P.
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P
P (pē), the sixteenth letter of the English alphabet, is a nonvocal consonant whose form and value come from the Latin, into which language the letter was brought, through the ancient Greek, from the Phœnician, its probable origin being Egyptian. Etymologically P is most closely related to b, f, and v; as hobble, hopple; father, paternal; recipient, receive. See B, F, and M.
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See Guide to Pronunciation, §§ 247, 248, and 184-195.
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Pa
Pa (pä), n. A shortened form of Papa.
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Paage
Pa"age (pā"&auptack_;j; 48), n. [OF. paage, paiage, F. péage, fr. (assumed) LL. pedaticum, fr. L. pes, pedis, foot. See Pedage, Pedal.] (O. Eng. Law) A toll for passage over another person's grounds. [Written also peage and pedage.] Burke.
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Paard
Paard (pärd), n. [D., a horse.] The zebra. [S. Africa]
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Paas
Paas (päs), n. Pace [Obs.] Chaucer
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Paas
Paas (p&asuml_;s), n. [D. paash. See Pasch.] The Easter festival. [Local, U. S.] Bartlett.
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Paas egg. See Easter egg, under Easter.
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Pablum
Pablum n. 1. A form of cereal for infants. [Trademark]
[WordNet 1.5]

2. A diet that does not require chewing.
Syn. -- soft diet, pap, spoon food.
[WordNet 1.5]

3. Worthless or oversimplified ideas.
Syn. -- pap, pabulum{3}.
[WordNet 1.5]

pabular
pab"u*lar (?), a. [L. pabularis.] Of, pertaining to, or fit for, pabulum or food; affording food.
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Pabulation
Pab`u*la"tion (?), n. [L. pabulatio, fr. pabulari to feed, fr. pabulum food. See Pabulum.]
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1. The act of feeding, or providing food. [Obs.] Cockeram.
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2. Food; fodder; pabulum. [Obs.]
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Pabulous
Pab"u*lous (?), a. [L. pabulosus.] Affording pabulum, or food; alimental. [R.] Sir T. Browne.
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pabulum
pab"u*lum (?), n. [L., akin to pascere to pasture. See Pastor.] 1. The means of nutriment to animals or plants; food; nourishment. [wns=1]
Syn. -- comestible, edible, eatable, victual, victuals.
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2. Hence: That which feeds or sustains, such as fuel for a fire; especially, that upon which the mind or soul is nourished; intellectual sustenance; as, intellectual pabulum. [wns=2]
Syn. -- food for thought, intellectual nourishment.
[1913 Webster + WordNet 1.5]

3. Trite or simplistic writing, sentiments, etc.; pablum{3}.
[PJC]

PAC
PAC (păk), n. [Acronynm from Political Action Committee.] (Politics) A political action committee, a committee formed by an organization or special-interest group to raise money to support candidates for office or to influence legislation. A PAC provides a legal means for corporations in the U. S. to support political candidates even when direct contributions from corporations to candidates is forbidden by law. In theory, the corporation may not itself contribute to a PAC, but may pay the expenses of raising money from individuals. PACs may also be formed by organizations other than commercial corporations, such as trade associations. [Acronym, U. S.]

PACs became popular in the 1970's after campaign finance reform laws put limits on the amount of money which an individual can contribute to each candidate for public office. In addition to simply supporting candidates with specific viewpoints, the unstated purpose of PACs is to make politicians aware of their viewpoints, by aggregating sums of money into significant single donations. This latter effect has aroused criticism of PACs from reformers who feel that large donations bias the political process.
[PJC]

Pac
Pac (păk), n. A kind of moccasin, having the edges of the sole turned up and sewed to the upper. Knight.
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paca
pa"ca (Pg. pä"k&adot_;; E. pā"k&adot_;), n. [Pg., from the native name.] 1. (Zool.) A large burrowing South American rodent (Agouti paca syn. Cuniculus paca, formerly Cœlogenys paca), having blackish brown fur, with four parallel rows of white spots along its sides; the spotted cavy. It is closely allied to the agouti and the Guinea pig and is highly esteemed as food.
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Pacable
Pa"ca*ble (?), a. [L. pacare to pacify.] Placable. [R.] Coleridge.
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Pacane
Pa*cane" (?), n. (Bot.) A species of hickory. See Pecan.
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pacate
pa"cate (pā"k&auptack_;t), a. [L. pacatus, p. p. of pacare to pacify, fr. pax, pacis, peace. See Pay to requite, Peace.] Appeased; pacified; placated; tranquil. [R.]
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pacated
pa"ca*ted (pā"k&auptack_;*t&ebreve_;d), a. Pacified; pacate; placated.
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Pacation
Pa*ca"tion (?), n. [L. pacatio.] The act of pacifying; a peacemaking. Coleridge.
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pace
pace (pās), n. [OE. pas, F. pas, from L. passus a step, pace, orig., a stretching out of the feet in walking; cf. pandere, passum, to spread, stretch; perh. akin to E. patent. Cf. Pas, Pass.] 1. A single movement from one foot to the other in walking; a step.
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2. The length of a step in walking or marching, reckoned from the heel of one foot to the heel of the other; -- used as a unit in measuring distances; as, he advanced fifty paces. “The height of sixty pace .” Chaucer.
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&hand_; Ordinarily the pace is estimated at two and one half linear feet; but in measuring distances be stepping, the pace is extended to three feet (one yard) or to three and three tenths feet (one fifth of a rod). The regulation marching pace in the English and United States armies is thirty inches for quick time, and thirty-six inches for double time. The Roman pace (passus) was from the heel of one foot to the heel of the same foot when it next touched the ground, five Roman feet.
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3. Manner of stepping or moving; gait; walk; as, the walk, trot, canter, gallop, and amble are paces of the horse; a swaggering pace; a quick pace. Chaucer.
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To-morrow, and to-morrow, and to-morrow,
Creeps in this petty pace from day to day.
Shak.
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In the military schools of riding a variety of paces are taught. Walsh.
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4. A slow gait; a footpace. [Obs.] Chucer.
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5. Specifically, a kind of fast amble; a rack.
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6. Any single movement, step, or procedure. [R.]
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The first pace necessary for his majesty to make is to fall into confidence with Spain. Sir W. Temple.
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7. (Arch.) A broad step or platform; any part of a floor slightly raised above the rest, as around an altar, or at the upper end of a hall.
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8. (Weaving) A device in a loom, to maintain tension on the warp in pacing the web.
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9. The rate of progress of any process or activity; as, the students ran at a rapid pace; the plants grew at a remarkable pace.
[PJC]

Geometrical pace, the space from heel to heel between the spot where one foot is set down and that where the same foot is again set down, loosely estimated at five feet, or by some at four feet and two fifths. See Roman pace in the Note under def. 2. [Obs.] -- To keep pace with or To hold pace with, to keep up with; to go as fast as. “In intellect and attainments he kept pace with his age.” Southey. -- To put (someone) through one's paces to cause (someone) to perform an act so as to demonstrate his/her skill or ability.
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Pace
Pace (pās), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Paced (pāst); p. pr. & vb. n. Pacing (pā"s&ibreve_;ng).] 1. To go; to walk; specifically, to move with regular or measured steps. “I paced on slowly.” Pope. “With speed so pace.” Shak.
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2. To proceed; to pass on. [Obs.]
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Or [ere] that I further in this tale pace. Chaucer.
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3. To move quickly by lifting the legs on the same side together, as a horse; to amble with rapidity; to rack.
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4. To pass away; to die. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Pace
Pace, v. t. 1. To walk over with measured tread; to move slowly over or upon; as, the guard paces his round.Pacing light the velvet plain.” T. Warton.
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2. To measure by steps or paces; as, to pace a piece of ground. Often used with out; as, to pace out the distance.
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3. To develop, guide, or control the pace or paces of; to teach the pace; to break in.
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If you can, pace your wisdom
In that good path that I would wish it go.
Shak
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To pace the web (Weaving), to wind up the cloth on the beam, periodically, as it is woven, in a loom.
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Paced
Paced (?), a. Having, or trained in, [such] a pace or gait; trained; -- used in composition; as, slow-paced; a thorough-paced villain.
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pacemaker
pacemaker n. (Physiol. & Anat.) 1. a specialized bit of heart tissue that controls the heartbeat.
Syn. -- cardiac pacemaker, sinoatrial node.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. An implanted electronic device that takes over the function of the natural cardiac pacemaker{1}; -- used to assist people whose heartbeat is irregular.
Syn. -- artificial pacemaker.
[WordNet 1.5]

3. A horse used to set the pace in racing.
Syn. -- pacer, pacesetter.
[WordNet 1.5]

pacer
pa"cer (?), n. One who, or that which, paces.
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2. Especially: A horse trained to a special gait in which both feet on one side leave the ground together; a horse that paces. [wns=2]
[WordNet 1.5]

3. A horse used to set the pace in racing. [wns=3]
Syn. -- pacemaker, pacesetter.
[WordNet 1.5]

pacesetter
pacesetter n. A horse used to set the pace in racing.
Syn. -- pacer, pacemaker.
[WordNet 1.5]

Pacha
Pa*cha" (?), n. [F.] A civil or military authority in Turkey or Egypt; same as Pasha.
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Pachacamac
Pa`cha*ca*mac" (?), prop. n. A divinity worshiped by the ancient Peruvians as the creator of the universe.
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Pachak
Pa*chak" (?), n. (Bot.) The fragrant roots of the Saussurea Costus, exported from India to China, and used for burning as incense. It is supposed to be the costus of the ancients. [Written also putchuck.]
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Pachalic
Pa*cha"lic (?), a. & n. See Pashalic.
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pachinko
pachinko n. A popular Japanese pinball game played on a vertical board.
[WordNet 1.5]

Parchisi
Parchesi
Pachisi
Pa*chi"si (?), Par*che"si, Par*chi"si (&unr_;), n. [Hind., fr. pachis twenty-five, the highest throw in the game.] 1. A game, somewhat resembling backgammon, originating in India.
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2. A game adopted from the Indian game, using disks, as of pasteboard, and dice; it is played on a cross-shaped board. [U. S. & Eng.]
[Webster 1913 Suppl. + WordNet 1.5]

pachometer
pa*chom"e*ter (?), n. [Gr. pa`chos thickness + -meter.] (Physics) An instrument for measuring thickness, as of the glass of a mirror, or of paper; a pachymeter.
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pachonta
pa*chon"ta (?), n. (Bot.) A substance resembling gutta-percha, and used to adulterate it, obtained from the East Indian tree Isonandra acuminata.
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pachouli
pachouli n. (Bot.) A small East Indian shrubby mint (Pogostemon cablin); a fragrant oil from its leaves is used in perfumes.
Syn. -- patchouli, patchouly, Pogostemon cablin.
[WordNet 1.5]

pachuca tank
pa*chu"ca tank (?). (Metallurgy) A high and narrow tank, with a central cylinder for the introduction of compressed air, used in the agitation and settling of pulp (pulverized ore and water) during treatment by the cyanide process; -- so named because, though originally devised in New Zealand, it was first practically introduced in Pachuca, Mexico.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Pachy-
Pach"y- (?). [Gr. pachy`s thick.] A combining form meaning thick; as, pachyderm, pachydactyl.
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Pachycarpous
Pach`y*car"pous (?), a. [Pachy- + Gr. karpo`s fruit.] (Bot.) Having the pericarp thick.
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Pachycephala
Pachycephala prop. n. A genus of arborial insectivorous birds.
Syn. -- genus Pachycephala.
[WordNet 1.5]

Pachydactyl
Pach`y*dac"tyl (?), n. [Pachy- + dactyl.] (Zool.) A bird or other animal having thick toes.
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Pachydactylous
Pach`y*dac"tyl*ous (?), a. (Zool.) Having thick toes.
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pachyderm
pach"y*derm (păk"&ibreve_;*d&etilde_;rm), n. [Cf. F. pachyderme.] (Zool.) Any of various nonruminant hoofed mammals having very thick skin, including the elephant, rhinoceros, and hippopotamus, one of the Pachydermata.
[WordNet 1.5 + 1913 Webster]

pachyderma
pachyderma (păk"&ibreve_;*d&etilde_;r"m&adot_;), n. (Med.) An abnormal thickening of the skin (usually unilateral on an extremity) caused by congenital enlargement of lymph vessel and lymph vessel obstruction.
Syn. -- pachydermatosis, pachydermia, nevoid elephantiasis.
[WordNet 1.5]

pachydermal
pach`y*der"mal (păk"&ibreve_;*d&etilde_;r"m&aitalic_;l), a. (Zool.) Of or relating to the pachyderms; as, pachydermal dentition.
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Pachydermata
Pach`y*der"ma*ta (păk`&ibreve_;*d&etilde_;r"m&adot_;*t&adot_;), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. pachy`dermos thick-skinned; pachy`s thick + de`rma skin.] (Zool.) A group of hoofed mammals distinguished for the thickness of their skins, including the elephant, hippopotamus, rhinoceros, tapir, horse, and hog; the pachyderms. It is now considered an artificial group.
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pachydermatosis
pach*y*der`ma*to"sis (păk*&ibreve_;*d&etilde_;r`m&adot_;*tō"s&ibreve_;s), n. (Med.) Same as pachyderma.
Syn. -- pachyderma, pachydermia, nevoid elephantiasis.
[WordNet 1.5]

Pachydermatous
Pach`y*der"ma*tous (?), a. 1. (Zool.) Of or pertaining to the pachyderms.
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2. Thick-skinned; not sensitive to ridicule.
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3. (Med.) Of or pertaining to pachyderma.
[PJC]

pachydermia
pach`y*der"mi*a (păk`&ibreve_;*d&etilde_;r"m&ibreve_;*&adot_;&ibreve_;s), n. (Med.) Same as pachyderma.
Syn. -- pachydermatosis, pachyderma, nevoid elephantiasis.
[WordNet 1.5]

Pachydermoid
Pach`y*der"moid (?), a. [Pachyderm + -oid.] (Zool.) Related to the pachyderms.
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Pachyglossal
Pach`y*glos"sal (păk`&ibreve_;*gl&obreve_;s"s&aitalic_;l), a. [Pachy- + Gr. glw^ssa tongue.] (Zool.) Having a thick tongue; -- applied to a group of lizards (Pachyglossæ), including the iguanas and agamas.
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pachyglossia
pach`y*glos"si*a (păk`&ibreve_;*gl&obreve_;s"s&ibreve_;*&adot_;), n. [Pachy- + Gr. glw^ssa tongue.] (Med.) The condition of having an enlarged thick tongue.
[PJC]

Pachymeningitis
Pach`y*men`in*gi"tis (?), n. [Pachy- + meningitis.] (Med.) Inflammation of the dura mater or outer membrane of the brain.
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Pachymeter
Pa*chym"e*ter (?), n. [Pachy- + -meter.] Same as Pachometer.
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Pachyote
Pach"y*ote (?), n. [Pachy- + Gr. o'y^s, 'wto`s, ear.] (Zool.) One of a family of bats, including those which have thick external ears.
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Pachyrhizus
Pachyrhizus prop. n. (Bot.) A small genus of tropical vines having tuberous roots.
Syn. -- genus Pachyrhizus.
[WordNet 1.5]

pachysandra
pachysandra n. (Bot.) Any plant of the genus Pachysandra; they are low-growing evergreen herbs or subshrubs having dentate leaves and used as ground cover.
[WordNet 1.5]

pachytene
pachytene n. (Biol.) The third stage of the prophase of meiosis, the stage in which the pairing of homologous chromosomes has been completed.
[WordNet 1.5]

pacifiable
pac"i*fi`a*ble (?), a. Capable of being pacified or appeased; placable.
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pacific
pa*cif"ic (?), a. [L. pacificus: cf. F. pacifique. See Pacify.] Of or pertaining to peace; of a peaceful character; not warlike; not quarrelsome; as, a pacific nature or condition. [wns=3]
Syn. -- peaceable.
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2. Promoting peace; suited to make or restore peace; conciliatory; as, pacific words or acts. [wns=1]
Syn. -- irenic.
[WordNet 1.5]

3. of or pertaining to the Pacific Ocean; as, Pacific islands.
[WordNet 1.5]

Pacific Ocean, the ocean between America and Asia, so called by Magellan, its first European navigator, on account of the exemption from violent tempests which he enjoyed while sailing over it; -- called also, simply, the Pacific, and, formerly, the South sea.
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Syn. -- Peacemaking; appeasing; conciliatory; tranquil; calm; quiet; peaceful; reconciling; mild; gentle.
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Pacific
Pacific prop. n. The Pacific Ocean, the largest ocean.
Syn. -- Pacific Ocean.
[WordNet 1.5]

pacificable
pa*cif"ic*a*ble (?), a. Placable. [R.] Bp. Hall.
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pacifical
pa*cif"ic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to peace; pacific. [R.] Sir H. Wotton. -- Pa*cif"ic*al*ly, adv. [R.]
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Pacification
Pa*cif`i*ca"tion (?), n. [L. pacificatio: cf. F. pacification. See Pacify.] The act or process of pacifying, or of making peace between parties at variance; reconciliation. “An embassy of pacification.” Bacon.
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Pacificator
Pa*cif"i*ca`tor (?), n. [L.] One who, or that which, pacifies; a peacemaker. Bacon.
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Pacificatory
Pa*cif"i*ca*to*ry (?), a. [L. pacificatorius.] Tending to make peace; conciliatory. Barrow.
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pacificist
pacificist n. A pacifist.
Syn. -- pacifist, disarmer.
[WordNet 1.5]

Pacifico
Pa*ci"fi*co (?), n. [Sp. See Pacific.] A peaceful person; -- applied specif. by the Spaniards to the natives in Cuba and the Philippine Islands who did not oppose the Spanish arms.

While we were going through the woods one of the pacificos pointed to a new grave. Harper's Weekly.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Pacifier
Pac"i*fi`er (?), n. 1. One who or that which pacifies.
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2. A small device, usually of rubber or plastic containing a protruding nipple-shaped portion which a baby may place in its mouth and suck on; -- it is used to keep babies contented.
[PJC]

pacifism
pacifism n. the doctrine that all violence is unjustifiable.
Syn. -- passivism.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. The belief that all international disputes can be settled by arbitration.
[WordNet 1.5]

pacifist
pacifist n. 1. A person opposed to violence as a means of settling disputes.
Syn. -- pacificist, disarmer.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. A person whose strong belief in pacifism causes him/her to refuse to participate in military activities, especially one who refuses to be drafted into the armed forces.
[PJC]

pacifistic
pacifist
pacifist pacifistic adj. Adhering to pacifism; opposed to war; -- of people.
[WordNet 1.5]

Pacify
Pac"i*fy (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Pacified (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Pacifying (?).] [F. pacifier, L. pacificare; pax, pacis, peace + -ficare (in comp.) to make. See Peace, and -fy.] To make to be at peace; to appease; to calm; to still; to quiet; to allay the agitation, excitement, or resentment of; to tranquillize; as, to pacify a man when angry; to pacify pride, appetite, or importunity. “Pray ye, pacify yourself.” Shak.
Syn. -- lenify, assuage, appease, mollify, placate, gentle, gruntle.
[1913 Webster + WordNet 1.5]

To pacify and settle those countries. Bacon.
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pacifying
pacifying adj. freeing from fear and anxiety.
Syn. -- assuasive, calming, soothing.
[WordNet 1.5]

pacing
pacing n. the speed at which a composition is to be played.
Syn. -- tempo.
[WordNet 1.5]

Pacinian
Pa*cin"i*an (?), a. (Anat.) Of, pertaining to, or discovered by, Filippo Pacini (1812-1883), an Italian physician of the 19th century.
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Pacinian corpuscles, small oval bodies terminating some of the minute branches of the sensory nerves in the skin of the fingers, mesentery, integument and other parts of the body; the corpuscula lamellosa; called also Vater's corpuscles and Vater-Pacini corpuscles. They are sensitive to pressure, and supposed to be tactile organs.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Pack
Pack (păk), n. [Cf. Pact.] A pact. [Obs.] Daniel.
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Pack
Pack, n. [Akin to D. pak, G. pack, Dan. pakke, Sw. packa, Icel. pakki, Gael. & Ir. pac, Arm. pak. Cf. Packet.]
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1. A bundle made up and prepared to be carried; especially, a bundle to be carried on the back; a load for an animal; a bale, as of goods. Piers Plowman.
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2. [Cf. Peck, n.] A number or quantity equal to the contents of a pack; hence, a multitude; a burden. “A pack of sorrows.” “A pack of blessings.” Shak.
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&hand_; “In England, by a pack of meal is meant 280 lbs.; of wool, 240 lbs.” McElrath.
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3. A group or quantity of connected or similar things; as, a pack of lies; specifically: (a) A full set of playing cards; a deck; also, the assortment used in a particular game; as, a euchre pack. (b) A number of wolves, hounds or dogs, hunting or kept together; as, a wolf pack. (c) A number of persons associated or leagued in a bad design or practice; a gang; as, a pack of thieves or knaves. (d) A shook of cask staves. (e) A bundle of sheet-iron plates for rolling simultaneously.
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4. A large area of floating pieces of ice driven together more or less closely. Kane.
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5. An envelope, or wrapping, of sheets used in hydropathic practice, called dry pack, wet pack, cold pack, etc., according to the method of treatment.
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6. [Prob. the same word; but cf. AS. p&aemacr_;can to deceive.] A loose, lewd, or worthless person. See Baggage. [Obs.] Skelton.
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7. (Med.) In hydropathic practice, a wrapping of blankets or sheets called dry pack, wet pack, cold pack, etc., according to the condition of the blankets or sheets used, put about a patient to give him treatment; also, the fact or condition of being so treated.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

8. (Rugby Football) The forwards who compose one half of the scrummage; also, the scrummage.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Pack animal, an animal, as a horse, mule, etc., employed in carrying packs. -- Pack and prime road or Pack and prime way, a pack road or bridle way. -- Pack cloth, a coarse cloth, often duck, used in covering packs or bales. -- Pack horse. See Pack animal (above). -- Pack ice. See def. 4, above. -- Pack moth (Zool.), a small moth (Anacampsis sarcitella) which, in the larval state, is very destructive to wool and woolen fabrics. -- Pack needle, a needle for sewing with pack thread. Piers Plowman. -- Pack saddle, a saddle made for supporting the load on a pack animal. Shak. -- Pack staff, a staff for supporting a pack; a peddler's staff. -- Pack train (Mil.), a troop of pack animals.
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Pack
Pack (păk), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Packed (păkt); p. pr. & vb. n. Packing.] [Akin to D. pakken, G. packen, Dan. pakke, Sw. packa, Icel. pakka. See Pack, n.] 1. To make a pack of; to arrange closely and securely in a pack; hence, to place and arrange compactly as in a pack; to press into close order or narrow compass; as, to pack goods in a box; to pack fish.
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Strange materials packed up with wonderful art. Addison.
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Where . . . the bones
Of all my buried ancestors are packed.
Shak.
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2. To fill in the manner of a pack, that is, compactly and securely, as for transportation; hence, to fill closely or to repletion; to stow away within; to cause to be full; to crowd into; as, to pack a trunk; the play, or the audience, packs the theater.
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3. To shuffle, sort and arrange (the cards) in a pack so as to secure the game unfairly; to stack{3} (the deck).
[1913 Webster +PJC]

And mighty dukes pack cards for half a crown. Pope.
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4. Hence: To bring together or make up unfairly and fraudulently, in order to secure a certain result; to stack{3}; as, to pack a jury or a caucus.
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The expected council was dwindling into . . . a packed assembly of Italian bishops. Atterbury.
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5. To contrive unfairly or fraudulently; to plot. [Obs.]
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He lost life . . . upon a nice point subtilely devised and packed by his enemies. Fuller.
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6. To load with a pack; hence, to load; to encumber; as, to pack a horse.
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Our thighs packed with wax, our mouths with honey. Shack.
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7. To cause to go; to send away with baggage or belongings; esp., to send away peremptorily or suddenly; to send packing; -- sometimes with off; as, to pack a boy off to school.
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He . . . must not die
Till George be packed with post horse up to heaven.
Shak.
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8. To transport in a pack, or in the manner of a pack (i. e., on the backs of men or beasts). [Western U.S.]
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9. (Hydropathy) To envelop in a wet or dry sheet, within numerous coverings. See Pack, n., 5.
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10. (Mech.) To render impervious, as by filling or surrounding with suitable material, or to fit or adjust so as to move without giving passage to air, water, or steam; as, to pack a joint; to pack the piston of a steam engine.
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11. To cover, envelop, or protect tightly with something; specif. (Hydropathy), to envelop in a wet or dry sheet, within numerous coverings.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Pack
Pack, v. i. 1. To make up packs, bales, or bundles; to stow articles securely for transportation.
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2. To admit of stowage, or of making up for transportation or storage; to become compressed or to settle together, so as to form a compact mass; as, the goods pack conveniently; wet snow packs well.
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3. To gather in flocks or schools; as, the grouse or the perch begin to pack. [Eng.]
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4. To depart in haste; -- generally with off or away.
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Poor Stella must pack off to town Swift.
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You shall pack,
And never more darken my doors again.
Tennyson.
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5. To unite in bad measures; to confederate for ill purposes; to join in collusion. [Obs.] “Go pack with him.” Shak.
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To send packing, to drive away; to send off roughly or in disgrace; to dismiss unceremoniously. “The parliament . . . presently sent him packing.” South.
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Package
Pack"age (păk"&auptack_;j; 48), n. 1. Act or process of packing.
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2. A bundle made up for transportation; a packet; a bale; a parcel; as, a package of goods.
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3. A charge made for packing goods.
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4. A duty formerly charged in the port of London on goods imported or exported by aliens, or by denizens who were the sons of aliens.
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packaged
packaged (păk"&auptack_;jd), adj. Enclosed in a package{2} or protective covering; as, packaged cereals. [Narrower terms: prepackaged, pre-packaged, prepacked ] unpackaged, loose
Syn. -- wrapped, done up.
[WordNet 1.5]

packed
packed adj. 1. Same as jammed.
Syn. -- full, jammed, jam-packed.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. Crowded; as, the theater was packed.
[PJC]

packer
pack"er (păk"&etilde_;r), n. 1. A person whose business is to pack things; especially, one who packs food for preservation or for the market; as, a pork packer.
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2. A ring of packing or a special device to render gas-tight and water-tight the space between the tubing and bore of an oil well. [U. S.]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Packera
Packera prop. n. A genus of American or East Asian perennial herbs with yellow to orange or red flower rays; it is sometimes included in genus Senecio.
Syn. -- genus Packera.
[WordNet 1.5]

packet
pack"et (păk"&ebreve_;t), n. [F. paquet, dim. fr. LL. paccus, from the same source as E. pack. See Pack.]
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1. A small pack or package; a little bundle or parcel; as, a packet of letters. Shak.
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2. Originally, a vessel employed by government to convey dispatches or mails; hence, a vessel employed in conveying dispatches, mails, passengers, and goods, and having fixed days of sailing; a mail boat.
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Packet boat, Packet ship, or Packet vessel. See Packet, n., 2. -- Packet day, the day for mailing letters to go by packet; or the sailing day. -- Packet note or Packet post. See under Paper.
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Packet
Pack"et, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Packeted; p. pr. & vb. n. Packeting.] 1. To make up into a packet or bundle.
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2. To send in a packet or dispatch vessel.
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Her husband
Was packeted to France.
Ford.
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Packet
Pack"et, v. i. To ply with a packet or dispatch boat.
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Packfong
Pack"fong` (păk"f&obreve_;ng`), n. [Chin. peh tung.] (Metal.) A Chinese alloy of nickel, zinc, and copper, resembling German silver.
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Pack horse
Pack horse. See under 2d Pack.
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Packhouse
Pack"house` (păk"hous`), n. Warehouse for storing goods.
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Packing
Pack"ing, n. 1. The act or process of one who packs.
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2. Any material used to pack, fill up, or make close. Specifically (Mach.): A substance or piece used to make a joint impervious; as: (a) A thin layer, or sheet, of yielding or elastic material inserted between the surfaces of a flange joint. (b) The substance in a stuffing box, through which a piston rod slides. (c) A yielding ring, as of metal, which surrounds a piston and maintains a tight fit, as inside a cylinder, etc.
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3. (Masonry) Same as Filling. [Rare in the U. S.]
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4. A trick; collusion. [Obs.] Bale.
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Cherd packing (Bridge Building), the arrangement, side by side, of several parts, as bars, diagonals, a post, etc., on a pin at the bottom of a chord. Waddell. -- Packing box, a stuffing box. See under Stuffing. -- Packing press, a powerful press for baling cotton, wool, hay, etc. -- Packing ring. See Packing, 2 (c), and Illust. of Piston. -- Packing sheet. (a) A large cloth for packing goods. (b) A sheet prepared for packing hydropathic patients.
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packinghouse
packinghouse n. 1. A place where foodstuffs are processed and packed; as, they came from an apple packinghouse.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. A plant where livestock are slaughtered and processed and packed as meat products.
Syn. -- packing plant.
[WordNet 1.5]

Packman
Pack"man (?), n.; pl. Packmen (&unr_;). One who bears a pack; a peddler.
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pack rat
packrat
packrat, pack rat n. 1. Any of several bushy-tailed rodents of the genus Neotoma of western North America, especially Neotoma cinerea, which hoard food and other objects in their nests.
Syn. -- trade rat, bushytail woodrat, Neotoma cinerea.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. A person who habitually saves items, even those unlikely to be useful. [Informal]
[PJC]

packsaddle
packsaddle n. A saddle to which loads can be attached.
[WordNet 1.5]

Pack thread
Pack saddle
{ Pack saddle, Pack thread. } See under 2d Pack.
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pack thread
packthread
packthread, pack thread n. A strong three-ply thread or small twine used to sew or tie packs or packages.
[WordNet 1.5]

Packwax
Pack"wax` (păk"wăks`), n. (Anat.) Same as Paxwax.
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Packway
Pack"way` (păk"wā`), n. A path, as over mountains, followed by pack animals.
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Pacos
Paco
{ Pa"co (?), Pa"cos (?), } n. [Sp. paco, fr. Peruv. paco. Cf. Alpaca.] 1. (Zool.) Same as Alpaca.
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2. [Peruv. paco, pacu, red, reddish, reddish ore containing silver; perh. a different word.] (Min.) An earthy-looking ore, consisting of brown oxide of iron with minute particles of native silver. Ure.
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pact
pact (păkt), n. [L. pactum, fr. paciscere to make a bargain or contract, fr. pacere to settle, or agree upon; cf. pangere to fasten, Gr. phgny`nai, Skr. pāça bond, and E. fang: cf. F. pacte. Cf. Peace, Fadge, v.] An agreement; a league; a compact; a covenant. Bacon.
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The engagement and pact of society which goes by the name of the constitution. Burke.
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Paction
Pac"tion (?), n. [L. pactio: cf. F. paction. See Pact.] An agreement; a compact; a bargain. [R.] Sir W. Scott.
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Pactional
Pac"tion*al (?), a. Of the nature of, or by means of, a paction. Bp. Sanderson.
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Pactitious
Pac*ti"tious (?), a. [L. pactitius, pacticius.] Setted by a pact, or agreement. [R.] Johnson.
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Pactolian
Pac*to"li*an (?), a. Pertaining to the Pactolus, a river in ancient Lydia famous for its golden sands.
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Pacu
Pa"cu (?), n. (Zool.) A South American fresh-water fish (Myletes pacu), of the family Characinidæ. It is highly esteemed as food.
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pad
pad (păd), n. [D. pad. √21. See Path.] 1. A footpath; a road. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]
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2. An easy-paced horse; a padnag. Addison
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An abbot on an ambling pad. Tennyson.
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3. A robber that infests the road on foot; a highwayman; -- usually called a footpad. Gay. Byron.
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4. The act of robbing on the highway. [Obs.]
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Pad
Pad, v. t. To travel upon foot; to tread. [Obs.]
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Padding the streets for half a crown. Somerville.
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Pad
Pad, v. i. 1. To travel heavily or slowly. Bunyan.
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2. To rob on foot. [Obs.] Cotton Mather.
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3. To wear a path by walking. [Prov. Eng.]
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Pad
Pad, n. [Perh. akin to pod.] 1. A soft, or small, cushion; a mass of anything soft; stuffing.
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2. A kind of cushion for writing upon, or for blotting; esp., one formed of many flat sheets of writing paper, or layers of blotting paper; a block of paper.
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3. A cushion used as a saddle without a tree or frame.
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4. A stuffed guard or protection; esp., one worn on the legs of horses to prevent bruising.
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5. (Zool.) A cushionlike thickening of the skin one the under side of the toes of animals.
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6. A floating leaf of a water lily or similar plant.
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7. (Med.) A soft bag or cushion to relieve pressure, support a part, etc.
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8. (Naut.) A piece of timber fixed on a beam to fit the curve of the deck. W. C. Russel.
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9. A measure for fish; as, sixty mackerel go to a pad; a basket of soles. [Eng.] Simmonds.
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10. A dwelling place, usually an apartment; one's living quarters; as, come over to my pad to watch the game. [Slang]
[PJC]

11. A sum of money paid as a bribe to police officers, shared among them; also, the list of such officers receiving such a bribe.
[PJC]

Pad cloth, a saddlecloth; a housing. -- Pad saddle. See def. 3, above. -- Pad tree (Harness Making), a piece of wood or metal which gives rigidity and shape to a harness pad. Knight. -- on the pad, receiving bribes; -- of police officers.
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Pad
Pad, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Padded; p. pr. & vb. n. Padding.] 1. To stuff; to furnish with a pad or padding.
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2. (Calico Printing) To imbue uniformly with a mordant; as, to pad cloth. Ure.
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Padar
Pad"ar (?), n. [Etymol. uncertain.] Groats; coarse flour or meal. [Obs.] Sir. H. Wotton.
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padded
padded adj. Same as cushioned, 1.
Syn. -- cushioned, cushiony.
[WordNet 1.5]

Padder
Pad"der (?), n. 1. One who, or that which, pads.
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2. A highwayman; a footpad. [Obs.]
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Padding
Pad"ding, n. 1. The act or process of making a pad or of inserting stuffing.
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2. The material with which anything is padded.
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3. Material of inferior value, serving to extend a book, essay, etc. London Sat. Rev.
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4. (Calico Printing) The uniform impregnation of cloth with a mordant.
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Paddle
Pad"dle (?), v. i. [Prob. for pattle, and a dim. of pat, v.; cf. also E. pad to tread, Prov. G. paddeln, padden, to walk with short steps, to paddle, G. patschen to splash, dash, dabble, F. patouiller to dabble, splash, fr. patte a paw. √21.] 1. To use the hands or fingers in toying; to make caressing strokes. [Obs.] Shak.
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2. To dabble in water with hands or feet; to use a paddle, or something which serves as a paddle, in swimming, in paddling a boat, etc.
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As the men were paddling for their lives. L'Estrange.
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While paddling ducks the standing lake desire. Gay.
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Paddle
Pad"dle, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Paddled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Paddling (?)] 1. To pat or stroke amorously, or gently. [Obsolescent]
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To be paddling palms and pinching fingers. Shak.
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2. To propel with, or as with, a paddle or paddles.
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3. To pad; to tread upon; to trample. [Prov. Eng.]
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4. To spank with a paddle or as if with a paddle; -- usually as a disciplinary punishment of children.
[PJC]

5. To mix (a viscous liquid) by stirring or beating with a paddle.
[PJC]

Paddle
Pad"dle, n. [See Paddle, v. i.] 1. An implement with a broad blade, which is used without a fixed fulcrum in propelling and steering canoes and boats.
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2. The broad part of a paddle, with which the stroke is made; hence, any short, broad blade, resembling that of a paddle, such as that used in table tennis.
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Thou shalt have a paddle upon thy weapon. Deut. xxiii. 13.
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3. One of the broad boards, or floats, at the circumference of a water wheel, or paddle wheel.
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4. A small gate in sluices or lock gates to admit or let off water; -- also called clough.
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5. (Zool.) A paddle-shaped foot, as of the sea turtle.
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6. A paddle-shaped implement for stirring or mixing.
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7. [In this sense prob. for older spaddle, a dim. of spade.] See Paddle staff (b), below. [Prov. Eng.]
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Paddle beam (Shipbuilding), one of two large timbers supporting the spring beam and paddle box of a steam vessel. -- Paddle board. See Paddle, n., 3. -- Paddle shaft, the revolving shaft which carries the paddle wheel of a steam vessel. -- Paddle staff. (a) A staff tipped with a broad blade, used by mole catchers. [Prov. Eng.] (b) A long-handled spade used to clean a plowshare; -- called also plow staff. [Prov. Eng.] -- Paddle steamer, a steam vessel propelled by paddle wheels, in distinction from a screw propeller. -- Paddle wheel, the propelling wheel of a steam vessel, having paddles (or floats) on its circumference, and revolving in a vertical plane parallel to the vessel's length.
[1913 Webster]

paddle box
paddlebox
paddlebox, paddle box n. 1. a wooden covering for the upper part of the paddle wheel of a steam vessel.
[1913 Webster + WordNet 1.5]

Paddlecock
Pad"dle*cock` (?), n. (Zool.) The lumpfish. [Prov. Eng.]
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Paddlefish
Pad"dle*fish` (?), n. (Zool) A large ganoid fish (Polyodon spathula) found in the rivers of the Mississippi Valley. It has a long spatula-shaped snout. Called also duck-billed cat, and spoonbill sturgeon.
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Paddler
Pad"dler (?), n. One who, or that which, paddles.
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Paddlewood
Pad"dle*wood` (?), n. (Bot.) The light elastic wood of the Aspidosperma excelsum, a tree of Guiana having a fluted trunk readily split into planks.
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Paddock
Pad"dock (?), n. [OE. padde toad, frog + -ock; akin to D. pad, padde, toad, Icel. & Sw. padda, Dan. padde.] (Zool.) A toad or frog. Wyclif. “Loathed paddocks.” Spenser
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Paddock pipe (Bot.), a hollow-stemmed plant of the genus Equisetum, especially Equisetum limosum and the fruiting stems of Equisetum arvense; -- called also padow pipe and toad pipe. See Equisetum. -- Paddock stone. See Toadstone. -- Paddock stool (Bot.),a toadstool.
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Paddock
Pad"dock, n. [Corrupted fr. parrock. See Parrock.]
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1. A small inclosure or park for sporting. [Obs.]
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2. A small inclosure for pasture; esp., one adjoining a stable. Evelyn. Cowper.
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3. An enclosure used for saddling and mounting horses prior to a race.
[PJC]

Paddy
Pad"dy (?), a. [Prov. E. paddy worm-eaten.] Low; mean; boorish; vagabond. “Such pady persons.” Digges (1585). “The paddy persons.” Motley.
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Paddy
Pad"dy, n.; pl. Paddies (#). [Corrupted fr. St. Patrick, the tutelar saint of Ireland.] A jocose or contemptuous name for an Irishman; -- usually considered offensive. [Obsolescent]
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Paddy
Pad"dy, n. [Either fr. Canarese bhatta or Malay pādī.] (Bot.) Unhusked rice; -- commonly so called in the East Indies.
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Paddy bird. (Zool.) See Java sparrow, under Java.
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paddymelon
paddymelon n. 1. Any of several small reddish-brown wallabies of scrubby areas of Australia and New Guinea, especially those belonging to the genus Thylogale.
Syn. -- pademelon.
[WordNet 1.5]

paddy wagon
paddy wagon n. An enclosed truck used by police to transport prisoners.
Syn. -- patrol wagon, Black Maria.
[WordNet 1.5]

