N.

N
N (&ebreve_;n), the fourteenth letter of English alphabet, is a vocal consonent, and, in allusion to its mode of formation, is called the dentinasal or linguanasal consonent. Its commoner sound is that heard in ran, done; but when immediately followed in the same word by the sound of g hard or k (as in single, sink, conquer), it usually represents the same sound as the digraph ng in sing, bring, etc. This is a simple but related sound, and is called the gutturo-nasal consonent. See Guide to Pronunciation, §§ 243-246.
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The letter N came into English through the Latin and Greek from the Phoenician, which probably derived it from the Egyptian as the ultimate origin. It is etymologically most closely related to M. See M.
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N
N, n. (Print.) A measure of space equal to half an M (or em); an en.
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Na
Na (nä), a. & adv. No, not. See No. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Nab
Nab (năb), n. [Cf. Knap, Knop, Knob.] 1. The summit of an eminence. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.
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2. (Firearms) The cock of a gunlock. Knight.
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3. (Locksmithing) The keeper, or box into which the lock is shot. Knight.
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Nab
Nab, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Nabbed (năbd); p. pr. & vb. n. Nabbing.] [Dan nappe, or Sw. nappa.] 1. To catch or seize suddenly or unexpectedly. [Colloq.] Smollett.
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2. To capture; to arrest; as, the police nabbed the culprit wtrying to hide in the basement.
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Nabit
Na"bit (nā"b&ibreve_;t), n. Pulverized sugar candy. Crabb.
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Nabk
Nabk (năbk), n. [Ar. nabiqa, nibqa.] (Bot.) The edible berries of the Zizyphys Lotus, a tree of Northern Africa, and Southwestern Europe. [Written also nubk.] See Lotus (b), and Sadr.
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Nabob
Na"bob (nā"b&obreve_;b), n. [Hind. nawāb, from Ar. nawāb, pl. of nāïb a vicegerent, governor. Cf Nawab.] 1. A deputy or viceroy in India; a governor of a province of the ancient Mogul empire.
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2. One who returns to Europe from the East with immense riches: hence, any man of great wealth. “A bilious old nabob.” Macaulay.
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Nacarat
Nac"a*rat (năk"&adot_;*răt), n. [F. nacarat, fr. Sp. or Pg. nacarado, fr. nácar mother-of-pearl. See Nacre.] 1. A pale red color, with a cast of orange. Ure.
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2. Fine linen or crape dyed of this color. Ure.
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Nacelle
Na*celle" (n&adot_;*s&ebreve_;l"), n. [F.] 1. A small boat. [Obs.]
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2. The basket suspended from a balloon; hence, the framework forming the body of a dirigible balloon, and containing the machinery, passengers, etc.
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3. A streamlined enclosure on an airplane, as for the engine or for the cargo or passengers; -- formerly used to refer to the boatlike, inclosed body of an airplane which is usually now called the fuselage, and now referring mostly to the enclosure for the engine.
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nacho
nacho n. A tortilla chip topped with cheese and often chili-pepper or beans and then broiled; -- eaten as a snack or light meal.
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Nacker
Nack"er (năk"&etilde_;r), n. See Nacre. Johnson.
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Nacre
Na"cre (nā"k&etilde_;r), n. [F., cf. Sp. nácara, nácar, It. nacchera, naccaro, LL. nacara, nacrum; of Oriental origin, cf. Ar. nakīr hollowed.] (Zool.) A pearly substance which lines the interior of many shells, and is most perfect in the mother-of-pearl. [Written also nacker and naker.] See Pearl, and Mother-of-pearl.
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Nacre
Na`cré" (n&adot_;*krā"), a. [F. See Nacre.] (Art) Having the peculiar iridescence of nacre, or mother-of-pearl, or an iridescence resembling it; as, nacré ware.
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Nacreous
Na"cre*ous (nā"kr&euptack_;*ŭs), a. [See Nacre.] (Zool.) Consisting of, or resembling, nacre; pearly.
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Nadde
Nad
{ Nad (năd), Nad"de (năd"d&eitalic_;) }. [Contr. fr. ne hadde.] Had not. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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nada
nada n. 1. [Spanish] Nothing. [informal or jocose] [used mostly jocosely or for emphasis in phrases such as “Nothing, nada, zip!”]
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Nadder
Nad"der (năd"d&etilde_;r), n. [AS. naedre. See Adder.] An adder. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Na-dene
Na-dene prop. n. A family of North American Indian languages including Tlingit, the Athabascan language family, and Haida.
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Nadir
Na"dir (nā"d&etilde_;r), n. [F., Sp., & It. nadir; all fr. Ar. nazīru's samt nadir, prop., the point opposite the zenith (as samt), in which nazīr means alike, corresponding to. Cf. Azimuth, Zenith.] 1. That point of the heavens, or lower hemisphere, directly opposite the zenith; the inferior pole of the horizon; the point of the celestial sphere directly under the place where we stand.
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2. The lowest point; the time of greatest depression.
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The seventh century is the nadir of the human mind in Europe. Hallam.
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Nadir of the sun (Astron.), the axis of the conical shadow projected by the earth. Crabb.
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Naenia
Nae"ni*a (?), n. See Nenia.
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Naeve
Naeve (?), n. [L. naevus.] A naevus. [Obs.] Dryden.
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Naevoid
Nae"void (?), a. [Naevus + -oid.] Resembling a naevus or naevi; as, naevoid elephantiasis. Dunglison.
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Naevose
Nae"vose` (?), a. Spotted; freckled.
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Naevus
Nae"vus (nē"vŭs), n.; pl. Naevi (-vī). [L.] (Med.) A spot or mark on the skin of children when born; a birthmark; -- the term includes moles as wells a other types of birthmark, and is most commonly applied to reddish or brownish raised vascular areas of the skin, i. e., those consisting mainly of blood vessels, as dilated arteries, veins, or capillaries. [Usually spelled nevus.]
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Nag
Nag (năg), n. [OE. nagge, D. negge; akin to E. neigh.] 1. A small horse; a pony; hence, any horse, especially one that is of inferior breeding or useless.
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2. A paramour; -- in contempt. [Obs.] Shak.
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Nag
Nag, v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Nagged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Nagging (?).] [Cf. Sw. nagga to nibble, peck, Dan. nage to gnaw, Icel. naga, gnaga, G. nagen, & E. gnaw.] To tease in a petty way; to scold habitually; to annoy; to fret pertinaciously. [Colloq.] “She never nagged.” J. Ingelow.
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Nag
Nag (năg), n. A person who nags, especially habitually; called also nagger.
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nagami
nagami n. A shrub (Fortunella margarita) bearing oval-fruited kumquats. See also kumquat.
Syn. -- nagami kumquat, oval kumquat, Fortunella margarita.
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Nagana
Na*ga"na (n&adot_;*gä"n&adot_;), n. [Prob. native name.] (Med.) A disease of horses and other domestic animals, transmitted by the tsetse fly; any trypanosomiasis, especially the variety caused by Trypanosoma brucei. [South Africa]
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Nageia
Nageia prop. n. A small genus of Asian evergreen trees having columnar crowns and distinguished by leaves lacking a midrib; eastern Asia including India and Philippines and New Guinea.
Syn. -- genus Nageia.
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nagger
nagger n. Someone (especially a woman) who constantly finds fault.
Syn. -- scold, scolder, nag.
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Nagging
Nag"ging (năg"g&ibreve_;ng), a. Fault-finding; teasing; persistently annoying; as, a nagging toothache. [Colloq.]
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Naggy
Nag"gy (năg"g&ybreve_;), a. Irritable; touchy. [Colloq.]
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Nagor
Na"gor (?), n. (Zool.) A West African gazelle (Gazella redunca).
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Nagyagite
Nag"yag*ite (?), n. [So called from Nagyag, in Transylvania.] (Min.) A mineral of blackish lead-gray color and metallic luster, generally of a foliated massive structure; foliated tellurium. It is a telluride of lead and gold.
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Naiad
Na"iad (nā"yăd; 277), n. [L. naias, -adis, naïs, -idis, a water nymph, Gr nai:a`s, nai:`s, fr. na`ein to flow: cf. F. naïade. Cf. Naid.] 1. (Myth.) A water nymph; one of the lower female divinities, fabled to preside over some body of fresh water, as a lake, river, brook, or fountain.
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2. (Zool.) Any species of a tribe (Naiades) of freshwater bivalves, including Unio, Anodonta, and numerous allied genera; a river mussel.
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3. (Zool) One of a group of butterflies. See Nymph.
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4. (Bot.) Any plant of the order Naiadaceae, such as eelgrass, pondweed, etc.
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Naiadaceae
Naiadaceae prop. n. A monotypic family of aquatic plants having narrow leaves and small flowers.
Syn. -- family Naiadaceae, Najadaceae, family Najadaceae, naiad family.
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naiant
na"iant (?), a. (Her.) See Natant. Crabb.
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naid
na"id (?), n. [See Naiad.] (Zool.) Any one of numerous species of small, fresh-water, chaetopod annelids of the tribe Naidina. They belong to the Oligochaeta.
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Naif
Na"ïf` (&unr_;; formerly &unr_;), a. [F. naïf. See Naïve.] 1. Having a true natural luster without being cut; -- applied by jewelers to a precious stone.
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2. Naïve; as, a naïf remark. London Spectator.
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Naik
Na"ik (?), n. [Hind. nāyak.] A chief; a leader; a Sepoy corporal. Balfour (Cyc. of India).
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Nail
Nail (nāl), n. [AS. naegel, akin to D. nagel, OS. & OHG. nagal, G. nagel, Icel. nagl, nail (in sense 1), nagli nail (in sense 3), Sw. nagel nail (in senses 1 and 3), Dan. nagle, Goth. ganagljan to nail, Lith. nagas nail (in sense 1), Russ. nogote, L. unguis, Gr. "o`nyx, Skr. nakha. √259.] 1. (Anat.) the horny scale of plate of epidermis at the end of the fingers and toes of man and many apes.
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His nayles like a briddes claws were. Chaucer.
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&hand_; The nails are strictly homologous with hoofs and claws. When compressed, curved, and pointed, they are called talons or claws, and the animal bearing them is said to be unguiculate; when they incase the extremities of the digits they are called hoofs, and the animal is ungulate.
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2. (Zool.) (a) The basal thickened portion of the anterior wings of certain hemiptera. (b) The terminal horny plate on the beak of ducks, and other allied birds.
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3. A slender, pointed piece of metal, usually with a head{2}, used for fastening pieces of wood or other material together, by being driven into or through them.
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&hand_; The different sorts of nails are named either from the use to which they are applied, from their shape, from their size, or from some other characteristic, as shingle, floor, ship-carpenters', and horseshoe nails, roseheads, diamonds, fourpenny, tenpenny (see Penny, a.), chiselpointed, cut, wrought, or wire nails, etc.
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4. A measure of length, being two inches and a quarter, or the sixteenth of a yard.
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Nail ball (Ordnance), a round projectile with an iron bolt protruding to prevent it from turning in the gun. -- Nail plate, iron in plates from which cut nails are made. -- On the nail, in hand; on the spot; immediately; without delay or time of credit; as, to pay money on the nail; to pay cash on the nail. “You shall have ten thousand pounds on the nail.” Beaconsfield. -- To hit the nail on the head, (a) to hit most effectively; to do or say a thing in the right way. (b) to describe the most important factor.
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Nail
Nail, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Nailed (nāld); p. pr. & vb. n. Nailing.] [AS. naeglian. See Nail, n.] 1. To fasten with a nail or nails; to close up or secure by means of nails; as, to nail boards to the beams.
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He is now dead, and nailed in his chest. Chaucer.
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2. To stud or boss with nails, or as with nails.
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The rivets of your arms were nailed with gold. Dryden.
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3. To fasten, as with a nail; to bind or hold, as to a bargain or to acquiescence in an argument or assertion; hence, to catch; to trap.
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When they came to talk of places in town, you saw at once how I nailed them. Goldsmith.
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4. To spike, as a cannon. [Obs.] Crabb.
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To nail an assertion or To nail a lie, etc., to detect and expose it, so as to put a stop to its currency; -- an expression probably derived from the former practice of shopkeepers, who were accustomed to nail bad or counterfeit pieces of money to the counter.
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Nailbrush
Nail"brush`, n. A brush for cleaning the nails.
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Nailer
Nail"er (?), n. 1. One whose occupation is to make nails; a nail maker.
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2. One who fastens with, or drives, nails.
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Naileress
Nail"er*ess, n. A woman who makes nails.
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Nailery
Nail"er*y (?), n.; pl. Naileries (&unr_;). A factory where nails are made.
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Nail-headed
Nail"-head`ed (?), a. Having a head like that of a nail; formed so as to resemble the head of a nail.
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Nail-headed characters, arrowheaded or cuneiform characters. See under Arrowheaded. -- Nail-headed molding (Arch.), an ornament consisting of a series of low four-sided pyramids resembling the heads of large nails; -- called also nail-head molding, or nail-head. It is the same as the simplest form of dogtooth. See Dogtooth.
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Nailless
Nail"less, a. Without nails; having no nails.
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Nainsook
Nain`sook" (?), n. [Nainsukh, a valley in Kaghan.] A thick sort of jaconet muslin, plain or striped, formerly made in India.
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Nais
Na"is (nā"&ibreve_;s), n. [L., a naiad.] (Zool.) See Naiad.
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Naissant
Nais`sant" (?), a. [F., p. pr. of naître to be born, L. nasci.] (Her.) Same as Jessant.
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naive
naive
na*ive", na*ïve" (nä*ēv"), a. [F. naïf, fem. naïve, fr. L. nativus innate, natural, native. See Native, and cf. Naïf.] 1. Having native or unaffected simplicity; ingenuous; artless; frank; as, naïve manners; a naïve person; naïve and unsophisticated remarks.
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2. Having a lack of knowledge, judgment, or experience; especially, lacking sophistication in judging the motives of others; credulous; as, a naive belief in the honesty of politicians.
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naively
na"ïve`ly (?), adv. In a naïve manner.
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Naivete
Na`ïve`té" (?), n. [F. See Naïve, and cf. Nativity.] 1. The state or quality of being naive; lack of sophistication or worldliness.
Syn. -- naivete, naiveness.
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A story which pleases me by its naïveté -- that is, by its unconscious ingenuousness. De Quincey.
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2. An act displaying naivete; a naive remark or action.
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Naivety
naivety
na*iv"e*ty, Na"ïve`ty (?), n. Naïveté. Carlyle.
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Naja
Naja prop. n. A genus of cobras.
Syn. -- genus Naja.
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Najadaceae
Najadaceae prop. n. A monotypic family of aquatic plants having narrow leaves and small flowers; same as Naiadaceae; the naiad family.
Syn. -- Naiadaceae, family Naiadaceae, family Najadaceae, naiad family.
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Najas
Najas prop. n. The sole genus of the family Naiadaceae.
Syn. -- Naias, genus Naias, genus Najas.
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Nake
Nake (nāk), v. t. To make naked. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Come, be ready, nake your swords. Old Play.
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Naked
Na"ked (nā"k&ebreve_;d), a. [AS. nacod; akin to D. naakt, G. nackt, OHG. nacchot, nahhot, Icel. nökviðr, nakinn, Sw. naken, Dan. nögen, Goth. naqaþs, Lith. nůgas, Russ. nagii, L. nudus, Skr. nagna. √266. Cf. Nude.]
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1. Having no clothes on; uncovered; nude; bare; as, a naked body; a naked limb; a naked sword.
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2. Having no means of defense or protection; open; unarmed; defenseless; as, naked to invasion.
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Had I but served my God with half the zeal
I served my king, he would not in mine age
Have left me naked to mine enemies.
King Henry VIII., Act iii. sc. 2 (Shakespeare)
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Thy power is full naked. Chaucer.
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Behold my bosom naked to your swords. Addison.
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3. Unprovided with needful or desirable accessories, means of sustenance, etc.; destitute; unaided; bare.
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Patriots who had exposed themselves for the public, and whom they saw now left naked. Milton.
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4. Without addition, exaggeration, or excuses; not concealed or disguised; open to view; manifest; plain.
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The truth appears so naked on my side, That any purblind eye may find it out. Shak.
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All things are naked and opened unto the eyes of him with whom we have to do. Heb. iv. 13.
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5. Mere; simple; plain; as, the naked truth.
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The very naked name of love. Shak.
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6. (Bot.) Without pubescence; as, a naked leaf or stem; bare, or not covered by the customary parts, as a flower without a perianth, a stem without leaves, seeds without a pericarp, buds without bud scales.
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7. (Mus.) Not having the full complement of tones; -- said of a chord of only two tones, which requires a third tone to be sounded with them to make the combination pleasing to the ear; as, a naked fourth or fifth.
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Naked bed, a bed the occupant of which is naked, no night linen being worn in ancient times. Shak. -- Naked eye, the eye alone, unaided by eyeglasses, or by telescope, microscope, or other magnifying device. -- Naked-eyed medusa. (Zool.) See Hydromedusa. -- Naked flooring (Carp.), the timberwork which supports a floor. Gwilt. -- Naked mollusk (Zool.), a nudibranch. -- Naked wood (Bot.), a large rhamnaceous tree (Colibrina reclinata) of Southern Florida and the West Indies, having a hard and heavy heartwood, which takes a fine polish. C. S. Sargent.
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Syn. -- Nude; bare; denuded; uncovered; unclothed; exposed; unarmed; plain; defenseless.
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Nakedly
Na"ked*ly, adv. In a naked manner; without covering or disguise; manifestly; simply; barely.
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Nakedness
Na"ked*ness, n. 1. The condition of being naked.
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2. (Script.) The privy parts; the genitals.
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Ham . . . saw the nakedness of his father. Gen. ix. 22.
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Naker
Na"ker (?), n. (Zool.) Same as Nacre.
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Naker
Na"ker, n. [OE. nakere, F. nakaire, LL. nacara, Per. naqāret.] A kind of kettledrum. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Nakoo
Na"koo (?), n. [From the native name.] (Zool.) The gavial. [Written also nako.]
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Nale
Nale (?), n. [A corrupt form arising from the older “at þen ale” at the nale.] Ale; also, an alehouse. [Obs.]
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Great feasts at the nale. Chaucer.
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Nall
Nall (?), n. [Either fr. Icel. nāl (see Needle); or fr. awl, like newt fr. ewt.] An awl. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.] Tusser.
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Nam
Nam (näm). [Contr. fr. ne am.] Am not. [Obs.]
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Nam
Nam, obs. imp. of Nim. Chaucer.
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Namable
Nam"a*ble (nām"&adot_;*b'l), a. Capable of being named.
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Namation
Na*ma"tion (?), n. [LL. namare to take; cf. AS. niman to take.] (O. Eng. & Scots Law) A distraining or levying of a distress; an impounding. Burrill.
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Namaycush
Nam"ay*cush (?), n. [Indian name.] (Zool.) A large North American lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush). It is usually spotted with red, and sometimes weighs over forty pounds. Called also Mackinaw trout, lake trout, lake salmon, salmon trout, togue, and tuladi.
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Namby-pamby
Nam"by-pam`by (?), n. [From Ambrose Phillips, in ridicule of the extreme simplicity of some of his verses.] Talk or writing which is weakly sentimental or affectedly pretty. Macaulay.
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Namby-pamby
Nam"by-pam`by, a. 1. Affectedly pretty; weakly sentimental; finical; insipid. Thackeray.
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Namby-pamby madrigals of love. W. Gifford.
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2. Indecisive or weak; lacking firmness or resolve; -- of actions and policies.
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Name
Name (nām), n. [AS. nama; akin to D. naam, OS. & OHG. namo, G. name, Icel. nafn, for namn, Dan. navn, Sw. namn, Goth. namō, L. nomen (perh. influenced by noscere, gnoscere, to learn to know), Gr. 'o`mona, Scr. nāman. √267. Cf. Anonymous, Ignominy, Misnomer, Nominal, Noun.] 1. The title by which any person or thing is known or designated; a distinctive specific appellation, whether of an individual or a class.
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Whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof. Gen. ii. 19.
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What's in a name? That which we call a rose
By any other name would smell as sweet.
Shak.
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2. A descriptive or qualifying appellation given to a person or thing, on account of a character or acts.
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His name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. Is. ix. 6.
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3. Reputed character; reputation, good or bad; estimation; fame; especially, illustrious character or fame; honorable estimation; distinction.
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What men of name resort to him? Shak.
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Far above . . . every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come. Eph. i. 21.
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I will get me a name and honor in the kingdom. 1 Macc. iii. 14.
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He hath brought up an evil name upon a virgin. Deut. xxii. 19.
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The king's army . . . had left no good name behind. Clarendon.
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4. Those of a certain name; a race; a family.
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The ministers of the republic, mortal enemies of his name, came every day to pay their feigned civilities. Motley.
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5. A person, an individual. [Poetic]
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They list with women each degenerate name. Dryden.
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Christian name. (a) The name a person receives at baptism, as distinguished from surname; baptismal name; in western countries, it is also called a first name. (b) A given name, whether received at baptism or not. -- Given name. See under Given. -- In name, in profession, or by title only; not in reality; as, a friend in name. -- In the name of. (a) In behalf of; by the authority of. “ I charge you in the duke's name to obey me.” Shak. (b) In the represented or assumed character of. “I'll to him again in name of Brook.” Shak. -- Name plate, a plate as of metal, glass, etc., having a name upon it, as a sign; a doorplate. -- Pen name, a name assumed by an author; a pseudonym or nom de plume. Bayard Taylor. -- Proper name (Gram.), a name applied to a particular person, place, or thing. -- To call names, to apply opprobrious epithets to; to call by reproachful appellations. -- To take a name in vain, to use a name lightly or profanely; to use a name in making flippant or dishonest oaths. Ex. xx. 7.
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Syn. -- Appellation; title; designation; cognomen; denomination; epithet. -- Name, Appellation, Title, Denomination. Name is generic, denoting that combination of sounds or letters by which a person or thing is known and distinguished. Appellation, although sometimes put for name simply, denotes, more properly, a descriptive term (called also agnomen or cognomen), used by way of marking some individual peculiarity or characteristic; as, Charles the Bold, Philip the Stammerer. A title is a term employed to point out one's rank, office, etc.; as, the Duke of Bedford, Paul the Apostle, etc. Denomination is to particular bodies what appellation is to individuals; thus, the church of Christ is divided into different denominations, as Congregationalists, Episcopalians, Presbyterians, etc.
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Name
Name (nām), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Named (nāmd); p. pr. & vb. n. Naming.] [AS. namian. See Name, n.] 1. To give a distinctive name or appellation to; to entitle; to denominate; to style; to call.
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She named the child Ichabod. 1 Sam. iv. 21.
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Thus was the building left
Ridiculous, and the work Confusion named.
Milton.
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2. To mention by name; to utter or publish the name of; to refer to by distinctive title; to mention.
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None named thee but to praise. Halleck.
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Old Yew, which graspest at the stones
That name the underlying dead.
Tennyson.
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3. To designate by name or specifically for any purpose; to nominate; to specify; to appoint; as, to name a day for the wedding; to name someone as ambassador.
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Whom late you have named for consul. Shak.
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4. (House of Commons) To designate (a member) by name, as the Speaker does by way of reprimand.
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Syn. -- To denominate; style; term; call; mention; specify; designate; nominate.
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named
named adj. 1. given or having a specified name; as, an actor named Harold Lloyd; a building in Cardiff named the Temple of Peace. Contrasted to unnamed.
Syn. -- called.
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2. bearing the author's name; as, a named source. Opposite of anonymous.
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namedrop
namedrop v. i. To refer to people that one assumes one's interlocutors admire so as to impress them; same as to drop names.
Syn. -- drop names.
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namedropper
namedropper n. Someone who pretends that famous people are his/her friends. Someone who namedrops.
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name-dropping
name-dropping n. The practice of casually mentioning important people in order to impress one's listener.
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nameko
nameko n. one of the most important fungi (Pholiota nameko) cultivated in Japan.
Syn. -- viscid mushroom, Pholiota nameko.
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Nameless
Name"less, a. 1. Without a name; not having been given a name; as, a nameless star. Waller.
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2. Undistinguished; not noted or famous.
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A nameless dwelling and an unknown name. Harte.
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3. Not known or mentioned by name; anonymous; as, a nameless writer.Nameless pens.” Atterbury.
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4. Unnamable; indescribable; inexpressible.
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But what it is, that is not yet known; what
I can not name; 't is nameless woe,I wot.
Shak.
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I have a nameless horror of the man. Hawthorne.
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Namelessly
Name"less*ly, adv. In a nameless manner.
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Namely
Name"ly, adv. 1. By name; by particular mention; specifically; especially; expressly. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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The solitariness of man . . . God hath namely and principally ordered to prevent by marriage. Milton.
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2. That is to say; to wit; videlicet; -- introducing a particular or specific designation.
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For the excellency of the soul, namely, its power of divining dreams; that several such divinations have been made, none can question. Addison.
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Namer
Nam"er (nām"&etilde_;r), n. One who names, or calls by name.
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Namesake
Name"sake` (?), n. [For name's sake; i. e., one named for the sake of another's name.] One that has the same name as another; especially, one called after, or named out of regard to, another.
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Nammu
Nammu prop. n. (Sumerian mythology) The Sumerian goddess personifying the primeval sea; mother of the gods and of heaven and earth.
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Namo
Na*mo" (?), adv. No more. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Namtaru
Namtar
Namtar, Namtaru prop. n. (Sumerian and Akkadian mythology) A demon personifying death; messenger of the underworld goddess Ereshkigal bringing death to mankind.
Syn. -- Namtaru.
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Nan
Nan (?), interj. [For anan.] Anan. [Prov. Eng.]
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Nana
Na"na (?), n. [prob. from babytalk.] Grandmother.
[PJC]

Nandine
Nan"dine (?), n. [Native name.] (Zool.) An African carnivore (Nandinia binotata), allied to the civets. It is spotted with black.
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Nandu
Nandou
{ Nan"dou (?), Nan"du (?), } n. [Braz. nhandu or yandu.] (Zool.) Any one of three species of South American ostriches of the genera Rhea and Pterocnemia, especially the smallest, Pterocnemia pennata (formerly Rhea Americana), called also the common rhea. They are tall fast-running flightless birds similar to ostriches but three-toed, found from Peru to the Straits of Magellan. See Rhea. [Written also nandow.]
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Nanism
Na"nism (nā"n&ibreve_;z'm; năn"&ibreve_;z'm), n. [Gr. na^nos + -ism: cf. F. nanisme.] The condition of being abnormally small in stature; dwarfism; dwarfishness; -- opposed to gigantism.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Nanking
Nanjing
Nanjing, Nanking prop. n. a former capital of China.
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Nankeen
Nan*keen" (?), n. [So called from its being originally manufactured at Nankin (Nanjing), in China.] [Written also nankin.] 1. A species of cloth, of a firm texture, originally brought from China, made of a species of cotton (Gossypium religiosum) that is naturally of a brownish yellow color quite indestructible and permanent.
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2. An imitation of this cloth by artificial coloring.
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3. pl. Trousers made of nankeen. Ld. Lytton.
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Nankeen bird (Zool.), the Australian night heron (Nycticorax Caledonicus); -- called also quaker.
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Nanna
Nanna n. 1. The wife of Balder.
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2. (Sumerian mythology) The god of the moon; counterpart of the Akkadian Sin.
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Nanny
Nan"ny (?), n. 1. A diminutive of Ann or Anne, the proper name.
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Nanny goat, a female goat. [Colloq.]
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Nannie
Nanny
Nan"ny, Nan"nie (năn"n&ybreve_;), n.; pl. nannies. 1. a caretaker for a child; a child's nurse; a nursemaid.
[PJC]

2. Grandmother; -- a child's word, used especially as a form of address. See also nana.
[PJC]

Nannyberry
Nan"ny*ber`ry (?), n. (Bot.) See Sheepberry.
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nano-
nan"o- (năn"&ouptack_;-), pref. 1. A prefix meaning one-billionth; as, a nanogram is one-thousandth of a microgram.
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2. Very small; submicroscopic; -- used to designate sizes smaller than those that would be referred to as micro-; as, nanoscale manipulations.
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nanotechnology
nan"o*tech*nol`o*gy (năn"&ouptack_;*t&ebreve_;k*n&obreve_;l`&ouptack_;*jē), n. The manipulation or construction of objects with sizes in the nanometer range or smaller. Objects of the size of molecules may be moved and placed in specific locations using laser tweezers or an atomic force microscope. See nanotechnology.
[PJC]

Nanpie
Nan"pie (?), n. (Zool.) The magpie.
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Nantua
Nantua n. (Cookery) A white sauce with whipping cream and shrimp butter.
Syn. -- shrimp sauce.
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Naos
Na"os (nā"&obreve_;s), n. [NL., fr. Gr. nao`s a temple, the cella.] (Arch.) A term used by modern archaeologists instead of cella. See Cella.
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Nap
Nap (năp), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Napped (năpt); p. pr. & vb. n. Napping (năp"p&ibreve_;ng).] [OE. nappen, AS. hnæppian to take a nap, to slumber; cf. AS. hnipian to bend one's self, Icel. hnipna, hnīpa, to droop.] 1. To have a short sleep; to be drowsy; to doze. Chaucer.
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2. To be in a careless, secure state; to be unprepared; as, to be caught napping. Wyclif.
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I took thee napping, unprepared. Hudibras.
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Nap
Nap, n. A short sleep; a doze; a siesta. Cowper.
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Nap
Nap, n. [OE. noppe, AS. hnoppa; akin to D. nop, Dan. noppe, LG. nobbe.] 1. Woolly or villous surface of felt, cloth, plants, etc.; an external covering of down, of short fine hairs or fibers forming part of the substance of anything, and lying smoothly in one direction; the pile; as, the nap of cotton flannel or of broadcloth.
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2. pl. The loops which are cut to make the pile, in velvet. Knight.
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Nap
Nap, v. t. To raise, or put, a nap on.
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Nap
Nap (?), n. Same as Napoleon, 1, below.
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napa
napa n. A plant (Brassica rapa pekinensis) with an elongated celerylike head of broadstalked leaves used as a vegetable in east Asia; called also Chinese cabbage.
Syn. -- Chinese cabbage, celery cabbage, pe-tsai, Brassica rapa pekinensis.
[WordNet 1.5]

Napaea
Napaea prop. n. A genus consisting of only one species, the glade mallow.
Syn. -- genus Napaea.
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2. A name from Greek mythology.
Syn. -- Napea.
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napalm
napalm (nā"päm), n. A highly incediary liquid consisting of gasoline jelled with aluminum soaps, used as a weapon of war in fire bombs and flame throwers.
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Nape
Nape (nāp), n. [Perh. akin to knap a knop.] The back part of the neck. Spenser.
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Nape-crest
Nape"-crest` (?), n. (Zool.) An African bird of the genus Schizorhis, related to the plantain eaters.
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Napery
Na"per*y (?), n.; pl. Naperies (#). [OF. naperie, fr. nape a tablecloth, F. nappe, LL. napa, fr. L. mappa. See Map, and cf. Apron, Napkin.] Table linen; also, linen clothing, or linen in general. [Obs.] Gayton.
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Napha water
Na"pha wa`ter (?). [Sp. nafa, from Ar. napha odor.] A perfume distilled from orange flowers.
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Naphew
Na"phew (?), n. (Bot.) See Navew.
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naprapathy
naprapathy n. A drugless method of treatment based on the belief that disease symptoms arise from problems with ligaments and connective tissues.
[WordNet 1.5]

Naphtha
Naph"tha (năf"th&adot_; or năp"th&adot_;), n. [L. naphtha, Gr. na`fqa, fr.Ar. nafth, nifth.] 1. (Chem.) The complex mixture of volatile, liquid, inflammable hydrocarbons, occurring naturally, and usually called crude petroleum, mineral oil, or rock oil. Specifically: That portion of the distillate obtained in the refinement of petroleum which is intermediate between the lighter gasoline and the heavier benzine, and has a specific gravity of about 0.7, -- used as a solvent for varnishes, as a carburetant, illuminant, etc.
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2. (Chem.) One of several volatile inflammable liquids obtained by the distillation of certain carbonaceous materials and resembling the naphtha from petroleum; as, Boghead naphtha, from Boghead coal (obtained at Boghead, Scotland); crude naphtha, or light oil, from coal tar; wood naphtha, from wood, etc.
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&hand_; This term was applied by the earlier chemical writers to a number of volatile, strong smelling, inflammable liquids, chiefly belonging to the ethers, as the sulphate, nitrate, or acetate of ethyl. Watts.
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Naphtha vitrioli [NL., naphtha of vitriol] (Old Chem.), common ethyl ether; -- formerly called sulphuric ether. See Ether.
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Naphthalate
Naph"tha*late (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of naphthalic acid; a phthalate. [Obs.]
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Naphthalene
Naph"tha*lene (?), n. (Chem.) A white crystalline aromatic hydrocarbon, C10H8, analogous to benzene, and obtained by the distillation of certain bituminous materials, such as the heavy oil of coal tar. It is the type and basis of a large number of derivatives among organic compounds. Formerly called also naphthaline.
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Naphthalene red (Chem.), a dyestuff obtained from certain diazo derivatives of naphthylamine, and called also magdala red. -- Naphthalene yellow (Chem.), a yellow dyestuff obtained from certain nitro derivatives of naphthol.
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Naphthalenic
Naph`tha*len"ic (?), a. (Chem.) Pertaining to , or derived from, naphthalene; -- used specifically to designate a yellow crystalline substance, called naphthalenic acid and also hydroxy quinone, and obtained from certain derivatives of naphthol.
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Naphthalic
Naph*tha"lic (?), a. (Chem.) (a) Pertaining to, derived from, or related to, naphthalene; -- formerly used to denote any one of a series of acids derived from naphthalene, and called naphthalene acids, now specifically referring to 1,8-naphthalenedicaboxylic acid, C12H8O4. (b) Formerly, designating an acid probably identical with phthalic acid.
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Naphthalidine
Naph*thal"i*dine (?), n. [Naphthalene + toluidine.] (Chem.) Same as Naphthylamine.
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Naphthaline
Naphthalin
{ Naph"tha*lin (?), Naph"tha*line (?), } n. [F. naphthaline.] (Chem.) See Naphthalene.
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Naphthalize
Naph"tha*lize (?), v. t. (Chem.) To mingle, saturate, or impregnate, with naphtha.
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Naphthazarin
Naph*thaz"a*rin (?), n. [Naphthalene + alizarin.] (Chem.) A dyestuff, resembling alizarin, obtained from naphthoquinone as a red crystalline substance with a bright green, metallic luster; -- called also naphthalizarin.
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Naphthene
Naph"thene (?), n. (Chem.) A peculiar hydrocarbon fraction occuring as an ingredient of some crude petroleums, mostly mixtures of derivatives of the five- and six-membered saturated cyclic alkanes, cyclopentane and cyclohexane, having the general formula CnH2n.
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Naphthide
Naph"thide (năf"th&ibreve_;d or năf"thīd), n. (Chem.) A compound of naphthalene or its radical with a metallic element; as, mercuric naphthide.
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Naphthoic
Naph*tho"ic (?), a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, derived from, or related to, naphthalene; -- used to designate any one of a series of carboxyl derivatives, called naphthoic acids of the general formula C10H7.COOH, such as 1-naphthoic acid.
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Naphthol
Naph"thol (?), n. [Naphthalene + -ol.] (Chem.) Any one of a series of hydroxyl derivatives of naphthalene, analogous to phenol. In general they are crystalline substances with a phenol (carbolic) odor.
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Naphthol blue, Naphthol orange, Naphthol yellow (Chem.), brilliant dyestuffs produced from certain complex nitrogenous derivatives of naphthol or naphthoquinone.
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Naphthoquinone
Naph`tho*qui"none (?), n. [Naphthalene + quinone.] (Chem.) A yellow crystalline substance, C10H6O2, analogous to quinone, obtained by oxidizing naphthalene with chromic acid.
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Naphthyl
Naph"thyl (?), n. [Naphthalene + -yl.] (Chem.) A hydrocarbon radical regarded as the essential residue of naphthalene.
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Naphthylamine
Naph`thyl*am"ine (?), n. (Chem.) One of two basic amido derivatives of naphthalene, C10H7.NH2, forming crystalline solids.
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Naperian
Napierian
{ Na*pie"ri*an, Na*pe"ri*an , } (?), a. Of, pertaining to, or discovered by, Napier, or Naper.
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Naperian logarithms. See under Logarithms.
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Napier's rods
Napier's bones
{ Na"pi*er's bones` (?), Na"pi*er's rods` (?) }. A set of rods, made of bone or other material, each divided into nine spaces, and containing the numbers of a column of the multiplication table; -- a contrivance of Baron Napier, the inventor of logarithms, for facilitating the operations of multiplication and division.
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Napiform
Na"pi*form (?), a. [L. napus turnip + -form: cf. F. napiforme. Cf. Navew.] (Bot.) Turnip-shaped; large and round in the upper part, and very slender below.
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Napkin
Nap"kin (?), n. [Dim. of OF. nape a tablecloth, cloth, F. nappe, L. mappa. See Napery.] 1. A little towel, made of cloth or paper, esp. one for wiping the fingers and mouth at table.
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2. A handkerchief. [Obs.] Shak.
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Napkin pattern. See Linen scroll, under Linen. -- Napkin ring, a ring of metal, ivory, or other material, used to inclose a table napkin. -- paper napkin, a napkin made of paper, intended to be disposed of after use.
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Napless
Nap"less, a. Without nap; threadbare. Shak.
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Naples yellow
Na"ples yel"low (?). See under Yellow.
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Napoleon I.
Napoleon
Napoleon, Napoleon I. (nä*pō"lē*ŭn; F. pron. nä`pō`lā`&obreve_;N") Napoleon Bonaparte (or Buonaparte), Born at Ajaccio, Corsica, Aug. 15, 1766, or, according to some, at Corte, Jan. 7, 1768; died at Longwood, St. Helena, May 5, 1821. Emperor of the French 1804-14.

He was the son of Charles Marie Bonaparte and Laetitia Ramolino; studied at the military school of Brienne 1779-84, and at that of Paris 1784-85; and received a lieutenant's commission in the French army in 1785. He opposed the patriot movement under Paoli in Corsica in 1793; commanded the artillery in the attack on Toulon in the same year; served in the army in Italy in 1794; and, as second in command to Barras, subdued the revolt of the sections at Paris in Oct., 1795. He married Josephine de Beauharnais March 9, 1796. Toward the close of this month (March 27) he assumed command at Nice of the army in Italy, which he found opposed by the Austrians and the Sardinians. He began his campaign April 10, and, after defeating the Austrians at Montenotte (April 12), Millesimo (April 14), and Dego (April 15), turned (April 15) against the Sardinians, whom he defeated at Ceva (April 20) and Mondovi (April 22), forcing them to sign the separate convention of Cherasco (April 29). In the following month he began an invasion of Lombardy, and by a brilliant series of victories, including those of Lodi (May 10) and Arcole (Nov. 15-17), expelled the Austrians from their possessions in the north of Italy, receiving the capitulation of Mantua, their last stronghold, Feb. 2, 1797. Crossing the Alps, he penetrated Styria as far as Leoben, where he dictated preliminaries of peace April 18. The definitive peace of Campo-Formio followed (Oct 17). By the treaty of Campo-Formio northern Italy was reconstructed in the interest of France, which furthermore acquired the Austrian Netherlands, and received a guarantee of the left bank of the Rhine. Campo-Formio destroyed the coalition against France, and put an end to the Revolutionary war on the Continent. The only enemy that remained to France was England. At the instance of Bonaparte the Directory adopted the plan of attacking the English in India, which involved the conquest of Egypt. Placed at the head of an expedition of about 85,000 men, he set sail from Toulon May 19, 1798; occupied Malta June 12; disembarked at Alexandria July 2; and defeated the Mamelukes in the decisive battle of the Pyramids July 21. He was master of Egypt, but the destruction of his fleet by Nelson in the battle of the Nile (Aug. 1) cut him off from France and doomed his expedition to failure. Nevertheless he undertook the subjugation of Syria, and stormed Jaffa March 7, 1799. Repulsed at Acre, the defense of which was supported by the English, he commenced a retreat to Egypt May 21. He inflicted a final defeat on the Turks at Abukir July 26; transferred the command in Egypt to Kléber Aug. 22; and, setting sail with two frigates, arrived in the harbor of Fréjus Oct. 9. During his absence a new coalition had been formed against France, and the Directory saw its armies defeated, both on the Rhine and in Italy. With the assistance of his brother Lucien and of Sieyès and Roger Ducos, he executed the coup d'etat of Brumaire, whereby he abolished the Directory and virtually made himself monarch under the title of first consul, holding office for a term of 10 years. He crossed the Great St. Bernard in May, 1800, and restored the French ascendancy in Italy by the victory of Marengo (June 14), which, with that won by Moreau at Hohenlinden (Dec. 8), brought about the peace of Lunéville (Feb. 9, 1801). The treaty of Lunéville, which was based on that of Campo-Formio, destroyed the coalition, and restored peace on the Continent. He concluded the peace of Amiens with England March 27, 1802. After the peace of Lunéville he commenced the legislative reconstruction of France, the public institutions of which had been either destroyed or thrown into confusion during the Revolution. To this period belong the restoration of the Roman Catholic Church bythe Concordat (concluded July 15, 1801), the restoration of higher education by the erection of the new university (May 1, 1802), and the establishment of the Legion of Honor (May 19, 1802): preparation had been previously made for the codification of the laws.
He was made consul for life Aug. 2, 1802; executed the Duc d'Enghien March 21, 1804; was proclaimed hereditary emperor of the French May 18, 1804 (the coronation ceremony took place Dec. 2, 1804); and was crowned king of Italy May 26, 1805. In the meantime England had been provoked into declaring war (May 18, 1803), and a coalition consisting of England, Russia, Austria, and Sweden was formed against France in 1806: Spain was allied with France. The victory of Nelson at the battle of Trafalgar (Oct. 21, 1805) followed the failure of the projected invasion of England. Breaking up his camp at Boulogne, he invaded Austria, occupied Vienna, and (Dec. 2, 1805) defeated the allied Russians and Austrians at Austerlitz. The Russians retired from the contest under a military Convention; the Austrians signed the peace of Presburg (Dec. 26, 1805); and the coalition was destroyed. His intervention in germany brought about the erection of the Confederation of the Rhine July 12, 1806. This confederation, which was placed under his protection, ultimately embraced nearly all the states of Germany except Austria and Prussia. Its erection, together with other provocation, caused Prnssia to mobilize its army in Aug., and Napoleon presently found himself opposed by a coalition with Prussia, Russia, and England as its principal members. He crushed the Prussian army at Jena and Auerstädt Oct. 14; entered Berlin Oct. 27; fought the Russians and Prussians in the drawn battle of Eylau Feb. 7-8, 1807; defeated the Russians at the battle of Friedland June 14; and compelled both Russia and Prussia to conclude peace at Tilsit July 7 and 9, 1807, respectively. Russia became the ally of France; Prussia was deprived of nearly half her territory. Napoleon was now, perhaps, at the height of his power. The imperial title was no empty form. He was the head of a great confederacy of states. He had surrounded the imperial throne with subordinate thrones occupied by members of his own family. His stepson Eugène de Beauharnais was viceroy of the kingdom of Italy in northern and central Italy; his brother Joseph was king of Naples in southern Italy; his brother Louis was king of Holland; his brother Jerome was king of Westphalia; his brother-in-law Murat was grandduke of Berg. The Confederation of the Rhine existed by virtue of his protection, and his troops occupied dismembered Prussia. He directed the policy of Europe.
England alone, mistress of the seas, appeared to stand between him and universal dominion. England was safe from invasion, but she was vulnerable through her commerce. Napoleon undertook to starve her by closing the ports of the Continent against her commerce. This policy, known as "the Continental system," was inaugurated by the Berlin decree in 1806, and was extended by the Milan decree in 1807. To further this policy he resolved to seize the maritime states of Portugal and Spain. His armies expelled the house of Braganza from Portugal, and Nov. 30, 1807, the French entered Lisbon. Under pretense of guarding the coast against the English, he quartered 80,000 troops in Spain, then in 1808 enticed Ferdinand VII. and his father Charles IV. (who had recently abdicated) to Bayonne, extorted from both a renunciation of their claims, and placed his brother Joseph on the Spanish throne. An uprising of the Spaniards took place, followed by a popular insurrection in Portugal, movements which found response in Germany. The seizure of Spain and Portugal proved in the end a fatal error. The war which it kindled, known as the Peninsular war, drained him of his resources and placed an enemy in his rear when northern Europe rose against him in 1813. The English in 1808 landed an army in Portugal, whence they expelled the French, and penetrated into Spain. Napoleon, securing himself against Austria by a closer alliance with the czar Alexander at Erfurt (concluded Oct. 12, 1808), hastened in person to Spain. With 250,000 men, drove out the English, and entered Madrid (Dec. 4, 1808). He was recalled by the threatening attitude of Austria, against which he precipitated war in April, 1809. He occupied Vienna (May 13), was defeated by the archduke Charles at Aspern and Essling (May 21-22), defeated the archduke at Wagram (July 5-6), and concluded the peace of Schönbrunn Oct. 14, 1809. He divorced Josephine Dec. 16, 1809, and married Maria Louisa of Austria March 11 (April 2), 1810. He annexed the Papal States in 1809 (the Pope being carried prisoner to France), and Holland in 1810. The refusal of Alexander to carry out strictly the Continental system, which Napoleon himself evaded by the sale of licenses, brought on war with Russia. He crossed the Niemen June 24, 1812; gained the victory of Borodino Sept. 7; and occupied Moscow Sept. 14. His proffer of truce was rejected by the Russians, and he was forced by the approach of winter to begin a retreat (Oct. 19). He was overtaken by the winter, and his army dwindled before the cold, hunger, and the enemy. He left the army in command of Murat Dec. 4, and hastened to Paris. Murat recrossed the Niemen Dec. 13, with 100,000 men), the remnant of the Grand Army of 600,000 veterans. The loss sustained by Napoleon in this campaign encouraged the defection of Prussia, which formed an alliance with Russia at Kalisch Feb. 28, 1813. Napoleon defeated the Russians and Prussians at Lützen May 2, and at Bautzen May 20-21. Austria declared war Aug. 12, and Napoleon presently found himself opposed by a coalition of Russia, England, Sweden, Prussia, and Austria, of which the first three had been united since the previous year. He won his last great victory at Dresden Aug. 26-27, and lost the decisive battles of Leipsic (Oct. 16, 18, and 19), Laon (March 9-10, 1814), and Arcis-sur-Aube (March 20-21). On March 31 the Allies entered Paris. He was compelled to abdicate at Fontainebleau April 11, but was allowed to retain the title of emperor, and received the island of Elba as a sovereign principality, and an aunual income of 2,000,000 francs. He arrived in Elba May 4. The Congress of Vienna convened in Sept., 1814, for the purpose of restoring and regulating the relations between the powers disturbed by Napoleon. Encouraged by the quarrels which arose at the Congress between the Allies, Napoleon left Elba Feb. 26, 1816; landed at Cannes March 1; and entered Paris March 20, the troops sent against him, including Ney with his corps, having joined his standard. At the return of Napoleon, the Allies again took the field. He was finally overthrown at Waterloo June 18, 1815, and the Allies entered Paris a second time July 7. After futile attempts to escape to America, he surrendered himself to the British admiral Hotham at Rochefort July 16. By a unanimous resolve of the Allies he was transported as prisoner of war to St. Helena, where he arrived on Oct. 16, 1815, and where he was detained the rest of his life.


The spelling Buonaparte was used by Napoleon's father, and by Napoleon himself down to 1796, although the spelling Bonaparte occurs in early Italian documents.

Aug. 15, 1769, is the commonly accepted date of Napoleon's birth, and Jan. 7, 1768 that of the birth of his brother Joseph. It has been said, but without good reason, that these dates were interchanged at the time of Napoleon's admission to the military school of Brienne in 1779, no candidate being eligible after 10 years of age.

Century Dict. 1906

Napoleon
Na*po"le*on (?), n. [From the Emperor Napoleon 1.] 1. A French gold coin of twenty francs, no longer minted or circulated. It bore the portrait of Napoleon I. or Napoleon III.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

2. (Card Playing) (a) A game in which each player holds five cards, the eldest hand stating the number of tricks he will bid to take, any subsequent player having the right to overbid him or a previous bidder, the highest bidder naming the trump and winning a number of points equal to his bid if he makes so many tricks, or losing the same number of points if he fails to make them. (b) A bid to take five tricks at napoleon. It is ordinarily the highest bid; but sometimes bids are allowed of wellington, or of blucher, to take five tricks, or pay double, or treble, if unsuccessful.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

3. A Napoleon gun.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

4. A kind of top boot of the middle of the 19th century.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

5. A shape and size of cigar. It is about seven inches long.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

6. a puff pastry confection, usually layered, with a filling of custard or cream, or sometimes jelly.
[PJC]

Napoleonic
Na*po`le*on"ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to Napoleon I., or his family; resembling, or having the qualities of, Napoleon I. Lowell.
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Napoleonist
Na*po"le*on*ist (?), n. A supporter of the dynasty of the Napoleons.
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Nappe
Nappe (?), n. [F. nappe cloth, sheet. See Napery.] (Geom.) Sheet; surface; all that portion of a surface that is continuous in such a way that it is possible to pass from any one point of the portion to any other point of the portion without leaving the surface. Thus, some hyperboloids have one nappe, and some have two.
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Nappiness
Nap"pi*ness (?), n. [From 2d Nappy.] The quality of having a nap; abundance of nap, as on cloth.
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Napping
Nap"ping (?), n. 1. The act or process of raising a nap, as on cloth.
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2. (Hat Making) A sheet of partially felted fur before it is united to the hat body. Knight.
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3. The act or process of having a short sleep; as, napping is a common occupation for cats.
[PJC]

Nappy
Nap"py (?), a. [From 1st Nap.] 1. Inclined to sleep; sleepy; as, to feel nappy.
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2. Tending to cause sleepiness; serving to make sleepy; strong; heady; as, nappy ale. [Obs.] Wyatt.
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Nappy
Nap"py, a. [From 3d Nap.] Having a nap or pile; downy; shaggy. Holland.
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Nappy
Nap"py, n.; pl. Nappies (#). [OE. nap, AS. hnaep cup, bowl. See Hanaper.] A round earthen dish, with a flat bottom and sloping sides. [Written also nappie.]
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nappy
nap"py, n.; pl. nappies (#). A diaper{4}. [Chiefly Brit.]
[PJC]

Nap-taking
Nap"-tak`ing (?), n. A taking by surprise; an unexpected onset or attack. Carew.
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Napu
Na*pu" (?), n. [Native name.] (Zool.) A very small chevrotain (Tragulus Javanicus), native of Java. It is about the size of a hare, and is noted for its agility in leaping. Called also Java musk deer, pygmy musk deer, and deerlet.
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Napus
Na"pus (?), n. [L.] (Bot.) A kind of turnip. See Navew.
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Narceine
Nar"ce*ine (?), n. [L. narce numbness, torpor, Gr. &unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;: cf. F. narcéïne.] (Chem.) An alkaloid found in small quantities in opium, and extracted as a white crystalline substance of a bitter astringent taste. It is a narcotic. Called also narceia.
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Narcissine
Nar*cis"sine (?), a. Of or pertaining to Narcissus.
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narcissism
narcissism n. An exceptional interest in and admiration for oneself.
Syn. -- self-love, narcism.
[WordNet 1.5]

narcissist
narcissist n. Someone in love with hisself or herself.
Syn. -- narcist.
[WordNet 1.5]

narcissistic
narcissistic adj. Having an excessive love of oneself; egocentric; egoistic.
Syn. -- egotistic, egotistical, self-loving.
[WordNet 1.5]

Narcissus
Nar*cis"sus (när*s&ibreve_;s"sŭs), n.; pl. Narcissuses (#). [L. narcissus, and (personified) Narcissus, Gr. na`rkissos, Na`rkissos, fr. na`rkh torpor, in allusion to the narcotic properties of the flower. Cf. Narcotic.]
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1. (Bot.) A genus of endogenous bulbous plants with handsome flowers, having a cup-shaped crown within the six-lobed perianth, and comprising the daffodils and jonquils of several kinds.
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2. (Classical Myth.) (Capitalized)A beautiful youth fabled to have been enamored of his own image as seen in a fountain, and to have been changed into the flower called Narcissus.
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narcist
narcist n. Someone in love with themselves; a narcissist.
Syn. -- narcissist.
[WordNet 1.5]

Narcosis
Nar*co"sis (när*kō"s&ibreve_;s), n. [NL., fr. Gr. na`rkwsis. See Narcotic.] (Med.) Privation of sense or consciousness, due to a narcotic.
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Narcotic
Nar*cot"ic (när*k&obreve_;t"&ibreve_;k), a. [F. narcotique, Gr. narkwtiko`s, fr. narkoy^n to benumb, na`rkh numbness, torpor.] (Med.) Having the properties of a narcotic; operating as a narcotic.
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-- Nar*cot"ic*ness, n.
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Narcotic
Nar*cot"ic (när*k&obreve_;t"&ibreve_;k), n. (Med.) A drug which, in medicinal doses, generally allays morbid susceptibility, relieves pain, and produces sleep; but which, in poisonous doses, produces stupor, coma, or convulsions, and, when given in sufficient quantity, causes death. The best examples are opium (with morphine), belladonna (with atropine), and conium.
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Nercotykes and opye (opium) of Thebes. Chaucer.
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Narcotical
Nar*cot"ic*al (när*k&obreve_;t"&ibreve_;*k&aitalic_;l), a. Narcotic.
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-- Nar*cot"ic*al*ly, adv.
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Narcotine
Nar"co*tine (när"k&ouptack_;*t&ibreve_;n or när"k&ouptack_;*tēn), n. [Cf. F. narcotine. Cf. Cotarnine.] (Chem.) An alkaloid found in opium, and extracted as a white crystalline substance, tasteless and less poisonous than morphine; -- called also narcotia.
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Narcotinic
Nar`co*tin"ic (när`k&ouptack_;*t&ibreve_;n"&ibreve_;k), a. Pertaining to narcotine.
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Narcotism
Nar"co*tism (när"k&ouptack_;*t&ibreve_;z'm), n. [Cf. F. narcotisme.] Narcosis; the state of being narcotized. G. Eliot.
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Narcotize
Nar"co*tize (när"k&ouptack_;*tīz), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Narcotized (när"k&ouptack_;*tīzd); p. pr. & vb. n. Narcotizing (när"k&ouptack_;*tī*z&ibreve_;ng).] To imbue with, or subject to the influence of, a narcotic; to put into a state of narcosis.
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narcotized
narcotized adj. under the influence of narcotics.
Syn. -- doped, drugged.
[WordNet 1.5]

narcotizing
narcotizing adj. Inducing stupor or narcosis.
Syn. -- narcotic.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nard
Nard (närd), n. [AS., fr. L. nardus, Gr. na`rdos; cf. Heb. nêrd, Per. nard, Scr. nalada.] 1. (Bot.) An East Indian plant (Nardostachys Jatamansi) of the Valerian family, used from remote ages in Oriental perfumery.
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2. An ointment prepared partly from this plant. See Spikenard.
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3. (Bot.) A kind of grass (Nardus stricta) of little value, found in Europe and Asia.
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Nardine
Nard"ine (närd"&ibreve_;n), a. [L. nardinus, Gr. na`rdinos.] Of or pertaining to nard; having the qualities of nard.
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Nardoo
Nar*doo" (när*d&oomacr_;"), n. (Bot.) An Australian name for Marsilea Drummondii, a four-leaved cryptogamous plant, sometimes used for food.
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Nare
Nare (nâr), n. [L. naris.] A nostril. [R.] B. Jonson.
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Nares
Na"res (?), n. pl. [L., pl. of naris nostril.] (Anat.) The nostrils or nasal openings, -- the anterior nares being the external or proper nostrils, and the posterior nares, the openings of the nasal cavities into the mouth or pharynx.
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Nargileh
Nargile
{ Nar"gile (?), Nar"gi*leh (?), } n. [Per. nārghīl, prop., a cocoanut; prob. so called because first made of a cocoanut.] An apparatus for smoking tobacco. It has a long flexible tube, and the smoke is drawn through water. Also called hoookah and water pipe. Functionally similar to the hubble-bubble, a simplified form.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Narica
Nar"i*ca (?), n. (Zool.) The brown coati. See Coati.
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Nariform
Nar"i*form (?), a. [L. naris nostril + -form. See Nose.] Formed like the nose.
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narine
nar"ine (?), a. Of or belonging to the nostrils.
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nark
nark n. [from narcotics.] A law enforcement agent specializing in narcotics law violations. [slang]
[PJC]

narrable
nar"ra*ble (?), a. [L. narrabilis, fr. narrare to narrate.] Capable of being narrated or told. [Obs.]
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Narragansetts
Nar`ra*gan"setts (?), prop. n. pl.; sing. Narragansett (&unr_;). (Ethnol.) A tribe of Indians who formerly inhabited the shores of Narragansett Bay.
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narrate
nar*rate" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Narrated; p. pr. & vb. n. Narrating.] [L. narratus, p. p. of narrare to narrate, prob. for gnarigare, fr. gnarus knowing. See Ignore, Know.] To tell, rehearse, or recite, as a story; to relate the particulars of; to go through with in detail, as an incident or transaction; to give an account of.
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Syn. -- To relate; recount; detail; describe.
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narration
nar*ra"tion (?), n. [L. narratio: cf. F. narration.] 1. The act of telling or relating the particulars of an event; a recital of certain events, usually in chronological order; rehearsal.
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2. That which is related; the relation in words or writing of the particulars of any transaction or event, or of any series of transactions or events; a narrative; story; history.
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3. (Rhet.) That part of a discourse which recites the time, manner, or consequences of an action, or simply states the facts connected with the subject.
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Syn. -- Account; recital; rehearsal; relation; description; explanation; detail; narrative; story; tale; history. See Account.
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Narrative
Nar"ra*tive (?), a. [Cf. F. narratif.] 1. Of or pertaining to narration; relating to the particulars of an event or transaction.
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2. Apt or inclined to relate stories, or to tell particulars of events; story-telling; garrulous.
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But wise through time, and narrative with age. Pope.
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Narrative
Nar"ra*tive, n. That which is narrated; the recital of a story; a continuous account of the particulars of an event or transaction; a story.
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Cyntio was much taken with my narrative. Tatler.
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Syn. -- Account; recital; rehearsal; relation; narration; story; tale. See Account.
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Narratively
Nar"ra*tive*ly, adv. In the style of narration.
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Narrator
Nar*ra"tor (?), n. [L.] One who narrates; one who relates a series of events or transactions.
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Narratory
Nar"ra*to*ry (?), a. Giving an account of events; narrative; as, narratory letters. Howell.
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Narre
Narre (när), a. Nearer. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Narrow
Nar"row (năr"r&ouptack_;), a. [Compar. Narrower (năr"r&ouptack_;*&etilde_;r); superl. Narrowest.] [OE. narwe, naru, AS. nearu; akin to OS. naru, naro.] 1. Of little breadth; not wide or broad; having little distance from side to side; as, a narrow board; a narrow street; a narrow hem.
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Hath passed in safety through the narrow seas. Shak.
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2. Of little extent; very limited; circumscribed.
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The Jews were but a small nation, and confined to a narrow compass in the world. Bp. Wilkins.
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3. Having but a little margin; having barely sufficient space, time, or number, etc.; close; near{5}; -- with special reference to some peril or misfortune; as, a narrow shot; a narrow escape; a narrow miss; a narrow majority. Dryden.
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4. Limited as to means; straitened; pinching; as, narrow circumstances.
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5. Contracted; of limited scope; illiberal; bigoted; as, a narrow mind; narrow views. “A narrow understanding.” Macaulay.
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6. Parsimonious; niggardly; covetous; selfish.
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A very narrow and stinted charity. Smalridge.
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7. Scrutinizing in detail; close; accurate; exact.
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But first with narrow search I must walk round
This garden, and no corner leave unspied.
Milton.
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8. (Phon.) Formed (as a vowel) by a close position of some part of the tongue in relation to the palate; or (according to Bell) by a tense condition of the pharynx; -- distinguished from wide; as ē (ēve) and &oomacr_; (f&oomacr_;d), etc., from &ibreve_; (&ibreve_;ll) and &oobreve_; (f&oobreve_;t), etc. See Guide to Pronunciation, §13.
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&hand_; Narrow is not unfrequently prefixed to words, especially to participles and adjectives, forming compounds of obvious signification; as, narrow-bordered, narrow-brimmed, narrow-breasted, narrow-edged, narrow-faced, narrow-headed, narrow-leaved, narrow-pointed, narrow-souled, narrow-sphered, etc.
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Narrow gauge. (Railroad) See Note under Gauge, n., 6.
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Narrow
Nar"row (?), n.; pl. Narrows (&unr_;). A narrow passage; esp., a contracted part of a stream, lake, or sea; a strait connecting two bodies of water; -- usually in the plural; as, The Narrows of New York harbor.
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Near the island lay on one side the jaws of a dangerous
narrow.
Gladstone.
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Narrow
Nar"row, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Narrowed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Narrowing.] [AS. nearwian.] 1. To lessen the breadth of; to contract; to draw into a smaller compass; to reduce the width or extent of. Sir W. Temple.
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2. To contract the reach or sphere of; to make less liberal or more selfish; to limit; to confine; to restrict; as, to narrow one's views or knowledge; to narrow a question in discussion.
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Our knowledge is much more narrowed if we confine ourselves to our own solitary reasonings. I. Watts.
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3. (Knitting) To contract the size of, as a stocking, by taking two stitches into one.
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Narrow
Nar"row, v. i. 1. To become less broad; to contract; to become narrower; as, the sea narrows into a strait.
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2. (Man.) Not to step out enough to the one hand or the other; as, a horse narrows. Farrier's Dict.
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3. (Knitting) To contract the size of a stocking or other knit article, by taking two stitches into one.
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narrowed
narrowed adj. reduced in size as if by being squeezed.
Syn. -- constricted.
[WordNet 1.5]

Narrower
Nar"row*er (?), n. One who, or that which, narrows or contracts. Hannah More.
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Narrowing
Nar"row*ing, n. 1. The act of contracting, or of making or becoming less in breadth or extent.
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2. The part of a stocking which is narrowed.
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Narrowly
Nar"row*ly, adv. [AS. nearulice.] 1. With little breadth; in a narrow manner.
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2. Without much extent; contractedly.
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3. With minute scrutiny; closely; as, to look or watch narrowly; to search narrowly.
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4. With a little margin or space; by a small distance; hence, closely; hardly; barely; only just; -- often with reference to an avoided danger or misfortune; as, he narrowly escaped.
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5. Sparingly; parsimoniously.
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6. With close adherence to the literal meaning of a text; as, to interpret narrowly; to construe narrowly; to read narrowly; -- used especially of laws and contracts.
[PJC]

Narrow-minded
Nar"row-mind`ed (?), a. Of narrow mental scope; lacking tolerance or breadth of view; illiberal; mean. Opposite of broad-minded, open-minded, liberal. [wns=2] [Narrower terms: dogmatic, dogmatical; little, petty, small, small-minded]
Syn. -- narrowminded, narrow, illiberal, intolerant.
[1913 Webster + WordNet 1.5]

2. Capable of being shocked by behavior of others. Opposite of unshockable. [wns=1]
Syn. -- shockable.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

-- Nar"row-mind`ed*ness, n.
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Narrowness
Nar"row*ness, n. [AS. nearunes.] The condition or quality of being narrow.
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Nart
Nart (?). [For ne art.] Art not. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Narthex
Nar"thex (?), n. [L., giant fennel, Gr. na`rqhx.] 1. (Bot.) A tall umbelliferous plant (Ferula communis). See Giant fennel, under Fennel.
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2. (Arch.) The portico in front of ancient churches; sometimes, the atrium or outer court surrounded by ambulatories; -- used, generally, for any vestibule, lobby, or outer porch, leading to the nave of a church.
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Narwal
Nar"wal (?), n. (Zool.) See Narwhal.
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Narwe
Nar"we (när"w&eitalic_;), a. Narrow. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Narwhal
Nar"whal (när"hw&adot_;l), n. [Sw. or Dan. narvhal; akin to Icel. nāhvalr, and E. whale. the first syllable is perh. from Icel. nār corpse, dead body, in allusion to the whitish color its skin. See Whale.] [Written also narwhale and narwal.] (Zool.) An arctic cetacean (Monodon monocerous), about twenty feet long. The male usually has one long, twisted, pointed canine tooth, or tusk, projecting forward from the upper jaw like a horn, whence it is called also sea unicorn, unicorn fish, and unicorn whale. Sometimes two horns are developed, side by side.
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Nas
Nas (näz). [For ne was.] Was not. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Nas
Nas. [Contr. fr. ne has.] Has not. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Nasal
Na"sal (nā"z&aitalic_;l), a. [F., from L. nasus the nose. See Nose.] 1. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the nose.
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2. (Phon.) Having a quality imparted by means of the nose; and specifically, made by lowering the soft palate, in some cases with closure of the oral passage, the voice thus issuing (wholly or partially) through the nose, as in the consonants m, n, ng (see Guide to Pronunciation, §§ 20, 208); characterized by resonance in the nasal passage; as, a nasal vowel; a nasal utterance.
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Nasal bones (Anat.), two bones of the skull, in front of the frontals. -- Nasal index (Anat.), in the skull, the ratio of the transverse breadth of the anterior nasal aperture to the height from the base of the aperture to the nasion, which latter distance is taken as the standard, equal to 100.
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Nasal
Na"sal, n. 1. An elementary sound which is uttered through the nose, or through both the nose and the mouth simultaneously.
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2. (Med.) A medicine that operates through the nose; an errhine. [Archaic]
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3. (Anc. Armor) Part of a helmet projecting to protect the nose; a nose guard.
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4. (Anat.) One of the nasal bones.
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5. (Zool.) A plate, or scale, on the nose of a fish, etc.
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Nasalis
Nasalis prop. n. A genus of mammals comprising the proboscis monkeys.
Syn. -- genus Nasalis.
[WordNet 1.5]

nasalise
nasalise v. t. Same as nasalize. [Chiefly Brit.]
[WordNet 1.5]

