I.

I
I (ī). 1. I, the ninth letter of the English alphabet, takes its form from the Phœnician, through the Latin and the Greek. The Phœnician letter was probably of Egyptian origin. Its original value was nearly the same as that of the Italian I, or long e as in mete. Etymologically I is most closely related to e, y, j, g; as in dint, dent, beverage, L. bibere; E. kin, AS. cynn; E. thin, AS. þynne; E. dominion, donjon, dungeon. In English I has two principal vowel sounds: the long sound, as in pīne, īce; and the short sound, as in p&ibreve_;n. It has also three other sounds: (a) That of e in term, as in thirst. (b) That of e in mete (in words of foreign origin), as in machine, pique, regime. (c) That of consonant y (in many words in which it precedes another vowel), as in bunion, million, filial, Christian, etc. It enters into several digraphs, as in fail, field, seize, feign. friend; and with o often forms a proper diphtong, as in oil, join, coin.

See Guide to Pronunciation, §§ 98-106.
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The dot which we place over the small or lower case i dates only from the 14th century. The sounds of I and J were originally represented by the same character, and even after the introduction of the form J into English dictionaries, words containing these letters were, till a comparatively recent time, classed together.
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2. In our old authors, I was often used for ay (or aye), yes, which is pronounced nearly like it.
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3. As a numeral, I stands for 1, II for 2, etc.
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I-
I- (?), prefix. See Y-.
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I
I (ī), pron. [poss. My (mī) or Mine (mīn); object. Me (mē). pl. nom. We (wē); poss. Our (our) or Ours (ourz); object. Us (ŭs).] [OE. i, ich, ic, AS. ic; akin to OS. & D. ik, OHG. ih, G. ich, Icel. ek, Dan. jeg, Sw. jag, Goth. ik, OSlav. az', Russ. ia, W. i, L. ego, Gr. 'egw`, 'egw`n, Skr. aham. √179. Cf. Egoism.] The nominative case of the pronoun of the first person; the word with which a speaker or writer denotes himself.
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IAA
IAA n. Indoleacetic acid, a plant hormone promoting elongation of stems and roots. [Acronym]
Syn. -- indoleacetic acid.
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Iamatology
I*am`a*tol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, medicine + -logy.] (Med.) Materia Medica; that branch of therapeutics which treats of remedies.
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Iamb
I"amb (?), n. [Cf. F. iambe. See Lambus.] An iambus or iambic. [R.]
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Iambic
I*am"bic (?), a. [L. iambicus, Gr. &unr_;: cf. F. iambique.] 1. (Pros.) Consisting of a short syllable followed by a long one, or of an unaccented syllable followed by an accented; as, an iambic foot.
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2. Pertaining to, or composed of, iambics; as, an iambic verse; iambic meter. See Lambus.
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Iambic
I*am"bic, n. 1. (Pros.) (a) An iambic foot; an iambus. (b) A verse composed of iambic feet.
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&hand_; The following couplet consists of iambic verses.
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Thy gen- | ius calls | thee not | to pur- | chase fame
In keen | iam- | bics, but | mild an- | agram.
Dryden.
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2. A satirical poem (such poems having been anciently written in iambic verse); a satire; a lampoon.
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Iambical
I*am"bic*al (?), a. Iambic. [Obs. or R.]
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Iambically
I*am"bic*al*ly, adv. In a iambic manner; after the manner of iambics.
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Iambize
I*am"bize (?), v. t. [Gr. &unr_;.] To satirize in iambics; to lampoon. [R.]
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Iambus
I*am"bus (?), n.; pl. L. Iambi (#), E. Iambuses (#). [L. iambus, Gr. &unr_;; prob. akin to &unr_; to throw, assail (the iambus being first used in satiric poetry), and to L. jacere to throw. Cf. Jet a shooting forth.] (Pros.) A foot consisting of a short syllable followed by a long one, as in ămāns, or of an unaccented syllable followed by an accented one, as invent; an iambic. See the Couplet under Iambic, n.
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Ianthina
I*an"thi*na (?), n.; pl. L. Ianthinæ (#), E. Ianthinas (#). [NL., fr. L. ianthinus violet-blue, Gr. &unr_;; &unr_; violet + &unr_; flower.] (Zool.) Any gastropod of the genus Ianthina, of which various species are found living in mid ocean; -- called also purple shell, and violet snail. [Written also janthina.]
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&hand_; It floats at the surface by means of a raft, which it constructs by forming and uniting together air bubbles of hardened mucus. The Tyrian purple of the ancients was obtained in part from mollusks of this genus.
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Iatraliptic
I*a`tra*lip"tic (?), a. [Gr. &unr_;; &unr_; physician + &unr_; belonging to the &unr_; or anointer, fr. &unr_; to anoint: cf. F. iatraliptique.] Treating diseases by anointing and friction; as, the iatraliptic method. [Written also iatroleptic.]

Iatrical
Iatric
{ I*at"ric (?), I*at"ric*al (?), } a. [Gr. &unr_; healing, fr. &unr_; physician, fr. &unr_; to heal.] Of or pertaining to medicine, or to medical men.
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Iatrochemical
I*a`tro*chem"ic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to iatrochemistry, or to the iatrochemists.
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Iatrochemist
I*a`tro*chem"ist (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; physician + E. chemist.] A physician who explained or treated diseases upon chemical principles; one who practiced iatrochemistry.
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Iatrochemistry
I*a`tro*chem"is*try (?), n. Chemistry applied to, or used in, medicine; -- used especially with reference to the doctrines in the school of physicians in Flanders, in the 17th century, who held that health depends upon the proper chemical relations of the fluids of the body, and who endeavored to explain the conditions of health or disease by chemical principles.
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Iatromathematical
I*a`tro*math`e*mat"ic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to iatromathematicians or their doctrine.
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Iatromathematician
I*a`tro*math`e*ma*ti"cian (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; physician + E. mathematician.] (Hist. Med.) One of a school of physicians in Italy, about the middle of the 17th century, who tried to apply the laws of mechanics and mathematics to the human body, and hence were eager student of anatomy; -- opposed to the iatrochemists.
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Iberian
I*be"ri*an (?), a. Of or pertaining to Iberia.
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Iberis
Iberis n. A genus of Old World herbs and subshrubs including the candytuft.
Syn. -- genus Iberis.
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Ibero-mesornis
Ibero-mesornis n. A sparrow-sized fossil bird of the Lower Cretaceous having a strutlike pectoral bone and vestigial tail; found in Spain; considered possibly the third most primitive of all birds.
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Ibex
I"bex (ī"b&ebreve_;ks), n.; pl. E. Ibexes (ī"b&ebreve_;ks*&ebreve_;z), L. Ibices (īb"&ibreve_;*sēz). [L., a kind of goat, the chamois.] (Zool.) One of several species of wild goats having very large, recurved horns, transversely ridged in front; -- called also steinbok.
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&hand_; The Alpine ibex (Capra ibex) is the best known. The Spanish, or Pyrenean, ibex (Capra Hispanica) has smoother and more spreading horns.
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Ibidem
I*bi"dem (?), adv. [L.] In the same place; -- abbreviated ibid. or ib.
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Ibis
I"bis (?), n. [L. ibis, Gr. &unr_;; of Egyptian origin.] (Zool.) Any bird of the genus Ibis and several allied genera, of the family Ibidæ, inhabiting both the Old World and the New. Numerous species are known. They are large, wading birds, having a long, curved beak, and feed largely on reptiles.
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&hand_; The sacred ibis of the ancient Egyptians (Ibis aethiopica) has the head and neck black, without feathers. The plumage of the body and wings is white, except the tertiaries, which are lengthened and form a dark purple plume. In ancient times this bird was extensively domesticated in Egypt, but it is now seldom seen so far north. The glossy ibis (Plegadis autumnalis), which is widely distributed both in the Old World and the New, has the head and neck feathered, except between the eyes and bill; the scarlet ibis (Guara rubra) and the white ibis (Guara alba) inhabit the West Indies and South America, and are rarely found in the United States. The wood ibis (Tantalus loculator) of America belongs to the Stork family (Ciconidæ). See Wood ibis.
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-ible
-i*ble (?). See -able.
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IBRD
IBRD prop. n. [acronym] The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, a United Nations agency created to assist developing nations by loans guaranteed by member governments. [acronym]
Syn. -- International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, World Bank.
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Ibsen
Ibsen prop. n. Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906), Norwegian poet and dramatist.
Syn. -- Henrik Ibsen.
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Ibsenian
Ibsenian prop. adj. of or pertaining to Henrik Ibsen.
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Ibsenism
Ib"sen*ism (?), prop. n. The dramatic practice or purpose characteristic of the writings of Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906), Norwegian poet and dramatist, whose best-known plays deal with conventional hypocrisies, the story in each play thus developing a definite moral problem.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

ibuprofen
ibuprofen n. a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicine used to relieve the pain of arthritis and as an analgesic and antipyretic; Advil and Motrin and Nuprin are trademarks of brands of ibuprofen tablets.
Syn. -- isobutylphenyl propionic acid, Advil, Motrin, Nuprin.
[WordNet 1.5]

-ic
-ic (?). [L. -icus, Gr. &unr_;: cf. F. -ique.] 1. A suffix signifying, in general, relating to, or characteristic of; as, historic, hygienic, telegraphic, etc.
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2. (Chem.) A suffix, denoting that the element indicated enters into certain compounds with its highest valence, or with a valence relatively higher than in compounds where the name of the element ends in -ous; as, ferric, sulphuric. It is also used in the general sense of pertaining to; as, hydric, sodic, calcic.
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icaco
icaco n. 1. A small tropical American tree (Chrysobalanus icaco) bearing edible plumlike fruit.
Syn. -- coco plum, coco plum tree, cocoa plum, Chrysobalanus icaco.
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2. A plum-shaped whitish to almost black fruit used for preserves.
Syn. -- cocoa plum, coco plum.
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Icarian
I*ca"ri*an (?), a. [L. Icarius, Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_;, the mythic son of Dædalus, who, when flying from Crete on wings cemented with wax, mounted so high that the sun melted the wax, and he fell into the sea.] Soaring too high for safety, like Icarus; adventurous in flight.
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ICBM
ICBM n. [acronym intercontinental ballistic missile] An intercontinental ballistic missile, a long-range ballistic missile that is capable of traveling from one continent to another. Contrasted with IRBM.
Syn. -- intercontinental ballistic missile.
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Ice
Ice (īs), n. [OE. is, iis, AS. īs; aksin to D. ijs, G. eis, OHG. īs, Icel. īss, Sw. is, Dan. iis, and perh. to E. iron.] 1. Water or other fluid frozen or reduced to the solid state by cold; frozen water. It is a white or transparent colorless substance, crystalline, brittle, and viscoidal. Its specific gravity (0.92, that of water at 4° C. being 1.0) being less than that of water, ice floats.
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&hand_; Water freezes at 32° F. or 0° Cent., and ice melts at the same temperature. Ice owes its cooling properties to the large amount of heat required to melt it.
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2. Concreted sugar. Johnson.
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3. Water, cream, custard, etc., sweetened, flavored, and artificially frozen.
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4. Any substance having the appearance of ice; as, camphor ice.
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Anchor ice, ice which sometimes forms about stones and other objects at the bottom of running or other water, and is thus attached or anchored to the ground. -- Bay ice, ice formed in bays, fiords, etc., often in extensive fields which drift out to sea. -- Ground ice, anchor ice. -- Ice age (Geol.), the glacial epoch or period. See under Glacial. -- Ice anchor (Naut.), a grapnel for mooring a vessel to a field of ice. Kane. -- Ice blink [Dan. iisblink], a streak of whiteness of the horizon, caused by the reflection of light from ice not yet in sight. -- Ice boat. (a) A boat fitted with skates or runners, and propelled on ice by sails; an ice yacht. (b) A strong steamboat for breaking a channel through ice. -- Ice box or Ice chest, a box for holding ice; a box in which things are kept cool by means of ice; a refrigerator. -- Ice brook, a brook or stream as cold as ice. [Poetic] Shak. -- Ice cream [for iced cream], cream, milk, or custard, sweetened, flavored, and frozen. -- Ice field, an extensive sheet of ice. -- Ice float, Ice floe, a sheet of floating ice similar to an ice field, but smaller. -- Ice foot, shore ice in Arctic regions; an ice belt. Kane. -- Ice house, a close-covered pit or building for storing ice. -- Ice machine (Physics), a machine for making ice artificially, as by the production of a low temperature through the sudden expansion of a gas or vapor, or the rapid evaporation of a volatile liquid. -- Ice master. See Ice pilot (below). -- Ice pack, an irregular mass of broken and drifting ice. -- Ice paper, a transparent film of gelatin for copying or reproducing; papier glacé. -- Ice petrel (Zool.), a shearwater (Puffinus gelidus) of the Antarctic seas, abundant among floating ice. -- Ice pick, a sharp instrument for breaking ice into small pieces. -- Ice pilot, a pilot who has charge of a vessel where the course is obstructed by ice, as in polar seas; -- called also ice master. -- Ice pitcher, a pitcher adapted for ice water. -- Ice plow, a large tool for grooving and cutting ice. -- Ice sludge, bay ice broken small by the wind or waves; sludge. -- Ice spar (Min.), a variety of feldspar, the crystals of which are very clear like ice; rhyacolite. -- Ice tongs, large iron nippers for handling ice. -- Ice water. (a) Water cooled by ice. (b) Water formed by the melting of ice. -- Ice yacht. See Ice boat (above). -- To break the ice. See under Break. -- Water ice, a confection consisting of water sweetened, flavored (usually with a fruit syrup), and frozen.
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ice
ice (īs), v. t. [imp. & p. p. iced (īst); p. pr. & vb. n. icing (ī"s&ibreve_;ng).] 1. To cover with ice; to convert into ice, or into something resembling ice.
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2. To cover with icing, or frosting made of sugar and milk or white of egg; to frost, as cakes, tarts, etc.; as, iced cupcakes with a pink icing look delicious.
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3. To chill or cool, as with ice; to freeze.
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4. To kill. [slang]
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Iceberg
Ice"berg` (?), n. [Prob. of Scand. origin; cf. Dan. iisbierg, Sw. isberg, properly, a mountain of ice. See Ice, and Berg.] A large mass of ice, generally floating in the ocean.
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&hand_; Icebergs are large detached portions of glaciers, which in cold regions often project into the sea.
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Icebird
Ice"bird` (?), n. (Zool.) An Arctic sea bird, as the Arctic fulmar.
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iceboat
iceboat n. 1. A ship with a reinforced bow to break up ice and keep channels open for navigation; an icebreaker.
Syn. -- icebreaker.
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2. a sailing craft with runners and a cross-shaped frame; suitable for traveling over ice; it is usually propelled by a sail, and sometimes by an engine-powered propeller.
Syn. -- ice yacht.
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Icebound
Ice"bound` (?), a. Totally surrounded with ice, so as to be incapable of advancing; as, an icebound vessel; also, surrounded by or fringed with ice so as to hinder easy access; as, an icebound coast.
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icebreaker
icebreaker n. 1. a ship with a reinforced bow and powerful engines designed to break up layers of ice on waterways and keep channels open for navigation.
Syn. -- iceboat.
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2. A remark or action intended to relieve tension or reduce formality when initiating conversation or beginning a speech; it is often a humorous or light remark.
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Ice-built
Ice"-built` (?), a. 1. Composed of ice.
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2. Loaded with ice.Ice-built mountains.” Gray.
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icecap
ice"cap` (īs"kăp`) n. a mass of ice and snow that permanently covers a large area of land (e.g., the polar regions or a mountain peak).
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ice-clogged
ice-clogged adj. having flow restricted by ice; -- of rivers or conduits; as, ice-clogged rivers.
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ice-cold
ice-cold adj. as cold as ice; extremely cold.
Syn. -- arctic, freezing, frigid, gelid, glacial, icy, polar.
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ice-free
ice-free adj. free of ice and open to travel; -- of water routes; as, an ice-free channel in the river.
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Iced
Iced (īst), a. 1. Covered with ice.
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2. Chilled with ice; as, iced water; iced tea; iced coffee; -- of beverages.
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3. (Cookery) Covered with something resembling ice, as sugar icing; frosted; as, iced cake.
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Iced cream. Same as Ice cream, under Ice.
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Icefall
Ice"fall` (?), n. A frozen waterfall, or mass of ice resembling a frozen waterfall. Coleridge.
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icehouse
ice"house` n. a building used for storing ice, especially one built partly below ground and insulated so as to preserve ice obtained during the winter from frozen lakes or rivers.
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Icelander
Ice"land*er (?), n. A native, or one of the Scandinavian people, of Iceland.
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Icelandic
Ice*lan"dic (?), a. Of or pertaining to Iceland; relating to, or resembling, the Icelanders.
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Icelandic
Ice*lan"dic (?), n. The language of the Icelanders. It is one of the Scandinavian group, and is more nearly allied to the Old Norse than any other language now spoken.
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Iceland moss
Ice"land moss` (?). (Bot.) A kind of lichen (Cetraria Icelandica) found from the Arctic regions to the North Temperate zone. It furnishes a nutritious jelly and other forms of food, and is used in pulmonary complaints as a demulcent.
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Iceland spar
Ice"land spar` (?). (Min.) A transparent variety of calcite, the best of which is obtained in Iceland. It is used for the prisms of the polariscope, because of its strong double refraction. Cf. Calcite.
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Iceman
Ice"man (?), n.; pl. Icemen (&unr_;). 1. A man who is skilled in traveling upon ice, as among glaciers.
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2. One who deals in ice; one who retails or delivers ice.


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Ice plant
Ice" plant` (?). (Bot.) A plant (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum), sprinkled with pellucid, watery vesicles, which glisten like ice. It is native along the Mediterranean, in the Canaries, and in South Africa. Its juice is said to be demulcent and diuretic; its ashes are used in Spain in making glass.
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Icequake
Ice"quake` (īs"kwāk`), n. The crash or concussion attending the breaking up of masses of ice, -- often due to contraction from extreme cold.
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Ice skate
Ice" skate` (?) n. A shoe with a metal runner (called a blade) attached to permit the wearer to glide on ice.
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Ice skater
Ice" skat`er (?) n. One who skates on ice wearing an ice skate; esp. an athlete who performs athletic or artistic movements on a sheet of ice, wearing ice skates; a speed skater or a figure skater.
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Ich
Ich (&ibreve_;k), pron. I. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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&hand_; In the Southern dialect of Early English this is the regular form. Cf. Ik.
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Ichneumon
Ich*neu"mon (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. &unr_;, lit., the tracker; so called because it hunts out the eggs of the crocodile, fr. &unr_; to track or hunt after, fr. 'i`chnos track, footstep.] 1. (Zool.) Any carnivorous mammal of the genus Herpestes, and family Viverridæ. Numerous species are found in Asia and Africa. The Egyptian species (Herpestes ichneumon), which ranges to Spain and Palestine, is noted for destroying the eggs and young of the crocodile as well as various snakes and lizards, and hence was considered sacred by the ancient Egyptians. The common species of India (Herpestes griseus), known as the mongoose, has similar habits and is often domesticated. It is noted for killing the cobra.
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2. (Zool.) Any hymenopterous insect of the family Ichneumonidæ, of which several thousand species are known, belonging to numerous genera.
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&hand_; The female deposits her eggs upon, or in, the bodies of other insects, such as caterpillars, plant lice, etc. The larva lives upon the internal tissues of the insect in which it is parasitic, and finally kills it. Hence, many of the species are beneficial to agriculture by destroying noxious insects.
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Ichneumon fly. See Ichneumon, 2.
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Ichneumonidan
Ich`neu*mon"i*dan (?), a. (Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Ichneumonidæ, or ichneumon flies. -- n. One of the Ichneumonidæ.
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Ichneumonides
Ich`neu*mon"i*des (?), n. pl. [NL. See Ichneumon.] (Zool.) The ichneumon flies.
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Ichnite
Ich"nite (?), n. [Gr. 'i`chnos track, footstep.] A fossil footprint; as, the ichnites in the Triassic sandstone. Page.

Ichnographical
Ichnographic
{ Ich`no*graph"ic (?), Ich`no*graph"ic*al (?), } a. [Cf. F. ichonographique.] Of or pertaining to ichonography; describing a ground plot.
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Ichnography
Ich*nog"ra*phy (?), n. [Gr. &unr_;; 'i`chnos track, footstep + &unr_; to describe: cf. F. ichonographie.] (Drawing) A horizontal section of a building or other object, showing its true dimensions according to a geometric scale; a ground plan; a map; also, the art of making such plans.
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Ichnolite
Ich"no*lite (?), n. [Gr. 'i`chnos track, footstep + -lite.] A fossil footprint; an ichnite.
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Ichnolithology
Ich`no*li*thol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. 'i`chnos footstep + -lith + -logy.] Same as Ichnology. Hitchcock.
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Ichnological
Ich`no*log"ic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to ichnology.
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Ichnology
Ich*nol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. 'i`chnos a footstep + -logy.] (Geol.) The branch of science which treats of fossil footprints.
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Ichnoscopy
Ich*nos"co*py (?), n. [Gr. 'i`chnos footstep + -scopy.] The search for the traces of anything. [R.]
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Ichor
I"chor (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. 'ichw`r: cf. F. ichor.] 1. (Class. Myth.) An ethereal fluid that supplied the place of blood in the veins of the gods.
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2. A thin, acrid, watery discharge from an ulcer, wound, etc.
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Ichorhaemia
I`chor*hæ"mi*a (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. 'ichw`r ichor + &unr_; blood.] (Med.) Infection of the blood with ichorous or putrid substances.
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Ichorous
I"chor*ous (ī"k&obreve_;r*ŭs), a. [Cf. F. ichoreux.] Of or like ichor; thin; watery; serous; sanious.
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Ichthidin
Ich"thi*din (&ibreve_;k"th&ibreve_;*d&ibreve_;n), n. (Physiol. Chem.) A substance from the egg yolk of osseous fishes.
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Ichthin
Ich"thin (&ibreve_;k"th&ibreve_;n), n. [Gr. 'ichqy`s fish.] (Physiol. Chem.) A nitrogenous substance resembling vitellin, present in the egg yolk of cartilaginous fishes.
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Ichthulin
Ich"thu*lin (&ibreve_;k"th&uuptack_;*l&ibreve_;n), n. (Physiol. Chem.) A substance from the yolk of salmon's eggs.
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Ichthus
Ich"thus (&ibreve_;k"thŭs), n. [Gr. 'ichqy`s.] In early Christian and ecclesiastical art, an emblematic fish, or the Greek word for fish, which combined the initials of the Greek words Ihsoy^s, Christo`s, Qeoy^ Gio`s Swth`r, Jesus, Christ, Son of God, Savior.
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Ichthyic
Ich"thy*ic (&ibreve_;k"th&ibreve_;*&ibreve_;k), a. [Gr. 'ichqy`s, -y`os, a fish.] (Zool.) Like, or pertaining to, fishes.
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Ichthyocolla
Ichthyocol
{ Ich"thy*o*col (?), Ich`thy*o*col"la (?), } n. [L. ichthyocolla, Gr. &unr_;; 'ichqy`s, -y`os, a fish + &unr_; glue: cf. F. ichthyocolle.] Fish glue; isinglass; a glue prepared from the sounds of certain fishes.
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Ichthyocoprolite
Ich`thy*o*cop"ro*lite (?), n. [Gr. 'ichqy`s, -y`os, a fish + E. coprolite.] (Geol.) Fossil dung of fishes.
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Ichthyodorulite
Ich`thy*o*dor"u*lite (?), n. [Gr. 'ichqy`s, -y`os, a fish + &unr_; a spear + -lite.] (Zool.) One of the spiny plates found on the back and tail of certain skates.
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Ichthyography
Ich`thy*og"ra*phy (?), n. [Gr. 'ichqy`s, -y`os + graphy: cf. F. ichthyographie.] A treatise on fishes.

Ichthyoidal
Ichthyoid
{ Ich"thy*oid (?), Ich`thy*oid"al (?), } a. [Gr. &unr_;: 'ichqy`s, -y`os, a fish + e'i^dos form.] (Zool.) Somewhat like a fish; having some of the characteristics of fishes; -- said of some amphibians.
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Ichthyol
Ich"thy*ol (?), n. [Gr. 'ichqy`s, -y`os, a fish + (prob.) L. oleum oil; but cf. Ichthyolite.] (Chem.) An oily substance prepared by the dry distillation of a bituminous mineral containing fossil fishes. It is used in medicine as a remedy in some forms of skin diseases.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Ichthyolatry
Ich`thy*ol"a*try (?), n. [Gr. 'ichqy`s, -y`os, a fish + &unr_; to worship.] Worship of fishes, or of fish-shaped idols. Layard.
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Ichthyolite
Ich"thy*o*lite (?), n. [Gr. 'ichqy`s, -y`os, a fish + -lite.] (Paleon.) A fossil fish, or fragment of a fish.

Ichthyological
Ichthyologic
{ Ich`thy*o*log"ic (?), Ich`thy*o*log"ic*al (?), } a. [Cf. F. ichthyologique.] Of or pertaining to ichthyology.
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Ichthyologist
Ich`thy*ol"o*gist (?), n. [Cf. F. ichthyologiste.] One versed in, or who studies, ichthyology.
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Ichthyology
Ich`thy*ol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. 'ichqy`s, -y`os, a fish + -logy: cf. F. ichthyologie.] The natural history of fishes; that branch of Zoology which relates to fishes, including their structure, classification, and habits.
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Ichthyomancy
Ich"thy*o*man`cy (?), n. [Gr. 'ichqy`s, -y`os, a fish + -mancy: cf. F. ichthyomancie.] Divination by the heads or the entrails of fishes.
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Ichthyomorpha
Ich`thy*o*mor"pha (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; fish-shaped; 'ichqy`s, -y`os, a fish + morfh` form.] (Zool.) The Urodela.

Ichthyomorphous
Ichthyomorphic
{ Ich`thy*o*mor"phic (?), Ich`thy*o*mor"phous (?), } a. [See Ichthyomorpha.] Fish-shaped; as, the ichthyomorphic idols of ancient Assyria.
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Ichthyophagist
Ich`thy*oph"a*gist (?), n. [See Ichthyophagous.] One who eats, or subsists on, fish.
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Ichthyophagous
Ich`thy*oph"a*gous (?), a. [L. ichthyophagus, Gr. &unr_;; 'ichqy`s, -y`os, a fish + fagei^n to eat.] Eating, or subsisting on, fish.
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Ichthyophagy
Ich`thy*oph"a*gy (?), n. [Gr. 'ichqyofagi`a: cf. F. ichthyophagie.] The practice of eating, or living upon, fish.
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Ichthyophthalmite
Ich`thy*oph*thal"mite (?), n. [Gr. 'ichqy`s, -y`os, a fish + &unr_; eye.] See Apophyllite. [R.]
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Ichthyophthira
Ich`thy*oph*thi"ra (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. 'ichqy`s, -y`os, a fish + &unr_; a louse.] (Zool.) A division of copepod crustaceans, including numerous species parasitic on fishes.
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Ichthyopsida
Ich`thy*op"si*da (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. 'ichqy`s, -y`os, a fish + &unr_; appearance.] (Zool.) A grand division of the Vertebrata, including the Amphibia and Fishes.
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Ichthyopterygia
Ich`thy*op`te*ryg"i*a (?), n. pl. [NL. See Ichthyopterygium.] (Paleon.) See Ichthyosauria.
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Ichthyopterygium
Ich`thy*op`te*ryg"i*um (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. 'ichqy`s, -y`os, a fish + &unr_; a fin.] (Anat.) The typical limb, or lateral fin, of fishes.
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Ichthyornis
Ich`thy*or"nis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. 'ichqy`s, -y`os, a fish + &unr_; bird.] (Paleon.) An extinct genus of toothed birds found in the American Cretaceous formation. It is remarkable for having biconcave vertebræ, and sharp, conical teeth set in sockets. Its wings were well developed. It is the type of the order Odontotormæ.
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Ichthyosaur
Ich"thy*o*saur (?), n. [Cf. F. ichthyosaure.] (Paleon.) One of the Ichthyosaura.
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Ichthyosauria
Ich`thy*o*sau"ri*a (?), n. pl. [NL. See Ichthyosaurus.] (Paleon.) An extinct order of marine reptiles, including Ichthyosaurus and allied forms; -- called also Ichthyopterygia. They have not been found later than the Cretaceous period.
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Ichthyosaurian
Ich`thy*o*sau"ri*an (?), a. (Paleon.) Of or pertaining to the Ichthyosauria. -- n. One of the Ichthyosauria.
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Ichthyosaurus
Ich`thy*o*sau"rus (?), n.; pl. Ichthyosauri (#). [NL., fr. Gr. 'ichqy`s, -y`os, a fish + say^ros a lizard.] (Paleon.) An extinct genus of marine reptiles; -- so named from their short, biconcave vertebræ, resembling those of fishes. Several species, varying in length from ten to thirty feet, are known from the Liassic, Oölitic, and Cretaceous formations.
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Ichthyosis
Ich`thy*o"sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. 'ichqy`s fish.] (Med.) A disease in which the skin is thick, rough, and scaly; -- called also fishskin. -- Ich`thy*ot"ic (#), a.
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Ichthyotomist
Ich`thy*ot"o*mist (?), n. One skilled in ichthyotomy.
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Ichthyotomy
Ich`thy*ot"o*my (?), n. [Gr. 'ichqy`s, -y`os, a fish + &unr_; to cut.] The anatomy or dissection of fishes. [R.]
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Ichthys
Ich"thys (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. 'ichqy`s a fish.] Same as Ichthus.
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Icicle
I"ci*cle (?), n. [OE. isikel, AS. īsgicel; īs ice + gicel icicle; akin to Icel. jökull; cf. Gael. eigh ice, Ir. aigh.] A pendent, and usually conical, mass of ice, formed by freezing of dripping water; as, the icicles on the eaves of a house.
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Icicled
I"ci*cled (?), a. Having icicles attached.
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Icily
I"ci*ly (?), adv. In an icy manner; coldly.
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Faultily faultless, icily regular, splendidly null,
Dead perfection, no more.
Tennyson.
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Iciness
I"ci*ness (?), n. The state or quality of being icy or very cold; frigidity.
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Icing
I"cing (?), n. A coating or covering resembling ice, as of sugar and milk or white of egg; frosting.
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Ickle
Ic"kle (?), n. [OE. ikil. See Icicle.] An icicle. [Prov. Eng.]
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icky
icky adj. 1. very bad; repulsive; unpleasant; distasteful. [informal] [wns=1]
Syn. -- crappy, lousy, rotten, shitty, stinking, stinky.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. sticky; as, icky, sticky goo. [wns=2]
Syn. -- gooey.
[WordNet 1.5]

3. Overly sentimental; -- of stories or dramas.
[PJC]

icon
i"con (ī"k&obreve_;n), n. [Also spelled ikon.] [L., fr. Gr. e'ikw`n.] 1. An image or representation; a portrait or pretended portrait.
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Netherlands whose names and icons are published. Hakewill.
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2. (Gr. Ch.) A sacred picture representing the Virgin Mary, Christ, a saint, or a martyr, and having the same function as an image of such a person in the Latin Church. The term is used especially for a highly stylized and conventionalized representation of a holy person, rich in symbolism and used in devotional services in many of the eastern Orthodox churches, especially the Greek and Russian Orthodox Churches.
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

3. a symbol, especially a symbol whose form suggests its meaning or the object it represents.
[PJC]

4. (Computers) a graphical symbol for a data object whose form suggests the nature or function of the object; especially, such a symbol as viewed on the computer screen. In a graphical user interface, pointing to and clicking on an icon may cause any of several types of actions, such as opening a file or executing a program, depending on how the icon properties are defined.
[PJC]

5. any object of uncritical devotion.
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The former congresswoman and Vice-Presidential candidate Geraldine Ferraro is still an icon to many party members. The New York Times, April 16, 1998
[PJC]

6. an outstanding example of something which has come to represent the class of things to which it belongs; a paragon; used of persons as well as objects.
[PJC]

Iconical
I*con"ic*al (?), a. Pertaining to, or consisting of, images, pictures, or representations of any kind.
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Iconism
I"con*ism (?), n. [L. iconismus, Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to mold, delineate, fr. e'ikw`n an image: cf. F. iconisme.] The formation of a figure, representation, or semblance; a delineation or description.
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Some kind of apish imitations, counterfeit iconisms. Cudworth.
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Iconize
I"con*ize (?), v. t. [Gr. e'ikoni`zein.] To form an image or likeness of. [R.] Cudworth.
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Iconoclasm
I*con"o*clasm (?), n. [Cf. F. iconoclasme. See Iconoclast.] The doctrine or practice of the iconoclasts; image breaking.
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Iconoclast
I*con"o*clast (?), n. [Gr. e'ikw`n image + &unr_; to break: cf. F. iconoclaste.] 1. A breaker or destroyer of images or idols; a determined enemy of idol worship.
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2. One who exposes or destroys impositions or shams; one who attacks cherished beliefs; a radical.
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Iconoclastic
I*con`o*clas"tic (?), a. Of or pertaining to the iconoclasts, or to image breaking. Milman.

Iconodulist
Iconodule
{I*con"o*dule (?), I*con"o*du`list (?), } n. [Gr. e'ikw`n an image + &unr_; a slave.] (Eccl. Hist.) One who serves images; -- opposed to an iconoclast. Schaff-Herzog Encyc.
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Iconograph
I*con"o*graph (?), n. [See Iconography.] An engraving or other picture or illustration for a book.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Iconographer
I`co*nog"ra*pher (?), n. A maker of images. Fairholt.
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Iconographic
I*con`o*graph"ic (?), a. 1. Of or pertaining to iconography.
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2. Representing by means of pictures or diagrams; as, an icongraphic encyclopædia.
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Iconography
I`co*nog"ra*phy (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; a sketch or description; e'ikw`n an image + &unr_; of describe: cf. F. iconographie.] 1. The art or representation by pictures or images; the description or study of portraiture or representation, as of persons; as, the iconography of the ancients.
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2. The study of representative art in general.
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Christian iconography, the study of the representations in art of the Deity, the persons of the Trinity, angels, saints, virtues, vices, etc.
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Iconolater
I`co*nol"a*ter (?), n. [Gr. e'ikw`n an image + &unr_; to worship: cf. F. iconolâtre.] One who worships images.
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Iconolatry
I`co*nol"a*try (?), n. [See Iconolater.] The worship of images as symbols; -- distinguished from idolatry, the worship of images themselves.
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Iconology
I`co*nol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. &unr_;; e'ikw`n an image + &unr_; discourse: cf. F. iconologie.] The discussion or description of portraiture or of representative images. Cf. Iconography.
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Iconomachy
I`co*nom"a*chy (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; a war against images; e'ikw`n an image + &unr_; fight.] Hostility to images as objects of worship. [R.]
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Iconomania
I`co*no*ma"ni*a (?), n. [NL. See Icon, and Mania.] A mania or infatuation for icons, whether as objects of devotion, bric-a-brac, or curios.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Iconomical
I`co*nom"ic*al (?), a. [Gr. &unr_;; e'ikw`n image + &unr_; fight.] Opposed to pictures or images as objects of worship. [R.] Sir T. Browne.
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Iconophilist
I`co*noph"i*list (?), n. [Gr. e'ikw`n an image + &unr_; to love.] A student, or lover of the study, of iconography.
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Icosahedral
I`co*sa*he"dral (?), a. [See Icosahedron.] (Geom.) Having twenty equal sides or faces.
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Icosahedron
I`co*sa*he"dron (?), n. [Gr. &unr_;; &unr_; twenty + &unr_; seat, base, fr. &unr_; to sit.] (Geom.) A solid bounded by twenty sides or faces.
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Regular icosahedron, one of the five regular polyhedrons, bounded by twenty equilateral triangules. Five triangles meet to form each solid angle of the polyhedron.
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Icosandria
I`co*san"dri*a (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; twenty +&unr_;, &unr_;, man, male: cf. F. icosandrie.] (Bot.) A Linnæan class of plants, having twenty or more stamens inserted in the calyx.

Icosandrous
Icosandrian
{ I`co*san"dri*an (?), I`co*san"drous (?), } a. (Bot.) Pertaining to the class Icosandria; having twenty or more stamens inserted in the calyx.
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Icositetrahedron
I`co*si*tet`ra*he"dron (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; twenty + &unr_;, combining form of &unr_; four + &unr_; seat, base.] (Crystallog.) A twenty-four-sided solid; a tetragonal trisoctahedron or trapezohedron.
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-ics
-ics (?). A suffix used in forming the names of certain sciences, systems, etc., as acoustics, mathematics, dynamics, statistics, politics, athletics.
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&hand_; The names sciences ending in ics, as mathematics, mechanics, metaphysics, optics, etc., are, with respect to their form, nouns in the plural number. The plural form was probably introduced to mark the complex nature of such sciences; and it may have been in imitation of the use of the Greek plurals &unr_;, &unr_;, &unr_;, &unr_;, etc., to designate parts of Aristotle's writings. Previously to the present century, nouns ending in ics were construed with a verb or a pronoun in the plural; but it is now generally considered preferable to treat them as singular. In Greman we have die Mathematik, die Mechanik, etc., and in French la metaphysique, la optique, etc., corresponding to our mathematics, mechanics, metaphysics, optics, etc.
[1913 Webster] Mathematics have for their object the consideration of whatever is capable of being numbered or measured. John Davidson. The citations subjoined will serve as examples of the best present usage.
[1913 Webster] Ethics is the sciences of the laws which govern our actions as moral agents. Sir W. Hamilton.
[1913 Webster] All parts of knowledge have their origin in metaphysics, and finally, perhaps, revolve into it. De Quincey.
[1913 Webster] Mechanics, like pure mathematics, may be geometrical, or may be analytical; that is, it may treat space either by a direct consideration of its properties, or by a symbolical representation. Whewell.

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Icteric
Ic*ter"ic (&ibreve_;k*t&ebreve_;r"&ibreve_;k), n. A remedy for the jaundice.
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Icterical
Icteric
{ Ic*ter"ic (&ibreve_;k*t&ebreve_;r"&ibreve_;k), Ic*ter"ic*al (&ibreve_;k*t&ebreve_;r"&ibreve_;*k&aitalic_;l), } a. [L. ictericus, Gr. 'ikteriko`s, fr. 'i`kteros jaundice: cf. F. ictérique.] 1. Pertaining to, or affected with, jaundice.
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2. Good against the jaundice. Johnson.

Icteritous
Icteritious
{ Ic`ter*i"tious (?), Ic*ter"i*tous (?), } a. Yellow; of the color of the skin when it is affected by the jaundice.
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Icteroid
Ic"ter*oid (?), a. [Gr. &unr_; jaundice + -oid.] Of a tint resembling that produced by jaundice; yellow; as, an icteroid tint or complexion.
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Icterus
Ic"te*rus (?), n. [NL. See Icteric, a.] (Med.) The jaundice.
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Ictic
Ic"tic (?), a. [L. ictus blow.] Pertaining to, or caused by, a blow; sudden; abrupt. [R.] H. Bushnell.
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Ictiobus
Ictiobus n. A genus of fishes comprising the buffalofishes.
Syn. -- genus Ictiobus.
[WordNet 1.5]

ictodosaur
ictodosaur n. An extinct reptile intermediate in form between the therapsids and most primitive true mammals.
[WordNet 1.5]

Ictodosauria
Ictodosauria n. An order of extinct reptiles of the Upper Triassic.
Syn. -- order Ictodosauria.
[WordNet 1.5]

Ictus
Ic"tus (?), n. [L., fr. icere, ictum, to strike.] 1. (Pros.) The stress of voice laid upon accented syllable of a word. Cf. Arsis.
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2. (Med.) A stroke or blow, as in a sunstroke, the sting of an insect, pulsation of an artery, etc.
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Icy
I"cy (?), a. [Compar. Icier (?); superl. Iciest.] [AS. īsig. See Ice.] 1. Pertaining to, resembling, or abounding in, ice; cold; frosty.Icy chains.” Shak.Icy region.” Boyle.Icy seas.” Pope.
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2. Characterized by coldness, as of manner, influence, etc.; chilling; frigid; cold.
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Icy was the deportment with which Philip received these demonstrations of affection. Motley.
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Icy-pearled
I"cy-pearl`ed (?), a. Spangled with ice.
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Mounting up in icy-pearled car. Milton.
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I.D.
ID
ID, I.D. (ī`dē"), n. [capitalized] [shortened form of identification.] any document testifying to the identity of the bearer, especially a card or badge.
Syn. -- ID.
[WordNet 1.5]

I'd
I'd (?). A contraction from I would or I had; as, I'd go if I could.
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Id
Id (?), n. (Zool.) A small fresh-water cyprinoid fish (Leuciscus idus or Idus idus) of Europe. A domesticated variety, colored like the goldfish, is called orfe in Germany.
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id
id (&ibreve_;d), n. (Psychoanalysis) That part of a person's psyche which is the unconscious source of impulses seeking gratification or pleasure; the impulses are usually modified by the ego and superego before being acted upon.
[PJC]

Idahoan
Idahoan n. a resident of Idaho.
[WordNet 1.5]

Idalian
I*da"li*an (?), a. Of or pertaining to Idalium, a mountain city in Cyprus, or to Venus, to whom it was sacred.Idalian Aphrodité.” Tennyson.
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Ide
Ide (?), n. (Zool.) Same as first Id, the fish.
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-ide
-ide (?). (Chem.) A suffix used to denote: (a) The nonmetallic, or negative, element or radical in a binary compound; as, oxide, sulphide, chloride. (b) A compound which is an anhydride; as, glycolide, phthalide. (c) Any one of a series of derivatives; as, indogenide, glucoside, etc.
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Idea
I*de"a (?), n.; pl. Ideas (#). [L. idea, Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to see; akin to E. wit: cf. F. idée. See Wit.] 1. The transcript, image, or picture of a visible object, that is formed by the mind; also, a similar image of any object whatever, whether sensible or spiritual.
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Her sweet idea wandered through his thoughts. Fairfax.
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Being the right idea of your father
Both in your form and nobleness of mind.
Shak.
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This representation or likeness of the object being transmitted from thence [the senses] to the imagination, and lodged there for the view and observation of the pure intellect, is aptly and properly called its idea. P. Browne.
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2. A general notion, or a conception formed by generalization.
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Alice had not the slightest idea what latitude was. L. Caroll.
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3. Hence: Any object apprehended, conceived, or thought of, by the mind; a notion, conception, or thought; the real object that is conceived or thought of.
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Whatsoever the mind perceives in itself, or as the immediate object of perception, thought, or undersanding, that I call idea. Locke.
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4. A belief, option, or doctrine; a characteristic or controlling principle; as, an essential idea; the idea of development.
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That fellow seems to me to possess but one idea, and that is a wrong one. Johnson.
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What is now “idea” for us? How infinite the fall of this word, since the time where Milton sang of the Creator contemplating his newly-created world, --
“how it showed . . .
Answering his great idea,” --
to its present use, when this person “has an idea that the train has started,” and the other “had no idea that the dinner would be so bad!”
Trench.
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5. A plan or purpose of action; intention; design.
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I shortly afterwards set off for that capital, with an idea of undertaking while there the translation of the work. W. Irving.
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6. A rational conception; the complete conception of an object when thought of in all its essential elements or constituents; the necessary metaphysical or constituent attributes and relations, when conceived in the abstract.
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7. A fiction object or picture created by the imagination; the same when proposed as a pattern to be copied, or a standard to be reached; one of the archetypes or patterns of created things, conceived by the Platonists to have excited objectively from eternity in the mind of the Deity.
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Thence to behold this new-created world,
The addition of his empire, how it showed
In prospect from his throne, how good, how fair,
Answering his great idea.
Milton.
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&hand_; “In England, Locke may be said to have been the first who naturalized the term in its Cartesian universality. When, in common language, employed by Milton and Dryden, after Descartes, as before him by Sidney, Spenser, Shakespeare, Hooker, etc., the meaning is Platonic.” Sir W. Hamilton.
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Abstract idea, Association of ideas, etc. See under Abstract, Association, etc.

Syn. -- Notion; conception; thought; sentiment; fancy; image; perception; impression; opinion; belief; observation; judgment; consideration; view; design; intention; purpose; plan; model; pattern. -- There is scarcely any other word which is subjected to such abusive treatment as is the word idea, in the very general and indiscriminative way in which it is employed, as it is used variously to signify almost any act, state, or content of thought.
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Ideal
I*de"al (?), a. [L. idealis: cf. F. idéal.] 1. Existing in idea or thought; conceptional; intellectual; mental; as, ideal knowledge.
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2. Reaching an imaginary standard of excellence; fit for a model; faultless; as, ideal beauty. Byron.
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There will always be a wide interval between practical and ideal excellence. Rambler.
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3. Existing in fancy or imagination only; visionary; unreal. “Planning ideal common wealth.” Southey.
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4. Teaching the doctrine of idealism; as, the ideal theory or philosophy.
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5. (Math.) Imaginary.

Syn. -- Intellectual; mental; visionary; fanciful; imaginary; unreal; impracticable; utopian.
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Ideal
I*de"al (?), n. A mental conception regarded as a standard of perfection; a model of excellence, beauty, etc.
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The ideal is to be attained by selecting and assembling in one whole the beauties and perfections which are usually seen in different individuals, excluding everything defective or unseemly, so as to form a type or model of the species. Thus, the Apollo Belvedere is the ideal of the beauty and proportion of the human frame. Fleming.
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Beau ideal. See Beau ideal.
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Idealess
I*de"a*less (?), a. Destitute of an idea.
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idealise
idealise v. 1. Same as idealize. [Chiefly Brit.]
[WordNet 1.5]

idealisation
idealisation n. 1. Same as idealization.
[WordNet 1.5]

Idealism
I*de"al*ism (?), n. [Cf. F. idéalisme.] 1. The quality or state of being ideal.
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2. Conception of the ideal; imagery.
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3. (Philos.) The system or theory that denies the existence of material bodies, and teaches that we have no rational grounds to believe in the reality of anything but ideas and their relations.
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4. The practice or habit of giving or attributing ideal form or character to things; treatment of things in art or literature according to ideal standards or patterns; -- opposed to realism.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

5. a belief in the feasibility of the implementation of ideal principles and noble goals, and the practice or habit of pursuing such goals; -- opposed to realism and cynicism.
[PJC]

Idealist
I*de"al*ist, n. [Cf. F. idéaliste.] 1. One who idealizes; one who forms picturesque fancies; one given to romantic expectations.
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2. One who holds the doctrine of idealism, in any sense. In senses 4 and 5 of idealism, opposed to realist.
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Idealistic
I*de`al*is"tic (?), a. Of or pertaining to idealists or their theories.
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Ideality
I`de*al"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Idealities (&unr_;). 1. The quality or state of being ideal.
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2. The capacity to form ideals of beauty or perfection.
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3. (Phren.) The conceptive faculty.
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Idealization
I*de`al*i*za"tion (?), n. 1. The act or process of idealizing.
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2. (Fine Arts) The representation of natural objects, scenes, etc., in such a way as to show their most important characteristics; the study of the ideal.
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3. A defense mechanism that splits something one is ambivalent about into two representations -- one good and one bad. [wns=1]
[WordNet 1.5]

4. something that exists only as an idea. [wns=2]
[WordNet 1.5]

5. a protrayal of something as ideal. [wns=3]
Syn. -- glorification.
[WordNet 1.5]

Idealize
I*de"al*ize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Idealized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Idealizing (?).] 1. To make ideal; to consider as ideal; to give an ideal form or value to; to attribute ideal characteristics and excellences to; as, to idealize real life. [wns=1]
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2. (Fine Arts) To treat in an ideal manner. See Idealization, 2.
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3. to form ideals. [wns=2]
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Idealize
I*de"al*ize, v. i. [Cf. F. idéaliser.] To form ideals.
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Idealizer
I*de"al*i`zer (?), n. An idealist.
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Ideally
I*de"al*ly, adv. In an ideal manner; by means of ideals; mentally.
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Idealogic
I*de`a*log"ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to an idealogue, or to idealization.
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Idealogue
I*de"a*logue (?), n. [Idea + -logue, as in theologue: cf. F. idéologue.] One given to fanciful ideas or theories; a theorist; a spectator. [R.] Mrs. Browning.

Ideate
Ideat
{ I*de"at (?), I*de"ate (?), } n. [LL. ideatum. See Idea.] (Metaph.) The actual existence supposed to correspond with an idea; the correlate in real existence to the idea as a thought or existence.
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Ideate
I*de"ate (?), v. t. 1. To form in idea; to fancy. [R.]
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The ideated man . . . as he stood in the intellect of God. Sir T. Browne.
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2. To apprehend in thought so as to fix and hold in the mind; to memorize. [R.]
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Ideation
I`de*a"tion (?), n. The faculty or capacity of the mind for forming ideas; the exercise of this capacity; the act of the mind by which objects of sense are apprehended and retained as objects of thought.
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The whole mass of residua which have been accumulated . . . all enter now into the process of ideation. J. D. Morell.
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Ideational
I`de*a"tion*al (?), a. Pertaining to, or characterized by, ideation.
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Certain sensational or ideational stimuli. Blackw. Mag.
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Idem
I"dem (?), pron. or adj. [L.] The same; the same as above; -- often abbreviated id.
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Identic
I*den"tic (?), a. Identical. [Obs.] Hudibras.
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Identical
I*den"tic*al (?), a. [Cf. F. identique. See Identity.] 1. The same; the selfsame; the very same; not different; as, the identical person or thing.
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I can not remember a thing that happened a year ago, without a conviction . . . that I, the same identical person who now remember that event, did then exist. Reid.
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2. Uttering sameness or the same truth; expressing in the predicate what is given, or obviously implied, in the subject; tautological.
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When you say body is solid, I say that you make an identical proposition, because it is impossible to have the idea of body without that of solidity. Fleming.
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Identical equation (Alg.), an equation which is true for all values of the algebraic symbols which enter into it.
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Identical
Identic
{ I*den"tic, I*den"tic*al }, a. In diplomacy (esp. in the form identic), precisely agreeing in sentiment or opinion and form or manner of expression; -- applied to concerted action or language which is used by two or more governments in treating with another government.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Identically
I*den"tic*al*ly, adv. In an identical manner; with respect to identity.Identically the same.” Bp. Warburton.Identically different.” Ross.
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Identicalness
I*den"tic*al*ness, n. The quality or state of being identical; sameness.
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Identifiable
I*den"ti*fi`a*ble (?), a. Capable of being identified.
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Identification
I*den`ti*fi*ca"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. identification.] The act of identifying, or proving to be the same; also, the state of being identified.
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identified
i*den"ti*fied adj. recognized; having the identity established.
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Identify
I*den"ti*fy (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Identified (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Identifying (?).] [Cf. F. identifier. See Identity, and -fy.] 1. To make to be the same; to unite or combine in such a manner as to make one; to treat as being one or having the same purpose or effect; to consider as the same in any relation.
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Every precaution is taken to identify the interests of the people and of the rulers. D. Ramsay.
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Let us identify, let us incorporate ourselves with the people. Burke.
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2. To establish the identity of; to prove to be the same with something described, claimed, or asserted; as, to identify stolen property.
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Identify
I*den"ti*fy (?), v. i. 1. To become the same; to coalesce in interest, purpose, use, effect, etc. [Obs. or R.]

2. To coalesce in interest, purpose, use, effect, etc.; to associate oneself in name, goals, or feelings; usually used with with; as, he identified with the grief she felt at her father's death.
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An enlightened self-interest, which, when well understood, they tell us will identify with an interest more enlarged and public. Burke.
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identifying
identifying adj. 1. serving to distinguish or identify an object, person, species or group; as, we were asked to describe any identifying marks or distinguishing features. [prenominal]
Syn. -- distinguishing, distinctive.
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Identikit
Identikit prop. n. [trademark] A set of images containing a wide variety of facial features, such as noses, hairlines, chins, etc. on transparencies which can be overlayed in combinations to build up a picture of a person; it is used by police agencies to create concrete images of a crime suspect from the descriptions of witnesses; the image created with the kit is also called an Identikit, or more properly an Identikit picture. [Trademark]
Syn. -- Identikit picture.
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Identism
I*den"tism (?), n. [See Identity.] (Metaph.) The doctrine taught by Schelling, that matter and mind, and subject and object, are identical in the Absolute; -- called also the system of identity or doctrine of identity.
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Identity
I*den"ti*ty (?), n.; pl. Identities (#). [F. identité, LL. identitas, fr. L. idem the same, from the root of is he, that; cf. Skr. idam this. Cf. Item.] 1. The state or quality of being identical, or the same; sameness.
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Identity is a relation between our cognitions of a thing, not between things themselves. Sir W. Hamilton.
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2. The condition of being the same with something described or asserted, or of possessing a character claimed; as, to establish the identity of stolen goods.
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3. (Math.) An identical equation.
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Ideo-
I"de*o- (?). A combining form from the Gr. &unr_;, an idea.
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Ideogenical
I`de*o*gen"ic*al (?), a. Of or relating to ideology.
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Ideogeny
I`de*og"e*ny (?), n. [Ideo- + -geny, from the same root as Gr. &unr_;, birth: cf. F. idéogénie.] The science which treats of the origin of ideas.
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Ideogram
I*de"o*gram (?), n. [Ideo- + -gram; cf. F. idéograme.] 1. An original, pictorial element of writing; a kind of hieroglyph expressing no sound, but only an idea.
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Ideograms may be defined to be pictures intended to represent either things or thoughts. I. Taylor (The Alphabet).
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You might even have a history without language written or spoken, by means of ideograms and gesture. J. Peile.
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2. A symbol used for convenience, or for abbreviation; as, 1, 2, 3, +, -, &unr_;, $, &unr_;, etc.
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3. A phonetic symbol; a letter.
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Ideograph
I*de"o*graph (?), n. Same as Ideogram.

Ideographical
Ideographic
{ I`de*o*graph"ic (?), I`de*o*graph"ic*al (?), } a. [Cf. F. idéographique.] Of or pertaining to an ideogram; representing ideas by symbols, independently of sounds; as, 9 represents not the word “nine,” but the idea of the number itself. -- I`de*o*graph"ic*al*ly, adv.
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Ideographics
I`de*o*graph"ics (?), n. The system of writing in ideographic characters; also, anything so written.
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Ideography
I`de*og"ra*phy (?), n. The representation of ideas independently of sounds, or in an ideographic manner, as sometimes is done in shorthand writing, etc.
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ideological
ideologic
ideologic, ideological adj. concerned with or suggestive of ideas; as, an ideologic argument.
Syn. -- ideological.
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Ideological
I`de*o*log"ic*al (?), a. [Cf. F. idéologique.] Of or pertaining to ideology.
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Ideologist
I`de*ol"o*gist (?), n. 1. One who treats of ideas; one who theorizes or idealizes; one versed in the science of ideas, or who advocates the doctrines of ideology.

2. An ideologue.
[PJC]

ideologue
ideologue n. an adherent to or advocate of some ideology{3}.
Syn. -- ideologist.
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Ideology
I`de*ol"o*gy (?), n. [Ideo- + -logy: cf. F. idéologie.] 1. The science of ideas. Stewart.
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2. (Metaph.) A theory of the origin of ideas which derives them exclusively from sensation.
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&hand_; By a double blunder in philosophy and Greek, idéologie . . . has in France become the name peculiarly distinctive of that philosophy of mind which exclusively derives our knowledge from sensation. Sir W. Hamilton.

3. A set or system of theories and beliefs held by an individual or group, especially about sociopolitical goals and methods to attain them; in common usage, ideology is such a set of beliefs so strongly held by their adherents as to cause them to ignore evidence against such beliefs, and thus fall into error -- in this sense it is viewed as a negative trait; contrasted to pragmatism, and distinct from idealism.
[PJC]

Ideo-motion
I`de*o-mo"tion (?), n. (Physiol.) An ideo-motor movement.
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Ideo-motor
I`de*o-mo"tor (?), a. [Ideo- + motor.] (Physiol.) Applied to those actions, or muscular movements, which are automatic expressions of dominant ideas, rather than the result of distinct volitional efforts, as the act of expressing the thoughts in speech, or in writing, while the mind is occupied in the composition of the sentence. Carpenter.
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Ides
Ides (īdz), n. pl. [L. idus: cf. F. ides.] (Anc. Rom. Calendar) The fifteenth day of March, May, July, and October, and the thirteenth day of the other months.
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The ides of March remember. Shak.
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&hand_; Eight days in each month often pass by this name, but only one strictly receives it, the others being called respectively the day before the ides, and so on, backward, to the eighth from the ides.
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Idio-
Id"i*o- (&ibreve_;d"&ibreve_;*&ouptack_;-). A combining form from the Greek 'i`dios, meaning private, personal, peculiar, distinct.
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Idioblast
Id"i*o*blast (&ibreve_;d"&ibreve_;*&ouptack_;*blăst), n. [Ideo- + -blast.] (Bot.) An individual cell, differing greatly from its neighbours in regard to size, structure, or contents.
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Idiocrasis
Id`i*o*cra"sis (?), n. [NL.] Idiocracy.
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Idiocrasy
Id`i*oc"ra*sy (?), n.; pl. Idiocrasies (#). [Idio- + Gr. kra^sis a mixture, fr. &unr_; to mix: cf. F. idiocrasie.] Peculiarity of constitution; that temperament, or state of constitution, which is peculiar to a person; idiosyncrasy.

Idiocratical
Idiocratic
{ Id`i*o*crat"ic (?), Id`i*o*crat"ic*al (?), } a. Peculiar in constitution or temperament; idiosyncratic.
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Idiocy
Id"i*o*cy (&ibreve_;d"&ibreve_;*&ouptack_;*s&ybreve_;), n. [From idiot; cf. Gr. &unr_; uncouthness, lack of education, fr. &unr_;. See Idiot, and cf. Idiotcy.] The condition or quality of being an idiot; absence, or marked deficiency, of sense and intelligence.
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I will undertake to convict a man of idiocy, if he can not see the proof that three angles of a triangle are equal to two right angles. F. W. Robertson.
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Idiocyclophanous
Id`i*o*cy*cloph"a*nous (?), a. [Idio- + Gr. &unr_; circle + &unr_; to appear.] (Crystallog.) Same as Idiophanous.
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Idioelectric
Id`i*o*e*lec"tric (?), a. [Idio- + electric: cf. F. idioélectrique.] (Physics) Electric by virtue of its own peculiar properties; capable of becoming electrified by friction; -- opposed to anelectric. -- n. An idioelectric substance.
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Idiograph
Id"i*o*graph (&ibreve_;d"&ibreve_;*&ouptack_;*gr&adot_;f), n. [Gr. &unr_; autographic; 'i`dios one's own + gra`fein to write.] A mark or signature peculiar to an individual; a trade-mark.
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Idiographical
Idiographic
{ Id`i*o*graph"ic (&ibreve_;d`&ibreve_;*&ouptack_;*grăf"&ibreve_;k), Id`i*o*graph"ic*al (?), } a. Of or pertaining to an idiograph.
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Idiolatry
Id`i*ol"a*try (?), n. [Idio- + Gr. &unr_; to worship.] Self-worship; excessive self-esteem.
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idiolect
idiolect n. (Linguistics) the language or speech of one individual at a particular period in life.
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Idiom
Id"i*om (&ibreve_;d"&ibreve_;*ŭm), n. [F. idiome, L. idioma, fr. Gr. 'idi`wma, fr. 'idioy^n to make a person's own, to make proper or peculiar; fr. 'i`dios one's own, proper, peculiar; prob. akin to the reflexive pronoun o"y^, o'i^, 'e`, and to "eo`s, 'o`s, one's own, L. suus, and to E. so.] 1. The syntactical or structural form peculiar to any language; the genius or cast of a language.
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Idiom may be employed loosely and figuratively as a synonym of language or dialect, but in its proper sense it signifies the totality of the general rules of construction which characterize the syntax of a particular language and distinguish it from other tongues. G. P. Marsh.
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By idiom is meant the use of words which is peculiar to a particular language. J. H. Newman.
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He followed their language [the Latin], but did not comply with the idiom of ours. Dryden.
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2. An expression conforming or appropriate to the peculiar structural form of a language.
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Some that with care true eloquence shall teach,
And to just idioms fix our doubtful speech.
Prior.
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3. A combination of words having a meaning peculiar to itself and not predictable as a combination of the meanings of the individual words, but sanctioned by usage; as, an idiomatic expression; less commonly, a single word used in a peculiar sense.
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It is not by means of rules that such idioms as the following are made current: “I can make nothing of it.” “He treats his subject home.” Dryden. “It is that within us that makes for righteousness.” M. Arnold. Gostwick (Eng. Gram.)
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Sometimes we identify the words with the object -- though by courtesy of idiom rather than in strict propriety of language. Coleridge.
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4. The phrase forms peculiar to a particular author; as, written in his own idiom.
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Every good writer has much idiom. Landor.
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5. Dialect; a variant form of a language.
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Syn. -- Dialect. -- Idiom, Dialect. The idioms of a language belong to its very structure; its dialects are varieties of expression ingrafted upon it in different localities or by different professions. Each county of England has some peculiarities of dialect, and so have most of the professions, while the great idioms of the language are everywhere the same. See Language.

Idiomatical
Idiomatic
{ Id`i*o*mat"ic (?), Id`i*o*mat"ic*al (?), } a. [Gr. 'idiwmatiko`s.] 1. Of or pertaining to, or conforming to, the mode of expression peculiar to a language; as, an idiomatic meaning; an idiomatic phrase. -- Id`i*o*mat"ic*al*ly, adv.
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2. Of or pertaining to, or of the nature of an idiom{3}; having a meaning that is peculiar to itself and not predictable from general rules.
[PJC]

Idiomorphic
Id`i*o*morph"ic (?), a. Idiomorphous.
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Idiomorphous
Id`i*o*morph"ous (?), a. [Gr. 'idio`morfos of peculiar form; 'i`dios peculiar + morfh` form.] 1. Having a form of its own.
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2. (Crystallog.) Apperaing in distinct crystals; -- said of the mineral constituents of a rock.
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Idiomuscular
Id`i*o*mus"cu*lar (?), a. [Idio- + muscular.] (Physiol.) Applied to a semipermanent contraction of a muscle, produced by a mechanical irritant.
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Idiopathetic
Id`i*o*pa*thet"ic (?), a. Idiopathic. [R.]

Idiopathical
Idiopathic
{ Id`i*o*path"ic (?), Id`i*o*path"ic*al (?), } a. [Cf. F. idiopathique.] (Med.) Pertaining to idiopathy; characterizing a disease arising primarily, and not in consequence of some other disease or injury; -- opposed to symptomatic, sympathetic, and traumatic. -- Id`i*o*path"ic*al*ly, adv.
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Idiopathy
Id`i*op"a*thy (?), n.; pl. Idiopathies (#). [Gr. &unr_;; 'i`dios proper, peculiar + &unr_;, &unr_;, to suffer: cf. F. idiopathie.] 1. A peculiar, or individual, characteristic or affection.
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All men are so full of their own fancies and idiopathies, that they scarce have the civility to interchange any words with a stranger. Dr. H. More.
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2. (Med.) A morbid state or condition not preceded or occasioned by any other disease; a primary disease.
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Idiophanous
Id`i*oph"a*nous (?), a. [Idio- + &unr_; to appear.] (Crystallog.) Exhibiting interference figures without the aid of a polariscope, as certain crystals.
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Idioplasm
Id"i*o*plasm (?), n. (Biol.) Same as Idioplasma.
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Idioplasma
Id`i*o*plas"ma (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. 'i`dios proper, peculiar + &unr_; a form, mold.] (Biol.) That portion of the cell protoplasm which is the seat of all active changes, and which carries on the function of hereditary transmission; -- distinguished from the other portion, which is termed nutritive plasma. See Hygroplasm.
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Idiorepulsive
Id`i*o*re*pul"sive (?), a. [Idio- + repulsive.] Repulsive by itself; as, the idiorepulsive power of heat.
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Idiosyncrasy
Id`i*o*syn"cra*sy (?), n.; pl. Idiosyncrasies (#). [Gr. &unr_;; 'i`dios proper, peculiar + &unr_; a mixing together, fr. &unr_; to mix together; &unr_; with + &unr_; to mix: cf. F. idiosyncrasie. See Idiom, and Crasis.] A peculiarity of physical or mental constitution or temperament; a characteristic belonging to, and distinguishing, an individual; characteristic susceptibility; idiocrasy; eccentricity.
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The individual mind . . . takes its tone from the idiosyncrasies of the body. I. Taylor.

Idiosyncratical
Idiosyncratic
{ Id`i*o*syn*crat"ic (?), Id`i*o*syn*crat"ic*al (?), } a. Of peculiar temper or disposition; belonging to one's peculiar and individual character.
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Idiot
Id"i*ot (&ibreve_;d"&ibreve_;*&obreve_;t), n. [F. idiot, L. idiota an uneducated, ignorant, ill-informed person, Gr. 'idiw`ths, also and orig., a private person, not holding public office, fr. 'i`dios proper, peculiar. See Idiom.] 1. A man in private station, as distinguished from one holding a public office. [Obs.]
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St. Austin affirmed that the plain places of Scripture are sufficient to all laics, and all idiots or private persons. Jer. Taylor.
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2. An unlearned, ignorant, or simple person, as distinguished from the educated; an ignoramus. [Obs.]
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Christ was received of idiots, of the vulgar people, and of the simpler sort, while he was rejected, despised, and persecuted even to death by the high priests, lawyers, scribes, doctors, and rabbis. C. Blount.
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3. A human being destitute of the ordinary intellectual powers, whether congenital, developmental, or accidental; commonly, a person without understanding from birth; a natural fool. In a former classification of mentally retarded people, idiot designated a person whose adult level of intelligence was equivalent to that of a three-year old or younger; this corresponded with an I.Q. level of approximately 25 or less.
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Life . . . is a tale
Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury,
Signifying nothing.
Shak.
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4. A fool; a simpleton; -- a term of reproach.
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Weenest thou make an idiot of our dame? Chaucer.
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Idiotcy
Id"i*ot*cy (?), n. [Cf. Idiocy.] Idiocy. [R.]
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Idioted
Id"i*ot*ed (?), a. Rendered idiotic; befooled. [R.] Tennyson.
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Idiothermic
Id`i*o*ther"mic (?), a. [Idio- + thermic.] Self-heating; warmed, as the body of animal, by process going on within itself.

Idiotical
Idiotic
{ Id`i*ot"ic (?), Id`i*ot"ic*al (?), } a. [L. idioticus ignorant, Gr. &unr_;: cf. F. idiotique. See Idiot.] 1. Common; simple. [Obs.] Blackwall.
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2. Pertaining to, or like, an idiot; characterized by idiocy; foolish; fatuous; as, an idiotic person, speech, laugh, or action.
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Idiotically
Id`i*ot"ic*al*ly, adv. In an idiotic manner.
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Idioticon
Id`i*ot"i*con (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; belonging to a private man, private. See Idiot.] A dictionary of a peculiar dialect, or of the words and phrases peculiar to one part of a country; a glossary.
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Idiotish
Id"i*ot*ish (?), a. Like an idiot; foolish.
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Idiotism
Id"i*ot*ism (?), n. [F. idiotisme, L. idiotismus the way of fashion of a private person, the common or vulgar manner of speaking, Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to put into or use common language, fr. &unr_;. See Idiot.] 1. An idiom; a form, mode of expression, or signification, peculiar to a language.
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Scholars sometimes give terminations and idiotisms, suitable to their native language, unto words newly invented. M. Hale.
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2. Lack of knowledge or mental capacity; idiocy; foolishness.
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Worse than mere ignorance or idiotism. Shaftesbury.
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The running that adventure is the greatist idiotism. Hammond.
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Idiotize
Id"i*ot*ize (?), v. i. To become stupid. [R.]
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Idiotry
Id"i*ot*ry (?), n. Idiocy. [R.] Bp. Warburton.
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Idle
I"dle (?), a. [Compar. Idler (?); superl. Idlest.] [OE. idel, AS. īdel vain, empty, useless; akin to OS. īdal, D. ijdel, OHG. ītal vain, empty, mere, G. eitel, Dan. & Sw. idel mere, pure, and prob. to Gr. &unr_; clear, pure, &unr_; to burn. Cf. Ether.] 1. Of no account; useless; vain; trifling; unprofitable; thoughtless; silly; barren. “Deserts idle.” Shak.
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Every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment. Matt. xii. 36.
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Down their idle weapons dropped. Milton.
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This idle story became important. Macaulay.
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2. Not called into active service; not turned to appropriate use; unemployed; as, idle hours.
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The idle spear and shield were high uphing. Milton.
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3. Not employed; unoccupied with business; inactive; doing nothing; as, idle workmen.
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Why stand ye here all the day idle? Matt. xx. 6.
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4. Given rest and ease; averse to labor or employment; lazy; slothful; as, an idle fellow.
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5. Light-headed; foolish. [Obs.] Ford.
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Idle pulley (Mach.), a pulley that rests upon a belt to tighten it; a pulley that only guides a belt and is not used to transmit power. -- Idle wheel (Mach.), a gear wheel placed between two others, to transfer motion from one to the other without changing the direction of revolution. -- In idle, in vain. [Obs.] “God saith, thou shalt not take the name of thy Lord God in idle.” Chaucer.

Syn. -- Unoccupied; unemployed; vacant; inactive; indolent; sluggish; slothful; useless; ineffectual; futile; frivolous; vain; trifling; unprofitable; unimportant. -- Idle, Indolent, Lazy. A propensity to inaction is expressed by each of these words; they differ in the cause and degree of this characteristic. Indolent denotes an habitual love to ease, a settled dislike of movement or effort; idle is opposed to busy, and denotes a dislike of continuous exertion. Lazy is a stronger and more contemptuous term than indolent.
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Idle
I"dle, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Idled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Idling (?).] To lose or spend time in inaction, or without being employed in business. Shak.
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Idle
I"dle, v. t. To spend in idleness; to waste; to consume; -- often followed by away; as, to idle away an hour a day.
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Idle-headed
I"dle-head`ed (?), a. 1. Foolish; stupid. [Obs.] “The superstitious idle-headed eld.” Shak.
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2. Delirious; infatuated. [Obs.] L'Estrange.
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Idleness
I"dle*ness, n. [AS. īdelnes.] The condition or quality of being idle (in the various senses of that word); uselessness; fruitlessness; triviality; inactivity; laziness.

Syn. -- Inaction; indolence; sluggishness; sloth.
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Idle-pated
I"dle-pat`ed (?), a. Idle-headed; stupid. [Obs.]
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Idler
I"dler (?), n. 1. One who idles; one who spends his time in inaction; a lazy person; a sluggard.
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2. (Naut.) One who has constant day duties on board ship, and keeps no regular watch. Totten.
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3. (Mach.) An idle wheel or pulley. See under Idle.