Pad elephant
Pad elephant. An elephant that is furnished with a pad for carrying burdens instead of with a howdah for carrying passengers.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Padelion
Pad`e*li"on (?), n. [F. pas de lion lion's foot.] (Bot.) A plant with pedately lobed leaves; the lady's mantle.
[1913 Webster]

Padella
Pa*del"la (?), n. [It., prop., a pan, a friing pan, fr. L. patella a pan.] A large cup or deep saucer, containing fatty matter in which a wick is placed, -- used for public illuminations, as at St. Peter's, in Rome. Called also padelle.
[1913 Webster]

pademelon
pad`e*mel"on n. (Zool.) Any of several small reddish-brown wallabies of scrubby areas of Australia and New Guinea, especially those belonging to the genus Thylogale; a paddymelon. See Wallaby
[1913 Webster + WordNet 1.5]

Padesoy
Pad"e*soy` (?), n. See Paduasoy.
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Padge
Padge, n. (Zool.) The barn owl; -- called also pudge, and pudge owl. [Prov. Eng.]
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Padishah
Pa`di*shah" (?), n. [Per. pādishāh. Cf. Pasha.] Chief ruler; monarch; sovereign; -- a title of the Sultan of Turkey, and of the Shah of Persia.
[1913 Webster]

Padlock
Pad"lock` (?), n. [Perh. orig., a lock for a pad gate, or a gate opening to a path, or perh., a lock for a basket or pannier, and from Prov. E. pad a pannier. Cf. Pad a path, Paddler.] 1. A portable lock with a bow which is usually jointed or pivoted at one end so that it can be opened, the other end being fastened by the bolt, -- used for fastening by passing the bow through a staple over a hasp or through the links of a chain, etc.
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2. Fig.: A curb; a restraint.
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Padlock
Pad"lock`, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Padlocked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Padlocking.] To fasten with, or as with, a padlock; to stop; to shut; to confine as by a padlock. Milton. Tennyson.
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Padnag
Pad"nag` (?), n. [1st pad + nag.] An ambling nag. “An easy padnag.” Macaulay.
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Padow
Pad"ow (?), n. (Zool.) A paddock, or toad.
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Padow pipe. (Bot.) See Paddock pipe, under Paddock.
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Padre
Pa"dre (pä"drā), n.; pl. Sp. & Pg. Padres (pä"drās); It. Padri (pä"drē). [Sp., Pg., & It., fr. L. pater father. See Father.] 1. A Christian priest or monk; used as a term of address for priests in some churches (especially Roman or Orthodox Catholic in Italy, Spain, Portugal, and Spanish America); -- also used in the American military.
Syn. -- Father.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

2. In India (from the Portuguese), any Christian minister; also, a priest of the native region. Kipling.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

3. A chaplain in one of the military services.
Syn. -- military chaplain, Holy Joe, sky pilot.
[WordNet 1.5]

Padrone
Pa*dro"ne (?), n.; pl. It. Padroni (#), E. Padrones. [It. See Patron.] 1. A patron; a protector.
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2. The master of a small coaster in the Mediterranean.
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3. A man who imports, and controls the earnings of, Italian laborers, street musicians, etc.
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Paduasoy
Pad`u*a*soy" (?), n. [From Padua, in Italy + F. soie silk; or cf. F. pou-de-soie.] A rich and heavy silk stuff. [Written also padesoy.]
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Paducahs
Pa*du"cahs (p&adot_;*dū"k&adot_;z), n. pl.; sing. Paducah (-k&adot_;). (Ethnol.) See Comanches.
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Paean
Pæ"an (pē`&aitalic_;n), n. [L. paean, Gr. paia`n, fr. Paia`n the physician of the gods, later, Apollo. Cf. Pæon, Peony.] [Written also pean.] 1. An ancient Greek hymn in honor of Apollo as a healing deity, and, later, a song addressed to other deities.
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2. Any loud and joyous song; a song of triumph, joy, or praise. Dryden. “Public pæans of congratulation.” De Quincey.
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3. See Pæon.
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Paedobaptism
Pæ`do*bap"tism (pē`d&ouptack_;*băp"t&ibreve_;z'm), n. Pedobaptism.
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paedogenesis
pæ`do*gen"esis (pē`d&ouptack_;*j&ebreve_;n"&euptack_;*s&ibreve_;s), n. [Gr. pai^s, paido`s, child + E. genesis.] (Zool.) Reproduction by young or larval animals.
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paedogenetic
pæ`do*ge*net"ic (pē`d&ouptack_;*j&euptack_;*n&ebreve_;t"&ibreve_;k), a. (Zool.) Producing young while in the immature or larval state; -- said of certain insects, etc.
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paeon
pæ"on (pē"&obreve_;n), n. [L. paeon, Gr. paiw`n a solemn song, also, a pæon, equiv. to paia`n. See Pæan.] (Anc. Poet.) A foot of four syllables, one long and three short, admitting of four combinations, according to the place of the long syllable. [Written also, less correctly, pæan.]
[1913 Webster]

Paeoniaceae
Paeoniaceae prop. n. A natural family of perennial rhizomatous herbs and shrubs, native to temperate Europe and North America.
Syn. -- family Paeoniaceae, peony family.
[WordNet 1.5]

paeonine
pæ"o*nine (pē"&ouptack_;*n&ibreve_;n), n. (Chem.) An artifical red nitrogenous dyestuff, called also red coralline.
[1913 Webster]

Paeony
paeony
pae"o*ny, Pæ"o*ny (pē"&ouptack_;*n&ybreve_;), n. (Bot.) Any of numerous plants widely cultivated for their showy single or double red or pink or white flowers; the Peony.
[1913 Webster + WordNet 1.5]

Pagan
Pa"gan (pā"g&aitalic_;n), n. [L. paganus a countryman, peasant, villager, a pagan, fr. paganus of or pertaining to the country, rustic, also, pagan, fr. pagus a district, canton, the country, perh. orig., a district with fixed boundaries: cf. pangere to fasten. Cf. Painim, Peasant, and Pact, also Heathen.] One who worships false gods; an idolater; a heathen; one who is neither a Christian, a Mohammedan, nor a Jew.
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Neither having the accent of Christians, nor the gait of Christian, pagan, nor man. Shak.
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Syn. -- Gentile; heathen; idolater. -- Pagan, Gentile, Heathen. Gentile was applied to the other nations of the earth as distinguished from the Jews. Pagan was the name given to idolaters in the early Christian church, because the villagers, being most remote from the centers of instruction, remained for a long time unconverted. Heathen has the same origin. Pagan is now more properly applied to rude and uncivilized idolaters, while heathen embraces all who practice idolatry.
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Pagan
Pa"gan, a. [L. paganus of or pertaining to the country, pagan. See Pagan, n.] Of or pertaining to pagans; relating to the worship or the worshipers of false goods; heathen; idolatrous, as, pagan tribes or superstitions.
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And all the rites of pagan honor paid. Dryden.
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Pagandom
Pa"gan*dom (-dŭm), n. The pagan lands; pagans, collectively; paganism. [R.]
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Paganical
Paganic
{ Pa*gan"ic (p&adot_;*găn"&ibreve_;k), Pa*gan"ic*al (-&ibreve_;*k&aitalic_;l), } a. Of or pertaining to pagans or paganism; heathenish; paganish. [R.] “The paganic fables of the goods.” Cudworth. -- Pa*gan"ic*al*ly, adv. [R.]
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Paganish
Pa"gan*ish (pā"g&aitalic_;n*&ibreve_;sh), a. Of or pertaining to pagans; heathenish. “The old paganish idolatry.” Sharp
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Paganism
Pa"gan*ism (-&ibreve_;z'm), n. [L. paganismus: cf. F. paganisme. See Pagan, and cf. Painim.] The state of being pagan; pagan characteristics; esp., the worship of idols or false gods, or the system of religious opinions and worship maintained by pagans; heathenism.
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Paganity
Pa*gan"i*ty (p&adot_;*găn"&ibreve_;*t&ybreve_;), n. [L. Paganitas.] The state of being a pagan; paganism. [R.] Cudworth.
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Paganize
Pa"gan*ize (pā"g&aitalic_;n*īz), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Paganized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Paganizing (?).] To render pagan or heathenish; to convert to paganism. Hallywell.
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Paganize
Pa"gan*ize, v. i. To behave like pagans. Milton.
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Paganly
Pa"gan*ly, adv. In a pagan manner. Dr. H. More.
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Page
Page (pāj), n. [F., fr. It. paggio, LL. pagius, fr. Gr. paidi`on, dim. of pai^s, paido`s, a boy, servant; perh. akin to L. puer. Cf. Pedagogue, Puerile.] 1. A serving boy; formerly, a youth attending a person of high degree, especially at courts, as a position of honor and education; now commonly, in England, a youth employed for doing errands, waiting on the door, and similar service in households; in the United States, a boy or girl employed to wait upon the members of a legislative body. Prior to 1960 only boys served as pages in the United States Congress
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He had two pages of honor -- on either hand one. Bacon.
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2. A boy child. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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3. A contrivance, as a band, pin, snap, or the like, to hold the skirt of a woman's dress from the ground.
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4. (Brickmaking) A track along which pallets carrying newly molded bricks are conveyed to the hack.
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5. (Zool.) Any one of several species of beautiful South American moths of the genus Urania.
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page
page, v. t. 1. To attend (one) as a page. [Obs.] Shak.
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2. To call out a person's name in a public place, so as to deliver a message, as in a hospital, restaurant, etc.
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3. To call a person on a pager.
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Page
Page, n. [F., fr. L. pagina; prob. akin to pagere, pangere, to fasten, fix, make, the pages or leaves being fastened together. Cf. Pact, Pageant, Pagination.]
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1. One side of a leaf of a book or manuscript.
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Such was the book from whose pages she sang. Longfellow.
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2. Fig.: A record; a writing; as, the page of history.
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3. (Print.) The type set up for printing a page.
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Page
Page, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Paged (pājd); p. pr. & vb. n. Paging (pā"j&ibreve_;ng).] To mark or number the pages of, as a book or manuscript; to furnish with folios.
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Pageant
Pag"eant (păj"&eitalic_;nt or pā"j&eitalic_;nt; 277), n. [OE. pagent, pagen, originally, a movable scaffold or stage, hence, what was exhibited on it, fr. LL. pagina, akin to pangere to fasten; cf. L. pagina page, leaf, slab, compaginare to join together, compages a joining together, structure. See Pact, Page of a book.]
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1. A theatrical exhibition; a spectacle. “A pageant truly played.” Shak.
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To see sad pageants of men's miseries. Spenser.
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2. An elaborate exhibition devised for the entertainmeut of a distinguished personage, or of the public; a show, spectacle, or display.
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The gaze of fools, and pageant of a day! Pope.
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We love the man, the paltry pageant you. Cowper.
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Pageant
Pag"eant, a. Of the nature of a pageant; spectacular.Pageant pomp.” Dryden.
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Pageant
Pag"eant, v. t. To exhibit in show; to represent; to mimic. [R.] “He pageants us.” Shak.
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Pageantry
Pag"eant*ry (-r&ybreve_;), n. Scenic shows or spectacles, taken collectively; spectacular quality; splendor.
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Such pageantry be to the people shown. Dryden.
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The pageantry of festival. J. A. Symonds.
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Syn. -- Pomp; parade; show; display; spectacle.
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page boy
page boy, n. A type of hairdo.
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Pagehood
Page"hood (?), n. The state of being a page.
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pager
pag"er, n. A small electronic communication device which signals when a telephone call has been received at a base station. Each such device receives radio signals from the base station specifically coded for the individual to whom it is registered; the signal given by the device to the registered user may be a beeping sound, indicating that the user should call the base station to receive a message; or it may display a telephone number to which the user may call directly to return the incoming call, or may display a short message. Such devices are small enough to carry in the pocket or pocketbook, or to clip onto a belt or other part of the clothing. Also called beeper.
[PJC]

Pagina
Pag"i*na (?), n.; pl. Paginæ (#). [L.] (Bot.) The surface of a leaf or of a flattened thallus.
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Paginal
Pag"i*nal (?), a. [L. paginalis.] Consisting of pages.Paginal books.” Sir T. Browne.
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paginate
pag"i*nate (păj"&ibreve_;*nāt), v. t. To number the pages of (a book or manuscript).
Syn. -- foliate.
[WordNet 1.5]

Pagination
Pag`i*na"tion (păj`&ibreve_;*nā"shŭn), n. The act or process of paging a book; also, the characters used in numbering the pages; page number. Lowndes.
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Paging
Pa"ging (?), n. The marking or numbering of the pages of a book.
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Pagod
Pa"god (?), n. [Cf. F. pagode. See Pagoda.] 1. A pagoda. [R.] “Or some queer pagod.” Pope.
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2. An idol. [Obs.] Bp. Stillingfleet.
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Pagoda
Pa*go"da (?), n. [Pg. pagoda, pagode, fr. Hind. & Per. but-kadah a house of idols, or abode of God; Per. but an idol + kadah a house, a temple.] 1. A term by which Europeans designate religious temples and tower-like buildings of the Hindoos and Buddhists of India, Farther India, China, and Japan, -- usually but not always, devoted to idol worship.
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2. An idol. [R.] Brande & C.
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3. [Prob. so named from the image of a pagoda or a deity (cf. Skr. bhagavat holy, divine) stamped on it.] A gold or silver coin, of various kinds and values, formerly current in India. The Madras gold pagoda was worth about three and a half rupees.
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Pagoda sleeve
Pa*go"da sleeve. (Costume) A funnel-shaped sleeve arranged to show the sleeve lining and an inner sleeve.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Pagodite
Pa*go"dite (?), n. (Min.) Agalmatolite; -- so called because sometimes carved by the Chinese into the form of pagodas. See Agalmatolite.
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Paguma
Pa*gu"ma (?), n. (Zool.) Any one of several species of East Indian viverrine mammals of the genus Paguma. They resemble a weasel in form.
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Pagurian
Pa*gu"ri*an (?), n. [L. pagurus a kind of crab, Gr. pa`goyros.] (Zool.) Any one of a tribe of anomuran crustaceans, of which Pagurus is a type; the hermit crab. See Hermit crab, under Hermit.
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Pagurus
Pagurus prop. n. [Gr. pa`goyros, crab.] The type genus of the crustacean family Paguridae.
Syn. -- genus Pagurus.
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Pah
Pah (?), interj. An exclamation expressing disgust or contempt. See Bah.
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Fie! fie! fie! pah! pah! Give me an ounce of civet, good apothecary, to sweeten my imagination. Shak.
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Pah
Pah (?), n. [From native name.] A kind of stockaded intrenchment. [New Zealand.] Farrow.
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pahautea
pahautea n. An evergreen tree (Libocedrus bidwillii) of New Zealand resembling the kawaka.
Syn. -- Libocedrus bidwillii, mountain pine.
[WordNet 1.5]

Pahi
Pa"hi (?), n. (Naut.) A large war canoe of the Society Islands.
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Pahlevi
Pahlavi
Pah"la*vi, Pah"le*vi (?), n. 1. The language of Sassanian Persia. See Pehlevi.
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2. The script in which the Pahlavi language was written. It was taken from the Aramaic alphabet.
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3. A gold coin formerly used in Iran, equal in value to 20 rials.
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Pahoehoe
Pa*ho"e*ho`e (?), n. (Min.) A name given in Hawaii (formerly the Sandwich Islands) to lava having a relatively smooth or billowing surface, in distinction from the rough-surfaced lava, called aa.
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Pah-Utes
Pah"-Utes` (?), n. pl. (Ethnol.) See Utes.
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Paid
Paid (?), imp., p. p., & a. from Pay. 1. Receiving pay; compensated; hired; as, a paid attorney.
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2. Satisfied; contented. [Obs.]Paid of his poverty.” Chaucer.
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paideutics
pai*deu"tics (p&auptack_;*dū"t&ibreve_;ks), n. [Gr. paideytikh`, fr. paidey`ein to teach, fr. pai^s, paido`s, a boy.] The science or art of teaching.
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Paien
Pai"en (?), n. & a. Pagan. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Paigle
Pai"gle (?), n. [Etymol. uncertain.] (Bot.) A species of Primula, either the cowslip or the primrose. [Written also pagle, pagil, peagle, and pygil.]
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Paijama
Pai*ja"ma (?), n. Pyjama.
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Pail
Pail (pāl), n. [OE. paile, AS. pægel a wine vessel, a pail, akin to D. & G. pegel a watermark, a gauge rod, a measure of wine, Dan. pægel half a pint.] A vessel of wood or tin, etc., usually cylindrical and having a bail, -- used esp. for carrying liquids, as water or milk, etc.; a bucket. It may, or may not, have a cover. Shak.
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Pailful
Pail"ful (?), n.; pl. Pailfuls (&unr_;). The quantity that a pail will hold. “By pailfuls.” Shak.
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Paillasse
Pail*lasse" (?; F. &unr_;), n. [F., fr. paille straw. See Pallet a bed.] An under bed or mattress of straw. [Written also palliasse.]
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Paillon
Pail`lon" (?), n.; pl. -lions (#). [F., fr. paille straw.] A thin leaf of metal, as for use in gilding or enameling, or to show through a translucent medium.
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Pailmall
Pail`mall" (?), n. & a. See Pall-mall. [Obs.]
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pain
pain (pān), n. [OE. peine, F. peine, fr. L. poena, penalty, punishment, torment, pain; akin to Gr. poinh` penalty. Cf. Penal, Pine to languish, Punish.] 1. Punishment suffered or denounced; suffering or evil inflicted as a punishment for crime, or connected with the commission of a crime; penalty. Chaucer.
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We will, by way of mulct or pain, lay it upon him. Bacon.
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Interpose, on pain of my displeasure. Dryden.
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None shall presume to fly, under pain of death. Addison.
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2. Any uneasy sensation in animal bodies, from slight uneasiness to extreme distress or torture, proceeding from a derangement of functions, disease, or injury by violence; bodily distress; bodily suffering; an ache; a smart. “The pain of Jesus Christ.” Chaucer.
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&hand_; Pain may occur in any part of the body where sensory nerves are distributed, and it is always due to some kind of stimulation of them. The sensation is generally interpreted as originating at the peripheral end of the nerve.
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3. pl. Specifically, the throes or travail of childbirth.
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She bowed herself and travailed, for her pains came upon her. 1 Sam. iv. 19.
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4. Uneasiness of mind; mental distress; disquietude; anxiety; grief; solicitude; anguish. Also called mental pain. Chaucer.
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In rapture as in pain. Keble.
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5. See Pains, labor, effort.
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Bill of pains and penalties. See under Bill. -- To die in the pain, to be tortured to death. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Pain
Pain, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Pained (pānd); p. pr. & vb. n. Paining.] [OE. peinen, OF. pener, F. peiner to fatigue. See Pain, n.] 1. To inflict suffering upon as a penalty; to punish. [Obs.] Wyclif (Acts xxii. 5).
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2. To put to bodily uneasiness or anguish; to afflict with uneasy sensations of any degree of intensity; to torment; to torture; as, his dinner or his wound pained him; his stomach pained him.
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Excess of cold, as well as heat, pains us. Locke.
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3. To render uneasy in mind; to disquiet; to distress; to grieve; as, a child's faults pain his parents.
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I am pained at my very heart. Jer. iv. 19.
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To pain one's self, to exert or trouble one's self; to take pains; to be solicitous. [Obs.] “She pained her to do all that she might.” Chaucer.
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Syn. -- To disquiet; trouble; afflict; grieve; aggrieve; distress; agonize; torment; torture.
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Painable
Pain"a*ble (?), a. [Cf. F. pénible.] Causing pain; painful. [Obs.]
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The manacles of Astyages were not . . . the less weighty and painable for being composed of gold or silver. Evelyn.
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pained
pained adj. Made to suffer mental pain.
Syn. -- offended.
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Painful
Pain"ful (?), a. 1. Full of pain; causing uneasiness or distress, either physical or mental; afflictive; disquieting; distressing. Addison.
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2. Requiring labor or toil; difficult; executed with laborious effort; as a painful service; a painful march.
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3. Painstaking; careful; industrious. [Obs.] Fuller.
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A very painful person, and a great clerk. Jer. Taylor.
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Nor must the painful husbandman be tired. Dryden.
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Syn. -- Disquieting; troublesome; afflictive; distressing; grievous; laborious; toilsome; difficult; arduous.
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-- Pain"ful*ly, adv. -- Pain"ful*ness, n.
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painfulness
pain"ful*ness n. Emotional distress; a fundamental feeling that people try to avoid.
Syn. -- pain.
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Painim
Pai"nim (?), n. [OE. painime pagans, paganism, fr. OF. paienisme paganism, LL. paganismus. See Paganism, Pagan.] A pagan; an infidel; -- used also adjectively. [Written also panim and paynim.] Peacham.
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painkiller
pain"kil`ler n. A medicine used in to relieve pain.
Syn. -- analgesic, anodyne, pain pill.
[WordNet 1.5]

Painless
Pain"less (?), a. Free from pain; without pain. -- Pain"less*ly, adv. -- Pain"less*ness, n.
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Pains
Pains (pānz), n. Labor; toilsome effort; care or trouble taken; -- plural in form, but used with a singular or plural verb, commonly the former.
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And all my pains is sorted to no proof. Shak.
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The pains they had taken was very great. Clarendon.
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The labored earth your pains have sowed and tilled. Dryden.
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Painstaker
Pains"tak`er (pānz"tāk`&etilde_;r), n. One who takes pains; one careful and faithful in all work. Gay.
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Painstaking
Pains"tak`ing (pānz"tāk`&ibreve_;ng), a. Careful in doing; diligent; faithful; attentive.Painstaking men.” Harris.
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Painstaking
Pains"tak`ing, n. The act of taking pains; carefulness and fidelity in performance. Beau. & Fl.
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Painsworthy
Pains"wor`thy (pānz"wûr`&thlig_;&ybreve_;), a. Worth the pains or care bestowed.
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Paint
Paint (pānt), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Painted; p. pr. & vb. n. Painting.] [OE. peinten, fr. F. peint, p. p. of peindre to paint, fr. L. pingere, pictum; cf. Gr. poiki`los many-colored, Skr. piç to adorn. Cf. Depict, Picture, Pigment, Pint.] 1. To cover with coloring matter; to apply paint to; as, to paint a house, a signboard, etc.
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Jezebel painted her face and tired her head. 2 Kings ix. 30.
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2. Fig.: To color, stain, or tinge; to adorn or beautify with colors; to diversify with colors.
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Not painted with the crimson spots of blood. Shak.
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Cuckoo buds of yellow hue
Do paint the meadows with delight.
Shak.
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3. To form in colors a figure or likeness of on a flat surface, as upon canvas; to represent by means of colors or hues; to exhibit in a tinted image; to portray with paints; as, to paint a portrait or a landscape.
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4. Fig.: To represent or exhibit to the mind; to describe vividly; to delineate; to image; to depict; as, to paint a political opponent as a traitor.
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Disloyal?
The word is too good to paint out her wickedness.
Shak.
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If folly grow romantic, I must paint it. Pope.
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Syn. -- To color; picture; depict; portray; delineate; sketch; draw; describe.
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Paint
Paint, v. t. 1. To practice the art of painting; as, the artist paints well.
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2. To color one's face by way of beautifying it.
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Let her paint an inch thick. Shak.
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Paint
Paint, n. 1. (a) A pigment or coloring substance. (b) The same prepared with a vehicle, as oil, water with gum, or the like, for application to a surface.
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2. A cosmetic; rouge. Praed.
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paintable
paintable adj. Lending itself to being painted; as, a highly paintable landscape; made of sturdy eminently paintable wood. Opposite of unpaintable.
[WordNet 1.5]

paintbox
paint"box` n. A box containing a collection of cubes or tubes of artists' paint.
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paintbrush
paint"brush` n. A brush used to apply paint.
[WordNet 1.5]

Painted
Paint"ed, a. 1. Covered or adorned with paint; portrayed in colors.
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As idle as a painted ship
Upon a painted ocean.
Coleridge.
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2. (Nat. Hist.) Marked with bright colors; as, the painted turtle; painted bunting.
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Painted beauty (Zool.), a handsome American butterfly (Vanessa Huntera), having a variety of bright colors, -- Painted cup (Bot.), any plant of an American genus of herbs (Castilleia) in which the bracts are usually bright-colored and more showy than the flowers. Castilleia coccinea has brilliantly scarlet bracts, and is common in meadows. -- Painted finch. See Nonpareil. -- Painted lady (Zool.), a bright-colored butterfly. See Thistle butterfly. -- Painted turtle (Zool.), a common American freshwater tortoise (Chrysemys picta), having bright red and yellow markings beneath.
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painted wolf
painted wolf n. (Zool.) Same as African wild dog.
Syn. -- African wild dog, African hunting dog.
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Painter
Paint"er (pānt"&etilde_;r), n. [OE, pantere a noose, snare, F. pantière, LL. panthera, L. panther a hunting net, fr. Gr. panqh`ra; pa^s all + qh`r beast; cf. Ir. painteir a net, gin, snare, Gael. painntear.] (Naut.) A rope at the bow of a boat, used to fasten it to anything. Totten.
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Painter
Paint"er, n. [Corrupt. of panther.] (Zool.) The panther, or puma. [A form representing an illiterate pronunciation, U. S.] J. F. Cooper.
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Painter
Paint"er, n. [See 1st Paint.] One whose occupation is to paint; esp.: (a) One who covers buildings, ships, ironwork, and the like, with paint. (b) An artist who represents objects or scenes in color on a flat surface, as canvas, plaster, or the like.
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Painter's colic. (Med.) See Lead colic, under Colic. -- Painter stainer. (a) A painter of coats of arms. Crabb. (b) A member of a livery company or guild in London, bearing this name.
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Painterly
Paint"er*ly (pānt"&etilde_;r*l&ybreve_;), a. Like a painter's work. [Obs.] “A painterly glose of a visage.” Sir P. Sidney.
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Paintership
Paint"er*ship, n. The state or position of being a painter. [R.] Bp. Gardiner.
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paint gun
paint" gun` (pānt" gun`), n. 1. A device designed to rapidly cover a surface with paint by ejecting a spray of paint from a reservoir onto the surface by means of compressed air or other special mechanism. Also called a paint sprayer. Use of a paint gun is an efficient method to rapidly paint large surface areas.
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2. A device resembling a rifle, designed to shoot a small quantity of paint at an opponent as part of a game often conducted at specially-designed indoor locations, or outdoors. Points are awarded to players who hit their target; success in hitting one's target is made obvious by the appearance of a spot of paint on the player who is hit.
[PJC]

Painting
Paint"ing, n. 1. The act or employment of laying on, or adorning with, paints or colors.
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2. (Fine Arts) The work of the painter; also, any work of art in which objects are represented in color on a flat surface; a colored representation of any object or scene; a picture.
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3. Color laid on; paint. [R.] Shak.
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4. A depicting by words; vivid representation in words.
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Syn. -- See Picture.
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Paintless
Paint"less, a. Not capable of being painted or described. “In paintless patience.” Savage.
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Painture
Pain"ture (pān"t&uuptack_;r; 135), n. [F. peinture. See Paint, v. t., and cf. Picture.] The art of painting. [Obs.] Chaucer. Dryden.
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Painty
Paint"y (pānt"&ybreve_;), a. Unskillfully painted, so that the painter's method of work is too obvious; also, having too much pigment applied to the surface. [Cant]
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Pair
Pair (pâr), n. [F. paire, LL. paria, L. paria, pl. of par pair, fr. par, adj., equal. Cf. Apparel, Par equality, Peer an equal.]
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1. A number of things resembling one another, or belonging together; a set; as, a pair or flight of stairs. “A pair of beads.” Chaucer. Beau. & Fl. “Four pair of stairs.” Macaulay. [Now mostly or quite disused.]
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Two crowns in my pocket, two pair of cards. Beau. & Fl.
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2. Two things of a kind, similar in form, suited to each other, and intended to be used together; as, a pair of gloves or stockings; a pair of shoes.
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3. Two of a sort; a span; a yoke; a couple; a brace; as, a pair of horses; a pair of oxen.
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4. A married couple; a man and wife. “A happy pair.” Dryden. “The hapless pair.” Milton.
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5. A single thing, composed of two pieces fitted to each other and used together; as, a pair of scissors; a pair of pants; a pair of tongs; a pair of bellows.
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6. Two members of opposite parties or opinion, as in a parliamentary body, who mutually agree not to vote on a given question (in order, for example, to allow the members to be absent during the vote without affecting the outcome of the vote), or on issues of a party nature during a specified time; as, there were two pairs on the final vote. [Parliamentary Cant] A member who is thus paired with one who would have voted oppositely is said to be paired for or paired against a measure, depending on the member's position.
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7. (Kinematics) In a mechanism, two elements, or bodies, which are so applied to each other as to mutually constrain relative motion.
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&hand_; Pairs are named in accordance with the kind of motion they permit; thus, a journal and its bearing form a turning pair, a cylinder and its piston a sliding pair, a screw and its nut a twisting pair, etc. Any pair in which the constraining contact is along lines or at points only (as a cam and roller acting together), is designated a higher pair; any pair having constraining surfaces which fit each other (as a cylindrical pin and eye, a screw and its nut, etc.), is called a lower pair.
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Pair royal (pl. Pairs Royal) three things of a sort; -- used especially of playing cards in some games, as cribbage; as three kings, three “eight spots” etc. Four of a kind are called a double pair royal. “Something in his face gave me as much pleasure as a pair royal of naturals in my own hand.” Goldsmith. “That great pair royal of adamantine sisters [the Fates].” Quarles. [Written corruptly parial and prial.]
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Syn. -- Pair, Flight, Set. Originally, pair was not confined to two things, but was applied to any number of equal things (pares), that go together. Ben Jonson speaks of a pair (set) of chessmen; also, he and Lord Bacon speak of a pair (pack) of cards. A “pair of stairs” is still in popular use, as well as the later expression, “flight of stairs.”
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Pair
Pair, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Paired (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Pairing.] 1. To be joined in pairs; to couple; to mate, as for breeding.
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2. To suit; to fit, as a counterpart.
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My heart was made to fit and pair with thine. Rowe.
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3. Same as To pair off. See phrase below.
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To pair off, to separate from a group in pairs or couples; specif. (Parliamentary Cant), to agree with one of the opposite party or opinion to abstain from voting on specified questions or issues. See Pair, n., 6.
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Pair
Pair, v. t. 1. To unite in couples; to form a pair of; to bring together, as things which belong together, or which complement, or are adapted to one another.
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Glossy jet is paired with shining white. Pope.
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2. To engage (one's self) with another of opposite opinions not to vote on a particular question or class of questions. [Parliamentary Cant]
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Paired fins. (Zool.) See under Fin.
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Pair
Pair, v. t. [See Impair.] To impair. [Obs.] Spenser.
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paired
paired (pârd), adj. 1. Organized into compatible pairs; -- used of gloves, socks, etc. See pair{1}, v. t.
Syn. -- mated.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. (Botany) Growing in pairs on either side of a stem; -- of leaves etc. alternate
Syn. -- opposite.
[WordNet 1.5]

3. Mated sexually.
[WordNet 1.5]

Pairer
Pair"er (pâr"&etilde_;r), n. One who impairs. [Obs.] Wyclif.
[1913 Webster]

Pairing
Pair"ing, n. [See Pair, v. i.] 1. The act or process of uniting or arranging in pairs or couples.
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2. See To pair off, under Pair, v. i.
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Pairing time, the time when birds or other animals pair.
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Pairment
Pair"ment (pâr"m&eitalic_;nt), n. Impairment. [Obs.] Wyclif.
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Pair production
Pair" pro*duc"tion (Physics) The simultaneous creation of a particle and its antiparticle, such as an electron and positron, from a photon; -- usually due to its interaction with the strong field near a nucleus.
[PJC]

Pais
Pa`is (p&adot_;`&euptack_;"), n. [OF. puïs, F. pays, country.] (O. E. Law) The country; the people of the neighborhood.
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&hand_; A trial per pais is a trial by the country, that is, by a jury; and matter in pais is matter triable by the country, or jury.
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Paisano
Pa`i*sa"no (pä`&euptack_;*sä"n&ouptack_;), n. [Sp., of the country, native.] 1. (Zool.) The chaparral cock; the roadrunner.

2. A compatriot.
[PJC]

3. A comrade; a pal; a buddy.
[PJC]

Paise
Paise (pāz), n. [Obs.] See Poise. Chapman.
[1913 Webster]

Pajamas
Pa*ja"mas (?), n. pl. [Hind. pā-jāma, pāejāma, lit., leg closing.] Originally, in India, loose drawers or trousers, such as those worn, tied about the waist, by Mohammedan men and women; by extension, a similar garment adopted among Europeans, Americans, etc., for wear in the dressing room and during sleep; also, a suit consisting of drawers and a loose upper garment for such wear. [Also spelled pyjamas.]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Pajock
Pa"jock (?), n. A peacock. [Obs.] Shak.
[1913 Webster]

pak-choi
pak-choi n. An Asiatic plant (Brassica rapa chinensis) grown for its cluster of edible white stalks with dark green leaves.
Syn. -- bok choy, bok choi, pak choi, Chinese white cabbage, Brassica rapa chinensis.
[WordNet 1.5]

Pakfong
Pak"fong` (?), n. See Packfong.
[1913 Webster]

Pakistan
Pakistan prop. n. A country in South Asia formerly part of British India.
Syn. -- West Pakistan.
[WordNet 1.5]

 Data on Pakistan from the CIA WOrld Factbook, 1996

Geography:
Location: Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea, between India and Iran
Geographic coordinates: 30 00 N, 70 00 E
Map references: Asia
Area: 
total area: 803,940 sq km
land area: 778,720 sq km
comparative area: slightly less than twice the size of California
Land boundaries: 
total: 6,774 km
border countries: Afghanistan 2,430 km, China 523 km, India 2,912 km, Iran 909 km
Coastline: 1,046 km
Maritime claims: 
contiguous zone: 24 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm
International disputes: status of Kashmir with India; border dispute with Afghanistan (Durand Line); water-sharing problems over the Indus (Wular Barrage) with upstream riparian India
Climate: mostly hot, dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north
Terrain: flat Indus plain in east; mountains in north and northwest; Balochistan plateau in west
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: K2 (Mt. Godwin-Austen) 8,611 m
Natural resources: land, extensive natural gas reserves, limited petroleum, poor quality coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone
Land use: 
arable land: 23%
permanent crops: 0%
meadows and pastures: 6%
forest and woodland: 4%
other: 67% (1993)
Irrigated land: 170,000 sq km (1992)
Environment: 

current issues: water pollution from raw sewage, industrial wastes, and agricultural runoff; limited natural fresh water resources; a majority of the population does not have access to potable water; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification

natural hazards: frequent earthquakes, occasionally severe especially in north and west; flooding along the Indus after heavy rains (July and August)

international agreements: party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation
Geographic note: controls Khyber Pass and Bolan Pass, traditional invasion routes between Central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent

People:
Population: 129,275,660 (July 1996 est.)
Age structure: 
0-14 years: 42% (male 28,286,823; female 26,640,019)
15-64 years: 53% (male 35,396,281; female 33,733,798)
65 years and over: 5% (male 2,621,721; female 2,597,018) (July 1996 est.)
Population growth rate: 2.24% (1996 est.)
Birth rate: 36.16 births/1,000 population (1996 est.)
Death rate: 11.22 deaths/1,000 population (1996 est.)
Net migration rate: -2.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1996 est.)
Sex ratio: 
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.01 male(s)/female
all ages: 1.05 male(s)/female (1996 est.)
Infant mortality rate: 96.8 deaths/1,000 live births (1996 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: 
total population: 58.46 years
male: 57.7 years
female: 59.25 years (1996 est.)
Total fertility rate: 5.25 children born/woman (1996 est.)