Nasality
Na*sal"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. nasalité.] The quality or state of being nasal.
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Nasalization
Na`sal*i*za"tion (?), n. The act of nasalizing, or the state of being nasalized.
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Nasalize
Na"sal*ize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Nasalized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Nasalizing (?).] To render nasal, as sound; to insert a nasal or sound in.
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Nasalize
Na"sal*ize, v. t. To utter words or letters with a nasal sound; to speak through the nose; to pronounce with a lowered velum.
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Nasally
Na"sal*ly, adv. In a nasal manner; by the nose.
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Nascal
Nas"cal (năs"k&aitalic_;l), n. [F. nascale.] (Med.) A kind of pessary of medicated wool or cotton, formerly used.
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Nascency
Nas"cen*cy (năs"s&eitalic_;n*s&ybreve_;), n. [L. nascentia. See Nascent.] State of being nascent; birth; beginning; origin.
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Nascent
Nas"cent (năs"s&eitalic_;nt; nā"s&eitalic_;nt), a. [L. nascens, -entis, p. pr. nasci to be born. See Nation, and cf. Naissant.] 1. Commencing, or in process of development; beginning to exist or to grow; coming into being; as, a nascent germ.
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Nascent passions and anxieties. Berkley.
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2. (Chem.) Evolving; being evolved or produced; as, nascent oxygen.
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Nascent state (Chem.), the fleeting or momentary state of an uncombined atom or radical just separated from one compound, and not yet united with another, -- a hypothetical condition implying peculiarly active chemical properties; as, hydrogen in the nascent state is a strong reducer.
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Naseberry
Nase"ber`ry (nāz"b&ebreve_;r*r&ybreve_;), n. [Sp. nispero medlar and naseberry tree, fr. L. mespilus. See Medlar.] (Bot.) A tropical fruit. See Sapodilla. [Written also nisberry.]
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Nash
Nash (năsh), a. [Etymol. uncertain.] Firm; stiff; hard; also, chilly. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.
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Nasicornous
Nas`i*cor"nous (năz`&ibreve_;*kôr"nŭs), a. [L. nasus nose + cornu horn: cf. F. nasicorne.] (Zool.) Bearing a horn, or horns, on the nose, as the rhinoceros.
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Nasiform
Nas"i*form (năz"&ibreve_;*fôm), a. [L. nasus nose + -form. See Nose, and cf. Nariform.] Having the shape of a nose.
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Nasion
Na*si*on (nā"z&ibreve_;*&obreve_;n), n. [NL., fr. L. nasus nose.] (Anat.) The middle point of the nasofrontal suture.
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Naso-
Na"so- (nā"z&ouptack_;-). [L. nasus nose.] (Anat.) A combining form denoting pertaining to the nose, or connected with the nose; as, nasofrontal.
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Nasobuccal
Na"so*buc"cal (?), a. [Naso + buccal.] (Anat.) Connected with both the nose and the mouth; as, the nasobuccal groove in the skate.
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Nasofrontal
Na`so*fron"tal (?), a. [Naso- + frontal.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the nose and the front of the head; as, the embryonic nasofrontal process which forms the anterior boundary of the mouth.
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Nasolachrymal
Na`so*lach"ry*mal (?), a. [Naso- + lachrymal.] (Anat.) Connected with the lachrymal apparatus and the nose; as, the nasolachrymal, or lachrymal duct.
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Nasopalatine
Nasopalatal
{ Na`so*pal"a*tal (?), Na`so*pal"a*tine (?) }, a. [Naso- + palatal.] (Anat.) Connected with both the nose and the palate; as, the nasopalatine or incisor, canal connecting the mouth and the nasal chamber in some animals; the nasopalatine nerve.
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Nasopharyngeal
Na`so*phar`yn*ge"al (? or &unr_;), a. [Naso- + pharyngeal.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to both throat and nose; as, a nasopharyngeal polypus.
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Nasoseptal
Na`so*sep"tal (?), a. [Naso- + septal.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the internasal septum.
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Nasoturbinal
Na`so*tur"bi*nal (?), a. [Naso- + turbinal.] (Anat.) Connected with, or near, both the turbinal and the nasal bones; as, the nasoturbinal bone, made up of the uppermost lammelae of the ethmoturbinal, and sometimes united with the nasal. -- n. The nasoturbinal bone.
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Nassa
Nas"sa (?), n.; pl. E. Nassas (#), L. Nassae (#). [From L. nassa a kind of basket, in allusion to the reticulation of some species.] (Zool.) Any species of marine gastropods, of the genera Nassa, Tritia, and other allied genera of the family Nassidae; a dog whelk. See Illust. under Gastropoda.
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-- nas"soid (#), a.
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Nastily
Nas"ti*ly (?), adv. In a nasty manner.
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Nastiness
Nas"ti*ness, n. The quality or state of being nasty; extreme filthness; dirtiness; also, indecency; obscenity.
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The nastiness of Plautus and Aristophanes. Dryden.
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Nasturtion
Nas*tur"tion (?), n. [See Nasturtium.] (Bot.) Same as Nasturtium.
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Nasturtium
Nas*tur"tium (?), n. [L. nasturtium, for nasitortium, fr. nasus nose + torquere, tortum, to twist, torture, in allusion to the causing one to make a wry face by its pungent taste. See Nose of the face, and Torture.] 1. (Bot.) A genus of cruciferous plants, having white or yellowish flowers, including several species of cress. They are found chiefly in wet or damp grounds, and have a pungent biting taste.
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2. (Bot.) Any plant of the genus Tropaeolum, geraniaceous herbs, having mostly climbing stems, peltate leaves, and spurred flowers, and including the common Indian cress (Tropaeolum majus), the canary-bird flower (Tropaeolum peregrinum), and about thirty more species, all natives of South America. The whole plant has a warm pungent flavor, and the fleshy fruits are used as a substitute for capers, while the leaves and flowers are sometimes used in salads.
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Nasty
Nas"ty (n&adot_;s"t&ybreve_;), a. [Compar. Nastier (n&adot_;s"t&ibreve_;*&etilde_;r); superl. Nastiest.] [For older nasky; cf. dial. Sw. naskug, nasket.] 1. Offensively filthy; very dirty, foul, or defiled; disgusting; nauseous.
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2. Hence, loosely: Offensive; disagreeable; unpropitious; wet; drizzling; as, a nasty rain, day, sky.
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3. Characterized by obscenity; indecent; indelicate; gross; filthy.
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4. Vicious; offensively ill-tempered; insultingly mean; spiteful; as, a nasty disposition.
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5. Difficult to deal with; troublesome; as, he fell of his bike and got a nasty bruise on his knee. [slang]
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Syn. -- Nasty, Filthy, Foul, Dirty. Anything nasty is usually wet or damp as well as filthy or dirty, and disgusts by its stickiness or odor; but filthy and foul imply that a thing is filled or covered with offensive matter, while dirty describes it as defiled or sullied with dirt of any kind; as, filthy clothing, foul vapors, etc.
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Nasute
Na"sute (?), a. [L. nasutus, fr. nasus the nose.] 1. Having a nice sense of smell. [Obs.] Evelyn.
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2. Critically nice; captious. [Obs.] auden.
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Nasutness
Na"sut*ness, n. Quickness of scent; hence, nice discernment; acuteness. [Obs.] Dr. H. More.
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Nat
Nat (nät), adv. Not. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Nat
Nat [For ne at.] Not at; nor at. [Obs.] haucer.
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Natal
Na"tal (nā"t&aitalic_;l), a. [L. natalis, fr. natus, p. p. of nasci to be born: cf. F. natal. See Nation, and cf. Noel.] 1. Of or pertaining to one's birth; accompying or dating from one's birth; native.
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Princes' children took names from their natal places. Camden.
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Propitious star, whose sacred power
Presided o'er the monarch's natal hour.
Prior.
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2. (Astrol.) Presiding over nativity; as, natal Jove.
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Syn. -- Native, natural. See Native.
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Natal boil
Na*tal" boil (?). (Med.) same as Aleppo boil.
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Natalitious
Natalitial
{ Na`ta*li"tial (?), Na`ta*li"tious (?) }, a. [L. natalitius, from natalis. See Natal.] Of or pertaining to one's birth or birthday, or one's nativity. [Obs.]Natalitial poplar.” Evelyn.Natalitious fire.” W. Cartwright.
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Nataloin
Na*tal"o*in (?), n. [From Natal aloes.] (Chem.) A bitter crystalline substance constituting the essential principle of Natal aloes. Cf. Aloon.
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Natal plum
Na*tal" plum` (?). 1. (Bot.) The drupaceous fruit of two South African shrubs of the genus Carissa (formerly Arduina) (Carissa bispinosa and Carissa grandiflora). It is also called amatungulu.
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2. the shrub bearing the natal plum{1}; a very large closely branched South African shrub (Carissa grandiflora) of the dogbane family having forked bright green spines, white flowers, shiny leaves, and red berries.
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Natals
Na"tals (?), n. pl. One's birth, or the circumstances attending it. [Obs.] Fitz-Geffry.
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Natant
Na"tant (?), a. [L. natans, -antis, from swim, v. intens. fr. nare to swim: cf. F. natant.] 1. (Bot.) Floating in water, as the leaves of water lilies, or submersed, as those of many aquatic plants.
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2. (Her.) Placed horizontally across the field, as if swimming toward the dexter side; said of all sorts of fishes except the flying fish.
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Natantly
Na"tant*ly (?), adv. In a floating manner; swimmingly.
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Natation
Na*ta"tion (?), n. [L. natatio, fr. natare to swim: cf. F. natation. See Natant.] The act of floating on the water; swimming. Sir T. Browne.
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Natatores
Na`ta*to"res (?), n. pl. [L. natator a swimmer.] (Zool.) The swimming birds.
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&hand_; They were formerly united into one order, which is now considered an artificial group.
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Natatorial
Na`ta*to"rial (?), a. Inclined or adapted to swim; swimming; as, natatorial birds.
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Natatorious
Na`ta*to"ri*ous (?), a. (Zool.) Adapted for swimming; -- said of the legs of certain insects.
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Natatorium
Na`ta*to"rium (?), n. [L.] A swimming bath.
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Natatory
Na"ta*to*ry (?), a. [L. natatorius.] Adapted for swimming or floating; as, natatory organs.
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Natch
Natch (năch), n. [OF. nache fesse, LL. natica, from L. natis the rump, buttocks. Cf. Aitchbone.] The rump of beef; esp., the lower and back part of the rump.
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Natch bone, the edgebone, or aitchbone, in beef.
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Natchez
Natch"ez (?), n. pl. (Ethnol.) A tribe of Indians who formerly lived near the site of the city of Natchez, Mississippi. In 1729 they were subdued by the French; the survivors joined the Creek Confederacy.
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Natchnee
Natch"nee (?), n. (Bot.) An annual grass (Eleusine coracona), cultivated in India as a food plant.
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Nates
Na"tes (?), n. pl. [L., the buttocks.] 1. (Anat.) (a) The buttocks. (b) The two anterior of the four lobes on the dorsal side of the midbrain of most mammals; the anterior optic lobes.
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2. (Zool.) The umbones of a bivalve shell.
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Nath
Nath (?). [Contr. fr. ne hath,] hath not. [Obs.]
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Nathless
Nath"less (?), adv. [OE. natheles, na the les, not the less, AS. never. See Na, The, conj., and cf. Nevertheless.] Nevertheless. [Archaic] Chaucer. Milton. E. Arnold.
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Nathmore
Nath"more` (?), adv. [OE. na the more.] Not the more; never the more. [Obs.] Spenser.
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natica
nat"i*ca (?), n.; pl. naticas (&unr_;), L. naticae (-sē). (Zool.) Any one of numerous species of marine gastropods belonging to Natica, Lunatia, Neverita, and other allied genera (family Naticidae.) They burrow beneath the sand, or mud, and drill other shells.
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Naticoid
Nat"i*coid (?), a. [Natica + -oid.] (Zool.) Like or belonging to Natica, or the family Naticidae.
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Nation
Na"tion (?), n. [F. nation, L. natio nation, race, orig., a being born, fr. natus, p. p. of nasci, to be born, for gnatus, gnasci, from the same root as E. kin. √44. See Kin kindred, and cf. Cognate, Natal, Native.] 1. (Ethnol.) A part, or division, of the people of the earth, distinguished from the rest by common descent, language, or institutions; a race; a stock.
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All nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues. Rev. vii. 9.
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2. The body of inhabitants of a country, united under an independent government of their own.
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A nation is the unity of a people. Coleridge.
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Praise the power that hath made and preserved us a nation. F. S. Key.
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3. Family; lineage. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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4. (a) One of the divisions of university students in a classification according to nativity, formerly common in Europe. (b) (Scotch Universities) One of the four divisions (named from the parts of Scotland) in which students were classified according to their nativity.
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5. A great number; a great deal; -- by way of emphasis; as, a nation of herbs. Sterne.
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Five nations. See under Five. -- Law of nations. See International law, under International, and Law.
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Syn. -- people; race. See People.
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National
Na"tion*al (?; 277), a. [Cf. F. national.] 1. Of or pertaining to a nation; common to a whole people or race; public; general; as, a national government, language, dress, custom, calamity, etc.
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2. Attached to one's own country or nation.
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National anthem, a popular song or hymn which has become by general acceptance the recognized musical expression of the patriotic sentiment of a nation; as, “God save the King” is called the national anthem of England. -- National bank, the official common name of a class of banking corporations established under the laws of the United States. -- National flag. See under Flag. -- National guard, a body of militia, or a local military organization, as in Paris during the French Revolution, or as certain bodies of militia in other European countries and in the United States. -- National salute, a salute consisting of as many guns as there are States in the Union. [U.S.]
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national
na"tion*al (?; 277), n. 1. A citizen (of a particular country); as, U. S. nationals are advised to contact their embassy when abroad.
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2. A country-wide sports competition; for a series of competitions, the plural form is usually used; as, to advance to the nationals.
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nationalisation
nationalisation n. same as nationalization. [Chiefly Brit.]
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Nationalism
Na"tion*al*ism (?), n. 1. The state of being national; national attachment; nationality.
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2. An idiom, trait, or character peculiar to any nation.
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3. National independence; the principles of the Nationalists.
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4. A devotion to one's country; patriotism; especially. an exaggerated or excessive form of patriotism; chauvinism.
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5. The policy of advocating the independence of one's country.
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6. The policy of advocating the interests of one's own country exclusively, regardless of effects of a country's actions on other countries.
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nationalist
na"tion*al*ist, n. 1. One who advocates national unity and independence; -- as, for example, one of a party favoring Irish independence before 1918.
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2. One who advocates nationalism, in any sense.
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nationalistic
nationalistic adj. 1. Fanatically patriotic; chauvinistic.
Syn. -- chauvinistic, flag-waving(prenominal), jingoistic, superpatriotic.
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2. Devotion to the interests or culture of a particular nation including promoting the interests of one country over those of others; as, minor nationalistic differences.
Syn. -- nationalist.
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Nationality
Na`tion*al"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Nationalities (#). [Cf. F. nationalité.] 1. The quality of being national, or strongly attached to one's own nation; patriotism.
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2. The sum of the qualities which distinguish a nation; national character.
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3. A race or people, as determined by common language and character, and not by political bias or divisions; a nation.
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The fulfillment of his mission is to be looked for in the condition of nationalities and the character of peoples. H. W. Beecher.
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4. Existence as a distinct or individual nation; national unity and integrity.
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5. The state or quality of belonging to or being connected with a nation or government by nativity, character, ownership, allegiance, etc.; as, to record one's nationality on identification papers; the Soviet Union had citizens of many nationalities.
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Nationalization
Na`tion*al*i*za"tion (?), n. The act of nationalizing, or the state of being nationalized.
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nationalize
na"tion*al*ize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Nationalized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Nationalizing (?).] [Cf. F. nationaliser.] 1. To make national; to make a nation of; to endow with the character and habits of a nation, or the peculiar sentiments and attachment of citizens of a nation.
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2. To change ownership of (a business, a property) from private ownership to state ownership or control; as, to nationalize the steel industry.
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Nationally
Na"tion*al*ly, adv. 1. In a national manner or way; as a nation. “The jews . . . being nationally espoused to God by covenant.” South.
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2. Throughout the nation; as, nationally famous.
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Nationalness
Na"tion*al*ness, n. The quality or state of being national; nationality. Johnson.
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Nationalrath
Na`ti*o*nal"rath` (nä"ts&euptack_;*&ouptack_;*näl"rät`), n. [G.] (Switzerland) See Legislature.
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Native
Na"tive (nā"t&ibreve_;v), a. [F. natif, L. nativus, fr. nasci, p. p. natus. See Nation, and cf. Naïve, Neif a serf.] 1. Arising by birth; having an origin; born. [Obs.]
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Anaximander's opinion is, that the gods are native, rising and vanishing again in long periods of times. Cudworth.
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2. Of or pertaining to one's birth; natal; belonging to the place or the circumstances in which one is born; -- opposed to foreign; as, native land, language, color, etc.
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3. Born in the region in which one lives; as, a native inhabitant, race; grown or originating in the region where used or sold; not foreign or imported; as, native oysters, or strawberries. In the latter sense, synonymous with domestic.
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4. Original; constituting the original substance of anything; as, native dust. Milton.
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5. Conferred by birth; derived from origin; born with one; inherent; inborn; not acquired; as, native genius, cheerfulness, wit, simplicity, rights, intelligence, etc. Having the same meaning as congenital, but typically used for positive qualities, whereas congenital may be used for negative qualities. See also congenital
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Courage is native to you. Jowett (Thucyd.).
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6. Naturally related; cognate; connected (with). [R.]
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the head is not more native to the heart, . . .
Than is the throne of Denmark to thy father.
Shak.
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7. (Min.) (a) Found in nature uncombined with other elements; as, native silver, copper, gold. (b) Found in nature; not artificial; as native sodium chloride.
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Native American party. See under American, a. -- Native bear (Zool.), the koala. -- Native bread (Bot.), a large underground fungus, of Australia (Mylitta australis), somewhat resembling a truffle, but much larger. -- Native devil. (Zool.) Same as Tasmanian devil, under Devil. -- Native hen (Zool.), an Australian rail (Tribonyx Mortierii). -- Native pheasant. (Zool.) See Leipoa. -- Native rabbit (Zool.), an Australian marsupial (Perameles lagotis) resembling a rabbit in size and form. -- Native sloth (Zool.), the koala. -- Native thrush (Zool.), an Australian singing bird (Pachycephala olivacea); -- called also thickhead. -- Native turkey (Zool.), the Australian bustard (Choriotis australis); -- called also bebilya.
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Syn. -- Natural; natal; original; congenital. -- Native, Natural, Natal. natural refers to the nature of a thing, or that which springs therefrom; native, to one's birth or origin; as, a native country, language, etc.; natal, to the circumstances of one's birth; as, a natal day, or star. Native talent is that which is inborn; natural talent is that which springs from the structure of the mind. Native eloquence is the result of strong innate emotion; natural eloquence is opposed to that which is studied or artificial.
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Native
Na"tive (?), n. 1. One who, or that which, is born in a place or country referred to; a denizen by birth; an animal, a fruit, or vegetable, produced in a certain region; as, a native of France; the natives are restless.
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2. (Stock Breeding) Any of the live stock found in a region, as distinguished from such as belong to pure and distinct imported breeds. [U.S.]
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Natively
Na"tive*ly, adv. By natural or original condition; naturally; originally.
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Nativeness
Na"tive*ness, n. The quality or state of being native.
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Native steel
Na"tive steel. A sort of steel which has been found where a burning coal seam had reduced and carbonized adjacent iron ore.
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Nativism
Na"tiv*ism (?), n. 1. The disposition to favor the native inhabitants of a country, in preference to immigrants from foreign countries.
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2. (Philos.) The doctrine of innate ideas, or that the mind possesses forms of thought independent of sensation.
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Nativist
Na"tiv*ist (?), n. An advocate of nativism.
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Nativistic
Na`tiv*is"tic (?), a. Relating to nativism.
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Nativity
Na*tiv"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Nativies (#). [F. nativité, L. nativitas. See Native, and cf. Naïveté.] 1. The coming into life or into the world; birth; also, the circumstances attending birth, as time, place, manner, etc. Chaucer.
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I have served him from the hour of my nativity. Shak.
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Thou hast left . . . the land of thy nativity. Ruth ii. 11.
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These in their dark nativity the deep
Shall yield us, pregnant with infernal flame.
Milton.
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2. (Fine Arts) (capitalized) A picture representing or symbolizing the early infancy of Christ. The simplest form is the babe in a rude cradle, and the heads of an ox and an ass to express the stable in which he was born.
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3. (Astrol.) A representation of the positions of the heavenly bodies as the moment of one's birth, supposed to indicate one's future destinies; a horoscope.
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The Nativity, the birth or birthday of Christ; Christmas day. -- To cast one's nativity or To calculate one's nativity (Astrol.), to find out and represent the position of the heavenly bodies at the time of one's birth.
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Natka
Nat"ka (?), a. (Zool.) A species of shrike.
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Natrium
Na"tri*um (?), n. [NL. See Natron.] (Chem.) The technical name for sodium.
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Natrolite
Na"tro*lite (?; 277), n. [Natron + -lite: cf. F. natrolithe.] (Min.) A zeolite occuring in groups of glassy acicular crystals, and in masses which often have a radiated structure. It is a hydrous silicate of alumina and soda.
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Natron
Na"tron (?), n. [F., fr. Sp. natron, Ar. natrūn, nitrūn. Cf. Niter, Anatron.] (Min.) Native sodium carbonate. [Written also anatron.]
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Natter
Nat"ter (?), v. i. [Cf. Icel. knetta to grumble.] 1. To find fault; to be peevish. [Prov. Eng. or Scot.]
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2. To talk constantly; to chatter incessantly to prattle; as, nattering like a chatterbox.
[PJC]

Natterjack
Nat"ter*jack` (?), n. (Zool.) A European toad (Bufo calamita), having a yellow line along its back.
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Natty
Nat"ty (?), a. [Cf. Neat clean.] Neatly dressed; smart; trim; tidy; spruce. [Colloq.]
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-- Nat"ti*ly, adv. -- Nat"ti*ness, n.
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Natural
Nat"u*ral (?; 135), a. [OE. naturel, F. naturel, fr. L. naturalis, fr. natura. See Nature.] 1. Fixed or determined by nature; pertaining to the constitution of a thing; belonging to native character; according to nature; essential; characteristic; innate; not artificial, foreign, assumed, put on, or acquired; as, the natural growth of animals or plants; the natural motion of a gravitating body; natural strength or disposition; the natural heat of the body; natural color.
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With strong natural sense, and rare force of will. Macaulay.
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2. Conformed to the order, laws, or actual facts, of nature; consonant to the methods of nature; according to the stated course of things, or in accordance with the laws which govern events, feelings, etc.; not exceptional or violent; legitimate; normal; regular; as, the natural consequence of crime; a natural death; anger is a natural response to insult.
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What can be more natural than the circumstances in the behavior of those women who had lost their husbands on this fatal day? Addison.
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3. Having to do with existing system to things; dealing with, or derived from, the creation, or the world of matter and mind, as known by man; within the scope of human reason or experience; not supernatural; as, a natural law; natural science; history, theology.
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I call that natural religion which men might know . . . by the mere principles of reason, improved by consideration and experience, without the help of revelation. Bp. Wilkins.
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4. Conformed to truth or reality; as: (a) Springing from true sentiment; not artificial or exaggerated; -- said of action, delivery, etc.; as, a natural gesture, tone, etc. (b) Resembling the object imitated; true to nature; according to the life; -- said of anything copied or imitated; as, a portrait is natural.
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5. Having the character or sentiments properly belonging to one's position; not unnatural in feelings.
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To leave his wife, to leave his babes, . . .
He wants the natural touch.
Shak.
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6. Connected by the ties of consanguinity. especially, Related by birth rather than by adoption; as, one's natural mother.Natural friends.” J. H. Newman.
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7. Hence: Begotten without the sanction of law; born out of wedlock; illegitimate; bastard; as, a natural child.
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8. Of or pertaining to the lower or animal nature, as contrasted with the higher or moral powers, or that which is spiritual; being in a state of nature; unregenerate.
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The natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God. 1 Cor. ii. 14.
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9. (Math.) Belonging to, to be taken in, or referred to, some system, in which the base is 1; -- said of certain functions or numbers; as, natural numbers, those commencing at 1; natural sines, cosines, etc., those taken in arcs whose radii are 1.
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10. (Mus.) (a) Produced by natural organs, as those of the human throat, in distinction from instrumental music. (b) Of or pertaining to a key which has neither a flat nor a sharp for its signature, as the key of C major. (c) Applied to an air or modulation of harmony which moves by easy and smooth transitions, digressing but little from the original key. (d) Neither flat nor sharp; -- of a tone. (e) Changed to the pitch which is neither flat nor sharp, by appending the sign ♮; as, A natural. Moore (Encyc. of Music).
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11. Existing in nature or created by the forces of nature, in contrast to production by man; not made, manufactured, or processed by humans; as, a natural ruby; a natural bridge; natural fibers; a deposit of natural calcium sulfate. Opposed to artificial, man-made, manufactured, processed and synthetic. [wns=2]
[PJC]

12. Hence: Not processed or refined; in the same statre as that existing in nature; as, natural wood; natural foods.
[PJC]

Natural day, the space of twenty-four hours. Chaucer.
[1913 Webster] -- Natural fats, Natural gas, etc. See under Fat, Gas. etc. -- Natural Harmony (Mus.), the harmony of the triad or common chord. -- Natural history, in its broadest sense, a history or description of nature as a whole, including the sciences of botany, Zoology, geology, mineralogy, paleontology, chemistry, and physics. In recent usage the term is often restricted to the sciences of botany and Zoology collectively, and sometimes to the science of zoology alone. -- Natural law, that instinctive sense of justice and of right and wrong, which is native in mankind, as distinguished from specifically revealed divine law, and formulated human law. -- Natural modulation (Mus.), transition from one key to its relative keys. -- Natural order. (Nat. Hist.) See under order. -- Natural person. (Law) See under person, n. -- Natural philosophy, originally, the study of nature in general; the natural sciences; in modern usage, that branch of physical science, commonly called physics, which treats of the phenomena and laws of matter and considers those effects only which are unaccompanied by any change of a chemical nature; -- contrasted with mental philosophy and moral philosophy. -- Natural scale (Mus.), a scale which is written without flats or sharps. Model would be a preferable term, as less likely to mislead, the so-called artificial scales (scales represented by the use of flats and sharps) being equally natural with the so-called natural scale. -- Natural science, the study of objects and phenomena existing in nature, especially biology, chemistry, physics and their interdisciplinary related sciences; natural history, in its broadest sense; -- used especially in contradistinction to social science, mathematics, philosophy, mental science or moral science. -- Natural selection (Biol.), the operation of natural laws analogous, in their operation and results, to designed selection in breeding plants and animals, and resulting in the survival of the fittest; the elimination over time of species unable to compete in specific environments with other species more adapted to survival; -- the essential mechanism of evolution. The principle of natural selection is neutral with respect to the mechanism by which inheritable changes occur in organisms (most commonly thought to be due to mutation of genes and reorganization of genomes), but proposes that those forms which have become so modified as to be better adapted to the existing environment have tended to survive and leave similarly adapted descendants, while those less perfectly adapted have tended to die out through lack of fitness for the environment, thus resulting in the survival of the fittest. See Darwinism. -- Natural system (Bot. & Zool.), a classification based upon real affinities, as shown in the structure of all parts of the organisms, and by their embryology.

It should be borne in mind that the natural system of botany is natural only in the constitution of its genera, tribes, orders, etc., and in its grand divisions. Gray.

-- Natural theology, or Natural religion, that part of theological science which treats of those evidences of the existence and attributes of the Supreme Being which are exhibited in nature; -- distinguished from revealed religion. See Quotation under Natural, a., 3. -- Natural vowel, the vowel sound heard in urn, furl, sir, her, etc.; -- so called as being uttered in the easiest open position of the mouth organs. See Neutral vowel, under Neutral and Guide to Pronunciation, § 17.

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Syn. -- See Native.
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Natural
Nat"u*ral (?; 135), n. 1. A native; an aboriginal. [Obs.] Sir W. Raleigh.
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2. pl. Natural gifts, impulses, etc. [Obs.] Fuller.
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3. One born without the usual powers of reason or understanding; an idiot. “The minds of naturals.” Locke.
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4. (Mus.) A character [♮] used to contradict, or to remove the effect of, a sharp or flat which has preceded it, and to restore the unaltered note.
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5. A person who has an innate talent that makes success in some specific endeavor, such as sports, much easier than for others; as, Pele was a natural in soccer.
[PJC]

natural family
nat"u*ral fam"i*ly, n. (Biol.) a group of living organisms classed as a family in a toxonomic classification.
[PJC]

natural gas
natural gas n. The combustible gas found associated with petroleum deposits, and also in other geological formations, comprised predominantly of methane plus variable other constitutents. It is an important source of energy, and is transported long distances by pipelines, or in a liquefied state in tankers, for commercial distribution. Some natural gas deposits contain helium, and comprise the primary source of that rare element.
Syn. -- gas.
[PJC]

Naturalism
Nat"u*ral*ism (?), n. [Cf. F. naturalisme.] 1. A state of nature; conformity to nature.
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2. (Metaph.) The doctrine of those who deny a supernatural agency in the miracles and revelations recorded in the Bible, and in spiritual influences; also, any system of philosophy which refers the phenomena of nature to a blind force or forces acting necessarily or according to fixed laws, excluding origination or direction by one intelligent will.
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3. The theory that art or literature should conform to nature; realism; also, the quality, rendering, or expression of art or literature executed according to this theory.
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4. Specifically: The principles and characteristics professed or represented by a 19th-century school of realistic writers, notably by Zola and Maupassant, who aimed to give a literal transcription of reality, and laid special stress on the analytic study of character, and on the scientific and experimental nature of their observation of life.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

naturalist
nat"u*ral*ist, n. [Cf. F. naturaliste.] 1. One versed in natural science; a student of natural history, esp. of the natural history of plants or animals; a botanist or zoologist.
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2. One who holds or maintains the doctrine of naturalism in religion. H. Bushnell.
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Naturalistic
Nat`u*ral*is"tic (?), a. 1. Belonging to the doctrines of naturalism.
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2. Closely resembling nature; realistic.Naturalistic bit of pantomime.” W. D. Howells.
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Naturality
Nat`u*ral"i*ty (?), n. [L. naturalitas: cf. F. naturalité.] Nature; naturalness. [R.]
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Naturalization
Nat`u*ral*i*za"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. naturalisation.] The act or process of naturalizing, esp. of investing an alien with the rights and privileges of a native or citizen; also, the state of being naturalized.
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Naturalize
Nat"u*ral*ize (?; 135), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Naturalized (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Naturalizing (#).] [Cf. F. naturaliser. See Natural.] 1. To make natural; as, custom naturalizes labor or study.
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2. To confer the rights and privileges of a native subject or citizen on; to make as if native; to adopt, as a foreigner into a nation or state, and place in the condition of a native subject.
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3. To receive or adopt as native, natural, or vernacular; to make one's own; as, to naturalize foreign words.
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4. To adapt; to accustom; to habituate; to acclimate; to cause to grow as under natural conditions.
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Its wearer suggested that pears and peaches might yet be naturalized in the New England climate. Hawthorne.
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Naturalize
Nat"u*ral*ize, v. i. 1. To become as if native.
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2. To explain phenomena by natural agencies or laws, to the exclusion of the supernatural.
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Infected by this naturalizing tendency. H. Bushnell.
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naturalized
naturalized adj. 1. Acclimated to a new environment; introduced from another region and persisting without cultivation; -- of plants or animals not native to a location. [wns=1 & 3]
Syn. -- domesticated, nonnative.
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2. planted randomly in soil so as to give an appearance of wild growth; as, drifts of naturalized daffodils.
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Naturally
Nat"u*ral*ly, adv. In a natural manner or way; according to the usual course of things; spontaneously.
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Naturalness
Nat"u*ral*ness, n. The state or quality of being natural; conformity to nature.
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Natural product
Nat"u*ral prod"uct, n. (Chem., Biochem.) A chemical substance produced by a living organism; -- a term used commonly in reference to chemical substances found in nature that have distinctive pharmacological effects. Such a substance is considered a natural product even if it can be prepared by total synthesis.
[PJC]

Natural product chemistry
Nat"u*ral prod"uct chem"is*try, n. (Chem.) That branch of chemistry which deals with the isolation, identification, structure elucidation, and study of the chemical characteristics of chemical substances produced by living organisms.
[PJC]

Natural steel
Nat"u*ral steel. Steel made by the direct refining of cast iron in a finery, or, as wootz, by a direct process from the ore.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Nature
Na"ture (?; 135), n. [F., fr. L. natura, fr. natus born, produced, p. p. of nasci to be born. See Nation.] 1. The existing system of things; the universe of matter, energy, time and space; the physical world; all of creation. Contrasted with the world of mankind, with its mental and social phenomena.
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But looks through nature up to nature's God. Pope.
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When, in the course of human Events, it becomes necessary for one People to dissolve the Political Bonds which have connected them with another, ans to assume among the powers of the earth the separate and equal Station which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent Respect to the Opinions of Mankind requires that they should declare the causes that impel them to the Separation. Declaration of Independence

Nature has caprices which art can not imitate. Macaulay.
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2. The personified sum and order of causes and effects; the powers which produce existing phenomena, whether in the total or in detail; the agencies which carry on the processes of creation or of being; -- often conceived of as a single and separate entity, embodying the total of all finite agencies and forces as disconnected from a creating or ordering intelligence; as, produced by nature; the forces of nature.
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I oft admire
How Nature, wise and frugal, could commit
Such disproportions.
Milton.
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3. The established or regular course of things; usual order of events; connection of cause and effect.
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4. Conformity to that which is natural, as distinguished from that which is artificial, or forced, or remote from actual experience.
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One touch of nature makes the whole world kin. Shak.
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5. The sum of qualities and attributes which make a person or thing what it is, as distinct from others; native character; inherent or essential qualities or attributes; peculiar constitution or quality of being.
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Thou, therefore, whom thou only canst redeem,
Their nature also to thy nature join,
And be thyself man among men on earth.
Milton.
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6. Hence: Kind, sort; character; quality.
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A dispute of this nature caused mischief. Dryden.
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7. Physical constitution or existence; the vital powers; the natural life. “My days of nature.” Shak.
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Oppressed nature sleeps. Shak.
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8. Natural affection or reverence.
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Have we not seen
The murdering son ascend his parent's bed,
Through violated nature force his way?
Pope.
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9. Constitution or quality of mind or character.
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A born devil, on whose nature
Nurture can never stick.
Shak.
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That reverence which is due to a superior nature. Addison.
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Good nature, Ill nature. see under Good and Ill. -- In a state of nature. (a) Naked as when born; nude. (b) In a condition of sin; unregenerate. (c) Untamed; uncivilized. -- Nature printing, a process of printing from metallic or other plates which have received an impression, as by heavy pressure, of an object such as a leaf, lace, or the like. -- Nature worship, the worship of the personified powers of nature. -- To pay the debt of nature, to die.
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Nature
Na"ture, v. t. To endow with natural qualities. [Obs.]
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He [God] which natureth every kind. Gower.
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Natured
Na"tured (?; 135), a. Having (such) a nature, temper, or disposition; disposed; -- used in composition; as, good-natured, ill-natured, etc.
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Natureless
Na"ture*less (?), a. Not in accordance with nature; unnatural. [Obs.] Milton.
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Naturism
Na"tur*ism (?), n. (Med.) The belief or doctrine that attributes everything to nature as a sanative agent.
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Naturist
Na"tur*ist, n. One who believes in, or conforms to, the theory of naturism. Boyle.
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Naturity
Na*tu"ri*ty (?), n. The quality or state of being produced by nature. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
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Naturize
Na"tur*ize (?), v. t. To endow with a nature or qualities; to refer to nature. [Obs.] B. Jonson.
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nauch
nauch n. an intricate traditional dance in India performed by professional dancing girls.
Syn. -- nautch, nautch dance.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nauclea
Nauclea prop. n. A small genus of evergreen tropical shrubs or trees with smooth leathery leaves.
Syn. -- genus Nauclea.
[WordNet 1.5]

Naufrage
Nau"frage (?; 48), n. [F., fr. L. naufragium; navis + frangere.] Shipwreck; ruin. [Obs.] acon.
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Naufragous
Nau"fra*gous (?), a. [L. naufragus. See Naufrage.] causing shipwreck. [Obs.] r. Taylor.
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Naught
Naught (n&asuml_;t), n. [OE. naught, nought, naht, nawiht, AS. nāwiht, nāuht, nāht; ne not + ā ever + wiht thing, whit; hence, not ever a whit. See No, adv. Whit, and cf. Aught, Not.] 1. Nothing. [Written also nought.]
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Doth Job fear God for naught? Job i. 9.
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2. The arithmetical character 0; a cipher. See Cipher.
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To set at naught, to treat as of no account; to disregard; to despise; to defy; to treat with ignominy. “Ye have set at naught all my counsel.” Prov. i. 25.
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Naught
Naught, adv. In no degree; not at all. Chaucer.
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To wealth or sovereign power he naught applied. Fairfax.
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Naught
Naught, a. 1. Of no value or account; worthless; bad; useless.
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It is naught, it is naught, saith the buyer. Prov. xx. 14.
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Go, get you to your house; begone, away!
All will be naught else.
Shak.
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Things naught and things indifferent. Hooker.
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2. Hence, vile; base; naughty. [Obs.]
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No man can be stark naught at once. Fuller.
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Naughtily
Naugh"ti*ly (?), adv. In a naughty manner; wickedly; perversely. Shak.
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Naughtiness
Naugh"ti*ness, n. The quality or state of being naughty; perverseness; badness; wickedness.
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I know thy pride, and the naughtiness of thine heart. 1 Sam. xvii. 28.
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Naughtly
Naught"ly (?), adv. Naughtily; wrongly. [Obs.]
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because my parents naughtly brought me up. Mir. for Mag.
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Naughty
Naugh"ty (?), a. [Compar. Naughtier (?); superl. Naughtiest.] 1. Having little or nothing. [Obs.]
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[Men] that needy be and naughty, help them with thy goods. Piers Plowman.
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2. Worthless; bad; good for nothing. [Obs.]
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The other basket had very naughty figs. Jer. xxiv. 2.
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3. hence, corrupt; wicked. [Archaic]
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So shines a good deed in a naughty world. Shak.
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4. Mischievous; perverse; froward; guilty of disobedient or improper conduct; as, a naughty child.
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&hand_; This word is now seldom used except in the latter sense, as applied to children, or in sportive censure.
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Nauheim bath
Nauheim treatment
Nau"heim treat`ment (?). (Med.) Orig., a method of therapeutic treatment administered, esp. for chronic diseases of the curculatory system, at Bad Nauheim, Germany, by G. Schott, consisting in baths in the natural mineral waters of that place, which are charged with carbonic acid, and the use of a graduated course of rest, physical exercises, massage, etc.; hence, any similar treatment using waters artificially charged with the essential ingredients of the natural mineral waters of Bad Nauheim. Hence, Nauheim bath, etc.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

naumachia
naumachia n. Same as naumachy.
[WordNet 1.5]

Naumachy
Nau"ma*chy (n&asuml_;"m&adot_;*k&ybreve_;), n. [L. naumachia, Gr. naymachi`a; nay^s ship + ma`chh fight, battle, ma`chesqai to fight.] 1. A naval battle; esp., a mock sea fight put on by the ancient Romans.
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2. (Rom. Antiq.) A show or spectacle representing a sea fight; also, a place for such exhibitions.
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Nauplius
Nau"pli*us (?), n.; pl. Nauplii (#). [L., a kind of shellfish, fr. Gr. nay^s ship + &unr_; to sail.] (Zool.) A crustacean larva having three pairs of locomotive organs (corresponding to the antennules, antennae, and mandibles), a median eye, and little or no segmentation of the body.
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Nauropometer
Nau`ro*pom"e*ter (?), n. [Gr. nay^s ship + &unr_; inclination + -meter.] (Naut.) An instrument for measuring the amount which a ship heels at sea.
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Nauruan
Nauruan prop. adj. 1. Of or pertaining to Nauru; as, Nauruan artifacts.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. Of or pertaining to the inhabitants of Nauru; as, Nauruan natives.
Syn. -- Nauran.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nauscopy
Naus"co*py (?), n. [Gr. nay^s ship + -scopy: cf. F. nauscopie.] (Naut.) The power or act of discovering ships or land at considerable distances.
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Nausea
Nau"se*a (? or &unr_;), n. [L., fr. Gr. &unr_;, fr. nay^s ship. See Nave of a church, and cf. Noise.] Seasickness; hence, any similar sickness of the stomach accompanied with a propensity to vomit; qualm; squeamishness of the stomach; loathing.
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Nauseant
Nau"se*ant (?), n. [L. nauseans, p. pr. Of nauseare.] (Med.) A substance which produces nausea; an emetic.
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Nauseate
Nau"se*ate (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Nauseated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Nauseating.] [L. nauseare, nauseatum, fr. nausea. See Nausea.] To become squeamish; to feel nausea; to turn away with disgust.
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Nauseate
Nau"se*ate, v. t. 1. To affect with nausea; to sicken; to cause to feel loathing or disgust.
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2. To sicken at; to reject with disgust; to loathe.
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The patient nauseates and loathes wholesome foods. Blackmore.
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Nauseation
Nau`se*a"tion (?), n. The act of nauseating, or the state of being nauseated.
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Nauseative
Nau"se*a*tive (? or &unr_;), a. Causing nausea; nauseous.
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Nauseous
Nau"seous (?; 277), a. [L. nauseosus.] 1. Causing, or fitted to cause, nausea; sickening; loathsome; disgusting; exciting abhorrence; as, a nauseous drug or medicine.
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2. Feeling nausea; as, nauseous from the effects of chemotherapy.
[PJC]

-- Nau"seous*ly, adv. -- Nau"seous*ness, n.
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The nauseousness of such company disgusts a reasonable man. Dryden.
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Nautch
Nautch (?), n. [Hind. nāch, fr. Skr. n&rsdot_;tya dance.] An entertainment consisting chiefly of dancing by professional dancing (or Nautch) girls. [India]
Syn. -- nauch.
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Nautic
Nau"tic (?), a. [See Nautical.] Nautical.
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Nautical
Nau"tic*al (?), a. [L. nauticus, Gr. naytiko`s, fr. nay`ths a seaman, sailor, fr. nay^s ship: cf. F. nautique. See Nave of a church.] Of or pertaining to seamen, to the art of navigation, or to ships; as, nautical skill.
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Syn. -- Naval; marine; maritime. See Naval.
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Nautical almanac. See under Almanac. -- Nautical distance, the length in nautical miles of the rhumb line joining any two places on the earth's surface. -- nautical mile. See under Mile.
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Nautically
Nau"tic*al*ly, adv. In a nautical manner; with reference to nautical affairs.
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Nautiform
Nau"ti*form (?), a. [Gr. nay^s ship + -form.] Shaped like the hull of a ship.
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Nautilidae
Nautilidae prop. n. A natural family of spiral-shelled cephalopods.
Syn. -- family Nautilidae.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nautilite
Nau"ti*lite (?), n. (Paleon.) A fossil nautilus.
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Nautiloid
Nau"ti*loid (?), a. [Nautilus + -oid: cf. F. nautiloïde.] (Zool.) Like or pertaining to the nautilus; shaped like a nautilus shell. -- n. A mollusk, or shell, of the genus Nautilus or family Nautilidae.
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Nautilus
Nau"ti*lus (?), n.; pl. E. Nautiluses (#), L. Nautili (#). [L., fr. Gr. nayti`los a seaman, sailor, a kind of shellfish which was supposed to be furnished with a membrane which served as a sail; fr. nay^s ship. See Nave of a church.] 1. (Zool.) The only existing genus of tetrabranchiate cephalopods. About four species are found living in the tropical Pacific, but many other species are found fossil. The shell is spiral, symmetrical, and chambered, or divided into several cavities by simple curved partitions, which are traversed and connected together by a continuous and nearly central tube or siphuncle. See Tetrabranchiata.
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&hand_; The head of the animal bears numerous simple tapered arms, or tentacles, arranged in groups, but not furnished with suckers. The siphon, unlike, that of ordinary cephalopods, is not a closed tube, and is not used as a locomotive organ, but merely serves to conduct water to and from the gill cavity, which contains two pairs of gills. The animal occupies only the outer chamber of the shell; the others are filled with gas. It creeps over the bottom of the sea, not coming to the surface to swim or sail, as was formerly imagined.
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2. The argonaut; -- also called paper nautilus. See Argonauta, and Paper nautilus, under Paper.
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3. A variety of diving bell, the lateral as well as vertical motions of which are controlled, by the occupants.
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Navajoes
Na"va*joes (?), n. pl.; sing. Navajo (&unr_;). (Ethnol.) A tribe of Indians inhabiting New Mexico and Arizona, allied to the Apaches. They are now largely engaged in agriculture.
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Naval
Na"val (nā"v&aitalic_;l), a. [L. navalis, fr. navis ship: cf. F. naval. See Nave of a church.] Having to do with shipping; of or pertaining to ships or a navy; consisting of ships; as, naval forces, successes, stores, etc.
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Naval brigade, a body of seamen or marines organized for military service on land. -- Naval officer. (a) An officer in the navy. (b) A high officer in some United States customhouses. -- Naval tactics, the science of managing or maneuvering vessels sailing in squadrons or fleets.
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Syn. -- Nautical; marine; maritime. -- Naval, Nautical. Naval is applied to vessels, or a navy, or the things which pertain to them or in which they participate; nautical, to seamen and the art of navigation. Hence we speak of a naval, as opposed to a military, engagement; naval equipments or stores, a naval triumph, a naval officer, etc., and of nautical pursuits or instruction, nautical calculations, a nautical almanac, etc.
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Navals
Na"vals (nā"v&aitalic_;lz), n. pl. Naval affairs. [Obs.]
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Navarch
Na"varch (nā"värk), n. [L. navarchus, Gr. nay`archo`s; nay^s ship + 'archo`s chief.] (Gr. Antiq.) The commander of a fleet. Mitford.
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navarchy
na"varch*y (nā"värk*&ybreve_;), n. [Gr. nayarchi`a.] Nautical skill or experience. [Obs.] Sir W. Petty.
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Navarino
Navarino prop. n. The name of a naval battle in the War of Greek Independence (1827), at which the Turkish and Egyptian fleet was defeated by the allied fleet.
Syn. -- battle of Navarino.
[WordNet 1.5]

Navarrese
Na`var*rese" (? or &unr_;), prop. a. Of or pertaining to Navarre. -- n. sing. & pl. A native or inhabitant of Navarre; the people of Navarre.
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nave
nave (nāv), n. [AS. nafu; akin to D. naaf, G. nabe, OHG. naba, Icel. nöf, Dan. nav, Sw. naf, Skr. nābhi nave and navel: cf. L. umbo boss of a shield. √260. Cf. Navel.] 1. The block in the center of a wheel, from which the spokes radiate, and through which the axle passes; -- called also hub or hob.
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2. The navel. [Obs.] hak.
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Nave
Nave, n. [F. nef, fr. L. navis ship, to which the church was often likened; akin to Gr. nay`archo`s, Skr. nāus, and perh. to AS. naca boat, G. nachen, Icel. nökkvi; cf. L. nare to swim, float. Cf. Nausea, Nautical, Naval.] (Arch.) The middle or body of a church, extending from the transepts to the principal entrances, or, if there are no transepts, from the choir to the principal entrance, but not including the aisles.
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Navel
Na"vel (nā"v'l), n. [AS. nafela, fr. nafu nave; akin to D. navel, G. nabel, OHG. nabolo, Icel. nafli, Dan. navle, Sw. nafle, L. umbilicus, Gr. 'omfalo`s, Skr. nābhīla. √260. See Nave hub, and cf. Omphalic, Nombril, Umbilical.] 1. (Anat.) A mark or depression in the middle of the abdomen; the umbilicus; called also belly button in humans. See Umbilicus.
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2. The central part or point of anything; the middle.
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Within the navel of this hideous wood,
Immured in cypress shades, a sorcerer dwells.
Milton.
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3. (Gun.) An eye on the under side of a carronade for securing it to a carriage.
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Navel gall, a bruise on the top of the chine of the back of a horse, behind the saddle. Johnson. -- Navel point. (Her.) Same as Nombril.
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navel orange
na"vel or"ange. A type of orange in which the fruit incloses a small secondary fruit, the rind showing on the exterior a navel-like pit or depression at the apex. There are several varieties; they are usually seedless, or nearly so, and are much grown in California.
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Navel-string
Na"vel-string` (?), n. The umbilical cord.
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Navelwort
Na"vel*wort` (?), n. (Bot.) A European perennial succulent herb (Cotyledon umbilicus), having round, peltate leaves with a central depression; -- also called pennywort, and kidneywort.
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Navew
Na"vew (?), n. [OE. navel, naveau, a dim. fr. L. napus navew. Cf. Napiform.] (Bot.) A kind of small turnip, a variety of Brassica campestris. See Brassica. [Written also naphew.]
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Navicular
Na*vic"u*lar (?), a. [L. navicularius, fr. navicula, dim. of navis ship: cf. F. naviculaire.] 1. Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a boat or ship.
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2. Shaped like a boat; cymbiform; scaphoid; as, the navicular glumes of most grasses; the navicular bone.
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Navicular bone. (Anat.) (a) One of the middle bones of the tarsus, corresponding to the centrale; -- called also scaphoid. (b) A proximal bone on the radial side of the carpus; the scaphoid. -- Navicular disease (Far.), a disease affecting the navicular bone, or the adjacent parts, in a horse's foot.
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Navicular
Na*vic"u*lar, n. (Anat.) The navicular bone.
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Navigability
Nav`i*ga*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. navigabilité.] The quality or condition of being navigable; navigableness.
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Navigable
Nav"i*ga*ble (?), a. [L. navigabilis: cf. F. navigable. See Navigate.] Capable of being navigated; deep enough and wide enough to afford passage to vessels; as, a navigable river.
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&hand_; By the common law, a river is considered as navigable only so far as the tide ebbs and flows in it. This is also the doctrine in several of the United States. In other States, the doctrine of the civil law prevails, which is, that a navigable river is a river capable of being navigated, in the common sense of the term. Kent. Burrill.
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-- Nav"i*ga*ble*ness, n. -- Nav"i*ga*bly, adv.
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Navigate
Nav"i*gate (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Navigated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Navigating.] [L. navigatus, p. p. of navigare, v.t. & i.; navis ship + agere to move, direct. See Nave, and Agent.] 1. To journey by water; to go in a vessel or ship; to perform the duties of a navigator; to use the waters as a highway or channel for commerce or communication; to sail.
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The Phenicians navigated to the extremities of the Western Ocean. Arbuthnot.
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2. To direct or operate a vehicle, especially a ship or aircraft.
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3. To pass through, over, or around; -- used especially of a course having obstacles; as, to navigate around all the randomly scattered tables to the far side of the room.
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Navigate
Nav"i*gate, v. t. 1. To pass over in ships; to sail over or on; as, to navigate the Atlantic.
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2. To steer, direct, or manage in sailing; to conduct (ships) upon the water by the art or skill of seamen; as, to navigate a ship.
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3. To pass through, over, or around; -- used especially of a course having obstacles; as, to navigate all the randomly scattered tables to the far side of the room.
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Navigation
Nav`i*ga"tion (?), n. [L. navigatio: cf. F. navigation.] 1. The act of navigating; the act of passing on water in ships or other vessels; the state of being navigable.
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2. (a) The science or art of conducting ships or vessels from one place to another, including, more especially, the method of determining a ship's position, course, distance passed over, etc., on the surface of the globe, by the principles of geometry and astronomy. (b) The management of sails, rudder, etc.; the mechanics of traveling by water; seamanship.
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3. Ships in general. [Poetic] Shak.
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Aerial navigation, the act or art of sailing or floating in the air, as by means of airplanes or ballons; aviation; aeronautic. -- Inland navigation, Internal navigation, navigation on rivers, inland lakes, etc.
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navigational
navigational adj. of or pertaining to navigation; used in navigation; as, navigational aids.
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Navigator
Nav"i*ga`tor (?), n. One who navigates or sails; esp., one who direct the course of a ship, or one who is skillful in the art of navigation; also, a book which teaches the art of navigation; as, Bowditch's Navigator.
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Navigerous
Na*vig"er*ous (?), a. [L. naviger; navis ship + gerere to bear.] Bearing ships; capable of floating vessels. [R.] Blount.
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Navvy
Nav"vy (?), n.; pl. Navies (#). [Abbreviated fr. navigator.] Originally, a laborer on canals for internal navigation; hence, a laborer on other public works, as in building railroads, embankments, etc. [Eng.]
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Navy
Na"vy (?); n.; pl. Navies (#). [ OF. navie, fr. L. navis ship. See Nave of a church.] 1. A fleet of ships; an assemblage of merchantmen, or so many as sail in company. “The navy also of Hiram, that brought gold from Ophir.” 1 kings x. 11.
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2. The whole of the war vessels belonging to a nation or ruler, considered collectively; as, the navy of Italy.
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3. The officers and men attached to the war vessels of a nation; as, he belongs to the navy.
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4. same as navy blue.
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Navy bean. see Bean. -- Navy yard, a place set apart as a shore station for the use of the navy. It often contains all the mechanical and other appliences for building and equipping war vessels and training their crews.
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Navy
Na"vy (?), a. Having a color of navy blue.
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Navy blue
Na"vy blue`, n. 1. A dark grayish blue. Also called navy.
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2. Prussian blue. [archaic]
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Nawab
Na*wab" (?), n. [See Nabob.] 1. A deputy ruler or viceroy in India; also, a title given by courtesy to other persons of high rank in the East.
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2. A rich, retired Anglo-Indian; a nabob.
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Nawl
Nawl (?), n. [See Nall.] An awl. [Obs.] usser.
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nay
nay (nā), adv. [Icel. nei; akin to E. no. See No, adv.] 1. No; -- a negative answer to a question asked, or a request made, now superseded by no. Opposed to aye or yea. See also Yes.
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And eke when I say “ye,” ne say not “nay.” Chaucer.
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I tell you nay; but except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish. Luke xiii. 3.
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And now do they thrust us out privily? nay, verily; but let them come themselves and fetch us out. Acts xvi. 37.
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He that will not when he may,
When he would he shall have nay.
Old Prov.
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&hand_; Before the time of Henry VIII. nay was used to answer simple questions, and no was used when the form of the question involved a negative expression; nay was the simple form, no the emphatic. Skeat.
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2. Not this merely, but also; not only so, but; -- used to mark the addition or substitution of a more explicit or more emphatic phrase.
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&hand_; Nay in this sense may be interchanged with yea. “Were he my brother, nay, my kingdom's heir.” Shak.
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Nay
Nay, n.; pl. Nays (&unr_;). 1. Denial; refusal.
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2. A negative vote; one who votes in the negative.
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It is no nay, there is no denying it. [Obs.] haucer.
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Nay
Nay, v. t. & i. To refuse. [Obs.] Holinshed.
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Nayaur
Na*yaur" (?), n. (Zool.) A specied of wild sheep (Ovis Hodgsonii), native of Nepal and Tibet. It has a dorsal mane and a white ruff beneath the neck.
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Nayt
Nayt (?), v. t. [Icel. neita.] To refuse; to deny. [Obs.] “He shall not nayt ne deny his sin.” Chaucer.
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Nayward
Nay"ward (?), n. The negative side. [R.]
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Howe'er you lean to the nayward. Shak.
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Nayword
Nay"word` (?), n. A byword; a proverb; also, a watchword. [Obs.] hak.
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Nazarene
Naz`a*rene" (?), prop. n. [L. Nazarenus, Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; Nazareth.] 1. A native or inhabitant of Nazareth; -- a term of contempt applied to Christ and the early Christians.
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2. (Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect of Judaizing Christians in the first and second centuries, who observed the laws of Moses, and held to certain heresies.
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Nazarite
Naz"a*rite (?), prop. n. A Jew bound by a vow to leave the hair uncut, to abstain from wine and strong drink, and to practice extraordinary purity of life and devotion, the obligation being for life, or for a certain time. The word is also used adjectively.
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Nazariteship
Naz"a*rite*ship, prop. n. The state of a Nazarite.
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Nazaritic
Naz`a*rit"ic (?), prop. a. Of or pertaining to a Nazarite, or to Nazarites.
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Nazaritism
Naz"a*ri*tism (?; 277), prop. n. The vow and practice of a Nazarite.
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naze
naze (?), n. [See Ness.] A promontory or headland.
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Nazirite
Naz"i*rite (?), prop. n. A Nazarite.
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ne
ne (nē), adv. [AS. ne. See No.] Not; never. [Obs.]
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He never yet no villany ne said. Chaucer.
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&hand_; Ne was formerly used as the universal adverb of negation, and survives in certain compounds, as never (= ne ever) and none (= ne one). Other combinations, now obsolete, will be found in the Vocabulary, as nad, nam, nil. See Negative, 2.
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ne
ne, conj. [See Ne, adv.] Nor. [Obs.] Shak.
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No niggard ne no fool. Chaucer.
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Ne . . . ne, neither . . . nor. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Neaf
Neaf (nēf), n. See 2d Neif. Shak.
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Neal
Neal (nēl), v. t. To anneal. [R.] Chaucer.
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Neal
Neal, v. i. To be tempered by heat. [R.] Bacon.
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neanderthal
neanderthal adj. 1. uncouth in manners or appearance.
Syn. -- boorish, clownish, loutish, oafish.
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Neanderthal man
Neanderthal race
Neanderthal
Ne*an"der*thal` (?), prop. a. 1. (Anthropol.) Of, pertaining to, or named from, the Neanderthal, a valley in the Rhine Province, in which were found parts of a skeleton of an early type of man. The skull is characterized by extreme dolichocephaly, flat, retreating forehead, with closed frontal sutures, and enormous superciliary ridges. The cranial capacity is estimated at about 1,220 cubic centimeters, being about midway between that of the Pithecanthropus and modern man. Hence, pertaining to or designating the Neanderthal race, or Neanderthal man, a species of extinct robust humans, believed to have been widespread in the Middle Paleolithic in Europe and western Asia; as, a Neanderthal skull.
Syn. -- Neanderthalian.
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2. Similar to or reminiscent of a neanderthal human; troglodytic; primitive and uncultured.
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Neanderthal
Ne*an"der*thal` (?), prop. n. 1. (Anthropol.) A neanderthal human being; a member of the race Homo sapiens neanderthalensis; as, neanderthals were shorter than modern humans.
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2. One resembling a neanderthal human; a troglodyte; a cave man.
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3. Hence: (Fig.) A person of primitive, unenlightened or uneducated opinions or attitudes; one with a regressive social or political outlook; -- used disparagingly.
[PJC]

Neanderthalian
Neanderthalian adj. same as Neanderthal{1}.
Syn. -- Neanderthal.
[WordNet 1.5]

Neanderthaloid
Ne*an`der*thal"oid (?), a. [Neanderthal + -oid.] (Anthropol.) Like, or pertaining to, the Neanderthal skull, or the type of man it represents.
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Neap
Neap (?), n. [Cf. Neb, Nape.] The tongue or pole of a cart or other vehicle drawn by two animals. [U.S.]
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Neap
Neap (nēp), a. [As. nēpflōd neap flood; cf. hnipian to bend, incline.] Low.
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Neap tides, the lowest tides of the lunar month, which occur in the second and fourth quarters of the moon; -- opposed to spring tides.
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Neap
Neap, n. A neap tide.
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High springs and dead neaps. Harkwill.
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Neaped
Neaped (?), a. (Naut.) Left aground on the height of a spring tide, so that it will not float till the next spring tide; -- called also beneaped.
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Neapolitan
Ne`a*pol"i*tan (?), prop. a. [L. Neapolitanus, fr. Neapolis Naples, Gr. &unr_;, lit., New town.] Of of pertaining to Naples in Italy. -- n. A native or citizen of Naples.
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Neapolitan ice cream
Neapolitan ice
{ Ne`a*pol"i*tan ice, Neapolitan ice cream }. (a) An ice or ice cream containing eggs as well as cream. (b) An ice or ice cream prepared in layers, as vanilla, strawberry, and chocolate ice cream, and orange or lemon water ice.
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Near
Near (nēr), adv. [AS. neár, compar. of neáh nigh. See Nigh.] 1. At a little distance, in place, time, manner, or degree; not remote; nigh.
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My wife! my traitress! let her not come near me. Milton.
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2. Nearly; almost; well-nigh.Near twenty years ago.” Shak.Near a fortnight ago.” Addison.
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Near about the yearly value of the land. Locke.
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3. Closely; intimately. Shak.
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Far and near, at a distance and close by; throughout a whole region. -- To come near to, to want but little of; to approximate to. “Such a sum he found would go near to ruin him.” Addison. -- Near the wind (Naut.), close to the wind; closehauled.
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Near
Near (?), a. [Compar. Nearer (?); superl. Nearest.] [See Near, adv.] 1. Not far distant in time, place, or degree; not remote; close at hand; adjacent; neighboring; nigh. “As one near death.” Shak.
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He served great Hector, and was ever near,
Not with his trumpet only, but his spear.
Dryden.
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2. Closely connected or related.
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She is thy father's near kinswoman. Lev. xviii. 12.
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3. Close to one's interests, affection, etc.; touching, or affecting intimately; intimate; dear; as, a near friend.
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4. Close to anything followed or imitated; not free, loose, or rambling; as, a version near to the original.
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5. So as barely to avoid or pass injury or loss; close; narrow{3}; as, a near escape; a near miss.
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6. Next to the driver, when he is on foot; in the Unted States, on the left of an animal or a team; as, the near ox; the near leg. See Off side, under Off, a.
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7. Immediate; direct; close; short. “The nearest way.” Milton.
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8. Close-fisted; parsimonious. [Obs. or Low, Eng.]
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&hand_; Near may properly be followed by to before the thing approached; but more frequently to is omitted, and the adjective or the adverb is regarded as a preposition. The same is also true of the word nigh.
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Syn. -- Nigh; close; adjacent; proximate; contiguous; present; ready; intimate; familiar; dear.
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Near
Near, prep. Adjacent to; close by; not far from; nigh; as, the ship sailed near the land. See the Note under near, a.
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Near
Near, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Neared (?); p. pr. & vb. n Nearing.] [See Near, adv.] To approach; to come nearer; as, the ship neared the land.
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Near
Near, v. i. To draw near; to approach.
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A speck, a mist, a shape, I wist!
And still it neared, and neared.
Coleridge.
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Nearctic
Ne*arc"tic (?), a. [Neo + arctic.] Of or pertaining to a region of the earth's surface including all of temperate and arctic North America and Greenland. In the geographical distribution of animals, this region is marked off as the habitat certain species.
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Near beer
Near beer. Any of various malt liquors (see Citation below).
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Near beer is a term of common currency used to designate all that class of malt liquors which contain so little alcohol (usually less than 1/2 per cent) that they will not produce intoxication, though drunk to excess, and includes in its meaning all malt liquors which are not within the purview of the general prohibition law. Cambell v. City of Thomasville, Georgia Appeal Records, 6 212.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

nearby
nearby a. & adv. situated near; as, the nearby towns. Opposite of far away.
[WordNet 1.5]

nearer
nearer adj. less distant in space; as, we walked to the nearer house.
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Nearhand
Near"hand` (?), a. & adv. Near; near at hand; closely. [Obs. or Scot.] Bacon.
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Near-legged
Near"-legged` (?), a. Having the feet so near together that they interfere in traveling. Shak.
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Nearly
Near"ly, adv. In a near manner; not remotely; closely; intimately; almost; as, he nearly lost his life in the accident.
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Nearness
Near"ness, n. The state or quality of being near; -- used in the various senses of the adjective.
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Nearsighted
Near"sight`ed (?), a. Seeing distinctly at short distances only; myopic; shortsighted.
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Nearsightedness
Near"sight`ed*ness, n. (Med.) An eyesight abnormality resulting from the eye's faulty refractive ability, such that one can see only close objects distinctly; the condition of being nearsighted. See Myopic, and Myopia.
Syn. -- myopia, shortsightedness.
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Neat
Neat (nēt), n. sing. & pl. [AS. neát; akin to OHG. nōz, Icel. naut, Sw. nöt, Dan. nöd, and to AS. neótan to make use of, G. geniessen, Goth. niutan to have a share in, have joy of, Lith. nauda use, profit.] (Zool.) Cattle of the genus Bos, as distinguished from horses, sheep, and goats; an animal of the genus Bos; as, a neat's tongue; a neat's foot. Chaucer.
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Wherein the herds[men] were keeping of their neat. Spenser.
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The steer, the heifer, and the calf
Are all called neat.
Shak.
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A neat and a sheep of his own. Tusser.
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Neat's-foot, an oil obtained by boiling the feet of neat cattle. It is used to render leather soft and pliable.
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Neat
Neat, a. [See neat, n.] Of or pertaining to the genus Bos, or to cattle of that genus; as, neat cattle.
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Neat
Neat, a. [Compar. Neater (?); superl. Neatest.] [OE. nett, F. nett, fr. L. nitidus, fr. nitere to shine. Cf. Nitid, Net, a., Natty.] 1. Free from that which soils, defiles, or disorders; clean; cleanly; tidy.
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If you were to see her, you would wonder what poor body it was that was so surprisingly neat and clean. Law.
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2. Free from what is unbecoming, inappropriate, or tawdry; simple and becoming; pleasing with simplicity; tasteful; chaste; as, a neat style; a neat dress.
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3. Free from admixture or adulteration; good of its kind; as, neat brandy; to drink one's vodka neat. Hence: (Chem.) Pure; undiluted; as, dissolved in neat acetone. “Our old wine neat.” Chapman.
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4. Excellent in character, skill, or performance, etc.; nice; finished; adroit; as, a neat design; a neat thief.
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5. With all deductions or allowances made; net. [In this sense usually written net. See Net, a., 3.]
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neat line (Civil Engin.), a line to which work is to be built or formed. -- Neat work, work built or formed to neat lines.
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Syn. -- Nice; pure; cleanly; tidy; trim; spruce.
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'Neath
'Neath (? or &unr_;), prep. & adv. An abbreviation of Beneath. [Poetic]
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Neatherd
Neat"herd` (?), n. A person who has the care of neat cattle; a cowherd. Dryden.
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Neathouse
Neat"house` (?), n. A building for the shelter of neat cattle. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.] Massinger.
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Neatify
Neat"i*fy (?), v. t. [Neat, a. + -fy.] To make neat. [Obs.] olland.
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Neatly
Neat"ly, adv. In a neat manner; tidily; tastefully.
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neatness
neat"ness, n. The state or quality of being neat.
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Neatress
Neat"ress (?), n. [From neat cattle.] A woman who takes care of cattle. [R.] Warner.
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Neb
Neb (n&ebreve_;b), n. [AS. nebb head, face; akin to D. neb, Icel. nef, beak of a bird, nose, Dan. naeb beak, bill, Sw. näbb, näf, and prob. also to D. sneb, snavel, bill, beak, G. schnabel, Dan. & Sw. snabel, and E. snap. Cf. Nib, Snap, Snaffle.] The nose; the snout; the mouth; the beak of a bird; a nib, as of a pen. [Also written nib.] Shak.
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Nebalia
Ne*ba"li*a (n&euptack_;*bā"l&ibreve_;*&adot_;), n. [NL., of uncertain origin.] (Zool.) A genus of small marine Crustacea, considered the type of a distinct order (Nebaloidea, or Phyllocarida.)
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Nebbish
Neb"bish (m&ebreve_;b"&ibreve_;sh) n. [Yiddish, nebekh poor, unfortunate.] A person who is ineffectual, timid, and often luckless; a person of no significance.
[PJC]

Neb-neb
Neb"-neb` (?), n. Same as Bablh.
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Nebo
Nebo prop. n. (Babylonian mythology) The Babylonian god of wisdom and agriculture and patron of scribes and schools.
Syn. -- Nabu.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nebraskan
Nebraskan prop. n. A resident of the state of Nebraska.
Syn. -- Cornhusker.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nebula
Neb"u*la (n&ebreve_;b"&uuptack_;*l&adot_;), n.; pl. Nebulae (n&ebreve_;b"&uuptack_;*lē). [L., mist, cloud; akin to Gr. nefe`lh, ne`fos, cloud, mist, G. nebel mist, OHG. nebul, D. nevel, Skr. nabhas cloud, mist. Cf. Nebule.] 1. (Astron.) A faint, cloudlike, self-luminous mass of matter situated beyond the solar system among the stars. The term was originally applied to any diffuse luminous region. Now, technically, it is applied to interstellar clouds of dust and gases (diffuse nebula). However distant galaxies and very distant star clusters often appear like them in the telescope, such as the spiral nebula in Andromeda, known now to be a distant galaxy.
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2. (Med.) (a) A white spot or a slight opacity of the cornea. (b) A cloudy appearance in the urine. [Obs.]
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Nebular
Neb"u*lar (?), a. Of or pertaining to nebulae; of the nature of, or resembling, a nebula.
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Nebular hypothesis, an hypothesis to explain the process of formation of the stars and planets, presented in various forms by Kant, Herschel, Laplace, and others. As formed by Laplace, it supposed the matter of the solar system to have existed originally in the form of a vast, diffused, revolving nebula, which, gradually cooling and contracting, threw off, in obedience to mechanical and physical laws, succesive rings of matter, from which subsequently, by the same laws, were produced the several planets, satellites, and other bodies of the system. The phrase may indicate any hypothesis according to which the stars or the bodies of the solar system have been evolved from a widely diffused nebulous form of matter.
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nebulated
neb"u*la`ted (?), a. Clouded with indistinct color markings, as an animal.
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nebulation
neb`u*la"tion (?), n. The condition of being nebulated; also, a clouded, or ill-defined, color mark.
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nebule
neb"ule (?), n. [Cf. F. nébule. See nebula.] A little cloud; a cloud. [Obs.]
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O light without nebule. Old Ballad.
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Nebuly
Nebule
{ ‖Né`bu`lé" (?), Neb"u*ly (?) }, a. [F. nébulé.] (Her.) Composed of successive short curves supposed to resemble a cloud; -- said of a heraldic line by which an ordinary or subordinary may be bounded.
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Nebulization
Neb`u*li*za"tion (?), n. (Med.) The act or process of nebulizing; atomization.
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Nebulize
Neb"u*lize (?), v. t. [See Nebula.] To reduce (as a liquid) to a fine spray or vapor; to atomize.
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Nebulizer
Neb"u*li`zer (?), n. An atomizer.
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Nebulose
Neb"u*lose` (?), a. Nebulous; cloudy. Derham.
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Nebulosity
Neb`u*los"i*ty (?), n. [L. nebulositas: cf. F. nébulosité] 1. The state or quality of being nebulous; cloudiness; haziness; mistiness; nebulousness.
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The nebulosity . . . of the mother idiom. I. Disraeli.
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2. (Astron.) (a) The stuff of which a nebula is formed. (b) A nebula.
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Nebulous
Neb"u*lous (?), a. [L. nebulosus: cf. F. nébuleux. See Nebula.] 1. Cloudy; hazy; misty.
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2. (Astron.) Of, pertaining to, or having the appearance of, a nebula; nebular; cloudlike.
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-- Neb"u*lous*ly, adv. -- Neb"u*lous*ness, n.
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Nebuly
Neb"u*ly, n. (Her. & Arch.) A line or a decoration composed of successive short curves or waves supposed to resemble a cloud. See Nébulé
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Necessarian
Nec`es*sa"ri*an (?), n. [Cf. F. nécessarien. See Necessary.] An advocate of the doctrine of philosophical necessity; a necessitarian.
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Necessarian
Nec`es*sa"ri*an, a. Of or pertaining to necessarianism.
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Necessarianism
Nec`es*sa"ri*an*ism (?), n. The doctrine of philosophical necessity; necessitarianism. Hixley.
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Necessarily
Nec"es*sa*ri*ly (?), adv. In a necessary manner; by necessity; unavoidably; indispensably.
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Necessariness
Nec"es*sa*ri*ness, n. The quality of being necessary.
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Necessary
Nec"es*sa*ry (?), a. [L. necessarius, from necesse unavoidable, necessary; of uncertain origin: cf. F. nécessaire.] 1. Such as must be; impossible to be otherwise; not to be avoided; inevitable.
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Death, a necessary end,
Will come when it will come.
Shak.
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2. Impossible to be otherwise, or to be dispensed with, without preventing the attainment of a desired result; indispensable; requisite; essential. “'T is necessary he should die.” Shak.
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A certain kind of temper is necessary to the pleasure and quiet of our minds. Tillotson.
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3. Acting from necessity or compulsion; involuntary; -- opposed to free; as, whether man is a necessary or a free agent is a question much discussed.
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Necessary
Nec"es*sa*ry, n.; pl. Necessaries (&unr_;). 1. A thing that is necessary or indispensable to some purpose; something that one can not do without; a requisite; an essential; -- used chiefly in the plural; as, the necessaries of life.
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2. A privy; a water-closet.
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3. pl. (Law) Such things, in respect to infants, lunatics, and married women, as are requisite for support suitable to station.
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Necessitarian
Ne*ces`si*ta"ri*an (?), a. Of or pertaining to the doctrine of philosophical necessity in regard to the origin and existence of things, especially as applied to the actings or choices of the will; -- opposed to libertarian.
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Necessitarian
Ne*ces`si*ta"ri*an, n. One who holds to the doctrine of necessitarianism.
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Necessitarianism
Ne*ces`si*ta"ri*an*ism (?), n. The doctrine of philosophical necessity; the doctrine that results follow by invariable sequence from causes, and esp. that the will is not free, but that human actions and choices result inevitably from motives; determinism. M. Arnold.
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Necessitate
Ne*ces"si*tate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Necessitated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Necessitating (?).] [Cf. L. necessitatus, p. p. of necessitare, and F. nécessiter. See Necessity.] 1. To make necessary or indispensable; to render unavoidable.
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Sickness [might] necessitate his removal from the court. South.
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This fact necessitates a second line. J. Peile.
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2. To reduce to the necessity of; to force; to compel.
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The Marquis of Newcastle, being pressed on both sides, was necessitated to draw all his army into York. Clarendon.
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Necessitattion
Ne*ces`si*tat"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. nécessitation.] The act of making necessary, or the state of being made necessary; compulsion. [R.] bp. Bramhall.
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Necessitied
Ne*ces"si*tied (?), a. In a state of want; necessitous. [Obs.] Shak.
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Necessitous
Ne*ces"si*tous (?), a. [Cf. F. nécessiteux.] 1. Very needy or indigent; pressed with poverty.
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Necessitous heirs and penurious parents. Arbuthnot.
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2. Narrow; destitute; pinching; pinched; as, necessitous circumstances.
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-- Ne*ces"si*tous*ly, adv. -- Ne*ces"si*tous*ness, n.
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Necessitude
Ne*ces"si*tude (?), n. [L. necessitudo, fr. necesse. See Necessray.] 1. Necessitousness; want. Sir M. Hale.
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2. Necessary connection or relation.
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Between kings and their people, parents and their children, there is so great a necessitude, propriety, and intercourse of nature. Jer. Taylor.
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Necessity
Ne*ces"si*ty (?), n.; pl. Necessities (#). [OE. necessite, F. nécessité, L. necessitas, fr. necesse. See Necessary.] 1. The quality or state of being necessary, unavoidable, or absolutely requisite; inevitableness; indispensableness.
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2. The condition of being needy or necessitous; pressing need; indigence; want.
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Urge the necessity and state of times. Shak.
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The extreme poverty and necessity his majesty was in. Clarendon.
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3. That which is necessary; a necessary; a requisite; something indispensable; -- often in the plural.
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These should be hours for necessities,
Not for delights.
Shak.
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What was once to me
Mere matter of the fancy, now has grown
The vast necessity of heart and life.
Tennyson.
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4. That which makes an act or an event unavoidable; irresistible force; overruling power; compulsion, physical or moral; fate; fatality.
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So spake the fiend, and with necessity,
The tyrant's plea, excused his devilish deeds.
Milton.
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5. (Metaph.) The negation of freedom in voluntary action; the subjection of all phenomena, whether material or spiritual, to inevitable causation; necessitarianism.
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Of necessity, by necessary consequence; by compulsion, or irresistible power; perforce.
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Syn. -- See Need.
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Neck
Neck (n&ebreve_;k), n. [OE. necke, AS. hnecca; akin to D. nek the nape of the neck, G. nacken, OHG. nacch, hnacch, Icel. hnakki, Sw. nacke, Dan. nakke.] 1. The part of an animal which connects the head and the trunk, and which, in man and many other animals, is more slender than the trunk.
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2. Any part of an inanimate object corresponding to or resembling the neck of an animal; as: (a) The long slender part of a vessel, as a retort, or of a fruit, as a gourd. (b) A long narrow tract of land projecting from the main body, or a narrow tract connecting two larger tracts. (c) (Mus.) That part of a violin, guitar, or similar instrument, which extends from the head to the body, and on which is the finger board or fret board.
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3. (Mech.) A reduction in size near the end of an object, formed by a groove around it; as, a neck forming the journal of a shaft.
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4. (Bot.) the point where the base of the stem of a plant arises from the root.
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Neck and crop, completely; wholly; altogether; roughly and at once. [Colloq.] -- Neck and neck (Racing), so nearly equal that one cannot be said to be before the other; very close; even; side by side. -- Neck of a capital. (Arch.) See Gorgerin. -- Neck of a cascabel (Gun.), the part joining the knob to the base of the breech. -- Neck of a gun, the small part of the piece between the chase and the swell of the muzzle. -- Neck of a tooth (Anat.), the constriction between the root and the crown. -- Neck or nothing (Fig.), at all risks. -- Neck verse. (a) The verse formerly read to entitle a party to the benefit of clergy, said to be the first verse of the fifty-first Psalm, “Miserere mei,” etc. Sir W. Scott. (b) Hence, a verse or saying, the utterance of which decides one's fate; a shibboleth.

These words, “bread and cheese,” were their neck verse or shibboleth to distinguish them; all pronouncing “broad and cause,” being presently put to death. Fuller.

-- Neck yoke. (a) A bar by which the end of the tongue of a wagon or carriage is suspended from the collars of the harnesses. (b) A device with projecting arms for carrying things (as buckets of water or sap) suspended from one's shoulders. -- On the neck of, immediately after; following closely; on the heel of. “Committing one sin on the neck of another.” W. Perkins. -- Stiff neck, obstinacy in evil or wrong; inflexible obstinacy; contumacy. “I know thy rebellion, and thy stiff neck.” Deut. xxxi. 27. -- To break the neck of, to destroy the main force of; to break the back of. “What they presume to borrow from her sage and virtuous rules . . . breaks the neck of their own cause.” Milton. -- To harden the neck, to grow obstinate; to be more and more perverse and rebellious. Neh. ix. 17. -- To tread on the neck of, to oppress; to tyrannize over.