Idlesse
Idless
{ I"dless, I"dlesse } (?), n. Idleness. [Archaic] “In ydlesse.” Spenser.
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And an idlesse all the day
Beside a wandering stream.
Mrs. Browning.
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Idly
I"dly (?), adv. In a idle manner; ineffectually; vainly; lazily; carelessly; (Obs.) foolishly.
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Ido
I"do (ē"dō), n. An artificial international language, selected by the “Delegation for the Adoption of an Auxillary International Language” (founded at Paris in 1901), made public in 1907, and subsequently greatly revised and extended by a permanent committee or “Academy.” It is a revised and simplified form of Esperanto. It combines systematically the advantages of previous schemes with a thoroughly logical word formation, and has neither accented constants nor arbitrarily coined pronominal words. For each idea that root is selected which is already most international, on the principle of the “greatest facility for the greatest number of people.” The word “Ido” means in the language itself “offspring.” The official name is: “Linguo Internaciona di la Delegitaro (Sistema Ido).” -- I"dism (#), n. -- I"dist (#), n.
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

Idocrase
Id"o*crase (&ibreve_;d"&ouptack_;*krās; 277), n. [Gr. e'i^dos form + kra^sis mixture, from keranny`nai to mix; cf. F. idocrase.] (Min.) Same as Vesuvianite.
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Idol
I"dol (?), n. [OE. idole, F. idole, L. idolum, fr. Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; that which is seen, the form, shape, figure, fr. &unr_; to see. See Wit, and cf. Eidolon.] 1. An image or representation of anything. [Obs.]
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Do her adore with sacred reverence,
As th' idol of her maker's great magnificence.
Spenser.
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2. An image of a divinity; a representation or symbol of a deity or any other being or thing, made or used as an object of worship; a similitude of a false god.
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That they should not worship devils, and idols of gold. Rev. ix. 20.
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3. That on which the affections are strongly (often excessively) set; an object of passionate devotion; a person or thing greatly loved or adored.
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The soldier's god and people's idol. Denham.
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4. A false notion or conception; a fallacy. Bacon.
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The idols of preconceived opinion. Coleridge.
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Idolastre
I`do*las"tre (?), n. [OE., for idolatre.] An idolater. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Idolater
I*dol"a*ter (?), n. [F. idolâtre: cf. L. idololatres, Gr. &unr_;. See Idolatry.] 1. A worshiper of idols; one who pays divine honors to images, statues, or representations of anything made by hands; one who worships as a deity that which is not God; a pagan.
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2. An adorer; a great admirer.
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Jonson was an idolater of the ancients. Bp. Hurd.
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Idolatress
I*dol"a*tress (?), n. A female worshiper of idols.
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Idolatrical
I`do*lat"ric*al (?), a. [Cf. F. idolâtrique.] Idolatrous. [Obs.]
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Idolatrize
I*dol"a*trize (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Idolatrized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Idolatrizing (?).] To worship idols; to pay idolatrous worship.
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Idolatrize
I*dol"a*trize, v. t. To make in idol of; to idolize.
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Idolatrous
I*dol"a*trous (?), a. 1. Of or pertaining to idolatry; partaking of the nature of idolatry; given to idolatry or the worship of false gods; as, idolatrous sacrifices.
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[Josiah] put down the idolatrous priests. 2 Kings xxiii. 5.
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2. Consisting in, or partaking of, an excessive attachment or reverence; as, an idolatrous veneration for antiquity.
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Idolatrously
I*dol"a*trous*ly, adv. In a idolatrous manner.
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Idolatry
I*dol"a*try (?), n.; pl. Idolatries (#). [F. idolâtrie, LL. idolatria, L. idololatria, Fr. Gr. &unr_;; &unr_; idol + &unr_; service.] 1. The worship of idols, images, or anything which is not God; the worship of false gods.
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His eye surveyed the dark idolatries
Of alienated Judah.
Milton.
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2. Excessive attachment or veneration for anything; respect or love which borders on adoration. Shak.
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Idolish
I"dol*ish (?), a. Idolatrous. [Obs.] Milton.
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Idolism
I"dol*ism (?), n. The worship of idols. [Obs.]
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Idolist
I"dol*ist, n. A worshiper of idols. [Obs.] Milton.
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Idolize
I"dol*ize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Idolized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Idolizing (?).] 1. To make an idol of; to pay idolatrous worship to; as, to idolize the sacred bull in Egypt.
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2. To love to excess; to love or reverence to adoration; as, to idolize gold, children, a hero.
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Idolize
I"dol*ize, v. i. To practice idolatry. [R.]
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To idolize after the manner of Egypt. Fairbairn.
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Idolizer
I"dol*i`zer (?), n. One who idolizes or loves to the point of reverence; an idolater.
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Idoloclast
I*dol"o*clast (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; idol + &unr_; to break.] A breaker of idols; an iconoclast.
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Idolographical
I*dol`o*graph"ic*al (?), a. [Idol + -graph.] Descriptive of idols. [R.] Southey.
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Idolous
I"dol*ous (?), a. Idolatrous. [Obs.] Bale.
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Idolon
Idolum
I*do"lum (?), ‖I*do"lon (&unr_;), n.; pl. Idola (#). [L. See Idol; cf. Eidolon.] Appearance or image; a phantasm; a spectral image; also, a mental image or idea.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Idoneous
I*do"ne*ous (?), a. [L. idoneus.] Appropriate; suitable; proper; fit; adequate. [R.]
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An ecclesiastical benefice . . . ought to be conferred on an idoneous person. Ayliffe.
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Idorgan
Id*or"gan (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; form + E. organ.] (Biol.) A morphological unit, consisting of two or more plastids, which does not possess the positive character of the person or stock, in distinction from the physiological organ or biorgan. See Morphon.

Idrialite
Idrialine
{ Id"ri*a*line (?), Id"ri*a*lite (?), } n. [Cf. F. idrialine.] (Min.) A bituminous substance obtained from the mercury mines of Idria, where it occurs mixed with cinnabar.
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Idumean
Id`u*me"an (?), a. Of or pertaining to ancient Idumea, or Edom, in Western Asia. -- n. An inhabitant of Idumea, an Edomite.
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Idyl
I"dyl (?), n. [L. idyllium, Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; form; literally, a little form of image: cf. F. idylle. See Idol.] A short poem; properly, a short pastoral poem; as, the idyls of Theocritus; also, any poem, especially a narrative or descriptive poem, written in an eleveted and highly finished style; also, by extension, any artless and easily flowing description, either in poetry or prose, of simple, rustic life, of pastoral scenes, and the like. [Written also idyll.]
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Wordsworth's solemn-thoughted idyl. Mrs. Browning.
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His [Goldsmith's] lovely idyl of the Vicar's home. F. Harrison.
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Idyllic
I*dyl"lic (?), a. Of or belonging to idyls.
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I. e.
I. e. Abbreviation of Latin id est, that is.
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If
If (?), conj. [OE. if, gif, AS. gif; akin to OFries. ief, gef, ef, OS. ef, of, D. of, or, whether, if, G. ob whether, if, OHG. oba, ibu, Icel. ef, Goth. iba, ibai, an interrogative particle; properly a case form of a noun meaning, doubt (cf. OHG. iba doubt, condition, Icel. if, ef, ifi, efi), and therefore orig. meaning, on condition that.] 1. In case that; granting, allowing, or supposing that; -- introducing a condition or supposition.
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Tisiphone, that oft hast heard my prayer,
Assist, if Œdipus deserve thy care.
Pope.
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If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread. Matt. iv. 3.
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2. Whether; -- in dependent questions.
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Uncertain if by augury or chance. Dryden.
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She doubts if two and two make four. Prior.
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As if, But if. See under As, But.
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I' faith
I' faith" (?). In faith; indeed; truly. Shak.
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Ifere
I*fere" (?), a. [Corrupted fr. in fere.] Together. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Igasuric
Ig`a*su"ric (?), a. [See Igasurine.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or obtained from, nux vomica or St. Ignatius's bean; as, igasuric acid.
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Igasurine
Ig`a*su"rine (?), n. [Malay igasura the nux vomica.] (Chem.) An alkaloid found in nux vomica, and extracted as a white crystalline substance.
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Igloo
Ig"loo (?), n. 1. An Eskimo snow house.
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2. (Zool.) A cavity, or excavation, made in the snow by a seal, over its breathing hole in the ice.
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Ignatius bean
Ig*na"tius bean` (?). (Bot.) See Saint Ignatius's bean, under Saint.
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Igneous
Ig"ne*ous (?), a. [L. igneus, fr. ignis fire; allied to Skr. agni, Lith. ugnis, OSlav. ogne.] 1. Pertaining to, having the nature of, fire; containing fire; resembling fire; as, an igneous appearance.
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2. (Geol.) Resulting from, or produced by, the action of fire; as, lavas and basalt are igneous rocks.
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Ignescent
Ig*nes"cent (?), a. [L. ignescens, p. pr. of ignescere to become inflamed, fr. ignis fire: cf. F. ignescent.] Emitting sparks of fire when struck with steel; scintillating; as, ignescent stones.
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Ignicolist
Ig*nic"o*list (?), n. [L. ignis fire + colere to worship.] A worshiper of fire. [R.]
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Igniferous
Ig*nif"er*ous (?), a. [L. ignifer; ignis fire + ferre to bear.] Producing fire. [R.] Blount.
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Ignifluous
Ig*nif"lu*ous (?), a. [L. ignifluus; ignis fire + fluere to flow.] Flowing with fire. [Obs.] Cockerman.
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Ignify
Ig"ni*fy (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ignified (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Ignifying (?).] [L. ignis fire + -fy.] To form into fire. [R.] Stukeley.
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Ignigenous
Ig*nig"e*nous (?), a. [L. ignigenus; ignis fire + genere, ginere, to beget, produce.] Produced by the action of fire, as lava. [R.]
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Ignipotence
Ig*nip"o*tence (?), n. Power over fire. [R.]
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Ignipotent
Ig*nip"o*tent (?), a. [L. ignipotens; ignis fire + potens powerful.] Presiding over fire; also, fiery.
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Vulcan is called the powerful ignipotent. Pope.
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Ignis fatuus
Ig"nis fat"u*us (?); pl. Ignes fatui (#). [L. ignis fire + fatuus foolish. So called in allusion to its tendency to mislead travelers.] 1. A phosphorescent light that appears, in the night, over marshy ground, supposed to be occasioned by the decomposition of animal or vegetable substances, or by some inflammable gas; -- popularly called also Will-with-the-wisp, or Will-o'-the-wisp, and Jack-with-a-lantern, or Jack-o'-lantern. It is thought by some to be caused by phosphine, PH3, a sponaneously combustible gas.
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Will o'the Wisp -- which also rejoices in the names of Ignis Fatuus or Jack o'Lantern -- is not, as some of you may think, a cartoon character. In mediaeval times this chemical phenomenon struck terror into travellers and, very likely, lured some of them to their deaths in a stinking and marshy grave.
I have never seen this Will o'the Wisp; nor am I likely to do so. It is a flickering flame seen over marshes; marshes are not now common in London, nor indeed anywhere else in Britain. In any case the ephemeral nature of the phenomenon and the enormous amount of ambient light “pollution” found in most areas means that most of us will never see it.
What is this Will o'the Wisp? Popular chemical lore has it that it is marsh gas, or methane, which catches fire when it hits the air because of the presence of either phosphine (PH3) or diphosphine (P2H4) in the gas, both of which are spontaneously flammable in air. Methane is certainly formed in marshes, and bubbles up if the mud is disturbed in a pond, say. It is the same reaction that enables organic materials to produce biogas, methane from the decomposition of sewage, which can be profitably used. But is it this that is burning in Will o'the Wisp?
Almost certainly not. At this point I will say that I have thought for some years off and on as to how one might set up an experiment to test the hypotheses, since the sporadic and rare nature of the natural version renders its investigation a highly intractable problem. However: the combustion of methane under the conditions in a marsh would give a yellow flame, and heat.
Will o'the Wisp is not like this, so it is said. Firstly the flame is bluish, not yellow, and it is said to be a cold flame. The colour and the temperature suggests some sort of phosphorescence; since organic material contain phosphorus, the production of phosphine or diphosphine is scarcely impossible, and maybe it does oxidise via a mainly chemiluminescent reaction. The exact nature of the Will o'the Wisp reaction nevertheless remains, to me at any rate, a mystery. Similar phenomena have been reported in graveyards and are known as corpse candles. If anyone knows anything more, I would love to hear of it. A warning that if you look for it on the Web, you will get a great deal of bizarre stuff. You will also get the delightful picture from a Canadian artist which decorates the top of this page (http://www.rod.beavon.clara.net/willo.htm), and a couple of poems at least. One is also by a Canadian, Annie Campbell Huestis, the other by the prolific fantasy poet Walter de la Mare.
The preparation of phosphine in the laboratory (by the teacher!) is fun, and perfectly safe in a fume cupboard. White phosphorus is boiled with aqueous sodium hydroxide solution in an apparatus from which all air must have been removed by purging with, say, natural gas. The phosphine will form marvellous smoke rings if allowed to bubble up through water in a pneumatic trough. This is an experiment for the teacher, needless to say. The experiment is described in Partington J.R., “A Textbook of Inorganic Chemistry”, 6th ed, Macmillan 1957, p 572. (So, inter alia, is a great deal of other interesting chemistry.)

Dr. Rod Beavon
(17 Dean's Yard London SW1P 3PB;
e-mail: rod.beavon@westminster.org.uk

[PJC]

2. Fig.: A misleading influence; a decoy.
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Scared and guided by the ignis fatuus of popular superstition. Jer. Taylor.
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Ignite
Ig*nite" (&ibreve_;g*nīt"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ignited (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Igniting.] [L. ignitus, p. p. of ignire to ignite, fr. ignis fire. See Igneous.] 1. To kindle or set on fire; as, to ignite paper or wood.
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2. (Chem.) To subject to the action of intense heat; to heat strongly; -- often said of incombustible or infusible substances; as, to ignite iron or platinum.
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Ignite
Ig*nite", v. i. To take fire; to begin to burn.
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ignited
ignited adj. set afire or burning.
Syn. -- enkindled, kindled, lit, lighted.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

igniter
igniter n. 1. a substance used to ignite or kindle a fire.
Syn. -- ignitor, lighter.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. a device for lighting or igniting fuel or charges or fires.
Syn. -- lighter, light, ignitor.
[WordNet 1.5]

Ignitible
Ig*nit"i*ble (?), a. Capable of being ignited.
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Ignition
Ig*ni"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. ignition.] 1. The act of igniting, kindling, or setting on fire.
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2. The state of being ignited or kindled. Sir T. Browne.
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Ignitor
Ig*nit"or (?), n. One who, or that which, produces ignition; especially, a contrivance for igniting the powder in a torpedo or the like. [Written also igniter.]
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Ignivomous
Ig*niv"o*mous (?), a. [L. ignivomus; ignis fire + vomere 8vomit.] Vomiting fire. [R.]
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Ignobility
Ig`no*bil"i*ty (?), n. [L. ignobilitas: cf. F. ignobilité.] Ignobleness. [Obs.] Bale.
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Ignoble
Ig*no"ble (?), a. [L. ignobilis; pref. in- not + nobilis noble: cf. F. ignoble. See In- not, and Noble, a.] 1. Of low birth or family; not noble; not illustrious; plebeian; common; humble.
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I was not ignoble of descent. Shak.
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Her royal stock graft with ignoble plants. Shak.
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2. Not honorable, elevated, or generous; base.
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'T is but a base, ignoble mind,
That mounts no higher than a bird can soar.
Shak.
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Far from the madding crowd's ignoble strife. Gray.
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3. (Zool.) Not a true or noble falcon; -- said of certain hawks, as the goshawk.

Syn. -- Degenerate; degraded; mean; base; dishonorable; reproachful; disgraceful; shameful; scandalous; infamous.
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Ignoble
Ig*no"ble, v. t. To make ignoble. [Obs.] Bacon.
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Ignobleness
Ig*no"ble*ness, n. State or quality of being ignoble.
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Ignobly
Ig*no"bly, adv. In an ignoble manner; basely.
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Ignominious
Ig`no*min"i*ous (?), a. [L. ignominiosus: cf. F. ignominieux.] 1. Marked with ignominy; incurring public disgrace; dishonorable; shameful.
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Then first with fear surprised and sense of pain,
Fled ignominious.
Milton.
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2. Deserving ignominy; despicable.
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One single, obscure, ignominious projector. Swift.
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3. Humiliating; degrading; as, an ignominious judgment or sentence. Macaulay.
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Ignominiously
Ig`no*min"i*ous*ly, adv. In an ignominious manner; disgracefully; shamefully; ingloriously.
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Ignominy
Ig"no*min*y (?), n.; pl. Ignominies (#). [L. ignominia ignominy (i.e., a deprivation of one's good name); in- not + nomen name: cf. F. ignominie. See In- not, and Name.] 1. Public disgrace or dishonor; reproach; infamy.
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Their generals have been received with honor after their defeat; yours with ignominy after conquest. Addison.
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Vice begins in mistake, and ends in ignominy. Rambler.
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Ignominy is the infliction of such evil as is made dishonorable, or the deprivation of such good as is made honorable by the Commonwealth. Hobbes.
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2. An act deserving disgrace; an infamous act.

Syn. -- Opprobrium; reproach; dishonor.
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Ignomy
Ig"no*my (?), n. Ignominy. [R. & Obs.]
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I blush to think upon this ignomy. Shak.
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Ignoramus
Ig`no*ra"mus (?), n. [L., we are ignorant. See Ignore.] 1. (Law) We are ignorant; we ignore; -- being the word formerly written on a bill of indictment by a grand jury when there was not sufficient evidence to warrant them in finding it a true bill. The phrase now used is, “No bill,” “No true bill,” or “Not found,” though in some jurisdictions “Ignored” is still used. Wharton (Law Dict. ). Burn.
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2. (pl. Ignoramuses (&unr_;).) A stupid, ignorant person; a vain pretender to knowledge; a dunce.
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An ignoramus in place and power. South.
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Ignorance
Ig"no*rance (?), n. [F., fr. L. ignorantia.] 1. The condition of being ignorant; the lack of knowledge in general, or in relation to a particular subject; the state of being uneducated or uninformed.
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Ignorance is the curse of God,
Knowledge the wing wherewith we fly to heaven.
Shak.
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2. (Theol.) A willful neglect or refusal to acquire knowledge which one may acquire and it is his duty to have. Book of Common Prayer.
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Invincible ignorance (Theol.), ignorance beyond the individual's control and for which, therefore, he is not responsible before God.
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Ignorant
Ig"no*rant (?), a. [F., fr. L. ignorans, -antis, p. pr. of ignorare to be ignorant. See Ignore.] 1. Destitute of knowledge; uninstructed or uninformed; untaught; unenlightened.
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He that doth not know those things which are of use for him to know, is but an ignorant man, whatever he may know besides. Tillotson.
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2. Unacquainted with; unconscious or unaware; -- used with of.
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Ignorant of guilt, I fear not shame. Dryden.
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3. Unknown; undiscovered. [Obs.]
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Ignorant concealment. Shak.
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Alas, what ignorant sin have I committed? Shak.
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4. Resulting from ignorance; foolish; silly.
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His shipping,
Poor ignorant baubles! -- on our terrible seas,
Like eggshells moved.
Shak.

Syn. -- Uninstructed; untaught; unenlightened; uninformed; unlearned; unlettered; illiterate. -- Ignorant, Illiterate. Ignorant denotes lack of knowledge, either as to single subject or information in general; illiterate refers to an ignorance of letters, or of knowledge acquired by reading and study. In the Middle Ages, a great proportion of the higher classes were illiterate, and yet were far from being ignorant, especially in regard to war and other active pursuits.
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In such business
Action is eloquence, and the eyes of the ignorant
More learned than the ears.
Shak.
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In the first ages of Christianity, not only the learned and the wise, but the ignorant and illiterate, embraced torments and death. Tillotson.
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Ignorant
Ig"no*rant, n. A person untaught or uninformed; one unlettered or unskilled; an ignoramous.
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Did I for this take pains to teach
Our zealous ignorants to preach?
Denham.
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Ignorantism
Ig"no*rant*ism (?), n. The spirit of those who extol the advantage of ignorance; obscurantism.
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Ignorantist
Ig"no*rant*ist, n. One opposed to the diffusion of knowledge; an obscurantist.
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Ignorantly
Ig"no*rant*ly, adv. In a ignorant manner; without knowledge; inadvertently.
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Whom therefoer ye ignorantly worship, him declare I unto you. Acts xvii. 23.
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Ignore
Ig*nore" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ignored (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Ignoring.] [L. ignorare; pref. in- not + the root of gnarus knowing, noscere to become acquainted with. See Know, and cf. Narrate.] 1. To be ignorant of or not acquainted with. [Archaic]
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Philosophy would solidly be established, if men would more carefully distinguish those things that they know from those that they ignore. Boyle.
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2. (Law) To throw out or reject as false or ungrounded; -- said of a bill rejected by a grand jury for lack of evidence. See Ignoramus.
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3. Hence: To refuse to take notice of; to shut the eyes to; not to recognize; to disregard willfully and causelessly; as, to ignore certain facts; to ignore the presence of an objectionable person.
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Ignoring Italy under our feet,
And seeing things before, behind.
Mrs. Browning.
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Ignoscible
Ig*nos"ci*ble (?), a. [L. ignoscibilis, fr. ignoscere to pardon, lit., not to wish to know; pref. in- not + gnoscere, noscere, to learn to know. See In- not, and Know.] Pardonable. [Obs.] Bailey.
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Ignote
Ig*note" (?), a. [L. ignotus; pref. in- not + gnotus, notus, known, p. p. of gnocere, nocere, to learn to know.] Unknown. [Obs.] Sir E. Sandys. -- n. One who is unknown. Bp. Hacket.
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Iguana
I*gua"na (?), n. [Sp. iguana, from the native name in Haiti. Cf. Guana.] (Zool.) Any species of the genus Iguana, a genus of large American lizards of the family Iguanidæ. They are arboreal in their habits, usually green in color, and feed chiefly upon fruits.
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&hand_; The common iguana (Iguana tuberculata) of the West Indies and South America is sometimes five feet long. Its flesh is highly prized as food. The horned iguana (Iguana cornuta) has a conical horn between the eyes.
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Iguania
Iguania n. A superfamily (or suborder) of New World lizards including the Iguanidae.
Syn. -- family Iguania.
[WordNet 1.5]

Iguanian
I*gua"ni*an (?), a. (Zool.) Resembling, or pertaining to, the iguana.
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Iguanid
I*gua"nid (?), a. (Zool.) Same as Iguanoid.
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Iguanidae
Iguanidae n. A natural family of New World lizards including the common Iguana, Iguana iguana.
Syn. -- family Iguanidae.
[WordNet 1.5]

Iguanodon
I*gua"no*don (?), n. [Iguana + Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, a tooth.] (Paleon.) A genus of gigantic herbivorous dinosaurs having a birdlike pelvis and large hind legs with three-toed feet capable of supporting the entire body. Its teeth resemble those of the iguana, whence its name. Several species are known, mostly from the Wealden of England and Europe. See Illustration in Appendix.
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Iguanodont
I*gua"no*dont (?), a. (Paleon.) Like or pertaining to the genus Iguanodon.
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Iguanoid
I*gua"noid (?), a. [Iguana + -oid.] (Zool.) Pertaining to the Iguanidæ.
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Ihlang-ihlang
Ih*lang`-ih*lang" (?), n. [Malayan, flower of flowers.] A rich, powerful, perfume, obtained from the volatile oil of the flowers of Canada odorata, an East Indian tree. [Also written ylang-ylang.]
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Ihram
Ih*ram" (?), n. The peculiar dress worn by pilgrims to Mecca.
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IHVH
IHVH. [Written also JHVH, YHVH.] A transliteration of the four constants forming the Hebrew tetragrammaton or “incommunicable name” of the Supreme Being, which in latter Jewish tradition is not pronounced save with the vowels of adonai or elohim, so that the true pronunciation is lost.

&hand_; Numerous attempts have been made to represent the supposed original form of the word, as Jahaveh, Jahvaj, Jahve, Jahveh, Yahve, Yahveh, Yahwe, Yahweh, etc.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Ik
Ik (?), pron. [See I.] I. [Obs.] Piers Plowman.
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&hand_; The Northern dialectic form of I, in Early English, corresponding to ich of the Southern.
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Il-
Il- (?). A form of the prefix in-, not, and in-, among. See In-.
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ilama
ilama n. 1. A tropical American tree (Annona diversifolia) grown in the southern U. S. having a whitish pink-tinged fruit.
Syn. -- ilama tree, Annona diversifolia.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. whitish tropical fruit with a pinkish tinge related to custard apples, grown in the southern U. S.
[WordNet 1.5]

ilang-ilang
ilang-ilang n. 1. An oil distilled from flowers of the ilang-ilang tree, used in perfumery.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. An evergreen Asian tree (Cananga odorata) with aromatic greenish-yellow flowers yielding a volatile oil; widely grown in the tropics as an ornamental.
Syn. -- ylang-ylang, Cananga odorata.
[WordNet 1.5]

Ile
Ile (?), n. [AS. egl.] Ear of corn. [Obs.] Ainsworth.
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Ile
Ile, n. [See Aisle.] An aisle. [Obs.] H. Swinburne.
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Ile
Ile, n. [See Isle.] An isle. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Ileac
Il"e*ac (?), a. [See Ileum.] 1. (Anat.) Pertaining to the ileum. [Written also iliac.]
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2. See Iliac, 1. [R.]
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Ileac passion. (Med.) See Ileus.
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Ileocaecal
Il`e*o*cæ"cal (?), a. [Ileum + cæcal.] (Anat.) Pertaining to the ileum and cæcum.
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Ileocolic
Il`e*o*col"ic (?), a. (Anat.) Pertaining to the ileum and colon; as, the ileocolic, or ileocæcal, valve, a valve where the ileum opens into the large intestine.
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Ile-St-Louis
Ile-St-Louis prop. n. (Geog.) An island on the Seine.
[WordNet 1.5]

Ileum
Il"e*um (?), n. [L. ile, ileum, ilium, pl. ilia, groin, flank.] 1. (Anat.) The last, and usually the longest, division of the small intestine; the part between the jejunum and large intestine. [Written also ileon, and ilium.]
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2. (Anat.) See Ilium. [R.]
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&hand_; Most modern writers restrict ileum to the division of the intestine and ilium to the pelvic bone.
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Ileus
Il"e*us (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to roll up.] (Med.) A morbid condition due to intestinal obstruction. It is characterized by complete constipation, with griping pains in the abdomen, which is greatly distended, and in the later stages by vomiting of fecal matter. Called also ileac passion or iliac passion.
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Ilex
I"lex (?), n. [L., holm oak.] (Bot.) (a) The holm oak (Quercus Ilex). (b) A genus of evergreen trees and shrubs, including the common holly.
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Iliac
Il"i*ac (?), a. [L. Iliacus, Gr. &unr_;. See Iliad.] Pertaining to ancient Ilium, or Troy. Gladstone.
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Iliac
Il"i*ac, a. [Cf. F. iliaque. See Ileum, and cf. Jade a stone.] 1. (Anat.) Pertaining to, or in the region of, the ilium, or dorsal bone of the pelvis; as, the iliac artery. [Written also ileac.]
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2. See Ileac, 1. [R.]
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Iliac crest, the upper margin of the ilium. -- Iliac passion. See Ileus. -- Iliac region, a region of the abdomen, on either side of the hypogastric regions, and below the lumbar regions.
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Iliacal
I*li"a*cal (?), a. Iliac. [R.]
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Iliad
Il"i*ad (?), n. [L. Ilias, -adis, Gr. &unr_;, &unr_; (sc. &unr_;), fr. &unr_;, &unr_;, Ilium, the city of Ilus, a son of Tros, founder of Ilium, which is a poetical name of Troy.] A celebrated Greek epic poem, in twenty-four books, on the destruction of Ilium, the ancient Troy. The Iliad is ascribed to Homer.
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Ilial
Il"i*al (?), a. (Anat.) Pertaining to the ilium; iliac.
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Iliche
I*liche" (?), adv. [OE., fr. AS. gelīc. Cf. Alike.] Alike. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Ilicic
I*lic"ic (?), a. [L. ilex, ilicis, holm oak.] Pertaining to, or derived from, the holly (Ilex), and allied plants; as, ilicic acid.
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Ilicin
Il"i*cin (?), n. (Chem.) The bitter principle of the holly.
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Ilio-
Il"i*o- (?). [From Ilium.] A combining form used in anatomy to denote connection with, or relation to, the ilium; as, ilio-femoral, ilio-lumbar, ilio-psoas, etc.
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Iliofemoral
Il`i*o*fem"o*ral (?), a. (Anat.) Pertaining to the ilium and femur; as, iliofemoral ligaments.
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Iliolumbar
Il`i*o*lum"bar (?), a. (Anat.) Pertaining to the iliac and lumbar regions; as, the iliolumbar artery.
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Ilion
Ilion prop. n. Ilium, or Troy, the ancient city in Asia Minor that was the site of the Trojan War; -- a variant spelling of Ilium.
Syn. -- Troy, Ilium.
[WordNet 1.5]

Iliopsoas
Il`i*o*pso"as (?), n. (Anat.) The great flexor muscle of the hip joint, divisible into two parts, the iliac and great psoas, -- often regarded as distinct muscles.
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Ilium
Il"i*um (?), n. [See Ileum.] (Anat.) The dorsal one of the three principal bones comprising either lateral half of the pelvis; the dorsal or upper part of the hip bone. See Innominate bone, under Innominate. [Written also ilion, and ileum.]
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Ilixanthin
Il`ix*an"thin (?), n. [Ilex the genus including the holly + Gr. &unr_; yellow.] (Chem.) A yellow dye obtained from the leaves of the holly.
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Ilk
Ilk (?), a. [Scot. ilk, OE. ilke the same, AS. ilca. Cf. Each.] Same; each; every. [Archaic] Spenser.
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Of that ilk, (a) denoting that a person's surname and the title of his estate are the same; as, Grant of that ilk, i.e., Grant of Grant. [Scottish] Jamieson. (a) Of the same kind.
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Ilk
Ilk (&ibreve_;lk), n. Kind; class; sort; type; as, him and his ilk; -- sometimes used to indicate disapproval when applied to people.
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Ilke
Il"ke (?), a. [See Ilk.] Same. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Ilkoon
Ilkon
{ Il*kon", Il*koon" (?) }, pron. [See Ilk, and One.] Each one; every one. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Ill
Ill (&ibreve_;l), a. [The regular comparative and superlative are wanting, their places being supplied by worse (&unr_;) and worst (&unr_;), from another root.] [OE. ill, ille, Icel. illr; akin to Sw. illa, adv., Dan. ilde, adv.] 1. Contrary to good, in a physical sense; contrary or opposed to advantage, happiness, etc.; bad; evil; unfortunate; disagreeable; unfavorable.
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Neither is it ill air only that maketh an ill seat, but ill ways, ill markets, and ill neighbors. Bacon.
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There 's some ill planet reigns. Shak.
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2. Contrary to good, in a moral sense; evil; wicked; wrong; iniquitious; naughtly; bad; improper.
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Of his own body he was ill, and gave
The clergy ill example.
Shak.
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3. Sick; indisposed; unwell; diseased; disordered; as, ill of a fever.
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I am in health, I breathe, and see thee ill. Shak.
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4. Not according with rule, fitness, or propriety; incorrect; rude; unpolished; inelegant.
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That 's an ill phrase. Shak.
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Ill at ease, uneasy; uncomfortable; anxious. “I am very ill at ease.” Shak. -- Ill blood, enmity; resentment; bad blood. -- Ill breeding, lack of good breeding; rudeness. -- Ill fame, ill or bad repute; as, a house of ill fame, a house where lewd persons meet for illicit intercourse. -- Ill humor, a disagreeable mood; bad temper. -- Ill nature, bad disposition or temperament; sullenness; esp., a disposition to cause unhappiness to others. -- Ill temper, anger; moroseness; crossness. -- Ill turn. (a) An unkind act. (b) A slight attack of illness. [Colloq. U.S.] -- Ill will, unkindness; enmity; malevolence.

Syn. -- Bad; evil; wrong; wicked; sick; unwell.
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Ill
Ill (?), n. 1. Whatever annoys or impairs happiness, or prevents success; evil of any kind; misfortune; calamity; disease; pain; as, the ills of humanity.
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Who can all sense of others' ills escape
Is but a brute at best in human shape.
Tate.
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That makes us rather bear those ills we have
Than fly to others that we know not of.
Shak.
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2. Whatever is contrary to good, in a moral sense; wickedness; depravity; iniquity; wrong; evil.
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Strong virtue, like strong nature, struggles still,
Exerts itself, and then throws off the ill.
Dryden.
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Ill
Ill, adv. In a ill manner; badly; weakly.
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How ill this taper burns! Shak.
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Ill fares the land, to hastening ills a prey,
Where wealth accumulates and men decay.
Goldsmith.
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&hand_; Ill, like above, well, and so, is used before many participal adjectives, in its usual adverbal sense. When the two words are used as an epithet preceding the noun qualified they are commonly hyphened; in other cases they are written separatively; as, an ill-educated man; he was ill educated; an ill-formed plan; the plan, however ill formed, was acceptable. Ao, also, the following: ill-affected or ill affected, ill-arranged or ill arranged, ill-assorted or ill assorted, ill-boding or ill boding, ill-bred or ill bred, ill-conditioned, ill-conducted, ill-considered, ill-devised, ill-disposed, ill-doing, ill-fairing, ill-fated, ill-favored, ill-featured, ill-formed, ill-gotten, ill-imagined, ill-judged, ill-looking, ill-mannered, ill-matched, ill-meaning, ill-minded, ill-natured, ill-omened, ill-proportioned, ill-provided, ill-required, ill-sorted, ill-starred, ill-tempered, ill-timed, ill-trained, ill-used, and the like.
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I' ll
I' ll (?). Contraction for I will or I shall.
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I'll by a sign give notice to our friends. Shak.
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Illabile
Il*lab"ile (?), a. Incapable of falling or erring; infalliable. [Obs.] -- Il`la*bil"i*ty (#), n. [Obs.]
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Illacerable
Il*lac"er*a*ble (?), a. [L. illacerabilis: cf. F. illacérable. See In- not, and Lacerable.] Not lacerable; incapable of being torn or rent. [Obs.]
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Illacrymable
Il*lac"ry*ma*ble (?), a. [L. illacrimabilis; pref. il- not + lacrimabilis worthy of tears.] Incapable of weeping. [Obs.] Bailey.
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Illampu
Illampu prop. n. A mountian in Bolivia, 20,873 feet high. [proper name]
[WordNet 1.5]

Illapsable
Il*laps"a*ble (?), a. [Pref. il- not + lapsable.] Incapable of slipping, or of error. [R.]
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Morally immutable and illapsable. Glanvill.
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Illapse
Il*lapse" (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Illapsed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Illapsing.] [L. illapsus, p. p. of illabi; pref. il- in + labi to fall, slide.] To fall or glide; to pass; -- usually followed by into. Cheyne.
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Illapse
Il*lapse", n. [L. illapsus. See Illapse, v. i.] A gliding in; an immisson or entrance of one thing into another; also, a sudden descent or attack. Akenside.
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They sit silent . . . waiting for an illapse of the spirit. Jeffrey.
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Illaqueable
Il*la"que*a*ble (?), a. Capable of being insnared or entrapped. [R.] Cudworth.
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Illaqueate
Il*la"que*ate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Illaqueated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Illaqueating.] [L. illaqueatus, p. p. of illaqueare; pref. il- in + laqueare to insnare, fr. laqueus, noose, snare.] To insnare; to entrap; to entangle; to catch.
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Let not the surpassing eloquence of Taylor dazzle you, nor his scholastic retiary versatility of logic illaqueate your good sense. Coleridge.
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Illaqueation
Il*la`que*a"tion (?), n. 1. The act of catching or insnaring. [R.] Sir T. Browne.
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2. A snare; a trap. Johnson.
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Illation
Il*la"tion (?), n. [L. illatio, fr. illatus, used as p. p. of inferre to carry or bring in, but from a different root: cf. F. illation. See 1st In-, and Tolerate, and cf. Infer.] The act or process of inferring from premises or reasons; perception of the connection between ideas; that which is inferred; inference; deduction; conclusion.
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Fraudulent deductions or inconsequent illations from a false conception of things. Sir T. Browne.
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Illative
Il"la*tive (?), a. [L. illativus: cf. F. illatif.] Relating to, dependent on, or denoting, illation; inferential; conclusive; as, an illative consequence or proposition; an illative word, as then, therefore, etc.
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Illative conversion (Logic), a converse or reverse statement of a proposition which in that form must be true because the original proposition is true. -- Illative sense (Metaph.), the faculty of the mind by which it apprehends the conditions and determines upon the correctness of inferences.
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Illative
Il"la*tive, n. An illative particle, as for, because.
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Illatively
Il"la*tive*ly, adv. By inference; as an illative; in an illative manner.
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Illaudable
Il*laud"a*ble (?), a. [L. illaudabilis. See In- not, and Laudable.] Not laudable; not praise-worthy; worthy of censure or disapprobation. Milton.

-- Il*laud"a*bly, adv. [Obs.] Broome.
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Ill-boding
Ill`-bod"ing (?), a. Boding evil; inauspicious; ill-omened.Ill-boding stars.” Shak.
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Ill-bred
Ill"-bred` (?), a. Badly educated or brought up; impolite; incivil; rude. See Note under Ill, adv.
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Illecebration
Il*lec`e*bra"tion (?), n. [See Illecebrous.] Allurement. [R.] T. Brown.
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Illecebrous
Il*lec"e*brous (?), a. [L. illecebrosus, fr. illecebra allurement, fr. illicere to allure.] Alluring; attractive; enticing. [Obs.] Sir T. Elyot.
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Illegal
Il*le"gal (?), a. [Pref. il- not + legal: cf. F. illégal.] Not according to, or authorized by, law; specif., contrary to, or in violation of, human law; unlawful; illicit; hence, immoral; as, an illegal act; illegal trade; illegal love. Bp. Burnet.
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Illegality
Il`le*gal"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Illegalities (#). [Cf. F. illégalité.] The quality or condition of being illegal; unlawfulness; as, the illegality of trespass or of false imprisonment; also, an illegal act.
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Illegalize
Il*le"gal*ize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Illegalized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Illegalizing (?).] To make or declare illegal or unlawful.
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Illegally
Il*le"gal*ly, adv. In a illegal manner; unlawfully.
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Illegalness
Il*le"gal*ness, n. Illegality, unlawfulness.
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Illegibility
Il*leg`i*bil"i*ty (?), n. The state or quality of being illegible.
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Illegible
Il*leg"i*ble (?), a. Incapable of being read; not legible; as, illegible handwriting; an illegible inscription. -- Il*leg"i*ble*ness, n. -- Il*leg"i*bly, adv.
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Illegitimacy
Il`le*git"i*ma*cy (?), n. The state of being illegitimate. Blackstone.
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Illegitimate
Il`le*git"i*mate (?), a. 1. Not according to law; not regular or authorized; unlawful; improper.
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2. Unlawfully begotten; born out of wedlock; bastard; as, an illegitimate child.
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3. Not legitimately deduced or inferred; illogical; as, an illegitimate inference.
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4. Not authorized by good usage; not genuine; spurious; as, an illegitimate word.
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Illegitimate fertilization, or Illegitimate union (Bot.), the fertilization of pistils by stamens not of their own length, in heterogonously dimorphic and trimorphic flowers. Darwin.
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Illegitimate
Il`le*git"i*mate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Illegitimated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Illegitimating.] To render illegitimate; to declare or prove to be born out of wedlock; to bastardize; to illegitimatize.
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The marriage should only be dissolved for the future, without illegitimating the issue. Bp. Burnet.
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Illegitimately
Il`le*git"i*mate*ly (?), adv. In a illegitimate manner; unlawfully.
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Illegitimation
Il`le*git`i*ma"tion (?), n. 1. The act of illegitimating; bastardizing.
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2. The state of being illegitimate; illegitimacy. [Obs.]
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Gardiner had performed his promise to the queen of getting her illegitimation taken off. Bp. Burnet.
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Illegitimatize
Il`le*git"i*ma*tize (?), v. t. To render illegitimate; to bastardize.
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Illesive
Il*le"sive (?), a. [Pref. il- not + L. laedere, laesum, to injure.] Not injurious; harmless. [R.]
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Illeviable
Il*lev"i*a*ble (?), a. Not leviable; incapable of being imposed, or collected. [R.] Sir M. Hale.
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ill-famed
ill-famed adj. having an exceedingly bad reputation.
Syn. -- infamous, notorious.
[WordNet 1.5]

ill-fated
ill-fated adj. 1. marked by or promising bad fortune; unsuccessful; as, an ill-fated business venture.
Syn. -- ill-omened, ill-starred, unlucky.
[WordNet 1.5]

Ill-favoured
Ill-favored
Ill`-fa"vored, Ill`-fa"voured (?), a. Wanting beauty or attractiveness; unattractive; deformed; ugly; ill-looking; -- usually used of a face; as, an ill-favored countenance.
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Ill-favored and lean-fleshed. Gen. xli. 3.

-- Ill`-fa"vored*ly, adv. -- Ill`-fa"vored*ness, n.
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ill-fed
ill-fed adj. not getting adequate food.
Syn. -- underfed, undernourished.
[WordNet 1.5]

ill-fitting
ill-fitting adj. Fitting poorly; not the proper size and cut; -- of clothing.
[PJC]

ill-formed
ill-formed adj. 1. (Grammar) not grammatical; ungrammatical; not conforming to the rules of grammar or accepted usage. Opposite of grammatical.
Syn. -- ungrammatical.
[WordNet 1.5]

ill-gotten
ill-gotten adj. obtained illegally or by improper means; as, ill-gotten gains.
Syn. -- dirty.
[WordNet 1.5]

ill-humoured
ill-humored
ill-humored ill-humoured adj. ill-natured; having a sour, disagreeable, or surly disposition. Opposite of good-natured.
Syn. -- crusty, curmudgeonly, gruff.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Illiberal
Il*lib"er*al (?), a. [L. illiberalis; pref. il- not + liberalis liberal: cf. F. illibéral.] 1. Not liberal; not free or generous; close; niggardly; mean; sordid. “A thrifty and illiberal hand.” Mason.
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2. Indicating a lack of breeding, culture, and the like; ignoble; rude; narrow-minded; disingenuous.
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3. Not well authorized or elegant; as, illiberal words in Latin. [R.] Chesterfield.
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Illiberalism
Il*lib"er*al*ism (?), n. Illiberality. [R.]
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Illiberality
Il*lib`er*al"i*ty (?), n. [L. illiberalitas: cf. F. illibéralité.] The state or quality of being illiberal; narrowness of mind; meanness; niggardliness. Bacon.
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Illiberalize
Il*lib"er*al*ize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Illiberalized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Illiberalizing (?).] To make illiberal.
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Illiberally
Il*lib"er*al*ly, adv. In a illiberal manner, ungenerously; uncharitably; parsimoniously.
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Illiberalness
Il*lib"er*al*ness, n. The state of being illiberal; illiberality.
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Illicit
Il*lic"it (?), a. [L. illicitus; pref. il- not + licitus, p. p. of licere to be allowed or permitted: cf. F. illicite. See In- not, and License.] Not permitted or allowed; prohibited; unlawful; as, illicit trade; illicit intercourse; illicit pleasure.
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One illicit . . . transaction always leads to another. Burke.

-- Il*lic"it*ly, adv. -- Il*lic"it*ness, n.
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Illicitous
Il*lic"it*ous (?), a. Illicit. [R.] Cotgrave.
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Illicium
Il*li"ci*um (?), n. [So called, in allusion to its aroma, from L. illicium an allurement.] (Bot.) A genus of Asiatic and American magnoliaceous trees, having star-shaped fruit; star anise. The fruit of Illicium anisatum is used as a spice in India, and its oil is largely used in Europe for flavoring cordials, being almost identical with true oil of anise.
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Illighten
Il*light"en (?), v. t. To enlighten. [Obs.]
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Illimitable
Il*lim"it*a*ble (?), a. [Pref. il- not + limitable: cf. F. illimitable.] Incapable of being limited or bounded; immeasurable; limitless; boundless; as, illimitable space.
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The wild, the irregular, the illimitable, and the luxuriant, have their appropriate force of beauty. De Quincey.

Syn. -- Boundless; limitless; unlimited; unbounded; immeasurable; infinite; immense; vast.

-- Il*lim"it*a*ble*ness, n. -- Il*lim"it*a*bly, adv.
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Illimitation
Il*lim`it*a"tion (?), n. [Pref. il- not + limitation: cf. F. illimitation.] State of being illimitable; lack of, or freedom from, limitation. Bp. Hall.
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Illimited
Il*lim"it*ed (?), a. Not limited; interminable. Bp. Hall. -- Il*lim"it*ed*ness, n.
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The absoluteness and illimitedness of his commission was generally much spoken of. Clarendon.
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Illinition
Il`li*ni"tion (?), n. [L. illinire, illinere, to besmear; pref. il- in, on + linire, linere, to smear.] 1. A smearing or rubbing in or on; also, that which is smeared or rubbed on, as ointment or liniment.
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2. A thin crust of some extraneous substance formed on minerals. [R.]
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A thin crust or illinition of black manganese. Kirwan.
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Illinois
Il`li*nois" (?), n. sing. & pl. (Ethnol.) A tribe of North American Indians, which formerly occupied the region between the Wabash and Mississippi rivers.
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Illiquation
Il`li*qua"tion (?), n. [Pref. il- in + L. liquare to melt.] The melting or dissolving of one thing into another.
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Illish
Ill"ish (?), a. Somewhat ill. [Obs.] Howell.
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Illision
Il*li"sion (?), n. [L. illisio, fr. illidere, illisum, to strike against; pref. il- in + laedere to strike.] The act of dashing or striking against. Sir T. Browne.
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Illiteracy
Il*lit"er*a*cy (?), n.; pl. Illiteracies (#). [From Illiterate.] 1. The state of being illiterate, or uneducated; lack of learning, or knowledge; ignorance; specifically, inability to read and write; as, the illiteracy shown by the last census.
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2. An instance of ignorance; a literary blunder.
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The many blunders and illiteracies of the first publishers of his [Shakespeare's] works. Pope.
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Illiteral
Il*lit"er*al (?), a. Not literal. [R.] B. Dawson.
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Illiterate
Il*lit"er*ate (?), a. [L. illiteratus: pref. il- not + literatus learned. See In- not, and Literal.] Unable to read or write; ignorant of letters or books; unlettered; uninstructed; uneducated; as, an illiterate man, or people.

Syn. -- Ignorant; untaught; unlearned; unlettered; unscholary. See Ignorant.

-- Il*lit"er*ate*ly, adv. -- Il*lit"er*ate*ness, n.
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Illiterature
Il*lit"er*a*ture (?), n. Lack of learning; illiteracy. [R.] Ayliffe. Southey.
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Ill-judged
Ill"-judged` (?), a. Not well judged; unwise; not well considered or thought out; as, an ill-judged attempt.
Syn. -- ill-advised, ill considered, rash.
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Ill-lived
Ill"-lived` (?), a. Leading a wicked life. [Obs.]
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Ill-looking
Ill"-look`ing (?), a. Having a bad look; threatening; ugly. See Note under Ill, adv.
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Ill-mannered
Ill`-man"nered (?), a. Impolite; rude; displaying socially incorrect behavior.
Syn. -- rude, unmannered, unmannerly.
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Ill-minded
Ill"-mind`ed (?), a. Ill-disposed. Byron.
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Ill-natured
Ill`-na"tured (?), a. 1. Of habitual bad temper; having an unpleasant disposition; surly; disagreeable; cross; peevish; fractious; crabbed; -- of people; as, an ill-natured person; an ill-natured disagreeable old man. Opposite of good-natured. [Narrower terms: argumentative, contentious, disputatious, disputative, litigious : atrabilious, bilious, dyspeptic, liverish : bristly, prickly, snappish, splenetic, waspish : cantankerous, crotchety, ornery : choleric, irascible, hotheaded, hot-headed, hot-tempered, quick-tempered, short-tempered : crabbed, crabby, cross, fussy, fussbudgety, grouchy, grumpy, bad-tempered, ill-tempered: cranky, fractious, irritable, peevish, peckish, pettish, petulant, testy, tetchy, techy : crusty, curmudgeonly, gruff, ill-humored, ill-humoured: dour, glowering, glum, moody, morose, saturnine, sour, sullen : feisty, touchy : huffish, sulky: misanthropic, misanthropical : misogynous : shirty, snorty ill-tempered or annoyed): shrewish, nagging, vixenish : surly, ugly ] Also See: unpleasant.
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2. Dictated by, or indicating, ill nature; spiteful. “The ill-natured task refuse.” Addison.
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3. Intractable; not yielding to culture. [R.]Ill-natured land.” J. Philips.

3. not to one's liking; unpleasant; disagreeable. Opposite of agreeable. [wns=2] [Narrower terms: annoying, galling, chafing, irritating, nettlesome, pesky, pestiferous, pestilent, plaguy, plaguey, teasing, vexatious, vexing; nerve-racking, nerve-wracking, stressful, trying ]
Syn. -- disagreeable.
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-- Ill`-na"tured*ly, adv. -- Ill`-na"tured*ness, n.
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Illness
Ill"ness (?), n. [From Ill.] 1. The condition of being ill, evil, or bad; badness; unfavorableness. [Obs.] “The illness of the weather.” Locke.
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2. Disease; indisposition; malady; disorder of health; sickness; as, a short or a severe illness.
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3. Wrong moral conduct; wickedness. Shak.

Syn. -- Malady; disease; indisposition; ailment. -- Illness, Sickness. Within the present century, there has been a tendency in England to use illness in the sense of a continuous disease, disorder of health, or sickness, and to confine sickness more especially to a sense of nausea, or “sickness of the stomach.”
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Ill-nurtured
Ill"-nur`tured (?), a. Ill-bred. Shak.
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Illocality
Il`lo*cal"i*ty (?), n. Lack of locality or place. [R.] Cudworth.
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Illogical
Il*log"ic*al (?), a. Ignorant or negligent of the rules of logic or correct reasoning; as, an illogical disputant; contrary of the rules of logic or sound reasoning; as, an illogical inference. -- Il*log"ic*al*ly, adv. -- Il*log"ic*al*ness, n.
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Ill-omened
Ill`-o"mened (?), a. Having unlucky omens; inauspicious. See Note under Ill, adv.
Syn. -- ill-fated, ill-starred, unlucky.
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ill-proportioned
ill-proportioned adj. 1. out of proportion in shape.
Syn. -- lopsided, one-sided.
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2. lacking pleasing shape.
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ill repute
ill repute n. Bad reputation; notoriety.
[PJC]

house of ill repute A brothel; bordello.
[PJC]

ill-shapen
ill-shapen adj. so badly formed or out of shape as to be ugly; as, an ill-shapen vase.
Syn. -- deformed, distorted, malformed, misshapen.
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ill-sorted
ill-sorted adj. not well matched.
Syn. -- incompatible, mismated, unsuited.
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Ill-starred
Ill"-starred` (?), a. Fated to be unfortunate; unlucky; as, an ill-starred man or day.
Syn. -- ill-fated, ill-omened, unlucky.
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Ill-tempered
Ill`-tem"pered (?), a. 1. Of bad temper; grouchy; morose; crabbed; sour; peevish; fretful; quarrelsome.
Syn. -- crabbed, crabby, cross, fussy, fussbudgety, grouchy, grumpy, bad-tempered.
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2. Unhealthy; ill-conditioned. [Obs.]
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So ill-tempered I am grown, that I am afraid I shall catch cold, while all the world is afraid to melt away. Pepys.
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Ill-timed
Ill"-timed` (?), a. Done, attempted, or said, at an unsuitable or unpropitious time; occurring at an inappropriate time; as, an ill-timed intervention.
Syn. -- ill timed(predicate), inappropriate, unseasonable, untimely, wrong, poorly timed, badly timed.
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Illtreat
Ill`treat" (?), v. t. To treat cruelly or improperly; to ill use; to maltreat.
Syn. -- mistreat, maltreat, abuse, ill-use.
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ill-treated
ill-treated adj. physically abused. [Narrower terms: assaulted, molested, raped ; battered, beaten ; misunderstood ]
Syn. -- abused, maltreated, mistreated.
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ill-treatment
ill-treatment n. cruel or inhumane treatment.
Syn. -- maltreatment, ill-usage, abuse.
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Illude
Il*lude" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Illuded; p. pr. & vb. n. Illuding.] [L. illudere, illusum; pref. il- in + ludere to play: cf. OF. illuder. See Ludicrous.] To play upon by artifice; to deceive; to mock; to excite and disappoint the hopes of.
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Illume
Il*lume" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Illumed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Illuming.] [Cf. F. illuminer. See Illuminate.] To throw or spread light upon; to make light or bright; to illuminate; to illumine. Shak.
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The mountain's brow,
Illumed with fluid gold.
Thomson.
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Illuminable
Il*lu"mi*na*ble (?), a. Capable of being illuminated.
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Illuminant
Il*lu"mi*nant (?), n. [L. illuminans, -antis, p. pr. of illuminare.] That which illuminates or affords light; as, gas and petroleum are illuminants. Boyle.
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Illuminary
Il*lu"mi*na*ry (?), a. Illuminative.
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Illuminate
Il*lu"mi*nate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Illuminated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Illuminating (?).] [L. illuminatus, p. p. of illuminare; pref. il- in + luminare to enlighten, fr. lumen light. See Luminous, and cf. Illume, Illumine, Enlimn, Limn.] 1. To make light; to throw light on; to supply with light, literally or figuratively; to brighten.
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2. To light up; to decorate with artificial lights, as a building or city, in token of rejoicing or respect.
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3. To adorn, as a book or page with borders, initial letters, or miniature pictures in colors and gold, as was done in manuscripts of the Middle Ages.
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4. To make plain or clear; to dispel the obscurity to by knowledge or reason; to explain; to elucidate; as, to illuminate a text, a problem, or a duty.
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Illuminate
Il*lu"mi*nate (?), v. i. To light up in token or rejoicing.
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Illuminate
Il*lu"mi*nate (?), a. [L. illuminatus, p. p.] Enlightened. Bp. Hall.
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Illuminate
Il*lu"mi*nate, n. One who is enlightened; esp., a pretender to extraordinary light and knowledge.
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illuminated
illuminated adj. [p. p. of illuminate.] 1. rendered luminous by rays of light striking and reflecting; -- used especially of illumination by artificial light.
Syn. -- lighted.
[PJC]

2. Adorned with pictorial or graphical designs, as a book or page with borders, initial letters, or miniature pictures in colors and gold, as was done in manuscripts of the Middle Ages; as, an illuminated manuscript.
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Illuminati
Il*lu`mi*na"ti (?), n. pl. [L. illuminatus. See Illuminate, v. t., and cf. Illuminee.] Literally, those who are enlightened; -- variously applied as follows: --
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1. (Eccl.) Persons in the early church who had received baptism; in which ceremony a lighted taper was given them, as a symbol of the spiritual illumination they has received by that sacrament.
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2. (Eccl. Hist.) Members of a sect which sprung up in Spain about the year 1575. Their principal doctrine was, that, by means of prayer, they had attained to so perfect a state as to have no need of ordinances, sacraments, good works, etc.; -- called also Alumbrados, Perfectibilists, etc.
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3. (Mod. Hist.) Members of certain associations in Modern Europe, who combined to promote social reforms, by which they expected to raise men and society to perfection, esp. of one originated in 1776 by Adam Weishaupt, professor of canon law at Ingolstadt, which spread rapidly for a time, but ceased after a few years.
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4. Also applied to: (a) An obscure sect of French Familists; (b) The Hesychasts, Mystics, and Quietists; (c) The Rosicrucians.
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5. Any persons who profess special spiritual or intellectual enlightenment.
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Illuminating
Il*lu"mi*na`ting (?), a. Giving or producing light; used for illumination.
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Illuminating gas. See Gas, n., 2 (a).
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Illumination
Il*lu`mi*na"tion (?), n. [L. illuminatio: cf. F. illumination.] 1. The act of illuminating, or supplying with light; the state of being illuminated.
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2. Festive decoration of houses or buildings with lights.
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3. Adornment of books and manuscripts with colored illustrations. See Illuminate, v. t., 3.
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4. That which is illuminated, as a house; also, an ornamented book or manuscript.
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5. That which illuminates or gives light; brightness; splendor; especially, intellectual light or knowledge.
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The illumination which a bright genius giveth to his work. Felton.
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6. (Theol.) The special communication of knowledge to the mind by God; inspiration.
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Hymns and psalms . . . are framed by meditation beforehand, or by prophetical illumination are inspired. Hooker.
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Illuminatism
Il*lu"mi*na*tism (?), n. Illuminism. [R.]
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Illuminative
Il*lu"mi*na*tive (?), a. [Cf. F. illuminatif.] Tending to illuminate or illustrate; throwing light; illustrative.Illuminative reading.” Carlyle.
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Illuminator
Il*lu"mi*na`tor (?), n. [L., an enlightener, LL. also, an illuminator of books.] 1. One whose occupation is to adorn books, especially manuscripts, with miniatures, borders, etc. See Illuminate, v. t., 3.
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2. A condenser or reflector of light in optical apparatus; also, an illuminant.
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Illumine
Il*lu"mine (?), v. t. [Cf. F. illuminer. See Illuminate.] To illuminate; to light up; to adorn.
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Illuminee
Il*lu`mi*nee" (?), n. [F. illuminé. Cf. Illuminati.] One of the Illuminati.
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Illuminer
Il*lu"mi*ner (?), n. One who, or that which, illuminates.
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Illuminism
Il*lu"mi*nism (?), n. [Cf. F. illuminisme.] The principles of the Illuminati.
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Illuministic
Il*lu`mi*nis"tic (?), a. Of or pertaining to illuminism, or the Illuminati.
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Illuminize
Il*lu"mi*nize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Illuminized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Illuminizing (?).] To initiate the doctrines or principles of the Illuminati.
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Illuminous
Il*lu"mi*nous (?), a. Bright; clear. [R.] H. Taylor.
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Illure
Il*lure" (?), v. t. [Pref. il- in + lure.] To deceive; to entice; to lure. [Obs.]
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The devil insnareth the souls of many men, by illuring them with the muck and dung of this world. Fuller.
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ill-usage
ill-usage n. 1. cruel or inhumane treatment.
Syn. -- maltreatment, ill-treatment, abuse.
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ill-use
ill-use v. 1. to treat badly.
Syn. -- mistreat, maltreat, abuse, ill-treat.
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ill-used
ill`-used" adj. 1. taken advantage of; treated badly; -- of persons. [wns=1]
Syn. -- exploited, put-upon, used, victimized.
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2. Misapplied.
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Illusion
Il*lu"sion (?), n. [F. illusion, L. illusio, fr. illudere, illusum, to illude. See Illude.] 1. An unreal image presented to the bodily or mental vision; a deceptive appearance; a false show; mockery; hallucination.
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To cheat the eye with blear illusions. Milton.
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2. Hence: Anything agreeably fascinating and charming; enchantment; witchery; glamour.
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Ye soft illusions, dear deceits, arise! Pope.
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3. (Physiol.) A sensation originated by some external object, but so modified as in any way to lead to an erroneous perception; as when the rolling of a wagon is mistaken for thunder.
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&hand_; Some modern writers distinguish between an illusion and hallucination, regarding the former as originating with some external object, and the latter as having no objective occasion whatever.
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4. A plain, delicate lace, usually of silk, used for veils, scarfs, dresses, etc.

Syn. -- Delusion; mockery; deception; chimera; fallacy. See Delusion. Illusion, Delusion. Illusion refers particularly to errors of the sense; delusion to false hopes or deceptions of the mind. An optical deception is an illusion; a false opinion is a delusion. E. Edwards.
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Illusionable
Il*lu"sion*a*ble (?), a. Liable to illusion.
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illusionary
illusionary adj. marked by or producing illusion; as, illusionary stage effects.
Syn. -- illusional.
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Illusionist
Il*lu"sion*ist, n. 1. One given to illusion; a visionary dreamer.
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2. A magician or conjurer who produces illusions by sleight of hand; a prestidigitator.
[PJC]

Illusive
Il*lu"sive (?), a. [See Illude.] Deceiving by false show; deceitful; deceptive; false; illusory; unreal.
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Truth from illusive falsehood to command. Thomson.
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Illusively
Il*lu"sive*ly, adv. In a illusive manner; falsely.
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Illusiveness
Il*lu"sive*ness, n. The quality of being illusive; deceptiveness; false show.
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Illusory
Il*lu"so*ry (?), a. [Cf. F. illusore.] Deceiving, or tending of deceive; fallacious; illusive; as, illusory promises or hopes.
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Illustrable
Il*lus"tra*ble (?), a. Capable of illustration. Sir T. Browne.
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Illustrate
Il*lus"trate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Illustrated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Illustrating (?).] [L. illustratus, p. p. of illustrare to illustrate, fr. illustris bright. See Illustrious.] 1. To make clear, bright, or luminous.
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Here, when the moon illustrates all the sky. Chapman.
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2. To set in a clear light; to exhibit distinctly or conspicuously. Shak.
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To prove him, and illustrate his high worth. Milton.
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3. To make clear, intelligible, or apprehensible; to elucidate, explain, or exemplify, as by means of figures, comparisons, and examples.
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4. To adorn with pictures, as a book or a subject; to elucidate with pictures, as a history or a romance.
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5. To give renown or honor to; to make illustrious; to glorify. [Obs.]
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Matter to me of glory, whom their hate
Illustrates.
Milton.
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Illustrate
Il*lus"trate (?), a. [L. illustratus, p. p.] Illustrated; distinguished; illustrious. [Obs.]
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This most gallant, illustrate, and learned gentleman. Shak.
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illustrated
illustrated adj. provided with pictures; -- of a publication; as, an illustrated weekly. Opposite of unillustrated.
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Illustration
Il`lus*tra"tion (?), n. [L. illustratio: cf. F. illustration.] 1. The act of illustrating; the act of making clear and distinct; education; also, the state of being illustrated, or of being made clear and distinct.
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2. That which illustrates; a comparison or example intended to make clear or apprehensible, or to remove obscurity.
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3. A picture designed to decorate a volume or elucidate a literary work.
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Illustrative
Il*lus"tra*tive (?), a. 1. Tending or designed to illustrate, exemplify, or elucidate.
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2. Making illustrious. [Obs.]
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Illustratively
Il*lus"tra*tive*ly, adv. By way of illustration or elucidation. [R.] Sir T. Browne.
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Illustrator
Il*lus"tra*tor (?), n. [L.] One who illustrates.
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Illustratory
Il*lus"tra*to*ry (?), a. Serving to illustrate.
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Illustrious
Il*lus"tri*ous (?), a. [L. illustris, prob. for illuxtris; fr. il- in + the root of lucidus bright: cf. F. illustre. See Lucid.] 1. Possessing luster or brightness; brilliant; luminous; splendid.
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Quench the light; thine eyes are guides illustrious. Beau. & Fl.
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2. Characterized by greatness, nobleness, etc.; eminent; conspicuous; distinguished.
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Illustrious earls, renowened everywhere. Drayton.
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3. Conferring luster or honor; renowned; as, illustrious deeds or titles.

Syn. -- Distinguished; famous; remarkable; brilliant; conspicuous; noted; celebrated; signal; renowened; eminent; exalted; noble; glorious. See Distinguished, Famous.
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Illustriously
Il*lus"tri*ous*ly, adv. In a illustrious manner; conspicuously; eminently; famously. Milton.
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Illustriousness
Il*lus"tri*ous*ness, n. The state or quality of being eminent; greatness; grandeur; glory; fame.
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Illustrous
Il*lus"trous (?), a. [Pref. il- not + lustrous.] Without luster. [Obs. & R.]
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Illutation
Il`lu*ta"tion (?), n. [Pref. il- in + L. lutum mud: cf. F. illutation.] The act or operation of smearing the body with mud, especially with the sediment from mineral springs; a mud bath.
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Illuxurious
Il`lux*u"ri*ous (?), a. Not luxurious. [R.] Orrery.
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Ill-will
Ill`-will" (?). See under Ill, a.
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Ill-wisher
Ill`-wish"er (?), n. One who wishes ill to another; an enemy.
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Illy
Il"ly (?), adv. [A word not fully approved, but sometimes used for the adverb ill.]
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Ilmenite
Il"men*ite (?), n. [So called from Ilmen, a branch of the Ural Mountains.] (Min.) Titanic iron. See Menaccanite.
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Ilmenium
Il*me"ni*um (?), n. [NL. See Ilmenite.] (Chem.) A supposed element claimed to have been discovered by R.Harmann.
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Ilvaite
Il"va*ite (?), n. [From L. Ilva, the island now called Elba.] (Min.) A silicate of iron and lime occurring in black prismatic crystals and columnar masses.
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I'm
I'm (?). A contraction of I am.
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Im-
Im- (?). A form of the prefix in- not, and in- in. See In-. Im- also occurs in composition with some words not of Latin origin; as, imbank, imbitter.
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Image
Im"age (&ibreve_;m"&auptack_;j; 48), n. [F., fr. L. imago, imaginis, from the root of imitari to imitate. See Imitate, and cf. Imagine.] 1. An imitation, representation, or similitude of any person, thing, or act, sculptured, drawn, painted, or otherwise made perceptible to the sight; a visible presentation; a copy; a likeness; an effigy; a picture; a semblance.
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Even like a stony image, cold and numb. Shak.
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Whose is this image and superscription? Matt. xxii. 20.
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This play is the image of a murder done in Vienna. Shak.
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And God created man in his own image. Gen. i. 27.
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2. Hence: The likeness of anything to which worship is paid; an idol. Chaucer.
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Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, . . . thou shalt not bow down thyself to them. Ex. xx. 4, 5.
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3. Show; appearance; cast.
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The face of things a frightful image bears. Dryden.
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4. A representation of anything to the mind; a picture drawn by the fancy; a conception; an idea.
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Can we conceive
Image of aught delightful, soft, or great?
Prior.
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5. (Rhet.) A picture, example, or illustration, often taken from sensible objects, and used to illustrate a subject; usually, an extended metaphor. Brande & C.
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6. (Opt.) The figure or picture of any object formed at the focus of a lens or mirror, by rays of light from the several points of the object symmetrically refracted or reflected to corresponding points in such focus; this may be received on a screen, a photographic plate, or the retina of the eye, and viewed directly by the eye, or with an eyeglass, as in the telescope and microscope; the likeness of an object formed by reflection; as, to see one's image in a mirror.
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Electrical image. See under Electrical. -- Image breaker, one who destroys images; an iconoclast. -- Image graver, Image maker, a sculptor. -- Image worship, the worship of images as symbols; iconolatry distinguished from idolatry; the worship of images themselves. -- Image Purkinje (Physics), the image of the retinal blood vessels projected in, not merely on, that membrane. -- Virtual image (Optics), a point or system of points, on one side of a mirror or lens, which, if it existed, would emit the system of rays which actually exists on the other side of the mirror or lens. Clerk Maxwell.
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Image
Im"age (&ibreve_;m"&auptack_;j; 48), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Imaged (&ibreve_;m"&auptack_;jd; 48); p. pr. & vb. n. Imaging (?).] 1. To represent or form an image of; as, the still lake imaged the shore; the mirror imaged her figure. “Shrines of imaged saints.” J. Warton.
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2. To represent to the mental vision; to form a likeness of by the fancy or recollection; to imagine.
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Condemn'd whole years in absence to deplore,
And image charms he must behold no more.
Pope.
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Imageable
Im"age*a*ble (?), a. That may be imaged. [R.]
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Imageless
Im"age*less, a. Having no image. Shelley.
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Imager
Im"a*ger (?), n. One who images or forms likenesses; a sculptor. [Obs.]
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Praxiteles was ennobled for a rare imager. Holland.
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Imagery
Im"age*ry (&ibreve_;m"&auptack_;j*r&ybreve_;; 277), n. [OE. imagerie, F. imagerie.] 1. The work of one who makes images or visible representation of objects; imitation work; images in general, or in mass. “Painted imagery.” Shak.
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In those oratories might you see
Rich carvings, portraitures, and imagery.
Dryden.
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2. Fig.: Unreal show; imitation; appearance.
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What can thy imagery of sorrow mean? Prior.
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3. The work of the imagination or fancy; false ideas; imaginary phantasms.
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The imagery of a melancholic fancy. Atterbury.
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4. Rhetorical decoration in writing or speaking; vivid descriptions presenting or suggesting images of sensible objects; figures in discourse.
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I wish there may be in this poem any instance of good imagery. Dryden.
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Imaginability
Im*ag`i*na*bil"i*ty (?), n. Capacity for imagination. [R.] Coleridge.
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Imaginable
Im*ag"i*na*ble (?), a. [L. imaginabilis: cf. F. imaginable.] Capable of being imagined; conceivable.
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Men sunk into the greatest darkness imaginable. Tillotson.

-- Im*ag"i*na*ble*ness, n. -- Im*ag"i*na*bly, adv.
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Imaginal
Im*ag"i*nal (?), a. [L. imaginalis.] 1. Characterized by imagination; imaginative; also, given to the use or rhetorical figures or imagins.
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2. (Zool.) Of or pertaining to an imago.
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Imaginal disks (Zool.), masses of hypodermic cells, carried by the larvæ of some insects after leaving the egg, from which masses the wings and legs of the adult are subsequently formed.
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Imaginant
Im*ag"i*nant (?), a. [L. imaginans, p. pr. of imaginari: cf. F. imaginant.] Imagining; conceiving. [Obs.] Bacon. -- n. An imaginer. [Obs.] Glanvill.
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Imaginarily
Im*ag"i*na*ri*ly (?), a. In a imaginary manner; in imagination. B. Jonson.
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Imaginariness
Im*ag"i*na*ri*ness, n. The state or quality of being imaginary; unreality.
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Imaginary
Im*ag"i*na*ry (?), a. [L. imaginarius: cf. F. imaginaire.] Existing only in imagination or fancy; not real; fancied; visionary; ideal.
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Wilt thou add to all the griefs I suffer
Imaginary ills and fancied tortures?
Addison.
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Imaginary calculus See under Calculus. -- Imaginary expression or Imaginary quantity (Alg.), an algebraic expression which involves the impossible operation of taking the square root of a negative quantity; as, √-9, a + b √-1. -- Imaginary points, lines, surfaces, etc. (Geom.), points, lines, surfaces, etc., imagined to exist, although by reason of certain changes of a figure they have in fact ceased to have a real existence.