Nationality:
noun: Pakistani(s)
adjective: Pakistani
Ethnic divisions: Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtun (Pathan), Baloch, Muhajir (immigrants from India and their descendants)
Religions: Muslim 97% (Sunni 77%, Shi'a 20%), Christian, Hindu, and other 3%
Languages: Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official and lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%
Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1995 est.)
total population: 37.8%
male: 50%
female: 24.4%

Government:
Name of country: 
conventional long form: Islamic Republic of Pakistan
conventional short form: Pakistan
former: West Pakistan
Data code: PK
Type of government: republic
Capital: Islamabad
Administrative divisions: 4 provinces, 1 territory*, and 1 capital territory**; Balochistan, Federally Administered Tribal Areas*, Islamabad Capital Territory**, North-West Frontier, Punjab, Sindh
note: the Pakistani-administered portion of the disputed Jammu and Kashmir region includes Azad Kashmir and the Northern Areas
Independence: 14 August 1947 (from UK)
National holiday: Pakistan Day, 23 March (1956) (proclamation of the republic)
Constitution: 10 April 1973, suspended 5 July 1977, restored with amendments 30 December 1985
Legal system: based on English common law with provisions to accommodate Pakistan's stature as an Islamic state; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal; separate electorates and reserved parliamentary seats for non-Muslims
Executive branch: 
chief of state: President Sardar Farooq LEGHARI (since 13 November 1993) was elected for a five-year term by Parliament; election last held 13 November 1993 (next to be held no later than 14 October 1998); results - LEGHARI was elected by Parliament and the four provincial assemblies
head of government: Prime Minister Benazir BHUTTO (since 19 October 1993) was elected by the National Assembly
cabinet: Cabinet was elected by the National Assembly
Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament (Majlis-e-Shoora)
Senate: elections last held NA March 1994 (next to be held NA March 1997); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (87 total) PPP 22, PML/N 17; Tribal Area Representatives (nonparty) 8, ANP 6, PML/J 5, JWP 5, MQM/A 5, JUI/F 2, PKMAP 2, JI 2, NPP 2, BNM/H 1, BNM/M 1, JUP/NI 1, JUP/NO 1, JAH 1, JUI/S 1, PML/F 1, PNP 1, independents 2, vacant 1
National Assembly: elections last held 6 October 1993 (next to be held by October 1998); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (217 total) PPP 92, PML/N 75, PML/J 6, IJM-Islamic Democratic Front 4, ANP 3, PKMAP 4, PIF 3, JWP 2, MDM 2, BNM/H 1, BNM/M 1, NDA 1, NPP 1, PKQP 1, religious minorities 10 reserved seats, independents 9, results pending 2
Judicial branch: Supreme Court, judicial chiefs are appointed by the president; Federal Islamic (Shari'at) Court
Political parties and leaders: 
government: Pakistan People's Party (PPP), Benazir BHUTTO; Pakistan Muslim League, Junejo faction (PML/J), Hamid Nasir CHATTHA; National People's Party (NPP), Ghulam Mustapha JATOI; Pakhtun Khwa Milli Awami Party (PKMAP), Mahmood Khan ACHAKZAI; Balochistan National Movement, Hayee Group (BNM/H), Dr. HAYEE Baluch; National Democratic Alliance (NDA); Pakhtun Quami Party (PKQP), Mohammed AFZAL Khan
opposition: Pakistan Muslim League, Nawaz Sharif faction (PML/N), Nawaz SHARIF; Awami National Party (ANP), Ajmal Khan KHATTAK; Pakistan Islamic Front (PIF); Balochistan National Movement, Mengal Group (BNM/M), Sardar Akhtar MENGAL; Mohajir Quami Movement, Altaf faction (MQM/A), Altaf HUSSAIN; Jamiat-al-Hadith (JAH); Jamhoori Watan Party (JWP), Akbar Khan BUGTI
frequently shifting: Mutaheda Deeni Mahaz (MDM), Maulana Sami-ul-HAQ, the MDM includes Jamiat Ulema-i-Pakistan, Niazi faction (JUP/NI) and Anjuman Sepah-i-Sahaba Pakistan (ASSP); Islami-Jamhoori-Mahaz (IJM-Islamic Democratic Front) includes Jamiat Ulema-i-Islami, Fazlur Rehman group (JUI/F); Pakistan Muslim League, Functional Group (PML/F), Pir PAGARO; Pakistan National Party (PNP); Milli Yakjheti Council (MYC) is an umbrella organization which includes Jamaat-i-Islami (JI), Qazi Hussain AHMED, Jamiat Ulema-i-Islam, Sami-ul-Haq faction (JUI/S), Tehrik-I-Jafria Pakistan (TJP), Allama Sajid NAQVI, and Jamiat Ulema-i-Pakistan, Noorani faction (JUP/NO)
note: political alliances in Pakistan can shift frequently
Other political or pressure groups: military remains important political force; ulema (clergy), landowners, industrialists, and small merchants also influential
International organization participation: AsDB, C, CCC, CP, ECO, ESCAP, FAO, G-19, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, NAM, OAS (observer), OIC, PCA, SAARC, UN, UNAMIR, UNAVEM III, UNCRO, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNITAR, UNMIH, UNOMIG, UNOMIL, UNPREDEP, UNPROFOR, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Diplomatic representation in US: 
chief of mission: Ambassador Maleeha LODHI
chancery: 2315 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: [1] (202) 939-6200
FAX: [1] (202) 387-0484
consulate(s) general: Los Angeles and New York
US diplomatic representation: 
chief of mission: Ambassador Thomas SIMONS, Jr.
embassy: Diplomatic Enclave, Ramna 5, Islamabad
mailing address: P. O. Box 1048, Unit 6220, APO AE 09812-2200
telephone: [92] (51) 826161 through 826179
FAX: [92] (51) 214222
consulate(s) general: Karachi, Lahore
consulate(s): Peshawar

Flag: green with a vertical white band (symbolizing the role of religious minorities) on the hoist side; a large white crescent and star are centered in the green field; the crescent, star, and color green are traditional symbols of Islam

Economy
Economic overview: Pakistan is a poor, highly populated Third World country struggling to make the difficult transition to the modern world of high technology and internationalized markets. Prime Minister Benazir BHUTTO has been under pressure from the IMF and other donors to continue the economic reforms and austerity measures begun by her predecessor, caretaker Prime Minister Moeen QURESHI (July-October 1993).  The IMF suspended a $1.5 billion Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility (ESAF) in mid-1995 because Pakistan slowed the pace of economic reform. Islamabad's most recent budget -- announced in June 1995 -- reversed some reforms agreed to by the IMF earlier that year, including a slowing of tariff reform. In mid-December 1995, however, the IMF approved a $600 million standby arrangement and urged Pakistan to move forward with economic liberalization. Islamabad has agreed to new economic targets with the IMF, which could lay the basis for a return to an ESAF in 1996. Little progress was made in the privatization of large state-owned units in 1995.  The sale of the power plant Kot Addu - scheduled for April 1995 - was stalled by opposition from labor unions.  The sale of a 26% share of United Bank Limited and the Pakistan Telecommunications Corporation to strategic investors was due to take place in 1995 but has been pushed back to 1996.  On the plus side real GDP grew 4.7% in 1995, up from 3.9% in 1994: GDP should grow even faster in 1996 as a result of an above average cotton crop.  Secondly, Islamabad reduced the budget deficit to 5.6% of GDP at the end of FY94/95, down from 8% two years earlier.  Thirdly, Pakistan attracted $1.6 billion in foreign direct and portfolio investment in FY94/95, more than double inflows of $650 million in the previous fiscal year; financial agreements were reached on five power projects in 1995, including the 1,300-MW $1.8 billion Hab River project.  Despite these improvements, the economy remains vulnerable to crisis.  Foreign exchange reserves fell dramatically in 1995, reaching a low of about $1 billion in early December 1995 -- only five weeks of import cover -- before rising to $1.5 billion by yearend.  The trade deficit rose to $2 billion for the first six months of FY94/95, triple the deficit of $600 million during the same period in FY93/94.  The government responded to this situation with a package of stabilization reforms on 28 October 1995 which included a 7% devaluation of the rupee, supplementary duties of 10% on many imports, and higher petroleum prices.  Islamabad hopes these moves will help make its exports more competitive.  For the long run, Pakistan must deal with serious problems of deteriorating infrastructure, low literacy levels, and persistent law and order problems in Karachi.
GDP: purchasing power parity - $274.2 billion (1995 est.)
GDP real growth rate: 4.7% (1995 est.)
GDP per capita: $2,100 (1995 est.)
GDP composition by sector: 
agriculture: 24%
industry: 27%
services: 49% (1995 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 13% (1995 est.)
Labor force: 36 million
by occupation: agriculture 46%, mining and manufacturing 18%, services 17%, other 19%
note: extensive export of labor
Unemployment rate: NA%
Budget: 
revenues: $11.9 billion
expenditures: $12.4 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY94/95)
Industries: textiles, food processing, beverages, construction materials, clothing, paper products, shrimp
Industrial production growth rate: 5% (1995 est.)
Electricity: 
capacity: 12,530,000 kW (1995)
production: 43.3 billion kWh (1995)
consumption per capita: 389 kWh (1993)
Agriculture: cotton, wheat, rice, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables; milk, beef, mutton, eggs
Illicit drugs: major illicit producer of opium and hashish for the international drug trade; remains world's fourth largest opium producer (155 metric tons in 1995); major center for processing Afghan heroin and key transit area for Southwest Asian heroin moving to Western market
Exports: $8.7 billion (1995 est.)
commodities: cotton, textiles, clothing, rice, leather, carpets
partners: US, Japan, Hong Kong, Germany, UK, UAE, France
Imports: $10.7 billion (1995 est.)
commodities: petroleum, petroleum products, machinery, transportation equipment, vegetable oils, animal fats, chemicals
partners: Japan, US, Germany, UK, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, South Korea
External debt: $26 billion (1995 est.)
Economic aid: 
recipient: ODA, $697 million (1993)
note: $2.5 billion (includes bilateral and multilateral aid but no US commitments) (FY93/94); $3 billion (includes bilateral and multilateral aid but no US commitments) (FY94/95)
Currency: 1 Pakistani rupee (PRe) = 100 paisa
Exchange rates: Pakistani rupees (PRs) per US$1 - 34.339 (January 1996), 31.643 (1995), 30.567 (1994), 28.107 (1993), 25.083 (1992), 23.801 (1991)
Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June

Transportation:
Railways: 
total: 8,163 km
broad gauge: 7,718 km 1.676-m gauge (293 km electrified; 1,037 km double track)
narrow gauge: 445 km 1.000-m gauge; 661 km less than 1.000-m gauge (1995 est.)
Highways: 
total: 205,304 km
paved: 104,735 km
unpaved: 100,569 km (1995 est.)
Pipelines: crude oil 250 km; petroleum products 885 km; natural gas 4,044 km (1987)
Ports: Karachi, Port Muhammad bin Qasim
Merchant marine: 
total: 24 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 345,606 GRT/560,641 DWT
ships by type: bulk 3, cargo 19, oil tanker 1, passenger-cargo 1 (1995 est.)
Airports: 
total: 100
with paved runways over 3,047 m: 12
with paved runways 2,438 to 3,047 m: 19
with paved runways 1,524 to 2,437 m: 25
with paved runways 914 to 1,523 m: 11
with paved runways under 914 m: 18
with unpaved runways 1,524 to 2,437 m: 7
with unpaved runways 914 to 1,523 m: 8 (1995 est.)
Heliports: 6 (1995 est.)

Communications:
Telephones: 1.572 million (1993 est.)
Telephone system: the domestic system is mediocre, but adequate for government and business use, in part because major businesses have established their own private systems; since 1988, the government has promoted investment in the national telecommunications system on a priority basis; despite major improvements in trunk and urban systems, telecommunication services are still not readily available to the major portion of the population
domestic: microwave radio relay
international: satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 2 Indian Ocean); microwave radio relay to neighboring countries
Radio broadcast stations: AM 26, FM 8, shortwave 11
Radios: 11.3 million (1992 est.)
Television broadcast stations: 29
Televisions: 2.08 million (1993 est.)

Defense:
Branches: Army, Navy, Air Force, Civil Armed Forces, National Guard
Manpower availability: 
males age 15-49: 30,519,339
males fit for military service: 18,720,175
males reach military age (17) annually: 1,437,208 (1996 est.)
Defense expenditures: exchange rate conversion - $3.1 billion, 5.3% of GDP (FY95/96)

Pakistani
Pakistani prop. adj. Of or relating to Pakistan or its people or language; as, Pakistani mountain passes.
[WordNet 1.5]

Pakistani
Pakistani prop. n. A native or inhabitant of Pakistan.
[WordNet 1.5]

Pal
Pal (?), n. [Etymol. uncertain.] A mate; a partner; esp., an accomplice or confederate. [Slang]
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Palace
Pal"ace (păl"&auptack_;s; 48), n. [OE. palais, F. palais, fr. L. palatium, fr. Palatium, one of the seven hills of Rome, on which Augustus had his residence. Cf. Paladin.]
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1. The residence of a sovereign, including the lodgings of high officers of state, and rooms for business, as well as halls for ceremony and reception. Chaucer.
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2. The official residence of a bishop or other distinguished personage.
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3. Loosely, any unusually magnificent or stately house.
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Palace car. See under Car. -- Palace court, a court having jurisdiction of personal actions arising within twelve miles of the palace at Whitehall. The court was abolished in 1849. [Eng.] Mozley & W.
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Palacious
Pa*la"cious (?), a. Palatial. [Obs.] Graunt.
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Paladin
Pal"a*din (?), n. [F., fr.It. paladino, fr. L. palatinus an officer of the palace. See Palatine.] A knight-errant; a distinguished champion; as, the paladins of Charlemagne. Sir W. Scott.
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palaeo-
palaeo-, Pa"læ*o- (?). See Paleo-.
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Palaeographic
Pa`læ*o*graph"ic (&unr_;), a., Same as Paleographic.
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Palaeographer
Pa`læ*og"ra*pher (?), n., Same as Paleographer.
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palaeolithic
palaeolithic adj. Same as paleolithic.
Syn. -- paleolithic.
[WordNet 1.5]

palaeology
palaeology n. The study of (especially prehistoric) antiquities.
Syn. -- paleology.
[WordNet 1.5]

palaeontologist
palaeontologist n. A specialist in paleontology.
Syn. -- paleontologist.
[WordNet 1.5]

palaeontology
palaeontology n. The branch of archeology that studies fossil organisms and related remains.
Syn. -- paleontology, fossilology.
[WordNet 1.5]

palaeopathology
palaeopathology n. The study of diseases of former times (as inferred from fossil evidence).
Syn. -- paleopathology.
[WordNet 1.5]

palaeornithology
palaeornithology n. The paleobiology of birds.
Syn. -- paleornithology.
[WordNet 1.5]

Palaeotype
Pa"læ*o*type (?), n. [Palæo- + -type.] (Phon.) A system of representing all spoken sounds by means of the printing types in common use. Ellis. -- Pa`læ*o*typ"ic*al (#), a. -- Pa`læ*o*typ"ic*al*ly, adv.
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palaeozoology
palaeozoology n. The study of fossil animals.
Syn. -- paleozoology.
[WordNet 1.5]

Palaestra
Pa*læs"tra (?), n. See Palestra.
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Palaestric
Pa*læs"tric (?), a. See Palestric.
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Palaetiologist
Pa*læ`ti*ol"o*gist (?), n. One versed in palætiology.
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Palaetiology
palaetiology
palaetiology, Pa*læ`ti*ol"o*gy (?), n. [Palæo- + ætiology.] The science which explains, by the law of causation, the past condition and changes of the earth; the explanation of past events in terms of scientific causes, such as geological causes. -- Pa*læ`ti*o*log"ic*al (#), a.
Syn. -- paletiology.
[1913 Webster + WordNet 1.5]

Palama
Pal"a*ma (păl"&adot_;*m&adot_;), n.; pl. Palamæ (păl"&adot_;*mē). [NL., fr. Gr. pala`mh the palm.] (Zool.) A membrane extending between the toes of a bird, and uniting them more or less closely together.
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Palamate
Pal"a*mate (păl"&adot_;*m&auptack_;t), a. [From Palma.] (Zool.) Web-footed.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Palamedeae
Pal`a*me"de*æ (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zool.) An order, or suborder, including the kamichi, and allied South American birds; -- called also screamers. In many anatomical characters they are allied to the Anseres, but they externally resemble the wading birds.
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Palampore
Pal`am*pore" (?), n. See Palempore.
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Palanka
Pa*lan"ka (p&adot_;*l&adot_;&nsmacr_;"k&adot_;), n. [Cf. It., Pg., & Sp. palanca, fr. L. palanga, phalanga a pole, Gr. fa`lagx.] (Mil.) A camp permanently intrenched, attached to Turkish frontier fortresses.
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Palanquin
Pal`an*quin" (?), n. [F. palanquin, Pg. palanquim, Javan. palangki, OJavan. palangkan, through Prakrit fr. Skr. parya&ndot_;ka, palya&ndot_;ka, bed, couch; pari around (akin to E. pref. peri-) + a&ndot_;ka a hook, flank, probably akin to E. angle fishing tackle. Cf. Palkee.] An inclosed carriage or litter, commonly about eight feet long, four feet wide, and four feet high, borne on the shoulders of men by means of two projecting poles, -- used in India, China, etc., for the conveyance of a single person from place to place. [Written also palankeen.]
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Palapteryx
Pa*lap"te*ryx (?), n. [Paleo- + apteryx.] (Paleon.) A large extinct ostrichlike bird of New Zealand.
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Palatability
Pal`a*ta*bil"i*ty (?), n. Palatableness.
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Palatable
Pal"a*ta*ble (?), a. [From Palate.] Agreeable to the palate or taste; savory; hence, acceptable; pleasing; as, palatable food; palatable advice. Opposite of unpalatable.
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Palatableness
Pal"a*ta*ble*ness, n. The quality or state of being agreeable to the taste; relish; acceptableness.
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Palatably
Pal"a*ta*bly, adv. In a palatable manner.
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Palatal
Pal"a*tal (?), a. [Cf. F. palatal.] 1. Of or pertaining to the palate; palatine; as, the palatal bones.
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2. (Phonetics) Uttered by the aid of the palate; -- said of certain sounds, as the sound of k in kirk.
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Palatal
Pal"a*tal, n. (Phon.) A sound uttered, or a letter pronounced, by the aid of the palate, as the letters k and y.
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palatalise
palatalise v. 1. Same as palatalize.
Syn. -- palatalize, palatize.
[WordNet 1.5]

Palatalize
Pal"a*tal*ize (?), v. t. (Phon.) To modify, as the tones of the voice, by means of the palate; especially: to pronounce a consonant with the tongue against the palate; as, to palatalize a letter or sound; to palatize. See palatalized.
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palatalized
palatalized adj. (Linguistics, Phonology) Produced with the front of the tongue near or touching the hard palate as "y"; or with the blade of the tongue near the hard palate as "ch" in "chin" or "j" in "gin".
Syn. -- palatal.
[WordNet 1.5]

Palate
Pal"ate (?), n. [L. palatum: cf. F. palais, Of. also palat.] 1. (Anat.) The roof of the mouth.
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&hand_; The fixed portion, or palate proper, supported by the maxillary and palatine bones, is called the hard palate to distinguish it from the membranous and muscular curtain which separates the cavity of the mouth from the pharynx and is called the soft palate, or velum.
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2. Relish; taste; liking; -- a sense originating in the mistaken notion that the palate is the organ of taste.
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Hard task! to hit the palate of such guests. Pope.
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3. Fig.: Mental relish; intellectual taste. T. Baker.
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4. (Bot.) A projection in the throat of such flowers as the snapdragon.
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Palate
Pal"ate, v. t. To perceive by the taste. [Obs.] Shak.
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Palatial
Pa*la"tial (?), a. [L. palatium palace. See Palace.] Of or pertaining to a palace; suitable for a palace; resembling a palace; royal; magnificent; as, palatial structures.Palatial style.” A. Drummond.
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Palatial
Pa*la"tial, a. [From Palate.] (Anat.) Palatal; palatine. [Obs.] Barrow.
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Palatial
Pa*la"tial, n. A palatal letter. [Obs.] Sir W. Jones.
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Palatic
Pa*lat"ic (?), a. (Anat.) Palatal; palatine.
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Palatic
Pa*lat"ic, n. (Phon.) A palatal. [R.]
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palatinate
pa*lat"i*nate (?), n. [F. palatinat. See Palatine.] The province or seigniory of a palatine; the dignity of a palatine. Howell.
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Palatinate
Pa*lat"i*nate (?), prop. n. Either of two regions in Germany, formerly divisions of the Holy Roman Empire; the Lower Palatinate or Rhine Palatinate is now within the Rhineland-Palatinate; the Upper Palatinate is now within Bavaria. It is usually referred to as the Palatinate.
[PJC]

&hand_; Palatinate The (pă*lăt"&ibreve_;*n&auptack_;t). [F. Palatinat, G. Pfalz, ML. Palatinatus, the province of count palatine, from palatinatus, palatine.] A former German State. Its territories were originally in the region of the Rhine, and from the 14th century to 1620 embraced two separate regions, the Rhine (or Lower) Palatinate (distinctively the Palatinate), and the Upper Palatinate (see below). The palsgraves on the Rhine, whose original seat was at Aix-la-Chapelle, were important princes of the empire as early as the 11th century. Early in the 13th century the Palatinate passed to the Bavarian dynasty of Wittelsbach, which soon after branched off into the Bavarian and palatine lines. The Palatinate was enlarged early in the 14th Century with a part of Bavaria (the Upper Palatinate). The Golden Bull of 1356 designated the Palatinate as one of the seven electorates. In the 16th century Heidelberg, the capital of the electors palatine, became a great center of Calvinism. The elector Frederick V., having accepted the Bohemian crown in 1619, and having been overthrown in 1620, was stripped of his dominions. The electoral dignity was transferred to Bavaria in 1623, and the Upper Palatinate was annexed to it. By the treaty of 1648 the Rhine Palatinate was restored to its former rulers, and an eighth electorate created for it, the Upper Palatinate being confirmed to Bavaria. The Rhine palatinate was terribly ravaged by the French in 1674 and 1689. The Palatinate and the Bavarian lands were united in 1777. In 1801 the Rhine Palatinate was divided: all west of the Rhine was ceded to France; Baden received Heidelberg, Mannheim, etc.; and the rest fell to Hesse-Darmstadt, Nassau, etc. By the treaties of 1814-15 the French portion west of the Rhine was restored to Germany: Prussia and Hesse-Darmstadt received portions, but the greater portion fell to Bavaria. This part is the present Rhine Palatinate, or Lower Palatinate (G. Rheinpfalz or Unterpfalz): it is bounded by the Rhine on the east, and borders on Hesse, Prussia, and Alsace-Lorraine. It forms a "Regierungs-bezirk" of Bavaria, with Spires as Capital. It is traversed by the Hardt Mountains, and produces grain, wine, coal, etc. Area, 2,289 square miles. Population (1890), 728,339. The Upper Palatinate (9. Oberpfalz) forms a "Regierungs-bezirk" of Bavaria under the title Upper Palatinate and Ratisbon (Regensburg). It borders on Bohemia. Capital, Ratisbon. It has extensive forests and flourishing industries. Area, 3,729 square miles. Population (1890), 537,954.
[Century Dict., 1906]

Palatinate
Pa*lat"i*nate (?), v. t. To make a palatinate of. [Obs.] Fuller.
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palatine
pal"a*tine (?), a. [F. palatin, L. palatinus, fr. palatium. See Palace, and cf. Paladin.] 1. Of or pertaining to a palace, or to a high officer of a palace; hence, possessing royal privileges.
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2. Of or pertaining to the Palatinate.
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3. Of or pertaining to a Palatine{1}.
[PJC]

Count palatine, County palatine. See under Count, and County. -- Palatine hill, or The palatine, one of the seven hills of Rome, once occupied by the palace of the Cæsars. See also Palatine Hill in the vocabulary, and Palace.
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Palatine
Pal"a*tine (?), n. 1. One invested with royal privileges and rights within his domains; a count palatine. See Count palatine, under 4th Count.
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2. The Palatine hill in Rome.
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palatine
pal"a*tine, a. [From Palate.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the palate; palatal.
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Palatine bones (Anat.), a pair of bones (often united in the adult) in the root of the mouth, back of and between the maxillaries.
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Palatine
Pal"a*tine n. (Anat.) A palatine bone.
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Palatine Hill
Palatine Hill (păl"&adot_;*tīn), prop. n. [L. Mons Palatinus, It. Monte Palatino.] One of the "seven hills" of Rome, situated southeast of the Capitoline and north-northeast of the Aventine. It borders on the Roman Forum; is the traditional seat of the city founded by Romulus; was the seat of private and later of imperial residences; and contains many antiquities.
[Century Dict., 1906]

Palative
Pal"a*tive (?), a. Pleasing to the taste; palatable. [Obs.]Palative delights.” Sir T. Browne.
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Palatize
Pal"a*tize (?), v. t. To modify, as the tones of the voice, by means of the palate; to palatalize; as, to palatize a letter or sound. -- Pal`a*ti*za"tion (#), n. J. Peile.
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Palato-
Pal"a*to- (?). [From Palate.] A combining form used in anatomy to indicate relation to the palate, or connection with the palate; as in palatolingual.
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Palatonares
Pal`a*to*na"res (?), n. pl. [NL. See Palato-, and Nares.] (Anat.) The posterior nares. See Nares.
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Palatopterygoid
Pal`a*top*ter"y*goid (?), a. [Palato- + pterygoid.] (Anat.) Pertaining to the palatine and pterygoid region of the skull; as, the palatopterygoid cartilage, or rod, from which the palatine and pterygoid bones are developed.
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Palaver
Pa*la"ver (?), n. [Sp. palabra, or Pg. palavra, fr. L. parabola a comparison, a parable, LL., a word. See Parable.]
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1. Talk; conversation; esp., idle or beguiling talk; talk intended to deceive; flattery.
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2. In Africa, a parley with the natives; a talk; hence, a public conference and deliberation; a debate.
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This epoch of parliaments and eloquent palavers. Carlyle.
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Palaver
Pa*la"ver, v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Palavered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Palavering.] To make palaver with, or to; to used palaver; to talk idly or deceitfully; to employ flattery; to cajole; as, to palaver artfully.
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Palavering the little language for her benefit. C. Bronté
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Palaverer
Pa*la"ver*er (?), n. One who palavers; a flatterer.
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Pale
Pale (pāl), a. [Compar. Paler (pāl"&etilde_;r); superl. Palest.] [F. pâle, fr. pâlir to turn pale, L. pallere to be or look pale. Cf. Appall, Fallow, pall, v. i., Pallid.]
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1. Wanting in color; not ruddy; dusky white; pallid; wan; as, a pale face; a pale red; a pale blue.Pale as a forpined ghost.” Chaucer.
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Speechless he stood and pale. Milton.
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They are not of complexion red or pale. T. Randolph.
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2. Not bright or brilliant; of a faint luster or hue; dim; as, the pale light of the moon.
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The night, methinks, is but the daylight sick;
It looks a little paler.
Shak.
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&hand_; Pale is often used in the formation of self-explaining compounds; as, pale-colored, pale-eyed, pale-faced, pale-looking, etc.
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Pale
Pale, n. Paleness; pallor. [R.] Shak.
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Pale
Pale, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Paled (pāld); p. pr. & vb. n. Paling.] To turn pale; to lose color or luster. Whittier.
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Apt to pale at a trodden worm. Mrs. Browning.
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Pale
Pale, v. t. To make pale; to diminish the brightness of.
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The glowworm shows the matin to be near,
And 'gins to pale his uneffectual fire.
Shak.
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Pale
Pale, n. [F. pal, fr. L. palus: cf. D. paal. See Pole a stake, and 1st Pallet.] 1. A pointed stake or slat, either driven into the ground, or fastened to a rail at the top and bottom, for fencing or inclosing; a picket.
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Deer creep through when a pale tumbles down. Mortimer.
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2. That which incloses or fences in; a boundary; a limit; a fence; a palisade. “Within one pale or hedge.” Robynson (More's Utopia).
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3. A space or field having bounds or limits; a limited region or place; an inclosure; -- often used figuratively. “To walk the studious cloister's pale.” Milton. “Out of the pale of civilization.” Macaulay.
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4. Hence: A region within specified bounds, whether or not enclosed or demarcated.
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5. A stripe or band, as on a garment. Chaucer.
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6. (Her.) One of the greater ordinaries, being a broad perpendicular stripe in an escutcheon, equally distant from the two edges, and occupying one third of it.
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7. A cheese scoop. Simmonds.
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8. (Shipbuilding) A shore for bracing a timber before it is fastened.
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English pale, Irish pale (Hist.), the limits or territory in Eastern Ireland within which alone the English conquerors of Ireland held dominion for a long period after their invasion of the country by Henry II in 1172. See note, below. -- beyond the pale outside the limits of what is allowed or proper; also, outside the limits within which one is protected. Spencer.
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The English Pale. That part of Ireland in which English law was acknowledged, and within which the dominion of the English was restricted, for some centuries after the conquests of Henry II. John distributed the part of Ireland then subject to England into 12 counties palatine, and this region became subsequently known as the Pale, but the limits varied at different times.
[Century Dict., 1906]

Pale
Pale, v. t. To inclose with pales, or as with pales; to encircle; to encompass; to fence off.
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[Your isle, which stands] ribbed and paled in
With rocks unscalable and roaring waters.
Shak.
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Palea
Pa"le*a (?), n.; pl. Paleæ (-ē). [L., chaff.]
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1. (Bot.) (a) The interior chaff or husk of grasses. (b) One of the chaffy scales or bractlets growing on the receptacle of many compound flowers, as the Coreopsis, the sunflower, etc.
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2. (Zool.) A pendulous process of the skin on the throat of a bird, as in the turkey; a dewlap.
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Paleaceous
Pa`le*a"ceous (?), a. [L. palea chaff.] (Bot.) Chaffy; resembling or consisting of paleæ, or chaff; furnished with chaff; as, a paleaceous receptacle.
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Palearctic
Pa`le*arc"tic (?), a. [Paleo- + arctic.] Belonging to a region of the earth's surface which includes all Europe to the Azores, Iceland, and all temperate Asia.
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Paled
Paled (?), a. [See 5th Pale.] 1. Striped. [Obs.] “[Buskins] . . . paled part per part.” Spenser.
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2. Inclosed with a paling. “A paled green.” Spenser.
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Paleechinoidea
Pa`le*ëch`i*noi"de*a (?), n. pl. [NL. See Paleo-, and Echinoidea.] (Zool.) An extinct order of sea urchins found in the Paleozoic rocks. They had more than twenty vertical rows of plates. Called also Palaeechini. [Written also Palaeechinoidea.]
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paleencephalon
paleencephalon n. The more primitive parts of the brain phylogenetically; it includes most structures other than the cerebral cortex.
Syn. -- paleoencephalon, palaeoencephalon.
[WordNet 1.5]

Paleface
Pale"face` (pāl"fās`), n. A white person; -- an appellation supposed to have been applied to the whites by the American Indians. J. F. Cooper.
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Paleichthyes
Pa`le*ich"thy*es (?), n. pl. [NL. See Paleo-, and Ichthyology.] (Zool.) A comprehensive division of fishes which includes the elasmobranchs and ganoids. [Written also Palæichthyes.]
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Palely
Pale"ly (?), adv. [From Pale, a.] In a pale manner; dimly; wanly; not freshly or ruddily. Thackeray.
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Palempore
Pal`em*pore" (păl`&ebreve_;m*pōr"), n. A superior kind of dimity made in India, -- used for bed coverings. [Written also palampore, palampoor, etc.] De Colange.
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Paleness
Pale"ness (?), n. The quality or condition of being pale; want of freshness or ruddiness; a sickly whiteness; lack of color or luster; wanness.
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The blood the virgin's cheek forsook;
A livid paleness spreads o'er all her look.
Pope.
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Palenque
Pa*len"que (?), n. pl. (Ethnol.) A collective name for the Indians of Nicaragua and Honduras.
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Paleo-
Pa"le*o- (?). [Gr. palaio`s, adj.] A combining form meaning old, ancient; as, palearctic, paleontology, paleothere, paleography. [Written also palæo-.]
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Paleobotanist
Pa`le*o*bot"a*nist (?), n. One versed in paleobotany.
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Paleobotany
Pa`le*o*bot"a*ny (?), n. [Paleo- + botany.] That branch of paleontology which treats of fossil plants.
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Paleocarida
Pa`le*o*car"ida (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. palaio`s ancient + kari`s, -i`dos, a kind of crustacean.] (Zool.) Same as Merostomata. [Written also Palæocarida.]
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Paleocrinoidea
Pa`le*o*cri*noi"de*a (?), n. pl. [NL. See Paleo-, and Crinoidea.] (Zool.) A suborder of Crinoidea found chiefly in the Paleozoic rocks.
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Paleocrystic
Pa`le*o*crys"tic (?), a. [Paleo- + Gr. kry`stallos ice.] Of, pertaining to, or derived from, a former glacial formation.
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Paleogaean
Pa`le*o*gæ"an (?), a. [Paleo- + Gr. gai^a the earth.] (Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Eastern hemisphere. [Written also palæogæan.]
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paleogeography
paleogeography n. The study of the geography of ancient times or ancient epochs.
Syn. -- palaeogeography.
[WordNet 1.5]

paleogeology
paleogeology n. The study of geologic features once at the surface of the earth but now buried beneath rocks.
Syn. -- palaeogeology.
[WordNet 1.5]

Paleograph
Pa"le*o*graph (?), n. An ancient manuscript.
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Paleographer
Pa`le*og"ra*pher (?), n. One skilled in paleography; a paleographist.
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Paleographical
Paleographic
{ Pa`le*o*graph"ic (?), Pa`le*o*graph"ic*al (?), } a. [Cf. F. paléographique.] Of or pertaining to paleography.
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Paleographist
Pa`le*og"ra*phist (pā`l&euptack_;*&obreve_;g"r&adot_;*f&ibreve_;st), n. One versed in paleography; a paleographer.
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Paleography
Pa`le*og"ra*phy (pā`l&euptack_;*&obreve_;g"r&adot_;*f&ybreve_;), n. [Paleo- + -graphy: cf. F. paléographie.] 1. An ancient manner of writing; ancient writings, collectively; as, Punic paleography.
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2. The study of ancient inscriptions and modes of writing; the art or science of deciphering ancient writings, and determining their origin, period, etc., from external characters; diplomatics.
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Paleola
Pa*le"o*la (?), n.; pl. Paleolæ (#). [NL., dim. of L. palea.] (Bot.) A diminutive or secondary palea; a lodicule.
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Paleolith
Pa"le*o*lith (pā"l&euptack_;*&ouptack_;*l&ibreve_;th), n. [Paleo- + -lith.] (Geol.) A relic of the Paleolithic era.
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Paleolithic
Pa`le*o*lith"ic (pā`l&euptack_;*&ouptack_;*l&ibreve_;th"&ibreve_;k), a. (Geol.) Of or pertaining to an era marked by early stone implements. The Paleolithic era (as proposed by Lubbock) includes the earlier half of the “Stone Age;” the remains belonging to it are for the most part of extinct animals, with relics of human beings.
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Paleologist
Pa`le*ol"ogist (?), n. One versed in paleology; a student of antiquity.
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Paleology
Pa`le*ol"o*gy (?), n. [Paleo- + -logy.] The study or knowledge of antiquities, esp. of prehistoric antiquities; a discourse or treatise on antiquities; archæology .
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Paleontographical
Pa`le*on`to*graph"ic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to the description of fossil remains.
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Paleontography
Pa`le*on*tog"ra*phy (pā`l&euptack_;*&obreve_;n*t&obreve_;g"r&adot_;*f&ybreve_;), n. [Paleo- + Gr. 'o`nta existing things + -graphy.] The description of fossil remains.
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Paleontological
Pa`le*on`to*log"ic*al (pā`l&euptack_;*&obreve_;n`t&ouptack_;*l&obreve_;j"&ibreve_;*k&aitalic_;l), a. Of or pertaining to paleontology. -- Pa`le*on`to*log"ic*al*ly, adv.
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Paleontologist
Pa`le*on*tol"o*gist (pā`l&euptack_;*&obreve_;n*t&obreve_;l"&ouptack_;*j&ibreve_;st), n. [Cf. F. paléontologiste.] One versed in paleontology.
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Paleontology
Pa`le*on*tol"o*gy (pā`l&euptack_;*&obreve_;n*t&obreve_;l"&ouptack_;*j&ybreve_;), n. [Paleo- + Gr. 'o`nta existing things + -logy. Cf. Ontology.] The science which treats of the ancient life of the earth, or of fossils which are the remains of such life.
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Paleophytologist
Pa`le*o*phy*tol"o*gist (pā`l&euptack_;*&ouptack_;*fī*t&obreve_;l"&ouptack_;*j&ibreve_;st), n. A paleobotanist.
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Paleophytology
Pa`le*o*phy*tol"o*gy (pā`l&euptack_;*&ouptack_;*fī*t&obreve_;l"&ouptack_;*j&ybreve_;), n. [Paleo- + phytology.] Paleobotany.
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Paleornithology
Pa`le*or`ni*thol"o*gy (pā`l&euptack_;*ôr`n&ibreve_;*th&obreve_;l"&ouptack_;*j&ybreve_;), n. [Paleo- + ornithology.] The branch of paleontology which treats of fossil birds.
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Paleosaurus
Pa`le*o*sau"rus (pā`l&euptack_;*&ouptack_;*s&asuml_;"rŭs), n. [NL., fr. Gr. palaio`s ancient + say^ros a lizard.] (Paleon.) A genus of fossil saurians found in the Permian formation.
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Paleotechnic
Pa`le*o*tech"nic (pā`l&euptack_;*&ouptack_;*t&ebreve_;k"n&ibreve_;k), a. [Paleo- + technic.] Belonging to, or connected with, ancient art. “The paleotechnic men of central France.” D. Wilson.
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Paleothere
Pa"le*o*there (pā"l&euptack_;*&ouptack_;*thēr), n. [F. paléothère.] (Paleon.) Any species of Paleotherium.
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Paleotherian
Pa`le*o*the"ri*an (pā`l&euptack_;*&ouptack_;*thē"r&ibreve_;*&aitalic_;n), a. [F. paléothérien.] (Paleon.) Of or pertaining to Paleotherium.
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Paleotherium
Pa`le*o*the"ri*um (pā`l&euptack_;*&ouptack_;*thē"r&ibreve_;*ŭm), n. [NL., fr. Gr. palaio`s ancient + qhri`on beast.] (Paleon.) An extinct genus of herbivorous Tertiary mammals, once supposed to have resembled the tapir in form, but now known to have had a more slender form, with a long neck like that of a llama. [Written also Palæotherium.]
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Paleotheroid
Pa`le*o*the"roid (pā`l&euptack_;*&ouptack_;*thē"roid), [Paleothere + -oid.] (Paleon.) Resembling Paleotherium. -- n. An animal resembling, or allied to, the paleothere.
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Paleotype
Pa"le*o*type (?), n. See Palæotype.
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Paleous
Pa"le*ous (pā`l&euptack_;*ŭs), a. [L. palea chaff.] Chaffy; like chaff; paleaceous. [R.] Sir T. Browne.
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Paleozoic
Pa`le*o*zo"ic (pā`l&euptack_;*&ouptack_;*zō"&ibreve_;k), a. [Paleo- + Gr. zwh` life, fr. zh^n to live.] (Geol.) Of or pertaining to, or designating, the older division of geological time during which life is known to have existed, including the Silurian, Devonian, and Carboniferous ages, and also to the life or rocks of those ages. See Chart of Geology.
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Paleozoic
Pa`le*o*zo"ic (pā`l&euptack_;*&ouptack_;*zō"&ibreve_;k), n. (Geol.) The Paleozoic time or strata.
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Paleozoology
Pa`le*o*zo*öl"o*gy (pā`l&euptack_;*&ouptack_;*z&ouptack_;*&obreve_;l"&ouptack_;*j&ybreve_;), n. [Paleo- + Zoology.] The science of extinct animals, a branch of paleontology.
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Palesy
Palesie
{ Pale"sie (p&asuml_;l"z&euptack_;), Pale"sy }, n. Palsy. [Obs.] Wyclif.
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Palestinean
Palestinian
{ Pal`es*tin"i*an (?), Pal`es*tin"e*an (?), } a. Of or pertaining to Palestine.
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Palestra
Pa*les"tra (?), n.; pl. L. Palestræ (#), E. Palestras (#). [NL., fr. L. palaestra, Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to wrestle.] [Written also palæstra.] (Antiq.) (a) A wrestling school; hence, a gymnasium, or place for athletic exercise in general. (b) A wrestling; the exercise of wrestling.
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Palestrical
Palestric
Palestrian
{ Pa*les"tri*an (?), Pa*les"tric (?), Pa*les"tric*al (?), } a. [L. palaestricus, Gr. &unr_;.] Of or pertaining to the palestra, or to wrestling.
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Palet
Pal"et (?), n. [See Palea.] (Bot.) Same as Palea.
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Paletot
Pal"e*tot (?), n. [F. paletot, OF. palletoc, prob. fr. L. palla (see Palla) + F. toque cap, and so lit., a frock with a cap or hood; cf. Sp. paletoque.] (a) An overcoat. Dickens. (b) A lady's outer garment, -- of varying fashion.
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Palette
Pal"ette (?), n. [See Pallet a thin board.]
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1. (Paint.) A thin, oval or square board, or tablet, with a thumb hole at one end for holding it, on which a painter lays and mixes his pigments. Hence, any other object, usually one with a flat surface, used for the same purpose. [Written also pallet.]
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2. Hence: The complete set of colors used by an artist or other person in creating an image, in any medium. The meaning of this term has been extended in modern times to include the set of colors used in a particular computer application, or the complete set of of colors available in computer displays or printing techniques.
[PJC]