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Neck
Neck, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Necked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Necking.] (Mech.) To reduce the diameter of (an object) near its end, by making a groove around it; -- used with down; as, to neck down a shaft.
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neck
neck, v. i. To kiss and caress amorously. [Colloq.] -- n. necking.
[PJC]

Neckar nut
Neck"ar nut` (?). (Bot.) See Nicker nut.
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Neckband
Neck"band` (?), n. A band which goes around the neck; often, the part at the top of a garment.
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Neckcloth
Neck"cloth` (?; 115), n. A piece of any fabric worn around the neck.
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Necked
Necked (?), a. 1. Having (such) a neck; -- chiefly used in composition; as, stiff-necked.
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2. (Naut.) Cracked; -- said of a treenail.
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Neckerchief
Neck"er*chief (?), n. [For neck kerchief.] A kerchief for the neck; -- called also neck handkerchief.
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Necking
Neck"ing, n. Same as Neckmold.
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necklace
neck"lace (?; 48), n. 1. A string of beads, etc., or any continuous band or chain, worn around the neck as an ornament.
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2. (Naut.) A rope or chain fitted around the masthead to hold hanging blocks for jibs and stays.
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necklaced
neck"laced (?), a. Wearing a necklace; marked as with a necklace.
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The hooded and the necklaced snake. Sir W. Jones.
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neckland
neck"land (?), n. A neck of land. [Obs.]
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neckless
neckless adj. lacking or apparently lacking a neck; -- of a garment; as, a neckless gown.
[WordNet 1.5]

necklet
neck"let (?), n. A necklace. E. Anold.
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Neckmould
Neckmold
{ Neck"mold`, Neck"mould` } (?), n. (Arch.) A small convex molding surrounding a column at the junction of the shaft and capital. Weale.
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Neckplate
Neck"plate` (?), n. See Gorget, 1 and 2.
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Necktie
Neck"tie` (?), n. A scarf, band, or kerchief of silk, etc., passing around the neck or collar and tied in front; a bow of silk, etc., fastened in front of the neck.
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Neckwear
Neck"wear` (?), n. A collective term for cravats, collars, etc. [Colloq. or trade name]
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Neckweed
Neck"weed` (?), n. (Bot.) (a) An American annual weed (veronica peregrina), with small white flowers and a roundish pod. (b) The hemp; -- so called as furnishing ropes for hanging criminals. Dr. Prior.
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Necrobiosis
Nec`ro*bi*o"sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. nekro`s dead + &unr_; way of life, fr. &unr_; life.] (Biol. & Med.) The death of a part of an organism by molecular disintegration and without loss of continuity, as in the processes of degeneration and atrophy; a normal dying out of cells in a tissue, in contrast to necrosis. Virchow.
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Necrobiotic
Nec`ro*bi*ot"ic (?), a. (Biol. & Med.) Of or pertaining to necrobiosis; as, a necrobiotic metamorphosis.
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Necrolatry
Ne*crol"a*try (?), n. [Gr. nekro`s a dead person + &unr_; to worship.] The worship of the dead; manes worship. H. Spenser.
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Necrolite
Nec"ro*lite (?), n. [Gr. nekro`s a corpse + -lite.] (Min.) Same as Necronite.
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Necrological
Necrologic
{ Nec`ro*log"ic (?), Nec`ro*log"ic*al (?) }, a. [Cf. F. nécrologique.] Of or pertaining to necrology; of the nature of necrology; relating to, or giving, an account of the dead, or of deaths.
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Necrologist
Ne*crol"o*gist (?), n. One who gives an account of deaths.
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Necrology
Ne*crol"o*gy (?), n.; pl. Necrologies (#). [Gr. nekro`s a dead person + -logy: cf. F. nécrologie. See Necromancy.] An account of deaths, or of the dead; a register of deaths; a collection of obituary notices.
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Necromancer
Nec"ro*man`cer (?), n. One who practices necromancy; a sorcerer; a wizard.
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Necromancy
Nec"ro*man`cy (?), n. [OE. nigromaunce, nigromancie, OF. nigromance, F. nécromance, nécromancie, from L. necromantia, Gr. &unr_;; nekro`s a dead body (akin to L. necare to kill, Skr. naç to perish, vanish) + &unr_; divination, fr. &unr_; diviner, seer, akin to E. mania. See Mania, and cf. Internecine, Noxious. The old spelling is due to confusion with L. niger black. Hence the name black art.] The art of revealing future events by means of a pretended communication with the dead; the black art; hence, magic in general; conjuration; enchantment. See Black art.
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This palace standeth in the air,
By necromancy placèd there.
Drayton.
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necromania
necromania n. An abnormal attraction to dead bodies.
Syn. -- necrophilia.
[WordNet 1.5]

Necromantic
Nec`ro*man"tic (?), n. Conjuration. [R.]
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With all the necromantics of their art. Young.
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Necromantical
Necromantic
{ Nec`ro*man"tic (?), Nec`ro*man"tic*al (?) }, a. Of or pertaining to necromancy; performed by necromancy. -- Nec`ro*man"tic*al*ly, adv.
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Necronite
Nec"ro*nite (?), n. [Gr. nekro`s a dead body.] (Min.) Fetid feldspar, a mineral which, when struck, exhales a fetid odor.
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Necrophagan
Ne*croph"a*gan (?), a. [See Necrophagous.] (Zool.) Eating carrion. -- n. (Zool.) Any species of a tribe (Necrophaga) of beetles which, in the larval state, feed on carrion; a burying beetle.
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Necrophagous
Ne*croph"a*gous (?), a. [Gr. &unr_; eating corpses; nekro`s a dead body + &unr_; to eat: cf. F. nécrophage.] (Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Necrophaga; eating carrion. See Necrophagan.
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Necrophobia
Nec`ro*pho"bi*a (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. nekro`s a dead body + fobei^n to fear.] An exaggerated fear of death or horror of dead bodies.
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Necrophore
Nec"ro*phore (?), n. [Gr. nekro`s a dead body + fe`rein to bear.] (Zool.) Any one of numerous species of beetles of the genus Necrophorus and allied genera; -- called also burying beetle, carrion beetle, sexton beetle.
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Necropolis
Ne*crop"o*lis (?), n.; pl. Necropolises (#). [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;; nekro`s a dead body, adj., dead + &unr_; city.] A city of the dead; a name given by the ancients to their cemeteries, and sometimes applied to modern burial places; a graveyard.
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Necropsy
Nec"rop*sy (?), n. [Gr. nekro`s a dead body + &unr_; sight: cf. F. nécropsie.] (Med.) A post-mortem examination or inspection; an autopsy. See Autopsy.
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Necroscopical
Necroscopic
{ Nec`ro*scop"ic (?), Nec`ro*scop"ic*al (?) }, a. [Gr. nekro`s a dead body + -scope.] Or or relating to post-mortem examinations.
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Necrose
Ne*crose" (?), v. t. & i. (Med.) To affect with necrosis; to undergo necrosis. Quain.
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Necrosed
Ne*crosed" (n&euptack_;*krōst"), a. (Med.) Affected by necrosis; dead; as, a necrosed bone. Dunglison.
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Necrosis
Ne*cro"sis (n&euptack_;*krō"s&ibreve_;s), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ne`krwsis, fr. nekroy^n to make dead, to mortify, nekro`s a dead body.] 1. (Med.) The pathologic death of part of a tissue due to irreversible damage. Contrast to necrobiosis, which is a normal death of cells in a tissue. Formerly, applied primarily to death of bone tissue.
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2. (Bot.) A disease of trees, in which the branches gradually dry up from the bark to the center.
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Necrotic
Ne*crot"ic (?), a. (Med.) Affected with necrosis; as, necrotic tissue; characterized by, or producing, necrosis; as, a necrotic process.
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Necrotomy
Nec*rot"o*my (?), n. [Gr. nekro`s dead person + te`mnein to cut.] (Med.) The dissection of dead bodies; also, excision of necrosed bone. -- Nec`ro*tom"ic (#), a. -- Nec*rot"o*mist (#), n.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Nectar
Nec"tar (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. &unr_;.] 1. (Myth. & Poetic) The drink of the gods (as ambrosia was their food); hence, any delicious or inspiring beverage.
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2. (Bot.) A sweetish secretion of blossoms from which bees make honey.
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Nectareal
Nec*ta"re*al (?), a. 1. Nectareous.
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2. (Bot.) Of or pertaining to a nectary.
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Nectarean
Nec*ta"re*an (?), a. [L. nectareus: cf. F. nectaréen.] Resembling nectar; very sweet and pleasant.nectarean juice.” Talfourd.
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Nectared
Nec"tared (?), a. Imbued with nectar; mingled with nectar; abounding with nectar. Milton.
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Nectareous
Nec*ta"re"ous (?), a. Of, pertaining to, containing, or resembling nectar; delicious; nectarean. Pope.
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-- Nec*ta"re*ous*ly, adv. -- Nec*ta"re*ous*ness, n.
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Nectarial
Nec*ta"ri*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to the nectary of a plant.
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Nectaried
Nec"ta*ried (?), a. Having a nectary.
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Nectariferous
Nec`tar*if"er*ous (?), a. [L. nectar nectar + -ferous: cf. F. nectarifère.] (Bot.) Secreting nectar; -- said of blossoms or their parts.
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Nectarine
Nec"tar*ine (n&ebreve_;k"t&etilde_;r*&ibreve_;n), a. Nectareous. [R.] Milton.
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Nectarine
Nec`tar*ine" (n&ebreve_;k`t&etilde_;r*ēn"), n. [Cf. F. nectarine. See Nectar.] (Bot.) A smooth-skinned variety of peach.
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Spanish nectarine, the plumlike fruit of the West Indian tree Chrysobalanus Icaco; -- also called cocoa plum. It is made into a sweet conserve which is largely exported from Cuba.
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Nectarize
Nec"tar*ize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Nectarized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Nectarizing (?).] To mingle or infuse with nectar; to sweeten. [Obs.] Cockeram.
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Nectarous
Nec"tar*ous (?), a. Nectareous. Milton.
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Nectary
Nec"ta*ry (?), n.; pl. Nectaries (#). [From Nectar: cf. F. nectaire.] (Bot.) That part of a blossom which secretes nectar, usually the base of the corolla or petals; also, the spur of such flowers as the larkspur and columbine, whether nectariferous or not. See the Illustration of Nasturtium.
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Nectocalyx
Nec`to*ca"lyx (?), n.; pl. Nectocalyces (#). [NL., fr. Gr. nhkto`s swimming + &unr_; a calyx.] (Zool.) (a) The swimming bell or umbrella of a jellyfish of medusa. (b) One of the zooids of certain Siphonophora, having somewhat the form, and the essential structure, of the bell of a jellyfish, and acting as a swimming organ.
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Nectosack
Nectosac
{ Nec"to*sac, Nec"to*sack } (?), n. [Gr. nhkto`s swimming + E. sac, sack.] (Zool.) The cavity of a nectocalyx.
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Nectostem
Nec"to*stem (?), n. [Gr. nhkto`s swimming + E. stem.] (Zool.) That portion of the axis which bears the nectocalyces in the Siphonophora.
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Nedder
Ned"der (?), n. [See Adder.] (Zool.) An adder. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.] Chaucer.
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Neddy
Ned"dy (?), n.; pl. Neddies (&unr_;). (Zool.) A pet name for a donkey.
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Nee
Nee (n&auptack_;), p. p., fem. [F., fr. L. nata, fem. of natus, p. p. of nasci to be born. See Nation.] Born; -- a term sometimes used in introducing the name of the family to which a married woman belongs by birth (i.e. her maiden name); as, Madame de Stael, née Necker.
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Need
Need (nēd), n. [OE. need, neod, nede, AS. neád, n&ymacr_;d; akin to D. nood, G. not, noth, Icel. nauðr, Sw. & Dan. nöd, Goth. nauþs.] 1. A state that requires supply or relief; pressing occasion for something; necessity; urgent want.
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And the city had no need of the sun. Rev. xxi. 23.
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I have no need to beg. Shak.
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Be governed by your needs, not by your fancy. Jer. Taylor.
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2. Want of the means of subsistence; poverty; indigence; destitution. Chaucer.
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Famine is in thy cheeks;
Need and oppression starveth in thine eyes.
Shak.
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3. That which is needful; anything necessary to be done; (pl.) necessary things; business. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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4. Situation of need; peril; danger. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Syn. -- Exigency; emergency; strait; extremity; necessity; distress; destitution; poverty; indigence; want; penury. -- Need, Necessity. Necessity is stronger than need; it places us under positive compulsion. We are frequently under the necessity of going without that of which we stand very greatly in need. It is also with the corresponding adjectives; necessitous circumstances imply the direct pressure of suffering; needy circumstances, the want of aid or relief.
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Need
Need (nēd), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Needed; p. pr. & vb. n. Needing.] [See Need, n. Cf. AS. n&ymacr_;dan to force, Goth. nauþjan.] To be in want of; to have cause or occasion for; to lack; to require, as supply or relief.
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Other creatures all day long
Rove idle, unemployed, and less need rest.
Milton.
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&hand_; With another verb, need is used like an auxiliary, generally in a negative sentence expressing requirement or obligation, and in this use it undergoes no change of termination in the third person singular of the present tense. “And the lender need not fear he shall be injured.” Anacharsis (Trans. ).
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Need
Need, v. i. To be wanted; to be necessary. Chaucer.
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When we have done it, we have done all that is in our power, and all that needs. Locke.
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Need
Need, adv. Of necessity. See Needs. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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needed
needed adj. necessary; as, provided them with all needed equipment. Opposite of unnecessary.
Syn. -- needful, required, requisite.
[WordNet 1.5]

Needer
Need"er (nēd"&etilde_;r), n. One who needs anything. Shak.
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Needful
Need"ful (nēd"f&usdot_;l), a. 1. Full of need; in need or want; needy; distressing. [Archaic] Chaucer.
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The needful time of trouble. Bk. of Com. Prayer.
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2. Necessary for supply or relief; requisite.
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All things needful for defense abound. Dryden.
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-- Need"ful*ly, adv. -- Need"ful*ness, n.
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Needily
Need"i*ly (nēd"&ibreve_;*l&ybreve_;), adv. [From Needy.] In a needy condition or manner; necessarily. Chaucer.
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Neediness
Need"i*ness (nēd"&ibreve_;*n&ebreve_;s), n. The state or quality of being needy; want; poverty; indigence.
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Needle
Nee"dle (nē"d'l), n. [OE. nedle, AS. n&aemacr_;dl; akin to D. neald, OS. nādla, G. nadel, OHG. nādal, nādala, Icel. nāl, Sw. nål, Dan. naal, and also to G. nähen to sew, OHG. nājan, L. nere to spin, Gr. ne`ein, and perh. to E. snare: cf. Gael. & Ir. snathad needle, Gael. snath thread, G. schnur string, cord.] 1. A small instrument of steel, sharply pointed at one end, with an eye to receive a thread, -- used in sewing. Chaucer.
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&hand_; In some needles (as for sewing machines) the eye is at the pointed end, but in ordinary needles it is at the blunt end.
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2. See Magnetic needle, under Magnetic.
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3. A slender rod or wire used in knitting; a knitting needle; also, a hooked instrument which carries the thread or twine, and by means of which knots or loops are formed in the process of netting, knitting, or crocheting.
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4. (Bot.) One of the needle-shaped secondary leaves of pine trees. See Pinus.
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5. Any slender, pointed object, like a needle, as a pointed crystal, a sharp pinnacle of rock, an obelisk, etc.
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6. A hypodermic needle; a syringe fitted with a hypodermic needle, used for injecting fluids into the body. [Informal]
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7. An injection of medicine from a hypodermic needle; a shot.
[PJC]

Dipping needle. See under Dipping. -- Needle bar, the reciprocating bar to which the needle of a sewing machine is attached. -- Needle beam (Arch.), in shoring, the horizontal cross timber which goes through the wall or a pier, and upon which the weight of the wall rests, when a building is shored up to allow of alterations in the lower part. -- Needle furze (Bot.), a prickly leguminous plant of Western Europe; the petty whin (Genista Anglica). -- Needle gun, a firearm loaded at the breech with a cartridge carrying its own fulminate, which is exploded by driving a slender needle, or pin, into it. [archaic] -- Needle loom (Weaving), a loom in which the weft thread is carried through the shed by a long eye-pointed needle instead of by a shuttle. -- Needle ore (Min.), acicular bismuth; a sulphide of bismuth, lead, and copper occuring in acicular crystals; -- called also aikinite. -- Needle shell (Zool.), a sea urchin. -- Needle spar (Min.), aragonite. -- Needle telegraph, a telegraph in which the signals are given by the deflections of a magnetic needle to the right or to the left of a certain position. -- Sea needle (Zool.), the garfish.
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Needle
Nee"dle, v. t. 1. To form in the shape of a needle; as, to needle crystals.
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2. To tease (a person), especially repeatedly.
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3. To prod or goad (someone) into action by teasing or daring.
[PJC]

Needle
Nee"dle, v. i. To form needles; to crystallize in the form of needles.
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Needlebook
Nee"dle*book` (?), n. A book-shaped needlecase, having leaves of cloth into which the needles are stuck.
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needlebush
needlebush n. A shrub (Hakea lissosperma) of eastern Australia, with pungent rigid needle-shaped leaves and white flowers.
Syn. -- needle bush, Hakea lissosperma.
[WordNet 1.5]

Needlecase
Nee"dle*case` (?), n. A case to keep needles.
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needlecraft
needlecraft n. 1. An article or articles created or assembled by needle and thread; needlework.
Syn. -- needlework.
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2. The art, process, or occupation of creating objects with needles, such as in crocheting, embroidery, quilting, or tapestry.
[PJC]

Needlefish
Nee"dle*fish` (?), n. (Zool.) (a) The European great pipefish (Siphostoma acus or Syngnathus acus); -- called also earl, and tanglefish. (b) The garfish.
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needleful
nee"dle*ful (?), n.; pl. needlefuls (&unr_;). As much thread as is used in a needle at one time.
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Needle-pointed
Nee"dle-pointed` (?), a. Pointed as needles.
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Needler
Nee"dler (?), n. One who makes or uses needles; also, a dealer in needles. Piers Plowman.
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Needless
Nee"dless (?), a. 1. Having no need. [Obs.]
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Weeping into the needless stream. Shak.
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2. Not wanted; unnecessary; not requisite; as, needless labor; needless expenses.
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3. Without sufficient cause; groundless; causeless.Needless jealousy.” Shak.
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-- Need"less*ly, adv. -- Need"less*ness, n.
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Needlestone
Nee"dle*stone` (?), n. (Min.) Natrolite; -- called also needle zeolite.
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Needlewoman
Nee"dle*wom`an (?), n.; pl. Needlewomen (&unr_;). A woman who does needlework; a seamstress.
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needlewood
nee"dle*wood` n. A large bushy shrub (Hakea leucoptera) of central and eastern Australia, with pungent pointed leaves and creamy white flowers.
Syn. -- needle wood, Hakea leucoptera.
[WordNet 1.5]

Needlework
Nee"dle*work` (?), n. 1. Work executed with a needle; sewed work; sewing; embroidery, crocheting, quilting, or tapestry, etc.; also, the art, process, or occupation of creating objects with needles.
Syn. -- needlecraft.
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2. The combination of timber and plaster making the outside framework of some houses.
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Needly
Nee"dly (?), a. Like a needle or needles; as, a needly horn; a needly beard. R. D. Blackmore.
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Needly
Need"ly (?), adv. [AS. n&ymacr_;dlice. See Need.] Necessarily; of necessity. [Obs.] hak.
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Needment
Need"ment (?), n. Something needed or wanted. pl. Outfit; necessary luggage. [Archaic] Spenser.
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Carrying each his needments. Wordsworth.
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Needs
Needs (?), adv. [Orig. gen. of need, used as an adverb. Cf. -wards.] Of necessity; necessarily; indispensably; -- often with must, and equivalent to of need.
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A man must needs love mauger his head. Chaucer.
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And he must needs go through Samaria. John iv. 4.
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He would needs know the cause of his repulse. Sir J. Davies.
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Needscost
Needs"cost` (?), adv. Of necessity. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Needsly
Needs"ly, adv. Of necessity. [Obs.] Drayton.
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Needy
Need"y (?), a. [Compar. Needier (?); superl. Neediest.] 1. Distressed by want of the means of living; very poor; indigent; necessitous.
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Thou shalt open thy hand wide unto thy brother, to thy poor, and to thy needy in thy land. Deut. xv. 11.
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Spare the blushes of needy merit. Dr. T. Dwight.
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2. Necessary; requisite. [Obs.]
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Corn to make your needy bread. Shak.
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Neele
Neeld
{ Neeld (?), Neele (?) }, n. [See Needle.] A needle. [Obs.] Shak.
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Neelghau
Neel"ghau (?), n. (Zool.) See Nylghau.
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Neem tree
Neem" tree` (?). [Hind. nīm.] (Bot.) An Asiatic name for Melia Azadirachta, and Melia Azedarach. See Margosa.
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neencephalon
ne`en*ceph"a*lon (nē`&ebreve_;n*s&ebreve_;f"&adot_;*l&obreve_;n), (Anat.) The most recently evolved part of the brain of higher animals. It includes the cerebral cortex and related structures.
[PJC]

Neer
Neer (nēr), adv. & a. Nearer. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Ne'er
Ne'er (nār or nâr), adv. a contraction of Never.
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Ne'er-do-well
Ne'er"-do-well` (?), n. A person who never does, or fares, well; a good for nothing.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

The idle and dissolute ne'er-do-wells of their communities. Harper's Mag.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Neese
Neese (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Neesed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Neesing.] [OE. nesen; akin to D. niezen, G. niesen, Icel. hnjōsa.] To sneeze. [Obs.] [Written also neeze.]
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Neesing
Nees"ing (?), n. Sneezing. [Obs.] “By his neesings a light doth shine.” Job xli. 18.
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Ne exeat
Ne` ex"e*at (?). [L. ne exeat regno let him not go out of the kingdom.] (Law) A writ to restrain a person from leaving the country, or the jurisdiction of the court. The writ was originally applicable to purposes of state, but is now an ordinary process of courts of equity, resorted to for the purpose of obtaining bail, or security to abide a decree. Kent.
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Nef
Nef (?; F. &unr_;), n. [F. See Nave.] The nave of a church. Addison.
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Nefandous
Nefand
{ Ne"fand (?), Ne*fan"dous (?) }, a. [L. nefandus not to be spoken; ne not + fari to speak.] Unfit to speak of; unmentionable; impious; execrable. [Obs.]Nefand adominations.” Sheldon.Nefandous high treason.” Cotton Mather.
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Nefarious
Ne*fa"ri*ous (?), a. [L. nefarius, fr. nefas crime, wrong; ne not + fas divine law; akin to fari to speak. See No, adv., and Fate.] Wicked in the extreme; abominable; iniquitous; atrociously villainous; execrable; detestably vile.
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Syn. -- Iniquitous; detestable; horrible; heinious; atrocious; infamous; impious. See Iniquitous.
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-- Ne*fa"ri*ous*ly, adv. -- Ne*fa"ri*ous*ness, n.
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Nefasch
Ne"fasch (?), n. (Zool.) Any fish of the genus Distichodus. Several large species inhabit the Nile.
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Nefast
Ne"fast (?), a. [L. nefastus.] Wicked. [R.]
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Negaprion
Negaprion prop. n. A genus of lemon sharks.
Syn. -- genus Negaprion.
[WordNet 1.5]

Negation
Ne*ga"tion (?), n. [L. negatio, fr. negare to say no, to deny; ne not + the root of aio I say; cf. Gr. &unr_;, Skr. ah to say; cf. F. négation. See No, adv., and cf. Adage, Deny, Renegade.] 1. The act of denying; assertion of the nonreality or untruthfulness of anything; declaration that something is not, or has not been, or will not be; denial; -- the opposite of affirmation.
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Our assertions and negations should be yea and nay. Rogers.
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2. (Logic) Description or definition by denial, exclusion, or exception; statement of what a thing is not, or has not, from which may be inferred what it is or has.
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Negative
Neg"a*tive (n&ebreve_;g"&adot_;*t&ibreve_;v), a. [F. négatif, L. negativus, fr. negare to deny. See Negation.] 1. Denying; implying, containing, or asserting denial, negation or refusal; returning the answer no to an inquiry or request; refusing assent; as, a negative answer; a negative opinion; -- opposed to affirmative.
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If thou wilt confess,
Or else be impudently negative.
Shak.
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Denying me any power of a negative voice. Eikon Basilike.
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Something between an affirmative bow and a negative shake. Dickens.
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2. Not positive; without affirmative statement or demonstration; indirect; consisting in the absence of something; privative; as, a negative argument; negative evidence; a negative morality; negative criticism.
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There in another way of denying Christ, . . . which is negative, when we do not acknowledge and confess him. South.
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3. (Logic) Asserting absence of connection between a subject and a predicate; as, a negative proposition.
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4. (Photog.) Of or pertaining to a picture upon glass or other material, in which the lights and shades of the original, and the relations of right and left, are reversed.
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5. (Chem.) Metalloidal; nonmetallic; -- contrasted with positive or basic; as, the nitro group is negative.
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&hand_; This word, derived from electro-negative, is now commonly used in a more general sense, when acidiferous is the intended signification.
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Negative crystal. (a) A cavity in a mineral mass, having the form of a crystal. (b) A crystal which has the power of negative double refraction. See refraction. -- negative electricity (Elec.), the kind of electricity which is developed upon resin or ebonite when rubbed, or which appears at that pole of a voltaic battery which is connected with the plate most attacked by the exciting liquid; -- formerly called resinous electricity. Opposed to positive electricity. Formerly, according to Franklin's theory of a single electric fluid, negative electricity was supposed to be electricity in a degree below saturation, or the natural amount for a given body. See Electricity. -- Negative eyepiece. (Opt.) see under Eyepiece. -- Negative quantity (Alg.), a quantity preceded by the negative sign, or which stands in the relation indicated by this sign to some other quantity. See Negative sign (below). -- Negative rotation, right-handed rotation. See Right-handed, 3. -- Negative sign, the sign -, or minus (opposed in signification to +, or plus), indicating that the quantity to which it is prefixed is to be subtracted from the preceding quantity, or is to be reckoned from zero or cipher in the opposite direction to that of quanties having the sign plus either expressed or understood; thus, in a - b, b is to be substracted from a, or regarded as opposite to it in value; and -10° on a thermometer means 10° below the zero of the scale.
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Negative
Neg"a*tive (n&ebreve_;g"&adot_;*t&ibreve_;v), n. [Cf. F. négative.] 1. A proposition by which something is denied or forbidden; a conception or term formed by prefixing the negative particle to one which is positive; an opposite or contradictory term or conception.
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This is a known rule in divinity, that there is no command that runs in negatives but couches under it a positive duty. South.
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2. A word used in denial or refusal; as, not, no.
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&hand_; In Old England two or more negatives were often joined together for the sake of emphasis, whereas now such expressions are considered ungrammatical, being chiefly heard in iliterate speech. A double negative is now sometimes used as nearly or quite equivalent to an affirmative.
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No wine ne drank she, neither white nor red. Chaucer.
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These eyes that never did nor never shall
So much as frown on you.
Shak.
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3. The refusal or withholding of assents; veto.
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If a kind without his kingdom be, in a civil sense, nothing, then . . . his negative is as good as nothing. Milton.
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4. That side of a question which denies or refuses, or which is taken by an opposing or denying party; the relation or position of denial or opposition; as, the question was decided in the negative.
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5. (Photog.) A picture upon glass or other material, in which the light portions of the original are represented in some opaque material (usually reduced silver), and the dark portions by the uncovered and transparent or semitransparent ground of the picture.
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&hand_; A negative is chiefly used for producing photographs by means of passing light through it and acting upon sensitized paper, thus producing on the paper a positive picture.
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6. (Elect.) The negative plate of a voltaic or electrolytic cell.
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Negative pregnant (Law), a negation which implies an affirmation.
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Negative
Neg"a*tive (n&ebreve_;g"&adot_;*t&ibreve_;v), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Negatived (n&ebreve_;g"&adot_;*t&ibreve_;vd); p. pr. & vb. n. Negativing.] 1. To prove unreal or untrue; to disprove.
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The omission or infrequency of such recitals does not negative the existence of miracles. Paley.
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2. To reject by vote; to refuse to enact or sanction; as, the Senate negatived the bill.
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3. To neutralize the force of; to counteract.
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Negatively
Neg"a*tive*ly, adv. 1. In a negative manner; with or by denial. “He answered negatively.” Boyle.
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2. In the form of speech implying the absence of something; -- opposed to positively.
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I shall show what this image of God in man is, negatively, by showing wherein it does not consist, and positively, by showing wherein it does consist. South.
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Negatively charged or Negatively electrified (Elec.), having a charge of the kind of electricity called negative, as does the electron.
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Negativity
Negativeness
{ Neg"a*tive*ness, Neg`a*tiv"i*ty } (?), n. The quality or state of being negative.
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Negatory
Neg"a*to*ry (?), a. [L. negatorius: cf. F. négatorie.] Expressing denial; belonging to negation; negative. Carlyle.
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Negev
Negev prop. n. A desert in Southern Israel.
Syn. -- Negev Desert.
[WordNet 1.5]

neginoth
neg"i*noth (?), n. pl. [Heb. n&ebreve_;gīnōth.] (Script.) Stringed instruments. Dr. W. Smith.
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To the chief musician on Neginoth. Ps. iv. 9heading).
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Neglect
Neg*lect" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Neglected; p. pr. & vb. n. Neglecting.] [L. neglectus, p. p. of neglegere (negligere) to disregard, neglect, the literal sense prob. being, not to pick up; nec not, nor (fr. ne not + -que, a particle akin to Goth. -h, -uh, and prob. to E. who; cf. Goth. nih nor) + L. legere to pick up, gather. See No, adv., Legend, Who.] 1. Not to attend to with due care or attention; to forbear one's duty in regard to; to allow to pass unimproved, unheeded, undone, etc.; to omit; to disregard; to slight; as, to neglect duty or business; to neglect to pay debts.
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I hope
My absence doth neglect no great designs.
Shak.
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This, my long suffering and my day of grace,
Those who neglect and scorn shall never taste.
Milton.
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2. To omit to notice; to forbear to treat with attention or respect; to slight; as, to neglect strangers.
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Syn. -- To slight; overlook; disregard; disesteem; contemn. See Slight.
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Neglect
Neg*lect", n. [L. neglectus. See Neglect, v.] 1. Omission of proper attention; avoidance or disregard of duty, from heedlessness, indifference, or willfulness; failure to do, use, or heed anything; culpable disregard; as, neglect of business, of health, of economy.
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To tell thee sadly, shepherd, without blame,
Or our neglect, we lost her as we came.
Milton.
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2. Omission of attention or civilities; slight; as, neglect of strangers.
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3. Habitual carelessness; negligence.
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Age breeds neglect in all. Denham.
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4. The state of being disregarded, slighted, or neglected.
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Rescue my poor remains from vile neglect. Prior.
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Syn. -- Negligence; inattention; disregard; disesteem; remissness; indifference. See Negligence.
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benign neglect A deliberate policy of minimizing public discussion of a controversial issue [e.g. by the president] on the theory that excessive discussion in itself is harmful or counterproductive.
[PJC]

Neglectedness
Neg*lect"ed*ness, n. The state of being neglected.
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Neglecter
Neg*lect"er (?), n. One who neglects. South.
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Neglectful
Neg*lect"ful (?), a. Full of neglect; heedless; careless; negligent; inattentive; indifferent. Pope.
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A cold and neglectful countenance. Locke.
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Though the Romans had no great genius for trade, yet they were not entirely neglectful of it. Arbuthnot.
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-- Neg*lect"ful*ly, adv. -- Neg*lect"ful*ness, n.
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Neglectingly
Neg*lect"ing*ly, adv. Carelessly; heedlessly. Shak.
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Neglection
Neg*lec"tion (?), n. [L. neglectio.] The state of being negligent; negligence. [Obs.] Shak.
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Neglective
Neg*lect"ive (?), a. Neglectful. [R.]Neglective of their own children.” Fuller.
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negligee
neglige
neg`li*ge", neg`li*gee" (n&ebreve_;g`l&ibreve_;*zhā"; F. n&auptack_;`gl&euptack_;`zh&auptack_;"), n. [Also spelled negligé and negligée.][F. négligé, fr. négliger to neglect, L. negligere. See Neglect.] 1. An easy, unceremonious attire; undress.
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2. A kind of loose, flowing dressing gown worn by women, usually made of sheer fabric.
Syn. -- negligee, peignoir.
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Negligence
Neg"li*gence (?), n. [F. négligence, L. negligentia.] The quality or state of being negligent; lack of due diligence or care; omission of duty; habitual neglect; heedlessness.
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2. An act or instance of negligence or carelessness.
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remarking his beauties, . . . I must also point out his negligences and defects. Blair.
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3. (Law) The omission of the care usual under the circumstances, being convertible with the Roman culpa. A specialist is bound to higher skill and diligence in his specialty than one who is not a specialist, and liability for negligence varies acordingly.
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Contributory negligence. See under Contributory.
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Syn. -- Neglect; inattention; heedlessness; disregard; slight. -- Negligence, Neglect. These two words are freely interchanged in our older writers; but a distinction has gradually sprung up between them. As now generally used, negligence is the habit, and neglect the act, of leaving things undone or unattended to. We are negligent as a general trait of character; we are guilty of neglect in particular cases, or in reference to individuals who had a right to our attentions.
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Negligent
Neg"li*gent (?), a. [F. négligent, L. negligens,p. pr. of negligere. See Neglect.] Apt to neglect; customarily neglectful; characterized by negligence; careless; heedless; culpably careless; showing lack of attention; as, disposed in negligent order. “Be thou negligent of fame.” Swift.
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He that thinks he can afford to be negligent is not far from being poor. Rambler.
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Syn. -- Careles; heedless; neglectful; regardless; thoughtless; indifferent; inattentive; remiss.
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Negligently
Neg"li*gent*ly (?), adv. In a negligent manner.
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Negligible
Neg"li*gi*ble (?), a. [Cf. F. négligible, négligeable.] That may be neglected, disregarded, or left out of consideration; too small or unimportant to be worthy of notice.
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Within very negligible limits of error. Sir J. Herschel.
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Negoce
Ne*goce" (?), n. [F. négoce. See Negotiate.] Business; occupation. [Obs.] Bentley.
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Negotiability
Ne*go`ti*a*bil"i*ty (? or ?), n. [Cf. F. négociabilité.] The quality of being negotiable or transferable by indorsement.
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Negotiable
Ne*go"ti*a*ble (? or ?), a. [Cf. F. négotiable. See Negotiate.] Capable of being negotiated; transferable by assignment or indorsement to another person; as, a negotiable note or bill of exchange.
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Negotiable paper, any commercial paper transferable by sale or delivery and indorsement, as bills of exchange, drafts, checks, and promissory notes.
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Negotiant
Ne*go"ti*ant (?), n. [L. negotians, prop. p. pr. of negotiari: cf. F. négociant.] A negotiator. [R.] Sir W. Raleigh.
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Negotiate
Ne*go"ti*ate (?), v. i. [L. negotiatus, p. p. of negotiari, fr. negotium business; nec not + otium leisure. Cf. Neglect.] 1. To transact business; to carry on trade. [Obs.] Hammond.
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2. To treat with another respecting purchase and sale or some business affair; to bargain or trade; as, to negotiate with a man for the purchase of goods or a farm.
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3. To hold intercourse respecting a treaty, league, convention, or other proposed agreement; to treat with, respecting peace or commerce; to conduct communications or conferences.
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He that negotiates between God and man
Is God's ambassador.
Cowper.
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4. To intrigue; to scheme. [Obs.] Bacon.
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Negotiate
Ne*go"ti*ate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Negotiated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Negotiating (?).] 1. To carry on negotiations concerning; to procure or arrange for by negotiation; as, to negotiate peace, or an exchange.
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Constantinople had negotiated in the isles of the Archipelago . . . the most indispensable supplies. Gibbon.
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2. To transfer for a valuable consideration under rules of commercial law; to sell; to pass.
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The notes were not negotiated to them in the usual course of business or trade. Kent.
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Negotiation
Ne*go`ti*a"tion (?), n. [L. negotiatio: cf. F. négociation.] 1. The act or process of negotiating; a treating with another respecting sale or purchase. etc.
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2. Hence, mercantile business; trading. [Obs.]
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Who had lost, with these prizes, forty thousand pounds, after twenty years' negotiation in the East Indies. Evelyn.
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3. The transaction of business between nations; the mutual intercourse of governments by diplomatic agents, in making treaties, composing difference, etc.; as, the negotiations at Ghent.
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An important negotiation with foreign powers. Macaulay.
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Negotiator
Ne*go"ti*a`tor (?), n. [L.: cf. F. négociateur.] One who negotiates; a person who treats with others, either as principal or agent, in respect to purchase and sale, or public or private compacts.
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Negotiatory
Ne*go"ti*a*to*ry (? or ?), a. Of or pertaining to negotiation.
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Negotiatrix
Ne*go`ti*a"trix (?), n. [L.] A woman who negotiates. Miss Edgeworth.
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Negotiosity
Ne*go`ti*os"i*ty (?), n. [L. negotiositas.] The state of being busy; multitude of business. [Obs.]
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Negotious
Ne*go"tious (?), a. [L. negotiosus.] Very busy; attentive to business; active. [R.] D. Rogers.
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Negotiousness
Ne*go"tious*ness, n. The state of being busily occupied; activity. [R.] D. Rogers.
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Negress
Ne"gress (?), n.; pl. Negresses (&unr_;). [Cf. F. négrese, fem. of négre a negro. See Negro.] A black woman; a female negro.
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Negrita
Ne*gri"ta (?), n. [Sp., blackish, fem. of negrito, dim. of negro black.] (Zool.) A blackish fish (Hypoplectrus nigricans), of the Sea-bass family. It is a native of the West Indies and Florida.
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Negritic
Ne*grit"ic (n&euptack_;*gr&ibreve_;t"&ibreve_;k), a. Of or pertaining to negroes; composed of negroes. Keary.
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Negritos
Ne*gri"tos (?), n. pl.; sing Negrito (&unr_;). [Sp., dim. of negro black.] (Ethnol.) A degraded Papuan race, inhabiting Luzon and some of the other east Indian Islands. They resemble negroes, but are smaller in size. They are mostly nomads.
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Negro
Ne"gro (nē"gr&ouptack_;), n.; pl. Negroes (nē"grōz). [Sp. or Pg. negro, fr. negro black, L. niger; perh. akin to E. night.] A black man; especially, one of a race of black or very dark persons who inhabit the greater part of tropical Africa, and are distinguished by crisped or curly hair, flat noses, and thick protruding lips; also, any black person of unmixed African blood, wherever found.
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2. A person of dark skin color descended at least in part from African negroes; in the United States, an African-American. [U.S. usage, sometimes considered offensive.]
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Negro
Ne"gro, a. Of or pertaining to negroes; black.
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Negro bug (Zool.), a minute black bug common on the raspberry and blackberry. It produces a very disagreeable flavor. -- negro corn, the Indian millet or durra; -- so called in the West Indies. See Durra. McElrath. -- Negro fly (Zool.), a black dipterous fly (Psila rosae) which, in the larval state, is injurious to carrots; -- called also carrot fly. -- Negro head (Com.), Cavendish tobacco. [Cant] McElrath. -- Negro monkey (Zool.), the moor monkey.
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Negrohead
Ne"gro*head` (?), n. An inferior commercial variety of India rubber made up into round masses.
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Negroid
Ne"groid (?), a. [Negro + -oid.] 1. Characteristic of the negro.
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2. Resembling the negro or negroes; of or pertaining to those who resemble the negro.
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Negroid
Ne"groid (?), n. [Negro + -oid.] A member of any one of several East African tribes whose physical characters show an admixture with other races.
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Negroloid
Ne"gro*loid (?), a. See Negroid.
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Negus
Ne"gus (?), n. A beverage made of wine, water, sugar, nutmeg, and lemon juice; -- so called, it is said, from its first maker, Colonel Negus.
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Nehiloth
Ne"hi*loth (?), n. pl. [Heb.] (Script.) A term supposed to mean, perforated wind instruments of music, as pipes or flutes. Ps. v. (heading).
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Nehushtan
Ne*hush"tan (?), n. [Heb.] A thing of brass; -- the name under which the Israelites worshiped the brazen serpent made by Moses. 2 Kings xviii. 4.
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Neife
Neif
{ Neif, Neife } (nēf), n. [OF. neïf, naïf, a born serf, fr. L. nativus born, imparted by birth. See Native.] A woman born in the state of villeinage; a female serf. Blackstone.
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Neaf
Neif
{ Neif, Neaf (nēf), } n. [Icel. hnefi; akin to Dan. naeve, Sw. näfve.] The fist. [Obs.] “I kiss thy neif.” “Give me your neaf.” Shak.
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Neigh
Neigh (nā), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Neighed (nād); p. pr. & vb. n. Neighing.] [OE. neien, AS. hn&aemacr_;gan, prob. of imitative origin; cf. MHG. nēgen, Icel. hneggja, gneggja, Sw. gnägga. Cf. Nag a horse.] 1. To utter the cry of the horse; to whinny.
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2. To scoff or sneer; to jeer. [Obs.]
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Neighed at his nakedness. Beau. & Fl.
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Neigh
Neigh, n. The cry of a horse; a whinny.
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Neighbor
Neigh"bor (nā"b&etilde_;r), n. [OE. neighebour, AS. neáhgebūr; neáh nigh + gebūr a dweller, farmer; akin to D. nabuur, G. nachbar, OHG. nāhgibūr. See Nigh, and Boor.] [Spelt also neighbour.] 1. A person who lives near another; one whose abode is not far off. Chaucer.
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Masters, my good friends, mine honest neighbors. Shak.
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2. One who is near in sympathy or confidence.
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Buckingham
No more shall be the neighbor to my counsel.
Shak.
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3. One entitled to, or exhibiting, neighborly kindness; hence, one of the human race; a fellow being.
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Which now of these three, thinkest thou, was neighbor unto him that fell among the thieves? Luke x. 36.
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The gospel allows no such term as “stranger;” makes every man my neighbor. South.
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Neighbor
Neigh"bor, a. Near to another; adjoining; adjacent; next; neighboring. “The neighbor cities.” Jer. l. 40. “The neighbor room.” Shak.
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neighbor
neigh"bor, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Neighbored (?); p. pr. & vb. n Neighboring.] 1. To adjoin; to border on; to be near to.
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Leisurely ascending hills that neighbor the shore. Sandys.
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2. To associate intimately with. [Obs.] Shak.
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Neighbor
Neigh"bor, v. i. To dwell in the vicinity; to be a neighbor, or in the neighborhood; to be near. [Obs.]
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A copse that neighbors by. Shak.
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Neighborhood
Neigh"bor*hood (?), n. [Written also neighbourhood.] 1. The quality or condition of being a neighbor; the state of being or dwelling near; proximity.
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Then the prison and the palace were in awful neighborhood. Ld. Lytton.
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2. A place near; vicinity; adjoining district; a region the inhabitants of which may be counted as neighbors; as, he lives in my neighborhood.
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3. The inhabitants who live in the vicinity of each other; as, the fire alarmed all the neiborhood.
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4. The disposition becoming a neighbor; neighborly kindness or good will. [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.
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Syn. -- Vicinity; vicinage; proximity. -- Neighborhood, Vicinity. Neighborhood is Anglo-Saxon, and vicinity is Latin. Vicinity does not commonly denote so close a connection as neighborhood. A neighborhood is a more immediately vicinity. The houses immediately adjoining a square are in the neighborhood of that square; those which are somewhat further removed are also in the vicinity of the square.
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Neighboring
Neigh"bor*ing, a. Living or being near; adjacent; as, the neighboring nations or countries.
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Neighborliness
Neigh"bor*li*ness (?), n. The quality or state of being neighborly.
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Neighborly
Neigh"bor*ly, a. [Also written neighbourly.] Appropriate to the relation of neighbors; having frequent or familiar intercourse; kind; civil; social; friendly. -- adv. In a neighborly manner.
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Judge if this be neighborly dealing. Arbuthnot.
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Neighborship
Neigh"bor*ship, n. The state of being neighbors. [R.] J. Bailie.
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neighbourly
neighbourhood
neighbouring
neighbour
neighbour, neighbouring, neighbourhood, neighbourly Same as neighbor, neighboring, neighborhood, neighborly. [Chiefly Brit.]
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Neishout
Neis"hout (?), n. [From D. niezen to sneeze + hout wood.] (Bot.) The mahogany-like wood of the South African tree Pteroxylon utile, the sawdust of which causes violent sneezing (whence the name). Also called sneezewood.
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Neither
Nei"ther (nē"&thlig_;&etilde_;r or nī"&thlig_;&etilde_;r; 277), a. [OE. neither, nother, nouther, AS. nāwðer, nāhwaeðer; never, not + hwaeðer whether. The word has followed the form of either. See No, and Whether, and cf. Neuter, Nor.] Not either; not the one or the other.
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Which of them shall I take?
Both? one? or neither? Neither can be enjoyed,
If both remain alive.
Shak.
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He neither loves,
Nor either cares for him.
Shak.
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Neither
Nei"ther, conj. Not either; generally used to introduce the first of two or more coordinate clauses of which those that follow begin with nor.
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Fight neither with small nor great, save only with the king. 1 Kings xxii. 31.
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Hadst thou been firm and fixed in thy dissent,
Neither had I transgressed, nor thou with me.
Milton.
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When she put it on, she made me vow
That I should neither sell, nor give, nor lose it.
Shak.
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&hand_; Neither was formerly often used where we now use nor. “For neither circumcision, neither uncircumcision is anything at all.” Tyndale. “Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it.” Gen. iii. 3. Neither is sometimes used colloquially at the end of a clause to enforce a foregoing negative (nor, not, no). “He is very tall, but not too tall neither.” Addison. ” ‘I care not for his thrust' ‘No, nor I neither.'” Shak.
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Not so neither, by no means. [Obs.] Shak.
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nekton
nekton n. The aggregate of actively swimming animals in a body of water ranging from microscopic organisms to whales.
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Nelumbo
Ne*lum"bo (?), prop. n. [Ceylonese word.] (Bot.) A genus of great water lilies. The North American species is Nelumbo lutea, the Asiatic is the sacred lotus, Nelumbo speciosa. [Written also Nelumbium.]
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Nemaline
Nem"a*line (n&ebreve_;m"&adot_;*līn), a. [L. nema thread, Gr. nh^ma, fr. ne`ein to spin.] (Min.) Having the form of threads; fibrous.
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Nemalite
Nem"a*lite (?), n. [Gr. nh^ma thread + -lite: cf. F. némalite.] (Min.) A fibrous variety of brucite.
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Nematelmia
Nem`a*tel"mi*a (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zool.) Same as Nemathelminthes.
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Nemathecium
Nem`a*the"ci*um (? or &unr_;), n.; pl. Nemathecia (#). [NL., fr. Gr. nh^ma a thread + &unr_; a box.] (Bot.) A peculiar kind of fructification on certain red algae, consisting of an external mass of filaments at length separating into tetraspores.
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Nematelminthes
Nemathelminthes
{ ‖Nem`a*thel*min"thes (?), ‖Nem`a*tel*min"thes (?) }, prop. n. pl. [NL. See Nemato-, and Helminthes.] (Zool.) An order of helminths, including the Nematoidea and Gordiacea; the roundworms. [Written also Nematelminthea.]
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nemato-
nem"a*to- (?). A combining form from Gr. nh^ma, nh`matos, a thread.
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nematoblast
nem"a*to*blast (?), n. [Nemato- + -blast.] (Biol.) A spermatocyte or spermoblast.
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Nematocalyx
Nem`a*to*ca"lyx (?), n.; pl. Nematocalyces (#), E. Nematocalyxes (#). [NL. See Nemato-, and Calyx.] (Zool.) One of a peculiar kind of cups, or calicles, found upon hydroids of the family Plumularidae. They contain nematocysts. See Plumularia.
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Nematocera
Nem`a*toc"e*ra (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. nh^ma, nh`matos, a thread + ke`ras horn.] (Zool.) A suborder of dipterous insects, having long antennae, as the mosquito, gnat, and crane fly; -- called also Nemocera.
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nematocidal
nem`a*to*cid"al (n&ebreve_;m`ă*t&ouptack_;*sīd"&aitalic_;l), a. Having the property of killing nematodes; lethal to nematodes. [Also spelled nematicidal.]
[PJC]

nematocide
nem"a*to*cide (n&ebreve_;m"&adot_;*t&ouptack_;*sīd or n&ibreve_;*măt"&ouptack_;*sīd), n. A substance that kills nematodes, especially one used in medicine or to kill plant pathogens. [Also spelled nematicide.]
[PJC]

Nematocyst
Nem"a*to*cyst (?), n. [Nemato- + cyst.] (Zool.) A lasso cell, or thread cell. See Lasso cell, under Lasso.
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Nematoda
Nem`a*to"da (?), prop. n. pl. (Zool.) A phylum of worms, having a long, round, and generally smooth body; the roundworms. They are mostly parasites, in plants and animals, but some are free-living in soil or water. Also called Nematoidea.
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nematode
nem"a*tode (?), a. (Zool.) Same as Nematoid.
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nematode
nem"a*tode (?), n. (Zool.) Any worm of the phylum Nematoda; a roundworm; -- they are unsegmented worms having a cylindrical elongated body. They may live freely in soil or water, or as parasites in plants or animals.
[PJC]

Nematogene
Nem"a*to*gene (?), n. [Nemato- + root of Gr. &unr_; to be born.] (Zool.) One of the dimorphic forms of the species of Dicyemata, which produced vermiform embryos; -- opposed to rhombogene.
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Nematognath
Nem`a*tog"nath (?), n. (Zool.) One of the Nematognathi.
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Nematognathi
Nem`a*tog"na*thi (?), n. pl. [NL. See nemato-, and Gnathic.] (Zool.) An order of fishes having barbels on the jaws. It includes the catfishes, or siluroids. See Siluroid.
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Nematoid
Nem"a*toid (?), a. [Nemato- + -oid.] (Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Nematoda. -- n. One of the Nematoda. See Illustration in Appendix.
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Nematoidea
Nem`a*toi"de*a (?), prop. n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. nh^ma, nh`matos, thread + -oid.] (Zool.) A phylum of worms, having a long, round, and generally smooth body; the roundworms. Called also Nematodea, and more commonly Nematoda. Formerly, it was classed as a taxonomic order.
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&hand_; The trichina, stomach worm, and pinworm of man belong to this group. See also Vinegar eel, under Vinegar, and Gapeworm.
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Nematoidean
Nem`a*toid"e*an (?), a. & n. (Zool.) Nematoid.
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Nematophora
Nem`a*toph"o*ra (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. nh^ma, nh`matos, a thread + fe`rein to bear.] (Zool.) Same as Coelenterata.
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Nemean
Ne"me*an (nē"m&euptack_;*&aitalic_;n; 277), a. [L. Nemeus, fr. Nemea, Gr. Neme`h.] Of or pertaining to Nemea, in Argolis, where the ancient Greeks celebrated games, and Hercules killed a lion.
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Nemertean
Ne*mer"te*an (?), a. (Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Nemertina. -- n. One of the Nemertina.
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Nemertes
Ne*mer"tes (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. nhmerth`s unerring.] (Zool.) A genus of Nemertina.
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Nemertian
Ne*mer"ti*an (?), a. & n. (Zool.) Nemertean.
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Nemertid
Ne*mer"tid (?), a. & n. (Zool.) Nemertean.
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Nemertida
Ne*mer"ti*da (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zool.) Nemertina.
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Nemertina
Nem`er*ti"na (n&ebreve_;m`&etilde_;r*tī"n&adot_;), prop. n. pl. [NL. See Nemrtes.] (Zool.) An order of helminths usually having a long, slender, smooth, often bright-colored body, covered with minute vibrating cilia; -- called also Nemertea, Nemertida, and Rhynchocoela.
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&hand_; The mouth is beneath the head, and the straight intestine at the posterior end. They have a very singular long tubular proboscis, which can be everted from a pore in the front of the head. Their nervous system and blood vessels are well developed. Some of the species become over one hundred feet long. They are mostly marine and seldom parasitic; a few inhabit fresh water. The two principal divisions are Anopla and Enopla.
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nemertine
nemertine n. Any of an order (Nemertina) of soft unsegmented marine worms having an eversible threadlike proboscis and the ability to stretch and contract.
Syn. -- ribbon worm, nemertean, proboscis worm.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nemesis
Nem"e*sis (n&ebreve_;m"&euptack_;*s&ibreve_;s), prop. n. [L., fr. Gr. Ne`mesis, orig., distribution, fr. ne`mein to distribute. See Nomad.] (Class. Myth.) The goddess of retribution or vengeance; hence, retributive justice personified; divine vengeance.
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This is that ancient doctrine of nemesis who keeps watch in the universe, and lets no offense go unchastised. Emerson.
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Nemophilist
Ne*moph"i*list (?), n. [See Nemophily.] One who is fond of forest or forest scenery; a haunter of the woods. [R.]
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Nemophily
Ne*moph"i*ly (?), n. [Gr. ne`mos wooded pasture, glade + filei^n to love.] Fondness for forest scenery; love of the woods. [R.]
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Nemoral
Nem"o*ral (?), a. [L. nemoralis, fr. nemus, nemoris, a wood or grove: cf. F. némoral.] Of or pertaining to a wood or grove. [R.]
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Nemorous
Nem"o*rous (?), a. [L. nemorosus.] Woody. [R.]
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Paradise itself was but a kind of nemorous temple. Evelyn.
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Nempne
Nemp"ne (?), v. t. [AS. nemnan to name or call. See Name, v.] To name or call. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Nempt
Nempt (?), p. p. of Nempne. Called; named. [Obs.]
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Nems
Nems (n&ebreve_;mz), n. (Zool.) The ichneumon.
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Nenia
Ne"ni*a (?), n. [L. nenia, naenia.] A funeral song; an elegy.
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Nenuphar
Nen"u*phar (n&ebreve_;n"&uuptack_;*fär), n. [F. nénufar: cf. Sp. nenúfar, It. nenufár; all fr. Per. nīlūfar.] (Bot.) The great white water lily of Europe; the Nymphaea alba.
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Neo-
Ne"o- (&unr_;). [Gr. ne`os youthful, new. See New.] A prefix meaning new, recent, late; and in chemistry designating specifically that variety of metameric hydrocarbons which, when the name was applied, had been recently classified, and in which at least one carbon atom is connected directly with four other carbon atoms; -- contrasted with normal and iso-; as, neopentane; the neoparaffins. Also used adjectively.
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Neocarida
Ne`o*car"i*da (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ne`os new + &unr_;, &unr_;, a kind of crustacean.] (Zool.) The modern, or true, Crustacea, as distinguished from the Merostomata.
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Neocene
Ne"o*cene (?), a. [Neo- + Gr. ne`os new.] (Geol.) More recent than the Eocene, that is, including both the Miocene and Pliocene divisions of the Tertiary.
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Neo-Christianity
Ne`o-Chris*tian"i*ty (? or ?), n. [Neo- + Christianity.] Rationalism.
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Neoclassical
Neoclassic
Ne`o*clas"sic, Ne`o*clas"si*cal (?), a. [Neo- + classic.] Belonging to, or designating, the modern revival or adaptation of classical, esp. Greco-Roman, style, taste and manner of work in architecture, arts, literature, etc.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.+ WordNet 1.5]

Neoclassic architecture
Neoclassic architecture. All that architecture which, since the beginning of the Italian Renaissance, about 1420, has been designed with deliberate imitation of Greco-Roman buildings.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

neoclassicism
neoclassicism n. a revival of the classical Greek and Roman style in art or literature.
[WordNet 1.5]

neoclassicist
neoclassicist n. an advocate of neoclassicism.
[WordNet 1.5]

neocolonialism
neocolonialism n. Control by a powerful country of its former colonies (or other less developed countries) by economic pressures. In contrast to colonialism, in which one country controls another territory by military force.
[WordNet 1.5]

Neocomian
Ne`o*co"mi*an (?), n. [From Neocomium, the Latin name of Neuchatel, in Switzerland, where these rocks occur.] (Geol.) A term applied to the lowest deposits of the Cretaceous or chalk formation of Europe, being the lower greensand.
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Neocomian
Ne`o*co"mi*an, a. (Geol.) Of or pertaining to the lower greensand.
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neocortex
neocortex n. The cortical part of the neencephalon; the most recently evolved part of the cerebral cortex of the brain of higher animals, and the site of most of the higher brain functions; called also neopallium.
Syn. -- neopallium.
[WordNet 1.5]

neocortical
neocortical adj. Of or pertaining to the neocortex.
[WordNet 1.5]

Neocosmic
Ne`o*cos"mic (?), a. [Neo- + cosmic.] Of or pertaining to the universe in its present state; specifically, pertaining to the races of men known to history.
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Neocracy
Ne*oc"ra*cy (?), n. [Neo-+ -cracy, as in aristocracy.] Government by new or inexperienced hands; upstart rule; raw or untried officials.
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Neocriticism
Ne`o*crit"i*cism (?), n. [Neo- + classicism.] The form of Neo-Kantianism developed by French idealists, following C. Renouvier. It rejects the noumena of Kant, restricting knowledge to phenomena as constituted by a priori categories.
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Neodamode
Ne*od"a*mode (n&euptack_;*&obreve_;d"&adot_;*mōd), n. [Gr. neodamw`dhs; ne`os new + da^mos, dh^mos, the people + e'i^dos shape.] In ancient Sparta, one of those Helots who were freed by the state in reward for military service. Milford.
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Neo-Darwinism
Ne`o-Dar"win*ism (?), n. The theory which holds natural selection, as explained by Darwin, to be the chief factor in the evolution of plants and animals, and denies the inheritance of acquired characters; -- esp. opposed to Neo-Lamarckism. Weismannism is an example of extreme Neo-Darwinism. -- Ne`o-Dar*win"i*an, a. & n.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Neodymium
Ne`o*dym"i*um (?), n. [NL. Dee Neo-, and Didymium.] (Chem.) The chemical element of atomic number 60, one of the rare earth elements. Symbol Nd. Atomic weight 144.27. It is a rare metallic element occurring in combination with cerium, lanthanum, and other rare metals, and forming amethyst-colored salts. It was originally thought to be part of a supposed new element didymium, obtained from cerite in 1843. Later this was resolved into two elements, neodymium and praesodymium by von Welsbach in 1885. It is chiefly trivalent. It is a faintly yellow metal.
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Neogaean
Ne`o*gae"an (nē`&ouptack_;*jē"&aitalic_;n), a. [Neo- + Gr. gai^a earth.] (Zool.) Of or pertaining to the New World, or Western Hemisphere.
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Neogamist
Ne*og"a*mist (n&euptack_;*&obreve_;g"&adot_;*m&ibreve_;st), n. [Gr. neo`gamos newly married.] A person recently married.
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Neogen
Ne"o*gen (nē"&ouptack_;*j&ebreve_;n), n. [Neo- + -gen.] (Chem.) An alloy resembling silver, and consisting chiefly of copper, zinc, and nickel, with small proportions of tin, aluminium, and bismuth. Ure.
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Neogrammarian
Ne`o*gram*ma"ri*an (?), n. [Neo- + grammarian; a translation of G. junggrammatiker.] One of a group of philologists who apply phonetic laws more widely and strictly than was formerly done, and who maintain that these laws admit of no real exceptions. -- Ne`o*gram*mat"ic*al (#), a.
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Neography
Ne*og"ra*phy (?), n. [Neo- + -graphy.] A new method or system of writing.
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Neo-Greek
Ne`o-Greek", n. A member of a body of French painters (F. les néo-Grecs) of the middle 19th century. The term is rather one applied by outsiders to certain artists of grave and refined style, such as Hamon and Aubert, than a name adopted by the artists themselves.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Neo-Hebraic
Ne`o-He*bra"ic, a. Of, pert. to, or designating, modern Hebrew, or Hebrew of later date than the Biblical.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Neo-Hebraic
Neo-Hebraic, n. The modern Hebrew language.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Neo-Hegelian
Ne`o-He*ge"li*an, a. Of or pertaining to Neo-Hegelianism.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Neo-Hegelian
Neo-Hegelian, n. An adherent of Neo-Hegelianism.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Neo-Hegelianism
Ne`o-He*ge"li*an*ism, n. The philosophy of a school of British and American idealists who follow Hegel in dialectical or logical method and in the general outcome of their doctrine. The founders and leaders of Neo-Hegelianism include: in England, T. H. Green (1836-1882); in Scotland, J. Caird (1820-98) and E. Caird (1835-1908); in the United States, W. T. Harris (1835-1909) and Josiah Royce (1855- -).
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Neo-Hellenic
Ne`o-Hel*len"ic, n. Same as Romaic.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Neo-Hellenism
Ne`o-Hel"len*ism (?), n. Hellenism as surviving or revival in modern times; the practice or pursuit of ancient Greek ideals in modern life, art, or literature, as in the Renaissance.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Pointillism
Neoimpressionism
Ne`o*im*pres"sion*ism (nē`&ouptack_;*&ibreve_;m*pr&ebreve_;sh"ŭn*&ibreve_;z'm), n. (Painting) A theory or practice which is a further development, on more rigorously scientific lines, of the theory and practice of Impressionism, originated by George Seurat (1859-91), and carried on by Paul Signac (1863- -) and others. Its method is marked by the laying of pure primary colors in minute dots upon a white ground, any given line being produced by a variation in the proportionate quantity of the primary colors employed. This method is also known as Pointillism (stippling).
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Neo-Kantian
Ne`o-Kant"i*an, a. Of or pertaining to Neo-Kantianism.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Neo-Kantian
Neo-Kantian, n. An adherent of Neo-Kantianism.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Neo-Kantianism
Ne`o-Kant"i*an*ism, n. The philosophy of modern thinkers who follow Kant in his general theory of knowledge, esp. of a group of German philosophers including F. A. Lange, H. Cohen, Paul Natorp, and others.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Neo-Lamarckism
Ne`o-La*marck"ism, n. (Biol.) Lamarckism as revived, modified, and expounded by recent biologists, esp. as maintaining that the offspring inherits characters acquired by the parent from change of environment, use or disuse of parts, etc.; -- opposed of Neo-Darwinism (which see, above). This theory has been thoroughly discredited, though it had some support for a time in the Soviet Union due to the influence of the biologist Lysenko.-- Ne`o-La*marck"i*an, a. & n.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Neo-Latin
Ne`o-Lat"in (?), a. [Neo- + Latin.] Applied to the Romance languages, as being mostly of Latin origin.
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neoliberalism
neoliberalism n. A political orientation originating in the 1960s, blending liberal political views with an emphasis on economic growth.
[WordNet 1.5]

Neolithic
Ne`o*lith"ic (?), a. [Neo- + -lith + -ic.] (Archaeol. & Geol.) Of or pertaining to, or designating, an era characterized by late remains in stone; the late stone age. Estimated as beginning around 9000 b. c. in the Middle East, this period is characterized by the beginnings of farming, the domestication of animals, and the manufacture of textiles and pottery.
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The Neolithic era includes the latter half of the “Stone age;” the human relics which belong to it are associated with the remains of animals not yet extinct. The kitchen middens of Denmark, the lake dwellings of Switzerland, and the stockaded islands, or “crannogs,” of the British Isles, belong to this era. Lubbock.
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Neologian
Ne`o*lo*gi*an (?), a. Neologic; neological.
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Neologian
Ne`o*lo"gi*an, n. A neologist.
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Neologianism
Ne`o*lo"gi*an*ism (?), n. Neologism.
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Neological
Neologic
{ Ne`o*log"ic (?), Ne`o*log"ic*al (?) }, a. [Cf. F. néologique.] Of or pertaining to neology; employing new words; of the nature of, or containing, new words or new doctrines.
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A genteel neological dictionary. Chesterfield.
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Neologically
Ne`o*log"ic*al*ly, adv. In a neological manner.
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Neologism
Ne*ol"o*gism (?), n. [Cf. F. néologisme.] 1. The introduction of new words, or the use of old words in a new sense. Mrs. Browning.
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2. A new word, phrase, or expression.
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3. A new doctrine; specifically, rationalism.
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Neologist
Ne*ol"o*gist (?), n. [Cf. F. néologiste.] 1. One who introduces new words or new senses of old words into a language.
Syn. -- verbarian.
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2. An innovator in any doctrine or system of belief, especially in theology; one who introduces or holds doctrines subversive of supernatural or revealed religion; a rationalist, so-called.
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Neologistical
Neologistic
{ Ne*ol`o*gis"tic (?), Ne*ol`o*gis"tic*al (?) }, a. Of or pertaining to neology; neological.
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Neologization
Ne*ol`o*gi*za"tion (?), n. The act or process of neologizing.
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Neologize
Ne*ol"o*gize (?), v. i. 1. To introduce or use new words or terms or new uses of old words.
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2. To introduce innovations in doctrine, esp. in theological doctrine.
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Neology
Ne*ol"o*gy (?), n. [Neo- + -logy: cf. F. néologie.] 1. The introduction of a new word, or of words or significations, into a language; as, the present nomenclature of chemistry is a remarkable instance of neology.
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2. A new doctrine; esp. (Theol.), a doctrine at variance with the received interpretation of revealed truth; a new method of theological interpretation; rationalism.
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Neo-Malthusian
Ne`o-Mal*thu"sian, a. Designating, or pertaining to, a group of modern economists who hold to the Malthusianism doctrine that permanent betterment of the general standard of living is impossible without decrease of competition by limitation of the number of births. -- Ne`o-Mal*thu"sian, Ne`o-Mal*thu"sian*ism, n.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Neomenia
Ne`o*me"ni*a (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;; ne`os new + mh`n month.] The time of the new moon; the beginning of the month in the lunar calendar.
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Neomenoidea
Ne`o*me*noi"de*a (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Neomenia, a representative genus (See Neomenia) + -oid.] (Zool.) A division of vermiform gastropod mollusks, without a shell, belonging to the Isopleura.
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Neomorph
Ne"o*morph (?), n. [Neo- + Gr. &unr_; form.] (Biol.) A structure, part, or organ developed independently, that is, not derived from a similar structure, part, or organ, in a preexisting form.
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neonatal
neonatal adj. 1. of or pertaining to a neonate; as, neonatal care; a neonatal unit at a hospital.
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2. newly born; recently born.
Syn. -- newborn.
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neonate
ne"o*nate (nē"&ouptack_;*nāt), n. A newborn child, especially one less than one month old.
Syn. -- baby, babe, infant.
[WordNet 1.5]

Neonism
Ne"o*nism (?), n. Neologism.
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Neonomian
Ne`o*no"mi*an (?), n. [Neo- + Gr. &unr_; law.] One who advocates adheres to new laws; esp. one who holds or believes that the gospel is a new law.
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Neonomian
Ne`o*no"mi*an, a. Of or pertaining to the Neonomians, or in accordance with their doctrines.
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Neonomianism
Ne`o*no"mi*an*ism (?), n. The doctrines or belief of the neonomians.
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Neopaganism
Ne`o*pa"gan*ism, n. [Neo- + paganism.] Revived or new paganism.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

neopallium
neopallium n. The neocortex.
[WordNet 1.5]

Neophyte
Ne"o*phyte (nē"&ouptack_;*fīt), n. [L. neophytis, Gr. neo`fytos, prop., newly planted; ne`os new + fyto`s grown, fyto`n that which has grown, a plant, fr. fy`ein to grow: cf. F. néophyte. See New, and Be.] 1. A new convert or proselyte; -- a name given by the early Christians, and still given by the Roman Catholics, to such as have recently embraced the Christian faith, and been admitted to baptism, esp. to converts from heathenism or Judaism.
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2. Hence: A novice; a tyro; a beginner in anything.
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Neoplasia
Ne`o*pla"si*a (nē`&ouptack_;*plā"zh&ibreve_;*&adot_;), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ne`os new + pla`ssein to form, mold.] (Physiol. & Med.) Growth or development of new material; neoplasty.
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Neoplasm
Ne"o*plasm (nē"&ouptack_;*plăz'm), n. [See Neoplasia.] (Physiol. & Med.) A new formation or tissue, the product of morbid action.
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Neoplastic
Ne`o*plas"tic (nē`&ouptack_;*plăs"t&ibreve_;k), a. (Physiol. & Med.) Of or pertaining to neoplasty, or neoplasia.
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Neoplasty
Ne"o*plas`ty (nē"&ouptack_;*plăs`t&ybreve_;), n. [See Neoplasia.] (Physiol. & Med.) Restoration of a part by granulation, adhesive inflammation, or autoplasty.
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Neoplatonic
Ne`o*pla"ton"ic (?), a. Of, pertaining to, or resembling, Neoplatonism or the Neoplatonists.
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Neoplatonician
Ne`o*pla`to*ni"cian (?), n. A Neoplatonist.
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Neoplatonism
Ne`o*pla"to*nism (?), n. [Neo- + Platonism.] A pantheistic eclectic school of philosophy, of which Plotinus was the chief (a. d. 205-270), and which sought to reconcile the Platonic and Aristotelian systems with Oriental theosophy. It tended to mysticism and theurgy, and was the last product of Greek philosophy.
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Neoplatonist
Ne`o*pla"to*nist (?), n. One who held to Neoplatonism; a member of the Neoplatonic school.
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Neorama
Ne`o*ra"ma (? or ?), n. [Gr. &unr_; temple + &unr_; a view.] A panorama of the interior of a building, seen from within.
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Neo-Scholastic
Ne`o-Scho*las"tic, a. Of or pert. to Neo-Scholasticism.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Neo-Scholasticism
Ne`o-Scho*las"ti*cism, n. The modern revival of the Scholastic philosophy, esp. of that of Thomas Aquinas, with critical revision to suit the exigencies of the general advance in learning. The Neo-Scholastic movement received a great impetus from Leo XIII.'s interest in it.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Neossine
Ne*os"sine (?), n. [Gr. neossia` a bird's nest.] The substance constituting the edible bird's nest.
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Neossology
Ne`os*sol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; a young bird + -logy.] (Zool.) The study of young birds.
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Neoterical
Neoteric
{ Ne`o*ter"ic (?), Ne`o*ter"ic*al (?) }, a. [L. neotericus, Gr. newteriko`s, fr. new`teros, compar. of ne`os young, new.] Recent in origin; modern; new. “Our neoteric verbs.” Fitzed. Hall.
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Some being ancient, others neoterical. Bacon.
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Neoteric
Ne`o*ter"ic, n. One of modern times; a modern.
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Neoterically
Neo`ter"ic*al*ly (?), adv. Recently; newly.
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Neoterism
Ne*ot"er*ism (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; innovation] An innovation or novelty; a neoteric word or phrase.
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Neoterist
Ne*ot"er*ist, n. One who introduces new words or phrases; a neologist. Fitzed Hall.
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Neoterize
Ne*ot"er*ize (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Neoterized; p. pr. & vb. n. Neoterized.] [Gr. &unr_; to innovate.] To innovate; to coin or introduce new words.
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Freely as we of the nineteenth century neoterize. fized. Hall.
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Neotropical
Ne`o*trop"ic*al (?), a. [Neo- + tropical.] (Geog. & Zool.) Belonging to, or designating, a region of the earth's surface which comprises most of South America, the Antilles, and tropical North America.
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Neozoic
Ne`o*zo"ic (?), a. [Neo- + Gr. &unr_; life.] (Geol.) More recent than the Paleozoic, -- that is, including the Mesozoic and Cenozoic.
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Nep
Nep (?), n. [Abbrev. fr. Nepeta.] (Bot.) Catnip.
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Nepa
Ne"pa (?), n. [L. nepa scorpion.] (Zool.) A genus of aquatic hemipterous insects. The species feed upon other insects and are noted for their voracity; -- called also scorpion bug and water scorpion.
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Nepalese
Nep`a*lese" (? or ?), prop. a. Of or pertaining to Nepal, a kingdom North of India; as, Nepalese troops massed at the border. [Formerly written Nepaulese.]
Syn. -- Nepali.
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Nepalese
Nep`a*lese" (? or ?), prop. n. sing. & pl. A native or natives of Nepal, or an inhabitant of Nepal.
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Nepali
Nepali prop. adj. same as Nepalese.
Syn. -- Nepalese.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nepaulese
Nep`au*lese" (? or ?), prop. a. Of or pertaining to Nepal (formerly written Nepaul), a kingdom North of India; same as Nepalese. -- n. sing. & pl. A native or natives of Nepal.
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Nepenthaceae
Nepenthaceae prop. n. A natural family coextensive with the genus Nepenthes.
Syn. -- family Nepenthaceae.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nepenthe
Ne*pen"the (?), n. [Fr. Gr. &unr_; removing all sorrow; hence, an epithet of an Egyptian drug which lulled sorrow for the day; &unr_; not + &unr_; sorrow, grief.] A drug used by the ancients to give relief from pain and sorrow; -- by some supposed to have been opium or hasheesh. Hence, anything soothing and comforting.
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Lulled with the sweet nepenthe of a court. Pope.
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Quaff, O quaff this kind nepenthe. Poe.
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Nepenthes
Ne*pen"thes (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;. See Nepenthe.] 1. Same as Nepenthe. Milton.
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2. (Bot.) A genus of climbing plants found in tropical areas of India, Malaya, Australia, etc., which have the leaves prolonged into a kind of stout tendril terminating in a pitcherlike appendage, whence the plants are often called pitcher plants and monkey-cups. There are about thirty species, of which the best known is Nepenthes distillatoria. See Pitcher plant.
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Nepeta
Nep"e*ta (?), n. [L.] (Bot.) A genus of labiate plants, including the catnip and ground ivy.
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Nephalism
Neph"a*lism (n&ebreve_;f"&adot_;*l&ibreve_;z'm), n. [Gr. &unr_; soberness, fr. &unr_; sober, &unr_; to drink no wine: cf. F. néphalisme.] Total abstinence from spirituous liquor.
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Nephalist
Neph"a*list (n&ebreve_;f"&adot_;*l&ibreve_;st), n. [Cf. F. néphaliste.] One who advocates or practices nephalism.
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Nephelite
Nepheline
{ Neph"e*line (n&ebreve_;f"&euptack_;*l&ibreve_;n), Neph"e*lite (n&ebreve_;f"&euptack_;*līt) }, n. [Gr. nefe`lh cloud: cf. F. néphéline. Cf. Nebula.] (Min.) A mineral occuring at Vesuvius, in glassy hexagonal crystals; also elsewhere, in grayish or greenish masses having a greasy luster, as the variety elaeolite. It is a silicate of aluminia, soda, and potash.
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Nephelodometer
Neph`e*lo*dom"e*ter (n&ebreve_;f`&euptack_;*l&ouptack_;*d&obreve_;m"&euptack_;*t&etilde_;r), n. [Gr. nefe`lh a cloud + "odo`s way + -meter.] (Meteorol.) An instrument for reckoning the distances or velocities of clouds.
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Nephelometer
Neph`e*lom"e*ter (n&ebreve_;f`&euptack_;*l&obreve_;m"&euptack_;*t&etilde_;r), n. [Gr. nefe`lh a cloud + -meter.] 1. An instrument for measuring or registering the amount of cloudiness.
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2. (Chem., Microbiol.) An instrument which measures the degree to which liquid suspensions scatter light, and by inference, the concentration of scattering particles in the suspension. It is used for various purposes, such as to estimate the number of bacteria in suspension in a liquid.
[PJC]

Nephew
Neph"ew (n&ebreve_;f"&uuptack_;; in England n&ebreve_;v"&uuptack_;; 277), n. [OE. neveu, nevou, nevu, fr. F. neveu, OF. also, nevou, L. nepos; akin to AS. nefa, D. neef, G. neffe, OHG. nevo, Icel. nefi a kinsman, Gr. ne`podes, pl., brood, young, Skr. nepāt grandson, descendant. √262. Cf. Niece, Nepotism.] 1. A grandson or grandchild, or remoter lineal descendant. [Obs.]
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But if any widow have children or nephews [Rev. Ver. grandchildren]. 1 Tim. v. 4.
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If naturalists say true that nephews are often liker to their grandfathers than to their fathers. Jer. Taylor.
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2. A cousin. [Obs.] Shak.
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3. The son of a brother or a sister, or of a brother-in-law or sister-in-law. Chaucer.
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Nephilim
Neph"i*lim (?), n. pl. [Heb. n&ebreve_;phīlīm.] Giants. Gen. vi. 4. Num. xiii. 33.
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Nephoscope
Neph"o*scope (?), n. [Gr. ne`fos a cloud + -scope.] (Meteorol.) An instrument for observing the clouds and their velocity.
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Nephralgy
Nephralgia
{ ‖Ne*phral"gi*a (?), Ne*phral"gy (?) }, n. [NL. nephralgia, fr. Gr. nefro`s a kidney + &unr_; pain: cf. F. néphralgie.] (Med.) Neuralgia of the kidneys; a disease characterized by pain in the region of the kidneys without any structural lesion of the latter. Quain.
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Nephridial
Ne*phrid"i*al (?), a. (Zool. & Anat.) Of or pertaining to a nephridium.
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Nephridium
Ne*phrid"i*um (?), n.; pl. Nephridia (#). [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; of the kidneys.] (Zool. & Anat.) A segmental tubule; one of the tubules of the primitive urinogenital organs; a segmental organ. See Illust. under Loeven's larva.
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nephrite
neph"rite (?; 277), n. [Cf. F. néphrite. See nephritis.] (Min.) A hard compact mineral, of a dark green color, formerly worn as a remedy for diseases of the kidneys, whence its name; kidney stone; a kind of jade. It varies in color from white to dark green. It is the more common and less valuable variety of jade, the other being jadeite. Large deposits are found in Australia. Called also nephritic stone. See also Jade. [MW10]
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Nephritical
Nephritic
{ Ne*phrit"ic (?), Ne*phrit"ic*al (?) }, a. [L. nephriticus, Gr. nefritiko`s: cf. F. néphrétique. See Nephritis.] 1. Of or pertaining to the kidneys or urinary organs; renal; as, a nephritic disease.
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2. (Med.) (a) Affected with a disease of the kidneys; as, a nephritic patient. (b) Relieving disorders of the kidneys; affecting the kidneys; as, a nephritic medicine.
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3. Of or pertaining to nephrite.
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Nephritic stone (Min.), Nephrite; jade. See Nephrite.
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Nephritic
Ne*phrit"ic, n. (Med.) A medicine adapted to relieve or cure disease of the kidneys.
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Nephritis
Ne*phri"tis (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. nefri^tis (sc. &unr_;), fr. nefro`s a kidney.] (Med.) An inflammation of the kidneys.
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nephrolithic
neph`ro*lith"ic (?), a. [Gr. nefro`s a kidney + -lith + ic.] (Med.) Of or pertaining to kidney stones, or renal calculi. Dunglison.
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Nephrology
Ne*phrol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. nefro`s a kidney + -logy.] A treatise on, or the science which treats of, the kidneys, and their structure and functions.
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Nephropsidae
Nephropsidae prop. n. A natural family in some classifications coextensive with the Homaridae.
Syn. -- family Nephropsidae.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nephrostome
Neph"ro*stome (?), n. [Gr. nefro`s a kidney + sto`ma mouth.] (Zool. & Anat.) The funnel-shaped opening of a nephridium into the body cavity.
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Nephrotomy
Ne*phrot"o*my (?), n. [Gr. nefro`s a kidney + te`mnein to cut: cf. F. néphrotomie.] (Surg.) Extraction of stone from the kidney by cutting.
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Nephthys
Nephthys prop. n. The goddess associated with ritual of the dead; sister of Geb and Nut; wife of Set.
[WordNet 1.5]

nephthytis
nephthytis n. Any plant of the genus Nephthytis.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nepidae
Nepidae prop. n. A natural family of water scorpions.
Syn. -- family Nepidae.
[WordNet 1.5]

Ne plus ultra
Ne plus ul"tra (?). [L., no further; ne no, not + plus more + ultra beyond.] 1. The uttermost point to which one can go or attain; hence, the summit of achievement; the highest point or degree; the acme.
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2. A prohibition against proceeding further; an insuperable obstacle or limiting condition. [Obs. or R.]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Nepotal
Nep"o*tal (?), a. Of or relating to a nephew.
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Nepotic
Ne*pot"ic (?), a. [See nepotism.] Of or pertaining to nepotism.
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The nepotic ambition of the ruling pontiff. Milman.
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Nepotism
Nep"o*tism (?; 277), n. [L. nepus, nepotus, nephew: cf. F. népotisme. See Nephew.] Undue attachment to relations; favoritism shown to members of one's family; bestowal of patronage in consideration of relationship, rather than of merit or of legal claim.
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From nepotism Alexander V. was safe; for he was without kindred or relatives. But there was another perhaps more fatal nepotism, which turned the tide of popularity against him -- the nepotism of his order. Milman.
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Nepotist
Nep"o*tist (?), n. One who practices nepotism.
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Neptune
Nep"tune (?), prop. n. [L. Neptunus.] 1. (Rom. Myth.) The son of Saturn and Ops, the god of the waters, especially of the sea. He is represented as bearing a trident for a scepter.
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2. (Astron.) The remotest major planet of our solar system, discovered -- as a result of the computations of Leverrier, of Paris -- by Galle, of Berlin, September 23, 1846. It is classed as a gas giant, and has a radius of 22,716 km and an estimated mass of 1.027 x 1026 kg, with an average density of 2.27 g/cc. Its mean distance from the sun is about 5,000,000,000 km (3,106,856,000 miles), and its period of revolution is about 164.78 years.
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Neptune powder, an explosive containing nitroglycerin, -- used in blasting. -- Neptune's cup (Zool.), a very large, cup-shaped, marine sponge (Thalassema Neptuni).
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Neptunian
Nep*tu"ni*an (?), prop. a. [L. Neptunius belonging to Neptune: cf. F. neptunien.] 1. Of or pertaining to the ocean or sea.
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2. (Geol.) Formed by water or aqueous solution; as, Neptunian rocks.
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Neptunian races (Ethnol.), the Malay and Polynesian races. -- Neptunian theory (Geol.), the theory of Werner, which referred the formation of all rocks and strata to the agency of water; -- opposed to the Plutonic theory.
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Neptunist
Neptunian
{ Nep*tu"ni*an (?), Nep"tu*nist (?) }, prop. n. [Cf. F. neptinien, neptuniste.] (Geol.) One who adopts the Neptunian theory.
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Neptunicentric
Nep*tu`ni*cen"tric (?), a. [Neptune + centric.] (Astron.) As seen from Neptune, or having Neptune as a center; as, Neptunicentric longitude or force.
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Neptunium
Nep*tu"ni*um (?), n. [NL.] A radioactive metallic element of atomic number 93, produced in nuclear reactors from Plutonium or Uranium. Symbol Np; The atomic weight of the most stable isotope is 237.0482.
[PJC]

Ner
Ner (?), adv. & a. Nearer. [Obs.] See Nerre.
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Nere
Nere (?). [Contr. fr. ne were.] Were not. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Nereid
Ne"re*id (?), n.; pl. E. Nereids (#), L. Nereides (#). [L. Nereis, -idis, Gr. Nhrei:`s Nhrhi:`s, Nhrhi:`dos, a daughter of Nereus, a nymph of the sea, fr. Nhrey`s Nereus, an ancient sea god; akin to nhro`s wet, Skr. nāra water, cf. Gr. na`ein to flow.] 1. (Class. Myth.) A sea nymph, one of the daughters of Nereus, who were attendants upon Neptune, and were represented as riding on sea horses, sometimes with the human form entire, and sometimes with the tail of a fish.
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2. (Zool.) Any species of Nereis. The word is sometimes used for similar annelids of other families.
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Nereidian
Ne`re*id"i*an (?), n. (Zool.) Any annelid resembling Nereis, or of the family Lycoridae or allied families.
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Nereis
Ne"re*is (? or ?), prop. n.; pl. Nereides (#). [L.] 1. (Class. Myth.) A Nereid. See Nereid.
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2. (Zool.) A genus, including numerous species, of marine chaetopod annelids, having a well-formed head, with two pairs of eyes, antennae, four pairs of tentacles, and a protrusile pharynx, armed with a pair of hooked jaws.
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Nereites
Ne"re*ites (?), n. pl. (Paleon.) Fossil tracks of annelids.
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Nereocystis
Ne`re*o*cys"tis (?), prop. n. [NL. See Nereid, and Cyst.] (Bot.) A genus of gigantic seaweeds.
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&hand_; Nereocystis Lutkeana, of the North Pacific, has a stem many fathoms long, terminating in a great vesicle, which is crowned with a tuft of long leaves. The stem is used by the Alaskans for fishing lines.
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Nerfling
Nerf"ling (?), n. (Zool.) The id.
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Nerita
Ne*ri"ta (?), prop. n. [L., a sort of sea mussel, Gr. nhri`ths, nhrei`ths.] (Zool.) A genus of marine gastropods, mostly natives of warm climates.
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Nerite
Ner"ite (? or ?; 277), n. (Zool.) Any mollusk of the genus Nerita.
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neritic
neritic adj. Relating to the belt or region of shallow water adjoining the seacost; as, neritic fauna.
[WordNet 1.5]

neritid
neritid n. An operculate seasnail of coastal waters with a short spiral shell.
Syn. -- neritid gastropod.
[WordNet 1.5]

Neritidae
Neritidae prop. n. A natural family comprising the neritids.
Syn. -- family Neritidae.
[WordNet 1.5]

Neritina
Ner`i*ti"na (?), prop. n. (Zool.) A genus including numerous species of shells resembling Nerita in form. They mostly inhabit brackish water, and are often delicately tinted.
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Nerka
Ner"ka (?), n. [Russ. niarka, prob. fr. native name.] (Zool.) The most important salmon of Alaska (Oncorhinchus nerka), ascending in spring most rivers and lakes from Alaska to Oregon, Washington, and Idaho; -- called also red salmon, redfish, blueback, and sawqui.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Nero
Ne"ro (nē"r&ouptack_;), prop. n. A Roman emperor notorious for debauchery and barbarous cruelty; hence, any profligate and cruel ruler or merciless tyrant. -- Ne*ro"ni*an (n&euptack_;*rō"n&ibreve_;*&aitalic_;n), a.
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Nero (originally Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, later Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus Germanicus). Born at Antium, Italy, Dec. 15, 37 a. d.: committed suicide near Rome, June 9, 68. Roman emperor 54-68, son of Domitius Ahenobarbus and Agrippina (daughter of Germanicus).