Syn. -- Ideal; fanciful; chimerical; visionary; fancied; unreal; illusive.
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Imaginary
Im*ag"i*na*ry, n. (Alg.) An imaginary expression or quantity.
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Imaginate
Im*ag"i*nate (?), a. Imaginative. [Obs.] Holland.
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Imagination
Im*ag`i*na"tion (?), n. [OE. imaginacionum, F. imagination, fr. L. imaginatio. See Imagine.] 1. The imagine-making power of the mind; the power to create or reproduce ideally an object of sense previously perceived; the power to call up mental imagines.
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Our simple apprehension of corporeal objects, if present, is sense; if absent, is imagination. Glanvill.
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Imagination is of three kinds: joined with belief of that which is to come; joined with memory of that which is past; and of things present, or as if they were present. Bacon.
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2. The representative power; the power to reconstruct or recombine the materials furnished by direct apprehension; the complex faculty usually termed the plastic or creative power; the fancy.
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The imagination of common language -- the productive imagination of philosophers -- is nothing but the representative process plus the process to which I would give the name of the “comparative.” Sir W. Hamilton.
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The power of the mind to decompose its conceptions, and to recombine the elements of them at its pleasure, is called its faculty of imagination. I. Taylor.
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The business of conception is to present us with an exact transcript of what we have felt or perceived. But we have moreover a power of modifying our conceptions, by combining the parts of different ones together, so as to form new wholes of our creation. I shall employ the word imagination to express this power. Stewart.
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3. The power to recombine the materials furnished by experience or memory, for the accomplishment of an elevated purpose; the power of conceiving and expressing the ideal.
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The lunatic, the lover, and the poet
Are of imagination all compact . . .
The poet's eye, in a fine frenzy rolling,
Doth glance from heaven to earth, from earth to heaven,
And as imagination bodies forth
The forms of things unknown, the poet's pen
Turns them to shapes, and gives to airy nothing
A local habitation and a name.
Shak.
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4. A mental image formed by the action of the imagination as a faculty; a conception; a notion. Shak.

Syn. -- Conception; idea; conceit; fancy; device; origination; invention; scheme; design; purpose; contrivance. -- Imagination, Fancy. These words have, to a great extent, been interchanged by our best writers, and considered as strictly synonymous. A distinction, however, is now made between them which more fully exhibits their nature. Properly speaking, they are different exercises of the same general power -- the plastic or creative faculty. Imagination consists in taking parts of our conceptions and combining them into new forms and images more select, more striking, more delightful, more terrible, etc., than those of ordinary nature. It is the higher exercise of the two. It creates by laws more closely connected with the reason; it has strong emotion as its actuating and formative cause; it aims at results of a definite and weighty character. Milton's fiery lake, the debates of his Pandemonium, the exquisite scenes of his Paradise, are all products of the imagination. Fancy moves on a lighter wing; it is governed by laws of association which are more remote, and sometimes arbitrary or capricious. Hence the term fanciful, which exhibits fancy in its wilder flights. It has for its actuating spirit feelings of a lively, gay, and versatile character; it seeks to please by unexpected combinations of thought, startling contrasts, flashes of brilliant imagery, etc. Pope's Rape of the Lock is an exhibition of fancy which has scarcely its equal in the literature of any country. -- “This, for instance, Wordsworth did in respect of the words ‘imagination' and ‘fancy.' Before he wrote, it was, I suppose, obscurely felt by most that in ‘imagination' there was more of the earnest, in ‘fancy' of the play of the spirit; that the first was a loftier faculty and gift than the second; yet for all this words were continually, and not without loss, confounded. He first, in the preface to his Lyrical Ballads, rendered it henceforth impossible that any one, who had read and mastered what he has written on the two words, should remain unconscious any longer of the important difference between them.” Trench.
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The same power, which we should call fancy if employed on a production of a light nature, would be dignified with the title of imagination if shown on a grander scale. C. J. Smith.
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Imaginational
Im*ag`i*na"tion*al (?), a. Pertaining to, involving, or caused by, imagination.
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Imaginationalism
Im*ag`i*na"tion*al*ism (?), n. Idealism. J. Grote.
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Imaginative
Im*ag"i*na*tive (?), a. [F. imaginatif.] 1. Proceeding from, and characterized by, the imagination, generally in the highest sense of the word.
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In all the higher departments of imaginative art, nature still constitutes an important element. Mure.
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2. Given to imagining; full of images, fancies, etc.; having a quick imagination; conceptive; creative.
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Milton had a highly imaginative, Cowley a very fanciful mind. Coleridge.
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3. Unreasonably suspicious; jealous. [Obs.] Chaucer.

-- Im*ag"i*na*tive*ly, adv. -- Im*ag"i*na*tive*ness, n.
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imaginativeness
imaginativeness n. the capability of imagining; the power of imagination.
Syn. -- imagination, vision.
[WordNet 1.5]

Imagine
Im*ag"ine (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Imagined (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Imagining.] [F. imaginer, L. imaginari, p. p. imaginatus, fr. imago image. See Image.] 1. To form in the mind a notion or idea of; to form a mental image of; to conceive; to produce by the imagination.
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In the night, imagining some fear,
How easy is a bush supposed a bear!
Shak.
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2. To contrive in purpose; to scheme; to devise; to compass; to purpose. See Compass, v. t., 5.
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How long will ye imagine mischief against a man? Ps. lxii. 3.
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3. To represent to one's self; to think; to believe. Shak.

Syn. -- To fancy; conceive; apprehend; think; believe; suppose; opine; deem; plan; scheme; devise.
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Imagine
Im*ag"ine, v. i. 1. To form images or conceptions; to conceive; to devise.
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2. To think; to suppose.
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My sister is not so defenseless left
As you imagine.
Milton.
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imagined
imagined adj. existing in the mind only; not real or actual; as, her imagined fame.
Syn. -- imaginary, notional.
[WordNet 1.5]

Imaginer
Im*ag"in*er (?), n. One who forms ideas or conceptions; one who contrives. Bacon.
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Imaginous
Im*ag"in*ous (?), a. Imaginative. [R.] Chapman.
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Imago
I*ma"go (?), n.; pl. Imagoes (#). [L. See Image.] 1. An image.
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2. (Zool.) The final adult, and usually winged, state of an insect. See Illust. of Ant-lion, and Army worm.

Imaum
Iman
Imam
{ ‖I*mam" (?), ‖I*man" (?), ‖I*maum" (?), } n. [Ar. imām.] 1. Among the Muslims, a minister or priest who performs the regular service of the mosque.
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2. A Muslim prince who, as a successor of Mohammed, unites in his person supreme spiritual and temporal power.
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Imaret
I*ma"ret (?), n. [Turk., fr. Ar. 'imāra.] A lodging house for Muslim pilgrims. Moore.
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Imbalm
Im*balm" (?), v. t. See Embalm.
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Imban
Im*ban" (?), v. t. To put under a ban. [R.] Barlow.
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Imband
Im*band" (?), v. t. To form into a band or bands.Imbanded nations.” J. Barlow.
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Imbank
Im*bank" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Imbanked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Imbanking.] [Pref. im- in + bank. Cf. Embank.] To inclose or defend with a bank or banks. See Embank.
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Imbankment
Im*bank"ment (?), n. The act of surrounding with a bank; a bank or mound raised for defense, a roadway, etc.; an embankment. See Embankment.
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Imbannered
Im*ban"nered (?), a. Having banners.
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Imbar
Im*bar" (?), v. t. To bar in; to secure. [Obs.]
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To imbar their crooked titles. Shak.
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Imbargo
Im*bar"go (?), n. See Embargo.
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Imbark
Im*bark" (?), v. i. & t. See Embark.
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Imbarn
Im*barn" (?), v. t. To store in a barn. [Obs.]
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Imbase
Im*base" (?), v. t. See Embase.
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Imbase
Im*base", v. i. To diminish in value. [Obs.] Hales.
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Imbastardize
Im*bas"tard*ize (?), v. t. To bastardize; to debase. [Obs.] Milton.
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Imbathe
Im*bathe" (?), v. t. [Pref. im- in + bathe. Cf. Embathe.] To bathe; to wash freely; to immerse.
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And gave her to his daughters to imbathe
In nectared lavers strewed with asphodel.
Milton.
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Imbay
Im*bay" (?), v. t. See Embay.
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Imbecile
Im"be*cile (?), a. [L. imbecillis, and imbecillus; of unknown origin: cf. F. imbécile.] Destitute of strength, whether of body or mind; feeble; impotent; esp., mentally wea; feeble-minded; as, hospitals for the imbecile and insane.

Syn. -- Weak; feeble; feeble-minded; idiotic.
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Imbecile
Im"be*cile, n. 1. One destitute of strength; esp., one of feeble mind; -- sometimes used as a pejorative term.
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2. (Psychology) A person with a degree of mental retardation between that of an idiot and a moron; in a former classification of mentally retarded person, it applied to a person with an adult mental age of from four to eith years, and an I.Q. of from 26 to 50.
[PJC]

Imbecile
Im"be*cile, v. t. To weaken; to make imbecile; as, to imbecile men's courage. [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.
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Imbecilitate
Im`be*cil"i*tate (?), v. t. To weaken, as to the body or the mind; to enfeeble. [R.] A. Wilson.
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Imbecility
Im`be*cil"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Imbecilities (#). [L. imbecillitas: cf. F. imbécillité.] The quality of being imbecile; weakness; feebleness, esp. of mind.
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Cruelty . . . argues not only a depravedness of nature, but also a meanness of courage and imbecility of mind. Sir W. Temple.
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&hand_; This term is used specifically to denote natural weakness of the mental faculties, affecting one's power to act reasonably or intelligently.

Syn. -- Debility; infirmity; weakness; feebleness; impotence. See Debility.
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Imbed
Im*bed" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Imbedded (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Imbedding.] [Pref. im- in + bed. Cf. Embed.] To sink or lay, as in a bed; to deposit in a partly inclosing mass, as of clay or mortar; to cover, as with earth, sand, etc.
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Imbellic
Im*bel"lic (?), a. [L. imbellis; pref. im- = in- not + bellum war; cf. bellicus warlike.] Not warlike or martial. [Obs.] R. Junius.
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Imbenching
Im*bench"ing (?), n. [Pref. im- in + bench.] A raised work like a bench. [Obs.] Parkhurst.
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Imber-goose
Im"ber-goose` (?), n. (Zool.) The loon. See Ember-goose.
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Imbezzle
Im*bez"zle (?), v. t. [Obs.] See Embezzle.
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Imbibe
Im*bibe" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Imbibed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Imbibing.] [L. imbibere; pref. im- in + bibere to drink: cf. F. imbiber. Cf. Bib, Imbue, Potable.] 1. To drink in; to absorb; to soak up; to suck or take in; to receive as by drinking; as, a person imbibes drink, or a sponge imbibes moisture.
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2. To receive or absorb into the mind and retain; as, to imbibe principles; to imbibe errors.
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3. To saturate; to imbue. [Obs.] “Earth, imbibed with . . . acid.” Sir I. Newton.
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Imbiber
Im*bib"er (?), n. One who, or that which, imbibes.
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Imbibition
Im`bi*bi"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. imbibition.] The act or process of imbibing, or absorbing; as, the post-mortem imbibition of poisons. Bacon.
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Imbitter
Im*bit"ter (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Imbittered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Imbittering.] [Pref. im- in + bitter. Cf. Embitter.] [Written also embitter.] To make bitter; hence, to make distressing or more distressing; to make sad, morose, sour, or malignant.
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Is there anything that more imbitters the enjoyment of this life than shame? South.
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Imbittered against each other by former contests. Bancroft.
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Imbitterer
Im*bit"ter*er (?), n. One who, or that which, imbitters.
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Imbitterment
Im*bit"ter*ment (?), n. The act of imbittering; bitter feeling; embitterment.
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Imblaze
Im*blaze" (?), v. t. See Emblaze.
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Imblazon
Im*bla"zon (?), v. t. See Emblazon.
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Imbody
Im*bod"y (?), v. i. [See Embody.] To become corporeal; to assume the qualities of a material body. See Embody.
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The soul grows clotted by contagion,
Imbodies, and imbrutes.
Milton.
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Imboil
Im*boil" (?), v. t. & i. [Obs.] See Emboil.
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Imbolden
Im*bold"en (?), v. t. See Embolden.
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Imbonity
Im*bon"i*ty (?), n. [Pref. im- not + L. bonitas goodness.] Lack of goodness. [Obs.] Burton.
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Imborder
Im*bor"der (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Imbordered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Imbordering.] [Pref. im- in + border. Cf. Emborder.] To furnish or inclose with a border; to form a border of. Milton.
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Imbosk
Im*bosk" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Imbosked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Imbosking.] [CF. It. imboscare to imbosk, imboscarsi to retire into a wood; pref. im- in + bosco wood. See Boscage, and cf. Ambush.] To conceal, as in bushes; to hide. [Obs.] Shelton.
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Imbosk
Im*bosk", v. i. To be concealed. [R.] Milton.
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Imbosom
Im*bos"om (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Imbosomed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Imbosoming.] [Pref. im- in + bosom. Cf. Embosom.] 1. To hold in the bosom; to cherish in the heart or affection; to embosom.
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2. To inclose or place in the midst of; to surround or shelter; as, a house imbosomed in a grove. “Villages imbosomed soft in trees.” Thomson.
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The Father infinite,
By whom in bliss imbosomed sat the Son.
Milton.
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Imboss
Im*boss" (?), v. t. See Emboss.
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Imbosture
Im*bos"ture (?), n. [See Emboss.] Embossed or raised work. [Obs.] Beau. & Fl.
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Imbound
Im*bound" (?), v. t. To inclose in limits; to shut in. [Obs.] Shak.
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Imbow
Im*bow" (?), v. t. [Pref. im- in + bow. Cf. Embow.] To make like a bow; to curve; to arch; to vault; to embow.Imbowed windows.” Bacon.
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Imbowel
Im*bow"el (?), v. t. See Embowel.
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Imbower
Im*bow"er (?), v. t. & i. See Embower.
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Imbowment
Im*bow"ment (?), n. act of imbowing; an arch; a vault. Bacon.
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Imbox
Im*box" (?), v. t. To inclose in a box.
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Imbracery
Im*bra"cer*y (?), n. Embracery. [Obs.]
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Imbraid
Im*braid" (?), v. t. [Obs.] See Embraid.
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Imbrangle
Im*bran"gle (?), v. t. To entangle as in a cobweb; to mix confusedly. [R.] Hudibras.
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Physiology imbrangled with an inapplicable logic. Coleridge.
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Imbreed
Im*breed" (?), v. t. [Cf. Inbreed.] To generate within; to inbreed. [Obs.] Hakewill.

Imbricated
Imbricate
{ Im"bri*cate (?), Im"bri*ca`ted (?), } a. [L. imbricatus, p. p. of imbricare to cover with tiles, to form like a gutter tile, fr. imbrex, -icis, a hollow tile, gutter tile, fr. imber rain.] 1. Bent and hollowed like a roof or gutter tile.
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2. Lying over each other in regular order, so as to “break joints,” like tiles or shingles on a roof, the scales on the leaf buds of plants and the cups of some acorns, or the scales of fishes; overlapping each other at the margins, as leaves in æstivation.
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3. In decorative art: Having scales lapping one over the other, or a representation of such scales; as, an imbricated surface; an imbricated pattern.
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Imbricate
Im"bri*cate (?), v. t. To lay in order, one lapping over another, so as to form an imbricated surface.
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imbricated
imbricated adj. (Botany) overlapping or layered as scales or shingles; -- used especially of leaves or bracts.
Syn. -- imbricate.
[WordNet 1.5]

Imbrication
Im`bri*ca"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. imbrication.] An overlapping of the edges, like that of tiles or shingles; hence, intricacy of structure; also, a pattern or decoration representing such a structure.
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Imbricative
Im"bri*ca*tive (?), a. (Bot.) Imbricate.
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Imbrocado
Im`bro*ca"do (?), n.; pl. Imbrocadoes (#). [See Brocade.] Cloth of silver or of gold. [R.]

Imbroccata
Imbrocata
{ ‖Im`bro*ca"ta (?), Im`broc*ca"ta }, n. [It. imbroccata.] A hit or thrust. [Obs.] B. Jonson.
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Imbroglio
Im*brogl"io (?), n.; pl. Imbroglios (#). [Written also embroglio.] [It. See 1st Broil, and cf. Embroil.] 1. An intricate, complicated plot, as of a drama or work of fiction.
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2. A complicated and embarrassing state of things; a serious misunderstanding or disagreement, especially one that is bitter.
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Wrestling to free itself from the baleful imbroglio. Carlyle.
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Imbrown
Im*brown" (?), v. t. [Pref. im- in + brown. Cf. Embrown.] To make brown; to obscure; to darken; to tan; as, features imbrowned by exposure.
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The mountain mass by scorching skies imbrowned. Byron.
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Imbrue
Im*brue" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Imbureed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Imbureing.] [Cf. OF. embruer, also embruver, embreuver, embrever, to give to drink, soak (see pref. En-, 1, 1st In-, and Breverage), but also OE. enbrewen, enbrowen, to stain, soil (cf. Brewis).] To wet or moisten; to soak; to drench, especially in blood.
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While Darwen stream, will blood of Scots imbrued. Milton.
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Imbruement
Im*brue"ment (?), n. The act of imbruing or state of being imbrued.
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Imbrute
Im*brute" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Imbruted; p. pr. & vb. n. Imbruting.] [Pref. im- in + brute: cf. F. abrutir. Cf. Embrute.] To degrade to the state of a brute; to make brutal.
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And mixed with bestial slime,
THis essence to incarnate and imbrute.
Milton.
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Imbrute
Im*brute", v. i. To sink to the state of a brute.
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The soul grows clotted by contagion,
Imbodies, and imbrutes, till she quite lose
The divine property of her first being.
Milton.
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Imbrutement
Im*brute"ment (?), n. The act of imbruting, or the state of being imbruted. [R.] Brydges.
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Imbue
Im*bue" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Imbued (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Imbuing.] [L. imbuere; pref. im- in + perh. a disused simple word akin to L. bibere to drink. Cf. Imbibe.] 1. To tinge deeply; to dye; to cause to absorb; as, clothes thoroughly imbued with black.
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2. To tincture deply; to cause to become impressed or penetrated; as, to imbue the minds of youth with good principles.
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Thy words with grace divine
Imbued, bring to their sweetness no satiety.
Milton.
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Imbuement
Im*bue"ment (?), n. The act of imbuing; the state of being imbued; hence, a deep tincture.
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Imburse
Im*burse" (?), v. t. [Pref. im- in + burse: cf. F. embourser to put into one's purse. See Burse, and Purse.] To supply or stock with money. [Obs.]
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Imbursement
Im*burse"ment (?), n. 1. The act of imbursing, or the state of being imbursed. [Obs.]
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2. Money laid up in stock. [Obs.]
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Imbution
Im*bu"tion (?), n. An imbuing. [Obs.]
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Imesatin
I*mes"a*tin (?), n. [Imide + isatin.] (Chem.) A dark yellow, crystalline substance, obtained by the action of ammonia on isatin.
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Imide
Im"ide (?), n. (Chem.) A compound with, or derivative of, the imido group; specif., a compound of one or more acid radicals with the imido group, or with a monamine; hence, also, a derivative of ammonia, in which two atoms of hydrogen have been replaced by divalent basic or acid radicals; -- frequently used as a combining form; as, succinimide.
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Imido
Im"i*do (?), a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, containing, or combined with, the radical NH, which is called the imido group.
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Imido acid, an organic acid, consisting of one or more acid radicals so united with the imido group that it contains replaceable acid hydrogen, and plays the part of an acid; as, uric acid, succinimide, etc., are imido acids.
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Imitability
Im`it*a*bil"i*ty (?), n. [See Imitable.] The quality of being imitable. Norris.
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Imitable
Im"i*ta*ble (?), a. [L. imitabilis: cf. F. imitable. See Imitate.] 1. Capable of being imitated or copied.
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The characters of man placed in lower stations of life are more usefull, as being imitable by great numbers. Atterbury.
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2. Worthy of imitation; as, imitable character or qualities. Sir W. Raleigh.
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Imitableness
Im"i*ta*ble*ness, n. The state or quality of being imitable; worthness of imitation.
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Imitancy
Im"i*tan*cy (?), n. [From L. imitans, p. pr. of imitare.] Tendency to imitation. [R.] Carlyle.
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Imitate
Im"i*tate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Imitated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Imitating (?).] [L. imitatus, p. p. of imitari to imitate; of unknown origin. Cf. Image.] 1. To follow as a pattern, model, or example; to copy or strive to copy, in acts, manners etc.
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Despise wealth and imitate a dog. Cowlay.
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2. To produce a semblance or likeness of, in form, character, color, qualities, conduct, manners, and the like; to counterfeit; to copy.
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A place picked out by choice of best alive
The Nature's work by art can imitate.
Spenser.
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This hand appeared a shining sword to weild,
And that sustained an imitated shield.
Dryden.
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3. (Biol.) To resemble (another species of animal, or a plant, or inanimate object) in form, color, ornamentation, or instinctive habits, so as to derive an advantage thereby; sa, when a harmless snake imitates a venomous one in color and manner, or when an odorless insect imitates, in color, one having secretion offensive to birds.
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Imitation
Im"i*ta"tion (?), n. [L. imitatio: cf. F. imitation.] 1. The act of imitating.
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Poesy is an art of imitation, . . . that is to say, a representing, counterfeiting, or figuring forth. Sir P. Sidney.
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2. That which is made or produced as a copy; that which is made to resemble something else, whether for laudable or for fraudulent purposes; likeness; resemblance.
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Both these arts are not only true imitations of nature, but of the best nature. Dryden.
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3. (Mus.) One of the principal means of securing unity and consistency in polyphonic composition; the repetition of essentially the same melodic theme, phrase, or motive, on different degrees of pitch, by one or more of the other parts of voises. Cf. Canon.
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4. (Biol.) The act of condition of imitating another species of animal, or a plant, or unanimate object. See Imitate, v. t., 3.
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&hand_; Imitation is often used adjectively to characterize things which have a deceptive appearance, simulating the qualities of a superior article; -- opposed to real or genuine; as, imitation lace; imitation bronze; imitation modesty, etc.
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Imitational
Im`i*ta"tion*al (?), a. Pertaining to, or employed in, imitation; as, imitational propensities.
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Imitative
Im"i*ta*tive (?), a. [L. imitavitus: cf. F. imitatif.] 1. Inclined to imitate, copy, or follow; imitating; exhibiting some of the qualities or characteristics of a pattern or model; dependent on example; not original; as, man is an imitative being; painting is an imitative art.
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2. Formed after a model, pattern, or original.
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This temple, less in form, with equal grace,
Was imitative of the first in Thrace.
Dryden.
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3. (Nat. Hist.) Designed to imitate another species of animal, or a plant, or inanimate object, for some useful purpose, such as protection from enemies; having resemblance to something else; as, imitative colors; imitative habits; dendritic and mammillary forms of minerals are imitative.

-- Im"i*ta*tive*ly, adv. -- Im"i*ta*tive*ness, n.
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Imitative
Im"i*ta*tive, n. (Gram.) A verb expressive of imitation or resemblance. [R.]
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Imitator
Im"i*ta"tor (?), n. [L.] One who imitates.
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Imitatorship
Im"i*ta`tor*ship, n. The state or office of an imitator. “Servile imitatorship.” Marston.
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Imitatress
Im"i*ta`tress (?), n. A woman who is an imitator.
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Imitatrix
Im"i*ta`trix (?), n. An imitatress.
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Immaculate
Im*mac"u*late (?), a. [L. immaculatus; pref. im- not + maculatus, p. p. of maculare to spot, stane, fr. macula spot. See Mail armor.] Without stain or blemish; spotless; undefiled; clear; pure.
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Were but my soul as pure
From other guilt as that, Heaven did not hold
One more immaculate.
Denham.
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Thou sheer, immaculate and silver fountain. Shak.
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Immaculate conception (R. C. Ch.), the doctrine that the Virgin Mary was conceived without original sin.

-- Im*mac"u*late*ly, adv. -- Im*mac"u*late*ness, n.
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Immailed
Im*mailed" (?), a. Wearing mail or armor; clad of armor. W. Browne.
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Immalleable
Im*mal"le*a*ble (?), a. Not maleable.
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Immanacle
Im*man"a*cle (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Immanacled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Immanacling (?).] To manacle; to fetter; hence; to confine; to restrain from free action.
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Although this corporal rind
Thou hast immanacled.
Milton.
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Immanation
Im"ma*na"tion (?), n. [Pref. im- in + L. manare to flow; cf. mantio a flowing.] A flowing or entering in; -- opposed to emanation. [R.] Good.
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Immane
Im*mane" (?), a. [L. immanis.] Very great; huge; vast; also, monstrous in character; inhuman; atrocious; fierce. [Obs.] “So immane a man.” Chapman.

-- Im*mane"ly, adv. [Obs.]

Immanency
Immanence
{ Im"ma*nence (?), Im"ma*nen*cy (?), } n. The condition or quality of being immanent; inherence; an indwelling.
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[Clement] is mainly concerned in enforcing the immanence of God. Christ is everywhere presented by him as Deity indwelling in the world. A. V. G. Allen.
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Immanent
Im"ma*nent (?), a. [L. immanens, p. pr. of immanere to remain in or near; pref. im- in + manere to remain: cf. F. immanent.] Remaining within; inherent; indwelling; abiding; intrinsic; internal or subjective; hence, limited in activity, agency, or effect, to the subject or associated acts; -- opposed to emanant, transitory, transitive, or objective.
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A cognition is an immanent act of mind. Sir W. Hamilton.
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An immanent power in the life of the world. Hare.
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Immanifest
Im*man"i*fest (?), a. Not manifest. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
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Immanity
Im*man"i*ty (?), n. [L. immanitas.] The state or quality of being immane; barbarity. [R.] Shak.
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Immantle
Im*man"tle (?), v. t. See Emmantle. [R.]
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Immanuel
Im*man"u*el (?), n. [Heb. 'immān&unr_;ēl, fr. 'im with + ān&unr_; us + ēl God.] God with us; -- an appellation of the Christ. Is. vii. 14. Matt. i. 23.
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Immarcescible
Im`mar*ces"ci*ble (?), a. [L. immarcescibilis; pref. im- not + marcescere to fade: cf. F. immarcescible.] Unfading; lasting. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.
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Immarcescibly
Im`mar*ces"ci*bly, adv. Unfadingly. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.
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Immarginate
Im*mar"gin*ate (?), a. (Bot.) Not having a distinctive margin or border. Grey.
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Immartial
Im*mar"tial (?), a. Not martial; unwarlike. [Obs.]
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Immask
Im*mask" (?), v. t. To cover, as with a mask; to disguise or conceal. [R.] Shak.
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Immatchable
Im*match"a*ble (?), a. Matchless; peerless. [Obs.] Holland.
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Immaterial
Im`ma*te"ri*al (&ibreve_;m`m&adot_;*tē"r&ibreve_;*&aitalic_;l), a. [Pref. im- not + material: cf. F. immatériel.] 1. Not consisting of matter; incorporeal; spiritual; disembodied.
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Angels are spirits immaterial and intellectual. Hooker.
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2. Of no substantial consequence; without weight or significance; unimportant; as, it is wholly immaterial whether he does so or not.

Syn. -- Unimportant; inconsequential; insignificant; inconsiderable; trifling.
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Immaterialism
Im`ma*te"ri*al*ism (?), n. [Cf. F. immatérialisme.] 1. The doctrine that immaterial substances or spiritual being exist, or are possible.
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2. (Philos.) The doctrine that external bodies may be reduced to mind and ideas in a mind; any doctrine opposed to materialism or phenomenalism, esp. a system that maintains the immateriality of the soul; idealism; esp., Bishop Berkeley's theory of idealism.
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Immaterialist
Im`ma*te"ri*al*ist, n. [Cf. F. immatérialiste.] (Philos.) One who believes in or professes, immaterialism.
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Immateriality
Im`ma*te`ri*al"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Immaterialities (#). [Cf. F. immatérialité.] The state or quality of being immaterial or incorporeal; as, the immateriality of the soul.
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Immaterialize
Im`ma*te"ri*al*ize (?), v. t. [Cf. F. immatérialiser.] To render immaterial or incorporeal.
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Immateralized spirits. Glanvill.
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Immaterially
Im`ma*te"ri*al*ly, adv. 1. In an immaterial manner; without matter or corporeal substance.
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2. In an unimportant manner or degree.
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Immaterialness
Im`ma*te"ri*al*ness, n. The state or quality of being immaterial; immateriality.
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Immateriate
Im`ma*te"ri*ate (?), a. Immaterial. [Obs.] Bacon.
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Immature
Im`ma*ture" (?), a. [L. immaturus; pref. im- not + maturus mature, ripe. See Mature.] 1. Not mature; unripe; not arrived at perfection of full development; crude; unfinished; as, immature fruit; immature character; immature plans. “An ill-measured and immature counsel.” Bacon.
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2. Premature; untimely; too early; as, an immature death. [R.] Jer. Taylor.
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Immatured
Im`ma*tured" (?), a. Immature.
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Immaturely
Im`ma*ture"ly (?), adv. In an immature manner. Warburion.
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Immatureness
Im`ma*ture"ness, n. The state or quality of being immature; immaturity. Boyle.
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Immaturity
Im`ma*tu"ri*ty (?), n. [L. immaturitas: cf. F. immaturité.] The state or quality of being immature or not fully developed; unripeness; incompleteness.
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When the world has outgrown its intellectual immaturity. Caird.
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Immeability
Im`me*a*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Pref. im- not + L. meabilis passable, fr. meare to pass.] Lack of power to pass, or to permit passage; impassableness.
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Immeability of the juices. Arbuthnot.
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Immeasurability
Im*meas`ur*a*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality of being immeasurable; immensurability.
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Immeasurable
Im*meas"ur*a*ble (?), a. [Pref. im- not + measurable: cf. F. measurable. Cf. Immensurable, Unmeasurable.] Incapable of being measured; indefinitely extensive; illimitable; immensurable; vast.
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Of depth immeasurable. Milton.
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Immeasurableness
Im*meas"ur*a*ble*ness, n. The state or quality of being immeasurable.
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Eternity and immeasurableness belong to thought alone. F. W. Robertson.
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Immeasurably
Im*meas"ur*a*bly, adv. In an immeasurable manner or degree.Immeasurably distant.” Wordsworth.
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Immeasured
Im*meas"ured (?), a. Immeasurable. [R.] Spenser.
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Immechanical
Im`me*chan"ic*al (?), a. Not mechanical. [Obs.] Cheyne. -- Im"me*chan"ic*al*ly, adv. [Obs.]
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Immediacy
Im*me"di*a*cy (?), n. The relation of freedom from the interventionof a medium; immediateness. Shak.
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Immediate
Im*me"di*ate (?), a. [F. immédiat. See In- not, and Mediate.] 1. Not separated in respect to place by anything intervening; proximate; close; as, immediate contact.
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You are the most immediate to our throne. Shak.
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2. Not deferred by an interval of time; present; instant. “Assemble we immediate council.” Shak.
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Death . . . not yet inflicted, as he feared,
By some immediate stroke.
Milton.
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3. Acting with nothing interposed or between, or without the intervention of another object as a cause, means, or agency; acting, perceived, or produced, directly; as, an immediate cause.
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The immediate knowledge of the past is therefore impossible. Sir. W. Hamilton.
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Immediate amputation (Surg.), an amputation performed within the first few hours after an injury, and before the the effects of the shock have passed away.

Syn. -- Proximate; close; direct; next.
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Immediately
Im*me"di*ate*ly (?), adv. 1. In an immediate manner; without intervention of any other person or thing; proximately; directly; -- opposed to mediately; as, immediately contiguous.
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God's acceptance of it either immediately by himself, or mediately by the hands of the bishop. South.
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2. Without interval of time; without delay; promptly; instantly; at once.
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And Jesus . . . touched him, saying, I will; be thou clean. And immediately his leprosy was cleansed. Matt. viii. 3.
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3. As soon as. Cf. Directly, 8, Note.

Syn. -- Directly; instantly; quickly; forthwith; straightway; presently. See Directly.
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Immediateness
Im*me"di*ate*ness, n. The quality or relations of being immediate in manner, place, or time; exemption from second or interventing causes. Bp. Hall.
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Immediatism
Im*me"di*a*tism (?), n. Immediateness.
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Immedicable
Im*med"i*ca*ble (?), a. [L. Immedicabilis. See In- not, and Medicable.] Not to be healed; incurable. “Wounds immedicable.” Milton.
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Immelodious
Im`me*lo"di*ous (?), a. Not melodious.
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Immemorable
Im*mem"o*ra*ble (?), a. [L. immemorabilis; pref. im- not + memorabilis memorable: cf. F. immémorable. See Memorable.] Not memorable; not worth remembering. Johnson.
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Immemorial
Im`me*mo"ri*al (?), a. [Pref. im- not + memorial: cf. F. immémorial.] Extending beyond the reach of memory, record, or tradition; indefinitely ancient; as, existing from time immemorial.Immemorial elms.” Tennyson.Immemorial usage or custom.” Sir M. Hale.
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Time immemorial (Eng. Law.), a time antedating (legal) history, and beyond “legal memory” so called; formerly an indefinite time, but in 1276 this time was fixed by statute as the begining of the reign of Richard I. (1189). Proof of unbroken possession or use of any right since that date made it unnecessary to establish the original grant. In 1832 the plan of dating legal memory from a fixed time was abandoned and the principle substituted that rights which had been enjoyed for full twenty years (or as against the crown thirty years) should not be liable to impeachment merely by proving that they had not been enjoyed before.
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Immemorially
Im`me*mo"ri*al*ly, adv. Beyond memory. Bentley.
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Immense
Im*mense" (?), a. [L. immensus; pref. im- not + mensus, p. p. of metiri to measure: cf. F. immense. See Measure.] Immeasurable; unlimited. In commonest use: Very great; vast; huge.Immense the power” Pope.Immense and boundless ocean.” Daniel.
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O Goodness infinite! Goodness immense! Milton.

Syn. -- Infinite; immeasurable; illimitable; unbounded; unlimited; interminable; vast; prodigious; enormous; monstrous. See Enormous.
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Immensely
Im*mense"ly, adv. In immense manner or degree.
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Immenseness
Im*mense"ness, n. The state of being immense.
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Immensible
Im*men"si*ble (?), a. [Immense + -ible.] Immeasurable. [Obs.] Davies.
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Immensity
Im*men"si*ty (?), n.; pl. Immensities (#). [L. immensitas: cf. F. immensité.] The state or quality of being immense; inlimited or immeasurable extension; infinity; vastness in extent or bulk; greatness.
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Lost in the wilds of vast immensity. Blackmore.
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The immensity of the material system. I. Taylor.
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Immensive
Im*men"sive (?), a. Huge. [Obs.] Herrick.
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Immensurability
Im*men`su*ra*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality of being immensurable.
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Immensurable
Im*men"su*ra*ble (?), a. [Pref. im- not + L. mensurabilis measurable: cf. F. immensurable. Cf. Immeasurable.] Immeasurable.
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What an immensurable space is the firmament. Derham.
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Immensurate
Im*men"su*rate (?), a. [Pref. im- not + mensurate.] Unmeasured; unlimited. [R.] W. Montagu.
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Immerge
Im*merge" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Immerged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Immerging (?).] [L. immergere; pref. im- in + mergere to dip, plunge: cf. F. immerger. See Merge, and cf. Immerse.] To plungel into, under, or within anything especially a fuid; to dip; to immerse. See Immerse.
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We took . . . lukewarm water, and in it immerged a quantity of the leaves of senna. Boyle.
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Their souls are immerged in matter. Jer. Taylor.
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Immerge
Im*merge" (?), v. i. To dissapear by entering into any medium, as a star into the light of the sun. [R.]
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Immerit
Im*mer"it (?), n. Lack of worth; demerit. [R.] Suckling.
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Immerited
Im*mer"it*ed, a. Unmerited. [Obs.] Charles I.
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Immeritous
Im*mer"it*ous (?), a. [L. immeritus; pref. im- not + meritus, p. p. of merere, mereri, to deserve.] Undeserving. [Obs.] Milton.
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Immersable
Im*mers"a*ble (?), a. See Immersible.
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Immerse
Im*merse" (?), a. [L. immersus, p. p. of immergere. See Immerge.] Immersed; buried; hid; sunk. [Obs.] “Things immerse in matter.” Bacon.
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Immerse
Im*merse", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Immersed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Immersing.] 1. To plunge into anything that surrounds or covers, especially into a fluid; to dip; to sink; to bury; to immerge.
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Deep immersed beneath its whirling wave. J Warton.
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More than a mile immersed within the wood. Dryden.
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2. To baptize by immersion.
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3. To engage deeply; to engross the attention of; to involve; to overhelm.
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The queen immersed in such a trance. Tennyson.
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It is impossible to have a lively hope in another life, and yet be deeply immersed inn the enjoyments of this. Atterbury.
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Immersed
Im*mersed" (?), p. p. & a. 1. Deeply plunged into anything, especially a fluid.
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2. Deeply occupied; engrossed; entangled.
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3. (Bot.) Growing wholly under water. Gray.
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Immersible
Im*mers"i*ble (?), a. [From Immerse.] Capable of being immersed.
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Immersible
Im*mers"i*ble, a. [Pref. im- not + L. mersus, p. p. of mergere to plunge.] Not capable of being immersed.
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Immersion
Im*mer"sion (?), n. [L. immersio; cf. F. immersion.] 1. The act of immersing, or the state of being immersed; a sinking within a fluid; a dipping; as, the immersion of Achilles in the Styx.
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2. Submersion in water for the purpose of Christian baptism, as, practiced by the Baptists.
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3. The state of being overhelmed or deeply absorbed; deep engagedness.
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Too deep an immersion in the affairs of life. Atterbury.
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4. (Astron.) The dissapearance of a celestail body, by passing either behind another, as in the occultation of a star, or into its shadow, as in the eclipse of a satellite; -- opposed to emersion.
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Immersion lens, a microscopic objective of short focal distance designed to work with a drop of liquid, as oil, between the front lens and the slide, so that this lens is practically immersed.
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Immersionist
Im*mer"sion*ist, n. (Eccl.) One who holds the doctrine that immersion is essential to Christian baptism.
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Immesh
Im*mesh" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Immeshed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Immeshing.] [Pref. im- in + mesh. Cf. Inmesh.] To catch or entangle in, or as in, the meshes of a net. or in a web; to insnare.
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Immethodical
Im`me*thod"ic*al (?), a. Not methodical; without method or systematic arrangement; without order or regularity; confused. Addison.

Syn. -- Irregular; confused; disoderly; unsystematic; desultory.
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Immethodically
Im`me*thod"ic*al*ly, adv. Without method; confusedly; unsystematically.
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Immethodicalness
Im`me*thod"ic*al*ness, n. Lack of method.
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Immethodize
Im*meth"od*ize (?), v. t. To render immethodical; to destroy the method of; to confuse. [R.]
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Immetrical
Im*met"ric*al (&unr_;), a. Not metrical or rhythmical. [R.] Chapman.
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Immew
Im*mew" (?), v. t. See Emmew.
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Immigrant
Im"mi*grant (?), n. [L. immigrans, p. pr. of immigrare to go into: cf. F. immigrant. See Immigrate.] One who immigrates; one who comes to a country for the purpose of permanent residence; -- correlative of emigrant.

Syn. -- See Emigrant.
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Immigrate
Im"mi*grate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Immigrated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Immigrating (?).] [L. immigrare, immigratum, to immigrate; pref. im- in + migrare to migrate. See Migrate.] To come into a country of which one is not a native, for the purpose of permanent residence. See Emigrate.
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Immigration
Im"mi*gra"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. immigration.] The act of immigrating; the passing or coming into a country for the purpose of permanent residence.
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The immigrations of the Arabians into Europe. T. Warton.
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Imminence
Im"mi*nence (?), n. [Cf. F. imminence, L. imminentia, See Imminent.] 1. The condition or quality of being imminent; a threatening, as of something about to happen. The imminence of any danger or distress. Fuller.
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2. That which is imminent; impending evil or danger. “But dare all imminence.” Shak.
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imminency
imminency n. the state of being imminent and liable to happen soon; imminence.
Syn. -- imminence, impendence, impendency, forthcomingness.
[WordNet 1.5]

Imminent
Im"mi*nent (?), a. [L. imminens, p. pr. of imminere to project; pref. im- in + minere (in comp.) to jut, project. See Eminent.] 1. Threatening to occur immediately; near at hand; impending; -- said especially of misfortune or peril. “In danger imminent.” Spenser.
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2. Full of danger; threatening; menacing; perilous.
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Hairbreadth scapes i' the imminent deadly breach. Shak.
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3. (With upon) Bent upon; attentive to. [R.]
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Their eyes ever imminent upon worldly matters. Milton.

Syn. -- Impending; threatening; near; at hand. -- Imminent, Impending, Threatening. Imminent is the strongest: it denotes that something is ready to fall or happen on the instant; as, in imminent danger of one's life. Impending denotes that something hangs suspended over us, and may so remain indefinitely; as, the impending evils of war. Threatening supposes some danger in prospect, but more remote; as, threatening indications for the future.
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Three times to-day
You have defended me from imminent death.
Shak.
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No story I unfold of public woes,
Nor bear advices of impending foes.
Pope.
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Fierce faces threatening war. Milton.
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Imminently
Im"mi*nent*ly, adv. In an imminent manner.
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Immingle
Im*min"gle (?), v. t. To mingle; to mix; to unite; to blend. [R.] Thomson.
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Imminution
Im`mi*nu"tion (?), n. [L. imminutio, fr. imminuere, imminutum, to lessen; pref. im- in + minuere.] A lessening; diminution; decrease. [R.] Ray.
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Immiscibility
Im*mis"ci*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. immiscibilité.] Incapability of being mixed, or mingled.
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Immiscible
Im*mis"ci*ble (?), a. [Pref. im- not + miscible: cf. F. immiscible.] 1. Not capable of being mixed or mingled.
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A chaos of immiscible and conflicting particles. Cudworth.
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2. Specifically: (Chem.) Not miscible; forming two distinct phases when mixed at some concentration; -- of two liquids; as, water and gasoline are immiscible.
[PJC]

Immission
Im*mis"sion (?), n. [L. immissio: cf. F. immission. See Immit.] The act of immitting, or of sending or thrusting in; injection; -- the correlative of emission.
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Immit
Im*mit" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Immitted; p. pr. & vb. n. Immiting.] [L. immittere, immissum; pref. im- in + mittere to send.] To send in; to inject; to infuse; -- the correlative of emit. [R.] Boyle.
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Immitigable
Im*mit"i*ga*ble (?), a. [L. immitigabilis; fr. pref. im- not + mitigare to mitigate.] Not capable of being mitigated, softened, or appeased. Coleridge.
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Immitigably
Im*mit"i*ga*bly (?), adv. In an immitigable manner.
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Immix
Im*mix" (?), v. t. [Pref. in- in + mix.] To mix; to mingle. [R.]
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Amongst her tears immixing prayers meek. Spenser.
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Immixable
Im*mix"a*ble (?), a. Not mixable. Bp. Wilkins.
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Immixed
Im*mixed" (?), a. [Pref. in- not + mixed, p. p. of mix.] Unmixed. [Obs.]
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How pure and immixed the design is. Boyle.
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Immixture
Im*mix"ture (?), n. Freedom from mixture; purity. [R.] W. Montagu.
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Immobile
Im*mo"bile (?), a. [L. immobilis: cf. F. immobile. See Immobility.] Incapable of being moved; immovable; fixed; stable. Prof. Shedd.
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immobilization
immobilisation
immobilisation immobilization n. The act or process of limiting movement or making incapable of movement; as, immobilization of the injured knee was necessary; the storm caused complete immobilization of the rescue team.
Syn. -- immobilizing.
[WordNet 1.5]

Immobility
Im`mo*bil"i*ty (?), n. [L. immobilitas, fr. immobilis immovable; pref. im- not + mobilis movable: cf. F. immobilité. See Mobile.] The condition or quality of being immobile; fixedness in place or state.
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Immobilize
Im*mob"i*lize (?), v. t. [Pref. im- in + mobilize; cf. f. immobiliser.] To make immovable; in surgery, to make immovable (a naturally mobile part, as a joint) by the use of splints, or stiffened bandages.
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Immoble
Im*mo"ble (?), a. [Obs.] See Immobile.
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Immoderacy
Im*mod"er*a*cy (?), n. [From Immoderate.] Immoderateness. [R.] Sir T. Browne.
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Immoderancy
Im*mod"er*an*cy (?), n. [L. immoderantia.] Immoderateness; excess. [R.] Sir T. Browne.
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Immoderate
Im*mod"er*ate (?), a. [L. immoderatus; pref. im- not + moderatus moderate. See Moderate.] Not moderate; exceeding just or usual and suitable bounds; excessive; extravagant; unreasonable; as, immoderate demands; immoderate grief; immoderate laughter.
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So every scope by the immoderate use
Turns to restraint.
Shak.

Syn. -- Excessive; exorbitant; unreasonable; extravagant; intemperate; inordinate.
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Immoderately
Im*mod"er*ate*ly, adv. In an immoderate manner; excessively.
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Immoderateness
Im*mod"er*ate*ness, n. The quality of being immoderate; excess; extravagance. Puller.
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Immoderation
Im*mod`er*a"tion (?), n. [L. immoderatio: cf. F. imodération.] Lack of moderation. Hallywell.
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Immodest
Im*mod"est (?), a. [F. immodeste, L. immodestus immoderate; pref. im- not + modestus modest. See Modest.] 1. Not limited to due bounds; immoderate.
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2. Not modest; wanting in the reserve or restraint which decorum and decency require; indecent; indelicate; obscene; lewd; as, immodest persons, behavior, words, pictures, etc.
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Immodest deeds you hinder to be wrought,
But we proscribe the least immodest thought.
Dryden.

Syn. -- Indecorous; indelicate; shameless; shameful; impudent; indecent; impure; unchaste; lewd; obscene.
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Immodestly
Im*mod"est*ly, adv. In an immodest manner.
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Immodesty
Im*mod"es*ty (?), n. [L. immodestia: cf. F. immodestie.] Lack of modesty, delicacy, or decent reserve; indecency. “A piece of immodesty.” Pope.
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Immolate
Im"mo*late (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Immolated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Immolating.] [L. immolatus, p. p. of immolare to sacrifice, orig., to sprinkle a victim with sacrifical meal; pref. im- in + mola grits or grains of spelt coarsely ground and mixed with salt; also, mill. See Molar, Meal ground grain.] 1. To sacrifice; to offer in sacrifice; to kill, as a sacrificial victim.
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Worshipers, who not only immolate to them [the deities] the lives of men, but . . . the virtue and honor of women. Boyle.
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2. To destroy by fire.
[PJC]

Immolation
Im`mo*la"tion (?), n. [L. immolatio: cf. F. immolation.] 1. The act of immolating, or the state of being immolated, or sacrificed. Sir. T. Browne.
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2. That which is immolated; a sacrifice.
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3. Destruction by fire.
[PJC]

Immolator
Im"mo*la`tor (?), n. [L.] One who offers in sacrifice; specifically, one of a sect of Russian fanatics who practice self-mutilation and sacrifice.

Immould
Immold
{ Im*mold", Im*mould" } (?), v. t. To mold into shape, or form. [Obs.] G. Fletcher.
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Immoment
Im*mo"ment (?), a. [See Immomentous.] Trifling. [R.]Immoment toys.” Shak.
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Immomentous
Im`mo*men"tous (?), a. [Pref. im- not + momentous.] Not momentous; unimportant; insignificant. [R.] A. Seward.
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Immoral
Im*mor"al (?), a. [Pref. im- not + moral: cf. F. immoral.] Not moral; inconsistent with rectitude, purity, or good morals; contrary to conscience or the divine law; wicked; unjust; dishonest; vicious; licentious; as, an immoral man; an immoral deed.

Syn. -- Wicked; sinful; criminal; vicious; unjust; dishonest; depraved; impure; unchaste; profligate; dissolute; abandoned; licentious; lewd; obscene.
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Immorality
Im`mo*ral"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Immoralities (#). [Cf. F. immoralité.] 1. The state or quality of being immoral; vice.
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The root of all immorality. Sir W. Temple.
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2. An immoral act or practice.
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Luxury and sloth and then a great drove of heresies and immoralities broke loose among them. Milton.
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Immorally
Im*mor"al*ly (?), adv. In an immoral manner; wickedly.
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Immorigerous
Im`mo*rig"er*ous (?), a. [Pref. im- not + morigerous.] Rude; uncivil; disobedient. [Obs.] -- Im`mo*rig"er*ous*ness, n. [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.
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Immortal
Im*mor"tal (?), a. [L. immortalis; pref. im- not + mortalis mortal: cf. F. immortel. See Mortal, and cf. Immortelle.] 1. Not mortal; exempt from liability to die; undying; imperishable; lasting forever; having unlimited, or eternal, existance.
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Unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible. 1 Tim. i. 17.
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For my soul, what can it do to that,
Being a thing immortal as itself?
Shak.
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2. Connected with, or pertaining to immortality.
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I have immortal longings in me. Shak.
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3. Destined to live in all ages of this world; abiding; exempt from oblivion; imperishable; as, immortal fame.
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One of the few, immortal names,
That were not born to die.
Halleck.
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4. Great; excessive; grievous. [Obs.] Hayward.
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Immortal flowers, immortelles; everlastings.

Syn. -- Eternal; everlasting; never-ending; ceaseless; perpetual; continual; enduring; endless; imperishable; incorruptible; deathless; undying.
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Immortal
Im*mor"tal (?), n. One who will never cease to be; one exempt from death, decay, or annihilation. Bunyan.
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Immortalist
Im*mor"tal*ist, n. One who holds the doctrine of the immortality of the soul. [R.] Jer. Taylor.
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Immortality
Im`mor*tal"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Immortalities (#). [L. immortalitas: cf. F. immortalité.] 1. The quality or state of being immortal; exemption from death and annihilation; unending existance; as, the immortality of the soul.
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This mortal must put on immortality. 1 Cor. xv. 53.
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2. Exemption from oblivion; perpetuity; as, the immortality of fame.
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Immortalization
Im*mor`tal*i*za"tion (?), n. The act of immortalizing, or state of being immortalized.
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Immortalize
Im*mor"tal*ize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Immortalized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Immortalizing (?).] [Cf. F. immortaliser.] 1. To render immortal; to cause to live or exist forever. S. Clarke.
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2. To exempt from oblivion; to perpetuate in fame.
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Alexander had no Homer to immortalize his guilty name. T. Dawes.
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Immortalize
Im*mor"tal*ize, v. i. To become immortal. [R.]
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Immortally
Im*mor"tal*ly, adv. In an immortal manner.
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Immortelle
Im`mor*telle" (?), n.; pl. Immortelles (#). [F. See Immortal.] (Bot.) A plant with a conspicuous, dry, unwithering involucre, as the species of Antennaria, Helichrysum, Gomphrena, etc. See Everlasting.
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Immortification
Im*mor`ti*fi*ca"tion (?), n. Failure to mortify the passions. [R.] Jer. Taylor.
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Immovability
Im*mov"a*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality or state of being immovable; fixedness; steadfastness; as, immovability of a heavy body; immovability of purpose.
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Immovable
Im*mov"a*ble (?), a. 1. Incapable of being moved; firmly fixed; fast; -- used of material things; as, an immovable foundation.
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Immovable, infixed, and frozen round. Milton.
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2. Steadfast; fixed; unalterable; unchangeable; -- used of the mind or will; as, an immovable purpose, or a man who remains immovable.
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3. Not capable of being affected or moved in feeling or by sympathy; unimpressible; impassive. Dryden.
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4. (Law.) Not liable to be removed; permanent in place or tenure; fixed; as, an immovable estate. See Immovable, n. Blackstone.
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Immovable apparatus (Med.), an appliance, like the plaster of paris bandage, which keeps fractured parts firmly in place. -- Immovable feasts (Eccl.), feasts which occur on a certain day of the year and do not depend on the date of Easter; as, Christmas, the Epiphany, etc.
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Immovable
Im*mov"a*ble, n. 1. That which can not be moved.
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2. pl. (Civil Law) Lands and things adherent thereto by nature, as trees; by the hand of man, as buildings and their accessories; by their destination, as seeds, plants, manure, etc.; or by the objects to which they are applied, as servitudes. Ayliffe. Bouvier.
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Immovableness
Im*mov"a*ble*ness, n. Quality of being immovable.
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Immovably
Im*mov"a*bly, adv. In an immovable manner.
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Immund
Im*mund" (?), a. [L. immundus; pref. im- not + mundus clean.] Unclean. [R.] Burton.
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Immundicity
Im`mun*dic"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. immondicité, L. immunditia, immundities.] Uncleanness; filthiness. [R.] W. Montagu.
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Immune
Im*mune" (?), a. [L. immunis. See Immunity.] 1. Exempt; protected. -- Im*mu"nize (#), v. t.
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2. (Med.) Protected from disease due to the action of the immune system, especially by having been inoculated against or previously exposed to a disease.
[PJC]

3. (Med.) Of or pertaining to the immune system or the components of the immune system.
[PJC]

4. Not responsive; as, immune to suggestion.
[PJC]

Immune
Im*mune" (?), n. One who is immune; esp., a person who is immune from a disease by reason of previous affection with the disease or inoculation.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

immune system
im*mune" sys"tem (?), n. (Biol.) The complex of cells, cellular processes, and substances within and diffused throughout an organism which allow the organism to counteract or destroy noxious foreign substances introduced into the body, destroy infectious agents such as bacteria and viruses, destroy malignant cells, and remove cellular debris, thus protecting the organism against many of the potentially harmful external agents and internal events that could lead to sickness or death. The system has numerous interacting components, including circulating antibodies, antibody-producing cells, white blood cells and lymphokines, lymph tissue and lymph nodes, and stem cells which may differentiate into other types of cell, together with the thymus and spleen. The system is responsible for the phenomenon of immunity{3}. See also immunoglobulin and antibody.
[PJC]

immunisation
immunisation n. Same as immunization. [Chiefly Brit.]
Syn. -- immunization.
[WordNet 1.5]

Immunity
Im*mu"ni*ty (?), n.; pl. Immunities (#). [L. immunitas, fr. immunis free from a public service; pref. im- not + munis complaisant, obliging, cf. munus service, duty: cf. F. immunité. See Common, and cf. Mean, a.] 1. Freedom or exemption from any charge, duty, obligation, office, tax, imposition, penalty, or service; a particular privilege; as, the immunities of the free cities of Germany; the immunities of the clergy.
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2. Freedom; exemption; as, immunity from error.
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3. The state of being insusceptible to disease, certain poisons, etc.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

immunization
immunization n. the act of making immune (especially by inoculation).
Syn. -- immunisation.
[WordNet 1.5]

immunized
immunized adj. 1. 1 (Med.) rendered less susceptible (to disease) by treatment with a vaccine.
Syn. -- vaccinated.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. rendered insusceptible.
[PJC]

immunoelectrophoresis
immunoelectrophoresis n. (Biochemistry) electrophoresis to separate antigens and antibodies.
[WordNet 1.5]

immunogen
immunogen n. any substance that produces immunity when introduced into the body.
[WordNet 1.5]

immunoglobulin
im`mu*no*glob"ulin (&ibreve_;m`m&uuptack_;*n&ouptack_;*gl&obreve_;b"&uuptack_;*l&ibreve_;n) n. (1953) any one of a class of globular proteins which are antibodies and are produced by the immune system in animals. The immunoglobulins form a series of related proteins which are each composed of two pairs of polypeptide chains, called heavy (H) and light (L, meaning of lower molecular weight), all linked together by disulfide bonds. They are subdivided on the basis of the structural and antigenic properties of the H chains into four subgroups, immunoglobulin G (IgG), immunoglobulin A (IgA), immunoglobulin M (IgM), and immunoglobulin D (IgD). They are divided also into subclasses. Both H and L chains of anny given class and subclass have regions which are of constant structure within that class, as well as regions which are of variable structure. The variable regions impart the ability to recognize and bind to specific molecular structures, thus providing the organism the capacity to recognize and defend itself against the harmful effects of substances foreign to the body. Stedman
Syn. -- Ig.
[PJC]

immunological
immunological a. Of or pertaining to immunology.
[PJC]

immunology
immunology n. The science which studies the immune system, the processes of immunity, and the nature of the immune response, and techniques of analysis which use the immune response.
[WordNet 1.5]

Immure
Im*mure" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Immured (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Immuring.] [Pref. im- in + mure: cf. F. emmurer.] 1. To wall around; to surround with walls. [Obs.] Sandys.
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2. To inclose whithin walls, or as within walls; hence, to shut up; to imprison; to incarcerate.
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Those tender babes
Whom envy hath immured within your walls.
Shak.
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This huge convex of fire,
Outrageous to devour, immures us round.
Milton.
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Immure
Im*mure", n. A wall; an inclosure. [Obs.] Shak.
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Immurement
Im*mure"ment (?), n. The act of immuring, or the state of being immured; imprisonment.
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Immusical
Im*mu"sic*al (?), a. Inharmonious; unmusical; discordant. Bacon.
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Immutability
Im*mu`ta*bil"i*ty (?), n. [L. immutabilitas: cf. F. immutabilité.] The state or quality of being immutable; immutableness. Heb. vi. 17.
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Immutable
Im*mu"ta*ble (?), a. [L. immutabilis; pref. im- not + mutabilis mutable. See Mutable.] Not mutable; not capable or susceptible of change; unchangeable; unalterable.
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That by two immutable things, in which it was impossible for God to lie, we might have a strong consolation. Heb. vi. 18.
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Immutable, immortal, infinite,
Eternal King.
Milton.

-- Im*mu"ta*ble*ness, n. -- Im*mu"ta*bly, adv.
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Immutate
Im*mu"tate (&ibreve_;m*mū"t&auptack_;t), a. [L. immutatus, p. p. of immature.] Unchanged. [Obs.]
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Immutation
Im"mu*ta"tion (?), n. [L. immutatio, from immutare, immutatum, to change. See Immute.] Change; alteration; mutation. [R.] Dr. H. More.
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Immute
Im*mute" (&ibreve_;m*mūt"), v. t. [L. immutare, immutatum; perf. im- in + mutare to change : cf. OF. immuter.] To change or alter. [Obs.] J. Salkeld.
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Imp
Imp (&ibreve_;mp), n. [OE. imp a graft, AS. impa; akin to Dan. ympe, Sw. ymp, prob. fr. LL. impotus, Gr. &unr_; engrafted, innate, fr. &unr_; to implant; &unr_; in + &unr_; to produce; akin to E. be. See 1st In-, Be.] 1. A shoot; a scion; a bud; a slip; a graft. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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2. An offspring; progeny; child; scion. [Obs.]
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The tender imp was weaned. Fairfax.
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3. A young or inferior devil; a little, malignant spirit; a puny demon; a contemptible evil worker.
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To mingle in the clamorous fray
Of squabbling imps.
Beattie.
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4. Something added to, or united with, another, to lengthen it out or repair it, -- as, an addition to a beehive; a feather inserted in a broken wing of a bird; a length of twisted hair in a fishing line. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]
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Imp
Imp, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Imped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Imping.] [AS. impian to imp, ingraft, plant; akin to Dan. ympe, Sw. ympa, OHG. impfōn, impitōn, G. impfen. See Imp, n.] 1. To graft; to insert as a scion. [Obs.] Rom. of R.
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2. (Falconry) To graft with new feathers, as a wing; to splice a broken feather. Hence, [Fig.]: To repair; to extend; to increase; to strengthen; to equip. [Archaic]
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Imp out our drooping country's broken wing. Shak.
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Who lazily imp their wings with other men's plumes. Fuller.
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Here no frail Muse shall imp her crippled wing. Holmes.
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Help, ye tart satirists, to imp my rage
With all the scorpions that should whip this age.
Cleveland.
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Impacable
Im*pa"ca*ble (?), a. [L. pref. im- not + pacare to quiet. See Pacate.] Not to be appeased or quieted. [Obs.] Spenser. -- Im*pa"ca*bly, adv.
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Impackment
Im*pack"ment (?), n. [Pref. im- in + pack.] The state of being closely surrounded, crowded, or pressed, as by ice. [R.] Kane.
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Impact
Im*pact" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Impacted; p. pr. & vb. n. Impacting.] [L. impactus, p. p. of impingere to push, strike against. See Impinge.] 1. To drive close; to press firmly together: to wedge into a place. Woodward.
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2. To affect or influence, especially in a significant or undesirable manner; as, budget cuts impacted the entire research program; the fish populations were adversely impacted by pollution.
[PJC]

3. To collide forcefully with; to strike.
[PJC]

Impact
Im"pact (?), n. 1. Contact or impression by touch; collision; forcible contact; force communicated.
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The quarrel, by that impact driven. Southey.
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2. (Mech.) The single instantaneous stroke of a body in motion against another either in motion or at rest.
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Impacted
Im*pact"ed (?), a. 1. Driven together or close.
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2. Specifically: (Dentistry) Grown in an abnormal direction so that it is wedged against another tooth and cannot erupt normally; -- of teeth, especially the third molar; as, to extract an impacted third molar.
[PJC]

Impacted fracture (Surg.), a fracture in which the fragments are driven into each other so as to be immovable.
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Impaction
Im*pac"tion (?), n. [L. impactio a striking : cf. F. impaction.] 1. (Surg.) The driving of one fragment of bone into another so that the fragments are not movable upon each other; as, impaction of the skull or of the hip.
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2. An immovable packing; (Med.), a lodgment of something in a strait or passage of the body; as, impaction of the fetal head in the strait of the pelvis; impaction of food or feces in the intestines of man or beast.
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Impaint
Im*paint" (?), v. t. To paint; to adorn with colors. [R.] “To impaint his cause.” Shak.
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Impair
Im*pair" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Impaired (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Impairing.] [Written also empair.] [OE. empeiren, enpeiren, OF. empeirier, empirier, F. empirer, LL. impejorare; L. pref. im- in + pejorare to make worse, fr. pejor worse. Cf. Appair.] To make worse; to diminish in quantity, value, excellence, or strength; to deteriorate; as, to impair health, character, the mind, value.
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Time sensibly all things impairs. Roscommon.
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In years he seemed, but not impaired by years. Pope.

Syn. -- To diminish; decrease; injure; weaken; enfeeble; debilitate; reduce; debase; deteriorate.
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Impair
Im*pair", v. t. To grow worse; to deteriorate. Milton.
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Impair
Im"pair (?), a. [F. impair uneven, L. impar; im- not + par equal.] Not fit or appropriate. [Obs.]
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Impair
Im*pair" (?), n. Diminution; injury. [Obs.]
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Impairer
Im*pair"er (?), n. One who, or that which, impairs.
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Impairment
Im*pair"ment (?), n. [OE. enpeirement, OF. empirement.] The state, act, or process of being impaired; injury. “The impairment of my health.” Dryden.
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impala
im*pa"la (?), n. An antelope (Aepyceros melampus) of Southeastern Africa, the male of which has ringed lyre-shaped horns, which curve first backward, then sideways, then upwards. ALso called impalla and pallah.
[PJC]

Impalatable
Im*pal"a*ta*ble (?), a. Unpalatable. [R.]
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Impale
Im*pale" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Impaled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Impaling.] [See 2d Empale.] 1. To pierce with a pale; to put to death by fixing on a sharp stake. See Empale.
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Then with what life remains, impaled, and left
To writhe at leisure round the bloody stake.
Addison.
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2. To inclose, as with pales or stakes; to surround.
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Impale him with your weapons round about. Shak.
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Impenetrable, impaled with circling fire. Milton.
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3. (Her.) To join, as two coats of arms on one shield, palewise; hence, to join in honorable mention.
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Ordered the admission of St. Patrick to the same to be matched and impaled with the blessed Virgin in the honor thereof. Fuller.
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Impalement
Im*pale"ment (?), n. 1. The act of impaling, or the state of being impaled. Byron.
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2. An inclosing by stakes or pales, or the space so inclosed. H. Brooke.
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3. That which hedges in; inclosure. [R.] Milton.
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4. (Her.) The division of a shield palewise, or by a vertical line, esp. for the purpose of putting side by side the arms of husband and wife. See Impale, 3.
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Impalla
Im*pal"la (?), n. (Zool.) Same as Impala.
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Impallid
Im*pal"lid (?), v. t. To make pallid; to blanch. [Obs.] Feltham.
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Impalm
Im*palm" (?), v. t. To grasp with or hold in the hand. [R.] J. Barlow.
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Impalpability
Im*pal`pa*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. impalpabilité.] The quality of being impalpable. Jortin.
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Impalpable
Im*pal"pa*ble (?), a. [Pref. im- not + palpable: cf. F. impalpable.] 1. Not palpable; that cannot be felt; extremely fine, so that no grit can be perceived by touch.Impalpable powder.” Boyle.
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2. Not material; intangible; incorporeal.Impalpable, void, and bodiless.” Holland.
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3. Not apprehensible, or readily apprehensible, by the mind; unreal; as, impalpable distinctions.
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Impalpably
Im*pal"pa*bly, adv. In an impalpable manner.
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Impalsy
Im*pal"sy (?), v. t. To palsy; to paralyze; to deaden. [R.]
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Impanate
Im*pa"nate (?), a. [LL. impanatus, p. p. of impanare to impanate; L. pref. im- in + panis bread.] Embodied in bread, esp. in the bread of the eucharist. [Obs.] Cranmer.
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Impanate
Im*pa"nate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Impanated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Impanating.] To embody in bread, esp. in the bread of the eucharist. [Obs.]
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Impanation
Im"pa*na"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. impanation. See Impanate, a.] (Eccl.) Embodiment in bread; the supposed real presence and union of Christ's material body and blood with the substance of the elements of the eucharist without a change in their nature; -- distinguished from transubstantiation, which supposes a miraculous change of the substance of the elements. It is akin to consubstantiation.
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Impanator
Im*pa"na*tor (?), n. [LL.] (Eccl.) One who holds the doctrine of impanation.
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Impanel
Im*pan"el (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Impaneled (?) or Impanelled; p. pr. & vb. n. Impaneling or Impanelling.] [Pref. im- in + panel. Cf. Empanel.] [Written also empanel.] To enter in a list, or on a piece of parchment, called a panel; to form or enroll, as a list of jurors in a court of justice. Blackstone.
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Impanelment
Im*pan"el*ment (?), n. The act or process of impaneling, or the state of being impaneled.
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Imparadise
Im*par"a*dise (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Imparadised (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Imparadising (?).] [Pref. im- + paradise: cf. F. emparadiser.] To put in a state like paradise; to make supremely happy.Imparadised in one another's arms.” Milton.
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Imparalleled
Im*par"al*leled (?), a. Unparalleled. [Obs.]
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Impardonable
Im*par"don*a*ble (?), a. [Cf. F. impardonnable.] Unpardonable. [Obs.] South.
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Imparidigitate
Im*par`i*dig"i*tate (?), a. [L. impar unequal + digitus finger.] (Anat.) Having an odd number of fingers or toes, either one, three, or five, as in the horse, tapir, rhinoceros, etc.
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Imparipinnate
Im*par"i*pin"nate (?), a. [L. impar unequal + E. pinnate.] (Bot.) Pinnate with a single terminal leaflet.
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Imparisyllabic
Im*par"i*syl*lab"ic (?), a. [L. impar unequal + E. syllabic: cf. F. imparisyllabique.] (Gram.) Not consisting of an equal number of syllables; as, an imparisyllabic noun, one which has not the same number of syllables in all the cases; as, lapis, lapidis; mens, mentis.
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Imparity
Im*par"i*ty (?), n. [Pref. im- + parity: cf. F. imparité.] 1. Inequality; disparity; disproportion; difference of degree, rank, excellence, number, etc. Milton.
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2. Lack of comparison, correspondence, or suitableness; incongruity.
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In this region of merely intellectual notion we are at once encountered by the imparity of the object and the faculty employed upon it. I. Taylor.
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3. Indivisibility into equal parts; oddness. [R.]
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Impark
Im*park" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Imparked (?), p. pr. & vb. n. Imparking.] [Cf. Empark.] To inclose for a park; to sever from a common; hence, to inclose or shut up.
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They . . . impark them [the sheep] within hurdles. Holland.
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Imparl
Im*parl" (?), v. i. [OF. emparler; pref. em- (L. in) + parler to speak. See In, prep., and Parley.] 1. To hold discourse; to parley. [Obs.] Sir. T. North.
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2. (Law) To have time before pleading; to have delay for mutual adjustment. Blackstone.
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Imparlance
Im*par"lance (?), n. [Cf. Emparlance, Parlance.] [Written also inparliance.] 1. Mutual discourse; conference. [Obs.]
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2. (Law) (a) Time given to a party to talk or converse with his opponent, originally with the object of effecting, if possible, an amicable adjustment of the suit. The actual object, however, has long been merely to obtain further time to plead, or answer to the allegations of the opposite party. (b) Hence, the delay or continuance of a suit.
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&hand_; Imparlance and continuance by imparlance have been abolished in England. Wharton (Law Dict. ).
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Imparsonee
Im*par`son*ee" (?), a. [OF. empersone. See 1st In-, and Parson.] (Eng. Eccl. Law) Presented, instituted, and inducted into a rectory, and in full possession. -- n. A clergyman so inducted.
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Impart
Im*part" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Imparted; p. pr. & vb. n. Imparting.] [OF. impartir, empartir, L. impartire, impertire; pref. im- in + partire to part, divide, fr. pars, partis, part, share. See Part, n. ] 1. To bestow a share or portion of; to give, grant, or communicate; to allow another to partake in; as, to impart food to the poor; the sun imparts warmth.
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Well may he then to you his cares impart. Dryden.
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2. To obtain a share of; to partake of. [R.] Munday.
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3. To communicate the knowledge of; to make known; to show by words or tokens; to tell; to disclose.
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Gentle lady,
When I did first impart my love to you.
Shak.

Syn. -- To share; yield; confer; convey; grant; give; reveal; disclose; discover; divulge. See Communicate.
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Impart
Im*part" (?), v. i. 1. To give a part or share.
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He that hath two coats, let him impart to him that hath none. Luke iii. 11.
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2. To hold a conference or consultation. Blackstone.
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Impartance
Im*part"ance (?), n. Impartation.
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Impartation
Im`par*ta"tion (?), n. The act of imparting, or the thing imparted.
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The necessity of this impartation. I. Taylor.
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Imparter
Im*part"er (?), n. One who imparts.
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Impartial
Im*par"tial (?), a. [Pref. im- not + partial: cf. F. impartial.] Not partial; not favoring one more than another; treating all alike; unprejudiced; unbiased; disinterested; equitable; fair; just. Shak.
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Jove is impartial, and to both the same. Dryden.
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A comprehensive and impartial view. Macaulay.
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Impartialist
Im*par"tial*ist, n. One who is impartial. [R.] Boyle.
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Impartiality
Im*par`ti*al"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. impartialité.] The quality of being impartial; freedom from bias or favoritism; disinterestedness; equitableness; fairness; as, impartiality of judgment, of treatment, etc.
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Impartiality strips the mind of prejudice and passion. South.
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Impartially
Im*par"tial*ly (?), a. In an impartial manner.
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Impartialness
Im*par"tial*ness, n. Impartiality. Sir W. Temple.
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Impartibility
Im*part`i*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality of being impartible; communicability. Blackstone.
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Impartibility
Im*part`i*bil"i*ty, n. [Cf. F. impartibilité.] The quality of being incapable of division into parts; indivisibility. Holland.
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Impartible
Im*part"i*ble (?), a. [From Impart.] Capable of being imparted or communicated.
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Impartible
Im*part"i*ble, a. [Pref. im- not + partible: cf. F. impartible.] Not partible; not subject to partition; indivisible; as, an impartible estate. Blackstone.
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Impartment
Im*part"ment (?), n. The act of imparting, or that which is imparted, communicated, or disclosed. [R.]
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It beckons you to go away with it,
As if it some impartment did desire
To you alone.
Shak.
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Impassable
Im*pass"a*ble (?), a. [Cf. Unpassable.] Incapable of being passed; not admitting a passage; as, an impassable road, mountain, or gulf. Milton. -- Im*pass"a*ble*ness, n. -- Im*pass"a*bly, adv.
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Impasse
Im`passe" (ăN`päs"; E. &ibreve_;m*p&adot_;s"), n. [F.] An impassable road or way; a blind alley; cul-de-sac; fig., a position or predicament affording no escape.

