, emulsin; as, emulsic acid. Hoblyn.
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Emulsify
E*mul"si*fy (?), v. t. [Emulsion + -fy.] To convert into an emulsion; to form an emulsion; to reduce from an oily substance to a milky fluid in which the fat globules are in a very finely divided state, giving it the semblance of solution; as, the pancreatic juice emulsifies the oily part of food.
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Emulsin
E*mul"sin (?), n. [See Emulsion, Emulge.] (Chem.) (a) The white milky pulp or extract of bitter almonds. [R.] (b) An unorganized ferment (contained in this extract and in other vegetable juices), which effects the decomposition of certain glucosides.
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Emulsion
E*mul"sion (?), n. [From L. emulgere, emulsum: cf. F. émulsion. See Emulge.] Any liquid preparation of a color and consistency resembling milk; as: (a) In pharmacy, an extract of seeds, or a mixture of oil and water united by a mucilaginous substance. (b) In photography, a liquid preparation of collodion holding salt of silver, used in the photographic process.
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Emulsive
E*mul"sive (?), a. [Cf. F. émulsif.] 1. Softening; milklike.
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2. Yielding oil by expression; as, emulsive seeds.
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3. Producing or yielding a milklike substance; as, emulsive acids.
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Emunctory
E*munc"to*ry (?), n.; pl. Emunctories (#). [L. emunctorium a pair of snuffers, fr. emungere, emunctum, to blow the nose, hence, to wipe, cleanse; e out + mungere to blow the nose: cf. F. émonctoire, formerly spelled also émonctoire.] (Physiol.) Any organ or part of the body (as the kidneys, skin, etc.,) which serves to carry off excrementitious or waste matter.
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Emuscation
Em`us*ca"tion (?), n. [L. emuscare to clear from moss; e out + muscus moss.] A freeing from moss. [Obs.]
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Emu wren
E"mu wren` (?). (Zoöl.) A small wrenlike Australian bird (Stipiturus malachurus), having the tail feathers long and loosely barbed, like emu feathers.
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Emyd
E"myd (?), n.; pl. E. Emyds (#), E. Emyd&unr_;&unr_; (#). [See Emydea.] (Zoöl.) A fresh-water tortoise of the family Emydidæ.
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Emydea
E*myd"e*a (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Emys a genus of tortoises, L. emys a kind of fresh-water tortoise, Gr. &unr_;.] (Zoöl.) A group of chelonians which comprises many species of fresh-water tortoises and terrapins.
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En-
En- (?). 1. [F. en-, L. in.] A prefix signifying in or into, used in many English words, chiefly those borrowed from the French. Some English words are written indifferently with en-or in-. For ease of pronunciation it is commonly changed to em-before p, b, and m, as in employ, embody, emmew. It is sometimes used to give a causal force, as in enable, enfeeble, to cause to be, or to make, able, or feeble; and sometimes merely gives an intensive force, as in enchasten. See In-.
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2. A prefix from Gr. &unr_; in, meaning in; as, encephalon, entomology. See In-.
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-en
-en. 1. A suffix from AS. -an, formerly used to form the plural of many nouns, as in ashen, eyen, oxen, all obs. except oxen. In some cases, such as children and brethren, it has been added to older plural forms.
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2. A suffix corresponding to AS. -en and -on, formerly used to form the plural of verbs, as in housen, escapen.
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3. A suffix signifying to make, to cause, used to form verbs from nouns and adjectives; as in strengthen, quicken, frighten. This must not be confused with -en corresponding in Old English to the AS. infinitive ending -an.
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4. [AS. -en; akin to Goth. -eins, L. -inus, Gr. &unr_;.] An adjectival suffix, meaning made of; as in golden, leaden, wooden.
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5. [AS. -en; akin to Skr. -na.] The termination of the past participle of many strong verbs; as, in broken, gotten, trodden.
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En
En (?), n. (Print.) Half an em, that is, half of the unit of space in measuring printed matter. See Em.
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Enable
En*a"ble (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Enabled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Enabling (?).] 1. To give strength or ability to; to make firm and strong. [Obs.] “Who hath enabled me.” 1 Tim. i. 12.
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Receive the Holy Ghost, said Christ to his apostles, when he enabled them with priestly power. Jer. Taylor.
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2. To make able (to do, or to be, something); to confer sufficient power upon; to furnish with means, opportunities, and the like; to render competent for; to empower; to endow.
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Temperance gives Nature her full play, and enables her to exert herself in all her force and vigor. Addison.
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Enablement
En*a"ble*ment (?), n. The act of enabling, or the state of being enabled; ability. Bacon.
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Enact
En*act" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Enacted; p. pr. & vb. n. Enacting.] 1. To decree; to establish by legal and authoritative act; to make into a law; especially, to perform the legislative act with reference to (a bill) which gives it the validity of law.
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2. To act; to perform; to do; to effect. [Obs.]
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The king enacts more wonders than a man. Shak.
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3. To act the part of; to represent; to play.
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I did enact Julius Caesar. Shak.
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Enacting clause, that clause of a bill which formally expresses the legislative sanction.
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Enact
En*act", n. Purpose; determination. [Obs.]
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Enactive
En*act"ive (?), a. Having power to enact or establish as a law. Abp. Bramhall.
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Enactment
En*act"ment (?), n. 1. The passing of a bill into a law; the giving of legislative sanction and executive approval to a bill whereby it is established as a law.
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2. That which is enacted or passed into a law; a law; a decree; a statute; a prescribed requirement; as, a prohibitory enactment; a social enactment.
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Enactor
En*act"or (?), n. One who enacts a law; one who decrees or establishes as a law. Atterbury.
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Enacture
En*ac"ture (?; 135), n. Enactment; resolution. [Obs.] Shak.
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Enaliosaur
En*al"i*o*saur` (?), n. (Paleon.) One of the Enaliosauria.
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Enaliosauria
En*al`i*o*sau"ri*a (?), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. &unr_; marine (&unr_; in + &unr_; the sea) + &unr_; a lizard.] (Paleon.) An extinct group of marine reptiles, embracing both the Ichthyosauria and the Plesiosauria, now regarded as distinct orders.
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Enaliosaurian
En*al`i*o*sau"ri*an (?), a. (Paleon.) Pertaining to the Enaliosauria. -- n. One of the Enaliosauria.
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Enallage
E*nal"la*ge (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. &unr_; an exchange, fr. &unr_; to exchange; &unr_; in + &unr_; to change.] (Gram.) A substitution, as of one part of speech for another, of one gender, number, case, person, tense, mode, or voice, of the same word, for another.
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Enambush
En*am"bush (?), v. t. To ambush. [Obs.]
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Enamel
En*am"el (?), n. [Pref. en- + amel. See Amel, Smelt, v. t.] 1. A variety of glass, used in ornament, to cover a surface, as of metal or pottery, and admitting of after decoration in color, or used itself for inlaying or application in varied colors.
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2. (Min.) A glassy, opaque bead obtained by the blowpipe.
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3. That which is enameled; also, any smooth, glossy surface, resembling enamel, especially if variegated.
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4. (Anat.) The intensely hard calcified tissue entering into the composition of teeth. It merely covers the exposed parts of the teeth of man, but in many animals is intermixed in various ways with the dentine and cement.
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5. Any one of various preparations for giving a smooth, glossy surface like that of enamel.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

6. A cosmetic intended to give the appearance of a smooth and beautiful complexion.
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Enamel painting, painting with enamel colors upon a ground of metal, porcelain, or the like, the colors being afterwards fixed by fire. -- Enamel paper, paper glazed a metallic coating.
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Enamel
En*am"el, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Enameled (?) or Enamelled; p. pr. & vb. n. Enameling or Enamelling.] 1. To lay enamel upon; to decorate with enamel whether inlaid or painted.
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2. To variegate with colors as if with enamel.
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Oft he [the serpent]bowed
His turret crest and sleek enameled neck.
Milton.
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3. To form a glossy surface like enamel upon; as, to enamel card paper; to enamel leather or cloth.
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4. To disguise with cosmetics, as a woman's complexion.
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Enamel
En*am"el (?), v. i. To practice the art of enameling.
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Enamel
En*am"el, a. Relating to the art of enameling; as, enamel painting. Tomlinson.
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Enamelar
En*am"el*ar (?), a. Consisting of enamel; resembling enamel; smooth; glossy. [R.] Craig.
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Enameled
En*am"eled (?), a. Coated or adorned with enamel; having a glossy or variegated surface; glazed. [Written also enamelled.]

Enamelist
Enameler
{ En*am"el*er (?), En*am"el*ist, } n. One who enamels; a workman or artist who applies enamels in ornamental work. [Written also enameller, enamellist.]
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Enamor
En*am"or (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Enamored (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Enamoring.] [OF. enamourer, enamorer; pref. en- (L. in) + OF. & F. amour love, L. amor. See Amour, and cf. Inamorato.] To inflame with love; to charm; to captivate; -- with of, or with, before the person or thing; as, to be enamored with a lady; to be enamored of books or science. [Written also enamour.]
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Passionately enamored of this shadow of a dream. W. Irving.
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Enamorment
En*am"or*ment (?), n. The state of being enamored. [R.]
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Enantiomer
E*nan"ti*o*mer (?), n. [Gr. 'enanti`os opposite + -mer.] (Chem.) either of a pair of optical isomers of a chemical substance whose molecules are mirror images of each other, i. e., are related to each other as a right-handed to a left-handed glove; -- meaningful only for structures which have internal asymmetry.
-- E*nan`ti*o*mer"ic, a.
[PJC]

Enantiomorphous
E*nan`ti*o*mor"phous (?), a. [Gr. 'enanti`os opposite + morfh` form.] (Crystallog.) Similar, but not superposable, i. e., related to each other as a right-handed to a left-handed glove; -- said of certain hemihedral crystals.
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Enantiopathic
E*nan`ti*o*path"ic (?), a. (Med.) Serving to palliate; palliative. Dunglison.
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Enantiopathy
E*nan`ti*op"a*thy (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; of contrary properties or affections; 'enanti`os opposite + &unr_; suffering, affection, fr. &unr_;, &unr_;, to suffer.] 1. An opposite passion or affection. Sir W. Hamilton.
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2. (Med.) Allopathy; -- a term used by followers of Hahnemann, or homeopathists.
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Enantiosis
E*nan`ti*o"sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; contradiction, fr. 'enanti`os opposite.] (Rhet.) A figure of speech by which what is to be understood affirmatively is stated negatively, and the contrary; affirmation by contraries.
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Enarch
En*arch" (?), v. t. To arch. [Obs.] Lydgate.
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Enarched
En*arched" (?), a. (Her.) Bent into a curve; -- said of a bend or other ordinary.
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Enargite
En*ar"gite (?), n. (Min.) An iron-black mineral of metallic luster, occurring in small orthorhombic crystals, also massive. It contains sulphur, arsenic, copper, and often silver.
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Enarmed
En*armed" (?), a. (Her.) Same as Armed, 3.
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Enarration
En`ar*ra"tion (?), n. [L. enarratio. See Narration.] A detailed exposition; relation. [Obs.] Hakewill.
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Enarthrodia
En`ar*thro"di*a (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; in + &unr_;. See Arthrodia.] (Anat.) See Enarthrosis. -- En`ar*thro"di*al, a.
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Enarthrosis
En`ar*thro"sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; jointed; &unr_; in + &unr_; joint.] (Anat.) A ball and socket joint, or the kind of articulation represented by such a joint. See Articulation.
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Enascent
E*nas"cent (?), a. [L. enascens, p. pr. of enasci to spring up; e out + nasci to be born.] Coming into being; nascent. [Obs.] Bp. Warburton.
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Enatation
E`na*ta"tion (?), n. [L. enatare to swim out. See Natation.] A swimming out. [Obs.] Bailey.
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Enate
E*nate" (?), a. [L. enatus, p. p. of enasci. See Enascent.] Growing out.
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Enation
E*na"tion (?), n. (Bot.) Any unusual outgrowth from the surface of a thing, as of a petal; also, the capacity or act of producing such an outgrowth.
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Enaunter
E*naun"ter (?), adv. [Pref. en- + aunter.] Lest that. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Enavigate
E*nav"i*gate (?), v. t. [L. enavigatus, p. p. of enavigare.] To sail away or over. [Obs.] Cockeram.
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Enbattled
En*bat"tled (?), a. Embattled. [Obs.]
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Enbibe
En*bibe" (?), v. t. To imbibe. [Obs.] Skelton.
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En bloc
En` bloc" (?). [F. Cf. Block, n. ] In a lump; as a whole; all together. “Movement of the ossicles en bloc.” Nature.

En bloc they are known as “the herd”. W. A. Fraser.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Enbroude
En*broud"e (?), v. t. See Embroude.
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Encaenia
En*cæ"ni*a (?), n. pl. same as Encenia.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Encage
En*cage" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Encaged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Engaging.] [Pref. en- + cage: cf. F. encager.] To confine in a cage; to coop up. Shak.
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Encalendar
En*cal"en*dar (?), v. t. To register in a calendar; to calendar. Drayton.
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Encamp
En*camp" (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Encamped (?; 215); p. pr. & vb. n. Encamping.] To form and occupy a camp; to prepare and settle in temporary habitations, as tents or huts; to halt on a march, pitch tents, or form huts, and remain for the night or for a longer time, as an army or a company traveling.
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The host of the Philistines encamped in the valley of Rephaim. 1 Chron. xi. 15.
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Encamp
En*camp", v. t. To form into a camp; to place in a temporary habitation, or quarters.
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Bid him encamp his soldiers. Shak.
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Encampment
En*camp"ment (?), n. 1. The act of pitching tents or forming huts, as by an army or traveling company, for temporary lodging or rest.
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2. The place where an army or a company is encamped; a camp; tents pitched or huts erected for temporary lodgings.
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A square of about seven hundred yards was sufficient for the encampment of twenty thousand Romans. Gibbon.
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A green encampment yonder meets the eye. Guardian.
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Encanker
En*can"ker (?), v. t. To canker. [Obs.]
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Encapsulation
En*cap`su*la"tion (?), n. (Physiol.) The act of inclosing in a capsule; the growth of a membrane around (any part) so as to inclose it in a capsule.
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Encarnalize
En*car"nal*ize (?), v. t. To carnalize; to make gross. [R.]Encarnalize their spirits.” Tennyson.
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Encarpus
En*car"pus (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; containing fruit; &unr_; in + &unr_; fruit; cf. L. encarpa, pl., Gr. &unr_;.] (Arch.) An ornament on a frieze or capital, consisting of festoons of fruit, flowers, leaves, etc. [Written also encarpa.]
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Encase
En*case" (?), v. t. [Cf. Enchase.] To inclose in or as if in a case. See Incase. Beau. & Fl.
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encased
encased adj. covered or protected with or as if with a case; as, products encased in leatherette.
Syn. -- cased, incased.
[WordNet 1.5]

Encasement
En*case"ment (?), n. [Cf. Casement.] 1. The act of encasing; also, that which encases.
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2. (Biol.) An old theory of generation similar to emboîtement. See Ovulist.
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Encash
En*cash" (?), v. t. (Eng. Banking) To turn into cash; to cash. Sat. Rev.
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Encashment
En*cash"ment (?), n. (Eng. Banking) The payment in cash of a note, draft, etc.
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Encauma
En*cau"ma (?), n. [NL., from Gr. &unr_; mark caused by burning, fr. &unr_;. See Encaustic.] (Med.) An ulcer in the eye, upon the cornea, which causes the loss of the humors. Dunglison.
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Encaustic
En*caus"tic (?), a. [L. encausticus, Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to burn in; &unr_; in + &unr_; to burn: cf. F. encaustique. See Caustic, and cf. Ink.] (Fine Arts) Prepared by means of heat; burned in.
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Encaustic painting (Fine Arts), painting by means of wax with which the colors are combined, and which is afterwards fused with hot irons, thus fixing the colors. -- Encaustic tile (Fine Arts), an earthenware tile which has a decorative pattern and is not wholly of one color.
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Encaustic
En*caus"tic, n. [L. encaustica, Gr. &unr_; (sc. &unr_;): cf. F. encaustique. See Encaustic, a.] The method of painting in heated wax, or in any way where heat is used to fix the colors.
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Encave
En*cave" (?), v. t. [Pref. en- + cave: cf. F. encaver. Cf. Incavated.] To hide in, or as in, a cave or recess. “Do but encave yourself.” Shak.
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-ence
-ence (?). [F. -ence, L. -entia.] A noun suffix signifying action, state, or quality; also, that which relates to the action or state; as in emergence, diffidence, diligence, influence, difference, excellence. See -ance.
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Enceinte
En`ceinte" (?), n. [F., fr. enceindre to gird about, surround, L. incingere; in (intens). + cingere to gird. See Cincture.] 1. (Fort.) The line of works which forms the main inclosure of a fortress or place; -- called also body of the place.
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2. The area or town inclosed by a line of fortification.
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The suburbs are not unfrequently larger than their enceinte. S. W. Williams.
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Enceinte
En`ceinte", a. [F., fr. L. in not + cinctus, p. p. of cingere to gird about.] Pregnant; with child.
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Encenia
En*ce"ni*a (?), n. pl. [LL. encaenia, fr. Gr. &unr_; a feast of dedication; &unr_; in + &unr_; new.] A festival commemorative of the founding of a city or the consecration of a church; also, the ceremonies (as at Oxford and Cambridge, England) commemorative of founders or benefactors.
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Encense
En*cense" (?), v. t. & i. [F. encenser, fr. encens. See Incense, n.] To offer incense to or upon; to burn incense. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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encephalartos
encephalartos n. any of numerous cycads of the genus Encephalartos having stout cylindrical trunks and a terminal crown of long, often spiny pinnate leaves.
[WordNet 1.5]