He was adopted by his stepfather, the emperor Claudius, in 50, and in 53 married Octavia, the daughter of Claudius by Messalina. In 54 Claudius was poisoned by Agrippina, who caused her son to be proclaimed to the exclusion of Britannicus, the son of Claudius. His former tutors, the philosopher Seneca and Burrus, commander of the pretorian guards, were placed at the head of the government, and the early years of his reign were marked, on the whole, by clemency and justice. He caused his rival Britannicus to be removed by poison in 55. In 59 he procured the assassination of his mother, of whose control he had become impatient. Burrus died in 62, whereupon Seneca retired from public life. Freed from the restraint of his former advisers, he gave free rein to a naturally tyrannical and cruel disposition. He divorced Octavia in order to marry Poppaea, and shortly afterward put Octavia to death (62). Poppaea ultimately died from the effects of a kick administered by her brutal husband. Having been accused of kindling the fire which in 64 destroyed a large part of Rome, he sought to divert attention from himself by ordering a persecution of the Christians, whom he accused of having caused the Conflagration. He put Seneca to death in 65, and 66-68 visited Greece, where he competed for the prizes as a musician and charioteer in the religious festivals. He was overthrown by a revolt under Galba, and stabbed himself to death with the assistance of his secretary.

But the imperial Reign of Terror was limited to a comparatively small number of families in Rome. The provinces ware undoubtedly better governed than in the later days of the Republic, and even in Rome itself the common people strewed flowers on the grave of Nero.

Hodgkin, Italy and her Invaders, I. 6.
[Century Dict. 1906]

Nero-antico
Ne`ro-an*ti"co (?), n. [It.; nero black + antico ancient.] (Art) A beautiful black marble found in fragments among Roman ruins, and usually thought to have come from ancient Laconia.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Neroli
Ner"o*li (?), n. [F. néroli, said to be from the name of an Italian princess.] (Chem.) An essential oil obtained by distillation from the flowers of the orange. It has a strong odor, and is used in perfumery, etc.
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Neroli camphor (Chem.), a white crystalline waxy substance, tasteless and odorless, obtained from neroli oil; -- called also auradin.
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Nerre
Ner"re (?), adv. & a. [See Near.] Nearer. [Obs.] [Written also neer, ner.] Chaucer.
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Never the neer, never the nearer; no nearer. [Obs.]
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Nerthus
Nerthus prop. n. The Teutonic goddess of fertility; later identified with Norse Njord.
Syn. -- Hertha.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nervate
Nerv"ate (n&etilde_;rv"&auptack_;t), a. (Bot.) Nerved.
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Nervation
Ner*va"tion (n&etilde_;r*vā"shŭn), n. The arrangement of nerves and veins, especially those of leaves; neuration.
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The outlines of the fronds of ferns, and their nervation, are frail characters if employed alone for the determination of existing genera. J. D. Hooker.
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nerve
nerve (n&etilde_;rv), n. [OE. nerfe, F. nerf, L. nervus, akin to Gr. ney^ron sinew, nerve; cf. neyra` string, bowstring; perh. akin to E. needle. Cf. Neuralgia.] 1. (Anat.) One of the whitish and elastic bundles of fibers, with the accompanying tissues, which transmit nervous impulses between nerve centers and various parts of the animal body.
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&hand_; An ordinary nerve is made up of several bundles of nerve fibers, each bundle inclosed in a special sheath (the perineurium) and all bound together in a connective tissue sheath and framework (the epineurium) containing blood vessels and lymphatics.
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2. A sinew or a tendon. Pope.
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3. Physical force or steadiness; muscular power and control; constitutional vigor.
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he led me on to mightiest deeds,
Above the nerve of mortal arm.
Milton.
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4. Steadiness and firmness of mind; self-command in personal danger, or under suffering; unshaken courage and endurance; coolness; pluck; resolution.
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5. Audacity; assurance. [Slang]
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6. (Bot.) One of the principal fibrovascular bundles or ribs of a leaf, especially when these extend straight from the base or the midrib of the leaf.
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7. (Zool.) One of the nervures, or veins, in the wings of insects.
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Nerve cell (Anat.), a neuron, one of the nucleated cells with which nerve fibers are connected; a ganglion cell is one type of nerve cell. -- Nerve fiber (Anat.), one of the fibers of which nerves are made up. These fibers are either medullated or nonmedullated. In both kinds the essential part is the translucent threadlike axis cylinder which is continuous the whole length of the fiber. -- Nerve stretching (Med.), the operation of stretching a nerve in order to remedy diseases such as tetanus, which are supposed to be influenced by the condition of the nerve or its connections.
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Nerve
Nerve (n&etilde_;rv), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Nerved (n&etilde_;rvs); p. pr. & vb. n. Nerving.] To give strength or vigor to; to supply with force; as, fear nerved his arm.
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Nerved
Nerved (n&etilde_;rvd), a. 1. Having nerves of a special character; as, weak-nerved.
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2. (Bot.) Having nerves, or simple and parallel ribs or veins. Gray.
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nerveless
nerve"less (n&etilde_;rv"l&ebreve_;s), a. 1. Destitute of nerves.
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2. Destitute of strength or of courage; wanting vigor; weak; powerless.
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A kingless people for a nerveless state. Byron.
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Awaking, all nerveless, from an ugly dream. Hawthorne.
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Nervelessness
Nerve"less*ness, n. The state of being nerveless.
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nerve-racking
nerve-racking (n&etilde_;rv"-răk`&ibreve_;ng), adj. Extremely irritating to the nerves; stressful; trying; as, nerve-wracking noise. [Also spelled nerve-wracking.]
Syn. -- stressful, trying.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nerve-shaken
Nerve"-shak`en (n&etilde_;rv-shāk"'n), a. Affected by a tremor, or by a nervous disease; weakened; overcome by some violent influence or sensation; shocked.
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nerve-wracking
nerve-wracking (n&etilde_;rv"-răk`&ibreve_;ng), adj. Same as nerve-racking.
Syn. -- stressful, trying.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nervimotion
Ner`vi*mo"tion (n&etilde_;r`v&ibreve_;*mō"shŭn), n. [Nerve + motion.] (Physiol.) The movement caused in the sensory organs by external agents and transmitted to the muscles by the nerves. Dunglison.
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Nervimotor
Ner`vi*mo"tor (n&etilde_;r`v&ibreve_;*mō"t&etilde_;r), n. [Nerve + motor.] (Physiol.) Any agent capable of causing nervimotion. Dunglison.
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nervine
nerv"ine (n&etilde_;rv"&ibreve_;n; 277) a. [L. nervinus made of sinews: cf.F. nervin. See Nerve.] (Med.) Having the quality of acting upon or affecting the nerves; quieting nervous excitement. -- n. A nervine agent.
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nervomuscular
ner`vo*mus"cu*lar (n&etilde_;r`v&ouptack_;*mŭs"k&uuptack_;*l&etilde_;r), a. [Nerve + muscular.] (Physiol.) Of or pertaining to both nerves and muscles; of the nature of nerves and muscles; as, nervomuscular energy.
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nervose
ner*vose" (n&etilde_;r*vōs"), a. [See Nervous.] (Bot.) Same as Nerved.
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nervosity
ner*vos"i*ty (n&etilde_;r*v&obreve_;s"&ibreve_;*t&ybreve_;), n. [L. nervositas strength.] Nervousness. [R.]
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Nervous
Nerv"ous (n&etilde_;rv"ŭs), a. [L. nervosus sinewy, vigorous: cf. F. nerveux. See Nerve.] 1. Possessing nerve; sinewy; strong; vigorous.Nervous arms.” Pope.
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2. Possessing or manifesting vigor of mind; characterized by strength in sentiment or style; forcible; spirited; as, a nervous writer.
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3. Of or pertaining to the nerves; seated in the nerves; as, nervous excitement; a nervous fever.
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4. Having the nerves weak, diseased, or easily excited; subject to, or suffering from, undue excitement of the nerves; easily agitated or annoyed.
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Poor, weak, nervous creatures. Cheyne.
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5. Sensitive; excitable; timid.
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6. Apprehensive; as, a child nervous about his mother's reaction to his bad report card.
[PJC]

Our aristocratic class does not firmly protest against the unfair treatment of Irish Catholics, because it is nervous about the land. M. Arnold.
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Nervous fever (Med.), a low form of fever characterized by great disturbance of the nervous system, as evinced by delirium, or stupor, disordered sensibility, etc. -- Nervous system (Anat.), the specialized coordinating apparatus which endows animals with sensation and volition. In vertebrates it is often divided into three systems: the central, brain and spinal cord; the peripheral, cranial and spinal nerves; and the sympathetic. See Brain, Nerve, Spinal cord, under Spinal, and Sympathetic system, under Sympathetic, and Illust. in Appendix. -- Nervous temperament, a condition of body characterized by a general predominance of mental manifestations. Mayne.
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Nervously
Nerv"ous*ly, adv. In a nervous manner.
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Nervousness
Nerv"ous*ness, n. State or quality of being nervous.
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Nervure
Nerv"ure (n&etilde_;rv"&uuptack_;r), n. [F. See Nerve.] 1. (Bot.) One of the nerves of leaves.
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2. (Zool.) One of the chitinous supports, or veins, in the wings of insects.
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nervus
nerv"us (n&etilde_;rv"ŭs), n. Any bundle of nerve fibers running to various organs and tissues of the body.
Syn. -- nerve.
[WordNet 1.5]

nervy
nerv"y (n&etilde_;rv"&ybreve_;), a. [Compar. nervier (n&etilde_;rv"&ibreve_;*&etilde_;r); superl. nerviest.] 1. Strong; sinewy. “His nervy knees.” Keats.
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2. Offensively bold or presumptuous; insolent; cheeky; pushy.
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3. Exhibiting courage or daring; bold; plucky.
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4. Nervous{6}; apprehensive; edgy{1}.
[PJC]

Nescience
Nes"cience (?), n. [L. nescientia, fr. nesciens, p. pr. of nescire not to know; ne not + scire to know.] Want of knowledge; ignorance; agnosticism.
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God fetched it about for me, in that absence and nescience of mine. Bp. Hall.
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Nese
Nese (?), n. Nose. [Obs.] Piers plowman.
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Nesh
Nesh (?), a. [AS. hnesc, hnaesc, akin to Goth. hnasqus.] Soft; tender; delicate. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]
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Ness
Ness (?), n. [AS. naes, ns; akin to Icel. nes, Sw. näs, Dan. naes, and E. nose. √ 261. See Nose.] A promontory; a cape; a headland. Hakluyt.
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&hand_; Ness is frequently used as a suffix in the names of places and promontories; as, Sheerness.
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-ness
-ness (&unr_;). [AS. -ness, -nyss, -nys; akin to OS. -nissi, nussi, D. -nis, OHG. -nissa, -nassī, -nussī, G. -nis, -niss, Goth. -inasus.] A suffix used to form abstract nouns expressive of quality or state; as, goodness, greatness.
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Nesslerize
Ness"ler*ize (?), v. t. [From Nessler, the chemist.] (Chem.) To treat or test, as a liquid, with a solution of mercuric iodide in potassium iodide and potassium hydroxide, which is called Nessler's solution or Nessler's test, and is used to detect the presence of ammonia.
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Nest
Nest (n&ebreve_;st), n. [AS. nest; akin to D. & G. nest, Sw. näste, L. nidus, for nisdus, Skr. nī&dsdot_;a resting place, nest; cf. Lith. lizdas, Arm. neiz, Gael. & Ir. nead. Prob. from the particle ni down, Skr. ni + the root of E. sit, and thus orig., a place to sit down in. √ 264. See Nether, and Sit, and cf. Eyas, Nidification, Nye.] 1. The bed or receptacle prepared by a fowl for holding her eggs and for hatching and rearing her young.
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The birds of the air have nests. Matt. viii. 20.
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2. Hence: The place in which the eggs of other animals, as insects, turtles, etc., are laid and hatched; a snug place in which young animals are reared. Bentley.
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3. A snug, comfortable, or cozy residence or situation; a retreat, or place of habitual resort; hence, those who occupy a nest, frequent a haunt, or are associated in the same pursuit; as, a nest of traitors; a nest of bugs.
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A little cottage, like some poor man's nest. Spenser.
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4. (Geol.) An aggregated mass of any ore or mineral, in an isolated state, within a rock.
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5. A collection of boxes, cases, or the like, of graduated size, each put within the one next larger.
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6. (Mech.) A compact group of pulleys, gears, springs, etc., working together or collectively.
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Nest
Nest (?), v. i. To build and occupy a nest.
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The king of birds nested within his leaves. Howell.
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Nest
Nest, v. t. To put into a nest; to form a nest for.
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From him who nested himself into the chief power. South.
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nest egg
nest egg, n. 1. An egg left in the nest to prevent the hen from forsaking it, and to induce her to lay more in the same place.
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2. Hence, (figuratively), Money set aside in a special fund to be used for special occasions, or more commonly, for retirement; as, she set aside a large hunk of her salary every month and had a considerable nest egg for her retirement.
[PJC]

Nestful
Nest"ful (?), n.; pl. Nestfuls (&unr_;). As much or many as will fill a nest.
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Nestle
Nes"tle (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Nestled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Nestling (?).] [AS. nestlian.] 1. To make and occupy a nest; to nest. [Obs.]
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The kingfisher . . . nestles in hollow banks. L'Estrange.
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2. To lie close and snug, as a bird in her nest; to cuddle up; to settle, as in a nest; to harbor; to take shelter.
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Their purpose was to fortify in some strong place of the wild country, and there nestle till succors came. Bacon.
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The children were nestled all snug in their beds
While visions of sugarplums danced in their heads.
Clement Clarke Moore (A Visit From St. Nicholas, (a poem [1823]) also called The Night Before Christmas).
[PJC]

3. To move about in one's place, like a bird when shaping the interior of her nest or a young bird getting close to the parent; as, a child nestles.
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Nestle
Nes"tle, v. t. To house, as in a nest.
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2. To cherish, as a bird her young.
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Nestling
Nes"tling (?). n. 1. A young bird which has not abandoned the nest. Piers Plowman.
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2. A nest; a receptacle. [Obs.] Bacon.
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Nestling
Nes"tling, a. Newly hatched; being yet in the nest.
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Nestor
Nes"tor (?), prop. n. (Zool.) A genus of parrots with gray heads, of New Zealand and Papua, allied to the cockatoos. See Kaka.
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Nestorian
Nes*to"ri*an (?), prop. n. (Eccl. Hist.) An adherent of Nestorius, patriarch of Constantinople in the fifth century, who was condemned as a heretic for maintaining that the divine and the human natures were not merged into one nature in Christ (who was God in man), and, hence, that it was improper to call Mary the mother of God though she might be called the mother of Christ; also, one of the sect established by the followers of Nestorius in Persia, India, and other Oriental countries, and still in existence. Opposed to Eutychian.
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Nestorian
Nes*to"ri*an, a. 1. Of or relating to the Nestorians.
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2. Relating to, or resembling, Nestor, the aged warrior and counselor mentioned by Homer; hence, wise; experienced; aged; as, Nestorian caution.
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Nestorianism
Nes*to"ri*an*ism (?), n. The doctrines of the Nestorian Christians, or of Nestorius.
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Net
Net (n&ebreve_;t), n. [AS. net; akin to D. net, OS. net, netti, OHG. nezzi, G. netz, Icel. & Dan. net, Sw. nät, Goth. nati; of uncertain origin.] 1. A fabric of twine, thread, or the like, wrought or woven into meshes, and used for catching fish, birds, butterflies, etc.
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2. Anything designed or fitted to entrap or catch; a snare; any device for catching and holding.
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A man that flattereth his neighbor spreadeth a net for his feet. Prov. xxix. 5.
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In the church's net there are fishes good or bad. Jer. Taylor.
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3. Anything wrought or woven in meshes; as, a net for the hair; a mosquito net; a tennis net.
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4. (Geom.) A figure made up of a large number of straight lines or curves, which are connected at certain points and related to each other by some specified law.
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5. A network. [informal]
[PJC]

6. Specifically: The internet; -- usually the net; as, I found it on the net. [slang]
[PJC]

Net
Net, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Netted (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Netting.] 1. To make into a net; to make in the style of network; as, to net silk.
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2. To take in a net; to capture by stratagem or wile.
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And now I am here, netted and in the toils. Sir W. Scott.
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3. To inclose or cover with a net; as, to net a tree.
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Net
Net, v. i. To form network or netting; to knit.
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Net
Net, a. [F. See Neat clean.] 1. Without spot; pure; shining. [Obs.]
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Her breast all naked as net ivory. Spenser.
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2. Free from extraneous substances; pure; unadulterated; neat; as, net wine, etc. [R.]
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3. Not including superfluous, incidental, or foreign matter, as boxes, coverings, wraps, etc.; free from charges, deductions, etc; as, net profit; net income; net weight, etc. [Less properly written nett.]
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Net tonnage (Naut.), the tonnage of a vessel after a deduction from the gross tonnage has been made, to allow space for crew, machinery, etc.
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Net
Net, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Netted; p. pr. & vb. n. Netting.] To produce or gain as clear profit; as, he netted a thousand dollars by the operation.
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Netball
Netball n. A team game that resembles basketball; a soccer ball is to be thrown so that it passes through a ring on the top of a post.
[WordNet 1.5]

Ne Temere
Ne Te"me*re (?). [So named from L. ne not + temere rashly, the first two words in the decree.] (R. C. Ch.) A decree of the Congregation of the Council declaring invalid [so far as the laws of the Roman Catholic Church are concerned] any marriage of a Roman Catholic, or of a person who has ever been a Roman Catholic, if not contracted before a duty qualified priest (or the bishop of the diocese) and at least two witnesses. The decree was issued Aug. 2, 1907, and took effect on Easter Apr. 19, 1908. The decree by its terms does not affect mixed marriages (those between Roman Catholics and persons of another faith) in Germany.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Netfish
Net"fish` (?), n. (Zool.) An astrophyton.
[1913 Webster]

Nether
Neth"er (n&ebreve_;&thlig_;"&etilde_;r), a. [OE. nethere, neithere, AS. niðera, fr. the adv. niðer downward; akin to neoðan below, beneath, D. neder down, G. nieder, Sw. nedre below, nether, a. & adv., and also to Skr. ni down. √201. Cf. Beneath.] Situated down or below; lying beneath, or in the lower part; having a lower position; belonging to the region below; lower; under; -- opposed to upper.
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'Twixt upper, nether, and surrounding fires. Milton.
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This darksome nether world her light
Doth dim with horror and deformity.
Spenser.
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All my nether shape thus grew transformed. Milton.
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Nethermore
Neth"er*more` (n&ebreve_;&thlig_;"&etilde_;r*mōr`), a. Lower, nether. [Obs.] Holland.
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Nethermost
Neth"er*most` (n&ebreve_;&thlig_;"&etilde_;r*mōst`), a. [AS. niðemest. See Nether, and cf. Aftermost.] Lowest; as, the nethermost abyss. Milton.
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Nethinim
Neth"i*nim (?), n. pl. [Heb., pl. of nāthīn given, granted, a slave of the temple, fr. nāthan to give.] (jewish Antiq.) Servants of the priests and Levites in the menial services about the tabernacle and temple.
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Netify
Net"i*fy (?), v. t. [Net, a. + -fy.] To render neat; to clean; to put in order. [R.] Chapman.
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Netsuke
Net"su*ke (?), n. [Jap.] In Japanese costume and decorative art, a small object carved in wood, ivory, bone, or horn, or wrought in metal, and pierced with holes for cords by which it is connected, for convenience, with the inro, the smoking pouch (tabako-ire), and similar objects carried in the girdle. It is now much used on purses sold in Europe and America.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

nett
nett adj. remaining after all deductions; same as net a., 3. Contrasted to gross. [Brit.] [Narrower terms: take-home]
Syn. -- net, clear.
[WordNet 1.5]

netted
netted adj. resembing a net or a web.
Syn. -- lacy, netlike, webbed, weblike.
[WordNet 1.5]

Netting
Net"ting (?), n. [From Net, n.] 1. The act or process of making nets or network, or of forming meshes, as for fancywork, fishing nets, etc.
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2. A piece of network; any fabric, made of cords, threads, wires, or the like, crossing one another with open spaces between.
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3. (Naut.) A network of ropes used for various purposes, as for holding the hammocks when not in use, also for stowing sails, and for hoisting from the gunwale to the rigging to hinder an enemy from boarding. Totten.
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Netting needle, a kind of slender shuttle used in netting. See Needle, n., 3.
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Netting
Net"ting, n. Urine. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.
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Nettle
Net"tle (?), n. [AS. netele; akin to D. netel, G. nessel, OHG. nezzïla, nazza, Dan. nelde, nälde, Sw. nässla; cf, Lith. notere.] (Bot.) A plant of the genus Urtica, covered with minute sharp hairs containing a poison that produces a stinging sensation. Urtica gracilis is common in the Northern, and Urtica chamaedryoides in the Southern, United States. The common European species, Urtica urens and Urtica dioica, are also found in the Eastern united States. Urtica pilulifera is the Roman nettle of England.
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&hand_; The term nettle has been given to many plants related to, or to some way resembling, the true nettle; as: Australian nettle, a stinging tree or shrub of the genus Laportea (as Laportea gigas and Laportea moroides); -- also called nettle tree. -- Bee nettle, Hemp nettle, a species of Galeopsis. See under Hemp. -- Blind nettle, Dead nettle, a harmless species of Lamium. -- False nettle (Baehmeria cylindrica), a plant common in the United States, and related to the true nettles. -- Hedge nettle, a species of Stachys. See under Hedge. -- Horse nettle (Solanum Carolinense). See under Horse. -- nettle tree. (a) Same as Hackberry. (b) See Australian nettle (above). -- Spurge nettle, a stinging American herb of the Spurge family (Jatropha urens). -- Wood nettle, a plant (Laportea Canadensis) which stings severely, and is related to the true nettles.
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Nettle cloth, a kind of thick cotton stuff, japanned, and used as a substitute for leather for various purposes. -- Nettle rash (Med.), an eruptive disease resembling the effects of whipping with nettles. -- Sea nettle (Zool.), a medusa.
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Nettle
Net"tle, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Nettled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Nettling (?).] To fret or sting; to irritate or vex; to cause to experience sensations of displeasure or uneasiness not amounting to violent anger.
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The princes were so nettled at the scandal of this affront, that every man took it to himself. L'Estrange.
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Nettlebird
Net"tle*bird` (?), n. (Zool.) the European whitethroat. [Prov. Eng.]
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Nettler
Net"tler (?), n. One who nettles. [R.] Milton.
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Nettles
Net"tles (?), n. pl. [See Knittle.] (Naut.) (a) The halves of yarns in the unlaid end of a rope twisted for pointing or grafting. (b) Small lines used to sling hammocks under the deck beams. (c) Reef points.
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nettlesome
nettlesome adj. same as irritating, 1.
Syn. -- annoying, galling, chafing, irritating, pesky, pestiferous, pestilent, plaguy, plaguey, teasing, vexatious, vexing.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nettling
Net"tling (?), n. (Rope Making) (a) A process (resembling splicing) by which two ropes are joined end to end so as to form one rope. (b) The process of tying together the ends of yarns in pairs, to prevent tangling.
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Nettling
Net"tling, p. pr. & a. Stinging; irritating.
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Nettling cell (Zool.), a lasso cell. See under Lasso.
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Netty
Net"ty (?), a. Like a net, or network; netted. [R.]
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Net-veined
Net"-veined` (?), a. Having veins, or nerves, reticulated or netted; as, a net-veined wing or leaf.
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Network
Net"work` (?), n. 1. A fabric of threads, cords, or wires crossing each other at certain intervals, and knotted or secured at the crossings, thus leaving spaces or meshes between them.
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2. Any system of lines or channels interlacing or crossing like the fabric of a net; as, a network of veins; a network of railroads.
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3. Hence: (Computers) A system of computers linked together by communications channels allowing the exchange of data between the linked computers.
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4. (Radio, Television) A group of transmitting stations connected by communications channels that permit the same program to be broadcast simultaneously from multiple stations over a very wide area; as, the CBS television network; also, the organization that controls the programming that is broadcast over such a network. Contrasted with a local station or local transmitter.
[PJC]

5. (Electricity, Electronics) Any arrangement of electrical devices or elements connected together by conducting wires; as, a power transmission network.
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6. A group of buildings connected by means of transportation and communication between them, and controlled by a central organization for a common purpose; as, a book distribution network.
[PJC]

network
net"work` (?), v. i. To take steps to make and cultivate the acquaintance of people who can be helpful to oneself, especially in finding new employment, advancing to a higher position in one's occupation, or exchanging information.
[PJC]

network
net"work` (?), v. t. To connect together into a network; as, to network computers; to network the printer with computers.
[PJC]

networking
net"work*ing (?), n. Interchanging information or services, among a group; -- of persons or organizations.
[PJC]

networklike
net"work*like` adj. having a network of veins or ribs.
Syn. -- reticular, reticulated.
[WordNet 1.5]

Neufchatel
Neuf`châ`tel" (?), n. A kind of soft sweet-milk cheese; -- so called from Neufchâtel-en-Bray in France.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Neurad
Neu"rad (?), adv. [Gr. ney^ron nerve + L. ad to.] (Anat.) Toward the neural side; -- opposed to haemad.
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Neural
Neu"ral (?), a. [Gr. ney^ron nerve.] (Anat. & Zool.) relating to the nerves or nervous system; taining to, situated in the region of, or on the side with, the neural, or cerebro-spinal, axis; -- opposed to hemal. As applied to vertebrates, neural is the same as dorsal; as applied to invertebrates it is usually the same as ventral. Cf. Hemal.
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Neural arch (Anat.), the cartilaginous or bony arch on the dorsal side of the centrum of the vertebra in a segment of the spinal skeleton, usually inclosing a segment of the spinal cord.
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Neuralgia
Neu*ral"gi*a (?), n. [NL., from Gr. ney^ron nerve + &unr_; pain. See nerve.] (Med.) A disease, the chief symptom of which is a very acute pain, exacerbating or intermitting, which follows the course of a nervous branch, extends to its ramifications, and seems therefore to be seated in the nerve. It seems to be independent of any structural lesion. Dunglison.
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Neuralgic
Neu*ral"gic (?), a. Of or pertaining to, or having the character of, neuralgia; as, a neuralgic headache.
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Neuralgy
Neu*ral"gy (?), n. Neuralgia.
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Neurapophysial
Neu*rap`o*phys"i*al (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to a neurapophysis.
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Neurapophysis
Neu`ra*poph"y*sis (?), n.; pl. Neurapophyses (#). [NL. See Neuro-, and Apophysis.] (Anat.) (a) One of the two lateral processes or elements which form the neural arch. (b) The dorsal process of the neural arch; neural spine; spinous process.
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Neurasthenia
Neu*ras`the*ni"a (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ney^ron nerve + &unr_; weakness.] (Med.) A condition of nervous debility supposed to be dependent upon impairment in the functions of the spinal cord.
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Neuration
Neu*ra"tion (?), n. (Biol.) The arrangement or distribution of nerves, as in the leaves of a plant or the wings of an insect; nervation; venation.
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Neuraxis
Neu*rax"is (?), n. [Neuro- + axis.] (Anat.) See Axis cylinder, under Axis.
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Neurenteric
Neu`ren*ter"ic (?), a. [Neuro- + enteric.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to both the neuron and the enteron; as, the neurenteric canal, which, in embroys of many vertebrates, connects the medullary tube and the primitive intestine. See Illust. of Ectoderm.
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neurergic
neurergic adj. same as neuropharmacologic.
Syn. -- neuropharmacological, neuropharmacologic.
[PJC]

Neuridin
Neu"ri*din (?), n. [From Neurine.] (Physiol. Chem.) A nontoxic base, C5H14N2, found in the putrescent matters of flesh, fish, decaying cheese, etc.
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Neurilemma
Neu`ri*lem"ma (?), n. [NL., from Gr. ney^ron nerve + &unr_; peel, skin.] (Anat.) (a) The delicate outer sheath of a nerve fiber; the primitive sheath. (b) The perineurium.
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Neurility
Neu*ril"i*ty (?), n. [Gr. ney^ron nerve.] (Physiol.) The special properties and functions of the nerves; that capacity for transmitting a stimulus which belongs to nerves. [archaic] G. H. Lewes.
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Neurine
Neu"rine (? or ?), n. [Gr. ney^ron a nerve.] (Physiol. Chem.) A poisonous organic base (a ptomaine) formed in the decomposition of protagon with boiling baryta water, and in the putrefaction of proteid matter. It was for a long time considered identical with choline, a crystalline body originally obtained from bile. Chemically, however, choline is oxyethyl-trimethyl-ammonium hydroxide, while neurine is vinyl-trimethyl-ammonium hydroxide. [Written also neurin.]
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Neurism
Neu"rism (?), n. [Gr. ney^ron nerve.] (Biol.) Nerve force. See Vital force, under Vital.
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Neuritis
Neu*ri"tis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ney^ron nerve + -itis.] (Med.) Inflammation of a nerve.
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Neuro-
Neu"ro- (&unr_;). [Gr. ney^ron nerve.] (Anat.) A combining denoting a nerve, of or pertaining to a nerve or the nervous system.
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Neuro-central
Neu`ro-cen"tral (?), a. [Neuro- + central.] (Anat.) Between the neural arch and the centrum of a vertebra; as, the neurocentral suture. Huxley.
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Neurochordal
Neurochord
Neu"ro*chord (?), n., Neu`ro*chor"dal (&unr_;), a. (Zool.) See Neurocord.
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Neurocity
Neu*roc"i*ty (?), n. (Physiol.) Nerve force. [archaic]
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Neurocoele
Neu"ro*coele (?), n. [Neuro- + Gr. koi^los a hollow.] (Anat.) The central canal and ventricles of the spinal cord and brain; the myelencephalic cavity.
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Neurocord
Neu"ro*cord (?), n. [Neuro- + cord.] (Zool.) A cordlike organ composed of elastic fibers situated above the ventral nervous cord of annelids, like the earthworm. -- Neu`ro*cor"dal (#), a.
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Neuro-epidermal
Neu`ro-ep`i*der"mal (?), a. [Neuro- + epidermal.] (Anat.) Pertaining to, or giving rise to, the central nervous system and epidermis; as, the neuroepidermal, or epiblastic, layer of the blastoderm.
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Neuroglia
Neu*rog"li*a (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ney^ron ligament + gli`a glue.] (Anat.) The delicate connective tissue framework which supports the nervous matter and blood vessels of the brain and spinal cord; called also Kölliker's reticulum. It is composed of cells which are not neurons. Once thought to serve merely a supporting funciton, they are now believed to have important metablolic functions. Among them are the astrocytes, ependymal cells, oligodendroglia cells, and microglia cells. Stedman.
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Neurography
Neu*rog"ra*phy (?), n. [Neuro- + -graphy.] (Anat.) A description of the nerves. Dunglison.
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Neurokeratin
Neu`ro*ker"a*tin (?), n. [Neuro- + keratin.] (Physiol. Chem.) A substance, resembling keratin, present in nerve tissue, as in the sheath of the axis cylinder of medullated nerve fibers. Like keratin it resists the action of most chemical agents, and by decomposition with sulphuric acid yields leucin and tyrosin.
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Neurological
Neurologic
Neu`ro*log"ic, Neu`ro*log"ic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to neurology.
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Neurologist
Neu*rol"o*gist (?), n. One who is versed in neurology; also, one skilled in the treatment of nervous diseases.
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Neurology
Neu*rol"o*gy (?), n. [Neuro- + -logy.] The branch of science which treats of the nervous system.
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Neuroma
Neu*ro"ma (?), n. [NL. See Neuro-, and -oma.] (Med.) A tumor developed on, or connected with, a nerve, esp. one consisting of new-formed nerve fibers.
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Neuromere
Neu"ro*mere (?), n. [Neuro- + -mere.] (Anat.) A metameric segment of the cerebro-spinal nervous system.
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Neuromuscular
Neu`ro*mus"cu*lar (?), a. [Neuro- + muscular.] (Physiol.) Nervomuscular.
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Neuron
Neu"ron (?), n.; pl. Neura (#). [NL., from Gr. ney^ron nerve.] (Anat.) 1. The brain and spinal cord; the cerebro-spinal axis; myelencephalon. [obsolete] B. G. Wilder.
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2. (Cell Biology) The characteristic specialized cell that is part of the nervous system, serving to conduct electrical impulses to and from the brain, and also between other parts of the body, and composed of a main cell body, the axon, with a varying number of processes of varying length, the dendrites; a nerve cell. The movement and behavior of higher animals depends on the signals tranmsitted by such nerve cells.
[PJC]

Neuropathic
Neu`ro*path"ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to neuropathy; of the nature of, or suffering from, nervous disease.
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Neuropathy
Neu*rop"a*thy (?), n. [Neuro- + Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, to suffer.] (Med.) An affection of the nervous system or of a nerve.
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neuropharmacological
neuropharmacologic
neuropharmacologic neuropharmacological adj. acting upon or influencing nervous functions; -- of chemical substances.
Syn. -- neurergic.
[PJC]

Neuropod
Neu"ro*pod (?), n. [Neuro- + -pod.] (Zool.) A neuropodous animal. G. Rolleston.
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Neuropodium
Neu`ro*po"di*um (?), n. [NL., from Gr. ney^ron a nerve + &unr_;, dim. of &unr_;, &unr_;, the foot.] (Zool.) The ventral lobe or branch of a parapodium.
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Neuropodous
Neu*rop"o*dous (?), a. [Neuro- + -pod + -ous.] (Zool.) Having the limbs on, or directed toward, the neural side, as in most invertebrates; -- opposed to haemapodous. G. Rolleston.
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Neuropore
Neu"ro*pore (?), n. [Neuro- + pore.] (Anat.) An opening at either end of the embryonic neural canal.
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neuropsychology
neuropsychology n. the branch of psychology that is concerned with the physiological bases of psychological processes.
Syn. -- physiological psychology, psychophysiology.
[WordNet 1.5]

Neuropter
Neu*rop"ter (n&uuptack_;*r&obreve_;p"t&etilde_;r), n. (Zool.) One of the Neuroptera.
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Neuroptera
Neu*rop"te*ra (n&uuptack_;*r&obreve_;p"t&euptack_;*r&adot_;), prop. n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ney^ron nerve + ptero`n a wing, fr. pte`sqai to fly.] (Zool.) An order of hexapod insects having two pairs of large, membranous, net-veined wings. The mouth organs are adapted for chewing. They feed upon other insects, and undergo a complete metamorphosis. The ant-lion, hellgamite, and lacewing fly are examples. Formerly, the name was given to a much more extensive group, including the true Neuroptera and the Pseudoneuroptera.
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Neuropteral
Neu*rop"ter*al (n&uuptack_;*r&obreve_;p"t&etilde_;r*&aitalic_;l), a. (Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Neuroptera.
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Neuropteran
Neu*rop"ter*an (n&uuptack_;*r&obreve_;p"t&etilde_;r*&aitalic_;n), n. (Zool.) A neuropter.
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Neuropteris
Neu*rop"te*ris (?), prop. n. [NL., fr. Gr. ney^ron a nerve + &unr_; a kind of fern.] (Paleon.) An extensive genus of fossil ferns, of which species have been found from the Devonian to the Triassic formation.
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Neuropterous
Neu*rop"ter*ous (?), a. (Zool.) Neuropteral.
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Neurosensiferous
Neu`ro*sen*sif"er*ous (?), a. [neuro- + sensiferous.] (Zool.) Pertaining to, or forming, both nerves and sense organs.
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Neurosis
Neu*ro"sis (?), n.; pl. Neuroses (#). [NL., fr. Gr. ney^ron nerve.] 1. (Med.) A functional nervous affection or disease, that is, a disease of the nerves without any appreciable change of nerve structure.
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2. (Psychiatry) a mental or emotional disorder that affects only part of the personality, and involves less distorted perceptions of reality than a psychosis. As used in medicine, anxiety is a prominent characteristic, and the condition may be accompanied by psychosomatic symptoms. Phobias and compulsive behavior are common varieties. [MW10]
[PJC]

Neuroskeletal
Neu`ro*skel"e*tal (?), a. Of or pertaining to the neuroskeleton. [R.] Owen.
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Neuroskeleton
Neu`ro*skel"e*ton (?), n. [Neuro- + skeleton.] (Anat.) The deep-seated parts of the vertebrate skeleton which are in relation with the nervous axis and locomotion. Owen.
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Neurospast
Neu"ro*spast (?), n. [L. neurospaston, Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; drawn by strings.] A puppet. [R.] Dr. H. More.
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Neurotic
Neu*rot"ic (?), a. [Gr. ney^ron nerve.] 1. Of or pertaining to the nerves; seated in the nerves; nervous; as, a neurotic disease.
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2. Useful in disorders of, or affecting, the nerves.
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3. Of or pertaining to neurosis{2}; characteristic of neurosis{2}; caused by neurosis{2}.
[PJC]

Neurotic
Neu*rot"ic, n. 1. A disease seated in the nerves.
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2. (Med.) Any toxic agent whose action is mainly directed to the great nerve centers.
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&hand_; Neurotics as a class include all those poisons whose main action is upon the brain and spinal cord. They may be divided into three orders: (a) Cerebral neurotics, or those which affect the brain only. (b) Spinal neurotics, or tetanics, those which affect the spinal cord. (c) Cerebro-spinal neurotics, or those which affect both brain and spinal cord.
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3. A person afflicted with a neurosis{2}.
[PJC]

Neurotome
Neu"ro*tome (?), n. [See Neurotomy.] 1. An instrument for cutting or dissecting nerves.
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2. (Anat.) A neuromere.
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Neurotomical
Neu`ro*tom"ic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to neurotomy.
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Neurotomist
Neu*rot"o*mist (?), n. One who skilled in or practices neurotomy.
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Neurotomy
Neu*rot"o*my (?), n. [Neuro- + Gr. te`mnein to cut.] 1. The dissection, or anatomy, of the nervous system.
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2. (Med.) The division of a nerve, for the relief of neuralgia, or for other purposes. Dunglison.
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neurotropism
neurotropism n. An affinity for neural tissues.
[WordNet 1.5]

Neurula
Neu"ru*la (?), n. [NL., dim. of Gr. ney^ron a nerve.] (Zool.) An embryo of certain invertebrates in the stage when the primitive band is first developed.
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Neuter
Neu"ter (?), a. [L., fr. ne not + uter whether; akin to E. whether. See No, and Whether, and cf. Neither.] 1. Neither the one thing nor the other; on neither side; impartial; neutral. [Archaic]
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In all our undertakings God will be either our friend or our enemy; for Providence never stands neuter. South.
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2. (Gram.) (a) Having a form belonging more especially to words which are not appellations of males or females; expressing or designating that which is of neither sex; as, a neuter noun; a neuter termination; the neuter gender. (b) Intransitive; as, a neuter verb.
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3. (Biol.) Having no generative organs, or imperfectly developed ones; sexless. See Neuter, n., 3.
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Neuter
Neu"ter, n. 1. A person who takes no part in a contest; one who is either indifferent to a cause or forbears to interfere; a neutral.
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The world's no neuter; it will wound or save. Young.
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2. (Gram.) (a) A noun of the neuter gender; any one of those words which have the terminations usually found in neuter words. (b) An intransitive verb.
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3. (Biol.) An organism, either vegetable or animal, which at its maturity has no generative organs, or but imperfectly developed ones, as a plant without stamens or pistils, as the garden Hydrangea; esp., one of the imperfectly developed females of certain social insects, as of the ant and the common honeybee, which perform the labors of the community, and are called workers.
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neuter
neu"ter (?), v. t. To render incapable of sexual reproduction; to remove or alter the sexual organs so as to make infertile; to alter; to fix; to desex; -- in male animals, to castrate; in female animals, to spay.
[PJC]

neutered
neutered adj. Deprived of sexual capacity or sexual attributes.
Syn. -- altered, castrated, unsexed, fixed, apayed, desexed.
[WordNet 1.5]

neutering
neutering n. The sterilization of an animal.
Syn. -- fixing, altering.
[WordNet 1.5]

Neutral
Neu"tral (?), a. [L. neutralis, fr. neuter. See Neuter.] 1. Not engaged on either side; not taking part with or assisting either of two or more contending parties; neuter; indifferent.
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The heart can not possibly remain neutral, but constantly takes part one way or the other. Shaftesbury.
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2. Neither good nor bad; of medium quality; middling; not decided or pronounced.
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Some things good, and some things ill, do seem,
And neutral some, in her fantastic eye.
Sir J. Davies.
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3. (Biol.) Neuter. See Neuter, a., 3.
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4. (Chem.) Having neither acid nor basic properties; unable to turn red litmus blue or blue litmus red; -- said of certain salts or other compounds. Contrasted with acid, and alkaline.
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Neutral axis, Neutral surface (Mech.), that line or plane, in a beam under transverse pressure, at which the fibers are neither stretched nor compressed, or where the longitudinal stress is zero. See Axis. -- Neutral equilibrium (Mech.), the kind of equilibrium of a body so placed that when moved slighty it neither tends to return to its former position not depart more widely from it, as a perfect sphere or cylinder on a horizontal plane. -- Neutral salt (Chem.), a salt formed by the complete replacement of the hydrogen in an acid or base; in the former case by a positive or basic, in the latter by a negative or acid, element or radical. -- Neutral tint, a bluish gray pigment, used in water colors, made by mixing indigo or other blue some warm color. the shades vary greatly. -- Neutral vowel, the vowel element having an obscure and indefinite quality, such as is commonly taken by the vowel in many unaccented syllables. It is regarded by some as identical with the ŭ in up, and is called also the natural vowel, as unformed by art and effort; it is also called the indefinite vowel. It is symbolized in some phonetic alphabets by the schwa (&schwa_;). See Guide to Pronunciation, § 17.
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Neutral
Neu"tral (?), n. A person or a nation that takes no part in a contest between others; one who is neutral.
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The neutral, as far as commerce extends, becomes a party in the war. R. G. Harper.
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neutralisation
neutralisation n. Same as neutralization. [Chiefly Brit.]
[WordNet 1.5]

neutralism
neutralism n. a policy of neutrality or nonalignment in international affairs.
Syn. -- neutrality.
[WordNet 1.5]

Neutralist
Neu"tral*ist, n. A neutral; one who professes or practices neutrality. Milman.
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Neutrality
Neu*tral"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. neutralité.] 1. The state or quality of being neutral; the condition of being unengaged in contests between others; state of taking no part on either side; indifference.
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Men who possess a state of neutrality in times of public danger, desert the interest of their fellow subjects. Addison.
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2. Indifference in quality; a state neither very good nor bad. [Obs.] Donne.
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3. (Chem.) The quality or state of being neutral. See Neutral, a., 4.
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4. (International Law) The condition of a nation or government which refrains from taking part, directly or indirectly, in a war between other powers.
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5. Those who are neutral; a combination of neutral powers or states.
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Armed neutrality, the condition of a neutral power, in time of war, which holds itself ready to resist by force any aggression of either belligerent.
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Neutralization
Neu`tral*i*za"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. neutralisation.] 1. The act or process of neutralizing, or the state of being neutralized.
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2. (Chem.) The act or process by which an acid and a base are combined in such proportions that the resulting compound is neutral. See Neutral, a., 4.
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Neutralize
Neu"tral*ize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Neutralized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Neutralizing (?).] [Cf. F. neutraliser.] 1. To render neutral; to reduce to a state of neutrality.
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So here I am neutralized again. Sir W. Scott.
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2. (Chem.) To render inert or imperceptible the peculiar affinities of, as a chemical substance; to destroy the effect of; as, to neutralize an acid with a base.
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3. To destroy the peculiar properties or opposite dispositions of; to reduce to a state of indifference or inefficiency; to counteract; to render ineffective; as, to neutralize parties in government; to neutralize efforts, opposition, etc.
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Counter citations that neutralize each other. E. Everett.
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Neutralizer
Neu"tral*i`zer (?), n. One who, or that which, neutralizes; that which destroys, disguises, or renders inert the peculiar properties of a body.
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Neutrally
Neu"tral*ly, adv. In a neutral manner; without taking part with either side; indifferently.
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Neutrophile
Neutrophil
{ Neu"tro*phil (?), Neu"tro*phile (?) }, n. [L. neuter + Gr. &unr_; loving.] (Physiol.) One of a group of leukocytes whose granules stain only with neutral dyes; it is the chief phagocytic leukocyte in the circulating blood, comprising from 54% to 65% of the total number of leukocytes. -- Neu"tro*phil"ic (#), a., Neu*troph"i*lous (#), a.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

neutrosophy
neutrosophy (?), n. [L. neuter neutral, Greek sofia skill, wisdom.] (Philosophy) A branch of philosophy, introduced by Florentin Smarandache in 1980, which studies the origin, nature, and scope of neutralities, as well as their interactions with different ideational spectra. Neutrosophy considers a proposition, theory, event, concept, or entity, “A” in relation to its opposite, “Anti-A” and that which is not A, “Non-A”, and that which is neither “A” nor “Anti-A”, denoted by “Neut-A”. Neutrosophy is the basis of neutrosophic logic, neutrosophic probability, neutrosophic set, and neutrosophic statistics. Neutrosophy / Neutrosophic Probability, Set, and Logic, Florentin Smarandache, American Research Press, 1998].
[PJC]

Neuvaines
Neu`vaines" (?), n. pl. [F. neuvaine, fr. LL. novena, fr. L. novem. See Noon.] (R. C. Ch.) Prayers offered up for nine successive days.
[1913 Webster]

Nevadan
Nevadan prop. n. A resident of Nevada.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nevadite
Ne*va"dite (?), n. (Min.) A granitoid variety of rhyolite, common in Nevada.
[1913 Webster]

Neve
Né`vé" (?), n. [F., fr. &unr_; nix, nivis, snow.] (Geol.) The upper part of a glacier, above the limit of perpetual snow. See Glacier.
[1913 Webster]

Neven
Nev"en (?), v. t. [Icel. nefna. √ 267.] To name; to mention; to utter. [Obs.]
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As oft I heard my lord them neven. Chaucer.
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Never
Nev"er (n&ebreve_;v"&etilde_;r), adv. [AS. n&aemacr_;fre; ne not, no + &aemacr_;fre ever.] 1. Not ever; not at any time; at no time, whether past, present, or future. Shak.
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Death still draws nearer, never seeming near. Pope.
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2. In no degree; not in the least; not.
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Whosoever has a friend to guide him, may carry his eyes in another man's head, and yet see never the worse. South.
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And he answered him to never a word. Matt. xxvii. 14.
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&hand_; Never is much used in composition with present participles to form adjectives, as in never-ceasing, never-dying, never-ending, never-fading, never-failing, etc., retaining its usual signification.
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Never a deal, not a bit. [Obs.] Chaucer. -- Never so, as never before; more than at any other time, or in any other circumstances; especially; particularly; -- now often expressed or replaced by ever so.

Ask me never so much dower and gift. Gen. xxxiv. 12.

A fear of battery, . . . though never so well grounded, is no duress. Blackstone.

[1913 Webster]

never-ending
never-ending adj. endless or seemingly endless; as, the never-ending search for happiness.
Syn. -- endless, interminable.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nevermore
Nev"er*more` (?), adv. Never again; at no time hereafter. Testament of Love. Tyndale.
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Where springtime of the Hesperides
Begins, but endeth nevermore.
Longfellow.
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never-say-die
never-say-die adj. Incapable of being subdued.
Syn. -- indomitable, unsubduable.
[WordNet 1.5]

Neverthelater
Nev`er*the*lat"er (?), adv. & conj. Nevertheless. [Obs.]
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Nevertheless
Nev`er*the*less" (?), adv. & conj. [Never + the (see The by that) + less.] Not the less; notwithstanding; in spite of that; yet.
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No chastening for the present seemeth to be joyous, but grievous; nevertheless, afterward it yieldeth the peaceable fruit of righteousness. Heb. xii. 11.
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Syn. -- However; at least; yet; still. See However.
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Nevew
Nev"ew (n&ebreve_;v"&uuptack_;), n. Nephew. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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New
New (nū), a. [Compar. Newer (nū"&etilde_;r); superl. Newest.] [OE. OE. newe, AS. niwe, neowe; akin to D. nieuw, OS. niwi, OHG. niuwi, G. neu, Icel. n&ymacr_;r, Dan. & Sw. ny, Goth. niujis, Lith. naujas, Russ. novuii, Ir. nua, nuadh, Gael. nuadh, W. newydd, Armor. nevez, L. novus, Gr. ne`os, Skr. nava, and prob. to E. now. √263. See Now, and cf. Announce, Innovate, Neophyte, Novel.] 1. Having existed, or having been made, but a short time; having originated or occured lately; having recently come into existence, or into one's possession; not early or long in being; of late origin; recent; fresh; modern; -- opposed to old, as, a new coat; a new house; a new book; a new fashion. “Your new wife.” Chaucer.
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2. Not before seen or known, although existing before; lately manifested; recently discovered; as, a new metal; a new planet; new scenes.
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3. Newly beginning or recurring; starting anew; now commencing; different from what has been; as, a new year; a new course or direction.
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4. As if lately begun or made; having the state or quality of original freshness; also, changed for the better; renovated; unworn; untried; unspent; as, rest and travel made him a new man.
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Steadfasty purposing to lead a new life. Bk. of Com. Prayer.
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Men after long emaciating diets, fat, and almost new. Bacon.
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5. Not of ancient extraction, or of a family of ancient descent; not previously known or famous. Addison.
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6. Not habituated; not familiar; unaccustomed.
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New to the plow, unpracticed in the trace. Pope.
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7. Fresh from anything; newly come.
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New from her sickness to that northern air. Dryden.
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New birth. See under Birth. -- New Church, or New Jerusalem Church, the church holding the doctrines taught by Emanuel Swedenborg. See Swedenborgian. -- New heart (Theol.), a heart or character changed by the power of God, so as to be governed by new and holy motives. -- New land, land cleared and cultivated for the first time. -- New light. (Zool.) See Crappie. -- New moon. (a) The moon in its first quarter, or when it first appears after being invisible. (b) The day when the new moon is first seen; the first day of the lunar month, which was a holy day among the Jews. 2 Kings iv. 23. -- New Red Sandstone (Geol.), an old name for the formation immediately above the coal measures or strata, now divided into the Permian and Trias. See Sandstone. -- New style. See Style. -- New testament. See under Testament. -- New world, the land of the Western Hemisphere; -- so called because not known to the inhabitants of the Eastern Hemisphere until recent times.
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Syn. -- Novel; recent; fresh; modern. See Novel.
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New
New (nū), adv. Newly; recently. Chaucer.
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&hand_; New is much used in composition, adverbially, in the sense of newly, recently, to qualify other words, as in new-born, new-formed, new-found, new-mown.
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Of new, anew. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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New
New, v. t. & i. To make new; to renew. [Obs.]
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Newari
Newari prop. n. A language spoken in the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal.
[WordNet 1.5]

newborn
new"born` (nū"bôrn`), a. Recently born. Shak.
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newborn
new"born` (nū"bôrn`), n. A baby recently born, usually less than one month old; a neonate.
[PJC]

Newcastle
New"cast`le (?), prop. n. A town in England.
[PJC]

Carry coals to Newcastle to do something utterly superfluous; to do something useless or wasteful; -- from the nearness of Newcastle to the coal-mining district.
[PJC]

Newcome
New"come` (nū"kŭm`), a. Recently come.
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Newcomer
New"com`er (?), n. One who has lately come.
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Newel
New"el (nū"&ebreve_;l), n. [From New. Cf. Novel.] A novelty; a new thing. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Newel
New"el (nū"&ebreve_;l), n. [OF. nual, F. noyau sone, of fruit, noyau d'escaler newel, fr. L. nucalis like a nut, fr. nux, nucis, nut. Cf. Nowel the inner wall of a mold, Nucleus.] (Arch.) The upright post about which the steps of a circular staircase wind; hence, in stairs having straight flights, the principal post at the foot of a staircase, or the secondary ones at the landings. Also called newel post. See Hollow newel, under Hollow.
[1913 Webster]

newest
new"est adj. Superl. of new. Most recent.
Syn. -- latest, last, up to date(predicate).
[WordNet 1.5]

Newfangle
New"fan`gle (?), a. [New + fangle.] Eager for novelties; desirous of changing. [Obs.]
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So newfangel be they of their meat. Chaucer.
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Newfangle
New"fan`gle, v. t. To change by introducing novelties. [Obs.]
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Newfangled
New"fan`gled (?), a. 1. Newly made; of a new type or fashion; formed with the affectation of novelty; -- sometimes used to express disapproval or disdain. “A newfangled nomenclature.” Sir W. Hamilton.
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2. Disposed to change; inclined to novelties; given to new theories or fashions.Newfangled teachers.” 1 Tim. vi. (heading).Newfangled men.” Latimer.
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Newfangledness
New"fan`gled*ness, n. Affectation of, or fondness for, novelty; vain or affected fashion or form.
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Newfangleness
New"fan`gle*ness (?), n. [OE. newefanglenes. See Fangle.] Newfangledness. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Proud newfangleness in their apparel. Robynson (More's Utopia).
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Newfanglist
New"fan`glist (?), n. One who is eager for novelties or desirous of change. [Obs.] Tooker.
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Newfangly
New"fan`gly (?), adv. In a newfangled manner; with eagerness for novelty. [Obs.] Sir T. More.
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Newfashioned
New`fash"ioned (?), a. Made in a new form, or lately come into fashion.
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Newfoundland
New"found*land` (?, often &unr_;), prop. n. 1. An island on the coast of British North America, famed for the fishing grounds in its vicinity.
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2. A Newfoundland dog. Tennyson.
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Newfoundland dog (Zool.), a breed of large dogs, with shaggy hair, which originated in Newfoundland, noted for intelligence, docility, and swimming powers.
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Newing
New"ing (?), n. [From New, v. t.] Yeast; barm. [Prov. Eng.]
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Newish
New"ish, a. Somewhat new; nearly new. Bacon.
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Newly
New"ly, adv. 1. Lately; recently.
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He rubbed it o'er with newly gathered mint. Dryden.
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2. Anew; afresh; freshly.
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And the refined mind doth newly fashion
Into a fairer form.
Spenser.
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new-made
new-made adj. Fresh. Opposite of stale.
[WordNet 1.5]

Newmarket
New"mar`ket (?), n. [From Newmarket, England.] A long, closely fitting cloak.
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New-model
New`-mod"el (?), v. t. To remodel.
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Newness
New"ness (?), n. The quality or state of being new; as, the newness of a system; the newness of a scene; newness of life.
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News
News (nūz), n [From New; cf. F. nounelles. News is plural in form, but is commonly used with a singular verb.] 1. A report of recent occurrences; information of something that has lately taken place, or of something before unknown; fresh tidings; recent intelligence.
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Evil news rides post, while good news baits. Milton.
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2. Something strange or newly happened.
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It is no news for the weak and poor to be a prey to the strong and rich. L'Estrange.
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3. A bearer of news; a courier; a newspaper. [Obs.]
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There cometh a news thither with his horse. Pepys.
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news-book
news"-book` (?), n. A newspaper. [Obs.]
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newsboy
news"boy` (?), n. A boy who distributes or sells newspapers.
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newscaster
newscaster n. Someone who broadcasts the news.
[WordNet 1.5]

newsless
newsless adj. 1. not having or receiving news or information.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. not providing news or information; as, a newsless day.
[WordNet 1.5]

news-letter
newsletter
news"let`ter, news"-let`ter (?), n. A circular letter, written or printed for the purpose of disseminating news. This was the name given to the earliest English newspapers.
Syn. -- newssheet.
[1913 Webster]

Newsman
News"man (?), n.; pl. Newsmen (&unr_;). 1. One who brings news. [Obs.] Spenser.
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2. A man who distributes or sells newspapers.
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Newsmonger
News"mon`ger (?), n. One who deals in news; one who is active in hearing and telling news.
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Newspaper
News"pa`per (?), n. A sheet of paper printed and distributed, at stated intervals, for conveying intelligence of passing events, advocating opinions, etc.; a public print that circulates news, advertisements, proceedings of legislative bodies, public announcements, etc.
[1913 Webster]

newsprint
news"print` n. Cheap paper made from wood pulp and used for printing newspapers.
Syn. -- newspaper.
[WordNet 1.5]

new-sprung
new-sprung adj. 1. having just or recently arisen or come into existence. [prenominal]
Syn. -- newborn, newly arisen.
[WordNet 1.5]

newsroom
news"room` (?), n. A room where news is collected and disseminated, located in the offices of a newspaper, magazine, or news broadcast organization; as, the CBS newsroom.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

2. A room where periodicals are sold; a reading room supplied with newspapers, magazines, etc.
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News-vender
News"-vend`er (?), n. A seller of newspapers.
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newsworthy
newsworthy adj. Sufficiently interesting to be reported in a newspaper; as, a dog biting a man is not a newsworthy item.
[WordNet 1.5]

News-writer
News"-writ`er (?), n. One who gathers news for, and writes, news-letters, articles in news periodicals, or items for broadcast on news programs.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Newsy
News"y (?), a. Full of news; abounding in information as to current events. [Colloq.]
[1913 Webster]

Newt
Newt (?), n. [OE. ewt, evete, AS. efete, with n prefixed, an ewt being understood as a newt. Cf. Eft.] (Zool.) Any one of several species of small aquatic salamanders. The common British species are the crested newt (Triton cristatus) and the smooth newt (Lophinus punctatus). In America, Diemictylus viridescens is one of the most abundant species.
[1913 Webster]

New Thought
New` Thought". Any form of belief in mental healing, other than (1) Christian Science and (2) hypnotism or psychotherapy. It was practised in the 19th century, and its central principle was affirmative thought, or suggestion, employed with the conviction that man produces changes in his health, his finances, and his life by the adoption of a favorable mental attitude. As a therapeutic doctrine it stands for silent and absent mental treatment, and the theory that all diseases are mental in origin. As a cult it has its unifying idea the inculcation of workable optimism in contrast with the “old thought” of sin, evil, predestination, and pessimistic resignation. The term is essentially synonymous with the term High Thought, used in England. -- New` Thought"er, n. -- New` Thought"ist, n.
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

newton
new"ton (n&oomacr_;"t'n), n. [Named in honor of Isaac Newton. ca. 1900.] A unit of force of the Systeme Internationale system of units of measure, equal to the force that produces an acceleration of one meter per second per second when applied to a mass of one kilogram. Abbreviated N.
[PJC]

Newton
Isaac Newton
Sir Isaac Newton
Newton Newton, Sir Isaac, prop. n. A famous English mathematician and natural philosopher, born at Woolsthorpe, near Grantham, Lincolnshire, Dec. 25, 1642 (O. S.): died at Kensington, March 20, 1727. His father, Isaac Newton, was a small freehold farmer. He matriculated at Cambridge (Trinity College) July 8, 1661; was elected to a scholarship April 28, 1664; and graduated in Jan., 1665. At the university he was especially attracted by the study of Descartes's geometry. The method of fluxions is supposed to have first occurred to him in 1665. He was made a fellow of Trinity in 1667, and Lucasian professor at Cambridge in Oct., 1669. He became a fellow of the Royal Society in Jan., 1672. Newton's attention was probably drawn to the subject of gravitation as early as 1665. The story of the fall of the apple was first told by Voltaire, who had it from Mrs. Conduitt, Newton's niece. Kepler had established the laws of the planetary orbits, and from these laws Newton proved that the attraction of the sun upon the planets varies inversely as the squares of their distances. Measuring the actual deflection of the moon's orbit from its tangent, he found it to be identical with the deflection which would be created by the attraction of the earth, diminishing in the ratio of the inverse square of the distance. The hypothesis that the same force acted in each case was thus confirmed. The success of Newton's work really depended on the determination of the length of a degree on the earth's surface by Picard in 1671. The universal law of gravitation was Completely elaborated by 1685. The first book of the "principia" or "Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica" Was presented to the Royal Society, April 28, 1686, and the entire work was published in 1687. In 1689 he sat in Parliament for the University of Cambridge, and at this time was associated with John Locke; in 1701 he was reelected. When his friend Charles Montagu (afterward earl of Halifax) was appointed chancellor of the exchequer, Newton was made warden of the mint, and in 1699 master of the mint. The reformation of English coinage was largely his work. The method of fluxions, which he had discovered, was employed in the calculations for the "Principia," but did not appear until 1693, when it was published by Wallis. It also appeared in 1704 in the first edition of the "Optics." On Feb. 21, 1699, he was elected foreign associate of the French Academy of Sciences. In 1703 he was elected president of the Royal Society, and held the office till his death.
Newton was buried in Westminster Abbey on 28 March, eight days after his death. His grave is close to a monument in the Abbey erected in his honor. The Latin inscription reads: Hic depositum est, quod mortale fuit Isaaci Newtoni. This may be translated as “Here lies that which was mortal of Isaac Newton”. Before the funeral his body lay in state in the Jerusalem Chamber and his coffin was followed to its grave by most of the Fellows of the Royal Society. The Lord Chancellor, two dukes and three earls were pall bearers.
Newton is most commonly known for his conception of the law of universal gravitation, but his other discoveries and inventions in mathematics (e.g. the binomial theorem, differential and integral calculus), optics, mechanics, and astronomy place him at the very forefront of all scientists. His study and understanding of light, the invention of the reflecting telescope (1668), and his revelation in his Principia of the mathematical ordering of the universe are all represented on his monument in Westminster Abbey.
Century Dictionary 1906, http://westminster-abbey.org
[PJC]

Newtonian
New*to"ni*an (?), a. Of or pertaining to Sir Isaac Newton, or his discoveries.
[1913 Webster]

Newtonian philosophy, the philosophy of Sir Isaac Newton; -- applied to the doctrine of the universe as expounded in Newton's “Principia,” to the modern or experimental philosophy (as opposed to the theories of Descartes and others), and, most frequently, to the mathematical theory of universal gravitation. -- Newtonian telescope (Astron.), a reflecting telescope, in which rays from the large speculum are received by a plane mirror placed diagonally in the axis, and near the open end of the tube, and thrown at right angles toward one side of the tube, where the image is formed and viewed through the eyeplace. -- Newtonian theory of light. See Note under Light.
[1913 Webster]

Newtonian
New*to"ni*an, n. A follower of Newton.
[1913 Webster]

New-year
New"-year` (?), a. Of or pertaining to, or suitable for, the commencement of the year; as, New-year gifts or odes.
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New Year's Day
New" Year's` Day" (?). the first day of a calendar year; the first day of January. Often colloquially abbreviated to New year's or new year.
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New Zealand
New` Zea"land (?). A group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean.
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New Zealand flax. (a) (Bot.) A tall, liliaceous herb (Phormium tenax), having very long, sword-shaped, distichous leaves which furnish a fine, strong fiber very valuable for cordage and the like. (b) The fiber itself. -- New Zealand tea (Bot.), a myrtaceous shrub (Leptospermum scoparium) of New Zealand and Australia, the leaves of which are used as a substitute for tea.
[1913 Webster]

Nexible
Nex"i*ble (?), a. [L. nexibilis, from nectere, nexum, to bind.] That may be knit together. [R.]
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Next
Next (n&ebreve_;kst), a., superl. of Nigh. [AS. nēhst, niéhst, n&ymacr_;hst, superl. of neáh nigh. See Nigh.] 1. Nearest in place; having no similar object intervening. Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

Her princely guest
Was next her side; in order sat the rest.
Dryden.
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Fear followed me so hard, that I fled the next way. Bunyan.
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2. Nearest in time; as, the next day or hour.
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3. Adjoining in a series; immediately preceding or following in order.
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None could tell whose turn should be the next. Gay.
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4. Nearest in degree, quality, rank, right, or relation; as, the next heir was an infant.
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The man is near of kin unto us, one of our next kinsmen. Ruth ii. 20.
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&hand_; Next is usually followed by to before an object, but to is sometimes omitted. In such cases next in considered by many grammarians as a preposition.
[1913 Webster]

Next friend (Law), one who represents an infant, a married woman, or any person who can not appear sui juris, in a suit at law.
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Next
Next, adv. In the time, place, or order nearest or immediately succeeding; as, this man follows next.
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Nexus
Nex"us (?), n. [L.] Connection; tie.
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Man is doubtless one by some subtile nexus . . . extending from the new-born infant to the superannuated dotard. De Quincey.
[1913 Webster]

next-to-last
next-to-last adj. next preceding the last; as, the figures in the next-to-last column. [Narrower terms: junior(prenominal), third-year]
Syn. -- penultimate.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nez Perces
Nez" Per`cés" (?), pl.; sing. Nez Percé (&unr_;). [F., pierced noses.] (Ethnol.) A tribe of Indians, in the late 1800's mostly inhabiting Idaho. They were involved under Chief Joseph, in the last major battle of the Indian wars, attempting to resist being moved to a reservation.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Ngina
Ngi"na (n'gē"n&adot_;), n. [Native name.] The gorilla.
[1913 Webster]

niacin
niacin n. A B vitamin (vitamin B5) essential for the normal function of the nervous system and the gastrointestinal tract. Called also nicotinic acid and antipellagra vitamin. Chemical formula C6H5NO2, chemically it is 3-pyridinecarboxylic acid.
Syn. -- nicotinic acid.
[WordNet 1.5]

niacinamide
niacinamide n. The amide of niacin (nicotinic acid), called also nicotinamide. It was at one time called vitamin B3, and can function to relieve nicotinic acid deficiency. Chemical formula C6H6N2O, chemically it is 3-pyridinecarboxamide.
Syn. -- nicotinic acid amide, nicotinamide.
[PJC]

niagara
niagara n. lower case [from the famous water falls.] A large flow, used figuratively.
Syn. -- cascade.
[PJC]

Niagara Falls
Niagara
Niagara, Niagara Falls prop. n. A large waterfall on the Niagara River near Buffalo remarkable for the volume and constancy of the water flowing over it. That part of the waterfall in Canada is the Horseshoe Falls; the U. S. portion is called the American Falls.
[WordNet 1.5]

Niagara River
Niagara
Niagara, Niagara River prop. n. A river flowing from Lake Erie into Lake Ontario, which forms the boundary between Ontario and New York.
[WordNet 1.5]

Niagara period
Ni*ag"a*ra pe"ri*od (?). (Geol.) A subdivision or the American Upper Silurian system, embracing the Medina, Clinton, and Niagara epoch. The rocks of the Niagara epoch, mostly limestones, are extensively distributed, and at Niagara Falls consist of about eighty feet of shale supporting a greater thickness of limestone, which is gradually undermined by the removal of the shale. See Chart of Geology.
[1913 Webster]

Niamey
Niamey prop. n. The capital city of Niger.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nias
Ni"as (?), n. [F. niais. See Eyas.] A young hawk; an eyas; hence, an unsophisticated person. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

Nib
Nib (n&ibreve_;b), n. [A variabt of neb.] 1. A small and pointed thing or part; a point; a prong. “The little nib or fructifying principle.” Sir T. Browne.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Zool.) The bill or beak of a bird; the neb.
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3. The points of a pen; also, the pointed part of a pen; a short pen adapted for insertion in a holder.
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4. One of the handles which project from a scythe snath; also, [Prov. Eng.], the shaft of a wagon.
[1913 Webster]

5. pl. See his nibs, below.
[PJC]

his nibs Someone who gives a command or makes a demand, often one who acts in a self-important manner, sometimes one with authority; -- used mockingly as a jocose term, as if a title of honor, but not usually in the presence of the person referred to, and usually indicating resentment or contempt. [Colloq.]
[PJC]

Nib
Nib, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Nebbed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Nibbing.] To furnish with a nib; to point; to mend the point of; as, to nib a pen.
[1913 Webster]

Nibbed
Nibbed (?), a. Having a nib or point.
[1913 Webster]

Nibble
Nib"ble (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Nibbled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Nibbling (?).] [Cf. Nip.] To bite by little at a time; to seize gently with the mouth; to eat slowly or in small bits.
[1913 Webster]

Thy turfy mountains, where live nibbling sheep. Shak.
[1913 Webster]

Nibble
Nib"ble, v. t. To bite upon something gently or cautiously; to eat a little of a thing, as by taking small bits cautiously; as, fishes nibble at the bait.
[1913 Webster]

Instead of returning a full answer to my book, he manifestly falls a-nibbling at one single passage. Tillotson.
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nibble
nib"ble, n. 1. A small or cautious bite.
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2. Hence: (Fig.) An expression of interest, often tentative, as at the beginning of a sale or negotiation process.
[PJC]

Nibbler
Nib"bler (?), n. One who, or that which, nibbles.
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Nibblingly
Nib"bling*ly (?), adv. In a nibbling manner; cautiously.
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Nibelungenlied
Ni"be*lung`en*lied` (?), n. [G. See Nibelungs; Lied.] A great medieval German epic of unknown authorship containing traditions which refer to the Burgundians at the time of Attila (called Etzel in the poem) and mythological elements pointing to heathen times.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Nibelungs
Ni"be*lungs (?), n. pl.; sing. Nibelung (&unr_;) . In German mythology, the children of the mist, a race of dwarfs or demonic beings, the original possessors of the famous hoard and ring won by Siegfrid; also, the Burgundian kings in the Nibelungenlied.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Niblick
Nib"lick (?), n. A kind of golf stick used to lift the ball out of holes, ruts, etc.
[1913 Webster]

nibs
nibs (n&ibreve_;bz), n. pl. See his nibs under nib, n.
[PJC]

Nicagua
Ni*ca"gua (?), n. (Zool.) The laughing falcon. See under laughing.
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Nicaraguan
Nicaraguan prop. adj. 1. of or pertaining to Nicaragua; as, Nicaraguan earthquakes.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. Of or pertaining to the inhabitants of Nicaragua; as, Nicaraguan orphans.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nicaraguan
Nicaraguan prop. n. A native or inhabitant of Nicaragua.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nicaragua wood
Nic`a*ra"gua wood` (?). Brazil wood.
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Niccolite
Nic"co*lite (?), n. [from NL. niccolum nickel.] (Min.) A mineral of a copper-red color and metallic luster; an arsenide of nickel; -- called also coppernickel, kupfernickel.
[1913 Webster]

Nice
Nice (nīs), a. [Compar. Nicer (nī"s&etilde_;r); superl. Nicest.] [OE., foolish, fr. OF. nice ignorant, fool, fr. L. nescius ignorant; ne not + scius knowing, scire to know. Perhaps influenced by E. nesh delicate, soft. See No, and Science.] 1. Foolish; silly; simple; ignorant; also, weak; effeminate. [Obs.] Gower.
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But say that we ben wise and nothing nice. Chaucer.
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2. Of trifling moment; unimportant; trivial. [Obs.]
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The letter was not nice, but full of charge
Of dear import.
Shak.
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3. Wanton. [Obs.]
[PJC]

4. Overscrupulous or exacting; hard to please or satisfy; fastidious in small matters.
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Curious not knowing, not exact but nice. Pope.
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And to taste
Think not I shall be nice.
Milton.
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5. Delicate; refined; dainty; pure; -- of people.
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Dear love, continue nice and chaste. Donne.
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A nice and subtile happiness. Milton.
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6. Apprehending slight differences or delicate distinctions; distinguishing accurately or minutely; carefully discriminating; as, a nice taste or judgment; -- of people. “Our author happy in a judge so nice.” Pope.Nice verbal criticism.” Coleridge.
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7. Done or made with careful labor; suited to excite admiration on account of exactness; evidencing great skill; exact; fine; finished; as, nice proportions, nice workmanship, a nice application.
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8. Hence: Exactly or fastidiously discriminated; requiring close discrimination; fine; subtle; as, a nice point of law, a nice distinction in philosophy.
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The difference is too nice
Where ends the virtue, or begins the vice.
Pope.
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9. Pleasing; agreeable; gratifying; delightful; good; as, a nice party; a nice excursion; a nice day; a nice sauce, etc.; -- of events, actions, experiences.
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10. Pleasant; kind; as, a nice person; -- of people.
[PJC]

11. Hence: Well-mannered; well-behaved; as, nice children; -- of people.
[PJC]

He's making a list, checking it twice.
Gonna find out who's naughty or nice
Santa Claus is coming to town.
Song.