The issue from the present impasse will, in all probability, proceed from below, not from above. Arnold White.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Impassibility
Im*pas`si*bil"i*ty (?), a. [L. impassibilitas: cf. F. impassibilité.] The quality or condition of being impassible; insusceptibility of injury from external things.
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Impassible
Im*pas"si*ble (?), a. [L. impassibilis; pref. im- not + passibilis passable: cf. F. impassible. See Passible.] Incapable of suffering; inaccessible to harm or pain; not to be touched or moved to passion or sympathy; unfeeling, or not showing feeling; without sensation.Impassible to the critic.” Sir W. Scott.
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Secure of death, I should contemn thy dart
Though naked, and impassible depart.
Dryden.
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Impassibleness
Im*pas"si*ble*ness, n. Impassibility.
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Impassion
Im*pas"sion (?), v. t. [Pref. im- in + passion. Cf. Empassion, Impassionate, v.] To move or affect strongly with passion. [Archaic] Chapman.
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Impassionable
Im*pas"sion*a*ble (?), a. Excitable; susceptible of strong emotion.
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Impassionate
Im*pas"sion*ate (?), a. Strongly affected. Smart.
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Impassionate
Im*pas"sion*ate (?), v. t. To affect powerfully; to arouse the passions of. Dr. H. More.
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Impassionate
Im*pas"sion*ate (?), a. [Pref. im- not + passionate.] Without passion or feeling. Burton.
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Impassioned
Im*pas"sioned (?), p. p. & a. Actuated or characterized by passion or zeal; showing warmth of feeling; ardent; animated; excited; as, an impassioned orator or discourse.
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Impassive
Im*pas"sive (?), a. Not susceptible of pain or suffering; apathetic; impassible; unmoved.
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Impassive as the marble in the quarry. De Quincey.
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On the impassive ice the lightings play. Pope.

-- Im*pas"sive*ly, adv. -- Im*pas"sive*ness, n.
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impassiveness
im*pas"sive*ness n. an absence of emotion.
Syn. -- apathy, impassivity.
[WordNet 1.5]

Impassivity
Im`pas*siv"i*ty (?), n. The quality of being insusceptible of feeling, pain, or suffering; impassiveness.
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Impastation
Im`pas*ta"tion (?), n. [F. See Impaste.] The act of making into paste; that which is formed into a paste or mixture; specifically, a combination of different substances by means of cements.
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Impaste
Im*paste" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Impasted; p. pr. & vb. n. Impasting.] [Pref. im- in + paste: cf. It. impastare, OF. empaster, F. empâter. See 1st In- and Paste.] 1. To knead; to make into paste; to concrete. “Blood . . . baked and impasted.” Shak.
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2. (Paint.) To lay color on canvas by uniting them skillfully together. Cf. Impasto. [R.]
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Impasting
Im*past"ing, (Paint.) The laying on of colors to produce impasto.
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Impasto
Im*pas"to (?), n. [It. See Impaste.] (Paint.) The thickness of the layer or body of pigment applied by the painter to his canvas with especial reference to the juxtaposition of different colors and tints in forming a harmonious whole. Fairholt.
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Impasture
Im*pas"ture (?), v. t. To place in a pasture; to foster. [R.] T. Adams.
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Impatible
Im*pat"i*ble (?), a. [L. impatibilis; pref. im- not + patibilis supportable. See Patible.] 1. Not capable of being borne; impassible.
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A spirit, and so impatible of material fire. Fuller.
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Impatience
Im*pa"tience (?) n. [OE. impacience, F. impatience, fr. L. impatientia.] The quality of being impatient; lack of endurance of pain, suffering, opposition, or delay; eagerness for change, or for something expected; restlessness; chafing of spirit; fretfulness; passion; as, the impatience of a child or an invalid.
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I then, . . .
Out of my grief and my impatience,
Answered neglectingly.
Shak.
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With huge impatience he inly swelt
More for great sorrow that he could not pass,
Than for the burning torment which he felt.
Spenser.
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Impatiency
Im*pa"tien*cy (&ibreve_;m*pā"sh&eitalic_;n*s&ybreve_;), n. Impatience. [Obs.]
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Impatiens
Im*pa"ti*ens (&ibreve_;m*pā"sh&ibreve_;*&ebreve_;nz), prop. n. [L., impatient.] (Bot.) A genus of plants, several species of which have very beautiful flowers; -- so called because the elastic capsules burst when touched, and scatter the seeds with considerable force. Called also touch-me-not, jewelweed, and snapweed. Impatiens Balsamina (sometimes called lady's slipper) is the common garden balsam.
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Impatient
Im*pa"tient (&ibreve_;m*pā"sh&eitalic_;nt), a. [OE. impacient, F. impatient, fr. L. impatiens; pref. im- not + patiens patient. See Patient.] 1. Not patient; not bearing with composure; intolerant; uneasy; fretful; restless, because of pain, delay, or opposition; eager for change, or for something expected; hasty; passionate; -- often followed by at, for, of, and under.
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A violent, sudden, and impatient necessity. Jer. Taylor.
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Fame, impatient of extremes, decays
Not more by envy than excess of praise.
Pope.
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The impatient man will not give himself time to be informed of the matter that lies before him. Addison.
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Dryden was poor and impatient of poverty. Macaulay.
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2. Not to be borne; unendurable. [Obs.] Spenser.
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3. Prompted by, or exhibiting, impatience; as, impatient speeches or replies. Shak.

Syn. -- Restless; uneasy; changeable; hot; eager; fretful; intolerant; passionate.
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Impatient
Im*pa"tient, n. One who is impatient. [R.]
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Impatiently
Im*pa"tient*ly, adv. In an impatient manner.
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Impatronization
Im*pat`ron*i*za"tion (?), n. Absolute seignory or possession; the act of investing with such possession. [R.] Cotgrave.
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Impatronize
Im*pat"ron*ize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Impatronized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Impatronizing (?).] To make lord or master; as, to impatronize one's self of a seigniory. [R.] Bacon.
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Impave
Im*pave" (?), v. t. To pave. [Poetic]
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Impaved with rude fidelity
Of art mosaic.
Wordsworth.
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Impavid
Im*pav"id (?), a. [L. impavidus. See In- not, and Pavid.] Fearless. -- Im*pav"id*ly, adv.
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Impawn
Im*pawn" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Impawned (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Impawning.] [Pref. im- + pawn: cf. Empawn.] To put in pawn; to pledge; to pawn. Shak.
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Impeach
Im*peach" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Impeached (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Impeaching.] [OE. empeechier to prevent, hinder, bar, F. empêcher, L. impedicare to entangle; pref. im- in + pedica fetter, fr. pes, pedis, foot. See Foot, and Appeach, Dispatch, Impede.] 1. To hinder; to impede; to prevent. [Obs.]
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These ungracious practices of his sons did impeach his journey to the Holy Land. Sir J. Davies.
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A defluxion on my throat impeached my utterance. Howell.
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2. To charge with a crime or misdemeanor; to accuse; especially to charge (a public officer), before a competent tribunal, with misbehavior in office; to cite before a tribunal for judgment of official misconduct; to arraign; as, to impeach a judge. See Impeachment.
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3. Hence, to charge with impropriety; to dishonor; to bring discredit on; to call in question; as, to impeach one's motives or conduct.
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And doth impeach the freedom of the state. Shak.
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4. (Law) To challenge or discredit the credibility of, as of a witness, or the validity of, as of commercial paper.
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&hand_; When used in law with reference to a witness, the term signifies, to discredit, to show or prove unreliable or unworthy of belief; when used in reference to the credit of witness, the term denotes, to impair, to lessen, to disparage, to destroy. The credit of a witness may be impeached by showing that he has made statements out of court contradictory to what he swears at the trial, or by showing that his reputation for veracity is bad, etc.

Syn. -- To accuse; arraign; censure; criminate; indict; impair; disparage; discredit. See Accuse.
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Impeach
Im*peach", n. Hindrance; impeachment. [Obs.]
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Impeachable
Im*peach"a*ble (?), a. That may be impeached; liable to impeachment; chargeable with a crime.
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Owners of lands in fee simple are not impeachable for waste. Z. Swift.
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Impeacher
Im*peach"er (?), n. One who impeaches.
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Impeachment
Im*peach"ment (?), n. [Cf. F. empêchement.] The act of impeaching, or the state of being impeached; as: (a) Hindrance; impediment; obstruction. [Obs.]
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Willing to march on to Calais,
Without impeachment.
Shak.

(b) A calling to account; arraignment; especially, of a public officer for maladministration.
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The consequence of Coriolanus' impeachment had like to have been fatal to their state. Swift.

(c) A calling in question as to purity of motives, rectitude of conduct, credibility, etc.; accusation; reproach; as, an impeachment of motives. Shak.
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&hand_; In England, it is the privilege or right of the House of Commons to impeach, and the right of the House of Lords to try and determine impeachments. In the United States, it is the right of the House of Representatives to impeach, and of the Senate to try and determine impeachments.
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Articles of impeachment. See under Article. -- Impeachment of waste (Law), restraint from, or accountability for, injury; also, a suit for damages for injury. Abbott.
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Impearl
Im*pearl" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Impearled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Impearling.] [Pref. im- in + pearl: cf. F. emperler.] 1. To form into pearls, or into that which resembles pearls. [Poetic]
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Dewdrops which the sun
Impearls on every leaf and every flower.
Milton.
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2. To decorate as with pearls or with anything resembling pearls. [Poetic]
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With morning dews impearled. Mrs. Browning.
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The dews of the morning impearl every thorn. R. Digby.
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Impeccability
Im*pec`ca*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. impeccabilité.] The quality of being impeccable; exemption from sin, error, or offense.
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Infallibility and impeccability are two of his attributes. Pope.
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Impeccable
Im*pec"ca*ble (?), a. [L. impeccabilis; pref. im- not + peccare to err, to sin: cf. F. impeccable.] Not liable to sin; exempt from the possibility of doing wrong. -- n. One who is impeccable; esp., one of a sect of Gnostic heretics who asserted their sinlessness.
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God is infallible, impeccable, and absolutely perfect. P. Skelton.
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Impeccancy
Im*pec"can*cy (?), n. Sinlessness. Bp. Hall.
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Impeccant
Im*pec"cant (?), a. Sinless; impeccable. Byron.
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Impecuniosity
Im`pe*cu`ni*os"i*ty (?), n. The state of being impecunious. Thackeray. Sir W. Scott.
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Impecunious
Im"pe*cu"ni*ous (?), a. [L. im- not + pecunia money: cf. F. impécunieux.] Not having money; habitually without money; poor.
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An impecunious creature. B. Jonson.
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Impedance
Im*ped"ance (?), n. [Impede + -ance.] (Elec.) The apparent resistance in an electric circuit to the flow of an alternating current, analogous to the actual electrical resistance to a direct current, being the ratio of electromotive force to the current. It is equal to R2 + X2, where R = ohmic resistance, X = reactance. For an inductive circuit, X = 2πfL, where f = frequency and L = self-inductance; for a circuit with capacity X = 1 ÷ 2πfC, where C = capacity.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Impede
Im*pede" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Impeded; p. pr. & vb. n. Impeding.] [L. impedire, lit., to entangle the feet; pref. im- in + pes, pedis, foot. See Foot, and cf. Impeach.] To hinder; to stop in progress; to obstruct; as, to impede the advance of troops.
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Whatever hinders or impedes
The action of the nobler will.
Logfellow.
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Impedible
Im*ped"i*ble (?), a. Capable of being impeded or hindered. [R.] Jer. Taylor.
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Impediment
Im*ped"i*ment (?), n. [L. impedimentum: cf. F. impediment.] That which impedes or hinders progress, motion, activity, or effect.
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Thus far into the bowels of the land
Have we marched on without impediment.
Shak.
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Impediment in speech, a defect which prevents distinct utterance.

Syn. -- Hindrance; obstruction; obstacle; difficulty; incumbrance. -- Impediment, Obstacle, Difficulty, Hindrance. An impediment literally strikes against our feet, checking our progress, and we remove it. An obstacle rises before us in our path, and we surmount or remove it. A difficulty sets before us something hard to be done, and we encounter it and overcome it. A hindrance holds us back for a time, but we break away from it.
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The eloquence of Demosthenes was to Philip of Macedon, a difficulty to be met with his best resources, an obstacle to his own ambition, and an impediment in his political career. C. J. Smith.
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Impediment
Im*ped"i*ment, v. t. To impede. [R.] Bp. Reynolds.
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Impedimenta
Im*ped`i*men"ta (?), n. pl. [L. See Impediment, Impede.] Things which impede or hinder progress; incumbrances; baggage; specif. (Mil.), the supply trains which must accompany an army.

On the plains they will have horses dragging travoises, dogs with travoises, women and children loaded with impedimenta. Julian Ralph.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Impedimental
Im*ped`i*men"tal (?), a. Of the nature of an impediment; hindering; obstructing; impeditive.
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Things so impedimental to success. G. H. Lewes.
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Impedite
Im"pe*dite (?), a. [L. impeditus, p. p. See Impede.] Hindered; obstructed. [R.] Jer. Taylor.
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Impedite
Im"pe*dite, v. t. To impede. [Obs.] Boyle.
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Impedition
Im"pe*di"tion (?), n. [L. impeditio.] A hindering; a hindrance. [Obs.] Baxier.
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Impeditive
Im*ped"i*tive (?), a. [Cf. F. impéditif.] Causing hindrance; impeding. “Cumbersome, and impeditive of motion.” Bp. Hall.
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Impel
Im*pel" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Impelled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Impelling.] [L. impellere; pref. im- in + pellere, pulsum, to drive. See Pulse a beat, and cf. Impulse.] To drive or urge forward or on; to press on; to incite to action or motion in any way.
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The surge impelled me on a craggy coast. Pope.

Syn. -- To instigate; incite; induce; influence; force; drive; urge; actuate; move.
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impelled
impelled adj. motivated by an irresistable compulsion.
Syn. -- driven.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Impellent
Im*pel"lent (?), a. [L. impellens, p. pr. of impellere.] Having the quality of impelling.
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Impellent
Im*pel"lent, n. An impelling power or force. Glanvill.
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Impeller
Im*pel"ler (?), n. One who, or that which, impels.
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Impen
Im*pen" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Impenned (?) and Impent (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Impenning.] To shut up or inclose, as in a pen. Feltham.
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Impend
Im*pend" (?), v. t. [L. impend&ebreve_;re; pref. im- in + pend&ebreve_;re to weigh out, pay.] To pay. [Obs.] Fabyan.
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Impend
Im*pend", v. i. [imp. & p. p. Impended; p. pr. & vb. n. Impending.] [L. impendēre; pref. im- in + pendēre to hang. See Pendant.] To hang over; to be suspended above; to threaten from near at hand; to menace; to be imminent. See Imminent.
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Destruction sure o'er all your heads impends. Pope.

Impendency
Impendence
{ Im*pend"ence (?), Im*pend"en*cy (?), } n. The state of impending; the state of being imminent and liable to happen soon; also, that which impends.Impendence of volcanic cloud.” Ruskin.
Syn. -- imminence, imminency, impendence, forthcomingness.
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Impendent
Im*pend"ent (?), a. [L. impendens, p. pr. of impendēre.] Impending; threatening.
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Impendent horrors, threatening hideous fall. Milton.
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Impending
Im*pend"ing, a. Hanging over; overhanging; suspended so as to menace; imminet; threatening.
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An impending brow. Hawthorne.
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And nodding Ilion waits th' impending fall. Pope.

Syn. -- Imminent; threatening. See Imminent.
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Impenetrability
Im*pen`e*tra*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. impénétrabilité.] 1. Quality of being impenetrable.
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2. (Physics) That property in virtue of which two portions of matter can not at the same time occupy the same portion of space.
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3. Insusceptibility of intellectual or emotional impression; obtuseness; stupidity; coldness.
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Impenetrable
Im*pen"e*tra*ble (?), a. [L. impenetrabilis; pref. im- not + penetrabilis penetrable: cf. F. impénétrable.] 1. Incapable of being penetrated or pierced; not admitting the passage of other bodies; not to be entered; impervious; as, an impenetrable shield.
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Highest woods impenetrable
To star or sunlight.
Milton.
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2. (Physics) Having the property of preventing any other substance from occupying the same space at the same time.
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3. Inaccessible, as to knowledge, reason, sympathy, etc.; unimpressible; not to be moved by arguments or motives; as, an impenetrable mind, or heart.
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They will be credulous in all affairs of life, but impenetrable by a sermon of the gospel. Jer. Taylor.
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Impenetrableness
Im*pen"e*tra*ble*ness (?), n. The quality of being impenetrable; impenetrability.
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Impenetrably
Im*pen"e*tra*bly, adv. In an impenetrable manner or state; imperviously.Impenetrably armed.” Milton.Impenetrably dull.” Pope.
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Impenitence
Im*pen"i*tence (?), n. [L. impenitentia: cf. F. impénitence.] The condition of being impenitent; failure or refusal to repent; hardness of heart.
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He will advance from one degree of wickedness and impenitence to another. Rogers.
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Impenitency
Im*pen"i*ten*cy (?), n. Impenitence. Milton.
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Impenitent
Im*pen"i*tent (?), a. [L. impaenitens; pref. im- not + paenitens penitens: cf. F. impénitent. See Penitent.] Not penitent; not repenting of sin; not contrite; of a hard heart. “They . . . died impenitent.” Milton. “A careless and impenitent heart.” Bp. Hall.
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Impenitent
Im*pen"i*tent, n. One who is not penitent. [R.]
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Impenitently
Im*pen"i*tent*ly, adv. Without repentance.
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Impennate
Im*pen"nate (?), a. (Zool.) Characterized by short wings covered with feathers resembling scales, as the penguins. -- n. One of the Impennes.
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Impennes
Im*pen"nes (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. L. pref. im- not + penna feather.] (Zool.) An order of birds, including only the penguins, in which the wings are without quills, and not suited for flight.
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Impennous
Im*pen"nous (?) a. [L. pref. im- not + penna wing.] (Zool.) Having no wings, as some insects.
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Impeople
Im*peo"ple (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Impeopled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Impeopling (?).] [See Empeople.] To people; to give a population to. [Obs.]
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Thou hast helped to impeople hell. Beaumont.
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Imperant
Im"pe*rant (&ibreve_;m"p&euptack_;*r&aitalic_;nt), a. [L. imperans, p. pr. of imperare to command.] Commanding. [R.] Baxter.
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imperate
Im"pe*rate (&ibreve_;m"p&euptack_;*r&auptack_;t), a. [L. imperatus, p. p. of imperare to command.] Done by express direction; not involuntary; commanded. [Obs.]
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Those imperate acts, wherein we see the empire of the soul. Sir M. Hale.
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Imperatival
Im*per`a*ti"val (&ibreve_;m*p&ebreve_;r`&adot_;*t&ibreve_;"v&aitalic_;l), a. (Gram.) Of or pertaining to the imperative mood.
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Imperative
Im*per"a*tive (&ibreve_;m*p&ebreve_;r"&adot_;*t&ibreve_;v), a. [L. imperativus, fr. imperare to command; pref. im- in + parare to make ready, prepare: cf. F. impératif. See Perade, and cf. Empire.] 1. Expressive of command; containing positive command; authoritatively or absolutely directive; commanding; authoritative; as, imperative orders.
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The suit of kings are imperative. Bp. Hall.
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2. Not to be avoided or evaded; obligatory; binding; compulsory; as, an imperative duty or order.
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3. (Gram.) Expressive of command, entreaty, advice, or exhortation; as, the imperative mood.
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Imperative
Im*per"a*tive, n. (Gram.) The imperative mood; also, a verb in the imperative mood.
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Imperatively
Im*per"a*tive*ly, adv. In an imperative manner.
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Imperator
Im`pe*ra"tor (?), n. [L. See Emperor.] (Rom. Antiq.) A commander; a leader; an emperor; -- originally an appellation of honor by which Roman soldiers saluted their general after an important victory. Subsequently the title was conferred as a recognition of great military achievements by the senate, whence it carried with it some special privileges. After the downfall of the Republic it was assumed by Augustus and his successors, and came to have the meaning now attached to the word emperor.
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Imperatorial
Im*per`a*to"ri*al (&ibreve_;m*p&ebreve_;r`&adot_;*tō"r&ibreve_;*v&aitalic_;l), a. [L. imperatorius.] 1. Commanding; imperative; authoritative.
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2. Of or pertaining to the title or office of imperator.Imperatorial laurels.” C. Merivale.
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Imperatorian
Im*per`a*to"ri*an (&ibreve_;m*p&ebreve_;r`&adot_;*tō"r&ibreve_;*v&aitalic_;n), a. Imperial. [R.] Gauden.
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Imperatory
Im*per"a*to*ry (?), a. Imperative. [R.]
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Imperceivable
Im`per*ceiv"a*ble (?), a. Imperceptible. [R.] South. -- Im`per*ceiv"a*ble*ness, n. Sharp.
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Imperceived
Im`per*ceived" (?), a. Not perceived. [Obs.]
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Imperceptibility
Im`per*cep`ti*bil"i*ty (?), n. The state or quality of being imperceptible.
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Imperceptible
Im`per*cep"ti*ble (?), a. [Pref. im- not + perceptible: cf. F. imperceptible.] Not perceptible; not to be apprehended or cognized by the senses; not discernible by the mind; not easily apprehended.
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Almost imperceptible to the touch. Dryden.
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Its operation is slow, and in some cases almost imperceptible. Burke.

-- Im`per*cep"ti*ble*ness, n. -- Im`per*cep"ti*bly, adv.
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Their . . . subtilty and imperceptibleness. Sir M. Hale.
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Imperception
Im`per*cep"tion (?), n. Lack of perception.
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Imperceptive
Im`per*cep"tive (?), a. Unable to perceive.
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The imperceptive part of the soul. Dr. H. More.
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Impercipient
Im`per*cip"i*ent (?), a. Not perceiving, or not able to perceive. A. Baxter.
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Imperdibility
Im*per`di*bil"i*ty (?), n. The state or quality of being imperdible. [Obs.] Derham.
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Imperdible
Im*per"di*ble (?), a. [Pref. im- not + L. perdere to destroy.] Not destructible. [Obs.] -- Im*per"di*bly, adv. [Obs.]
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Imperfect
Im*per"fect (?), a. [L. imperfectus: pref. im- not + perfectus perfect: cf. F imparfait, whence OE. imparfit. See Perfect.] 1. Not perfect; not complete in all its parts; wanting a part; deective; deficient.
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Something he left imperfect in the state. Shak.
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Why, then, your other senses grow imperfect. Shak.
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2. Wanting in some elementary organ that is essential to successful or normal activity.
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He . . . stammered like a child, or an amazed, imperfect person. Jer. Taylor.
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3. Not fulfilling its design; not realizing an ideal; not conformed to a standard or rule; not satisfying the taste or conscience; esthetically or morally defective.
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Nothing imperfect or deficient left
Of all that he created.
Milton.
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Then say not man's imperfect, Heaven in fault;
Say rather, man's as perfect as he ought.
Pope.
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Imperfect arch, an arch of less than a semicircle; a skew arch. -- Imperfect cadence (Mus.), one not ending with the tonic, but with the dominant or some other chord; one not giving complete rest; a half close. -- Imperfect consonances (Mus.), chords like the third and sixth, whose ratios are less simple than those of the fifth and forth. -- Imperfect flower (Bot.), a flower wanting either stamens or pistils. Gray. -- Imperfect interval (Mus.), one a semitone less than perfect; as, an imperfect fifth. -- Imperfect number (Math.), a number either greater or less than the sum of its several divisors; in the former case, it is called also a defective number; in the latter, an abundant number. -- Imperfect obligations (Law), obligations as of charity or gratitude, which cannot be enforced by law. -- Imperfect power (Math.), a number which can not be produced by taking any whole number or vulgar fraction, as a factor, the number of times indicated by the power; thus, 9 is a perfect square, but an imperfect cube. -- Imperfect tense (Gram.), a tense expressing past time and incomplete action.
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Imperfect
Im*per"fect (&ibreve_;m*p&etilde_;r"f&ebreve_;kt), n. (Gram.) The imperfect tense; or the form of a verb denoting the imperfect tense.
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Imperfect
Im*per"fect, v. t. To make imperfect. [Obs.]
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Imperfectibility
Im`per*fec`ti*bil"i*ty (?), n. The state or quality of being imperfectible. [R.]
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Imperfectible
Im`per*fec"ti*ble (?), a. Incapable of being made perfect. [R.]
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Imperfection
Im`per*fec"tion (?), n. [L. imperfectio: cf. F. imperfection. See Imperfect, a.] The quality or condition of being imperfect; lack of perfection; incompleteness; deficiency; fault or blemish.
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Sent to my account
With all my imperfections on my head.
Shak.

Syn. -- Defect; deficiency; incompleteness; fault; failing; weakness; frailty; foible; blemish; vice.
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Imperfectness
Im*per"fect*ness, n. The state of being imperfect.
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Imperforable
Im*per"fo*ra*ble (?), a. [See Imperforate.] Incapable of being perforated, or bored through.
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Imperforata
Im*per"fo*ra"ta (?), n. pl. [NL. See Imperforate.] (Zool.) A division of Foraminifera, including those in which the shell is not porous.

Imperforated
Imperforate
{ Im*per"fo*rate (?), Im*per"fo*ra"ted (?), } a. [L. pref. im- not + perforatus, p. p. of perforate to perforate. See Perforate.] Not perforated; having no opening or aperture. Sir J. Banks.
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Imperforation
Im*per`fo*ra"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. imperforation.] The state of being without perforation.
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Imperial
Im*pe"ri*al (?), a. [OE. emperial, OF. emperial, F. impérial, fr. L. imperialis, fr. imperium command, sovereignty, empire. See Empire.] 1. Of or pertaining to an empire, or to an emperor; as, an imperial government; imperial authority or edict.
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The last
That wore the imperial diadem of Rome.
Shak.
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2. Belonging to, or suitable to, supreme authority, or one who wields it; royal; sovereign; supreme. “The imperial democracy of Athens.” Mitford.
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Who, as Ulysses says, opinion crowns
With an imperial voice.
Shak.
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To tame the proud, the fetter'd slave to free,
These are imperial arts, and worthy thee.
Dryden.
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He sounds his imperial clarion along the whole line of battle. E. Everett.
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3. Of superior or unusual size or excellence; as, imperial paper; imperial tea, etc.
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Imperial bushel, gallon, etc. See Bushel, Gallon, etc. -- Imperial chamber, the, the sovereign court of the old German empire. -- Imperial city, under the first German empire, a city having no head but the emperor. -- Imperial diet, an assembly of all the states of the German empire. -- Imperial drill. (Manuf.) See under 8th Drill. -- Imperial eagle. (Zool.) See Eagle. -- Imperial green. See Paris green, under Green. -- Imperial guard, the royal guard instituted by Napoleon I. -- Imperial weights and measures, the standards legalized by the British Parliament.
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Imperial
Im*pe"ri*al, n. [F. impériale: cf. Sp. imperial.]
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1. The tuft of hair on a man's lower lip and chin; -- so called from the style of beard of Napoleon III.
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2. An outside seat on a diligence. T. Hughes.
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3. A luggage case on the top of a coach. Simmonds.
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4. Anything of unusual size or excellence, as a large decanter, a kind of large photograph, a large sheet of drawing, printing, or writing paper, etc.
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5. A gold coin of Russia worth ten rubles, or about eight dollars. McElrath.
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6. A kind of fine cloth brought into England from Greece. or other Eastern countries, in the Middle Ages.
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7. A game at cards differing from piquet in some minor details, and in having a trump; also, any one of several combinations of cards which score in this game.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Imperialism
Im*pe"ri*al*ism (?), n. 1. The power or character of an emperor; imperial authority; the spirit of empire.
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Roman imperialism had divided the world. C. H. Pearson.
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2. The policy, practice, or advocacy of seeking, or acquiescing in, the extension of the control, dominion, or empire of a nation, as by the acquirement of new, esp. distant, territory or dependencies, or by the closer union of parts more or less independent of each other for operations of war, copyright, internal commerce, etc. The practise of building or extending an empire.
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

The tide of English opinion began to turn about 1870, and since then it has run with increasing force in the direction of what is called imperialism. James Bryce.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Imperialist
Im*pe"ri*al*ist, n. [Cf. F. impérialiste.] One who serves an emperor; one who favors imperialism.
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imperialistic
im*pe`ri*al*is"tic, n. Of, pertaining to, or advocating imperialism.
[PJC]

Imperiality
Im*pe`ri*al"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Imperialities (&unr_;).
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1. Imperial power.
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2. An imperial right or privilegs. See Royalty.
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The late empress having, by ukases of grace, relinquished her imperialities on the private mines, viz., the tenths of the copper, iron, silver and gold. W. Tooke.
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Imperialize
Im*pe"ri*al*ize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Imperialized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Imperializing (?).] To invest with imperial authority, character, or style; to bring to the form of an empire. Fuller.
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Imperially
Im*pe"ri*al*ly, adv. In an imperial manner.
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Imperially
Im*pe"ri*al*ly (?), n. Imperial power. [R.] Sheldon.
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Imperil
Im*per"il (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Imperiled (?) or Imperilled; p. pr. & vb. n. Imperiling or Imperilling.] To bring into peril; to endanger.
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Imperilment
Im*per"il*ment (?), n. The act of imperiling, or the state of being imperiled.
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Imperious
Im*pe"ri*ous (?), a. [L. imperiosus: cf. F. impérieux. See Imperial.] 1. Commanding; ascendant; imperial; lordly; majestic. [Obs.] “A vast and imperious mind.” Tilloison.
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Therefore, great lords, be, as your titles witness,
Imperious.
Shak.
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2. Haughly; arrogant; overbearing; as, an imperious tyrant; an imperious manner.
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This imperious man will work us all
From princes into pages.
Shak.
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His bold, contemptuous, and imperious spirit soon made him conspicuous. Macaulay.
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3. Imperative; urgent; compelling.
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Imperious need, which can not be withstood. Dryden.

Syn. -- Dictatorial; haughty; domineering; overbearing; lordly; tyrannical; despotic; arrogant; imperative; authoritative; commanding; pressing. -- Imperious, Lordly, Domineering. One who is imperious exercises his authority in a manner highly offensive for its spirit and tone; one who is lordly assumes a lofty air in order to display his importance; one who is domineering gives orders in a way to make others feel their inferiority.
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Imperiously
Im*pe"ri*ous*ly, adv. In an imperious manner.
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Imperiousness
Im*pe"ri*ous*ness, n. The quality or state of being imperious; arrogance; haughtiness.
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Imperiousness and severity is but an ill way of treating men who have reason of their own to guide them. Locke.
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Imperishability
Im*per`ish*a*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality of being imperishable: indstructibility. “The imperishability of the universe.” Milman.
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Imperishable
Im*per"ish*a*ble (?), a. [Pref. im- not + perishable: cf. F. impérissable.] Not perishable; not subject to decay; indestructible; enduring permanently; as, an imperishable monument; imperishable renown. -- Im*per"ish*a*ble*ness, n. -- Im*per"ish*a*bly, adv.
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Imperium
Im*pe"ri*um (?), n.; pl. Imperia (#). [L. See Empire.] 1. Supreme power; absolute dominion; empire.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

2. (Law) The right to command, which includes the right to employ the force of the state to enforce the laws. It is one of the principal attributes of the executive power.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Imperiwigged
Im*per"i"wigged (?), a. Wearing a periwig.

Impermanency
Impermanence
{ Im*per"ma*nence (?), Im*per"ma*nen*cy (?), } n. Lack of permanence.
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Impermanent
Im*per"ma*nent (?), a. Not permanent.
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Impermeability
Im*per`me*a*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Pref. im- not + permeability: cf. F. imperméabilité.] The quality of being impermeable.
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Impermeable
Im*per"me*a*ble (?), a. [Pref. im- not + permeable: cf. F. imperméable, L. impermeabilis.] Not permeable; not permitting passage, as of a fluid. through its substance; impervious; impenetrable; as, India rubber is impermeable to water and to air. -- Im*per"me*a*ble*ness, n. -- Im*per"me*a*bly, adv.
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Impermissible
Im`per*mis"si*ble (?), a. Not permissible.
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Imperscrutable
Im`per*scru"ta*ble (?), a. [L. imperscrutabilis.] Not capable of being searched out; inscrutable. [Obs.] -- Im`per*scru"ta*ble*ness, n. [Obs.]
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Imperseverant
Im`per*sev"er*ant (?), a. Not persevering; fickle; thoughtless. [Obs.]
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Impersonal
Im*per"son*al (?), a. [L. impersonalis; pref. im- not + personalis personal: cf. F. impersonnel. See Personal.] Not personal; not representing a person; not having personality.
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An almighty but impersonal power, called Fate. Sir J. Stephen.
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Impersonal verb (Gram.), a verb used with an indeterminate subject, commonly, in English, with the impersonal pronoun it; as, it rains; it snows; methinks (it seems to me). Many verbs which are not strictly impersonal are often used impersonally; as, it goes well with him.
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Impersonal
Im*per"son*al, n. That which wants personality; specifically (Gram.), an impersonal verb.
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Impersonality
Im*per`son*al"i*ty (?), n. The quality of being impersonal; want or absence of personality.
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Impersonally
Im*per"son*al*ly (?), adv. In an impersonal manner.
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Impersonate
Im*per"son*ate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Impersonated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Impersonating.] 1. To invest with personality; to endow with the form of a living being.
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2. To ascribe the qualities of a person to; to personify.
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3. To assume, or to represent, the person or character of; to personate; as, he impersonated Macbeth.
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Benedict impersonated his age. Milman.

Impersonification
Impersonation
{ Im*per`son*a"tion (?), Im`per*son`i*fi*ca"tion (?), } n. The act of impersonating; personification; investment with personality; representation in a personal form.
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Impersonator
Im*per"son*a`tor (?), n. One who impersonates; an actor; a mimic.
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Imperspicuity
Im*per`spi*cu"i*ty (?), n. Lack of perspicuity or clearness; vagueness; ambiguity.
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Imperspicuous
Im`per*spic"u*ous (?), a. Not perspicuous; not clear; obscure; vague; ambiguous.
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Impersuadable
Im`per*suad"a*ble (?), a. [Cf. Impersuasible.] Not to be persuaded; obstinate; unyielding; impersuasible. -- Im`per*suad"a*ble*ness, n.
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Impersuasible
Im`per*sua"si*ble (?), a. [Pref. im- not + persuasible: cf. OF. impersuasible.] Not persuasible; not to be moved by persuasion; inflexible; impersuadable. Dr. H. More. -- Im`per*sua`si*bil"i*ty (#), n.
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Impertinence
Im*per"ti*nence (?), n. [Cf. F. impertinence. See Impertinent.] 1. The condition or quality of being impertinent; absence of pertinence, or of adaptedness; irrelevance; unfitness.
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2. Conduct or language unbecoming the person, the society, or the circumstances; rudeness; incivility.
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We should avoid the vexation and impertinence of pedants who affect to talk in a language not to be understood. Swift.
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3. That which is impertinent; a thing out of place, or of no value.
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There are many subtile impertinences learned in schools. Watts.
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Impertinency
Im*per"ti*nen*cy (?), n. Impertinence. [R.]
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O, matter and impertinency mixed!
Reason in madness!
Shak.
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Impertinent
Im*per"ti*nent (?), a. [F., fr. L. impertinens, -entis; pref. im- not + pertinens. See Pertinent.] 1. Not pertinent; not pertaining to the matter in hand; having no bearing on the subject; not to the point; irrelevant; inapplicable.
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Things that are impertinent to us. Tillotson.
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How impertinent that grief was which served no end! Jer. Taylor.
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2. Contrary to, or offending against, the rules of propriety or good breeding; guilty of, or prone to, rude, unbecoming, or uncivil words or actions; as, an impertient coxcomb; an impertient remark.
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3. Trifing; inattentive; frivolous.

Syn. -- Rude; officious; intrusive; saucy; unmannerly; meddlesome; disrespectful; impudent; insolent. -- Impertinent, Officious, Rude. A person is officious who obtrudes his offices or assistance where they are not needed; he is impertinent when he intermeddles in things with which he has no concern. The former shows a lack of tact, the latter a lack of breeding, or, more commonly, a spirit of sheer impudence. A person is rude when he violates the proprieties of social life either from ignorance or wantonness. “An impertinent man will ask questions for the mere gratification of curiosity; a rude man will burst into the room of another, or push against his person, inviolant of all decorum; one who is officious is quite as unfortunate as he is troublesome; when he strives to serve, he has the misfortune to annoy.” Crabb. See Impudence, and Insolent.
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Impertinent
Im*per"ti*nent, n. An impertinent person. [R.]
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Impertinently
Im*per"ti*nent*ly, adv. In an impertinent manner. “Not to betray myself impertinently.” B. Jonson.
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Impertransibility
Im`per*tran`si*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality or state of being impertransible. [R.]
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Impertransible
Im`per*tran"si*ble (?), a. [L. pref. im- not + pertransire to go through. See Per- and Transient.] Incapable of being passed through. [R.]
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Imperturbability
Im`per*turb`a*bil"i*ty (?), n. The state or quality of being imperturbable.
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Imperturbable
Im`per*turb"a*ble (?), a. [L. imperturbabilis; pref. im- not + perturbare to disturb: cf. F. imperturbable. See Perture.] Incapable of being disturbed or disconcerted; as, imperturbable gravity.
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Imperturbably
Im`per*turb"a*bly, adv. In an imperturbable manner; calmly. C. Bronté.
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Imperturbation
Im*per`tur*ba"tion (?), n. [L. imperturbatio.] Freedom from agitation of mind; calmness; quietude. W. Montagu.
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Imperturbed
Im`per*turbed" (?), a. Not perturbed.
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Imperviability
Im*per`vi*a*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality of being imperviable.
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Imperviable
Im*per"vi*a*ble (?), a. Not pervious; impervious. [R.] -- Im*per"vi*a*ble*ness, n. [R.]
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Impervious
Im*per"vi*ous (?), a. [L. impervius; pref. im- not + per through + via way. See Voyage.] Not pervious; not admitting of entrance or passage through; as, a substance impervious to water or air.
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This gulf impassable, impervious. Milton.
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The minds of these zealots were absolutely impervious. Macaulay.

Syn. -- Impassable; pathless; impenetrable; imperviable; impermeable.

-- Im*per"vi*ous*ly, adv. -- Im*per"vi*ous*ness, n.
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Impery
Im"per*y (?), n. Empery. [Archaic] Joye.
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Impest
Im*pest" (?), v. t. To affict with pestilence; to infect, as with plague. [Obs.]
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Impester
Im*pes"ter (?), v. t. See Pester. [Obs.]
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Impetiginous
Im`pe*tig"i*nous (?), a. [L. impetiginous: cf. F. impétigineux.] Of the nature of, or pertaining to, impetigo.
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Impetigo
Im`pe*ti"go (?), n. [L., fr. impetere to attack.] (Med.) A cutaneous, pustular eruption, not attended with fever; usually, a kind of eczema with pustulation.
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Impetrable
Im"pe*tra*ble (?) a. [L. impetrabilis: cf. F. impétrable. See Impetrate.] Capable of being obtained or moved by petition. [Obs.] Bailey.
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Impetrate
Im"pe*trate (?), a. [L. impetratus, p. p. of impetrare to obtain; pref. im- in + patrare to bring to pass.] Obtained by entreaty. [Obs.] Ld. Herbert.
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Impetrate
Im"pe*trate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Impetrated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Impetrating (?).] To obtain by request or entreaty. Usher.
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Impetration
Im`pe*tra"tion (?), n. [L. impetratio: cf. F. impétration.] 1. The act of impetrating, or obtaining by petition or entreaty. [Obs.]
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In way of impertation procuring the removal or allevation of our crosses. Barrow.
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2. (Old Eng. Law) The obtaining of benefice from Rome by solicitation, which benefice belonged to the disposal of the king or other lay patron of the realm.
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Impetrative
Im"pe*tra*tive (?), a. [L. impetrativus obtained by entreaty.] Of the nature of impetration; getting, or tending to get, by entreaty. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.
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Impetratory
Im"pe*tra*to*ry (?), a. Containing or expressing entreaty. [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.
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Impetuosity
Im*pet`u*os"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. impétuosité.] 1. The condition or quality of being impetuous; fury; violence.
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2. Vehemence, or furiousnes of temper. Shak.
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Impetuous
Im*pet"u*ous (?), a. [F. impetueux, L. impetuosus. See Impetus.] 1. Rushing with force and violence; moving with impetus; furious; forcible; violent; as, an impetuous wind; an impetuous torrent.
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Went pouring forward with impetuous speed. Byron.
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2. Vehement in feeling; hasty; passionate; violent; as, a man of impetuous temper.
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The people, on their holidays,
Impetuous, insolent, unquenchable.
Milton.

Syn. -- Forcible; rapid; hasty; precipitate; furious; boisterous; violent; raging; fierce; passionate.

-- Im*pet"u*ous*ly, adv. -- Im*pet"u*ous*ness, n.
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Impetus
Im"pe*tus (&ibreve_;m"p&euptack_;*tŭs), n. [L., fr. impetere to rush upon, attack; pref. im- in + petere to fall upon, seek. See Petition.] 1. A property possessed by a moving body in virtue of its weight and its motion; the force with which any body is driven or impelled; momentum.
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&hand_; Momentum is the technical term, impetus its popular equivalent, yet differing from it as applied commonly to bodies moving or moved suddenly or violently, and indicating the origin and intensity of the motion, rather than its quantity or effectiveness.
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2. Fig.: Impulse; incentive; stimulus; vigor; force; as, the President's strong recommendation provided the impetus needed to pass the campaign reform bill. Buckle.
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3. (Gun.) The altitude through which a heavy body must fall to acquire a velocity equal to that with which a ball is discharged from a piece.
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Impeyan pheasant
Im"pey*an pheas"ant (&ibreve_;m"p&ibreve_;*&aitalic_;n f&ebreve_;z"&aitalic_;nt). [From Lady Impey, who attempted to naturalize the bird in England.] (Zool.) An Indian crested pheasant of the genus Lophophorus. Several species are known. Called also monaul, monal.
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&hand_; They are remarkable for the bright color and brilliant matallic hues of their plumage. The best known species (Lophophorus Impeyanus) has the neck of a brilliant metallic red, changing to golden yellow in certain lights.
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Imphee
Im"phee (&ibreve_;m"fē), n. (Bot.) The African sugar cane (Holcus saccharatus), -- resembling the sorghum, or Chinese sugar cane.
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Impi
Im"pi (&ibreve_;m"p&ibreve_;), n. [Zulu.] A body of Kaffir warriors; a body of native armed men. [South Africa]
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As early as 1862 he crossed assagais with and defeated a Matabili impi (war band). James Bryce.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Impictured
Im*pic"tured (&ibreve_;m*p&ibreve_;k"t&uuptack_;rd; 135), a. Pictured; impressed. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Impierce
Im*pierce" (&ibreve_;m*pērs"), v. t. [Pref. im- in + pierce. Cf. Empierce.] To pierce; to penetrate. [Obs.] Drayton.
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Impierceable
Im*pierce"a*ble (&ibreve_;m*pērs"&adot_;*b'l) a. Not capable of being pierced; impenetrable. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Impiety
Im*pi"e*ty (&ibreve_;m*pī"&euptack_;*t&ybreve_;), n.; pl. Impieties (&ibreve_;m*pī"&euptack_;*t&ibreve_;z). [L. impietas, fr. impius impious; cf. F. impiété. See Impious, Piety.] 1. The quality of being impious; lack of piety; irreverence toward the Supreme Being; ungodliness; wickedness.
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2. An impious act; an act of wickedness.
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Those impieties for the which they are now visited. Shak.

Syn. -- Ungodliness; irreligion; unrighteousness; sinfulness; profaneness; wickedness; godlessness.
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Impignorate
Im*pig"no*rate (&ibreve_;m*p&ibreve_;g"n&ouptack_;*rāt), v. t. [LL. impignoratus, p. pl of impignorare to pawn. See Pignoration.] To pledge or pawn. [Obs.] Laing.
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Impignoration
Im*pig`no*ra"tion (&ibreve_;m*p&ibreve_;g"n&ouptack_;*rā"shŭn), n. [LL. impignoratio: cf. F. impignoration.] The act of pawning or pledging; the state of being pawned. [Obs.] Bailey.
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Imping
Imp"ing (&ibreve_;mp"&ibreve_;ng), n. [See Imp to graft.] 1. The act or process of grafting or mending. [Archaic]
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2. (Falconry) The process of repairing broken feathers or a deficient wing.
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Impinge
Im*pinge" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Impinged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Impinging (?).] [L. impingere; pref. im- in + pangere to fix, strike; prob. akin to pacisci to agree, contract. See Pact, and cf. Impact.] To fall or dash against; to touch upon; to strike; to hit; to clash with; -- with on or upon.
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The cause of reflection is not the impinging of light on the solid or impervious parts of bodies. Sir I. Newton.
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But, in the present order of things, not to be employed without impinging on God's justice. Bp. Warburton.
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Impingement
Im*pinge"ment (?), n. The act of impinging.
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Impingent
Im*pin"gent (?), a. [L. impingens, p. pr.] Striking against or upon.
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Impinguate
Im*pin"guate (?), v. t. [L. impinguatus, p. p. of impinguare to fatten; pref. im- in + pinguis fat.] To fatten; to make fat. [Obs.] Bacon.
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Impinguation
Im`pin*gua"tion (?), n. The act of making fat, or the state of being fat or fattened. [Obs.]
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Impious
Im"pi*ous (?), a. [L. impius; pref. im- not + pius piou. See Pious.] Not pious; wanting piety; irreligious; irreverent; ungodly; profane; wanting in reverence for the Supreme Being; as, an impious deed; impious language.
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When vice prevails, and impious men bear away,
The post of honor is a private station.
Addison.

Syn. -- Impious, Irreligious, Profane. Irreligious is negative, impious and profane are positive. An indifferent man may be irreligious; a profane man is irreverent in speech and conduct; an impious man is wickedly and boldly defiant in the strongest sense. Profane also has the milder sense of secular. C. J. Smith.

-- Im"pi*ous*ly, adv. -- Im"pi*ous*ness, n.
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Impire
Im"pire (?), n. See Umpire. [Obs.] Huloet.
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impish
imp"ish (&ibreve_;mp"&ibreve_;sh), a. Having the qualities, or showing the characteristics, of an imp; naughtily or annoyingly playful; as, teasing and worrying with impish laughter.
Syn. -- elfish, elvish, implike, mischievous, pixilated, prankish, puckish.
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Impishly
Imp"ish*ly, adv. In the manner of an imp.
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Impiteous
Im*pit"e*ous (?), a. Pitiless; cruel. [Obs.]
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Implacability
Im*pla`ca*bil"i*ty (?), n. [L. implacabilitas: cf. F. implacabilité.] The quality or state of being implacable.
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Implacable
Im*pla"ca*ble (?), a. [L. implacabilis; pref. im- not + placabilis: cf. F. implacable. See Placable.] 1. Not placable; not to be appeased; incapable of being pacified; inexorable; as, an implacable prince.
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I see thou art implacable. Milton.
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An object of implacable enmity. Macaulay.
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2. Incapable of being relieved or assuaged; inextinguishable. [R.]
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O! how I burn with implacable fire. Spenser.
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Which wrought them pain
Implacable, and many a dolorous groan.
Milton.

Syn. -- Unappeasable; inexorable; irreconcilable; unrelenting; relentless; unyielding.
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Implacableness
Im*pla"ca*ble*ness (?), n. The quality of being implacable; implacability.
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Implacably
Im*pla"ca*bly, adv. In an implacable manner.
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Implacental
Im`pla*cen"tal (?), a. (Zool.) Without a placenta, as marsupials and monotremes; nonplacental. -- n. A mammal having no placenta; a nonplacental mammal.
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Implacentalia
Im`pla*cen*ta"li*a (?), n. pl. [NL. See In- not, and Placental.] (Zool.) A primary division of the Mammalia, including the monotremes and marsupials, in which no placenta is formed.
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Implant
Im*plant" (?) v. t. [imp. & p. p. Implanted; p. pr. & vb. n. Implanting.] [Pref. im- in + plant: cf. F. implanter.] To plant, or infix, for the purpose of growth; to fix deeply; to instill; to inculate; to introduce; as, to implant the seeds of virtue, or the principles of knowledge, in the minds of youth.
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Minds well implanted with solid . . . breeding. Milton.
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Implantation
Im`plan*ta"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. implantation.] The act or process of implanting.
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Implate
Im*plate" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Implated; p. pr. & vb. n. Implating.] To cover with plates; to sheathe; as, to implate a ship with iron.
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Implausibility
Im*plau`si*bil"i*ty (?), n. Lack of plausibility; the quality of being implausible.
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Implausible
Im*plau"si*ble (?), a. [Pref. im- not + plausible: cf. F. implausible.] Not plausible; not wearing the appearance of truth or credibility, and not likely to be believed.Implausible harangues.” Swift.

-- Im*plau"si*ble*ness, n. -- Im*plau"si*bly, adv.
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Impleach
Im*pleach" (?), v. t. To pleach; to interweave. [Obs.] Shak.
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Implead
Im*plead" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Impleaded; p. pr. & vb. n. Impleading.] [Cf. Emplead.] (Law) To institute and prosecute a suit against, in court; to sue or prosecute at law; hence, to accuse; to impeach.
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Implead
Im*plead", v. i. To sue at law.
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Impleadable
Im*plead"a*ble (?), a. Not admitting excuse, evasion, or plea; rigorous. [R.] T. Adams.
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Impleader
Im*plead"er (?), n. (Law) One who prosecutes or sues another.
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Impleasing
Im*pleas"ing (&unr_;), a. Unpleasing; displeasing. [Obs.] Overbury.
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Impledge
Im*pledge" (?), v. t. To pledge. Sir W. Scott.
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Implement
Im"ple*ment (&ibreve_;m"pl&euptack_;*m&eitalic_;nt), n. [LL. implementum accomplishment, fr. L. implere, impletum, to fill up, finish, complete; pref. im- in + plere to fill. The word was perh. confused with OF. empleier, emploier, to employ, F. employer, whence E. employ. See Plenty.] That which fulfills or supplies a want or use; esp., an instrument, tool, or utensil, as supplying a requisite to an end; as, the implements of trade, of husbandry, or of war.
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Genius must have talent as its complement and implement. Coleridge.
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Implement
Im"ple*ment, v. t. 1. To accomplish; to fulfill. [R.]
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Revenge . . . executed and implemented by the hand of Vanbeest Brown. Sir W. Scott.
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2. To provide with an implement or implements; to cause to be fulfilled, satisfied, or carried out, by means of an implement or implements.
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The chief mechanical requisites of the barometer are implemented in such an instrument as the following. Nichol.
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3. (Scots Law) To fulfill or perform, as a contract or an engagement.
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Implemental
Im`ple*men"tal (?), a. Pertaining to, or characterized by, implements or their use; mechanical.
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Impletion
Im*ple"tion (?), n. [L. impletio. See Implement.] 1. The act of filling, or the state of being full. Sir T. Browne.
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2. That which fills up; filling. Coleridge.
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Implex
Im"plex (?), a. [L. implexus, p. p. of implectere to infold; pref. im- in + plectere to plait: cf. F implexe.] Intricate; entangled; complicated; complex.
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The fable of every poem is . . . simple or implex. it is called simple when there is no change of fortune in it; implex, when the fortune of the chief actor changes from bad to good, or from good to bad. Addison.
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Implexion
Im*plex"ion (?), n. [L. implexio.] Act of involving, or state of being involved; involution.
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Impliable
Im*pli"a*ble (?), a. Not pliable; inflexible; unyielding.
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Implicate
Im"pli*cate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Implicated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Implicating.] [L. implicatus, p. p. of implicare to involve; pref. im- in + plicare to fold. See Employ, Ply, and cf. Imply, Implicit.] 1. To infold; to fold together; to interweave.
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The meeting boughs and implicated leaves. Shelley.
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2. To bring into connection with; to involve; to connect; -- applied to persons, in an unfavorable sense; as, the evidence implicates many in this conspiracy; to be implicated in a crime, a discreditable transaction, a fault, etc.
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implicated
implicated adj. culpably involved; connected; -- of persons with respect to responsibility for events.
[WordNet 1.5]

implicating
implicating n. a charge that implicates someone (usually of wrongdoing).
Syn. -- implication.
[WordNet 1.5]

Implication
Im`pli*ca"tion (?), n. [L. implicatio: cf. F. implication.] 1. The act of implicating, or the state of being implicated.
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Three principal causes of firmness are. the grossness, the quiet contact, and the implication of component parts. Boyle.
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2. An implying, or that which is implied, but not expressed; an inference, or something which may fairly be understood, though not expressed in words.
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Whatever things, therefore, it was asserted that the king might do, it was a necessary implication that there were other things which he could not do. Hallam.
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implicational
implicational adj. arousing a mental association; evocative.
Syn. -- implicative, suggestive, suggestive of(predicate).
[WordNet 1.5]

Implicative
Im"pli*ca*tive (?), a. Tending to implicate.
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Implicatively
Im"pli*ca*tive*ly, adv. By implication. Sir G. Buck.
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Implicit
Im*plic"it (?), a. [L. implicitus, p. p. of implicare to entwine, entangle, attach closely: cf. F. implicite. See Implicate.] 1. Infolded; entangled; complicated; involved. [Obs.] Milton.
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In his woolly fleece
I cling implicit.
Pope.
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2. Tacitly comprised; fairly to be understood, though not expressed in words; implied; as, an implicit contract or agreement. South.
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3. Resting on another; trusting in the word or authority of another, without doubt or reserve; unquestioning; complete; as, implicit confidence; implicit obedience.
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Back again to implicit faith I fall. Donne.
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Implicit function. (Math.) See under Function.
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Implicitly
Im*plic"it*ly (?), adv. 1. In an implicit manner; without reserve; with unreserved confidence.
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Not to dispute the methods of his providence, but humbly and implicitly to acquiesce in and adore them. Atterbury.
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2. By implication; impliedly; as, to deny the providence of God is implicitly to deny his existence. Bentley.
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Implicitness
Im*plic"it*ness, n. State or quality of being implicit.
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Implicity
Im*plic"i*ty (?), n. Implicitness. [Obs.] Cotgrave.
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Implied
Im*plied" (?), a. Virtually involved or included; involved in substance; inferential; tacitly conceded; -- the correlative of express, or expressed. See Imply.
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Impliedly
Im*pli"ed*ly (?), adv. By implication or inference. Bp. Montagu.
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implode
im*plode" (?), v. i. To burst inward; contrasting with explode.
[PJC]

Imploded
Im*plod"ed (?), a. (Phon.) Formed by implosion. Ellis.
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Implodent
Im*plod"ent (?), n. (Phon.) An implosive sound. Ellis.
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Imploration
Im`plo*ra"tion (?), n. [L. imploratio: cf. OF. imploration. See Implore.] The act of imploring; earnest supplication. Bp. Hall.
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Implorator
Im"plo*ra`tor (?), n. One who implores. [Obs.]
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Mere implorators of unholy suits. Shak.
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Imploratory
Im*plor"a*to*ry (?), a. Supplicatory; entreating. [R.] Carlyle.
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Implore
Im*plore" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Implored (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Imploring.] [L. implorare; pref. im- in + plorare to cry aloud. See Deplore.] To call upon, or for, in supplication; to beseech; to pray to, or for, earnestly; to petition with urgency; to entreat; to beg; -- followed directly by the word expressing the thing sought, or the person from whom it is sought.
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Imploring all the gods that reign above. Pope.
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I kneel, and then implore her blessing. Shak.

Syn. -- To beseech; supplicate; crave; entreat; beg; solicit; petition; prey; request; adjure. See Beseech.
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Implore
Im*plore", v. i. To entreat; to beg; to prey.
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Implore
Im*plore", n. Imploration. [Obs.] Spencer.
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Implorer
Im*plor"er (?), n. One who implores.
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Imploring
Im*plor"ing, a. That implores; beseeching; entreating. -- Im*plor"ing*ly, adv.
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Implosion
Im*plo"sion (?), n. [Formed by substitution of pref. im- in for pref. ex- in explosion.] 1. A bursting inwards, as of a vessel from which the air has been exhausted; -- contrasted with explosion.
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2. Hence: The inward-moving detonation wave cause by detonation of explosives arrayed spherically around a core; -- a technique used in atomic bombs to compress fissionable material to allow a chain reaction time to produce an explosion of the fissionable material.
[PJC]

3. (Phon.) A sudden compression of the air in the mouth, simultaneously with and affecting the sound made by the closure of the organs in uttering p, t, or k, at the end of a syllable (see Guide to Pronunciation, §§159, 189); also, a similar compression made by an upward thrust of the larynx without any accompanying explosive action, as in the peculiar sound of b, d, and g, heard in Southern Germany. H. Sweet.
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Implosive
Im*plo"sive (?), a. (Phon.) Formed by implosion. -- n. An implosive sound, an implodent. -- Im*plo"sive*ly, adv. H. Sweet.
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Implumed
Im*plumed" (?), a. Not plumed; without plumes or feathers; featherless. [R.] Drayton.
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Implunge
Im*plunge" (?), v. t. To plunge. Fuller.
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Impluvium
Im*plu"vi*um (?), n. [L., fr. impluere to rain into; pref. im- in + pluere to rain.] (Arch.) In Roman dwellings, a cistern or tank, set in the atrium or peristyle to recieve the water from the roof, by means of the compluvium; generally made ornamental with flowers and works of art around its birm.
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Imply
Im*ply" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Implied (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Implying.] [From the same source as employ. See Employ, Ply, and cf. Implicate, Apply.] 1. To infold or involve; to wrap up. [Obs.] “His head in curls implied.” Chapman.
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2. To involve in substance or essence, or by fair inference, or by construction of law, when not include virtually; as, war implies fighting.
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Where a malicious act is proved, a malicious intention is implied. Bp. Sherlock.
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When a man employs a laborer to work for him, . . . the act of hiring implies an obligation and a promise that he shall pay him a reasonable reward for his services. Blackstone.
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3. To refer, ascribe, or attribute. [Obs.]
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Whence might this distaste arise?
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If [from] neither your perverse and peevish will.
To which I most imply it.
J. Webster.

Syn. -- To involve; include; comprise; import; mean; denote; signify; betoken. See Involve.
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Impoison
Im*poi"son (?), v. t. [Cf. Empoison.] To poison; to imbitter; to impair.
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Impoisoner
Im*poi"son*er (?), n. A poisoner. [Obs.] Beau. & Fl.
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Impoisonment
Im*poi"son*ment (?), n. [Cf. Empoisonment.] The act of poisoning or impoisoning. [Obs.] Pope.

Impolarly
Impolarily
{ Im*po"lar*i*ly (?), Im*po"lar*ly (?), } adv. Not according to or in, the direction of the poles. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
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Impolicy
Im*pol"i*cy (?), n. The quality of being impolitic; inexpedience; unsuitableness to the end proposed; bads policy; as, the impolicy of fraud. Bp. Horsley.
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Impolite
Im`po*lite" (?), a. [L. impolitus unpolishied, pref. im- not + politus, p. p. of polire to polish, refine. See Polite.] Not polite; not of polished manners; wanting in good manners; discourteous; uncivil; rude. -- Im`po*lite"ly, adv. -- Im`po*lite"ness, n.
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Impolitic
Im*pol"i*tic (?), a. [Pref. im- not + politic; cf. F. impolitique.] Not politic; contrary to, or wanting in, policy; unwise; imprudent; indiscreet; inexpedient; as, an impolitic ruler, law, or measure.
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The most unjust and impolitic of all things, unequal taxation. Burke.

Syn. -- Indiscreet; inexpedient; undiplomatic.
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Impolitical
Im`po*lit"i*cal (?), a. Impolitic. [Obs.] -- Im`po*lit"i*cal*ly, adv. [Obs.] Bacon.
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Impoliticly
Im*pol"i*tic*ly (?), adv. In an impolitic manner.
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Impoliticness
Im*pol"i*tic*ness, n. The quality of being impolitic.
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Imponderability
Im*pon`der*a*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. impondérabilité.] The quality or state of being imponderable; imponderableness.
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Imponderable
Im*pon"der*a*ble (?), a. [Pref. im- not + ponderable: cf. F. impondérable.] Not ponderable; without sensible or appreciable weight; incapable of being weighed.
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Imponderable
Im*pon"der*a*ble, n. (Physics) An imponderable substance or body; specifically, in the plural, a name formerly applied to heat, light, electricity, and magnetism, regarded as subtile fluids destitute of weight but in modern science little used.
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Imponderableness
Im*pon"der*a*ble*ness, n. The quality or state of being imponderable.
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Imponderous
Im*pon"der*ous (?), a. Imponderable. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne. -- Im*pon"der*ous*ness, n. [Obs.]
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Impone
Im*pone" (?), v. t. [L. imponere, impositum, to place upon; pref. im- in + ponere to place. See Position.] To stake; to wager; to pledge. [Obs.]
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Against the which he has imponed, as I take it, six French rapiers and poniards. Shak.
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Impoofo
Im*poo"fo (?), n. (Zool.) The eland. [Written also impoofoo.]
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Impoon
Im*poon" (?), n. (Zool.) The duykerbok.
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Impoor
Im*poor" (?), v. t. To impoverish. [Obs.]
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Imporosity
Im`po*ros"i*ty (?), n. [Perf. im- not + porosity: cf. F. imporosité.] The state or quality of being imporous; lack of porosity; compactness. “The . . . imporosity betwixt the tangible parts.” Bacon.
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Imporous
Im*por"ous (?), a. Destitute of pores; very close or compact in texture; solid. Sir T. Browne.
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Import
Im*port" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Imported; p. pr. & vb. n. Importing.] [L. importare to bring in, to occasion, to cause; pref. im- in + portare to bear. Sense 3 comes through F. importer, from the Latin. See Port demeanor.] 1. To bring in from abroad; to introduce from without; especially, to bring (wares or merchandise) into a place or country from a foreign country, in the transactions of commerce; -- opposed to export. We import teas from China, coffee from Brazil, etc.
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2. To carry or include, as meaning or intention; to imply; to signify.
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Every petition . . . doth . . . always import a multitude of speakers together. Hooker.
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3. To be of importance or consequence to; to have a bearing on; to concern.
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I have a motion much imports your good. Shak.
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If I endure it, what imports it you? Dryden.

Syn. -- To denote; mean; signify; imply; indicate; betoken; interest; concern.
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Import
Im*port", v. i. To signify; to purport; to be of moment. “For that . . . importeth to the work.” Bacon.
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Import
Im"port (?), n. 1. Merchandise imported, or brought into a country from without its boundaries; -- generally in the plural, opposed to exports.
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I take the imports from, and not the exports to, these conquests, as the measure of these advantages which we derived from them. Burke.
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2. That which a word, phrase, or document contains as its signification or intention or interpretation of a word, action, event, and the like.
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3. Importance; weight; consequence.
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Most serious design, and the great import. Shak.
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Importable
Im*port"a*ble (?), a. [Cf. F. importable. See Import.] Capable of being imported.
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Importable
Im*port"a*ble, a. [L. importabilis; pref. im- not + portabilis bearable: cf. OF. importable. See Portable.] Not to be endured; insupportable; intolerable. [Obs.] Chaucer. -- Im*port"a*ble*ness, n. [Obs.]
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Importance
Im*por"tance (?), n. [F. importance. See Important.] 1. The quality or state of being important; consequence; weight; moment; significance.
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Thy own importance know,
Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.
Pope.
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2. Subject; matter. [Obs.]
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Upon importance of so slight and trivial a nature. Shak.
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3. Import; meaning; significance. [Obs.]
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The wisest beholder could not say if the importance were joy or sorrow. Shak.
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4. Importunity; solicitation. [Obs.]
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At our importance hither is he come. Shak.
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Importancy
Im*por"tan*cy (?), n. Importance; significance; consequence; that which is important. [Obs.] Shak. “Careful to conceal importancies.” Fuller.
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Important
Im*por"tant (?), a. [F. important. See Import, v. t.] 1. Full of, or burdened by, import; charged with great interests; restless; anxious. [Obs.]
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Thou hast strength as much
As serves to execute a mind very important.
Chapman.
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2. Carrying or possessing weight or consequence; of valuable content or bearing; significant; weighty.
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Things small as nothing . . .
He makes important.
Shak.
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3. Bearing on; forcible; driving. [Obs.]
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He fiercely at him flew,
And with important outrage him assailed.
Spenser.
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4. Importunate; pressing; urgent. [Obs.] Shak.

Syn. -- Weighty; momentous; significant; essential; necessary; considerable; influential; serious.
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important-looking
important-looking adj. appearing to be important; as, an important-looking sealed document.
[WordNet 1.5]

Importantly
Im*por"tant*ly, adv. In an important manner.
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Importation
Im`por*ta"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. importation. See Import, v. t.] 1. The act of carrying, conveying, or delivering. [R.]
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2. The act or practice of importing, or bringing into a country or state; -- opposed to exportation.
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3. That which is imported; commodities or wares introduced into a country from abroad.
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imported
imported adj. brought into the country from a foreign source; -- used of especially merchandise; -- correlative of exported. imported wines
[WordNet 1.5]

Importer
Im*port"er (?), n. One who imports; the merchant who brings goods into a country or state; -- opposed to exporter.
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Importing
Im*port"ing, a. Full of meaning. [Obs.] Shak.
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Importless
Im*port"less, a. Void of meaning. [Obs.] Shak.
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Importunable
Im*por"tu*na*ble (?), a. Heavy; insupportable. [Obs.] Sir T. More.
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Importunacy
Im*por"tu*na*cy (?), n. [From Importunate.] The quality of being importunate; importunateness.
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Importunate
Im*por"tu*nate (&ibreve_;m*pôr"t&uuptack_;*n&auptack_;t), a. [See Importune.] 1. Troublesomely urgent; unreasonably solicitous; overpressing in request or demand; urgent; teasing; as, an importunate petitioner, curiosity. Whewell.
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2. Hard to be borne; unendurable. [R.] Donne.

-- Im*por"tu*nate*ly, adv. -- Im*por"tu*nate*ness, n.
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Importunator
Im*por"tu*na`tor (&ibreve_;m*pôr"t&uuptack_;*nā`t&etilde_;r), n. One who importunes; an importuner. [Obs.] Sir E. Sandys.
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Importune
Im`por*tune" (&ibreve_;m`p&obreve_;r*tūn"), a. [F. importun, L. importunus; pref. im- not + a derivative from the root of portus harbor, importunus therefore orig. meaning, hard of access. See Port harbor, and cf. Importunate.] 1. Inopportune; unseasonable. [Obs.]
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2. Troublesome; vexatious; persistent; urgent; hence, vexatious on account of untimely urgency or pertinacious solicitation. [Obs.]
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And their importune fates all satisfied. Spenser.
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Of all other affections it [envy] is the most importune and continual. Bacon.
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Importune
Im`por*tune", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Importuned (&ibreve_;m`p&obreve_;r*tūnd"); p. pr. & vb. n. Importuning.] [From Importune, a.: cf. F. importuner.] 1. To request or solicit, with urgency; to press with frequent, unreasonable, or troublesome application or pertinacity; hence, to tease; to irritate; to worry.
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Their ministers and residents here have perpetually importuned the court with unreasonable demands. Swift.
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2. To import; to signify. [Obs.] “It importunes death.” Spenser.
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Importune
Im`por*tune", v. i. To require; to demand. [Obs.]
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We shall write to you,
As time and our concernings shall importune.
Shak.
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Importunely
Im`por*tune"ly, adv. In an importune manner. [Obs.]
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Importuner
Im`por*tun"er (?), n. One who importunes.
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Importunity
Im`por*tu"ni*ty (?), n.; pl. Importunities (#). [L. importunitas unsuitableness, rudeness: cf. F. importunité.] The quality of being importunate; pressing or pertinacious solicitation; urgent request; incessant or frequent application; troublesome pertinacity.
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O'ercome with importunity and tears. Milton.
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Importuous
Im*por"tu*ous (?), a. [L. importuosus; pref. im- not + portuosus abounding in harbors, fr. portus harbor.] Without a port or harbor. [R.]
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Imposable
Im*pos"a*ble (?), a. [Cf. F. imposable.] Capable of being imposed or laid on. Hammond.
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Imposableness
Im*pos"a*ble*ness, n. Quality of being imposable.
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Impose
Im*pose" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Imposed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Imposing.] [F. imposer; pref. im- in + poser to place. See Pose, v. t.] 1. To lay on; to set or place; to put; to deposit.
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Cakes of salt and barley [she] did impose
Within a wicker basket.
Chapman.
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2. To lay as a charge, burden, tax, duty, obligation, command, penalty, etc.; to enjoin; to levy; to inflict; as, to impose a toll or tribute.
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What fates impose, that men must needs abide. Shak.
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Death is the penalty imposed. Milton.
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Thou on the deep imposest nobler laws. Waller.
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3. (Eccl.) To lay on, as the hands, in the religious rites of confirmation and ordination.
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4. (Print.) To arrange in proper order on a table of stone or metal and lock up in a chase for printing; -- said of columns or pages of type, forms, etc.
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Impose
Im*pose", v. i. To practice tricks or deception.
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To impose on or To impose upon, (a) to pass or put a trick on; to delude; to cheat; to defraud. “He imposes on himself, and mistakes words for things.” Locke. (b) to place an unwelcome burden or obligation on (another person); as, she imposed on her friend to drive her daughter to school. (c) to take unfair advantage of (a person, a friendship); as, he imposed on his friendship with The Mayor to gain business.
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Impose
Im*pose", n. A command; injunction. [Obs.] Shak.
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imposed
imposed adj. p. p. of impose; as, rules imposed by society.
[WordNet 1.5]

Imposement
Im*pose"ment (?), n. Imposition. [Obs.]
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Imposer
Im*pos"er (?), n. One who imposes.
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The imposers of these oaths might repent. Walton.
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Imposing
Im*pos"ing, a. 1. Laying as a duty; enjoining.
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2. Adapted to impress forcibly; impressive; commanding; as, an imposing air; an imposing spectacle. “Large and imposing edifices.” Bp. Hobart.
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3. Deceiving; deluding; misleading.
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Imposing
Im*pos"ing, n. (Print.) The act of imposing the columns of a page, or the pages of a sheet. See Impose, v. t., 4.
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Imposing stone (Print.), the stone on which the pages or columns of types are imposed or made into forms; -- called also imposing table.
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Imposingly
Im*pos"ing*ly, adv. In an imposing manner.
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Imposingness
Im*pos"ing*ness, n. The quality of being imposing.
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Imposition
Im`po*si"tion (?), n. [F., fr. L. impositio the application of a name to a thing. See Impone.] 1. The act of imposing, laying on, affixing, enjoining, inflicting, obtruding, and the like. “From imposition of strict laws.” Milton.
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Made more solemn by the imposition of hands. Hammond.
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2. That which is imposed, levied, or enjoined; charge; burden; injunction; tax.
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3. (Eng. Univ.) An extra exercise enjoined on students as a punishment. T. Warton.
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4. An excessive, arbitrary, or unlawful exaction; hence, a trick or deception put on laid on others; cheating; fraud; delusion; imposture.
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Reputation is an idle and most false imposition. Shak.
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5. (Eccl.) The act of laying on the hands as a religious ceremoy, in ordination, confirmation, etc.
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6. (Print.) The act or process of imosing pages or columns of type. See Impose, v. t., 4.