Encephalic
En`ce*phal"ic (?), a. [See Encephalon.] (Anat.) Pertaining to the encephalon or brain.
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Encephalitis
En*ceph`a*li"tis (?), n. [NL., from Gr. 'egke`falos the brain + -itis.] (Med.) Inflammation of the brain. -- En`ceph*a*lit"ic (#), a.
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Encephalocele
En*ceph"a*lo*cele (?), n. [Gr. 'egke`falos the brain + kh`lh tumor.] (Med.) Hernia of the brain.
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Encephaloid
En*ceph"a*loid (?), a. [Gr. 'egke`falos + -oid.] Resembling the material of the brain; cerebriform.
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Encephaloid cancer (Med.), a very malignant form of cancer of brainlike consistency. See under Cancer.
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Encephaloid
En*ceph"a*loid, n. An encephaloid cancer.
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Encephalology
En*ceph`a*lol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. 'egke`falos the brain + -logy.] The science which treats of the brain, its structure and functions.
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encephalon
en*ceph"a*lon (?), n.; pl. encephala (?). [NL. See Encephalos.] (Anat.) The contents of the cranium; the brain.
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Encephalopathy
En*ceph`a*lop"a*thy (?), n. [Gr. 'egke`falos the brain + pa`schein, paqei^n, to suffer.] (Med.) Any disease or symptoms of disease referable to disorders of the brain; as, lead encephalopathy, the cerebral symptoms attending chronic lead poisoning.
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Encephalos
En*ceph"a*los (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. 'egke`falos; 'en in + kefalh` head.] (Anat.) The encephalon.
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In man the encephalos reaches its full size about seven years of age. Sir W. Hamilton.
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Encephalotomy
En*ceph`a*lot"o*my (?), n. [Gr. 'egke`falos the brain + &unr_; a cutting.] (Surg.) The act or art of dissecting the brain.
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Encephalous
En*ceph"a*lous (?), a. (Zoöl.) Having a head; -- said of most Mollusca; -- opposed to acephalous.
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Enchafe
En*chafe" (?), v. t. To chafe; to enrage; to heat. [Obs.] Shak.
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Enchafing
En*chaf"ing, n. Heating; burning. [Obs.]
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The wicked enchaufing or ardure of this sin [lust]. Chaucer.
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Enchain
En*chain" (?), v. t. [F. enchaîner; pref. en- (L. in) chaîne chain. See Chain, and cf. Incatenation.] 1. To bind with a chain; to hold in chains.
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2. To hold fast; to confine; as, to enchain attention.
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3. To link together; to connect. Howell.
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Enchainment
En*chain"ment (?), n. [Cf. F. enchaînement.] The act of enchaining, or state of being enchained.
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Enchair
En*chair" (?), v. t. To seat in a chair. Tennyson.
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Enchannel
En*chan"nel (?), v. t. To make run in a channel. “Its waters were enchanneled.” Sir D. Brewster.
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Enchant
En*chant" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Enchanted; p. pr. & vb. n. Enchanting.] [F. enchanter, L. incantare to chant or utter a magic formula over or against one, to bewitch; in in, against + cantare to sing. See Chant, and cf. Incantation.] 1. To charm by sorcery; to act on by enchantment; to get control of by magical words and rites.
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And now about the caldron sing,
Like elves and fairies in a ring,
Enchanting all that you put in.
Shak.
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He is enchanted, cannot speak. Tennyson.
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2. To delight in a high degree; to charm; to enrapture; as, music enchants the ear.
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Arcadia was the charmed circle where all his spirits forever should be enchanted. Sir P. Sidney.

Syn. -- To charm; bewitch; fascinate. Cf. Charm.
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Enchanted
En*chant"ed (?), a. Under the power of enchantment; possessed or exercised by enchanters; as, an enchanted castle.
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Enchanter
En*chant"er (?), n. [Cf. F. enchanteur.] One who enchants; a sorcerer or magician; also, one who delights as by an enchantment.
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Like ghosts from an enchanter fleeing. Shelley.
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Enchanter's nightshade (Bot.), a genus (Circæa) of low inconspicuous, perennial plants, found in damp, shady places.
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Enchanting
En*chant"ing, a. Having a power of enchantment; charming; fascinating. -- En*chant"ing*ly, adv.
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Enchantment
En*chant"ment (?), n. [F. enchantement.] 1. The act of enchanting; the production of certain wonderful effects by the aid of demons, or the agency of supposed spirits; the use of magic arts, spells, or charms; incantation.
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After the last enchantment you did here. Shak.
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2. The effect produced by the act; the state of being enchanted; as, to break an enchantment.
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3. That which captivates the heart and senses; an influence or power which fascinates or highly delights.
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Such an enchantment as there is in words. South.

Syn. -- Incantation; necromancy; magic; sorcery; witchcraft; spell; charm; fascination; witchery.
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Enchantress
En*chant"ress (?), n. [Cf. F. enchanteresse.] A woman versed in magical arts; a sorceress; also, a woman who fascinates. Shak.
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Encharge
En*charge" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Encharged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Encharging (?).] [OF. enchargier, F. encharger; pref. en- (L. in) + F. charger. See Charge.] To charge (with); to impose (a charge) upon.
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His countenance would express the spirit and the passion of the part he was encharged with. Jeffrey.
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Encharge
En*charge", n. A charge. [Obs.] A. Copley.
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Enchase
En*chase" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Enchased (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Enchasing.] [F. enchâsser; pref. en- (L. in) + châsse box containing relics, frame, case, the same word as caisse case. See 1st Case, and cf. Chase, Encase, Incase.] 1. To incase or inclose in a border or rim; to surround with an ornamental casing, as a gem with gold; to encircle; to inclose; to adorn.
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Enchased with a wanton ivy twine. Spenser.
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An precious stones, in studs of gold enchased,
The shaggy velvet of his buskins graced.
Mickle.
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2. To chase; to ornament by embossing or engraving; as, to enchase a watch case.
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With golden letters . . . well enchased. Spenser.
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3. To delineate or describe, as by writing. [Obs.]
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All which . . . for to enchase,
Him needeth sure a golden pen, I ween.
Spenser.
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Enchaser
En*chas"er (?), n. One who enchases.
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Enchasten
En*chas"ten (?), v. t. To chasten. [Obs.]

Encheason
Encheson
{ En*che"son, En*chea"son (?) }, n. [OF. enchaison, fr. L. incidere to happen; in + cadere to fall.] Occasion, cause, or reason. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Enchest
En*chest" (?), v. t. [Cf. Inchest.] To inclose in a chest. Vicars.
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Enchiridion
En`chi*rid"i*on (?), n. [L., from Gr. &unr_;; &unr_; in + &unr_; hand.] Handbook; a manual of devotions. Evelyn.
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Enchisel
En*chis"el (?), v. t. To cut with a chisel.
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Enchodus
En"cho*dus (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; a spear + 'odoy`s, 'odo`ntos, a tooth.] (Paleon.) A genus of extinct Cretaceous fishes; -- so named from their spear-shaped teeth. They were allied to the pike (Esox).
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Enchondroma
En`chon*dro"ma (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; in + &unr_; cartilage + -oma.] (Med.) A cartilaginous tumor growing from the interior of a bone. Quain.

Enchoric
Enchorial
{ En*cho"ri*al (?), En*chor"ic (?), } a. [Gr. &unr_; domestic, native; &unr_; in + &unr_; place, country.] Belonging to, or used in, a country; native; domestic; popular; common; -- said especially of the written characters employed by the common people of ancient Egypt, in distinction from the hieroglyphics. See Demotic.
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Enchylemma
En`chy*lem"ma (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; to pour in + &unr_; anything received.] (Biol.) The basal substance of the cell nucleus; a hyaline or granular substance, more or less fluid during life, in which the other parts of the nucleus are imbedded.
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Enchyma
En"chy*ma (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. 'e`gchyma an infusion; 'en in + chei^n to pour.] (Biol.) The primitive formative juice, from which the tissues, particularly the cellular tissue, are formed.
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Encincture
En*cinc"ture (?), n. A cincture. [Poetic]
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The vast encincture of that gloomy sea. Wordsworth.
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Encindered
En*cin"dered (?), a. Burnt to cinders. [R.]
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Encircle
En*cir"cle (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Encircled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Encircling (?).] [Pref. en- + circle: cf. OF. encercler.] To form a circle about; to inclose within a circle or ring; to surround; as, to encircle one in the arms; the army encircled the city.
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Her brows encircled with his serpent rod. Parnell.

Syn. -- To encompass; surround; environ; inclose.
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Encirclet
En*cir"clet (?), n. [Encircle + -let.] A small circle; a ring. [Obs.] Sir P. Sidney.
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encircling
encircling adj. surrounding. [prenominal]
Syn. -- circumferential, skirting(prenominal).
[WordNet 1.5]

Enclasp
En*clasp" (?), v. t. [Pref. en- + clasp. Cf. Inclasp.] To clasp. See Inclasp.
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Enclave
En*clave" (?), n. [F., fr. L. in + clavus a nail.] A tract of land or a territory inclosed within another territory of which it is independent. See Exclave. [Recent]
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Enclave
En*clave", v. t. [Cf. F. enclaver.] To inclose within an alien territory. [Recent]
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Enclavement
En*clave"ment (?), n. [F.] The state of being an enclave. [Recent]
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Enclitical
Enclitic
{ En*clit"ic (&ebreve_;n*kl&ibreve_;t"&ibreve_;k), En*clit"ic*al (&ebreve_;n*kl&ibreve_;t"&ibreve_;*k&aitalic_;l), } a. [L. encliticus, Gr. 'egkli`tikos, fr. 'egkli`nein to incline; 'en in + kli`nein to bend. See In, and Lean, v. i.] (Gram.) Affixed; subjoined; -- said of a word or particle which leans back upon the preceding word so as to become a part of it, and to lose its own independent accent, generally varying also the accent of the preceding word.
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Enclitic
En*clit"ic, n. (Gram.) A word which is joined to another so closely as to lose its proper accent, as the pronoun thee in prithee (pray thee).
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Enclitically
En*clit"ic*al*ly, adv. In an enclitic manner; by throwing the accent back. Walker.
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Enclitics
En*clit"ics (?), n. (Gram.) The art of declining and conjugating words.
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Encloister
En*clois"ter (?), v. t. [Cf. Incloister.] To shut up in a cloister; to cloister.
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Enclose
En*close" (?), v. t. [F. enclos, p. p. of enclore to enclose; pref. en- (L. in) + clore to close. See Close, and cf. Inclose, Include.] To inclose. See Inclose.
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enclosed
enclosed adj. surrounded or closed in, usually on all sides. Opposite of unenclosed. [Narrower terms: basined; capsulate, capsulated; closed, closed in(predicate); coarctate; confined, fenced in, penned; embedded, fixed; embedded, surrounded; encircled; enveloped; fogbound; self-enclosed; surrounded, encircled]
[WordNet 1.5]

enclosing
enclosing n. the act of surrounding something with something else, so that it is inside the surrounding object.
Syn. -- inclosing, enclosure, envelopment, enveloping, inclosure.
[WordNet 1.5]

Enclosure
En*clo"sure (?; 135), n. Inclosure. See Inclosure.
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&hand_; The words enclose and enclosure are written indiscriminately enclose or inclose and enclosure or inclosure.
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Enclothe
En*clothe" (?), v. t. To clothe.
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Encloud
En*cloud" (?), v. t. [Cf. Incloud.] To envelop in clouds; to cloud. [R.] Spenser.
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Encoach
En*coach" (?), v. t. [Cf. Incoach.] To carry in a coach. [R.] Davies (Wit's Pilgr.)
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encode
en*code" (&ebreve_;n*kōd"), v. t. To convert (a text, data) into a series of secret symbols by means of a code{5}; to encrypt.
Syn. -- encrypt, code, encipher, cipher, cypher, inscribe, write in code.
[PJC]

Encoffin
En*cof"fin (?), v. t. To put in a coffin. [R.]
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Encolden
En*cold"en (?), v. t. To render cold. [Obs.]
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Encollar
En*col"lar (?), v. t. To furnish or surround with a collar. [R.]
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Encolor
En*col"or (?), v. t. To color. [R.]
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Encolure
En`co`lure" (?), n. [F.] The neck of horse. R. Browning.
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Encomber
En*com"ber (?), v. t. See Encumber. [Obs.]
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Encomberment
En*com"ber*ment (?), n. [See Encumberment.] Hindrance; molestation.[Obs.] Spenser.
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Encomiast
En*co"mi*ast (?), n. [Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to praise, fr. &unr_; encomium: cf. F. encomiaste. See Encomium.] One who praises; a panegyrist. Locke.

Encomiastical
Encomiastic
{ En*co`mi*as"tic (?), En*co`mi*as"tic*al (?), } a. [Gr. &unr_;.] Bestowing praise; praising; eulogistic; laudatory; as, an encomiastic address or discourse. -- En*co`mi*as"tic*al*ly, adv.
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Encomiastic
En*co`mi*as"tic, n. A panegyric. B. Jonson.
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Encomion
En*co"mi*on (?), n. [NL.] Encomium; panegyric. [Obs.] B. Jonson.
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Encomium
En*co"mi*um (?), n.; pl. Encomiums (#). [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; (a song) chanted in a Bacchic festival in praise of the god; &unr_; in + &unr_; a jovial festivity, revel. See Comedy.] Warm or high praise; panegyric; strong commendation.
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His encomiums awakened all my ardor. W. Irving.

Syn. -- See Eulogy.
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Encompass
En*com"pass (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Encompassed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Encompassing.] To circumscribe or go round so as to surround closely; to encircle; to inclose; to environ; as, a ring encompasses the finger; an army encompasses a city; a voyage encompassing the world. Shak.
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A question may be encompassed with difficulty. C. J. Smith.
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The love of all thy sons encompass thee. Tennyson.

Syn. -- To encircle; inclose; surround; include; environ; invest; hem in; shut up.
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encompassing
encompassing adj. closely enveloping or surrounding on all sides.
Syn. -- ambient, enveloping, surrounding(prenominal).
[WordNet 1.5]

Encompassment
En*com"pass*ment (?), n. The act of surrounding, or the state of being surrounded; circumvention.
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By this encompassment and drift of question. Shak.
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Encore
En`core" (?), adv. or interj. [F. The last part of the word is fr. L. hora hour. See Hour.] Once more; again; -- used by the auditors and spectators of plays, concerts, and other entertainments, to call for a repetition of a particular part.
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Encore
En`core", n. A call or demand (as, by continued applause) for a repetition; as, the encores were numerous.
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Encore
En`core", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Encored (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Encoring.] To call for a repetition or reappearance of; as, to encore a song or a singer.
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[Rebecca] insisted upon encoring one of the duets. Thackeray.
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Encorporing
En*cor"po*ring (?), n. [Pref. en- + L. corpus body.] Incorporation. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Encoubert
En`cou`bert" (?), n. [F., Pg. encorberto, encuberto, lit., covered.] (Zoöl.) One of several species of armadillos of the genera Dasypus and Euphractus, having five toes both on the fore and hind feet.
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Encounter
En*coun"ter (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Encountered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Encountering.] [OF. encontrer; pref. en- (L. in) + contre against, L. contra. See Counter, adv.] To come against face to face; to meet; to confront, either by chance, suddenly, or deliberately; especially, to meet in opposition or with hostile intent; to engage in conflict with; to oppose; to struggle with; as, to encounter a friend in traveling; two armies encounter each other; to encounter obstacles or difficulties, to encounter strong evidence of a truth.
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Then certain philosophers of the Epicureans, and of the Stoics, encountered him. Acts xvii. 18.
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I am most fortunate thus accidentally to encounter you. Shak.
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Encounter
En*coun"ter, v. i. To meet face to face; to have a meeting; to meet, esp. as enemies; to engage in combat; to fight; as, three armies encountered at Waterloo.
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I will encounter with Andronicus. Shak.
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Perception and judgment, employed in the investigation of all truth, have in the first place to encounter with particulars. Tatham.
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Encounter
En*coun"ter, n. [OF. encontre, fr. encontrer. See Encounter, v. t.] 1. A meeting face to face; a running against; a sudden or incidental meeting; an interview.
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To shun the encounter of the vulgar crowd. Pope.
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2. A meeting, with hostile purpose; hence, a combat; a battle; as, a bloody encounter.
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As one for . . . fierce encounters fit. Spenser.
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To join their dark encounter in mid-air. Milton.