3. Hence: The complete range of resources and techniques used in any art, such as music.
[PJC]

4. (Anc. Armor) One of the plates covering the points of junction at the bend of the shoulders and elbows. Fairholt.
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5. (Mech.) A breastplate for a breast drill.
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Palette knife, a knife with a very flexible steel blade and no cutting edge, rounded at the end, used by painters to mix colors on the grinding slab or palette. -- To set the palette (Paint.), to lay upon it the required pigments in a certain order, according to the intended use of them in a picture. Fairholt.
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Palewise
Pale"wise` (?), adv. (Her.) In the manner of a pale or pales; by perpendicular lines or divisions; as, to divide an escutcheon palewise.
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Palfrey
Pal"frey (?), n. [OE. palefrai, OF. palefrei, F. palefroi, LL. palafredus, parafredus, from L. paraveredus a horse for extraordinary occasions, an extra post horse; Gr. para` along, beside + L. veredus a post horse.]
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1. A saddle horse for the road, or for state occasions, as distinguished from a war horse. Chaucer.
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2. A small saddle horse for ladies. Spenser.
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Call the host and bid him bring
Charger and palfrey.
Tennyson.
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Palfreyed
Pal"freyed (?), a. Mounted on a palfrey. Tickell.
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Palgrave
Pal"grave (?), n. See Palsgrave.
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Pali
Pa"li (?), n., pl. of Palus.
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Pali
Pa"li (?), n. [Ceylonese, fr. Skr. pāli row, line, series, applied to the series of Buddhist sacred texts.] A dialect descended from Sanskrit, and like that, a dead language, except when used as the sacred language of the Buddhist religion in Farther India, etc.
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Palification
Pal`i*fi*ca"tion (?), n. [L. palus a stake + -ficare (in comp.) to make: cf. F. palification. See -fy.] The act or practice of driving piles or posts into the ground to make it firm. [R.] Sir H. Wotton.
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Paliform
Pa"li*form (?), a. (Zool.) Resembling a palus; as, the paliform lobes of the septa in corals.
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Palilogy
Pa*lil"o*gy (?), n. [L. palilogia, Gr. palillogi`a; pa`lin again + le`gein to speak.] (Rhet.) The repetition of a word, or part of a sentence, for the sake of greater emphasis; as, “The living, the living, he shall praise thee.” Is. xxxviii. 19.
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palimony
pal"i*mo`ny (păl"&ibreve_;*mō`n&ybreve_;), n. [pal + alimony. (ca. 1975)] a form of alimony paid to a former partner in a romantic relationship after a period of living together, even though the two persons involved were not married to each other. The absence of a formal marriage distinguishes it from alimony.
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palimpsest
pal"imp*sest (păl"&ibreve_;mp*s&ebreve_;st), n. [L. palimpsestus, Gr. pali`mpshstos scratched or scraped again, pali`mpshston a palimpsest; pa`lin again + psh^n to rub, rub away: cf. F. palimpseste.] A parchment which has been written upon twice, the first writing having been erased to make place for the second. The erasures of ancient writings were usually carried on in monasteries, to allow the production of ecclesiastical texts, such as copies of church services and lives of the saints. The difficulty of recovering the original text varied with the process used to prepare the parchment for a fresh writing; the original texts on parchments which had been washed with lime-water and dried were easily recovered by a chemical process, but those erased by scraping the parchment and bleaching are difficult to interpret. Most of the manuscripts underlying the palimpsests that have been revived are fragmentary, but some are of great historical value. One Syriac version of the Four Gospels was discovered in 1895 in St. Catherine's Monastery at Mount Sinai by Mrs. Agnes Smith Lewis. See also the notes below. Longfellow.
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&hand_; Palimpsest is the name given to ancient parchments which have been used more than once for writing purposes. The conquest of Egypt by the Saracens in the 7th century cut off from Europe the papyrus which was used to write on, and parchment could be had only in limited quantities. So through the dark ages, old manuscripts were used, after removing the first writing upon them. Sometimes the writing was washed off with a sponge, and the parchment smoothed with pumice stone; at other times the letters were scraped away with a sharp blade. Nearly all ancient manuscripts, however, were written with an ink which could not be entirely removed, and traces of a former writing could be seen beneath the new copy. In modern times there have been various efforts to restore these ancient writings by some chemical treatment. In this way have been found copies of the Republic of Cicero, the Institutes of Gaius, a part of the Epistle to the Romans, and other parts of the Old and New Testaments. The Republic of Cicero was covered by a commentary on the Psalms, written by St. Augustine. Student's Cyclopedia, 1897.
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&hand_; In an auction on November 6, 1998, a 12th-century palimpsest of one of Archimedes' works was sold for 2 million dollars. The 174-page book, the oldest known copy of Archimedes' work, had been owned by a French family since the 1920s, and was sold by Christie's auction house in New York to an unidentified private American collector. The palimpsest volume includes notes and calculations for two of the Greek mathematician's most famous theories, On Floating Bodies and Method of Mechanical Theorems. A Christie's spokesperson said the buyer, who was not identified, indicated that the work would be made available to scholars. Also bidding was the Greek government, which claimed the work was stolen from a library in the former Constantinople, now Istanbul, and belonged to Greece. According to the Athens News Agency, the Patriarchate of Jerusalem took Christie's to court claiming that the manuscript was part of its library, which had been transferred to Istanbul and later to Athens for safekeeping. The court, however, ruled that Christie's had the right to auction the manuscript for a French family, which claimed to own it for the last 75 years since one of the family's ancestors bought it from Orthodox monks in Istanbul. According to the court's ruling, French law applied in the case, under which a person who holds any object for more than 30 years becomes its rightful owner.
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Palindrome
Pal"in*drome (?), n. [Gr. pali`ndromos running back again; pa`lin again + dramei^n to run: cf. F. palindrome.] A word, verse, or sentence, that is the same when read backward or forward; as, madam; Hannah; or Lewd did I live, & evil I did dwel.
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Palindromical
Palindromic
{ Pal`in*drom"ic (?), Pal`in*drom"ic*al (?), } a. Of, pertaining to, or like, a palindrome.
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Palindromist
Pa*lin"dro*mist (?), n. A writer of palindromes.
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Paling
Pal"ing (?), n. 1. Pales, in general; a fence formed with pales or pickets; a limit; an inclosure.
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They moved within the paling of order and decorum. De Quincey.
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2. The act of placing pales or stripes on cloth; also, the stripes themselves. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Paling board, one of the slabs sawed from the sides of a log to fit it to be sawed into boards. [Eng.]
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Palingenesia
Pal`in*ge*ne"si*a (?), n. [NL.] See Palingenesis.
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Palingenesy
Palingenesis
{ Pal`in*gen"e*sis (?), Pal`in*gen"e*sy (?), } n. [Gr. &unr_;; pa`lin again + &unr_; birth: cf. F. palingénésie. See Genesis.]
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1. A new birth; a re-creation; a regeneration; a continued existence in different manner or form.
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2. Hence: The passing over of the soul of one person or animal into the body of another person or animal, at the time of the death of the first; the transmigration of souls. Called also metempsychosis.
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3. (Biol.) That form of development of an individual organism in which in which ancestral characteristics occurring during its evolution are conserved by heredity and reproduced, sometimes transiently, in the course of individual development; original simple descent; -- distinguished from cenogenesis (kenogenesis or coenogenesis), in which the mode of individual development has been modified so that the evolutionary process had become obscured. Sometimes, in Zoology, the term is applied to the abrupt metamorphosis of insects, crustaceans, etc. See also the note under recapitulation.
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Palingenetic
Pal`in*ge*net"ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to palingenesis: as, a palingenetic process. -- Pal`in*ge*net"ic*al*ly (#), adv.
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Palinode
Pal"i*node (?), n. [L. palinodia, from Gr. &unr_;; pa`lin again + &unr_; a song. See Ode.] 1. An ode recanting, or retracting, a former one; also, a repetition of an ode.
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2. A retraction; esp., a formal retraction. Sandys.
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Palinodial
Pal`i*no"di*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to a palinode, or retraction. J. Q. Adams.
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Palinody
Pal"i*no*dy (?), n. See Palinode. [Obs.] Wood.
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Palinurus
Pal`inu"rus (?), n. [So called from L. Palinurus, the pilot of Aeneas.] (Naut.) An instrument for obtaining directly, without calculation, the true bearing of the sun, and thence the variation of the compass.
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Palisade
Pal`i*sade" (?), n. [F. palissade, cf. Sp. palizada, It. palizzata, palizzo, LL. palissata; all fr. L. palus a stake, pale. See Pale a stake.] 1. (Fort.) A strong, long stake, one end of which is set firmly in the ground, and the other is sharpened; also, a fence formed of such stakes set in the ground as a means of defense.
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2. Any fence made of pales or sharp stakes.
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3. A line of bold cliffs, esp. one showing basaltic columns; -- usually in pl., and orig. used as the name of the cliffs on the west bank of the lower Hudson.
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Palisade cells (Bot.), vertically elongated parenchyma cells, such as are seen beneath the epidermis of the upper surface of many leaves. -- Palisade worm (Zool.), a nematoid worm (Strongylus armatus), parasitic in the blood vessels of the horse, in which it produces aneurisms, often fatal.
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Palisade
Pal`i*sade", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Palisaded; p. pr. & vb. n. Palisading.] [Cf. F. palissader.] To surround, inclose, or fortify, with palisades.
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Palisading
Pal`i*sad"ing (?), n. (Fort.) A row of palisades set in the ground.
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Palisado
Pal`i*sa*"do (?), n.; pl. Palisadoes (&unr_;). A palisade{1}. [Obs.] Shak.
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Palisado
Pal`i*sa"do, v. t. To palisade. [Obs.] Sterne.
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Palish
Pal"ish (?), a. Somewhat pale or wan.
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Palissander
Pal`is*san"der (?), n. [F. palissandre.] (Bot.) (a) Violet wood. (b) Rosewood.
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Palissy
Pal"is*sy (?), a. Designating, or of the nature of, a kind of pottery made by Bernard Palissy, in France, in the 16th centry.
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Palissy ware, glazed pottery like that made by Bernard Palissy; especially, that having figures of fishes, reptiles, etc., in high relief. See Palissy, below.
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Pallissy
Pallissy (pä*l&euptack_;*s&euptack_;"), prop. n. Bernard Pallissy, the great French potter, was born in Agen, in 1509, and wandered as a glass and portrait painter until he married and settled in Saintes in 1538. While working here as a surveyor his attention was attracted by an enameled cup, and he determined to discover the process and after 16 years of continuous labor and experiment in which he used all his resources and burned the tables and floors for fuel, he succeeded, and though imprisoned in 1562 as a Huguenot he was released by royal edict and appointed "inventor of figulines" to the king. He removed to Paris in 1564, and through the aid of Catherine de Medici was saved from the massacre of St. Bartholomew. From 1575 to 1584 he gave a course of lectures on physics and natural history, demonstrating the origin of springs, the formation of fossil shell, and the best method of purifying water. In 1585, however, he was again arrested as a Huguenot and imprisoned in the Bastille, where he died in 1589. See H. Morley's Palissy the Potter. Student's Cyclopedia, 1897.
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Palkee
Pal"kee (?), n. [Hind. pālkī; of the same origin as E. palanquin.] A palanquin. Malcom.
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Pall
Pall (p&asuml_;l), n. Same as Pawl.
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Pall
Pall, n. [OE. pal, AS. pæl, from L. pallium cover, cloak, mantle, pall; cf. L. palla robe, mantle.] 1. An outer garment; a cloak mantle.
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His lion's skin changed to a pall of gold. Spenser.
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2. A kind of rich stuff used for garments in the Middle Ages. [Obs.] Wyclif (Esther viii. 15).
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3. (R. C. Ch.) Same as Pallium.
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About this time Pope Gregory sent two archbishop's palls into England, -- the one for London, the other for York. Fuller.
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4. (Her.) A figure resembling the Roman Catholic pallium, or pall, and having the form of the letter Y.
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5. A large cloth, esp., a heavy black cloth, thrown over a coffin at a funeral; sometimes, also, over a tomb.
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Warriors carry the warrior's pall. Tennyson.
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6. (Eccl.) A piece of cardboard, covered with linen and embroidered on one side; -- used to put over the chalice.
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Pall
Pall, v. t. To cloak. [R.] Shak
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Pall
Pall, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Palled (p&asuml_;ld); p. pr. & vb. n. Palling.] [Either shortened fr. appall, or fr. F. pâlir to grow pale. Cf. Appall, Pale, a.] To become vapid, tasteless, dull, or insipid; to lose strength, life, spirit, or taste; as, the liquor palls.
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Beauty soon grows familiar to the lover,
Fades in the eye, and palls upon the sense.
Addisin.
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Pall
Pall, v. t. 1. To make vapid or insipid; to make lifeless or spiritless; to dull; to weaken. Chaucer.
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Reason and reflection . . . pall all his enjoyments. Atterbury.
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2. To satiate; to cloy; as, to pall the appetite.
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Pall
Pall, n. Nausea. [Obs.] Shaftesbury.
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Palla
Pal"la (?), n. [L. See Pall a cloak.] (Rom. Antiq.) An oblong rectangular piece of cloth, worn by Roman ladies, and fastened with brooches.
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Palladian
Pal*la"di*an (păl*lā"d&ibreve_;*&aitalic_;n), prop. a. (Arch.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a variety of the revived classic style of architecture, founded on the works of Andrea Palladio, an Italian architect of the 16th century; as, a Palladian window.
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Palladian
Pal*la"di*an (păl*lā"d&ibreve_;*&aitalic_;n), prop. a. [From Pallas, Athena.] 1. Of or pertaining to the Greek goddess Athena, also called Pallas.
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2. Pertaining to wisdom or knowledge; -- Athena being the goddess of wisdom.
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Palladian
Pal*la"di*an (păl*lā"d&ibreve_;*&aitalic_;n), prop. n. (Arch.) A follower of the architectural style of Andrea Palladio.
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Palladic
Pal*la"dic (păl*lā"d&ibreve_;k or păl*lăd"&ibreve_;k), a. (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, palladium; -- used specifically to designate those compounds in which the element has a higher valence as contrasted with palladious compounds.
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Palladious
Pal*la"di*ous (păl*lā"d&ibreve_;*ŭs), a. (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or containing, palladium; -- used specifically to designate those compounds in which palladium has a lower valence as compared with palladic compounds.
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Palladium
Pal*la"di*um (păl*lā"d&ibreve_;*ŭm), n. [L., fr. Gr. Palla`dion, fr. Palla`s, Palla`dos, Pallas.]
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1. (Gr. Antiq.) Any statue of the goddess Pallas; esp., the famous statue on the preservation of which depended the safety of ancient Troy.
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2. Hence: That which affords effectual protection or security; a safeguard; as, the trial by jury is the palladium of our civil rights. Blackstone.
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Palladium
Pal*la"di*um, n. [NL.] (Chem.) A rare metallic element of the light platinum group, found native, and also alloyed with platinum and gold. It is a silver-white metal resembling platinum, and like it permanent and untarnished in the air, but is more easily fusible, with a melting point of 1555° C. It can also be prepared as a finely divided black powder. It is unique in its power of absorbing hydrogen, which it does to the extent of nearly a thousand volumes, forming the alloy Pd2H. It is used for graduated circles and verniers, for plating certain silver goods, and somewhat in dentistry. It was so named in 1804 by Wollaston from the asteroid Pallas, which was discovered in 1802. Symbol Pd. Atomic number, 46. Atomic weight, 106.42. Density 12.0.
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palladiumize
pal*la"di*um*ize (păl"lā"d&ibreve_;*ŭm*īz), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Palladiumized (păl"lā"d&ibreve_;*ŭm*īzd); p. pr. & vb. n. Palladiumizing (păl"lā"d&ibreve_;*ŭm*ī`z&ibreve_;ng).] To cover or coat with palladium. [R.]
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pallah
pal"lah (păl"l&adot_;), n. (Zool.) A large South African antelope (Aepyceros melampus). The male has long lyrate and annulated horns. The general color is bay, with a black crescent on the croup. Called also roodebok.
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Pallas
Pal"las (păl"l&aitalic_;s), prop. n. [L., fr. Gr. Palla`s, Palla`dos.] (Gr. Myth.) Pallas Athena, the Grecian goddess of wisdom, called also Athena, Pallas Athene or Athene, and identified, at a later period, with the Roman Minerva.
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pallbearer
pall"bear*er (p&asuml_;l"bâr*&etilde_;r), n. One of those who attend the coffin at a funeral; -- so called from the pall being formerly carried by them.
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pallet
pal"let (păl"l&ebreve_;t), n. [OE. paillet, F. paillet a heap of straw, fr. paille straw, fr. L. palea chaff; cf. Gr. &unr_; fine meal, dust, Skr. pala straw, palāva chaff. Cf. Paillasse.] A small and mean bed; a bed of straw. Milton.
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Pallet
Pal"let, n. [Dim. of pale. See Pale a stake.] (Her.) A perpendicular band upon an escutcheon, one half the breadth of the pale.
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Pallet
Pal"let, n. [F. palette: af. It. paletta; prop. and orig., a fire shovel, dim. of L. pala a shovel, spade. See Peel a shovel.] 1. (Paint.) Same as Palette.
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2. (Pottery) (a) A wooden implement used by potters, crucible makers, etc., for forming, beating, and rounding their works. It is oval, round, and of other forms. (b) A potter's wheel.
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3. (Gilding) (a) An instrument used to take up gold leaf from the pillow, and to apply it. (b) A tool for gilding the backs of books over the bands.
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4. (Brickmaking) A board on which a newly molded brick is conveyed to the hack. Knight.
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5. (Mach.) (a) A click or pawl for driving a ratchet wheel. (b) One of the series of disks or pistons in the chain pump. Knight.
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6. (Horology) One of the pieces or levers connected with the pendulum of a clock, or the balance of a watch, which receive the immediate impulse of the scape-wheel, or balance wheel. Brande & C.
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7. (Mus.) In the organ, a valve between the wind chest and the mouth of a pipe or row of pipes.
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8. (Zool.) One of a pair of shelly plates that protect the siphon tubes of certain bivalves, as the Teredo. See Illust. of Teredo.
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9. A cup containing three ounces, -- formerly used by surgeons.
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10. A low movable platform used for temporary storage of objects so that they can be conveniently moved; it is commonly made of wooden boards, about 4 inches high, and typically has openings in the side into which the blades of a fork-lift truck may be inserted so as to lift and move the pallet and the objects on it.
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Pallial
Pal"li*al (?), a. [L. pallium a mantle. See Pall.] (Zool.) Of or pertaining to a mantle, especially to the mantle of mollusks; produced by the mantle; as, the pallial line, or impression, which marks the attachment of the mantle on the inner surface of a bivalve shell. See Illust. of Bivalve.
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Pallial chamber (Zool.), the cavity inclosed by the mantle. -- Pallial sinus (Zool.), an inward bending of the pallial line, near the posterior end of certain bivalve shells, to receive the siphon. See Illust. of Bivalve.
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Palliament
Pal"li*a*ment (?), n. [LL. palliare to clothe, fr. L. pallium a mantle. See Pall the garment.] A dress; a robe. [Obs.] Shak.
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Palliard
Pal"liard (?), n. [F. paillard, orig., one addicted to the couch, fr. paille straw. See Pallet a small bed.]
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1. A born beggar; a vagabond. [Obs.] Halliwell.
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2. A lecher; a lewd person. [Obs.] Dryden.
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Palliasse
Pal*liasse" (?), n. See Paillasse.
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Palliate
Pal"li*ate (?), a. [L. palliatus, fr. pallium a cloak. See Pall the garment.] 1. Covered with a mantle; cloaked; hidden; disguised. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.
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2. Eased; mitigated; alleviated. [Obs.] Bp. Fell.
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Palliate
Pal"li*ate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Palliated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Palliating (?).] 1. To cover with a mantle or cloak; to cover up; to hide. [Obs.]
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Being palliated with a pilgrim's coat. Sir T. Herbert.
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2. To cover with excuses; to conceal the enormity of, by excuses and apologies; to extenuate; as, to palliate faults.
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They never hide or palliate their vices. Swift.
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3. To reduce in violence; to lessen or abate; to mitigate; to ease without curing; as, to palliate a disease.
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To palliate dullness, and give time a shove. Cowper.
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Syn. -- To cover; cloak; hide; extenuate; conceal. -- To Palliate, Extenuate, Cloak. These words, as here compared, are used in a figurative sense in reference to our treatment of wrong action. We cloak in order to conceal completely. We extenuate a crime when we endeavor to show that it is less than has been supposed; we palliate a crime when we endeavor to cover or conceal its enormity, at least in part. This naturally leads us to soften some of its features, and thus palliate approaches extenuate till they have become nearly or quite identical. “To palliate is not now used, though it once was, in the sense of wholly cloaking or covering over, as it might be, our sins, but in that of extenuating; to palliate our faults is not to hide them altogether, but to seek to diminish their guilt in part.” Trench.
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Palliation
Pal`li*a"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. palliation.] 1. The act of palliating, or state of being palliated; extenuation; excuse; as, the palliation of faults, offenses, vices.
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2. Mitigation; alleviation, as of a disease. Bacon.
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3. That which cloaks or covers; disguise; also, the state of being covered or disguised. [Obs.]
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Palliative
Pal"li*a*tive (?), a. [Cf. F. palliatif.] Serving to palliate; serving to extenuate, mitigate, or alleviate.
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Palliative
Pal"li*a*tive (?), n. That which palliates; a palliative agent. Sir W. Scott.
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Palliatory
Pal"li*a*to*ry (?), a. Palliative; extenuating.
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Pallid
Pal"lid (?), a. [L. pallidus, fr. pallere to be or look pale. See pale, a.] Deficient in color; pale; wan; as, a pallid countenance; pallid blue. Spenser.
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Pallidity
Pal*lid"i*ty (?), n. Pallidness; paleness.
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Pallidly
Pal"lid*ly (?), adv. In a pallid manner.
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Pallidness
Pal"lid*ness, n. The quality or state of being pallid; paleness; pallor; wanness.
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Palliobranchiata
Pal`li*o*bran`chi*a"ta (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zool.) Same as Brachiopoda.
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Palliobranchiate
Pal`li*o*bran"chi*ate (?), a. [See Pallium, and Branchia.] (Zool.) Having the pallium, or mantle, acting as a gill, as in brachiopods.
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Pallium
Pal"li*um (?), n.; pl. L. Pallia (&unr_;), E. Palliums (#). [L. See Pall the garment.] 1. (Anc. Costume) A large, square, woolen cloak which enveloped the whole person, worn by the Greeks and by certain Romans. It is the Roman name of a Greek garment.
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2. (R. C. Ch.) A band of white wool, worn on the shoulders, with four purple crosses worked on it; a pall.
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&hand_; The wool is obtained from two lambs brought to the basilica of St. Agnes, Rome, and blessed. It is worn by the pope, and sent to patriarchs, primates, and archbishops, as a sign that they share in the plenitude of the episcopal office. Before it is sent, the pallium is laid on the tomb of St. Peter, where it remains all night.
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3. (Zool.) (a) The mantle of a bivalve. See Mantle. (b) The mantle of a bird.
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Pall-mall
Pall`-mall" (?), n. [OF. palemail, It. pallamagio; palla a ball (of German origin, akin to E. ball) + magio hammer, fr. L. malleus. See 1st Ball, and Mall a beetle.] A game formerly common in England, in which a wooden ball was driven with a mallet through an elevated hoop or ring of iron. The name was also given to the mallet used, to the place where the game was played, and to the street, in London, still called Pall Mall. [Written also pail-mail and pell-mell.] Sir K. Digby. Evelyn.
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Pallone
Pal*lo"ne (?), n. [It., a large ball, fr. palla ball. See Balloon.] An Italian game, played with a large leather ball.
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pallor
pal"lor (?), n. [L., fr. pallere to be or look pale. See Pale, a.] Paleness; want of color; pallidity; as, pallor of the complexion. Jer. Taylor.
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pally
pal"ly adj. Having the relationship of friends or pals; -- used colloquially.
Syn. -- chummy, matey, palsy-walsy.
[WordNet 1.5]

palm
palm (päm), n. [OE. paume, F. paume, L. palma, Gr. pala`mh, akin to Skr. pā&nsdot_;i hand, and E. fumble. See Fumble, Feel, and cf. 2d Palm.] 1. (Anat.) The inner and somewhat concave part of the hand between the bases of the fingers and the wrist.
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Clench'd her fingers till they bit the palm. Tennyson.
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2. A lineal measure equal either to the breadth of the hand or to its length from the wrist to the ends of the fingers; a hand; -- used in measuring a horse's height.
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&hand_; In Greece, the palm was reckoned at three inches. The Romans adopted two measures of this name, the lesser palm of 2.91 inches, and the greater palm of 8.73 inches. At the present day, this measure varies in the most arbitrary manner, being different in each country, and occasionally varying in the same. Internat. Cyc.
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3. (Sailmaking) A metallic disk, attached to a strap, and worn on the palm of the hand, -- used to push the needle through the canvas, in sewing sails, etc.
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4. (Zool.) The broad flattened part of an antler, as of a full-grown fallow deer; -- so called as resembling the palm of the hand with its protruding fingers.
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5. (Naut.) The flat inner face of an anchor fluke.
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to grease the palm of, v. t. To bribe or tip. [Slang]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Palm
Palm, n. [AS. palm, L. palma; -- so named fr. the leaf resembling a hand. See 1st Palm, and cf. Pam.]
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1. (Bot.) Any endogenous tree of the order Palmæ or Palmaceæ; a palm tree.
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&hand_; Palms are perennial woody plants, often of majestic size. The trunk is usually erect and rarely branched, and has a roughened exterior composed of the persistent bases of the leaf stalks. The leaves are borne in a terminal crown, and are supported on stout, sheathing, often prickly, petioles. They are usually of great size, and are either pinnately or palmately many-cleft. There are about one thousand species known, nearly all of them growing in tropical or semitropical regions. The wood, petioles, leaves, sap, and fruit of many species are invaluable in the arts and in domestic economy. Among the best known are the date palm, the cocoa palm, the fan palm, the oil palm, the wax palm, the palmyra, and the various kinds called cabbage palm and palmetto.
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2. A branch or leaf of the palm, anciently borne or worn as a symbol of victory or rejoicing.
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A great multitude . . . stood before the throne, and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and palme in their hands. Rev. vii. 9.
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3. Hence: Any symbol or token of superiority, success, or triumph; also, victory; triumph; supremacy. “The palm of martyrdom.” Chaucer.
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So get the start of the majestic world
And bear the palm alone.
Shak.
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Molucca palm (Bot.), a labiate herb from Asia (Molucella lævis), having a curious cup-shaped calyx. -- Palm cabbage, the terminal bud of a cabbage palm, used as food. -- Palm cat (Zool.), the common paradoxure. -- Palm crab (Zool.), the purse crab. -- Palm oil, a vegetable oil, obtained from the fruit of several species of palms, as the African oil palm (Elæis Guineensis), and used in the manufacture of soap and candles. See Elæis. -- Palm swift (Zool.), a small swift (Cypselus Batassiensis) which frequents the palmyra and cocoanut palms in India. Its peculiar nest is attached to the leaf of the palmyra palm. -- Palm toddy. Same as Palm wine. -- Palm weevil (Zool.), any one of mumerous species of very large weevils of the genus Rhynchophorus. The larvæ bore into palm trees, and are called palm borers, and grugru worms. They are considered excellent food. -- Palm wine, the sap of several species of palms, especially, in India, of the wild date palm (Phœnix sylvestrix), the palmyra, and the Caryota urens. When fermented it yields by distillation arrack, and by evaporation jaggery. Called also palm toddy. -- Palm worm, or Palmworm. (Zool.) (a) The larva of a palm weevil. (b) A centipede.
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Palm
Palm (päm), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Palmed (pämd); p. pr. & vb. n. Palming.] 1. To handle. [Obs.] Prior.
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2. To manipulate with, or conceal in, the palm of the hand; to juggle.
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They palmed the trick that lost the game. Prior.
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3. Hence: To take (something small) stealthily, especially by concealing it in the palm of the hand; as, he palmed one of the coins and walked out with it.
[PJC]

4. To impose by fraud, as by sleight of hand; to put by unfair means; -- usually with on or upon; as, to palm a stolen coin on an unsuspecting dealer. See also palm off.
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For you may palm upon us new for old. Dryden.
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Palmaceae
Palmaceae n. A natural family of chiefly tropical trees and shrubs and vines usually having a tall columnar trunk bearing a crown of very large leaves; coextensive with the order Palmales.
Syn. -- Palmae, family Palmae, family Palmaceae, Arecaceae, family Arecaceae, palm family.
[WordNet 1.5]

Palmaceous
Pal*ma"ceous (?), a. (Bot.) Of or pertaining to palms; of the nature of, or resembling, palms.
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Palma Christi
Pal"ma Chris"ti (?). [L., palm of Christ.] (Bot.) A plant (Ricinus communis) with ornamental peltate and palmately cleft foliage, growing as a woody perennial in the tropics, and cultivated as an herbaceous annual in temperate regions; -- called also castor-oil plant. [Sometimes corrupted into palmcrist.]
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Palmacite
Pal"ma*cite (?), n. (Paleon.) A fossil palm.
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Palmae
Palmae prop. n. A natural family of chiefly tropical trees and shrubs; same as Palmaceae; coextensive with the order Palmales.
Syn. -- family Palmae, Palmaceae, Arecaceae, family Arecaceae, palm family.
[WordNet 1.5]

Palmales
Palmales prop. n. A natural family of chiefly tropical trees and shrubs coextensive with the family Palmae; -- the palms.
Syn. -- order Palmales.
[WordNet 1.5]

Palmar
Pal"mar (?), a. [L. palmaris, fr. palma the palm of the hand: cf. F. palmaire.] 1. (Anat.) Pertaining to, or corresponding with, the palm of the hand.
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2. (Zool.) Of or pertaining to the under side of the wings of birds.
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Palmarium
Pal*ma"ri*um (?), n.; pl. Palmaria (#). [NL. See Palmar.] (Zool.) One of the bifurcations of the brachial plates of a crinoid.
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Palmary
Pal"ma*ry (?), a. (Anat.) Palmar.
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Palmary
Pal"ma*ry, a. [L. palmarius, palmaris, belonging to palms, deserving the palm or prize, fr. palma a palm.] Worthy of the palm; palmy; preëminent; superior; principal; chief; as, palmary work. Br. Horne.
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Palmate
Pal"mate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of palmic acid; a ricinoleate. [Obsoles.]
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Palmated
Palmate
{ Pal"mate (?), Pal"ma*ted (?), } a. [L. palmatus marked with the palm of a hand, from palma the palm of the hand.]
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1. Having the shape of the hand; resembling a hand with the fingers spread.
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2. (Bot.) Spreading from the apex of a petiole, as the divisions of a leaf, or leaflets, so as to resemble the hand with outspread fingers. Gray.
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3. (Zool.) (a) Having the anterior toes united by a web, as in most swimming birds; webbed. See Illust. (i) under Aves. (b) Having the distal portion broad, flat, and more or less divided into lobes; -- said of certain corals, antlers, etc.
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Palmately
Pal"mate*ly (?), adv. In a palmate manner.
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Palmatifid
Pal*mat"i*fid (?), a. [L. palmatus palmate + root of findere to split.] (Bot.) Palmate, with the divisions separated but little more than halfway to the common center.
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Palmatilobed
Pal*mat"i*lobed (?), a. [L. palmatus palmate + E. lobed.] (Bot.) Palmate, with the divisions separated less than halfway to the common center.
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Palmatisected
Palmatisect
{ Pal*mat"i*sect (?), Pal*mat`i*sect"ed (?), } a. [L. palmatus palmate + secare to cut.] (Bot.) Divided, as a palmate leaf, down to the midrib, so that the parenchyma is interrupted.
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Palmcrist
Palm"crist (?), n. The palma Christi. (Jonah iv. 6, margin, and Douay version, note.)
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Palmed
Palmed (?), a. Having or bearing a palm or palms.
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Palmed deer (Zool.), a stag of full growth, bearing palms. See 1st Palm, 4.
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Palmer
Palm"er (?), n. [From Palm, v. t.] One who palms or cheats, as at cards or dice.
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Palmer
Palm"er, n. [From Palm the tree.] A wandering religious votary; especially, one who bore a branch of palm as a token that he had visited the Holy Land and its sacred places. Chaucer.
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Pilgrims and palmers plighted them together. P. Plowman.
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The pilgrim had some home or dwelling place, the palmer had none. The pilgrim traveled to some certain, designed place or places, but the palmer to all. T. Staveley.
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Palmerworm
Palm"er*worm` (?), n. (Zool.) (a) Any hairy caterpillar which appears in great numbers, devouring herbage, and wandering about like a palmer. The name is applied also to other voracious insects. Joel. i. 4. (b) In America, the larva of any one of several moths, which destroys the foliage of fruit and forest trees, esp. the larva of Ypsolophus pometellus, which sometimes appears in vast numbers.
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Palmette
Pal*mette" (?), n. [F., dim. of palme a palm.] A floral ornament, common in Greek and other ancient architecture; -- often called the honeysuckle ornament.
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Palmetto
Pal*met"to (?), n. [Dim. of palm the tree: cf. Sp. palmito.] (Bot.) A name given to palms of several genera and species growing in the West Indies and the Southern United States. In the United States, the name is applied especially to the Chamærops Palmetto, or Sabal Palmetto, the cabbage tree of Florida and the Carolinas. See Cabbage tree, under Cabbage.
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Royal palmetto, the West Indian Sabal umbraculifera, the trunk of which, when hollowed, is used for water pipes, etc. The leaves are used for thatching, and for making hats, ropes, etc. -- Saw palmetto, Sabal serrulata, a native of Georgia, South Carolina, and Florida. The nearly impassable jungle which it forms is called palmetto scrub.
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Palmetto flag
Pal*met"to flag. Any of several flags adopted by South Carolina after its secession. That adopted in November, 1860, had a green cabbage palmetto in the center of a white field; the final one, January, 1861, had a white palmetto in the center of a blue field and a white crescent in the upper left-hand corner.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Palmetto State
Palmetto State. prop. n. South Carolina; -- a nickname alluding to the State Arms, which contain a representation of a palmetto tree.
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Palmic
Pal"mic (?), a. [Cf. F. palmique.] (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, the castor-oil plant (Ricinus communis, or Palma Christi) and other species of the family Euphorbiaceae; -- formerly used to designate an acid now called ricinoleic acid (d-12-hydroxyoleic acid, C18H34O3). [Obsoles.]
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Palmidactyles
Pal`mi*dac"ty*les (?), n. pl. [NL. See Palm, and Dactyl.] (Zool.) A group of wading birds having the toes webbed, as the avocet.
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Palmiferous
Pal*mif"er*ous (?), a. [L. palmifer; palma a palm + ferre to bear: cf. F. palmifère.] Bearing palms.
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Palmigrade
Pal"mi*grade (?), a. [L. palma palm of the hand + gradi to walk.] (Zool.) Putting the whole foot upon the ground in walking, as some mammals.
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Palmin
Pal"min (?), n. [From palma Christi: cf. F. palmine.] (Chem.) (a) A white waxy or fatty substance obtained from castor oil. (b) Ricinolein. [Obs.]
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Palmiped
Pal"mi*ped (?), a. [L. palmipes, -edis, broad-footed; palma the palm of the hand + pes a foot; cf. F. palmipède.] (Zool.) Web-footed, as a water fowl. -- n. A swimming bird; a bird having webbed feet.
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Palmipedes
Pal*mip"e*des (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zool.) Same as Natatores.
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Palmister
Pal"mis*ter (?), n. [From Palm of the hand.] One who practices palmistry. Bp. Hall.
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Palmistry
Pal`mis*try (?), n. [See Palmister.] 1. The art or practice of divining or telling fortunes, or of judging of character, by the lines and marks in the palm of the hand; chiromancy. Ascham. Cowper.
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2. A dexterous use or trick of the hand. Addison.
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Palmitate
Pal"mi*tate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of palmitic acid.
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Palmite
Pal"mite (?), n. [From Palm.] (Bot.) A South African plant (Prionium Palmita) of the Rush family, having long serrated leaves. The stems have been used for making brushes.
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Palmitic
Pal*mit"ic (?), a. (Physiol. Chem.) Pertaining to, or obtained from, palmitin or palm oil; as, palmitic acid (C16H32O2), a white crystalline substance belonging to the fatty acid series. It is readily soluble in hot alcohol, and melts to a liquid oil at 62° C.
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Palmitin
Pal"mi*tin (?), n. [So called because abundant in palm oil.] (Physiol. Chem.) A solid crystallizable fat, found abundantly in animals and in vegetables. It occurs mixed with stearin and olein in the fat of animal tissues, with olein and butyrin in butter, with olein in olive oil, etc. Chemically, it is a glyceride of palmitic acid, three molecules of palmitic acid being united to one molecule of glyceryl, and hence it is technically called tripalmitin, or glyceryl tripalmitate.
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Palmitolic
Pal`mi*tol"ic (?), a. [Palmitic + -oleic + ic.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, an artificial acid of the oleic acid series, isomeric with linoleic acid.
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Palmitone
Pal"mi*tone (?), n. (Chem.) The ketone of palmitic acid.
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palm off
palm` off" (päm), v. t. (a) To dispose of fraudulently or deceptively; as, to palm off a counterfeit item as genuine. Hence: (b) To induce acceptance of (something) by misrepresenting it as something better.
[PJC]

Palm Sunday
Palm" Sun`day (?). (Eccl.) The Sunday next before Easter; -- so called in commemoration of the triumphal entry of Jesus Christ into Jerusalem, when the multitude strewed palm branches in the way. The event is commemorated in Christian churches by distribution of blessed palm leaves.
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Palmy
Palm"y (?), a. 1. Bearing palms; abounding in palms; derived from palms; as, a palmy shore. Pope.
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His golden sands and palmy wine. Goldsmith.
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2. Worthy of the palm; flourishing; prosperous.
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In the most high and palmy state of Rome. Shak.
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Palmyra
Pal*my"ra (?), n. (Bot.) A species of palm (Borassus flabelliformis) having a straight, black, upright trunk, with palmate leaves. It is found native along the entire northern shores of the Indian Ocean, from the mouth of the Tigris to New Guinea. More than eight hundred uses to which it is put are enumerated by native writers. Its wood is largely used for building purposes; its fruit and roots serve for food, its sap for making toddy, and its leaves for thatching huts.
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Palo
Pa"lo (?), n. [Sp. See Pale a stake.] A pole or timber of any kind; -- in the names of trees. [Sp. Amer.]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Palo blanco
Pa"lo blan"co (?). [Sp. blanco white.] (a) A western American hackberry (Celtis reticulata), having light-colored bark. (b) A Mexican mimosaceous tree (Lysiloma candida), the bark of which is used in tanning.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Palolo worm
Palolo
{ Pa*lo"lo (?), n., or Palolo worm }. [From native name.] (Zool.) A polystome worm (Palolo viridis) that burrows in the coral reefs of certain of the Pacific Islands. A little before the last quarter of the moon in October and November, they swarm in vast numbers at the surface of the sea for breeding, and are gathered and highly esteemed as food by the natives. An allied species inhabits the tropical Atlantic and swarms in June or July. In the 1890 Webster, called palola and Palola viridis. A misspelling?
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Palometa
Pa`lo*me"ta (?), n. (Zool.) A type of pompano (Palometa simillima) that is smaller than the Florida pompano; it is common in West Indies. Called also the California pompano.
Syn. -- California pompano, Palometa simillima.
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palomino
pal`o*mi"no (păl`ŭ*mē"n&ouptack_;) n. [Sp. palomino, resembling a dove.] A horse of light tan or golden color with cream or white mane and tail, and often having white markings on the legs and face.
[WordNet 1.5]