Syn. -- Deceit; fraud; imposture. See Deception.
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Impossibility
Im*pos`si*bil"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Impossibilities (#). [L. impossibilitas: cf. F. impossibilité.] 1. The quality of being impossible; impracticability.
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They confound difficulty with impossibility. South.
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2. An impossible thing; that which is not possible; that which can not be thought, done, or endured.
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Impossibilities! O, no, there's none. Cowley.
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3. Inability; helplessness. [R.] Latimer.
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Logical impossibility, a condition or statement involving contradiction or absurdity; as, that a thing can be and not be at the same time. See Principle of Contradiction, under Contradiction.
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Impossible
Im*pos"si*ble (?), a. [F., fr. L. impossibilis; pref. im- not + possibilis possible. See Possible.] Not possible; incapable of being done, of existing, etc.; unattainable in the nature of things, or by means at command; insuperably difficult under the circumstances; absurd or impracticable; not feasible.
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With men this is impossible; but with God all things are possible. Matt. xix. 26.
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Without faith it is impossible to please him. Heb. xi. 6.
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Impossible quantity (Math.), an imaginary quantity. See Imaginary.

Syn. -- See Impracticable.
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Impossible
Im*pos"si*ble, n. An impossibility; as, he tried to do the impossible. [Obs.]
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“Madam,” quoth he, “this were an impossible!” Chaucer.
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impossibleness
impossibleness n. incapability of existing or occurring; impossibility.
Syn. -- impossibility.
[WordNet 1.5]

Impossibly
Im*pos"si*bly, adv. Not possibly. Sir. T. North.
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Impost
Im"post (?), n. [OF. impost, F. impot, LL. impostus, fr. L. impostus, p. p. of imponere to impose. See Impone.] 1. That which is imposed or levied; a tax, tribute, or duty; especially, a duty or tax laid by goverment on goods imported into a country.
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Even the ship money . . . Johnson could not pronounce to have been an unconstitutional impost. Macaulay.
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2. (Arch.) The top member of a pillar, pier, wall, etc., upon which the weight of an arch rests.
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&hand_; The impost is called continuous, if the moldings of the arch or architrave run down the jamb or pier without a break.

Syn. -- Tribute; excise; custom; duty; tax.
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Imposthumate
Im*post"hu*mate (?), v. t. [See Imposthume.] To apostemate; to form an imposthume or abscess. Arbuthnot.
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Imposthumate
Im*post"hu*mate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Imposthumated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Imposthumating (?).] To affect with an imposthume or abscess.
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Imposthumate
Im*post"hu*mate (?), a. Imposthumated.
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Imposthumation
Im*post`hu*ma"tion (?), n. 1. The act of forming an abscess; state of being inflamed; suppuration.
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2. An abscess; an imposthume. Coxe.
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Imposthume
Im*post"hume (?), n. [A corruption of aposteme. See Aposteme.] A collection of pus or purulent matter in any part of an animal body; an abscess.
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Imposthume
Im*post"hume, v. t. & i. Same as Imposthumate.
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Impostor
Im*pos"tor (?), n. [L. impostor a deceiver, fr. imponere to impose upon, deceive. See Impone.] One who imposes upon others; a person who assumes a character or title not his own, for the purpose of deception; a pretender. “The fraudulent impostor foul.” Milton.

Syn. -- Deceiver; cheat; rogue. See Deceiver.
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Impostorship
Im*pos"tor*ship, n. The condition, character, or practice of an impostor. Milton.

Impostrix
Impostress
{ Im*pos"tress (?), Im*pos"trix (?), } n. [LL. impostrix. See Impostor.] A woman who imposes upon or deceives others. [R.] Fuller.
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Impostrous
Im*pos"trous (?), n. Characterized by imposture; deceitful.Impostrous pretense of knowledge.” Grote.
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Imposturage
Im*pos"tur*age (?), n. Imposture; cheating. [R.] Jer. Taylor.
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Imposture
Im*pos"ture (?), n. [L. impostura: cf. F. imposture. See Impone.] The act or conduct of an impostor; deception practiced under a false or assumed character; fraud or imposition; cheating.
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From new legends
And fill the world with follies and impostures.
Johnson.

Syn. -- Cheat; fraud; trick; imposition; delusion.
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Impostured
Im*pos"tured (?), a. Done by imposture. [Obs.]
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Imposturous
Im*pos"tur*ous (?), a. Impostrous; deceitful.
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Strictness fales and impostrous. Beau. & Fl.
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Impostury
Im*pos"tur*y (?), n. Imposture. [Obs.] Fuller.

Impotency
Impotence
{ Im"po*tence (?), Im"po*ten*cy (?), } n. [L. impotenia inability, poverty, lack of moderation. See Impotent.] 1. The quality or condition of being impotent; lack of strength or power, animal, intellectual, or moral; weakness; feebleness; inability; imbecility.
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Some were poor by impotency of nature; as young fatherless children, old decrepit persons, idiots, and cripples. Hayward.
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O, impotence of mind in body strong! Milton.
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2. Lack of self-restraint or self-control. [R.] Milton.
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3. (Law & Med.) Lack of procreative power; inability to copulate, or beget children; also, sometimes, sterility; barrenness; specifically, in males: the inability to achieve or sustain a penile erection; erectile dysfunction.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

impregnated
impregnated adj. 1. same as fertilized, 1. fertile (vs. infertile)
Syn. -- fertilized, inseminated.
[WordNet 1.5]

Impotent
Im"po*tent (?), a. [F. impotent, L. impotens, -entis; pref. im- not + potens potent, powerful. See Potent.] 1. Not potent; wanting power, strength. or vigor. whether physical, intellectual, or moral; deficient in capacity; destitute of force; weak; feeble; infirm.
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There sat a certain man at Lystra, impotent inhis feet. Acts xiv. 8.
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O most lame and impotent conclusion! Shak.
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Not slow to hear,
Nor impotent to save.
Addison.
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2. Wanting the power of self-restraint; incontrolled; ungovernable; violent.
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Impotent of tongue, her silence broke. Dryden.
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3. (Med.) Wanting the power of procreation; unable to copulate; also, sometimes, sterile; barren; specifically, in males: unable to achieve or sustain a penile erection.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Impotent
Im"po*tent, n. One who is impotent. [R.] Shak.
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Impotently
Im"po*tent*ly, adv. In an impotent manner.
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Impound
Im*pound" (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Impounded; p. pr. & vb. n. Impounding.] To shut up or place in an inclosure called a pound; hence, to hold in the custody of some authority such as police or a court; as, to impound stray cattle; to impound an illegally parked car; to impound a document for safe keeping.
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But taken and impounded as a stray,
The king of Scots.
Shak.
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Impoundage
Im*pound"age (&ibreve_;m*pound"&auptack_;j), n. 1. The act of impounding, or the state of being impounded.
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2. The fee or fine for impounding.
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Impounder
Im*pound"er (?), n. One who impounds.
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Impoverish
Im*pov"er*ish (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Impoverished (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Impoverishing.] [OF. empovrir; pref. em- (L. in) + povre poor, F. pauvre; cf. OF. apovrir, F. appauvrir, where the prefix is a-, L. ad. Cf. Empoverish, and see Poor, and -ish.] 1. To make poor; to reduce to poverty or indigence; as, misfortune and disease impoverish families.
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2. To exhaust the strength, richness, or fertility of; to make sterile; as, to impoverish land.
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Impoverisher
Im*pov"er*ish*er (?), n. One who, or that which, impoverishes.
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Impoverishment
Im*pov"er*ish*ment (?), n. [Cf. OF. empoverissement, and F. appauvrissement.] The act of impoverishing, or the state of being impoverished; reduction to poverty. Sir W. Scott.
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Impower
Im*pow"er (?), v. t. See Empower.
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Imp-pole
Imp"-pole` (&unr_;), n. (Building) A pole for supporting a scaffold.
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Impracticability
Im*prac`ti*ca*bil"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Impracticabilities (&unr_;). 1. The state or quality of being impracticable; infeasibility. Goldsmith.
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2. An impracticable thing.
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3. Intractableness; stubbornness.
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Impracticable
Im*prac"ti*ca*ble (?), a. 1. Not practicable; incapable of being performed, or accomplished by the means employed, or at command; impossible; as, an impracticable undertaking.
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2. Not to be overcome, persuaded, or controlled by any reasonable method; unmanageable; intractable; not capable of being easily dealt with; -- used in a general sense, as applied to a person or thing that is difficult to control or get along with.
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This though, impracticable heart
Is governed by a dainty-fingered girl.
Rowe.
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Patriotic but loyal men went away disgusted afresh with the impracticable arrogance of a sovereign. Palfrey.
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3. Incapable of being used or availed of; as, an impracticable road; an impracticable method.

Syn. -- Impossible; infeasible. -- Impracticable, Impossible. A thing is impracticable when it can not be accomplished by any human means at present possessed; a thing is impossible when the laws of nature forbid it. The navigation of a river may now be impracticable, but not impossible, because the existing obstructions may yet be removed. “The barons exercised the most despotic authority over their vassals, and every scheme of public utility was rendered impracticable by their continued petty wars with each other.” Mickle. “With men this is impossible, but with God all things are possible.” Matt. xix. 26.
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Impracticableness
Im*prac"ti*ca*ble*ness, n. The state or quality of being impracticable; impracticability.
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Impracticably
Im*prac"ti*ca*bly, adv. In an impracticable manner.
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Morality not impracticably rigid. Johnson.
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Impractical
Im*prac"ti*cal (?), a. Not practical.
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Imprecate
Im"pre*cate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Imprecated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Imprecating (?).] [L. imprecatus, p. p. of imprecari to imprecate; pref. im- in, on + precari to pray. See Pray.] 1. To call down by prayer, as something hurtful or calamitous.
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Imprecate the vengeance of Heaven on the guilty empire. Mickle.
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2. To invoke evil upon; to curse; to swear at.
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In vain we blast the ministers of Fate,
And the forlorn physicians imprecate.
Rochester.
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Imprecation
Im`pre*ca"tion (?), n. [L. imprecatio: cf. F. imprécation.] The act of imprecating, or invoking evil upon any one; a prayer that a curse or calamity may fall on any one; a curse.
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Men cowered like slaves before such horrid imprecations. Motley.

Syn. -- Malediction; curse; execration; anathema. See Malediction.
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Imprecatory
Im"pre*ca*to*ry (?), a. Of the nature of, or containing, imprecation; invoking evil; as, the imprecatory psalms.
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Imprecision
Im`pre*ci"sion (?), n. Lack of precision. [R.]
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Impregn
Im*pregn" (?), v. t. [Cf. F. impregner. See Impregnate.] To impregnate; to make fruitful. [Obs.]
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His pernicious words, impregned
With reason.
Milton.
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Semele doth Bacchus bear
Impregned of Jove.
Dr. H. More.
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Impregnability
Im*preg`na*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality or state of being impregnable; invincibility.
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Impregnable
Im*preg"na*ble (?), a. [F. imprenable; pref. im- not + prenable pregnable, fr. prendre to take, L. prehendere. See Comprehend, Get to obtain.] Not to be stormed, or taken by assault; incapable of being subdued; able to resist attack; unconquerable; as, an impregnable fortress; impregnable virtue.
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The man's affection remains wholly unconcerned and impregnable. South.

-- Im*preg"na*ble*ness, n. -- Im*preg"na*bly, adv.
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Impregnable
Im*preg"na*ble (?), a. [See Impregnate.] (Biol.) Capable of being impregnated, as the egg of an animal, or the ovule of a plant.
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Impregnant
Im*preg"nant (?), n. [See Impregnate.] That which impregnates. [R.] Glanvill.
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Impregnant
Im*preg"nant, a. [Pref. im- not + pregnant.] Not pregnant; unfertilized or infertile. [R.]
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Impregnate
Im*preg"nate (&ibreve_;m*pr&ebreve_;g"nāt), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Impregnated (-n&auptack_;*t&ebreve_;d); p. pr. & vb. n. Impregnating (-n&auptack_;*t&ibreve_;ng).] [LL. impraegnatus, p. p. of impraegnare to impregnate, fr. L. pref. im- in + praegnans pregnant. See Pregnant.] 1. To make pregnant; to cause to conceive; to render prolific; to get with child or young.
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2. (Biol.) To come into contact with (an ovum or egg) so as to cause impregnation; to fertilize; to fecundate.
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3. To infuse an active principle into; to render fruitful or fertile in any way; to fertilize; to imbue.
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4. To infuse particles of another substance into; to communicate the quality of another to; to cause to be filled, imbued, mixed, or furnished (with something); as, to impregnate India rubber with sulphur; clothing impregnated with contagion; rock impregnated with ore.
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Impregnate
Im*preg"nate (&ibreve_;m*pr&ebreve_;g"nāt), v. i. To become pregnant. Addison.
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Impregnate
Im*preg"nate (-n&auptack_;t), a. [LL. impraegnatus, p. p.] Impregnated; made prolific.
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The scorching ray
Here pierceth not, impregnate with disease.
Byron.
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impregnated
impregnated adj. [p. p. from impregnate.] same as fertilized, 1.
Syn. -- fertilized, inseminated.
[WordNet 1.5]

Impregnation
Im`preg*na"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. imprégnation, LL. impraegnatio.] 1. The act of impregnating or the state of being impregnated; fecundation.
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2. (Biol.) The fusion of a female germ cell (ovum) with a male germ cell (in animals, a spermatozoön) to form a single new cell endowed with the power of developing into a new individual; fertilization; fecundation.
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&hand_; In the broadest biological sense, impregnation, or sexual generation, consists simply in the coalescence of two similar masses of protoplasmic matter, either derived from different parts of the same organism or from two distinct organisms. From the single mass, which results from the fusion, or coalescence, of these two masses, a new organism develops.
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3. That with which anything is impregnated. Derham.
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4. Intimate mixture; infusion; saturation.
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5. (Mining) An ore deposit, with indefinite boundaries, consisting of rock impregnated with ore. Raymond.
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Imprejudicate
Im`pre*ju"di*cate (?), a. Not prejudged; unprejudiced; impartial. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
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Imprenable
Im*pre"na*ble (?), a. Impregnable. [Obs.]
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Impreparation
Im*prep`a*ra"tion (?), n. Lack of preparation. [Obs.] Hooker.
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Impresa
Im*pre"sa (&euptack_;m*prā"s&adot_;), n. [It. See Emprise, and cf. Impress, n., 4.] (Her.) A device on a shield or seal, or used as a bookplate or the like. [Written also imprese and impress.]
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My impresa to your lordship; a swain
Flying to a laurel for shelter.
J. Webster.
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Impresario
Im`pre*sa"ri*o (?), n.; pl. Impresarios (#). [It., from impresa enterprise.] 1. The projector, manager, or conductor, of an opera or concert company.
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2. Hence, broadly: Any manager who organizes performances of a group.
[PJC]

Imprescriptibility
Im`pre*scrip`ti*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. imprescriptibilité.] The quality of being imprescriptible.
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Imprescriptible
Im`pre*scrip"ti*ble (?), a. [Pref. im- not + prescriptible: cf. F. imprescriptible.] 1. Not capable of being lost or impaired by neglect, by disuse, or by the claims of another founded on prescription; -- of rights.
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The right of navigation, fishing, and others that may be exercised on the sea, belonging to the right of mere ability, are imprescriptible. Vattel (Trans. )
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2. Not derived from, or dependent on, external authority; self-evidencing; obvious.
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The imprescriptible laws of the pure reason. Colerridge.
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Imprescriptibly
Im`pre*scrip"ti*bly, adv. In an imprescriptible manner; obviously.
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Imprese
Im*prese" (?), n. A device. See Impresa.
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An imprese, as the Italians call it, is a device in picture with his motto or word, borne by noble or learned personages. Camden.
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Impress
Im*press" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Impressed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Impressing.] [L. impressus, p. p. of imprimere to impress; pref. im- in, on + premere to press. See Press to squeeze, and cf. Imprint.] 1. To press, stamp, or print something in or upon; to mark by pressure, or as by pressure; to imprint (that which bears the impression).
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His heart, like an agate, with your print impressed. Shak.
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2. To produce by pressure, as a mark, stamp, image, etc.; to imprint (a mark or figure upon something).
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3. Fig.: To fix deeply in the mind; to present forcibly to the attention, etc.; to imprint; to inculcate.
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Impress the motives of persuasion upon our own hearts till we feel the force of them. I. Watts.
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4. [See Imprest, Impress, n., 5.] To take by force for public service; as, to impress sailors or money.
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The second five thousand pounds impressed for the service of the sick and wounded prisoners. Evelyn.
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Impress
Im*press", v. i. To be impressed; to rest. [Obs.]
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Such fiendly thoughts in his heart impress. Chaucer.
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Impress
Im"press (?), n.; pl. Impresses (&unr_;). 1. The act of impressing or making.
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2. A mark made by pressure; an indentation; imprint; the image or figure of anything, formed by pressure or as if by pressure; result produced by pressure or influence.
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The impresses of the insides of these shells. Woodward.
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This weak impress of love is as a figure
Trenched in ice.
Shak.
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3. Characteristic; mark of distinction; stamp. South.
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4. A device. See Impresa. Cussans.
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To describe . . . emblazoned shields,
Impresses quaint.
Milton.
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5. [See Imprest, Press to force into service.] The act of impressing, or taking by force for the public service; compulsion to serve; also, that which is impressed.
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Why such impress of shipwrights? Shak.
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Impress gang, a party of men, with an officer, employed to impress seamen for ships of war; a press gang. -- Impress money, a sum of money paid, immediately upon their entering service, to men who have been impressed.
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impressed
impressed pred. adj. having the conscious mind deeply or markedly affected or influenced; -- usually used with by or with.
[WordNet 1.5]

Impressibility
Im*press`i*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality of being impressible; susceptibility.
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Impressible
Im*press"i*ble (?), a. [Cf. F. impressible.] Capable of being impressed; susceptible; sensitive. -- Im*press"i*ble*ness, n. -- Im*press"i*bly, adv.
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Impression
Im*pres"sion (?), n. [F. impression, L. impressio.] 1. The act of impressing, or the state of being impressed; the communication of a stamp, mold, style, or character, by external force or by influence.
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2. That which is impressed; stamp; mark; indentation; sensible result of an influence exerted from without.
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The stamp and clear impression of good sense. Cowper.
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To shelter us from impressions of weather, we must spin, we must weave, we must build. Barrow.
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3. That which impresses, or exercises an effect, action, or agency; appearance; phenomenon. [Obs.]
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Portentous blaze of comets and impressions in the air. Milton.
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A fiery impression falling from out of Heaven. Holland.
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4. Influence or effect on the senses or the intellect hence, interest, concern. Reid.
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His words impression left. Milton.
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Such terrible impression made the dream. Shak.
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I have a father's dear impression,
And wish, before I fall into my grave,
That I might see her married.
Ford.
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5. An indistinct notion, remembrance, or belief.
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6. Impressiveness; emphasis of delivery.
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Which must be read with an impression. Milton.
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7. (Print.) The pressure of the type on the paper, or the result of such pressure, as regards its appearance; as, a heavy impression; a clear, or a poor, impression; also, a single copy as the result of printing, or the whole edition printed at a given time; as, a copy from the fifth impression.
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Ten impressions which his books have had. Dryden.
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8. In painting, the first coat of color, as the priming in house painting and the like. [R.]
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9. (Engraving) A print on paper from a wood block, metal plate, or the like.
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Proof impression, one of the early impressions taken from an engraving, before the plate or block is worn.
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Impressionability
Im*pres`sion*a*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality of being impressionable.
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Impressionable
Im*pres"sion*a*ble (?), a. [Cf. F. impressionnable.] Liable or subject to impression; capable of being molded; susceptible; impressible; as, a bad influence on impressionable youths.
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He was too impressionable; he had too much of the temperament of genius. Motley.
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A pretty face and an impressionable disposition. T. Hook.
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Impressionableness
Im*pres"sion*a*ble*ness, n. The quality of being impressionable.
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Impressionism
Im*pres"sion*ism (?), n. [F. impressionnisme.] (Fine Arts) The theory or method of suggesting an effect or impression without elaboration of the details; -- a disignation of a recent fashion in painting and etching.
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Impressionist
Im*pres"sion*ist, n. [F. impressionniste.] (Fine Arts) One who adheres to the theory or method of impressionism in art; especially, a painter who paints in the impressionistic style; as, the skyrocketing prices of paintings by the French impressionists.
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Impressionistic
Impressionist
Im*pres"sion*ist, Im*pres`sion*is"tic (?), a. Pertaining to, or characterized by, impressionism.
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Impressionless
Im*pres"sion*less, a. Having the quality of not being impressed or affected; not susceptible.
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Impressive
Im*press"ive (&ibreve_;m*pr&ebreve_;s"&ibreve_;v), a. [Cf. F. impressif.] 1. Making, or tending to make, an impression; having power to impress; adapted to excite attention and feeling, to touch the sensibilities, or affect the conscience; as, an impressive discourse; an impressive scene.
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2. Capable of being impressed. [Obs.] Drayton.

-- Im*press"ive*ly, adv. -- Im*press"ive*ness, n.
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Impressment
Im*press"ment (&ibreve_;m*pr&ebreve_;s"m&eitalic_;nt), n. The act of seizing for public use, or of impressing into public service; compulsion to serve; as, the impressment of provisions or of sailors.
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The great scandal of our naval service -- impressment -- died a protracted death. J. H. Burton.
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Impressor
Im*press"or (&ibreve_;m*pr&ebreve_;s"&etilde_;r), n. [LL., a printer.] One who, or that which, impresses. Boyle.
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Impressure
Im*pres"sure (&ibreve_;m*pr&ebreve_;sh"&usdot_;r; 135), n. [Cf. OF. impressure, LL. impressura.] Dent; impression. [Obs.] Shak.
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Imprest
Im*prest" (&ibreve_;m*pr&ebreve_;st"), v. t. [ imp. & p. p. Imprested; p. pr. & vb. n. Impresting.] [Pref. im- + prest: cf. It. imprestare. See Prest, n.] To advance on loan. Burke.
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Imprest
Im"prest (&ibreve_;m"pr&ebreve_;st), n. [Cf. It. impresto, imprestito, LL. impraestitum. See Imprest, v. t., and Impress compulsion to serve.] A kind of earnest money; loan; -- specifically, money advanced for some public service, as in enlistment. Burke.
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The clearing of their imprests for what little of their debts they have received. Pepys.

Imprest fund
Im"prest fund` (?), n. A sum of money to be used as petty cash.
[PJC]

Imprevalency
Imprevalence
{ Im*prev"a*lence (?), Im*prev"a*len*cy (?), } n. Lack of prevalence. [Obs.]
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Impreventability
Im`pre*vent`a*bil"i*ty (?), n. The state or quality of being impreventable; inevitability. [R.]
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Impreventable
Im`pre*vent"a*ble (?), a. Not preventable; inevitable.
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Imprimatur
Im`pri*ma"tur (?), n. [L., let it be printed.] 1. (Law) A license to print or publish a book, paper, etc.; also, in countries subjected to the censorship of the press, approval of that which is published.
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2. (R. C. Ch.) Permission granted from a designated eccliastical authority to publish a book or other document; -- required by church law for Catholics, especially ecclesiastics, who wish to publish.
[PJC]

3. Hence: Official approval for some proposed activity; as, a contract this large needs the imprimatur of the legal department.
[PJC]

Imprimery
Im*prim"er*y (?), n. [F. imprimerie, fr. imprimer to imprint.] [Obs.] (a) A print; impression. (b) A printing establishment. (c) The art of printing.
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Impriming
Im*prim"ing (?), n. A beginning. [Obs.] “Their springings and imprimings.” Sir H. Wotton.
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Imprimis
Im*pri"mis (?), adv. [L., for in primis among the first, chiefly; in in + primus first.] In the first place; first in order.
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Imprint
Im*print" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Imptrinted; p. pr. & vb. n. Imprinting.] [OE. emprenten, F. empreint, p. p. of empreindre to imprint, fr. L. imprimere to impres, imprint. See 1st In-, Print, and cf. Impress.] 1. To impress; to mark by pressure; to indent; to stamp.
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And sees his num'rous herds imprint her sands. Prior.
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2. To stamp or mark, as letters on paper, by means of type, plates, stamps, or the like; to print the mark (figures, letters, etc., upon something).
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Nature imprints upon whate'er we see,
That has a heart and life in it, “Be free.”
Cowper.
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3. To fix indelibly or permanently, as in the mind or memory; to impress.
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Ideas of those two different things distinctly imprinted on his mind. Locke.

4. (Ethology) To create or acquire (a behavioral pattern) by the process of imprinting.
[PJC]

Imprint
Im"print (?), n. [Cf. F. empreinte impress, stamp. See Imprint, v. t.] Whatever is impressed or imprinted; the impress or mark left by something; specifically, the name of the printer or publisher (usually) with the time and place of issue, in the title-page of a book, or on any printed sheet. “That imprint of their hands.” Buckle.
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imprinting
im*print"ing (?), n. (Ethology, Psychology) The learning of a behavioral pattern that occurs soon after birth or hatching in certain animals, in which a long-lasting response to an individual (such as a parent) or an object is rapidly acquired; it is particularly noted in the response of certain birds to the animal they first see after hatching, usually the parent, as in ducks who will follow the adult duck they first see.
[PJC]

Imprison
Im*pris"on (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Imprisoned (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Imprisoning.] [OE. enprisonen, OF. enprisoner, F. emprisonner; pref. en- (L. in) + F. & OF. prison. See Prison.] 1. To put in prison or jail; To arrest and detain in custody; to confine.
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He imprisoned was in chains remediless. Spenser.
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2. To limit, restrain, or confine in any way.
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Try to imprison the resistless wind. Dryden.

Syn. -- To incarcerate; confine; immure.
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Imprisoner
Im*pris"on*er (?), n. One who imprisons.
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Imprison ment
Im*pris"on ment (?), n. [OE. enprisonment; F. emprisonnement.] The act of imprisoning, or the state of being imprisoned; confinement; restraint.
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His sinews waxen weak and raw
Through long imprisonment and hard constraint.
Spenser.
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Every confinement of the person is an imprisonment, whether it be in a common prison, or in a private house, or even by foreibly detaining one in the public streets. Blackstone.
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False imprisonment. (Law) See under False.

Syn. -- Incarceration; custody; confinement; durance; restraint.
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Improbability
Im*prob`a*bil"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Improbabilities (#). [Cf. F. improbabilité.] The quality or state of being improbable; unlikelihood; also, that which is improbable; an improbable event or result.
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Improbable
Im*prob"a*ble (?), a. [L. improbabilis; pref. im- not + probabilis probable: cf. F. improbable. See Probable.] Not probable; unlikely to be true; not to be expected under the circumstances or in the usual course of events; as, an improbable story or event.
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He . . . sent to Elutherius, then bishop of Rome, an improbable letter, as some of the contents discover. Milton.

-- Im*prob"a*ble*ness, n. -- Im*prob"a*bly, adv.
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Improbate
Im"pro*bate (?), v. t. [L. improbatus, p. p. of improbare to disapprove; pref. im- not + probare to approve.] To disapprove of; to disallow. [Obs.]
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Improbation
Im`pro*ba"tion (?), n. [L. improbatio.] 1. The act of disapproving; disapprobation.
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2. (Scots Law) The act by which falsehood and forgery are proved; an action brought for the purpose of having some instrument declared false or forged. Bell.

Improbatory
Improbative
{ Im"pro*ba*tive (?), Im"pro*ba`to*ry (?) }, a. Implying, or tending to, improbation.
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Improbity
Im*prob"i*ty (?), n. [L. improbitas; pref. im- not + probitas probity: cf. F. improbité.] Lack of probity; lack of integrity or rectitude; dishonesty.
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Persons . . . cast out for notorious improbity. Hooker.

Improficiency
Improficience
{ Im`pro*fi"cience (?), Im`pro*fi"cien*cy, } n. Lack of proficiency. [R.] Bacon.
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Improfitable
Im*prof"it*a*ble (?), a. [Pref. im- not + profitable: cf. F. improfitable.] Unprofitable. [Obs.]
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Improgressive
Im`pro*gress"ive (?), a. Not progressive. De Quincey. -- Im"pro*gress"ive*ly, adv.
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Improlific
Im`pro*lif"ic (?), a. [Pref. im- not + prolific: cf. F. improlifique.] Not prolific. [Obs.] E. Waterhouse.
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Improlificate
Im`pro*lif"ic*ate (?), v. t. [Pref. im- in + prolificate.] To impregnate. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
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Imprompt
Im*prompt" (?), a. Not ready. [R.] Sterne.
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Impromptu
Im*promp"tu (?), adv. or a. [F. impromptu, fr. L. in promptu in readiness, at hand; in in + promptus visibility, readiness, from promptus visible, ready. See Prompt.] Offhand; without previous study; extemporaneous; extempore; as, an impromptu verse.
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Impromptu
Im*promp"tu, n. 1. Something made or done offhand, at the moment, or without previous study; an extemporaneous composition, address, or remark.
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2. (Mus.) A piece composed or played at first thought; a composition in the style of an extempore piece.
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Improper
Im*prop"er (?), a. [F. impropre, L. improprius; pref. im- not + proprius proper. See Proper.] 1. Not proper; not suitable; not fitted to the circumstances, design, or end; unfit; not becoming; incongruous; inappropriate; indecent; as, an improper medicine; improper thought, behavior, language, dress.
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Follow'd his enemy king, and did him service,
Improper for a slave.
Shak.
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And to their proper operation still,
Ascribe all Good; to their improper, Ill.
Pope.
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2. Not peculiar or appropriate to individuals; general; common. [Obs.]
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Not to be adorned with any art but such improper ones as nature is said to bestow, as singing and poetry. J. Fletcher.
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3. Not according to facts; inaccurate; erroneous.
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Improper diphthong. See under Diphthong. -- Improper feud, an original feud, not earned by military service. Mozley & W. -- Improper fraction. See under Fraction.
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Improper
Im*prop"er, v. t. To appropriate; to limit. [Obs.]
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He would in like manner improper and inclose the sunbeams to comfort the rich and not the poor. Jewel.
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Improperation
Im*prop`er*a"tion (?), n. [L. improperare, improperatum, to taunt.] The act of upbraiding or taunting; a reproach; a taunt. [Obs.]
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Improperatios and terms of scurrility. Sir T. Browne
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Improperia
Im`pro*pe"ri*a (?), n. pl. [L., reproaches.] (Mus.) A series of antiphons and responses, expressing the sorrowful remonstrance of our Lord with his people; -- sung on the morning of the Good Friday in place of the usual daily Mass of the Roman ritual. Grove.
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Improperly
Im*prop"er*ly (?), adv. In an improper manner; not properly; unsuitably; unbecomingly.
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Improperty
Im*prop"er*ty (?), n. Impropriety. [Obs.]
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Impropitious
Im`pro*pi"tious (?), a. Unpropitious; unfavorable. [Obs.] “Dreams were impropitious.” Sir H. Wotton.
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Improportionable
Im`pro*por"tion*a*ble (?), a. Not proportionable. [Obs.] B. Jonson.
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Improportionate
Im`pro*por"tion*ate (?), a. Not proportionate. [Obs.]
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Impropriate
Im*pro"pri*ate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Impropriated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Impropriating (?).] [Pref. im- in + L. propriatus, p. p. of propriare to appropriate. See Appropriate.] 1. To appropriate to one's self; to assume. [Obs.]
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To impropriate the thanks to himself. Bacon.
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2. (Eng. Eccl. Law) To place the profits of (ecclesiastical property) in the hands of a layman for care and disbursement.
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Impropriate
Im*pro"pri*ate, v. i. To become an impropriator. [R.]
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Impropriate
Im*pro"pri*ate (?), a. (Eng. Eccl. Law) Put into the hands of a layman; impropriated.
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Impropriation
Im*pro`pri*a"tion (?), n. 1. The act of impropriating; as, the impropriation of property or tithes; also, that which is impropriated.
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2. (Eng. Eccl. Law) (a) The act of putting an ecclesiastical benefice in the hands of a layman, or lay corporation. (b) A benefice in the hands of a layman, or of a lay corporation.
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Impropriator
Im*pro"pri*a`tor (?), n. One who impropriates; specifically, a layman in possession of church property.
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Impropriatrix
Im*pro`pri*a"trix (?), n.; pl. E. -trixes, L. -trices (&unr_;). A female impropriator.
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Impropriety
Im`pro*pri"e*ty (?), n.; pl. Improprieties (#). [L. improprietas; cf. F. impropriété. See Improper.] 1. The quality of being improper; unfitness or unsuitableness to character, time place, or circumstances; as, impropriety of behavior or manners.
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2. That which is improper; an unsuitable or improper act, or an inaccurate use of language.
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But every language has likewise its improprieties and absurdities. Johnson.
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Many gross improprieties, however authorized by practice, ought to be discarded. Swift.
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Improsperity
Im`pros*per"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. improspérité.] Lack of prosperity. [Obs.]
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Improsperous
Im*pros"per*ous (?), a. [Pref. im- not + prosperous: cf. F. improspère, L. improsper.] Not prosperous. [Obs.] Dryden. -- Im*pros"per*ous*ly, adv. [Obs.] -- Im*pros"per*ous*ness, n. [Obs.]
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Improvability
Im*prov`a*bil"i*ty (?), n. The state or quality of being improvable; improvableness.
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Improvable
Im*prov"a*ble (?), a. [From Improve.] 1. Capable of being improved; susceptible of improvement; admitting of being made better; capable of cultivation, or of being advanced in good qualities.
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Man is accommodated with moral principles, improvable by the exercise of his faculties. Sir M. Hale.
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I have a fine spread of improvable lands. Addison.
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2. Capable of being used to advantage; profitable; serviceable; advantageous.
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The essays of weaker heads afford improvable hints to better. Sir T. Browne.

-- Im*pro"a*ble*ness, n. -- Im*prov"a*bly, adv.
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Improve
Im*prove" (?), v. t. [Pref. im- not + prove: cf. L. improbare, F. improuver.] 1. To disprove or make void; to refute. [Obs.]
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Neither can any of them make so strong a reason which another can not improve. Tyndale.
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2. To disapprove; to find fault with; to reprove; to censure; as, to improve negligence. [Obs.] Chapman.
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When he rehearsed his preachings and his doing unto the high apostles, they could improve nothing. Tyndale.
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Improve
Im*prove", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Improved (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Improving.] [Pref. in- in + prove, in approve. See Approve, Prove.] 1. To make better; to increase the value or good qualities of; to ameliorate by care or cultivation; as, to improve land. Donne.
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I love not to improve the honor of the living by impairing that of the dead. Denham.
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2. To use or employ to good purpose; to make productive; to turn to profitable account; to utilize; as, to improve one's time; to improve his means. Shak.
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We shall especially honor God by improving diligently the talents which God hath committed to us. Barrow.
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A hint that I do not remember to have seen opened and improved. Addison.
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The court seldom fails to improve the opportunity. Blackstone.
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How doth the little busy bee
Improve each shining hour.
I. Watts.
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Those moments were diligently improved. Gibbon.
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True policy, as well as good faith, in my opinion, binds us to improve the occasion. Washington.
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3. To advance or increase by use; to augment or add to; -- said with reference to what is bad. [R.]
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We all have, I fear, . . . not a little improved the wretched inheritance of our ancestors. Bp. Porteus.

Syn. -- To better; meliorate; ameliorate; advance; heighten; mend; correct; rectify; amend; reform.
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Improve
Im*prove", v. i. 1. To grow better; to advance or make progress in what is desirable; to make or show improvement; as, to improve in health.
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We take care to improve in our frugality and diligence. Atterbury.
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2. To advance or progress in bad qualities; to grow worse. “Domitian improved in cruelty.” Milner.
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3. To increase; to be enhanced; to rise in value; as, the price of cotton improves.
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To improve on or To improve upon, to make useful additions or amendments to, or changes in; to bring nearer to perfection; as, to improve on the mode of tillage.
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improved
improved adj. 1. advanced to a more desirable or valuable or excellent state. Opposite of unimproved. [Narrower terms: built, reinforced; cleared, tilled ; developed; grade ; graded, graveled ] Also See: restored.
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2. changed for the better; as, her improved behavior.
Syn. -- amended.
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Improvement
Im*prove"ment (?), n. 1. The act of improving; advancement or growth; promotion in desirable qualities; progress toward what is better; melioration; as, the improvement of the mind, of land, roads, etc.
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I look upon your city as the best place of improvement. South.
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Exercise is the chief source of improvement in all our faculties. Blair.
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2. The act of making profitable use or applicaton of anything, or the state of being profitably employed; a turning to good account; practical application, as of a doctrine, principle, or theory, stated in a discourse. “A good improvement of his reason.” S. Clarke.
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I shall make some improvement of this doctrine. Tillotson.
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3. The state of being improved; betterment; advance; also, that which is improved; as, the new edition is an improvement on the old.
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The parts of Sinon, Camilla, and some few others, are improvements on the Greek poet. Addison.
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4. Increase; growth; progress; advance.
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There is a design of publishing the history of architecture, with its several improvements and decays. Addison.
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Those vices which more particularly receive improvement by prosperity. South.
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5. pl. Valuable additions or betterments, as buildings, clearings, drains, fences, etc., on land or premises; as, to convey the land together with all improvements.
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6. (Patent Laws) A useful addition to, or modification of, a machine, manufacture, or composition. Kent.
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Improver
Im*prov"er (?), n. One who, or that which, improves.
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Improvided
Im`pro*vid"ed (?), a. Unforeseen; unexpected; not provided against; unprepared. [Obs.]
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All improvided for dread of death. E. Hall.
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Improvidence
Im*prov"i*dence (?), n. [L. improvidentia; OF. improvidence. Cf. Imprudence.] The quality of being improvident; lack of foresight or thrift.
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The improvidence of my neighbor must not make me inhuman. L'Estrange.
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Improvident
Im*prov"i*dent (?), a. [Pref. im- not + provident: cf. L. improvidus. See Provident, and cf. Imprudent.] Not provident; wanting foresight or forethought; not foreseeing or providing for the future; negligent; thoughtless; as, an improvident man.
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Improvident soldiers! had your watch been good,
This sudden mischief never could have fallen.
Shak.

Syn. -- Inconsiderable; negligent; careless; shiftless; prodigal; wasteful.
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Improvidentially
Im*prov`i*den"tial*ly (?), adv. Improvidently. [R.]
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Improvidently
Im*prov"i*dent*ly (?), adv. In a improvident manner.Improvidently rash.” Drayton.
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Improving
Im*prov"ing (?), a. Tending to improve, beneficial; growing better. -- Im*prov"ing*ly, adv.
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Improving lease (Scots Law), an extended lease to induce the tenant to make improvements on the premises.
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Improvisate
Im*prov"i*sate (?), a. [See Improvise.] Unpremeditated; impromptu; extempore. [R.]
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Improvisate
Im*prov"i*sate (?), v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Improvisated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Improvisating (?).] To improvise; to extemporize.
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Improvisation
Im*prov`i*sa"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. improvisation.] 1. The act or art of composing and rendering music, poetry, and the like, extemporaneously; as, improvisation on the organ.
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2. That which is improvised; an impromptu.
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Improvisatize
Im`pro*vis"a*tize (?), v. t. & i. Same as Improvisate.
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Improvisator
Im*prov"i*sa`tor (?), n. An improviser, or improvvisatore.
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Improvisatore
Im`pro*vi`sa*to"re (?), n. See Improvvisatore.

Improvisatory
Improvisatorial
{ Im*prov`i*sa*to"ri*al (?), Im*prov"i*sa*to*ry (?), } a. Of or pertaining to improvisation or extemporaneous composition.
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Improvisatrice
Im`pro*vi`sa*tri"ce (?), n. See Improvvisatrice.
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Improvise
Im`pro*vise" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Improvised (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Improvising.] [F. improviser, it. improvvisare, fr. improvviso unprovided, sudden, extempore, L. improvisus; pref. im- not + provisus foreseen, provided. See Proviso.] 1. To compose, recite, or sing extemporaneously, especially in verse; to extemporize; also, to play upon an instrument, or to act, extemporaneously.
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2. To bring about, arrange, do, or make, immediately or on short notice, without previous preparation and with no known precedent as a guide.
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Charles attempted to improvise a peace. Motley.
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3. To invent, or provide, offhand, or on the spur of the moment; as, he improvised a hammer out of a stone.
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Improvise
Im`pro*vise", v. i. To produce or render extemporaneous compositions, especially in verse or in music, without previous preparation; hence, to do anything offhand.
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Improviser
Im`pro*vis"er (?), n. One who improvises.
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Improvision
Im`pro*vi"sion (?), n. [Pref. im- not + provision.] Improvidence. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
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Improviso
Im`pro*vi"so (?), a. [L. improvisus unforeseen; cf. It. improvviso.] Not prepared or mediated beforehand; extemporaneous. [Obs.] Jonhson.
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Improvvisatore
Im`prov*vi`sa*to"re (?), n.; pl. Improvvisatori (#). [It. See Improvise.] One who composes and sings or recites rhymes and short poems extemporaneously. [Written also improvisatore.]
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Improvvisatrice
Im`prov*vi`sa*tri"ce (?), n.; pl. Improvvisatrici (#). [It. See Improvise.] A female improvvisatore. [Written also improvisatrice.]
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Imprudence
Im*pru"dence (?), n. [L. imprudentia: cf. F. imprudence. Cf. Improvidence.] The quality or state of being imprudent; want to caution, circumspection, or a due regard to consequences; indiscretion; inconsideration; rashness; also, an imprudent act; as, he was guilty of an imprudence.
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His serenity was interrupted, perhaps, by his own imprudence. Mickle.
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Imprudent
Im*pru"dent (?), a. [L. imprudens; pref. im- not + prudens prudent: cf. F. imprudent. See Prudent, and cf. Improvident.] Not prudent; wanting in prudence or discretion; indiscreet; injudicious; not attentive to consequence; improper. -- Im*pru"dent*ly, adv.
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Her majesty took a great dislike at the imprudent behavior of many of the ministers and readers. Strype.
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Syn. -- Indiscreet; injudicious; incautious; ill-advised; unwise; heedless; careless; rash; negligent.
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Impuberal
Im*pu"ber*al (&ibreve_;m*pū"b&etilde_;r*&aitalic_;l), a. Not having arrived at puberty; immature.
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In impuberal animals the cerebellum is, in proportion to the brain proper, greatly less than in adults. Sir W. Hamilton.
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Impuberty
Im*pu"ber*ty (-t&ybreve_;), n. The condition of not having reached puberty, or the age of ability to reproduce one's species; lack of age at which the marriage contract can be legally entered into.
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Impudence
Im"pu*dence (&ibreve_;m"p&uuptack_;*d&eitalic_;ns), n. [L. impudentia: cf. F. impudence. See Impudent.] The quality of being impudent; assurance, accompanied with a disregard of the presence or opinions of others; shamelessness; forwardness; lack of modesty.
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Clear truths that their own evidence forces us to admit, or common experience makes it impudence to deny. Locke.
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Where pride and impudence (in fashion knit)
Usurp the chair of wit.
B. Jonson.

Syn. -- Shamelessness; audacity; insolence; effrontery; sauciness; impertinence; pertness; rudeness. -- Impudence, Effrontery, Sauciness. Impudence refers more especially to the feelings as manifested in action. Effrontery applies to some gross and public exhibition of shamelessness. Sauciness refers to a sudden pert outbreak of impudence, especially from an inferior. Impudence is an unblushing kind of impertinence, and may be manifested in words, tones, gestures, looks, etc. Effrontery rises still higher, and shows a total or shameless disregard of duty or decorum under the circumstances of the case. Sauciness discovers itself toward particular individuals, in certain relations; as in the case of servants who are saucy to their masters, or children who are saucy to their teachers. See Impertinent, and Insolent.
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Impudency
Im"pu*den*cy (?), n. Impudence. [Obs.] Burton.
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Audacious without impudency. Shak.
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Impudent
Im"pu*dent (&ibreve_;m"p&uuptack_;*d&eitalic_;nt), a. [L. impudens, -entis; pref. im- not + pudens ashamed, modest, p. pr. of pudere to feel shame: cf. F. impudent.] 1. Behaving boldly, with contempt or disregard for propriety in behavior toward others; unblushingly forward; impertinent; saucy.
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More than impudent sauciness. Shak.
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When we behold an angel, not to fear
Is to be impudent.
Dryden.
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2. Lacking modesty; shameless. [Obs.]
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Syn. -- Shameless; audacious; brazen; bold-faced; pert; immodest; rude; saucy; impertinent; insolent.
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Impudently
Im"pu*dent*ly, adv. In an impudent manner; with unbecoming assurance; shamelessly.
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At once assail
With open mouths, and impudently rail.
Sandys.
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Impudicity
Im`pu*dic"i*ty (?), n. [L. impudicus immodest; im- not + pudicus shamefaced, modest: cf. F. impudicité, L. impudicitia.] Immodesty. Sheldon.
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Impugn
Im*pugn" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Impugned (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Impugning.] [OE. impugnen, F. impugner, fr. L. impugnare; in on, against + pugnare to flight. See Pugnacious.] To attack by words or arguments; to contradict; to assail; to call in question; to make insinuations against; to gainsay; to oppose; as, to impugn a person's integrity.
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The truth hereof I will not rashly impugn, or overboldly affirm. Peacham.
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Impugnable
Im*pugn"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being impugned; that may be gainsaid.
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Impugnation
Im`pug*na"tion (?), n. [L. impugnatio: cf. OF. impugnation.] Act of impugning; opposition; attack. [Obs.]
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A perpetual impugnation and self-conflict. Bp. Hall.
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Impugner
Im*pugn"er (?), n. One who impugns.
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Impugnment
Im*pugn"ment (?), n. The act of impugning, or the state of being impugned. Ed. Rev.
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Impuissance
Im*pu"is*sance (?), n. [Cf. F. impuissance.] Lack of power; inability. Bacon.
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Their own impuissance and weakness. Holland.
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Impuissant
Im*pu"is*sant (?), a. [F., fr. pref. im- not + puissant. See Puissant.] Weak; impotent; feeble.
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Impulse
Im"pulse (?), n. [L. impulsus, fr. impellere. See Impel.]
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1. The act of impelling, or driving onward with sudden force; impulsion; especially, force so communicated as to produced motion suddenly, or immediately.
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All spontaneous animal motion is performed by mechanical impulse. S. Clarke.
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2. The effect of an impelling force; motion produced by a sudden or momentary force.
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3. (Mech.) The action of a force during a very small interval of time; the effect of such action; as, the impulse of a sudden blow upon a hard elastic body.
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4. A mental force which simply and directly urges to action; hasty inclination; sudden motive; momentary or transient influence of appetite or passion; propension; incitement; as, a man of good impulses; passion often gives a violent impulse to the will; to buy something on impulse.
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These were my natural impulses for the undertaking. Dryden.

Syn. -- Force; incentive; influence; motive; feeling; incitement; instigation.
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Impulse
Im*pulse" (?), v. t. [See Impel.] To impel; to incite. [Obs.] Pope.
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impulse-buy
impulse-buy v. t. to buy on impulse without proper reflection.
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Impulsion
Im*pul"sion (?), n. [L. impulsio: cf. F. impulsion. See Impel.]
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1. The act of impelling or driving onward, or the state of being impelled; the sudden or momentary agency of a body in motion on another body; also, the impelling force, or impulse. “The impulsion of the air.” Bacon.
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2. Influence acting unexpectedly or temporarily on the mind; sudden motive or influence; impulse. “The impulsion of conscience.” Clarendon. “Divine impulsion prompting.” Milton.
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Impulsive
Im*pul"sive (?), a. [Cf. F. impulsif.]
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1. Having the power of driving or impelling; giving an impulse; moving; impellent.
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Poor men! poor papers! We and they
Do some impulsive force obey.
Prior.
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2. Actuated by impulse or by transient feelings.
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My heart, impulsive and wayward. Longfellow.
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3. (Mech.) Acting momentarily, or by impulse; not continuous; -- said of forces.
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Impulsive
Im*pul"sive (?), n. That which impels or gives an impulse; an impelling agent. Sir W. Wotton.
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Impulsively
Im*pul"sive*ly, adv. In an impulsive manner.
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Impulsiveness
Im*pul"sive*ness, n. The quality of being impulsive.
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Impulsor
Im*pul"sor (?), n. [L.] One who, or that which, impels; an inciter. [R.] Sir T. Browne.
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Impunctate
Im*punc"tate (?), a. Not punctate or dotted.
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Impunctual
Im*punc"tu*al (?), a. [Pref. im- not + punctual: cf. F. imponctuel.] Not punctual. [R.]
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Impunctuality
Im*punc`tu*al"i*ty (?), n. Neglect of, or failure in, punctuality. [R.] A. Hamilton.
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Impune
Im*pune" (?), a. [L. impunis.] Unpunished. [R.]
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Impunibly
Im*pu"ni*bly (?), adv. Without punishment; with impunity. [Obs.] J. Ellis.
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Impunity
Im*pu"ni*ty (?), n. [L. impunitas, fr. impunis without punishment; pref. im- not + poena punishment: cf. F. impunité. See Pain.] Exemption or freedom from punishment, harm, or loss.
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Heaven, though slow to wrath,
Is never with impunity defied.
Cowper.
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The impunity and also the recompense. Holland.
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Impuration
Im`pu*ra"tion (?), n. Defilement; obscuration. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.
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Impure
Im*pure" (?), a. [L. impurus; pref. im- not + purus pure: cf. F. impur. See Pure.]
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1. Not pure; not clean; dirty; foul; filthy; containing something which is unclean or unwholesome; mixed or impregnated extraneous substances; adulterated; as, impure water or air; impure drugs, food, etc.
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2. Defiled by sin or guilt; unholy; unhallowed; -- said of persons or things.
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3. Unchaste; lewd; unclean; obscene; as, impure language or ideas.Impure desires.” Cowper.
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4. (Script.) Not purified according to the ceremonial law of Moses; unclean.
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5. (Language) Not accurate; not idiomatic; as, impure Latin; an impure style.
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Impure
Im*pure", v. t. To defile; to pollute. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.
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Impurely
Im*pure"ly, adv. In an impure manner.
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Impureness
Im*pure"ness, n. The quality or condition of being impure; impurity. Milton.
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Impurity
Im*pu"ri*ty (?), n.; pl. Impurities (#). [L. impuritas: cf. F. impureté.]
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1. The condition or quality of being impure in any sense; defilement; foulness; adulteration.
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Profaneness, impurity, or scandal, is not wit. Buckminster.
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2. That which is, or which renders anything, impure; foul matter, action, language, etc.; a foreign ingredient.
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Foul impurities reigned among the monkish clergy. Atterbury.
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3. (Script.) Lack of ceremonial purity; defilement.
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Impurple
Im*pur"ple (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Impurpled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Impurpling (?).] [Pref. im- in + purple. Cf. Empurple.] To color or tinge with purple; to make red or reddish; to purple; as, a field impurpled with blood.
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Impurpled with celestial roses, smiled. Milton.
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The silken fleece impurpled for the loom. Pope.
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Imputability
Im*put`a*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality of being imputable; imputableness.
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Imputable
Im*put"a*ble (?), a. [Cf. F. imputable.]
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1. That may be imputed; capable of being imputed; chargeable; ascribable; attributable; referable.
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A prince whose political vices, at least, were imputable to mental incapacity. Prescott.
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2. Accusable; culpable. [R.]
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The fault lies at his door, and she is no wise imputable. Ayliffe.
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Imputableness
Im*put"a*ble*ness, n. Quality of being imputable.
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Imputably
Im*put"a*bly, adv. By imputation.
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Imputation
Im`pu*ta"tion (?), [L. imputatio an account, a charge: cf. F. imputation.]
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1. The act of imputing or charging; attribution; ascription; also, anything imputed or charged.
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Shylock. Antonio is a good man.
Bassanio. Have you heard any imputation to the contrary?
Shak.
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If I had a suit to Master Shallow, I would humor his men with the imputation of being near their master. Shak.
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2. Charge or attribution of evil; censure; reproach; insinuation.
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Let us be careful to guard ourselves against these groundless imputation of our enemies. Addison.
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3. (Theol.) A setting of something to the account of; the attribution of personal guilt or personal righteousness of another; as, the imputation of the sin of Adam, or the righteousness of Christ.
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4. Opinion; intimation; hint.
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Imputative
Im*put"a*tive (?), a. [L. imputativus: cf. F. imputatif.] Transferred by imputation; that may be imputed. -- Im*put"a*tive*ly, adv.
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Actual righteousness as well as imputative. Bp. Warburton.
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Impute
Im*pute" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Imputed; p. pr. & vb. n. Imputing.] [F. imputer, L. imputare to bring into the reckoning, charge, impute; pref. im- in + putare to reckon, think. See Putative.]
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1. To charge; to ascribe; to attribute; to set to the account of; to charge to one as the author, responsible originator, or possessor; -- generally in a bad sense.
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Nor you, ye proud, impute to these the fault,
If memory o'er their tomb no trophies raise.
Gray.
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One vice of a darker shade was imputed to him -- envy. Macaulay.
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2. (Theol.) To adjudge as one's own (the sin or righteousness) of another; as, the righteousness of Christ is imputed to us.
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It was imputed to him for righteousness. Rom. iv. 22.
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They merit
Imputed shall absolve them who renounce
Their own, both righteous and unrighteous deeds.
Milton.
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3. To take account of; to consider; to regard. [R.]
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If we impute this last humiliation as the cause of his death. Gibbon.

Syn. -- To ascribe; attribute; charge; reckon; consider; imply; insinuate; refer. See Ascribe.
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Imputer
Im*put"er (?), n. One who imputes.
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Imputrescible
Im`pu*tres"ci*ble (?), a. [Pref. im- + putrescible: cf. F. imputrescible.] Not putrescible.
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Imrigh
Im"righ (?), n. [Scot.; Gael. eun-bhrigh chicken soup.] A peculiar strong soup or broth, made in Scotland. [Written also imrich.]
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In-
In- (&ibreve_;n-). [See In, prep. Cf. Em-, En-.] A prefix from Eng. prep. in, also from Lat. prep. in, meaning in, into, on, among; as, inbred, inborn, inroad; incline, inject, intrude. In words from the Latin, in- regularly becomes il- before l, ir- before r, and im- before a labial; as, illusion, irruption, imblue, immigrate, impart. In- is sometimes used with an simple intensive force.
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In-
In- (&ibreve_;n-). [L. in-; akin to E. un-. See Un-.] An inseparable prefix, or particle, meaning not, non-, un- as, inactive, incapable, inapt. In- regularly becomes il- before l, ir- before r, and im- before a labial.
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-in
-in. A suffix. See the Note under -ine.
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In
In, prep. [AS. in; akin to D. & G. in, Icel. ī, Sw. & Dan. i, OIr. & L. in, Gr. 'en. √197. Cf. 1st In-, Inn.] The specific signification of in is situation or place with respect to surrounding, environment, encompassment, etc. It is used with verbs signifying being, resting, or moving within limits, or within circumstances or conditions of any kind conceived of as limiting, confining, or investing, either wholly or in part. In its different applications, it approaches some of the meanings of, and sometimes is interchangeable with, within, into, on, at, of, and among. It is used: --
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1. With reference to space or place; as, he lives in Boston; he traveled in Italy; castles in the air.
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The babe lying in a manger. Luke ii. 16.
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Thy sun sets weeping in the lowly west. Shak.
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Situated in the forty-first degree of latitude. Gibbon.
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Matter for censure in every page. Macaulay.
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2. With reference to circumstances or conditions; as, he is in difficulties; she stood in a blaze of light. “Fettered in amorous chains.” Shak.
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Wrapt in sweet sounds, as in bright veils. Shelley.
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3. With reference to a whole which includes or comprises the part spoken of; as, the first in his family; the first regiment in the army.
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Nine in ten of those who enter the ministry. Swift.
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4. With reference to physical surrounding, personal states, etc., abstractly denoted; as, I am in doubt; the room is in darkness; to live in fear.
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When shall we three meet again,
In thunder, lightning, or in rain?
Shak.
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5. With reference to character, reach, scope, or influence considered as establishing a limitation; as, to be in one's favor.In sight of God's high throne.” Milton.
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Sounds inharmonious in themselves, and harsh. Cowper.
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6. With reference to movement or tendency toward a certain limit or environment; -- sometimes equivalent to into; as, to put seed in the ground; to fall in love; to end in death; to put our trust in God.
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He would not plunge his brother in despair. Addison.
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She had no jewels to deposit in their caskets. Fielding.
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7. With reference to a limit of time; as, in an hour; it happened in the last century; in all my life.
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In as much as, or Inasmuch as, in the degree that; in like manner as; in consideration that; because that; since. See Synonym of Because, and cf. For as much as, under For, prep. -- In that, because; for the reason that. “Some things they do in that they are men . . . ; some things in that they are men misled and blinded with error.” Hooker. -- In the name of, in behalf of; on the part of; by authority; as, it was done in the name of the people; -- often used in invocation, swearing, praying, and the like. -- To be in for it. (a) To be in favor of a thing; to be committed to a course. (b) To be unable to escape from a danger, penalty, etc. [Colloq.] -- To be in with or To keep in with. (a) To be close or near; as, to keep a ship in with the land. (b) To be on terms of friendship, familiarity, or intimacy with; to secure and retain the favor of. [Colloq.]

Syn. -- Into; within; on; at. See At.
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In
In, adv. 1. Not out; within; inside. In, the preposition, becomes an adverb by omission of its object, leaving it as the representative of an adverbial phrase, the context indicating what the omitted object is; as, he takes in the situation (i. e., he comprehends it in his mind); the Republicans were in (i. e., in office); in at one ear and out at the other (i. e., in or into the head); his side was in (i. e., in the turn at the bat); he came in (i. e., into the house).
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Their vacation . . . falls in so pat with ours. Lamb.
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&hand_; The sails of a vessel are said, in nautical language, to be in when they are furled, or when stowed. In certain cases in has an adjectival sense; as, the in train (i. e., the incoming train); compare up grade, down grade, undertow, afterthought, etc.
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2. (Law) With privilege or possession; -- used to denote a holding, possession, or seisin; as, in by descent; in by purchase; in of the seisin of her husband. Burrill.
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In and in breeding. See under Breeding. -- In and out (Naut.), through and through; -- said of a through bolt in a ship's side. Knight. -- To be in, to be at home; as, Mrs. A. is in. -- To come in. See under Come.
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In
In, n. [Usually in the plural.] 1. One who is in office; -- the opposite of out.
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2. A reëntrant angle; a nook or corner.
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Ins and outs, (a) nooks and corners; twists and turns. (b) the peculiarities or technicalities (of a subject); intricacies; details; -- used with of; as, he knew the ins and outs of the Washington power scene.
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All the ins and outs of this neighborhood. D. Jerrold.
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In
In (&ibreve_;n), v. t. To inclose; to take in; to harvest. [Obs.]
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He that ears my land spares my team and gives me leave to in the crop. Shak.
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Inability
In`a*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Pref. in- not + ability: cf. F. inhabileté. See Able, and cf. Unable.] The quality or state of being unable; lack of ability; lack of sufficient power, strength, resources, or capacity.
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It is not from an inability to discover what they ought to do, that men err in practice. Blair.

Syn. -- Impotence; incapacity; incompetence; weakness; powerlessness; incapability. See Disability.
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Inable
In*a"ble (?), v. t. See Enable.
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Inablement
In*a"ble*ment (?), n. See Enablement. [Obs.]
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Inabstinence
In*ab"sti*nence (?), n. [Pref. in- not + abstinence: cf. F. inabstinence.] Lack of abstinence; indulgence. [Obs.] “The inabstinence of Eve.” Milton.
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Inabstracted
In`ab*stract"ed (?), a. Not abstracted.
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Inabusively
In`a*bu"sive*ly (?), adv. Without abuse.
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Inaccessibility
In`ac*cess`i*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. inaccessibilité.] The quality or state of being inaccessible; inaccessibleness. “The inaccessibility of the precipice.” Bp. Butler.
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Inaccessible
In`ac*cess"i*ble (?), a. [L. inaccessibilis: cf. F. inaccessible. See In- not, and Accessible.] Not accessible; not to be reached, obtained, or approached; as, an inaccessible rock, fortress, document, prince, etc. -- In`ac*cess"i*ble*ness, n. -- In`ac*cess"i*bly, adv.
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Inaccordant
In`ac*cord"ant (?), a. Not accordant; discordant.
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Inaccuracy
In*ac"cu*ra*cy (?), n.; pl. Inaccuracies (&unr_;).
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1. The quality of being inaccurate; lack of accuracy or exactness.
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2. That which is inaccurate or incorrect; mistake; fault; defect; error; as, in inaccuracy in speech, copying, calculation, etc.
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Inaccurate
In*ac"cu*rate (?), a. Not accurate; not according to truth; inexact; not quite correct; incorrect; erroneous; as, in inaccurate man, narration, copy, judgment, calculation, etc. The term inaccurate is usually used when an assertion or result is near to the truth, but not exactly, or has some basis for belief; however, it is sometimes used as a gentle euphemism for wrong even if the error is flagrant.
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The expression is plainly inaccurate. Bp. Hurd.

Syn. -- Inexact; incorrect; erroneous; faulty; imperfect; incomplete; defective.
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Inaccurately
In*ac"cu*rate*ly, adv. In an inaccurate manner; incorrectly; inexactly.
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Inacquaintance
In`ac*quaint"ance (?), a. Lack of acquaintance. Good.
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Inacquiescent
In*ac`qui*es"cent (?), a. Not acquiescent or acquiescing.
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Inaction
In*ac"tion (?), n. [Pref. in. not + action: cf. inaction.] Lack of action or activity; forbearance from labor; idleness; rest; inertness. Berkeley.
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inactivate
inactivate v. t. [imp. & p. p. inactivated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. inactivating.] to make inactive; as, boiling will inactivate most enzymes; acetylation of the antibiotic inactivated it.
Syn. -- deactivate.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

&hand_; To inactivate an enzyme or chemical usually renders it permanently inactive; to inactivate a machine (as by turning a switch) may be reversible, and for machines and devices, the term deactivate is usually used. The distinction is worth preserving.

[PJC]

inactivation
inactivation n. The act or process of inactivating.
[PJC]

Inactive
In*ac"tive (?), a. [Pref. in- not + active: cf. F. inactif.]
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1. Not active; having no power to move; that does not or can not produce results; inert; as, matter is, of itself, inactive.
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2. Not disposed to action or effort; not diligent or industrious; not busy; idle; as, an inactive officer.
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3. (Chem. & Opt.) Not exhibiting any action or activity on polarized light; optically inactive; optically neutral; -- said of isomeric forms of certain substances, in distinction from other forms which are optically active; as, racemic acid is an inactive tartaric acid.
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4. (Chem. & Biochem.) Lacking biological or biochemical activity; not causing a specific biological or biochemical effect; -- said of substances such as enzymes which have lost their catalytic power, or of small molecules which are tested for some type of biological activity and found to lack that activity; as, after boiling for ten minutes, the enzyme was totally inactive; the methyl analog was inactive as an antibiotic.
[PJC]

Syn. -- Inert; dull; sluggish; idle; indolent; slothful; lazy. See Inert.
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Inactively
In*ac"tive*ly, adv. In an inactive manner. Locke.
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Inactivity
In`ac*tiv"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. inactivité.]
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1. The state or quality of being inactive; inertness; as, the inactivity of matter.
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2. Idleness; habitual indisposition to action or exertion; lack of energy; sluggishness.
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The gloomy inactivity of despair. Cook.
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Inactose
In*ac"tose (?), n. (Chem.) A variety of sugar, found in certain plants. It is optically inactive.
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Inactuate
In*ac"tu*ate (?), v. t. To put in action. [Obs.]
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Inactuation
In*ac`tu*a"tion (?), n. Operation. [Obs.]
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Inadaptation
In*ad`ap*ta"tion (?), n. Lack of adaptation; unsuitableness.
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Inadequacy
In*ad"e*qua*cy (?), n. [From Inadequate.] The quality or state of being inadequate or insufficient; defectiveness; insufficiency; inadequateness.
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The inadequacy and consequent inefficacy of the alleged causes. Dr. T. Dwight.
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Inadequate
In*ad"e*quate (?), a. [Pref. in- not + adequate: cf. F. inadéquat.] Not adequate; unequal to the purpose; insufficient; deficient; as, inadequate resources, power, conceptions, representations, etc. Dryden.

-- In*ad"e*quate*ly, adv. -- In*ad"e*quate*ness, n.
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Inadequation
In*ad`e*qua"tion (?), n. Lack of exact correspondence. [Obs.] Puller.
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Inadherent
In`ad*her"ent (?), a. 1. Not adhering.
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2. (Bot.) Free; not connected with the other organs.
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Inadhesion
In`ad*he"sion (?), n. Lack of adhesion.
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Inadmissibility
In`ad*mis`si*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. inadmissibilité.] The state or quality of being inadmissible, or not to be received.
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Inadmissible
In`ad*mis"si*ble (?), a. [Pref. in- not + admissible: cf. F. inadmissible.] Not admissible; not proper to be admitted, allowed, or received; as, inadmissible testimony; an inadmissible proposition, or explanation. -- In`ad*mis"si*bly, adv.

Inadvertency
Inadvertence
{ In`ad*vert"ence (?); pl. -ces (&unr_;), In`ad*vert"en*cy (?); pl. -cies (&unr_;), } n. [Cf. F. inadvertance.]
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1. The quality of being inadvertent; lack of heedfulness or attentiveness; inattention; negligence; as, many mistakes proceed from inadvertence.
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Inadvertency, or lack of attendance to the sense and intention of our prayers. Jer. Taylor.
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2. An effect of inattention; a result of carelessness; an oversight, mistake, or fault from negligence.
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The productions of a great genius, with many lapses an inadvertencies, are infinitely preferable to works of an inferior kind of author which are scrupulously exact. Addison.

Syn. -- Inattention; heedlessness; carelessness; negligence; thoughtlessness. See Inattention.
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Inadvertent
In`ad*vert"ent (?), a. [Cf. F. inadvertant. See 2d In-, and Advert.] Not turning the mind to a matter; heedless; careless; negligent; inattentive.
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An inadvertent step may crush the snail
That crawls at evening in the public path.
Cowper.

-- In`ad*vert"ent*ly, adv.
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Inadvisable
In`ad*vis"a*ble (?), a. Not advisable. -- In`ad*vis"a*ble*ness, n.
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Inaffability
In*af`fa*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. inaffabilité.] Lack of affability or sociability; reticence.
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Inaffable
In*af"fa*ble (?), a. [Pref. in- not + affable.] Not affable; reserved in social intercourse.
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Inaffectation
In*af`fec*ta"tion (?), n. [Pref. in- not + affectation: cf. F. inaffectation.] Freedom from affectation; naturalness. [R.]
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Inaffected
In`af*fect"ed (?), a. Unaffected. [Obs.] -- In`af*fect"ed*ly, adv. [Obs.]
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Inaidable
In*aid"a*ble (?), a. Incapable of being assisted; helpless. [R.] Shak.
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Inalienability
In*al`ien*a*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality or state of being inalienable.
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Inalienable
In*al"ien*a*ble (?), a. [Pref. in- not + alienable: cf. F. inaliénable.] Incapable of being alienated, surrendered, or transferred to another; not alienable; as, in inalienable birthright.
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Inalienableness
In*al"ien*a*ble*ness, n. The quality or state of being inalienable; inalienability.
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Inalienably
In*al"ien*a*bly, adv. In a manner that forbids alienation; as, rights inalienably vested.
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Inalimental
In*al`i*men"tal (?), a. Affording no aliment or nourishment. [Obs.] Bacon.
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Inalterability
In*al`ter*a*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. inaltérabilité.] The quality of being unalterable or unchangeable; permanence.
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Inalterable
In*al"ter*a*ble (?), a. [Pref. in- not + alterable: cf. F. inaltérable.] Not alterable; incapable of being altered or changed; unalterable. -- In*al"ter*a*ble*ness, n. -- In*al"ter*a*bly, adv.
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Inamiable
In*a"mi*a*ble (?), a. Unamiable. [Obs.] -- In*a"mi*a*ble*ness, n. [Obs.]
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Inamissible
In`a*mis"si*ble (?), a. [L. inamissibilis: cf. F. inamissible.] Incapable of being lost. [R.] Hammond. -- In`a*mis"si*ble*ness, n. [R.]
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Inamorata
In*a`mo*ra"ta (?), n. [It. innamorata, fem., innamorato, masc., p. p. of innamorare to inspire with love. See Enamor.] A woman in love; a mistress. “The fair inamorata.” Sherburne.
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Inamorate
In*am"o*rate (?), a. Enamored. Chapman. -- In*am"o*rate*ly, adv. [R.]
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Inamorato
In*a`mo*ra"to (?), n.; pl. Inamoratos (#). [See Inamorata.] A male lover.
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Inamovable
In`a*mov"a*ble (?), a. Not amovable or removable. [R.] Palgrave.
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In-and-in
In"-and-in" (?), n. An old game played with four dice. In signified a doublet, or two dice alike; in-and-in, either two doubles, or the four dice alike.
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In and in
In and in, a. & adv. Applied to breeding from a male and female of the same parentage. See under Breeding.
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Inane
In*ane" (?), a. [L. inanis.] Without contents; empty; void of sense or intelligence; purposeless; pointless; characterless; useless. “Vague and inane instincts.” I. Taylor. -- In*ane"ly, adv.
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Inane
In*ane", n. That which is void or empty. [R.]
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The undistinguishable inane of infinite space. Locke.
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Inangular
In*an"gu*lar (?), a. Not angular. [Obs.]