Syn. -- Contest; conflict; fight; combat; assault; rencounter; attack; engagement; onset. See Contest.
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Encounterer
En*coun"ter*er (?), n. One who encounters; an opponent; an antagonist. Atterbury.
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Encourage
En*cour"age (?; 48), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Encouraged (?; 48); p. pr. & vb. n. Encouraging (?).] [F. encourager; pref. en- (L. in) + courage courage. See Courage.] To give courage to; to inspire with courage, spirit, or hope; to raise, or to increase, the confidence of; to animate; enhearten; to incite; to help forward; -- the opposite of discourage.
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David encouraged himself in the Lord. 1 Sam. xxx. 6.

Syn. -- To embolden; inspirit; animate; enhearten; hearten; incite; cheer; urge; impel; stimulate; instigate; countenance; comfort; promote; advance; forward; strengthen.
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encouraged
encouraged adj. made to feel more courage, hope, or optimism.
Syn. -- bucked up(predicate).
[WordNet 1.5]

Encouragement
En*cour"age*ment (?), n. [Cf. F. encouragement.] 1. The act of encouraging; incitement to action or to practice; as, the encouragement of youth in generosity.
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All generous encouragement of arts. Otway.
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2. That which serves to incite, support, promote, or advance, as favor, countenance, reward, etc.; incentive; increase of confidence; as, the fine arts find little encouragement among a rude people.
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To think of his paternal care,
Is a most sweet encouragement to prayer.
Byron.
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Encourager
En*cour"a*ger (?), n. One who encourages, incites, or helps forward; a favorer.
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The pope is . . . a great encourager of arts. Addison.
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Encouraging
En*cour"a*ging (?), a. Furnishing ground to hope; inspiriting; favoring. -- En*cour"a*ging*ly, adv.
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Encowl
En*cowl" (?), v. t. To make a monk (or wearer of a cowl) of. [R.] Drayton.
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Encradle
En*cra"dle (?), v. t. To lay in a cradle.
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Encratite
En"cra*tite (?), n. [L. Encratitae, pl., fr. Gr. &unr_; self-disciplined; &unr_; in + &unr_; strength.] (Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect in the 2d century who abstained from marriage, wine, and animal food; -- called also Continent.
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Encrease
En*crease" (?), v. t. & i. See Increase. [Obs.]
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Encrimson
En*crim"son (?), v. t. To give a crimson or red color to; to crimson. Shak.

Encrinital
Encrinal
Encrinic
{ En*crin"ic (?), En*cri"nal (?), En*crin"i*tal (?), } a. (Paleon.) Relating to encrinites; containing encrinites, as certain kinds of limestone.
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Encrinite
En"cri*nite (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; in + &unr_; a lily: cf. F. encrinite.] (Paleon.) A fossil crinoid, esp. one belonging to, or resembling, the genus Encrinus. Sometimes used in a general sense for any crinoid.

Encrinitical
Encrinitic
{ En`cri*nit"ic (?), En`cri*nit"ic*al (?), } a. (Paleon.) Pertaining to encrinites; encrinal.
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Encrinoidea
En`cri*noid"e*a (?), n. pl. [NL. See Encrinus and -oid.] (Zoöl.) That order of the Crinoidea which includes most of the living and many fossil forms, having jointed arms around the margin of the oral disk; -- also called Brachiata and Articulata. See Illusts. under Comatula and Crinoidea.
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Encrinus
En"cri*nus (?), n.; pl. Encrini (#). [NL. See Encrinite.] (Paleon.) A genus of fossil encrinoidea, from the Mesozoic rocks.
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Encrisped
En*crisped" (?), a. Curled. [Obs.] Skelton.
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Encroach
En*croach" (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Encroached (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Encroaching.] [OF. encrochier to perch, prop., to hook, fasten a hook (perh. confused with acrochier, F. accrocher, to hook, get hold of, E. accroach); pref. en- (L. in) + F. croc hook. See Crook, and cf. Accroach.] To enter by gradual steps or by stealth into the possessions or rights of another; to trespass; to intrude; to trench; -- commonly with on or upon; as, to encroach on a neighbor; to encroach on the highway.
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No sense, faculty, or member must encroach upon or interfere with the duty and office of another. South.
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Superstition, . . . a creeping and encroaching evil. Hooker.
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Exclude the encroaching cattle from thy ground. Dryden.

Syn. -- To intrude; trench; infringe; invade; trespass.
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Encroach
En*croach", n. Encroachment. [Obs.] South.
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Encroacher
En*croach"er (?), n. One who by gradual steps enters on, and takes possession of, what is not his own.
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Encroachingly
En*croach"ing*ly, adv. By way of encroachment.
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Encroachment
En*croach"ment (?), n. 1. The act of entering gradually or silently upon the rights or possessions of another; unlawful intrusion.
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An unconstitutional encroachment of military power on the civil establishment. Bancroft.
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2. That which is taken by encroaching on another.
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3. (Law) An unlawful diminution of the possessions of another.
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encrust
en*crust" (?), v. t. To incrust. See Incrust.
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encrusted
encrusted adj. covered with or hardened into a crust.
Syn. -- crusted.
[WordNet 1.5]

encrustment
en*crust"ment (?), n. That which is formed as a crust; incrustment; incrustation.
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Disengaging truth from its encrustment of error. I. Taylor.
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encrypt
encrypt v. t. To convert ordinary language or other data into code; to hide the meaning of a message by converting it into a form that cannot be interpreted without knowing the secret method for interpretation, called the key; to encode.
Syn. -- encode, code, encipher, cipher, cypher, inscribe, write in code.
[WordNet 1.5]

encrypted
encrypted a. converted into a coded form that cannot be interpreted without knowing the secret method for interpretation, called the key; -- of messages or other forms of information.
Syn. -- encoded, coded, enciphered, ciphered, cyphered, written in code.
[WordNet 1.5]

encryption
encryption n. the process of converting messages in ordinary language, or other information into a secret coded form that cannot be interpreted without knowing the secret method for interpretation, called the key. Encryption is used commonly to allow messages to be transmitted between parties at a distance without permitting others to read and understand the message. It is also used to make data more secure from possible discovery and uninterpretable by unauthorized people accessing the data. In order to read an encrypted message, a party normally requires knowledge of both the method of encryption and the secret key, which may be a single word or more complex sequence of characters. Until recently, transmission of such secret messages required that the key be transmitted secretly by some seecure and reliable method to the party receiving the message. More recently, a mathematical method was discovered to allow a party to publish an encoding key (the public key) which allows anyone to encode a message, but the message thus encoded can only be decoded by the person possessing a corresponding key, called the private key. This two-key system is called the public-key encryption method.
Syn. -- encoding, coding, enciphering, ciphering, cyphering, writing in code.
[WordNet 1.5]

Encumber
En*cum"ber (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Encumbered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Encumbering.] [F. encombrer; pref. en- (L. in) + OF. combrer to hinder. See Cumber, and cf. Incumber.] [Written also incumber.] 1. To impede the motion or action of, as with a burden; to retard with something superfluous; to weigh down; to obstruct or embarrass; as, his movements were encumbered by his mantle; his mind is encumbered with useless learning.
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Not encumbered with any notable inconvenience. Hooker.
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2. To load with debts, or other legal claims; as, to encumber an estate with mortgages.

Syn. -- To load; clog; oppress; overload; embarrass; perplex; hinder; retard; obstruct; check; block.
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Encumberment
En*cum"ber*ment (?), n. [Cf. F. encombrement.] Encumbrance. [R.]
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Encumbrance
En*cum"brance (?), n. [Cf. OF. encombrance. Cf. Incumbrance.] 1. That which encumbers; a burden which impedes action, or renders it difficult and laborious; a clog; an impediment. See Incumbrance.
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2. (Law) Same as Incumbrance.

Syn. -- Burden; clog; impediment; check; hindrance.
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Encumbrancer
En*cum"bran*cer (?), n. (Law) Same as Incumbrancer.
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Encurtain
En*cur"tain (?), v. t. To inclose with curtains.
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-ency
-en*cy (?). [L. -entia.] A noun suffix having much the same meaning as -ence, but more commonly signifying the quality or state; as, emergency, efficiency. See -ancy.

Encyclical
Encyclic
{ En*cyc"lic (?), En*cyc"li*cal (?), } a. [L. encyclios of a circle, general, Gr. &unr_;; &unr_; in + &unr_; circle: cf. F. encyclique. See Cycle.] Sent to many persons or places; intended for many, or for a whole order of men; general; circular; as, an encyclical letter of a council, of a bishop, or the pope.

Encyclical
Encyclic
{ En*cyc"lic, En*cyc"li*cal, } n. An encyclical letter, esp. one from a pope. Shipley.

Encyclopaedia
Encyclopedia
{ En*cy`clo*pe"di*a, En*cy`clo*pæ"di*a } (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;, for &unr_; &unr_;, instruction in the circle of arts and sciences: cf. F. encyclopédie. See Cyclopedia, and Encyclical.] [Formerly written encyclopædy and encyclopedy.] The full circle of arts and sciences; a comprehensive summary of knowledge, or of a branch of knowledge; esp., a work in which the various branches of science or art are discussed separately, and usually in alphabetical order; a cyclopedia.
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Encyclopediacal
En*cy`clo*pe*di"a*cal (?), a. Encyclopedic.
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Encyclopedian
En*cy`clo*pe"di*an (?), a. Embracing the whole circle of learning, or a wide range of subjects.

Encyclopedical
Encyclopedic
{ En*cy`clo*ped"ic (?), En*cy`clo*ped"ic*al (?), } a. [Cf. F. encyclopédique.] Pertaining to, or of the nature of, an encyclopedia; broad in scope or content; embracing a wide range of subjects; as, a person having encyclopedic knowledge of a subject. [Also spelled encyclopaedic.]
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Encyclopedism
En*cy`clo*pe"dism (?), n. The art of writing or compiling encyclopedias; also, possession of the whole range of knowledge; encyclopedic learning.
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Encyclopedist
En*cy`clo*pe"dist (?), n. [Cf. F. encyclopédiste.] The compiler of an encyclopedia, or one who assists in such compilation; also, one whose knowledge embraces the whole range of the sciences.
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The Encyclopedists, the writers of the great French encyclopedia which appeared in 1751-1772. The editors were Diderot and D'Alembert. Among the contributors were Voltaire and Rousseau.
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Encyst
En*cyst" (?), v. t. To inclose in a cyst.
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Encystation
En`cys*ta"tion (?), n. Encystment.
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Encysted
En*cyst"ed (?), a. Inclosed in a cyst, or a sac, bladder, or vesicle; as, an encysted tumor.
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The encysted venom, or poison bag, beneath the adder's fang. Coleridge.
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Encystment
En*cyst"ment (?), n. 1. (Biol.) A process which, among some of the lower forms of life, precedes reproduction by budding, fission, spore formation, etc.
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&hand_; The animal (a) first contracts its body to a globular mass (b) and then secretes a transparent cyst (c), after which the mass divides into two or more parts (as in d e), each of which attains freedom by the bursting of the cyst, and becomes an individual animal.
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2. (Zoöl.) A process by which many internal parasites, esp. in their larval states, become inclosed within a cyst in the muscles, liver, etc. See Trichina.
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End
End (&ebreve_;nd), n. [OE. & AS. ende; akin to OS. endi, D. einde, eind, OHG. enti, G. ende, Icel. endir, endi, Sw. ände, Dan. ende, Goth. andeis, Skr. anta. √208. Cf. Ante-, Anti-, Answer.] 1. The extreme or last point or part of any material thing considered lengthwise (the extremity of breadth being side); hence, extremity, in general; the concluding part; termination; close; limit; as, the end of a field, line, pole, road; the end of a year, of a discourse; put an end to pain; -- opposed to beginning, when used of anything having a first part.
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Better is the end of a thing than the beginning thereof. Eccl. vii. 8.
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2. Point beyond which no procession can be made; conclusion; issue; result, whether successful or otherwise; conclusive event; consequence.
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My guilt be on my head, and there an end. Shak.
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O that a man might know
The end of this day's business ere it come!
Shak.
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3. Termination of being; death; destruction; extermination; also, cause of death or destruction.
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Unblamed through life, lamented in thy end. Pope.
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Confound your hidden falsehood, and award
Either of you to be the other's end.
Shak.
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I shall see an end of him. Shak.
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4. The object aimed at in any effort considered as the close and effect of exertion; ppurpose; intention; aim; as, to labor for private or public ends.
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Losing her, the end of living lose. Dryden.
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When every man is his own end, all things will come to a bad end. Coleridge.
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5. That which is left; a remnant; a fragment; a scrap; as, odds and ends.
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I clothe my naked villainy
With old odd ends stolen out of holy writ,
And seem a saint, when most I play the devil.
Shak.
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6. (Carpet Manuf.) One of the yarns of the worsted warp in a Brussels carpet.
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An end. (a) On end; upright; erect; endways. Spenser (b) To the end; continuously. [Obs.] Richardson. -- End bulb (Anat.), one of the bulblike bodies in which some sensory nerve fibers end in certain parts of the skin and mucous membranes; -- also called end corpuscles. -- End fly, a bobfly. -- End for end, one end for the other; in reversed order. -- End man, the last man in a row; one of the two men at the extremities of a line of minstrels. -- End on (Naut.), bow foremost. -- End organ (Anat.), the structure in which a nerve fiber ends, either peripherally or centrally. -- End plate (Anat.), one of the flat expansions in which motor nerve fibers terminate on muscular fibers. -- End play (Mach.), movement endwise, or room for such movement. -- End stone (Horol.), one of the two plates of a jewel in a timepiece; the part that limits the pivot's end play. -- Ends of the earth, the remotest regions of the earth. -- In the end, finally. Shak. -- On end, upright; erect. -- To the end, in order. Bacon. -- To make both ends meet, to live within one's income. Fuller. -- To put an end to, to destroy.
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End
End (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ended; p. pr. & vb. n. Ending.] 1. To bring to an end or conclusion; to finish; to close; to terminate; as, to end a speech. “I shall end this strife.” Shak.
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On the seventh day God ended his work. Gen. ii. 2.
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2. To form or be at the end of; as, the letter k ends the word back.
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3. To destroy; to put to death. “This sword hath ended him.” Shak.
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To end up, to lift or tilt, so as to set on end; as, to end up a hogshead.
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End
End, v. i. To come to the ultimate point; to be finished; to come to a close; to cease; to terminate; as, a voyage ends; life ends; winter ends.
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Endable
End"a*ble (?), a. That may be ended; terminable.
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End-all
End"-all` (?), n. 1. Complete termination. [R.]
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That but this blow
Might be the be-all and the end-all here.
Shak.
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2. the primary or only purpose or goal; as, winning office is the be-all and end-all of a politician's life.
[PJC]

Endamage
En*dam"age (?; 48), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Endamaged (?; 48); p. pr. & vb. n. Endamaging (?).] [Pref. en- + damage: cf. F. endommager.] To bring loss or damage to; to harm; to injure. [R.]
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The trial hath endamaged thee no way. Milton.
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Endamageable
En*dam"age*a*ble (?), a. Capable of being damaged, or injured; damageable. [Obs.]
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Endamagement
En*dam"age*ment (?), n. [Cf. F. endommagement.] Damage; injury; harm. [Obs.] Shak.
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Endamnify
En*dam"ni*fy (?), v. t. To damnify; to injure. [R.] Sandys.
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Endanger
En*dan"ger (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Endangered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Endangering.] 1. To put to hazard; to bring into danger or peril; to expose to loss or injury; as, to endanger life or peace.
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All the other difficulties of his reign only exercised without endangering him. Burke.
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2. To incur the hazard of; to risk. [Obs.]
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He that turneth the humors back . . . endangereth malign ulcers. Bacon.
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endangered
en*dan"gered (?), a. 1. Being in a condition or situation where life or serious harm is possible; in danger; at risk.
[PJC]

2. Small in numbers, with significant possibility of extinction; -- of species.
[PJC]

endangered species
en*dan"gered spe"cies (?), n. sing. & pl. A species of plant or animal that has declined in numbers to a point where further irreversible decline and extinction{3} has a significant chance. Lists of endangered species are maintained by government agencies, and in many cases the killing of such species or destruction of their habitat is prohibited by law. In the U. S. in recent years, development of certain tracts of land has been prohibited due to the likelihood that it will cause a reduction in the numbers of an endangered species. In some cases environmental organizations have initiated litigation to cause the courts to rule that a certain development plan is illegal due to a threat to an endangered species. Laws protecting endangered species have become in some cases a contentious political issue.
[PJC]

Endangerment
En*dan"ger*ment (?), n. Hazard; peril. Milton.
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Endark
En*dark" (?), v. t. To darken. [Obs.] Feltham.
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Endaspidean
En`das*pid"e*an (?), a. [Endo- + Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, a shield.] (Zoöl.) Having the anterior scutes extending around the tarsus on the inner side; -- said of certain birds.
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Endazzle
En*daz"zle (?), v. t. To dazzle. [Obs.]Endazzled eyes.” Milton.
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Endear
En*dear" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Endeared (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Endearing.] 1. To make dear or beloved. “To be endeared to a king.” Shak.
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2. To raise the price or cost of; to make costly or expensive. [R.] King James I. (1618).
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Endearedly
En*dear"ed*ly (?), adv. With affection or endearment; dearly.
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Endearedness
En*dear"ed*ness, n. State of being endeared.
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Endearing
En*dear"ing, a. Making dear or beloved; causing love. -- En*dear"ing*ly, adv.
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Endearment
En*dear"ment (?), n. The act of endearing or the state of being endeared; also, that which manifests, excites, or increases, affection. “The great endearments of prudent and temperate speech.” Jer. Taylor.
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Her first endearments twining round the soul. Thomson.
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Endeavor
En*deav"or (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Endeavored (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Endeavoring.] [OE. endevor; pref. en- + dever, devoir, duty, F. devoir: cf. F. se mettre en devoir de faire quelque chose to try to do a thing, to go about it. See Devoir, Debt.] [Written also endeavour.] To exert physical or intellectual strength for the attainment of; to use efforts to effect; to strive to achieve or reach; to try; to attempt.
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It is our duty to endeavor the recovery of these beneficial subjects. Ld. Chatham.
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To endeavor one's self, to exert one's self strenuously to the fulfillment of a duty. [Obs.] “A just man that endeavoreth himself to leave all wickedness.” Latimer.
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Endeavor
En*deav"or, v. i. To exert one's self; to work for a certain end.
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And such were praised who but endeavored well. Pope.
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Usually with an infinitive; as, to endeavor to outstrip an antagonist.
[1913 Webster] He had . . . endeavored earnestly to do his duty. Prescott.