Palp
Palp (pălp), n. [Cf. F. palpe. See Palpable.] (Zool.) Same as Palpus.
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Palp
Palp, v. t. [L. palpare: cf. F. palper.] To have a distinct touch or feeling of; to feel. [Obs.]
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To bring a palpèd darkness o'er the earth. Heywood.
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Palpability
Pal`pa*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality of being palpable, or perceptible by the touch. Arbuthnot.
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Palpable
Pal"pa*ble (?), a. [F. palpable, L. palpabilis, fr. palpare to feel, stroke; cf. palpus the soft palm of the hand.] 1. Capable of being touched and felt; perceptible by the touch; as, a palpable form. Shak.
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Darkness must overshadow all his bounds,
Palpable darkness.
Milton.
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2. Easily perceptible; plain; distinct; obvious; readily perceived and detected; gross; as, palpable imposture; palpable absurdity; palpable errors. “Three persons palpable.” P. Plowman.
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[Lies] gross as a mountain, open, palpable. Shak.
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A hit, A very palpable hit. Shak. (Hamlet)
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-- Pal"pa*ble*ness, n. -- Pal"pa*bly, adv.
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palpate
palpate v. t. To examine for medical purposes by touching, as of body parts; as, the nurse palpated the patient's stomach.
Syn. -- feel.
[WordNet 1.5]

Palpation
Pal*pa"tion (?), n. [L. palpatio, fr. palpare. See Palpable.] 1. Act of touching or feeling.
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2. (Med.) Examination of a patient by touch. Quain.
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Palpator
Pal*pa"tor (?), n. [L., a stroker.] (Zool.) One of a family of clavicorn beetles, including those which have very long maxillary palpi.
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Palpebra
Pal"pe*bra (?), n.; pl. Palpebræ (#). [L.] (Zool.) The eyelid.
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Palpebral
Pal"pe*bral (?), a. [L. palpebralis, fr. palpebra: cf. F. palpébral.] Of or pertaining to the eyelids.
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Palpebrate
Pal"pe*brate (?), a. (Zool.) Having eyelids.
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Palped
Palped (pălpt), a. (Zool.) Having a palpus.
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Palpi
Pal"pi (păl"pī), n., pl. of Palpus. (Zool.) See Palpus.
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Palpicorn
Pal"pi*corn (?), n. [See Palpus, and Cornu.] (Zool.) One of a group of aquatic beetles (Palpicornia) having short club-shaped antennæ, and long maxillary palpi.
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Palpifer
Pal"pi*fer (?), n. [Palpus + L. ferre to bear.] (Zool.) Same as Palpiger.
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Palpiform
Pal"pi*form (?), a. [Palpus + -form: cf. F. palpiforme.] (Zool.) Having the form of a palpus.
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Palpiger
Pal"pi*ger (?), n. [See Palpigerous.] (Zool.) That portion of the labium which bears the palpi in insects.
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Palpigerous
Pal*pig"er*ous (?), a. [Palpus + -gerous.] (Zool.) Bearing a palpus. Kirby.
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Palpitant
Pal"pi*tant (?), a. [L. palpitans, p. pr.] Palpitating; throbbing; trembling. Carlyle.
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Palpitate
Pal"pi*tate (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Palpitated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Palpitating (?).] [L. palpitare, palpitatum, v. intens. fr. pappare. See Palpable.] To beat rapidly and more strongly than usual; to throb; to bound with emotion or exertion; to pulsate violently; to flutter; -- said specifically of the heart when its action is abnormal, as from excitement.
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palpitating
palpitating adj. Beating irregularly; -- of the heart.
Syn. -- palpitant.
[WordNet 1.5]

Palpitation
Pal`pi*ta"tion (?), n. [L. palpitatio: cf. F. palpitation.] A rapid pulsation; a throbbing; esp., an abnormal, rapid beating of the heart as when excited by violent exertion, strong emotion, or by disease.
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Palpless
Palp"less (?), a. (Zool.) Without a palpus.
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Palpocil
Pal"po*cil (?), n. [See Palpus, and Cilium.] (Zool.) A minute soft filamentary process springing from the surface of certain hydroids and sponges.
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Palpus
Pal"pus (?), n.; pl. Palpi (#). [NL. See Palp.] (Zool.) A feeler; especially, one of the jointed sense organs attached to the mouth organs of insects, arachnids, crustaceans, and annelids; as, the mandibular palpi, maxillary palpi, and labial palpi. The palpi of male spiders serve as sexual organs. Called also palp. See Illust. of Arthrogastra and Orthoptera.
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Palsgrave
Pals"grave` (?), n. [D. paltsgraaf; palts palace (l. palatium) + graaf count; cf. G. pfalzgraf. See Palace, and Landgrave.] (Ger. Hist.) A count or earl who presided in the domestic court, and had the superintendence, of a royal household in Germany.
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Palsgravine
Pals"gra*vine` (?), n. [D. paltsgravin: cf. G. pfalzgrafin.] The consort or widow of a palsgrave.
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Palsical
Pal"si*cal (?), a. [From Palsy.] Affected with palsy; palsied; paralytic. [R.] Johnson.
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Palsied
Pal"sied (?), a. Affected with palsy; paralyzed.
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Palstave
Pal"stave` (?), n. [Dan. paalstav.] A peculiar bronze adz, used in prehistoric Europe about the middle of the bronze age. Dawkins.
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Palster
Pal"ster (?), n. [D. palsterstaf.] A pilgrim's staff. [Obs.] Halliwell.
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Palsy
Pal"sy (?), n.; pl. Palsies (#). [OE. palesie, parlesy, OF. paralesie, F. paralysie, L. paralysis. See Paralysis.] (Med.) Paralysis, complete or partial. See Paralysis. “One sick of the palsy.” Mark ii. 3.
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Bell's palsy, paralysis of the facial nerve, producing distortion of one side of the face; -- so called from Sir Charles Bell, an English surgeon who described it. -- Scrivener's palsy. See Writer's cramp, under Writer. -- Shaking palsy, (Med.) paralysis agitans, a disease usually occurring in old people, characterized by muscular tremors and a peculiar shaking and tottering gait; now called parkinsonism, or Parkinson's disease.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Palsy
Pal"sy, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Palsied (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Palsying.] To affect with palsy, or as with palsy; to deprive of action or energy; to paralyze.
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Palsywort
Pal"sy*wort` (?), n. (Bot.) The cowslip (Primula veris); -- so called from its supposed remedial powers. Dr. Prior.
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Palter
Pal"ter (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Paltered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Paltering.] [See Paltry.] 1. To haggle. [Obs.] Cotgrave.
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2. To act in insincere or deceitful manner; to play false; to equivocate; to shift; to dodge; to trifle.
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Romans, that have spoke the word,
And will not palter.
Shak.
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Who never sold the truth to serve the hour,
Nor paltered with eternal God for power.
Tennyson.
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3. To babble; to chatter. [Obs.]
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Palter
Pal"ter, v. t. To trifle with; to waste; to squander in paltry ways or on worthless things. [Obs.]Palter out your time in the penal statutes.” Beau. & Fl.
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Palterer
Pal"ter*er (?), n. One who palters. Johnson.
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Palterly
Pal"ter*ly, a. & adv. Paltry; shabby; shabbily; paltrily. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.] “In palterly clothes.” Pepys.
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Paltock
Pal"tock (?), n. [See Paletot.] A kind of doublet; a jacket. [Obs.] Piers Plowman.
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paltrily
pal"tri*ly (p&asuml_;l"tr&ibreve_;*l&ybreve_;), adv. In a paltry manner.
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paltriness
pal"tri*ness, n. The state or quality of being paltry.
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paltry
pal"try (p&asuml_;l"tr&ybreve_;), a. [Compar. Paltrier (p&asuml_;l"tr&ibreve_;*&etilde_;r); superl. Paltriest.] [Cf. Prov. E. paltry refuse, rubbish, LG. palterig ragged, palte, palter, a rag, a tatter, Dan. pialt, Sw. palta, pl. paltor.] Mean; vile; worthless; despicable; contemptible; pitiful; trifling; as, a paltry excuse; paltry gold. Cowper.
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The paltry prize is hardly worth the cost. Byron.
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Syn. -- See Contemptible.
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Paludal
Pa*lu"dal (?), a. [L. palus, -udis, a marsh.] Of or pertaining to marshes or fens; marshy. [R.]
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Paludal fever, malarial fever; -- so called because generated in marshy districts.
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Paludament
Pa*lu"da*ment (?), n. See Paludamentum.
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Paludamentum
Pa*lu`da*men*tum (?), n.; pl. Paladumenta (&unr_;). (Rom. Antiq.) A military cloak worn by a general and his principal officers.
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Paludicolae
Pal`u*dic"o*læ (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. L. palus, -udis, a marsh + colere to inhabit.] (Zool.) A division of birds, including the cranes, rails, etc.
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Paludicole
Pa*lu"di*cole (?), a. [Cf. F. paludicole.] (Zool.) Marsh-inhabiting; belonging to the Paludicolæ
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Paludina
Pal`u*di"na (?), n.; pl. L. Paludinæ (#), E. Paludinas (#). [NL., fr. L. palus, -udis, a marsh, pool.] (Zool.) Any one of numerous species of freshwater pectinibranchiate mollusks, belonging to Paludina, Melantho, and allied genera. They have an operculated shell which is usually green, often with brown bands. See Illust. of Pond snail, under Pond.
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Paludinal
Pal`u*di"nal (?), a. Inhabiting ponds or swamps.
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Paludine
Pal"u*dine (?), a. [L. palus, -udis, a marsh.] Of or pertaining to a marsh. Buckland.
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Paludinous
Pa*lu"di*nous (?), a. 1. (Zool.) (a) Paludinal. (b) Like or pertaining to the genus Paludina.
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2. Of or pertaining to a marsh or fen. [R.]
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Paludism
Pa*lu"dism (?), n. (Med.) The morbid phenomena produced by dwelling among marshes; malarial disease or disposition.
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Paludose
Pal"u*dose` (?), a. [L. paludosus marshy.] Growing or living in marshy places; marshy.
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Palule
Pal"ule (?), n. (Zool.) See Palulus or Palus.
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Palulus
Pal"u*lus (?), n.; pl. Paluli (#). [NL., dim. of L. palus a stake.] (Zool.) Same as Palus.
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Palus
Pa"lus (?), n.; pl. Pali (#). [L., a stake.] (Zool.) One of several upright slender calcareous processes which surround the central part of the calicle of certain corals.
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Palustral
Pa*lus"tral (?), a. [L. paluster, -ustris.] Of or pertaining to a bog or marsh; boggy. [R.]
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Palustrine
Pa*lus"trine (?), a. Of, pertaining to, or living in, a marsh or swamp; marshy.
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Paly
Pal"y (?), a. [From Pale, a.] Pale; wanting color; dim. [Poetic] Shak. Whittier.
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Paly
Pal"y, a. [Cf. F. palé. See Pale a stake.] (Her.) Divided into four or more equal parts by perpendicular lines, and of two different tinctures disposed alternately.
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pam
pam (?), n. [From Palm victory; cf. trump, fr. triumph, and perh. fr. F. pamphile from Pamphile, a man's name.] 1. The knave of clubs. [Obs.] Pope.
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2. A card game in which the jack of clubs is trump.
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Pam
Pam (?), prop. n. A form of the female given name Pamela.
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pament
pa"ment (?), n. A pavement. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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pampa
pam"pa (?), n. A plain. See pampas.
[PJC]

Pampano
Pam"pa*no (?), n. [Sp.] (Zool.) Same as Pompano.
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Pampas
Pam"pas (?), n. pl. [Sp., fr. Peruv. pampa a field, plain.] Vast grass-covered plains in the central and southern part of the Argentine Republic in South America. The term is sometimes used in a wider sense for the plains east of the Andes extending from Bolivia to Southern Patagonia.
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Pampas cat (Zool.), a South American wild cat (Felis pajeros). It has oblique transverse bands of yellow or brown. It is about three and a half feet long. Called also straw cat. -- Pampas deer (Zool.), a small, reddish-brown, South American deer (Cervus campestris syn. Blastocerus campestris). -- Pampas grass (Bot.), a very tall ornamental grass (Gynerium argenteum) with a silvery-white silky panicle. It is a native of the pampas of South America.
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Pamper
Pam"per (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Pampered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Pampering.] [Cf. LG. pampen, slampampen, to live luxuriously, pampe thick pap, and E. pap.]
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1. To feed to the full; to feed luxuriously; to glut; as, to pamper the body or the appetite. “A body . . . pampered for corruption.” Dr. T. Dwight.
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2. To gratify inordinately; to indulge to excess; as, to pamper pride; to pamper the imagination. South.
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Pampered
Pam"pered (?), a. Fed luxuriously; indulged to the full; hence, luxuriant; as, pampered children.Pampered boughs.” Milton.Pampered insolence.” Pope. -- Pam"pered*ness, n. Bp. Hall.
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Pamperer
Pam"per*er (?), n. One who, or that which, pampers. Cowper.
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Pamperize
Pam"per*ize (?), v. t. To pamper. [R.] Sydney Smith.
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Pampero
Pam*pe"ro (?), n. [Sp., fr. pampa a plain.] A violent wind from the west or southwest, which sweeps over the pampas of South America and the adjacent seas, often doing great damage. Sir W. Parish.
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Pamperos
Pam*pe"ros (?), n. pl.; sing. Pampero (&unr_;). [Sp. American.] (Ethnol.) A tribe of Indians inhabiting the pampas of South America.
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Pamphlet
Pam"phlet (păm"fl&ebreve_;t), n. [OE. pamflet, pamfilet, paunflet, possibly fr. OF. palme the palm of the hand, F. paume (see Palm) + OF. fueillet a leaf, dim. of fueil, m., F. feuille, f., fr. L. folium, pl. folia, thus meaning, a leaf to be held in the hand; or perh. through old French, fr. L. Pamphila, a female historian of the first century who wrote many epitomes; prob., however, fr. OF. Pamflette, the Old French name given to Pamphilus, a poem in Latin verse of the 12th century, pamphlets being named from the popularity of this poem.] 1. A writing; a book. Testament of love.
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Sir Thomas More in his pamphlet of Richard the Third. Ascham.
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2. A small book consisting of a few sheets of printed paper, stitched together, often with a paper cover, but not bound; a short essay or written discussion, usually on a subject of current interest.
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Pamphlet
Pam"phlet (păm"fl&ebreve_;t), v. i. To write a pamphlet or pamphlets. [R.] Howell.
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Pamphleteer
Pam`phlet*eer" (păm`fl&ebreve_;t*ēr"), n. A writer of pamphlets; a scribbler. Dryden. Macaulay.
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Pamphleteer
Pam`phlet*eer", v. i. To write or publish pamphlets.
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By pamphleteering we shall not win. C. Kingsley.
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Pampiniform
Pam*pin"i*form (?), a. [L. pampinus a tendril + -form.] (Anat.) In the form of tendrils; -- applied especially to the spermatic and ovarian veins.
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Pampre
Pam"pre (păm"p&etilde_;r), n. [F. pampre a vine branch, L. pampinus.] (Sculp.) An ornament, composed of vine leaves and bunches of grapes, used for decorating spiral columns.
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Pamprodactylous
Pam`pro*dac"tyl*ous (?), a. [Pan- + Gr. pro` forward + da`ktylos finger.] (Zool.) Having all the toes turned forward, as the colies.
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Panto-
Panta-
Pan-
{ Pan- (?), Pan"ta- (?), Pan"to- (?) }. [Gr. &unr_;, m., &unr_;, neut., gen. &unr_;, all.] Combining forms signifying all, every; as, panorama, pantheism, pantagraph, pantograph. Pan- becomes pam- before b or p, as pamprodactylous.
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Pan
Pan, n. [OE. See 2d Pane.] 1. A part; a portion.
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2. (Fort.) The distance comprised between the angle of the epaule and the flanked angle.
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3. [Perh. a different word.] A leaf of gold or silver.
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Pan
Pan, v. t. & i. [Cf. F. pan skirt, lappet, L. pannus a cloth, rag, W. panu to fur, to full.] To join or fit together; to unite. [Obs.] Halliwell.
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Pan
Pan (?), n. [Hind. pān, Skr. parna leaf.] The betel leaf; also, the masticatory made of the betel leaf, etc. See Betel.
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Pan
Pan (?), prop. n. [L., fr. Gr. &unr_;.] (Gr. Myth.) The god of shepherds, guardian of bees, and patron of fishing and hunting. He is usually represented as having the head and trunk of a man, with the legs, horns, and tail of a goat, and as playing on the shepherd's pipe (also called the pipes of Pan), which he is said to have invented.
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Pan
Pan, n. [OE. panne, AS. panne; cf. D. pan, G. pfanne, OHG. pfanna, Icel., Sw., LL., & Ir. panna, of uncertain origin; cf. L. patina, E. paten.] 1. A shallow, open dish or vessel, usually of metal, employed for many domestic uses, as for setting milk for cream, for frying or baking food, etc.; also employed for various uses in manufacturing. “A bowl or a pan.” Chaucer.
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2. (Manuf.) A closed vessel for boiling or evaporating. See Vacuum pan, under Vacuum.
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3. The part of a flintlock which holds the priming.
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4. The skull, considered as a vessel containing the brain; the upper part of the head; the brainpan; the cranium. Chaucer.
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5. (Carp.) A recess, or bed, for the leaf of a hinge.
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6. The hard stratum of earth that lies below the soil. See Hard pan, under Hard.
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7. A natural basin, containing salt or fresh water, or mud.
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Flash in the pan. See under Flash. -- To savor of the pan, to suggest the process of cooking or burning; in a theological sense, to be heretical. Ridley. Southey.
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Pan
Pan, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Panned (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Panning.] 1. (Mining) To separate, as gold, from dirt or sand, by washing in a kind of pan. [U. S.]
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We . . . witnessed the process of cleaning up and panning out, which is the last process of separating the pure gold from the fine dirt and black sand. Gen. W. T. Sherman.
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2. To criticise (a drama or literary work) harshly.
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Pan
Pan, v. i. 1. (Mining) To yield gold in, or as in, the process of panning; -- usually with out; as, the gravel panned out richly.
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2. To turn out (profitably or unprofitably); to result; to develop; as, the investigation, or the speculation, panned out poorly. [Slang, U. S.]
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Pan
Pan, v. t. & i. (Cinematography) To scan (a movie camera), usu. in a horizontal direction, to obtain a panoramic effect; also, to move the camera so as to keep the subject in view.
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Panabase
Pan"a*base (?), n. [Pan- + base. So called in allusion to the number of metals contained in it.] (Min.) Same as Tetrahedrite.
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Panacea
Pan`a*ce"a (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. pana`keia fr. panakh`s all-healing; pa^s pa^n, all + 'akei^sqai to heal.]
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1. A remedy for all diseases; a universal medicine; a cure-all; catholicon; hence, a relief or solace for affliction.
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2. (Bot.) The herb allheal.
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Panacean
Pan`a*ce"an (?), a. Having the properties of a panacea. [R.]Panacean dews.” Whitehead.
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Panache
Pa*nache" (?), n. [F., fr. L. penna a feather. See Pen a feather.] 1. A plume or bunch of feathers, esp. such a bunch worn on the helmet; any military plume, or ornamental group of feathers.
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A panache of variegated plumes. Prescott.
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2. A pleasingly flamboyant style or manner; flair{4}; verve.
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Panade
Panada
{ Pa*na"da (?), Pa*nade" (?), } n. [Sp. panada, fr. L. panis bread: cf. F. panade. See Pantry.] Bread boiled in water to the consistence of pulp, and sweetened or flavored. [Written also panado.]
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Panade
Pa*nade" (?), n. A dagger. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Panama hat
Pan`a*ma" hat` (?). A fine plaited hat, made in Central America of the young leaves of a plant (Carludovica palmata).
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Panamanian
Pan`a*ma"ni*an (?), a. Of or pert. to Panama. -- n. A native or citizen of Panama.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Pan-American
Pan`-A*mer"i*can (?), a. [See Pan-.] Of or pertaining to both North and South America.
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Pan-American Congress
Pan-American Congress. Any of several meetings of delegates from various American states; esp.: (a) One held in 1889-90 in the United States, at which all the independent states except Santo Domingo were represented and of which the practical result was the establishment of the Bureau of American Republics for the promotion of trade relations. (b) One held in Mexico in 1901-1902. (c) One held at Rio de Janeiro in 1906.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Pan-Americanism
Pan-A*mer"i*can*ism, n. The principle or advocacy of a political alliance or union of all the states of America.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

panamica
panamica n. A low stingless nettle (Pilea involucrata) of Central and South America having velvety brownish-green toothed leaves and clusters of small green flowers.
Syn. -- friendship plant, panamiga, Pilea involucrata.
[WordNet 1.5]

panamiga
panamiga n. Same as panamica.
Syn. -- friendship plant, panamica, Pilea involucrata.
[WordNet 1.5]

Pan-Anglican
Pan`-An"gli*can (?), a. [Pan- + Anglican.] (Eccl.) Belonging to, or representing, the whole Church of England; used less strictly, to include the Protestant Episcopal Church of the United States; as, the Pan-Anglican Conference at Lambeth, in 1888.
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Panary
Pan"a*ry (?), a. [L. panis bread.] Of or pertaining to bread or to breadmaking.
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Panary
Pan"a*ry, n. A storehouse for bread. Halliwell.
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panetella
panatella
panatela
panatela, panatella, panetella (păn`&ibreve_;*t&ebreve_;l"l&adot_;), n. A long slender cigar.
Syn. -- panetela.
[WordNet 1.5]

Panathenaea
Pan*ath`e*nae"a (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;; pa^s pa^n, all + &unr_; Athena.] The most ancient and important festival of Athens, celebrated in honor of Athena, the tutelary goddess of the city.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Panax
Panax n. A genus of perennial herbs of eastern North America and Asia having aromatic tuberous roots: ginseng.
Syn. -- genus Panax.
[WordNet 1.5]

Pancake
Pan"cake` (păn"kāk`), n. A thin cake of batter fried in a pan or on a griddle; a griddlecake; a flapjack. “A pancake for Shrove Tuesday.” Shak.
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Pancarte
Pan"carte` (?), n. [F., fr. LL. pancharta. See Pan-, and Carte.] A royal charter confirming to a subject all his possessions. [Obs.] Holinshed.
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Pance
Pance (?), n. (Bot.) The pansy. [Also paunce.]
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Panch
Panch (?), n. (Naut.) See Paunch.
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Panchway
Panch"way (?), n. [Hind. pançoi.] (Naut.) A Bengalese four-oared boat for passengers. [Written also panshway and paunchwas.] Malcom.
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Pancratian
Pan*cra"tian (?), a. Pancratic; athletic.
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Pancratiast
Pan*cra"ti*ast (?), n. One who engaged in the contests of the pancratium.
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Pancratiastic
Pan*cra`ti*as"tic (?), a. Of or pertaining to the pancratium. G. West.
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Pancratic
Pan*crat"ic (?), a. [Gr. pagkrath`s all-powerful.] (Opt.) Having all or many degrees of power; having a great range of power; -- said of an eyepiece made adjustable so as to give a varying magnifying power.
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Pancratical
Pancratic
{ Pan*crat"ic (?), Pan*crat"ic*al (?), } a. [See Pancratium.] Of or pertaining to the pancratium; athletic. Sir T. Browne
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Pancratist
Pan"cra*tist (?), n. An athlete; a gymnast.
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Pancratium
Pan*cra"ti*um (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. pagkra`tion a complete contest, fr. pagkrath`s all-powerful; pa^s, pa^n, all + kra`tos strength.]
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1. (Gr. Antiq.) An athletic contest involving both boxing and wrestling.
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2. (Bot.) A genus of Old World amaryllideous bulbous plants, having a funnel-shaped perianth with six narrow spreading lobes. The American species are now placed in the related genus Hymenocallis.
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Pancreas
Pan"cre*as (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;; pa^s, pa^n, all + kre`as flesh, meat: cf. F. pancréas.] (Anat.) The sweetbread, a gland connected with the intestine of nearly all vertebrates. It is usually elongated and light-colored, and its secretion, called the pancreatic juice, is discharged, often together with the bile, into the upper part of the intestines, and is a powerful aid in digestion. See Illust. of Digestive apparatus.
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Pancreatic
Pan`cre*at"ic (?), a. [Cf. F. pancréatique.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the pancreas; as, the pancreatic secretion, digestion, ferments.
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Pancreatic juice (Physiol.), a colorless alkaline fluid secreted intermittently by the pancreatic gland. It is one of the most important of the digestive fluids, containing at least three distinct enzymes, trypsin, steapsin (lipase) and an amylase, by which it acts upon all three classes of food stuffs. See Pancreas.
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pancreatin
pan"cre*a*tin (?), n. [See pancreas.] (Physiol. Chem.) One of the digestive enzymes of the pancreatic juice.
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&hand_; By some the term pancreatin is restricted to the amylolytic ferment of the pancreatic juice (amylase), by others it is applied to trypsin, and by still others to steapsin (the lipase of pancreatic juice).
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2. A preparation of pancreatic juice, usually obtained from the ox or hog, containing the three main digestive enzymes trypsin, amylase, and lipase, and used in medicine as an aid to digestion.
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pancy
pan"cy (?), n. See pansy. [Obs.] Dryden.
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panda
pan"da (păn"d&adot_;), n. (Zool.) 1. A small Asiatic mammal (Ailurus fulgens) having fine soft fur, which inhabits the mountains of Northern India. It was once thought to be related to the bears, but is now believed to be more closely related to raccoons. It has reddish-brown fur on the back and sides, and black fur on the legs and underside. Called also the lesser panda.
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2. The giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca), a bearlike black-and white mammal now found wild only in the central forests of China, which lives mainly on on bamboo. It is an endangered species, and is a popular attraction in the few zoos which have bveen able to obtain specimens.
[PJC]

Pandanaceae
Pandanaceae prop. n. A natural family of woody plants including the pandanus tree (the screw pine) and freycinetia.
Syn. -- family Pandanaceae, screw-pine family.
[WordNet 1.5]

Pandanales
Pandanales prop. n. An order of plants including the families Typhaceae; Sparganiaceae; and Pandanaceae.
Syn. -- order Pandanales.
[WordNet 1.5]

Pandanus
Pan*da"nus (?), prop. n. [NL., fr. Malay pandan.] (Bot.) A genus of endogenous plants, native to tropical lands from Africa to Polynesia. See Screw pine.
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2. Fiber from leaves of the pandanus tree; used for woven articles (such as mats). [wns16=1]
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3. Any of various Old World tropical palmlike trees having huge prop roots and pineapplelike leaves and edible conelike fruits; also called the screw pine. [wns16=2]
[WordNet 1.5]

Pandar
Pan"dar (?), n. Same as Pander. “Seized by the pandar of Appius.” Macaulay.
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Pandarism
Pan"dar*ism (?), n. Same as Panderism. Swift.
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Pandarize
Pan"dar*ize (?), v. i. To pander. [Obs.]
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Pandarous
Pan"dar*ous (?), a. Panderous. [Obs.]
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Pandean
Pan*de"an, a. [From 4th Pan.] Of or relating to the god Pan.
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Pandean pipes
Pan*de"an pipes, n. pl., A primitive wind instrument, consisting of a series of short hollow reeds or pipes, graduated in length by the musical scale, and fastened together side by side; a syrinx; a mouth organ; -- said to have been invented by the god Pan. Called also pipes of Pan, Pan's pipes and Panpipes.
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Pandect
Pan"dect (?), n. [L. pandecta, pandectes, Gr. &unr_; all-receiving, all-containing; pa^s, pa^n, all + &unr_; to receive: cf. F. pandectes, pl.] 1. A treatise which comprehends the whole of any science.
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[Thou] a pandect mak'st, and universal book. Donne.
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2. pl. The digest, or abridgment, in fifty books, of the decisions, writings, and opinions of the old Roman jurists, made in the sixth century by direction of the emperor Justinian, and forming the leading compilation of the Roman civil law. Kent.
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Pandemic
Pan*dem"ic (?), a. [L. pandemus, Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;; pa^s, pa^n, all + &unr_; the people: cf. F. pandémique.] Affecting a whole people or a number of countries; everywhere epidemic. -- n. A pandemic disease. Harvey.
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Pandemonium
Pan`de*mo"ni*um (?), n. [NL., from Gr. pa^s, pa^n, all + dai`mwn a demon.] 1. The great hall or council chamber of demons or evil spirits. Milton.
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2. An utterly lawless, riotous place or assemblage.
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3. A condition of unrestrained disorder and chaotic, riotous uproar.
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Pander
Pan"der (?), n. [From Pandarus, a leader in the Trojan army, who is represented by Chaucer and Shakespeare as having procured for Troilus the possession of Cressida.]
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1. A male bawd; a pimp; a procurer.
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Thou art the pander to her dishonor. Shak.
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2. Hence, one who ministers to the evil designs and passions of another.
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Those wicked panders to avarice and ambition. Burke.
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Pander
Pan"der, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Pandered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Pandering.] To play the pander for.
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to pander to v. t. To appeal to (base emotions or less noble desires), so as to achieve one's purpose; to exploit (base emotions, such as lust, prejudice, or hate).
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Pander
Pan"der, v. i. To act the part of a pander.
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Panderage
Pan"der*age (?), n. The act of pandering.
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Panderism
Pan"der*ism (?), n. The employment, arts, or practices of a pander. Bp. Hall.
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Panderly
Pan"der*ly, a. Having the quality of a pander. “O, you panderly rascals.” Shak.
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Pandermite
Pan*der"mite (?), n. [From Panderma, a port on the Black Sea from which it is exported.] (Min.) A hydrous borate of lime, near priceite.
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Panderous
Pan"der*ous (?), a. Of or relating to a pander; characterizing a pander.
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Pandiculated
Pan*dic"u*la`ted (?), a. [See Pandiculation.] Extended; spread out; stretched.
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Pandiculation
Pan*dic`u*la"tion (?), n. [L. pandiculari to stretch one's self, fr. pandere to spread out.] A stretching and stiffening of the trunk and extremities, as when fatigued and drowsy.
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Pandit
Pan"dit (?), n. Same as Pundit.
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Pandoor
Pan"door (?), n. Same as Pandour.
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Pandora
Pan*do"ra (?), prop. n. [L., fr. Gr. Pandw`ra; pa^s, pa^n, all + dw^ron a gift.] 1. (Class. Myth.) A beautiful woman (all-gifted), whom Jupiter caused Vulcan to make out of clay in order to punish the human race, because Prometheus had stolen the fire from heaven. Jupiter gave Pandora a box containing all human ills, which, when the box was opened, escaped and spread over the earth. Hope alone remained in the box. Another version makes the box contain all the blessings of the gods, which were lost to men when Pandora opened it.
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2. (Zool.) A genus of marine bivalves, in which one valve is flat, the other convex.
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pandore
pan"dore (păn"dōr or păn*dōr"), n. [F. See Bandore.] An ancient musical instrument, of the lute kind; a bandore. [Written also pandora, pandoura. pandure, and pandoran.]
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Pandour
Pan"dour (?), n. 1. One of a class of Hungarian mountaineers serving in the Austrian army that served as local militia in Croatia; -- so called from Pandur, a principal town in the region from which they originally came. They were noted for their ruthlessness. [Written also pandoor.]
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Her whiskered pandours and her fierce hussars. Campbell.
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2. Hence: A brutal soldier.
[PJC]

pandoura
pan*dour"a (?), n. See pandore .
[PJC]

Pandowdy
Pan*dow"dy (?), n. A deep pie or pudding made of baked apples, or of sliced bread and apples baked together, with no bottom crust.
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Panduriform
Pandurate
{ Pan"du*rate, Pan*du"ri*form (?), } a. [L. pandura a pandore + -form: cf. F. panduriforme.] 1. Obovate, with a concavity in each side, like the body of a violin; fiddle-shaped; as, a panduriform leaf; panduriform color markings of an animal.
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2. (Bot.) Shaped like a fiddle; -- of a leaf.
Syn. -- fiddle-shaped.
[WordNet 1.5]

panduriform
panduriform adj. (Bot.) Same as pandurate.
Syn. -- pandurate, fiddle-shaped.
[WordNet 1.5]

Pane
Pane (?), n. [F. panne.] The narrow edge of a hammer head. See Peen.
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Pane
Pane, n. [OE. pan part, portion of a thing, F. pan a skirt, lappet, part or piece of a wall, side, fr. L. pannus a cloth, fillet, rag; akin to E. vane. See Vane, and cf. Panel, Pawn pledge.] 1. A division; a distinct piece, limited part, or compartment of any surface; a patch; hence, a square of a checkered or plaided pattern.
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2. One of the openings in a slashed garment, showing the bright colored silk, or the like, within; hence, the piece of colored or other stuff so shown.
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3. (Arch.) (a) A compartment of a surface, or a flat space; hence, one side or face of a building; as, an octagonal tower is said to have eight panes. (b) Especially, in modern use, the glass in one compartment of a window sash; a windowpane.
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4. In irrigating, a subdivision of an irrigated surface between a feeder and an outlet drain.
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5. (a) One of the flat surfaces, or facets, of any object having several sides. (b) One of the eight facets surrounding the table of a brilliant cut diamond.
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Paned
Paned (?), a. 1. Having panes; provided with panes; also, having openings; as, a paned window; paned window sash.Paned hose.” Massinger.
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2. (Mach.) Having flat sides or surfaces; as, a six-paned nut.
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Panegyric
Pan`e*gyr"ic (?), n. [L. panegyricus, Gr. panhgyriko`s: cf. F. panégyrique. See Panegyric, a.] An oration or eulogy in praise of some person or achievement; a formal or elaborate encomium; a laudatory discourse; laudation. See Synonym of Eulogy.
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Panegyrical
Panegyric
{ Pan`e*gyr"ic (?), Pan`e*gyr"ic*al (?), } a. [L. panegyricus, Gr. panhgyriko`s, from panh`gyris an assembly of the people, a high festival; pa^, pa^n all + 'a`gyris, 'agora`, an assembly.] Containing praise or eulogy; encomiastic; laudatory.Panegyric strains.” Pope. -- Pan`e*gyr"ic*al*ly, adv.
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Some of his odes are panegyrical. Dryden.
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Panegyris
Pa*neg"y*ris (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;. See Panegyric.] A festival; a public assembly. [Obs.] S. Harris.
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Panegyrist
Pan"e*gyr`ist (?), n. [L. panegyrista, Gr. panhgyristh`s, one who attends a panh`gyris: cf. panhgyri`zein to celebrate or attend a public festival, to make a set speech, esp. a panegyric, in a public assembly. See Panegyric.] One who delivers a panegyric; a eulogist; one who extols or praises, either by writing or speaking.
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If these panegyrists are in earnest. Burke.
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Panegyrize
Pan"e*gy*rize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Panegyrized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Panegyrizing (?).] [Gr. &unr_;. See Panegyrist.] To praise highly; to extol in a public speech; to write or deliver a panegyric upon; to eulogize.
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Panegyrize
Pan"e*gy*rize, v. i. To indulge in panegyrics. Mitford.
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Panegyry
Pan"e*gyr`y (?), n. A panegyric. [Obs.] Milton.
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Panel
Pan"el (?), n. [Orig., a little piece; OF. panel, pannel, F. panneau, dim. of pan skirt, lappet, part or piece of a wall, side. See 2d Pane.] 1. (Arch.) A sunken compartment with raised margins, molded or otherwise, as in ceilings, wainscotings, etc.
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2. (Law) (a) A piece of parchment or a schedule, containing the names of persons summoned as jurors by the sheriff; hence, more generally, the whole group of persons summoned on a particular day, from whom a jury is to be selected; also, the jury selected from that group. Blackstone. (b) (Scots Law) A prisoner arraigned for trial at the bar of a criminal court. Burrill.
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3. Hence: Any group of persons selected to judge a contest, conduct a discussion, serve as advisers, or participate in any group activity in which they will provide information or make judgments.
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4. Formerly, a piece of cloth serving as a saddle; hence, a soft pad beneath a saddletree to prevent chafing.
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5. (Joinery) A board having its edges inserted in the groove of a surrounding frame; as, the panel of a door.
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6. (Masonry) One of the faces of a hewn stone. Gwilt.
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7. (Painting) A slab or plank of wood upon which, instead of canvas, a picture is painted.
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8. (Mining) (a) A heap of dressed ore. (b) One of the districts divided by pillars of extra size, into which a mine is laid off in one system of extracting coal.
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9. (Dressmaking) A plain strip or band, as of velvet or plush, placed at intervals lengthwise on the skirt of a dress, for ornament.
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10. A portion of a framed structure between adjacent posts or struts, as in a bridge truss.
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11. (Aëronautics) A segment of an aëroplane wing. In a biplane the outer panel extends from the wing tip to the next row of posts, and is trussed by oblique stay wires.
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Panel game, a method of stealing money in a panel house. -- Panel house, a house of prostitution in which the rooms have secret entrances to facilitate theft from customers by accomplices of the inmates. -- Panel saw, handsaw with fine teeth, -- used for cutting out panels, etc. -- Panel thief, one who robs in a panel house.
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Panel
Pan"el (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Paneled (?) or Panelled; p. pr. & vb. n. Paneling or Panelling.] To form in or with panels; as, to panel a wainscot.
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Paneled back (Arch.), the paneled work covering the window back. See Window back.
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Panelation
Pan`el*a"tion (?), n. The act of impaneling a jury. [Obs.] [Written also panellation.] Wood.
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paneled
paneled adj. Decorated with panels or wainscoting; -- used of walls; as, a paneled family room.
Syn. -- wainscoted.
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Paneless
Pane"less (?), a. Without panes.
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To patch his paneless window. Shenstone.
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paneling
pan"el*ing (păn"&ebreve_;l*&ibreve_;ng), n. 1. The act or process of forming in panels or decorating with panels. [Written also panelling.]
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2. The panels which decorate the walls of a room.
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Panelwork
Pan"el*work` (?), n. (Arch.) Wainscoting.
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panetella
panetella n. Same as panatela.
Syn. -- panatela, panatella, panetela.
[WordNet 1.5]