To make nice of, to be scrupulous about. [Obs.] Shak.
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Syn. -- Dainty; delicate; exquisite; fine; subtle; accurate; exact; correct; precise; particular; pleasant; kind; scrupulous; punctilious; fastidious; squeamish; finical; effeminate; well-mannered; well-behaved.
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Nicely
Nice"ly adv. In a nice manner.
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Nicene
Ni"cene (?), a. [L. Nicaenus, fr. Nicaea Nice, Gr. &unr_;.] Of or pertaining to Nice, a town of Asia Minor, or to the ecumenical council held there a. d. 325.
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Nicene Creed (&unr_;), a summary of Christian faith, composed and adopted by the Council of Nice, against Arianism, a. d. 325, altered and confirmed by the Council of Constantinople, a. d. 381, and by subsequent councils.
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Niceness
Nice"ness (?), n. Quality or state of being nice.
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Nicery
Ni"cer*y (?), n. Nicety. [Colloq.] Chapman.
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Nicety
Ni"ce*ty (?), n.; pl. Niceties (#). [OE. niceté foolishness.] 1. The quality or state of being nice (in any of the senses of that word.).
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The miller smiled of her nicety. Chaucer.
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2. Delicacy or exactness of perception; minuteness of observation or of discrimination; precision.
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3. A delicate expression, act, mode of treatment, distinction, or the like; a minute distinction.
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The fineness and niceties of words. Locke.
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To a nicety, with great exactness or accuracy.
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Niche
Niche (n&ibreve_;ch), n. [F., fr. It. nicchia, prop., a shell-like recess in a wall, fr. nicchio a shellfish, mussel, fr. L. mytilus.] A cavity, hollow, or recess, generally within the thickness of a wall, for a statue, bust, or other erect ornament. Hence, any similar position, literal or figurative.
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Images defended from the injuries of the weather by niches of stone wherein they are placed. Evelun.
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Niched
Niched. (n&ibreve_;cht), a. Placed in a niche. “Those niched shapes of noble mold.” Tennyson.
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nichts
nichts n. [German nothing.] A quantity of no importance; nothing. [slang]
Syn. -- nothing, nihil, nix, nada, aught, cipher, cypher, goose egg, naught, nil, zero, zilch, zip.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nick
Nick (n&ibreve_;k), n. [AS. nicor a marine monster; akin to D. nikker a water spite, Icel. nykr, ONG. nihhus a crocodile, G. nix a water sprite; cf. Gr. ni`ptein to wash, Skr. nij. Cf. Nix.] (Northern Myth.) An evil spirit of the waters.
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Old Nick, the evil one; the devil. [Colloq.]
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Nick
Nick, n. [Akin to Nock.] 1. A notch cut into something; as: (a) A score for keeping an account; a reckoning. [Obs.] (b) (Print.) A notch cut crosswise in the shank of a type, to assist a compositor in placing it properly in the stick, and in distribution. W. Savage.
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2. Hence: A broken or indented place in any edge or surface; as, nicks in a china plate; a nick in the table top.
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3. A particular point or place considered as marked by a nick; the exact point or critical moment.
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To cut it off in the very nick. Howell.
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This nick of time is the critical occasion for the gaining of a point. L'Estrange.
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Nick
Nick, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Nicked (n&ibreve_;kt); p. pr. & vb. n. Nicking.] 1. To make a nick or nicks in; to notch; to keep count of or upon by nicks; as, to nick a stick, tally, etc.
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2. To mar; to deface; to make ragged, as by cutting nicks or notches in; to create a nick{2} in, deliberately or accidentally; as, to nick the rim of a teacup.
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And thence proceed to nicking sashes. Prior.
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The itch of his affection should not then
Have nicked his captainship.
Shak.
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3. To suit or fit into, as by a correspondence of nicks; to tally with.
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Words nicking and resembling one another are applicable to different significations. Camden.
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4. To hit at, or in, the nick; to touch rightly; to strike at the precise point or time.
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The just season of doing things must be nicked, and all accidents improved. L'Estrange.
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5. To make a cross cut or cuts on the under side of (the tail of a horse, in order to make him carry it higher).
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Nick
Nick, v. t. To nickname; to style. [Obs.]
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For Warbeck, as you nick him, came to me. Ford.
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Nickar tree
Nickar nut
{ Nick"ar nut` (?), Nick"ar tree` (?) }. (Bot.) Same as Nicker nut, Nicker tree.
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Nickel
Nick"el (?), n. [G., fr. Sw. nickel, abbrev. from Sw. kopparnickel copper-nickel, a name given in derision, as it was thought to be a base ore of copper. The origin of the second part of the word is uncertain. Cf. Kupfer-nickel, Copper-nickel.] 1. (Chem.) A bright silver-white metallic element of atomic number 28. It is of the iron group, and is hard, malleable, and ductile. It occurs combined with sulphur in millerite, with arsenic in the mineral niccolite, and with arsenic and sulphur in nickel glance. Symbol Ni. Atomic weight 58.70.
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&hand_; On account of its permanence in air and inertness to oxidation, it is used in the smaller coins, for plating iron, brass, etc., for chemical apparatus, and in certain alloys, as german silver. It is magnetic, and is very frequently accompanied by cobalt, both being found in meteoric iron.
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2. A small coin made of or containing nickel; esp., a five-cent piece. [Colloq. U.S.]
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Nickel silver, an alloy of nickel, copper, and zinc; -- usually called german silver; called also argentan.
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nickel-and-dime
nick"el-and-dime" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. nickel-and-dimed or nickeled-and-dimed (#); p. pr. & vb. n. nickel-and-diming or nickeling-and-diming.] 1. To harass or annoy with petty demands or for trivial reasons; specifically, to insist on minor concessions in a negotiation.
[PJC]

2. To weaken or impair gradually or by small steps; as, to be nickel-and-dimed into bankruptcy by the operating overhead. [informal]
[PJC]

nickel-and-dime
nick"el-and-dime" (?), a. 1. Trivial; unimportant; petty; as, nickel-and-dime criticisms. [informal]
[PJC]

2. Involving only small amounts of money; small-time; as, a nickel-and-dime business operation. [informal]
[PJC]

Nickelic
Nick*el"ic (?), a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, or containing, nickel; specifically, designating compounds in which, as contrasted with the nickelous compounds, the metal has a higher valence; as nickelic oxide.
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Nickeliferous
Nick`el*if"er*ous (?), a. [Nickel + -ferous.] Containing nickel; as, nickelferous iron.
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Nickeline
Nick"el*ine (? or ?), n. 1. (Chem.) An alloy of nickel, a variety of German silver.
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2. (Min.) Niccolite.
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nickelodeon
nick`el*o"de*on (?), n. [Nickel + odeon.] 1. A place of entertainment, as for moving picture exhibition, charging a fee or admission price of five cents. [U. S.]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

2. An early version of a jukebox that was operated by insertion of a nickel{2}.
[PJC]

3. (capitalized) The name of a Cable Television channel, specializing in programs for children. [Trademark]
[PJC]

Nickelous
Nick"el*ous (?), a. (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, those compounds of nickel in which, as contrasted with the nickelic compounds, the metal has a lower valence; as, nickelous oxide. Frankland.
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Nickel steel
Nickel steel. A kind of cast steel containing nickel, which greatly increases its strength. It is used for armor plate, bicycle tubing, propeller shafts, etc.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Nicker
Nick"er (?), n. [From Nick, v. t.] 1. One of the night brawlers of London formerly noted for breaking windows with half-pence. [Cant] Arbuthnot.
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2. The cutting lip which projects downward at the edge of a boring bit and cuts a circular groove in the wood to limit the size of the hole that is bored.
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Nicker nut
Nick"er nut` (?). A rounded seed, rather smaller than a nutmeg, having a hard smooth shell, and a yellowish or bluish color. The seeds grow in the prickly pods of tropical, woody climbers of the genus Caesalpinia. Caesalpinia Bonduc has yellowish seeds; Caesalpinia Bonducella, bluish gray. [Spelt also neckar nut, nickar nut.]
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Nicker tree
Nick"er tree` (?). (Bot.) The plant producing nicker nuts. [Written also neckar tree and nickar tree.]
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Nicking
Nick"ing, n. [From Nick, v. t.] (Coal Mining) (a) The cutting made by the hewer at the side of the face. (b) pl. Small coal produced in making the nicking.
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Nickle
Nic"kle (?), n. (Zool.) The European woodpecker, or yaffle; -- called also nicker pecker.
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Nicknack
Nick"nack` (?), n. See Knickknack.
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Nicknackery
Nick"nack`er*y (?), n. See Knickknackery.
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nickname
nick"name` (?), n. [OE. ekename surname, hence, a nickname, an ekename being understood as a nekename, influenced also by E. nick, v. See Eke, and Name.] A name given in affectionate familiarity, sportive familiarity, contempt, or derision; a familiar or an opprobrious appellation; as, Nicholas's nickname is Nick.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Nickname
Nick"name`, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Nicknamed (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Nicknaming.] To give a nickname to; to call by a nickname.
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You nickname virtue; vice you should have spoke. Shak.
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I altogether disclaim what has been nicknamed the doctrine of finality. Macaulay.
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Nicolaitan
Ni`co*la"i*tan (n&ibreve_;k`&ouptack_;*lā"&ibreve_;*t&aitalic_;n), n. [So called from Nicolas of Antioch, mentioned in Acts vi. 5.] (Eccl. Hist.) One of certain corrupt persons in the early church at Ephesus, who are censured in Rev. ii. 6, 15.
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Nicotian
Ni*co"tian (n&ibreve_;*kō"sh&aitalic_;n), n. [F. nicotiane; -- so called from Nicot, who introduced it into France, a. d. 1560.] Tobacco. [R.] B. Jonson.
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Nicotian
Ni*co"tian, a. Pertaining to, or derived from, tobacco. [R.] Bp. Hall.
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Nicotiana
Ni*co`ti*a"na (?), prop. n. [NL. See Nicotian.] (Bot.) A genus of American and Asiatic solanaceous herbs, with viscid foliage and funnel-shaped blossoms. Several species yield tobacco. See Tobacco.
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Nicotianine
Ni*co"ti*a*nine (? or ?), n. [F. nicotianine. See Nicotian.] (Chem.) A white waxy substance having a hot, bitter taste, extracted from tobacco leaves and called also tobacco camphor.
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Nicotic
Ni*cot"ic (?), a. (Chem.) Nicotinic.
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Nicotidine
Ni*cot"i*dine (? or ?), n. [Nicotine + pyridine.] (Chem.) A complex, oily, nitrogenous base, isomeric with nicotine, and obtained by the reduction of certain derivatives of the pyridine group.
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Nicotine
Nic"o*tine (? or ?), n. [F. nicotine. See Nicotian.] (Chem.) An alkaloid which is the active principle of tobacco (C10H14N2). It occurs in tobacco plants (Nicotiana tabacum and Nicotiana rusticum) to the extent of 2 to 8%, in combination with malic acid or citric acid. It is a colorless, transparent, oily liquid, having an acrid odor, and an acrid burning taste. It is intensely poisonous. The apparently addictive effects of tobacco smoking have been ascribed largely to the effect of nicotine, and the controlled administration of nicotine on various forms has been used as a technique for assisting efforts to stop the smoking habit. Ure.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Nicotinic
Nic`o*tin"ic (?), a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, nicotine; nicotic; -- used specifically to designate an acid related to pyridine, obtained by the oxidation of nicotine, and called nicotinic acid.
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nicotinic acid
nic`o*tin"ic ac"id (?), n. (Chem.) An organic acid (C6H5NO2), a carboxylated derivative of pyridine, obtained by the oxidation of nicotine; called also niacin and antipellagra vitamin, and vitamin B5. Chemically it is 3-pyridinecarboxylic acid. It is a cofactor in several enzymatic reactions, and is used to prevent a pellagra-like disease in dogs. [MI11]
Syn. -- 3-pyridinecarboxylic acid, niacin, antipellagra vitamin. [1913 Webster +PJC]

Nicotinism
Nic"o*tin*ism (?), n. [Nicotine + -ism.] (Med.) The morbid condition produced by the excessive use of tobacco.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Nictate
Nic"tate (?), v. i. [L. nictare, nictatum, from nicere to beckon.] To wink; to nictitate.
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Nictation
Nic*ta"tion (?), n. [L. nictatio; cf. F. nictation.] The act of winking; nictitation.
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Nictitate
Nic"ti*tate (?), v. i. [See Nictate.] To wink; to nictate.
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Nictitating membrane (Anat.), a thin membrane, found in many animals at the inner angle, or beneath the lower lid, of the eye, and capable of being drawn across the eyeball; the third eyelid; the haw.
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Nictitation
Nic`ti*ta"tion (?), n. The act of winking.
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Nidamental
Nid`a*men"tal (?), a. [L. nidamentum materials for a nest, fr. nidus nest. See Nest.] (Zool.) Of, pertaining to, or bearing, eggs or egg capsules; as, the nidamental capsules of certain gastropods; nidamental glands. See Illust. of Dibranchiata.
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Nidary
Ni"da*ry (?), n. [L. nidus a nest.] A collection of nests. [R.] velyn.
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Nide
Nide (nīd), n. [L. nidus a nest: cf. F. nid.] A nestful; a brood; as, a nide of pheasants. [Obs.]
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Nidering
Ni"der*ing (?), a. [See Niding.] Infamous; dastardly. [Obs.] Sir W. Scott.
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Nidgery
Nidg"er*y (?), n. [See Nidget.] A trifle; a piece of foolery. [Obs.] Skinner.
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Nidget
Nidg"et (?), n. [Written also nigget, nigeot.] [Cf. F. nigaud a booby, fool, OF. niger to play the fool.] A fool; an idiot, a coward. [Obs.] Camden.
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Nidificate
Nid"i*fi*cate (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Nidificated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Nidificating.] [L. nidificare, nidificatum; nidus nest + -ficare (in comp.) to make. See -fy, and cf. nest.] To make a nest.
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Where are the fishes which nidificated in trees? Lowell.
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Nidification
Nid`i*fi*ca"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. nidification.] The act or process of building a nest.
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Niding
Ni"ding (nī"d&ibreve_;ng), n. [Written also nithing.] [AS. nīðing, fr. nīð wickedness, malice, hatred.] A coward; a dastard; -- a term of utmost opprobrium. [Obs.]
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He is worthy to be called a niding. Howell.
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Nidor
Ni"dor (nī"d&etilde_;r), n. [L.] Scent or savor of meat or food, cooked or cooking. [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.
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Nidorose
Ni"dor*ose` (?), a. Nidorous. [R.] Arbuthnot.
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Nidorous
Ni"dor*ous (?), a. [L. nidorosus steaming, reeking: cf. F. nidoreux. See Nidor.] Resembling the smell or taste of roast meat, or of corrupt animal matter. [R.]
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Nidulant
Nid"u*lant (?), a. [L. nidulans, p. pr.: cf. F. Nidulant.] 1. Nestling, as a bird in its nest.
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2. (Bot.) Lying loose in pulp or cotton within a berry or pericarp, as in a nest.
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Nidulate
Nid"u*late (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Nidulated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Nidulating.] [L. nidulari, fr. nidulus, dim. of nidus a nest.] To make a nest, as a bird. [R.] Cockeram.
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Nidulation
Nid`u*la"tion (?), n. The time of remaining in the nest. [R.] Sir T. Browne.
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Nidulite
Nid"u*lite (?), n. [L. nidulus a little nest.] (Paleon.) A Silurian fossil, formerly supposed to consist of eggs.
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Nidus
Ni"dus (?), n.; pl. nidi (#). [L. See Nidi, Nest.] A nest: a repository for the eggs of birds, insects, etc.; a breeding place; esp., the place or substance where parasites or the germs of a disease effect lodgment or are developed.
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Niece
Niece (nēs), n. [OE. nece, F. nièce, LL. neptia, for L. neptis a granddaughter, niece, akin to nepos. See Nephew.] 1. A relative, in general; especially, a descendant, whether male or female; a granddaughter or a grandson. [Obs.] B. Jonson. Wyclif. Shak.
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2. Especially: A daughter of one's brother or sister, or of one's brother-in-law or sister-in-law. In modern English, this is the primary meaning.
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Nief
Nief (?), n. See Neif, the fist.
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Niellist
Ni*el"list (?), n. One who practices the style of ornamentation called niello.
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Niello
Ni*el"lo (?), n. [It. niello, LL. nigellum a black of blackish enamel, fr. L. nigellus, dim. of niger black. See Negro, and cf. Anneal.] 1. A metallic alloy of a deep black color.
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2. The art, process, or method of decorating metal with incised designs filled with the black alloy.
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3. A piece of metal, or any other object, so decorated.
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4. An impression on paper taken from an ancient incised decoration or metal plate.
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5. An impression on paper taken from the engraved or incised surface before the niello alloy has been inlaid.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Niepce's process
Niep"ce's proc"ess (?). (Photog.) A process, now no longer used, invented by J. N. Niepce, a French chemist, in 1829. It depends upon the action of light in rendering a thin layer of bitumen, with which the plate is coated, insoluble. [Obsolescent]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

niff
niff n. An unpleasant smell. [British slang]
[WordNet 1.5]

niffy
niffy adj. Malodorous, unpleasant-smelling. Opposite of fragrant. [British informal]
[WordNet 1.5]

nifty
nifty adj. 1. Very good; excellent; -- an informal term meaning about the same as groovy, sense 1. [informal, 1960's]
Syn. -- bang-up, bully, cool, corking, cracking, dandy, great, groovy, keen, neat, not bad(predicate), peachy, slap-up, swell, smashing.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. Stylish; attractive; -- of clothing; as, a nifty outfit.
[PJC]

Nifle
Ni"fle (n&ibreve_;f"'l), n. [OF.] A trifle. [Obs.] Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

nigella
nigella n. any plant of the genus Nigella.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nigerian
Nigerian prop. n. A native or inhabitant of Nigeria.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nigerian
Nigerian prop. adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the country Nigeria; as, The Nigerian capital used to be Lagos.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. Of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the inhabitants of Nigeria; as, A Nigerian novelist won the Noble Prize for literature this year.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nigerien
Nigerien prop. adj. Of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the inhabitants of Niger.
Syn. -- Nigerian.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nigerien
Nigerien prop. n. A native or inhabitant of Niger.
[WordNet 1.5]

Niggard
Nig"gard (n&ibreve_;g"g&etilde_;rd), n. [Icel. hnöggr niggardly, stingy + -ard; cf. Sw. njugg, AS. hneáw.] A person meanly stingy and covetous; one who spends grudgingly; a stingy, parsimonious fellow; a miser. Chaucer.
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A penurious niggard of his wealth. Milton.
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Be niggards of advice on no pretense. Pope.
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Niggard
Nig"gard, a. Like a niggard; meanly covetous or parsimonious; niggardly; miserly; stingy.
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Niggard
Nig"gard, v. t. & i. To act the niggard toward; to be niggardly. [R.] Shak.
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Niggardise
Nig"gard*ise (n&ibreve_;g"g&etilde_;rd*īz), n. Niggardliness. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Niggardish
Nig"gard*ish, a. Somewhat niggard.
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Niggardliness
Nig"gard*li*ness (n&ibreve_;g"g&etilde_;rd*l&ibreve_;*n&ebreve_;s), n. The quality or state of being niggard; meanness in giving or spending; parsimony; stinginess.
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Niggardliness is not good husbandry. Addison.
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Niggardly
Nig"gard*ly (n&ibreve_;g"g&etilde_;rd*l&ybreve_;), a. Meanly covetous or avaricious in dealing with others; stingy; niggard.
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Where the owner of the house will be bountiful, it is not for the steward to be niggardly. Bp. Hall.
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Syn. -- Avaricious; covetous; parsimonious; sparing; miserly; penurious; sordid; stingy. See Avaricious.
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Niggardly
Nig"gard*ly, adv. In a niggard manner.
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Niggardness
Nig"gard*ness, n. Niggardliness. Sir P. Sidney.
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Niggardous
Nig"gard*ous (?), a. Niggardly. [Obs.]
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Covetous gathering and niggardous keeping. Sir T. More.
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Niggardship
Nig"gard*ship, n. Niggardliness. [Obs.] Sir T. Elyot.
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Niggardy
Nig"gard*y (?), n. Niggardliness. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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nigged
nigged (n&ibreve_;gd), n. [Prov. E. nig to clip money.] (Masonry) Hammer-dressed; -- said of building stone.
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nigger
nig"ger (?), n. A negro; -- in vulgar derision or depreciation. It is usually intended and interpreted as highly insulting and vulgar. [Low, deprecatory, and vulgar]
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Niggerhead
Nig"ger*head` (?), n. A strong black chewing tobacco, usually in twisted plug form; negro head. [archaic]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Niggish
Nig"gish (?), a. [See Niggard.] Niggardly. [Obs.]
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Niggle
Nig"gle (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Niggled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Niggling (?).] [Dim. of Prov. E. nig to clip money; cf. also Prov. E. nig a small piece.] To trifle with; to deceive; to mock. [Obs.] Beau. & Fl.
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Niggle
Nig"gle, v. i. 1. To trifle or play.
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Take heed, daughter,
You niggle not with your conscience and religion.
Massinger.
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2. To act or walk mincingly. [Prov. Eng.]
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3. To fret and snarl about trifles. [Prov. Eng.]
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4. (Chiefly Eng.) 1. To move about restlessly or without result; to fidget.
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5. To be finicky or excessively critical; to potter; esp., to work with excessive care for trifling details, as in painting.
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Niggle
Nig"gle (?), v. t. 1. To use, spend, or do in a petty or trifling manner.
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2. To elaborate excessively, as in art.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Niggler
Nig"gler (?), n. One who niggles.
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Niggling
Nig"gling (?), a. 1. petty, trivial, or inconsequential.
[PJC]

2. Excessively demanding of time or attention; as, niggling little details.
[PJC]

niggling
nig"gling (?), n. Finicky or pottering work; specif. (Fine Arts), Minute and very careful workmanship in drawing, painting, or the like, esp. when bestowed on unimportant detail.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Nigh
Nigh (nī), a. [Compar. Nigher (nī"&etilde_;r); superl. Nighest, or Next (n&ebreve_;kst).] [OE. nigh, neigh, neih, AS. neáh, nēh; akin to D. na, adv., OS. nāh, a., OHG. nāh, G. nah, a., nach to, after, Icel. (in comp.) nigh, Goth. nēhw, nēhwa, adv., nigh. Cf. Near, Neighbor, Next.] 1. Not distant or remote in place or time; near.
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The loud tumult shows the battle nigh. Prior.
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2. Not remote in degree, kindred, circumstances, etc.; closely allied; intimate.Nigh kinsmen.” Knolles.
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Ye . . . are made nigh by the blood of Christ. Eph. ii. 13.
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Syn. -- Near; close; adjacent; contiguous; present; neighboring.
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Nigh
Nigh, adv. [AS. neáh, nēh. See Nigh, a.] 1. In a situation near in place or time, or in the course of events; near.
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He was sick, nigh unto death. Phil. ii. 27.
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He drew not nigh unheard; the angel bright,
Ere he drew nigh, his radiant visage turned.
Milton.
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2. Almost; nearly; as, he was nigh dead.
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Nigh
Nigh, v. t. & i. To draw nigh (to); to approach; to come near. [Obs.] Wyclif (Matt. iii. 2).
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Nigh
Nigh, prep. Near to; not remote or distant from. “was not this nigh shore?” Shak.
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Nighly
Nigh"ly, adv. In a near relation in place, time, degree, etc.; within a little; almost. [Obs.]
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A cube and a sphere . . . nighly of the same bigness. Locke.
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Nighness
Nigh"ness, n. The quality or state of being nigh. [R.]Nighness of blood.” Holished.
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Night
Night (nīt), n. [OE. night, niht, AS. neaht, niht; akin to D. nacht, OS. & OHG. naht, G. nacht, Icel. nōtt, Sw. natt, Dan. nat, Goth. nahts, Lith. naktis, Russ. noche, W. nos, Ir. nochd, L. nox, noctis, Gr. ny`x, nykto`s, Skr. nakta, nakti. √265. Cf. Equinox, Nocturnal.] 1. That part of the natural day when the sun is beneath the horizon, or the time from sunset to sunrise; esp., the time between dusk and dawn, when there is no light of the sun, but only moonlight, starlight, or artificial light.
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And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. Gen. i. 5.
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2. Hence: (a) Darkness; obscurity; concealment.
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Nature and nature's laws lay hid in night. Pope.
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(b) Intellectual and moral darkness; ignorance. (c) A state of affliction; adversity; as, a dreary night of sorrow. (d) The period after the close of life; death.
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She closed her eyes in everlasting night. Dryden.
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Do not go gentle into that good night
Rage, rage against the dying of the light.
Dylan Thomas.
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(e) A lifeless or unenlivened period, as when nature seems to sleep. “Sad winter's night”. Spenser.
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&hand_; Night is sometimes used, esp. with participles, in the formation of self-explaining compounds; as, night-blooming, night-born, night-warbling, etc.
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Night by night, Night after night, nightly; many nights.
[1913 Webster] So help me God, as I have watched the night,
Ay, night by night, in studying good for England.
Shak.
[1913 Webster] -- Night bird. (Zool.) (a) The moor hen (Gallinula chloropus). (b) The Manx shearwater (Puffinus Anglorum). -- Night blindness. (Med.) See Hemeralopia. -- Night cart, a cart used to remove the contents of privies by night. -- Night churr, (Zool.), the nightjar. -- Night crow, a bird that cries in the night. -- Night dog, a dog that hunts in the night, -- used by poachers. -- Night fire. (a) Fire burning in the night. (b) Ignis fatuus; Will-o'-the-wisp; Jask-with-a-lantern. -- Night flyer (Zool.), any creature that flies in the night, as some birds and insects. -- night glass, a spyglass constructed to concentrate a large amount of light, so as see objects distinctly at night. Totten. -- Night green, iodine green. -- Night hag, a witch supposed to wander in the night. -- Night hawk (Zool.), an American bird (Chordeiles Virginianus), allied to the goatsucker. It hunts the insects on which it feeds toward evening, on the wing, and often, diving down perpendicularly, produces a loud whirring sound, like that of a spinning wheel. Also sometimes applied to the European goatsuckers. It is called also bull bat. -- Night heron (Zool.), any one of several species of herons of the genus Nycticorax, found in various parts of the world. The best known species is Nycticorax griseus, or Nycticorax nycticorax, of Europe, and the American variety (var. naevius). The yellow-crowned night heron (Nyctanassa violacea syn. Nycticorax violaceus) inhabits the Southern States. Called also qua-bird, and squawk. -- Night house, a public house, or inn, which is open at night. -- Night key, a key for unfastening a night latch. -- Night latch, a kind of latch for a door, which is operated from the outside by a key. -- Night monkey (Zool.), an owl monkey. -- night moth (Zool.), any one of the noctuids. -- Night parrot (Zool.), the kakapo. -- Night piece, a painting representing some night scene, as a moonlight effect, or the like. -- Night rail, a loose robe, or garment, worn either as a nightgown, or over the dress at night, or in sickness. [Obs.] -- Night raven (Zool.), a bird of ill omen that cries in the night; esp., the bittern. -- Night rule. (a) A tumult, or frolic, in the night; -- as if a corruption, of night revel. [Obs.] (b) Such conduct as generally rules, or prevails, at night.

What night rule now about this haunted grove? Shak.

-- Night sight. (Med.) See Nyctolopia. -- Night snap, a night thief. [Cant] Beau. & Fl. -- Night soil, human excrement; -- so called because in cities it is collected by night and carried away for manure. -- Night spell, a charm against accidents at night. -- Night swallow (Zool.), the nightjar. -- Night walk, a walk in the evening or night. -- Night walker. (a) One who walks in his sleep; a somnambulist; a noctambulist. (b) One who roves about in the night for evil purposes; specifically, a prostitute who walks the streets. -- Night walking. (a) Walking in one's sleep; sleep walking; somnambulism; noctambulism. (b) Walking the streets at night with evil designs. -- Night warbler (Zool.), the sedge warbler (Acrocephalus phragmitis); -- called also night singer. [Prov. Eng.] -- Night watch. (a) A period in the night, as distinguished by the change of watch. (b) A watch, or guard, to aford protection in the night. -- Night watcher, one who watches in the night; especially, one who watches with evil designs. -- Night witch. Same as Night hag, above.

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Night Before Christmas
Night Before Christmas (?), n. The popular name for a poem by Clement Clarke Moore titled A Visit from St. Nicholas, a popular poem with the theme of St. Nicholas (Santa Claus) coming to bring gifts to children on Christmans eve.
[PJC]

&hand_; The full text of the poem follows: T'was the night before Christmas, when all through the house,
Not a creature was stirring, not even a mouse;
The stockings were hung by the chimney with care,
In hopes that St. Nicholas soon would be there. The children were nestled all snug in their beds,
While visions of sugarplums danced in their heads;
And Mama in her kerchief and I in my cap,
Had just settled down for a long winter's nap. When out on the lawn there arose such a clatter,
I sprang from my bed to see what was the matter.
Away to the window I flew like a flash,
Tore open the shutters, and threw up the sash. The moon on the breast of the new-fallen snow,
Gave the luster of midday to objects below,
When what to my wondering eyes should appear,
But a miniature sleigh, and eight tiny reindeer.
With a little old driver, so lively and quick,
I knew in a moment it must be St. Nick. More rapid than eagles his coursers they came,
And he whistled, and shouted, and called them by name:
“Now, Dasher! Now, Dancer!, Now Prancer and Vixen!
On, Comet! On, Cupid!, On, Donner and Blitzen!
To the top of the porch! To the top of the wall!
Now dash away! Dash away! Dash away all!!” As the dry leaves that before the wild hurricane fly,
When they meet with an obstacle, mount to the sky,
So up to the housetop the coursers they flew,
With a sleigh full of toys, and St. Nicholas, too. And then in a twinkling, I heard on the roof,
The prancing and pawing of each little hoof.
As I drew in my head, and was turning around,
Down the chimney St. Nicholas came with a bound. He was dressed all in fur, from his head to his foot,
And his clothes were all tarnished with ashes and soot.
A bundle of toys he had flung on his back,
And he looked like a peddler just opening his pack. His eyes -- how they twinkled! His dimples, how merry!
His cheeks were like roses, his nose like a cherry!
His droll little mouth was drawn up like a bow,
And the beard on his chin was as white as the snow;
He had a broad face and a little round belly,
That shook when he laughed, like a bowl full of jelly.
He was chubby and plump, a right jolly old elf,
And I laughed when I saw him, in spite of myself.
A wink of his eye, and a twist of his head,
Soon gave me to know I had nothing to dread. He spoke not a word, but went staight to his work,
And filled all the stockings, then turned with a jerk,
And laying a finger aside of his nose,
And giving a nod, up the chimney he rose; He sprang to his sleigh, to his team gave a whistle,
And away they all flew like the down of a thistle.
But I heard him exclaim as he drove out of sight,
“Merry Christmas to all, and to all a good night!”

[PJC]

nightbird
nightbird n. A person who likes to be active late at night; a night owl.
Syn. -- night owl, nighthawk.
[WordNet 1.5]

Night-blooming
Night"-bloom`ing (?), a. Blooming in the night.
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Night-blooming cereus. (Bot.) See Note under Cereus.
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Nightcap
Night"cap` (?), n. 1. A cap worn in bed to protect the head, or in undress.
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2. An alcoholic beverage drunk at bedtime. [Cant] Wright.
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nightclothes
nightclothes n. garments designed to be worn in bed, such as pyjamas, a nightgown, etc.
Syn. -- nightwear.
[WordNet 1.5]

nightclub
nightclub n. An establishment providing entertainment (as singers, dancers, or comedy acts), usually open late into the night or early morning, typically serving alcoholic beverages and food.
Syn. -- cabaret.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

nightcrawler
nightcrawler n. A terrestrial worm that burrows into and helps aerate soil; an earthworm. It often surfaces when the ground is cool or wet, and is used as bait by anglers. The term is used mostly in the northern and western U. S.
Syn. -- earthworm, angleworm, fishworm, fishing worm, wiggler, nightwalker, dew worm, red worm.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nightdress
Night"dress` (?), n. A nightgown.
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Nighted
Night"ed, a. 1. Darkness; clouded. [R.] Shak.
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2. Overtaken by night; belated. Beau. & Fl.
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Nightertale
Night"er*tale (?), n. [Cf. Icel. nāttarpel.] Period of night; nighttime. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Night-eyed
Night"-eyed` (?), a. Capable of seeing at night; sharp-eyed. “Your night-eyed Tiberius.” B. Jonson.
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Nightfall
Night"fall` (?), n. The close of the day; the arrival of the night; the period at and just after dusk. Swift.
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Night-faring
Night"-far`ing (?), a. Going or traveling in the night. Gay.
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Nightgown
Night"gown` (?), n. A loose gown used for undress; also, a gown used for a sleeping garment.
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nighthawk
nighthawk n. 1. A person who likes to be active late at night; a night owl.
Syn. -- night owl, nightbird.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. (Zool.) Any of several mainly nocturnal North American goatsuckers, especially Chordeiles minor, or the related European goatsucker Caprimulgus europaeus, also called the nightjar.
Syn. -- bullbat, mosquito hawk.
[WordNet 1.5]

nightie
nightie n. 1. Any loose-fitting clothing for wear in bed.
[PJC]

2. Especially: a loose dress designed to be worn in bed by women; a nightgown.
Syn. -- nightgown, night-robe, nightdress.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nightingale
Night"in*gale (?), n. [OE. nihtegale,nightingale, AS. nihtegale; niht night + galan to sing, akin to E. yell; cf. D. nachtegaal, OS. nahtigala, OHG. nahtigala, G. nachtigall, Sw. näktergal, Dan. nattergal. See Night, and Yell.] 1. (Zool.) A small, plain, brown and gray European song bird (Luscinia megarhynchos syn. Luscinia luscinia). It sings at night, and is celebrated for the sweetness of its song.
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2. (Zool.) A larger species (Lucinia philomela), of Eastern Europe, having similar habits; the thrush nightingale. The name is also applied to other allied species.
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Mock nightingale. (Zool.) See Blackcap, n., 1 (a).
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Nightish
Night"ish, a. Of or pertaining to night.
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Nightjar
Night"jar` (?), n. A goatsucker, esp. the European species. See Illust. of Goatsucker.
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Nightless
Night"less, a. Having no night.
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Night lettergram
Night letter
{ Night letter, Night lettergram }. See Letter, above.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

night-line
night-line n. A fishing line with baited hooks left in the water to catch fish over night.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nightlong
Night"long` (?; 115), a. Lasting all night.
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Nightly
Night"ly, a. Of or pertaining to the night, or to every night; happening or done by night, or every night; as, nightly shades; he kept nightly vigils.
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Nightly
Night"ly, adv. At night; every night.
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Nightman
Night"man (nīt"măn), n.; pl. Nightmen (nīt"m&ebreve_;n). One whose business is emptying privies by night.
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Nightmare
Night"mare` (nīt"mâr`), n. [Night + mare incubus. See Mare incubus.] 1. A fiend or incubus formerly supposed to cause trouble in sleep. [archaic]
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2. A trerrifying or oppressive dream characterized by a sense of helplessness in the face of danger, extreme uneasiness or discomfort (as of weight on the chest or stomach, impossibility of motion or speech, etc.) or extreme anxiety, from which one wakes in a troubled state of mind.
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3. Hence: Any overwhelming, oppressive, or terrifying experience resembling a nightmare{2} especially in the inability to escape from an unpleasant situation.
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nightmarish
nightmarish adj. Terrifying, as if in a nightmare{2}; resembling a nightmare{2}.
Syn. -- bloodcurdling, hair-raising.
[WordNet 1.5]

night owl
night" owl` n. A person who likes to be active late at night.
Syn. -- nighthawk, nightbird.
[WordNet 1.5]

nightrider
nightrider n. member of a secret mounted band in the southern U. S. after the Civil War, which committed acts of intimidation and revenge.
Syn. -- night rider.
[WordNet 1.5]

night-robe
nightrobe
night"robe`, night"-robe` n. 1. A loose dress designed to be worn in bed by women; a nightgown.
Syn. -- nightgown, nightie, nightdress.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nightshade
Night"shade` (?), n. [AS. nichtscadu.] (Bot.) A common name of many species of the genus Solanum, given esp. to the Solanum nigrum, or black nightshade, a low, branching weed with small white flowers and black berries reputed to be poisonous.
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Deadly nightshade. Same as Belladonna (a). -- Enchanter's nightshade. See under Enchanter. -- Stinking nightshade. See Henbane. -- Three-leaved nightshade. See Trillium.
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Nightshirt
Night"shirt` (?), n. A kind of nightgown for men.
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night-sight
night-sight n. The ability to see in reduced illumination (as in moonlight); night vision.
Syn. -- night vision.
[WordNet 1.5]

nightstick
nightstick n. A policeman's club.
Syn. -- truncheon, billy, billy club, billystick.
[WordNet 1.5]

night-stop
night-stop n. A pause during a journey, to rest for the night.
[WordNet 1.5]

Night terrors
Night terrors. (Med.) A sudden awakening associated with a sensation of terror, occurring in children, esp. those of unstable nervous constitution.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

night vision
night vision n. The ability to see in reduced illumination (as in moonlight).
Syn. -- night-sight.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nighttime
Night"time` (?), n. The time from dusk to dawn; -- opposed to daytime.
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Nightward
Night"ward (?), a. Approaching toward night.
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Nigraniline
Ni*gran"i*line (? or ?), n. [L. niger black + E. aniline.] (Chem.) The complex, nitrogenous, organic base and dyestuff called also aniline black.
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Nigrescent
Ni*gres"cent (?), a. [L. nigrescens, p. pr. of nigrescere to grow black, fr. niger black. See Negro.] Growing black; changing to a black color; approaching to blackness. Johnson.
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Nigrification
Nig`ri*fi*ca"tion (?), n. [L. nigrificare to blacken; niger black + -ficare (in comp.) to make. See -fy.] The act or process of making black. [R.] Johnson.
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Nigrine
Ni"grine (?), n. [L. niger black: cf. F. nigrine.] (Min.) A ferruginous variety of rutile.
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Nigritic
Ni*grit"ic (?), a. (Ethnol.) Pertaining to, or having the characteristics of, negroes, or of the Negritos, Papuans, and the Melanesian races; negritic.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Nigritude
Nig"ri*tude (?), n. [L. nigritudo, fr. niger black.] Blackness; the state of being black. Lamb.
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Nigromancie
Nig"ro*man`cie (?), n. Necromancy. [Obs.]
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Nigromancien
Nig"ro*man`cien (?), n. A necromancer. [Obs.]
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These false enchanters or nigromanciens. Chaucer.
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Nigrosine
Ni"gro*sine (? or ?), n. [From L. niger black.] (Chem.) A dark blue dyestuff, of the induline group; -- called also azodiphenyl blue.
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Nigua
Ni"gua (?), n. [Sp.] (Zool.) The chigoe.
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Ni-hard iron
Ni-hard
Ni-hard, Ni-hard iron n. Cast iron to which nickel has been added to make it resist abrasion.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nihil
Ni"hil (?), n. [L.] Nothing.
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Nihil album [L., white nothing] (Chem.), oxide of zinc. See under Zinc. -- Nihil debet [L., he owes nothing] (Law), the general issue in certain actions of debt. -- Nihil dicit [L., he says nothing] (Law), a declinature by the defendant to plead or answer. Tomlins.
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Nihilism
Ni"hil*ism (?), n. [L. nihil nothing: cf. F. nihilisme. See Annihilate.] 1. Nothingness; nihility.
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2. The doctrine that nothing can be known; scepticism as to all knowledge and all reality.
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3. (Politics) The theories and practices of the Nihilists.
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Nihilist
Ni"hil*ist, n. [Cf. F. nihiliste. See Nihilism.] 1. One who advocates the doctrine of nihilism; one who believes or teaches that nothing can be known, or asserted to exist.
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2. (Politics) A member of a secret association (esp. in Russia), which is devoted to the destruction of the present political, religious, and social institutions.
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Nihilistic
Ni`hil*is"tic (?), a. Of, pertaining to, or characterized by, nihilism.
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Nihility
Ni*hil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. nihilité. See Nihilism.] Nothingness; a state of being nothing.
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-nik
-nik (n&ibreve_;k) suff. [Yiddish, fr. Slavik suffix -nik indicating a person.] A suffix attached to other words indicating a person with certain characteristics or associated with a certain group or behavior; as, beatnik, kibbutznik; it is sometimes used derogatorily; as in no-goodnik, peacenik.
[PJC]

Nike
Nike prop. n. (Greek Mythology) [Gr., victory.] The Greek winged goddess of victory; identified with Roman Victoria.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nil
Nil (?). [See Nill, v. t.] Will not. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Nil
Nil, n. & a. [L., a contr. of nihil.] Nothing; of no account; worthless; -- a term often used for canceling, in accounts or bookkeeping. A. J. Ellis.
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Nil
Nil, n. (computers) A special value for a variable used in certain computer languages to mean no assigned value, to be distinguished from the value zero.
[PJC]

Nile
Nile (nīl), n. [L. Nilus, Gr. Nei^los.] The great river of Egypt.
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Nile bird. (Zool.) (a) The wryneck. [Prov. Eng.] (b) The crocodile bird. -- Nile goose (Zool.), the Egyptian goose. See Note under Goose, 2.
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Nilgau
Nil"gau (?), n. (Zool.) see Nylghau.
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Nill
Nill (n&ibreve_;l), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Nilled (n&ibreve_;ld); p. pr. & vb. n. Nilling.] [AS. nilan, nyllan; ne not + willan to will. See No, and Will.] Not to will; to refuse; to reject. [Obs.]
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Certes, said he, I nill thine offered grace. Spenser.
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Nill
Nill, v. i. To be unwilling; to refuse to act.
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The actions of the will are “velle” and “nolle,” to will and nill. Burton.
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Will he, nill he, whether he wills it or not; usually contracted to willy-nilly.
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Nill
Nill, n. [Cf. Ir. & Gael. neul star, light. Cf. Nebula.] 1. Shining sparks thrown off from melted brass.
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2. Scales of hot iron from the forge. Knight.
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Nilometer
Ni*lom"e*ter (?), n. [Gr. &unr_;; Nei^los the Nile + &unr_; measure: cf. F. nilomètre.] An instrument for measuring the rise of water in the Nile during its periodical flood.
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Niloscope
Ni"lo*scope (?), n. [Gr. Nei^los; Nei^los the Nile + &unr_; to observe.] A Nilometer.
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Nilotic
Ni*lot"ic (?), a. [L. Niloticus, fr. Nilus the Nile, Gr. &unr_;: cf. F. nilotique.] Of or pertaining to the river Nile; as, the Nilotic crocodile.
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Nilt
Nilt (?). [Contr. fr. ne wilt.] Wilt not. [Obs.]
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Nim
Nim (n&ibreve_;m), v. t. [imp. Nam (näm) or Nimmed (n&ibreve_;md); p. p. Nomen (nō"m&eitalic_;n) or Nome (nōm).] [AS. niman. √7. Cf. Nimble.] To take; to steal; to filch. [Obs.]
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This canon it in his hand nam. Chaucer.
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Nimbiferous
Nim*bif"er*ous (?), a. [L. nimbifer; nimbus a cloud + ferre to bear.] Serving to bring clouds or stormy weather.
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Nimble
Nim"ble (n&ibreve_;m"b'l), a. [Compar. Nimbler (n&ibreve_;m"bl&etilde_;r); superl. Nimblest (n&ibreve_;m"bl&ebreve_;st).] [OE. nimel, prob. orig., quick at seizing, fr. nimen to take, AS. niman; akin to D. nemen, G. nehmen, OHG. neman, Icel. nema, Goth. nima, and prob. to Gr. ne`mein to distribute. √ 7. Cf. Nomand, Numb.] Light and quick in motion; moving with ease and celerity; lively; swift.
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Through the mid seas the nimble pinnace sails. Pope.
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&hand_; Nimble is sometimes used in the formation of self-explaining compounds; as, nimble-footed, nimble-pinioned, nimble-winged, etc.
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Nimble Will (Bot.), a slender, branching, American grass (Muhlenbergia diffusa), of some repute for grazing purposes in the Mississippi valley.
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Syn. -- Agile; quick; active; brisk; lively; prompt.
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nimble-fingered
nimble-fingered adj. same as light-fingered; thievish; pilfering.
Syn. -- light-fingered.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nimbleness
Nim"ble*ness, n. The quality of being nimble; lightness and quickness in motion; agility; swiftness.
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Nimbless
Nim"bless (?), n. Nimbleness. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Nimbly
Nim"bly, adv. In a nimble manner; with agility; with light, quick motion.
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Nimbose
Nim*bose" (?), a. [L. nimbosus, fr. nimbus cloud.] Cloudy; stormy; tempestuous.
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Nimbus
Nim"bus (?), n.; pl. L. Nimbi (#), E. Nimbuses (#). [L., a rain storm, a rain cloud, the cloudshaped which enveloped the gods when they appeared on earth.] 1. (Fine Arts) A circle, or disk, or any indication of radiant light around the heads of divinities, saints, and sovereigns, upon medals, pictures, etc.; a halo. See Aureola, and Glory, n., 5.
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&hand_; “The nimbus is of pagan origin.” “As an attribute of power, the nimbus is often seen attached to the heads of evil spirits.” Fairholl.
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2. (Meteor.) A rain cloud; one of the four principal varieties of clouds. See Cloud.
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Nimiety
Ni*mi"e*ty (?), n. [L. nimietas, fr. nimius, a., nimis, adv., too much.] State of being in excess. [R.]
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There is a nimiety, a too-muchness, in all Germans. Coleridge.
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Nimious
Nim"i*ous (?), a. [L. nimius.] Excessive; extravagant; inordinate. [Obs.]
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Nimmer
Nim"mer (?), n. [From Nim.] A thief. [Obs.]
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nin
nin (?). [Fr. ne in.] Not in. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Nina
Nina prop. n. (Babylonian mythology) A goddess of the watery deep and daughter of Ea.
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nincompoop
nin"com*poop (?), n. [A corruption of non compos.] A fool; a silly or stupid person. [Law]
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An old ninnyhammer, a dotard, a nincompoop, is the best language she can afford me. Addison.
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nine
nine (nīn), a. [OE. nine, nihen, AS. nigon, nigan; akin to D. & LG. negen, OS. & OFries. nigun, OHG. niun, G. neun, Icel. nīu, sw. nio, Dan. ni, Goth. niun, Ir. & Gael. naoi, W. naw, L. novem, Gr. 'enne`a, Skr. navan; of unknown origin. √307. Cf. Novembeer.] Eight and one more; one less than ten; as, nine miles.
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Nine men's morris. See Morris. -- Nine points circle (Geom.), a circle so related to any given triangle as to pass through the three points in which the perpendiculars from the angles of the triangle upon the opposite sides (or the sides produced) meet the sides. It also passes through the three middle points of the sides of the triangle and through the three middle points of those parts of the perpendiculars that are between their common point of meeting and the angles of the triangle. The circle is hence called the nine points circle or six points circle.
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Nine
Nine, n. 1. The number greater than eight by a unit; nine units or objects.
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2. A symbol representing nine units, as 9 or ix.
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3. A group of nine people; as, the New York nine (a baseball team).
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The Nine, the nine Muses.
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Nine-bark
Nine"-bark` (?), n. (Bot.) A white-flowered rosaceous shrub (Neillia opulifolia, or Spiraea opulifolia), common in the Northern United States. The bark separates into many thin layers, whence the name.
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Nine-eyes
Nine"-eyes` (?), n. (Zool.) The lamprey.
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Ninefold
Nine"fold` (?), a. Nine times repeated.
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Nineholes
Nine"holes` (?), n. pl. A game in which nine holes are made in the ground, into which a ball is bowled.
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Nine-killer
Nine"-kill`er (?), n. [So called because it is believed to kill and impale on thorns nine birds, etc., in succession.] (Zool.) The northern butcher bird.
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Ninepence
Nine"pence (?), n.; pl. Ninepences (&unr_;). 1. An old English silver coin, worth nine pence.
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2. A New England name for the Spanish real, a coin formerly current in the United States, as valued at twelve and a half cents.
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ninepenny
ninepenny adj. 1. 2-3/4 in or 7 cm long; -- used of nail size; as, a ninepenny nail.
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2. costing 9 cents (US) or 5 pence (Britain).
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ninepin
ninepin n. a bowling pin of the type used in ninepins (or (in England) skittles).
Syn. -- skittle, skittle pin.
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Ninepins
Nine"pins (?), n. pl. A game played with nine pins, or pieces of wood, set on end, at which a wooden ball is bowled to knock them down; bowling.
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&hand_; In the United States, ten pins are used for this game, which is therefore often called tenpins.
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Ninescore
Nine"score` (?), a. Nine times twenty, or one hundred and eighty. -- n. The product of nine times twenty; ninescore units or objects.
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Nineteen
Nine"teen` (?), a. [AS. nigont&ymacr_;ne, nigontēne. See Nine, and Ten.] Nine and ten; eighteen and one more; one less than twenty; as, nineteen months.
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Nineteen
Nine"teen`, n. 1. The number greater than eighteen by a unit; the sum of ten and nine; nineteen units or objects.
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2. A symbol for nineteen units, as 19 or xix.
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Nineteenth
Nine"teenth` (?), a. [Cf. AS. nigonteóða.] 1. Following the eighteenth and preceding the twentieth; coming after eighteen others.
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2. Constituting or being one of nineteen equal parts into which anything is divided.
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Nineteenth
Nine"teenth`, n. 1. The quotient of a unit divided by nineteen; one of nineteen equal parts of anything.
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2. The next in order after the eighteenth.
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3. (Mus.) An interval of two octaves and a fifth.
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nineties
nineties n. pl. 1. The decade from 1890 to 1899; as, the gay nineties.
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2. The decade from 1990 to 1999; as, they spent a ton of money to solve the Y2K bug in the nineties.
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3. The time of life between ages 90 and 100.
Syn. -- mid-nineties.
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Ninetieth
Nine"ti*eth (?), a. 1. Next in order after the eighty-ninth.
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2. Constituting or being one of ninety equal parts.
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Ninetieth
Nine"ti*eth, n. 1. The quotient of a unit divided by ninety; one of ninety equal parts of anything.
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2. The next in order after the eighty-ninth.
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Ninety
Nine"ty (?), a. [See Nine, and cf. Forty.] Nine times ten; eighty-nine and one more; as, ninety men.
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Ninety
Nine"ty, n.; pl. Nineties (&unr_;). 1. The sum of nine times ten; the number greater by a unit than eighty-nine; ninety units or objects.
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2. A symbol representing ninety units, as 90 or xc.
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Nineveh
Nineveh prop. n. An ancient Assyrian city.
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Ningal
Ningal prop. n. (Akkadian mythology) An Akkadian goddess, wife of the moon god Sin.
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Ningirsu
Ningirsu prop. n. (Babylonian mythology) The Babylonian god of war and agriculture, in an older pantheon.
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Ningishzida
Ningishzida prop. n. (Babylonian mythology) A Babylonian underworld deity, the patron of medicine.
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Ninhursag
Ninhursag prop. n. (Sumerian mythology) The great mother goddess in Sumerian mythology, worshipped also as Aruru and Mama and Nintu.
Syn. -- Ninkhursag, Ninkharsag.
[WordNet 1.5]

Ninib
Ninib prop. n. (Sumerian and Babylonian mythology) A solar deity, first-born of Bel and consort was Gula; god of war and the chase and agriculture; sometimes identifed with Biblical Nimrod.
Syn. -- Ninurta.
[WordNet 1.5]

Ninigino-Mikoto
Ninigi
Ninigi, Ninigino-Mikoto prop. n. The grandson of Amaterasu and first ruler of Japan.
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Ninkhursag
Ninkharsag
Ninkharsag, Ninkhursag prop. n. (Sumerian mythology) Same as Ninhursag.
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Ninny
Nin"ny (?), n.; pl. Ninnies (#). [Cf. It. ninno, ninna, a baby, Sp. niño, niña, child, infant, It. ninna, ninna nanna, lullably, prob. fr. ni, na, as used in singing a child to sleep.] A fool; a simpleton. Shak.
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Ninnyhammer
Nin"ny*ham`mer (?), n. A simpleton; a silly person. [Colloq.] Addison.
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ninon
ni"non (nē"n&obreve_;n; F. nē*nôN"), n. [F: nickname for proper name Anne; 1910-15] A sturdy cloth material of chiffon or voile, used for the manufacture of dresses and other women's garments, and for curtains, and drapery. The material may be constructed by either a plain or a novelty weaving technique. RHUD
[PJC]

Ninth
Ninth (?), a. [From Nine; cf. AS. nigoða.] 1. Following the eight and preceding the tenth; coming after eight others.
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2. Constituting or being one of nine equal parts into which anything is divided.
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Ninth
Ninth, n. 1. The quotient of one divided by nine; one of nine equal parts of a thing; the next after the eighth.
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2. (Mus.) (a) An interval containing an octave and a second. (b) A chord of the dominant seventh with the ninth added.
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Ninthly
Ninth"ly, adv. In the ninth place.
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Ninut
Nin"ut (?), n. (Zool.) The magpie. [Prov. Eng.]
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Niobate
Ni"o*bate (?), n. [See Niobium.] (Chem.) Same as Columbate.
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Niobe
Ni"o*be (?), n. [L. Nioba, Niobe, Gr. &unr_;.] (Class. Myth.) The daughter of Tantalus, and wife of Amphion, king of Thebes. Her pride in her children provoked Apollo and Diana, who slew them all. Niobe herself was changed by the gods into stone.
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niobic
ni*ob"ic (?), a. (Chem.) Same as Columbic.
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niobite
ni"o*bite (?), n. (Min.) Same as Columbite.
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niobium
ni*o"bi*um (?), n. [NL., fr. L. & E. Niobe.] (Chem.) The chemical element of atomic number 41. Chemical symbol Nb. Atomic weight 92.91. Previously called columbium. See also Columbium.
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Niopo
Ni*o"po (?), n. A kind of snuff prepared by the natives of Venezuela from the roasted seeds of a leguminous tree (Piptadenia peregrina), thence called niopo tree.
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Nip
Nip (?), n. [LG. & D. nippen to sip; akin to Dan. nippe, G. nippen.] A sip or small draught; esp., a draught of intoxicating liquor; a dram.
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Nip
Nip, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Nipped (?), less properly Nipt; p. pr. & vb. n. Nipping (?).] [OE. nipen; cf. D. niipen to pinch, also knippen to nip, clip, pinch, snap, knijpen to pinch, LG. knipen, G. kneipen, kneifen, to pinch, cut off, nip, Lith. knebti.] 1. To catch and inclose or compress tightly between two surfaces, or points which are brought together or closed; to pinch; to close in upon.
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May this hard earth cleave to the Nadir hell,
Down, down, and close again, and nip me flat,
If I be such a traitress.
Tennyson.
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2. To remove by pinching, biting, or cutting with two meeting edges of anything; to clip.
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The small shoots . . . must be nipped off. Mortimer.
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3. Hence: To blast, as by frost; to check the growth or vigor of; to destroy.
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4. To vex or pain, as by nipping; hence, to taunt.
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And sharp remorse his heart did prick and nip. Spenser.
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To nip in the bud, to cut off at the very commencement of growth; to kill in the incipient stage.
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Nip
Nip, n. 1. A seizing or closing in upon; a pinching; as, in the northern seas, the nip of masses of ice.
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2. A pinch with the nails or teeth.
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3. A small cut, or a cutting off the end.
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4. A blast; a killing of the ends of plants by frost.
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5. A biting sarcasm; a taunt. Latimer.
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6. (Naut.) A short turn in a rope.
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Nip and tuck, a phrase signifying equality in a contest; as, it was nip and tuck right to the last minute of play. [Low, U.S.]
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Nipa
Nipa prop. n. A monotypic genus of palms of Australasia.
Syn. -- genus Nipa, Nypa, genus Nypa.
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2. from sap of an Australasian palm.
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Nipper
Nip"per (?), n. 1. One who, or that which, nips.
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2. A fore tooth of a horse. The nippers are four in number.
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3. A satirist. [Obs.] Ascham.
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4. A pickpocket; a young or petty thief. [Old Cant]
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5. (Zool.) (a) The cunner. (b) A European crab (Polybius Henslowii).
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Nipperkin
Nip"per*kin, n. [See 1st Nip.] A small cup. [Obs.]
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Nippers
Nip"pers (?), n. pl. [From 2d Nip.] 1. Small pinchers for holding, breaking, or cutting.
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2. (Mach.) A device with fingers or jaws for seizing an object and holding or conveying it; as, in a printing press, a clasp for catching a sheet and conveying it to the form.
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3. (Naut.) A number of rope-yarns wound together, used to secure a cable to the messenger.
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Nipping
Nip"ping (?), a. Biting; pinching; painful; destructive; as, a nipping frost; a nipping wind.
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Nippingly
Nip"ping*ly, adv. In a nipping manner.
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Nippitate
Nip"pi*tate (?), a. [Cf. 1st Nip.] Peculiarly strong and good; -- said of ale or liquor. [Old Cant]
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'T will make a cup of wine taste nippitate. Chapman.
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Nippitato
Nip`pi*ta"to (?), n. Strong liquor. [Old Cant] Beau. & Fl.
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Nipple
Nip"ple (n&ibreve_;p"p'l), n. [Formerly neble, a dim. of neb. See Neb, Nib.] 1. (Anat.) The protuberance through which milk is drawn from the breast or mamma; the mammilla; a teat; a pap.
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2. The orifice at which any animal liquid, as the oil from an oil bag, is discharged. [R.] Derham.
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3. Any small projection or article in which there is an orifice for discharging a fluid, or for other purposes; as, the nipple of a nursing bottle; the nipple of a percussion lock, or that part on which the cap is put and through which the fire passes to the charge.
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4. (Mech.) A pipe fitting, consisting of a short piece of pipe, usually provided with a screw thread at each end, for connecting two other fittings.
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Solder nipple, a short pipe, usually of brass, one end of which is tapered and adapted for attachment to the end of a lead pipe by soldering.
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Nipplewort
Nip"ple*wort` (n&ibreve_;p"p'l*wûrt`), n. (Bot.) A yellow-flowered composite herb (Lampsana communis), formerly used as an external application to the nipples of women; -- called also dock-cress.
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Nipponese
Nipponese n. [From Japanese nippon, Japan.] a native or inhabitant of Japan.
Syn. -- Japanese.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nipponese
Nipponese adj. Of or relating to or characteristic of Japan or its people or their culture or language; Japanese.
[WordNet 1.5]

nippy
nippy adj. Pleasantly cold and invigorating; -- of weather conditions.
Syn. -- crisp, frosty, nipping, snappy.
[WordNet 1.5]

Ni-resist
Ni-resist n. Cast iron consisting of graphite in a matrix of austenite.
Syn. -- Ni-resist iron.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nirvana
Nir*va"na (?), n. [Skr. nirvā&nsdot_;a.] In the Buddhist system of religion, the final emancipation of the soul from transmigration, and consequently a beatific enfrachisement from the evils of worldly existence, as by annihilation or absorption into the divine. See Buddhism.
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Nis
Nis (?). [From ne is.] Is not. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Nisan
Ni"san (?), n. [Heb. nīsān.] The first month of the Jewish ecclesiastical year, formerly answering nearly to the month of April, now to March, of the Christian calendar. See Abib.
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Nisey
Ni"sey (?), n.; pl. Nyseys. A simpleton. [Obs.]
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Nisi
Ni"si (?), conj. [L.] Unless; if not; -- used mostly in law.
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&hand_; In legal proceedings, this word is used to indicate that any order, etc., shall take effect at a given time, unless before that time the order, etc., in modified, or something else is done to prevent its taking effect. Continuance nisi is a conditional continuance of the case till the next term of the court, unless otherwise disposed of in the mean time.
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Nisi prius (Law), unless before; -- a phrase applied to terms of court, held generally by a single judge, with a jury, for the trial of civil causes. The term originated in a legal fiction. An issue of fact being made up, it is, according to the English practice, appointed by the entry on the record, or written proceedings, to be tried by a jury from the county of which the proceedings are dated, at Westminster, unless before the day appointed (nisi prius) the judges shall have come to the county in question (which they always do) and there try the cause. See In banc, under Banc.
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Niste
Nis"te (?). [Contr. from ne wiste.] Wist not; knew not. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Nisus
Ni"sus (?), n. [L., fr. niti, p. p. nisus, to strive.] 1. A striving; an effort; a conatus.
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A nisus or energizing towards a presented object. Hickok.
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2. (Physiol.) (a) The periodic procreative desire manifested in the spring by birds, etc. (b) The contraction of the diaphragm and abdominal muscles to evacuate feces or urine.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Nit
Nit (n&ibreve_;t), n. [AS. hnitu; akin to D. neet, G. niss, OHG. niz; cf. Gr. koni`s, koni`dos, Icel. gnit, Sw. gnet, Dan. gnid, Russ. & Pol. gnida, Bohem. hnida, W. nedd.] (Zool.) The egg of a louse or other small insect.
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Nit grass (Bot.), a pretty annual European grass (Gastridium lendigerum), with small spikelets somewhat resembling a nit. It is also found in California and Chile.
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Nitency
Ni"ten*cy (?), n. [L. nitens, p. pr. of nitere to shine.] Brightness; luster. [R.]
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Nitency
Ni"ten*cy, n. [From L. nitens, p. pr. of niti to strive.] Endeavor; effort; tendency. [R.] Boyle.
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Nitre
Niter
{ Ni"ter, Ni"tre } (?), n. [F. nitre, L. nitrum native soda, natron, Gr. &unr_;; cf. Ar. nitūn, natrūn natron. Cf. Natron.] 1. (Chem.) A white crystalline semitransparent salt; potassium nitrate; saltpeter. See Saltpeter.
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2. (Chem.) Native sodium carbonate; natron. [Obs.]
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For though thou wash thee with niter, and take thee much soap, yet thine iniquity is marked before me. Jer. ii. 22.
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Cubic niter, a deliquescent salt, sodium nitrate, found as a native incrustation, like niter, in Peru and Chile, whence it is known also as Chile saltpeter. -- Niter bush (Bot.), a genus (Nitraria) of thorny shrubs bearing edible berries, and growing in the saline plains of Asia and Northern Africa.
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Nithing
Nith"ing (?), n. [Obs.] See Niding.
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Nitid
Nit"id (?), a. [L. nitidus, fr. nitere. See 3d Neat.] 1. Bright; lustrous; shining. [R.] Boyle.
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2. Gay; spruce; fine; -- said of persons. [R.] T. Reeve.
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Nitranilic
Ni`tra*nil"ic (?), a. [Nitro- + chloranil + -ic.] (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a complex organic acid produced as a white crystalline substance by the action of nitrous acid on hydroquinone.
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Nitraniline
Ni*tran"i*line (? or ?), n. [Nitro- + aniline.] (Chem.) Any one of a series of nitro derivatives of aniline; nitroaniline. In general they are yellow crystalline substances.
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Nitrate
Ni"trate (?), n. [Cf. F. nitrate.] (Chem.) A salt of nitric acid.
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Nitrate of silver, a white crystalline salt (AgNO3), used in photography and as a cauterizing agent; -- called also lunar caustic, and more commonly called silver nitrate.
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Nitrated
Ni"tra*ted (?), a. 1. (Chem.) Combined, or impregnated, with nitric acid, or some of its compounds.
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2. (Photog.) Prepared with silver nitrate.
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Nitratine
Ni"tra*tine (?), n. (Min.) A mineral occurring in transparent crystals, usually of a white, sometimes of a reddish gray, or lemon-yellow, color; native sodium nitrate. It is used in making nitric acid and for manure. Called also soda niter.
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Nitre
Ni"tre (?), n. (Chem.) See Niter.
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Nitriary
Ni"tri*a*ry (?), n. [See Niter.] An artificial bed of animal matter for the manufacture of niter by nitrification. See Nitrification, 2.
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Nitric
Ni"tric (?), a. [Cf. F. nitrique. See Niter.] (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or containing, nitrogen; specifically, designating any one of those compounds in which, as contrasted with nitrous compounds, the element has a higher valence; as, nitric oxide; nitric acid.
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Nitric acid, a colorless or yellowish liquid obtained by distilling a nitrate with sulphuric acid. It is powerfully corrosive, being a strong acid, and in decomposition a strong oxidizer. -- Nitric anhydride, a white crystalline oxide of nitrogen (N2O5), called nitric pentoxide, and regarded as the anhydride of nitric acid. -- Nitric oxide, a colorless poisous gas (NO) obtained by treating nitric acid with copper. On contact with the air or with oxygen, it becomes reddish brown from the formation of nitrogen dioxide (NO2, also called nitric dioxide or nitric peroxide).
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Nitride
Ni"tride (? or ?), n. [fromNitrogen.] (Chem.) A binary compound of nitrogen with a more metallic element or radical; as, boric nitride.
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Nitriferous
Ni*trif"er*ous (?), a. [Niter + -ferous.] Bearing niter; yielding, or containing, niter.
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Nitrification
Ni`tri*fi*ca"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. nitrification. see Nitrify.] 1. (Chem.) (a) The act, process, or result of combining with nitrogen or some of its compounds. (b) The act or process of oxidizing nitrogen or its compounds so as to form nitrous or nitric acid.
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2. A process of oxidation, in which nitrogenous vegetable and animal matter in the presence of air, moisture, and some basic substances, as lime or alkali carbonate, is converted into nitrates.
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&hand_; The process is going on at all times in porous soils and in water contaminated with nitrogenous matter, and is supposed to be due to the presence of a bacteria, such as members of the genus Azotobacter, formerly called nitrification ferments. In former times the process was extensively made use of in the production of saltpeter.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Nitrifier
Ni"tri*fi`er (?), n. (Chem.) An agent employed in nitrification.
[1913 Webster]