Syn. -- To attempt; try; strive; struggle; essay; aim; seek.
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Endeavor
En*deav"or, n. [Written also endeavour.] An exertion of physical or intellectual strength toward the attainment of an object; a systematic or continuous attempt; an effort; a trial.
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To employ all my endeavor to obey you. Sir P. Sidney.
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To do one's endeavor, to do one's duty; to put forth strenuous efforts to attain an object; -- a phrase derived from the Middle English phrase “to do one's dever” (duty). “Mr. Prynne proceeded to show he had done endeavor to prepare his answer.” Fuller.

Syn. -- Essay; trial; effort; exertion. See Attempt.
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Endeavorer
En*deav"or*er (?), n. One who makes an effort or attempt. [Written also endeavourer.]
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Endeavorment
En*deav"or*ment (?), n. Act of endeavoring; endeavor. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Endecagon
En*dec"a*gon (?), n. [See Hendecagon.] (Geom.) A plane figure of eleven sides and angles.
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Endecagynous
En`de*cag"y*nous (?), a. [Gr. &unr_; eleven + &unr_; female.] (Bot.) Having eleven pistils; as, an endecagynous flower.
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Endecane
En"de*cane (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; eleven.] (Chem.) One of the higher hydrocarbons of the paraffin series, C11H24, found as a constituent of petroleum. [Written also hendecane.]
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Endecaphyllous
En`de*caph"yl*lous (?), a. [Gr. &unr_; eleven + &unr_; leaf.] (Bot.) Composed of eleven leaflets; -- said of a leaf.
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Endeictic
En*deic"tic (?), a. [Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to point out, show; &unr_; in + &unr_; to show.] Serving to show or exhibit; as, an endeictic dialogue, in the Platonic philosophy, is one which exhibits a specimen of skill. Enfield.
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Endeixis
En*deix"is (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; indication. See Endeictic.] (Med.) An indication.
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Endemial
En*de"mi*al (?), a. Endemic. [R.]

Endemical
Endemic
{ En*de"mic (?), En*de"mic*al (?), } a. [Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;; &unr_; + &unr_; the people: cf. F. endémique.] (Med.) 1. Peculiar to a district or particular locality, or class of persons; as, an endemic disease.
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&hand_; An endemic disease is one which is constantly present to a greater or less degree in any place, as distinguished from an epidemic disease, which prevails widely at some one time, or periodically, and from a sporadic disease, of which a few instances occur now and then.
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2. Belonging or native to a particular people or country; native as distinguished from introduced or naturalized; hence, regularly or ordinarily occurring in a given region; local; as, a plant endemic in Australia; -- often distinguished from exotic.

The traditions of folklore . . . form a kind of endemic symbolism. F. W. H. Myers.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Endemic
En*dem"ic, n. (Med.) An endemic disease.
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Fear, which is an endemic latent in every human heart, sometimes rises into an epidemic. J. B. Heard.
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Endemically
En*dem"ic*al*ly, adv. In an endemic manner.
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Endemiology
En*dem`i*ol"o*gy (?), n. The science which treats of endemic affections.
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Endenization
En*den`i*za"tion (?), n. The act of naturalizing. [R.]
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Endenize
En*den"ize (?), v. t. To endenizen. [Obs.]
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Endenizen
En*den"i*zen (?), v. t. [Pref. en- + denizen. Cf. Indenizen.] To admit to the privileges of a denizen; to naturalize. [Obs.] B. Jonson.
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Ender
End"er (?), n. One who, or that which, makes an end of something; as, the ender of my life.
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Endermatic
En`der*mat"ic (?), a. Endermic.
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Endermic
En*der"mic (?), a. [Gr. &unr_; in + &unr_; skin.] (Med.) Acting through the skin, or by direct application to the skin.
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Endermic method, that in which the medicine enters the system through the skin, being applied either to the sound skin, or to the surface denuded of the cuticle by a blister.
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Endermically
En*der"mic*al*ly (?), adv. By the endermic method; as, applied endermically.
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Enderon
En"de*ron (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; in + &unr_; skin.] (Anat.) The deep sensitive and vascular layer of the skin and mucous membranes. -- En`de*ron"ic, a.
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Endiademed
En*di"a*demed (?), a. Diademed. [R.]
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Endiaper
En*di"a*per (?), v. t. [See Diaper.] To decorate with a diaper pattern.
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Endict
En*dict" (?), v. t. See Indict.
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Endictment
En*dict"ment (?), n. See Indictment.
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Ending
End"ing (?), n. 1. Termination; concluding part; result; conclusion; destruction; death.
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2. (Gram.) The final syllable or letter of a word; the part joined to the stem. See 3d Case, 5.
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Ending day, day of death. Chaucer.
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Endite
En*dite (?), v. t. See Indite. Spenser.
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Endive
En"dive (?), n. [F. endive (cf. Pr., Sp. Pg., & It. endivia), fr. a deriv. of L. intibus, intybus, endive.] (Bot.) A composite herb (Cichorium Endivia). Its finely divided and much curled leaves, when blanched, are used for salad.
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Wild endive (Bot.), chicory or succory.
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Endless
End"less (?), a. [AS. endeleás. See End.] 1. Without end; having no end or conclusion; perpetual; interminable; -- applied to length, and to duration; as, an endless line; endless time; endless bliss; endless praise; endless clamor.
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2. Infinite; excessive; unlimited. Shak.
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3. Without profitable end; fruitless; unsatisfying. [R.] “All loves are endless.” Beau. & Fl.
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4. Void of design; objectless; as, an endless pursuit.
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5. having a linear or ribbonlike form with the two ends connected together, such as in a circle, ellipse, torus, or any other closed loop. Belts or chains used in drive mechanisms are considered endless in this sense. See endless chain.
[PJC]

Endless chain, a chain which is made continuous by uniting its two ends. -- Endless screw. (Mech.) See under Screw.

Syn. -- Eternal; everlasting; interminable; infinite; unlimited; incessant; perpetual; uninterrupted; continual; unceasing; unending; boundless; undying; imperishable.
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Endlessly
End"less*ly, adv. In an endless manner.
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Endlessness
End"less*ness, n. [AS. endeleásnys.] The quality of being endless; perpetuity.
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Endlong
End"long` (?; 115), adv. & prep. [Cf. Along.] Lengthwise; along. [Archaic]
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The doors were all of adamants eterne,
I-clenched overthwart and endelong
With iron tough.
Chaucer.
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He pricketh endelong the large space. Chaucer.
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To thrust the raft endlong across the moat. Sir W. Scott.
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Endmost
End"most` (?), a. Farthest; remotest; at the very end. Tylor.

End-
Endo-
{ En"do- (?), End- (?) }. [Gr. 'e`ndon within, fr. &unr_; in. See In.] A combining form signifying within; as, endocarp, endogen, endocuneiform, endaspidean.
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Endoblast
En"do*blast (?), n. [Endo- + -blast.] (Biol.) Entoblast; endoplast. See Nucleus,
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Endoblastic
En`do*blas"tic (?), a. (Biol.) Relating to the endoblast; as, the endoblastic layer.

Endocardial
Endocardiac
{ En`do*car"di*ac (?), En`do*car"di*al (?), } a. 1. Pertaining to the endocardium.
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2. (Med.) Seated or generated within the heart; as, endocardial murmurs.
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Endocarditis
En`do*car*di"tis (?), n. [NL. See -itis.] (Med.) Inflammation of the endocardium.
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Endocardium
En`do*car"di*um (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. 'e`ndon within + kardi`a heart.] (Anat.) The membrane lining the cavities of the heart.
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Endocarp
En"do*carp (?), n. [Endo- + Gr. &unr_; fruit: cf. F. endocarpe.] (Bot.) The inner layer of a ripened or fructified ovary.
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Endochondral
En`do*chon"dral (?), a. [Endo- + Gr. &unr_; cartilage.] (Physiol.) Growing or developing within cartilage; -- applied esp. to developing bone.
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Endochrome
En"do*chrome (?), n. [Endo- + Gr. &unr_; color.] (Bot.) The coloring matter within the cells of plants, whether green, red, yellow, or any other color.
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Endoctrine
En*doc"trine (?), v. t. [Pref. en- + doctrine.] To teach; to indoctrinate. [Obs.] Donne.
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Endocyst
En"do*cyst (?), n. [Endo- + Gr. &unr_; bladder, a bag.] (Zoöl.) The inner layer of the cells of Bryozoa.
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Endoderm
En"do*derm (?), n. [Endo- + Gr. &unr_; skin.] (Biol.) (a) The inner layer of the skin or integument of an animal. (b) The innermost layer of the blastoderm and the structures derived from it; the hypoblast; the entoblast. See Illust. of Ectoderm.

Endodermic
Endodermal
{ En`do*der"mal (?), En`do*der"mic (?), } a. (Biol.) Of or pertaining to the endoderm.
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Endodermis
En`do*der"mis (?), n. [NL. See Endoderm.] (Bot.) A layer of cells forming a kind of cuticle inside of the proper cortical layer, or surrounding an individual fibrovascular bundle.
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endodontics
endodontics n. 1. the branch of dentistry dealing with diseases of the dental pulp.
Syn. -- endodontia.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. the treatment of diseases of the dental pulp, especially by completely removing the pulp and nerve inside a tooth and its root, and replacing it with a filling material; root canal therapy; pulp canal therapy.
[PJC]

endodontist
endodontist n. a dentist specializing in endodontics.
[WordNet 1.5]

endoergic
endoergic adj. occurring with absorption of energy. [Narrower terms: endothermic] exoergic
Syn. -- energy-absorbing.
[WordNet 1.5]

endogamic
endogamic adj. 1. fertilized by pollen from another flower of the same plant.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. of marriage within a class or tribe as required by custom or law; same as endogamous.
Syn. -- endogamous, within-group.
[WordNet 1.5]

Endogamous
En*dog"a*mous (?), a. [Endo- + Gr. &unr_; marriage.] Marrying within the same tribe; -- opposed to exogamous.
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Endogamy
En*dog"a*my (?), n. Marriage only within the tribe; a custom restricting a man in his choice of a wife to the tribe to which he belongs; -- opposed to exogamy.
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Endogen
En"do*gen (?), n. [Endo- + -gen: cf. F. endogène.] (Bot.) A plant which increases in size by internal growth and elongation at the summit, having the wood in the form of bundles or threads, irregularly distributed throughout the whole diameter, not forming annual layers, and with no distinct pith. The leaves of the endogens have, usually, parallel veins, their flowers are mostly in three, or some multiple of three, parts, and their embryos have but a single cotyledon, with the first leaves alternate. The endogens constitute one of the great primary classes of plants, and included all palms, true lilies, grasses, rushes, orchids, the banana, pineapple, etc. See Exogen.
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Endogenesis
En`do*gen"e*sis (?), n. [Endo- + genesis.] (Biol.) Endogeny.
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endogenic
endogenetic
en`do*ge*net"ic, en`do*gen"ic adj. 1. (Biol.) Relating to or arising from an internal process; same as endogenous.
Syn. --.
[WordNet 1.5

2. (Geol.) Relating to the interior of the earth; of or pertaining to a metamorphic process occurring within a planet. Opposed to exogenetic.
Syn. -- endogenic.
[PJC]

Endogenous
En*dog"e*nous (?), a. 1. (Bot.) Increasing by internal growth and elongation at the summit, instead of externally, and having no distinction of pith, wood, and bark, as the rattan, the palm, the cornstalk.
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2. (Biol.) Originating from within; increasing by internal growth.
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Endogenous multiplication (Biol.), a method of cell formation, seen in cells having a cell wall. The nucleus and protoplasm divide into two distinct masses; these in turn become divided and subdivided, each division becoming a new cell, until finally the original cell wall is ruptured and the new cells are liberated (see Segmentation, and Illust. of Cell Division, under Division). This mode of growth is characteristic of many forms of cells, both animal and vegetable.
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Endogenously
En*dog"e*nous*ly, adv. By endogenous growth.
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Endogeny
En*dog"e*ny (?), n. [See Endogenesis.] (Biol.) Growth from within; multiplication of cells by endogenous division, as in the development of one or more cells in the interior of a parent cell.
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Endognath
En"dog*nath (&ebreve_;n"d&obreve_;g*năth), n. [Endo- + Gr. gna`qos the jaw.] (Zoöl.) The inner or principal branch of the oral appendages of Crustacea. See Maxilla.
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Endognathal
En*dog"na*thal (?), a. (Zoöl.) Pertaining to the endognath.
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Endolymph
En"do*lymph (?), n. [Endo- + lymph: cf. F. endolymphe.] (Anat.) The watery fluid contained in the membranous labyrinth of the internal ear.
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Endolymphangial
En"do*lym*phan"gi*al (?), a. [Endo- + lymphangial.] (Anat.) Within a lymphatic vessel.
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Endolymphatic
En"do*lym*phat"ic (?), a. [Endo- + lymphatic.] (Anat.) (a) Pertaining to, or containing, endolymph; as, the endolymphatic duct. (b) Within a lymphatic vessel; endolymphangial.
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Endome
En*dome" (?), v. t. To cover as with a dome.
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Endometritis
En`do*me*tri"tis (?), n. [NL. See Endometrium, and -itis.] (Med.) Inflammation of the endometrium.
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Endometrium
En`do*me"tri*um (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. 'e`ndon within + mh`tra the womb.] (Anat.) The membrane lining the inner surface of the uterus, or womb.
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Endomorph
En"do*morph (?), n. [Endo- + Gr. morfh` form.] (Min.) A crystal of one species inclosed within one of another, as one of rutile inclosed in quartz.
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Endomysium
En`do*my"si*um (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. 'e`ndon within + my^s a muscle.] (Anat.) The delicate bands of connective tissue interspersed among muscular fibers.
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Endoneurium
En`do*neu"ri*um (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. 'e`ndon within + &unr_; a sinew, nerve.] (Anat.) The delicate bands of connective tissue among nerve fibers.
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Endoparasite
En`do*par"a*site (?), n. [Endo- + parasite.] (Zoöl.) Any parasite which lives in the internal organs of an animal, as the tapeworms, Trichina, etc.; -- opposed to ectoparasite. See Entozoön. -- En`do*par`a*sit"ic (#), a.
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Endophloeum
En`do*phlœ"um (&ebreve_;n`dō*flē"ŭm), n. [NL., fr. Gr. 'e`ndon within + floio`s bark.] (Bot.) The inner layer of the bark of trees.
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Endophragma
En`do*phrag"ma (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. 'e`ndon + fra`gma a fence.] (Zoöl.) A chitinous structure above the nervous cord in the thorax of certain Crustacea.
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Endophragmal
En`do*phrag"mal (?), a. (Zoöl.) Of or pertaining to the endophragma.
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Endophyllous
En*doph"yl*lous (?), a. [Endo- + Gr. fy`llon leaf.] (Bot.) Wrapped up within a leaf or sheath.
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Endoplasm
En"do*plasm (?), n. [Endo- + Gr. &unr_; anything formed or molded.] (Biol.) The protoplasm in the interior of a cell.
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Endoplasma
En`do*plas"ma (?), n. [NL. See Endoplasm.] (Biol.) Same as Entoplasm and Endosarc.
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Endoplast
En"do*plast (?), n. [Endo- + Gr. &unr_; to form.] (Biol.) See Nucleus.
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Endoplastica
En`do*plas"ti*ca (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; within + &unr_; plastic.] (Zoöl.) A group of Rhizopoda having a distinct nucleus, as the amœba.
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Endoplastule
En`do*plas"tule (?; 135), n. [A dim. fr. endo- + Gr. &unr_; to mold.] (Biol.) See Nucleolus.
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Endopleura
En`do*pleu"ra, n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; within + &unr_; rib, side. See Pleura.] (Bot.) The inner coating of a seed. See Tegmen.
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Endopleurite
En`do*pleu"rite (?), n. [Endo- + Gr. &unr_; a rib.] (Zoöl.) The portion of each apodeme developed from the interepimeral membrane in certain crustaceans.
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Endopodite
En*dop"o*dite (?), n. [Endo- + Gr. poy`s, podo`s, a foot.] (Zoöl.) The internal or principal branch of the locomotive appendages of Crustacea. See Maxilliped.
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Endorhiza
En`do*rhi"za (?), n.; pl. Endorhizæ (#). [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; within + &unr_; root.] (Bot.) Any monocotyledonous plant; -- so named because many monocotyledons have an endorhizal embryo.
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&hand_; Endorhiza was proposed by Richard as a substitute for the term endogen, and exorhiza as a substitute for the term exogen; but they have not been generally adopted.