Paneulogism
Pan*eu"lo*gism (?), n. [See Pan-, Eulogy.] Eulogy of everything; indiscriminate praise. [R.]
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Her book has a trace of the cant of paneulogism. National Rev.
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panfish
panfish n. 1. Any of numerous small food fishes; especially those not available on the market.
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2. Any of numerous small food fishes taken with hook and line.
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pan-fry
pan-fry v. To fry in a pan.
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Panful
Pan"ful (păn"f&usdot_;l), n.; pl. Panfuls (păn"f&usdot_;lz). [See 5th Pan.] Enough to fill a pan.
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pang
pang (păng), n. [Prob. for older prange. Cf. Prong.] A paroxysm of extreme pain or anguish; a sudden and transitory agony; a throe; as, the pangs of death.
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Syn. -- Agony; anguish; distress. See Agony.
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Pang
Pang, v. t. To torture; to cause to have great pain or suffering; to torment. [R.] Shak.
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Pangenesis
Pan*gen"e*sis (?), n. [Pan- + genesis.] (Biol.) An hypothesis advanced by Darwin in explanation of heredity.
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&hand_; The theory rests on the assumption, that the whole organization, in the sense of every separate atom or unit, reproduces itself, the cells throwing off minute granules called gemmules, which circulate freely throughout the system and multiply by subdivision. These gemmules collect in the reproductive organs and products, or in buds, so that the egg or bud contains gemmules from all parts of the parent or parents, which in development give rise to cells in the offspring similar to those from which they were given off in the parent. The hypothesis also assumes that these gemmules need not in all cases develop into cells, but may lie dormant, and be transmitted from generation to generation without producing a noticeable effect until a case of atavism occurs. This is an ingenious hypothesis, but now known to be wrong. Although now, a hundred years later, we know that all transmitted genetic information (other than that in plasmids) is contained in the genome of a single cell, scientists are still only beginning to understand the development process.
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Pangenetic
Pan`ge*net"ic (?), a. (Biol.) Of or pertaining to pangenesis.
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Pangful
Pang"ful (?), a. Full of pangs. Richardson.
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Pangless
Pang"less, a. Without a pang; painless. Byron.
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Pangolin
Pan"go*lin (pă&nsmacr_;"g&ouptack_;*l&ibreve_;n), n. [Malay pangūlang.] (Zool.) Any one of several species of Manis, Pholidotus, and related genera, found in Africa and Asia. They are covered with imbricated scales, and feed upon ants. Called also scaly ant-eater.
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Pangothic
Pan*goth"ic (?), a. [Pan- + Gothic.] Of, pertaining to, or including, all the Gothic races. “Ancestral Pangothic stock.” Earle.
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Panhandle
Pan"han`dle (?), n. The handle of a pan; hence, fig., any arm or projection suggestive of the handle of a pan; as, the panhandle of West Virginia, Texas, or Idaho.
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Panhandle State
Panhandle State. West Virginia; -- a nickname.
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panhandle
pan"han`dle (păn"hăn`d'l), v. i. To accost people in a public place and ask for money; to beg. -- pan"hand`ler (păn"hănd`l&etilde_;r), n. -- pan"hand`ling (păn"hănd`l&ibreve_;ng), n.
[PJC]

Panhandle
Pan"han`dle (păn"hăn`d'l), v. t. 1. to obtain by panhandling.
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2. To accost in a public place and ask for money from.
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Panhellenic
Pan`hel*len"ic (?), a. [See Panhellenium.] Of or pertaining to all Greece, or to Panhellenism; including all Greece, or all the Greeks.
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Panhellenism
Pan*hel"len*ism (?), n. A scheme to unite all the Greeks in one political body.
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Panhellenist
Pan*hel"len*ist, n. An advocate of Panhellenism.
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Panhellenium
Pan`hel*le"ni*um (?), n. [NL., from Gr. Panellh`nion; pa^s, pa^n, all + "E`llhnes the Greeks.] (Gr. Antiq.) An assembly or association of Greeks from all the states of Greece.
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Panic
Pan"ic (?), n. [L. panicum.] (Bot.) A plant of the genus Panicum; panic grass; also, the edible grain of some species of panic grass.
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Panic grass (Bot.), any grass of the genus Panicum.
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Panic
Pan"ic, a. [Gr. paniko`s of or pertaining to Pa`n Pan, to whom the causing of sudden fright was ascribed: cf. F. panique.] Extreme or sudden and causeless; unreasonable; -- said of fear or fright; as, panic fear, terror, alarm. “A panic fright.” Dryden.
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Panic
Pan"ic, n. [Gr. to~ paniko`n (with or without dei^ma fear): cf. F. panique. See Panic, a.] 1. A sudden, overpowering fright; esp., a sudden and groundless fright; terror inspired by a trifling cause or a misapprehension of danger; as, the troops were seized with a panic; they fled in a panic.
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2. By extension: A sudden widespread fright or apprehension concerning financial affairs.
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Panical
Pan"ic*al (?), a. See Panic, a. [Obs.] Camden.
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panicky
pan"ick*y adj. Same as panic-stricken; as, the travellers became panicky as the snow deepened.
Syn. -- panic-stricken, panic-struck, petrified, terrified, frightened.
[WordNet 1.5]

Panicle
Pan"i*cle (?), n. [L. panicula a tuft on plants, dim. of panus the thread wound upon the bobbin in a shuttle; cf. Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;; prob. akin to E. pane: cf. F. panicule. See 2d Pane.] (Bot.) A pyramidal form of inflorescence, in which the cluster is loosely branched below and gradually simpler toward the end.
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Panicled
Pan"i*cled (?), a. (Bot.) Furnished with panicles; arranged in, or like, panicles; paniculate.
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Panic-struck
Panic-stricken
{ Pan"ic-strick`en (?), Pan"ic-struck` (?) }, a. Struck with a panic, or sudden fear; thrown into a state of intense fear; as, trying to keep back the panic-stricken crowd. Burke.
Syn. -- panicky, petrified, terrified, frightened.
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Paniculated
Paniculate
{ Pa*nic"u*late (?), Pa*nic"u*la`ted (?), } a. [See Panicle.] (Bot) Same as Panicled.
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Panicum
Pan"i*cum (?), n. [L., panic grass.] (Bot.) A genus of grasses, including several hundred species, some of which are valuable; panic grass.
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Panidiomorphic
Pan*id`i*o*mor"phic (?), a. [Pan- + idiomorphic.] (Geol.) Having a completely idiomorphic structure; -- said of certain rocks.
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Panier
Pan"ier (?), n. See Pannier, 3. [Obs.]
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Panification
Pan`i*fi*ca"tion (?), n. [L. panis bread + -ficare (in comp.) to make: cf. F. panification.] The act or process of making bread. Ure.
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Panim
Pa"nim (?), n. See Painim. [Obs.] Milton.
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Panislamism
Pan*is"lam*ism (?), n. [Pan- + Islamism.] A desire or plan for the union of all Muslim nations for the conquest of the world.
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Panivorous
Pa*niv"o*rous (?), a. [L. panis bread + vorare to devour.] Eating bread; subsisting on bread.
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Pannade
Pan*nade" (?), n. The curvet of a horse.
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Pannage
Pan"nage (?), n. [OF. pasnage, LL. pasnadium, pastinaticum, fr. pastionare to feed on mast, as swine, fr. L. pastio a pasturing, grazing. See Pastor.] (O. Eng. Law) (a) The food of swine in the woods, as beechnuts, acorns, etc.; -- called also pawns. (b) A tax paid for the privilege of feeding swine in the woods.
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Pannary
Pan"na*ry (?), a. See Panary. Loudon.
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Panne
Panne (?), n. [F.] A fabric resembling velvet, but having the nap flat and less close.
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Pannel
Pan"nel (?), n. [See Panel.] 1. A kind of rustic saddle. Tusser.
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2. (Falconry) The stomach of a hawk. Ainsworth.
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3. (Mil.) A carriage for conveying a mortar and its bed, on a march. Farrow.
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Pannier
Pan"nier (?), n. [F. panier, fr. L. panarium a bread basket, fr. panis bread. Cf. Pantry.] 1. A bread basket; also, a wicker basket (used commonly in pairs) for carrying fruit or other things on a horse or an ass Hudibras.
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2. (Mil. Antiq.) A shield of basket work formerly used by archers as a shelter from the enemy's missiles.
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3. A table waiter at the Inns of Court, London.
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4. A framework of steel or whalebone, worn by women to expand their dresses; a kind of bustle.
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Panniered
Pan"niered (?), a. Bearing panniers. Wordsworth.
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Pannikel
Pan"ni*kel (?), n. [See Pan a dish.] The brainpan, or skull; hence, the crest. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Pannikin
Pan"ni*kin (?), n. [Dim. of pan a dish.] A small pan or cup. Marryat. Thackeray.
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panning
pan"ning (?), n. The act or process in which heavier ores are concentrated by agitating a sample of crushed ore under water in a shallow pan, thus washing away the lighter particles from the sample; as, panning for gold. See pan{1}, v. t. and pan{1}, v. i.
[PJC]

Pannose
Pan"nose` (?), a. [See Pannus.] (Bot.) Similar in texture or appearance to felt or woolen cloth.
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Pannus
Pan"nus (?), n. [L., cloth. See 2d Pane.] (Med.) A very vascular superficial opacity of the cornea, usually caused by granulation of the eyelids. Foster.
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Panoistic
Pan`o*is"tic (?), a. [Pan- + Gr. &unr_; an egg.] (Zool.) Producing ova only; -- said of the ovaries of certain insects which do not produce vitelligenous cells.
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Panomphean
Pan`om*phe"an (?), a. [L. panomphaeus, Gr. &unr_;.] Uttering ominous or prophetic voices; divining. [R.]
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We want no half gods, panomphean Joves. Mrs. Browning.
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Panoplied
Pan"o*plied (?), a. Dressed in panoply.
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Panoply
Pan"o*ply (păn"&ouptack_;*pl&ybreve_;), n. [Gr. panopli`a; pa^s, pa^n, all + "o`plon tool, implement, in pl., armor, arms.] 1. Defensive armor in general; a full suit of defensive armor. Milton.
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We had need to take the Christian panoply, to put on the whole armor of God. Ray.
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2. Hence: Any full set of elaborate attire, complete with accessories or accompanying paraphernalia; any elaborate special or ceremonial attire and equipment.
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3. Hence: Any impressive complete array; as, the full panoply of a presidential funeral.
[PJC]

4. Hence: [Fig.:] Any complete array of devices used in an endeavor; as, to deploy the full panoply of writer's techniques.
[PJC]

panoptical
panoptic
panoptic panoptical adj. Including everying visible in one view; as, a panoptic aerial photograph of the missile base; a panoptic stain used in microscopy.
[WordNet 1.5]

Panopticon
Pa*nop"ti*con (?), n. [NL. See Pan-, and Optic.]
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1. A prison so contructed that the inspector can see each of the prisoners at all times, without being seen.
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2. A room for the exhibition of novelties.
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Panorama
Pan`o*ra"ma (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. pa^s, pa^n, all + &unr_; that which is seen, a view, fr. &unr_; to see. See Pan-, and Wary.]
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1. A complete view in every direction.
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2. Hence: A comprehensive survey of a particular topic; also, a broad view of the development of a series of events.
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3. A picture presenting a view of objects in every direction, as from a central point.
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4. A picture representing scenes too extended to be beheld at once, and so exhibited a part at a time, by being unrolled, and made to pass continuously before the spectator.
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Panoramical
Panoramic
{ Pan`o*ram"ic (?), Pan`o*ram"ic*al (?), } a. 1. Of, pertaining to, or like, a panorama; exhibiting a very broad view; as, a panoramic view.
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Panoramic camera. See under Camera.
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2. Hence: Presented with a broad perspective; as, a panoramic view of European history.
[PJC]

Panorpian
Pa*nor"pi*an (?), a. (Zool.) Like, or pertaining to, the genus Panorpa. -- n. Same as Panorpid.
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Panorpid
Pa*nor"pid (?), n. (Zool.) Any neuropterous insect of the genus Panorpa, and allied genera. The larvæ feed on plant lice.
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pan out
pan` out" (păn`out"), 1. v. i. To succeed; as, the project didn't pan out.
[PJC]

2. To turn out (profitably or unprofitably); to result; to develop; as, the investigation, or the speculation, panned out poorly. [Slang, U. S.]
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Panpharmacon
Pan*phar"ma*con (?), n. [NL. See Pan-, and Pharmacon.] A medicine for all diseases; a panacea. [R.]
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Panpresbyterian
Pan`pres`by*te"ri*an (?), a. [Pan- + Presbyterian.] Belonging to, or representative of, those who hold Presbyterian views in all parts of the world; as, a Panpresbyterian council.
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Panpsychism
Pan*psy"chism (?), n. [See Pan-; Psychic.] The theory that all nature is psychical or has a psychical aspect; the theory that every particle of matter has a psychical character or aspect. -- Pan*psy"chic (#), a. -- Pan*psy"chist (#), n. -- Pan`psy*chis"tic (#), a.

Fechner affords a conspicuous instance of the idealistic tendency to mysterize nature in his panpsychicism, or that form of noumenal idealism which holds that the universe is a vast communion of spirits, souls of men, of animals, of plants, of earth and other planets, of the sun, all embraced as different members in the soul of the world. Encyc. Brit.
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Pansclavonian
Pansclavist
Pansclavism
Pansclavic
{ Pan`sclav"ic (?), Pan`sclav"ism (?), Pan`sclav"ist, Pan`scla*vo"ni*an (?) }. See Panslavic, Panslavism, etc.
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Panshon
Pan"shon (?), n. An earthen vessel wider at the top than at the bottom, -- used for holding milk and for various other purposes. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.
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Pansied
Pan"sied (?), a. [From Pansy.] Covered or adorned with pansies. “The pansied grounds.” Darwin.
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Panslavic
Pan`slav"ic (?), a. [Pan- + Slavic.] Pertaining to all the Slavic races.
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Panslavism
Pan`slav"ism (?), n. A scheme or desire to unite all the Slavic races into one confederacy.
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Panslavist
Pan`slav"ist (?), n. One who favors Panslavism.
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Panslavonian
Pan`sla*vo"ni*an (?), a. See Panslavic.
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Pansophical
Pan*soph"ic*al (?), a. [See Pansophy.] All-wise; claiming universal knowledge; as, pansophical pretenders. [R.] John Worthington.
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Pansophy
Pan"so*phy (?), n. [Pan- + Gr. &unr_; wisdom, &unr_; wise: cf. F. pansophie.] Universal wisdom; esp., a system of universal knowledge proposed by Comenius (1592 -- 1671), a Moravian educator. [R.] Hartlib.
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Panspermism
Pan`sperm"ism Same as panspermia.
[PJC]

Panspermist
Panspermatist
{ Pan*sper"ma*tist (?), Pan"sper`mist (?), } n. (Biol.) A believer in panspermy; one who rejects the theory of spontaneous generation; a biogenist.
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Panspermic
Pan`sper"mic (?), a. (Biol.) Of or pertaining to panspermy; as, the panspermic hypothesis.
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Panspermy
Panspermia
Pan`sper"mi*a, Pan"sper`my (?), n. [Pan- + Gr. &unr_; a seed.] (Biol.) (a) The doctrine of the widespread distribution of germs, from which under favorable circumstances bacteria, vibrios, etc., may develop. (b) The doctrine that all organisms must come from living parents; biogenesis; -- the opposite of spontaneous generation. (c) The theory that life on earth originated from spores or germs that evolved elsewhere in the uiniverse; -- in contradistinction to the theory that life evolved on earth from inanimate matter. This theory, originally suggested by S. Arrhenius in 1907, is sometimes advanced by those who feel that the time required for evolution of life is too long for life to have evolved on Earth from inanimate matter.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Panstereorama
Pan*ste`re*o*ra"ma (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. pa^s, pa^n, all + &unr_; solid + &unr_; a view.] A model of a town or country, in relief, executed in wood, cork, pasteboard, or the like. Brande & C.
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Pansy
Pan"sy (?), n.; pl. Pansies (#). [F. Pensée thought, pansy, fr. penser to think, L. pensare to weigh, ponder. See Pensive.] (Bot.) A plant of the genus Viola (Viola tricolor) and its blossom, originally purple and yellow. Cultivated varieties have very large flowers of a great diversity of colors. Called also heart's-ease, love-in-idleness, and many other quaint names.
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Pant
Pant (p&adot_;nt), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Panted; p. pr. & vb. n. Panting.] [Cf. F. panteler to gasp for breath, OF. panteisier to be breathless, F. pantois out of breath; perh. akin to E. phantom, the verb prob. orig. meaning, to have the nightmare.] 1. To breathe quickly or in a labored manner, as after exertion or from eagerness or excitement; to respire with heaving of the breast; to gasp.
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Pluto plants for breath from out his cell. Dryden.
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2. Hence: To long eagerly; to desire earnestly; -- often used with for or after.
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As the hart panteth after the water brooks. Ps. xlii. 1.
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Who pants for glory finds but short repose. Pope.
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3. To beat with unnatural violence or rapidity; to palpitate, or throb; -- said of the heart. Spenser.
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4. To sigh; to flutter; to languish. [Poetic]
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The whispering breeze
Pants on the leaves, and dies upon the trees.
Pope.
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Pant
Pant, v. t. 1. To breathe forth quickly or in a labored manner; to gasp out.
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There is a cavern where my spirit
Was panted forth in anguish.
Shelley.
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2. To long for; to be eager after. [R.]
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Then shall our hearts pant thee. Herbert.
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Pant
Pant, n. 1. A quick breathing; a catching of the breath; a gasp. Drayton.
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2. A violent palpitation of the heart. Shak.
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pant
pant, n. A single leg of a pair of pants. See pants.
[PJC]

pant
pant, a. Of or pertaining to pants.
[PJC]

Panta-
Pan"ta- (?). See Pan-.
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Pantable
Pan"ta*ble (?), n. See Pantofle. [Obs.]
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Pantacosm
Pan"ta*cosm (?), n. [Panta- + Gr. ko`smos universe.] See Cosmolabe.
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Pantagraph
Pan"ta*graph (?), n. See Pantograph.
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Pantagruelism
Pan*tag"ru*el*ism (?), n. [From Pantagruel, one of the characters of Rabelais.] 1. The theory or practice of the medical profession; -- used in burlesque or ridicule.
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2. An assumption of buffoonery to cover some serious purpose. [R.] Donaldson.
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Pantalet
Pan`ta*let" (?), n. [Dim. of pantaloon.] One of the legs of the loose drawers worn by children and women; a pant leg; particularly, the lower part of such a garment, coming below the knee, often made in a separate piece; -- chiefly in the plural.
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Pantaloon
Pan`ta*loon" (?), n. [F. pantalon, fr. It. pantalone, a masked character in the Italian comedy, who wore breeches and stockings that were all of one piece, from Pantaleone, the patron saint of Venice, which, as a baptismal name, is very frequent among the Venetians, and is applied to them by the other Italians as a nickname, fr. Gr. Pantale`wn, lit., all lion, a Greek personal name.] 1. A ridiculous character, or an old dotard, in the Italian comedy; also, a buffoon in pantomimes. Addison.
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The sixth age shifts
Into the lean and slippered pantaloon.
Shak.
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2. pl. A bifurcated garment for a man, covering the body from the waist downwards, and consisting of breeches and stockings in one.
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3. pl. In recent times, a loose-fitting variety of Trousers, often of less than ankle length.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Pantaloonery
Pan`ta*loon"er*y (?), n. 1. The character or performances of a pantaloon; buffoonery. [R.] Lamb.
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2. Materials for pantaloons.
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Pantamorph
Pan"ta*morph (?), n. That which assumes, or exists in, all forms.
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Pantamorphic
Pan`ta*mor"phic (?), a. [Panta- + Gr. morfh` form.] Taking all forms.
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Pantascope
Pan"ta*scope (?), n. [Panta- + -scope.] (Photog.) A pantascopic camera.
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Pantascopic
Pan`ta*scop"ic (?), a. Viewing all; taking a view of the whole. See under Camera.
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Pantastomata
Pan`ta*stom"a*ta (păn`t&adot_;*st&obreve_;m"&adot_;*t&adot_;), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. pa^s, panto`s, all + sto`ma, sto`matos, mouth.] (Zool.) One of the divisions of Flagellata, including the monads and allied forms.
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Pantechnicon
Pan*tech"ni*con (?), n. [NL. See Pan-, and Technic.] A depository or place where all sorts of manufactured articles are collected for sale.
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Pantelegraph
Pan*tel"e*graph (?), n. [Pan- + telegraph.] See under Telegraph.
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Panter
Pant"er (?), n. One who pants. Congreve.
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Panter
Pan"ter (?), n. [F. panetier. See Pantry.] A keeper of the pantry; a pantler. [Obs.] Tyndale.
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Panter
Pan"ter, n. [See Painter a rope.] A net; a noose. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Panteutonic
Pan`teu*ton"ic (?), a. [Pan- + Teutonic.] Of or pertaining to all the Teutonic races.
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Pantheism
Pan"the*ism (?), n. [Pan- + theism.] The doctrine that the universe, taken or conceived of as a whole, is God; the doctrine that there is no God but the combined force and natural laws which are manifested in the existing universe; cosmotheism. The doctrine denies that God is a rational personality.
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Pantheist
Pan"the*ist, n. One who holds to pantheism.
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Pantheistical
Pantheistic
{ Pan`the*is"tic (?), Pan`the*is"tic*al (?), } a. Of or pertaining to pantheism; founded in, or leading to, pantheism. -- Pan`the*is"tic*al*ly, adv.
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Pantheologist
Pan`the*ol"o*gist (?), n. One versed in pantheology.
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Pantheology
Pan`the*ol"o*gy (?), n. [Pan- + theology.] A system of theology embracing all religions; a complete system of theology.
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Pantheon
Pan*the"on (?), n. [L. pantheon, pantheum, Gr. pa`nqeion (sc. 'iero`n), fr. pa`nqeios of all gods; pa^s, pa^n, all + qe`os a god: cf. F. panthéon. See Pan-, and Theism.] 1. A temple dedicated to all the gods; especially, the building so called at Rome.
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2. The collective gods of a people, or a work treating of them; as, a divinity of the Greek pantheon.
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panther
pan"ther (păn"th&etilde_;r), n. [OE. pantere, F. panthère, L. panthera, Gr. pa`nqhr, prob. fr. Skr. pundrīka a tiger.]
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1. (Zool.) A large dark-colored variety of the leopard, by some Zoologists considered a distinct species. It is marked with large ringlike spots, the centers of which are darker than the color of the body.
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2. (Zool.) In America, the name is applied to the puma, or cougar, and sometimes to the jaguar.
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Panther cat (Zool.), the ocelot. -- Panther cowry (Zool.), a spotted East Indian cowry (Cypræa pantherina); -- so called from its color.
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Panthera
Panthera prop. n. The genus of large felines including the lions; leopards; snow leopards; jaguars; tigers; cheetahs; and saber-toothed tigers.
Syn. -- genus Panthera.
[WordNet 1.5]

pantheress
pan"ther*ess, n. (Zool.) A female panther.
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Pantherine
Pan"ther*ine (?), a. Like a panther, esp. in color; as, the pantherine snake (Ptyas mucosus) of Brazil.
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pantie
pantie n. A pair of short underpants for women or children (usually used in the plural).
Syn. -- panty, scanty, step-in.
[WordNet 1.5]

Pantile
Pan"tile` (?), n. [5th pan + tile.] (Arch.) A roofing tile, of peculiar form, having a transverse section resembling an elongated S laid on its side (&unr_;).
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panting
panting adj. Breathing laboriously or convulsively.
Syn. -- gasping, out-of-breath(predicate), pursy, short-winded, winded.
[WordNet 1.5]

panting
panting n. The act or process of breathing heavily, usually after exertion.
Syn. -- heaving.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. Any fabric used to make trousers.
Syn. -- trousering.
[WordNet 1.5]

pantingly
pant"ing*ly (?), adv. With palpitation or rapid breathing. Shak.
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Pantisocracy
Pan`ti*soc"ra*cy (?), n. [Panto- + Gr. &unr_; equal + &unr_; to rule.] A Utopian community, in which all should rule equally, such as was devised by Coleridge, Lovell, and Southey, in their younger days.
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Pantisocrat
Pan*tis"o*crat (?), n. A pantisocratist.
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Pantisocratic
Pan`ti*so*crat"ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to a pantisocracy.
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Pantisocratist
Pan`ti*soc"ra*tist (?), n. One who favors or supports the theory of a pantisocracy. Macaulay.
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Pantler
Pan"tler (?), n. [F. panetier. See Panter, Pantry.] The servant or officer, in a great family, who has charge of the bread and the pantry. [Obs.] Shak.
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Panto-
Pan"to- (?). See Pan-.
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Pantochronometer
Pan`to*chro*nom"e*ter (?), n. [Panto- + chronometer.] An instrument combining a compass, sundial, and universal time dial. Brande & C.
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Pantofle
Pan*to"fle (?), n. [F. pantoufle.] A slipper for the foot. [Written also pantable and pantoble.]
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Pantograph
Pan"to*graph (?), n. [Panto- + -graph: cf. F. pantographe.] An instrument for copying plans, maps, and other drawings, on the same, or on a reduced or an enlarged, scale. [Written also pantagraph, and incorrectly pentagraph.]
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2. An electrical conducting device consisting of a collapsible frame resembling a pantograph{1}, connected to the top of an electrically-powered vehicle such as a trolley, and used to conduct electrical current between the vehicle and an overhead electric wire, which supplies the power to the vehicle. The variable height of the pantograph ensures that it can move to follow variations in the height of the overhead wires, and thus make constant contact with the wires.
[PJC]

Skew pantograph, a kind of pantograph for drawing a copy which is inclined with respect to the original figure; -- also called plagiograph.
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Pantographical
Pantographic
{ Pan`to*graph"ic (?), Pan`to*graph"ic*al (?) }, a. [Cf. F. pantographique.] Of or pertaining to a pantograph; relating to pantography.
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Pantography
Pan*tog"ra*phy (?), n. [Cf. F. pantographie.] A general description; entire view of an object.
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Pantological
Pan`to*log"ic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to pantology.
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Pantologist
Pan*tol"o*gist (?), n. One versed in pantology; a writer of pantology.
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Pantology
Pan*tol"o*gy (?), n. [Panto- + -logy.] A systematic view of all branches of human knowledge; a work of universal information.
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Pantometer
Pan*tom"e*ter (?), n. [Panto- + -meter: cf. F. pantomètre.] An instrument for measuring angles for determining elevations, distances, etc.
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Pantometry
Pan*tom"e*try (?), n. Universal measurement. [R.] -- Pan`to*met"ric (#), a. [R.]
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Pantomime
Pan"to*mime (?), n. [F., fr. L. pantomimus, Gr. &unr_;, lit., all-imitating; pa^s, panto`s, all + &unr_; to imitate: cf. It. pantomimo. See Mimic.] 1. A universal mimic; an actor who assumes many parts; also, any actor. [Obs.]
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2. One who acts his part by gesticulation or dumb show only, without speaking; a pantomimist; a mime.
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[He] saw a pantomime perform so well that he could follow the performance from the action alone. Tylor.
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3. A dramatic representation by actors who use only dumb show; a depiction of an event, narrative, or situation using only gestures and bodily movements, without speaking; hence, dumb show, generally.
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4. A dramatic and spectacular entertainment of which dumb acting as well as burlesque dialogue, music, and dancing by Clown, Harlequin, etc., are features.
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Pantomime
Pan"to*mime, a. Representing only in mute actions; pantomimic; as, a pantomime dance.
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Pantomimical
Pantomimic
{ Pan`to*mim"ic (?), Pan`to*mim"ic*al (?), } a. [Cf. F. pantomimique.] Of or pertaining to the pantomime; representing by dumb show.Pantomimic gesture.” Bp. Warburton. -- Pan`to*mim"ic*al*ly, adv.
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Pantomimist
Pan"to*mi`mist (?), n. An actor in pantomime; also, a composer of pantomimes.
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Panton
Pan"ton (?), n. [F. patin. See Patten.] (Far.) A horseshoe to correct a narrow, hoofbound heel.
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Pantophagist
Pan*toph"a*gist (?), n. [See Pantophagous.] A person or an animal that has the habit of eating all kinds of food.
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Pantophagous
Pan*toph"a*gous (?), a. [Gr. pantofa`gos; pa^s, panto`s, all + fagei^n to eat.] Eating all kinds of food.
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Pantophagy
Pan*toph"a*gy (?), n. [Gr. pantofagi`a.] The habit or power of eating all kinds of food.
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Pantopoda
Pan*top"o*da (?), n. pl. [NL. See Panto-, & -poda.] (Zool.) Same as Pycnogonida.
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Pantoscopic
Pan`to*scop"ic (?), a. [Panto- + -scope + -ic.] Literally, seeing everything; -- a term applied to eyeglasses or spectacles divided into two segments, the upper being designed for distant vision, the lower for vision of near objects.
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Pantry
Pan"try (?), n.; pl. Pantries (#). [OE. pantrie, F. paneterie, fr. panetier pantler, LL. panetarius baker, panetus small loaf of bread, L. panis bread. Cf. Company, Pannier, Pantler.] An apartment or closet in which bread and other provisions are kept.
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pants
pants n. 1. n. pl. A garment extending from the waist to the knee or ankle, covering each leg separately. Syn. -- trousers.
[WordNet 1.6]

2. Underpants.
Syn. -- drawers.
[PJC]

3. Specifically: Underpants worn by women; panties.
Syn. -- bloomers, drawers, panties.
[WordNet 1.6]

pantywaist
pantywaist n. A timid man or boy considered childish or unassertive.
Syn. -- sissy, pansy, milksop, Milquetoast.
[WordNet 1.5]

Panurgic
Pan*ur"gic (?), a. [Cf. Gr. panoyrgiko`s knavish.] Skilled in all kinds of work. “The panurgic Diderot.” J. Morley.
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Panurgy
Pan"ur*gy (?), n. [Gr. panoyrgi`a, fr. panoy^rgos, properly, ready to do anything; hence, knavish, roguish; pa^s, pa^n, all + 'e`rgon work.] Skill in all kinds of work or business; craft. [R.] Bailey.
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Panyard
Pan"yard (?), n. See Pannier. [Obs.] Pepys.
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Panym
Pa"nym (?), n. & a. See Panim. [Obs.]
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panzer
panzer n. A German tank of the kind used in World War II.
[WordNet 1.5]

panzer
panzer adj. [German, Panzer armor.] 1. Equipped with armored vehicles; armored; as, a panzer division.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. Of, pertaining to, or involving armored military vehicles; as, a panzer attack.
[PJC]

Panzoism
Pan*zo"ism (?), n. [Pan- + Gr. zw^,on an animal.] (Biol.) A term used to denote all of the elements or factors which constitute vitality or vital energy. H. Spencer.
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Paolo
Pa"o*lo (?), n. [It. Cf. Paul.] An old Italian silver coin, worth about ten cents.
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Pap
Pap (?), n. [Cf. OSw. papp. Cf. Pap soft food.]
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1. (Anat.) A nipple; a mammilla; a teat. Dryden.
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The paps which thou hast sucked. Luke xi. 27.
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2. A rounded, nipplelike hill or peak; anything resembling a nipple in shape; a mamelon. Macaulay.
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Pap
Pap, n. [Cf. D. pap, G. pappe, both perh. fr. L. papa, pappa, the word with which infants call for food: cf. It. pappa.] 1. A soft food for infants, made of bread boiled or softened in milk or water.
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2. Hence: Any speech, writing, or idea lacking substance, or of trivial content; oversimplified, trite, or worthless ideas.
Syn. -- pablum, drivel, twaddle.
[PJC]

3. Nourishment or support from official patronage; as, treasury pap. [Colloq. & Contemptuous]
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4. The pulp of fruit. Ainsworth.
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Pap
Pap, v. t. To feed with pap. Beau. & Fl.
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Papa
Pa*pa" (?), n. [F. papa, L. papa; cf. Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, a child's word meaning father. Cf. Pope.]
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1. A child's word for father.
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2. A parish priest in the Greek Church. Shipley.
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Papabote
Pa`pa*bo"te (?), n. [Probably of Creole origin.] (Zool.) The upland plover. [Local, U. S.]
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Papacy
Pa"pa*cy (?), n. [LL. papatia, fr. L. papa a father, bishop. See Pope.] 1. The office and dignity of the pope, or pontiff, of Rome; papal jurisdiction.
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2. The popes, collectively; the succession of popes.
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3. The Roman Catholic religion; -- commonly used by the opponents of the Roman Catholics in disparagement or in an opprobrious sense.
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Papagay
Pap"a*gay (?), n. (Zool.) See Popinjay, 1 (b).
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Papain
Pa*pa"in (?), n. [From Papaw.] (Physiol. Chem.) A proteolytic ferment, like trypsin, present in the juice of the green fruit of the papaw (Carica Papaya) of tropical America.
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Papal
Pa"pal (?), a. [F., fr. L. papa bishop. See Papacy.]
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1. Of or pertaining to the pope of Rome; proceeding from the pope; ordered or pronounced by the pope; as, papal jurisdiction; a papal edict; the papal benediction. Milman.
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2. Of or pertaining to the Roman Catholic Church.Papal Christians.” Bp. Burnet.
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Papal cross. See Illust. 3 of Cross. -- Papal crown, the tiara.
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Papalist
Pa"pal*ist (?), n. A papist. [Obs.] Baxter.
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Papality
Pa*pal"i*ty (?), n. [LL. papalitas: cf. F. papauté.] The papacy. [Obs.] Ld. Berners. Milton.
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Papalize
Pa"pal*ize (?), v. t. To make papal. [R.]
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Papalize
Pa"pal*ize, v. i. To conform to popery. Cowper.
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Papally
Pa"pal*ly, adv. In a papal manner; popishly.
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Papalty
Pa"pal*ty (?), n. The papacy. [Obs.] Milton.
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Papaphobia
Pa`pa*pho"bi*a (?), n. [NL., fr. L. papa bishop + Gr. &unr_; to fear.] Intense fear or dread of the pope, or of the Roman Catholic Church. [R.]
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paparazzo
paparazzo pl. paparazzi. n. [from Signore Paparazzo, a photographer in Fellini's film La Dolce Vita.]1. A free-lance photographer that specializes in following and photographing celebrities such as movie stars, especially to obtain candid photographs in private situations; as, her dogged pursuit by the paparazzi was believed to be a major factor in Princess Diana's death.
[PJC]

Paparchy
Pa"par*chy (?), n. [L. papa bishop + -archy.] Government by a pope; papal rule.
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Papaver
Pa*pa"ver (?), n. [L., poppy.] (Bot.) A genus of plants, including the poppy.
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Papaveraceae
Papaveraceae prop. n. A natural family of herbs or shrubs having milky and often colored juices and capsular fruits.
Syn. -- family Papaveraceae, poppy family.
[WordNet 1.5]

Papaveraceous
Pa*pav`er*a"ceous (?), a. (Bot.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a natural family of plants (Papaveraceae) of which the poppy, the celandine, and the bloodroot are well-known examples.
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Papaverine
Pa*pav"er*ine (?), n. (Chem.) An alkaloid found in opium. It has a weaker therapeutic action than morphine.
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Papaverous
Pa*pav"er*ous (?), a. Of or pertaining to the poppy; of the nature of the poppy. Sir T. Browne.
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Papaw
Pa*paw" (?), n. [Prob. from the native name in the West Indies; cf. Sp. papayo papaw, papaya the fruit of the papaw.] [Written also pawpaw.] 1. (Bot.) Same as papaya, senses 1 and 2.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

2. (Bot.) A tree of the genus Asimina (Asimina triloba), growing in the western and southern parts of the United States, and producing a sweet edible fruit; also, the fruit itself. Gray.
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papaya
pa*pa"ya (?), n. [Prob. from the native name in the West Indies; cf. Sp. papayo papaw, papaya the fruit of the papaw.] 1. (Bot.) A tree (Carica Papaya) of tropical America, belonging to the order Passifloreæ; called also papaw and pawpaw. It has a soft, spongy stem, eighteen or twenty feet high, crowned with a tuft of large, long-stalked, palmately lobed leaves. The milky juice of the plant is said to have the property of making meat tender.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

2. The fruit of the papaya tree; it is a dull orange-colored, melon-shaped fruit, which is eaten both raw and cooked or pickled. The fruit contains papain, a protease.
[1913 Webster + PJC]

Papboat
Pap"boat` (?), n. 1. A kind of sauce boat or dish.
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2. (Zool.) A large spiral East Indian marine shell (Turbinella rapha); -- so called because used by native priests to hold the oil for anointing.
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Pape
Pape (?), n. [Cf. F. pape, fr. L. papa. See Pope.] A spiritual father; specifically, the pope. [Obs.]
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Papejay
Pa"pe*jay (?), n. A popinjay. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Paper
Pa"per (pā"p&etilde_;r), n. [F. papier, fr. L. papyrus papyrus, from which the Egyptians made a kind of paper, Gr. pa`pyros. Cf. Papyrus.] 1. A substance in the form of thin sheets or leaves intended to be written or printed on, or to be used in wrapping. It is made of rags, straw, bark, wood, or other fibrous material, which is first reduced to pulp, then molded, pressed, and dried.
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2. A sheet, leaf, or piece of such substance.
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3. A printed or written instrument; a document, essay, or the like; a writing; as, a paper read before a scientific society.
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They brought a paper to me to be signed. Dryden.
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4. A printed sheet appearing periodically; a newspaper; a journal; as, a daily paper.
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5. Negotiable evidences of indebtedness; notes; bills of exchange, and the like; as, the bank holds a large amount of his paper.
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6. Decorated hangings or coverings for walls, made of paper. See Paper hangings, below.
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7. A paper containing (usually) a definite quantity; as, a paper of pins, tacks, opium, etc.
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8. A medicinal preparation spread upon paper, intended for external application; as, cantharides paper.
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9. pl. Documents establishing a person's identity, or status, or attesting to some right, such as the right to drive a vehicle; as, the border guard asked for his papers.
[PJC]

&hand_; Paper is manufactured in sheets, the trade names of which, together with the regular sizes in inches, are shown in the following table. But paper makers vary the size somewhat.
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[1913 Webster]