Nitrify
Ni"tri*fy (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Nitrified (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Nitrifying (?).] [Niter + -fy: cf. F. nitrifer. See Niter.] (Chem.) To combine or impregnate with nitrogen; to convert, by oxidation, into nitrous or nitric acid; to subject to, or produce by, nitrification.
[1913 Webster]

Nitrile
Ni"trile (? or ?), n. [See Nitro-.] (Chem.) Any one of a series of compounds bearing the cyanide radical (-CN); particularly, one of those cyanides of alcohol radicals which, by boiling with acids or alkalies, produce a carboxyl acid, with the elimination of the nitrogen as ammonia.
[1913 Webster]

&hand_; The nitriles are named with reference to the acids produced by their decomposition, thus, hydrocyanic acid is formic nitrile, methyl cyanide is acetonitrile (also acetic nitrile), and ethyl cyanide is propionitrile (from propionic acid).
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Nitrite
Ni"trite (?), n. [Cf. F. nitrite. See Niter.] (Chem.) A salt or ester of nitrous acid; a compound bearing the -NO2 radical.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Amyl nitrite, a yellow oily volatile liquid, used in medicine as a depressant and a vaso-dilator. Its inhalation produces an instantaneous flushing of the face.
[1913 Webster]

nitro
ni"tro (&unr_;) n. [By shortening of nitroglycerin.] Nitroglycerin.
[PJC]

nitro-
ni"tro- (&unr_;) pref. 1. A combining form or an adjective denoting the presence of niter.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Chem.) A combining form (used also adjectively) designating certain compounds of nitrogen or of its acids; as nitrohydrochloric, nitrocalcite; also, designating the group or radical NO2, or its compounds, as nitrobenzene (C6H5.NO2).
[1913 Webster]

Nitro group, the radical NO2; -- called also nitroxyl.
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Nitrobacter
Nitrobacter prop. n. A genus of rod-shaped soil bacteria.
Syn. -- genus Nitrobacter.
[WordNet 1.5]

nitrobacteria
nitrobacteria n. Soil bacteria that convert nitrites to nitrates.
Syn. -- nitric bacteria.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nitrobacteriaceae
Nitrobacteriaceae prop. n. A natural family of usually rod-shaped bacteria that oxidize ammonia or nitrites: nitrobacteria.
Syn. -- family Nitrobacteriaceae.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nitrobenzene
Ni`tro*ben"zene (? or ?), n. [Nitro- + benzene.] (Chem.) A yellow aromatic liquid (C6H5.NO2), produced by the action of nitric acid on benzene, and called from its odor imitation oil of bitter almonds, or essence of mirbane. It is used in perfumery, and is manufactured in large quantities in the preparation of aniline. Fornerly called also nitrobenzol.
[1913 Webster]

Nitrobenzole
Nitrobenzol
{ Ni`tro*ben"zol, Ni`tro*ben"zole, (&unr_; or &unr_;) }, n. See Nitrobenzene.
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Nitrocalcite
Ni`tro*cal"cite (?), n. [Nitro- + calcite.] (Min.) Nitrate of calcium, a substance having a grayish white color, occuring in efflorescences on old walls, and in limestone caves, especially where there exists decaying animal matter.
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Nitrocarbol
Ni`tro*car"bol (?), n. [Nitro- + carbon + L. oleum oil.] (Chem.) See Nitromethane.
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Nitrocellulose
Ni`tro*cel"lu*lose` (?), n. [Nitro- + cellulose.] (Chem.) See Gun cotton, under Gun.
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Nitro-chloroform
Ni`tro-chlo"ro*form (?), n. [Nitro- + chloroform.] (Chem.) Same as Chlorpicrin.
[1913 Webster]

Nitroform
Ni"tro*form (?), n. [Nitro- + formyl.] (Chem.) A nitro derivative of methane, analogous to chloroform, obtained as a colorless oily or crystalline substance, CH.(NO2)3, quite explosive, and having well-defined acid properties.
[1913 Webster]

Nitrogelatin
Ni`tro*gel"a*tin (?), n. [Nitro- + gelatin.] An explosive consisting of gun cotton and camphor dissolved in nitroglycerin. [Written also nitrogelatine.]
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Nitrogen
Ni`tro*gen (nī"tr&ouptack_;*j&ebreve_;n), n. [L. nitrum natron + -gen: cf. F. nitrogène. See Niter.] (Chem.) A colorless nonmetallic element of atomic number 7, tasteless and odorless, comprising four fifths of the atmosphere by volume in the form of molecular nitrogen (N2). It is chemically very inert in the free state, and as such is incapable of supporting life (hence the name azote still used by French chemists); but it forms many important compounds, such as ammonia, nitric acid, the cyanides, etc, and is a constituent of all organized living tissues, animal or vegetable. Symbol N. Atomic weight 14.007. It was formerly regarded as a permanent noncondensible gas, but was liquefied in 1877 by Cailletet of Paris, and Pictet of Geneva, and boils at -195.8 ° C at atmospheric pressure. Liquid nitrogen is used as a refrigerant to store delicate materials, such as bacteria, cells, and other biological materials.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Nitrogenize
Ni"tro*gen*ize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Nitrogenized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Nitrogenizing.] (Chem.) To combine, or impregnate, with nitrogen or its compounds.
[1913 Webster]

Nitrogenous
Ni*trog"e*nous (?), a. (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, nitrogen; as, a nitrogenous principle; nitrogenous compounds.
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Nitrogenous foods. See 2d Note under Food, n., 1.
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Nitroglycerine
Nitroglycerin
Ni`tro*glyc"er*in, Ni`tro*glyc"er*ine (nī`tr&ouptack_;*gl&ibreve_;s"&etilde_;r*&ibreve_;n), n. [Nitro- + glycerin.] (Chem.) A liquid appearing like a heavy oil, colorless or yellowish, and consisting of a mixture of several glycerin salts of nitric acid, and hence more properly called glycerin nitrate; also called trinitroglycerin and glyceryl trinitrate. It is made by the action of nitric acid on glycerin in the presence of sulphuric acid. It is extremely unstable and terribly explosive. A very dilute solution is used in medicine as a neurotic under the name of glonion. [Written also nitroglycerine.]
[1913 Webster]

&hand_; A great number of explosive compounds have been produced by mixing nitroglycerin with different substances; as, dynamite, or giant powder, nitroglycerin mixed with siliceous earth; lithofracteur, nitroglycerin with gunpowder, or with sawdust and nitrate of sodium or barium; Colonia powder, gunpowder with nitroglycerin; dualin, nitroglycerin with sawdust, or with sawdust and nitrate of potassium and some other substances; lignose, wood fiber and nitroglycerin.
[1913 Webster]

Nitrohydrochloric
Ni`tro*hy`dro*chlo"ric (?), a. [Nitro- + hydrochloric.] (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or containing, nitric and hydrochloric acids.
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Nitrohydrochloric acid, a mixture of nitric and hydrochloric acids, usually in the proportion of one part of the former to three of the latter, and remarkable for its solvent action on gold and platinum; -- called also aqua regia, and nitromuriatic acid.
[1913 Webster]

Nitrol
Ni"trol (?), n. (Chem.) Any one of a series of hydrocarbons containing the nitro and the nitroso or isonitroso group united to the same carbon atom.
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Nitroleum
Ni*tro"le*um (?), n. [NL., fr. L. nitrum natron + oleum oil.] (Chem.) Nitroglycerin.
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Nitrolic
Ni*trol"ic (?), a. (Chem.) Of, derived from, or designating, a nitrol; as, a nitrolic acid.
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Nitromagnesite
Ni`tro*mag"ne*site (?), n. [Nitro- + magnesite.] (Chem.) Nitrate of magnesium, a saline efflorescence closely resembling nitrate of calcium.
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Nitrometer
Ni*trom"e*ter (?), n. [Nitro- + -meter: cf. F. nitromètre.] (Chem.) An apparatus for determining the amount of nitrogen or some of its compounds in any substance subjected to analysis; an azotometer.
[1913 Webster]

Nitromethane
Ni`tro*meth"ane (?), n. [Nitro- + methane.] (Chem.) A nitro derivative of methane (CH3.NO2), obtained as a mobile liquid; -- called also nitrocarbol. It has been used as a rocket fuel and as a gasoline additive to add power to the fuel, especially in racing cars.
[1913 Webster]

Nitromuriatic
Ni`tro*mu`ri*at"ic (?), a. [Cf. F. nitromuriatique. See Nitro-, and Muriatic.] (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or composed of, nitric acid and muriatic acid; nitrohydrochloric. See Nitrohydrochloric.
[1913 Webster]

Nitrophnol
Ni`tro*ph"nol (?), n. [Nitro- + phenol.] (Chem.) Any one of a series of nitro derivatives of phenol. They are yellow oily or crystalline substances and have well-defined acid properties, as picric acid.
[1913 Webster]

Nitroprussic
Ni`tro*prus"sic (? or &unr_;), a. [Nitro- + prussic.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, derived from, or designating, a complex acid called nitroprussic acid, obtained indirectly by the action of nitric acid on potassium ferrocyanide (yellow prussiate), as a red crystalline unstable substance. It forms salts called nitroprussides, which give a rich purple color with alkaline sulphides.
[1913 Webster]

Nitroprusside
Ni`tro*prus"side (?), n. See Nitroprussic.
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Nitroquinol
Ni`tro*qui"nol (?), n. [Nitro- + quine + -ol.] (Chem.) A hypothetical nitro derivative of quinol or hydroquinone, not known in the free state, but forming a well defined series of derivatives.
[1913 Webster]

Nitrosaccharin
Ni`tro*sac"cha*rin (?), n. [Nitro- + saccharin.] (Chem.) An explosive nitro derivative of certain sugars, analogous to nitroglycerin, gun cotton, etc.
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Nitrosalicylic
Ni`tro*sal`i*cyl"ic (?), a. [Nitro- + salicylic.] (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a nitro derivative of salicylic acid, called also anilic acid.
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Nitrose
Ni*trose" (?), a. (Chem.) See Nitrous.
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Nitroso-
Ni*tro"so- (&unr_; or &unr_;). (Chem.) A prefix (also used adjectively) designating the group or radical -NO, called the nitroso group, or its compounds.
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Nitrosyl
Ni*tro"syl (?), n. [Nitroso- + -yl.] (Chem.) The radical -NO, called also the nitroso group. The term is sometimes loosely used to designate certain nitro compounds; as, nitrosyl sulphuric acid. Used also adjectively.
[1913 Webster]

Nitrosylic
Ni`tro*syl"ic (?), a. (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or containing, nitrosyl; as, nitrosylic acid.
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Nitrous
Ni"trous (?), a. [L. nitrosus full of natron: cf. F. nitreux. See Niter.] 1. Of, pertaining to, or containing, niter; of the quality of niter, or resembling it.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, any one of those compounds in which nitrogen has a relatively lower valence as contrasted with nitric compounds.
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Nitrous acid (Chem.), a hypothetical acid of nitrogen HNO2, not known in the free state, but forming a well known series of salts, viz., the nitrites. -- Nitrous oxide. See Laughing gas.
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Nitroxyl
Ni*trox"yl (?), n. [Nitro- + oxygen + -yl.] (Chem.) The group -NO2, usually called the nitro group.
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Nitrum
Ni"trum (?), n. [L., natron. See Niter.] (Old Chem.) Niter.
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Nitrum flammans [L., flaming niter] (Old Chem.), ammonium nitrate; -- probably so called because it deflagrates when suddenly heated.
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Nitry
Ni"try (?), a. (Chem.) Nitrous. [Obs.]
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Nitryl
Ni"tryl (?), n. [Nitro- + -yl.] (Chem.) A name sometimes given to the nitro group or radical.
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Nitter
Nit"ter (?), n. [From Nit.] (Zool.) The horse louse; an insect that deposits nits on horses.
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Nittily
Nit"ti*ly (?), adv. Lousily. [Obs.] Hayward.
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Nittings
Nit"tings (?), n. pl. [Prob. from Nit.] (Mining) The refuse of good ore. Raymond.
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Nitty
Nit"ty (?), a. Full of nits. B. Jonson.
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Nitty
Nit"ty, a. [L. nitidus. See Nitid.] Shining; elegant; spruce. [Obs.] “O sweet, nitty youth.” Marston.
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Nival
Ni"val (?), a. [L. nivalis, fr. nix, nivis, snow.] Abounding with snow; snowy. [Obs.] Johnson.
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Niveous
Niv"e*ous (?), a. [L. niveus, fr. nix, nivis, snow.] Snowy; resembling snow; partaking of the qualities of snow. Sir T. Browne.
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Nivose
Ni`vose" (?), n. [F., fr. L. nix. nivis, snow.] The fourth month of the French republican calendar [1792-1806]. It commenced December 21, and ended January 19. See Vendémiaire.
[1913 Webster]

Nix
Nix (?), n.; fem. Nixe (&unr_;). [G. Cf. 1st Nick.] (Teut. Myth.) One of a class of water spirits, commonly described as of a mischievous disposition.
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The treacherous nixes who entice men to a watery death. Tylor.
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Nixie
Nix"ie (?), n. 1. See Nix.
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2. Nothing. [Slang]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

3. (U. S. Mail Service) A piece of mail matter which cannot be delivered, either because no post office exists at the place to which is it addressed, or because there is no place of the name mentioned in the designated State, Territory, or the like. [Cant]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Nixie clerk
Nixie clerk. A post-office clerk in charge of the nixies.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Nizam
Ni*zam" (?), n. [Hind. & Ar. nizām order, a ruler, fr. Ar. nazama arrange, govern.] The title of the native sovereigns of Hyderabad, in India, since 1719.
[1913 Webster]

Nizam
Ni*zam" (?), n.; pl. Nizam. [Turk. nizām.] A regular soldier of the Turkish army. See Army organization, above.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Njorth
Njord
Njord, Njorth n. (Teutonic mythology) Chief of the Vanir; god of the sea and winds and prosperity; father of Frey and Freya; sometimes subsumes Teutonic Nerthus.
[WordNet 1.5]

NNE
NNE n. (All capitals) north northeast; the compass point that is midway between north and northeast.
Syn. -- north northeast, nor'-nor'-east.
[WordNet 1.5]

NNW
NNW n. (All capitals) north northwest; the compass point that is midway between north and northwest.
Syn. -- north northwest, nor'-nor'-west.
[WordNet 1.5]

No
No (nō), a. [OE. no, non, the same word as E. none; cf. E. a, an. See None.] Not any; not one; none; as, yes, we have no bananas; -- often used as a quantifier.
[1913 Webster]

Let there be no strife . . . between me and thee. Gen. xiii. 8.
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That goodness is no name, and happiness no dream. Byron.
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&hand_; In Old England before a vowel the form non or noon was used. “No man.” “Noon apothercary.” Chaucer.
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No
No, adv. [OE. no, na, AS. ; ne not + ā ever. AS. ne is akin to OHG. ni, Goth. ni, Russ. ne, Ir., Gael. & W. ni, L. ne, Gr. nh (in comp.), Skr. na, and also to E. prefix un-. √ 193. See Aye, and cf. Nay, Not, Nice, Nefarious.] Nay; not; not at all; not in any respect or degree; -- a word expressing negation, denial, or refusal. Before or after another negative, no is emphatic.
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We do no otherwise than we are willed. Shak.
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I am perplx'd and doubtful whether or no
I dare accept this your congratulation.
Coleridge.
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There is none righteous, no, not one. Rom. iii. 10.
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No! Nay, Heaven forbid. Coleridge.
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No
No (nō), n.; pl. Noes (nōz). 1. A refusal by use of the word no; a denial.
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2. A negative vote; one who votes in the negative; as, to call for the ayes and noes; the noes have it.
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no.
no. n. Number; -- the number designating place in an ordered sequence; as, no. 2. [abbrev.]
[WordNet 1.5]

Noachian
No*a"chi*an (?), prop. a. Of or pertaining to the patriarch Noah, or to his time.
[1913 Webster]

Noah
No"ah (?), prop. n. [Heb. Nōakh rest.] A patriarch of Biblical history, in the time of the Deluge.
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Noah's ark
No"ah's ark (?), prop. n. The ship built by Noah according to God's command, as related in the bible.
[PJC]

2. (Zool.) A marine bivalve shell (Arca Noae), which somewhat resembles an ark, or ship, in form.
[1913 Webster]

3. A child's toy, consisting of an ark-shaped box containing many different wooden animals.
[1913 Webster]

4. (Fig.) Anything having a wide and representative assortment of people or objects of a particular class; as, the bar scene in Star Wars was a Noah's Ark of almost every imaginable alien form..
[PJC]

Nob
Nob (?), n. [Cf. Knob.] The head. [Low]
[1913 Webster]

Nob
Nob, n. [Abbrev. fr. noble.] A person in a superior position in life; a nobleman. [Slang]
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Nobbily
Nob"bi*ly (?), adv. In a nobby manner. [Slang]
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Nobbler
Nob"bler (?), n. A dram of spirits. [Australia]
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Nobby
Nob"by (?), a. [From 2d Nob.] Stylish; modish; elegant; showy; aristocratic; fashionable. [Slang]
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Nobel prize
No*bel" prize (?) n.; pl. No*bel" prizes. Prizes for the encouragement of men and women who work for the interests of humanity, established by the will of Alfred B. Nobel (1833-1896), the Swedish inventor of dynamite, who left his entire estate for this purpose. They are awarded yearly for what is regarded as the most important work during the year in physics, chemistry, medicine or physiology, idealistic literature, and service in the interest of peace. The prizes, averaging $40,000 each, were first awarded in 1901. The monetary value of the awards have increased each year, to near one million U. S. dollars by the end of the 20th century. The awards are administered by the Nobel Foundation, which maintains a Web Page where the lists of prize winners and other information about the Nobel Prize may be found.
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

Nobert's lines
No"bert's lines (?). [After F. A. Nobert, German manufacturer in Pomerania.] Fine lines ruled on glass in a series of groups of different closeness of line, and used to test the power of a microscope.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Nobiliary
No*bil"ia*ry (?), a. [F. nobiliare. See Noble.] Of or pertaining to the nobility. Fitzed. Hall.
[1913 Webster]

Nobiliary
No*bil"ia*ry, n. A history of noble families.
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Nobilify
No*bil"i*fy (?), v. t. [L. nobilis noble + -fy.] To make noble; to nobiliate. [Obs.]
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Nobili's rings
No"bi*li's rings (?). [After Leopoldo Nobili, an Italian physicist who first described them in 1826.] (Physics) Colored rings formed upon a metal plate by the electrolytic disposition of copper, lead peroxide, etc. They may be produced by touching with a pointed zinc rod a silver plate on which is a solution of copper sulphate.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Nobilitate
No*bil"i*tate (?), v. t. [L. nobilitatus, p. p. of nobilitare.] To make noble; to ennoble; to exalt. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

Nobilitation
No*bil`i*ta"tion (?), n. [Cf. OF. nobilitation.] The act of making noble. [Obs.] Dr. H. More.
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Nobility
No*bil"i*ty (?), n. [L. nobilitas: cf. OF. nobilité. See Noble.] 1. The quality or state of being noble; superiority of mind or of character; commanding excellence; eminence.
[1913 Webster]

Though she hated Amphialus, yet the nobility of her courage prevailed over it. Sir P. Sidney.
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They thought it great their sovereign to control,
And named their pride nobility of soul.
Dryden.
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2. The state of being of high rank or noble birth; patrician dignity; antiquity of family; distinction by rank, station, or title, whether inherited or conferred.
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I fell on the same argument of preferring virtue to nobility of blood and titles, in the story of Sigismunda. Dryden.
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3. Those who are noble; the collective body of nobles or titled persons in a state; the aristocratic and patrician class; the peerage; as, the English nobility.
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Noble
No"ble (?), a. [Compar. Nobler (?); superl. Noblest (?).] [F. noble, fr. L. nobilis that can be or is known, well known, famous, highborn, noble, fr. noscere to know. See know.] 1. Possessing eminence, elevation, dignity, etc.; above whatever is low, mean, degrading, or dishonorable; magnanimous; as, a noble nature or action; a noble heart.
[1913 Webster]

Statues, with winding ivy crowned, belong
To nobler poets for a nobler song.
Dryden.
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2. Grand; stately; magnificent; splendid; as, a noble edifice.
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3. Of exalted rank; of or pertaining to the nobility; distinguished from the masses by birth, station, or title; highborn; as, noble blood; a noble personage.
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&hand_; Noble is used in the formation of self-explaining compounds; as, noble-born, noble-hearted, noble-minded.
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Noble gas (Chem.), a gaseous element belonging to group VIII of the periodic table of elements, not combining with other elements under normal reaction conditions; specifically, helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, or radon; also called inert gas. -- Noble metals (Chem.), silver, gold, and platinum; -- so called from their resistance to oxidation by air and to dissolution by acids. Copper, mercury, aluminium, palladium, rhodium, iridium, and osmium are sometimes included.
[1913 Webster]

Syn. -- Honorable; worthy; dignified; elevated; exalted; superior; sublime; great; eminent; illustrious; renowned; stately; splendid; magnificent; grand; magnanimous; generous; liberal; free.
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Noble
No"ble, n. 1. A person of rank above a commoner; a nobleman; a peer.
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2. An English money of account, and, formerly, a gold coin, of the value of 6 s. 8 d. sterling, or about $1.61 (in 1913).
[1913 Webster]

3. (Zool.) A European fish; the lyrie.
[1913 Webster]

Noble
No"ble, v. t. To make noble; to ennoble. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

Thou nobledest so far forth our nature. Chaucer.
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Nobleman
No"ble*man (?), n.; pl. Noblemen (&unr_;). One of the nobility; a noble; a peer; one who enjoys rank above a commoner, either by virtue of birth, by office, or by patent.
[1913 Webster]

Noble-minded
No"ble-mind`ed (?), a. Having a noble mind; of high moral or intellectual character; honorable; magnanimous. -- No"ble-mind`ed*ness, n.
Syn. -- exalted, high-flown, high-minded, lofty, idealistic.
[1913 Webster]

noble-mindedness
noble-mindedness n. elevated ideals or conduct.
Syn. -- high-mindedness, idealism.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nobleness
No"ble*ness, n. The quality or state of being noble; greatness; dignity; magnanimity; elevation of mind, character, or station; nobility; grandeur; stateliness.
[1913 Webster]

His purposes are full honesty, nobleness, and integrity. Jer. Taylor.
[1913 Webster]

Noblesse
Nobless
{ No*bless", No*blesse" } (?; 277), n. [F. noblesse. See Noble.] 1. Dignity; greatness; noble birth or condition. [Obs.] Chaucer. Spenser. B. Jonson.
[1913 Webster]

2. The nobility; persons of noble rank collectively, including males and females. Dryden.
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Noblewoman
No"ble*wom`an (?), n.; pl. Noblewomen (&unr_;). A female of noble rank; a peeress.
[1913 Webster]

Nobley
No"bley (?), n. [OF. nobleie.] 1. The body of nobles; the nobility. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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2. Noble birth; nobility; dignity. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Nobly
No"bly (?), adv. 1. Of noble extraction; as, nobly born or descended.
[1913 Webster]

2. In a noble manner; with greatness of soul; heroically; with magnanimity; as, a deed nobly done.
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3. Splendidly; magnificently.
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Syn. -- Illustriously; honorably; magnanimously; heroically; worthly; eminently; grandly.
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Nobody
No"bod*y (?), n.; pl. Nobodies (#). [No, a. + body.] 1. No person; no one; not anybody.
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2. Hence: A person of no influence or importance; an insignificant or contemptible person. [Colloq.]
[1913 Webster]

Nocake
No"cake (?), n. [Corrupted fr. Indian nookhik meal. Palfrey.] Indian corn parched, and beaten to powder, -- used for food by the Northern American Indians.
[1913 Webster]

Nocent
No"cent (nō"s&eitalic_;nt), a. [L. nocens, p. pr. of nocere to hurt. See Nuisance, Noxious.] 1. Doing hurt, or having a tendency to hurt; hurtful; mischievous; noxious; as, nocent qualities. I. Watts.
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2. Guilty; -- the opposite of innocent. [Obs.] Foxe.
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Nocent
No"cent, n. A criminal. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
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Nocently
No"cent*ly, adv. Hurtfully; injuriously. [R.]
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Nocive
No"cive (?), a. [L. nocivus, fr. nocere to hurt.] Hurtful; injurious. [R.] Hooker.
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Nock
Nock (?), n. [See Notch.] 1. A notch.
[1913 Webster]

He took his arrow by the nock. Chapman.
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2. (Naut.) The upper fore corner of a boom sail or of a trysail.
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Nock
Nock, v. t. To notch; to fit to the string, as an arrow; to string, as a bow. Chapman.
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Noctambulation
Noc*tam`bu*la"tion (?), n. [L. nox, noctis, night + ambulare to walk: cf. F. noctambulation.] Somnambulism; sleepwalking; walking in one's sleep. Quain.
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Noctambulism
Noc*tam"bu*lism (?), n. Somnambulism.
Syn. -- sleepwalking; noctambulation.
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Noctambulist
Noc*tam"bu*list (?), n. A somnambulist; a sleepwalker.
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Noctambulo
Noc*tam"bu*lo (?), n. A noctambulist; a sleepwalker. [Obs.]
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Noctidial
Noc*tid"i*al (?), a. [L. nox, noctos, night + dies day.] Comprising a night and a day; as, a noctidial day. [R.] Holder.
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Noctiferous
Noc*tif"er*ous (?), a. [L. noctifer; nox, noctis + ferre to bring.] Bringing night. [Obs.] Johnson.
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Noctilionid
Noc*til"i*o*nid (?), n. [Etymol. uncertain.] (Zool.) A South American bat of the genus Noctilio, having cheek pouches and large incisor teeth.
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Noctiluca
Noc`ti*lu"ca (?), n.; pl. Noctilucae (#). [L. noctiluca something that shines by night, fr. nox, noctis, night + lucere to shine, lux light.] 1. (Old Chem.) That which shines at night; -- a fanciful name for phosphorus.
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2. (Zool.) A genus of marine flagellate Infusoria, remarkable for their unusually large size and complex structure, as well as for their phosphorescence. The brilliant diffuse phosphorescence of the sea is often due to myriads of Noctilucae.
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Noctilucin
Noc*ti*lu"cin (?), n. (Zool.) A fatlike substance in certain marine animals, to which they owe their phosphorescent properties.
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Noctilucine
Noc`ti*lu"cine (?), a. (Zool.) Of or pertaining to Noctiluca.
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Noctilucous
Noc`ti*lu"cous (?), a. Shining in the night.
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Noctivagant
Noc*tiv"a*gant (?), a. [L. nox, noctis, night + vagans, p. pr. of vagari to wander about.] (Zool.) Going about in the night; night-wandering.
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Noctivagation
Noc*tiv`a*ga"tion (?), n. A roving or going about in the night. Gayton.
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Noctivagous
Noc*tiv"a*gous (?), a. [L. noctivagus; nox, noctis + vagus wandering.] Noctivagant.
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Noctograph
Noc"to*graph (?), n. [L. nox, noctis, night + -graph.] 1. A kind of writing frame for the blind.
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2. An instrument or register which records the presence of watchmen on their beats. Knight.
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Noctuary
Noc"tu*a*ry (?; 135), n. [L. noctu by night.] A record of what passes in the night; a nightly journal; -- distinguished from diary. [R.] Addison.
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Noctuid
Noc"tu*id (?), n. [From L. nox, noctis, night.] (Zool.) Any one of numerous moths of the family Noctuidae, or Noctuaelitae, as the cutworm moths, and armyworm moths; -- so called because they fly at night. -- a. Of or pertaining to the noctuids, or family Noctuidae.
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Noctule
Noc"tule (?; 135), n. [F., fr. L. noctua a night owl, fr. nox, noctis, night.] (Zool.) A large European bat (Vespertilio altivolans syn. Noctulina altivolans).
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Nocturn
Noc"turn (?), n. [F. nocturne, fr. L. nocturnus. See Nocturnal, and cf. Nocturne.] 1. An office of devotion, or act of religious service, by night.
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2. One of the portions into which the Psalter was divided, each consisting of nine psalms, designed to be used at a night service. Hook.
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Nocturnal
Noc*tur"nal (?), a. [L. nocturnalis, nocturnus, fr. nox, noctis, night. See Night, and cf. Nocturn.] 1. Of, pertaining to, done or occuring in, the night; as, nocturnal darkness, cries, expedition, etc.; -- opposed to diurnal. Dryden.
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2. Having a habit of seeking food or moving about at night; as, nocturnal birds and insects; raccoons are nocturnal.; -- of animals.
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Nocturnal
Noc*tur"nal, n. An instrument formerly used for taking the altitude of the stars, etc., at sea. I. Watts.
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Nocturnally
Noc*tur"nal*ly, adv. By night; nightly.
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Nocturne
Noc*turne" (?), n. [F. See Nocturn.] (Mus.) A night piece, or serenade. The name is now used for a certain graceful and expressive form of instrumental composition, as the nocturne for orchestra in Mendelsohn's “Midsummer-Night's Dream” music.
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Nocument
Noc"u*ment (?), n. [LL. nocumentum, fr. L. nocere to hurt.] Harm; injury; detriment. [Obs.]
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Nocuous
Noc"u*ous (?), a. [L. nocuus, fr. nocere to hurt.] Hurtful; noxious. [R.] -- Noc"u*ous*ly, adv. [R.]
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Nod
Nod (n&obreve_;d), v. i. [OE. nodden; cf. OHG. knōtōn, genuotōn, to shake, and E. nudge.] 1. To bend or incline the upper part, with a quick motion; as, nodding plumes.
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2. To incline the head with a quick motion; to make a slight bow; to make a motion of assent, of salutation, or of drowsiness, with the head; as, to nod at one.
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3. To be careless or inattentive; to make a mistake from lack of attention.
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Nor is it Homer nods, but we that dream. Pope.
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4. To be drowsy or dull; to doze off, especially while in a sitting position; as, half the class nodded while the professor droned on.
[PJC]

Nod
Nod, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Nodded (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Nodding.] 1. To incline or bend, as the head or top; to make a motion of assent, of salutation, or of drowsiness with; as, to nod the head.
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2. To signify by a nod; as, to nod approbation.
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3. To cause to bend. [Poetic]
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By every wind that nods the mountain pine. Keats.
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Nod
Nod (n&obreve_;d), n. 1. A dropping or bending forward of the upper part or top of anything.
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Like a drunken sailor on a mast,
Ready with every nod to tumble down.
Shak.
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2. A quick or slight downward or forward motion of the head, in assent, in familiar salutation, in drowsiness, or in giving a signal, or a command; as, a nod of approval.
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A look or a nod only ought to correct them [the children] when they do amiss. Locke.
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Nations obey my word and wait my nod. Prior.
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The land of Nod, sleep.
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Nodal
Nod"al (?), a. Of the nature of, or relating to, a node; as, a nodal point.
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Nodal line, Nodal point, in a vibrating plate or cord, that line or point which remains at rest while the other parts of the body are in a state of vibration.
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Nodated
No"da*ted (?), a. [L. nodatus, p. p. of nodare to make knotty, fr. nodus knot. See Node.] Knotted.
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Nodated hyperbola (Geom.), a certain curve of the third order having two branches which cross each other, forming a node.
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Nodation
No*da"tion (?), n. [L. nodatio knottiness.] Act of making a knot, or state of being knotted. [R.]
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Nodder
Nod"der (?), n. One who nods; a drowsy person.
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Nodding
Nod"ding (?), a. Curved so that the apex hangs down; having the top bent downward.
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Noddle
Nod"dle (?), n. [OE. nodil, nodle; perh. fr. nod, because the head is the nodding part of the body, or perh. akin to E. knot; cf. Prov. E. nod the nape of the neck.] 1. The head; also, noodle; -- used jocosely or contemptuously.
Syn. -- noggin.
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Come, master, I have a project in my noddle. L'Estrange.
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2. The back part of the head or neck. [Obs.]
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For occasion . . . turneth a bald noddle, after she hath presented her locks in front, and no hold taken. Bacon.
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Noddy
Nod"dy (?), n.; pl. Noddies (#). [Prob. fr. nod to incline the head, either as in assent, or from drowsiness.] 1. A simpleton; a fool. L'Estrange.
Syn. -- tomnoddy.
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2. (Zool.) (a) Any tern of the genus Anous, as Anous stolidus. (b) The arctic fulmar (Fulmarus glacialis). Sometimes also applied to other sea birds.
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3. An old game at cards. Halliwell.
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4. A small two-wheeled one-horse vehicle.
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5. An inverted pendulum consisting of a short vertical flat spring which supports a rod having a bob at the top; -- used for detecting and measuring slight horizontal vibrations of a body to which it is attached.
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Node
Node (nōd), n. [L. nodus; perh. akin to E. knot. Cf. Noose, Nowed.] 1. A knot, a knob; a protuberance; a swelling.
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2. Specifically: (a) (Astron.) One of the two points where the orbit of a planet, or comet, intersects the ecliptic, or the orbit of a satellite intersects the plane of the orbit of its primary. (b) (Bot.) The joint of a stem, or the part where a leaf or several leaves are inserted. (c) (Dialing) A hole in the gnomon of a dial, through which passes the ray of light which marks the hour of the day, the parallels of the sun's declination, his place in the ecliptic, etc. (d) (Geom.) The point at which a curve crosses itself, being a double point of the curve. See Crunode, and Acnode. (e) (Mech.) The point at which the lines of a funicular machine meet from different angular directions; -- called also knot. W. R. Johnson. (f) (Poet.) The knot, intrigue, or plot of a piece. (g) (Med.) A hard concretion or incrustation which forms upon bones attacked with rheumatism, gout, or syphilis; sometimes also, a swelling in the neighborhood of a joint. Dunglison. (h) (Mus) One of the fixed points of a sonorous string, when it vibrates by aliquot parts, and produces the harmonic tones; nodal line or point. (i) (Zool.) A swelling.
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3. (Math., Computers) A special point in a graph or diagram which is attached to other points by links. It is often labeled and represented graphically as a box or circle. A node may represent any object which is related to other objects in a conceptual structure that can be represented as a graph, the relations being represented as links between the nodes.
[PJC]

4. (Anat.) A small mass of tissue differing from other tissue in its immediate vicinity; as, a lymph node.
[PJC]

Ascending node (Astron.), the node at which the body is passing northerly, marked with the symbol &ascendnode_;, called the Dragon's head. Called also northern node. -- Descending node, the node at which the body is moving southwardly, marked thus &descendnode_;, called Dragon's tail. -- Line of nodes, a straight line joining the two nodes of an orbit.
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Nodical
Nod"ic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to the nodes; from a node to the same node again; as, the nodical revolutions of the moon.
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Nodical month. See Lunar month, under Month.
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Nodosarine
No`do*sa"rine (?), a. (Zool.) Resembling in form or structure a foraminiferous shell of the genus Nodosaria. -- n. (Zool.) A foraminifer of the genus Nodosaria or of an allied genus.
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Nodose
No*dose" (?), a. [L. nodosus, fr. nodus knot.] 1. Knotty; having numerous or conspicuous nodes.
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2. (Zool.) Having nodes or prominences; having the alternate joints enlarged, as the antennae of certain insects.
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Nodosity
No*dos"i*ty (&unr_;), n. [L. nodositas.] 1. The quality of being knotty or nodose; resemblance to a node or swelling; knottiness. Holland.
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2. A knot; a node.
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Nodous
Nodosous
{ No*do"sous (?), No"dous (?) }, a. Nodose; knotty; knotted. [Obs.]
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Nodular
Nod"u*lar (n&obreve_;d"&uuptack_;*l&etilde_;r; 135), a. [Cf. F. nodulaire.] 1. Of or pertaining to a nodule or knot.
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2. Having nodules or in the form of a nodule or knot.
[PJC]

nodulated
nodulated adj. Having nodules or occurring in the form of nodules.
Syn. -- nodular, noduled.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Nodule
Nod"ule (n&obreve_;d"&uuptack_;l), n. [L. nodulus, dim. of nodus knot: cf. F. nodule.] A rounded mass or irregular shape; a little knot or lump.
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Noduled
Nod"uled (n&obreve_;d"&uuptack_;ld), a. Having little knots or lumps.
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Nodulous
Nodulose
{ Nod"u*lose` (n&obreve_;d"&uuptack_;*lōs`), Nod"u*lous (n&obreve_;d"&uuptack_;*lŭs), } a. (Biol.) Having small nodes or knots; diminutively nodose.
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Noel
No"el (nō"&ebreve_;l), n. [F. noël, L. natalis birthday, fr. natalis natal. See Natal.] Same as Nowel.
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Noematachograph
No*e`ma*tach"o*graph (?), n. [Gr. no`hma the understanding + ta`chos swiftness + -graph.] An instrument for determining and registering the duration of more or less complex operations of the mind. Dunglison.
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Noematical
Noematic
{ No`e*mat"ic (?), No`e*mat"ic*al (?), } a. [Gr. no`hma the understanding. See Noetic.] Of or pertaining to the understanding. [Obs.] Cudworth.
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Noemics
No*e"mics (?), n. [Gr. no`hma the understanding. See Noetic.] The science of the understanding; intellectual science.
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Noetian
No*e"tian (?), n. (Eccl. Hist.) One of the followers of Noetus, who lived in the third century. He denied the distinct personality of the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost.
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Noetical
Noetic
{ No*et"ic (?), No*et"ic*al (?), } a. [Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to perceive, &unr_; mind, intellect.] Of or pertaining to the intellect; intellectual.
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I would employ the word noetic to express all those cognitions which originate in the mind itself. Sir W. Hamilton.
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Nof
Nof (?). [Contr. fr. ne of.] Not of; nor of. [Obs.]
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Nog
Nog (?), n. [Abbrev. fr. noggin.] 1. A noggin.
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2. A kind of strong ale. Halliwell.
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3. eggnog.
[PJC]

egg nog A drink make from eggs beaten with milk, cream, and sugar, often spiked with rum or other alcoholic liquor, and sometimes seasoned with cinnamon; usually spelled eggnog. It is a traditional drink served at social gatherings during the Christmas season.
[PJC]

Nog
Nog, n. [Etymol. uncertain.] 1. A wooden block, of the size of a brick, built into a wall, as a hold for the nails of woodwork.
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2. One of the square logs of wood used in a pile to support the roof of a mine.
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3. (Shipbuilding) A treenail to fasten the shores.
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Nog
Nog, v. t. [From 2d Nog.] 1. To fill in, as between scantling, with brickwork.
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2. (Shipbuilding) To fasten, as shores, with treenails.
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Noggen
Nog"gen (?), a. [Prop., made of hemp, fr. Prov. E. nogs hemp.] Made of hemp; hence, hard; rough; harsh. [Obs.] Johnson.
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Noggin
Nog"gin (?), n. [Ir. noigin, or Gael. noigean. Cf. 1st Nog.] 1. A small mug or cup.
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2. A measure equivalent to a gill. Hence: a small quantity of a beverage. [Prov. Eng.]
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3. The head (of a person). [slang]
Syn. -- noodle, noddle.
[PJC]

Nogging
Nog"ging (?), n. [From Nog, v. t.] Rough brick masonry used to fill in the interstices of a wooden frame, in building.
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Noght
Noght (?), adv. Not. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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no-go
no-go adj. not functioning properly or in suitable condition for proceeding; as, the space launch was no-go. Opposite of go, a.
[WordNet 1.5]

no-goal
no-goal n. a nonexistent goal; as, he lived without a reason progressing toward no-goal.
[WordNet 1.5]

no-good
no-good adj. without merit; useless; as, the car was a no-good piece of junk.
Syn. -- good-for-nothing, good-for-naught, meritless, no-account, no-count, sorry.
[WordNet 1.5]

no-goodnik
nogoodnik
no`good"nik, no`-good"nik n. A worthless, disreputable, or malicious person. [slang]
Syn. -- good-for-nothing.
[PJC]

no-hit
no-hit (Baseball) adj. 1. (Baseball) having no hits; characterized by one team scoring no hits; -- of a baseball game (or the pitching) in which a pitcher allows the opponent no hits; as, he pitched no-hit ball for seven innings. A no-hit game is usually referred to as a no-hitter; as, His no-hit pitching.
Syn. -- hitless.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC

no-hitter
no-hitter n. (Baseball) A game in which a pitcher allows the opposing team no hits.
Syn. -- no-hit game.
[WordNet 1.5]

Noiance
Noi"ance (?), n. [Abbrev. fr. OE. anoiance.] [Written also noyance.] Annoyance. [Obs.] Tusser.
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Noie
Noie (?), v. t. To annoy. See Noy. [Obs.]
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Noier
Noi"er (?), n. An annoyer. [Obs.] Tusser.
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Noil
Noil (?), n. [Prob. fr. Prov. E. oil, ile, ail, a beard of grain (OE. eil, AS. egl) combined with the indef. article, an oil becoming a noil.] A short or waste piece or knot of wool separated from the longer staple by combing; also, a similar piece or shred of waste silk.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Noils
Noils (?), n. pl. [Etymol. uncertain.] Waste and knots of wool removed by the comb; combings.
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Noint
Noint (?), v. t. To anoint. [Obs.] Sir T. North.
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Noious
Noi"ous (?), a. Annoying; troublesome. [Obs.]
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Noise
Noise (?), n. [F. noise noisy strife, quarrel, brawl, fr. L. nausea seasickness, sickness, disgust. See Nausea.] 1. Sound of any kind.
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The heavens turn about in a most rapid motion without noise
to us perceived.
Bacon.
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&hand_; Noise is either a sound of too short a duration to be determined, like the report of a cannon; or else it is a confused mixture of many discordant sounds, like the rolling of thunder or the noise of the waves. Nevertheless, the difference between sound and noise is by no means precise. Ganot.
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2. Especially, loud, confused, or senseless sound; clamor; din.
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3. Loud or continuous talk; general talk or discussion; rumor; report. “The noise goes.” Shak.
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What noise have we had about transplantation of diseases and transfusion of blood! T. Baker.
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Socrates lived in Athens during the great plague which has made so much noise in all ages. Spectator.
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4. Music, in general; a concert; also, a company of musicians; a band. [Obs.] Milton.
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The king has his noise of gypsies. B. Jonson.
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Syn. -- Cry; outcry; clamor; din; clatter; uproar.
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Noise
Noise, v. i. To sound; to make a noise. Milton.
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Noise
Noise, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Noised (?); p pr. & vb. n. Noising.] 1. To spread by rumor or report.
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All these sayings were noised abroad. Luke i. 65.
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2. To disturb with noise. [Obs.] Dryden.
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Noiseful
Noise"ful (?), a. Loud; clamorous. [Obs.] Dryden.
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Noiseless
Noise"less, a. Making, or causing, no noise or bustle; without noise; silent; as, the noiseless foot of time.
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So noiseless would I live. Dryden.
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-- Noise"less*ly, adv. -- Noise"less*ness, n.
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noisemaker
noisemaker n. Any device (such as a clapper or bell or horn) used to make a loud noise at a celebration.
[WordNet 1.5]

Noisette
Noi*sette" (?), n. (Bot.) A hybrid rose produced in 1817, by a French gardener, Noisette, of Charleston, South Carolina, from the China rose and the musk rose. It has given rise to many fine varieties, as the Lamarque, the Marechal (or Marshal) Niel, and the Cloth of gold. Most roses of this class have clustered flowers and are of vigorous growth. P. Henderson.
[1913 Webster]

Noisily
Nois"i*ly (?), adv. In a noisy manner.
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Noisiness
Nois"i*ness, n. The state or quality of being noisy.
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Noisome
Noi"some (?), a. [For noysome, fr. noy for annoy. See Annoy.] 1. Noxious to health; hurtful; mischievous; unwholesome; insalubrious; destructive; as, noisome effluvia.Noisome pestilence.” Ps. xci. 3.
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2. Offensive to the smell or other senses; disgusting; fetid. “Foul breath is noisome.” Shak.
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-- Noi"some*ly, adv. -- Noi"some*ness, n.
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Syn. -- Noxious; unwholesome; insalubrious; mischievous; destructive. -- Noisome, Noxious. These words have to a great extent been interchanged; but there is a tendency to make a distinction between them, applying noxious to things that inflict evil directly; as, a noxious plant, noxious practices, etc., and noisome to things that operate with a remoter influence; as, noisome vapors, a noisome pestilence, etc. Noisome has the additional sense of disqusting. A garden may be free from noxious weeds or animals; but, if recently covered with manure, it may be filled with a noisome smell.
[1913 Webster]

Noisy
Nois"y (?), a. [Compar. Noisier (?); superl. Noisiest.] [From Noise.] 1. Making a noise, esp. a loud sound; clamorous; vociferous; turbulent; boisterous; as, the noisy crowd.
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2. Full of noise. “The noisy town.” Dryden.
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Nolde
Nol"de (?). [Contr. fr. ne wolde.] Would not. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Nole
Nole (?), n. [See Noll.] The head. [Obs.] Shak.
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Noli-me-tangere
No"li-me-tan"ge*re (?), n. [L., touch me not.] 1. (Bot.) (a) Any plant of a genus of herbs (Impatiens) having capsules which, if touched when ripe, discharge their seeds. -- See Impatiens. (b) The squirting cucumber. See under Cucumber.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Med.) A name formerly applied to several varieties of ulcerous cutaneous diseases, but now restricted to Lupus exedens, an ulcerative affection of the nose.
[1913 Webster]

Nolition
No*li"tion (?), n. [L. nolle not to will, to be unwilling; ne + velle to will, to be willing.] Adverse action of will; unwillingness; -- opposed to volition.
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A nolition and a direct enmity against the lust. Jer. Taylor.
[1913 Webster]

Noll
Noll (?), n. [OE. nol, AS. hnoll top; akin to OHG. hnol top, head.] The head; the noodle. [Obs.]
Syn. -- noddle, noggin.
[1913 Webster]

Nolleity
Nol*le"i*ty (?), n. [L. nolle to be unwilling.] The state of being unwilling; nolition. [R.]
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Nolle prosequi
Nol"le pros"e*qui (?). [L., to be unwilling to prosecute.] (Law) Will not prosecute; -- an entry on the record, denoting that a plaintiff discontinues his suit, or the attorney for the public a prosecution; either wholly, or as to some count, or as to some of several defendants.
[1913 Webster]

Nolo contendere
No"lo con*ten"de*re (?). [L., I do not wish to contend.] (Law) A plea, by the defendant, in a criminal prosecution, which, without admitting guilt, subjects him to all the consequences of a plea of guilty.
[1913 Webster]

Nol. pros.
Nol. pros. An abbrev. of Nolle prosequi.
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Nol-pros
Nol`-pros" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. -prossed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. -prossing.] To discontinue by entering a nolle prosequi; to decline to prosecute.
[1913 Webster]

Nolt
Nolt (?), n. sing. & pl. Neat cattle. [Prov. Eng.]
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Nom
Nom (?), n. [F. See Noun.] Name.
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Nom de guerre (&unr_;), literally, war name; hence, a fictitious name, or one assumed for a time. -- Nom de plume (&unr_;), literally, pen name; hence, a name assumed by an author as his or her signature.
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Noma
No"ma (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;, lit., a feeding. See Name.] (Med.) See Canker, n., 1.
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Nomad
Nom"ad (?), n. [L. nomas, -adis, Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, pasturing, roaming without fixed home, fr. &unr_; a pasture, allotted abode, fr. &unr_; to distribute, allot, drive to pasture; prob. akin to AS. niman to take, and E. nimble: cf. F. nomade. Cf. Astronomy, Economy, Nimble, Nemesis, Numb, Number.] One of a race or tribe that has no fixed location, but wanders from place to place in search of pasture or game.
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Nomad
Nom"ad, a. Roving; nomadic.
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Nomade
Nom"ade (?), n. [F.] See Nomad, n.
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Nomadian
No*ma"di*an (?), n. A nomad. [R.]
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Nomadic
No*mad"ic (?), a. [Gr. &unr_;. See Nomad.] Of or pertaining to nomads, or their way of life; wandering; moving from place to place for subsistence; as, a nomadic tribe. -- No*mad"ic*al*ly (#), adv.
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Nomadism
Nom"ad*ism (?), n. The state of being a nomad.
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Nomadize
Nom"ad*ize (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Nomadized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Nomadizing (?).] To lead the life of a nomad; to wander with flocks and herds for the sake of finding pasturage.
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The Vogules nomadize chiefly about the Rivers Irtish, Obi, Kama, and Volga. W. Tooke.
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Nomancy
No"man*cy (?), n. [Cf. F. nomancie, nomance, abbrev. fr. onomancie. See Onomancy.] The art or practice of divining the destiny of persons by the letters which form their names.
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No-man's-land
No-man's land
No"-man's` land`, No"-man's`-land` (?). 1. (Naut.) A space amidships used to keep blocks, ropes, etc.; a space on a ship belonging to no one in particular to care for.
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2. An unoccupied area between opposing armies.
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3. Hence: (Fig.): An unclaimed space or time.
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That no-man's land of twilight. W. Black.
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Nomarch
Nom"arch (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; a district + -arch.] The chief magistrate of a nome or nomarchy.
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Nomarchy
Nom"arch*y (?), n.; pl. Nomarchies (&unr_;). A province or territorial division of a kingdom, under the rule of a nomarch, as in modern Greece; a nome.
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Nombles
Nom"bles (?), n. pl. [F. nombles, fr. L. lumbulus, dim. of lumbus a loin. Cf. Numbles, Umbles, Humbles.] The entrails of a deer; the umbles. [Written also numbles.] Johnson.
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Nombril
Nom"bril (?), n. [F. nombril, for OF. lombril, i. e., ombril, with the article, a dim. fr. L. umbilicus the navel. See Navel.] (Her.) A point halfway between the fess point and the middle base point of an escutcheon; -- called also navel point. See Escutcheon.
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Nome
Nome (?), n. [Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to deal out, distribute.] 1. A province or political division, as of modern Greece or ancient Egypt; a nomarchy.
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2. Any melody determined by inviolable rules. [Obs.]
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Nome
Nome, n. [Cf. Binomial.] (Alg.) [Obs.] See Term.
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Nomen
Nome
{ Nome, No"men (?) }, obs. p. p. of Nim. Chaucer.
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Nomenclator
No"men*cla`tor (?), n. [L., fr. nomen name + calare to call. See Name, and Calendar.] 1. One who calls persons or things by their names.
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&hand_; In Rome, candidates for office were attended each by a nomenclator, who informed the candidate of the names of the persons whom they met and whose votes it was desirable to solicit.
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2. One who gives names to things, or who settles and adjusts the nomenclature of any art or science; also, a list or vocabulary of technical names.
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Nomenclatress
No"men*cla`tress (?), n. A female nomenclator.
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Nomenclatural
No`men*cla"tur*al (?), a. Pertaining or according to a nomenclature.
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Nomenclature
No"men*cla`ture (?), n. [L. nomenclatura: cf. F. nomenclature. See Nomenclator.] 1. A name. [Obs.] Bacon.
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2. A vocabulary, dictionary, or glossary. [R.]
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3. The technical names used in any particular branch of science or art, or by any school or individual; as, the nomenclature of botany or of chemistry; the nomenclature of Lavoisier and his associates.
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Nomial
No"mi*al (?), n. [Cf. Binomial.] (Alg.) A name or term.
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Nomic
Nom"ic (?), a. [Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; a law, custom.] Customary; ordinary; -- applied to the usual English spelling, in distinction from strictly phonetic methods. H Sweet. -- n. Nomic spelling. A. J. Ellis.
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Nominal
Nom"i*nal (?), a. [L. nominalis, fr. nomen, nominis, name. See Name.] 1. Of or pertaining to a name or names; having to do with the literal meaning of a word; verbal; as, a nominal definition. Bp. Pearson.
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2. Existing in name only; not real; as, a nominal difference.Nominal attendance on lectures.” Macaulay.
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4. Hence: Insignificant; trifling; -- of prices or costs, as compared with the benefits gained; as, to pay a nominal sum for the data; a nominal fee.
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3. Within acceptable limits; as expected; as, the hydraulic lines are at nominal pressure; -- used mostly in aviation and space operations.
[PJC]

Nominal
Nom"i*nal, n. 1. A nominalist. [Obs.] Camden.
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2. (Gram.) A verb formed from a noun.
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3. A name; an appellation.
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A is the nominal of the sixth note in the natural diatonic scale. Moore (Encyc. of Music. )
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Nominalism
Nom"i*nal*ism (?), n. The principles or philosophy of the Nominalists.
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Nominalist
Nom"i*nal*ist, n. (Metaph.) One of a sect of philosophers in the Middle Ages, who adopted the opinion of Roscelin, that general conceptions, or universals, exist in name only. Reid.
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Nominalistic
Nom`i*nal*is"tic (?), a. Of or pertaining to the Nominalists.
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Nominalize
Nom"i*nal*ize (?), v. t. (Grammar, Linguistics) To convert into a noun; as, a nominalized sentence; a nominalized adjective or verb.
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In a sentence of the form:
“That Kennedy would have been a great president if he had not been assassinated is one of the enduring myths of the Camelot conceit.”
the sentence “Kennedy would have been a great president if he had not been assassinated” has been nominalized by the introductory “that”.

[PJC]

Nominally
Nom"i*nal*ly, adv. In a nominal manner; by name; in name only; not in reality. Burke.
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Nominate
Nom"i*nate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Nominated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Nominating (?).] [L. nominatus, p. p. of nominare to nominate, fr. nomen name. See Name.]
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1. To mention by name; to name. [Obs.]
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To nominate them all, it is impossible. Shak.
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2. To call; to entitle; to denominate. [Obs.] Spenser.
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3. To set down in express terms; to state. [Obs.]
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Is it so nominated in the bond? Shak.
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4. To name, or designate by name, for an office or place; to appoint; esp., to name as a candidate for an election, choice, or appointment; to propose by name, or offer the name of, as a candidate for an office or place.
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Nominately
Nom"i*nate*ly (?), adv. By name; particularly; namely. [Obs.] Spelman.
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Nomination
Nom`i*na"tion (?), n. [L. nominatio: cf. F. nomination.]
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1. The act of naming or nominating; designation of a person as a candidate for office; the power of nominating; the state of being nominated; as, to win the nomination.
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The nomination of persons to places being . . . a flower of his crown, he would reserve to himself. Clarendon.
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2. The denomination, or name. [Obs.] Bp. Pearson.
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Nominatival
Nom`i*na*ti"val (?), a. (Gram.) Of or pertaining to the nominative case.
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Nominative
Nom"i*na*tive (?), a. [L. nominativus belonging to a name, nominative.] (Gram.) Giving a name; naming; designating; -- said of that case or form of a noun which stands as the subject of a finite verb. -- n. The nominative case.
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Nominatively
Nom"i*na*tive*ly, adv. In the manner of a nominative; as a nominative.
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Nominator
Nom"i*na`tor (?), n. [L.] One who nominates.
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Nominee
Nom`i*nee" (?), n. [See Nominate, and -ee.] A person named, or designated, by another, to any office, duty, or position; one nominated, or proposed, by others for office or for election to office. One remains a nominee until one has been elected or has assumed the office.
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Nominor
Nom"i*nor` (?), n. [See Nominate, and -or.] A nominator. [Obs.] Bentham.
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Nomocracy
No*moc"ra*cy (?), n. [Gr. no`mos law + -cracy, as in democracy.] Government in accordance with a system of law. Milman.
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Nomography
No*mog"ra*phy (?), n. [Gr. &unr_;; no`mos law + &unr_; to write.] A treatise on laws; an exposition of the form proper for laws.
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Nomology
No*mol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. no`mos law + -logy.]
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1. The science of law; legislation.
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2. The science of the laws of the mind; rational psychology. Sir W. Hamilton.
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Nomopelmous
Nom`o*pel"mous (?), a. [Gr. no`mos law, custom + &unr_; sole of the foot.] (Zool.) Having a separate and simple tendon to flex the first toe, or hallux, as do passerine birds.
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Nomothete
Nom"o*thete (?), n. [Gr. &unr_;; no`mos + &unr_; to assign: cf. F. nomothète.] A lawgiver. [R.]
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Nomothetical
Nomothetic
{ Nom`o*thet"ic (?), Nom`o*thet"ic*al (?), } a. [Gr. &unr_;.] Legislative; enacting laws; as, a nomothetical power. [R.] Bp. Barlow.
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Non
Non (n&obreve_;n), a. No; not. See No, a. Chaucer.
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Non-
Non- (n&obreve_;n-) pref. [L. non, OL. noenu, noenum, fr. neoenum, lit., not one. See None.] A prefix used in the sense of not; un-; in-; as in nonattention, or non-attention, nonconformity, nonmetallic, nonsuit.
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&hand_; The prefix non- may be joined to the leading word by means of a hyphen, or, in most cases, the hyphen may be dispensed with. The list of words having the prefix non- could easily be lengthened.
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Nona
Nona prop. n. The Fate who spins the thread of life; counterpart of Greek Clotho.
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Nonability
Non`a*bil"i*ty (?), n. 1. Want of ability.
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2. (Law) An exception taken against a plaintiff in a cause, when he is unable legally to commence a suit.
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nonabsorptive
nonabsorbent
nonabsorbent nonabsorptive adj. not capable of absorbing or soaking up (liquids). Opposite of absorbent. [Narrower terms: repellent, resistant ]
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Nonacceptance
Non`ac*cept"ance (?), n. A neglect or refusal to accept.
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Nonacid
Non*ac"id (n&obreve_;n*ăs"&ibreve_;d), a. (Chem.) Destitute of acid properties; hence, basic; metallic; positive; -- said of certain atoms and radicals.
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Nonacquaintance
Non`ac*quaint"ance (?), n. Want of acquaintance; the state of being unacquainted.
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Nonacquiescence
Non*ac`qui*es"cence (?), n. Refusal of acquiescence; failure to yield or comply.
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Nonadmission
Non`ad*mis"sion (?), n. Failure to be admitted.
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nonadsorptive
nonadsorbent
nonadsorbent, nonadsorptive adj. lacking capacity to adsorb or cause to accumulate on a surface. Opposite of adsorbent.
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Nonadult
Non`a*dult" (?), a. Not adult; immature.
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Nonaerobiotic
Non*a`er*o*bi*ot"ic (?), a. (Biol.) Capable of living without atmospheric oxygen; anaerobic.
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Nonage
Non"age (?), n. [LL. nonagium, from L. nonus ninth, novem nine.] (Eccl.) The ninth part of movable goods, formerly payable to the clergy on the death of persons in their parishes. Mozley & W.
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Nonage
Non"age, n. [Pref. non- + age.] Time of life before a person becomes of age; legal immaturity; minority.
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The human mind . . . was still in its nonage. Coleridge.
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Nonaged
Non"aged (?), a. Having the quality of nonage; being a minor; immature. W. Browne.
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Nonagenarian
Non`a*ge*na"ri*an (?), n. [L. nonagenarius containing, or consisting of, ninety, fr. nonageni ninety each; akin to novem nine.] A person ninety years old.
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Nonagesimal
Non`a*ges"i*mal (?), a. [L. nonagesimus the ninetieth. See Nonagenarian.] (Astron.) Of or pertaining to the ninetieth degree or to a nonagesimal.
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Nonagesimal
Non`a*ges"i*mal, n. (Astron.) The middle or highest point of the part of the ecliptic which is at any given moment above the horizon. It is the ninetieth degree of the ecliptic, reckoned from the points in which it is intersected by the horizon.
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Nonagon
Non"a*gon (?), n. [L. nonus ninth + Gr. &unr_; angle.] (Math.) A plane figure or polygon having nine sides and nine angles.
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Nonagrian
Non*a"gri*an (?), n. [Etymol. uncertain.] (Zool.) Any moth of the genus Nonagria and allied genera, as the spindleworm and stalk borer.
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Nonalienation
Non*al`ien*a"tion (?), n. Failure to alienate; also, the state of not being alienated.
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Nonane
Non"ane (?), n. [L. nonus ninth.] (Chem.) One of a group of metameric hydrocarbons C9H20 of the paraffin series; -- so called because of the nine carbon atoms in the molecule. Normal nonane is a colorless volatile liquid, an ingredient of ordinary kerosene.
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Nonappearance
Non`ap*pear"ance (?), n. Default of appearance, as in court, to prosecute or defend; failure to appear.
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Nonappointment
Non`ap*point"ment (?), n. Neglect of making appointment; failure to receive an appointment.
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nonarboreal
nonarboreal adj. not arboreal; not living in trees; -- of animals. Opposite of arboreal.
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Nonarrival
Non`ar*riv"al (?), n. Failure to arrive.
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nonassociative
nonassociative adj. not associative. Opposite of associative.
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Non assumpsit
Non` as*sump"sit (?). [L., he did not undertake.] (Law) The general plea or denial in an action of assumpsit.
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nonastringent
nonastringent adj. 1. noncontractive. Opposite of astringent.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nonattendance
Non`at*tend"ance (?), n. A failure to attend; omission of attendance; nonappearance.
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Nonattention
Non`at*ten"tion (?), n. Inattention.
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non-automatic
non-automatic adj. same as hand-operated.
Syn. -- hand-operated.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

nonbearing
nonbearing adj. 1. (Arch.) supporting no vertical weight other than its own; -- of a structural member; as, a non-bearing wall. [Narrower terms: dividing(prenominal) ] bearing
[WordNet 1.5]

nonbelligerent
nonbelligerent adj. not directly at war; as, nonbelligerent nations.
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nonbelligerent
nonbelligerent n. A country which is not involved in a war.
[PJC]

Nonbituminous
Non`bi*tu"mi*nous (?), a. Containing no bitumen; not bituminous.
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noncarbonated
noncarbonated adj. not having supersaturated carbon dioxide in solution; not carbonated; -- of beverages. [Narrower terms: noneffervescent (vs. effervescent) ]
Syn. -- uncarbonated.
[WordNet 1.5]

non-Catholic
non-Catholic a. Not Roman Catholic; not adhering to the Catholic religion.
[PJC]

non-Catholic
non-Catholic n. A person who is not a Roman Catholic.
[WordNet 1.5]

noncausal
noncausal adj. not causal.
Syn. -- uncausal, uncausative.
[WordNet 1.5]

noncausative
noncausative adj. not causative. Opposite of causative.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nonce
Nonce (n&obreve_;ns), n. [For the nonce, OE. for the nones, a corruption of for then ones, where n. in then is a relic of AS. m in ðam, dat. of the article and demonstrative pronoun, E. the. See For, Once, and The.] The one or single occasion; the present call or purpose; -- chiefly used in the phrase for the nonce, i. e. for the present time.
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The miller was a stout carl for the nones. Chaucer.
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And that he calls for drink, I 'll have prepared him
A chalice for the nonce.
Shak.
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Nonce word, “a word apparently employed only for the nonce”. Murray (New English Dict.).
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noncellular
noncellular adj. Not made up of or divided into cells. Opposite of cellular.
Syn. -- acellular.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nonchalance
Non`cha`lance" (?), n. [F. See Nonchalant.] Indifference; carelessness; coolness.
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Nonchalant
Non`cha`lant" (?), a. [F., fr. non not (L. non) + chaloir to concern one's self for, fr. L. calere to be warm, to be inflamed with desire, to be troubled. See Non-, and Caldron.] Indifferent; careless; cool.
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Nonchalantly
Non"cha*lant`ly (?), adv. In a nonchalant, indifferent, or careless manner; coolly.
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Nonclaim
Non"claim` (?), n. A failure to make claim within the time limited by law; omission of claim.
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Noncohesion
Non`co*he"sion (?), n. Want of cohesion.
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Noncoincidence
Non`co*in"ci*dence, n. Lack of coincidence.
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Noncoincident
Non`co*in"ci*dent (?), a. Not coincident.
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noncollapsible
noncollapsable
noncollapsable noncollapsible adj. 1. not able to be folded into a compact form. Opposite of collapsible. [Narrower terms: nontelescopic, nontelescoping]
[WordNet 1.5]

noncolumned
noncolumned adj. (Arch.) not having columns. [Narrower terms: astylar; unpillared] columned
Syn. -- uncolumned.
[WordNet 1.5]

noncom
noncom n. A noncommissioned officer; a military officer appointed from enlisted personnel.
[WordNet 1.5]

Noncombatant
Non*com"bat*ant (?), n. 1. (Mil.) Any person connected with an army, or within the lines of an army, who does not make it his business to fight, as any one of the medical officers and their assistants, chaplains, and others; also, any of the citizens of a place occupied by an army; also, any one holding a similar position with respect to the navy.
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2. A person not attached to a military unit, or not participating in the military activities of a war; a civilian; as, the bomb killed twenty noncombatants.
[PJC]

noncombinative
noncombinative adj. not combinative. Opposite of combinative. [Narrower terms: noncombining]
[WordNet 1.5]

noncombining
noncombining adj. not able to combine.
[WordNet 1.5]

noncombustible
noncombustible adj. Not combustible; not able to burn; as, drapery should be made of noncombustible materials. Opposite of combustible.
Syn. -- incombustible.
[WordNet 1.5]

noncommercial
noncommercial adj. not connected with or engaged in commercial enterprises. Opposite of commercial. [Narrower terms: nonprofit, non-profit-making ]
[WordNet 1.5]

Noncommissioned
Non`com*mis"sioned (?), a. Not having a commission.
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Noncommissioned officer (Mil.), a subordinate officer not appointed by a commission from the chief executive or supreme authority of the State; but by the Secretary of War or by the commanding officer of the regiment.
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Noncommittal
Non`com*mit"tal (?), n. A state of not being committed or pledged; forbearance or refusal to commit one's self. Also used adjectively.
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noncommital
noncommital adj. Not expressing a preference; as, although favoring European unity he was noncommittal about the form it should take.
Syn. -- undogmatic.
[WordNet 1.5]

Noncommunion
Non`com*mun"ion (?), n. Neglect or failure of communion.
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Noncompletion
Non`com*ple"tion (?), n. Lack of completion; failure to complete.
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Noncompliance
Non`com*pli"ance (?), n. Neglect of compliance; failure to comply.
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Noncomplying
Non`com*ply"ing (?), a. Neglecting or refusing to comply.
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Non compos mentis
Non compos
{ ‖Non com"pos (?). ‖Non com"pos men"tis (?). } [L.] Not of sound mind; not having the regular use of reason; hence, also, as a noun, an idiot; a lunatic; one devoid of reason, either by nature or from accident.
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Noncon.
Non"con. (&unr_;), n. See Noncontent.
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Nonconcluding
Non`con*clud"ing (?), a. Not concluding.
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Nonconcur
Non`con*cur" (?), v. i. To dissent or refuse to concur.
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Nonconcurrence
Non`con*cur"rence (?), n. Refusal to concur.
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Noncondensible
Non`con*den"si*ble (?), a. Not condensible; incapable of being liquefied; -- said of gases. [archaic]
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Noncondensing
Non`con*dens"ing, a. (Steam Engine) Not condensing; discharging the steam from the cylinder at a pressure nearly equal to or above that of the atmosphere and not into a condenser.
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Nonconducting
Non`con*duct"ing (?), a. Not conducting; nonconductive; not transmitting a fluid or force; -- used especially of electric current; thus, in electricity, wax is a nonconducting substance.
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Nonconduction
Non`con*duc"tion (?), n. The quality of not being able to conduct or transmit; failure to conduct.
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Nonconductor
Non`con*duct"or (?), n. (Physics) A substance which does not conduct, that is, convey or transmit, heat, electricity, sound, vibration, or the like, or which transmits them with difficulty; an insulator; as, wool is a nonconductor of heat; glass and dry wood are nonconductors of electricity.
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Nonconforming
Non`con*form"ing (?), a. Not conforming; declining conformity; especially, not conforming to the established church of a country.
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Nonconformist
Non`con*form"ist, n. One who does not conform to an established church; especially, one who does not conform to the established church of England; a dissenter.
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Nonconformity
Non*con*form"i*ty (?), n. Neglect or failure of conformity; especially, in England, the neglect or refusal to unite with the established church in its rites and modes of worship.
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Nonconstat
Non`con"stat (?), n. [Law L.] It does not appear; it is not plain or clear; it does not follow.
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Noncontagious
Non`con*ta"gious (?), a. Not contagious; not catching; not communicable by contact. -- Non`con*ta"gious*ness, n.
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Noncontent
Non`con*tent" (?), n. (British House of Lords) One who gives a negative vote; -- sometimes abridged into noncon. or non con.
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Noncontributory
Noncontributing
{ Non`con*trib"u*ting (?), Non`con*trib"u*to*ry (?) }, a. Not contributing.
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noncurrent
noncurrent adj. Not current or belonging to the present time. Opposite of current. [Narrower terms: back(prenominal), out-of-date; discontinued, out of print(predicate), out of production(predicate), out of use(predicate); disused, obsolete ; obsolete, outdated, outmoded, out-of-date, superannuated ; obsolescent ] Also See: old, past.
[WordNet 1.5]

noncyclic
noncyclic adj. 1. not occurring in cycles; not cyclic. Opposite of cyclic.
Syn. -- nonclyclical.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. aperiodic. periodic
[WordNet 1.5]

Nonda
Non"da (?), n. (Bot.) The edible plumlike fruit of the Australian tree, Parinarium Nonda.
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Nondecane
Non*dec"ane (?), n. [L. nonus ninth + decem ten.] (Chem.) A hydrocarbon of the paraffin series, a white waxy substance, C19H40; -- so called from the number of carbon atoms in the molecule.
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Nondeciduate
Non`de*cid"u*ate (?), a. (Anat.) Characterized by the absence of a decidua; indeciduate.
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nondecisive
nondecisive adj. not crucial; not comprising a decisive factor in a result. Opposite of crucial and decisive.
Syn. -- noncrucial, unimportant.
[WordNet 1.5]

nondeductible
nondeductible adj. not allowable as a tax deduction; as, political contributions are nondeductible. Opposite of deductible.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nondelivery
Non`de*liv"er*y (?), n. A neglect or failure of delivery; omission of delivery.
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nondenominational
nondenominational adj. not restricted to a particular religious denomination; as, a nondenominational school.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nondeposition
Non*dep`o*si"tion (?), n. A failure to deposit or throw down.
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nondescript
non"de*script (?), a. [Pref. non- + L. descriptus described.] 1. Not hitherto described; hence, of no recognizable type or class; odd; abnormal; unclassifiable.
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2. Dull or uninteresting; undistinguished.
[PJC]

Nondescript
Non"de*script, n. A thing not yet described; that of which no account or explanation has been given; something abnormal, or hardly classifiable.
[1913 Webster]

Nondevelopment
Non`de*vel"op*ment (?), n. Failure or lack of development.
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Nondiscovery
Non`dis*cov"er*y (?), n. Want or failure of discovery.
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non-discrimination
nondiscrimination
nondiscrimination, non-discrimination n. Fairness in treating people without prejudice; -- used mostly in reference to discrimination based on race, religion, and nationality.
[WordNet 1.5]

non-discriminatory
non-discriminatory n. Fair and unbiased; not discriminating; not biased against a particular group or type of person.
[PJC]

Nondo
Non"do (?), n. (Bot.) A coarse umbelliferous plant (Ligusticum actaeifolium) with a large aromatic root. It is found chiefly in the Alleghany region. Also called Angelico.
[1913 Webster]