Inaniloquous
Inaniloquent
{ In`a*nil"o*quent (?), In`a*nil"o*quous (?), } a. [L. inanis empty + loqui to speak.] Given to talking inanely; loquacious; garrulous. [R.]
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Inanimate
In*an"i*mate (?), v. t. [Pref. in- in (or intensively) + animate.] To animate. [Obs.] Donne.
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Inanimate
In*an"i*mate (?), a. [L. inanimatus; pref. in- not + animatus animate.] Not animate; destitute of life or spirit; lifeless; dead; inactive; dull; as, stones and earth are inanimate substances.
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Grieving, if aught inanimate e'er grieves. Byron.

Syn. -- Lifeless; dead; inert; inactive; dull; soulless; spiritless. See Lifeless.
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Inanimated
In*an"i*ma`ted (?), a. Destitute of life; lacking animation; unanimated. Pope.
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Inanimateness
In*an"i*mate*ness (?), n. The quality or state of being inanimate.
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The deadness and inanimateness of the subject. W. Montagu.
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Inanimation
In*an`i*ma"tion (?), n. [See 2d Inanimate.] Lack of animation; lifeless; dullness.
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Inanimation
In*an`i*ma"tion, n. [See 1st Inanimate.] Infusion of life or vigor; animation; inspiration. [Obs.]
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The inanimation of Christ living and breathing within us. Bp. Hall.
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Inanitiate
In`a*ni"ti*ate (?), v. t. To produce inanition in; to exhaust for lack of nourishment. [R.]
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Inanitiation
In`a*ni`ti*a"tion (?), n. Inanition. [R.]
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Inanition
In`a*ni"tion (?), n. [F. inanition, L. inanitio emptiness, fr. inanire to empty, fr. inanis empty. Cf. Inane.] The condition of being inane; emptiness; lack of fullness, as in the vessels of the body; hence, specifically, exhaustion from lack of food, either from partial or complete starvation, or from a disorder of the digestive apparatus, producing the same result.
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Feeble from inanition, inert from weariness. Landor.
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Repletion and inanition may both do harm in two contrary extremes. Burton.
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Inanity
In*an"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Inanities (#). [L. inanitas, fr. inanis empty: cf. F. inanité. See Inane.]
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1. Inanition; void space; vacuity; emptiness.
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2. Lack of seriousness; aimlessness; frivolity.
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3. An inane, useless thing or pursuit; a vanity; a silly object; -- chiefly in pl.; as, the inanities of the world.
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Inantherate
In*an"ther*ate (?), a. (Bot.) Not bearing anthers; -- said of sterile stamens.
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In antis
In an"tis (?). [L.] (Arch.) Between antæ; -- said of a portico in classical style, where columns are set between two antæ, forming the angles of the building. See Anta.
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Inapathy
In*ap"a*thy (?), n. Sensibility; feeling; -- opposed to apathy. [R.]
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Inappealable
In`ap*peal"a*ble (?), a. Not admitting of appeal; not appealable. Coleridge.
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Inappeasable
In`ap*peas"a*ble (?), a. Incapable of being appeased or satisfied; unappeasable.
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Inappellability
In`ap*pel`la*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality of being inappellable; finality.
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The inappellability of the councils. Coleridge.
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Inappellable
In`ap*pel"la*ble (?), a. Inappealable; final.

Inappetency
Inappetence
{ In*ap"pe*tence (?), In*ap"pe*ten*cy (?), } n. [Pref. in- not + appetence: cf. F. inappétence.] Lack of appetency; lack of desire.
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Inapplicability
In*ap`pli*ca*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. inapplicabilité.] The quality of being inapplicable; unfitness; inapplicableness.
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Inapplicable
In*ap"pli*ca*ble (?), a. [Pref. in- not + applicable.] Not applicable; incapable of being applied; not adapted; not suitable; as, the argument is inapplicable to the case. J. S. Mill.

Syn. -- Unsuitable; unsuited; unadapted; inappropriate; inapposite; irrelevant.

-- In*ap"pli*ca*ble*ness, n. -- In*ap"pli*ca*bly, adv.
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Inapplication
In*ap`pli*ca"tion (?), n. [Pref. in- not + application: cf. F. inapplication.] Lack of application, attention, or diligence; negligence; indolence.
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Inapposite
In*ap"po*site (?), a. Not apposite; not fit or suitable; not pertinent. -- In*ap"po*site*ly, adv.
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Inappreciable
In`ap*pre"ci*a*ble (?), a. [Pref. in- not + appreciable: cf. F. inappréciable.] Not appreciable; too small to be perceived; incapable of being duly valued or estimated. Hallam.
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Inappreciation
In`ap*pre"ci*a"tion (?), n. Lack of appreciation.
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Inapprehensible
In*ap`pre*hen"si*ble (?), a. [L. inapprehensibilis: cf. F. inappréhensible.] Not apprehensible; unintelligible; inconceivable. Milton.
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Inapprehension
In*ap`pre*hen"sion (?), n. Lack of apprehension.
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Inapprehensive
In*ap`pre*hen"sive (?), a. Not apprehensive; regardless; unconcerned. Jer. Taylor.
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Inapproachable
In`ap*proach"a*ble (?), a. Not approachable; unapproachable; inaccessible; unequaled. -- In`ap*proach"a*bly, adv.
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Inappropriate
In`ap*pro"pri*ate (?), a. Not instrument (to); not appropriate; unbecoming; unsuitable; not specially fitted; -- followed by to or for. -- In`ap*pro"pri*ate*ly, adv. -- In`ap*pro"pri*ate*ness, n.
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Inapt
In*apt" (?), a. [Pref. in- not + apt: cf. F. inapte. Cf. Inept.] Unapt; not apt; unsuitable; inept. -- In*apt"ly, adv. -- In*apt"ness, n.
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Inaptitude
In*apt"i*tude (?), n. [In- + aptitude: cf. F. inaptitude. Cf. Ineptitude.] Lack of aptitude.
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Inaquate
In*a"quate (?), a. [L. inaquatus, p. p. of inaquare to make into water; pref. in- in + aqua water.] Embodied in, or changed into, water. [Obs.] Cranmer.
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Inaquation
In`a*qua"tion (?), n. The state of being inaquate. [Obs.] Bp. Gardiner.
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Inarable
In*ar"a*ble (?), a. Not arable. [R.]
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Inarch
In*arch" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Inarched (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Inarching.] To graft by uniting, as a scion, to a stock, without separating either from its root before the union is complete; -- also called to graft by approach. P. Miler.
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Inarching
In*arch"ing, n. A method of ingrafting. See Inarch.
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Inarticulate
In`ar*tic"u*late (?), a. [L. inarticulatus; pref. in- not + articulatus articulate.]
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1. Not uttered with articulation or intelligible distinctness, as speech or words.
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Music which is inarticulate poesy. Dryden.
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2. (Zool.) (a) Not jointed or articulated; having no distinct body segments; as, an inarticulate worm. (b) Without a hinge; -- said of an order (Inarticulata or Ecardines) of brachiopods.
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3. Incapable of articulating. [R.]
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The poor earl, who is inarticulate with palsy. Walpole.

4. Incapable of expressing one's ideas or feelings clearly.
[PJC]

Inarticulated
In`ar*tic"u*la`ted (?), a. Not articulated; not jointed or connected by a joint.
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Inarticulately
In`ar*tic"u*late*ly (?), adv. In an inarticulate manner. Hammond.
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Inarticulateness
In`ar*tic"u*late*ness, n. The state or quality of being inarticulate.
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Inarticulation
In`ar*tic`u*la"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. inarticulation.] Inarticulateness. Chesterfield.
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Inartificial
In*ar`ti*fi"cial (?), a. [Pref. in- not + artificial: cf. F. inartificiel.] Not artificial; not made or elaborated by art; natural; simple; artless; as, an inartificial argument; an inartificial character. -- In*ar`ti*fi"cial*ly, adv. -- In*ar`ti*fi"cial*ness, n.
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Inasmuch
In`as*much" (?), adv. [In + as + much.] In like degree; in like manner; seeing that; considering that; since; -- followed by as. See In as much as, under In, prep.
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Inasmuch as ye did it not to one of the least of these, ye did it not to me. Matt. xxv. 45.

Syn. -- Because; since; for; as. See Because.
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Inattention
In`at*ten"tion (?), n. [Pref. in- not + attention: cf. F. inattention.] Lack of attention, or failure to pay attention; disregard; heedlessness; neglect.
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Novel lays attract our ravished ears;
But old, the mind inattention hears.
Pope.

Syn. -- Inadvertence; heedlessness; negligence; carelessness; disregard; remissness; thoughtlessness; neglect. -- Inattention, Inadvertence. We miss seeing a thing through inadvertence when do not happen to look at it; through inattention when we give no heed to it, though directly before us. The latter is therefore the worse. Inadvertence may be an involuntary accident; inattention is culpable neglect. A versatile mind is often inadvertent; a careless or stupid one is inattentive.
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Inattentive
In`at*ten"tive (?), a. [Cf. F. inattentif.] Not attentive; not fixing the mind on an object; heedless; careless; negligent; regardless; as, an inattentive spectator or hearer; an inattentive habit. I. Watts.

Syn. -- Careless; heedless; regardless; thoughtless; negligent; remiss; inadvertent.

-- In`at*ten"tive*ly, adv. -- In`at*ten"tive*ness, n.
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Inaudibility
In*au`di*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality of being inaudible; inaudibleness.
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Inaudible
In*au"di*ble (?), a. [L. inaudibilis; pref. in- not + audire to hear: cf. F. unaudible. See In- not, and Audible.] Not audible; incapable of being heard; silent. -- In*au"di*ble*ness, n. -- In*au"di*bly, adv.
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Inaugur
In*au"gur (?), v. t. [Cf. F. inaugurer. See Inaugurate.] To inaugurate. [Obs.] Latimer.
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Inaugural
In*au"gu*ral (?), a. [Cf. F. inaugural.] Pertaining to, or performed or pronounced at, an inauguration; as, an inaugural address; the inaugural exercises.
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Inaugural
In*au"gu*ral, n. An inaugural address. [U.S.]
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Inaugurate
In*au"gu*rate (?), a. [L. inauguratus, p. p. of inaugurare to take omens from the flight of birds (before entering upon any important undertaking); hence, to consecrate, inaugurate, or install, with such divination; pref. in- in + augurare, augurari, to augur. See Augur.] Invested with office; inaugurated. Drayton.
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Inaugurate
In*au"gu*rate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Inaugurated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Inaugurating (?).]
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1. To introduce or induct into an office with suitable ceremonies or solemnities; to invest with power or authority in a formal manner; to install; as, to inaugurate a president; to inaugurate a king. Milton.
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2. To cause to begin, esp. with formality or solemn ceremony; hence, to set in motion, action, or progress; to initiate; -- used especially of something of dignity or worth or public concern; as, to inaugurate a new era of things, new methods, etc.
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As if kings did choose remarkable days to inaugurate their favors. Sir H. Wotton.
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3. To celebrate the completion of, or the first public use of; to dedicate, as a statue. [Colloq.]
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4. To begin with good omens. [Obs.] Sir H. Wotton.
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Inauguration
In*au`gu*ra"tion (?), n. [L. inauguratio a beginning: cf. F. inauguration.]
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1. The act of inuagurating, or inducting into office with solemnity; investiture by appropriate ceremonies.
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At his regal inauguration, his old father resigned the kingdom to him. Sir T. Browne.
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2. The formal beginning or initiation of any movement, course of action, etc.; as, the inauguration of a new system, a new condition, etc.
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Inauguration Day
In*au`gu*ra"tion Day. The day on which the President of the United States is inaugurated, the 20th of January in every year next after a year divisible by four. Prior to the adoption of the twentieth amendment to the Constitution of the United States (ratified February 6, 1933) the date was the 4th of March.
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

Inaugurator
In*au"gu*ra`tor (?), n. One who inaugurates.
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Inauguratory
In*au"gu*ra*to*ry (?), a. Suitable for, or pertaining to, inauguration. Johnson.
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Inaurate
In*au"rate (?), a. [L. inauratus, p. p. inaurare to gild; pref. in- in + aurum gold.] Covered with gold; gilded.
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Inaurate
In*au"rate (?), v. t. To cover with gold; to gild.
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Inauration
In`au*ra"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. inauration.] The act or process of gilding or covering with gold.
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Inauspicate
In*aus"pi*cate (?), a. [L. inauspicatus; pref. in- not + auspicatus, p. p. auspicari. See Auspicate.] Inauspicious. [Obs.] Sir G. Buck.
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Inauspicious
In`aus*pi"cious (?), a. Not auspicious; ill-omened; unfortunate; unlucky; unfavorable.Inauspicious stars.” Shak.Inauspicious love.” Dryden.

-- In`aus*pi"cious*ly, adv. -- In`aus*pi"cious*ness, n.
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Inauthoritative
In`au*thor"i*ta*tive (?), a. Without authority; not authoritative.
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Inbarge
In"barge (?), v. t. & i. To embark; to go or put into a barge. [Obs.] Drayton.
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in-basket
in-basket n. a wood or metal receptacle placed on a desk to hold incoming material requiring attention, especially documents.
Syn. -- in-tray, in-box.
[WordNet 1.5]

Inbeaming
In"beam`ing (?), n. Shining in. South.
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Inbeing
In"be`ing (?), n. Inherence; inherent existence. I. Watts.
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in-between
in-between adj. being neither at the beginning nor at the end in a series or time sequence; as, adolescence is an awkward in-between age.
Syn. -- mediate, middle.
[WordNet 1.5]

Inbind
In*bind" (?), v. t. To inclose. [Obs.] Fairfax.
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Inblown
In"blown` (?), a. Blown in or into. [Obs.]
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Inboard
In"board` (?), a. & adv. 1. (Naut.) Inside the line of a vessel's bulwarks or hull; the opposite of outboard; as, an inboard engine; an inboard cargo; haul the boom inboard.
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2. (Mech.) From without inward; toward the inside; as, the inboard stroke of a steam engine piston, the inward or return stroke.
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Inborn
In"born` (?), a. Born in or with; implanted by nature; innate; congenital; as, inborn passions. Cowper.

Syn. -- Innate; inherent; congenital; natural.

in-bounds
in-bounds adj. (Sports) within the demarcated playing area. Opposite of out of bounds. [Narrower terms: fair (vs. foul) ]
[WordNet 1.5]

in-box
in-box n. a wood or metal receptacle placed on a desk to hold incoming material requiring attention, especially documents.
Syn. -- in-tray, in-basket.
[WordNet 1.5]

Inbreaking
Inbreak
{ In"break` (?), In"break`ing, } n. A breaking in; inroad; invasion.
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Inbreathe
In*breathe" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Inbreathed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Inbreathing.] To infuse by breathing; to inspire. Coleridge.
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Inbred
In"bred` (?), a. Bred within; innate; as, inbred worth.Inbred sentiments.” Burke.
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Inbreed
In*breed" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Inbred (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Inbreeding.] [Cf. Imbreed.]
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1. To produce or generate within. Bp. Reynolds.
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To inbreed and cherish . . . the seeds of virtue. Milton.
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2. To breed in and in. See under Breed, v. i.
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Inburning
In"burn`ing (?), a. Burning within.
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Her inburning wrath she gan abate. Spenser.
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Inburnt
In"burnt` (?), a. Burnt in; ineffaceable.
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Her inburnt, shamefaced thoughts. P. Fletcher.
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Inburst
In"burst` (?), n. A bursting in or into.
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Inc
Inc (?), n. A Japanese measure of length equal to about two and one twelfth yards. [Written also ink.]
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Inca
In"ca (?), n. (a) An emperor or monarch of Peru before, or at the time of, the Spanish conquest; any member of this royal dynasty, reputed to have been descendants of the sun. (b) pl. The people governed by the Incas, now represented by the Quichua tribe.
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Inca dove (Zool.), a small dove (Scardafella inca), native of Arizona, Lower California, and Mexico.
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Incage
In*cage" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Incaged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Incaging (?).] [Cf. Encage.] To confine in, or as in, a cage; to coop up. [Written also encage.]Incaged birds.” Shak.
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Incagement
In*cage"ment (?), n. Confinement in, or as in, cage. [Obs.] Shelton.
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Incalculability
In*cal`cu*la*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality or state of being incalculable.
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Incalculable
In*cal"cu*la*ble (?), a. [Pref. in- not + calculable: cf. F. incalculable.] Not capable of being calculated; beyond calculation; very great; as, his action did incalculable harm. -- In*cal"cu*la*ble*ness, n. -- In*cal"cu*la*bly, adv.
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Incalescence
In`ca*les"cence (?), n. The state of being incalescent, or of growing warm. Sir T. Browne.
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Incalescency
In`ca*les"cen*cy (?), n. Incalescence. Ray.
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Incalescent
In`ca*les"cent (?), a. [L. incalescens, -entis, p. pr. of incalescere to grow hot. See 1st In-, and Calescence.] Growing warm; increasing in heat.
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Incameration
In*cam`er*a"tion (?), n. [Pref. in- in + L. camera chamber, LL., also, jurisdiction: cf. F. incamération, It. incamerazione.] (R. C. Ch.) The act or process of uniting lands, rights, or revenues, to the ecclesiastical chamber, i. e., to the pope's domain.
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Incan
In"can (?), a. Of or pertaining to the Incas.
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Incandescence
In`can*des"cence (?), n. [Cf. F. incandescence.] A white heat, or the glowing or luminous whiteness of a body caused by intense heat.
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Incandescent
In`can*des"cent (?), a. [L. incandecens, -entis, p. pr. of incandescere to become warm or hot; pref. in- in + candescere to become of a glittering whiteness, to become red hot, incho. fr. candere to be of a glittering whiteness: cf. F. incandescent. See Candle.] White, glowing, or luminous, with intense heat; as, incandescent carbon or platinum; hence, clear; shining; brilliant.
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Holy Scripture become resplendent; or, as one might say, incandescent throughout. I. Taylor.
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Incandescent lamp, Incandescent light, Incandescent light bulb (Elec.), a kind of lamp in which the light is produced by a thin filament of conducting material, now usually tungsten, but originally carbon, contained in a vacuum or an atmosphere of inert gas within a glass bulb, and heated to incandescence by an electric current. It was inventerd by Thomas Edison, and was once called the Edison lamp; -- called also incandescence lamp, and glowlamp. This is one of the two most common sources of electric light, the other being the fluorescent light, fluorescent lamp or fluorescent bulb.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Incanescent
In`ca*nes"cent (?), a. [L. incanescens, p. pr. incanescere to become gray.] Becoming hoary or gray; canescent.
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Incanous
In*ca"nous (?), a. [L. incanus; pref. in- in + canus hoary.] (Bot.) Hoary with white pubescence.
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Incantation
In`can*ta"tion (?), n. [L. incantatio, fr. incantare to chant a magic formula over one: cf. F. incantation. See Enchant.]
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1. The act or process of using formulas sung or spoken, with occult ceremonies, for the purpose of raising spirits, producing enchantment, or affecting other magical results; enchantment. “Mysterious ceremony and incantation.” Burke.
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2. A formula of words used as above.
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3. The repetitive invoking of old sayings, or emitting a wordy discourse with little or no meaning, to avoid serious discussion; obfuscation; as, to defend one's views with empty incantations.
[PJC]

Incantatory
In*cant"a*to*ry (?), a. Dealing by enchantment; magical. Sir T. Browne.
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Incanting
In*cant"ing, a. Enchanting. [Obs.] Sir T. Herbert.
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Incanton
In*can"ton (?), v. t. To unite to, or form into, a canton or separate community. Addison.
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Incapability
In*ca`pa*bil"i*ty (?), n. 1. The quality of being incapable; incapacity. Suckling.
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2. (Law) Lack of legal qualifications, or of legal power; as, incapability of holding an office.
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Incapable
In*ca"pa*ble (?), a. [Pref. in- not + capable: cf. F. incapable, L. incapabilis incomprehensible.]
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1. Lacking in ability or qualification for the purpose or end in view; not large enough to contain or hold; deficient in physical strength, mental or moral power, etc.; not capable; as, incapable of holding a certain quantity of liquid; incapable of endurance, of comprehension, of perseverance, of reform, etc.
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2. Not capable of being brought to do or perform, because morally strong or well disposed; -- used with reference to some evil; as, incapable of wrong, dishonesty, or falsehood.
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3. Not in a state to receive; not receptive; not susceptible; not able to admit; as, incapable of pain, or pleasure; incapable of stain or injury.
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4. (Law) Unqualified or disqualified, in a legal sense; as, a man under thirty-five years of age is incapable of holding the office of president of the United States; a person convicted on impeachment is thereby made incapable of holding an office of profit or honor under the government.
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5. (Mil.) As a term of disgrace, sometimes annexed to a sentence when an officer has been cashiered and rendered incapable of serving his country.
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&hand_; Incapable is often used elliptically.
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Is not your father grown incapable of reasonable affairs? Shak.

Syn. -- Incompetent; unfit; unable; insufficient; inadequate; deficient; disqualified. See Incompetent.
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Incapable
In*ca"pa*ble, n. One who is morally or mentally weak or inefficient; an imbecile; a simpleton.
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Incapableness
In*ca"pa*ble*ness, n. The quality or state of being incapable; incapability.
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Incapably
In*ca"pa*bly, adv. In an incapable manner.
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Incapacious
In`ca*pa"cious (?), a. [Pref. in- not + capacious: cf. L. incapax incapable.] Not capacious; narrow; small; weak or foolish; as, an incapacious soul. Bp. Burnet. -- In`ca*pa"cious*ness, n.
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Incapacitate
In`ca*pac"i*tate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Incapacitated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Incapacitating (?).] [Pref. in- not + capacitate.]
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1. To deprive of capacity or natural power; to disable; to render incapable or unfit; to disqualify; as, his age incapacitated him for war.
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2. (Law) To deprive of legal or constitutional requisites, or of ability or competency for the performance of certain civil acts; to disqualify.
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It absolutely incapacitated them from holding rank, office, function, or property. Milman.
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incapacitating
incapacitating adj. causing disability.
Syn. -- crippling, disabling.
[WordNet 1.5]

Incapacitation
In`ca*pac`i*ta"tion (?), n. The act of incapacitating or state of being incapacitated; incapacity; disqualification. Burke.
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Incapacity
In`ca*pac"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Incapacities (&unr_;). [Cf. F. incapacité.]
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1. Lack of capacity; lack of physical or intellectual power; inability.
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2. (Law) Lack of legal ability or competency to do, give, transmit, or receive something; inability; disqualification; as, the inacapacity of minors to make binding contracts, etc.

Syn. -- Inability; incapability; incompetency; unfitness; disqualification; disability.
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Incapsulate
In*cap"su*late (?), v. t. (Physiol.) To inclose completely, as in a membrane.
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Incapsulation
In*cap`su*la"tion (?), n. (Physiol.) The process of becoming, or the state or condition of being, incapsulated; as, incapsulation of the ovum in the uterus.
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Incarcerate
In*car"cer*ate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Incarcerated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Incarcerating (?).] [Pref. in- in + L. carceratus, p. p. of carcerare to imprison, fr. carcer prison.]
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1. To imprison; to confine in a jail or prison.
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2. To confine; to shut up or inclose; to hem in.
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Incarcerated hernia (Med.), hernia in which the constriction can not be easily reduced.
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incarcerated
incarcerate
in*car"cer*ate, in*car"cer*at*ed (?), a. Imprisoned. Dr. H. More.
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Incarceration
In*car`cer*a"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. incarcération.]
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1. The act of confining, or the state of being confined; imprisonment. Glanvill.
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2. (Med.) (a) Formerly, strangulation, as in hernia. (b) A constriction of the hernial sac, rendering it irreducible, but not great enough to cause strangulation.
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Incarcerator
In*car"cer*a`tor (?), n. One who incarcerates.
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Incarn
In*carn" (?), v. t. [Cf. F. incarner. See Incarnate.] To cover or invest with flesh. [R.] Wiseman.
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Incarn
In*carn", v. i. To develop flesh. [R.] Wiseman.
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Incarnadine
In*car"na*dine (?), a. [F. incarnadin, It. incarnatino; L. pref. in- in + caro, carnis, flesh. Cf. Carnation, Incarnate.] Flesh-colored; of a carnation or pale red color. [Obs.] Lovelace.
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Incarnadine
In*car"na*dine, v. t. To dye red or crimson.
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Will all great Neptune's ocean wash this blood
Clean from my hand? No; this my hand will rather
The multitudinous seas incarnadine,
Making the green one red.
Shak.
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Incarnate
In*car"nate (?), a. [Pref. in- not + carnate.] Not in the flesh; spiritual. [Obs.]
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I fear nothing . . . that devil carnate or incarnate can fairly do. Richardson.
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Incarnate
In*car"nate, a. [L. incarnatus, p. p. of incarnare to incarnate, pref. in- in + caro, carnis, flesh. See Carnal.]
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1. Invested with flesh; embodied in a human nature and form; united with, or having, a human body.
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Here shalt thou sit incarnate. Milton.
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He represents the emperor and his wife as two devils incarnate, sent into the world for the destruction of mankind. Jortin.
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2. Flesh-colored; rosy; red. [Obs.] Holland.
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Incarnate
In*car"nate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Incarnated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Incarnating (?).] To clothe with flesh; to embody in flesh; to invest, as spirits, ideals, etc., with a human from or nature.
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This essence to incarnate and imbrute,
That to the height of deity aspired.
Milton.
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Incarnate
In*car"nate, v. i. To form flesh; to granulate, as a wound. [R.]
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My uncle Toby's wound was nearly well -- 't was just beginning to incarnate. Sterne.
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Incarnation
In`car*na"tion (?), n. [F. incarnation, LL. incarnatio.]
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1. The act of clothing with flesh, or the state of being so clothed; the act of taking, or being manifested in, a human body and nature.
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2. (Theol.) The union of the second person of the Godhead with manhood in Christ.
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3. An incarnate form; a personification; a manifestation; a reduction to apparent from; a striking exemplification in person or act.
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She is a new incarnation of some of the illustrious dead. Jeffrey.
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The very incarnation of selfishness. F. W. Robertson.
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4. A rosy or red color; flesh color; carnation. [Obs.]
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5. (Med.) The process of healing wounds and filling the part with new flesh; granulation.
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Incarnative
In*car"na*tive (?), a. [Cf. F. incarnatif.] Causing new flesh to grow; healing; regenerative. -- n. An incarnative medicine.
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Incarnification
In*car`ni*fi*ca"tion (?), n. [See Incarnation, and -fy.] The act of assuming, or state of being clothed with, flesh; incarnation.
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Incase
In*case" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Incased (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Incasing.] [F. encaisser; pref. en- (L. in) + caisse case. See Case a box, and cf. Encase, Enchase.] To inclose in a case; to inclose; to cover or surround with something solid.
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Rich plates of gold the folding doors incase. Pope.
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Incasement
In*case"ment (?), n. [Cf. Casement.]
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1. The act or process of inclosing with a case, or the state of being incased.
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2. That which forms a case, covering, or inclosure.
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Incask
In*cask" (?), v. t. To cover with a casque or as with a casque. Sherwood.
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Incastellated
In*cas"tel*la`ted (?), a. Confined or inclosed in a castle.
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Incastelled
In*cas"telled (?), a. (Far.) Hoofbound. Crabb.
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Incatenation
In*cat`e*na"tion (?), n. [LL. incatenatio; L. pref. in- in + catena chain. See Enchain.] The act of linking together; enchaining. [R.] Goldsmith.
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Incaution
In*cau"tion (?), n. Lack of caution. Pope.
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Incautious
In*cau"tious (?), a. [Pref. in- not + cautious: cf. L. incautus.] Not cautious; not circumspect; not attending to the circumstances on which safety and interest depend; heedless; careless; as, an incautious step; an incautious remark.
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You . . . incautious tread
On fire with faithless embers overspread.
Francis.
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His rhetorical expressions may easily captivate any incautious reader. Keill.

Syn. -- Unwary; indiscreet; inconsiderate; imprudent; impolitic; careless; heedless; thoughtless.

-- In*cau"tious*ly, adv. -- In*cau"tious*ness, n.
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Incavated
In"ca*va`ted (&ibreve_;n"k&adot_;*vā`t&ebreve_;d), a. [L. incavatus, p. p. of incavare to make hollow: pref in- in + cavare to hollow out, fr. cavus hollow.] Made hollow; bent round or in.
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Incavation
In`ca*va"tion (&ibreve_;n`k&adot_;*vā"shŭn), n. Act of making hollow; also, a hollow; an excavation; a depression.
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Incaved
In*caved" (&ibreve_;n*kāvd"), a. [Pref. in- in + cave. Cf. Encave, Incavated.] Inclosed in a cave.
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Incaverned
In*cav"erned (&ibreve_;n*kăv"&etilde_;rnd), a. Inclosed or shut up as in a cavern. Drayton.
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Incedingly
In*ced"ing*ly (&ibreve_;n*sēd"&ibreve_;ng*l&ybreve_;), adv. [L. incedere to walk majestically.] Majestically. [R.] C. Bronté.
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Incelebrity
In`ce*leb"ri*ty (?), n. Lack of celebrity or distinction; obscurity. [R.] Coleridge.
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Incend
In*cend" (?), v. t. [L. incendere, incensum, to kindle, burn. See Incense to inflame.] To inflame; to excite. [Obs.] Marston.
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Incendiarism
In*cen"di*a*rism (?), n. [From Incendiary.] The act or practice of maliciously setting fires; arson.
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Incendiary
In*cen"di*a*ry (?; 277), n.; pl. Incendiaries (#). [L. incendiarius: cf. F. incendiaire. See Incense to inflame.]
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1. Any person who maliciously sets fire to a building or other valuable or other valuable property.
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2. A person who excites or inflames factions, and promotes quarrels or sedition; an agitator; an exciter.
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Several cities . . . drove them out as incendiaries. Bentley.
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Incendiary
In*cen"di*a*ry, a. [L. incendiarius, fr. incendium a fire, conflagration: cf. F. incendiaire. See Incense to inflame.]
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1. Of or pertaining to incendiarism, or the malicious burning of valuable property; as, incendiary material; as incendiary crime.
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2. Tending to excite or inflame factions, sedition, or quarrel; inflammatory; seditious. Paley.
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Incendiary device, a device designed to set a structure on fire; a firebomb. -- Incendiary shell, a bombshell. See Carcass, 4.
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Incendious
In*cen"di*ous (?), a. [L. incendiosus burning, hot.] Promoting faction or contention; seditious; inflammatory. [Obs.] Bacon. -- In*cen"di*ous*ly, adv. [Obs.]
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Incensant
In*cen"sant (?), a. [See Incense to anger.] (Her.) A modern term applied to animals (as a boar) when borne as raging, or with furious aspect.
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Incensation
In`cen*sa"tion (?), n. (R. C. Ch.) The offering of incense. [R.] Encyc. Brit.
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Incense
In*cense" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Incensed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Incensing.] [L. incensus, p. p. of incendere; pref. in- in + root of candere to glow. See Candle.]
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1. To set on fire; to inflame; to kindle; to burn. [Obs.]
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Twelve Trojan princes wait on thee, and labor to incense
Thy glorious heap of funeral.
Chapman.
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2. To inflame with anger; to enrage; to endkindle; to fire; to incite; to provoke; to heat; to madden.
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The people are incensed him. Shak.

Syn. -- To enrage; exasperate; provoke; anger; irritate; heat; fire; instigate.
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Incense
In"cense (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Incensed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Incensing.] [LL. incensare: cf. F. encenser. See Incense, n.]
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1. To offer incense to. See Incense. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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2. To perfume with, or as with, incense.Incensed with wanton sweets.” Marston.
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Incense
In"cense (?), n. [OE. encens, F. encens, L. incensum, fr. incensus, p. p. of incendere to burn. See Incense to inflame.]
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1. The perfume or odors exhaled from spices and gums when burned in celebrating religious rites or as an offering to some deity.
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A thick cloud of incense went up. Ezek. viii. 11.
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2. The materials used for the purpose of producing a perfume when burned, as fragrant gums, spices, frankincense, etc.
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Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took either of them his censer, and put fire therein, and put incense thereon. Lev. x. 1.
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3. Also used figuratively.
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Or heap the shrine of luxury and pride,
With incense kindled at the Muse's flame.
Gray.
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Incense tree, the name of several balsamic trees of the genus Bursera (or Icica) mostly tropical American. The gum resin is used for incense. In Jamaica the Chrysobalanus Icaco, a tree related to the plums, is called incense tree. -- Incense wood, the fragrant wood of the tropical American tree Bursera heptaphylla.
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Incense-breathing
In"cense-breath`ing (?), a. Breathing or exhaling incense.Incense-breathing morn.” Gray.
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Incensed
In*censed" (?), a. 1. Angered; enraged.
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2. (Her.) Represented as enraged, as any wild creature depicted with fire issuing from mouth and eyes.
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Incensement
In*cense"ment (?), n. Fury; rage; heat; exasperation; as, implacable incensement. Shak.
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Incenser
In*cen"ser (?), n. One who instigates or incites.
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Incension
In*cen"sion (?), n. [L. incensio. See Incense to inflame.] The act of kindling, or the state of being kindled or on fire. Bacon.
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Incensive
In*cen"sive (?), a. Tending to excite or provoke; inflammatory. Barrow.
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Incensor
In*cen"sor (?), n. [L.] A kindler of anger or enmity; an inciter.
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Incensory
In*cen"so*ry (?; 277), n.; pl. Incensories (#). [LL. incensorium: cf. F. encensoir. See 2d Incense, and cf. Censer.] The vessel in which incense is burned and offered; a censer; a thurible. [R.] Evelyn.
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Incensurable
In*cen"sur*a*ble (?; 135), a. [Pref. in- not + censurable: cf. F. incensurable.] Not censurable. Dr. T. Dwight. -- In*cen"sur*a*bly, adv.
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Incenter
In*cen"ter (?), n. (Geom.) The center of the circle inscribed in a triangle.
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Incentive
In*cen"tive (?), a. [L. incentivus, from incinere to strike up or set the tune; pref. in- + canere to sing. See Enchant, Chant.]
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1. Inciting; encouraging or moving; rousing to action; stimulative.
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Competency is the most incentive to industry. Dr. H. More.
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2. Serving to kindle or set on fire. [R.]
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Part incentive reed
Provide, pernicious with one touch of fire.
Milton.
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Incentive
In*cen"tive, n. [L. incentivum.] That which moves or influences the mind, or operates on the passions; that which incites, or has a tendency to incite, to determination or action; that which prompts to good or ill; motive; spur; as, the love of money, and the desire of promotion, are two powerful incentives to action.
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The greatest obstacles, the greatest terrors that come in their way, are so far from making them quit the work they had begun, that they rather prove incentives to them to go on in it. South.

Syn. -- Motive; spur; stimulus; incitement; encouragement; inducement; influence.
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Incentively
In*cen"tive*ly, adv. Incitingly; encouragingly.
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Inception
In*cep"tion (?), n. [L. inceptio, fr. incipere to begin; pref. in- in + capere to take. See Capable.]
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1. Beginning; commencement; initiation. Bacon.
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Marked with vivacity of inception, apathy of progress, and prematureness of decay. Rawle.
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2. Reception; a taking in. [R.] Poe.
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Inceptive
In*cep"tive (?), a. Beginning; expressing or indicating beginning; as, an inceptive proposition; an inceptive verb, which expresses the beginning of action; -- called also inchoative. -- In*cep"tive*ly, adv.
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Inceptive
In*cep"tive, n. An inceptive word, phrase, or clause.
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Inceptor
In*cep"tor (?), n. [L.] 1. A beginner; one in the rudiments. Johnson.
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2. One who is on the point of taking the degree of master of arts at an English university. Walton.
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Inceration
In`cer*a"tion (?), n. [L. incerare to smear with wax; pref. in- in + cerare to wax, fr. cera wax: cf. F. incération.] The act of smearing or covering with wax. B. Jonson.
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Incerative
In*cer"a*tive (?), a. Cleaving or sticking like wax. Cotgrave.
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Incertain
In*cer"tain (?), n. [Pref. in- not + certain: cf. F. incertain, L. incertus. See Certain.] Uncertain; doubtful; unsteady. -- In*cer"tain*ly, adv.
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Very questionable and of uncertain truth. Sir T. Browne.
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Incertainty
In*cer"tain*ty (?), n. Uncertainty. [Obs.] Shak.
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Incertitude
In*cer"ti*tude (?), n. [Cf. F. incertitude, LL. incertitudo, fr. L. incertus. See Incertain.] Uncertainty; doubtfulness; doubt.
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The incertitude and instability of this life. Holland.
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He fails . . . from mere incertitude or irresolution. I. Taylor.
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Incertum
In*cer"tum (?), a. Doubtful; not of definite form.
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Opus incertum (Anc. Arch.), a kind of masonry employed in building walls, in which the stones were not squared nor laid in courses; rubblework.
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Incessable
In*ces"sa*ble (?), a. [L. incessabilis; pref. in- not + cessare to cease.] Unceasing; continual. [Obs.] Shelton. -- In*ces"sa*bly, adv. [Obs.]
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Incessancy
In*ces"san*cy (?), n. [From Incessant.] The quality of being incessant; unintermitted continuance; unceasingness. Dr. T. Dwight.
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Incessant
In*ces"sant (?), a. [L. incessans, -antis; pref. in- not + cessare to cease: cf. F. incessant. See Cease.] Continuing or following without interruption; unceasing; unitermitted; uninterrupted; continual; as, incessant clamors; incessant pain, etc.
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Against the castle gate,
. . . Which with incessant force and endless hate,
They batter'd day and night and entrance did await.
Spenser.

Syn. -- Unceasing; uninterrupted; unintermitted; unremitting; ceaseless; continual; constant; perpetual.
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Incessantly
In*ces"sant*ly, adv. Unceasingly; continually. Shak.
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Incession
In*ces"sion (?), n. [L. incedere, incessum, to walk.] Motion on foot; progress in walking. [Obs.]
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The incession or local motion of animals. Sir T. Browne.
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Incest
In"cest (?), n. [F. inceste, L. incestum unchastity, incest, fr. incestus unchaste; pref. in- not + castus chaste. See Chaste.] The crime of cohabitation or sexual intercourse between persons related within the degrees wherein marriage is prohibited by law; broadly, sexual relations between closely related persons, usually taken as first cousins or closer. Shak.
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Spiritual incest. (Eccl. Law) (a) The crime of cohabitation committed between persons who have a spiritual alliance by means of baptism or confirmation. (b) The act of a vicar, or other beneficiary, who holds two benefices, the one depending on the collation of the other.
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Incesttuous
In*cest"tu*ous (?; 135), a. [L. incestuosus: cf. F. incestueux.] 1. Guilty of incest; involving, or pertaining to, incest; as, an incestuous person or connection. Shak.
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Ere you reach to this incestuous love,
You must divine and human rights remove.
Dryden.

2. resembling incest; between people or groups so closely related as to make such activity improper or unethical; as, an incestuous coziness between the management of the company and its union; an incestuous relationship between the salesman and the purchasing manager.
[PJC]

-- In*cest"tu*ous*ly, adv. -- In*cest"tu*ous*ness, n.
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Inch
Inch (&ibreve_;nch), n. [Gael. inis.] An island; -- often used in the names of small islands off the coast of Scotland, as in Inchcolm, Inchkeith, etc. [Scot.]
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Inch
Inch, n. [OE. inche, unche, AS. ynce, L. uncia the twelfth part, inch, ounce. See Ounce a weight.]
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1. A measure of length, the twelfth part of a foot, commonly subdivided into halves, quarters, eights, sixteenths, etc., as among mechanics. It was also formerly divided into twelve parts, called lines, and originally into three parts, called barleycorns, its length supposed to have been determined from three grains of barley placed end to end lengthwise. It is also sometimes called a prime (′), composed of twelve seconds (′′), as in the duodecimal system of arithmetic.
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The symbol ′ is the same symbol as the light accent, or the "minutes" of an arc. The "seconds" symbol should actually have the two strokes closer than in repeated "minutes", but in this dictionary ′′ will be interpreted as "seconds".
[PJC]

12 seconds (′′) make 1 inch or prime. 12 inches or primes (′) make 1 foot. B. Greenleaf.
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&hand_; The meter, the accepted scientific standard of length, equals 39.37 inches; the inch is equal to 2.54 centimeters. See Metric system, and Meter.
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2. A small distance or degree, whether of time or space; hence, a critical moment; also used metaphorically of minor concessins in bargaining; as, he won't give an inch; give him an inch and he'll take a mile.
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Beldame, I think we watched you at an inch. Shak.
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By inches, by slow degrees, gradually. -- Inch of candle. See under Candle. -- Inches of pressure, usually, the pressure indicated by so many inches of a mercury column, as on a steam gauge. -- Inch of water. See under Water. -- Miner's inch, (Hydraulic Mining), a unit for the measurement of water. See Inch of water, under Water.
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Inch
Inch (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Inched (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Inching.]
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1. To drive by inches, or small degrees. [R.]
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He gets too far into the soldier's grace
And inches out my master.
Dryden.
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2. To deal out by inches; to give sparingly. [R.]
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Inch
Inch, v. i. To advance or retire by inches or small degrees; to move slowly; as, to inch forward.
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With slow paces measures back the field,
And inches to the walls.
Dryden.
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Inch
Inch, a. Measuring an inch in any dimension, whether length, breadth, or thickness; -- used in composition; as, a two-inch cable; a four-inch plank.
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Inch stuff, boards, etc., sawed one inch thick.
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Inchamber
In*cham"ber (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Inchambered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Inchambering.] [Pref. in- in + chamber: cf. OF. enchambrer.] To lodge in a chamber. [R.] Sherwood.
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Inchangeability
In*change`a*bil"i*ty (?), n. Unchangeableness. [Obs.] Kenrick.
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Inchant
In*chant" (?), v. t. See Enchant.
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Incharitable
In*char"i*ta*ble (?), a. [Cf. F. incharitable.] Uncharitable; unfeeling. [Obs.] Shak.
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Incharity
In*char"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. incharité.] Lack of charity. [Obs.] Evelyn.
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Inchase
In*chase" (?), v. t. See Enchase.
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Inchastity
In*chas"ti*ty (?), n. [Pref. in- not + chastity: cf. F. inchasteté.] Unchastity. [Obs.] Milton.
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Inched
Inched (?), a. Having or measuring (so many) inches; as, a four-inched bridge. Shak.
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Inchest
In*chest" (?), v. t. To put into a chest.
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in-chief
in-chief postnominal adj. a suffix signifying the head of a staff; as, editor-in-chief. [combining form]
[WordNet 1.5]

Inchipin
Inch"i*pin (?), n. See Inchpin.
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Inchmeal
Inch"meal` (?), n. [See Meal a part, and cf. Piecemeal.] A piece an inch long.
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By inchmeal, by small degrees; by inches. Shak.
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Inchmeal
Inch"meal`, adv. Little by little; gradually.
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Inchoate
In"cho*ate (?), a. [L. inchoatus, better incohatus, p. p. of incohare to begin.] Recently, or just, begun; beginning; partially but not fully in existence or operation; existing in its elements; incomplete. -- In"cho*ate*ly, adv.
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Neither a substance perfect, nor a substance inchoate. Raleigh.
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Inchoate
In"cho*ate (?), v. t. To begin. [Obs.] Dr. H. More.
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Inchoation
In`cho*a"tion (?), n. [L. inchoatio, incohatio.] Act of beginning; commencement; inception.
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The setting on foot some of those arts, in those parts, would be looked on as the first inchoation of them. Sir M. Hale.
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It is now in actual progress, from the rudest inchoation to the most elaborate finishing. I. Taylor.
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Inchoative
In*cho"a*tive (?; 277), a. [L. inchoativus, incohativus: cf. F. inchoatif.] Expressing or pertaining to a beginning; inceptive; as, an inchoative verb. “Some inchoative or imperfect rays.” W. Montagu. -- n. An inchoative verb. See Inceptive.
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Inchon
Inchon prop. n. The name of a town in Korea and of a battle in the Korean War (1950), in which United Nations forces made an amphibious landing at Inchon, a harbor on the west coast of Korea.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Inchpin
Inch"pin (?), n. [Written also inchipin, inche-pinne, inne-pinne.] [Cf. Gael. inne, innidh, bowel, entrail.] The sweetbread of a deer. Cotgrave.
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Inchworm
Inch"worm` (?), n. (Zool.) The larva of any geometrid moth. It progresses forward by first bringing the rear end of the body forward, forming a loop, then moving the front part of the body; called also measuring worm, measuringworm, spanner, and looper. See Geometrid.
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Incicurable
In*cic"u*ra*ble (?), a. [L. incicur not tame; pref. in- not + cicur name.] Untamable. [R.]
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Incide
In*cide" (?), v. t. [L. incidere; pref. in- in + caedere to cut. See Concise, and cf. Incise.] To cut; to separate and remove; to resolve or break up, as by medicines. [Obs.] Arbuthnot.
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Incidence
In"ci*dence (?), n. [Cf. F. incidence.]
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1. A falling on or upon; an incident; an event; an occurrence. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.
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2. (Physics) The direction in which a body, or a ray of light or heat, falls on any surface.
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In equal incidences there is a considerable inequality of refractions. Sir I. Newton.
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3. The rate or ratio at which something occurs; as, the incidence of murder in Los Angeles; the incidence of cancer in men over 50.
[PJC]

Angle of incidence, the angle which a ray of light, or the line of incidence of a body, falling on any surface, makes with a perpendicular to that surface; also formerly, the complement of this angle. -- Line of incidence, the line in the direction of which a surface is struck by a body, ray of light, and the like.
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Incidency
In"ci*den*cy (?), n. Incidence. [Obs.] Shak.
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Incident
In"ci*dent (?), a. [L. incidens, -entis, p. pr. & of incidere to fall into or upon; pref. in- in, on + cadere to fall: cf. F. incident. See Cadence.]
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1. Falling or striking upon, as a ray of light upon a reflecting surface.
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2. Coming or happening accidentally; not in the usual course of things; not in connection with the main design; not according to expectation; casual; fortuitous.
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As the ordinary course of common affairs is disposed of by general laws, so likewise men's rarer incident necessities and utilities should be with special equity considered. Hooker.
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3. Liable to happen; apt to occur; befalling; hence, naturally happening or appertaining.
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All chances incident to man's frail life. Milton.
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The studies incident to his profession. Milward.
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4. (Law) Dependent upon, or appertaining to, another thing, called the principal.
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Incident proposition (Logic), a proposition subordinate to another, and introduced by who, which, whose, whom, etc.; as, Julius, whose surname was Cæsar, overcame Pompey. I. Watts.
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Incident
In"ci*dent, n. [Cf. F. incident.] 1. That which falls out or takes place; an event; casualty; occurrence.
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2. That which happens aside from the main design; an accidental or subordinate action or event.
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No person, no incident, in a play but must be of use to carry on the main design. Dryden.
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3. (Law) Something appertaining to, passing with, or depending on, another, called the principal. Tomlins.

Syn. -- Circumstance; event; fact; adventure; contingency; chance; accident; casualty. See Event.
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Incidental
In`ci*den"tal (?), a. Happening, as an occasional event, without regularity; coming without design; casual; accidental; hence, not of prime concern; subordinate; collateral; as, an incidental conversation; an incidental occurrence; incidental expenses.
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By some, religious duties . . . appear to be regarded . . . as an incidental business. Rogers.

Syn. -- Accidental; casual; fortuitous; contingent; chance; collateral. See Accidental.

-- In`ci*den"tal*ly, adv. -- In`ci*den"tal*ness, n.
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I treat either or incidentally of colors. Boyle.
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Incidental
In`ci*den"tal, n. An incident; that which is incidental; esp., in the plural, an aggregate of subordinate or incidental items not particularized; as, the expense of tuition and incidentals. Pope.
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Incidently
In"ci*dent*ly (?), adv. Incidentally. [Obs.]
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Incinerable
In*cin"er*a*ble (?), a. Capable of being incinerated or reduced to ashes. Sir T. Browne.
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Incinerate
In*cin"er*ate (?), [LL. incineratus, p. p. of incinerare to incinerate; L. pref. in- in + cinis, cineris, ashes.] Reduced to ashes by burning; thoroughly consumed by fire. [Obs.] Bacon.
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Incinerate
In*cin"er*ate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Incinerated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Incinerating (?).] To burn to ashes; to consume by fire; to burn. Bacon.
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It is the fire only that incinerates bodies. Boyle.
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Incineration
In*cin`er*a"tion (?), n. [LL. incineratio: cf. F. incinération.] The act of incinerating, or the state of being incinerated; cremation.
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The phenix kind,
Of whose incineration,
There riseth a new creation.
Skelton.

Incipiency
Incipience
{ In*cip"i*ence (?), In*cip"i*en*cy (?), } n. [L. incipientia.] Beginning; commencement; incipient state.
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Incipient
In*cip"i*ent (?), a. [L. incipiens, p. pr. of incipere to begin. See Inception.] Beginning to be, or to show itself; commencing; initial; as, the incipient stage of a fever; incipient light of day. -- In*cip"i*ent*ly, adv.
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Incircle
In*cir"cle (?), v. t. See Encircle.
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Incirclet
In*cir"clet (?), n. [Cf. Encirclet.] A small circle. [Obs.] Sir P. Sidney.
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Incircumscriptible
In*cir`cum*scrip"ti*ble (?), a. [Pref. in- not + circumscriptible: cf. LL. incircumscriptibilis.] Incapable of being circumscribed or limited. Cranmer.
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Incircumscription
In*cir`cum*scrip"tion (?), n. Condition or quality of being incircumscriptible or limitless. Jer. Taylor.
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Incircumspect
In*cir"cum*spect (?), a. [Pref. in- not + circumspect.] Not circumspect; heedless; careless; reckless; impolitic. Tyndale.
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Incircumspection
In*cir`cum*spec"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. incirconspection.] Lack of circumspection. Sir T. Browne.
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Incise
In*cise" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Incised (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Incising.] [L. incisus, p. p. of incidere to incise: cf. F. inciser. See Incide.]
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1. To cut in or into with a sharp instrument; to carve; to engrave.
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I on thy grave this epitaph incise. T. Carew.
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2. To cut, gash, or wound with a sharp instrument; to cut off.
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Incised
In*cised" (?), a. 1. Cut in; carved; engraved.
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2. (Bot.) Having deep and sharp notches, as a leaf or a petal.
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Incisely
In*cise"ly (?), adv. In an incised manner.
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Incision
In*ci"sion (?), n. [L. incisio: cf. F. incision. See Incise.]
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1. The act of incising, or cutting into a substance; specifically: (Med.) the cutting action made during surgery to gain access to the body parts under the skin. Milton.
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2. That which is produced by incising; the separation of the parts of any substance made by a cutting or pointed instrument; a cut; a gash; specifically (Med.) the cut in the skin made during surgery to gain access to the interior of the body.
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3. Separation or solution of viscid matter by medicines. [Obs.]
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Incisive
In*ci"sive (?), a. [Cf. F. incisif.]
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1. Having the quality of incising, cutting, or penetrating, as with a sharp instrument; cutting; hence, sharp; acute; sarcastic; biting; trenchant. “An incisive, high voice.” G. Eliot.
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And her incisive smile accrediting
That treason of false witness in my blush.
Mrs. Browning.
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2. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the incisors; incisor; as, the incisive bones, the premaxillaries.
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3. Clearly and succinctly stated, with penetrating insight into the issue at hand; as, an incisive comment.
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incisiveness
incisiveness n. keenness and forcefulnelss of thought or expression or intellect.
Syn. -- trenchancy.
[WordNet 1.5]

Incisor
In*ci"sor (?; 277), n. [NL.] (Anat.) One of the teeth in front of the canines in either jaw; an incisive tooth. See Tooth.
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Incisor
In*ci"sor, a. Adapted for cutting; of or pertaining to the incisors; incisive; as, the incisor nerve; an incisor foramen; an incisor tooth.
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Incisory
In*ci"so*ry (?), a. Having the quality of cutting; incisor; incisive.
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Incisure
In*cis"ure (?; 277), n. [L. incisura: cf. F. incisure.] A cut; an incision; a gash. Derham.
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Incitant
In*cit"ant (?), a. [L. incitans, -antis, p. pr. of incitare. See Incite.] Inciting; stimulating.
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Incitant
In*cit"ant, n. That which incites; an inciting agent or cause; a stimulant. E. Darwin.
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Incitation
In`ci*ta"tion (?), n. [L. incitatio: cf. F. incitation.]
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1. The act of inciting or moving to action.
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2. That which incites to action; that which rouses or prompts; incitement; motive; incentive.
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The noblest incitation to honest attempts. Tatler.
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Incitative
In*cit"a*tive (?), n. A provocative; an incitant; a stimulant. [R.] Jervas.
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Incite
In*cite" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Incited (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Inciting.] [L. incitare; pref. in- in + citare to rouse, stir up: cf. F. inciter. See Cite.] To move to action; to stir up; to rouse; to spur or urge on.
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Anthiochus, when he incited Prusias to join in war, set before him the greatness of the Romans. Bacon.
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No blown ambition doth our arms incite. Shak.

Syn. -- Excite; stimulate; instigate; spur; goad; arouse; move; urge; rouse; provoke; encourage; prompt; animate. See Excite.
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Incitement
In*cite"ment (?), n. [Cf. F. incitement.]
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1. The act of inciting.
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2. That which incites the mind, or moves to action; motive; incentive; impulse. Burke.
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From the long records of a distant age,
Derive incitements to renew thy rage.
Pope.

Syn. -- Motive; incentive; spur; stimulus; impulse; encouragement.
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Inciter
In*cit"er (?), n. One who, or that which, incites.
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Incitingly
In*cit"ing*ly, adv. So as to incite or stimulate.
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Incito-motor
In*ci`to-mo"tor (?), a. [L. incitus incited + E. motor.] (Physiol.) Inciting to motion; -- applied to that action which, in the case of muscular motion, commences in the nerve centers, and excites the muscles to contraction. Opposed to excito-motor.
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Incito-motory
In*ci`to-mo"to*ry (?), a. (Physiol.) Incitomotor.
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Incivil
In*civ"il (?), a. [L. incivilis; pref. in- not + civilis civil: cf. F. incivil.] Uncivil; rude. [Obs.] Shak.
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Incivility
In`ci*vil"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Incivilities (#). [L. incivilitas: cf. F. incivilité.]
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1. The quality or state of being uncivil; lack of courtesy; rudeness of manner; impoliteness. Shak. Tillotson.
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2. Any act of rudeness or ill breeding.
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Uncomely jests, loud talking and jeering, which, in civil account, are called indecencies and incivilities. Jer. Taylor.
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3. Lack of civilization; a state of rudeness or barbarism. [R.] Sir W. Raleigh.

Syn. -- Impoliteness; uncourteousness; unmannerliness; disrespect; rudeness; discourtesy.
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Incivilization
In*civ`i*li*za"tion (?), n. [Pref. in- not + civilization.] The state of being uncivilized; lack of civilization; barbarism.
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Incivilly
In*civ"il*ly (?), adv. Uncivilly. [Obs.] Shak.
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Incivism
In*civ"ism (?), n. [Pref. in- not + civism: cf. F. incivisme.] Lack of civism; lack of patriotism or love to one's country; unfriendliness to one's state or government. [R.] Macaulay.
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Inclamation
In`cla*ma"tion (?), n. [L. inclamatio. See 1st In-, and Claim.] Exclamation. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.
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Inclasp
In*clasp" (?), v. t. [Pref. in- in + clasp. Cf. Enclasp.] To clasp within; to hold fast to; to embrace or encircle. [Written also enclasp.]
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The flattering ivy who did ever see
Inclasp the huge trunk of an aged tree.
F. Beaumont.
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Inclaudent
In*clau"dent (?), a. Not closing or shutting.
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Inclavated
In"cla*va`ted (?), a. [LL. inclavatus; L. pref. in- in + clavare to fasten with nails, fr. clavus nail.] Set; fast; fixed. Dr. John Smith.
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Inclave
In*clave" (?), a. [See Inclavated.] (Her.) Resembling a series of dovetails; -- said of a line of division, such as the border of an ordinary.
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Incle
In"cle (?), n. Same as Inkle.
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Inclemency
In*clem"en*cy (?), n.; pl. Inclemencies (#). [L. inclementia: cf. F. inclémence.]
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1. The state or quality of being inclement; lack of clemency; lack of mildness of temper; unmercifulness; severity.
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The inclemency of the late pope. Bp. Hall.
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2. Physical severity or harshness (commonly in respect to the elements or weather); roughness; storminess; rigor; severe cold, wind, rain, or snow.
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The inclemencies of morning air. Pope.
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The rude inclemency of wintry skies. Cowper.

Syn. -- Harshness; severity; cruelty; rigor; roughness; storminess; boisterousness.
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Inclement
In*clem"ent (?), a. [L. inclemens; pref. in- not + clemens mild: cf. F. inclément. See Clement.]
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1. Not clement; destitute of a mild and kind temper; void of tenderness; unmerciful; severe; harsh.
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2. Physically severe or harsh (generally restricted to the elements or weather); rough; boisterous; stormy; rigorously cold, etc.; as, inclement weather. Cowper.
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The guard the wretched from the inclement sky. Pope.
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Teach us further by what means to shun
The inclement seasons, rain, ice, hail, and snow!
Milton.
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Inclemently
In*clem"ent*ly, adv. In an inclement manner.
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Inclinable
In*clin"a*ble (?), a. [L. inclinabilis. See Incline.]
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1. Leaning; tending.
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Likely and inclinable to fall. Bentley.
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2. Having a propensity of will or feeling; leaning in disposition; disposed; propense; as, a mind inclinable to truth.
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Whatsoever other sins he may be inclinable to. South.
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The very constitution of a multitude is not so inclinable to save as to destroy. Fuller.
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Inclinableness
In*clin"a*ble*ness, n. The state or quality of being inclinable; inclination.
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Inclination
In`cli*na"tion (?), n. [L. inclinatio: cf. F. inclination.]
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1. The act of inclining, or state of being inclined; a leaning; as, an inclination of the head.
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2. A direction or tendency from the true vertical or horizontal direction; as, the inclination of a column, or of a road bed.
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3. A tendency towards another body or point.
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4. (Geom.) The angle made by two lines or planes; as, the inclination of the plane of the earth's equator to the plane of the ecliptic is about 23° 28′; the inclination of two rays of light.
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5. A leaning or tendency of the mind, feelings, preferences, or will; propensity; a disposition more favorable to one thing than to another; favor; desire; love.
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A mere inclination to a thing is not properly a willing of that thing. South.
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How dost thou find the inclination of the people? Shak.
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6. A person or thing loved or admired. Sir W. Temple.
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7. (Pharm.) Decantation, or tipping for pouring.
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Inclination compass, an inclinometer. -- Inclination of an orbit (Astron.), the angle which the orbit makes with the ecliptic. -- Inclination of the needle. See Dip of the needle, under Dip.

Syn. -- Bent; tendency; proneness; bias; proclivity; propensity; prepossession; predilection; attachment; desire; affection; love. See Bent, and cf. Disposition.
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Inclinatory
In*clin"a*to*ry (?; 277), a. Having the quality of leaning or inclining; as, the inclinatory needle. -- In*clin"a*to*ri*ly (#), adv. Sir T. Browne.
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Incline
In*cline" (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Inclined (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Inclining.] [OE. inclinen, enclinen, OF. encliner, incliner, F. incliner, L. inclinare; pref. in- in + clinare to bend, incline; akin to E. lean. See Lean to incline.]
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1. To deviate from a line, direction, or course, toward an object; to lean; to tend; as, converging lines incline toward each other; a road inclines to the north or south.
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2. Fig.: To lean or tend, in an intellectual or moral sense; to favor an opinion, a course of conduct, or a person; to have a propensity or inclination; to be disposed.
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Their hearts inclined to follow Abimelech. Judges ix. 3.
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Power finds its balance, giddy motions cease
In both the scales, and each inclines to peace.
Parnell.
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3. To bow; to incline the head. Chaucer.

Syn. -- To lean; slope; slant; tend; bend.
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Incline
In*cline", v. t. 1. To cause to deviate from a line, position, or direction; to give a leaning, bend, or slope to; as, incline the column or post to the east; incline your head to the right.
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Incline thine ear, O Lord, and hear. Is. xxxvii. 17.
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2. To impart a tendency or propensity to, as to the will or affections; to turn; to dispose; to influence.
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Incline my heart unto thy testimonies. Ps. cxix. 36.
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Incline our hearts to keep this law. Book of Com. Prayer.
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3. To bend; to cause to stoop or bow; as, to incline the head or the body in acts of reverence or civility.
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With due respect my body I inclined. Dryden.
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Incline
In*cline", n. An inclined plane; an ascent or descent; a grade or gradient; a slope.
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Inclined
In*clined" (?), p. p. & a. 1. Having a leaning or tendency towards, or away from, a thing; disposed or moved by wish, desire, or judgment; as, a man inclined to virtue. “Each pensively inclined.” Cowper.
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2. (Math.) Making an angle with some line or plane; -- said of a line or plane.
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3. (Bot.) Bent out of a perpendicular position, or into a curve with the convex side uppermost.
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Inclined plane. (Mech.) (a) A plane that makes an oblique angle with the plane of the horizon; a sloping plane. When used to produce pressure, or as a means of moving bodies, it is one of the mechanical powers, so called. (b) (Railroad & Canal) An inclined portion of track, on which trains or boats are raised or lowered from one level to another.
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Incliner
In*clin"er (?), n. One who, or that which, inclines; specifically, an inclined dial.
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Inclining
In*clin"ing, a. (Bot.) Same as Inclined, 3.
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Inclining
In*clin"ing, n. 1. Inclination; disposition.
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On the first inclining towards sleep. Burke.
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2. Party or side chosen; a following.
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Both you of my inclining, and the rest. Shak.
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Inclinnometer
In`clin*nom"e*ter (?), n. [Incline + -meter.] (Magnetism) An apparatus to determine the inclination of the earth's magnetic force to the plane of the horizon; -- called also inclination compass, and dip circle.
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Inclip
In*clip" (?), v. t. To clasp; to inclose.
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Whate'er the ocean pales, or sky inclips. Shak.
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Incloister
In*clois"ter (?), v. t. [Pref. in- in + cloister: cf. F. encloîtrer. Cf. Encloister.] To confine as in a cloister; to cloister. Lovelace.
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Inclose
In*close" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Inclosed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Inclosing.] [See Enclose, and cf. Include.] [Written also enclose.]
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1. To surround; to shut in; to confine on all sides; to include; to shut up; to encompass; as, to inclose a fort or an army with troops; to inclose a town with walls.
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How many evils have inclosed me round! Milton.
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2. To put within a case, envelope, or the like; to fold (a thing) within another or into the same parcel; as, to inclose a letter or a bank note.
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The inclosed copies of the treaty. Sir W. Temple.
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3. To separate from common grounds by a fence; as, to inclose lands. Blackstone.
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4. To put into harness; to harness. [Obs.]
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They went to coach and their horse inclose. Chapman.
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Incloser
In*clos"er (?), n. One who, or that which, incloses; one who fences off land from common grounds.
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Inclosure
In*clo"sure (?; 135), n. [See Inclose, Enclosure.] [Written also enclosure.]
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1. The act of inclosing; the state of being inclosed, shut up, or encompassed; the separation of land from common ground by a fence.
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2. That which is inclosed or placed within something; a thing contained; a space inclosed or fenced up.
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Within the inclosure there was a great store of houses. Hakluyt.
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3. That which incloses; a barrier or fence.
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Breaking our inclosures every morn. W. Browne.
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Incloud
In*cloud" (?), v. t. To envelop as in clouds; to darken; to obscure. Milton.
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Include
In*clude" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Included; p. pr. & vb. n. Including.] [L. includere, inclusum; pref. in- in + claudere to shut. See Close, and cf. Enclose.]
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1. To confine within; to hold; to contain; to shut up; to inclose; as, the shell of a nut includes the kernel; a pearl is included in a shell.
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2. To comprehend or comprise, as a genus the species, the whole a part, an argument or reason the inference; to contain; to embrace; as, this volume of Shakespeare includes his sonnets; he was included in the invitation to the family; to and including page twenty-five.
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The whole included race, his purposed prey. Milton.
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The loss of such a lord includes all harm. Shak.
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3. To conclude; to end; to terminate. [Obs.]
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Come, let us go; we will include all jars
With triumphs, mirth, and rare solemnity.
Shak.

Syn. -- To contain; inclose; comprise; comprehend; embrace; involve.
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Included
In*clud"ed (?), a. Inclosed; confined.
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Included stamens (Bot.), such as are shorter than the floral envelopes, or are concealed within them.
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Includible
In*clud"i*ble (?), a. Capable of being included.
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Inclusa
In*clu"sa (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. L. inclusus, p. p. of includere to shut in.] (Zool.) A tribe of bivalve mollusks, characterized by the closed state of the mantle which envelops the body. The ship borer (Teredo navalis) is an example.
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Inclusion
In*clu"sion (?), n. [L. inclusio: cf. F. inclusion. See Include.]
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1. The act of including, or the state of being included; limitation; restriction; as, the lines of inclusion of his policy. Sir W. Temple.
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2. Something that is included.
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3. (Min.) A foreign substance, either liquid or solid, usually of minute size, inclosed in the mass of a mineral.
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4. (Biol., Cytology) A small body suspended within the cytoplasm of a cell.
[PJC]

5. (Logic, Math.) The relationship existing between two sets if one is a subset of the other.
[PJC]

Inclusive
In*clu"sive (?), a. [Cf. F. inclusif.]
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1. Inclosing; encircling; surrounding.
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The inclusive verge
Of golden metal that must round my brow.
Shak.
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2. Comprehending the stated limit or extremes; as, from Monday to Saturday inclusive, that is, taking in both Monday and Saturday; -- opposed to exclusive.
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Inclusively
In*clu"sive*ly, adv. In an inclusive manner.
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Incoach
In*coach" (?), v. t. To put a coach.

Incoacted
Incoact
{ In`co*act" (?), In`co*act"ed (?), } a. [L. incoactus; pref. in- not + coactus forced. See Coact.] Not compelled; unconstrained. [Obs.] Coles.
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Incoagulable
In`co*ag"u*la*ble (?), a. Not coagulable.
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Incoalescence
In`co*a*les"cence (?), n. The state of not coalescing.
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Incocted
In*coct"ed (?), a. [Cf. Concoct.] Raw; indigestible. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.
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Incoercible
In`co*er"ci*ble (?), a. [Pref. in- not + coercible: cf. F. incoercible.]
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1. Not to be coerced; incapable of being compelled or forced.
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2. (Physics) Not capable of being reduced to the form of a liquid by pressure; -- said of any gas above its critical temperature.
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3. (Physics) That can note be confined in, or excluded from, vessels, like ordinary fluids, gases, etc.; -- said of the imponderable fluids, heat, light, electricity, etc.
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Incoexistence
In`co*ex*ist"ence (?), n. The state of not coexisting. [Obs.] Locke.
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Incog
In*cog" (?), adv. Incognito. [Colloq.]
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Depend upon it -- he'll remain incog. Addison.
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Incogitable
In*cog"i*ta*ble (?), a. [L. incogitabilis; pref. in- not + cogitabilis cogitable.] Not cogitable; inconceivable. Sir T. More.

Incogitancy
Incogitance
{ In*cog"i*tance (?), In*cog"i*tan*cy (?), } n. [L. incogitantia.] Lack of thought, or of the power of thinking; thoughtlessness; unreasonableness.
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'T is folly and incogitancy to argue anything, one way or the other, from the designs of a sort of beings with whom we so little communicate. Glanvill.
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Incogitant
In*cog"i*tant (?), a. [L. incogitans; pref. in- not + cogitans, p. pr. of cogitare to think. See Cogitate.] Thoughtless; inconsiderate. [R.] Milton.
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Men are careless and incogitant. J. Goodman.
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Incogitantly
In*cog"i*tant*ly, adv. In an incogitant manner.
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Incogitative
In*cog"i*ta*tive (?), a. Not cogitative; not thinking; lacking the power of thought; as, a vegetable is an incogitative being. Locke.
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Incogitativity
In*cog`i*ta*tiv"i*ty (?), n. The quality of being incogitative; lack of thought or of the power of thinking. Wollaston.
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Incognita
In*cog"ni*ta (?), n. [See Incognito.]
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1. A woman who is unknown or in disguise.
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2. The state of being in disguise; -- said of a woman.
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Incognitant
In*cog"ni*tant (?), a. Ignorant. [Obs.]
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Incognito
In*cog"ni*to (?), a. or adv. [It. incognito, masc., incognita, fem., L. incognitus unknown; pref. in- not + cognitus known, p. p. of cognoscere: cf. F. incognito, fr. It. See Cognition.] Without being known; in disguise; in an assumed character, or under an assumed title; -- said esp. of great personages who sometimes adopt a disguise or an assumed character in order to avoid notice.
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'T was long ago
Since gods come down incognito.
Prior.
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The prince royal of Persia came thither incognito. Tatler.
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Incognito
In*cog"ni*to, n.; pl. Incognitos (#). [See Incognito, a.]
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1. One unknown or in disguise, or under an assumed character or name.
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2. The assumption of disguise or of a feigned character; the state of being in disguise or not recognized.
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His incognito was endangered. Sir W. Scott.
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Incognizable
In*cog"ni*za*ble (?), a. Not cognizable; incapable of being recognized, known, or distinguished. H. Spenser.
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The Lettish race, not a primitive stock of the Slavi, but a distinct branch, now become incognizable. Tooke.
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Incognizance
In*cog"ni*zance (?), n. Failure to cognize, apprehended, or notice.
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This incognizance may be explained. Sir W. Hamilton.
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Incognizant
In*cog"ni*zant (?), a. Not cognizant; failing to apprehended or notice.
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Of the several operations themselves, as acts of volition, we are wholly incognizant. Sir W. Hamilton.
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Incognoscible
In`cog*nos"ci*ble (?), a. Incognizable. -- In`cog*nos"ci*bil"i*ty (#), n.