Endorhizous
Endorhizal
{ En`do*rhi"zal (?), En`do*rhi"zous (?), } a. (Bot.) Having the radicle of the embryo sheathed by the cotyledon, through which the embryo bursts in germination, as in many monocotyledonous plants.
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Endorse
En*dorse" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Endorsed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Endorsing.] [Formerly endosse, fr. F. endosser to put on the back, to endorse; pref. en- (L. in) + dos back, L. dorsum. See Dorsal, and cf. Indorse.] Same as Indorse.
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&hand_; Both endorse and indorse are used by good writers; but the tendency is to the more general use of indorse and its derivatives indorsee, indorser, and indorsement.
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Endorse
En*dorse", n. (Her.) A subordinary, resembling the pale, but of one fourth its width (according to some writers, one eighth).
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Endorsee
En`dor*see" (?), n. Same as Indorsee.
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Endorsement
En*dorse"ment (?), n. [Cf. F. endossement.] Same as Indorsement.
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Endorser
En*dors"er (?), n. Same as Indorser.
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Endosarc
En"do*sarc (?), n. [Endo- + Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, flesh.] (Biol.) The semifluid, granular interior of certain unicellular organisms, as the inner layer of sarcode in the amœba; entoplasm; endoplasta.
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Endoscope
En"do*scope (?), n. [Endo- + -scope.] (Med.) An instrument for examining the interior of the body, consisting of a flexible tube with lenses and optical fibers permitting illumination of the interior site to be inspected, and visualization of the interior site from outside the body; it often has small surgical instruments attached to the end and manipulable from the outside, permitting biopsy or surgery. It is used as a non-invasive or minimally invasive tool for diagnosis or treatment, especially in organs having an external opening such as the rectum, the urethra, and the bladder.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

endoscopic
en`do*scop"ic (?), a. (Med.) Of or pertaining to endoscopy or an endoscope.
[PJC]

Endoscopy
En*dos"co*py (?), n. (Med.) The art or process of examination or treatment by means of an endoscope.
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Endoskeletal
En`do*skel"e*tal (?), a. (Anat.) Pertaining to, or connected with, the endoskeleton; as, endoskeletal muscles.
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Endoskeleton
En`do*skel"e*ton (?), n. [Endo- + skeleton.] (Anat.) The bony, cartilaginous, or other internal framework of an animal, as distinguished from the exoskeleton.
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Endosmometer
En`dos*mom"e*ter (?), n. [Endosmose + -meter.] (Physics) An instrument for measuring the force or amount of endosmotic action.
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Endosmometric
En*dos`mo*met"ric (?), a. Pertaining to, or designed for, the measurement of endosmotic action.

Endosmosis
Endosmose
{ En"dos*mose` (?), En`dos*mo"sis (?), } n. [NL. endosmosis, fr. Gr. 'e`ndon within + &unr_; a thrusting, impulsion, fr. &unr_; to push: cf. F. endosmose.] (Physics) The transmission of a fluid or gas from without inward in the phenomena, or by the process, of osmose.
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Endosmosmic
En`dos*mos"mic (?), a. Endosmotic.
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Endosmotic
En`dos*mot"ic (?), a. Pertaining to endosmose; of the nature endosmose; osmotic. Carpenter.
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Endosperm
En"do*sperm (?), n. [Endo- + Gr. &unr_; seed.] (Bot.) The albumen of a seed; -- limited by recent writers to that formed within the embryo sac.
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Endospermic
En`do*sper"mic (?), a. (Bot.) Relating to, accompanied by, or containing, endosperm.
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Endospore
En"do*spore (?), n. [Endo- + spore.] (Bot.) The thin inner coat of certain spores.
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Endosporous
En`do*spor"ous (?), a. (Bot.) Having the spores contained in a case; -- applied to fungi.
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Endoss
En*doss" (?; 115), v. t. [F. endosser. See Endorse.] To put upon the back or outside of anything; -- the older spelling of endorse. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Endosteal
En*dos"te*al (?), a. (Physiol.) Relating to endostosis; as, endosteal ossification.
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Endosternite
En`do*ster"nite (?), n. [Endo- + sternum.] (Zoöl.) The part of each apodeme derived from the intersternal membrane in Crustacea and insects.
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Endosteum
En*dos"te*um (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; + &unr_; a bone.] (Anat.) The layer of vascular connective tissue lining the medullary cavities of bone.
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Endostoma
En*dos"to*ma (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; + &unr_;, &unr_;, the mouth.] (Zoöl.) A plate which supports the labrum in certain Crustacea.
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Endostome
En"do*stome (?), n. [See Endostoma.] 1. (Bot.) The foramen or passage through the inner integument of an ovule.
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2. (Zoöl.) And endostoma.
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Endostosis
En`dos*to"sis (?), n. [NL. See Endo-, and Ostosis.] (Physiol.) A process of bone formation in which ossification takes place within the substance of the cartilage.
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Endostyle
En"do*style (?), n. [Endo- + Gr. &unr_; a pillar.] (Zoöl.) A fold of the endoderm, which projects into the blood cavity of ascidians. See Tunicata.
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Endotheca
En`do*the"ca (?), n. [NL., from Gr. 'e`ndon within + qh`kh a case, box, fr. &unr_; to place.] (Zoöl.) The tissue which partially fills the interior of the interseptal chambers of most madreporarian corals. It usually consists of a series of oblique tranverse septa, one above another. -- En`do*the"cal (#), a.
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Endothecium
En`do*the"ci*um (?), n. [NL. See Endotheca.] (Bot.) The inner lining of an anther cell.
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Endothelial
En`do*the"li*al (?), a. (Anat.) Of, or relating to, endothelium.
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Endothelium
En`do*the"li*um (?), n.; pl. Endothelia (#). [NL., fr. Gr. 'e`ndon within + &unr_; nipple.] (Anat.) The thin epithelium lining the blood vessels, lymphatics, and serous cavities. See Epithelium.
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Endotheloid
En`do*the"loid (?), a. [Endothelium + -oid.] (Anat.) Like endothelium.
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Endothermic
En`do*ther"mic (?), a. [Pref. endo- + thermic.] (Chem.) Designating, or pert. to, a reaction which occurs with absorption of heat; formed by such a reaction; as, an endothermic substance; -- opposed to exothermic.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Endothorax
En`do*tho"rax (?), n. [Endo- + thorax.] (Zoöl.) An internal process of the sternal plates in the thorax of insects.
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Endow
En*dow" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Endowed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Endowing.] [OF. endouer; pref. en- (L. in) + F. douer to endow, L. dotare. See Dower, and cf. 2d Endue.] 1. To furnish with money or its equivalent, as a permanent fund for support; to make pecuniary provision for; to settle an income upon; especially, to furnish with dower; as, to endow a wife; to endow a public institution.
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Endowing hospitals and almshouses. Bp. Stillingfleet.
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2. To enrich or furnish with anything of the nature of a gift (as a quality or faculty); -- followed by with, rarely by of; as, man is endowed by his Maker with reason; to endow with privileges or benefits.
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Endower
En*dow"er (?), v. t. [Cf. OF. endouairer. See Dower, Endow.] To endow. [Obs.] Waterhouse.
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Endower
En*dow"er, n. One who endows.
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Endowment
En*dow"ment (?), n. 1. The act of bestowing a dower, fund, or permanent provision for support.
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2. That which is bestowed or settled on a person or an institution; property, fund, or revenue permanently appropriated to any object; as, the endowment of a church, a hospital, or a college.
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3. That which is given or bestowed upon the person or mind; gift of nature; accomplishment; natural capacity; talents; -- usually in the plural.
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His early endowments had fitted him for the work he was to do. I. Taylor.
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Endozoa
En`do*zo"a (&ebreve_;n`d&ouptack_;*zō"&adot_;), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. 'e`ndon within + zw^,on an animal.] (Zoöl.) See Entozoa.
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endozoic
en`do*zo"ic (&ebreve_;n`d&ouptack_;*zō"&ibreve_;k), adj. Living within a living animal, usually as a parasite; as, endozoic worms. Contrasted with epizoic.
Syn. -- entozoic, entozoan.
[WordNet 1.5]

endpoint
end"point` n. A point of termination or completion.
Syn. -- end point.
[WordNet 1.5]

Endrudge
En*drudge" (?), v. t. [Pref. en- + drudge.] To make a drudge or slave of. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.
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Endue
En*due" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Endued (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Enduing.] [L. induere, prob. confused with E. endow. See Indue.] To invest. Latham.
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Tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on high. Luke xxiv. 49.
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Endue them . . . with heavenly gifts. Book of Common Prayer.
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Endue
En*due", v. t. An older spelling of Endow. Tillotson.
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Enduement
En*due"ment (?), n. Act of enduing; induement.
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Endurable
En*dur"a*ble (?), a. [Cf. OF. endurable. See Endure.] Capable of being endured or borne; sufferable. Macaulay. -- En*dur"a*ble*ness, n.
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Endurably
En*dur"a*bly, adv. In an endurable manner.
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Endurance
En*dur"ance (?), n. [Cf. OF. endurance. See Endure.] 1. A state or quality of lasting or duration; lastingness; continuance.
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Slurring with an evasive answer the question concerning the endurance of his own possession. Sir W. Scott.
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2. The act of bearing or suffering; a continuing under pain or distress without resistance, or without being overcome; sufferance; patience.
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Their fortitude was most admirable in their patience and endurance of all evils, of pain and of death. Sir W. Temple.

Syn. -- Suffering; patience; fortitude; resignation.
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Endurant
En*dur"ant (?), a. Capable of enduring fatigue, pain, hunger, etc.
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The ibex is a remarkably endurant animal. J. G. Wood.
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Endure
En*dure" (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Endured (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Enduring (?).] [F. endurer; pref. en- (L. in) + durer to last. See Dure, v. i., and cf. Indurate.] 1. To continue in the same state without perishing; to last; to remain.
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Their verdure still endure. Shak.
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He shall hold it [his house] fast, but it shall not endure. Job viii. 15.
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2. To remain firm, as under trial or suffering; to suffer patiently or without yielding; to bear up under adversity; to hold out.
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Can thine heart endure, or can thine hands be strong in the days that I shall deal with thee? Ezek. xxii. 14.
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Endure
En*dure", v. t. 1. To remain firm under; to sustain; to undergo; to support without breaking or yielding; as, metals endure a certain degree of heat without melting; to endure wind and weather.
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Both were of shining steel, and wrought so pure,
As might the strokes of two such arms endure.
Dryden.
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2. To bear with patience; to suffer without opposition or without sinking under the pressure or affliction; to bear up under; to put up with; to tolerate.
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I will no longer endure it. Shak.
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Therefore I endure all things for the elect's sake. 2 Tim. ii. 10.
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How can I endure to see the evil that shall come unto my people? Esther viii. 6.
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3. To harden; to toughen; to make hardy. [Obs.]
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Manly limbs endured with little ease. Spenser.

Syn. -- To last; remain; continue; abide; brook; submit to; suffer.
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Endurement
En*dure"ment (?), n. [Cf. OF. endurement.] Endurance. [Obs.] South.
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Endurer
En*dur"er (?), n. One who, or that which, endures or lasts; one who bears, suffers, or sustains.
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Enduring
En*dur"ing, a. Lasting; durable; long-suffering; as, an enduring disposition. “A better and enduring substance.” Heb. x. 34. -- En*dur"ing*ly, adv. T. Arnold. -- En*dur"ing*ness, n.

end-user
end-user n. a person who uses an item of commerce for its designed purpose; -- contrasted with those who produce or resell the item or incorporate the item into another product. Purchasers of items who are not end-users include: reseller; value-added reseller, VAR; and producer, manufacturer.
Syn. -- consumer.
[PJC]

Endwise
Endways
{ End"ways` (?), End"wise (?), } adv. 1. On end; erectly; in an upright position.
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2. With the end forward.
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Endyma
En"dy*ma (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; a garment.] (Anat.) See Ependyma.
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Endysis
En"dy*sis (?), n.; pl. Endyses (#). [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; a putting on, fr. &unr_; to put on.] (Biol.) The act of developing a new coat of hair, a new set of feathers, scales, etc.; -- opposed to ecdysis.
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Enecate
En"e*cate (?), v. t. [L. enecatus, p. p. of enecare; e out, utterly + necare to kill.] To kill off; to destroy. [Obs.] Harvey.
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Eneid
E*ne"id (?), n. Same as Æneid.
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Enema
En"e*ma (?), n.; pl. L. Enemata (#). [L. enema, Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to send in; &unr_; in + &unr_; to send.] (Med.) An injection, or clyster, thrown into the rectum as a medicine, or to impart nourishment. Hoblyn.
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Enemy
En"e*my (?), n.; pl. Enemies (#). [OF. enemi, F. ennemi, from L. inimicus; in- (negative) + amicus friend. See Amicable.] One hostile to another; one who hates, and desires or attempts the injury of, another; a foe; an adversary; as, an enemy of or to a person; an enemy to truth, or to falsehood.
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To all good he enemy was still. Spenser.
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I say unto you, Love your enemies. Matt. v. 44.
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The enemy (Mil.), the hostile force. In this sense it is construed with the verb and pronoun either in the singular or the plural, but more commonly in the singular; as, we have met the enemy and he is ours or they are ours.
[1913 Webster] It was difficult in such a country to track the enemy. It was impossible to drive him to bay. Macaulay.

Syn. -- Foe; antagonist; opponent. See Adversary.
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Enemy
En"e*my, a. Hostile; inimical. [Obs.]
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They . . . every day grow more enemy to God. Jer. Taylor.
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Enepidermic
En*ep`i*der"mic (?), a. [Pref. en- (Gr. &unr_;) + epidermic.] (Med.) Applied to the skin without friction; -- said of medicines.

Energetical
Energetic
{ En`er*get"ic (?), En`er*get"ic*al (?), } a. [Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to work, be active, fr. &unr_; active. See Energy.] 1. Having energy or energies; possessing a capacity for vigorous action or for exerting force; active. “A Being eternally energetic.” Grew.
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2. Exhibiting energy; operating with force, vigor, and effect; forcible; powerful; efficacious; as, energetic measures; energetic laws.

Syn. -- Forcible; powerful; efficacious; potent; vigorous; effective; strenuous.

-- En`er*get"ic*al*ly, adv. -- En`er*get"ic*al*ness, n.
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Energetics
En`er*get"ics (?), n. That branch of science which treats of the laws governing the physical or mechanical, in distinction from the vital, forces, and which comprehends the consideration and general investigation of the whole range of the forces concerned in physical phenomena. [R.]