In the manufacture of books, etc., a sheet, of whatever size originally, is termed, when folded once, a folio; folded twice, a quarto, or 4to; three times, an octavo, or 8vo; four times, a sextodecimo, or 16mo; five times, a 32mo; three times, with an offcut folded twice and set in, a duodecimo, or 12mo; four times, with an offcut folded three times and set in, a 24mo.
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&hand_; Paper is often used adjectively or in combination, having commonly an obvious signification; as, paper cutter or paper-cutter; paper knife, paper-knife, or paperknife; paper maker, paper-maker, or papermaker; paper mill or paper-mill; paper weight, paper-weight, or paperweight, etc.
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Business paper, checks, notes, drafts, etc., given in payment of actual indebtedness; -- opposed to accommodation paper. -- Fly paper, paper covered with a sticky preparation, -- used for catching flies. -- Laid paper. See under Laid. -- Paper birch (Bot.), the canoe birch tree (Betula papyracea). -- Paper blockade, an ineffective blockade, as by a weak naval force. -- Paper boat (Naut.), a boat made of water-proof paper. -- Paper car wheel (Railroad), a car wheel having a steel tire, and a center formed of compressed paper held between two plate-iron disks. Forney. -- Paper credit, credit founded upon evidences of debt, such as promissory notes, duebills, etc. -- Paper hanger, one who covers walls with paper hangings. -- Paper hangings, paper printed with colored figures, or otherwise made ornamental, prepared to be pasted against the walls of apartments, etc.; wall paper. -- Paper house, an audience composed of people who have come in on free passes. [Cant] -- Paper money, notes or bills, usually issued by government or by a banking corporation, promising payment of money, and circulated as the representative of coin. -- Paper mulberry. (Bot.) See under Mulberry. -- Paper muslin, glazed muslin, used for linings, etc. -- Paper nautilus. (Zool.) See Argonauta. -- Paper reed (Bot.), the papyrus. -- Paper sailor. (Zool.) See Argonauta. -- Paper stainer, one who colors or stamps wall paper. De Colange. -- Paper wasp (Zool.), any wasp which makes a nest of paperlike material, as the yellow jacket. -- Paper weight, any object used as a weight to prevent loose papers from being displaced by wind, or otherwise. -- on paper. (a) in writing; as, I would like to see that on paper. (b) in theory, though not necessarily in paractice. (c) in the design state; planned, but not yet put into practice. -- Parchment paper. See Papyrine. -- Tissue paper, thin, gauzelike paper, such as is used to protect engravings in books. -- Wall paper. Same as Paper hangings, above. -- Waste paper, paper thrown aside as worthless or useless, except for uses of little account. -- Wove paper, a writing paper with a uniform surface, not ribbed or watermarked. -- paper tiger, a person or group that appears to be powerful and dangerous but is in fact weak and ineffectual.
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paper
pa"per (pā"p&etilde_;r), a. 1. Of or pertaining to paper; made of paper; resembling paper.
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2. Existing only on paper; unsubstantial; having very overrated power; as, a paper box; a paper army; a paper tiger.
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paper
pa"per, v. t. [imp. & p. p. papered (pā"p&etilde_;rd); p. pr. & vb. n. papering.] 1. To cover or line with paper, especially with wallpaper; to furnish with paper hangings; to wallpaper; as, to paper a room or a house.
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2. To fold or inclose in paper.
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3. To put on paper; to make a memorandum of. [Obs.]
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paperback
pa"per*back` (pā"p&etilde_;r*băk`), n. A book with paper covers; -- contrasted with hardback or hardcover.
Syn. -- softback, soft-cover.
[WordNet 1.5]

paperback
pa"per*back adj. having a flexible binding; -- of books. Contrasted to hardcover or hardbacked or hardbound.
Syn. -- paperbacked, soft-bound, softcover, softback.
[WordNet 1.5]

paperbacked
pa"per*backed (pā"p&etilde_;r*băkt`), adj. 1. same as paperback.
Syn. -- paperback.
[WordNet 1.5]

paper boy
paperboy
pa"per*boy`, pa"per boy` (pā"p&etilde_;r*boi`), n. A boy who sells or delivers newspapers.
[WordNet 1.5]

paperclip
pa"per*clip` (pā"p&etilde_;r*kl&ibreve_;p`), n. A folder wire or plastic fastener for holding sheets of paper together.
Syn. -- gem clip.
[WordNet 1.5]

paperhanger
paperer
pa"per*er (pā"p&etilde_;r*&etilde_;r), pa"per*hang`er (pā"p&etilde_;r*hă&nsmacr_;`&etilde_;r), n. One whose occupation is decorating walls with wallpaper.
[WordNet 1.5]

paperhanging
pa"per*hang`ing (pā"p&etilde_;r*hă&nsmacr_;`&ibreve_;ng), n. The application of wallpaper to walls for decorative purposes.
Syn. -- papering.
[WordNet 1.5]

papering
pa"per*ing (pā"p&etilde_;r*&ibreve_;ng), n. Same as paperhanging.
[WordNet 1.5]

paperknife
pa"per*knife` (pā"p&etilde_;r*nīf`), n. A dull knife used to cut open the envelopes in which letters are mailed or to slit uncut pages of books.
Syn. -- letter opener.
[WordNet 1.5]

paper over
pa"per o"ver (pā"p&etilde_;r*ō"v&etilde_;r), v. t. To ignore or conceal (a disagreement or dispute) so as to continue friendly or productive relations; as, to paper over differences.
[PJC]

papers
pa"pers n. pl. Documents providing information, esp. of an official nature about a person, vehicle, business, etc. See paper{9}, n.
Syn. -- document, written document.
[WordNet 1.5]

paperweight
pa"per*weight` (pā"p&etilde_;r*wāt`), n. See under Paper, n.
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paperwork
pa"per*work` (pā"p&etilde_;r*wûrk`), n. Work that involves handling or writing documents such as forms, letters, reports, sales records, etc.
[WordNet 1.5]

papery
pa"per*y (pā"p&etilde_;r*&ybreve_;), a. Like paper; having the thinness or consistency of paper. Gray.
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Papescent
Pa*pes"cent (?), a. [From Pap soft food.] Containing or producing pap; like pap. [R.] Arbuthnot.
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Papess
Pa"pess (?), n. [F. papesse.] A female pope; i. e., the fictitious pope Joan. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.
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Papeterie
Pa`pe*terie" (?), n. [F., paper manufacture, fr. papier paper.] A case or box containing paper and materials for writing.
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Paphian
Pa"phi*an (?), a. [L. Paphius, Gr. &unr_;, from &unr_; the city Paphos.] Of or pertaining to Paphos, an ancient city of Cyprus, having a celebrated temple of Venus; hence, pertaining to Venus, or her rites.
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Paphian
Pa"phi*an, n. A native or inhabitant of Paphos.
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Papier-mache
Pa`pier"-ma`ché" (?), n. [F. papier mâché, lit., chewed or mashed paper.] A hard and strong substance made of a pulp from paper, mixed with size or glue, etc. It is formed into various articles, usually by means of molds.
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Papilio
Pa*pil"i*o (?), peop. n. [L., a butterfly.] (Zool.) A genus of butterflies.
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&hand_; Formerly it included numerous species which are now placed in other genera. By many writers it is now restricted to the swallow-tailed butterflies, like Papilio polyxenes, syn. Papilio asterias, and related species.
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Papilionaceous
Pa*pil`io*na"ceous (?), a. 1. Resembling the butterfly.
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2. (Bot.) (a) Having a winged corolla somewhat resembling a butterfly, as in the blossoms of the bean and pea. (b) Belonging to that suborder of leguminous plants (Papilionaceæ) which includes the bean, pea, vetch, clover, and locust.
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Papiliones
Pa*pil`i*o"nes (?), n. pl. [NL. See Papilio.] (Zool.) The division of Lepidoptera which includes the butterflies.
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Papilionides
Pa*pil`i*on"i*des (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zool.) The typical butterflies.
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Papilla
Pa*pil"la (?), n.; pl. Papillæ (#). [L., a nipple, pimple.] Any minute nipplelike projection; as, the papillæ of the tongue.
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Papillar
Pap"il*lar (?), a. [Cf. F. papillaire.] Same as Papillose.
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Papillary
Pap"il*la*ry (?), a. [Cf. F. papillaire.] Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a papilla or papillæ; bearing, or covered with, papillæ; papillose.
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Papillate
Pap"il*late (?), v. t. & i. To cover with papillæ; to take the form of a papilla, or of papillæ.
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Papillate
Pap"il*late (?), a. Same as Papillose.
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Papilliform
Pa*pil"li*form (?), a. [Papilla + -form.] Shaped like a papilla; mammilliform.
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Papilloma
Pap`il*lo"ma (?), n.; pl. Papillomata (#). [NL. See Papilla, and -Oma.] (Med.) A tumor formed by hypertrophy of the papillæ of the skin or mucous membrane, as a corn or a wart. Quain.
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Papillomatous
Pap`il*lo"ma*tous (?), a. (Med.) Of, pertaining to, or consisting of, papillomata.
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Papillose
Pap"il*lose` (?), a. [Cf. F. papilleux.] Covered with, or bearing, papillæ; resembling papillæ; papillate; papillar; papillary.
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Papillote
Pap"il*lote (?), n. [F., fr. papillon a butterfly.] A small piece of paper on which women roll up their hair to make it curl; a curl paper.
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Papillous
Pap"il*lous (?), a. Papillary; papillose.
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Papillulate
Pa*pil"lu*late (?), a. (Zool.) Having a minute papilla in the center of a larger elevation or depression.
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Papion
Pa"pi*on (?), n. [Prob. from native name: cf. Sp. papion.] (Zool.) A West African baboon (Cynocephalus sphinx), allied to the chacma. Its color is generally chestnut, varying in tint.
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Papism
Pa"pism (?), n. [F. papisme. See Pape, Pope.] Popery; -- an offensive term. Milton.
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Papist
Pa"pist (?), n. [F. papiste. See Pape, Pope.] A Roman Catholic; one who adheres to the Church of Rome and the authority of the pope; -- an offensive designation applied to Roman Catholics by their opponents.
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Papistical
Papistic
{ Pa*pis"tic (?), Pa*pis"tic*al (?), } a. [Cf. F. papistique.] Of or pertaining to the Church of Rome and its doctrines and ceremonies; pertaining to popery; popish; -- used disparagingly. “The old papistic worship.” T. Warton. -- Pa*pis"tic*al*ly, adv.
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Papistry
Pa"pist*ry (?), n. The doctrine and ceremonies of the Church of Rome; popery. [R.] Whitgift.
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Papized
Pa"pized (?), a. [From Pape.] Conformed to popery. [Obs.]Papized writers.” Fuller.
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Papoose
Pa*poose" (?), n. A babe or young child of Indian parentage in North America.
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Pappiform
Pap"pi*form (?), a. (Bot.) Resembling the pappus of composite plants.
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Pappoose
Pap*poose" (?), n. Same as Papoose.
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papoose root
papooseroot
papooseroot, papoose root n. (Bot.) A tall herb (Caulophyllum thalictroides) of eastern North America and Asia having blue berrylike fruit and a thick knotty rootstock formerly used medicinally; the Cohosh. See also Cohosh.
Syn. -- blue cohosh, blueberry root, papoose root, squawroot, squaw root, Caulophyllum thalictrioides, Caulophyllum thalictroides.
[WordNet 1.5]

Pappose
Pap*pose" (?), a. (Bot.) Furnished with a pappus; downy.
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Pappous
Pap"pous (?), a. (Bot.) Pappose.
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Pappus
Pap"pus (?), n. [L., an old man or grandfather; hence, a substance resembling gray hairs, Gr. &unr_;.] (Bot.) The hairy or feathery appendage of the achenes of thistles, dandelions, and most other plants of the order Compositæ; also, the scales, awns, or bristles which represent the calyx in other plants of the same order.
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Pappy
Pap"py (?), a. [From Pap soft food.] Like pap; soft; succulent; tender. Ray.
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Paprica
Paprika
{ Pa"pri*ka (?), n. Also Pa"pri*ca }. [Hung. paprika Turkish pepper; prob. through G.] The dried ripened fruit of Capsicum annuum or various other species of pepper; also, the mildly pungent condiment prepared from it.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Papua
Papua prop. n. A Pacific island north of Australia; governed by Australia and Indonesia.
Syn. -- New Guinea.
[WordNet 1.5]

Papuan
Pap"u*an (?), prop. a. Of or pertaining to Papua.
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Papuars
Pap"u*ars (?), n. pl.; sing. Papuan (&unr_;). (Ethnol.) The native black race of Papua or New Guinea, and the adjacent islands.
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Papula
Pap"u*la (?), n.; pl. Papulæ (#). [L.]
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1. (Med.) A pimple; a small, usually conical, elevation of the cuticle, produced by congestion, accumulated secretion, or hypertrophy of tissue; a papule. Quain.
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2. (Zool.) One of the numerous small hollow processes of the integument between the plates of starfishes.
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Papular
Pap"u*lar (?), a. 1. Covered with papules.
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2. (Med.) Consisting of papules; characterized by the presence of papules; as, a papular eruption.
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Papule
Pap"ule (?), n.; pl. Papules (&unr_;). Same as Papula.
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Papulose
Pap"u*lose` (?), a. (Biol.) Having papulæ; papillose; as, a papulose leaf.
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Papulous
Pap"u*lous (?), a. [Cf. F. papuleux.] Covered with, or characterized by, papulæ; papulose.
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Papyraceous
Pap`y*ra"ceous (?), a. [L. papyraceus made of papyrus.] Made of papyrus; of the consistency of paper; papery.
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Papyrean
Pa*pyr"e*an (?), a. Of or pertaining to papyrus, or to paper; papyraceous.
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Papyrine
Pap"y*rine (?), n. [Cf. F. papyrin made of paper. See Paper.] Imitation parchment, made by soaking unsized paper in dilute sulphuric acid.
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Papyrograph
Pa*pyr"o*graph (?), n. [Papyrus + -graph.] An apparatus for multiplying writings, drawings, etc., in which a paper stencil, formed by writing or drawing with corrosive ink, is used. The word is also used of other means of multiplying copies of writings, drawings, etc. See Copygraph, Hectograph, Manifold. [Obsolescent]
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Papyrography
Pap`y*rog"ra*phy (?), n. The process of multiplying copies of writings, etc., by means of the papyrograph. -- Pap`y*ro*graph"ic (#), a.
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Papyrus
Pa*py"rus (?), n.; pl. Papyri (#). [L., fr. Gr. pa`pyros. See Paper.] 1. (Bot.) A tall rushlike plant (Cyperus Papyrus) of the Sedge family, formerly growing in Egypt, and now found in Abyssinia, Syria, Sicily, etc. The stem is triangular and about an inch thick.
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2. The material upon which the ancient Egyptians wrote. It was formed by cutting the stem of the plant into thin longitudinal slices, which were gummed together and pressed.
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3. A manuscript written on papyrus; esp., pl., written scrolls made of papyrus; as, the papyri of Egypt or Herculaneum.
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Paque
Pâque (?), n. [F. pâque.] See Pasch and Easter.
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Par
Par (?), n. (Zool.) See Parr.
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Par
Par, prep. [F., fr. L. per. See Per.] By; with; -- used frequently in Early English in phrases taken from the French, being sometimes written as a part of the word which it governs; as, par amour, or paramour; par cas, or parcase; par fay, or parfay.
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Par
Par (?), n. [L. par, adj., equal. See Peer an equal.]
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1. Equal value; equality of nominal and actual value; the value expressed on the face or in the words of a certificate of value, as a bond or other commercial paper.
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2. Equality of condition or circumstances.
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3. An amount which is taken as an average or mean. [Eng.]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

4. (Golf) The number of strokes required for a hole or a round played without mistake, two strokes being allowed on each hole for putting. Par represents perfect play, whereas bogey makes allowance on some holes for human frailty. Thus if par for a course is 75, bogey is usually put down, arbitrarily, as 81 or 82. If par for one hole is 5, a bogey is 6, and a score of 7 strokes would be a double bogey.
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

At par, at the original price; neither at a discount nor at a premium; -- used especially of financial instruments, such as bonds. -- Above par, at a premium. -- Below par, (a) at a discount. (a) less than the expected or usual quality; -- of the quality of objects and of the performance of people; as, he performed below par in the game. -- On a par, on a level; in the same condition, circumstances, position, rank, etc.; as, their pretensions are on a par; his ability is on a par with his ambition. -- Par of exchange. See under Exchange. -- Par value, nominal value; face value; -- used especially of financial instruments, such as bonds.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Para-
Par"a- (?). [Gr. para` beside; prob. akin to E. for- in forgive. Cf. For-.] 1. A prefix signifying alongside of, beside, beyond, against, amiss; as parable, literally, a placing beside; paradox, that which is contrary to opinion; parachronism.
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2. (Chem.) A prefix denoting: (a) Likeness, similarity, or connection, or that the substance resembles, but is distinct from, that to the name of which it is prefixed; as paraldehyde, paraconine, etc.; also, an isomeric modification. (b) Specifically: (Organ. Chem.) That two groups or radicals substituted in the benzene nucleus are opposite, or in the respective positions 1 and 4; 2 and 5; or 3 and 6, as paraxylene; paroxybenzoic acid. Cf. Ortho-, and Meta-. Also used adjectively.
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Para
Pa*ra" (?), n. [Turk., fr. Per. pārah a piece.] A piece of Turkish money, usually copper, the fortieth part of a piaster, or about one ninth of a cent.
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Para
Pa*rá" (?), n. 1. The southern arm of the Amazon in Brazil; also, a seaport on this arm.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

2. Short for Pará rubber.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Par-anesthesia
Para-anaesthesia
{ ‖Par`a-an`aes*the"si*a, Par`-an`es*the"si*a } (?), n. [NL.; para- + anæsthesia.] (Med.) Anæsthesia of both sides of the lower half of the body.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Parabanic
Par`a*ban"ic (?), a. [Gr. &unr_; to pass over.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, a nitrogenous acid which is obtained by the oxidation of uric acid, as a white crystalline substance (C3N2H2O3); -- also called oxalyl urea.
[1913 Webster]

Parablast
Par"a*blast (?), n. [Cf. Gr. &unr_; to grow beside. See Para-, and -blast.] (Biol.) A portion of the mesoblast (of peripheral origin) of the developing embryo, the cells of which are especially concerned in forming the first blood and blood vessels. C. S. Minot.
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Parablastic
Par`a*blas"tic (?), a. (Biol.) Of or pertaining to the parablast; as, the parablastic cells.
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Parable
Par"a*ble (?), a. [L. parabilis, fr. parare to provide.] Procurable. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
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Parable
Par"a*ble, n. [F. parabole, L. parabola, fr. Gr. &unr_; a placing beside or together, a comparing, comparison, a parable, fr. &unr_; to throw beside, compare; para` beside + &unr_; to throw; cf. Skr. gal to drop. Cf. Emblem, Gland, Palaver, Parabola, Parley, Parabole, Symbol.] A comparison; a similitude; specifically, a short fictitious narrative of something which might really occur in life or nature, by means of which a moral is drawn; as, the parables of Christ. Chaucer.
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Declare unto us the parable of the tares. Matt. xiii. 36.
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Syn. -- See Allegory, and Note under Apologue.
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Parable
Par"a*ble, v. t. To represent by parable. [R.]
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Which by the ancient sages was thus parabled. Milton.
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Parabola
Pa*rab"o*la (?), n.; pl. Parabolas (#). [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;; -- so called because its axis is parallel to the side of the cone. See Parable, and cf. Parabole.] (Geom.) (a) A kind of curve; one of the conic sections formed by the intersection of the surface of a cone with a plane parallel to one of its sides. It is a curve, any point of which is equally distant from a fixed point, called the focus, and a fixed straight line, called the directrix. See Focus. (b) One of a group of curves defined by the equation y = axn where n is a positive whole number or a positive fraction. For the cubical parabola n = 3; for the semicubical parabola n = 3/2. See under Cubical, and Semicubical. The parabolas have infinite branches, but no rectilineal asymptotes.
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Parabole
Pa*rab"o*le (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. &unr_;. See Parable.] (Rhet.) Similitude; comparison.
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Parabolical
Parabolic
{ Par`a*bol"ic (?), Par`a*bol"ic*al (?), } a. [Gr. paraboliko`s figurative: cf. F. parabolique. See Parable.]
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1. Of the nature of a parable; expressed by a parable or figure; allegorical; as, parabolical instruction.
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2. [From Parabola.] (Geom.) (a) Having the form or nature of a parabola; pertaining to, or resembling, a parabola; as, a parabolic curve. (b) Having a form like that generated by the revolution of a parabola, or by a line that moves on a parabola as a directing curve; as, a parabolic conoid; a parabolic reflector; a parabolic antenna.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Parabolic conoid, a paraboloid; a conoid whose directing curve is a parabola. See Conoid. -- Parabolic mirror (Opt.), a mirror having a paraboloidal surface which gives for parallel rays (as those from very distant objects) images free from aberration. It is used in reflecting telescopes. -- Parabolic spindle, the solid generated by revolving the portion of a parabola cut off by a line drawn at right angles to the axis of the curve, about that line as an axis. -- Parabolic spiral, a spiral curve conceived to be formed by the periphery of a semiparabola when its axis is wrapped about a circle; also, any other spiral curve having an analogy to the parabola.
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Parabolically
Par`a*bol"ic*al*ly (păr`&adot_;*b&obreve_;l"&ibreve_;*k&aitalic_;l*l&ybreve_;), adv. 1. By way of parable; in a parabolic manner.
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2. In the form of a parabola.
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Paraboliform
Par`a*bol"i*form (păr`&adot_;*b&obreve_;l"&ibreve_;*fôrm), a. [Parabola + -form.] Resembling a parabola in form.
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Parabolism
Pa*rab"o*lism (p&adot_;*răb"&ouptack_;*l&ibreve_;z'm), n. [From Parabola.] (Alg.) The division of the terms of an equation by a known quantity that is involved in the first term. [Obs.]
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Parabolist
Pa*rab"o*list (-l&ibreve_;st), n. A narrator of parables.
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Paraboloid
Pa*rab"o*loid (-loid), n. [Parabola + -oid: cf. F. paraboloïde.] (Geom.) The solid generated by the rotation of a parabola about its axis; any surface of the second order whose sections by planes parallel to a given line are parabolas.
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&hand_; The term paraboloid has sometimes been applied also to the parabolas of the higher orders. Hutton.
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Paraboloidal
Par`a*bo*loid"al (?), a. Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a paraboloid.
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Parabronchium
Par`a*bron"chi*um (?), n.; pl. Parabronchia (#). [NL. See Para-, Bronchia.] (Anat.) One of the branches of an ectobronchium or entobronchium.
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Paracelsian
Par`a*cel"si*an (?), prop. a. Of, pertaining to, or in conformity with, the practice of Paracelsus, a Swiss physician and alchemist of the 15th century. Ferrand.
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Paracelsian
Par`a*cel"si*an, prop. n. A follower of Paracelsus or his practice or teachings. Hakewill.
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Paracelsist
Par`a*cel"sist (?), prop. n. A Paracelsian.
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Paracelsus
Par`a*cel"sus (păr`&adot_;*s&ebreve_;l"sŭs), prop. n. Philippus Aureolus Paracelsus (originally Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim, also called Theophrastus Paracelsus and Theophrastus von Hohenheim). Born at Maria-Einsiedeln, in the Canton of Schwyz, Switzerland, Dec. 17 (or 10 Nov.), 1493: died at Salzburg, Sept. 23 (or 24), 1541. A celebrated German-Swiss physician, reformer of therapeutics, iatrochemist, and alchemist. He attended school in a small lead-mining district where his father, William Bombast von Hohenheim, was a physician and teacher of alchemy. The family originally came from Würtemberg, where the noble family of Bombastus was in possession of the ancestral castle of Hohenheim near Stuttgart until 1409. He entered the University of Basel at the age of sixteen, where he adopted the name Paracelsus, after Celsius, a noted Roman physician. But he left without a degree, first going to Wurtzburg to study under Joannes Trithemius, Abbot of Sponheim (1462-1516), a famous astrologer and alchemist, who initiated him into the mysteries of alchemy. He then spent many years in travel and intercourse with distinguished scholars, studied and practiced medicine and surgery, and at one point attended the Diet of Worms. He was appointed to the office of city physician of Basel, which also made him a lecturer on medicine at Basel about 1526, where, through the publisher Johan Frobenius he made friends with the scholar Erasmus; and there he fulminated against the medical pseudo-science of his day, and against the blind adherence to ancient medical authorities such as Hippocrates, Galen, and Avicenna, which was still the prevalent philosophy of medicine in the sixteenth century. But soon, in 1528, he was driven from the city by the medical corporations, whose methods he had severely criticized. He found refuge with friends, and traveled and practiced medicine, but could not find a publisher willing to print his books. He preached frequently the need for experimentation in medicine. He is important in the history of medicine chiefly on account of the impetus which he gave to the development of pharmaceutical chemistry. He was also the author of a visionary and theosophic system of philosophy. The first collective edition of his works appeared at Basel in 1589-91. Among the many legends concerning him is that concerning his long sword, which he obtained while serving as barber-surgeon during the Neapolitan wars. It was rumored that in the hilt of the sword he kept a familiar or small demon; some thought he carried the elixer of life in the sword. He is buried in the cemetary of the Hospital of St. Sebastian in Salzburg. For more detailed information about Paracelsus, there is a special project, the Zurich Paracelsus Project available on the Web. Century Dict., 1906; Bernard Jaffe (Crucibles: The Story of Chemistry, Revised Edition, 1948).
[PJC]

The apothecaries, too, were enraged against this iconoclast [Paracelsus]. For had he not, as official town physician, demanded the right to inspect their stocks and rule over their prescriptions which he denounced as "foul broths"? These apothecaries had grown fat on the barbarous prescriptions of the local doctors. "The physician's duty is to heal the sick, not to enrich the apothecaries," he had warned them, and refused to send his patients to them to have the prescriptions compounded. He made his own medicines instead, and gave them free to his patients.
. . .
Then they hatched a plot and before long Basel had lost Paracelsus, ostensibly because of the meanness of a wealthy citizen. Paracelsus had sued Canon Lichtenfels for failure to pay him one hundred guldens promised for a cure. The patient had offered only six guldens, and the fiery Paracelsus, when the court deliberately handed in a verdict against him, rebuked it in such terms that his life was in imminent danger. In the dead of night, he was persuaded by his friends to leave secretly the city where he had hurled defiance at the pseudo-medicos of the world.
Bernard Jaffe (Crucibles: The Story of Chemistry, Revised Edition, 1948)
[PJC]

Although the theories of Paracelsus as contrasted with the Galeno-Arabic system indicate no advance, inasmuch as they ignore entirely the study of anatomy, still his reputation as a reformer of therapeutics is justified in that he broke new paths in the science. He may be taken as the founder of modern materia medica, and pioneer of scientific chemistry, since before his time medical science received no assistance from alchemy. To Paracelsus is due the use of mercury for syphilis as well as a number of other metallic remedies, probably a result of his studies in Schwaz, and partly his acquaintance with the quicksilver works in Idria. Catholic Encyclopedia, 1911
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Paracentesis
Par`a*cen*te"sis (păr`&adot_;*s&ebreve_;n*tē"s&ibreve_;s), n. [L., fr. Gr. parake`nthsis, fr. parakentei^n to pierce at the side, to tap.] (Med.) The perforation of a cavity of the body with a trocar, aspirator, or other suitable instrument, for the evacuation of effused fluid, pus, or gas; tapping.
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paracentrical
paracentric
{ par`a*cen"tric (păr`&adot_;*s&ebreve_;n"tr&ibreve_;k), par`a*cen"tric*al (păr`&adot_;*s&ebreve_;n"tr&ibreve_;*k&aitalic_;l), } a. [Pref. para- + centric, -ical: cf. F. paracentrique.] Deviating from circularity; changing the distance from a center.
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Paracentric curve (Math.), a curve having the property that, when its plane is placed vertically, a body descending along it, by the force of gravity, will approach to, or recede from, a fixed point or center, by equal distances in equal times; -- called also a paracentric. -- Paracentric motion or Paracentric velocity, the motion or velocity of a revolving body, such as a planet, by which it approaches to, or recedes from, the center, without reference to its motion in space, or to its motion as reckoned in any other direction.
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Parachordal
Par`a*chor"dal (păr`&adot_;*kôr"d&aitalic_;l), a. [Pref. para- + chordal.] (Anat.) Situated on either side of the notochord; -- applied especially to the cartilaginous rudiments of the skull on each side of the anterior part of the notochord. -- n. A parachordal cartilage.
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Parachronism
Pa*rach"ro*nism (p&adot_;*răk"r&ouptack_;*n&ibreve_;z'm), n. [Pref. para- + Gr. &unr_; time: cf. F. parachronisme.] An error in chronology, by which the date of an event is set later than the time of its occurrence. [R.]
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Parachrose
Par"a*chrose (păr"&adot_;*krōs), a. [Gr. para`chrwsis false coloring; para` beside, beyond + chrw`s color.] (Min.) Changing color by exposure Mohs.
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Parachute
Par"a*chute (păr"&adot_;*sh&oomacr_;t or păr"&adot_;*sh&usuml_;t), n. [F., fr. parer to ward off, guard + chute a fall. See Parry, and Chute, Chance.]
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1. A device made of a piece of cloth, usually silk, attached to multiple chords fastened to a harness; when attached to a person or object falling through the air, it opens from a folded configuration into an umbrella-shaped form, thus slowing the rate of descent so that a safe descent and landing may be made through the air from an airplane, balloon, or other high point. It is commonly used for descending to the ground from a flying airplane, as for military operations (as of airborne troops) or in an emergency, or for sport. In the case of use as a sport, the descent from an airplane by parachute is called sky diving. Some older versions of parachute were more rigid, and were shaped somewhat in the form of an umbrella.

2. (Zool.) A web or fold of skin which extends between the legs of certain mammals, as the flying squirrels, colugo, and phalangister.
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parachute
par"a*chute (?), v. i. TO descend to th ground from an airplane or other high place using a parachute; as, when the plane stalled, he parachuted safely to the ground.
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golden parachute a generous set of financial benefits, including severance pay, provided by contract to a high-level corporate employee in the event s/he is dismissed or his/her job is lost in a corporate takeover or merger; also, the contract providing for such benefits. -- drogue parachute a small parachute that is first released and opened in order to more reliably deploy a larger parachute. Also called drogue.
[PJC]

parachutist
parachuter
par"a*chut`er, par`a*chut"ist (?), n. One who descends from a high altitude to the ground by means of a parachute, especially one who does so for sport or in a military operation.
[PJC]

parachuting
par"a*chut*ing (?), n. The act or process of descending from a high altitude to the ground by means of a parachute.
[PJC]

Paraclete
Par"a*clete (?), n. [L. paracletus, Gr. para`klhtos, from parakalei^n to call to one, to exhort, encourage; para` beside + kalei^n to call.] An advocate; one called to aid or support; hence, the Consoler, Comforter, or Intercessor; -- a term applied to the Holy Spirit.
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From which intercession especially I conceive he hath the name of the Paraclete given him by Christ. Bp. Pearson.
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Paraclose
Par"a*close (?), n. (Arch.) See Parclose.
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Paracmastic
Par`ac*mas"tic (?), a. [Gr. &unr_;. See Para-, and Acme.] (Med.) Gradually decreasing; past the acme, or crisis, as a distemper. Dunglison.
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Paraconic
Par`a*con"ic (?), a. [Pref. para- + aconitic.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, an organic acid obtained as a deliquescent white crystalline substance, and isomeric with itaconic, citraconic, and mesaconic acids.
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Paraconine
Par`a*co"nine (?), n. [Pref. para- + conine.] (Chem.) A base resembling and isomeric with conine, and obtained as a colorless liquid from butyric aldehyde and ammonia.
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Paracorolla
Par`a*co*rol"la (?), n. [Pref. para- + corolla.] (Bot.) A secondary or inner corolla; a corona, as of the Narcissus.
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Para cress
Pará cress. An annual asteraceous herb (Spilances oleracea) grown in tropical countries as a pungent salad, and also used medicinally.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Paracrostic
Par`a*cros"tic (?), n. [Pref. para- + acrostic.] A poetical composition, in which the first verse contains, in order, the first letters of all the verses of the poem. Brande & C.
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Paracyanogen
Par`a*cy*an"o*gen (?), n. [Pref. para- + cyanogen.] (Chem.) A polymeric modification of cyanogen, obtained as a brown or black amorphous residue by heating mercuric cyanide.
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Paracymene
Par`a*cy"mene, n. [Pref. para- + cymene.] (Chem.) Same as Cymene.
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Paradactylum
Par`a*dac"ty*lum, n.; pl. Paradactyla (#). [NL. See Para-, and Dactyl.] (Zool.) The side of a toe or finger.
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Parade
Pa*rade" (?), n. [F., fr. Sp. parada a halt or stopping, an assembling for exercise, a place where troops are assembled to exercise, fr. parar to stop, to prepare. See Pare, v. t.] 1. The ground where a military display is held, or where troops are drilled. Also called parade ground.
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2. (Mil.) An assembly and orderly arrangement or display of troops, in full equipments, for inspection or evolutions before some superior officer; a review of troops. Parades are general, regimental, or private (troop, battery, or company), according to the force assembled.
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3. Hence: Any imposing procession; the movement of any group of people marshaled in military order, especially a festive public procession, which may include a marching band, persons in varied costume, vehicles with elaborate displays, and other forms of entertainment, held in commemoration or celebration of an event or in honor of a person or persons; as, a parade of firemen; a Thanksgiving Day parade; a Memorial Day parade; a ticker-tape parade.
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In state returned the grand parade. Swift.
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4. Hence: A pompous show; a formal or ostentatious display or exhibition.
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Be rich, but of your wealth make no parade. Swift.
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5. Posture of defense; guard. [A Gallicism.]
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When they are not in parade, and upon their guard. Locke.
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6. A public walk; a promenade.
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Dress parade, Undress parade. See under Dress, and Undress. -- Parade rest, a position of rest for soldiers, in which, however, they are required to be silent and motionless. Wilhelm.
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Syn. -- Ostentation; display; show. -- Parade, Ostentation. Parade is a pompous exhibition of things for the purpose of display; ostentation now generally indicates a parade of virtues or other qualities for which one expects to be honored. “It was not in the mere parade of royalty that the Mexican potentates exhibited their power.” Robertson. “We are dazzled with the splendor of titles, the ostentation of learning, and the noise of victories.” Spectator.
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Parade
Pa*rade" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Paraded; p. pr. & vb. n. Parading.] [Cf. F. parader.] 1. To exhibit in a showy or ostentatious manner; to show off.
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Parading all her sensibility. Byron.
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2. To assemble and form; to marshal; to cause to maneuver or march ceremoniously; as, to parade troops.
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Parade
Pa*rade", v. i. 1. To make an exhibition or spectacle of one's self, as by walking in a public place.
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2. To assemble in military order for evolutions and inspection; to form or march, as in review or in a public celebratory parade{3}.
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parader
parader n. One who walks with regular or stately step.
Syn. -- marcher.
[WordNet 1.5]

paradiddle
paradiddle n. The sound of a drum (especially a snare drum) beaten rapidly and continuously.
Syn. -- roll, drum roll.
[WordNet 1.5]

Paradigm
Par"a*digm (?), n. [F. paradigme, L. paradigma, fr. Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to show by the side of, to set up as an example; para` beside + &unr_; to show. See Para-, and Diction.]
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1. An example; a model; a pattern. [R.] “The paradigms and patterns of all things.” Cudworth.
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2. (Gram.) An example of a conjugation or declension, showing a word in all its different forms of inflection.
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3. (Rhet.) An illustration, as by a parable or fable.
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4. (Science) A theory providing a unifying explanation for a set of phenomena in some field, which serves to suggest methods to test the theory and develop a fuller understanding of the topic, and which is considered useful until it is be replaced by a newer theory providing more accurate explanations or explanations for a wider range of phenomena.
[PJC]

Paradigmatical
Paradigmatic
{ Par`a*dig*mat"ic (?), Par`a*dig*mat"ic*al (?), } a. [Gr. paradeigmatiko`s.] Exemplary. -- Par`a*dig*mat"ic*al*ly, adv. [Obs.]
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Paradigmatic
Par`a*dig*mat"ic, n. (Eccl. Hist.) A writer of memoirs of religious persons, as examples of Christian excellence.
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Paradigmatize
Par`a*dig"ma*tize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Paradigmatized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Paradigmatizing (?).] [Gr. paradeigmati`zein. See Paradigm.] To set forth as a model or example. [Obs.] Hammond.
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Paradisaical
Paradisaic
{ Par`a*di*sa"ic (?), Par`a*di*sa"ic*al (?), } a. Of or pertaining to, or resembling, paradise; paradisiacal; as, paradisaical innocence; an age of paradisaical happiness.Paradisaical pleasures.” Gray.
Syn. -- paradisiacal, paradisiac, paradisaic, paradisal, elysian, paradisial.
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2. Causing happinesss.
[WordNet 1.5]

Paradisal
Par"a*di`sal (păr"&adot_;*dī`s&aitalic_;l), a. Paradisiacal.
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Paradise
Par"a*dise (păr"&adot_;*dīs), n. [OE. & F. paradis, L. paradisus, fr. Gr. para`deisos park, paradise, fr. Zend pairidaēza an inclosure; pairi around (akin to Gr. peri`) + diz to throw up, pile up; cf. Skr. dih to smear, and E. dough. Cf. Parvis.]
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1. The garden of Eden, in which Adam and Eve were placed after their creation.
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2. The abode of sanctified souls after death.
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To-day shalt thou be with me in paradise. Luke xxiii. 43.
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It sounds to him like her mother's voice,
Singing in Paradise.
Longfellow.
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3. A place of bliss; a region of supreme felicity or delight; hence, a state of happiness.
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The earth
Shall be all paradise.
Milton.
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Wrapt in the very paradise of some creative vision. Beaconsfield.
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4. (Arch.) An open space within a monastery or adjoining a church, as the space within a cloister, the open court before a basilica, etc.
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5. A churchyard or cemetery. [Obs.] Oxf. Gloss.
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Fool's paradise. See under Fool, and Limbo. -- Grains of paradise. (Bot.) See Melequeta pepper, under Pepper. -- Paradise bird. (Zool.) Same as Bird of paradise. Among the most beautiful species are the superb (Lophorina superba); the magnificent (Diphyllodes magnifica); and the six-shafted paradise bird (Parotia sefilata). The long-billed paradise birds (Epimachinæ) also include some highly ornamental species, as the twelve-wired paradise bird (Seleucides alba), which is black, yellow, and white, with six long breast feathers on each side, ending in long, slender filaments. See Bird of paradise in the Vocabulary. -- Paradise fish (Zool.), a beautiful fresh-water Asiatic fish (Macropodus viridiauratus) having very large fins. It is often kept alive as an ornamental fish. -- Paradise flycatcher (Zool.), any flycatcher of the genus Terpsiphone, having the middle tail feathers extremely elongated. The adult male of Terpsiphone paradisi is white, with the head glossy dark green, and crested. -- Paradise grackle (Zool.), a very beautiful bird of New Guinea, of the genus Astrapia, having dark velvety plumage with brilliant metallic tints. -- Paradise nut (Bot.), the sapucaia nut. See Sapucaia nut. [Local, U. S.] -- Paradise whidah bird. (Zool.) See Whidah.
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Paradise
Par"a*dise (păr"&adot_;*dīs), v. t. To affect or exalt with visions of felicity; to entrance; to bewitch. [R.] Marston.
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Paradisean
Par`a*dis"e*an (păr`&adot_;*d&ibreve_;s"&euptack_;*&aitalic_;n), a. Paradisiacal.
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Paradised
Par"a*dised (păr"&adot_;*dīst), a. Placed in paradise; enjoying delights as of paradise.
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Paradisiacal
Paradisiac
{ Par`a*dis"i*ac (?), Par`a*di*si"a*cal (?), } a. [L. paradisiacus.] Of or pertaining to paradise; suitable to, or like, paradise; paradisaic. C. Kingsley. T. Burnet. “A paradisiacal scene.” Pope.
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The valley . . . is of quite paradisiac beauty. G. Eliot.
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Paradisian
Paradisial
{ Par`a*dis"i*al (păr`&adot_;*dīs"&ibreve_;*&aitalic_;l), Par`a*dis"i*an (păr`&adot_;*dīs"&ibreve_;*&aitalic_;n), } a. Paradisiacal. [R.]
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Paradisic
Par`a*dis"ic (păr`&adot_;*dīs"&ibreve_;k), a. Paradisiacal. [R.] Broome.
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Paradisical
Par`a*dis"ic*al (?), a. Paradisiacal. [R.]
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parados
par"a*dos (păr"&adot_;*d&obreve_;s), n.; pl. Paradoses (păr"&adot_;*d&obreve_;s*&ebreve_;z). [F., fr. parer to defend + dos back, L. dorsum.] (Fort.) An intercepting mound, erected in any part of a fortification to protect the defenders from a rear or ricochet fire; a traverse. Farrow.
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paradox
par"a*dox (păr"&adot_;*d&obreve_;ks), n.; pl. paradoxes (păr"&adot_;*d&obreve_;ks*&ebreve_;z). [F. paradoxe, L. paradoxum, fr. Gr. para`doxon; para` beside, beyond, contrary to + dokei^n to think, suppose, imagine. See Para-, and Dogma.] A tenet or proposition contrary to received opinion; an assertion or sentiment seemingly contradictory, or opposed to common sense; that which in appearance or terms is absurd, but yet may be true in fact.
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A gloss there is to color that paradox, and make it appear in show not to be altogether unreasonable. Hooker.
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This was sometime a paradox, but now the time gives it proof. Shak.
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Hydrostatic paradox. See under Hydrostatic.
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paradoxal
par"a*dox`al (păr"&adot_;*d&obreve_;ks`&aitalic_;l), a. Paradoxical. [Obs.]
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Paradoxist
Paradoxer
Par"a*dox`er (păr"&adot_;*d&obreve_;ks`&etilde_;r), n., Par"a*dox`ist (păr"&adot_;*d&obreve_;ks`&ibreve_;st), n. One who proposes a paradox.
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Paradoxical
Par`a*dox"ic*al (păr`&adot_;*d&obreve_;ks"&ibreve_;*k&aitalic_;l), a. 1. Of the nature of a paradox.
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2. Inclined to paradoxes, or to tenets or notions contrary to received opinions. Southey.
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-- Par`a*dox"ic*al*ly, adv. -- Par`a*dox"ic*al*ness, n.
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Paradoxides
Par`a*dox"i*des (?), n. [NL.] (Paleon.) A genus of large trilobites characteristic of the primordial formations.
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paradoxism
par"a*dox`ism (păr"&adot_;*d&obreve_;ks`&ibreve_;z'm), n. [paradox + -ism. ca. 1980] An avant-garde movement in literature, art, and philosophy, based on excessive used of antitheses, antinomies, contradictions, oxymorons, and paradoxes. Charles Le (http://www.geocities.com/charlestle/paradoxism.html)
[PJC]

Paradoxism originated in Romania in the 1980s as a way of protesting against a closed society and a totalitarian regime. It is based on an excessive use of antimonies, antitheses, contradictions, oxymorons, and paradoxes. It was set up and led by the writer Florentin Smarandache in the 1980's, who said: “The goal is the enlargement of the artistic sphere through non-artistic elements”.
One example of such a paradox is the two-line poem:
Even if he didn't
He did

A free eBook on "Paradoxism and Postmodernism" can be downloaded from http://www.gallup.unm.edu/~smarandache/IonSoare2.PDF.