None
None (nŭn), a. & pron. [OE. none, non, nan, no, na, AS. nān, fr. ne not + ān one. √193. See No, a. & adv., One, and cf. Non-, Null, a.]
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1. No one; not one; not anything; -- frequently used also partitively, or as a plural, not any.
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There is none that doeth good; no, not one. Ps. xiv. 3.
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Six days ye shall gather it, but on the seventh day, which is the Sabbath, in it there shall be none. Ex. xvi. 26.
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Terms of peace yet none
Vouchsafed or sought.
Milton.
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None of their productions are extant. Blair.
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2. No; not any; -- used adjectively before a vowel, in old style; as, thou shalt have none assurance of thy life.
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None of, not at all; not; nothing of; -- used emphatically. “They knew that I was none of the register that entered their admissions in the universities.” Fuller. -- None-so-pretty (Bot.), the Saxifraga umbrosa. See London pride (a), under London.
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None
None, n. [F.] Same as Nones, 2.
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Noneffective
Non`ef*fect"ive (?), a. 1. Not effective; ineffective.
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2. (Mil.) Not fit or available for duty.
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Non-ego
Non-e"go (?), n. [L., not I.] (Metaph.) The union of being and relation as distinguished from, and contrasted with, the ego. See Ego.
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Nonelastic
Non`e*las"tic (?), a. Not having elasticity; not able to be stretched reversibly.
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Nonelect
Non`e*lect" (?), n. sing. & pl. (Theol.) A person or persons not elected, or chosen, to salvation.
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Nonelection
Non`e*lec"tion (?), n. Failure of election.
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Nonelectrical
Nonelectric
{ Non`e*lec"tric (?), Non`e*lec"tric*al (?) }, a. 1. Not electric; conducting electricity. [archaic]
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2. Not powered by electricity; -- of machines, tools, or devices.
[PJC]

Nonelectric
Non`e*lec"tric, n. (Physics) A substance that is not an insulator (i. e., an electric); that which transmits electricity, as a metal; a conductor. [archaic]
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Nonemphatical
Nonemphatic
{ Non`em*phat"ic (?), Non`em*phat"ic*al (?) }, a. Having no emphasis; unemphatic.
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non-engagement
non-engagement n. Withdrawal from the activities of a group.
Syn. -- nonparticipation, non-involvement.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nonentity
Non*en"ti*ty (?), n.; pl. Nonentities (&unr_;). 1. Nonexistence; the negation of being.
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2. A thing not existing. South.
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3. A person or thing of little or no account; an unimportant person; -- usually used as a disparaging term. [Colloq.]
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Non-Episcopal
Non`-E*pis"co*pal (?), a. Not Episcopal; not pertaining to the Episcopal church or system.
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nonequivalent
nonequivalent adj. Not equal or interchangeable in value, quantity, or significance.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nones
Nones (?), n. pl. [L. nonae, so called because it was the ninth day before the ides, fr. nonus ninth, from novem nine. See Nine, Nones, 2, Noon .]
[1913 Webster]

1. (Roman Calendar) The fifth day of the months January, February, April, June, August, September, November, and December, and the seventh day of March, May, July, and October. The nones were nine days before the ides, reckoning inclusively, according to the Roman method.
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2. [F. none, fr. L. See Noon.] The canonical office, being a part of the Breviary, recited at noon (formerly at the ninth hour, 3 p. m.) in the Roman Catholic Church.
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3. The hour of dinner; the noonday meal. [Obs.]
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At my supper and sometimes at nones. P. Plowman.
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Nonessential
Non`es*sen"tial (?), a. Not essential.
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Nonessential
Non`es*sen"tial, n. A thing not essential.
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Non est factum
Non` est` fac"tum (?). [Law L. it is not (his) deed.] (Law) The plea of the general issue in an action of debt on bond.
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Non est inventus
Non` est` in*ven"tus (?). [L., he is not found.] (Law) The return of a sheriff on a writ, when the defendant is not found in his county. Bouvier.
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Nonesuch
None"such` (?), n. A person or thing of a sort that there is no other such; something extraordinary; a thing that has not its equal. It is given as a name to various objects, as to a choice variety of apple, a species of medic (Medicago lupulina), a variety of pottery clay, etc.
[1913 Webster]

Nonetto
Nonet
{ No*net" (?), ‖No*net"to (?) }, n. [From L. nonus ninth, like E. duet, fr. L. duo.] (Mus.) A composition for nine instruments, rarely for nine voices.
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Nonett
Non"ett (?), n. (Zool.) The titmouse. [Obs.]
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Nonexecution
Non*ex`e*cu"tion (?), n. Neglect or failure of execution; nonperformance.
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nonexempt
nonexempt adj. 1. Not exempt; subject to (some specified) rule. Opposite of exempt. [Narrower terms: liable to(predicate); subject, subject to(predicate)]
[WordNet 1.5]

2. Specifically: (U. S. Labor Law) Not exempt from the provisions of the fair labor practises act; -- a term applied mostly to persons who are hourly employees, who are required by law to be treated in certain ways. Many salaried and management personnnel are not covered by the law and are therefore exempt.
[PJC]

Nonexistence
Non`ex*ist"ence (?), n. 1. The state of not existing; absence of existence; the negation of being; -- usually used with reference to existince in the real world, or logical possiblity; as, the nonexistence of vaporware does not go unnoticed long. A. Baxter.
Syn. -- nonentity{1}.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

2. A thing that has no existence. Sir T. Browne.
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Nonexistent
Non`ex*ist"ent (?), a. Not having existence.
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nonexploratory
nonexploratory adj. not exploratory. Opposite of exploratory.
Syn. -- nonexplorative, unexploratory, unexplorative.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonexplosive
nonexplosive adj. Not explosive. [Narrower terms: noncombustible (vs. combustible), incombustible] WordNet 1.5]

Nonexportation
Non*ex`por*ta"tion (?), n. A failure of exportation; a not exporting of commodities.
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nonextant
nonextant adj. No longer existing; inaccessible through loss or destruction.
[WordNet 1.5]

Its nonextant original was written on vellum G. B. Saul

Nonextensile
Non`ex*ten"sile (?), a. Not extensile; incapable of being stretched.
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Non-feasance
Non-fea"sance (?), n. [Pref. non- + OF. faisance a doing, fr. faire to do.] (Law) An omission or neglect to do something, esp. that which ought to have been done. Cf. Malfeasance.
[1913 Webster]

non-finite
non-finite adj. (Grammar) Infinitive, uninflected; -- of verbs. Opposite of finite.
Syn. -- infinite.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonfissile
nonfissile adj. not fissile. Opposite of fissile.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonfissionable
nonfissionable adj. (Physics) not capable of undergoing fission{4}; -- of atoms or chemical elements. Opposite of fissionable.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonflammable
nonflammable adj. Not easily ignited, and burning only slowly if ignited. [Narrower terms: noncombustible (vs. combustible), incombustible] WordNet 1.5]

Nonfulfillment
Non`ful*fill"ment, n. Neglect or failure to fulfill.
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nonfunctional
nonfunctional adj. 1. Not having or performing a function. [Narrower terms: cosmetic, decorative, ornamental ] Also See: unserviceable. functional
[WordNet 1.5]

2. Not performing or able to perform its regular function; as, the yard was littered with nonfunctional vehicles waiting to be repaired. [Narrower terms: down(predicate) ]. Antonym: functioning.
Syn. -- malfunctioning, unserviceable, out of order.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonglutinous
nonglutenous
nonglutenous nonglutinous adj. not sticky or viscous. [Narrower terms: nonadhesive (vs. adhesive)]
Syn. -- nonviscid.
[WordNet 1.5]

nongregarious
nongregarious adj. Not growing or living in groups or colonies; -- of plants and animals.
Syn. -- nonsocial, solitary.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonhereditary
nonhereditary adj. Not inheritable through genetic transmission. Opposite of inheritable, and heritable. [Narrower terms: acquired, nurtural; congenital, inborn, innate ]
Syn. -- nontransmissible, nonheritable, noninheritable.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonhierarchical
nonhierarchic
nonhierarchic nonhierarchical adj. Not arranged in a hierarchy. Opposite of hierarchical. [Narrower terms: ungraded, unordered, unranked]
[WordNet 1.5]

nonhuman
nonhuman adj. not human. Opposite of human. [Narrower terms: anthropoid, anthropoidal, apelike; bloodless; dehumanized, unhuman; grotesque, monstrous, unnatural; mechanical]
[WordNet 1.5]

Nonillion
No*nil"lion (?), n. [L. nonus ninth + -illion, as in E. million.] According to the French and American notation, a thousand octillions, or a unit with thirty ciphers annexed; according to the English notation, a million octillions, or a unit with fifty-four ciphers annexed. See the Note under Numeration.
[1913 Webster]

nonimitative
nonimitative adj. not marked by or given to imitation. Opposite of imitative.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonimmune
nonimmune adj. (Med.) Not having immunity; susceptible; likely to be affected with, if exposed.
Syn. -- liable to(predicate), nonresistant, unresistant, susceptible to(predicate).
[WordNet 1.5]

Nonimportation
Non*im`por*ta"tion (?), n. Want or failure of importation; a not importing of commodities.
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Nonimporting
Non`im*port"ing (?), a. Not importing; not bringing from foreign countries.
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nonindulgent
nonindulgent adj. 1. not indulgent. [Narrower terms: austere, forbidding, stern ; blue(prenominal), puritan, puritanical ; corrective, disciplinary, disciplinal ; monkish ; renunciant, renunciative, self-abnegating, self-denying ; self-disciplined ; spartan, strict ] Also See abstemious. Antonym: indulgent.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. unpermissive. Opposite of permissive.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonindustrial
nonindustrial adj. 1. not industrial; -- used of societies. Opposite of industrial and industrialized. [Narrower terms: developing, underdeveloped; unindustrialized ]
[WordNet 1.5]

noninfectious
noninfectious adj. not infectious; --of diseases. Opposite of infectious.
[WordNet 1.5]

noninflammatory
noninflammatory adj. (Med.) not inflammatory.
[WordNet 1.5]

Noninflectional
Non`in*flec"tion*al (?), a. Not admitting of, or characterized by, inflection.
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Noninhabitant
Non`in*hab"it*ant (?), n. One who is not an inhabitant; a stranger; a foreigner; a nonresident.
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noninheritable
noninheritable adj. not capable of transmission by heredity. Opposite of inheritable. [Narrower terms: acquired, nurtural; congenital, inborn, innate]
Syn. -- nonheritable, nonhereditary, nontransmissible.
[WordNet 1.5]

noninstitutional
noninstitutional adj. not institutional. Opposite of institutional.
[WordNet 1.5]

noninstitutionalized
noninstitutionalized adj. not committed to an institution; -- op people. Opposite of institutionalized.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonintegrated
nonintegrated adj. not integrated. Opposite of integrated.
Syn. -- unintegrated.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonintellectual
nonintellectual adj. not intellectual. Opposite of intellectual. [Narrower terms: anti-intellectual, philistine; lowbrow, uncultivated ] Also See unscholarly.
[WordNet 1.5]

noninterchangeable
noninterchangeable adj. 1. (math, logic) not able to be interchanged without changing the truth value.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. Not able to be substituted for each other; -- of objects, such as parts of machinery; as, the ink cartidges on the new printer are noninterchangeable with those on the older model.
[PJC]

noninterference
noninterference n. a foreign policy of staying out of other countries' disputes; nonintervention.
Syn. -- nonintervention.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonintersecting
nonintersecting adj. not sharing a common point; -- of lines, planes, or surfaces. [Narrower terms: parallel (vs. nonparallel) ]
Syn. -- nonconvergent.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nonintervention
Non*in`ter*ven"tion (?), n. The state or habit of not intervening or interfering; as, the nonintervention of one state in the affairs of another.
[1913 Webster]

non-involvement
non-involvement n. withdrawing from the activities of a group.
Syn. -- non-engagement, nonparticipation.
[WordNet 1.5]

non-issue
non-issue n. the state of something that has outlived its relevance.
Syn. -- dead letter.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nonius
No"ni*us (?), n. [Latinized form of Nunez, the name of a Portuguese mathematician.] A vernier.
[1913 Webster]

non-Jew
non-Jew prop. n. A person who is not Jewish.
Syn. -- Gentile, goy.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nonjoinder
Non*join"der (?), n. (Law) The omission of some person who ought to have been made a plaintiff or defendant in a suit, or of some cause of action which ought to be joined.
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Nonjurant
Non*ju"rant (?), a. Nonjuring.
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Nonjuring
Non*ju"ring (?), a. [F. jurer to swear, or L. jurare, jurari, to swear, fr. L. jus, juris, right, law, justice. See Jury.] Not swearing allegiance; -- applied to the party in Great Britain that would not swear allegiance to William and Mary, or their successors.
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Nonjuror
Non*ju"ror (?), n. (Eng. Hist.) One of those adherents of James II. who refused to take the oath of allegiance to William and Mary, or to their successors, after the revolution of 1688; a Jacobite.
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Nonjurorism
Non*ju"ror*ism (?), n. (Eng. Hist.) The doctrines, or action, of the Nonjurors.
[1913 Webster]

nonlethal
nonlethal adj. not capable of causing death.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonlexical
nonlexical adj. (Grammar) Not lexical; as, nonlexical morphemes.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nonlimitation
Non*lim`i*ta"tion (?), n. Want of limitation; failure to limit.
[1913 Webster]

nonlinear
nonlinear adj. 1. (Math.) Not depictable graphically as a straight line; not changing by a constant amount for each unit of time, distance, or other independent variable. Opposite of linear.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

2. (Math.) Containing variables of greater than the first degree; -- of an equation. Opposite of linear.
[PJC]

3. (Physics) Represented by equations containing variables of greater than the first degree; -- of physical processes or relationships. Opposite of linear.
[PJC]

Non liquet
Non` li"quet (?). [L.] It is not clear; -- a verdict given by a jury when a matter is to be deferred to another day of trial.
[1913 Webster]

nonliterary
nonliterary adj. Characteristic of or appropriate to everyday language.
Syn. -- common, vernacular, vulgar.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonliterate
nonliterate adj. not using a writing system; -- of societies, cultures, or tribes. [Narrower terms: uncivilized (vs. civilized)]
Syn. -- preliterate.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

nonliving
nonliving adj. Not endowed with life; same as inanimate. Opposite of living and animate.
Syn. -- inanimate.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nonmalignant
Non`ma*lig"nant (?), a. Not malignant, as a disease; -- used especially of tumors; as, a nonmalignant growth on the liver.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Nonmanufacturing
Non*man`u*fac"tur*ing (?), a. Not carrying on manufactures.
[1913 Webster]

nonmechanical
nonmechanical adj. 1. not using a mechanism. Opposite of mechanical. [Narrower terms: nonmechanistic] [Narrower terms: unmechanized ]
[WordNet 1.5]

2. Not having an aptitude to work with machinery; without mechanical skills; -- of persons.
Syn. -- unmechanical.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonmechanistic
nonmechanistic adj. not determined by a mechanical process; partly resulting from a creative process.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Nonmedullated
Non*med"ul*la`ted (?), a. Not medullated; Specifically: (Anat.) without a medulla or marrow, or without a medullary sheath; as, a nonmedullated nerve fiber.
[1913 Webster]

Nonmember
Non*mem"ber, n. One who is not a member; as, nonmembers are not allowed in the club reading room.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Nonmembership
Non*mem"ber*ship, n. State of not being a member.
[1913 Webster]

Nonmetal
Non"met`al (?), n. (Chem.) Any one of the set of elements which, as contrasted with the metals, possess, produce, or receive, acid rather than basic properties; a metalloid; as, oxygen, sulphur, and chlorine are nonmetals.
[1913 Webster]

Nonmetallic
Non`me*tal"lic (?), a. 1. Not metallic.
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2. (Chem.) Resembling, or possessing the properties of, a nonmetal or metalloid; as, sulphur is a nonmetallic element.
[1913 Webster]

nonmetamorphic
nonmetamorphic adj. 1. not metamorphic. Opposite of metamorphic. [Narrower terms: ametabolic metamorphosis)]
[WordNet 1.5]

2. (Geol.) not produced by metamorphosis. metamorphic
[WordNet 1.5]

nonmigratory
nonmigratory adj. 1. Not participating in migrations; -- used of animals that do not migrate. Opposite of migratory.
Syn. -- resident.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. living in one area throughout the year; -- used of animals.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonmodern
nonmodern adj. 1. not modern; of or characteristic of an earlier time. Opposite of modern. [Narrower terms: antebellum; fogyish, mossgrown, mossy, stick-in-the-mud(prenominal), stodgy old-fashioned; medieval, mediaeval, gothic; old-time, quaint; unmodernized; victorian; old-fashioned, outmoded; old-world] Also See: old, past.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonmonotonic
nonmonotonic adj. (Math. or logic) not monotonic; -- of relations between variables. Opposite of monotonic.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nonmoral
Non*mor"al (?), a. Neither moral nor immoral; having no connection with morals; not within the sphere of morals or ethics; not ethical; as, imagination is of its nature nonmoral; infants are nonmoral.
[Webster 1913 Suppl. + WordNet 1.5]

nonmoving
nonmoving adj. Not moving. Opposite of moving. [Narrower terms: at rest, inactive, motionless, static, still; becalmed ; dead(prenominal), stagnant, standing(prenominal), still; frozen(predicate), rooted(predicate), stock-still ; inert ; sitting ; slack ; stationary ; immobile, unmoving] Also See: immobile.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonnative
nonnative adj. 1. not being or composed of aborigines; as, the nonnative population of South Africa. Opposite of native.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. Of persons born in another area or country than that lived in; foreign-born; as, our large nonnative population.
Syn. -- foreign-born.
[WordNet 1.5]

3. Originating in a different region and acclimated to a new environment; -- of plants or animals.
Syn. -- domesticated, naturalized.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nonnatural
Non*nat"u*ral, a. Not natural; unnatural.
[1913 Webster]

Nonne
Nonne (?), n. A nun. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Nonnecessity
Non`ne*ces"si*ty (?), n. Absence of necessity; the quality or state of being unnecessary.
[1913 Webster]

Nonnitrogenous
Non`ni*trog"e*nous (?), a. Devoid of nitrogen; as, a nonnitrogenous principle; a nonnitrogenous food. See the Note under Food, n., 1.
[1913 Webster]

Nonnucleated
Non*nu"cle*a`ted (?), a. Without a nucleus; anucleate.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Nonny
Non"ny (?), n. A silly fellow; a ninny.
[1913 Webster]

no-no
no"-no (?), n. Something improper, unethical, inadvisable, or illegal; as, salt is a no-no for someone after a heart attack. [informal]
[PJC]

Nonobedience
Non`o*be"di*ence (n&obreve_;n`&ouptack_;*bē"d&ibreve_;*&eitalic_;ns), n. Neglect of obedience; failure to obey.
[1913 Webster]

Nonobservance
Non`ob*serv"ance (n&obreve_;n`&obreve_;b*z&etilde_;rv"&aitalic_;ns), n. Neglect or failure to observe or fulfill.
[1913 Webster]

Non obstante
Non` ob*stan"te (n&obreve_;n` &obreve_;b*stăn"t&euptack_;). [L.] 1. Notwithstanding; in opposition to, or in spite of, what has been stated, or is to be stated or admitted.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Law) A clause in old English statutes and letters patent, importing a license from the crown to do a thing notwithstanding any statute to the contrary. This dispensing power was abolished by the Bill of Rights.
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In this very reign [Henry III.] the practice of dispensing with statutes by a non obstante was introduced. Hallam.
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Non obstante veredicto [LL.] (Law), a judgment sometimes entered by order of the court, for the plaintiff, notwithstanding a verdict for the defendant. Stephen.
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Nonoic
No*no"ic (?), a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, derived from, or resembling, nonane; as, nonoic acid, which is also called pelargonic acid. Cf. Pelargonic.
[1913 Webster]

Nonone
Non"one (?), n. [Nonane + -one, suffix denoting the third degree of unsaturation.] (Chem.) 1. Any one of several metameric unsaturated hydrocarbons (C9H14) of the valylene series. [archaic?]
[1913 Webster]

2. Any of several isomeric ketones (C9H18O) conceptually derived from nonane by substituting an oxygen for two hydrogen atoms on one of the non-terminal carbon atoms.
[PJC]

no-nonsense
no`-non"sense (nō`n&obreve_;n"s&ebreve_;ns), adj. 1. Not tolerating irrelevant or frivolous distractions; businesslike; serious; as, the no-nonsense tones of a stern parent; the chairman adopted a no-nonsense attitude. [wns=1]
[WordNet 1.5]

2. Serving the purpose without unnecessary complications; uncomplicated; plain; not fancy.
[PJC]

3. Hence: Practical and economical.
[PJC]

nonoxygenated
non`ox"y*gen*a`ted (?), a. (Chem., Physiol.) Not oxygenated.
[PJC]

Nonoxygenous
Non`ox*yg"e*nous (?), a. (Chem.) Without oxygen; characterized by the absence of oxygen; as, a nonoxygenous alkaloid.
[1913 Webster]

nonparallel
nonparallel adj. 1. not parallel; -- of lines or linear objects. Opposite of parallel. [Narrower terms: bias, catacorner, cata-cornered, catercorner, cater-cornered, catty-corner, catty-cornered, diagonal, kitty-corner, kitty-cornered, oblique, skew, skewed, slanted ; crossed, decussate, intersectant, intersecting; cross-grained ; diagonal; orthogonal, orthographic, rectangular, right-angled ; right, perpendicular; angled ; convergent] Also See: convergent, divergent, diverging.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. (Computers) Not using parallel processing; -- of computers. [Narrower terms: serial] PJC]

nonparasitic
nonparasitic (Biology) adj. Not parasitic.
Syn. -- free-living, nonsymbiotic.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nonpareil
Non`pa*reil" (?), n. [See Nonpareil, a. ] 1. Something of unequaled excellence; a peerless thing or person; a nonesuch; -- often used as a name.
[1913 Webster]

2. [F. nonpareille.] (Print.) A size of type next smaller than minion and next larger than agate (or ruby).
[1913 Webster]

&hand_; This line is printed in the type called nonpareil.
[1913 Webster]

3. (Zool.) (a) A beautifully colored finch (Passerina ciris), native of the Southern United States. The male has the head and neck deep blue, rump and under parts bright red, back and wings golden green, and the tail bluish purple. Called also painted bunting and painted finch. (b) Any other similar bird of the same genus.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

4. (Cookery) A small sphere, less than 1 mm diamter, of colored sugar, used to decorate confections; -- usually used in the plural as though the name of a substance; as, sprinkled with nonpareils.
[PJC]

5. pl. A type of candy chocolate consisting of a small flat disk of chocolate, less than one inch diameter, having nonpareils{4} sprinkled on the top; as, she ate a box of nonpareils at the movie.
[PJC]

Nonpareil
Non`pa*reil", a. [F., from non not + pareil equal, fr. LL. pariculus, dim. of L. par equal. See Non, and Pair, Peer.] Having no equal; peerless.
[1913 Webster]

nonparticipation
nonparticipation n. withdrawing from the activities of a group.
Syn. -- non-engagement, non-involvement.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonparticulate
nonparticulate adj. not particulate. Opposite of particulate.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonpartisan
nonpartisan adj. 1. free from party affiliation or bias. Opposite of partisan. [Narrower terms: bipartisan, bipartizan, two-party, two-way; independent ] [Narrower terms: nonparty, non-party ]
Syn. -- nonpartizan.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. not affiliated with any one party; as, a nonpartisan commission to study crime.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonpartisanship
nonpartisanship n. An inclination to weigh both views or opinions equally; absence of bias toward any particular party.
Syn. -- impartiality.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonpartizan
nonpartizan adj. 1. same as nonpartisan, 1.
Syn. -- nonpartisan.
[WordNet 1.5]

non-party
nonparty
nonparty, non-party adj. 1. not based upon or representing political parties; as, a nonparty regime.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nonpayment
Non*pay"ment, n. Neglect or failure to pay.
[1913 Webster]

Nonperformance
Non`per*form"ance, n. Neglect or failure to perform.
[1913 Webster]

nonphilosophical
nonphilosophic
nonphilosophic nonphilosophical adj. 1. not philosophical. Opposite of philosophical.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nonphotobiotic
Non*pho`to*bi*ot"ic (?), a. (Biol.) Capable of living without light; as, nonphotobiotic plant cells, or cells which habitually live in darkness.
[1913 Webster]

Nonplane
Non`plane" (?), a. (Math.) Not lying in one plane; not planar; -- said of certain curves.
[1913 Webster]

Nonplus
Non"plus (?), n. [L. non not + plus more, further. See Plural.] A state or condition which baffles reason or confounds judgment; insuperable difficulty; inability to proceed or decide; puzzle; quandary.
[1913 Webster]

Both of them are a perfect nonplus and baffle to all human understanding. South.
[1913 Webster]

Nonplus
Non"plus` (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Nonplused (?) or Nonplussed; p. pr. & vb. n. Nonplusing or Nonplussing.] To puzzle; to confound; to perplex; to cause to stop by embarrassment.
[1913 Webster]

He has been nonplused by Mr. Dry's desiring him to tell what it was that he endeavored to prove. Spectator.
[1913 Webster]

nonpolitical
nonpolitical adj. not political. Opposite of political. [Narrower terms: apolitical, unpolitical]
[WordNet 1.5]

nonporous
nonporous adj. Not porous; especially, not having vessels that appear as pores; as, nonporous wood. Opposite of porous.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonpregnant
nonpregnant adj. not pregnant; as, a drug approved only for use in nonpregnant females. Opposite of pregnant.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonprehensile
nonprehensile adj. not prehensile; as, cats have a nonprehensile tail. Opposite of prehensile.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nonpreparation
Non*prep`a*ra"tion (?), n. Neglect or failure to prepare; want of preparation.
[1913 Webster]

nonprescription
nonprescription adj. 1. able to be sold legally without a doctor's prescription; over-the-counter; -- of medicinal drugs; as, Aspirin is a nonprescription antiinflammatory drug. Opposite of prescription. [prenominal]
Syn. -- non-prescription(prenominal), over-the-counter(prenominal), OTC.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nonpresentation
Non*pres`en*ta"tion (?), n. Neglect or failure to present; state of not being presented.
[1913 Webster]

Nonproduction
Non`pro*duc"tion, n. A failure to produce or exhibit.
[1913 Webster]

nonproductive
nonproductive adj. not directly productive; as, nonproductive labor.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nonprofessional
Non`pro*fes"sion*al (?), a. 1. Not belonging to a profession.
[1913 Webster]

2. Not done by, or proceeding from, professional men; contrary to professional usage; unprofessional.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Nonproficiency
Non`pro*fi"cien*cy (?), n. Want of proficiency; failure to make progress.
[1913 Webster]

nonproficient
non`pro*fi"cient (?), a. Not proficient.
[PJC]

Nonproficient
Non`pro*fi"cient (?), n. One who has failed to become proficient.
[1913 Webster]

non-profit-making
non-profit-making adj. not commercially motivated; not profit-making; nonprofit; not for profit. [Narrower terms: charitable, eleemosynary]
Syn. -- nonprofit.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Non pros.
Non" pros.` (&unr_;). An abbreviation of Non prosequitur.
[1913 Webster]

Non-pros
Non`-pros" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Nonprossed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Non-prossing (?).] To decline or fail to prosecute; to allow to be dropped (said of a suit); to enter judgment against (a plaintiff who fails to prosecute); as, the plaintiff was non-prossed.
[1913 Webster]

Non prosequitur
Non" pro*seq"ui*tur (?). [L. he does not prosecute.] (Law) A judgment entered against the plaintiff in a suit where he does not appear to prosecute. See Nolle prosequi.
[1913 Webster]

nonreciprocating
nonreciprocating adj. not reciprocating. [Narrower terms: nonreciprocal (vs. reciprocal)] WordNet 1.5]

nonrecombinant
nonrecombinant adj. (Genetics) not produced by genetic recombination.
[PJC]

nonrecreational
nonrecreational adj. involving gainful employment in something often done as a hobby; as, nonrecreational footbal. [Narrower terms: professional (vs. amateur)]
Syn. -- paid.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nonrecurrent
Non`re*cur"rent (?), a. Not recurring.
[1913 Webster]

Nonrecurring
Non`re*cur"ring (?), a. Nonrecurrent; as, the costs of a layoff are considered as a nonrecurring expense.
[1913 Webster]

nonreflective
nonreflecting
nonreflecting nonreflective adj. 1. not capable of total reflection of light; not polished or shiny; as, It is complicated to create realistic shading effects on nonreflecting surfaces. [Narrower terms: echoless ] reflective
[WordNet 1.5]

Nonregardance
Non`re*gard"ance (?), n. Want of due regard; disregard; slight. [Obs.] Shak.
[1913 Webster]

Nonregent
Non`re"gent (?), n. (Eng. Universities) A master of arts whose regency has ceased. See Regent.
[1913 Webster]

nonremittal
nonremittal n. 1. The act of failing to meet a financial obligation.
Syn. -- default, nonpayment.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. A loss resulting from failure of a debt to be paid.
Syn. -- nonpayment, default.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nonrendition
Non`ren*di"tion (?), n. Neglect of rendition; the not rendering what is due.
[1913 Webster]

The nonrendition of a service which is due. S. E. Dwight.
[1913 Webster]

nonrenewable
nonrenewable adj. That can not be renewed; as, a nonrenewable option; books on that shelf are nonrenewable. Opposite of renewable.
Syn. -- unrenewable.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonrepresentational
nonrepresentational adj. (Art) not intended to realistically represent a physical object; -- of visual art work. Opposite of representational. [Narrower terms: abstract, abstractionist, nonfigurative, nonobjective ; conventional, formal, schematic ; geometric, geometrical ; protogeometric ; semiabstract ] Also See: abstract.
Syn. -- nonobjective.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonrepresentative
nonrepresentative adj. 1. Not standing for something else. Opposite of representative.
Syn. -- unsymbolic.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. Not giving a true representation of the characteristics of a group; -- of a sample or subgroup of a group; as, the weather we had in the summer of 1996 gave a nonrepresentative view of our normal weather.
Syn. -- biased, unrepresentative.
[PJC]

Nonresemblance
Non`re*sem"blance (?), n. Want of resemblance; unlikeness; dissimilarity.
[1913 Webster]

Nonresidence
Non*res"i*dence (?), n. The state or condition of being nonresident, Swift.
[1913 Webster]

Nonresident
Non*res"i*dent (?), a. Not residing in a particular place, on one's own estate, or in one's proper place; as, a nonresident clergyman or proprietor of lands.
[1913 Webster]

Nonresident
Non*res"i*dent, n. A nonresident person; one who does not reside in the State or jurisdiction.
[1913 Webster]

nonresilient
nonresilient adj. Not rebounding with the normal or expected velocity. [Narrower terms: inelastic (vs. elastic)]
Syn. -- dead.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nonresistance
Non`re*sist"ance (?), n. The principles or practice of a nonresistant; passive obedience; submission to authority, power, oppression, or violence without opposition.
[1913 Webster]

Nonresistant
Non`re*sist"ant (?), a. Making no resistance.
[1913 Webster]

Nonresistant
Non`re*sist"ant, n. 1. One who maintains that no resistance should be made to constituted authority, even when unjustly or oppressively exercised; one who advocates or practices absolute submission.
[1913 Webster]

2. One who holds that violence should never be resisted by force; especially, a reformer who believes in passive resistance.
Syn. -- passive resister.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nonresisting
Non`re*sist"ing, a. Not making resistance.
[1913 Webster]

nonretractile
nonretractable
nonretractable nonretractile adj. not able to be drawn into the main body; -- of claws and other extensile parts of animals or objects; as, a bear's claws, unlike a cat's, are nonretractile. Opposite of retractile.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonreturnable
nonreturnable adj. That may not be returned for a refund; -- of purchased goods, or containers for purchased items; as, nonreturnable bottles. Opposite of returnable.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonreversible
nonreversible adj. Not reversible or capable of having either side out; -- used mostly of clothing. Opposite of reversible.
Syn. -- one-sided.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonrhythmic
nonrhythmic adj. not rhythmic. [Narrower terms: unrhythmical (vs. rhythmical), unrhythmic]
[WordNet 1.5]

nonrigid
nonrigid adj. (Aeronautics) Not rigid; especially, designating an airship having a shape maintained only by internal gas pressure and without a supporting structure. Opposite of rigid.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nonruminant
Non*ru"mi*nant (?), a. Not ruminating; as, a nonruminant animal.
[1913 Webster]

Nonsane
Non`sane" (?), a. Unsound; not perfect; as, a person of nonsane memory. Blackstone.
[1913 Webster]

nonsectarian
nonsectarian adj. not restricted to one sect or school or party; as, religious training in a nonsectarian atmosphere; public funding is restricted to nonsectarian colleges. Opposite of sectarian. [Narrower terms: ecumenic, oecumenic, ecumenical, oecumenical; interchurch, interdenominational; nondenominational; undenominational, unsectarian ]
[WordNet 1.5]

nonsegregated
nonsegregated adj. integrated. Opposite of segregated.
Syn. -- desegrated, unsegregated.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonself
non"self` (?), n. 1. That which is not oneself.
[PJC]

2. (Immunology) Any material that enters the body and is not recognized by the immune system as being part of its body, thereby triggering an immune response; any material appearing to the immune system to be foreign to its body.
[PJC]

Nonsense
Non"sense (?), n. [Pref. non- + sense: cf. F. nonsens.] 1. That which is not sense, or has no sense; words, or language, which have no meaning, or which convey no intelligible ideas; absurdity.
[1913 Webster]

2. Trifles; things of no importance.
[1913 Webster]

Nonsense verses, lines made by taking any words which occur, but especially certain words which it is desired to recollect, and arranging them without reference to anything but the measure, so that the rhythm of the lines may aid in recalling the remembrance of the words.
[1913 Webster]

Syn. -- Folly; silliness; absurdity; trash; balderdash.
[1913 Webster]

Nonsensical
Non*sen"si*cal (?), a. Without sense; unmeaning; absurd; foolish; irrational; preposterous. -- Non*sen"si*cal*ly, adv. -- Non*sen"si*cal*ness, n.
[1913 Webster]

Nonsensitive
Non*sen"si*tive (?), a. Not sensitive; wanting sense or perception; not easily affected.
[1913 Webster]

Non sequitur
Non seq"ui*tur (?). [L., it does not follow.] (Logic) An inference which does not follow from the premises.
[1913 Webster]

Nonsexual
Non*sex"u*al (?), a. Having no distinction of sex; sexless; neuter.
[1913 Webster]

Nonslaveholding
Non*slave"hold`ing (?), a. Not possessing or holding slaves; as, a nonslaveholding State.
[1913 Webster]

Nonsolution
Non`so*lu"tion (?), n. Failure of solution or explanation.
[1913 Webster]

Nonsolvency
Non*sol"ven*cy (?), n. Inability to pay debts; insolvency.
[1913 Webster]

Nonsolvent
Non*sol"vent (?), a. Not solvent; insolvent.
[1913 Webster]

Nonsolvent
Non*sol"vent, n. An insolvent.
[1913 Webster]

Nonsonant
Non*so"nant (?), a. Not sonant. -- n. A nonsonant or nonvocal consonant.
[1913 Webster]

Nonsparing
Non*spar"ing (?), a. Sparing none.
[1913 Webster]

non-standard
nonstandard
nonstandard, non-standard adj. 1. varying from or not adhering to a standard; as, nonstandard windows; envelopes of nonstandard sizes; non-standard lengths of board cost more per foot. Opposite of standard. [Narrower terms: deficient, inferior, substandard]
Syn. -- nonstandard.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. (Linguistics) Not conforming to the language usage of a prestige group within a community; as, a nonstandard dialect is one used by uneducated speakers or socially disfavored groups. Opposite of standard.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonstarter
nonstarter n. 1. a person with a record of failing.
Syn. -- loser, failure, unsuccessful person.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. A horse that fails to run in a race for which it has been entered.
[WordNet 1.5]

3. A proposal that will not receive serious consideration by those with authority to decide.
[PJC]

non-stick
nonstick
nonstick, non-stick adj. 1. permitting easy removal of adherent food particles; -- of surfaces, especially of cooking utensils; as, a frying pan with a nonstick surface.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonstop
nonstop adj. 1. without an intermediate stop; -- of trips in public conveyances, especially of a flight.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. same as around-the-clock.
Syn. -- around-the-clock, day-and-night, round-the-clock.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonstop
nonstop n. A flight made without intermediate landings between source and destination; as, how many nonstops are there to Dallas?.
Syn. -- nonstop flight.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nonstriated
Non*stri"a*ted (?), a. (Nat. Hist.) Without striations; unstriped; as, nonstriated muscle fibers.
[1913 Webster]

nonsubjective
nonsubjective adj. undistorted by emotion or personal bias; based on observable phenomena; objective. Opposite of subjective. [Narrower terms: clinical, detached, unemotional; impersonal, neutral; verifiable ]
Syn. -- objective.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonsubmersible
nonsubmergible
nonsubmergible nonsubmersible adj. not submersible or submergible. Opposite of submersible.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nonsubmission
Non`sub*mis"sion (?), n. Want of submission; failure or refusal to submit.
[1913 Webster]

Nonsubmissive
Non`sub*mis"sive (?), a. Not submissive.
[1913 Webster]

Nonsuch
Non"such (?), n. See Nonesuch.
[1913 Webster]

Nonsuit
Non"suit` (?), n. (Law) A neglect or failure by the plaintiff to follow up his suit; a stopping of the suit; a renunciation or withdrawal of the cause by the plaintiff, either because he is satisfied that he can not support it, or upon the judge's expressing his opinion. A compulsory nonsuit is a nonsuit ordered by the court on the ground that the plaintiff on his own showing has not made out his case.
[1913 Webster]

Nonsuit
Non"suit`, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Nonsuited; p. pr. & vb. n. Nonsuiting.] (Law) To determine, adjudge, or record (a plaintiff) as having dropped his suit, upon his withdrawal or failure to follow it up. “When two are joined in a writ, and one is nonsuited.” Z. Swift.
[1913 Webster]

Nonsuit
Non"suit`, a. Nonsuited. D. A. Tyng.
[1913 Webster]

Nonsurety
Non*sure"ty (?), n. Insecurity. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

nontaxable
nontaxable adj. Not subject to taxation; -- of goods imported into a country or sold at retail outlets; as, most laws imposing sales taxes make food nontaxable. Opposite of taxable. [Narrower terms: duty-free; tax-exempt, tax-free; unratable; untaxed ] Also See: exempt.
[WordNet 1.5]

nontechnical
nontechnical adj. 1. not characteristic of or skilled in applied arts and sciences; as, nontechnical aspects of the job; nontechnical training. Opposite of technical.
Syn. -- untechnical.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. comprehensible to the general public; not requiring specialized training to be understood; as, written for the popular press in plain nontechnical language.
Syn. -- lay, plain, popular, unspecialized, untechnical.
[WordNet 1.5]

nontelescoping
nontelescopic
nontelescopic nontelescoping adj. Not able to be contracted by a telescoping action; as, a nontelescoping tripod would be awkward to carry.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nontenure
Non*ten"ure (?), n. (Law) A plea of a defendant that he did not hold the land, as affirmed.
[1913 Webster]

Nonterm
Non"term` (?), n. (Law) A vacation between two terms of a court.
[1913 Webster]

nonterritorial
nonterritorial adj. (Biology) not displaying territoriality; -- of animals; as, a nonterritorial species. Opposite of territorial.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonthematic
nonthematic adj. having no theme. Opposite of thematic.
Syn. -- unthematic.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nontoxic
Non*tox"ic (?), a. Not toxic.
[1913 Webster]

Nontronite
Non"tro*nite (?), n. [So called because found in the arrondissement of Nontron, France.] (Min.) A greenish yellow or green mineral, consisting chiefly of the hydrous silicate of iron.
[1913 Webster]

non-U
non-U" (n&obreve_;n*ū"), adj. Not characteristic of the upper classes especially in language use. [Chiefly British] [Narrower terms: lower-class (vs. middle-class) (vs. upper-class), low-class]
Syn. -- vulgar.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nonuniformist
Non*u"ni*form`ist (?), n. One who believes that past changes in the structure of the earth have proceeded from cataclysms or causes more violent than are now operating; -- called also nonuniformitarian.
[1913 Webster]

Nonunion
Non*un"ion (?), a. 1. Not belonging to, or affiliated with, a trades union; as, a nonunion carpenter.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

2. Not employing trade union members; not recognizing or favoring trades unions or trades-unionists; as, a nonunion contractor; a nonunion subcontractor. -- Non*un"ion*ism (#), n.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Nonunionist
Non*un"ion*ist (?), n. One who does not belong, or refuses to belong, to a trades union.
[1913 Webster]

Nonusance
Non*us"ance (?), n. Neglect of using; failure to use. [R.] Sir T. Browne.
[1913 Webster]

Nonuser
Non*us"er (?), 1. A not using; failure to use.
[1913 Webster]

An office may be forfeited by misuser or nonuser. Blackstone.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Law) Neglect or omission to use an easement or franchise or to assert a right. Kent.
[1913 Webster]

Nonvascular
Non*vas"cu*lar (?), a. (Anat.) Destitute of vessels; extravascular.
[1913 Webster]

non-verbal
nonverbal
nonverbal, non-verbal adj. Involving little or no use of language; as, gestures are a form of nonverbal communication.
Syn. -- non-verbal.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nonvernacular
Non`ver*nac"u*lar (?), a. Not vernacular.
[1913 Webster]

A nonvernacular expression. Sir W. Hamilton.
[1913 Webster]

nonviolence
nonviolence n. The theory, doctrine, or practice of peaceful resistance to a government by fasting or refusing to cooperate.
Syn. -- passive resistance.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonviolent
nonviolent adj. 1. peacefully resistant in response to injustice; not using violence; -- used of protests and demonstrations; as, nonviolent resistance. Opposite of violent.
Syn. -- passive, peaceful.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. achieved without bloodshed. Contrasted with bloody.
Syn. -- unbloody, bloodless.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonviscid
nonviscid adj. 1. same as nonglutenous.
Syn. -- nonglutinous.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nonvocal
Non*vo"cal (?), a. Not vocal; destitute of tone. -- n. A nonvocal consonant.
[1913 Webster]

nonvocalic
nonvocalic adj. (Phonology) not vocalic; not having vowel character; -- used of liquids and nasals. Opposite of vocalic.
Syn. -- consonantal, nonsyllabic.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonvolatile
nonvolatile adj. not readily evaporated. Opposite of volatile.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonvolatilizable
nonvolatilizable adj. not able to be volatilized. [Narrower terms: nonvolatile (vs. volatile)] WordNet 1.5]

nonwashable
nonwashable adj. not washable; damaged by washing; -- used mostly of clothing, especially clothing that must be cleaned by a dry-cleaning process. Opposite of washable.
[WordNet 1.5]

nonwoody
nonwoody adj. not woody; not consisting of or resembling wood; as, nonwoody plants. Opposite of woody. [Narrower terms: herbaceous; pulpy, fleshy]
[WordNet 1.5]

nonworker
nonworker n. A person who does not work as s/he should.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nonyl
Non"yl (?), n. [Nonane + -yl.] (Chem.) The hydrocarbon radical, C9H19-, derived from nonane and forming many compounds. Used also adjectively; as, nonyl alcohol.
[1913 Webster]

Nonylene
Non"y*lene (?), n. [Nonane + ethylene.] (Chem.) Any one of a series of metameric, unsaturated hydrocarbons C9H18 of the ethylene series.
[1913 Webster]

Nonylenic
Non`y*len"ic (?), a. (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, related to, or designating, nonylene or its compounds; as, nonylenic acid.
[1913 Webster]

Nonylic
No*nyl"ic (?), a. (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, nonyl or its compounds; as, nonylic acid.
[1913 Webster]

Noodle
Noo"dle (?), n. [Cf. Noddle, Noddy.] 1. A simpleton; a blockhead; a stupid person; a ninny. [Low]
[1913 Webster]

The chuckling grin of noodles. Sydney Smith.
[1913 Webster]

2. The head; also, noddle; -- used jocosely or contemptuously; as, use your noodle.
Syn. -- noggin.
[PJC]

Noodle
Noo"dle, n. [G. nudel vermicelli.] A thin strip of dough, made with eggs, rolled up, cut into small pieces, and used in soup.
[1913 Webster]

Nook
Nook (n&oobreve_;k; 277), n. [OE. nok; cf. Gael. & Ir. niuc.] A narrow place formed by an angle in bodies or between bodies; a corner; a recess; a secluded retreat.
[1913 Webster]

How couldst thou find this dark, sequestered nook? Milton.
[1913 Webster]

Nook-shotten
Nook"-shot`ten (?), a. Full of nooks, angles, or corners. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]
[1913 Webster]

That nook-shotten isle of Albion. Shak.
[1913 Webster]

Noological
No`o*log"ic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to noology.
[1913 Webster]

Noologist
No*ol"o*gist (?), n. One versed in no0logy.
[1913 Webster]

Noology
No*ol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, the mind + -logy.] The science of intellectual phenomena.
[1913 Webster]

Noon
Noon (nōn), a. No. See the Note under No. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

Noon
Noon (n&oomacr_;n), n. [AS. nōn, orig., the ninth hour, fr. L. nona (sc. hora) the ninth hour, then applied to the church services (called nones) at that hour, the time of which was afterwards changed to noon. See Nine, and cf. Nones, Nunchion.] 1. The middle of the day; midday; the time when the sun is in the meridian; twelve o'clock in the daytime.
[1913 Webster]

2. Hence, the highest point; culmination.
[1913 Webster]

In the very noon of that brilliant life which was destined to be so soon, and so fatally, overshadowed. Motley.
[1913 Webster]

High noon, the exact meridian; midday. -- Noon of night, midnight. [Poetic] Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

Noon
Noon (?), a. Belonging to midday; occurring at midday; meridional. Young.
[1913 Webster]

Noon
Noon, v. i. To take rest and refreshment at noon.
[1913 Webster]

Noonday
Noon"day` (?), n. Midday; twelve o'clock in the day; noon.
[1913 Webster]

Noonday
Noon"day` (?), a. Of or pertaining to midday; meridional; as, the noonday heat; only mad dogs and Englishmen go out in the noonday sun.Noonday walks.” Addison.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Noon-flower
Noon"-flow`er (?), n. (Bot.) The goat's beard, whose flowers close at midday.
[1913 Webster]

Nooning
Noon"ing, n. A rest at noon; a repast at noon.
[1913 Webster]

Noonshun
Noon"shun (?), n. [Obs.] See Nunchion. Nares.
[1913 Webster]

Noonstead
Noon"stead (?), n. The position of the sun at noon. [Obs.] Drayton.
[1913 Webster]

Noontide
Noon"tide` (?), n. [From noon + tide time; cf. AS. nōntīd the ninth hour.] The time of noon; midday.
[1913 Webster]

Noose
Noose (?), n. [Prob. fr. OF. nous, nom. sing. or acc. pl. of nou knot, F. nœud, L. nodus. Cf. Node.] A running knot, or loop, which binds the closer the more it is drawn.
[1913 Webster]

Noose
Noose (n&oomacr_;z), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Noosed (n&oomacr_;zd); p. pr. & vb. n. Noosing.] To tie in a noose; to catch in a noose; to entrap; to insnare.
[1913 Webster]

Noot
Noot (?). See 1st Not. [Obs.] Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

Nopal
No"pal (?), n. [Mexican nopalli.] (Bot.) A cactaceous plant (Nopalea cochinellifera), originally Mexican, on which the cochineal insect feeds, and from which it is collected. The name is sometimes given to other species of Cactaceae.
[1913 Webster]

Nopalry
No"pal*ry (?), n.; pl. Nopalries (&unr_;). A plantation of the nopal for raising the cochineal insect.
[1913 Webster]

nope
nope (?), n. (Zool.) A bullfinch. [Prov. Eng.]
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nope
nope (?), interj. & adv. No. [informal]
[PJC]

Nor
Nor (nôr), conj. [OE. nor, contr. from nother. See Neither.] A negative connective or particle, introducing the second member or clause of a negative proposition, following neither, or not, in the first member or clause (as or in affirmative propositions follows either). Nor is also used sometimes in the first member for neither, and sometimes the neither is omitted and implied by the use of nor.
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Provide neither gold nor silver, nor brass, in your purses, nor scrip for your journey. Matt. x. 9, 10.
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Where neither moth nor rust doth corrupt. Matt. vi. 20.
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I love him not, nor fear him. Shak.
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Where neither party is nor true, nor kind. Shak.
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Simois nor Xanthus shall be wanting there. Dryden.
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noradrenaline
noradrenaline n. Same as norepinephrine.
Syn. -- norepinephrine.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Norbertine
Nor"bert*ine (?), n. See Premonstrant.
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Nordic
Nordic prop. adj. 1. of or pertaining to the inhabitants of Scandinavia; as, Nordic languages have a gender system.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. Relating to Germany and Scandinavia; as, Hitler wanted Nordic people to rule Europe.
[WordNet 1.5]

3. Resembling the peoples of Scandinavia.
[WordNet 1.5]

nor'easter
noreaster
noreaster, nor'easter n. a storm blowing from the northeast; -- a term used especially in the northeastern region of the United States.
Syn. -- northeaster.
[WordNet 1.5]

norepinephrine
norepinephrine n. A hormone (C8H11NO3) secreted by the adrenal medulla; it also serves as a neurotransmitter, released at synapses; called also noradrenaline. Chemically it is 2-amino-1-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)ethanol. It is a precursor of epinephrine in the body.
Syn. -- noradrenaline.
[WordNet 1.5]

norethindrone
norethandrolone
norethandrolone, norethindrone n. 1. a progestin compound used in oral contraceptives and to treat endometriosis.
[WordNet 1.5]

Norfolk
Nor"folk (?), n. Short for Norfolk Jacket.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Norfolk dumpling
Norfolk dumpling. (Eng.) (a) A kind of boiled dumpling made in Norfolk. (b) A native or inhabitant of Norfolk.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Norfolk jacket
Norfolk jacket. A kind of loose-fitting plaited jacket, having a loose belt.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Norfolk plover
Norfolk plover. The stone curlew.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Norfolk spaniel
Norfolk spaniel. One of a breed of field spaniels similar to the clumbers, but shorter in body and of a liver-and-white or black-and-white color.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

nori
no"ri (?), n. [Jap.] A type of dried seaweed, pressed into sheets and used as a seasoning or as a wrapper for sushi.
[PJC]

Noria
No"ri*a (nō"r&ibreve_;*&adot_;), n. [Sp., from Ar. nā'ūra.] A large water wheel, turned by the action of a stream against its floats, and carrying at its circumference buckets, by which water is raised and discharged into a trough; used in Arabia, China, and elsewhere for irrigating land; a Persian wheel.
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Norian
No"ri*an (?), a. [From norite.] (Geol.) Pertaining to the upper portion of the Laurentian rocks. T. S. Hunt.
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Norice
Nor"ice (?), n. Nurse. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Norie
No"rie (?), n. [Etymol. uncertain.] (Zool.) The cormorant. [Prov. Eng.]
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Norimon
Nor"i*mon (?), n.; pl. Norimons (&unr_;). A Japanese covered litter, carried by men. B. Taylor.
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Norite
No"rite (?), n. [F., fr. Norvège Norway .] (Min.) A granular crystalline rock consisting essentially of a triclinic feldspar (as labradorite) and hypersthene.
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norium
no"ri*um (?), n. [NL.] (Chem.) A supposed metal alleged to have been discovered in 1845 by the Swedish chemist Swanberg in zircon. After many unsuccessful attempts to verify this new element, the element named Hafnium (atomic number 72) was discoverd in 1923 by D. Coster and G. von Hevesey in the zirconium-containing mineral zircon. Hafnium, present at 1 to 5% in many zirconium-bearing minerals, but difficult to separate from zirconium, is probably the element that gave rise to the properties attributed to the hypothetical norium.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Norland
Nor"land (?), n. [For Northland.] 1. The land in the north; north country. [Chiefly Poetic]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

2. same as Norlander. [Scot. & Eng.]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Norlander
Nor"land*er, n. A northener; a person from the north country.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Norm
Norm (?), n. [L. norma a rule. See Normal, a.]
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1. A rule or authoritative standard; a model; a type; as, deviations from the norm are not tolerated.
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2. (Biol.) A typical, structural unit; a type. Agassiz.
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Norma
Nor"ma (?), n. [L.] 1. A norm; a principle or rule; a model; a standard. J. S. Mill.
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2. A mason's or a carpenter's square or rule.
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3. A templet or gauge.
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Normal
Nor"mal (nôr"m&aitalic_;l), a. [L. normalis, fr. norma rule, pattern, carpenter's square; prob. akin to noscere to know; cf. Gr. gnw`rimos well known, gnw`mwn gnomon, also, carpenter's square: cf. F. normal. See Known, and cf. Abnormal, Enormous.]
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1. According to an established norm, rule, or principle; conformed to a type, standard, or regular form; performing the proper functions; not abnormal; regular; natural; analogical.
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Deviations from the normal type. Hallam.
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2. (Geom.) According to a square or rule; perpendicular; forming a right angle; as, a line normal to the base. Specifically: Of or pertaining to a normal.
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3. (Chem.) Standard; original; exact; typical. Specifically: (a) (Quantitative Analysis) Denoting a solution of such strength that every cubic centimeter contains the same number of milligrams of the element in question as the number of its molecular weight. (b) (Chem.) Denoting certain hypothetical compounds, as acids from which the real acids are obtained by dehydration; thus, normal sulphuric acid and normal nitric acid are respectively S(OH)6, and N(OH)5. (c) (Organ. Chem.) Denoting that series of hydrocarbons in which no carbon atom is bound to more than two other carbon atoms; as, normal pentane, hexane, etc. Cf. Iso-.
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Normal equations (Method of Least Squares), a set of equations of the first degree equal in number to the number of unknown quantities, and derived from the observations by a specified process. The solution of the normal equations gives the most probable values of the unknown quantities. -- Normal group (Geol.), a group of rocks taken as a standard. Lyell. -- Normal place (of a planet or comet) (Astron.), the apparent place in the heavens of a planet or comet at a specified time, the place having been determined by a considerable number of observations, extending perhaps over many days, and so combined that the accidental errors of observation have largely balanced each other. -- Normal school, a school whose methods of instruction are to serve as a model for imitation; an institution for the training of teachers.
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Syn. -- Normal, Regular, Ordinary. Regular and ordinary are popular terms of well-known signification; normal has now a more specific sense, arising out of its use in science. A thing is normal, or in its normal state, when strictly conformed to those principles of its constitution which mark its species or to the standard of a healthy and natural condition. It is abnormal when it departs from those principles.
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Normal
Nor"mal (nôr"m&aitalic_;l), n. [Cf. F. normale, ligne normale. See Normal, a.] 1. (Geom.) Any perpendicular.
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2. (Geom.) A straight line or plane drawn from any point of a curve or surface so as to be perpendicular to the curve or surface at that point.
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&hand_; The term normal is also used to denote the distance along the normal line from the curve to the axis of abscissas or to the center of curvature.
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normalcy
nor"mal*cy (?), n. The quality, state, or fact of being normal; the normal situation or condition; as, the point of normalcy. [R.]
Syn. -- normality.
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normality
nor*mal"i*ty n. 1. Conformity with the norm; the state of being normal; the normal condition.
Syn. -- normalcy.
[WordNet 1.5]

Normalization
Nor`mal*i*za"tion (?), n. Reduction to a standard or normal state.
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normalize
normalize v. 1. To make normal; as, to normalize relations with China.
Syn. -- renormalize.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. To make standard; determine the value by comparison to an item of known standard value; as, The test results were normalized for changes in the number of questions before comparison with the previous year's values.
Syn. -- standardize.
[PJC]

3. To convert to a standard form or measure; adjust the value or values so as to conform to a standard measure or pattern; as, The probabilities were normalized to add up to 1.00.
[PJC]

normally
nor"mal*ly, adv. In a normal manner. Darwin.
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norman
nor"man (?), n. [F. normand.] (Naut.) A wooden bar, or iron pin. W. C. Russell.
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Norman
Nor"man, prop. a. [F. normand, of Scand. origin. See Northman, and cf. Norse.] Of or pertaining to Normandy or to the Normans; as, the Norman language; the Norman conquest.
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Norman style (Arch.), a style of architecture which arose in the tenth century, characterized by great massiveness, simplicity, and strength, with the use of the semicircular arch, heavy round columns, and a great variety of ornaments, among which the zigzag and spiral or cable-formed ornaments were prominent.
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Norman
Nor"man, prop. n. A native or inhabitant of Normandy; originally, one of the Northmen or Scandinavians who conquered Normandy in the 10th century; afterwards, one of the mixed (Norman-French) race which conquered England, under William the Conqueror.
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Normandy
Normandy prop. n. A region of France divided into Haute-Normandie and Basse-Normandie.
Syn. -- Normandie.
[WordNet 1.5]

Normanism
Nor"man*ism (?), n. A Norman idiom; a custom or expression peculiar to the Normans. M. Arnold.
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normative
normative adj. 1. relating to or dealing with norms; as, normative discipline; normative samples.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. (Grammar) giving directives or rules; prescriptive. Opposed to descriptive.
Syn. -- prescriptive.
[WordNet 1.5]

3. based on or prescribing a norm or standard; as, normative grammar.
[WordNet 1.5]

normotensive
normotensive adj. (Med., Physiol.) Pertaining to or having normal blood pressure.
[WordNet 1.5]

normothermia
normothermia n. (Med., Physiol.) normal body temperature.
[WordNet 1.5]

Norna
Norn
{ Norn (?), Nor"na (?) }, n. [Icel. norn, pl. nornir.] 1. (Scandinavian Myth.) Any one of the three Fates, Past, Present, and Future. Their names were Urd, Verdandi, and Skuld. They are identified with the Anglo-Saxon Wyrd, and are similar to the Greek Moirae and Roman Parcae.
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2. A tutelary deity; a genius.
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Noropianic
No*ro`pi*an"ic (?), a. [Etymology uncertain.] (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an acid of the aromatic series obtained from opianic acid.
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Norroy
Nor"roy (?), n. [Lit., north king, fr. F. nord north + roi king.] (Her.) The most northern of the English Kings-at-arms. See King-at-arms, under King.
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Norse
Norse (nôrs), prop. a. [Dan. Norsk, fr. nord north. See North.] Of or pertaining to ancient Scandinavia, or to the language spoken by its inhabitants.
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Norse
Norse, prop. n. The Norse language.
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Norseman
Norse"man (?), prop. n.; pl. Norsemen (&unr_;). One of the ancient Scandinavians; a Northman.
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Nortelry
Nor"tel*ry (?), n. [Cf. Nurture.] Nurture; education; culture; bringing up. [Obs.]
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Nortelry . . . learned at the nunnery. Chaucer.
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North
North (nôrth), n. [AS. norð; akin to D. noord, G., Sw., & Dan. nord, Icel. norðr. Cf. Norman, Norse.]
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1. That one of the four cardinal points of the compass, at any place, which lies in the direction of the true meridian, and to the left hand of a person facing the east; the direction opposite to the south.
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2. Any country or region situated farther to the north than another; the northern section of a country.
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3. Specifically: That part of the United States lying north of Mason and Dixon's line. See under Line.
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North
North, a. Lying toward the north; situated at the north, or in a northern direction from the point of observation or reckoning; proceeding toward the north, or coming from the north.
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North following. See Following, a., 2. -- North pole, that point in the heavens, or on the earth, ninety degrees from the equator toward the north. -- North preceding. See Following, a., 2. -- North star, the star toward which the north pole of the earth very nearly points, and which accordingly seems fixed and immovable in the sky. The star α (alpha) of the Little Bear, is our present north star, being distant from the pole about 1° 25′, and from year to year approaching slowly nearer to it. It is called also Cynosura, polestar, and by astronomers, Polaris.
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North
North, v. i. To turn or move toward the north; to veer from the east or west toward the north.
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North
North, adv. Northward.
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North-American
North-American prop. adj. of or pertaining to or characteristic of the continent or countries of North America and their peoples.
[WordNet 1.5]

northbound
northbound adj. 1. Moving toward the north; as, northbound traffic.
Syn. -- northward.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. intended to be used by vehicles moving toward the north; -- of roads and parts of roads; as, The northbound lane was blocked by an overturned tractor-trailer.
[PJC]

North-Central
North-Central adj. Of or pertaining to a region of the U. S. generally including states of the upper Mississippi valley and Great Lakes region lying north of the Ohio River and the southern boundaries of Kansas and Missouri and between the western boundary of Pennsylvania and the eastern boundaries of Montana; Wyoming; and Colorado.
[WordNet 1.5]

Northeast
North`east" (?), n. The point between the north and east, at an equal distance from each; the northeast part or region.
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Northeast
North`east", a. Of or pertaining to the northeast; proceeding toward the northeast, or coming from that point; as, a northeast course; a northeast wind.
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Northeast passage, a passage or communication by sea between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans along the north coast of Asia.
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Northeast
North`east", adv. Toward the northeast.
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Northeaster
North`east"er (?), n. A storm, strong wind, or gale, coming from the northeast.
Syn. -- noreaster, nor'easter.
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Northeasterly
North`east"er*ly, a. Pertaining to the northeast; toward the northeast, or coming from the northeast.
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Northeasterly
North`east"er*ly, adv. Toward the northeast.
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Northeastern
North`east"ern (?), a. Of or pertaining to the northeast; northeasterly.
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Northeastwardly
Northeastward
{ North`east"ward (?), North`east"ward*ly (?) }, adv. Toward the northeast.
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Norther
North"er (?), n. A wind from the north; esp., a strong and cold north wind in Texas and the vicinity of the Gulf of Mexico.
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Northerliness
North"er*li*ness (?), n. The quality or state of being northerly; direction toward the north.
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Northerly
North"er*ly, a. Of or pertaining to the north; toward the north, or from the north; northern.
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Northerly
North"er*ly, adv. Toward the north.
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Northern
North"ern (?), a. [AS. norðerne.] 1. Of or pertaining to the north; being in the north, or nearer to that point than to the east or west.
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2. In a direction toward the north; as, to steer a northern course; coming from the north; as, a northern wind.
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Northern diver. (Zool.) See Loon. -- Northern lights. See Aurora borealis, under Aurora. -- Northern spy (Bot.), an excellent American apple, of a yellowish color, marked with red.
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Northerner
North"ern*er (?), n. 1. One born or living in the north.
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2. A native or inhabitant of the Northern States; -- contradistinguished from Southerner. [U. S.]
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Northernly
North"ern*ly, adv. Northerly. [Obs.] Hakewill.
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Northernmost
North"ern*most` (?), a. [Cf. Northmost.] Farthest north.
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Northing
North"ing, n. 1. (Surv. & Navigation) Distance northward from any point of departure or of reckoning, measured on a meridian; -- opposed to southing.
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2. (Astron.) The distance of any heavenly body from the equator northward; north declination.
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northland
northland n. any region lying in or toward the north.
Syn. -- North, septentrion.
[WordNet 1.5]

Northman
North"man (nôrth"m&aitalic_;n), prop. n.; pl. Northmen (#). [AS. norðman. See North, and Man, and cf. Norman.] One of the inhabitants of the north of Europe; esp., one of the ancient Scandinavians; a Norseman.
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northmost
north"most` (nôrth"mōst`), a. [AS. norðmest. Cf. Aftermost.] Lying farthest north; northernmost.
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Northmost part of the coast of Mozambique. De Foe.
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Northness
North"ness, n. A tendency in the end of a magnetic needle to point to the north. Faraday.
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north-polar
north-polar adj. Of or pertaining to the North Pole; at or near the north pole; characteristic of the north pole.
Syn. -- Arctic.
[WordNet 1.5]

North Star State
North Star State. Minnesota; -- a nickname.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Northumbrian
North*um"bri*an (?), a. Of or pertaining to Northumberland in England. -- n. A native or inhabitant of Northumberland.
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Northward
North"ward (?), a. [AS. norðweard.] Toward the north; nearer to the north than to the east or west point.
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Northwards
Northward
{ North"ward (?), North"wards (?) }, adv. Toward the north, or toward a point nearer to the north than to the east or west point.
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Northwardly
North"ward*ly, a. Having a northern direction.
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Northwardly
North"ward*ly, adv. In a northern direction.
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Northwest
North`west" (?), n. [AS. norðwest.] 1. The point in the horizon between the north and west, and equally distant from each; the northwest part or region.
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2. The northwestern part of the contiguous forty-eight states of the United States, especially the states of Washington and Oregon. [U.S.]
[PJC]

Northwest
North`west", a. 1. Pertaining to, or in the direction of, the point between the north and west; being in the northwest; toward the northwest, or coming from the northwest; as, the northwest coast.
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2. Coming from the northwest; as, a northwest wind.
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Northwest passage, a passage or communication by sea between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans along the north coast of America, long sought for by navigators.
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Northwest
North`west", adv. Toward the northwest.
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Northwester
North`west"er (?), n. A storm or gale from the northwest; a strong northwest wind.
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Northwesterly
North`west"er*ly, a. Toward the northwest, or from the northwest.
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Northwestern
North`west"ern (?), a. Of, pertaining to, or being in, the northwest; in a direction toward the northwest; coming from the northwest; northwesterly; as, a northwestern course.
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Northwestwardly
Northwestward
{ North`west"ward (?), North`west"ward*ly (?), } adv. Toward the northwest.
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Norwegian
Nor*we"gi*an (?), prop. a. [Cf. Icel. Noregr, Norvegr, Norway. See North, and Way.] Of or pertaining to Norway, its inhabitants, or its language.
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Norwegian
Nor*we"gi*an, prop. n. 1. A native of Norway.
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2. That branch of the Scandinavian language spoken in Norway.
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Norwegium
Nor*we"gi*um (?), n. [NL. See Norwegian.] (Chem.) A rare metallic element, of doubtful identification, said to occur in the copper-nickel of Norway. Not recognized as an element (1999).
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nor'-west
nor'-west n. Northwest; the compass point midway between north and west; at 315 degrees.
Syn. -- northwest, NW.
[WordNet 1.5]

Norweyan
Nor*we"yan (?), a. Norwegian. [Obs.] Shak.
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Nose
Nose (nōz), n. [AS. nosu; akin to D. neus, G. nase, OHG. nasa, Icel. nös, Sw. näsa, Dan. näse, Lith. nosis, Russ. nos', L. nasus, nares, Skr. nāsā, nās. √261. Cf. Nasal, Nasturtium, Naze, Nostril, Nozzle.]
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1. (Anat.) The prominent part of the face or anterior extremity of the head containing the nostrils and olfactory cavities; the olfactory organ. See Nostril, and Olfactory organ under Olfactory.
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2. The power of smelling; hence, scent.
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We are not offended with a dog for a better nose than his master. Collier.
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3. A projecting end or beak at the front of an object; a snout; a nozzle; a spout; as, the nose of a bellows; the nose of a teakettle.
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Nose bit (Carp.), a bit similar to a gouge bit, but having a cutting edge on one side of its boring end. -- Nose hammer (Mach.), a frontal hammer. -- Nose hole (Glass Making), a small opening in a furnace, before which a globe of crown glass is held and kept soft at the beginning of the flattening process. -- Nose key (Carp.), a fox wedge. -- Nose leaf (Zool.), a thin, broad, membranous fold of skin on the nose of many species of bats. It varies greatly in size and form. -- Nose of wax, (fig.), a person who is pliant and easily influenced. “A nose of wax to be turned every way.” Massinger -- Nose piece, the nozzle of a pipe, hose, bellows, etc.; the end piece of a microscope body, to which an objective is attached. -- To hold one's nose to the grindstone, To put one's nose to the grindstone, or To bring one's nose to the grindstone. See under Grindstone. -- To lead by the nose, to lead at pleasure, or to cause to follow submissively; to lead blindly, as a person leads a beast. Shak. -- To put one's nose out of joint, to humiliate one's pride, esp. by supplanting one in the affections of another. [Slang] -- To thrust one's nose into, to meddle officiously in. -- To wipe one's nose of, to deprive of; to rob. [Slang] -- on the nose, (a) exactly, accurately. (b) (racing) to win, as opposed to to place or to show.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Nose
Nose, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Nosed (nōzd); p. pr. & vb. n. Nosing.] 1. To smell; to scent; hence, to track, or trace out.
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2. To touch with the nose; to push the nose into or against; hence, to interfere with; to treat insolently.
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Lambs . . . nosing the mother's udder. Tennyson.
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A sort of national convention, dubious in its nature . . . nosed Parliament in the very seat of its authority. Burke.
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3. To utter in a nasal manner; to pronounce with a nasal twang; as, to nose a prayer. [R.] Cowley.
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4. To confront; be closely face to face or opposite to; meet.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

5. To furnish with a nose; as, to nose a stair tread.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

6. To examine with the nose or sense of smell.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

7. To make by advancing the nose or front end; as, the train nosed its way into the station;
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

8. (Racing Slang) to beat by (the length of) a nose. Hence, to defeat in a contest by a small margin; also used in the form nose out.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Nose
Nose (?), v. i. To push or move with the nose or front forward.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

A train of cable cars came nosing along. Hamlin Garland.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Nose
Nose (nōz), v. i. 1. To smell; to sniff; to scent. Audubon.
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2. To pry officiously into what does not concern one; to nose around.
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Nose around
Nose around (?), v. i. to look around or search, especially where one has no authority to do so; to pry; to be nosy. Same as nose{2}, v. i.
[PJC]

Nosebag
Nose"bag` (?), n. A bag in which feed for a horse, ox, or the like, may be fastened under the nose by a string passing over the head.
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Noseband
Nose"band` (?), n. That part of the headstall of a bridle which passes over a horse's nose.
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Nosebleed
Nose"bleed` (?), n. 1. A bleeding at the nose.
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2. (Bot.) The yarrow. See Yarrow.
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nosecount
nosecount n. A count of the number of persons present or who are to be included in a group; as, get a nosecount of those who are planning to go; also, a periodic count of the population.
Syn. -- census.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Nosed
Nosed (?), a. Having a nose, or such a nose; -- chiefly used in composition; as, pug-nosed.
[1913 Webster]

nose-dive
nosedive
nose"dive`, nose"-dive` v. i. To drop with the nose or front first, as of an airplane.
Syn. -- nosedive.
[WordNet 1.5]

no-see-um
no-see-um n. (Zool.) Any of several minute two-winged biting insects of the family Ceratopogonidae that suck the blood of mammals and birds and other insects; also called biting midge and punkie.
Syn. -- punkie, punky, punkey, biting midge.
[WordNet 1.5]

nosegay
nose"gay` (?), n. [Nose + gay in the sense of a gay or showy thing.] A bunch of odorous and showy flowers; a bouquet; a posy. Pope.
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Nosel
Nos"el (?), v. t. [See Noursle.] To nurse; to lead or teach; to foster; to nuzzle. [Obs.]
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If any man use the Scripture . . . to nosel thee in anything save in Christ, he is a false prophet. Tyndale.
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Noseless
Nose"less (?), a. Destitute of a nose.
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Nosesmart
Nose"smart` (?), n. (Bot.) A kind of cress, a pungent cruciferous plant, including several species of the genus Nasturtium.
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nosey
nosey adj. Offensively or intrusively curious; prying; nosy; as, a nosy neighbor.
Syn. -- inquisitorial, nosy, prying, snoopy.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nosethril
Nosethirl
{ Nose"thirl (?), Nose"thril (?) }, n. Nostril. [Obs.] [Written also nosethurl, nosthrill.] Chaucer.
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no-show
no-show n. 1. someone who shirks a duty.
Syn. -- nonattender, truant.
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2. A person who is expected to attend a gathering but does not come. Specifically, a person who buys a ticket to a game or other entertainment and does not attend.
[PJC]

Nosing
Nos"ing (?), n. (Arch.) That part of the treadboard of a stair which projects over the riser; hence, any like projection, as the projecting edge of a molding.
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Nosle
No"sle (?), n. [See Nozzle, Nose.] Nozzle. [Obs.]
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Nosocomial
Nos`o*co"mi*al (n&obreve_;s`&ouptack_;*kō"m&ibreve_;*&aitalic_;l), a. [L. nosocomium a hospital, Gr. nosokomei^on; no`sos disease + komei^n to attend to.] 1. Of or pertaining to a hospital; as, nosocomial atmosphere. Dunglison.
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2. Acquired in a hospital; as, a nosocomial infection.
[PJC]

Nosography
No*sog"ra*phy (?), n. [Gr. no`sos disease + -graphy: cf. F. nosographie.] A description or classification of diseases.
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Nosological
Nos`o*log"ic*al (?), a. [Cf. F. nosologique.] Of or pertaining to nosology.
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Nosologist
No*sol"o*gist (?), n. [Cf. F. nosologiste.] One versed in nosology.
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Nosology
No*sol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. no`sos disease + -logy: cf. F. nosologie.] 1. A systematic arrangement, or classification, of diseases.
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2. That branch of medical science which treats of diseases, or of the classification of diseases.
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Nosophen
Nos"o*phen (?), n. [Nose + phenol; orig. used for affections of the nose.] (Pharm.) An iodine compound obtained as a yellowish gray, odorless, tasteless powder by the action of iodine on phenolphthalein.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Nosophobia
Nos`o*pho"bi*a (?), n. [NL.; no`sos disease + fo`bos fear.] (Med.) Morbid dread of disease.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Nosopoetic
Nos`o*po*et"ic (?), a. [Gr. no`sos disease + &unr_; productive, fr. poiei^n to make.] Producing diseases. [R.] Arbuthnot.
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Nost
Nost (?). [Contr. from ne wost.] Wottest not; knowest not. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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nostalgia
nos*tal"gi*a (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; a return home + &unr_; pain.] 1. (Med.) Homesickness; esp., a severe and sometimes fatal form of melancholia, due to homesickness.
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2. A sentimental yearning to return to an earlier time remembered as happier or more pleasant, or a former place evoking happy memories; a longing to experience again a former happy time; as, a nostalgia for the brotherhood of the Woodstock music festival; a nostalgia for the comradeship of one's college friends.
[PJC]