Energical
Energic
{ En*er"gic (?), En*er"gic*al (?), } a. [Cf. F. énergique.] 1. In a state of action; acting; operating.
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2. Having energy or great power; energetic.
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The energic faculty that we call will. Blackw. Mag.
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energise
energise v. i. & t. Same as energize. [mostly British]
Syn. -- stimulate, arouse, brace, energize, perk up.
[WordNet 1.5]

energising
energising adj. Same as energizing. [mostly British]
Syn. -- energizing, kinetic.
[WordNet 1.5]

Energize
En"er*gize (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Energized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Energizing (?).] [From Energy.] To use strength in action; to act or operate with force or vigor; to act in producing an effect.
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Of all men it is true that they feel and energize first, they reflect and judge afterwards. J. C. Shairp.
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Energize
En"er*gize, v. t. To give strength or force to; to make active; to alacrify; as, to energize the will.
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Energizer
En"er*gi`zer (?), n. One who, or that which, gives energy, or acts in producing an effect.
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energizing
en"er*gi`zing (?), a. 1. imparting or capable of imparting vitality and energy. [wns=1]
Syn. -- bracing, brisk, fresh, refreshing, refreshful, tonic. [1913 Webster]

Those nobler exercises of energizing love. Bp. Horsley.
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2. supplying motive force. [wns=2]
Syn. -- energizing, energising, kinetic. [PJC]

Energumen
En`er*gu"men (?), n. [L. energumenos, fr. Gr. &unr_; possessed by an evil spirit, from &unr_;: cf. F. énergumène. See Energetic.] (Eccl. Antiq.) One possessed by an evil spirit; a demoniac.
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Energy
En"er*gy (?), n.; pl. Energies (#). [F. énergie, LL. energia, fr. Gr.&unr_;, fr. &unr_; active; &unr_; in + &unr_; work. See In, and Work.] 1. Internal or inherent power; capacity of acting, operating, or producing an effect, whether exerted or not; as, men possessing energies may suffer them to lie inactive.
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The great energies of nature are known to us only by their effects. Paley.
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2. Power efficiently and forcibly exerted; vigorous or effectual operation; as, the energy of a magistrate.
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3. Strength of expression; force of utterance; power to impress the mind and arouse the feelings; life; spirit; -- said of speech, language, words, style; as, a style full of energy.
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4. (Physics) Capacity for performing work.
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&hand_; The kinetic energy of a body is the energy it has in virtue of being in motion. It is measured by one half of the product of the mass of each element of the body multiplied by the square of the velocity of the element, relative to some given body or point. The available kinetic energy of a material system unconnected with any other system is that energy which is due to the motions of the parts of the system relative to its center of mass. The potential energy of a body or system is that energy which is not kinetic; -- energy due to configuration. Kinetic energy is sometimes called actual energy. Kinetic energy is exemplified in the vis viva of moving bodies, in heat, electric currents, etc.; potential energy, in a bent spring, or a body suspended a given distance above the earth and acted on by gravity.
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Accumulation, Conservation, Correlation, and Degradation of energy, etc. (Physics) See under Accumulation, Conservation, Correlation, etc.

Syn. -- Force; power; potency; vigor; strength; spirit; efficiency; resolution.
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energy-absorbing
energy-absorbing adj. capable of absorbing energy; as, energy-absorbing bumpers reduce injury and damage in vehicle collisions.
[WordNet 1.5]

energy-releasing
energy-releasing adj. 1. releasing energy. [Narrower terms: exothermic (vs. endothermic), exothermal]
Syn. -- exoergic.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. catabolic. [prenominal] constructive-metabolic
Syn. -- destructive-metabolic(prenominal).
[WordNet 1.5]

energy-storing
energy-storing adj. 1. anabolic. [prenominal]
Syn. -- constructive-metabolic(prenominal).
[WordNet 1.5]

Enervate
E*ner"vate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Enervated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Enervating.] [L. enervatus, p. p. of enervare, fr. enervis nerveless, weak; e out + nervus nerve. See Nerve.] To deprive of nerve, force, strength, or courage; to render feeble or impotent; to make effeminate; to impair the moral powers of.
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A man . . . enervated by licentiousness. Macaulay.
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And rhyme began t' enervate poetry. Dryden.

Syn. -- To weaken; enfeeble; unnerve; debilitate.
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Enervate
E*ner"vate (?), a. [L. enervatus, p. p.] Weakened; weak; without strength of force. Pope.
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enervated
enervated adj. lacking strength or vigor.
Syn. -- adynamic, asthenic, debilitated.
[WordNet 1.5]

enervating
enervating adj. causing the loss of strength or vigor.
Syn. -- debilitative, enfeebling, weakening.
[WordNet 1.5]

Enervation
En`er*va"tion (?), n. [L. enervatio: cf. F. énervation.] 1. The act of weakening, or reducing strength.
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2. The state of being weakened; effeminacy. Bacon.
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Enervative
E*ner"va*tive (?), a. Having power, or a tendency, to enervate; weakening. [R.]
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Enerve
E*nerve" (?), v. t. [Cf. F. énerver. See Enervate.] To weaken; to enervate. [Obs.] Milton.
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Enervous
E*nerv"ous (?), a. [L. enervis, enervus.] Lacking nerve or force; enervated. [R.]
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Enface
En*face" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Enfaced (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Enfacing.] [Pref. en- + face.] 1. To write or print on the face of (a draft, bill, etc.); as, to enface drafts with memoranda.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

2. To write or print (a memorandum, direction, or the like) on the face of a draft, bill, etc.; as, to enface the words “Payable in Calcutta” upon the face of a draft.

Enfaced paper (Com.), Indian government securities the principal and interest of which are enfaced as payable in silver rupees. Dict. of Pol. Econ.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Enfamish
En*fam"ish (?), v. t. To famish; to starve.
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Enfect
En*fect" (?), a. [See Infect, a.] Contaminated with illegality. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Enfeeble
En*fee"ble (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Enfeebled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Enfeebling (?).] [OF. enfeblir, enfeiblir; pref. en- (L. in) + feble, F. faible, feeble. See Feeble.] To make feeble; to deprive of strength; to reduce the strength or force of; to weaken; to debilitate.
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Enfeebled by scanty subsistence and excessive toil. Prescott.

Syn. -- To weaken; debilitate; enervate.
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enfeebled
enfeebled adj. same as debilitated, 2.
Syn. -- debilitated, infirm, seedy.
[WordNet 1.5]

Enfeeblement
En*fee"ble*ment (?), n. The act of weakening; enervation; weakness.
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Enfeebler
En*fee"bler (?), n. One who, or that which, weakens or makes feeble.
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Enfeeblish
En*fee"blish, v. i. To enfeeble. [Obs.] Holland.
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Enfeloned
En*fel"oned (?), a. [Pref. en- + felon: cf. OF. enfelonner.] Rendered fierce or frantic. [Obs.] “Like one enfeloned or distraught.” Spenser.
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Enfeoff
En*feoff" (?; see Feoff, 277), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Enfeoffed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Enfeoffing.] [Pref. en- + feoff, fief: cf. LL. infeofare, OF. enfeffer, enfeofer.] 1. (Law) To give a feud, or right in land, to; to invest with a fief or fee; to invest (any one) with a freehold estate by the process of feoffment. Mozley & W.
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2. To give in vassalage; to make subservient. [Obs.]
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[The king] enfeoffed himself to popularity. Shak.

Enfeoffment
En*feoff"ment (?), n. (Law) (a) The act of enfeoffing. (b) The instrument or deed by which one is invested with the fee of an estate.
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Enfester
En*fes"ter (?), v. t. To fester. [Obs.]Enfestered sores.” Davies (Holy Roode).
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Enfetter
En*fet"ter (?), v. t. To bind in fetters; to enchain.Enfettered to her love.” Shak.
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Enfever
En*fe"ver (?), v. t. [Pref. en- + fever: cf. F. enfiévrer.] To excite fever in. [R.] A. Seward.
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Enfierce
En*fierce" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Enfierced (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Enfiercing (?).] To make fierce. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Enfilade
En`fi*lade" (?; 277), n. [F., fr. enfiler to thread, go trough a street or square, rake with shot; pref. en- (L. in) + fil thread. See File a row.] 1. A line or straight passage, or the position of that which lies in a straight line. [R.]
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2. (Mil.) A firing in the direction of the length of a trench, or a line of parapet or troops, etc.; a raking fire.
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Enfilade
En`fi*lade", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Enfiladed; p. pr. & vb. n. Enfilading.] (Mil.) To pierce, scour, or rake with shot in the direction of the length of, as a work, or a line of troops. Campbell.
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Enfiled
En*filed" (?), p. a. [F. enfiler to pierce, thread.] (Her.) Having some object, as the head of a man or beast, impaled upon it; as, a sword which is said to be “enfiled of” the thing which it pierces.
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Enfire
En*fire" (?), v. t. To set on fire. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Enflesh
En*flesh" (?), v. t. To clothe with flesh. [Obs.]
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Vices which are . . . enfleshed in him. Florio.
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Enfleurage
En`fleu`rage" (?), n. [F., fr. en- (L. in) + fleur flower.] A process of extracting perfumes by exposing absorbents, as fixed oils or fats, to the exhalations of the flowers. It is used for plants whose volatile oils are too delicate to be separated by distillation.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Enflower
En*flow"er (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Enflowered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Enflowering.] To cover or deck with flowers. [Poetic]
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These odorous and enflowered fields. B. Jonson.
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Enfold
En*fold" (?), v. t. To infold. See Infold.
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Enfoldment
En*fold"ment (?), n. The act of infolding. See Infoldment.
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Enforce
En*force" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Enforced (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Enforcing (?).] [OF. enforcier to strengthen, force, F. enforcir; pref. en- (L. in) + F. force. See Force.] 1. To put force upon; to force; to constrain; to compel; as, to enforce obedience to commands.
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Inward joy enforced my heart to smile. Shak.
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2. To make or gain by force; to obtain by force; as, to enforce a passage.Enforcing furious way.” Spenser.
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3. To put in motion or action by violence; to drive.
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As swift as stones
Enforced from the old Assyrian slings.
Shak.
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4. To give force to; to strengthen; to invigorate; to urge with energy; as, to enforce arguments or requests.
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Enforcing sentiment of the thrust humanity. Burke.
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5. To put in force; to cause to take effect; to give effect to; to execute with vigor; as, to enforce the laws.
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6. To urge; to ply hard; to lay much stress upon.
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Enforce him with his envy to the people. Shak.
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Enforce
En*force (?), v. i. 1. To attempt by force. [Obs.]
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2. To prove; to evince. [R.] Hooker.
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3. To strengthen; to grow strong. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Enforce
En*force", n. Force; strength; power. [Obs.]
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A petty enterprise of small enforce. Milton.
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Enforceable
En*force"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being enforced.
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Enforced
En*forced" (?), a. Compelled; forced; not voluntary.Enforced wrong.” “Enforced smiles.” Shak. -- En*for"ced*ly, adv. Shak.
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Enforcement
En*force"ment (?), n. [Cf. OF. enforcement.] 1. The act of enforcing; compulsion.
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He that contendeth against these enforcements may easily master or resist them. Sir W. Raleigh.
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Confess 't was hers, and by what rough enforcement
You got it from her.
Shak.
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2. A giving force to; a putting in execution.
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Enforcement of strict military discipline. Palfrey.
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3. That which enforces, constraints, gives force, authority, or effect to; constraint; force applied.
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The rewards and punishment of another life, which the Almighty has established as the enforcements of his law. Locke.
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Enforcer
En*for"cer (?), n. One who enforces.
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Enforcible
En*for"ci*ble (?), a. That may be enforced.
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Enforcive
En*for"cive (?), a. Serving to enforce or constrain; compulsive. Marsion. -- En*for"cive*ly, adv.
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Enforest
En*for"est (?), v. t. To turn into a forest.
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Enform
En*form" (?), v. t. [F. enformer. See Inform.] To form; to fashion. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Enfouldred
En*foul"dred (?), a. [Pref. en- + OF. fouldre, foldre, lightning, F. foudre, L. fulgur.] Mixed with, or emitting, lightning. [Obs.] “With foul enfouldred smoke.” Spenser.
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Enframe
En*frame" (?), v. t. To inclose, as in a frame.
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Enfranchise
En*fran"chise (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Enfranchised (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Enfranchising (?).] [Pref. en- + franchise: cf. F. enfranchir.] 1. To set free; to liberate from slavery, prison, or any binding power. Bacon.
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2. To endow with a franchise; to incorporate into a body politic and thus to invest with civil and political privileges; to admit to the privileges of a freeman; to give the right to vote.
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3. To receive as denizens; to naturalize; as, to enfranchise foreign words. I. Watts.
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enfranchised
enfranchised adj. endowed with the rights of citizenship especially the right to vote. disenfranchised
[WordNet 1.5]

Enfranchisement
En*fran"chise*ment (?), n. 1. Releasing from slavery or custody. Shak.
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2. Admission to the freedom of a corporation or body politic; investiture with the privileges of free citizens.
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Enfranchisement of copyhold (Eng. Law), the conversion of a copyhold estate into a freehold. Mozley & W.
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Enfranchiser
En*fran"chis*er (?), n. One who enfranchises.
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Enfree
En*free" (?), v. t. To set free. [Obs.] “The enfreed Antenor.” Shak.
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Enfreedom
En*free"dom (?), v. t. To set free. [Obs.] Shak.
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Enfreeze
En*freeze" (?), v. t. To freeze; to congeal. [Obs.]
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Thou hast enfrozened her disdainful breast. Spenser.
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Enfroward
En*fro"ward (?), v. t. To make froward, perverse, or ungovernable. [Obs.] Sir E. Sandys.
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Engage
En*gage" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Engaged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Engaging (?).] [F. engager; pref. en- (L. in) + gage pledge, pawn. See Gage.] 1. To put under pledge; to pledge; to place under obligations to do or forbear doing something, as by a pledge, oath, or promise; to bind by contract or promise. “I to thee engaged a prince's word.” Shak.
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2. To gain for service; to bring in as associate or aid; to enlist; as, to engage friends to aid in a cause; to engage men for service.
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3. To gain over; to win and attach; to attract and hold; to draw.
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Good nature engages everybody to him. Addison.
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4. To employ the attention and efforts of; to occupy; to engross; to draw on.
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Thus shall mankind his guardian care engage. Pope.
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Taking upon himself the difficult task of engaging him in conversation. Hawthorne.
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5. To enter into contest with; to encounter; to bring to conflict.
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A favorable opportunity of engaging the enemy. Ludlow.
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6. (Mach.) To come into gear with; as, the teeth of one cogwheel engage those of another, or one part of a clutch engages the other part.
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Engage
En*gage", v. i. 1. To promise or pledge one's self; to enter into an obligation; to become bound; to warrant.
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How proper the remedy for the malady, I engage not. Fuller.
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2. To embark in a business; to take a part; to employ or involve one's self; to devote attention and effort; to enlist; as, to engage in controversy.
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3. To enter into conflict; to join battle; as, the armies engaged in a general battle.
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4. (Mach.) To be in gear, as two cogwheels working together.
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Engaged
En*gaged" (?), a. 1. Occupied; employed; busy.
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2. Pledged; promised; especially, having the affections pledged; promised in marriage; affianced; betrothed.
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3. Greatly interested; of awakened zeal; earnest.
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4. Involved; esp., involved in a hostile encounter; as, the engaged ships continued the fight.
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Engaged column. (Arch.) Same as Attached column. See under Attach, v. t.
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Engagedly
En*ga"ged*ly (?), adv. With attachment; with interest; earnestly.
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Engagedness
En*ga"ged*ness, n. The state of being deeply interested; earnestness; zeal.
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Engagement
En*gage"ment (?), n. [Cf. F. engagement.] 1. The act of engaging, pledging, enlisting, occupying, or entering into contest.
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2. The state of being engaged, pledged or occupied; specif., a pledge to take some one as husband or wife.
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3. That which engages; engrossing occupation; employment of the attention; obligation by pledge, promise, or contract; an enterprise embarked in; as, his engagements prevented his acceptance of any office.
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Religion, which is the chief engagement of our league. Milton.
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4. (Mil.) An action; a fight; a battle.
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In hot engagement with the Moors. Dryden.
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5. (Mach.) The state of being in gear; as, one part of a clutch is brought into engagement with the other part.

Syn. -- Vocation; business; employment; occupation; promise; stipulation; betrothal; word; battle; combat; fight; contest; conflict. See Battle.
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Engager
En*ga"ger (?), n. One who enters into an engagement or agreement; a surety.
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Several sufficient citizens were engagers. Wood.
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Engaging
En*ga"ging (?), a. Tending to draw the attention or affections; attractive; as, engaging manners or address. -- En*ga"ging*ly, adv. -- En*ga"ging*ness, n.
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Engaging and disengaging gear or Engaging and disengaging machinery, that in which, or by means of which, one part is alternately brought into gear or out of gear with another part, as occasion may require.
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Engallant
En*gal"lant (?), v. t. To make a gallant of. [Obs.] B. Jonson.
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Engaol
En*gaol" (?), v. t. [Pref. en- + gaol: cf. OF. engaoler, engeoler. See Gaol, and cf. Enjail.] To put in jail; to imprison. [Obs.] Shak.
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Engarboil
En*gar"boil (?), v. t. [Pref. en- + garboil.] To throw into disorder; to disturb. [Obs.] “To engarboil the church.” Bp. Montagu.
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Engarland
En*gar"land (?), v. t. [Pref. en- + garland: cf. F. enguirlander.] To encircle with a garland, or with garlands. Sir P. Sidney.
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Engarrison
En*gar"ri*son (?), v. t. To garrison; to put in garrison, or to protect by a garrison. Bp. Hall.
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Engastrimuth
En*gas"tri*muth (?), n. [Gr. &unr_;; &unr_; in + &unr_; belly + &unr_; to speak: cf. F. engastrimythe.] An ventriloquist. [Obs.]
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Engender
En*gen"der (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Engendered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Engendering.] [F. engender, L. ingenerare; in + generare to beget. See Generate, and cf. Ingenerate.] 1. To produce by the union of the sexes; to beget. [R.]
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2. To cause to exist; to bring forth; to produce; to sow the seeds of; as, angry words engender strife.
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Engendering friendship in all parts of the common wealth. Southey.