Incoherency
Incoherence
{ In`co*her"ence (?), In`co*her"en*cy (?), } n. [Cf. F. incohérence.]
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1. The quality or state of being incoherent; lack of coherence; lack of cohesion or adherence. Boyle.
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2. Lack of connection; incongruity; inconsistency; lack of agreement or dependence of one part on another; as, the incoherence of arguments, facts, etc.
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Incoherences in matter, and suppositions without proofs, put handsomely together, are apt to pass for strong reason. Locke.
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3. That which is incoherent.
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Crude incoherencies . . . and nauseous tautologies. South.
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Incoherent
In`co*her"ent (?), a. [Pref. in- not + coherent: cf. F. incohérent.]
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1. Not coherent; wanting cohesion; loose; unconnected; physically disconnected; not fixed to each; -- said of material substances. Woodward.
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2. Lacking logical coherence or agreement; incongruous; inconsistent; having no dependence of one part on another; logically disconnected; rambling; -- of speech or discourse. “The same rambling, incoherent manner.” Bp. Warburton.
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3. Exhibiting incoherent{2} speech or thought; -- of people; as, a confused and incoherent accident victim.
[PJC]

4. Lacking harmony or congruity of parts.
[PJC]

Incoherentific
In`co*her`en*tif"ic (?), a. [E. incoherent + L. facere to make.] Causing incoherence. [R.]
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Incoherently
In`co*her"ent*ly (?), adv. In an incoherent manner; without due connection of parts.
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Incoherentness
In`co*her"ent*ness, n. Incoherence.
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Incoincidence
In`co*in"ci*dence (?), n. The quality of being incoincident; lack of coincidence. [R.]
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Incoincident
In`co*in"ci*dent (?), a. Not coincident; not agreeing in time, in place, or principle.
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Incolumity
In`co*lu"mi*ty (?), n. [L. incolumitas, fr. incolumis uninjured, safe; perh. fr. in intens. + (doubtful) columis safe.] Safety; security. [Obs.] Howell.
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Incomber
In*com"ber (?), v. t. See Encumber.
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Incombine
In`com*bine" (?), v. i. To be incapable of combining; to disagree; to differ. [Obs.] Milton.
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Incombustibility
In`com*bus`ti*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. incombustilité.] The quality of being incombustible.
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Incombustible
In`com*bus"ti*ble (?), a. [Pref. in- not + combustible: cf. F. incombustible.] Not combustible; not capable of being burned, decomposed, or consumed by fire; uninflammable; as, asbestus is an incombustible substance; carbon dioxide is an incombustible gas.
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Incombustible cloth, a tissue of amianthus or asbestus; also, a fabric imbued with an incombustible substance.

-- In`com*bus"ti*ble*ness, n. -- In`com*bus"ti*bly, adv.
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Income
In"come (?), n. 1. A coming in; entrance; admittance; ingress; infusion. [Obs.] Shak.
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More abundant incomes of light and strength from God. Bp. Rust.
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At mine income I louted low. Drant.
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2. That which is caused to enter; inspiration; influence; hence, courage or zeal imparted. [R.]
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I would then make in and steep
My income in their blood.
Chapman.
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3. That gain which proceeds from labor, business, property, or capital of any kind, as the produce of a farm, the rent of houses, the proceeds of professional business, the profits of commerce or of occupation, or the interest of money or stock in funds, etc.; revenue; receipts; salary; especially, the annual receipts of a private person, or a corporation, from property; as, a large income.
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No fields afford
So large an income to the village lord.
Dryden.
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4. (Physiol.) That which is taken into the body as food; the ingesta; -- sometimes restricted to the nutritive, or digestible, portion of the food. See Food. Opposed to output.
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Income bond, a bond issued on the income of the corporation or company issuing it, and the interest of which is to be paid from the earnings of the company before any dividends are made to stockholders; -- issued chiefly or exclusively by railroad companies. -- Income tax, a tax upon a person's incomes, emoluments, profits, etc., or upon the excess beyond a certain amount.

Syn. -- Gain; profit; proceeds; salary; revenue; receipts; interest; emolument; produce.
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Incomer
In"com`er (?), n. 1. One who comes in.
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Outgoers and incomers. Lew Wallace.
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2. One who succeeds another, as a tenant of land, houses, etc. [Eng.]
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Incoming
In"com`ing, a. 1. Coming in; accruing.
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A full incoming profit on the product of his labor. Burke.
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2. Coming in, succeeding, or following, as occupant or possessor; as, in incoming tenant.
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Incoming
In"com`ing, n. 1. The act of coming in; arrival.
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The incomings and outgoings of the trains. Dickens.
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2. Income; gain. [R.]
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Many incomings are subject to great fluctuations. Tooke.
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Incomity
In*com"i*ty (?), n. Lack of comity; incivility; rudeness. [R.]
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In commendam
In com*men"dam (?). [See Commendam.] (Law) See Commendam, and Partnership in Commendam, under Partnership.
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Incommensurability
In`com*men`su*ra*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. incommensurabilité.] The quality or state of being incommensurable. Reid.
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Incommensurable
In`com*men"su*ra*ble (?), a. [Pref. in- not + commensurable: cf. F. incommensurable.] Not commensurable; having no common measure or standard of comparison; as, quantities are incommensurable when no third quantity can be found that is an aliquot part of both; the side and diagonal of a square are incommensurable with each other; the diameter and circumference of a circle are incommensurable.
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They are quantities incommensurable. Burke.

-- In`com*men"su*ra*ble*ness, n. -- In`com*men"su*ra*bly, adv.
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Incommensurable
In`com*men"su*ra*ble (?), n. One of two or more quantities which have no common measure.
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Incommensurate
In`com*men"su*rate (?), a. 1. Not commensurate; not admitting of a common measure; incommensurable.
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2. Not of equal of sufficient measure or extent; not adequate; as, our means are incommensurate to our wants.

Syn. -- Inadequate; insufficient; disproportionate.

-- In`com*men"su*rate*ly, adv. -- In`com*men"su*rate*ness, n.
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Incommiscible
In`com*mis"ci*ble (?), a. [L. incommiscibilis; pref. in- not + commiscibilis that can be mingled.] Not commiscible; not mixable.
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Incommixture
In`com*mix"ture (?; 135), n. A state of being unmixed; separateness. Sir T. Browne.
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Incommodate
In*com"mo*date (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Incommodated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Incommodating (?).] [L. incommodare. See Incommode.] To incommode. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.
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Incommodation
In*com`mo*da"tion (?), n. The state of being incommoded; inconvenience. [Obs.]
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Incommode
In`com*mode" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Incommoded; p. pr. & vb. n. Incommoding.] [F. incommoder, L. incommodare inconvenient; pref. in- not + commodus convenient. See Commodious.] To give inconvenience or trouble to; to disturb or molest; to discommode; to worry; to put out; as, we are incommoded by lack of room.

Syn. -- To annoy; disturb; trouble; molest; disaccomodate; inconvenience; disquiet; vex; plague.
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Incommode
In`com*mode", n. An inconvenience. [R.] Strype.
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Incommodement
In`com*mode"ment (?), n. The act of incommoded. [Obs.] Cheyne.
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Incommodious
In`com*mo"di*ous (?), a. [Pref. in- not + commodious: cf. LL. incommodious, L. incommodus, F. incommode.] Tending to incommode; not commodious; not affording ease or advantage; unsuitable; giving trouble; inconvenient; annoying; as, an incommodious seat; an incommodious arrangement. -- In`com*mo"di*ous*ly, adv. -- In`com*mo"di*ous*ness, n.
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Incommodity
In`com*mo"di*ty (?), n.; pl. Incommodities (#). [L. incommoditas: cf. F. incommodité. See Incommodious.] Inconvenience; trouble; annoyance; disadvantage; encumbrance. [Archaic] Bunyan.
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A great incommodity to the body. Jer. Taylor.
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Buried him under a bulk of incommodities. Hawthorne.
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Incommunicability
In`com*mu`ni*ca*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. incommunicabilité.] The quality or state of being incommunicable, or incapable of being imparted.
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Incommunicable
In`com*mu"ni*ca*ble (?), a. [L. incommunicabilis: cf. F. incommunicable. See In- not, and Communicable.] Not communicable; incapable of being communicated, shared, told, or imparted, to others.
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Health and understanding are incommunicable. Southey.
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Those incommunicable relations of the divine love. South.

-- In`com*mu"ni*ca*ble*ness, n. -- In`com*mu"ni*ca*bly, adv.
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Incommunicated
In`com*mu"ni*ca`ted (?), a. Not communicated or imparted. [Obs.] Dr. H. More.
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Incommunicating
In`com*mu"ni*ca`ting, a. Having no communion or intercourse with each other. [Obs.] Sir M. Hale.
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Incommunicative
In`com*mu"ni*ca*tive (?), a. Not communicative; not free or apt to impart to others in conversation; reserved; silent; as, the messenger was incommunicative; hence, not disposed to hold fellowship or intercourse with others; exclusive.
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The Chinese . . . an incommunicative nation. C. Buchanan.

-- In`com*mu"ni*ca*tive*ly, adv. -- In`com*mu"ni*ca*tive*ness, n. Lamb.
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His usual incommunicativeness. G. Eliot.
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Incommutability
In`com*mu`ta*bil"i*ty (?), n. [L. incommutabilitas: cf. F. incommutabilité.] The quality or state of being incommutable.
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Incommutable
In`com*mut"a*ble (?), a. [L. incommutabilis: cf. F. incommutable. See In- not, and Commutable.] Not commutable; not capable of being exchanged with, or substituted for, another. Cudworth. -- In`com*mut"a*ble*ness, n. -- In`com*mut"a*bly, adv.

Incompacted
Incompact
{ In`com*pact" (?), In`com*pact"ed, } a. Not compact; not having the parts firmly united; not solid; incoherent; loose; discrete. Boyle.
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Incomparable
In*com"pa*ra*ble (?), a. [L. incomparabilis: cf. F. incomparable. See In- not, and Comparable.] Not comparable; admitting of no comparison with others; unapproachably eminent; without a peer or equal; matchless; peerless; transcendent.
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A merchant of incomparable wealth. Shak.
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A new hypothesis . . . which hath the incomparable Sir Isaac Newton for a patron. Bp. Warburton.

-- In*com"pa*ra*ble*ness, n. -- In*com"pa*ra*bly, adv.
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Delights incomparably all those corporeal things. Bp. Wilkins.
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Incompared
In`com*pared" (?), a. Peerless; incomparable. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Incompass
In*com"pass (?), v. t. See Encompass.
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Incompassion
In`com*pas"sion (?), n. [Pref. in- not + compassion: cf. F. incompassion.] Lack of compassion or pity. [Obs.] Bp. Sanderson.
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Incompassionate
In`com*pas"sion*ate (?), a. Not compassionate; void of pity or of tenderness; remorseless. -- In`com*pas"sion*ate*ly, adv. -- In`com*pas"sion*ate*ness, n.
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Incompatibility
In`com*pat`i*bil"i*ty (?), n.; pl. -ties (&unr_;). [Cf. F. incompatibilité.] The quality or state of being incompatible; inconsistency; irreconcilableness.
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Incompatible
In`com*pat"i*ble (?), a. [Pref. in- not + compatible: cf. F. incompatible.] [It was formerly sometimes written incompetible.]
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1. Not compatible; so differing as to be incapable of harmonious combination or coexistence; inconsistent in thought or being; irreconcilably disagreeing; as, persons of incompatible tempers; incompatible colors, desires, ambition.
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A strength and obduracy of character incompatible with his meek and innocent nature. Southey.
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2. (Chem.) Incapable of being together without mutual reaction or decomposition, as certain medicines.
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Incompatible terms (Logic), terms which can not be combined in thought.

Syn. -- Inconsistent; incongruous; dissimilar; irreconcilable; unsuitable; disagreeing; inharmonious; discordant; repugnant; contradictory. See Inconsistent.
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Incompatible
In`com*pat"i*ble (?), n. (Med. & Chem.) An incompatible substance; esp., in pl., things which can not be placed or used together because of a change of chemical composition or of opposing medicinal qualities; as, the incompatibles of iron.
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Incompatibleness
In`com*pat"i*ble*ness, n. The quality or state of being incompatible; incompatibility.
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Incompatibly
In`com*pat"i*bly, adv. In an incompatible manner; inconsistently; incongruously.

Incompetency
Incompetence
{ In*com"pe*tence (?), In*com"pe*tency (?), } n. [Cf. F. incompétence.]
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1. The quality or state of being incompetent; lack of physical, intellectual, or moral ability; lack of qualifications or training (for a particular task); insufficiency; inadequacy; as, the incompetency of a child for hard labor, or of an idiot for intellectual efforts. “Some inherent incompetency.” Gladstone.
Syn. -- incompetence.
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2. (Law) Lack of competency or legal fitness; incapacity; disqualification, as of a person to be heard as a witness, or to act as a juror, or of a judge to try a cause.

Syn. -- Inability; insufficiency; inadequacy; disqualification; incapability; unfitness.
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Incompetent
In*com"pe*tent (?), a. [L. incompetens: cf. F. incompétent. See In- not, and Competent.]
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1. Not competent; wanting in adequate strength, power, capacity, means, qualifications, or the like; incapable; unable; inadequate; unfit.
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Incompetent to perform the duties of the place. Macaulay.
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2. (Law) Wanting the legal or constitutional qualifications; inadmissible; as, a person professedly wanting in religious belief is an incompetent witness in a court of law or equity; incompetent evidence; a mentally defective person is incompetent to care for himself and requires a legal guardian.
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Richard III. had a resolution, out of hatred to his brethren, to disable their issues, upon false and incompetent pretexts, the one of attainder, the other of illegitimation. Bacon.
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3. Not lying within one's competency, capacity, or authorized power; not permissible.

Syn. -- Incapable; unable; inadequate; insufficient; inefficient; disqualified; unfit; improper. -- Incompetent, Incapable. Incompetent is a relative term, denoting a lack of the requisite qualifications for performing a given act, service, etc.; incapable is absolute in its meaning, denoting lack of power, either natural or moral. We speak of a man as incompetent to a certain task, of an incompetent judge, etc. We say of an idiot that he is incapable of learning to read; and of a man distinguished for his honor, that he is incapable of a mean action.
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Incompetently
In*com"pe*tent*ly, adv. In an competent manner; inadequately; unsuitably.
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Incompetibility
In`com*pet`i*bil"i*ty (?), n. See Incompatibility.
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Incompetible
In`com*pet"i*ble (?), a. See Incompatible.
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Incomplete
In`com*plete" (?), a. [L. incompletus: cf. F. incomplet. See In- not, and Complete.]
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1. Not complete; not filled up; not finished; not having all its parts, or not having them all adjusted; imperfect; defective.
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A most imperfect and incomplete divine. Milton.
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2. (Bot.) Wanting any of the usual floral organs; -- said of a flower.
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Incomplete equation (Alg.), an equation some of whose terms are wanting; or one in which the coefficient of some one or more of the powers of the unknown quantity is equal to 0.
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Incompletely
In`com*plete"ly, adv. In an incomplete manner.
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Incompleteness
In`com*plete"ness, n. The state of being incomplete; imperfectness; defectiveness. Boyle.
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Incompletion
In`com*ple"tion (?), n. Lack of completion; incompleteness. Smart.
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Incomplex
In`com*plex" (?), a. [Pref. in- not + complex: cf. F. incomplexe.] Not complex; uncompounded; simple. Barrow.
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Incompliable
In`com*pli"a*ble (?), a. Not compliable; not conformable.
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Incompliance
In`com*pli"ance (?), n. 1. The quality or state of being incompliant; unyielding temper; obstinacy.
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Self-conceit produces peevishness and incompliance of humor in things lawful and indifferent. Tillotson.
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2. Refusal or failure to comply. Strype.
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Incompliant
In`com*pli"ant (?), a. Not compliant; unyielding to request, solicitation, or command; stubborn. -- In`com*pli"ant*ly, adv.
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Incomposed
In`com*posed" (?), a. Disordered; disturbed. [Obs.] Milton. -- In`com*po"sed*ly (#), adv. [Obs.] -- In`com*pos"ed*ness, n. [Obs.]
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Incomposite
In`com*pos"ite (?), a. [L. incompositus. See Composite.] Not composite; uncompounded; simple.
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Incomposite numbers. See Prime numbers, under Prime.
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Incompossible
In`com*pos"si*ble (?), a. [Pref. in- not + compossible: cf. F. incompossible.] Not capable of joint existence; incompatible; inconsistent. [Obs.]
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Ambition and faith . . . are . . . incompossible. Jer. Taylor.

-- In`com*pos`si*bil"i*ty (#), n. [Obs.]
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Incomprehense
In*com`pre*hense" (?), a. [L. incomprehensus.] Incomprehensible. [Obs.]Incomprehense in virtue.” Marston.
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Incomprehensibility
In*com`pre*hen`si*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. incompréhensibilité.] The quality of being incomprehensible, or beyond the reach of human intellect; incomprehensibleness; inconceivability; inexplicability.
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The constant, universal sense of all antiquity unanimously confessing an incomprehensibility in many of the articles of the Christian faith. South.
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Incomprehensible
In*com`pre*hen"si*ble (?), a. [L. incomprehensibilis: cf. F. incompréhensible. See In- not, and Comprehensible.]
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1. Not capable of being contained within limits.
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An infinite and incomprehensible substance. Hooker.
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2. Not capable of being comprehended or understood; beyond the reach of the human intellect; inconceivable.
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And all her numbered stars that seem to roll
Spaces incomprehensible.
Milton.

-- In*com`pre*hen"si*ble*ness, n. -- In*com`pre*hen"si*bly, adv.
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Incomprehension
In*com`pre*hen"sion (?), n. Lack of comprehension or understanding. “These mazes and incomprehensions.” Bacon.
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Incomprehensive
In*com`pre*hen"sive (?), a. Not comprehensive; not capable of including or of understanding; not extensive; limited. -- In*com`pre*hen"sive*ly, a. Sir W. Hamilton. -- In*com`pre*hen"sive*ness, n. T. Warton.
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Incompressibility
In`com*press`i*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. incompressibilité.] The quality of being incompressible, or incapable of reduction in volume by pressure; -- formerly supposed to be a property of liquids.
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The incompressibility of water is not absolute. Rees.
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Incompressible
In`com*press"i*ble (?), a. [Pref. in- not + compressible: cf. F. incompressible.] Not compressible; incapable of being reduced by force or pressure into a smaller compass or volume; resisting compression; as, many liquids and solids appear to be almost incompressible. -- In`com*press"i*ble*ness, n.
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Incomputable
In`com*put"a*ble (?), a. Not computable.
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Inconcealable
In`con*ceal"a*ble (?), a. Not concealable.Inconcealable imperfections.” Sir T. Browne.
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Inconceivability
In`con*ceiv`a*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality of being inconceivable; inconceivableness.
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The inconceivability of the Infinite. Mansel.
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Inconceivable
In`con*ceiv"a*ble (?), a. [Pref. in- not + conceivable: cf. F. inconcevable.] Not conceivable; incapable of being conceived by the mind; not explicable by the human intellect, or by any known principles or agencies; incomprehensible; as, it is inconceivable to us how the will acts in producing muscular motion.
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It is inconceivable to me that a spiritual substance should represent an extended figure. Locke.

-- In`con*ceiv"a*ble*ness, n. -- In`con*ceiv"a*bly, adv.
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The inconceivableness of a quality existing without any subject to possess it. A. Tucker.
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Inconceptible
In`con*cep"ti*ble (?), a. Inconceivable. [Obs.] Sir M. Hale.
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Inconcerning
In`con*cern"ing (?), a. Unimportant; trifling. [Obs.] “Trifling and inconcerning matters.” Fuller.
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Inconcinne
In`con*cinne" (?), a. [See Inconcinnous.] Dissimilar; incongruous; unsuitable. [Obs.] Cudworth.
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Inconcinnity
In`con*cin"ni*ty (?), n. [L. inconcinnitas.] Lack of concinnity or congruousness; unsuitableness.
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There is an inconcinnity in admitting these words. Trench.
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Inconcinnous
In`con*cin"nous (?), a. [L. inconcinnus. See In- not, and Concinnity.] Not concinnous; unsuitable; discordant. [Obs.] Cudworth.
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Inconcludent
In`con*clud"ent (?), a. Not inferring a conclusion or consequence; not conclusive. [Obs.]
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Inconcluding
In`con*clud"ing, a. Inferring no consequence. [Obs.]
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Inconclusive
In`con*clu"sive (?), a. Not conclusive; leading to no conclusion; not closing or settling a point in debate, or a doubtful question; as, evidence is inconclusive when it does not exhibit the truth of a disputed case in such a manner as to satisfy the mind, and put an end to debate or doubt.
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Arguments . . . inconclusive and impertinent. South.

-- In`con*clu"sive*ly, adv. -- In`con*clu"sive*ness, n.
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Inconcoct
In`con*coct" (?), a. [L. pref. in- not + concoctus, p. p. of concoquere. See Concoct.] Inconcocted. [Obs.]
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Inconcocted
In`con*coct"ed, a. [Pref. in- not + concocted.] Imperfectly digested, matured, or ripened. [Obs.] Bacon.
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Inconcoction
In`con*coc"tion (?), n. The state of being undigested; unripeness; immaturity. [Obs.] Bacon.
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Inconcrete
In*con"crete (?), a. [L. inconcretus incorporeal.] Not concrete. [R.] L. Andrews.
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Inconcurring
In`con*cur"ring, a. Not concurring; disagreeing. [R.] Sir T. Browne.
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Inconcussible
In`con*cus"si*ble (?), a. [Pref. in- not + L. concussibilis that can be shaken. See Concussion.] Not concussible; that cannot be shaken.

Incondensibility
Incondensability
{ In`con*den`sa*bil"i*ty (?), In`con*den`si*bil"i*ty (?), } n. The quality or state of being incondensable.

Incondensible
Incondensable
{ In`con*den"sa*ble (?), In`con*den"si*ble, } a. Not condensable; incapable of being made more dense or compact, or reduced to liquid form.
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Incondite
In"con*dite (?; 277), a. [L. inconditus; pref. in- not + conditus, p. p. of condere to put or join together. See Condition.] Badly put together; inartificial; rude; unpolished; irregular. “Carol incondite rhymes.” J. Philips.
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Inconditional
In`con*di"tion*al (?), a. [Pref. in- not + conditional: cf. F. inconditionnel.] Unconditional. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
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Inconditionate
In`con*di"tion*ate (?), a. [Pref. in- not + conditionate: cf. F. inconditionné.] Not conditioned; not limited; absolute. [Obs.] Boyle.
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Inconform
In`con*form" (?), a. [Pref. in- not + conform.] Unconformable. [Obs.] Gauden.
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Inconformable
In`con*form"a*ble (?), a. Unconformable. [Obs.]
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Inconformity
In`con*form"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. inconformité.] Lack of conformity; nonconformity. [Obs.]
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Inconfused
In`con*fused" (?), a. Not confused; distinct. [Obs.]
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Inconfusion
In`con*fu"sion (?) n. Freedom from confusion; distinctness. [Obs.] Bacon.
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Inconfutable
In`con*fut"a*ble (?), a. Not confutable. -- In`con*fut"a*bly, adv. [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.
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Incongealable
In`con*geal"a*ble (?), a. [L. incongelabilis. See Congeal.] Not congealable; incapable of being congealed. -- In`con*geal"a*ble*ness, n.
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Incongenial
In`con*gen"ial (?), a. Not congenial; uncongenial. [R.] -- In`con*ge`ni*al"i*ty (#), n.. [R.]
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Incongruence
In*con"gru*ence (?), n. [L. incongruentia.] Lack of congruence; incongruity. Boyle.
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Incongruent
In*con"gru*ent (?), a. [L. incongruens. See In- not, and Congruent.] Incongruous. Sir T. Elyot.
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Incongruity
In`con*gru"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Incongruities (#). [Pref. in- not + congruity: cf. F. incongruité.]
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1. The quality or state of being incongruous; lack of congruity; unsuitableness; inconsistency; impropriety.
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The fathers make use of this acknowledgment of the incongruity of images to the Deity, from thence to prove the incongruity of the worship of them. Bp. Stillingfleet.
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2. Disagreement of parts; lack of symmetry or of harmony. [Obs.]
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3. That which is incongruous; lack of congruity.
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Incongruous
In*con"gru*ous (?), a. [L. incongruus. See In- not, and Congruous.] Not congruous; reciprocally disagreeing; not capable of harmonizing or readily assimilating; inharmonious; inappropriate; unsuitable; not fitting; inconsistent; improper; as, an incongruous remark; incongruous behavior, action, dress, etc.Incongruous mixtures of opinions.” I. Taylor. “Made up of incongruous parts.” Macaulay.
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Incongruous denotes that kind of absence of harmony or suitableness of which the taste and experience of men takes cognizance. C. J. Smith.
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Incongruous numbers (Arith.), two numbers, which, with respect to a third, are such that their difference can not be divided by it without a remainder, the two numbers being said to be incongruous with respect to the third; as, twenty and twenty-five are incongruous with respect to four.

Syn. -- Inconsistent; unsuitable; inharmonious; disagreeing; absurd; inappropriate; unfit; improper. See Inconsistent.

-- In*con"gru*ous*ly, adv. -- In*con"gru*ous*ness, n.
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Inconnected
In`con*nect"ed (?), a. Not connected; disconnected. [R.] Bp. Warburton.
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Inconnection
In`con*nec"tion (?), n. Disconnection.
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Inconnexedly
In`con*nex"ed*ly (?), adv. [Pref. in- not + connexed (p. p. of connex) + -ly.] Not connectedly; without connection. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
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Inconscionable
In*con"scion*a*ble (?), a. Unconscionable. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Inconscious
In*con"scious (?), a. Unconscious. [Obs.]
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Inconsecutiveness
In`con*sec"u*tive*ness (?), n. The state or quality of not being consecutive. J. H. Newman.
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Inconsequence
In*con"se*quence (?), n. [L. inconsequentia: cf. F. inconséquence.] The quality or state of being inconsequent; lack of just or logical inference or argument; inconclusiveness. Bp. Stillingfleet.
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Strange, that you should not see the inconsequence of your own reasoning! Bp. Hurd.
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Inconsequent
In*con"se*quent (?), a. [L. inconsequens: cf. F. inconséquent. See In- not, and Consequent.] Not following from the premises; not regularly inferred; invalid; not characterized by logical method; illogical; arbitrary; inconsistent; of no consequence.
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Loose and inconsequent conjectures. Sir T. Browne.
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Inconsequential
In*con`se*quen"tial (?), a. Not regularly following from the premises; hence, irrelevant; unimportant; of no consequence. Chesterfield. -- In*con`se*quen"tial*ly (#), adv.
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Inconsequentiality
In*con`se*quen`ti*al"i*ty (?), n. The state of being inconsequential.
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Inconsequentness
In*con"se*quent*ness (?), n. Inconsequence.
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Inconsiderable
In`con*sid"er*a*ble (?), a. Not considerable; unworthy of consideration or notice; unimportant; small; trivial; as, an inconsiderable distance; an inconsiderable quantity, degree, value, or sum. “The baser scum and inconsiderable dregs of Rome.” Stepney. -- In`con*sid"er*a*ble*ness, n. -- In`con*sid"er*a*bly, adv.
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Inconsideracy
In`con*sid"er*a*cy (?), n. Inconsiderateness; thoughtlessness. [Obs.] Chesterfield.
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Inconsiderate
In`con*sid"er*ate (?), a. [L. inconsideratus. See In- not, and Considerate.]
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1. Not considerate; not attentive to safety or to propriety; not regarding the rights or feelings of others; hasty; careless; thoughtless; heedless; as, the young are generally inconsiderate; inconsiderate conduct.
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It is a very unhappy token of our corruption, that there should be any so inconsiderate among us as to sacrifice morality to politics. Addison.
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2. Inconsiderable. [Obs.] E. Terry.

Syn. -- Thoughtless; inattentive; inadvertent; heedless; negligent; improvident; careless; imprudent; indiscreet; incautious; injudicious; rash; hasty.
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Inconsiderately
In`con*sid"er*ate*ly, adv. In an inconsiderate manner.
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Inconsiderateness
In`con*sid"er*ate*ness, n. The quality or state of being inconsiderate. Tillotson.
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Inconsideration
In`con*sid`er*a"tion (?), n. [L. inconsideratio: cf. F. inconsidération.] Lack of due consideration; inattention to consequences; inconsiderateness.
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Blindness of mind, inconsideration, precipitation. Jer. Taylor.
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Not gross, willful, deliberate, crimes; but rather the effects of inconsideration. Sharp.
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Inconsistence
In`con*sist"ence (?), n. Inconsistency.
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Inconsistency
In`con*sist"en*cy (?), n.; pl. Inconsistencies (#). [Cf. F. inconsistance.]
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1. The quality or state of being inconsistent; discordance in respect to sentiment or action; such contrariety between two things that both can not exist or be true together; disagreement; incompatibility.
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There is a perfect inconsistency between that which is of debt and that which is of free gift. South.
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2. Absurdity in argument ore narration; incoherence or irreconcilability in the parts of a statement, argument, or narration; that which is inconsistent.
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If a man would register all his opinions upon love, politics, religion, and learning, what a bundle of inconsistencies and contradictions would appear at last! Swift.
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3. Lack of stability or uniformity; unsteadiness; changeableness; variableness.
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Mutability of temper, and inconsistency with ourselves, is the greatest weakness of human nature. Addison.
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Inconsistent
In`con*sist"ent (?), a. [Pref. in- not + consistent: cf. F. inconsistant.]
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1. Not consistent; showing inconsistency; irreconcilable; contradictory, or having contradictory implications; discordant; at variance, esp. as regards character, sentiment, or action; incompatible; incongruous.
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Compositions of this nature . . . show that wisdom and virtue are far from being inconsistent with politeness and good humor. Addison.
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2. Not exhibiting uniformity of sentiment, steadiness to principle, etc.; unequal; fickle; changeable.
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Ah, how unjust to nature, and himself,
Is thoughtless, thankless, inconsistent man.
Young.

Syn. -- Incompatible; incongruous; irreconcilable; discordant; repugnant; contradictory. -- Inconsistent, Incongruous, Incompatible. Things are incongruous when they are not suited to each other, so that their union is unbecoming; inconsistent when they are opposed to each other, so as render it improper or wrong; incompatible when they can not coexist, and it is therefore impossible to unite them. Habitual levity of mind is incongruous with the profession of a clergyman; it is inconsistent with his ordination vows; it is incompatible with his permanent usefulness. Incongruity attaches to the modes and qualities of things; incompatibility attaches to their essential attributes; inconsistency attaches to the actions, sentiments, etc., of men.
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Inconsistently
In`con*sist"ent*ly (?), adv. In an inconsistent manner.
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Inconsistentness
In`con*sist"ent*ness, n. Inconsistency. [R.]
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Inconsisting
In`con*sist"ing (?), a. Inconsistent. [Obs.]
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Inconsolable
In`con*sol"a*ble (?), a. [L. inconsolabilis: cf. F. inconsolable. See In- not, and Console.] Not consolable; incapable of being consoled; grieved beyond susceptibility of comfort; disconsolate. Dryden.
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With inconsolable distress she griev'd,
And from her cheek the rose of beauty fled.
Falconer.

-- In`con*sol"a*ble*ness, n. -- In`con*sol"a*bly, adv.

Inconsonancy
Inconsonance
{ In*con"so*nance (?), In*con"so*nan*cy (?), } n. Lack of consonance or harmony of sound, action, or thought; disagreement.
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Inconsonant
In*con"so*nant (?), a. [L. inconsonans. See In- not, and Consonant.] Not consonant or agreeing; inconsistent; discordant. -- In*con"so*nant*ly, adv.
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Inconspicuous
In`con*spic"u*ous (?), a. [L. inconspicuus. See In- not, and Conspicuous.] Not conspicuous or noticeable; hardly discernible. -- In`con*spic"u*ous*ly, adv. -- In`con*spic"u*ous*ness, n. Boyle.
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Inconstance
In*con"stance (?), n. [F. See Inconstancy.] Inconstancy. Chaucer.
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Inconstancy
In*con"stan*cy (?), n. [L. inconstantia.] The quality or state of being inconstant; lack of constancy; mutability; fickleness; variableness.
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For unto knight there was no greater shame,
Than lightness and inconstancie in love.
Spenser.
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Inconstant
In*con"stant (?), a. [L. inconstans: cf. F. inconstant. See In- not, and Constant.] Not constant; not stable or uniform; subject to change of character, appearance, opinion, inclination, or purpose, etc.; not firm; unsteady; fickle; changeable; variable; -- said of persons or things; as, inconstant in love or friendship. “The inconstant moon.” Shak.
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While we, inquiring phantoms of a day,
Inconstant as the shadows we survey!
Boyse.

Syn. -- Mutable; fickle; volatile; unsteady; unstable; changeable; variable; wavering; fluctuating.
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Inconstantly
In*con"stant*ly, adv. In an inconstant manner.
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Inconsumable
In`con*sum"a*ble (?), a. Not consumable; incapable of being consumed, wasted, or spent. Paley. -- In`con*sum"a*bly, adv.
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Inconsummate
In`con*sum"mate (?), a. [L. inconsummatus. See In- not, and Consummate.] Not consummated; not finished; incomplete. Sir M. Hale. -- In`con*sum"mate*ness, n.
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Inconsumptible
In`con*sump"ti*ble (?), a. [L. inconsumptibilis.] Inconsumable. [Obs.] Sir K. Digby.
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Incontaminate
In`con*tam"i*nate (?), a. [L. incontaminatus. See In- not, and not, and Contaminate.] Not contaminated; pure. Moore. -- In`con*tam"i*nate*ness, n.
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Incontentation
In*con`ten*ta"tion (?), n. [See In- not, and Content.] Discontent. [Obs.] Goodwin.
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Incontestability
In`con*test`a*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality or state of being incontestable.
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Incontestable
In`con*test"a*ble (?), a. [Pref. in- not + contestable: cf. F. incontestable.] Not contestable; not to be disputed; that cannot be called in question or controverted; incontrovertible; indisputable; as, incontestable evidence, truth, or facts. Locke.

Syn. -- Incontrovertible; indisputable; irrefragable; undeniable; unquestionable; intuitable; certain.

-- In`con*test"a*ble*ness, n. -- In`con*test"a*bly, adv.
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Incontested
In`con*test"ed, a. Not contested. Addison.
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Incontiguous
In`con*tig"u*ous (?), a. [L. incontiguus that can not be touched. See In- not, and Contiguous.] Not contiguous; not adjoining or in contact; separate. Boyle. -- In`con*tig"u*ous*ly, adv.

Incontinency
Incontinence
{ In*con"ti*nence (?), In*con"ti*nen*cy (?), } n. [L. incontinentia: cf. F. incontinence.]
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1. Incapacity to hold; hence, incapacity to hold back or restrain; the quality or state of being incontinent; lack of continence; failure to restrain the passions or appetites; indulgence of lust; lewdness.
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That Satan tempt you not for your incontinency. 1 Cor. vii. 5.
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From the rash hand of bold incontinence. Milton.
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2. (Med.) The inability of any of the animal organs to restrain the natural evacuations, especially urination, or defecation, so that the discharges are involuntary; as, incontinence of urine.
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Incontinent
In*con"ti*nent (?), a. [L. incontinens: cf. F. incontinent. See In- not, and Continent.]
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1. Not continent; uncontrolled; not restraining the passions or appetites, particularly the sexual appetite; indulging unlawful lust; unchaste; lewd.
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2. (Med.) Unable to restrain natural evacuations, such as urination or defecation.
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Incontinent
In*con"ti*nent, n. One who is unchaste. B. Jonson.
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Incontinent
In*con"ti*nent, adv. [Cf. F. incontinent.] Incontinently; instantly; immediately. [Obs.]
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He says he will return incontinent. Shak.
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Incontinently
In*con"ti*nent*ly, adv. 1. In an incontinent manner; without restraint, or without due restraint; -- used esp. of the passions or appetites.
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2. Immediately; at once; forthwith. [Archaic]
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Immediately he sent word to Athens that he would incontinently come hither with a host of men. Golding.
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Incontracted
In`con*tract"ed (?), a. Uncontracted. [Obs.] Blackwall.
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Incontrollable
In`con*trol"la*ble (?), a. [Pref. in- not + controllable: cf. F. incontrôlable.] Not controllable; uncontrollable. -- In`con*trol"la*bly, adv. South.
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Incontrovertibility
In*con`tro*ver`ti*bil"i*ty (?), n. The state or condition of being incontrovertible.
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Incontrovertible
In*con`tro*ver"ti*ble (?), a. Not controvertible; too clear or certain to admit of dispute; indisputable. Sir T. Browne. -- In*con`tro*ver"ti*ble*ness, n. -- In*con`tro*ver"ti*bly, adv.
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Inconvenience
In`con*ven"ience (?), n. [L. inconvenientia inconsistency: cf. OF. inconvenience.]
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1. The quality or condition of being inconvenient; lack of convenience; unfitness; unsuitableness; inexpediency; awkwardness; as, the inconvenience of the arrangement.
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They plead against the inconvenience, not the unlawfulness, . . . of ceremonies in burial. Hooker.
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2. That which gives trouble, embarrassment, or uneasiness; disadvantage; anything that disturbs quiet, impedes prosperity, or increases the difficulty of action or success; as, one inconvenience of life is poverty.
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A place upon the top of Mount Athos above all clouds of rain, or other inconvenience. Sir W. Raleigh.
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Man is liable to a great many inconveniences. Tillotson.

Syn. -- Incommodiousness; awkwardness; disadvantage; disquiet; uneasiness; disturbance; annoyance.
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Inconvenience
In`con*ven"ience, v. t. To put to inconvenience; to incommode; as, to inconvenience a neighbor.
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Inconveniency
In`con*ven"ien*cy (?), n. Inconvenience.
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Inconvenient
In`con*ven"ient (?), a. [L. inconveniens unbefitting: cf. F. inconvénient. See In- not, and Convenient.]
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1. Not becoming or suitable; unfit; inexpedient.
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2. Not convenient; giving trouble, uneasiness, or annoyance; hindering progress or success; uncomfortable; disadvantageous; incommodious; inopportune; as, an inconvenient house, garment, arrangement, or time.

Syn. -- Unsuitable; uncomfortable; disaccommodating; awkward; annoying; unseasonable; inopportune; incommodious; disadvantageous; troublesome; cumbersome; embarrassing; objectionable.
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Inconveniently
In`con*ven"ient*ly, adv. In an inconvenient manner; incommodiously; unsuitably; unseasonably.
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Inconversable
In`con*vers"a*ble (?), a. Incommunicative; unsocial; reserved. [Obs.]
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Inconversant
In*con"ver*sant (?), a. Not conversant; not acquainted; not versed; unfamiliar.
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Inconverted
In`con*vert"ed (?), a. Not turned or changed about. [R.] Sir T. Browne.
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Inconvertibility
In`con*vert`i*bil"i*ty (?), n. [L. inconvertibilitas.] The quality or state of being inconvertible; not capable of being exchanged for, or converted into, something else; as, the inconvertibility of an irredeemable currency, or of lead, into gold.
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Inconvertible
In`con*vert"i*ble (?), a. [L. inconvertibilis: cf. F. inconvertible. See In- not, and Convertible.] Not convertible; not capable of being transmuted, changed into, or exchanged for, something else; as, one metal is inconvertible into another; bank notes are sometimes inconvertible into specie. Walsh.
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Inconvertibleness
In`con*vert"i*ble*ness, n. Inconvertibility.
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Inconvertibly
In`con*vert"i*bly, adv. In an inconvertible manner.
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Inconvincible
In`con*vin"ci*ble (?), a. [L. inconvincibilis. See In- not, and Convince.] Not convincible; incapable of being convinced.
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None are so inconvincible as your half-witted people. Gov. of the Tongue.
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Inconvincibly
In`con*vin"ci*bly, adv. In a manner not admitting of being convinced.
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Incony
In*co"ny (?), a. [Cf. Conny, Canny.] Unlearned; artless; pretty; delicate. [Obs.]
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Most sweet jests! most incony vulgar wit! Shak.
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Incoordinate
In`co*ör"di*nate (?), a. Not coördinate.
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Incoordination
In`co*ör`di*na"tion (?), n. Lack of coördination; lack of harmonious adjustment or action.
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Incoördination of muscular movement (Physiol.), irregularity in movements resulting from inharmonious action of the muscles in consequence of loss of voluntary control over them.
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Incoronate
In*cor"o*nate (?), a. [Pref. in- in + coronate.] Crowned. [R.] Longfellow.
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Incorporal
In*cor"po*ral (?), a. [L. incorporalis. See In- not, and Corporal, and cf. Incorporeal.] Immaterial; incorporeal; spiritual. [Obs.] Sir W. Raleigh.
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Incorporality
In*cor`po*ral"i*ty (?), n. [L. incorporalitas: cf. F. incorporalité.] Incorporeality. [Obs.] Bailey.
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Incorporally
In*cor"po*ral*ly (?), adv. Incorporeally. [Obs.]
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Incorporate
In*cor"po*rate (?), a. [L. incorporatus. See In- not, and Corporate.]
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1. Not consisting of matter; not having a material body; incorporeal; spiritual.
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Moses forbore to speak of angles, and things invisible, and incorporate. Sir W. Raleigh.
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2. Not incorporated; not existing as a corporation; as, an incorporate banking association.
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Incorporate
In*cor"po*rate, a. [L. incorporatus, p. p. of incorporare to incorporate; pref. in- in + corporare to make into a body. See Corporate.] Corporate; incorporated; made one body, or united in one body; associated; mixed together; combined; embodied.
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As if our hands, our sides, voices, and minds
Had been incorporate.
Shak.
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A fifteenth part of silver incorporate with gold. Bacon.
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Incorporate
In*cor"po*rate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Incorporated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Incorporating (?).]
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1. To form into a body; to combine, as different ingredients, into one consistent mass.
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By your leaves, you shall not stay alone,
Till holy church incorporate two in one.
Shak.
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2. To unite with a material body; to give a material form to; to embody.
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The idolaters, who worshiped their images as gods, supposed some spirit to be incorporated therein. Bp. Stillingfleet.
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3. To unite with, or introduce into, a mass already formed; as, to incorporate copper with silver; -- used with with and into.
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4. To unite intimately; to blend; to assimilate; to combine into a structure or organization, whether material or mental; as, to incorporate provinces into the realm; to incorporate another's ideas into one's work.
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The Romans did not subdue a country to put the inhabitants to fire and sword, but to incorporate them into their own community. Addison.
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5. To form into a legal body, or body politic; to constitute into a corporation recognized by law, with special functions, rights, duties and liabilities; as, to incorporate a bank, a railroad company, a city or town, etc.
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Incorporate
In*cor"po*rate (?), v. i. To unite in one body so as to make a part of it; to be mixed or blended; -- usually followed by with.
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Painters' colors and ashes do better incorporate will oil. Bacon.
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He never suffers wrong so long to grow,
And to incorporate with right so far
As it might come to seem the same in show.
Daniel.
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Incorporated
In*cor"po*ra`ted (?), a. 1. United or combined together to form in one body.
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2. Formed into a corporation and registered with a government body as such; made a legal entity.
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Incorporation
In*cor`po*ra"tion (?), n. [L. incorporatio: cf. F. incorporation.]
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1. The act of incorporating, or the state of being incorporated.
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2. The union of different ingredients in one mass; mixture; combination; synthesis.
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3. The union of something with a body already existing; association; intimate union; assimilation; as, the incorporation of conquered countries into the Roman republic.
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4. (Law) (a) The act of creating a corporation. (b) A body incorporated; a corporation.
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Incorporative
In*cor"po*ra*tive (?), a. Incorporating or tending to incorporate; as, the incorporative languages (as of the Basques, North American Indians, etc. ) which run a whole phrase into one word.
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History demonstrates that incorporative unions are solid and permanent; but that a federal union is weak. W. Belsham.
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Incorporator
In*cor"po*ra`tor (?), n. One of a number of persons who gets a company incorporated; one of the original members of a corporation.
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Incorporeal
In`cor*po"re*al (?), a. [Pref. in- not + corporeal: cf. L. incorporeus. Cf. Incorporal.]
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1. Not corporeal; not having a material body or form; not consisting of matter; immaterial.
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Thus incorporeal spirits to smaller forms
Reduced their shapes immense.
Milton.
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Sense and perception must necessarily proceed from some incorporeal substance within us. Bentley.
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2. (Law) Existing only in contemplation of law; not capable of actual visible seizin or possession; not being an object of sense; intangible; -- opposed to corporeal.
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Incorporeal hereditament. See under Hereditament.

Syn. -- Immaterial; unsubstantial; bodiless; spiritual.
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Incorporealism
In`cor*po"re*al*ism (?), n. Existence without a body or material form; immateriality. Cudworth.
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Incorporealist
In`cor*po"re*al*ist, n. One who believes in incorporealism. Cudworth.
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Incorporeality
In`cor*po`re*al"i*ty (?), n. The state or quality of being incorporeal or bodiless; immateriality; incorporealism. G. Eliot.
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Incorporeally
In`cor*po"re*al*ly (?), adv. In an incorporeal manner. Bacon.
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Incorporeity
In*cor`po*re"i*ty (?), n. [Pref. in- not + corporeity: cf. F. incorporéite.] The quality of being incorporeal; immateriality. Berkeley.
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Incorpse
In*corpse" (?), v. t. To incorporate. [R.] Shak.
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Incorrect
In`cor*rect" (?), a. [L. incorrectus: cf. F. incorrect. See In- not, and Correct.]
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1. Not correct; not according to a copy or model, or to established rules; inaccurate; faulty.
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The piece, you think, is incorrect. Pope.
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2. Not in accordance with the truth; inaccurate; not exact; as, an incorrect statement or calculation.
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3. Not accordant with duty or morality; not duly regulated or subordinated; unbecoming; improper; as, incorrect conduct.
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It shows a will most incorrect to heaven. Shak.
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The wit of the last age was yet more incorrect than their language. Dryden.

Syn. -- Inaccurate; erroneous; wrong; faulty.
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Incorrection
In`cor*rec"tion (?), n. [Pref. in- not + correction: cf. F. incorrection.] Lack of correction, restraint, or discipline. [Obs.] Arnway.
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Incorrectly
In`cor*rect"ly (?), adv. Not correctly; inaccurately; not exactly; as, a writing incorrectly copied; testimony incorrectly stated.
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Incorrectness
In`cor*rect"ness, n. The quality of being incorrect; lack of conformity to truth or to a standard; inaccuracy; inexactness; as, incorrectness may consist in defect or in redundance.

Incorrespondency
Incorrespondence
{ In*cor`re*spond"ence (?), In*cor`re*spond"en*cy (?), } n. Lack of correspondence; disagreement; disproportion. [R.]
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Incorresponding
In*cor`re*spond"ing, a. Not corresponding; disagreeing. [R.] Coleridge.
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Incorrigibility
In*cor`ri*gi*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. incorrigibilité.] The state or quality of being incorrigible.
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The ingratitude, the incorrigibility, the strange perverseness . . . of mankind. Barrow.
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Incorrigible
In*cor"ri*gi*ble (?), a. [L. incorrigibilis: cf. F. incorrigible. See In- not, and Corrigible.] Not corrigible; incapable of being corrected or amended; bad beyond correction; irreclaimable; as, incorrigible error.Incorrigible fools.” Dryden.
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Incorrigible
In*cor"ri*gi*ble (?), n. One who is incorrigible; a person whose persistent bad behavior cannot be changed; especially, a hardened criminal; as, the perpetual imprisonment of incorrigibles; incorrigible and disruptive children need to be placed in a separate classroom.
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Incorrigibleness
In*cor"ri*gi*ble*ness (?), n. Incorrigibility. Dr. H. More.
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Incorrigibly
In*cor"ri*gi*bly, adv. In an incorrigible manner.
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Incorrodible
In`cor*rod"i*ble (?), a. Incapable of being corroded, consumed, or eaten away.
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Incorrupt
In`cor*rupt" (?), a. [L. incorruptus. See In- not, and Corrupt.]
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1. Not affected with corruption or decay; unimpaired; not marred or spoiled.
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2. Not defiled or depraved; pure; sound; untainted; above the influence of bribes; upright; honest. Milton.
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Your Christian principles . . . which will preserve you incorrupt as individuals. Bp. Hurd.
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Incorrupted
In`cor*rupt"ed (?), a. Uncorrupted. [Obs.]
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Breathed into their incorrupted breasts. Sir J. Davies.
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Incorruptibility
In`cor*rupt`i*bil"i*ty (?), n. [L. incorruptibilitas: cf. F. incorruptibilité.] The quality of being incorruptible; incapability of corruption. Holland.
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Incorruptible
In`cor*rupt"i*ble (?), a. [L. incorruptibilis: cf. F. incorruptible. See In- not, and Corrupt.]
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1. Not corruptible; incapable of corruption, decay, or dissolution; as, gold is incorruptible.
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Our bodies shall be changed into incorruptible and immortal substances. Wake.
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2. Incapable of being bribed or morally corrupted; inflexibly just and upright.
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Incorruptible
In`cor*rupt"i*ble, n. (Eccl. Hist.) One of a religious sect which arose in Alexandria, in the reign of the Emperor Justinian, and which believed that the body of Christ was incorruptible, and that he suffered hunger, thirst, pain, only in appearance.
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Incorruptibleness
In`cor*rupt"i*ble*ness, n. The quality or state of being incorruptible. Boyle.
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Incorruptibly
In`cor*rupt"i*bly, adv. In an incorruptible manner.
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Incorruption
In`cor*rup"tion (?), n. [L. incorruptio: cf. F. incorruption. See In- not, and Corruption.] The condition or quality of being incorrupt or incorruptible; absence of, or exemption from, corruption.
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It is sown in corruption; it is raised in incorruption. 1 Cor. xv. 42.
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The same preservation, or, rather, incorruption, we have observed in the flesh of turkeys, capons, etc. Sir T. Browne.
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Incorruptive
In`cor*rupt"ive (?), a. [L. incorruptivus.] Incorruptible; not liable to decay. Akenside.
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Incorruptly
In`cor*rupt"ly (?), adv. Without corruption.
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To demean themselves incorruptly. Milton.
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Incorruptness
In`cor*rupt"ness, n. 1. Freedom or exemption from decay or corruption.
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2. Probity; integrity; honesty. Woodward.
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Incrassate
In*cras"sate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Incrassated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Incrassating.] [L. incrassatus, p. p. of incrassare; pref. in- in + crassus thick.] To make thick or thicker; to thicken; especially, in pharmacy, to thicken (a liquid) by the mixture of another substance, or by evaporating the thinner parts.
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Acids dissolve or attenuate; alkalies precipitate or incrassate. Sir I. Newton.
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Liquors which time hath incrassated into jellies. Sir T. Browne.
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Incrassate
In*cras"sate, v. i. To become thick or thicker.

Incrassated
Incrassate
{ In*cras"sate (?), In*cras"sa*ted (?), } a. [L. incrassatus, p. p.]
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1. Made thick or thicker; thickened; inspissated.
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2. (Bot.) Thickened; becoming thicker. Martyn.
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3. (Zool.) Swelled out on some particular part, as the antennæ of certain insects.
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Incrassation
In`cras*sa"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. incrassation.]
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1. The act or process of thickening or making thick; the process of becoming thick or thicker.
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2. The state of being incrassated or made thick; inspissation. Sir T. Browne.
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Incrassative
In*cras"sa*tive (?), a. Having the quality of thickening; tending to thicken. Harvey.
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Incrassative
In*cras"sa*tive, n. A substance which has the power to thicken; formerly, a medicine supposed to thicken the humors. Harvey.
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Increasable
In*creas"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being increased. Sherwood. -- In*creas"a*ble*ness, n.
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An indefinite increasableness of some of our ideas. Bp. Law.
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Increase
In*crease" (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Increased (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Increasing.] [OE. incresen, encresen, enrescen, OF. encreistre, fr. L. increscere; pref. in- in + crescere to grow. See Crescent, and cf. Decrease.]
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1. To become greater or more in size, quantity, number, degree, value, intensity, power, authority, reputation, wealth; to grow; to augment; to advance; -- opposed to decrease.
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The waters increased and bare up the ark. Gen. vii. 17.
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He must increase, but I must decrease. John iii. 30.
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The heavens forbid
But that our loves and comforts should increase,
Even as our days do grow!
Shak.
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2. To multiply by the production of young; to be fertile, fruitful, or prolific.
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Fishes are more numerous or increasing than beasts or birds, as appears by their numerous spawn. Sir M. Hale.
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3. (Astron.) To become more nearly full; to show more of the surface; to wax; as, the moon increases.
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Increasing function (Math.), a function whose value increases when that of the variable increases, and decreases when the latter is diminished; also called a monotonically increasing function.

Syn. -- To enlarge; extend; multiply; expand; develop; heighten; amplify; raise; enhance; spread; aggravate; magnify; augment; advance. -- To Increase, Enlarge, Extend. Enlarge implies to make larger or broader in size. Extend marks the progress of enlargement so as to have wider boundaries. Increase denotes enlargement by growth and internal vitality, as in the case of plants. A kingdom is enlarged by the addition of new territories; the mind is enlarged by knowledge. A kingdom is extended when its boundaries are carried to a greater distance from the center. A man's riches, honors, knowledge, etc., are increased by accessions which are made from time to time.
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Increase
In*crease" (?), v. t. To augment or make greater in bulk, quantity, extent, value, or amount, etc.; to add to; to extend; to lengthen; to enhance; to aggravate; as, to increase one's possessions, influence.
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I will increase the famine. Ezek. v. 16.
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Make denials
Increase your services.
Shak.
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Increase
In"crease (?; 277), n. [OE. encres, encresse. See Increase, v. i.]
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1. Addition or enlargement in size, extent, quantity, number, intensity, value, substance, etc.; augmentation; growth.
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As if increase of appetite had grown
By what it fed on.
Shak.
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For things of tender kind for pleasure made
Shoot up with swift increase, and sudden are decay'd.
Dryden.
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2. That which is added to the original stock by augmentation or growth; produce; profit; interest.
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Take thou no usury of him, or increase. Lev. xxv. 36.
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Let them not live to taste this land's increase. Shak.
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3. Progeny; issue; offspring.
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All the increase of thy house shall die in the flower of their age. 1 Sam. ii. 33.
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4. Generation. [Obs.] “Organs of increase.” Shak.
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5. (Astron.) The period of increasing light, or luminous phase; the waxing; -- said of the moon.
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Seeds, hair, nails, hedges, and herbs will grow soonest if set or cut in the increase of the moon. Bacon.
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Increase twist, the twixt of a rifle groove in which the angle of twist increases from the breech to the muzzle.

Syn. -- Enlargement; extension; growth; development; increment; addition; accession; production.
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increased
increased adj. 1. made greater in size or amount or degree. Opposite of decreased. [Narrower terms: augmented ; exaggerated, hyperbolic, inflated; exaggerated, magnified, enlarged ; raised(prenominal), inflated ]
[WordNet 1.5]

Increaseful
In*crease"ful (?), a. Full of increase; abundant in produce.Increaseful crops.” [R.] Shak.
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Increasement
In*crease"ment (?), n. Increase. [R.] Bacon.
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Increaser
In*creas"er (?), n. One who, or that, increases.
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increasing
increasing adj. 1. becoming greater or larger; as, increasing prices. [Narrower terms: accretionary ; augmenting, augmentative, building ; expanding ; flared, flaring ; growing ; incorporative ; lengthening ; maximizing ; multiplicative ; profit-maximizing ; raising ; accretive ; rising ] decreasing
[WordNet 1.5]

2. same as growing, 1. [prenominal]
Syn. -- growing(prenominal), incremental.
[WordNet 1.5]

3. (Music) increasing in some musical quality. Opposite of decreasing. [Narrower terms: accelerando ; crescendo ]
[WordNet 1.5]

Increasingly
In*creas"ing*ly, adv. More and more.
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Increate
In`cre*ate" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Increated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Increating.] [Pref. in- in + create.] To create within. [R.]

Increated
Increate
{ In"cre*ate (?), In"cre*a`ted (?), } a. [L. increatus. See In- not, and Create.] Uncreated; self-existent. [R.]
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Bright effluence of bright essence increate. Milton.
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Incredibility
In*cred`i*bil"i*ty (?), n. [L. incredibilitas: cf. F. incrédibilité.]
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1. The quality or state of being incredible; incredibleness. Dryden.
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2. That which is incredible. Johnson.
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Incredible
In*cred"i*ble (?), a. [L. incredibilis: cf. OF. incredible. See In- not, and Credible.] Not credible; surpassing belief; too extraordinary and improbable to admit of belief; unlikely; marvelous; fabulous.
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Why should it be thought a thing incredible with you, that God should raise the dead? Acts xxvi. 8.
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Incredibleness
In*cred"i*ble*ness, n. Incredibility.
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Incredibly
In*cred"i*bly, adv. In an incredible manner.
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Incredited
In*cred"it*ed (?), a. Uncredited. [Obs.]
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Incredulity
In`cre*du"li*ty (?), n. [L. incredulitas: cf. F. incrédulité.] The state or quality of being incredulous; a withholding or refusal of belief; skepticism; unbelief; disbelief.
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Of every species of incredulity, religious unbelief is the most irrational. Buckminster.
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Incredulous
In*cred"u*lous (?; 135), a. [L. incredulus. See In- not, and Credulous.]
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1. Not credulous; indisposed to admit or accept that which is related as true, skeptical; unbelieving. Bacon.
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A fantastical incredulous fool. Bp. Wilkins.
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2. Indicating, or caused by, disbelief or incredulity. “An incredulous smile.” Longfellow.
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3. Incredible; not easy to be believed. [R.] Shak.
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Incredulously
In*cred"u*lous*ly, adv. In an incredulous manner; with incredulity.
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Incredulousness
In*cred"u*lous*ness, n. Incredulity.
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Incremable
In*crem"a*ble (?), a. [Pref. in- not + L. cremabilis combustible, fr. cremare to burn.] Incapable of being burnt; incombustibe. Sir T. Browne.
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Incremate
In"cre*mate (?), v. t. [Pref. in- in + cremate.] To consume or reduce to ashes by burning, as a dead body; to cremate.
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Incremation
In`cre*ma"tion (?), n. Burning; esp., the act of burning a dead body; cremation.
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Increment
In"cre*ment (?), n. [L. incrementum: cf. F. incrément. See Increase.]
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1. The act or process of increasing; growth in bulk, guantity, number, value, or amount; augmentation; enlargement.
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The seminary that furnisheth matter for the formation and increment of animal and vegetable bodies. Woodward.
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A nation, to be great, ought to be compressed in its increment by nations more civilized than itself. Coleridge.
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2. Matter added; increase; produce; production; -- opposed to decrement. “Large increment.” J. Philips.
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3. (Math.) The increase of a variable quantity or fraction from its present value to its next ascending value; the finite quantity, generally variable, by which a variable quantity is increased.
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4. (Rhet.) An amplification without strict climax, as in the following passage:
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Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things are honest, whatsoever things are just, whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report, . . . think on these things. Phil. iv. 8.
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Infinitesimal increment (Math.), an infinitesimally small variation considered in Differential Calculus. See Calculus. -- Method of increments (Math.), a calculus founded on the properties of the successive values of variable quantities and their differences or increments. It differs from the method of fluxions in treating these differences as finite, instead of infinitely small, and is equivalent to the calculus of finite differences.
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Incremental
In`cre*men"tal (?), a. (Biol.) Pertaining to, or resulting from, the process of growth; as, the incremental lines in the dentine of teeth.
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Increpate
In"cre*pate (?), v. t. [L. increpatus, p. p. of increpare to upbraid; pref. in- in, against + crepare to talk noisily.] To chide; to rebuke; to reprove. [Obs.]
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Increpation
In`cre*pa"tion (?), n. [L. increpatio.] A chiding; rebuke; reproof. [Obs.] Hammond.
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Increscent
In*cres"cent (?), a. [L. increscens, -entis, p. pr. of increscere. See Increase.]
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1. Increasing; growing; augmenting; swelling; enlarging.
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Between the incresent and decrescent moon. Tennyson.
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2. (Her.) Increasing; on the increase; -- said of the moon represented as the new moon, with the points turned toward the dexter side.
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Increst
In*crest" (?), v. t. To adorn with a crest. [R.] Drummond.
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Incriminate
In*crim"i*nate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Incriminated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Incriminating.] [LL. incriminatus, p. p. of incriminare; in- in + criminare, criminari, to accuse one of a crime. See Criminate.] To accuse; to charge with a crime or fault; to criminate.
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incriminating
incriminating adj. charging or suggestive of guilt or blame; as, incriminating testimony; incriminating evidence.
Syn. -- criminative, criminatory, incriminatory.
[WordNet 1.5]

Incrimination
In*crim`i*na"tion (?), n. The act of incriminating; crimination.
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Incriminatory
In*crim"i*na*to*ry (?), a. Of or pertaining to crimination; tending to incriminate; criminatory.
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Incroyable
In`croy`a"ble (?), n. [F., lit., incredible.] A French fop or dandy of the time of the Directory; hence, any fop.

&hand_; The name is said to have been given in allusion not only to the extravagant dress, but also to the frequent use of the phrase “C'est vraiment incroyable” (That is really incredible.).
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Incruental
In`cru*en"tal (?), a. [L. incruentus. See In- not, and Cruentous.] Unbloody; not attended with blood; as, an incruental sacrifice. [Obs.] Brevint.
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Incrust
In*crust" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Incrusted; p. pr. & vb. n. Incrusting.] [L. incrustare; pref. in- in + crustare to cover with a crust: cf. F. incruster. See Crust.] [Written also encrust.]
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1. To cover or line with a crust, or hard coat; to form a crust on the surface of; as, iron incrusted with rust; a vessel incrusted with salt; a sweetmeat incrusted with sugar.
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And by the frost refin'd the whiter snow,
Incrusted hard.
Thomson.
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2. (Fine Arts) To inlay into, as a piece of carving or other ornamental object.
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Incrustate
In*crus"tate (?), a. [L. incrustatus, p. p. See Incrust.] Incrusted. Bacon.
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Incrustate
In*crus"tate (?), v. t. To incrust. [R.] Cheyne.
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Incrustation
In`crus*ta"tion (?), n. [L. incrustatio: cf. F. incrustation. See Incrust.]
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1. The act of incrusting, or the state of being incrusted.
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2. A crust or hard coating of anything upon or within a body, as a deposit of lime, sediment, etc., from water on the inner surface of a steam boiler.
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3. (Arch.) A covering or inlaying of marble, mosaic, etc., attached to the masonry by cramp irons or cement.
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4. (Fine Arts) Anything inlaid or imbedded.
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Incrustment
In*crust"ment (?), n. Incrustation. [R.]
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Incrystallizable
In*crys"tal*li`za*ble (?), a. Not crystallizable; incapable of being formed into crystals.
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Incubate
In"cu*bate (?), v. i. & t. [imp. & p. p. Incubated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Incubating (?).] [L. incubatus, p. p. incubare to lie on; pref. in- in, on + cubare to lie down. Cf. Cubit, Incumbent.] 1. To sit, as on eggs for hatching; to brood; to brood upon, or keep warm, as eggs, for the purpose of hatching.
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2. To maintain (a living organism, such as microorganisms or a premature baby) under appropriate conditions, such as of temperature, humidity, or atmospheric composition, for growth; as, coliform bacteria grow best when incubated at 37° C..
[PJC]

3. To develop gradually in some interior environment, until fully formed; as, the ideas for his book were incubating for two years before he began to write.
[PJC]

Incubation
In`cu*ba"tion (?), n. [L. incubatio: cf. F. incubation.]
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1. A sitting on eggs for the purpose of hatching young; a brooding on, or keeping warm, (eggs) to develop the life within, by any process. Ray.
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2. (Med.) The development of a disease from its causes, or its period of incubation. (See below.)
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3. A sleeping in a consecrated place for the purpose of dreaming oracular dreams. Tylor.
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4. The maintenance (of a living organism, such as microorganisms or a premature baby) in appropriate conditions, such as of temperature, humidity, or atmospheric composition, for growth.
[PJC]

5. The gradual development in some interior environment, until fully formed; as, the incubation time for developing a new drug may be longer than ten years from its first discovery.
[PJC]

Period of incubation, or Stage of incubation (Med.), the period which elapses between exposure to the causes of an infectious disease and the attack resulting from it; the time during which an infective agent must grow in the body before producing overt symptoms of disease.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Incubative
In"cu*ba*tive (?), a. Of or pertaining to incubation, or to the period of incubation.
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Incubator
In"cu*ba`tor (?), n. 1. That which incubates, especially, an apparatus by means of which eggs are hatched by artificial heat.
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2. An apparatus containing an enclosed chamber, used for the cultivation of microörganisms or tissue cultures by maintaining a suitable temperature and atmospheric composition. Some incubators have no provision for maintaining a special atmosphere, while in others, especially for anaerobic organisms and tissue culture, the moisture level and composition of the gases are also controlled.
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

3. (Med.) An apparatus consisting of enclosed chamber, for maintaining prematurely born babies in a favorable environment until able to thrive under normal conditions. The temperature and level of oxygen in the atmosphere may be controlled.
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

Incubatory
In*cu"ba*to*ry (?), a. Serving for incubation.
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Incube
In*cube" (?), v. t. To fix firmly, as in cube; to secure or place firmly. [Obs.] Milton.
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Incubiture
In*cu"bi*ture (?; 135), n. [Cf. L. incubitus.] Incubation. [Obs.] J. Ellis.
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Incubous
In"cu*bous (?), a. [From L. incubare to lie on.] (Bot.) Having the leaves so placed that the upper part of each one covers the base of the leaf next above it, as in hepatic mosses of the genus Frullania. See Succubous.
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Incubus
In"cu*bus (?), n.; pl. E. Incubuses (#), L. Incubi (#). [L., the nightmare. Cf. Incubate.]
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1. A demon; a fiend; a lascivious spirit, supposed to have sexual intercourse with women by night. Tylor.
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The devils who appeared in the female form were generally called succubi; those who appeared like men incubi, though this distinction was not always preserved. Lecky.
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2. (Med.) The nightmare. See Nightmare.
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Such as are troubled with incubus, or witch-ridden, as we call it. Burton.
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3. Any oppressive encumbrance or burden; anything that prevents the free use of the faculties.
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Debt and usury is the incubus which weighs most heavily on the agricultural resources of Turkey. J. L. Farley.
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Inculcate
In*cul"cate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Inculcated; p. pr. & vb. n. Inculcating (?).] [L. inculcatus, p. p. of inculcare to tread on; pref. in- in, on + calcare to tread, fr. calx the heel; perh. akin to E. heel. Cf. 2d Calk, Heel.] To teach and impress by frequent repetitions or admonitions; to urge on the mind; as, Christ inculcates on his followers humility.
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The most obvious and necessary duties of life they have not yet had authority enough to enforce and inculcate upon men's minds. S. Clarke.

Syn. -- To instill; infuse; implant; engraft; impress.
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Inculcation
In`cul*ca"tion (?), n. [L. inculcatio: cf. F. inculcation.] A teaching and impressing by frequent repetitions. Bp. Hall.
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Inculcator
In*cul"ca*tor (?), n. [L.] One who inculcates. Boyle.
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Inculk
In*culk" (?). v. t. [Cf. F. inculquer. See Inculcate.] To inculcate. [Obs.] Sir T. More.
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Inculp
In*culp" (?), v. t. [Cf. inculper. See Inculpate.] To inculpate. [Obs.] Shelton.
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Inculpable
In*cul"pa*ble (?), a. [L. inculpabilis: cf. F. incupable.] Faultless; blameless; innocent. South.
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An innocent and incupable piece of ignorance. Killingbeck.
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Inculpableness
In*cul"pa*ble*ness, n. Blamelessness; faultlessness.
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Inculpably
In*cul"pa*bly, adv. Blamelessly. South.
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Inculpate
In*cul"pate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Inculpated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Inculpating (?).] [LL. inculpatus, p. p. of inculpare to blame; pref. in- in + culpa fault. See Culpable.] [A word of recent introduction.] To blame; to impute guilt to; to accuse; to involve or implicate in guilt. Contrasted with exculpate.
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That risk could only exculpate her and not inculpate them -- the probabilities protected them so perfectly. H. James.
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Inculpation
In`cul*pa"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. inculpation.] Blame; censure; crimination. Jefferson.
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inculpative
inculpative adj. Inculpatory. [Narrower terms: accusatorial, accusatory, accusing; comminatory, denunciative, denunciatory; condemnatory, condemning ; criminative, criminatory, incriminating, incriminatory ; damnatory, damning ; recriminative, recriminatory ] Also See: guilty.
Syn. -- inculpatory.
[WordNet 1.5]

Inculpatory
In*cul"pa*to*ry (?), a. Imputing blame; causing blame to be imputed to; criminatory; compromising; implicating. Opposite of exculpatory.
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Incult
In*cult" (?), a. [L. incultus; pref. in- not + cultus, p. p. of colere to cultivate: cf. F. inculte.] Untilled; uncultivated; crude; rude; uncivilized.
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Germany then, says Tacitus, was incult and horrid, now full of magnificent cities. Burton.
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His style is diffuse and incult. M. W. Shelley.
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Incultivated
In*cul"ti*va`ted (?), a. Uncultivated. [Obs.] Sir T. Herbert.
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Incultivation
In*cul`ti*va"tion (?), n. Lack of cultivation. [Obs.] Berington.
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Inculture
In*cul"ture (?; 135), n. [Pref. in- not + culture: cf. F. inculture.] Want or neglect of cultivation or culture. [Obs.] Feltham.
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Incumbency
In*cum"ben*cy (?), n.; pl. Incumbencies (#). [From Incumbent.]
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1. The state of being incumbent; a lying or resting on something.
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2. That which is physically incumbent; that which lies as a burden; a weight. Evelyn.
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3. That which is morally incumbent, or is imposed, as a rule, a duty, obligation, or responsibility. “The incumbencies of a family.” Donne.
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4. The state of holding a benefice; the full possession and exercise of any office.
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These fines are only to be paid to the bishop during his incumbency. Swift.
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Incumbent
In*cum"bent (?), a. [L. incumbens, -entis, p. pr. of incumbere to lie down upon, press upon; pref. in- in, on + cumbere (in comp.); akin to cubare to lie down. See Incubate.]
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1. Lying; resting; reclining; recumbent; superimposed; superincumbent.
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Two incumbent figures, gracefully leaning upon it. Sir H. Wotton.
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To move the incumbent load they try. Addison.
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2. Lying, resting, or imposed, as a duty or obligation; obligatory; always with on or upon.
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All men, truly zealous, will perform those good works that are incumbent on all Christians. Sprat.
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3. (Bot.) Leaning or resting; -- said of anthers when lying on the inner side of the filament, or of cotyledons when the radicle lies against the back of one of them. Gray.
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4. (Zool.) Bent downwards so that the ends touch, or rest on, something else; as, the incumbent toe of a bird.
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Incumbent
In*cum"bent, n. A person who is in present possession of a benefice or of any office.
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The incumbent lieth at the mercy of his patron. Swift.
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Incumbently
In*cum"bent*ly, adv. In an incumbent manner; so as to be incumbent.
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Incumber
In*cum"ber (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Incumbered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Incumbering.] See Encumber.
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Incumbition
In`cum*bi"tion (?), n. Incubation. [R.] Sterne.
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Incumbrance
In*cum"brance (?), n. [See Encumbrance.] [Written also encumbrance.]
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1. A burdensome and troublesome load; anything that impedes motion or action, or renders it difficult or laborious; clog; impediment; hindrance; check. Cowper.
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2. (Law) A burden or charge upon property; a claim or lien upon an estate, which may diminish its value.
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Incumbrancer
In*cum"bran*cer (?), n. (Law) One who holds an incumbrance, or some legal claim, lien, or charge on an estate. Kent.
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Incumbrous
In*cum"brous (?), a. [Cf. OF. encombros.] Cumbersome; troublesome. [Written also encombrous.] [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Incunabulum
In`cu*nab"u*lum (?), n.; pl. Incunabula (#). [L. incunabula cradle, birthplace, origin. See 1st In-, and Cunabula.] A work of art or of human industry, of an early epoch; especially, a book printed before a. d. 1500.
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Incur
In*cur" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Incurred (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Incurring (?).] [L. incurrere to run into or toward; pref. in- in + currere to run. See Current.]
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1. To meet or fall in with, as something inconvenient, harmful, or onerous; to put one's self in the way of; to expose one's self to; to become liable or subject to; to bring down upon one's self; to encounter; to contract; as, to incur debt, danger, displeasure, penalty, responsibility, etc.
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I know not what I shall incur to pass it,
Having no warrant.
Shak.
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2. To render liable or subject to; to occasion. [Obs.]
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Lest you incur me much more damage in my fame than you have done me pleasure in preserving my life. Chapman.
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Incur
In*cur", v. i. To pass; to enter. [Obs.]
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Light is discerned by itself because by itself it incurs into the eye. South.
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Incurability
In*cur`a*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. incurabilité incurability, LL. incurabilitas negligence.] The state of being incurable; irremediableness. Harvey.
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Incurable
In*cur"a*ble (?), a. [F. incurable, L. incurabilis. See In- not, and Curable.]
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1. Not capable of being cured; beyond the power of skill or medicine to remedy; as, an incurable disease.
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A scirrhus is not absolutely incurable. Arbuthnot.
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2. Not admitting or capable of remedy or correction; irremediable; remediless; as, incurable evils.
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Rancorous and incurable hostility. Burke.
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They were laboring under a profound, and, as it might have seemed, an almost incurable ignorance. Sir J. Stephen.