Nostalgic
Nos*tal"gic (?), a. [Cf. F. nostalgique.] Of or pertaining to nostalgia; affected with nostalgia.
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Nostalgy
Nos*tal"gy (?), n. Same as Nostalgia.
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Nostoc
Nos"toc (?), prop. n. [F.] (Bot.) A genus of algae. The plants are composed of moniliform cells imbedded in a gelatinous substance.
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&hand_; Nostoc commune is found on the ground, and is ordinarily not seen; but after a rain it swells up into a conspicuous jellylike mass, which was formerly supposed to have fallen from the sky, whence the popular names, fallen star and star jelly. Also called witches' butter.
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Nostocaceae
Nostocaceae prop. n. A natural family of blue-green algae.
Syn. -- family Nostocaceae.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nostril
Nos"tril (?), n. [OE. nosethril, nosethirl, AS. nosþyrl; nos for nosu nose + þyrel opening, hole, from þyrel pierced, for þyrhel, fr. purh through. √261. See Nose, and Through, and cf. Thrill.]
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1. (Anat.) One of the external openings of the nose, which give passage to the air breathed and to secretions from the nose and eyes; one of the anterior nares.
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&hand_; In sperm whales, porpoises, and allied animals, there is only one nostril, which is situated on the top of the head and called a spiracle.
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2. Perception; insight; acuteness. [Obs.]
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Methinks a man
Of your sagacity and clear nostril should
Have made another choice.
B. Jonson.
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Nostrum
Nos"trum (-trŭm), n.; pl. Nostrums (-trŭmz). [Neut. sing. of L. noster ours, fr. nos we. See Us.]
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1. A medicine, the ingredients of which are kept secret for the purpose of restricting the profits of sale to the inventor or proprietor; a quack medicine.
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2. Any scheme or device proposed by a quack.
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The incentives of agitators, the arts of impostors and the nostrums of quacks. Brougham.
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3. Any scheme asserted to solve a problem, but with no objective basis for belief in its effectiveness; esp., in politics, a scheme or proposal likely to prove popular with voters.
[PJC]

nosy
nosy adj. Offensively or intrusively curious; prying; nosey; as, he flipped through my letters in his nosy way.
Syn. -- inquisitorial, nosey, prying, snoopy.
[WordNet 1.5]

Not
Not (?). [Contr. from ne wot. See 2d Note.] Wot not; know not; knows not. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Not
Not, a. Shorn; shaven. [Obs.] See Nott.
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Not
Not, adv. [OE. not, noht, nought, naught, the same word as E. naught. See Naught.] A word used to express negation, prohibition, denial, or refusal.
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Not one word spake he more than was need. Chaucer.
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Thou shalt not steal. Ex. xx. 15.
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Thine eyes are upon me, and I am not. Job vii. 8.
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The question is, may I do it, or may I not do it? Bp. Sanderson.
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Not . . . but, or Not but, only. [Obs. or Colloq.] Chaucer.
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Notabilia
No`ta*bil"i*a (?), n. pl. [Neut. pl. of L. notabilis notable.] Things worthy of notice.
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Notability
Not`a*bil"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Notabilities (#). [Cf. F. notabilité .] 1. Quality of being notable.
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2. A notable, or remarkable, person or thing; a person of note. “Parisian notabilitiesCarlyle.
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3. A notable saying. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Notable
Not"a*ble (?), a. [F. notable, L. notabilis, fr. notare to mark, nota mark, note. See 5th Note.]
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1. Capable of being noted; noticeable; plain; evident.
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2. Worthy of notice; remarkable; memorable; noted or distinguished; as, a notable event, person.
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&hand_; Notable in the sense of careful, thrifty, characterized by thrift and capacity (as, a notable housekeeper) is pronounced by many good orthoepists, n&obreve_;t"&adot_;*b'l, the derivatives notableness, and notably, being also similarly pronounced with short o in the first syllable.
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3. Well-known; notorious. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Notable
Not"a*ble (nōt"&adot_;*b'l), n. 1. A person, or thing, of distinction.
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2. (French Hist.) One of a number of persons, before the revolution of 1789, chiefly of the higher orders, appointed by the king to constitute a representative body.
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Notableness
Not"a*ble*ness, n. The quality of being notable.
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Notably
Not"a*bly, adv. In a notable manner.
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Notaeum
No*tae"um (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; pertaining to the notum or back.] (Zool.) The back or upper surface, as of a bird.
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Notal
No"tal (?), a. [Gr. nw^ton the back.] Of or pertaining to the back; dorsal.
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Notandum
No*tan"dum (?), n.; pl. Notanda (#). [L., fr. notare to observe.] A thing to be noted or observed; a notable fact; -- chiefly used in the plural.
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Notarial
No*ta"ri*al (?), a. [Cf. F. notarial.] Of or pertaining to a notary; done or taken by a notary; as, a notarial seal; notarial evidence or attestation.
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Notarially
No*ta"ri*al*ly, adv. In a notarial manner.
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Notary
No"ta*ry (?), n.; pl. Notaries (#). [F. notaire, L. notarius notary (in sense 1), fr. nota mark. See 5th Note.]
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1. One who records in shorthand what is said or done; as, the notary of an ecclesiastical body.
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2. (Eng. & Am. Law) A public officer who attests or certifies deeds and other writings, or copies of them, usually under his official seal, to make them authentic, especially in foreign countries. His duties chiefly relate to instruments used in commercial transactions, such as protests of negotiable paper, ship's papers in cases of loss, damage, etc. He is generally called a notary public.
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Notate
No"tate (?), a. [L. notatus marked, p. p. of notare to mark. See 5th Note.] (Bot.) Marked with spots or lines, which are often colored. Henslow.
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Notation
No*ta"tion (?), n. [L. notatio a marking, observing, etymology, fr. notare to mark, nota a mark: cf. F. notation. See 5th Note.] 1. The act or practice of recording anything by marks, figures, or characters.
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2. Any particular system of characters, symbols, or abbreviated expressions used in art or science, to express briefly technical facts, quantities, etc. Esp., the system of figures, letters, and signs used in arithmetic and algebra to express number, quantity, or operations.
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3. Literal or etymological signification. [Obs.]
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“Conscience” is a Latin word, and, according to the very notation of it, imports a double or joint knowledge. South.
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Notch
Notch (n&obreve_;ch), n. [Akin to nock; cf. OD. nock, OSw. nocka. Cf. Nick a notch.]
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1. A hollow cut in anything; a nick; an indentation.
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And on the stick ten equal notches makes. Swift.
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2. A narrow passage between two elevations; a deep, close pass; a defile; as, the notch of a mountain.
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Notch
Notch, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Notched (n&obreve_;cht); p. pr. & vb. n. Notching.] 1. To cut or make notches in; to indent; also, to score by notches; as, to notch a stick.
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2. To fit the notch of (an arrow) to the string.
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God is all sufferance; here he doth show
No arrow notched, only a stringless bow.
Herrick.
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Notchboard
Notch"board` (?), n. (Carp.) The board which receives the ends of the steps in a staircase.
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Notching
Notch"ing, n. 1. The act of making notches; the act of cutting into small hollows.
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2. The small hollow, or hollows, cut; a notch or notches.
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3. (Carp.) A method of joining timbers, scantling, etc., by notching them, as at the ends, and overlapping or interlocking the notched portions.
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4. (Engin.) A method of excavating, as in a bank, by a series of cuttings side by side. See also Gulleting.
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Notchweed
Notch"weed` (?), n. (Bot.) A foul-smelling weed, the stinking goosefoot (Chenopodium Vulvaria).
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Note
Note (nōt), v. t. [AS. hnītan to strike against, imp. hnāt.] To butt; to push with the horns. [Prov. Eng.]
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Note
Note (nōt). [AS. nāt; ne not + wāt wot. See Not, and Wot.] Know not; knows not. [Obs.]
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Note
Note, n. Nut. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Note
Note, n. [AS. notu use, profit.] Need; needful business. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Note
Note, n. [F. note, L. nota; akin to noscere, notum, to know. See Know.] 1. A mark or token by which a thing may be known; a visible sign; a character; a distinctive mark or feature; a characteristic quality.
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Whosoever appertain to the visible body of the church, they have also the notes of external profession. Hooker.
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She [the Anglican church] has the note of possession, the note of freedom from party titles,the note of life -- a tough life and a vigorous. J. H. Newman.
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What a note of youth, of imagination, of impulsive eagerness, there was through it all ! Mrs. Humphry Ward.
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2. A mark, or sign, made to call attention, to point out something to notice, or the like; a sign, or token, proving or giving evidence.
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3. A brief remark; a marginal comment or explanation; hence, an annotation on a text or author; a comment; a critical, explanatory, or illustrative observation.
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The best writers have been perplexed with notes, and obscured with illustrations. Felton.
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4. A brief writing intended to assist the memory; a memorandum; a minute.
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5. pl. Hence, a writing intended to be used in speaking; memoranda to assist a speaker, being either a synopsis, or the full text of what is to be said; as, to preach from notes; also, a reporter's memoranda; the original report of a speech or of proceedings.
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6. A short informal letter; a billet.
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7. A diplomatic missive or written communication.
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8. A written or printed paper acknowledging a debt, and promising payment; as, a promissory note; a note of hand; a negotiable note.
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9. A list of items or of charges; an account. [Obs.]
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Here is now the smith's note for shoeing. Shak.
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10. (Mus.) (a) A character, variously formed, to indicate the length of a tone, and variously placed upon the staff to indicate its pitch. Hence: (b) A musical sound; a tone; an utterance; a tune. (c) A key of the piano or organ.
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The wakeful bird . . . tunes her nocturnal note. Milton.
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That note of revolt against the eighteenth century, which we detect in Goethe, was struck by Winckelmann. W. Pater.
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11. Observation; notice; heed.
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Give orders to my servants that they take
No note at all of our being absent hence.
Shak.
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12. Notification; information; intelligence. [Obs.]
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The king . . . shall have note of this. Shak.
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13. State of being under observation. [Obs.]
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Small matters . . . continually in use and in note. Bacon.
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14. Reputation; distinction; as, a poet of note.
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There was scarce a family of note which had not poured out its blood on the field or the scaffold. Prescott.
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15. Stigma; brand; reproach. [Obs.] Shak.
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Note of hand, a promissory note.
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Note
Note (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Noted; p. pr. & vb. n. Noting.] [F. noter, L. notare, fr. nota. See Note, n.]
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1. To notice with care; to observe; to remark; to heed; to attend to. Pope.
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No more of that; I have noted it well. Shak.
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The world will little note, nor long remember, what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. Abraham Lincoln (Gettysburg Address, 1863).
[PJC]

2. To record in writing; to make a memorandum of.
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Every unguarded word . . . was noted down. Maccaulay.
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3. To charge, as with crime (with of or for before the thing charged); to brand. [Obs.]
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They were both noted of incontinency. Dryden.
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4. To denote; to designate. Johnson.
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5. To annotate. [R.] W. H. Dixon.
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6. To set down in musical characters.
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To note a bill or To note a draft, to record on the back of it a refusal of acceptance, as the ground of a protest, which is done officially by a notary.
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Notebook
Note"book` (?), n. 1. A book in which notes or memorandums are written.
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2. A book in which notes of hand are registered.
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notecase
notecase n. A case for holding paper money; a wallet.
Syn. -- wallet, billfold.
[WordNet 1.5]

Notechis
Notechis prop. n. A genus including the tiger snakes.
Syn. -- genus Notechis.
[WordNet 1.5]

Noted
Not"ed (?), a. Well known by reputation or report; eminent; famous; prominent; celebrated; as, a noted author, or traveler. -- Not"ed*ly, adv. -- Not"ed*ness, n.
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Noteful
Note"ful (?), a. Useful. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Noteless
Note"less, a. Not attracting notice; not conspicuous.
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Noteless as the race from which he sprung. Sir W. Scott.
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Notelessness
Note"less*ness, n. A state of being noteless.
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Notelet
Note"let (?), n. A little or short note; a billet.
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Note paper
Note" pa`per (?). Writing paper, not exceeding in size, when folded once, five by eight inches.
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Noter
Not"er (?), n. 1. One who takes notice.
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2. An annotator. [Obs.]
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Noteworthy
Note"wor`thy (?), a. Worthy of observation or notice; remarkable.
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Nother
Noth"er (?), conj. Neither; nor. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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nother
noth"er (?), a. Other; -- variant spelling used mostly in the phrase a whole nother (i. e., a completely different), as though formed by splitting the word “another”.
[PJC]

Nothing
Noth"ing (?), n. [From no, a. + thing.] 1. Not anything; no thing (in the widest sense of the word thing); -- opposed to anything and something.
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Yet had his aspect nothing of severe. Dryden.
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2. Nonexistence; nonentity; absence of being; nihility; nothingness. Shak.
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3. A thing of no account, value, or note; something irrelevant and impertinent; something of comparative unimportance; utter insignificance; a trifle.
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Behold, ye are of nothing, and your work of nought. Is. xli. 24.
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'T is nothing, says the fool; but, says the friend,
This nothing, sir, will bring you to your end.
Dryden.
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4. (Arith.) A cipher; naught.
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Nothing but, only; no more than. Chaucer. -- To make nothing of. (a) To make no difficulty of; to consider as trifling or important. “We are industrious to preserve our bodies from slavery, but we make nothing of suffering our souls to be slaves to our lusts.” Ray. (b) Not to understand; as, I could make nothing of what he said.
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Nothing
Noth"ing, adv. In no degree; not at all; in no wise.
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Adam, with such counsel nothing swayed. Milton.
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The influence of reason in producing our passions is nothing near so extensive as is commonly believed. Burke.
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Nothing off (Naut.), an order to the steersman to keep the vessel close to the wind.
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Nothingarian
Noth`ing*a"ri*an (?), n. One of no certain belief; one belonging to no particular sect.
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Nothingism
Noth"ing*ism (?), n. Nihility; nothingness. [R.]
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Nothingness
Noth"ing*ness, n. 1. Nihility; nonexistence.
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2. The state of being of no value; a thing of no value.
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nothings
nothings n. 1. inconsequential conversation; as, they traded a few nothings as they parted.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nothofagus
Nothofagus prop. n. A genus of beeches of temperate southern hemisphere except Africa; the southern beech.
Syn. -- genus Nothofagus.
[WordNet 1.5]

nothosaur
nothosaur n. An extinct marine reptile with longer more slender limbs than plesiosaurs and less completely modified for swimming.
[WordNet 1.5]

Notice
No"tice (?), n. [F., fr. L. notitia a being known, knowledge, fr. noscere, notum, to know. See Know.] 1. The act of noting, remarking, or observing; observation by the senses or intellect; cognizance; note.
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How ready is envy to mingle with the notices we take of other persons! I. Watts.
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2. Intelligence, by whatever means communicated; knowledge given or received; means of knowledge; express notification; announcement; warning.
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I . . . have given him notice that the Duke of Cornwall and Regan his duchess will be here. Shak.
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3. An announcement, often accompanied by comments or remarks; as, book notices; theatrical notices.
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4. A writing communicating information or warning.
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5. Attention; respectful treatment; civility.
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To take notice of, to perceive especially; to observe or treat with particular attention.
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Syn. -- Attention; regard; remark; note; heed; consideration; respect; civility; intelligence; advice; news.
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Notice
No"tice, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Noticed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Noticing (?).] 1. To observe; to see; to mark; to take note of; to heed; to pay attention to.
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2. To show that one has observed; to take public note of; remark upon; to make comments on; to refer to; as, to notice a book.
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This plant deserves to be noticed in this place. Tooke.
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Another circumstance was noticed in connection with the suggestion last discussed. Sir W. Hamilton.
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3. To treat with attention and civility; as, to notice strangers.
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Syn. -- To remark; observe; perceive; see; mark; note; mind; regard; heed; mention. See Remark.
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Noticeable
No"tice*a*ble (?), a. Capable of being observed; worthy of notice; likely to attract observation; conspicuous.
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A noticeable man, with large gray eyes. Wordsworth.
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Noticeably
No"tice*a*bly, adv. In a noticeable manner.
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Noticer
No"ti*cer (?), n. One who notices.
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Notidanian
No`ti*da"ni*an (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; back + &unr_; comely.] (Zool.) Any one of several species of sharks of the family Notidanidae, or Hexanchidae. Called also cow sharks. See Shark.
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Notification
No`ti*fi*ca"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. notification. See Notify.] 1. The act of notifying, or giving notice; the act of making known; especially, the act of giving official notice or information to the public or to individuals, corporations, companies, or societies, by words, by writing, or by other means.
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2. Notice given in words or writing, or by signs.
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3. The writing which communicates information; an advertisement, or citation, etc.
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Notify
No"ti*fy (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Notified (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Notifying (?).] [F. notifier, L. notificare; notus known (p. p. of noscere to known) + -ficare (in comp.) to make. See Know, and -fy.]
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1. To make known; to declare; to publish; as, to notify a fact to a person.
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No law can bind till it be notified or promulged. Sowth.
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2. To give notice to; to inform by notice; to apprise; as, the constable has notified the citizens to meet at the city hall; the bell notifies us of the time of meeting.
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The President of the United States has notified the House of Representatives that he has approved and signed the act. Journal of the Senate, U. S.
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&hand_; This application of notify has been condemned; but it is in constant good use in the United States, and in perfect accordance with the use of certify.
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notifying
notifying n. The act or process of informing by words.
Syn. -- telling, apprisal, notification.
[WordNet 1.5]

Notion
No"tion (?), [L. notio, fr. noscere to know: cf. F. notion. See Know.] 1. Mental apprehension of whatever may be known or imagined; an idea; a conception; more properly, a general or universal conception, as distinguishable or definable by marks or notae.
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What hath been generally agreed on, I content myself to assume under the notion of principles. Sir I. Newton.
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Few agree in their notions about these words. Cheyne.
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That notion of hunger, cold, sound, color, thought, wish, or fear which is in the mind, is called the “idea” of hunger, cold, etc. I. Watts.
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Notion, again, signifies either the act of apprehending, signalizing, that is, the remarking or taking note of, the various notes, marks, or characters of an object which its qualities afford, or the result of that act. Sir W. Hamilton.
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2. A sentiment; an opinion.
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The extravagant notion they entertain of themselves. Addison.
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A perverse will easily collects together a system of notions to justify itself in its obliquity. J. H. Newman.
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3. Sense; mind. [Obs.] Shak.
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4. An invention; an ingenious device; a knickknack; as, Yankee notions. [Colloq.]
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5. Inclination; intention; disposition; as, I have a notion to do it. [Colloq.]
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6. Miscellaneous small objects; sundries; -- usually referring to articles displayed together for sale.
[PJC]

Notional
No"tion*al (?), a. 1. Consisting of, or conveying, notions or ideas; expressing abstract conceptions.
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2. Existing in idea only; visionary; whimsical.
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Discourses of speculative and notional things. Evelyn.
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3. Given to foolish or visionary expectations; whimsical; fanciful; as, a notional man.
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Notionality
No`tion*al"i*ty (?), n. A notional or groundless opinion. [R.] Glanvill.
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Notionally
No"tion*al*ly (?), adv. In mental apprehension; in conception; not in reality.
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Two faculties . . . notionally or really distinct. Norris.
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Notionate
No"tion*ate (?), a. Notional. [R.]
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Notionist
No"tion*ist, n. One whose opinions are ungrounded notions. [R.] Bp. Hopkins.
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Notist
No"tist (?), n. An annotator. [Obs.]
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Notobranchiata
No`to*bran`chi*a*ta (?), n. pl. [NL. See Notum, and Branchia.] (Zool.) (a) A division of nudibranchiate mollusks having gills upon the back. (b) The Dorsibranchiata.
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Notobranchiate
No`to*bran"chi*ate (?), a. (Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Notobranchiata.
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Notochord
No"to*chord (?), n. [Gr. nw^ton the back + E. chord.] (Anat.) An elastic cartilagelike rod which is developed beneath the medullary groove in the vertebrate embryo, and constitutes the primitive axial skeleton around which the centra of the vertebrae and the posterior part of the base of the skull are developed; the chorda dorsalis. See Illust. of Ectoderm.
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Notochordal
No`to*chor"dal (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the notochord; having a notochord.
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Notodontian
No`to*don"tian (?), n. [Gr. nw^ton the back + 'odoy`s, 'odo`ntos a tooth.] (Zool.) Any one of several species of bombycid moths belonging to Notodonta, Nerice, and allied genera. The caterpillar of these moths has a hump, or spine, on its back.
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Notophthalmus
Notophthalmus prop. n. One of the genera of newts, included in the family Salamandridae.
Syn. -- genus Notophthalmus.
[WordNet 1.5]

Notopodium
No`to*po"di*um (?), n.; pl. L. Notopodia (#), E. Notopodiums (#). [NL., fr. Gr. nw^ton the back + poy`s, podo`s, the foot.] (Zool.) The dorsal lobe or branch of a parapodium. See Parapodium.
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Notorhizal
No`to*rhi"zal (nō`t&ouptack_;*rī"z&aitalic_;l), a. [Gr. nw^ton the back + "ri`za a root.] (Bot.) Having the radicle of the embryo lying against the back of one of the cotyledons; incumbent.
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Notoriety
No`to*ri"e*ty (nō`t&ouptack_;*rī"&euptack_;*t&ybreve_;), n. [Cf. F. notoriété. See Notorious.] The quality or condition of being notorious; the state of being generally or publicly known; -- commonly used in an unfavorable sense; as, the notoriety of a crime.
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They were not subjects in their own nature so exposed to public notoriety. Addison.
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Notorious
No*to"ri*ous (?), a. [L. notorius pointing out, making known, fr. noscere, notum, to known: cf. F. notoire. See Know.] Generally known and talked of by the public; universally believed to be true; manifest to the world; evident; -- usually in an unfavorable sense; as, a notorious thief; a notorious crime or vice.
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Your goodness,
Since you provoke me, shall be most notorious.
Shak.
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Syn. -- Distinguished; remarkable; conspicuous; celebrated; noted; famous; renowned.
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-- No*to"ri*ous*ly, adv. -- No*to"ri*ous*ness, n.
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Notornis
No*tor"nis (?), prop. n. [NL., fr. Gr. no`tos the south, or southwest + &unr_; bird.] (Zool.) A genus of birds allied to the gallinules, but having rudimentary wings and incapable of flight. Notornis Mantelli was first known as a fossil bird of New Zealand, but subsequently a few individuals were found living on the southern island. It is supposed to be now nearly or quite extinct.
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Nototherium
No`to*the"ri*um (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. no`tos the south + qhri`on a wild animal.] (Zool.) An extinct genus of gigantic herbivorous marsupials, found in the Pliocene formation of Australia.
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Nototrema
No`to*tre"ma (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. nw^ton back + &unr_; a hole.] (Zool.) The pouched, or marsupial, frog of South America.
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Nott-pated
Not-pated
{ Not"-pat`ed (?), Nott"-pat`ed }, a. Same as Nott-headed. [Obs.] Shak.
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Notself
Not"self` (?), n. (Metaph.) The negative of self. “A cognizance of notself.” Sir. W. Hamilton.
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Nott
Nott (?), a. [AS. hnot shorn.] Shorn. [Obs.]
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Nott
Nott, v. t. To shear. [Obs.] Stow.
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Nott-headed
Nott"-head`ed (?), a. Having the hair cut close. [Obs.] Chapman.
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Notturno
Not*tur"no (?), n. [It.] (Mus.) Same as Nocturne.
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Notum
No"tum (?), n.; pl. Nota (#). [NL., fr. Gr. nw^ton.] (Zool.) The back.
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Notus
No"tus (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. No`tos.] The south wind.
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Notwheat
Not"wheat` (?), n. [Nott + wheat.] Wheat not bearded. Carew.
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Notwithstanding
Not`with*stand"ing (?), prep. Without prevention, or obstruction from or by; in spite of.
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We gentil women bee
Loth to displease any wight,
Notwithstanding our great right.
Chaucer's Dream.
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Those on whom Christ bestowed miraculous cures were so transported that their gratitude made them, notwithstanding his prohibition, proclaim the wonders he had done. Dr. H. More.
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&hand_; Notwithstanding was, by Johnson and Webster, viewed as a participle absolute, an English equivalent of the Latin non obstante. Its several meanings, either as preposition, adverb, or conjunction, are capable of being explained in this view. Later grammarians, while admitting that the word was originally a participle, and can be treated as such, prefer to class it as a preposition or disjunctive conjunction.
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Syn. -- In spite of; despite. -- Notwithstanding, In spite of, Despite. Of these, only notwithstanding can be used postpositively; as, I will go, the weather notwithstanding. With respect to meaning, these words and phrases are often interchanged, but there is a difference between them, chiefly in strength. Notwithstanding is the weaker term, and simply points to some obstacle that may exist; as, I shall go, notwithstanding the rain. In spite or despite of has reference primarily to active opposition to be encountered from others; as, “I'll be, in man's despite, a monarch; ” “I'll keep mine own, despite of all the world.” Shak. Hence, these words, when applied to things, suppose greater opposition than notwithstanding. We should say. ”He was thrust rudely out of doors in spite of his entreaties,” rather than “notwithstanding”. On the other hand, it would be more civil to say, “Notwithstanding all you have said, I must still differ with you.”
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Notwithstanding
Not`with*stand"ing, adv. or conj. [Originally the participle of withstand, with not prefixed.] Nevertheless; however; although; as, I shall go, notwithstanding it rains.
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I will surely rend the kingdom from thee, and will give it to thy servant. Notwithstanding, in thy days I will not do it. 1 Kings xi. 11, 12.
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They which honor the law as an image of the wisdom of God himself, are, notwithstanding, to know that the same had an end in Christ. Hooker.
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You did wisely and honestly too, notwithstanding
She is the greatest beauty in the parish.
Fielding.
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Notwithstanding that, notwithstanding; although.
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These days were ages to him, notwithstanding that he was basking in the smiles of the pretty Mary. W. Irving.
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Nouch
Nouch (nouch), n. [See Ouch.] An ouch; a jewel. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Nougat
Nou`gat" (?), n. [F.] A cake, sweetmeat, or confection made with almonds or other nuts.
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Nought
Nought (?), n. & adv. See Naught. Chaucer.
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Nould
Nould (?). [Contr. fr. ne would.] Would not. [Obs.] “By those who nould repent.” Fairfax.
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Noule
Noule (?), n. [See Noll.] The top of the head; the head or noll. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Noumenal
Nou"me*nal (?), a. (Metaph.) Of or pertaining to the noumenon; real; -- opposed to phenomenal. G. H. Lewes.
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Noumenon
Nou"me*non (nou"m&euptack_;*n&obreve_;n), n. [NL. fr. Gr. &unr_; the thing perceived, p. pr. pass. of &unr_; to perceive, &unr_; the mind.] (Metaph.) The of itself unknown and unknowable rational object, or thing in itself, which is distinguished from the phenomenon through which it is apprehended by the senses, and by which it is interpreted and understood; -- so used in the philosophy of Kant and his followers.
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Noun
Noun (noun), n. [OF. noun, nun, num, non, nom, F. nom, fr. L. nomen name. See Name.] (Gram.) A word used as the designation or appellation of a creature or thing, existing in fact or in thought; a substantive.
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&hand_; By some grammarians the term noun is so used as to include adjectives, as being descriptive; but in general it is limited to substantives.
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Nounal
Noun"al (?), a. Of or pertaining to a noun.
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Verbs which in whole or in part have shed their old nounal coat. Earle.
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Nounize
Noun"ize (?), v. t. To change (an adjective, verb, etc.) into a noun; to nominalize. Earle.
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Nourice
Nour"ice (?), n. A nurse. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Nourish
Nour"ish (nŭr"&ibreve_;sh), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Nourished (nŭr"&ibreve_;sht); p. pr. & vb. n. Nourishing.] [OE. norisen, norischen, OF. nurir, nurrir, norir, F. nourrir, fr. L. nutrire. Cf. Nurse, Nutriment, and see -ish.]
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1. To feed and cause to grow; to supply with matter which increases bulk or supplies waste, and promotes health; to furnish with nutriment.
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He planteth an ash, and the rain doth nourish it. Is. xliv. 14.
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2. To support; to maintain.
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Whiles I in Ireland nourish a mighty band. Shak.
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3. To supply the means of support and increase to; to encourage; to foster; as, to nourish rebellion; to nourish the virtues.Nourish their contentions.” Hooker.
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4. To cherish; to comfort.
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Ye have nourished your hearts. James v. 5.
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5. To educate; to instruct; to bring up; to nurture; to promote the growth of in attainments. Chaucer.
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Nourished up in the words of faith. 1 Tim. iv. 6.
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Syn. -- To cherish; feed; supply. See Nurture.
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Nourish
Nour"ish, v. i. 1. To promote growth; to furnish nutriment.
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Grains and roots nourish more than their leaves. Bacon.
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2. To gain nourishment. [R.] Bacon.
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Nourish
Nour"ish, n. A nurse. [Obs.] Hoolland.
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Nourishable
Nour"ish*a*ble (?), a. [Cf. F. nourrissable.]
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1. Capable of being nourished; as, the nourishable parts of the body. Grew.
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2. Capable of giving nourishment. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.
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Nourisher
Nour"ish*er (?), n. One who, or that which, nourishes. Milton.
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Nourishing
Nour"ish*ing, a. Promoting growth; nutritious.
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Nourishingly
Nour"ish*ing*ly, adv. Nutritively; cherishingly.
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Nourishment
Nour"ish*ment (?), n. [Cf. OF. norrissement.]
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1. The act of nourishing, or the state of being nourished; nutrition.
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2. That which serves to nourish; nutriment; food.
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Learn to seek the nourishment of their souls. Hooker.
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Nouriture
Nour"i*ture (?), n. Nurture. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Noursle
Nour"sle (?), v. t. [Freq., fr. OE. nourse. See Nurse.] To nurse; to rear; to bring up. [Obs.] [Written also nosel, nousel, nousle, nowsle, nusle, nuzzle, etc.]
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She noursled him till years he raught. Spenser.
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Nous
Nous (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. noy^s mind.] 1. Intellect; understanding; talent; -- used humorously.
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2. (Philos.) The reason; the highest intellect; God regarded as the World Reason.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Nousle
Nousel
{ Nous"el, Nou"sle } (?), v. t. [See Noose.] To insnare; to entrap. [Obs.] Johnson.
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Nowthe
Nouthe
{ Nou"the, Now"the (?) }, adv. [Now + the.] Just now; at present. [Obs.]
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But thereof needeth not to speak as nouthe. Chaucer.
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Nouvelle riche
Nouveau riche
{ ‖Nou`veau" riche" (?), m., ‖Nou`velle" riche" (?), f. }; pl. m. Noveaux riches (#), f. Nouvelles riches (#). [F.] A person newly rich. Contrasted with old money.
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

Nova
No"va (nō"v&adot_;), n.; pl. L. Novae (nō"vē), E. Novas (nō"v&adot_;z). [L., fem. sing. of novus new.] (Astron.) A star which suddenly increases in brightness thousands of times, then fades back to near its original intensity. It may appear as a “new” star if its original brightness was too low for routine observation. A star which suddenly increases in brightness to many millions of times its original intensity is a supernova, and the postulated mechanisms for the increases of brightness of novae and supernovae are different. The most important modern novae are: -- No"va Co*ro"nae Bo`re*a"lis (&unr_;) [1866]; No"va Cyg"ni (&unr_;) [1876]; No"va An*dro"me*dae (&unr_;) [1885]; No"va Au*ri"gae (&unr_;) [1891-92]; No"va Per"se*i (&unr_;) [1901]. There are two novae called Nova Persei. They are: (a) A small nova which appeared in 1881. (b) An extraordinary nova which appeared in Perseus in 1901. It was first sighted on February 22, and for one night (February 23) was the brightest star in the sky. By July it had almost disappeared, after which faint surrounding nebulous masses were discovered, apparently moving radially outward from the star at incredible velocity.
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

Novaculite
No*vac"u*lite (?), n. [L. novacula a sharp knife, razor: cf. F. novaculite.] (Min.) A variety of siliceous slate, of which hones are made; razor stone; Turkey stone; hone stone; whet slate.
[1913 Webster]

Novatian
No*va"tian (?), n. (Eccl. Hist.) One of the sect of Novatius, or Novatianus, who held that the lapsed might not be received again into communion with the church, and that second marriages are unlawful.
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Novatianism
No*va"tian*ism (?), n. The doctrines or principles of the Novatians. Milner.
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Novation
No*va"tion (?), n. [L. novatio; novus new: cf. F. novation.] 1. Innovation. [Obs.]
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I shall easily grant that novations in religion are a main cause of distempers in commonwealths. Laud.
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2. (Law) A substitution of a new debt for an old one; also, the remodeling of an old obligation; debt restructuring.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Novator
No*va"tor (?), n. An innovator. [Obs.]
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Novel
Nov"el (?), a. [OF. novel, nuvel, F. nouvel, nouveau, L. novellus, dim. of novus new. See New.] Of recent origin or introduction; not ancient; new; hence, out of the ordinary course; unusual; strange; surprising.
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&hand_; In civil law, the novel or new constitutions are those which are supplemental to the code, and posterior in time to the other books. These contained new decrees of successive emperors.
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Novel assignment (Law), a new assignment or specification of a suit.
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Syn. -- New; recent; modern; fresh; strange; uncommon; rare; unusual. -- Novel, New . Everything at its first occurrence is new; that is novel which is so much out of the ordinary course as to strike us with surprise. That is a new sight which is beheld for the first time; that is a novel sight which either was never seen before or is seen but seldom. We have daily new inventions, but a novel one supposes some very peculiar means of attaining its end. Novel theories are regarded with distrust, as likely to prove more ingenious than sound.
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Novel
Nov"el, n. [F. nouvelle. See Novel, a.] 1. That which is new or unusual; a novelty.
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2. pl. News; fresh tidings. [Obs.]
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Some came of curiosity to hear some novels. Latimer.
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3. A fictitious tale or narrative, longer than a short story, having some degree of complexity and development of characters; it is usually organized as a time sequence of events, and is commonly intended to exhibit the operation of the passions, and often of love. Dryden.
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4. [L. novellae (sc. constitutiones): cf. F. novelles.] (Law) A new or supplemental constitution. See the Note under Novel, a.
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Novelette
Nov`el*ette" (?), n. [Dim. of novel, n. See Novel.] A short novel; a novella.
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Novelism
Nov"el*ism (?), n. Innovation. [Obs.]
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Novelist
Nov"el*ist, n. 1. An innovator; an asserter of novelty. [Obs.] Cudworth.
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2. [Cf. F. nouvelliste, It. novellista.] A writer of news. [Obs.] Tatler (178).
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3. [Cf. F. nouvelliste.] A writer of a novel or novels.
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Novelize
Nov"el*ize (?), v. i. To innovate. [Obs.]
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Novelize
Nov"el*ize, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Novelized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Novelizing (?).] 1. To innovate. [Obs.]
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2. To put into the form of novels; to represent by fiction; to fictionalize. “To novelize history.” Sir J. Herschel.
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Novelry
Nov"el*ry (?), n. [OF. novelerie.] Novelty; new things. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Novelty
Nov"el*ty (?), n.; pl. Novelties (#). [OF. novelté, F. nouveauté, L. novellitas.] 1. The quality or state of being novel; newness; freshness; recentness of origin or introduction.
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Novelty is the great parent of pleasure. South.
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2. Something novel; a new or strange thing.
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3. A small mass-produced article of little value; a knickknack.
Syn. -- knickknack.
[WordNet 1.5]

November
No*vem"ber (?), n. [L. November, or Novembris (sc. mensis), the ninth month of the old Roman year, which began with March, fr. novem nine: cf. F. Novembre. See Nine.] The eleventh month of the year, containing thirty days.
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Novenary
Nov"e*na*ry (?), a. [L. novenarius, from novem nine.] Of or pertaining to the number nine.
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Novenary
Nov"e*na*ry, n. The number of nine units; nine, collectively.
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Novene
No"vene (?), a. [L. novenus nine each, in LL., ninth, fr. L. novem nine.] Relating to, or dependent on, the number nine; novenary. [R.]
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The triple and novene division ran throughout. Milman.
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Novennial
No*ven"ni*al (?), a. [L. novennis of nine years; novem nine + annus year.] Done or recurring every ninth year.
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Novercal
No*ver"cal (?), a. [L. novennis of nine years; novem nine + annus year.] Done or recurring every ninth year.
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Novercal
No*ver"cal (?), a. [L. novercalis, from noverca a stepmother.] Of or pertaining to a stepmother; suitable to, or in the manner of, a stepmother. Derham.
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Novice
Nov"ice (?), n. [F., from L. novicius, novitius, new, from novus new. See New, and cf. Novitious.] 1. One who is new in any business, profession, or calling; one unacquainted or unskilled; one yet in the rudiments; a beginner; a tyro.
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I am young; a novice in the trade. Dryden.
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2. One newly received into the church, or one newly converted to the Christian faith. 1 Tim. iii. 6.
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3. (Eccl.) One who enters a religious house, whether of monks or nuns, as a probationist. Shipley.
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No poore cloisterer, nor no novys. Chaucer.
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Novice
Nov"ice, a. Like a novice; becoming a novice. [Obs.]
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Noviceship
Nov"ice*ship (?), n. The state of being a novice; novitiate.
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Novilunar
No`vi*lu"nar (?), a. [L. novus new + luna the moon.] Of or pertaining to the new moon. [R.]
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Novitiate
No*vi"ti*ate (?), n. [LL. novitiatus: cf. F. noviciat.]
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1. The state of being a novice; time of initiation or instruction in rudiments.
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2. Hence: The time of probation in a religious house before taking the vows.
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3. One who is going through a novitiate, or period of probation; a novice. Addison.
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4. The place where novices live or are trained. [R.]
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Novitious
No*vi"tious (?), a. [L. novitius, novicius.] Newly invented; recent; new. [Obs.] Bp. Pearson.
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Novity
Nov"i*ty (?), n. [L. novitas, fr. novus new.] Newness; novelty. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
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Novosibirsk
Novosibirsk prop. n. A city in the Asian part of Russia. Much Soviet military research was performed there, and until the 1990's it was restricted from entry by foreigners.
[WordNet 1.5]

Novum
No"vum (?), n. A game at dice, properly called novem quinque (L., nine five), the two principal throws being nine and five. [Obs.] Shak.
[1913 Webster]

Now
Now (nou), adv. [OE. nou, nu, AS. , nu; akin to D., OS., & OHG. nu, G. nu, nun, Icel., , Dan., Sw., & Goth. nu, L. nunc, Gr. ny`, ny^n, Skr. nu, . √193. Cf. New.]
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1. At the present time; at this moment; at the time of speaking; instantly; as, I will write now.
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I have a patient now living, at an advanced age, who discharged blood from his lungs thirty years ago. Arbuthnot.
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2. Very lately; not long ago.
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They that but now, for honor and for plate,
Made the sea blush with blood, resign their hate.
Waller.
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3. At a time contemporaneous with something spoken of or contemplated; at a particular time referred to.
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The ship was now in the midst of the sea. Matt. xiv. 24.
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4. In present circumstances; things being as they are; -- hence, used as a connective particle, to introduce an inference or an explanation.
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How shall any man distinguish now betwixt a parasite and a man of honor? L'Estrange.
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Why should he live, now nature bankrupt is? Shak.
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Then cried they all again, saying, Not this man, but Barabbas. Now, Barabbas was a robber. John xviii. 40.
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The other great and undoing mischief which befalls men is, by their being misrepresented. Now, by calling evil good, a man is misrepresented to others in the way of slander. South.
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Now and again, now and then; occasionally. -- Now and now, again and again; repeatedly. [Obs.] Chaucer. -- Now and then, at one time and another; indefinitely; occasionally; not often; at intervals. “A mead here, there a heath, and now and then a wood.” Drayton. -- Now now, at this very instant; precisely now. [Obs.] “Why, even now now, at holding up of this finger, and before the turning down of this.” J. Webster (1607). -- Now . . . now, alternately; at one time . . . at another time.Now high, now low, now master up, now miss.” Pope.
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Now
Now, a. Existing at the present time; present. [R.] “Our now happiness.” Glanvill.
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Now
Now, n. The present time or moment; the present.
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Nothing is there to come, and nothing past;
But an eternal now does ever last.
Cowley.
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Nowadays
Now"a*days` (nou"&adot_;*dāz`), adv. [For now on (OE. an) days. See A-, 1.] In these days; at the present time.
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What men of spirit, nowadays,
Come to give sober judgment of new plays?
Garrick.
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No way
Noways
Noway
{ No"way` (?), No"ways` (?), No" way` } adv. [No, a. + way. Cf. -wards.] In no manner or degree; not at all; nowise.
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But Ireland will noways allow that name unto it. Fuller.
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Nowch
Nowch (?), n. See Nouch. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Nowd
Nowd (?), n. (Zool.) The European gray gurnard (Trigla gurnardus). [Written also knoud.]
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Nowed
Now"ed (?), a. [F. noué, p. p. of nouer to knot, fr. L. nodare. See Nodated.] (Her.) Knotted; tied in a knot, as a serpent.
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Nowel
Now"el (?), n. [See Noel.] [Written also noel.]
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1. Christmas; also, a shout of joy at Christmas for the birth of the Savior. [Obs.]
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2. (Mus.) A kind of hymn, or canticle, of mediaeval origin, sung in honor of the Nativity of our Lord; a Christmas carol. Grove.
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Nowel
Now"el, n. [F. noyau, prop., a kernel. See Noyau, Newel a post.] (Founding) (a) The core, or the inner part, of a mold for casting a large hollow object. (b) The bottom part of a mold or of a flask, in distinction from the cope; the drag.
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Nowes
Nowes (?), n. pl. [From OF. nous. See Noose, Node.] The marriage knot. [Obs.] Crashaw.
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Nowhere
No"where` (?), adv. [AS. nāhw&aemacr_;r. See No, and Where.] Not anywhere; not in any place or state; as, the book is nowhere to be found.
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Nowhither
No"whith`er (?), adv. [No + whither.] Not anywhither; in no direction; nowhere. [Archaic] “Thy servant went nowhither.” 2 Kings v. 25.
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Nowise
No"wise` (?), adv. [For in no wise. See Wise, n.] Not in any manner or degree; in no way; noways.
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Others whose case is nowise different. Earle.
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Nowt
Nowt (?), n. pl. (Zool.) Neat cattle.
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Nowthe
Now"the (?). See Nouthe. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Noxious
Nox"ious (?), a. [L. noxius, fr. noxa harm; akin to nocere to harm, hurt. Cf. Nuisance, Necromancy.]
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1. Hurtful; harmful; baneful; pernicious; injurious; destructive; unwholesome; insalubrious; as, noxious air, food, or climate; pernicious; corrupting to morals; as, noxious practices or examples.
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Too frequent an appearance in places of public resort is noxious to spiritual promotions. Swift.
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2. Guilty; criminal. [R.]
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Those who are noxious in the eye of the law. Abp. Bramhall.
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Syn. -- Noisome; hurtful; harmful; injurious; destructive; pernicious; mischievous; corrupting; baneful; unwholesome; insalubrious. See Noisome.
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-- Nox"ious*ly, adv. -- Nox"ious*ness, n.
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Noy
Noy (?), v. t. [See Annoy.] To annoy; to vex. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.] Piers Plowman.
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All that noyed his heavy spright. Spenser.
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Noy
Noy, n. That which annoys. [Obs.] Piers Plowman.
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Noyade
No`yade" (?), n. [F., fr. noyer to drown, L. necare to kill.] A drowning of many persons at once, -- a method of execution practiced at Nantes in France during the Reign of Terror, by Jean Baptiste Carrier.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Noyance
Noy"ance (?), n. Annoyance. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Noyau
Noy`au" (?), n. [F., prop., the stone or nut of a fruit, fr. L. nucalis like a nut. See Newel a post.] A cordial of brandy, etc., flavored with the kernel of the bitter almond, or of the peach stone, etc.
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Noyer
Noy"er (?), n. An annoyer. [Obs.] Tusser.
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Noyful
Noy"ful (?), a. Full of annoyance. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Noyls
Noyls (?), n. pl. See Noils.
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Noyous
Noy"ous (?), a. Annoying; disagreeable. [Obs.]
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Watch the noyous night, and wait for joyous day. Spenser.
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Nozle
No"zle (?), n. Nozzle. [Obs.]
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Nozzle
Noz"zle (?), n. [A dim. of nose. √261.] [Written also nosle.] 1. The nose; the snout; hence, the projecting vent of anything; as, the nozzle of a bellows.
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2. Specifically: (a) A short tube, usually tapering, forming the vent of a hose or pipe. (b) A short outlet, or inlet, pipe projecting from the end or side of a hollow vessel, as a steam-engine cylinder or a steam boiler.
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Np
Np n. The chemical symbol for Neptunium, a transuranic element having atomic number 93.
Syn. -- Neptunium, atomic number 93.
[WordNet 1.5]

nth
nth adj. Last or greatest in an indefinitely large series; as, to the nth degree.
[WordNet 1.5]

nu
nu n. The 13th letter of the Greek alphabet (ν).
[WordNet 1.5]

Nuance
Nu`ance" (?), n. [F.] 1. A shade of difference; a delicate gradation.
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2. A small difference in meaning, significance, or expression.
[PJC]

Nub
Nub (?), v. t. [Cf. Knob.] To push; to nudge; also, to beckon. [Prov. Eng.]
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Nub
Nub, n. A jag, or snag; a knob; a protuberance; also, the point or gist, as of a story. [Colloq.]
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Nubbin
Nub"bin (?), n. A small or imperfect ear of maize. [Colloq. U. S.]
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Nubble
Nub"ble (?), v. t. [Cf. LG. nubben to knock, cuff.] To beat or bruise with the fist. [Obs.] Ainsworth.
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Nubecula
Nu*bec"u*la (?), n.; pl. Nubeculae (-lē). [L., dim. of nubes cloud.] 1. (Astron.) (a) A nebula. (b) pl. Specifically, the Magellanic clouds.
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2. (Med.) (a) A slight spot on the cornea. (b) A cloudy object or appearance in urine. Dunglison.
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nubia
nu"bi*a (?), n. [From L. nubes cloud.] A light fabric of wool, worn on the head by women; a cloud.
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Nubian
Nu"bi*an (?), prop. a. Of or pertaining to Nubia in Eastern Africa. -- n. A native of Nubia.
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nubiferous
nu*bif"er*ous (?), a. [L. nubifer; nubes cloud + ferre to bear: cf. F. nubifère.] Bringing, or producing, clouds.
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Nubigenous
Nu*big"e*nous (?), a. [L. nubes cloud + -genous.] Born of, or produced from, clouds. [R.]
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Nubilate
Nu"bi*late (?), v. t. [L. nubilatus, p. p. of nubilare to cloud, fr. nubes cloud.] To cloud. [Obs.]
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Nubile
Nu"bile (?), a. [L. nubilis, fr. nubere to marry: cf. F. nubile. See Nuptial.] Of an age suitable for marriage; marriageable. Prior.
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2. Sexually attractive, sometimes used as a genteel euphemism for having well-developed breasts; -- of a young woman.
[PJC]

Nubility
Nu*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. nubilité .] The state of being marriageable. [R.]
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Nubilous
Nubilose
{ Nu"bi*lose` (?), Nu"bi*lous (?), } a. [L. nubilosus, nubilus, fr. nubes cloud.] Cloudy. [R.]
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Nucament
Nu"ca*ment (?), n. [L. nucamenta fir cones, fr. nux, nucis, a nut.] (Bot.) A catkin or ament; the flower cluster of the hazel, pine, willow, and the like.
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Nucamentaceous
Nu`ca*men*ta"ceous (?), a. [See Nucament.] (Bot.) Like a nut either in structure or in being indehiscent; bearing one-seeded nutlike fruits. [Written also nucumentaceous.]
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Nucellus
Nu*cel"lus (?), n.; pl. Nucelli (#). [NL., dim. of nux, nucis, a nut.] (Bot.) See Nucleus, 3 (a).
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Nucha
Nu"cha (?), n.; pl. Nuchae (#). [LL.] (Zool.) The back or upper part of the neck; the nape.
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Nuchal
Nu"chal (?), a. [Cf. F. nucal.] (Anat.) Of, pertaining to, or in the region of, the back, or nape, of the neck; -- applied especially to the anterior median plate in the carapace of turtles.
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Nuciferous
Nu*cif"er*ous (?), a. [L. nux, nucis, nut + -ferous.] Bearing, or producing, nuts.
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Nuciform
Nu"ci*form (?), a. [L. nux, nucis, nut + -form.] (Bot.) Shaped like a nut; nut-shaped.
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Nucin
Nu"cin (?), n. [L. nux, nucis, a nut.] (Chem.) See Juglone.
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Nuclear
Nucleal
{ Nu"cle*al (?), Nu"cle*ar (?), } a. 1. Of or pertaining to a nucleus; as, the nuclear spindle (see Illust. of Karyokinesis) or the nuclear fibrils of a cell; the nuclear part of a comet, etc.
[1913 Webster]

Nuclear
Nu"cle*ar (?), a. 1. of, pertaining to, or using nuclear weapons; a nuclear exchange, i.e. a reciprocal bombardment by nuclear weapons..
[PJC]

2. Of, pertaining to, or powered by atomic energy; same as nuclear-powered; as, a nuclear submarine; a nuclear power plant.
[PJC]

3. Of or pertaining to nations possessing nuclear weapons; as, the nuclear club.
[PJC]

Nuclear device
Nu"cle*ar dev"ice (?), n. an explosive device, whether used as a weapon or for other purposes, which depends for most of its explosive power on the release of energy from within atomic nuclei. A fission device or a fusion device.
[PJC]

nuclear energy
nuclear energy n. Energy derived from nuclear reactions; -- used at present especially of electrical power generated in atomic reactors, but encompassing also fusion energy.
Syn. -- atomic energy, atomic power, nuclear energy, nuclear power.
[WordNet 1.5]

nuclear engineering
nuclear engineering n. The branch of engineering concerned with the design and construction and operation of nuclear reactors.
[WordNet 1.5]

nuclear explosion
nuclear explosion n. The explosion of an atomic bomb or atomic device; -- sometimes also used of fusion-powered explosions.
Syn. -- atomic explosion.
[WordNet 1.5]

nuclear family
nuclear family n. A family consisting of parents and their children and grandparents of a marital partner.
[WordNet 1.5]

nuclear fission
nuclear fission n. A nuclear reaction in which a heavy atomic nucleus splits into smaller nuclei with the simultaneous release of energy.
Syn. -- fission.
[WordNet 1.5]

nuclear fusion
nuclear fusion n. A type of nuclear reaction in which atomic nuclei combine to form more massive nuclei with the simultaneous release of energy. Syn. -- fusion, nuclear fusion reaction.
[WordNet 1.5]

nuclear fusion reaction
nuclear fusion reaction n. A nuclear reaction in which nuclei combine to form more massive nuclei with the simultaneous release of energy. Syn. -- fusion, nuclear fusion.
[WordNet 1.5]

nuclear magnetic resonance
nu"cle*ar mag*net"ic res"on*ance n. (Physics) The specific absorption and re-emission of electromagnetic radiation at characteristic wavelengths by atomic nuclei in a magnetic field. It is abbreviated NMR. The wavelength of the radiation absorbed depends on the type of nucleus, the intensity of the magnetic field, and the local chemical environment in which the nucleus resides. It is the latter effect (called the chemical shift), by which atoms of specific elements in different chemical compounds show a different resonance frequency, which gives rise to the greatest utility of this phenomenon in analyzing the chemical structure of substances. Similar effects of the chemical environment permit the discrimination of different types of living tissue by virtue of their different chemical composition, thus permitting utilization of the phenomenon in medical diagnostic instruments, especially for magnetic resonance imaging.
[PJC]

Nuclear physics
Nu"cle*ar phys"ics (?), n. That branch of physics which studies the structure of and phenomena observed in atomic nuclei.
[PJC]

Nuclear physicist
Nu"cle*ar phys"i*cist (?), n. A scientist specializing in nuclear physics.
[PJC]

nuclear power
nuclear power n. 1. Power derived from nuclear reactions; -- used at present especially of electrical power generated in atomic reactors, but encompassing also fusion power.
Syn. -- atomic energy, atomic power, nuclear energy, nuclear energy.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. A country possessing nuclear weapons.
[PJC]

nuclear-powered ship
nuclear-powered ship n. A ship for which the motive power comes from the energy generated by a nuclear reactor.
[WordNet 1.5]

nuclear-powered submarine
nuclear-powered submarine n. A submarine for which the motive power comes from the energy generated by a nuclear reactor. Same as nuclear submarine.
[WordNet 1.5]

nuclear reaction
nuclear reaction n. A process that alters the energy or structure or composition of an atomic nucleus.
[WordNet 1.5]

nuclear reactor
nuclear reactor n. (phys.) Any of several devices that maintain and control a sustained nuclear fission chain reaction, for the production of energy, heat, or artificial elements, or for research purposes. The main fuel sustaining the reaction and consumed by the process is typically uranium or plutonium. Syn. -- reactor, atomic pile, fission reactor, nuclear pile
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

nuclear resonance
nuclear resonance n. (Physics) The resonance absorption of a gamma ray by a nucleus identical to the nucleus that emitted the gamma ray.
[WordNet 1.5]

nuclear war
nuclear war n. A war in which nuclear weapons are used by both sides. As generally used, the term assumes major use of nuclear weapons by at least two opposing warring states. As of 1999, no nuclear war has occurred.
[PJC]

nuclear warhead
nuclear warhead n. The warhead of a missile containing an atom bomb or hydrogen bomb.
Syn. -- atomic warhead, thermonuclear warhead, nuke.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nuclear weapon
Nu"cle*ar wea"pon (?), n. A weapon of great explosive power, such as an atomic bomb or a hydrogen bomb, which depends for most of its explosive power on the release of energy from within atomic nuclei by a nuclear reaction. A fission weapon or a fusion weapon. The term includes atomic shells for cannon.
[PJC]

nuclear winter
nuclear winter n. a hypothetical lowering of global temperature postulated as the aftermath of a full nuclear war. The mechanism of such an effect depends primarily on the injection into the atmosphere of small solid particles, as soot from burning forests, which reflect sunlight and cause a reduction in solar energy retained by the earth.
[WordNet 1.5]

Nucleate
Nu"cle*ate (?), a. [L. nucleatus having a kernel.] Having a nucleus; nucleated.
[1913 Webster]

Nucleate
Nu"cle*ate (?), v. t. [Cf. L. nucleare to become kernelly.] To gather, as about a nucleus or center.
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nucleate
nu"cle*ate (?), v. i. To form into a nucleus or multiple nuclei; as, raindrops may nucleate around silver iodide crystals.
[PJC]

Nucleated
Nu"cle*a`ted (?), a. Having a nucleus; nucleate; as, nucleated cells.
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nucleic acid
nu*cle"ic ac"id (n&oomacr_;*klā"&ibreve_;k ăs"&ibreve_;d or n&oomacr_;*klē"&ibreve_;k), n. (Chem., Biochem., Genetics) A natural or synthetic polymer consisting of chains of ribonucleotide or deoxyribonucleotide units. The nucleic acids are vital constituents of all living cells, carrying the genetic information propagated between generations, and, while a cell is alive, having a continued function in coding for the amino acid sequence of proteins being synthesized by the cell. The two natural types of nucleic adic are ribonucleic acid (RNA) and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA).
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Nucleiform
Nu*cle"i*form (?), a. [L. nucleus kernel + -form.] Formed like a nucleus or kernel.
[1913 Webster]

Nuclein
Nu"cle*in (?), n. (Physiol. Chem.) A constituent of the nuclei of all cells, containing protein and nucleic acid. It is a colorless amorphous substance, readily soluble in alkaline fluids and especially characterized by its comparatively large content of phosphorus. It also contains nitrogen and sulphur.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Nucleobranch
Nu"cle*o*branch (?), a. (Zool.) Belonging to the Nucleobranchiata. -- n. One of the Nucleobranchiata.
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Nucleobranchiata
Nu`cle*o*bran`chi*a"ta (?), n. pl. [NL. See Nucleus, and Branchia] (Zool.) See Heteropoda.
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Nucleoidioplasma
Nu`cle*o*id`i*o*plas"ma (?), n. [NL. See Nucleus, and Idioplasma.] (Biol.) Hyaline plasma contained in the nucleus of vegetable cells.
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Nucleolar
Nu*cle"o*lar (?), a. (Biol.) Of or pertaining to the nucleolus of a cell.
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Nucleolated
Nu"cle*o*la`ted (?), a. Having a nucleole, or second inner nucleus.
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Nucleole
Nu"cle*ole (?), n. [See Nucleolus.] The nucleus within a nucleus; nucleolus.
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Nucleolus
Nu*cle"o*lus (?), n.; pl. Nucleoli (#). [L., a little nut, dim. of nucleus.] 1. A little nucleus.
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2. (Biol.) A small rounded body contained in the nucleus of a cell or a protozoan.
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&hand_; It was termed by Agassiz the entoblast. In the protozoa, where it may be situated on one side of the nucleus, it is sometimes called the endoplastule, and is supposed to be concerned in the male part of the reproductive process. See Nucleus.
[1913 Webster]

nucleon
nucleon n. (Physics) A neutron or proton, when contained within an atomic nucleus.
[PJC]

nucleon number
nucleon number n. The sum of the number of neutrons and protons in an atomic nucleus. Syn. -- mass number.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Nucleoplasm
Nu"cle*o*plasm (?), n. [Nucleus + -plasm.] (Biol.) The matter composing the nucleus of a cell; the protoplasm of the nucleus; karyoplasma.
[1913 Webster]

Nucleoplasmic
Nu`cle*o*plas"mic (?), a. (Biol.) Of or pertaining to nucleoplasm; -- esp. applied to a body formed in the developing ovum from the plasma of the nucleus of the germinal vesicle.
[1913 Webster]

nucleoside
nucleoside n. (Biochem.) A type of molecule found in all living organisms, present mostly in chemically combined form as a component of nucleic acids, and also in smaller amounts in free form, consisting of a pentose sugar bound to a purine or pyrimidine base; two types of nucleoside, ribonucleoside and deoxyribonucleoside, are present. The most common bases present in nucleosides are adenine, cytosine, uracil, guanine, and thymine, and to a lesser extent hypoxanthine and other bases are found. The most commmon ribonucleosides composed from these bases are called adenosine, cytidine, uridine, and guanosine. The forms esterified with orthophosphoric at the 5-position of the pentose are called nucleotides. The nucleotides form the monomer units which are combined into DNA and RNA, which carry the genetic information required for reproduction in all known organisms.
[PJC]

nucleotide
nucleotide n. a phosphate ester of a nucleoside; one of the monomeric components of DNA or RNA.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Nucleus
Nu"cle*us (?), n.; pl. E. Nucleuses (#), L. Nuclei (#). [L., a kernel, dim. fr. nux, nucis, nut. Cf. Newel post.]
[1913 Webster]

1. A kernel; hence, a central mass or point about which matter is gathered, or to which accretion is made; the central or material portion; -- used both literally and figuratively.
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It must contain within itself a nucleus of truth. I. Taylor.
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2. (Astron.) The body or the head of a comet.
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3. (Bot.) (a) An incipient ovule of soft cellular tissue. (b) A whole seed, as contained within the seed coats.
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4. (Biol.) A body, usually spheroidal, in a eukaryotic cell, distinguished from the surrounding protoplasm by a difference in refrangibility and in behavior towards chemical reagents, which contains the chromosomal genetic material, including the chromosomal DNA. It is more or less protoplasmic, and consists of a clear fluid (achromatin) through which extends a network of fibers (chromatin) in which may be suspended a second rounded body, the nucleolus (see Nucleoplasm). See Cell division, under Division.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

&hand_; The nucleus is sometimes termed the endoplast or endoblast, and in the protozoa is supposed to be concerned in the female part of the reproductive process. See Karyokinesis.
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5. (Zool.) (a) The tip, or earliest part, of a univalve or bivalve shell. (b) The central part around which additional growths are added, as of an operculum. (c) A visceral mass, containing the stomach and other organs, in Tunicata and some mollusks.
[1913 Webster]

Nucula
Nu"cu*la (?), n. [L., little nut, dim. of nux, nucis, a nut.] (Zool.) A genus of small marine bivalve shells, having a pearly interior.
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Nucule
Nu"cule (nū"k&uuptack_;l), n. [L. nucula a small nut.] (Bot.) Same as Nutlet.
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Nucumentaceous
Nu`cu*men*ta"ceous (?), a. (Bot.) See Nucamentaceous.
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Nudation
Nu*da"tion (?), n. [L. nudatio, fr. nudare to make naked, fr. nudus naked. See Nude.] The act of stripping, or making bare or naked.
[1913 Webster]

Nuddle
Nud"dle (?), v. i. To walk quickly with the head bent forward; -- often with along. [Prov. Eng.]
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Nude
Nude (nūd), a. [L. nudus. See Naked.] 1. Bare; naked; unclothed; undraped; as, a nude statue.
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2. (Law) Naked; without consideration; void; as, a nude contract. See Nudum pactum. Blackstone.
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The nude, the undraped human figure in art.
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-- Nude"ly, adv.- Nude"ness, n.
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Nudge
Nudge (nŭj), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Nudged (nŭjd); p. pr. & vb. n. Nudging.] [Cf. Prov. G. knütschen to squeeze, pinch, E. Knock.] To touch gently, as with the elbow, in order to call attention or convey intimation.
[1913 Webster]

Nudge
Nudge (?), n. A gentle push, or jog, as with the elbow.
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Nudibrachiate
Nu`di*brach"i*ate (?), a. [L. nudus naked + brachium an arm.] (Zool.) Having tentacles without vibratile cilia. Carpenter.
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Nudibranch
Nu"di*branch (?), a. (Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Nudibranchiata. -- n. One of the Nudibranchiata.
[1913 Webster]

Nudibranchiata
Nu`di*bran`chi*a"ta (?), n. pl. [NL. See Nude, and Branchia.] (Zool.) A division of opisthobranchiate mollusks, having no shell except while very young. The gills are naked and situated upon the back or sides. See Ceratobranchia.
[1913 Webster]

Nudibranchiate
Nu`di*bran"chi*ate (?), a. & n. (Zool.) Same as Nudibranch.
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Nudicaul
Nu"di*caul (?), a. [L. nudus naked + caulis stem.] (Bot.) Having the stems leafless.
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Nudification
Nu`di*fi*ca"tion (?), n. [L. nudus naked + -ficare (in comp.) to make. See -fy.] The act of making nude.
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Nudity
Nu"di*ty (?), n.; pl. Nudities (#). [Cf. F. nudité.] 1. The quality or state of being nude; nakedness.
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2. That which is nude or naked; naked part; undraped or unclothed portion; esp. (Fine Arts), the human figure represented unclothed; any representation of nakedness; -- chiefly used in the plural and in a bad sense.
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There are no such licenses permitted in poetry any more than in painting, to design and color obscene nudities. Dryden.
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nudnik
nud"nik (n&oobreve_;d"n&ibreve_;k) n. [Yiddish, fr. Russ. nudnyi tiresome.] a pestiferous boring and dull person.
[PJC]

Nudum pactum
Nu"dum pac"tum (?). [L., a nude pact.] (Law) A bare, naked contract, without any consideration and therefore unenforceable in a court of law. Tomlins.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Nugacity
Nu*gac"i*ty (?), n. [L. nugacitas, fr. nugax, -acis, trifling.] Futility; trifling talk or behavior; drollery. [R.] Dr. H. More.
[1913 Webster]

Nugae
Nu"gae (?), n. pl. [L.] Trifles; jests.
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Nugation
Nu*ga"tion (?), n. [Cf. OF. nugation.] The act or practice of trifling. [R.] Bacon.
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Nugatory
Nu"ga*to*ry (?), a. [L. nugatorius, fr. nugari to trifle, nugae jests, trifles.] 1. Trifling; vain; futile; insignificant.
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2. Of no force; inoperative; ineffectual.
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If all are pardoned, and pardoned as a mere act of clemency, the very substance of government is made nugatory. I. Taylor.
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Nugget
Nug"get (?), n. [Earlier niggot, prob. for nigot, an ingot. See Ingot.] 1. A lump; a mass, esp. a native lump of a precious metal; as, a nugget of gold.
[1913 Webster]

2. Something of value, usually found among many other less valuable things; -- often used figuratively; as, a nugget of useful information in a sea of data.
[PJC]

Nugify
Nu"gi*fy (?), v. t. [L. nugae trifles + -fy.] To render trifling or futile; to make silly. [R.] Coleridge.
[1913 Webster]

Nuisance
Nui"sance (?), n. [OE. noisance, OF. noisance, nuisance, fr. L. nocentia guilt, fr. nocere to hurt, harm; akin to necare to kill. Cf Necromancy, Nocent, Noxious, Pernicious.] That which annoys or gives trouble and vexation; that which is offensive or noxious.
[1913 Webster]

&hand_; Nuisances are public when they annoy citizens in general; private, when they affect individuals only.
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Nuisancer
Nui"san*cer (?), n. (Law) One who makes or causes a nuisance.
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Nul
Nul (?), a. [F. See Null, a.] (Law) No; not any; as, nul disseizin; nul tort.
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Null
Null (?), a. [L. nullus not any, none; ne not + ullus any, a dim. of unus one; cf. F. nul. See No, and One, and cf. None.] 1. Of no legal or binding force or validity; of no efficacy; invalid; void; nugatory; useless.
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Faultily faultless, icily regular, splendidly null,
Dead perfection; no more.
Tennyson.
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2. Having a value of zero; as, of null utility.
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3. (Math.) Empty; having no members; as, the null set.
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4. (Computers) Unassigned or meaningless; -- a special value given to variables, especially pointers or logical variables, indicating that it is meaningless and cannot be used in computation; as, an uninitialized pointer in "C" is given a null value. The actual value that is stored in memory to indicate the null condition may vary with the computer language used.
[PJC]

Null
Null, n. 1. Something that has no force or meaning.
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2. That which has no value; a cipher; zero. Bacon.
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Null method (Physics.), a zero method. See under Zero.
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Null
Null, v. t. [From null, a., or perh. abbrev. from annul.] To annul. [Obs.] Milton.
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Null
Null, n. [Etymol. uncertain.] One of the beads in nulled work.
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Nullah
Nul"lah (?), n. [Hind. nālā, fr. Skr. nāla tube.] A water course, esp. a dry one; a gully; a gorge; -- orig. an East Indian term. E. Arnold.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Nulled
Nulled (?), a. Turned so as to resemble nulls.
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Nulled work (Cabinetwork), ornamental turned work resembling beads (called nulls) strung on a rod.
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Nullibiety
Nul`li*bi"e*ty (?), n. [L. nullibi nowhere.] The state or condition of being nowhere. [Obs.]
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Nullification
Nul`li*fi*ca"tion (?), n. [L. nullificatio contempt. See Nullify.] The act of nullifying; a rendering void and of no effect, or of no legal effect.
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Right of nullification (U. S. Hist.), the right claimed in behalf of a State to nullify or make void, by its sovereign act or decree, an enactment of the general government which it deems unconstitutional.
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Nullifidian
Nul`li*fid"i*an (?), a. [L. nullus none + fides faith.] Of no faith; also, not trusting to faith for salvation; -- opposed to solifidian. Feltham.
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Nullifidian
Nul`li*fid"i*an, n. An unbeliever. B. Jonson.
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Nullifier
Nul"li*fi`er (?), n. One who nullifies or makes void; one who maintains the right to nullify a contract by one of the parties.
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Nullify
Nul"li*fy (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Nullified (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Nullifying (?).] [L. nullificare; nullus none + -ficare (in comp.) to make. See Null, a., and -fy.] To make void; to render invalid; to deprive of legal force or efficacy.
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Such correspondence would at once nullify the conditions of the probationary system. I. Taylor.
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Syn. -- To abrogate; revoke; annul; repeal; invalidate; cancel. See Abolish.
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Nullipore
Nul"li*pore (?), n. [L. nullus none + porus pope.] (Bot.) A name for certain crustaceous marine algae which secrete carbonate of lime on their surface, and were formerly thought to be of animal nature. They are now considered corallines of the genera Melobesia and Lithothamnion.
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Nullity
Nul"li*ty (nŭl"l&ibreve_;*t&ybreve_;), n.; pl. Nullities. [LL. nullitias, fr. L. nullus none: cf. F. nullité . See Null.]
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1. The quality or state of being null; nothingness; want of efficacy or force.
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2. (Law) Nonexistence; as, a decree of nullity of marriage is a decree that no legal marriage exists.
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3. That which is null.
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Was it not absurd to say that the convention was supreme in the state, and yet a nullity? Macaulay.
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Numb
Numb (nŭm), a. [OE. nume, nome, prop., seized, taken, p. p. of nimen to take, AS. niman, p. p. numen. √7. See Nimble, Nomad, and cf. Benumb.]
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1. Enfeebled in, or destitute of, the power of sensation and motion; rendered torpid; benumbed; insensible; as, the fingers or limbs are numb with cold. “A stony image, cold and numb.” Shak.
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2. Producing numbness; benumbing; as, the numb, cold night. [Obs.] Shak.
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Numb
Numb, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Numbed (nŭmd); p. pr. & vb. n. Numbing (nŭm"&ibreve_;ng).] To make numb; to deprive of the power of sensation or motion; to render senseless or inert; to deaden; to benumb; to stupefy.
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For lazy winter numbs the laboring hand. Dryden.
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Like dull narcotics, numbing pain. Tennyson.
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Numbedness
Numb"ed*ness (?), n. Numbness. [Obs.] Wiseman.
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Number
Num"ber (nŭm"b&etilde_;r), n. [OE. nombre, F. nombre, L. numerus; akin to Gr. no`mos that which is dealt out, fr. ne`mein to deal out, distribute. See Numb, Nomad, and cf. Numerate, Numero, Numerous.] 1. That which admits of being counted or reckoned; a unit, or an aggregate of units; a numerable aggregate or collection of individuals; an assemblage made up of distinct things expressible by figures.
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2. A collection of many individuals; a numerous assemblage; a multitude; many.
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Ladies are always of great use to the party they espouse, and never fail to win over numbers. Addison.
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3. A numeral; a word or character denoting a number; as, to put a number on a door.
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4. Numerousness; multitude.
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Number itself importeth not much in armies where the people are of weak courage. Bacon.
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5. The state or quality of being numerable or countable.
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Of whom came nations, tribes, people, and kindreds out of number. 2 Esdras iii. 7.
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6. Quantity, regarded as made up of an aggregate of separate things.
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7. That which is regulated by count; poetic measure, as divisions of time or number of syllables; hence, poetry, verse; -- chiefly used in the plural.
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I lisped in numbers, for the numbers came. Pope.
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8. (Gram.) The distinction of objects, as one, or more than one (in some languages, as one, or two, or more than two), expressed (usually) by a difference in the form of a word; thus, the singular number and the plural number are the names of the forms of a word indicating the objects denoted or referred to by the word as one, or as more than one.
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9. (Math.) The measure of the relation between quantities or things of the same kind; that abstract species of quantity which is capable of being expressed by figures; numerical value.
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Abstract number, Abundant number, Cardinal number, etc. See under Abstract, Abundant, etc. -- In numbers, in numbered parts; as, a book published in numbers.
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Number
Num"ber, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Numbered (nŭm"b&etilde_;rd); p. pr & vb. n. Numbering.] [OE. nombren, noumbren, F. nombrer, fr. L. numerare, numeratum. See Number, n.]
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1. To count; to reckon; to ascertain the units of; to enumerate.
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If a man can number the dust of the earth, then shall thy seed also be numbered. Gen. xiii. 16.
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2. To reckon as one of a collection or multitude.
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He was numbered with the transgressors. Is. liii. 12.
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3. To give or apply a number or numbers to; to assign the place of in a series by order of number; to designate the place of by a number or numeral; as, to number the houses in a street, or the apartments in a building.
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4. To amount; to equal in number; to contain; to consist of; as, the army numbers fifty thousand.
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Thy tears can not number the dead. Campbell.
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Numbering machine, a machine for printing consecutive numbers, as on railway tickets, bank bills, etc.
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Syn. -- To count; enumerate; calculate; tell.
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Numberer
Num"ber*er (?), n. One who numbers.
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Numberful
Num"ber*ful (?), a. Numerous. [Obs.]
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Numberless
Num"ber*less, a. Innumerable; countless.
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Numberous
Num"ber*ous (?), a. Numerous. [Obs.] Drant.
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Numbers
Num"bers (?), prop. n. pl. of Number. The fourth book of the Pentateuch, containing the census of the Hebrews.
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Numbfish
Numb"fish` (?), n. (Zool.) The torpedo, which numbs by the electric shocks which it gives.
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Numbless
Num"bless (?), n. pl. See Nombles.
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Numbness
Numb"ness (?), n. The condition of being numb; that state of a living body in which it loses, wholly or in part, the power of feeling or motion.
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numdah
numdah n. an embroidered rug made from a coarse Indian felt.
Syn. -- numdah rug, nammad.
[WordNet 1.5]

Numenius
Numenius prop. n. A genus of birds comprising certain of the curlews.
Syn. -- genus Numenius.
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numeracy
numeracy n. skill with numbers and mathematics; -- the skill with numbers analogous to literacy, the skill of reading.
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Numerable
Nu"mer*a*ble (?), a. [L. numerabilis. See Number, v. t.] Capable of being numbered or counted.
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Numeral
Nu"mer*al (?), a. [L. numeralis, fr. numerus number: cf. F. numéral. See Number, n.]
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1. Of or pertaining to number; consisting of number or numerals.
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A long train of numeral progressions. Locke.
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2. Expressing number; representing number; as, numeral letters or characters, as X or 10 for ten.
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Numeral
Nu"mer*al, n. 1. A figure or character used to express a number; as, the Arabic numerals, 1, 2, 3, etc.; the Roman numerals, I, V, X, L, etc.
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2. A word expressing a number.
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Numerally
Nu"mer*al*ly, adv. According to number; in number; numerically.
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Numerary
Nu"mer*a*ry (?), a. [LL. numerarius: cf. F.