Syn. -- To breed; generate; procreate; propagate; occasion; call forth; cause; excite; develop.
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Engender
En*gen"der, v. i. 1. To assume form; to come into existence; to be caused or produced.
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Thick clouds are spread, and storms engender there. Dryden.
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2. To come together; to meet, as in sexual embrace. “I saw their mouths engender.” Massinger.
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Engender
En*gen"der (?), n. One who, or that which, engenders.
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Engendrure
En`gen*drure" (?), n. [OF. engendreure.] The act of generation. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Engild
En*gild" (?), v. t. To gild; to make splendent.
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Fair Helena, who most engilds the night. Shak.
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Engine
En"gine (&ebreve_;n"j&ibreve_;n), n. [F. engin skill, machine, engine, L. ingenium natural capacity, invention; in in + the root of gignere to produce. See Genius, and cf. Ingenious, Gin a snare.] 1. (Pronounced, in this sense, &ebreve_;n*jēn".) Natural capacity; ability; skill. [Obs.]
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A man hath sapiences three,
Memory, engine, and intellect also.
Chaucer.
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2. Anything used to effect a purpose; any device or contrivance; a machine; an agent. Shak.
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You see the ways the fisherman doth take
To catch the fish; what engines doth he make?
Bunyan.
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Their promises, enticements, oaths, tokens, and all these engines of lust. Shak.
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3. Any instrument by which any effect is produced; especially, an instrument or machine of war or torture. “Terrible engines of death.” Sir W. Raleigh.
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4. (Mach.) A compound machine by which any physical power is applied to produce a given physical effect.
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Engine driver, one who manages an engine; specifically, the engineer of a locomotive. -- Engine lathe. (Mach.) See under Lathe. -- Engine tool, a machine tool. J. Whitworth. -- Engine turning (Fine Arts), a method of ornamentation by means of a rose engine.
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&hand_; The term engine is more commonly applied to massive machines, or to those giving power, or which produce some difficult result. Engines, as motors, are distinguished according to the source of power, as steam engine, air engine, electro-magnetic engine; or the purpose on account of which the power is applied, as fire engine, pumping engine, locomotive engine; or some peculiarity of construction or operation, as single-acting or double-acting engine, high-pressure or low-pressure engine, condensing engine, etc.
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Engine
En"gine, v. t. 1. To assault with an engine. [Obs.]
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To engine and batter our walls. T. Adams.
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2. To equip with an engine; -- said especially of steam vessels; as, vessels are often built by one firm and engined by another.
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3. (Pronounced, in this sense, &unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;.) To rack; to torture. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Engineer
En`gi*neer" (?), n. [OE. enginer: cf. OF. engignier, F. ingénieur. See Engine, n.] 1. A person skilled in the principles and practice of any branch of engineering; as, a civil engineer; an electronic engineer; a chemical engineer. See under Engineering, n.
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2. One who manages as engine, particularly a steam engine; an engine driver.
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3. One who carries through an enterprise by skillful or artful contrivance; an efficient manager. [Colloq.]
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Civil engineer, a person skilled in the science of civil engineering. -- Military engineer, one who executes engineering works of a military nature. See under Engineering.
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Engineer
En`gi*neer" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Engineered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Engineering.] 1. To lay out or construct, as an engineer; to perform the work of an engineer on; as, to engineer a road. J. Hamilton.
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2. To use contrivance and effort for; to guide the course of; to manage; as, to engineer a bill through Congress. [Colloq.]
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Corps of Engineers
Engineer Corps
En`gi*neer" Corps. (a) In the United States army, the Corps of Engineers, a corps of officers and enlisted men consisting of one band and three battalions of engineers commanded by a brigadier general, whose title is Chief of Engineers. It has charge of the construction of fortifications for land and seacoast defense, the improvement of rivers and harbors, the construction of lighthouses, etc., and, in time of war, supervises the engineering operations of the armies in the field. (b) In the United States navy, a corps made up of the engineers, which was amalgamated with the line by act of March 3, 1899. It consisted of assistant and passed assistant engineers, ranking with ensigns and lieutenants, chief engineers, ranking from lieutenant to captain, and engineer in chief, ranking with commodore and having charge of the Bureau of Steam Engineering.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Engineering
En`gi*neer"ing, n. Originally, the art of managing engines; in its modern and extended sense, the art and science by which the properties of matter are made useful to man, whether in structures, machines, chemical substances, or living organisms; the occupation and work of an engineer. In the modern sense, the application of mathematics or systematic knowledge beyond the routine skills of practise, for the design of any complex system which performs useful functions, may be considered as engineering, including such abstract tasks as designing software (software engineering).
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&hand_; In a comprehensive sense, engineering includes architecture as a mechanical art, in distinction from architecture as a fine art. It was formerly divided into military engineering, which is the art of designing and constructing offensive and defensive works, and civil engineering, in a broad sense, as relating to other kinds of public works, machinery, etc. -- Civil engineering, in modern usage, is strictly the art of planning, laying out, and constructing fixed public works, such as railroads, highways, canals, aqueducts, water works, bridges, lighthouses, docks, embankments, breakwaters, dams, tunnels, etc. -- Mechanical engineering relates to machinery, such as steam engines, machine tools, mill work, etc. -- Mining engineering deals with the excavation and working of mines, and the extraction of metals from their ores, etc. Engineering is further divided into steam engineering, gas engineering, agricultural engineering, topographical engineering, electrical engineering, etc.
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Engineman
En"gine*man (?), n.; pl. Enginemen (&unr_;). A man who manages, or waits on, an engine.
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Enginer
En"gin*er (?), n. [See Engineer.] A contriver; an inventor; a contriver of engines. [Obs.] Shak.
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Enginery
En"gine*ry (?), n. 1. The act or art of managing engines, or artillery. Milton.
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2. Engines, in general; instruments of war.
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Training his devilish enginery. Milton.
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3. Any device or contrivance; machinery; structure or arrangement. Shenstone.
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Engine-sized
En"gine-sized` (?), a. Sized by a machine, and not while in the pulp; -- said of paper. Knight.
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Engine-type generator
En"gine-type` gen"er*a`tor. (Elec.) A generator having its revolving part carried on the shaft of the driving engine.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Enginous
En"gi*nous (?), a. [OF. engignos. See Ingenious.] 1. Pertaining to an engine. [Obs.]
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That one act gives, like an enginous wheel,
Motion to all.
Decker.
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2. Contrived with care; ingenious. [Obs.]
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The mark of all enginous drifts. B. Jonson.
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Engird
En*gird" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Engirded or Engirt (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Engirding.] [Pref. en- + gird. Cf. Ingirt.] To gird; to encompass. Shak.
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Engirdle
En*gir"dle (?), v. t. To surround as with a girdle; to girdle.
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Engirt
En*girt" (?), v. t. To engird. [R.] Collins.
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Engiscope
En"gi*scope (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; near + -scope.] (Opt.) A kind of reflecting microscope. [Obs.]
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Englaimed
En*glaimed" (?), a. [OE. engleimen to smear, gleim birdlime, glue, phlegm.] Clammy. [Obs.]
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Engle
En"gle (?), n. [OE. enghle to coax or cajole. Cf. Angle a hook, one easily enticed, a gull, Ingle.] A favorite; a paramour; an ingle. [Obs.] B. Jonson.
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Engle
En"gle, v. t. To cajole or coax, as favorite. [Obs.]
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I 'll presently go and engle some broker. B. Jonson.
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English
Eng"lish (?), a. [AS. Englisc, fr. Engle, Angle, Engles, Angles, a tribe of Germans from the southeast of Sleswick, in Denmark, who settled in Britain and gave it the name of England. Cf. Anglican.] Of or pertaining to England, or to its inhabitants, or to the present so-called Anglo-Saxon race.
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English bond (Arch.) See 1st Bond, n., 8. -- English breakfast tea. See Congou. -- English horn. (Mus.) See Corno Inglese. -- English walnut. (Bot.) See under Walnut.
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English
Eng"lish, n. 1. Collectively, the people of England; English people or persons.
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2. The language of England or of the English nation, and of their descendants in America, India, and other countries.
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&hand_; The English language has been variously divided into periods by different writers. In the division most commonly recognized, the first period dates from about 450 to 1150. This is the period of full inflection, and is called Anglo-Saxon, or, by many recent writers, Old English. The second period dates from about 1150 to 1550 (or, if four periods be recognized, from about 1150 to 1350), and is called Early English, Middle English, or more commonly (as in the usage of this book), Old English. During this period most of the inflections were dropped, and there was a great addition of French words to the language. The third period extends from about 1350 to 1550, and is Middle English. During this period orthography became comparatively fixed. The last period, from about 1550, is called Modern English.
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3. A kind of printing type, in size between Pica and Great Primer. See Type.
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The type called English.
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4. (Billiards) A twist or spinning motion given to a ball in striking it that influences the direction it will take after touching a cushion or another ball.
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The King's English or The Queen's English. See under King.
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English
Eng"lish, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Englished (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Englishing.] 1. To translate into the English language; to Anglicize; hence, to interpret; to explain.
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Those gracious acts . . . may be Englished more properly, acts of fear and dissimulation. Milton.
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Caxton does not care to alter the French forms and words in the book which he was Englishing. T. L. K. Oliphant.
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2. (Billiards) To strike (the cue ball) in such a manner as to give it in addition to its forward motion a spinning motion, that influences its direction after impact on another ball or the cushion. [U.S.]
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Englishable
Eng"lish*a*ble (?), a. Capable of being translated into, or expressed in, English.
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Englishism
Eng"lish*ism (?), n. 1. A quality or characteristic peculiar to the English. M. Arnold.
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2. A form of expression peculiar to the English language as spoken in England; an Anglicism.
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Englishman
Eng"lish*man (-m&aitalic_;n), n.; pl. Englishmen (-m&eitalic_;n). A native or a naturalized inhabitant of England.
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Englishry
Eng"lish*ry (?), n. 1. The state or privilege of being an Englishman. [Obs.] Cowell.
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2. A body of English or people of English descent; -- commonly applied to English people in Ireland.
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A general massacre of the Englishry. Macaulay.
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English-speaking
English-speaking adj. able to communicate in English.
[WordNet 1.5]

English-weed
English-weed n. a South African bulbous wood sorrel (Oxalis cernua) with showy yellow flowers.
Syn. -- Bermuda buttercup, Oxalis pes-caprae, Oxalis cernua.
[WordNet 1.5]

Englishwoman
Eng"lish*wom`an (?), n.; pl. Englishwomen (&unr_;). Fem. of Englishman. Shak.
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Engloom
En*gloom" (?), v. t. To make gloomy. [R.]
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Englue
En*glue" (?), v. t. [Pref. en- + glue: cf. F. engluer to smear with birdlime.] To join or close fast together, as with glue; as, a coffer well englued. Gower.
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Englut
En*glut" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Englutted (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Englutting (?).] [Pref. en- + glut: cf. F. engloutir.] 1. To swallow or gulp down. [Obs.] Shak.
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2. To glut. [Obs.]Englutted with vanity.” Ascham.
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Engore
En*gore" (?), v. t. 1. To gore; to pierce; to lacerate. [Obs.]
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Deadly engored of a great wild boar. Spenser.
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2. To make bloody. [Obs.] Chapman.
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Engorge
En*gorge" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Engorged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Engorging (?).] [Pref. en- + gorge: cf. F. engorger to obstruct, cram.] 1. To gorge; to glut. Mir. for Mag.
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2. To swallow with greediness or in large quantities; to devour. Spenser.
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Engorge
En*gorge", v. i. To feed with eagerness or voracity; to stuff one's self with food. Beaumont.
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Engorged
En*gorged" (?), p. a. 1. Swallowed with greediness, or in large draughts.
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2. (Med.) Filled to excess with blood or other liquid; congested.
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Engorgement
En*gorge"ment (?), n. [Cf. F. engorgement.] 1. The act of swallowing greedily; a devouring with voracity; a glutting.
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2. (Med.) An overfullness or obstruction of the vessels in some part of the system; congestion. Hoblyn.
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3. (Metal.) The clogging of a blast furnace.
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Engouled
En*gouled" (?), a. (Her.) Partly swallowed; disappearing in the jaws of anything; as, an infant engouled by a serpent; said also of an ordinary, when its two ends to issue from the mouths of lions, or the like; as, a bend engouled.
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Engoulee
En`gou`lée" (?), a. [F., p. p. of engouler to swallow up; pref. en- (L. in) + gueule mouth.] (Her.) Same as Engouled.
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Engraff
En*graff" (?), v. t. [See Ingraft.] To graft; to fix deeply. [Obs.]
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Engraffment
En*graff"ment (?), n. See Ingraftment. [Obs.]
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Engraft
En*graft" (?), v. t. See Ingraft. Shak.

Engraftment
Engraftation
{ En`graf*ta"tion (?), En*graft"ment (?), } n. The act of ingrafting; ingraftment. [R.]
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Engrail
En*grail" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Engrailed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Engrailing.] [F. engrêler; pref. en- (L. in) + grêle hail. See Grail gravel.] 1. To variegate or spot, as with hail.
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A caldron new engrailed with twenty hues. Chapman.
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2. (Her.) To indent with small curves. See Engrailed.
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Engrail
En*grail", v. i. To form an edging or border; to run in curved or indented lines. Parnell.
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Engrailed
En*grailed" (?), a. (Her.) Indented with small concave curves, as the edge of a bordure, bend, or the like.
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Engrailment
En*grail"ment (?), n. 1. The ring of dots round the edge of a medal, etc. Brande & C.
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2. (Her.) Indentation in curved lines, as of a line of division or the edge of an ordinary.
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Engrain
En*grain" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Engrained (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Engraining.] [Pref. en- + grain. Cf. Ingrain.] 1. To dye in grain, or of a fast color. See Ingrain.
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Leaves engrained in lusty green. Spenser.
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2. To incorporate with the grain or texture of anything; to infuse deeply. See Ingrain.
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The stain hath become engrained by time. Sir W. Scott.
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3. To color in imitation of the grain of wood; to grain. See Grain, v. t., 1.
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Engrapple
En*grap"ple (?), v. t. & i. To grapple. [Obs.]
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Engrasp
En*grasp" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Engrasped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Engrasping.] To grasp; to grip. [R.] Spenser.
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Engrave
En*grave", v. t. [Pref. en- + grave a tomb. Cf. Engrave to carve.] To deposit in the grave; to bury. [Obs.] “Their corses to engrave.” Spenser.
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Engrave
En*grave" (?), v. t. [imp. Engraved (?); p. p. Engraved or Engraven (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Engraving.] [Pref. en- + grave to carve: cf. OF. engraver.] 1. To cut in; to make by incision. [Obs.]
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Full many wounds in his corrupted flesh
He did engrave.
Spenser.
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2. To cut with a graving instrument in order to form an inscription or pictorial representation; to carve figures; to mark with incisions.
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Like . . . . a signet thou engrave the two stones with the names of the children of Israel. Ex. xxviii. 11.
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3. To form or represent by means of incisions upon wood, stone, metal, or the like; as, to engrave an inscription.
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4. To impress deeply; to infix, as if with a graver.
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Engrave principles in men's minds. Locke.
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Engraved
En*graved" (?), a. 1. Made by engraving or ornamented with engraving.
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2. (Zoöl.) Having the surface covered with irregular, impressed lines.
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Engravement
En*grave"ment (?), n. 1. Engraving.
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2. Engraved work. [R.] Barrow.
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Engraver
En*grav"er (?), n. One who engraves; a person whose business it is to produce engraved work, especially on metal or wood.
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Engravery
En*grav"er*y (?), n. The trade or work of an engraver. [R.] Sir T. Browne.
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Engraving
En*grav"ing, n. 1. The act or art of producing upon hard material incised or raised patterns, characters, lines, and the like; especially, the art of producing such lines, etc., in the surface of metal plates or blocks of wood. Engraving is used for the decoration of the surface itself; also, for producing an original, from which a pattern or design may be printed on paper.
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2. That which is engraved; an engraved plate.
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3. An impression from an engraved plate, block of wood, or other material; a print.
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&hand_; Engraving on wood is called xylography; on copper, chalcography; on stone lithography. Engravings or prints take from wood blocks are usually called wood cuts, those from stone, lithographs.
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Engregge
En*greg"ge (?), v. t. [OF. engregier, from (assumed) LL. ingreviare; in + (assumed) grevis heavy, for L. gravis. Cf. Aggravate.] To aggravate; to make worse; to lie heavy on. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Engrieve
En*grieve" (?), v. t. To grieve. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Engross
En*gross" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Engrossed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Engrossing.] [F., fr. pref. en- (L. in) + gros gross, grosse, n., an engrossed document: cf. OF. engrossir, engroissier, to make thick, large, or gross. See Gross.] 1. To make gross, thick, or large; to thicken; to increase in bulk or quantity. [Obs.]
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Waves . . . engrossed with mud. Spenser.
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Not sleeping, to engross his idle body. Shak.
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2. To amass. [Obs.]
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To engross up glorious deeds on my behalf. Shak.
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3. To copy or write in a large hand (en gross, i. e., in large); to write a fair copy of in distinct and legible characters; as, to engross a deed or like instrument on parchment.
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Some period long past, when clerks engrossed their stiff and formal chirography on more substantial materials. Hawthorne.
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Laws that may be engrossed on a finger nail. De Quincey.
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4. To seize in the gross; to take the whole of; to occupy the attention completely; to absorb; as, the subject engrossed all his thoughts.
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5. To purchase either the whole or large quantities of, for the purpose of enhancing the price and making a profit; hence, to take or assume in undue quantity, proportion, or degree; as, to engross commodities in market; to engross power.
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Engrossed bill (Legislation), one which has been plainly engrossed on parchment, with all its amendments, preparatory to final action on its passage. -- Engrossing hand (Penmanship), a fair, round style of writing suitable for engrossing legal documents, legislative bills, etc.