Syn. -- Irremediable; remediless; irrecoverable; irretrievable; irreparable; hopeless.
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Incurable
In*cur"a*ble, n. A person diseased beyond cure.
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Incurableness
In*cur"a*ble*ness, n. The state of being incurable; incurability. Boyle.
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Incurably
In*cur"a*bly, adv. In a manner that renders cure impracticable or impossible; irremediably.Incurably diseased.” Bp. Hall.Incurably wicked.” Blair.
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Incuriosity
In*cu`ri*os"i*ty (?), n. [L. incuriositas: cf. F. incurosité.] Lack of curiosity or interest; inattentiveness; indifference. Sir H. Wotton.
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Incurious
In*cu"ri*ous (?), a. [L. incuriosus: cf. F. incurieux. See In- not, and Curious.] Not curious or inquisitive; without care for or interest in; inattentive; careless; negligent; heedless.
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Carelessnesses and incurious deportments toward their children. Jer. Taylor.
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Incuriously
In*cu"ri*ous*ly, adv. In an curious manner.
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Incuriousness
In*cu"ri*ous*ness, n. Unconcernedness; incuriosity.
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Sordid incuriousness and slovenly neglect. Bp. Hall.
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Incurrence
In*cur"rence (?), n. [See Incur.] The act of incurring, bringing on, or subjecting one's self to (something troublesome or burdensome); as, the incurrence of guilt, debt, responsibility, etc.
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Incurrent
In*cur"rent (?), a. [L. incurrens, p. pr. incurere, incursum, to run in; in- + currere to run.] (Zool.) Characterized by a current which flows inward; as, the incurrent orifice of lamellibranch Mollusca.
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Incursion
In*cur"sion (?), n. [L. incursio: cf. F. incursion. See Incur.]
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1. A running into; hence, an entering into a territory with hostile intention; a temporary invasion; a predatory or harassing inroad; a raid.
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The Scythian, whose incursions wild
Have wasted Sogdiana.
Milton.
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The incursions of the Goths disordered the affairs of the Roman Empire. Arbuthnot.
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2. Attack; occurrence. [Obs.]
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Sins of daily incursion. South.

Syn. -- Invasion; inroad; raid; foray; sally; attack; onset; irruption. See Invasion.
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Incursive
In*cur"sive (?), a. Making an incursion; invasive; aggressive; hostile.
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Incurtain
In*cur"tain (?), v. t. To curtain. [Obs.]
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Incurvate
In*cur"vate (?), a. [L. incurvatus, p. p. of incurvare to crook; pref. in- in + curvus bent. See Curve, and cf. Incurve.] Curved; bent; crooked. Derham.
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Incurvate
In*cur"vate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Incurvated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Incurvating.] To turn from a straight line or course; to bend; to crook. Cheyne.
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Incurvation
In`cur*va"tion (?), n. [L. incurvatio: cf. F. incurvation.]
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1. The act of bending, or curving.
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2. The state of being bent or curved; curvature.
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An incurvation of the rays. Derham.
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3. The act of bowing, or bending the body, in respect or reverence. “The incurvations of the knee.” Bp. Hall.
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Incurve
In*curve" (&ibreve_;n*kûv"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Incurved (&ibreve_;n*kûvd"); p. pr. & vb. n. Incurving.] [See Incurvate.] To bend; to curve; to make crooked.
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Incurved
In*curved" (&ibreve_;n*kûvd"), a. [Pref. in- in + curved.] (Bot.) Bending gradually toward the axis or center, as branches or petals.
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Incurvity
In*cur"vi*ty (&ibreve_;n*kû"v&ibreve_;*t&ybreve_;), n. [From L. incurvus bent. See Incurvate.] A state of being bent or curved; incurvation; a bending inwards. Sir T. Browne.
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Incus
In"cus (?), n. [L., anvil.]
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1. An anvil.
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2. (Anat.) One of the small bones in the tympanum of the ear; the anvil bone. See Ear.
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3. (Zool.) The central portion of the armature of the pharynx in the Rotifera.
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Incuse
In*cuse" (?), a. [See Incuse, v. t.] (Numismatics) Cut or stamped in, or hollowed out by engraving. “Irregular incuse square.” Dr. W. Smith.

Incuss
Incuse
{ In*cuse" (?), In*cuss" (?), } v. t. [L. incussus, p. p. of incutere to strike. See 1st In-, and Concuss.] To form, or mold, by striking or stamping, as a coin or medal.
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Incute
In*cute" (?), v. t. [See Incuse.] To strike or stamp in. [Obs.] Becon.
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Incyst
In*cyst" (?), v. t. See Encyst.
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Incysted
In*cyst"ed, a. See Encysted.
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Ind
Ind (&ibreve_;nd), prop. n. India. [Poetical] Shak. Milton.
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Indagate
In"da*gate (?), v. t. [L. indagatus, p. p. of indagare to seek.] To seek or search out. [Obs.]
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Indagation
In`da*ga"tion (?), n. [L. indagatio: cf. F. indagation.] Search; inquiry; investigation. [Obs.]
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Indagative
In"da*ga*tive (?), a. Searching; exploring; investigating. [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.
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Indagator
In"da*ga`tor (?), n. [L.] A searcher; an explorer; an investigator. [Obs.]
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Searched into by such skillful indagators of nature. Boyle.
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Indamage
In*dam"age (?; 48), v. t. See Endamage. [R.]
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Indamaged
In*dam"aged (?), a. Not damaged. [Obs.] Milton.
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Indart
In*dart" (?), v. t. To pierce, as with a dart.
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Indazole
In"da*zole (?), n. [Indol + azote.] (Chem.) A bicyclic nitrogenous compound, C7H6N2, analogous to indole, having a benzene ring fused to a pyrazole ring; called also indazol and benzopyrazole. It can be produced from a diazo derivative of cinnamic acid.
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Inde
Inde (?), a. Azure-colored; of a bright blue color. [Obs.] Rom. of R.
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Indear
In*dear" (?), v. t. See Endear.
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Indebt
In*debt" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Indebted; p. pr. & vb. n. Indebting.] [OE. endetten, F. endetter; pref. en- (L. in) + F. dette debt. See Debt.] To bring into debt; to place under obligation; -- chiefly used in the participle indebted.
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Thy fortune hath indebted thee to none. Daniel.
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Indebted
In*debt"ed, a. 1. Brought into debt; being under obligation; held to payment or requital; beholden.
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By owing, owes not, but still pays, at once
Indebted and discharged.
Milton.
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2. Placed under obligation for something received, for which restitution or gratitude is due; as, we are indebted to our parents for their care of us in infancy; indebted to friends for help and encouragement. Cowper.
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Indebtedness
In*debt"ed*ness, n. 1. The state of being indebted.
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2. The sum owed; debts, collectively.
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Indebtment
In*debt"ment (?), n. [Cf. F. endettement.] Indebtedness. [R.] Bp. Hall.
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Indecence
In*de"cence (?), n. See Indecency. [Obs.] “An indecence of barbarity.” Bp. Burnet.
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Indecency
In*de"cen*cy (?), n.; pl. Indecencies (#). [L. indecentia unseemliness: cf. F. indécence.]
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1. The quality or state of being indecent; lack of decency, modesty, or good manners; obscenity.
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2. That which is indecent; an indecent word or act; an offense against delicacy.
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They who, by speech or writing, present to the ear or the eye of modesty any of the indecencies I allude to, are pests of society. Beattie.

Syn. -- Indelicacy; indecorum; immodesty; impurity; obscenity. See Indecorum.
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Indecent
In*de"cent (?), a. [L. indecens unseemly, unbecoming: cf. F. indécent. See In- not, and Decent.] Not decent; unfit to be seen or heard; offensive to modesty and delicacy; as, indecent language. Cowper.

Syn. -- Unbecoming; indecorous; indelicate; unseemly; immodest; gross; shameful; impure; improper; obscene; filthy.
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Indecently
In*de"cent*ly, adv. In an indecent manner.
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Indeciduate
In`de*cid"u*ate (?), a. 1. Indeciduous.
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2. (Anat.) Having no decidua; nondeciduate.
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Indeciduous
In`de*cid"u*ous (?), a. Not deciduous or falling, as the leaves of trees in autumn; lasting; evergreen; persistent; permanent; perennial. Opposite of deciduous.
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The indeciduous and unshaven locks of Apollo. Sir T. Browne.
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Indecimable
In*dec"i*ma*ble (?), a. [Pref. in- not + LL. decimare to tithe: cf. F. indécimable. See Decimate.] Not decimable, or liable to be decimated; not liable to the payment of tithes. Cowell.
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Indecipherable
In`de*ci"pher*a*ble (?), a. Not decipherable; incapable of being deciphered, explained, or solved. -- In`de*ci"pher*a*bly, adv.
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Indecision
In`de*ci"sion (?), n. [Pref. in- not + decision: cf. F. indécision.] Lack of decision; lack of settled purpose, or of firmness; indetermination; wavering of mind; irresolution; vacillation; hesitation.
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The term indecision . . . implies an idea very nicely different from irresolution; yet it has a tendency to produce it. Shenstone.
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Indecision . . . is the natural accomplice of violence. Burke.
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Indecisive
In`de*ci"sive (?), a. [Cf. F. indécisif.]
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1. Not decisive; not bringing to a final or ultimate issue; as, an indecisive battle, argument, answer.
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The campaign had everywhere been indecisive. Macaulay.
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2. Undetermined; prone to indecision; irresolute; unsettled; wavering; vacillating; hesitating; as, an indecisive state of mind; an indecisive character.
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Indecisively
In`de*ci"sive*ly, adv. Without decision.
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Indecisiveness
In`de*ci"sive*ness, n. The state of being indecisive; unsettled state.
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Indeclinable
In`de*clin"a*ble (?), a. [L. indeclinabilis: cf. F. indéclinable. See In- not, and Decline.] (Gram.) Not declinable; not varied by inflective terminations; as, nihil (nothing), in Latin, is an indeclinable noun. -- n. An indeclinable word.
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Indeclinably
In`de*clin"a*bly, adv. 1. Without variation.
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2. (Gram.) Without variation of termination.
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Indecomposable
In*de`com*pos"a*ble (?), a. [Pref. in- not + decomposable: cf. F. indécomposable.] Not decomposable; incapable or difficult of decomposition; not resolvable into its constituents or elements.
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Indecomposableness
In*de`com*pos"a*ble*ness, n. Incapableness of decomposition; stability; permanence; durability.
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Indecorous
In`de*co"rous (?; 277), a. [L. indecorous. See In- not, and Decorous.] Not decorous; violating good manners; contrary to good breeding or etiquette; unbecoming; improper; out of place; as, indecorous conduct.
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It was useless and indecorous to attempt anything more by mere struggle. Burke.

Syn. -- Unbecoming; unseemly; unbefitting; rude; coarse; impolite; uncivil; ill-bred.
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Indecorously
In`de*co"rous*ly, adv. In an indecorous manner.
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Indecorousness
In`de*co"rous*ness, n. The quality of being indecorous; lack of decorum.
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Indecorum
In`de*co"rum (?), n. [Pref. in- not + decorum: cf. L. indecorous unbecoming.]
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1. Lack of decorum; impropriety of behavior; that in behavior or manners which violates the established rules of civility, custom, or etiquette; indecorousness.
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2. An indecorous or unbecoming action. Young.

Syn. -- Indecorum is sometimes synonymous with indecency; but indecency, more frequently than indecorum, is applied to words or actions which refer to what nature and propriety require to be concealed or suppressed. Indecency is the stronger word; indecorum refers to any transgression of etiquette or civility, especially in public.
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Indeed
In*deed" (?), adv. [Prep. in + deed.] In reality; in truth; in fact; verily; truly; -- used in a variety of senses. Esp.: (a) Denoting emphasis; as, indeed it is so. (b) Denoting concession or admission; as, indeed, you are right. (c) Denoting surprise; as, indeed, is it you? Its meaning is not intrinsic or fixed, but depends largely on the form of expression which it accompanies.
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The carnal mind is enmity against God; for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be. Rom. viii. 7.
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I were a beast indeed to do you wrong. Dryden.
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There is, indeed, no great pleasure in visiting these magazines of war. Addison.
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Indefatigability
In`de*fat`i*ga*bil"i*ty (&ibreve_;n`d&euptack_;*făt`&ibreve_;*g&adot_;*b&ibreve_;l"&ibreve_;*t&ybreve_;), n. The state of being indefatigable.
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Indefatigable
In`de*fat"i*ga*ble (&ibreve_;n`d&euptack_;*făt"&ibreve_;*g&adot_;*b'l), a. [L. indefatigabilis: cf. OF. indefatigable. See In- not, and Defatigable, and cf. Infatigable.] Incapable of being fatigued; not readily exhausted; unremitting in labor or effort; untiring; unwearying; not yielding to fatigue; as, indefatigable exertions, perseverance, application. “A constant, indefatigable attendance.” South.
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Upborne with indefatigable wings. Milton.

Syn. -- Unwearied; untiring; persevering; persistent.
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Indefatigableness
In`de*fat"i*ga*ble*ness, n. Indefatigable quality; unweariedness; persistency. Parnell.
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Indefatigably
In`de*fat"i*ga*bly, adv. Without weariness; without yielding to fatigue; persistently. Dryden.
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Indefatigation
In`de*fat`i*ga"tion (?), n. Indefatigableness; unweariedness. [Obs.] J. Gregory.
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Indefeasibility
In`de*fea`si*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality of being indefeasible.
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Indefeasible
In`de*fea`si*ble (?), a. [Pref. in- not + defeasible: cf. OF. indefaisable.] Not to be defeated; not defeasible; incapable of being annulled or made void; as, an indefeasible or title.
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That the king had a divine and an indefeasible right to the regal power. Macaulay.
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Indefectibility
In`de*fect`i*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. indéfectibilité.] The quality of being indefectible. Barrow.
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Indefectible
In`de*fect"i*ble (?), a. [Pref. in- not + defectible: cf. F. indéfectible.] Not defectible; unfailing; not liable to defect, failure, or decay.
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An indefectible treasure in the heavens. Barrow.
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A state of indefectible virtue and happiness. S. Clarke.
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Indefective
In`de*fect"ive (?), a. Not defective; perfect; complete. “Absolute, indefective obedience.” South.
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Indefeisible
In`de*fei"si*ble (?), a. Indefeasible. [Obs.]
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Indefensibility
In`de*fen`si*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality or state of not being defensible. Walsh.
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Indefensible
In`de*fen"si*ble (?), [Pref. in- not + defensible: cf. OF. indefensible, indefensable.] Not defensible; not capable of being defended, maintained, vindicated, or justified; unjustifiable; untenable; as, an indefensible fortress, position, cause, statement, etc.
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Men find that something can be said in favor of what, on the very proposal, they thought utterly indefensible. Burke.
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Indefensibly
In`de*fen"si*bly, adv. In an indefensible manner.
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Indefensive
In`de*fen"sive (?), a. Defenseless. [Obs.]
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The sword awes the indefensive villager. Sir T. Herbert.
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Indeficiency
In`de*fi"cien*cy, n. The state or quality of not being deficient. [Obs.] Strype.
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Indeficient
In`de*fi"cient (?), a. [L. indeficiens. See In- not, and Deficient.] Not deficient; full. [Obs.]
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Brighter than the sun, and indeficient as the light of heaven. Jer. Taylor.
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Indefinable
In`de*fin"a*ble (?), a. Incapable of being defined or described; inexplicable. Bp. Reynolds.
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Indefinably
In`de*fin"a*bly, adv. In an indefinable manner.
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Indefinite
In*def"i*nite (?), a. [L. indefinitus. See In- not, and Definite.]
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1. Not definite; not limited, defined, or specified; not explicit; not determined or fixed upon; not precise; uncertain; vague; confused; obscure; as, an indefinite time, plan, etc.
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It were to be wished that . . . men would leave off that indefinite way of vouching, “the chymists say this,” or “the chymists affirm that.” Boyle.
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The time of this last is left indefinite. Dryden.
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2. Having no determined or certain limits; large and unmeasured, though not infinite; unlimited; as, indefinite space; the indefinite extension of a straight line.
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Though it is not infinite, it may be indefinite; though it is not boundless in itself, it may be so to human comprehension. Spectator.
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3. Boundless; infinite. [R.]
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Indefinite and omnipresent God,
Inhabiting eternity.
W. Thompson (1745).
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4. (Bot.) Too numerous or variable to make a particular enumeration important; -- said of the parts of a flower, and the like. Also, indeterminate.
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Indefinite article (Gram.), the word a or an, used with nouns to denote any one of a common or general class. -- Indefinite inflorescence. (Bot.) See Indeterminate inflorescence, under Indeterminate. -- Indefinite proposition (Logic), a statement whose subject is a common term, with nothing to indicate distribution or nondistribution; as, Man is mortal. -- Indefinite term (Logic), a negative term; as, the not-good.

Syn. -- Inexplicit; vague; uncertain; unsettled; indeterminate; loose; equivocal; inexact; approximate.
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Indefinitely
In*def"i*nite*ly, adv. In an indefinite manner or degree; without any settled limitation; vaguely; not with certainty or exactness; as, to use a word indefinitely.
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If the world be indefinitely extended, that is, so far as no human intellect can fancy any bound of it. Ray.
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Indefiniteness
In*def"i*nite*ness, n. The quality of being indefinite.
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Indefinitude
In`de*fin"i*tude (?), n. Indefiniteness; vagueness; also, number or quantity not limited by our understanding, though yet finite. [Obs.] Sir M. Hale.
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Indehiscence
In`de*his"cence (?), n. [Cf. F. indéhiscence.] (Bot.) The property or state of being indehiscent.
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Indehiscent
In`de*his"cent (?), a. [Pref. in- not + dehiscent: cf. F. indéhiscent.] (Bot.) Remaining closed at maturity, or not opening along regular lines, as the acorn, or a cocoanut.
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Indelectable
In`de*lec"ta*ble (?), a. Not delectable; unpleasant; disagreeable. [R.] Richardson.
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Indeliberate
In`de*lib"er*ate (?), a. [L. indeliberatus. See In- not, and Deliberate.] Done without deliberation; unpremeditated. [Obs.] -- In`de*lib"er*ate*ly, adv. [Obs.]
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Indeliberated
In`de*lib"er*a`ted (?), a. Indeliberate. [Obs.]
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Indelibility
In*del`i*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. indélébilité.] The quality of being indelible. Bp. Horsley.
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Indelible
In*del"i*ble (?), a. [L. indelebilis; pref. in- not + delebilis capable of being destroyed: cf. F. indélébile. See In- not, and Deleble.] [Formerly written also indeleble, which accords with the etymology of the word.]
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1. That can not be removed, washed away, blotted out, or effaced; incapable of being canceled, lost, or forgotten; as, indelible characters; an indelible stain; an indelible impression on the memory.
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2. That can not be annulled; indestructible. [R.]
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They are endued with indelible power from above. Sprat.
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Indelible colors, fast colors which do not fade or tarnish by exposure. -- Indelible ink, an ink not obliterated by washing; esp., a solution of silver nitrate.

Syn. -- Fixed; fast; permanent; ineffaceable.

-- In*del"i*ble*ness, n. -- In*del"i*bly, adv.
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Indelibly stamped and impressed. J. Ellis.
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Indelicacy
In*del"i*ca*cy (?), n.; pl. Indelicacies (#). [From Indelicate.] The quality of being indelicate; lack of delicacy, or of a nice sense of, or regard for, purity, propriety, or refinement in manners, language, etc.; rudeness; coarseness; also, that which is offensive to refined taste or purity of mind.
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The indelicacy of English comedy. Blair.
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Your papers would be chargeable with worse than indelicacy; they would be immoral. Addison.
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Indelicate
In*del"i*cate (?), a. [Pref. in- not + delicate: cf. F. indélicat.] Not delicate; wanting delicacy; offensive to good manners, or to purity of mind; coarse; rude; as, an indelicate word or suggestion; indelicate behavior. Macaulay. -- In*del"i*cate*ly, adv.

Syn. -- Indecorous; unbecoming; unseemly; rude; coarse; broad; impolite; gross; indecent; offensive; improper; unchaste; impure; unrefined.
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Indemnification
In*dem`ni*fi*ca"tion (?), n. 1. The act or process of indemnifying, preserving, or securing against loss, damage, or penalty; reimbursement of loss, damage, or penalty; the state of being indemnified.
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Indemnification is capable of some estimate; dignity has no standard. Burke.
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2. That which indemnifies.
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No reward with the name of an indemnification. De Quincey.
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Indemnify
In*dem"ni*fy (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Indemnified (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Indemnifying (?).] [L. indemnis unhurt (in- not + damnum hurt, damage) + -fy. Cf. Damn, Damnify.]
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1. To save harmless; to secure against loss or damage; to insure.
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The states must at last engage to the merchants here that they will indemnify them from all that shall fall out. Sir W. Temple.
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2. To make restitution or compensation for, as for that which is lost; to make whole; to reimburse; to compensate. Beattie.
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Indemnity
In*dem"ni*ty (?), n.; pl. Indemnities (#). [L. indemnitas, fr. indemnis uninjured: cf. F. indemnité. See Indemnify.]
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1. Security; insurance; exemption from loss or damage, past or to come; immunity from penalty, or the punishment of past offenses; amnesty.
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Having first obtained a promise of indemnity for the riot they had committed. Sir W. Scott.
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2. Indemnification, compensation, or remuneration for loss, damage, or injury sustained.
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They were told to expect, upon the fall of Walpole, a large and lucrative indemnity for their pretended wrongs. Ld. Mahon.
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&hand_; Insurance is a contract of indemnity. Arnould. The owner of private property taken for public use is entitled to compensation or indemnity. Kent.
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Act of indemnity (Law), an act or law passed in order to relieve persons, especially in an official station, from some penalty to which they are liable in consequence of acting illegally, or, in case of ministers, in consequence of exceeding the limits of their strict constitutional powers. These acts also sometimes provide compensation for losses or damage, either incurred in the service of the government, or resulting from some public measure.
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Indemonstrability
In`de*mon`stra*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality of being indemonstrable.
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Indemonstrable
In`de*mon"stra*ble (?), a. [L. indemonstrabilis. See In- not, and Demonstrable.] Incapable of being demonstrated. -- In`de*mon"stra*ble*ness, n.
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Indenization
In*den`i*za"tion (?), n. The act of naturalizing; endenization. [R.] Evelyn.
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Indenize
In*den"ize (?), v. t. To naturalize. [R.]
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Indenizen
In*den"i*zen (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Indenizened (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Indenizening.] To invest with the privileges of a denizen; to naturalize. [R.]
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Words indenizened, and commonly used as English. B. Jonson.
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Indent
In*dent" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Indented; p. pr. & vb. n. Indenting.] [OE. endenten to notch, fit in, OF. endenter, LL. indentare, fr. L. in + dens, dentis, tooth. See Tooth, and cf. Indenture.]
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1. To notch; to jag; to cut into points like a row of teeth; as, to indent the edge of paper.
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2. To dent; to stamp or to press in; to impress; as, indent a smooth surface with a hammer; to indent wax with a stamp.
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3. [Cf. Indenture.] To bind out by indenture or contract; to indenture; to apprentice; as, to indent a young man to a shoemaker; to indent a servant.
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4. (Print.) To begin (a line or lines) at a greater or less distance from the margin; as, to indent the first line of a paragraph one em; to indent the second paragraph two ems more than the first. See Indentation, and Indention.
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5. (Mil.) To make an order upon; to draw upon, as for military stores. [India] Wilhelm.
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Indent
In*dent", v. i. 1. To be cut, notched, or dented.
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2. To crook or turn; to wind in and out; to zigzag.
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3. To contract; to bargain or covenant. Shak.
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To indent and drive bargains with the Almighty. South.
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Indent
In*dent" (?), n. 1. A cut or notch in the margin of anything, or a recess like a notch. Shak.
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2. A stamp; an impression. [Obs.]
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3. A certificate, or intended certificate, issued by the government of the United States at the close of the Revolution, for the principal or interest of the public debt. D. Ramsay. A. Hamilton.
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4. (Mil.) A requisition or order for supplies, sent to the commissariat of an army. [India] Wilhelm.
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Indentation
In`den*ta"tion (?), n. 1. The act of indenting or state of being indented.
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2. A notch or recess, in the margin or border of anything; as, the indentations of a leaf, of the coast, etc.
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3. A recess or sharp depression in any surface.
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4. (Print.) (a) The act of beginning a line or series of lines at a little distance within the flush line of the column or page, as in the common way of beginning the first line of a paragraph. (b) The measure of the distance; as, an indentation of one em, or of two ems.
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Hanging indentation, or Reverse indentation, indentation of all the lines of a paragraph except the first, which is a full line; also called a hanging indent.
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Indented
In*dent"ed (?), a. 1. Cut in the edge into points or inequalities, like teeth; jagged; notched; stamped in; dented on the surface.
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2. Having an uneven, irregular border; sinuous; undulating. Milton. Shak.
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3. (Her.) Notched like the part of a saw consisting of the teeth; serrated; as, an indented border or ordinary.
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4. Bound out by an indenture; apprenticed; indentured; as, an indented servant.
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5. (Zool.) Notched along the margin with a different color, as the feathers of some birds.
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Indented line (Fort.), a line with alternate long and short faces, with salient and receding angles, each face giving a flanking fire along the front of the next.
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Indentedly
In*dent"ed*ly, adv. With indentations.
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Indenting
In*dent"ing (?), n. Indentation; an impression like that made by a tooth.
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Indention
In*den"tion (?), n. (Print.) Same as Indentation, 4.
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Indentment
In*dent"ment (?), n. Indenture. [Obs.]
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Indenture
In*den"ture (?; 135), n. [OE. endenture, OF. endenture, LL. indentura a deed in duplicate, with indented edges. See the Note below. See Indent.]
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1. The act of indenting, or state of being indented.
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2. (Law) A mutual agreement in writing between two or more parties, whereof each party has usually a counterpart or duplicate, sometimes with the edges indented for purpose of identification; sometimes in the pl., a short form for indentures of apprenticeship, the contract by which a youth is bound apprentice to a master.
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The law is the best expositor of the gospel; they are like a pair of indentures: they answer in every part. C. Leslie.
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&hand_; Indentures were originally duplicates, laid together and indented by a notched cut or line, or else written on the same piece of parchment and separated by a notched line so that the two papers or parchments corresponded to each other. But indenting has gradually become a mere form, and is often neglected, while the writings or counterparts retain the name of indentures.
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3. Hence: A contract by which anyone is bound to service.
[PJC]

Indenture
In*den"ture, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Indentured (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Indenturing.]
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1. To indent; to make hollows, notches, or wrinkles in; to furrow.
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Though age may creep on, and indenture the brow. Woty.
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2. To bind by indentures or written contract; as, to indenture an apprentice.
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Indenture
In*den"ture, v. i. To run or wind in and out; to be cut or notched; to indent. Heywood.
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indentured
indentured adj. Bound by contract to work for another for a specified period of time.
Syn. -- apprenticed, articled, bound.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Independence
In`de*pend"ence (?), n. [Cf. F. indépendance.]
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1. The state or quality of being independent; freedom from dependence; exemption from reliance on, or control by, others; self-subsistence or maintenance; direction of one's own affairs without interference.
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Let fortune do her worst, . . . as long as she never makes us lose our honesty and our independence. Pope.
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2. Sufficient means for a comfortable livelihood.
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Declaration of Independence (Amer. Hist.), the declaration of the Congress of the Thirteen United States of America, on the 4th of July, 1776, by which they formally declared that these colonies were free and independent States, not subject to the government of Great Britain.
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Independence Day
In`de*pend"ence Day. In the United States, a holiday, the 4th of July, commemorating the adoption of the Declaration of Independence on that day in 1776.
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Independency
In`de*pend"en*cy, n. 1. Independence.
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“Give me,” I cried (enough for me),
“My bread, and independency!”
Pope.
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2. (Eccl.) Doctrine and polity of the Independents.
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Independent
In`de*pend"ent (?), a. [Pref. in- not + dependent: cf. F. indépendant.]
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1. Not dependent; free; not subject to control by others; not relying on others; not subordinate; as, few men are wholly independent.
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A dry, but independent crust. Cowper.
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2. Affording a comfortable livelihood; as, an independent property.
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3. Not subject to bias or influence; not obsequious; self-directing; as, a man of an independent mind.
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4. Expressing or indicating the feeling of independence; free; easy; bold; unconstrained; as, an independent air or manner.
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5. Separate from; exclusive; irrespective.
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That obligation in general, under which we conceive ourselves bound to obey a law, independent of those resources which the law provides for its own enforcement. R. P. Ward.
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6. (Eccl.) Belonging or pertaining to, or holding to the doctrines or methods of, the Independents.
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7. (Math.) Not dependent upon another quantity in respect to value or rate of variation; -- said of quantities or functions.
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8. (U. S. Politics) Not bound by party; exercising a free choice in voting with either or any party.
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Independent company (Mil.), one not incorporated in any regiment. -- Independent seconds watch, a stop watch having a second hand driven by a separate set of wheels, springs, etc., for timing to a fraction of a second. -- Independent variable. (Math.) See Dependent variable, under Dependent.

Syn. -- Free; uncontrolled; separate; uncoerced; self-reliant; bold; unconstrained; unrestricted.
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Independent
In`de*pend"ent (?), n. 1. (Eccl.) One who believes that an organized Christian church is complete in itself, competent to self-government, and independent of all ecclesiastical authority.
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&hand_; In England the name is often applied (commonly in the pl.) to the Congregationalists.
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2. (Politics) One who does not acknowledge an obligation to support a party's candidate under all circumstances; one who exercises liberty in voting.
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Independentism
In`de*pend"ent*ism (?), n. Independency; the church system of Independents. Bp. Gauden.
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Independently
In`de*pend"ent*ly, adv. In an independent manner; without control.
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Indeposable
In`de*pos"a*ble (?), a. Incapable of being deposed. [R.]
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Princes indeposable by the pope. Bp. Stillingfleet.
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Indepravate
In*dep"ra*vate (?), a. [L. indepravatus.] Undepraved. [R.] Davies (Holy Roode).
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Indeprecable
In*dep"re*ca*ble (?), a. [L. indeprecabilis. See In- not, and Deprecate.] Incapable or undeserving of being deprecated. Cockeram.
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Indeprehensible
In*dep`re*hen"si*ble (?), a. [L. indeprehensibilis. See In- not, and Deprehensible.] Incapable of being found out. Bp. Morton.
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Indeprivable
In`de*priv"a*ble (?), a. Incapable of being deprived, or of being taken away.
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Indescribable
In`de*scrib"a*ble, a. Incapable of being described.
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Indescribably
In`de*scrib"a*bly, adv. In an indescribable manner; to a degree impossible to desribe; as, indescribably beautiful.
[PJC]

Indescriptive
In`de*scrip"tive (?), a. Not descriptive.
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Indesert
In`de*sert" (?), n. Ill desert. [R.] Addison.
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Indesinent
In*des"i*nent (?), a. [L. indesinens. See In- not, and Desinent.] Not ceasing; perpetual. [Obs.] Baxter. -- In*des"i*nent*ly, adv. [Obs.] Ray.
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Indesirable
In`de*sir"a*ble (?), a. Undesirable.
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Indestructibility
In`de*struc`ti*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. indestructibilité.] The quality of being indestructible.
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Indestructible
In`de*struc"ti*ble, a. [Pref. in- not + destructible: cf. F. indestructible.] Not destructible; incapable of decomposition or of being destroyed; as, the Russian harvesters had primitive electronics, but they were built so sturdily they were almost indestructible. -- In`de*struc"ti*ble*ness, n. -- In`de*struc"ti*bly, adv.
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Indeterminable
In`de*ter"mi*na*ble (?), a. [L. indeterminabilis: cf. F. indéterminable. See In- not, and Determine.] Not determinable; impossible to be determined; not to be definitely known, ascertained, defined, or limited. -- In`de*ter"mi*na*bly, adv.
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Indeterminable
In`de*ter"mi*na*ble, n. An indeterminable thing or quantity. Sir T. Browne.
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Indeterminate
In`de*ter"mi*nate (?), a. [L. indeterminatus.] Not determinate; not certain or fixed; indefinite; not precise; as, an indeterminate number of years. Paley.
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Indeterminate analysis (Math.), that branch of analysis which has for its object the solution of indeterminate problems. -- Indeterminate coefficients (Math.), coefficients arbitrarily assumed for convenience of calculation, or to facilitate some artifice of analysis. Their values are subsequently determined. -- Indeterminate equation (Math.), an equation in which the unknown quantities admit of an infinite number of values, or sets of values. A group of equations is indeterminate when it contains more unknown quantities than there are equations. -- Indeterminate inflorescence (Bot.), a mode of inflorescence in which the flowers all arise from axillary buds, the terminal bud going on to grow and sometimes continuing the stem indefinitely; -- called also acropetal inflorescence, botryose inflorescence, centripetal inflorescence, and indefinite inflorescence. Gray. -- Indeterminate problem (Math.), a problem which admits of an infinite number of solutions, or one in which there are fewer imposed conditions than there are unknown or required results. -- Indeterminate quantity (Math.), a quantity which has no fixed value, but which may be varied in accordance with any proposed condition. -- Indeterminate series (Math.), a series whose terms proceed by the powers of an indeterminate quantity, sometimes also with indeterminate exponents, or indeterminate coefficients.

-- In`de*ter"mi*nate*ly adv. -- In`de*ter"mi*nate*ness, n.
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Indetermination
In`de*ter`mi*na"tion (?), n. [Pref. in- not + determination: cf. indétermination.]
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1. Lack of determination; an unsettled or wavering state, as of the mind. Jer. Taylor.
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2. Lack of fixed or stated direction. Abp. Bramhall.
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Indetermined
In`de*ter"mined (?), a. Undetermined.
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Indevirginate
In`de*vir"gin*ate (?), a. [See In- not, Devirginate.] Not devirginate. [Obs.] Chapman.
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Indevote
In*de*vote" (?), a. [L. indevotus: cf. F. indévot. Cf. Indevout.] Not devoted. [Obs.] Bentley. Clarendon.
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Indevotion
In`de*vo"tion (?), n. [L. indevotio: cf. F. indévotion.] Lack of devotion; impiety; irreligion. “An age of indevotion.” Jer. Taylor.
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Indevout
In*de*vout" (?), a. [Pref. in- not + devout. Cf. Indevote.] Not devout. -- In*de*vout"ly, adv.
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Indew
In*dew" (?), v. t. To indue. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Index
In"dex (?), n.; pl. E. Indexes (#), L. Indices (#)(&unr_;). [L.: cf. F. index. See Indicate, Diction.]
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1. That which points out; that which shows, indicates, manifests, or discloses; as, the increasing unemployment rate is an index of how much the economy has slowed.
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Tastes are the indexes of the different qualities of plants. Arbuthnot.
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2. That which guides, points out, informs, or directs; a pointer or a hand that directs to anything, as the hand of a watch, a movable finger or other form of pointer on a gauge, scale, or other graduated instrument. In (printing), a sign [&hand_;] (called also fist) used to direct particular attention to a note or paragraph.
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3. A table for facilitating reference to topics, names, and the like, in a book, usually giving the page on which a particular word or topic may be found; -- usually alphabetical in arrangement, and printed at the end of the volume. Typically found only in non-fiction books.
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4. A prologue indicating what follows. [Obs.] Shak.
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5. (Anat.) The second finger, that next to the pollex (thumb), in the manus, or hand; the forefinger; index finger.
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6. (Math.) The figure or letter which shows the power or root of a quantity; the exponent. [In this sense the plural is always indices.]
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7. The ratio, or formula expressing the ratio, of one dimension of a thing to another dimension; as, the vertical index of the cranium.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

8. A number providing a measure of some quantity derived by a formula, usually a form of averaging, from multiple quantities; -- used mostly in economics; as, the index of leading indicators; the index of industrial production; the consumer price index. See, for example, the consumer price index.
[PJC]

9. (computers) A file containing a table with the addresses of data items, arranged for rapid and convenient search for the addresses.
[PJC]

10. (computers) A number which serves as a label for a data item and also represents the address of a data item within a table or array.
[PJC]

11. (R. C. Ch.), The Index prohibitorius, a catalogue of books which are forbidden by the church to be read; also called Index of forbidden books and Index Librorum Prohibitorum.
[PJC]

Index error, the error in the reading of a mathematical instrument arising from the zero of the index not being in complete adjustment with that of the limb, or with its theoretically perfect position in the instrument; a correction to be applied to the instrument readings equal to the error of the zero adjustment. -- Index expurgatorius. [L.] See Index prohibitorius (below). -- Index finger. See Index, 5. -- Index glass, the mirror on the index of a quadrant, sextant, etc. -- Index hand, the pointer or hand of a clock, watch, or other registering machine; a hand that points to something. -- Index of a logarithm (Math.), the integral part of the logarithm, and always one less than the number of integral figures in the given number. It is also called the characteristic. -- Index of refraction, or Refractive index (Opt.), the number which expresses the ratio of the sine of the angle of incidence to the sine of the angle of refraction. Thus the index of refraction for sulphur is 2, because, when light passes out of air into sulphur, the sine of the angle of incidence is double the sine of the angle of refraction. -- Index plate, a graduated circular plate, or one with circular rows of holes differently spaced; used in machines for graduating circles, cutting gear teeth, etc. -- Index prohibitorius [L.], or Prohibitory index (R. C. Ch.), a catalogue of books which are forbidden by the church to be read; the index expurgatorius [L.], or expurgatory index, is a catalogue of books from which passages marked as against faith or morals must be removed before Catholics can read them. These catalogues are published with additions, from time to time, by the Congregation of the Index, composed of cardinals, theologians, etc., under the sanction of the pope. Hook. -- Index rerum [L.], a tabulated and alphabetized notebook, for systematic preservation of items, quotations, etc.
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Index
In"dex (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Indexed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Indexing.] 1. To provide with an index or table of references; to put into an index; as, to index a book, or its contents.
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2. (Economics) To adjust (wages, prices, taxes, etc.) automatically so as to compensate for changes in prices, usually as measured by the consumer price index or other economic measure. Its purpose is usually to copensate for inflation.
[PJC]

3. To insert (a word, name, file folder, etc.) into an index or into an indexed arrangement; as, to index a contract under its date of signing.
[PJC]

indexation
indexation n. a system of economic regulation in which wages and interest are tied to the cost-of-living index in order to compenaste for the effects of inflation.
[WordNet 1.5]

Indexer
In"dex*er (?), n. One who makes an index.
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Indexical
In*dex"ic*al (?), a. Of, pertaining to, or like, an index; having the form of an index.
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Indexically
In*dex"ic*al*ly, adv. In the manner of an index.
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Indexterity
In`dex*ter"i*ty (?), n. [Pref. in- not + dexterity: cf. F. indextérité.] Lack of dexterity or readiness, especially in the use of the hands; clumsiness; awkwardness. Harvey.
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India
In"di*a (?), n. [See Indian.] A country in Southern Asia; the two peninsulas of Hither and Farther India; in a restricted sense, Hither India, or Hindostan.
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India ink, a nearly black pigment brought chiefly from China, used for water colors. It is in rolls, or in square, and consists of lampblack or ivory black and animal glue. Called also China ink. The true India ink is sepia. See Sepia. -- India matting, floor matting made in China, India, etc., from grass and reeds; -- also called Canton matting or China matting. -- India paper, a variety of Chinese paper, of smooth but not glossy surface, used for printing from engravings, woodcuts, etc. -- India proof (Engraving), a proof impression from an engraved plate, taken on India paper. -- India rubber. See Caoutchouc. -- India-rubber tree (Bot.), any tree yielding caoutchouc, but especially the East Indian Ficus elastica, often cultivated for its large, shining, elliptical leaves.
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Indiadem
In*di"a*dem, v. t. To place or set in a diadem, as a gem or gems.
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Indiaman
In"di*a*man (?), n.; pl. Indiamen (&unr_;). A large vessel in the India trade. Macaulay.
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Indian
In"di*an (?; 277), a. [From India, and this fr. Indus, the name of a river in Asia, L. Indus, Gr. &unr_;, OPers. Hindu, name of the land on the Indus, Skr. sindhu river, the Indus. Cf. Hindu.]
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1. Of or pertaining to India proper; also to the East Indies, or, sometimes, to the West Indies.
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2. Of or pertaining to the aborigines, or Indians, of America; as, Indian wars; the Indian tomahawk.
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3. Made of maize or Indian corn; as, Indian corn, Indian meal, Indian bread, and the like. [U.S.]
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Indian bay (Bot.), a lauraceous tree (Persea Indica). -- Indian bean (Bot.), a name of the catalpa. -- Indian berry. (Bot.) Same as Cocculus indicus. -- Indian bread. (Bot.) Same as Cassava. -- Indian club, a wooden club, which is swung by the hand for gymnastic exercise. -- Indian cordage, cordage made of the fibers of cocoanut husk. -- Indian cress (Bot.), nasturtium. See Nasturtium, 2. -- Indian cucumber (Bot.), a plant of the genus Medeola (Medeola Virginica), a common in woods in the United States. The white rootstock has a taste like cucumbers. -- Indian currant (Bot.), a plant of the genus Symphoricarpus (Symphoricarpus vulgaris), bearing small red berries. -- Indian dye, the puccoon. -- Indian fig. (Bot.) (a) The banyan. See Banyan. (b) The prickly pear. -- Indian file, single file; arrangement of persons in a row following one after another, the usual way among Indians of traversing woods, especially when on the war path. -- Indian fire, a pyrotechnic composition of sulphur, niter, and realgar, burning with a brilliant white light. -- Indian grass (Bot.), a coarse, high grass (Chrysopogon nutans), common in the southern portions of the United States; wood grass. Gray. -- Indian hemp. (Bot.) (a) A plant of the genus Apocynum (Apocynum cannabinum), having a milky juice, and a tough, fibrous bark, whence the name. The root it used in medicine and is both emetic and cathartic in properties. (b) The variety of common hemp (Cannabis Indica), from which hasheesh is obtained. -- Indian mallow (Bot.), the velvet leaf (Abutilon Avicennæ). See Abutilon. -- Indian meal, ground corn or maize. [U.S.] -- Indian millet (Bot.), a tall annual grass (Sorghum vulgare), having many varieties, among which are broom corn, Guinea corn, durra, and the Chinese sugar cane. It is called also Guinea corn. See Durra. -- Indian ox (Zool.), the zebu. -- Indian paint. See Bloodroot. -- Indian paper. See India paper, under India. -- Indian physic (Bot.), a plant of two species of the genus Gillenia (Gillenia trifoliata, and Gillenia stipulacea), common in the United States, the roots of which are used in medicine as a mild emetic; -- called also American ipecac, and bowman's root. Gray. -- Indian pink. (Bot.) (a) The Cypress vine (Ipomœa Quamoclit); -- so called in the West Indies. (b) See China pink, under China. -- Indian pipe (Bot.), a low, fleshy herb (Monotropa uniflora), growing in clusters in dark woods, and having scalelike leaves, and a solitary nodding flower. The whole plant is waxy white, but turns black in drying. -- Indian plantain (Bot.), a name given to several species of the genus Cacalia, tall herbs with composite white flowers, common through the United States in rich woods. Gray. -- Indian poke (Bot.), a plant usually known as the white hellebore (Veratrum viride). -- Indian pudding, a pudding of which the chief ingredients are Indian meal, milk, and molasses. -- Indian purple. (a) A dull purple color. (b) The pigment of the same name, intensely blue and black. -- Indian red. (a) A purplish red earth or pigment composed of a silicate of iron and alumina, with magnesia. It comes from the Persian Gulf. Called also Persian red. (b) See Almagra. -- Indian rice (Bot.), a reedlike water grass. See Rice. -- Indian shot (Bot.), a plant of the genus Canna (Canna Indica). The hard black seeds are as large as swan shot. See Canna. -- Indian summer, in the United States, a period of warm and pleasant weather occurring late in autumn. See under Summer. -- Indian tobacco (Bot.), a species of Lobelia. See Lobelia. -- Indian turnip (Bot.), an American plant of the genus Arisæma. Arisæma triphyllum has a wrinkled farinaceous root resembling a small turnip, but with a very acrid juice. See Jack in the Pulpit, and Wake-robin. -- Indian wheat, maize or Indian corn. -- Indian yellow. (a) An intense rich yellow color, deeper than gamboge but less pure than cadmium. (b) See Euxanthin.
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Indian
In"di*an (?; 277), n. 1. A native or inhabitant of India.
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2. One of the aboriginal inhabitants of America; -- so called originally from the supposed identity of America with India.
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Indianan
Indianan n. a resident of Indiana.
Syn. -- Hoosier.
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Indian corn
Indian corn (Bot.), A cereal plant of the genus Zea (Zea Mays), also simply called corn, used widely as a food; the maize, a native plant of America; more specifically: a primitive variety of Zea Mays having variegated kernels on each cob, in distinction from the more commonly used yellow corn; it is often used as decoration at Thanksgiving time. See Corn, and Maize.
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&hand_; In modern American usage, the word corn when unmodified usually refers to yellow corn, and Indian corn refers to the variegated variety.
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Indianeer
In`di*an*eer" (?), n. (Naut.) An Indiaman.
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India rubber
In"di*a rub"ber (?). See Caoutchouc.
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India steel
In"di*a steel. Same as Wootz.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Indical
In"dic*al (?), a. [From L. index, indicis, an index.] Indexical. [R.] Fuller.
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Indican
In"di*can (?), n. [See Indigo.]
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1. (Chem.) A glucoside (C14H17NO6) obtained from woad (indigo plant, Isatis Tinctoria) and other plants (see indigo), as a yellow or light brown sirup. When purified it is obtained as spear-shaped crystals. It has a nauseous bitter taste. By the action of acids, enzymes, etc., it breaks down into sugar and indigo. It is the source of natural indigo. Chemically it is the 3-glucoside of indole, H-indol-3-yl-β-D-glucopyranoside.
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2. (Physiol. Chem.) An indigo-forming substance, found in urine, and other animal fluids, and convertible into red and blue indigo (urrhodin and uroglaucin). Chemically, it is indoxyl sulphate of potash, C8H6NSO4K, and is derived from the indol formed in the alimentary canal. Called also uroxanthin.
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Indicant
In"di*cant (?), a. [L. indicans, p. pr. indicare. See Indicate.] Serving to point out, as a remedy; indicating.
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Indicant
In"di*cant, n. That which indicates or points out; as, an indicant of the remedy for a disease.
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Indicate
In"di*cate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Indicated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Indicating (?).] [L. indicatus, p. p. of indicare to indicate; pref. in- in + dicare to proclaim; akin to dicere to say. See Diction, and cf. Indict, Indite.]
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1. To point out; to discover; to direct to a knowledge of; to show; to make known.
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That turns and turns to indicate
From what point blows the weather.
Cowper.
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2. (Med.) To show or manifest by symptoms; to point to as the proper remedies; as, great prostration of strength indicates the use of stimulants. Opposite of contraindicate.
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3. (Mach.) To investigate the condition or power of, as of steam engine, by means of an indicator.

Syn. -- To show; mark; signify; denote; discover; evidence; evince; manifest; declare; specify; explain; exhibit; present; reveal; disclose; display.
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Indicated
In"di*ca`ted (?), a. Shown; denoted; registered; measured.
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Indicated power. See Indicated horse power, under Horse power.
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Indication
In`di*ca"tion (?), n. [L. indicatio: cf. F. indication.]
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1. Act of pointing out or indicating.
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2. That which serves to indicate or point out; mark; token; sign; symptom; evidence.
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The frequent stops they make in the most convenient places are plain indications of their weariness. Addison.
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3. Discovery made; information. Bentley.
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4. Explanation; display. [Obs.] Bacon.
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5. (Med.) Any symptom or occurrence in a disease, which serves to direct to suitable remedies. Opposite of contraindication.

Syn. -- Proof; demonstration; sign; token; mark; evidence; signal.
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Indicative
In*dic"a*tive (?), a. [L. indicativus: cf. F. indicatif.]
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1. Pointing out; bringing to notice; giving intimation or knowledge of something not visible or obvious.
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That truth is productive of utility, and utility indicative of truth, may be thus proved. Bp. Warburton.
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2. (Fine Arts) Suggestive; representing the whole by a part, as a fleet by a ship, a forest by a tree, etc.
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Indicative mood (Gram.), that mood or form of the verb which indicates, that is, which simply affirms or denies or inquires; as, he writes; he is not writing; has the mail arrived?
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Indicative
In*dic"a*tive, n. (Gram.) The indicative mood.
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Indicatively
In*dic"a*tive*ly, adv. In an indicative manner; in a way to show or signify.
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Indicator
In"di*ca`tor (&ibreve_;n"d&ibreve_;*kā`t&etilde_;r), n. [L.: cf. F. indicateur.]
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1. One who, or that which, shows or points out; as, a fare indicator in a street car.
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2. (Mach.) A pressure gauge; a water gauge, as for a steam boiler; an apparatus or instrument for showing the working of a machine or moving part; as: (a) (Steam Engine) An instrument which draws a diagram showing the varying pressure in the cylinder of an engine or pump at every point of the stroke. It consists of a small cylinder communicating with the engine cylinder and fitted with a piston which the varying pressure drives upward more or less against the resistance of a spring. A lever imparts motion to a pencil which traces the diagram on a card wrapped around a vertical drum which is turned back and forth by a string connected with the piston rod of the engine. See Indicator card (below). (b) A telltale connected with a hoisting machine, to show, at the surface, the position of the cage in the shaft of a mine, etc.
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3. (Mech.) The part of an instrument by which an effect is indicated, as an index or pointer.
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4. (Zool.) Any bird of the genus Indicator and allied genera. See Honey guide, under Honey.
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5. (Chem.) That which indicates the condition of acidity, alkalinity, or the deficiency, excess, or sufficiency of a standard reagent, by causing an appearance, disappearance, or change of color, as in titration or volumetric analysis.
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&hand_; The common indicators are litmus, tropæolin, phenol phthalein, potassic permanganate, etc.
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Indicator card, the figure drawn by an engine indicator, by means of which the working of the engine can be investigated and its power calculated. The Illustration shows one form of indicator card, from a steam engine, together with scales by which the pressure of the steam above or below that of the atmosphere, corresponding to any position of the engine piston in its stroke, can be measured. Called also indicator diagram. -- Indicator telegraph, a telegraph in which the signals are the deflections of a magnetic needle, as in the trans-Atlantic system.
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Indicatory
In"di*ca*to*ry (?; 277), a. Serving to show or make known; showing; indicative; signifying; implying.
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Indicatrix
In`di*ca"trix (?), n. [NL.] (Geom. of Three Dimensions) A certain conic section supposed to be drawn in the tangent plane to any surface, and used to determine the accidents of curvature of the surface at the point of contact. The curve is similar to the intersection of the surface with a parallel to the tangent plane and indefinitely near it. It is an ellipse when the curvature is synclastic, and an hyperbola when the curvature is anticlastic.
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Indicavit
In`di*ca"vit (?), n. [L., he has indicated.] (Eng. Law) A writ of prohibition against proceeding in the spiritual court in certain cases, when the suit belongs to the common-law courts. Wharton (Law Dict.).
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Indice
In"dice (?), n. [F. indice indication, index. See Index.] Index; indication. [Obs.] B. Jonson.
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Indices
In"di*ces (?), n. pl. See Index.
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Indicia
In*di"ci*a (?), n. pl. [L., pl. of indicium, fr. index an index.] (Law) Discriminating marks; signs; tokens; indications; appearances. Burrill.
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Indicible
In*dic"i*ble (?), a. [F.] Unspeakable. [Obs.]
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Indicolite
In*dic"o*lite (?), n. [L. indicum indigo + -lite: cf. F. indicolithe.] (Min.) A variety of tourmaline of an indigo-blue color.
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Indict
In*dict" (&ibreve_;n*dīt"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Indicted (&ibreve_;n*dīt"&ebreve_;d); p. pr. & vb. n. Indicting.] [OE. enditen. See Indite.]
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1. To write; to compose; to dictate; to indite. [Obs.]
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2. To appoint publicly or by authority; to proclaim or announce. [Obs.]
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I am told shall have no Lent indicted this year. Evelyn.
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3. (Law) To charge with a crime, in due form of law, by the finding or presentment of a grand jury; to bring an indictment against; as, to indict a man for arson. It is the peculiar province of a grand jury to indict, as it is of a house of representatives to impeach.
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Indictable
In*dict"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being, or liable to be, indicted; subject to indictment; as, an indictable offender or offense.
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Indictee
In`dict*ee" (?), n. (Law) A person indicted.
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Indicter
In*dict"er (?), n. One who indicts.
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Indiction
In*dic"tion (?), n. [L. indictio: cf. F. indiction. See Indict, Indite.]
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1. Declaration; proclamation; public notice or appointment. [Obs.]Indiction of a war.” Bacon.
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Secular princes did use to indict, or permit the indiction of, synods of bishops. Jer. Taylor.
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2. A cycle of fifteen years.
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&hand_; This mode of reckoning time is said to have been introduced by Constantine the Great, in connection with the payment of tribute. It was adopted at various times by the Greek emperors of Constantinople, the popes, and the parliaments of France. Through the influence of the popes, it was extensively used in the ecclesiastical chronology of the Middle Ages. The number of indictions was reckoned at first from 312 a. d., but since the twelfth century it has been reckoned from the birth of Christ. The papal indiction is the only one ever used at the present day. To find the indiction and year of the indiction by the first method, subtract 312 from the given year a. d., and divide by 15; by the second method, add 3 to the given year a. d., and the divide by 15. In either case, the quotient is the number of the current indiction, and the remainder the year of the indiction. See Cycle of indiction, under Cycle.
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Indictive
In*dic"tive (?), a. [L. indictivus. See Indict.] Proclaimed; declared; public. Kennet.
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Indictment
In*dict"ment (?), n. [Cf. Inditement.]
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1. The act of indicting, or the state of being indicted.
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2. (Law) The formal statement of an offense, as framed by the prosecuting authority of the State, and found by the grand jury.
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&hand_; To the validity of an indictment a finding by the grand jury is essential, while an information rests only on presentation by the prosecuting authority.
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3. An accusation in general; a formal accusation.
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Bill of indictment. See under Bill.
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Indictor
In*dict"or (?), n. (Law) One who indicts. Bacon.
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Indies
In"dies (?), n. pl. A name designating the East Indies, also the West Indies.
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Our king has all the Indies in his arms. Shak.
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Indifference
In*dif"fer*ence (?), n. [L. indifferentia similarity, lack of difference: cf. F. indifférence.]
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1. The quality or state of being indifferent, or not making a difference; lack of sufficient importance to constitute a difference; absence of weight; insignificance.
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2. Passableness; mediocrity.
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3. Impartiality; freedom from prejudice, prepossession, or bias.
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He . . . is far from such indifference and equity as ought and must be in judges which he saith I assign. Sir T. More.
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4. Absence of anxiety or interest in respect to what is presented to the mind; unconcernedness; as, entire indifference to all that occurs.
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Indifference can not but be criminal, when it is conversant about objects which are so far from being of an indifferent nature, that they are highest importance. Addison.

Syn. -- Carelessness; negligence; unconcern; apathy; insensibility; coldness; lukewarmness.
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Indifferency
In*dif"fer*en*cy (?), n. Absence of interest in, or influence from, anything; unconcernedness; equilibrium; indifferentism; indifference. Gladstone.
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To give ourselves to a detestable indifferency or neutrality in this cause. Fuller.
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Moral liberty . . . does not, after all, consist in a power of indifferency, or in a power of choosing without regard to motives. Hazlitt.
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Indifferent
In*dif"fer*ent (?), a. [F. indifférent, L. indifferens. See In- not, and Different.]
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1. Not making a difference; having no influence or preponderating weight; involving no preference, concern, or attention; of no account; without significance or importance.
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Dangers are to me indifferent. Shak.
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Everything in the world is indifferent but sin. Jer. Taylor.
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His slightest and most indifferent acts . . . were odious in the clergyman's sight. Hawthorne.
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2. Neither particularly good, not very bad; of a middle state or quality; passable; mediocre.
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The staterooms are in indifferent order. Sir W. Scott.
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3. Not inclined to one side, party, or choice more than to another; neutral; impartial.
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Indifferent in his choice to sleep or die. Addison.
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4. Feeling no interest, anxiety, or care, respecting anything; unconcerned; inattentive; apathetic; heedless; as, to be indifferent to the welfare of one's family.
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It was a law of Solon, that any person who, in the civil commotions of the republic, remained neuter, or an indifferent spectator of the contending parties, should be condemned to perpetual banishment. Addison.
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5. (Law) Free from bias or prejudice; impartial; unbiased; disinterested.
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In choice of committees for ripening business for the counsel, it is better to choose indifferent persons than to make an indifferency by putting in those that are strong on both sides. Bacon.
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Indifferent tissue (Anat.), the primitive, embryonic, undifferentiated tissue, before conversion into connective, muscular, nervous, or other definite tissue.
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Indifferent
In*dif"fer*ent, adv. To a moderate degree; passably; tolerably. [Obs.] “News indifferent good.” Shak.
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Indifferentism
In*dif"fer*ent*ism (?), n. [Cf. F. indifférentisme.]
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1. State of indifference; lack of interest or earnestness; especially, a systematic apathy regarding what is true or false in religion or philosophy; agnosticism.
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The indifferentism which equalizes all religions and gives equal rights to truth and error. Cardinal Manning.
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2. (Metaph.) Same as Identism.
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3. (R. C. Ch.) A heresy consisting in an unconcern for any particular creed, provided the morals be right and good. Gregory XVI.
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Indifferentist
In*dif"fer*ent*ist, n. One governed by indifferentism.
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Indifferently
In*dif"fer*ent*ly, adv. In an indifferent manner; without distinction or preference; impartially; without concern, wish, affection, or aversion; tolerably; passably.
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That they may truly and indifferently minister justice, to the punishment of wickedness and vice, and to the maintenance of thy true religion, and virtue. Book of Com. Prayer [Eng. Ed.]
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Set honor in one eye and death i' the other,
And I will look on both indifferently.
Shak.
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I hope it may indifferently entertain your lordship at an unbending hour. Rowe.
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Indifulvin
In`di*ful"vin (?), n. [Indican + L. fulvus reddish yellow.] (Chem.) A reddish resinous substance, obtained from indican.
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Indifuscin
In`di*fus"cin (?), n. [Indican + L. fuscus dusky.] (Chem.) A brown amorphous powder, obtained from indican.
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Indigeen
In"di*geen (?), n. Same as Indigene. Darwin.
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Indigence
In"di*gence (?), n. [L. indigentia: cf. F. indigence. See Indigent.] The condition of being indigent; lack of estate, or means of comfortable subsistence; penury; poverty; as, helpless indigence. Cowper.

Syn. -- Poverty; penury; destitution; want; need; privation; lack. See Poverty.
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Indigency
In"di*gen*cy (?), n. Indigence.
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New indigencies founded upon new desires. South.
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Indigene
In"di*gene (?), n. [L. indigena: cf. F. indigène. See Indigenous.] One born in a country; an aboriginal animal or plant; an autochthon. Evelyn. Tylor.
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Indigenous
In*dig"e*nous (?), a. [L. indigenus, indigena, fr. OL. indu (fr. in in) + the root of L. gignere to beget, bear. See In, and Gender.]
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1. Native; produced, growing, or living, naturally in a country or climate; not exotic; not imported.
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Negroes were all transported from Africa and are not indigenous or proper natives of America. Sir T. Browne.
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In America, cotton, being indigenous, is cheap. Lion Playas.
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2. Native; inherent; innate.
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Joy and hope are emotions indigenous to the human mind. I. Taylor.
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Indigent
In"di*gent (?), a. [L. indigent, L. indigens, p. p. of indigere to stand in need of, fr. OL. indu (fr. in- in) + L. egere to be needy, to need.]
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1. Wanting; void; free; destitute; -- used with of. [Obs.] Bacon.
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2. Destitute of property or means of comfortable subsistence; needy; poor; in want; necessitous.
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Indigent faint souls past corporal toil. Shak.
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Charity consists in relieving the indigent. Addison.
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Indigently
In"di*gent*ly, adv. In an indigent manner.
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Indigest
In`di*gest" (?), a. [L. indigestus unarranged. See Indigested.] Crude; unformed; unorganized; undigested. [Obs.] “A chaos rude and indigest.” W. Browne. “Monsters and things indigest.” Shak.
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Indigest
In`di*gest", n. Something indigested. [Obs.] Shak.
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Indigested
In`di*gest"ed, a. [Pref. in- not + digested.]
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1. Not digested; undigested.Indigested food.” Dryden.
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2. Not resolved; not regularly disposed and arranged; not methodical; crude; as, an indigested array of facts.
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In hot reformations . . . the whole is generally crude, harsh, and indigested. Burke.
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This, like an indigested meteor, appeared and disappeared almost at the same time. South.
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3. (Med.) (a) Not in a state suitable for healing; -- said of wounds. (b) Not ripened or suppurated; -- said of an abscess or its contents.
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4. Not softened by heat, hot water, or steam.
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Indigestedness
In`di*gest"ed*ness, n. The state or quality of being undigested; crudeness. Bp. Burnet.
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Indigestibility
In*di*gest`i*bil"i*ty (?), n. The state or quality of being indigestible; indigestibleness.
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Indigestible
In`di*gest"i*ble (?), a. [L. indigestibilis: cf. F. indigestible. See In- not, and Digest.]
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1. Not digestible; not readily soluble in the digestive juices; not easily convertible into products fitted for absorption.
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2. Not digestible in the mind; distressful; intolerable; as, an indigestible simile. T. Warton.

-- In`di*gest"i*ble*ness, n. -- In`di*gest"i*bly, adv.
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indigestibleness
indigestibleness n. the property of being difficult to digest.
Syn. -- indigestibility.
[WordNet 1.5]

Indigestion
In`di*ges"tion (?; 106), n. [L. indigestio: cf. F. indigestion. See In- not, and Digest.] Discomfort due to a lack of proper digestive action; a failure of the normal changes which food should undergo in the alimentary canal; dyspepsia; incomplete or difficult digestion.
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Indigitate
In*dig"i*tate (?), v. i. [Pref. in- in + L. digitus finger.] To communicate ideas by the fingers; to show or compute by the fingers. [Obs.]
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Indigitate
In*dig"i*tate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Indigitated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Indigitating (?).] To point out with the finger; to indicate. [Obs.]
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The depressing this finger, . . . in the right hand indigitates six hundred. Sir T. Browne.
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Indigitation
In*dig`i*ta"tion (?), n. The act of pointing out as with the finger; indication. [Obs.] Dr. H. More.
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Indiglucin
In`di*glu"cin (?), n. [Indican + glucin.] (Chem.) The variety of sugar (glucose) obtained from the glucoside indican. It is unfermentable, but reduces Fehling's solution.
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Indign
In*dign" (?), a. [L. indignus; pref. in- not + dignus worthy: cf. F. indigne. See Dignity.] Unworthy; undeserving; disgraceful; degrading. Chaucer.
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Counts it scorn to draw
Comfort indign from any meaner thing.
Trench.

Indignancy
Indignance
{ In*dig"nance (?), In*dig"nan*cy (?), } n. Indignation. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Indignant
In*dig"nant (?), a. [L. indignans, -antis, p. pr. of indignari to be indignant, disdain. See Indign.] Affected with indignation; wrathful; passionate; irate; feeling wrath, as when a person is exasperated by unworthy or unjust treatment, by a mean action, or by a degrading accusation.
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He strides indignant, and with haughty cries
To single fight the fairy prince defies.
Tickell.
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Indignantly
In*dig"nant*ly, adv. In an indignant manner.
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Indignation
In`dig*na"tion (?), n. [F. indignation, L. indignatio. See Indign.]
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1. The feeling excited by that which is unworthy, base, or disgraceful; anger mingled with contempt, disgust, or abhorrence. Shak.
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Indignation expresses a strong and elevated disapprobation of mind, which is also inspired by something flagitious in the conduct of another. Cogan.
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When Haman saw Mordecai in the king's gate, that he stood not up, nor moved for him, he was full of indignation against Mordecai. Esther v. 9.
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2. The effect of anger; punishment. Shak.
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Hide thyself . . . until the indignation be overpast. Is. xxvi. 20.

Syn. -- Anger; ire wrath; fury; rage. See Anger.
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Indignify
In*dig"ni*fy (?), v. t. [L. indignus unworthy + -fy.] To treat disdainfully or with indignity; to contemn. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Indignity
In*dig"ni*ty (?), n.; pl. Indignities (#). [L. indignitas: cf. F. indignité. See Indign.] Any action toward another which manifests contempt for him; an offense against personal dignity; unmerited contemptuous treatment; contumely; incivility or injury, accompanied with insult.
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How might a prince of my great hopes forget
So great indignities you laid upon me?
Shak.
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A person of so great place and worth constrained to endure so foul indignities. Hooker.
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Indignly
In*dign"ly (?), adv. Unworthily. [Obs.]
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Indigo
In"di*go (?), n.; pl. Indigoes (#). [F. indigo, Sp. indigo, indico, L. indicum indigo, fr. Indicus Indian. See Indian.]
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1. A kind of deep blue, one of the seven prismatic colors.
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2. (Chem.) A blue dyestuff obtained from several plants belonging to very different genera and orders, such as, the woad, Isatis tinctoria (family Cruciferae), Indigofera suffroticosa, Indigofera tinctoria (family Leguminosae), Indigofera Anil, Nereum tinctorium, Polygonum tinctorium Ait. (family Polygonaceae), etc.; called also natural indigo. It is a dark blue earthy substance, tasteless and odorless, with a copper-violet luster when rubbed. Indigo does not exist in the plants as such, but is obtained by decomposition of the glycoside indican.
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&hand_; Commercial indigo contains the essential coloring principle indigo blue or indigotine, with several other dyes; as, indigo red, indigo brown, etc., and various impurities. Indigo is insoluble in ordinary reagents, with the exception of strong sulphuric acid.
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Chinese indigo (Bot.), Isatis indigotica, a kind of woad. -- Wild indigo (Bot.), the American herb Baptisia tinctoria which yields a poor quality of indigo, as do several other species of the same genus.
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Indigo
In"di*go (?), a. Having the color of, pertaining to, or derived from, indigo.
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Indigo berry (Bot.), the fruit of the West Indian shrub Randia aculeata, used as a blue dye. -- Indigo bird (Zool.), a small North American finch (Cyanospiza cyanea). The male is indigo blue in color. Called also indigo bunting. -- Indigo blue. (a) The essential coloring material of commercial indigo, from which it is obtained as a dark blue earthy powder, with a reddish luster, C16H10N2O2, which may be crystallized by sublimation. Indigo blue is also made from artificial amido cinnamic acid, and from artificial isatine; and these methods are of great commercial importance. Called also indigotin. (b) A dark, dull blue color like the indigo of commerce. -- Indigo brown (Chem.), a brown resinous substance found in crude indigo. -- Indigo copper (Min.), covellite. -- Indigo green, a green obtained from indigo. -- Indigo plant (Bot.), a leguminous plant of several species (genus Indigofera), from which indigo is prepared. The different varieties are natives of Asia, Africa, and America. Several species are cultivated, of which the most important are the Indigofera tinctoria, or common indigo plant, the Indigofera Anil, a larger species, and the Indigofera disperma. -- Indigo purple, a purple obtained from indigo. -- Indigo red, a dyestuff, isomeric with indigo blue, obtained from crude indigo as a dark brown amorphous powder. -- Indigo snake (Zool.), the gopher snake. -- Indigo white, a white crystalline powder obtained by reduction from indigo blue, and by oxidation easily changed back to it; -- called also indigogen. -- Indigo yellow, a substance obtained from indigo.
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Indigofera
In`di*gof"e*ra (?), n. [NL., from E. indigo + L. ferre to bear.] (Bot.) A genus of leguminous plants (family Leguminosae) having many species, mostly in tropical countries, several of them yielding indigo, esp. Indigofera tinctoria, Indigofera suffroticosa, and Indigofera Anil.
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Indigogen
In"di*go*gen (?), n. [Indigo + -gen.]
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1. (Chem.) See Indigo white, under Indigo.
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2. (Physiol. Chem.) Same as Indican, 2.
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Indigometer
In`di*gom"e*ter (?), n. [Indigo + -meter.] An instrument for ascertaining the strength of an indigo solution, as in volumetric analysis. Ure.
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Indigometry
In`di*gom"e*try (?), n. The art or method of determining the coloring power of indigo.
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Indigotic
In`di*got"ic (?), a. [Cf. F. indigotique.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, indigo; as, indigotic acid, which is also called anilic or nitrosalicylic acid.
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Indigotin
In"di*go*tin (?), n. (Chem.) See Indigo blue, under Indigo.
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Indigrubin
In`dig*ru"bin (?), n. [Indigo + L. ruber red.] (Physiol. Chem.) Same as Urrhodin.
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Indihumin
In`di*hu"min (?), n. [Indican + humin.] (Chem.) A brown amorphous substance resembling humin, and obtained from indican.
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Indilatory
In*dil"a*to*ry (?), a. Not dilatory. [Obs.]
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Indiligence
In*dil"i*gence (?), n. [L. indiligentia: cf. F. indiligence.] Lack of diligence. [Obs.] B. Jonson.
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Indiligent
In*dil"i*gent (?), a. [L. indiligens: cf. F. indiligent. See Diligent.] Not diligent; idle; slothful. [Ob