Syn. -- To absorb; swallow up; imbibe; consume; exhaust; occupy; forestall; monopolize. See Absorb.
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Engrosser
En*gross"er (?), n. 1. One who copies a writing in large, fair characters.
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2. One who takes the whole; a person who purchases such quantities of articles in a market as to raise the price; a forestaller. Locke.
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engrossing
engrossing adj. capable of holding the attention completely; very interesting.
Syn. -- absorbing, fascinating, gripping, riveting.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Engrossment
En*gross"ment (?), n. 1. The act of engrossing; as, the engrossment of a deed.
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Engrossments of power and favor. Swift.
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2. That which has been engrossed, as an instrument, legislative bill, goods, etc.
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Enguard
En*guard" (?), v. t. To surround as with a guard. [Obs.] Shak.
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Engulf
En*gulf" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Engulfed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Engulfing.] [Pref. en- + gulf: cf. OF. engolfer. Cf. Ingulf.] To absorb or swallow up as in a gulf.
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It quite engulfs all human thought. Young.

Syn. -- See Absorb.
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Engulfment
En*gulf"ment (?), n. A swallowing up as if in a gulf. [R.]
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Engyn
En*gyn" (?). Variant of Engine. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Enhalo
En*ha"lo (?), v. t. To surround with a halo.
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Enhance
En*hance" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Enhanced (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Enhancing (?).] [Norm. F. enhauncer, enhaucer, OF. enhaleier, enhaucier; pref. en- (L. in) + haucier to lift, raise up, from an assumed L. altiare, fr. L. altus high; cf. Pr. enansar, enanzar, to advance, exalt, and E. advance. See Altitude, and cf. Hawser.] 1. To raise or lift up; to exalt. [Obs.] Wyclif.
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Who, naught aghast, his mighty hand enhanced. Spenser.
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2. To advance; to augment; to increase; to heighten; to make more costly or attractive; as, to enhance the price of commodities; to enhance beauty or kindness; hence, also, to render more heinous; to aggravate; as, to enhance crime.
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The reputation of ferocity enhanced the value of their services, in making them feared as well as hated. Southey.
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Enhance
En*hance", v. i. To be raised up; to grow larger; as, a debt enhances rapidly by compound interest.
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enhanced
enhanced adj. improved. Contrasted with unenhanced.
Syn. -- better.
[WordNet 1.5]

Enhancement
En*hance"ment (?), n. The act of increasing, or state of being increased; augmentation; aggravation; as, the enhancement of value, price, enjoyments, crime.
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Enhancer
En*han"cer (?), n. One who enhances; one who, or that which, raises the amount, price, etc.
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Enharbor
En*har"bor (?), v. t. To find harbor or safety in; to dwell in or inhabit. W. Browne.
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Enharden
En*hard"en (?), v. t. [Pref. en- + harden: cf. F. enhardir to embolden.] To harden; to embolden. [Obs.] Howell.
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Enharmonical
Enharmonic
{ En`har*mon"ic (&ebreve_;n`h&adot_;r*m&obreve_;n"&ibreve_;k), En`har*mon"ic*al (&ebreve_;n`h&adot_;r*m&obreve_;n"&ibreve_;*k&aitalic_;l), } a. [Gr. 'enarmoniko`s, 'enarmo`nios fitting, accordant; 'en in + "armoni`a harmony: cf. F. enharmonique.]

1. (Anc. Mus.) Of or pertaining to that one of the three kinds of musical scale (diatonic, chromatic, enharmonic) recognized by the ancient Greeks, which consisted of quarter tones and major thirds, and was regarded as the most accurate.
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2. (Mus.) (a) Pertaining to a change of notes to the eye, while, as the same keys are used, the instrument can mark no difference to the ear, as the substitution of A♭ for G♯. (b) Pertaining to a scale of perfect intonation which recognizes all the notes and intervals that result from the exact tuning of diatonic scales and their transposition into other keys.
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Enharmonically
En`har*mon"ic*al*ly (?), adv. In the enharmonic style or system; in just intonation.
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Enhearten
En*heart"en (?), v. t. To give heart to; to fill with courage; to embolden.
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The enemy exults and is enheartened. I. Taylor.
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Enhedge
En*hedge" (?), v. t. To surround as with a hedge. [R.] Vicars.
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Enhort
En*hort" (?), v. t. [OF. enhorter, enorter, L. inhortari. Cf. Exhort.] To encourage. [Obs.] “To enhort the people.” Chaucer.
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Enhunger
En*hun"ger (?), v. t. To make hungry.
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Those animal passions which vice had . . . enhungered to feed on innocence and life. J. Martineau.
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Enhydros
En*hy"dros (?), n. [NL. See Enhydrous.] (Min.) A variety of chalcedony containing water.
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Enhydrous
En*hy"drous (?), a. [Gr. &unr_;; &unr_; in + &unr_; water.] Having water within; containing fluid drops; -- said of certain crystals.
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enigma
e*nig"ma (&euptack_;*n&ibreve_;g"m&adot_;), n.; pl. enigmas (&euptack_;*n&ibreve_;g"m&adot_;z). [L. aenigma, Gr. a'i`nigma, fr. a'ini`ssesqai to speak darkly, fr. a'i^nos tale, fable.] 1. A dark, obscure, or inexplicable saying; a riddle; a statement, the hidden meaning of which is to be discovered or guessed.
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A custom was among the ancients of proposing an enigma at festivals. Pope.
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2. An action, mode of action, or thing, which cannot be satisfactorily explained; a puzzle; as, his conduct is an enigma.

Enigmatical
Enigmatic
{ E`nig*mat"ic (?; 277), E`nig*mat"ic*al (?), } a. [Cf. F. énigmatique.] Relating to or resembling an enigma; not easily explained or accounted for; darkly expressed; not clear to the understanding; obscure; puzzling; as, an enigmatical answer; I didn't grasp the meaning of that enigmatical comment until much later; prophetic texts so enigmatical that their meaning has been disputed for centuries.
Syn. -- dark, obscure, puzzling.
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Enigmatically
E`nig*mat"ic*al*ly, adv. Darkly; obscurely.
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Enigmatist
E*nig"ma*tist (?), n. [Gr. &unr_;.] One who makes, or talks in, enigmas. Addison.
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Enigmatize
E*nig"ma*tize (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Enigmatized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Enigmatizing (?).] To make, or talk in, enigmas; to deal in riddles.

Enigmatology
Enigmatography
{ E*nig`ma*tog"ra*phy (?), E*nig`ma*tol"o*gy (?), } n. [Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, an enigma + -graphy, -logy.] The art of making or of solving enigmas.
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Enisled
En*isled" (?), p. a. Placed alone or apart, as if on an island; severed, as an island. [R.] “In the sea of life enisled.” M. Arnold.
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Enjail
En*jail" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Enjailed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Enjailing.] [Pref. en- + jail. Cf. Engaol.] To put into jail; to imprison. [R.] Donne.
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Enjoin
En*join" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Enjoined (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Enjoining.] [F. enjoindre, L. injungere to join into, charge, enjoin; in + jungere to join. See Join, and cf. Injunction.] 1. To lay upon, as an order or command; to give an injunction to; to direct with authority; to order; to charge.
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High matter thou enjoin'st me. Milton.
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I am enjoined by oath to observe three things. Shak.
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2. (Law) To prohibit or restrain by a judicial order or decree; to put an injunction on.
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This is a suit to enjoin the defendants from disturbing the plaintiffs. Kent.
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&hand_; Enjoin has the force of pressing admonition with authority; as, a parent enjoins on his children the duty of obedience. But it has also the sense of command; as, the duties enjoined by God in the moral law. “This word is more authoritative than direct, and less imperious than command.” Johnson.
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Enjoin
En*join", v. t. To join or unite. [Obs.] Hooker.
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Enjoiner
En*join"er (?), n. One who enjoins.
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Enjoinment
En*join"ment (?), n. Direction; command; authoritative admonition. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
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Enjoy
En*joy" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Enjoyed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Enjoying.] [OF. enjoier to receive with joy; pref. en- (L. in) + OF. & F. joie joy: cf. OF. enjoir to enjoy. See Joy.] 1. To take pleasure or satisfaction in the possession or experience of; to feel or perceive with pleasure; to be delighted with; as, to enjoy the dainties of a feast; to enjoy conversation.
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2. To have, possess, and use with satisfaction; to occupy or have the benefit of, as a good or profitable thing, or as something desirable; as, to enjoy a free constitution and religious liberty.
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That the children of Israel may enjoy every man the inheritance of his fathers. Num. xxxvi. 8.
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To enjoy the pleasures of sin for a season. Heb. xi. 25.
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3. To have sexual intercourse with. Milton.
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To enjoy one's self, to feel pleasure; to be happy.
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Enjoy
En*joy", v. i. To take satisfaction; to live in happiness. [R.] Milton.
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Enjoyable
En*joy"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being enjoyed or of giving joy; yielding enjoyment. Milton.
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Enjoyer
En*joy"er (?), n. One who enjoys.
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Enjoyment
En*joy"ment (?), n. 1. The condition of enjoying anything; pleasure or satisfaction, as in the possession or occupancy of anything; possession and use; as, the enjoyment of an estate.
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2. That which gives pleasure or keen satisfaction.
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The hope of everlasting enjoyments. Glanvill.

Syn. -- Pleasure; satisfaction; gratification; fruition; happiness; felicity; delight.
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Enkennel
En*ken"nel (?), v. t. To put into a kennel.
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Enkerchiefed
En*ker"chiefed (?), a. Bound with a kerchief; draped; hooded; covered. Milton.
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That soft, enkerchiefed hair. M. Arnold.
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Enkidu
Enkidu prop. n. the Sumerian legendary friend of Gilgamish.
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Enkindle
En*kin"dle (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Enkindled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Enkindling (?).] 1. To set on fire; to inflame; to kindle. Shak.
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2. To excite; to rouse into action; to incite.
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To enkindle the enthusiasm of an artist. Talfourd.
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enkindled
enkindled adj. set on fire.
Syn. -- ignited, kindled, lit.
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Enlace
En*lace" (?), v. t. To bind or encircle with lace, or as with lace; to lace; to encircle; to enfold; hence, to entangle.
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Ropes of pearl her neck and breast enlace. P. Fletcher.
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Enlacement
En*lace"ment (?), n. The act of enlacing, or state of being enlaced; a surrounding as with a lace.
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Enlard
En*lard" (?), v. t. [Pref. en- + lard: cf. OF. enlarder to put on the spit, Pr. & Sp. enlardar to rub with grease, baste.] To cover or dress with lard or grease; to fatten. Shak.
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Enlarge
En*large" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Enlarged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Enlarging (?).] [OF. enlargier; pref. en- (L. in) + F. large wide. See Large.] 1. To make larger; to increase in quantity or dimensions; to extend in limits; to magnify; as, the body is enlarged by nutrition; to enlarge one's house.
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To enlarge their possessions of land. Locke.
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2. To increase the capacity of; to expand; to give free scope or greater scope to; also, to dilate, as with joy, affection, and the like; as, knowledge enlarges the mind.
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O ye Corinthians, our . . . heart is enlarged. 2 Cor. vi. 11.
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3. To set at large or set free. [Archaic]
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It will enlarge us from all restraints. Barrow.
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Enlarging hammer, a hammer with a slightly rounded face of large diameter; -- used by gold beaters. Knight. -- To enlarge an order or To enlarge a rule (Law), to extend the time for complying with it. Abbott. -- To enlarge one's self, to give free vent to speech; to spread out discourse. “They enlarged themselves on this subject.” Clarendon. -- To enlarge the heart, to make free, liberal, and charitable.

Syn. -- To increase; extend; expand; spread; amplify; augment; magnify. See Increase.
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Enlarge
En*large", v. i. 1. To grow large or larger; to be further extended; to expand; as, a plant enlarges by growth; an estate enlarges by good management; a volume of air enlarges by rarefaction.
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2. To speak or write at length; to be diffuse in speaking or writing; to expatiate; to dilate.
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To enlarge upon this theme. M. Arnold.
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3. (Naut.) To get more astern or parallel with the vessel's course; to draw aft; -- said of the wind.
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Enlarged
En*larged" (?), a. Made large or larger; extended; swollen. -- En*lar"ged*ly (#), adv. -- En*lar"ged*ness, n.
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Enlargement
En*large"ment (?), n. 1. The act of increasing in size or bulk, real or apparent; the state of being increased; augmentation; further extension; expansion.
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2. Expansion or extension, as of the powers of the mind; ennoblement, as of the feelings and character; as, an enlargement of views, of knowledge, of affection.
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3. A setting at large, or being set at large; release from confinement, servitude, or distress; liberty.
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Give enlargement to the swain. Shak.
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4. Diffusiveness of speech or writing; expatiation; a wide range of discourse or argument.
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An enlargement upon the vices and corruptions that were got into the army. Clarendon.
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Enlarger
En*lar"ger (?), n. 1. One who or that which enlarges.
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2. (Photography) an optical device for making copies of photographs larger than the original, having a head for holding the original, a source of illumination to project the image, and a bed for holding the sensitized photographic paper which will received the larger image.
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Enlay
En*lay" (?), v. t. See Inlay.
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Enlengthen
En*length"en (?), v. t. To lengthen. [Obs.]
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Enleven
En*lev"en (?), n. Eleven. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Enlight
En*light" (?), v. t. [Pref. en- + light. Cf. Enlighten.] To illumine; to enlighten. [R.]
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Which from the first has shone on ages past,
Enlights the present, and shall warm the last.
Pope.
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Enlighten
En*light"en (?), v. t. [Pref. en- + lighten: cf. AS. inlīhtan. Cf. Enlight.] 1. To supply with light; to illuminate; as, the sun enlightens the earth.
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His lightnings enlightened the world. Ps. xcvii. 4.
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2. To make clear to the intellect or conscience; to shed the light of truth and knowledge upon; to furnish with increase of knowledge; to instruct; as, to enlighten the mind or understanding.
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The conscience enlightened by the Word and Spirit of God. Trench.
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Enlightener
En*light"en*er (?), n. One who enlightens or illuminates; one who, or that which, communicates light to the eye, or clear views to the mind.
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enlightening
enlightening adj. 1. enlightening so as to encourage intellectual or moral improvement.
Syn. -- edifying.
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2. tending to increase knowledge or dissipate ignorance; as, an enlightening glimpse of government in action.
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Enlightenment
En*light"en*ment (?), n. 1. Act of enlightening, or the state of being enlightened or instructed.
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2. same as Aufklärung.
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En-lil
En-lil prop. n. the Sumerian god of the air, and king of the Sumerian gods.
Syn. -- Enlil.
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Enlimn
En*limn" (?), v. t. [Pref. en- + limn. Cf. Enlumine, Illuminate.] To adorn by illuminating or ornamenting with colored and decorated letters and figures, as a book or manuscript. [R.] Palsgrave.
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Enlink
En*link" (?), v. t. To chain together; to connect, as by links. Shak.
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Enlist
En*list" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Enlisted; p. pr. & vb. n. Enlisting.] 1. To enter on a list; to enroll; to register.
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2. To engage for military or naval service, the name being entered on a list or register; as, to enlist men.
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3. To secure the support and aid of; to employ in advancing interest; as, to enlist persons in the cause of truth, or in a charitable enterprise.
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Enlist
En*list", v. i. 1. To enroll and bind one's self for military or naval service; as, he enlisted in the regular army; the men enlisted for the war.
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2. To enter heartily into a cause, as if enrolled.
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enlisted
enlisted adj. prenom. (Mil.)