[Charles Le]

Paradoxology
Par`a*dox*ol"o*gy (?), n. [Paradox + -logy.] The use of paradoxes. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
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Paradoxure
Par`a*dox"ure (păr"&adot_;*d&obreve_;ks"&uuptack_;r), n. [Gr. para`doxos incredible, paradoxical + o'yra` tail. So called because its tail is unlike that of the other animals to which it was supposed to be related.] (Zool.) Any species of Paradoxurus, a genus of Asiatic viverrine mammals allied to the civet, as the musang, and the luwack or palm cat (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus). See Musang.
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Paradoxy
Par"a*dox`y (?), n. 1. A paradoxical statement; a paradox.
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2. The quality or state of being paradoxical. Coleridge
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Paraffine
Paraffin
{ Par"af*fin (păr"ăf*f&ibreve_;n), Par"af*fine (păr"ăf*f&ibreve_;n or păr"ăf*fēn) }, n. [F. paraffine, fr. L. parum too little + affinis akin. So named in allusion to its chemical inactivity.] (Chem.) A white waxy substance, resembling spermaceti, tasteless and odorless, and obtained from coal tar, wood tar, petroleum, etc., by distillation. It is used in candles, as a sealing agent (such as in canning of preserves), as a waterproofing agent, as an illuminant and as a lubricant. It is very inert, not being acted upon by most of the strong chemical reagents. It was formerly regarded as a definite compound, but is now known to be a complex mixture of several higher hydrocarbons of the methane or marsh-gas series; hence, by extension, any substance, whether solid, liquid, or gaseous, of the same chemical series; thus gasoline, coal gas and kerosene consist largely of paraffins.
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&hand_; In the present chemical usage this word is spelled paraffin, but in commerce it is commonly spelled paraffine.
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Native paraffin. See Ozocerite. -- Paraffin series. See Methane series, under Methane.
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paraformaldehyde
par`a*form*al"de*hyde (?), n. [Pref. para- + formaldehyde.] (Chem.) A polymer of formaldehyde obtained as a white crystalline substance by concentration of a formaldehyde solution. Formula (CH20)n. It dissolves in hot water with the release of formaldehyde, and is used as a disinfectant.
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Parage
Par"age, n. [F., fr. L. par, adj., equal. Cf. Peerage, Peer an equal.] 1. (Old Eng. Law) Equality of condition, blood, or dignity; also, equality in the partition of an inheritance. Spelman.
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2. (Feudal Law) Equality of condition between persons holding unequal portions of a fee. Burrill.
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3. Kindred; family; birth. [Obs.] Ld. Berners.
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We claim to be of high parage. Chaucer.
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Paragenesis
Par`a*gen"e*sis (păr`&adot_;*j&ebreve_;n"&euptack_;*s&ibreve_;s), n. [Pref. para- + genesis.] 1. (Min.) The science which treats of minerals with special reference to their origin.
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2. (Geol.) (a) The formation of minerals in contact, so as to affect one another's development. (b) The order in which minerals occurring together in rocks and veins have developed.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Paragenic
Par`a*gen"ic (păr`&adot_;*j&ebreve_;n"&ibreve_;k), a. [Pref. para- the root of ge`nos birth.] (Biol.) Originating in the character of the germ, or at the first commencement of an individual; -- said of peculiarities of structure, character, etc.
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Paraglobulin
Par`a*glob"u*lin (păr`&adot_;*gl&obreve_;b"&uuptack_;*l&ibreve_;n), n. [Pref. para- + globulin.] (Physiol. Chem.) A protein in blood serum, belonging to the group of globulins. See Fibrinoplastin.
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Paraglossa
Par`a*glos"sa (păr`&adot_;*gl&obreve_;s"s&adot_;), n.; pl. Paraglossæ (păr`&adot_;*gl&obreve_;s"sē). [NL., from Gr. para` beside + glw^ssa tongue.] (Zool.) One of a pair of small appendages of the lingua or labium of certain insects. See Illust. under Hymenoptera.
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Paragnath
Par"ag*nath (păr"ăg*năth), n. (Zool.) Same as Paragnathus.
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Paragnathous
Pa*rag"na*thous (?), a. (Zool.) Having both mandibles of equal length, the tips meeting, as in certain birds.
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Paragnathus
Pa*rag"na*thus (p&adot_;*răg"n&adot_;*thŭs), n.; pl. Paragnathi (p&adot_;*răg"n&adot_;*thī). [NL. See Para-, and Gnathic.] (Zool.) (a) One of the two lobes which form the lower lip, or metastome, of Crustacea. (b) One of the small, horny, toothlike jaws of certain annelids.
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Paragoge
Par`a*go"ge (păr`&adot_;*gō"j&euptack_;), n. [L., fr. Gr. paragwgh`, from para`gein to lead beside, protract; para` beside + 'a`gein to lead.] 1. (Gram.) The addition of a letter or syllable to the end of a word, as withouten for without.
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2. (Med.) Coaptation. [Obs.] Dunglison.
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Paragogical
Paragogic
{ Par`a*gog"ic (?), Par`a*gog"ic*al (?), } a. [Cf. F. paragogique.] Of, pertaining to, or constituting, a paragoge; added to the end of, or serving to lengthen, a word.
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Paragogic letters, in the Semitic languages, letters which are added to the ordinary forms of words, to express additional emphasis, or some change in the sense.
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Paragon
Par"a*gon (păr"&adot_;*g&obreve_;n), n. [OF. paragon, F. parangon; cf. It. paragone, Sp. paragon, parangon; prob. fr. Gr. &unr_; to rub against; para` beside + &unr_; whetstone; cf. LGr. &unr_; a polishing stone.] 1. A companion; a match; an equal. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Philoclea, who indeed had no paragon but her sister. Sir P. Sidney.
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2. Emulation; rivalry; competition. [Obs.]
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Full many feats adventurous
Performed, in paragon of proudest men.
Spenser.
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3. A model or pattern; especially a pattern of excellence or perfection; as, a paragon of beauty or eloquence. Udall.
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Man, . . . the paragon of animals ! Shak.
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The riches of sweet Mary's son,
Boy-rabbi, Israel's paragon.
Emerson.
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4. (Print.) A size of type between great primer and double pica. See the Note under Type.
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Paragon
Par"a*gon, v. t. [Cf. OF. paragonner, F. parangonner.]
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1. To compare; to parallel; to put in rivalry or emulation with. [Obs.] Sir P. Sidney.
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2. To compare with; to equal; to rival. [R.] Spenser.
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In arms anon to paragon the morn,
The morn new rising.
Glover.
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3. To serve as a model for; to surpass. [Obs.]
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He hath achieved a maid
That paragons description and wild fame.
Shak.
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Paragon
Par"a*gon, v. i. To be equal; to hold comparison. [R.]
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Few or none could . . . paragon with her. Shelton.
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Paragonite
Pa*rag"o*nite (?), n. [From Gr. &unr_;, p. pr. of &unr_; to mislead.] (Min.) A kind of mica related to muscovite, but containing soda instead of potash. It is characteristic of the paragonite schist of the Alps.
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Paragram
Par"a*gram (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; that which one writes beside. See Paragraph.] A pun.
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Puns, which he calls paragrams. Addison.
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Paragrammatist
Par`a*gram"ma*tist (?), n. A punster.
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Paragrandine
Pa`ra*gran"di*ne (?), n. [It., from parare to parry + grandine hail.] An instrument to avert the occurrence of hailstorms. See Paragrêle. Knight.
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Paragraph
Par"a*graph (?), n. [F. paragraphe, LL. paragraphus, fr. Gr. para`grafos (sc. grammh`) a line or stroke drawn in the margin, fr. paragra`fein to write beside; para` beside + gra`fein to write. See Para-, and Graphic, and cf. Paraph.] 1. Originally, a marginal mark or note, set in the margin to call attention to something in the text, e. g., a change of subject; now, the character ¶, commonly used in the text as a reference mark to a footnote, or to indicate the place of a division into sections.
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&hand_; This character is merely a modification of a capital P (the initial of the word paragraph), the letter being reversed, and the black part made white and the white part black for the sake of distinctiveness.
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2. A distinct part of a discourse or writing; any section or subdivision of a writing or chapter which relates to a particular point, whether consisting of one or many sentences. The division is sometimes noted by the mark ¶, but usually, by beginning the first sentence of the paragraph on a new line and at more than the usual distance from the margin, also called indenting the line. See indentation{4}.

3. A brief composition complete in one typographical section or paragraph; an item, remark, or quotation comprised in a few lines forming one paragraph; as, a column of news paragraphs; an editorial paragraph.
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Paragraph
Par"a*graph, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Paragraphed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Paragraphing.]
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1. To divide into paragraphs; to mark with the character ¶.
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2. To express in the compass of a paragraph; as, to paragraph an article.
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3. To mention in a paragraph or paragraphs
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Paragrapher
Par"a*graph`er (?), n. A writer of paragraphs; a paragraphist.
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Paragraphical
Paragraphic
{ Par`a*graph"ic (?), Par`a*graph"ic*al (?), } a. Pertaining to, or consisting of, a paragraph or paragraphs. -- Par`a*graph"ic*al*ly, adv.
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Paragraphist
Par"a*graph`ist (?), n. A paragrapher.
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Paragraphistical
Par`a*gra*phis"tic*al (?), a. Of or relating to a paragraphist. [R.] Beau. & Fl.
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Para grass
Pa*ra" grass` (?), Pará grass. (a) (Bot.) A tall rather coarse grass (Panicum molle formerly Panicum barbinode) grown in the tropics for pasturage, and introduced into the southern United States from Brazilas a valuable pasture grass. (b) Piassaba fiber.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Paragrele
Pa`ra`grêle" (?), n. [F., fr. parer to guard + grêle hail.] A lightning conductor erected, as in a vineyard, for drawing off the electricity in the atmosphere in order to prevent hailstorms. [France] Knight.
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Paraguayan
Par`a*guay"an (?), a. Of or pertaining to Paraguay. -- n. A native or inhabitant of Paraguay.
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Paraguay tea
Pa`ra*guay" tea" (?). See Mate, the leaf of the Brazilian holly.
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Parail
Par"ail (?), n. See Apparel. [Obs.] “In the parail of a pilgrim.” Piers Plowman.
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Parakeet
Par"a*keet` (?), n. (Zool.) Same as Parrakeet.
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Parakite
Par"a*kite` (?), n. [Para- + kite.] A train or series of kites on one string and flying tandem, used for attaining great heights and for sending up instruments for meteorological observations or a man for military reconnaissance; also, a kite of such a train.
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Paralactic
Par`a*lac"tic (?), a. [Pref. para- + lactic.] (Physiol. Chem.) Designating an acid called paralactic acid. See Lactic acid, under Lactic.
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Paralbumin
Par`al*bu"min (?), n. [Pref. para- + albumin.] (Physiol. Chem.) A proteidlike body found in the fluid from ovarian cysts and elsewhere. It is generally associated with a substance related to, if not identical with, glycogen.
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Paraldehyde
Par*al"de*hyde (?), n. [Pref. para- + aldehyde.] (Chem.) A trimer of acetaldehyde (C6H12O3), prepared by polymerization of acetaldehyde with hydrochloric and sulfuric acids. It has sedative and hypnotic properties. MI11
[PJC]

Paraleipsis
Par`a*leip"sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to leave on one side, to omit; para` beside + &unr_; to leave.] (Rhet.) A pretended or apparent omission; a figure by which a speaker artfully pretends to pass by what he really mentions; as, for example, if an orator should say, “I do not speak of my adversary's scandalous venality and rapacity, his brutal conduct, his treachery and malice.” [Written also paralepsis, paralepsy, paralipsis.]
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Paralepsis
Par`a*lep"sis (?), n. [NL.] See Paraleipsis.
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Paralgesia
Par`al*ge"si*a (?), n. [NL.; para- + Gr. 'a`lghsis sense of pain.] (Med.) Disordered sensibility to pain, including absence of sensibility to pain, excessive sensibility to pain, and abnormal painful results of stimuli. -- Par`al*ge"sic (#), a.
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Paralian
Pa*ra"li*an (?), n. [Gr. pa`ralos near the sea; para` beside + "a`ls the sea.] A dweller by the sea. [R.]
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Paralipomenon
Par`a*li*pom"e*non (?), n. pl. [L., fr. Gr. paraleipome`nwn of things omitted, pass. p. pr. (neuter genitive plural) fr. &unr_; to omit.] A title given in the Douay Bible to the Books of Chronicles.
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&hand_; In the Septuagint these books are called Paraleipome`nwn prw^ton and dey`teron, which is understood, after Jerome's explanation, as meaning that they are supplementary to the Books of Kings W. Smith.
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Paralipsis
Par`a*lip"sis (?), n. [NL.] See Paraleipsis.
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Parallactical
Parallactic
{ Par`al*lac"tic (?), Par`al*lac"tic*al (?), } a. [Cf. F. parallactique.] Of or pertaining to a parallax.
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Parallax
Par"al*lax (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; alternation, the mutual inclination of two lines forming an angle, fr. &unr_; to change a little, go aside, deviate; para` beside, beyond + &unr_; to change: cf. F. parallaxe. Cf. Parallel.] 1. The apparent displacement, or difference of position, of an object, as seen from two different stations, or points of view.
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2. (Astron.) The apparent difference in position of a body (as the sun, or a star) as seen from some point on the earth's surface, and as seen from some other conventional point, as the earth's center or the sun.
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3. (Astron.) The annual parallax. See annual parallax, below.
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Annual parallax, the greatest value of the heliocentric parallax, or the greatest annual apparent change of place of a body as seen from the earth and sun; it is equivalent to the parallax of an astronomical object which would be observed by taking observations of the object at two different points one astronomical unit (the distance of the Earth from the sun) apart, if the line joining the two observing points is perpendicular to the direction to the observed object; as, the annual parallax of a fixed star. The distance of an astronomical object from the Earth is inversely proportional to the annual parallax. A star which has an annual parallax of one second of an arc is considered to be one parsec (3.26 light years) distant from the earth; a star with an annual parallax of one-hundredth second of an arc is 326 light years distant. See parsec in the vocabulary, and stellar parallax, below. -- Binocular parallax, the apparent difference in position of an object as seen separately by one eye, and then by the other, the head remaining unmoved. -- Diurnal parallax or Geocentric parallax, the parallax of a body with reference to the earth's center. This is the kind of parallax that is generally understood when the term is used without qualification. -- Heliocentric parallax, the parallax of a body with reference to the sun, or the angle subtended at the body by lines drawn from it to the earth and sun; as, the heliocentric parallax of a planet. -- Horizontal parallax, the geocentric parallx of a heavenly body when in the horizon, or the angle subtended at the body by the earth's radius. -- Optical parallax, the apparent displacement in position undergone by an object when viewed by either eye singly. Brande & C. -- Parallax of the cross wires (of an optical instrument), their apparent displacement when the eye changes its position, caused by their not being exactly in the focus of the object glass. -- Stellar parallax, the annual parallax of a fixed star.
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parallax second
par"al*lax sec"ond (?), n. An annual parallax of one second of an arc; -- applied to celestial objects outside the solar system. It is used to measure the distance of an astronomical object from the Earth. A star which has an annual parallax of one second of an arc is considered to be one parsec (3.26 light years) distant from the earth. See parsec in the vocabulary.
[PJC]

Parallel
Par"al*lel (?), a. [F. parallèle, L. parallelus, fr. Gr. &unr_;; para` beside + &unr_; of one another, fr. &unr_; other, akin to L. alius. See Alien.] 1. (Geom.) Extended in the same direction, and in all parts equally distant; as, parallel lines; parallel planes.
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Revolutions . . . parallel to the equinoctial. Hakluyt.
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&hand_; Curved lines or curved planes are said to be parallel when they are in all parts equally distant.
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2. Having the same direction or tendency; running side by side; being in accordance (with); tending to the same result; -- used with to and with.
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When honor runs parallel with the laws of God and our country, it can not be too much cherished. Addison.
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3. Continuing a resemblance through many particulars; applicable in all essential parts; like; similar; as, a parallel case; a parallel passage. Addison.
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Parallel bar. (a) (Steam Eng.) A rod in a parallel motion which is parallel with the working beam. (b) One of a pair of bars raised about five feet above the floor or ground, and parallel to each other, -- used for gymnastic exercises. -- Parallel circles of a sphere, those circles of the sphere whose planes are parallel to each other. -- Parallel columns, or Parallels (Printing), two or more passages of reading matter printed side by side, for the purpose of emphasizing the similarity or discrepancy between them. -- Parallel forces (Mech.), forces which act in directions parallel to each other. -- Parallel motion. (a) (Mach.) A jointed system of links, rods, or bars, by which the motion of a reciprocating piece, as a piston rod, may be guided, either approximately or exactly in a straight line. Rankine. (b) (Mus.) The ascending or descending of two or more parts at fixed intervals, as thirds or sixths. -- Parallel rod (Locomotive Eng.), a metal rod that connects the crank pins of two or more driving wheels; -- called also couping rod, in distinction from the connecting rod. See Illust. of Locomotive, in App. -- Parallel ruler, an instrument for drawing parallel lines, so constructed as to have the successive positions of the ruling edge parallel to each other; also, one consisting of two movable parts, the opposite edges of which are always parallel. -- Parallel sailing (Naut.), sailing on a parallel of latitude. -- Parallel sphere (Astron. & Geog.), that position of the sphere in which the circles of daily motion are parallel to the horizon, as to an observer at either pole. -- Parallel vise, a vise having jaws so guided as to remain parallel in all positions.
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Parallel
Par"al*lel (?), n. 1. A line which, throughout its whole extent, is equidistant from another line; a parallel line, a parallel plane, etc.
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Who made the spider parallels design,
Sure as De Moivre, without rule or line ?
Pope.
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2. Direction conformable to that of another line,
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Lines that from their parallel decline. Garth.
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3. Conformity continued through many particulars or in all essential points; resemblance; similarity.
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Twixt earthly females and the moon
All parallels exactly run.
Swift.
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4. A comparison made; elaborate tracing of similarity; as, Johnson's parallel between Dryden and Pope.
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5. Anything equal to, or resembling, another in all essential particulars; a counterpart.
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None but thyself can be thy parallel. Pope.
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6. (Geog.) One of the imaginary circles on the surface of the earth, parallel to the equator, marking the latitude; also, the corresponding line on a globe or map; as, the counry was divided into North and South at the 38th parallel.
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7. (Mil.) One of a series of long trenches constructed before a besieged fortress, by the besieging force, as a cover for troops supporting the attacking batteries. They are roughly parallel to the line of outer defenses of the fortress.
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8. (Print.) A character consisting of two parallel vertical lines (thus, ‖) used in the text to direct attention to a similarly marked note in the margin or at the foot of a page.
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9. (Elec.) That arrangement of an electrical system in which all positive poles, electrodes, terminals, etc., are joined to one conductor, and all negative poles, etc., to another conductor; -- called also multiple. Opposed to series.

&hand_; Parts of a system so arranged are said to be in parallel or in multiple.
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Limiting parallels. See under Limit, v. t. -- Parallel of altitude (Astron.), one of the small circles of the sphere, parallel to the horizon; an almucantar. -- Parallel of declination (Astron.), one of the small circles of the sphere, parallel to the equator. -- Parallel of latitude. (a) (Geog.) See def. 6. above. (b) (Astron.) One of the small circles of the sphere, parallel to the ecliptic.
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Parallel
Par"al*lel, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Paralleled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Paralleling (?).] 1. To place or set so as to be parallel; to place so as to be parallel to, or to conform in direction with, something else.
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The needle . . . doth parallel and place itself upon the true meridian. Sir T. Browne.
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2. Fig.: To make to conform to something else in character, motive, aim, or the like.
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His life is paralleled
Even with the stroke and line of his great justice.
Shak.
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3. To equal; to match; to correspond to. Shak.
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4. To produce or adduce as a parallel. [R.] Locke.
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My young remembrance can not parallel
A fellow to it.
Shak.
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Parallel
Par"al*lel, v. i. To be parallel; to correspond; to be like. [Obs.] Bacon.
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Parallelable
Par"al*lel`a*ble (?), a. Capable of being paralleled, or equaled. [R.] Bp. Hall.
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parallelepiped
parallelepiped n. (Geometry) A prism whose bases are parallelograms.
Syn. -- parallelopiped, parallelepipedon, parallelopipedon.
[WordNet 1.5]

parallelepipedon
parallelepipedon n. (Geometry) Same as parallelepiped.
Syn. -- parallelepiped, parallelopiped, parallelopipedon.
[WordNet 1.5]

Parallelism
Par"al*lel*ism (?), n. [Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to place side by side, or parallel: cf. F. parallélisme.]
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1. The quality or state of being parallel.
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2. Resemblance; correspondence; similarity.
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A close parallelism of thought and incident. T. Warton.
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3. Similarity of construction or meaning of clauses placed side by side, especially clauses expressing the same sentiment with slight modifications, as is common in Hebrew poetry; e. g.: --

At her feet he bowed, he fell:
Where he bowed, there he fell down dead.
Judg. v. 27.

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Parallelistic
Par`al*lel*is"tic (?), a. Of the nature of a parallelism; involving parallelism.
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The antithetic or parallelistic form of Hebrew poetry is entirely lost. Milman.
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Parallelize
Par"al*lel*ize (?), v. t. To render parallel. [R.]
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Parallelless
Par"al*lel*less, a. Matchless. [R.]
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Parallelly
Par"al*lel*ly, adv. In a parallel manner; with parallelism. [R.] Dr. H. More.
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Parallelogram
Par`al*lel"o*gram (?), n. [Gr. &unr_;; &unr_; parallel + &unr_; to write: cf. F. parallélogramme. See Parallel, and -gram.] (Geom.) A right-lined quadrilateral figure, whose opposite sides are parallel, and consequently equal; -- sometimes restricted in popular usage to a rectangle, or quadrilateral figure which is longer than it is broad, and with right angles.
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Parallelogram of velocities, parallelogram of forces, parallelogram of accelerations, parallelogram of momenta, etc. (Mech.), a parallelogram the diagonal of which represents the resultant of two velocities, forces, accelerations, momenta, etc., both in quantity and direction, when the velocities, forces, accelerations, momenta, etc., are represented in quantity and direction by the two adjacent sides of the parallelogram.
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Parallelogrammatic
Par`al*lel`o*gram*mat"ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to a parallelogram; parallelogrammic.
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Parallelogrammical
Parallelogrammic
{ Par`al*lel`o*gram"mic (păr`&aitalic_;l*l&ebreve_;l`&ouptack_;*grăm"m&ibreve_;k), Par`al*lel`o*gram"mic*al (păr`&aitalic_;l*l&ebreve_;l`&ouptack_;*grăm"m&ibreve_;*k&aitalic_;l), } a. Having the properties of a parallelogram. [R.]
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Parallelopiped
Par`al*lel`o*pi"ped (păr`&aitalic_;l*l&ebreve_;l`&ouptack_;*pī"p&ebreve_;d), n. [Gr. para`llhlos parallel + 'epi`pedon a plane surface, 'epi`pedos on the ground, or level with it, level, flat; 'epi` on + pe`don the ground: cf. F. parallélopipède.] (Geom.) A solid, the faces of which are six parallelograms, the opposite pairs being parallel, and equal to each other; a prism whose base is a parallelogram.
Syn. -- parallelepiped, parallelepipedon, parallelopipedon.
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Parallelopipedon
Par`al*lel`o*pip"e*don (?), n. [NL.] A parallelopiped. Hutton.
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parallel-park
parallel-park v. t. & i. To park (a vehicle) parallel to the curb; -- contrasted with angle-park; as, to get a driver's license, one needs to be able to parallel-park.
[PJC]

parallel-parking
parallel-parking n. The act or process of parking parallel to the curb; -- contrasted with angle-parking.
[PJC]

Parallel standards
Parallel standards. (Numismatics) Two or more metals coined without any attempt by the government to regulate their values.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Parallel sulcus
Parallel sulcus. (Anat.) A sulcus parallel to, but some distance below, the horizontal limb of the fissure of Sylvius.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Parallel transformer
Parallel transformer. (Elec.) A transformer connected in parallel.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Parallel vise
Parallel vise. A vise with jaws so guided as to remain parallel.
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Paralogical
Par`a*log"ic*al (?), a. Containing paralogism; illogical.Paralogical doubt.” Sir T. Browne.
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Paralogism
Pa*ral"o*gism (?), n. [Gr. paralogismo`s, fr. paralogi`zesqai to reason falsely; para` beside + logi`zesqai to reason, lo`gos discourse, reason: cf. F. paralogisme.] (Logic) A reasoning which is false in point of form, that is, which is contrary to logical rules or formulæ; a formal fallacy, or pseudo-syllogism, in which the conclusion does not follow from the premises.
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Paralogize
Pa*ral"o*gize (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Paralogized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Paralogizing (?).] [Gr. paralogi`zesqai.] To reason falsely; to draw conclusions not warranted by the premises. [R.]
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Paralogy
Pa*ral"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. paralogi`a; para` beside, beyond + lo`gos reason.] False reasoning; paralogism.
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Paralyse
Par"a*lyse (?), v. t. Same as Paralyze.
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Paralysis
Pa*ral"y*sis (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. para`lysis, fr. paraly`ein to loosen, dissolve, or disable at the side; para` beside + ly`ein to loosen. See Para-, and Loose, and cf. Palsy.] (Med.) Abolition of function, whether complete or partial; esp., the loss of the power of voluntary motion, with or without that of sensation, in any part of the body; palsy. See Hemiplegia, and Paraplegia. Also used figuratively; as, paralysis of the will. “Utter paralysis of memory.” G. Eliot.
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Mischievous practices arising out of the paralysis of the powers of ownership. Duke of Argyll (1887).
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Paralytic
Par`a*lyt"ic (?), a. [L. paralyticus, Gr. &unr_;: cf. F. paralytique.] 1. Of or pertaining to paralysis; resembling paralysis.
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2. Affected with paralysis, or palsy.
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The cold, shaking, paralytic hand. Prior.
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3. Inclined or tending to paralysis.
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Paralytic secretion (Physiol.), the fluid, generally thin and watery, secreted from a gland after section or paralysis of its nerves, as the paralytic saliva.
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Paralytic
Par`a*lyt"ic, n. A person affected with paralysis.
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Paralytical
Par`a*lyt"ic*al (?), a. See Paralytic.
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Paralyzation
Par`a*ly*za"tion (?), n. The act or process of paralyzing, or the state of being paralyzed.
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Paralyze
Par"a*lyze (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Paralyzed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Paralyzing (?).] [F. paralyser. See Paralysis.]
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1. To affect or strike with paralysis or palsy.
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2. Fig.: To unnerve; to destroy or impair the energy of; to render ineffective; as, the occurrence paralyzed the community; despondency paralyzed his efforts.
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Param
Par"am (?), n. (Chem.) A white crystalline nitrogenous substance (C2H4N4); -- called also dicyandiamide.
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paramagnet
par`a*mag"net n. A substance exhibiting paramagnetism, i.e. a substance whose magnetization is proportional to the strength of the magnetic field applied to it.
[WordNet 1.5]

Paramagnetic
Par`a*mag*net"ic (?), a. [Pref. para- + magnetic.] (Physics) Having or exhibiting paramagnetism; -- opposed to diamagnetic and contrasted with ferromagnetic. -- n. A paramagnetic substance. Faraday. -- Par`a*mag*net"ic*al*ly (#), adv.
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Paramagnetism
Par`a*mag"net*ism (?), n. (Physics) A property of materials which are not magnetized in the absence of an external magnetic field, but in which the magnetic moments of their constituents align with and enhance an applied magnetic field; the induced magnetic field of the substance is in direct proportion to the strength of the applied magnetic field; -- opposed to diamagnetic and contrasted with ferromagnetic. Faraday.
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Paramaleic
Par`a*ma*le"ic (?), a. [Pref. para- + maleic.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid obtained from malic acid, and now called fumaric acid. [Obs.]
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Paramalic
Par`a*ma"lic (?), a. [Pref. para- + malic.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, an organic acid metameric with malic acid.
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Paramastoid
Par`a*mas"toid (?), a. [Pref. para- + mastoid.] (Anat.) Situated beside, or near, the mastoid portion of the temporal bone; paroccipital; -- applied especially to a process of the skull in some animals.
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Paramatta
Par`a*mat"ta (?), n. [So named from Paramatta, in Australia.] A light fabric of cotton and worsted, resembling bombazine or merino. Beck (Draper's Dict.)
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Parament
Par"a*ment (?), n. [Sp. paramento, from parar to prepare, L. parare.] Ornamental hangings, furniture, etc., as of a state apartment; rich and elegant robes worn by men of rank; -- chiefly in the plural. [Obs.]
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Lords in paraments on their coursers. Chaucer.
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Chamber of paraments, presence chamber of a monarch.
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Paramento
Pa`ra*men"to (?), n. [Sp.] Ornament; decoration. Beau. & Fl.
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Paramere
Par"a*mere (?), n. [Pref. para- + -mere.] (Zool.) One of the symmetrical halves of any one of the radii, or spheromeres, of a radiate animal, as a starfish.
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Parameter
Pa*ram"e*ter (?), n. [Pref. para- + -meter: cf. F. paramètre.] 1. A constant number which is part of a theory, function, or calculation, whose value is not determined by the form of the theory or equation itself, and may in some cases be arbitrary assigned.
[PJC]

2. Specifically: (a) (Math.) A term applied to some characteristic magnitude whose value, invariable as long as one and the same function, curve, surface, etc., is considered, serves to distinguish that function, curve, surface, etc., from others of the same kind or family. Brande & C. (b) (Conic Sections) (in the ellipse and hyperbola), a third proportional to any diameter and its conjugate, or in the parabola, to any abscissa and the corresponding ordinate.
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&hand_; The parameter of the principal axis of a conic section is called the latus rectum.
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3. (Science) Any constant number which is required to calculate values of observed phenomena according to a theory, but the value of which must be determined by experiment, and cannot be calculated from the fundamental assumptions of the theory. In general, a theory which has a large number of parameters, though it may accurately predict experimental results, is considered as having less explanatory power and as being less esthetically pleasing than a theory with fewer parameters.
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4. (Crystallog.) The ratio of the three crystallographic axes which determines the position of any plane; also, the fundamental axial ratio for a given species.
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5. The limits, guidelines, or assumptions from within which an activity is carried out; as, new arrivals need to learn the parameters of the research in our department.
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6. (Computers) A variable used in a calculation within a computer program which must be assigned a value before the calculation can be performed; as, let's plug in the parameters and see what the result is.
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7. A characteristic or element, especially one used as a criterion for evaluation or judgment; as, a useful parameter for determining efficiency.
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paramedic
par`a*med"ic (păr`&adot_;*m&ebreve_;d"&ibreve_;k), n. (Med.) A person who is trained to give first aid and other emergency medical assistance in the absence of a physician, and to assist a physician in the administration of health care. Paramedics are often associated with police, firefighting units, or rescue squads.
[PJC]

paramedical
par`a*med"i*cal (păr`&adot_;*m&ebreve_;d"&ibreve_;*k&aitalic_;l), a. (Med.) 1. Of or pertaining to those providing medical care who are not physicians but serve in the capacity of assisting physicians; nurses, physiotherapists, dieticians, Physical Therapy instructors, and respiratory therapy technicians are examples of paramedical personnel.
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2. Of or pertaining to the type of medical care provided by paramedics or other paramedical personnel; as, paramedical treatment.
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Parametritis
Par`a*me*tri"tis (?), n. [NL. See Para-, and Metritis.] (Med.) Inflammation of the cellular tissue in the vicinity of the uterus.
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Paramiographer
Par`a*mi*og"ra*pher (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; proverb + -graph + -er.] A collector or writer of proverbs. [R.]
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Paramitome
Par`a*mi"tome (?), n. [Pref. para- + mitome.] (Biol.) The fluid portion of the protoplasm of a cell.
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Paramo
Pa"ra*mo (?), n.; pl. Paramos (#). [Sp. pæramo.] A high, bleak plateau or district, with stunted trees, and cold, damp atmosphere, as in the Andes, in South America.
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Paramorph
Par"a*morph (?), n. [Pref. para- + Gr. morfh` form.] 1. (Min.) A kind of pseudomorph, in which there has been a change of physical characters, by a change in crystal structure without alteration of chemical composition, as the change of aragonite to calcite; called also allomorph.
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2. (Biol.) A taxonomic variant observed within a species, for which a more specific term has not been assigned.
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-- par`a*mor"phic, a. -- par`a*mor"phous, a.
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Paramorphism
Par`a*mor"phism (?), n. (Min.) The change of one mineral species to another, so as to involve a change in physical characters without alteration of chemical composition.
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Paramorphous
Par`a*mor"phous (?), a. (Min.) Relating to paramorphism; exhibiting paramorphism.
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Paramount
Par"a*mount (?), a. [OF. par amont above; par through, by (L. per) + amont above. See Amount.] Having the highest rank or jurisdiction; superior to all others; chief; supreme; preëminent; as, a paramount duty. “A traitor paramount.” Bacon.
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Lady paramount (Archery), the lady making the best score. -- Lord paramount, the king.
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Syn. Superior; principal; preeminent; chief.
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Paramount
Par"a*mount, n. The highest or chief. Milton.
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Paramountly
Par"a*mount`ly, adv. In a paramount manner.
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Paramour
Par"a*mour (?), n. [F. par amour, lit., by or with love. See 2d Par, and Amour.] 1. A lover, of either sex; a wooer or a mistress (formerly in a good sense, now only in a bad one); one who takes the place, without possessing the rights, of a husband or wife; -- used of a man or a woman.
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The seducer appeared with dauntless front, accompanied by his paramour Macaulay.
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2. Love; gallantry. [Obs.] “For paramour and jollity.” Chaucer.
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Paramours
Paramour
{ Par"a*mour`, Par"a*mours` (?) }, adv. By or with love, esp. the love of the sexes; -- sometimes written as two words. [Obs.]
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For par amour, I loved her first ere thou. Chaucer.
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Paramylum
Par*am"y*lum (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. para` beside + &unr_; starch.] (Chem.) A substance resembling starch, found in the green frothy scum formed on the surface of stagnant water.
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Paranaphthalene
Par`a*naph"tha*lene (?), n. [Pref. para- + naphthalene.] (Chem.) Anthracene; -- called also paranaphthaline. [Obs.]
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parang
parang n. A stout strait-edged knife used in Malayasia and Indonesia.
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paranoia
par`a*noi"a (păr`&adot_;*noi"&adot_;), n. [NL., fr. Gr. para`noia.] 1. (Med.) A chronic form of insanity characterized by very gradual impairment of the intellect, systematized delusion, and usually by delusions of persecution or mandatory delusions producing homicidal tendency. In its mild form paranoia may consist in the well-marked crotchetiness exhibited in persons commonly called “cranks.” Paranoiacs usually show evidences of bodily and nervous degeneration, and many have hallucinations, esp. of sight and hearing.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

2. Unwarranted suspicion of the motives of others; -- used colloquially in a non-technical sense. [Colloq.]
[PJC]

paranoid
par"a*noid` (?), a. 1. (Med.) Affected with paranoia; as, a paranoid schizophrenic.
Syn. -- paranoiac.
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2. Suffering from delusions of being persecuted by the conspiratorial actions of others; having an unwarranted suspicion of the motives of others; -- used loosely in a negative sense, not as a medical term; as, just because you're paranoid doesn't mean they are not out to get you. [Colloq.]
[PJC]

Paranoiac
Par`a*noi"ac (păr`&adot_;*noi"ăk), a. (Med.) Of or pertaining to paranoia; affected with, or characteristic of, paranoia; paranoid.
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

Paranoiac
Par`a*noi"ac, n. A person affected with paranoia.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

paranormal
par`a*nor"mal (păr`&adot_;*nôr"m&aitalic_;l), adj. Of or pertaining to parapsychology; pertaining to forces or mental processes, such as extrasensory perception or psychokinesis, outside the possibilities defined by natural or scientific laws; as, paranormal phenomena.
Syn. -- psychic, psychical, parapsycholological. [WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Paranthracene
Par*an"thra*cene (?), n. [Pref. para- + anthracene.] (Chem.) An inert isomeric modification of anthracene.
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Paranucleus
Par`a*nu"cle*us (?), n. [Pref. para- + nucleus.] (Biol.) Some as Nucleolus.
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Para nut
Pa*ra" nut`, Pará nut (p&adot_;*rä" nŭt`). (Bot.) The Brazil nut.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Paranymph
Par"a*nymph (?), n. [L. paranymphus, Gr. &unr_;; para` beside, near + &unr_; a bride: cf. F. paranymphe.] 1. (Gr. Antiq.) (a) A friend of the bridegroom who went with him in his chariot to fetch home the bride. Milton. (b) The bridesmaid who conducted the bride to the bridegroom.
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2. Hence: An ally; a supporter or abettor. Jer. Taylor.
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Paranymphal
Par`a*nym"phal (?), a. Bridal; nuptial. [R.]
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At some paranymphal feast. Ford.
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Parapectin
Par`a*pec"tin (?), n. [Pref. para- + pectin.] (Chem.) A gelatinous modification of pectin.
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Parapegm
Par"a*pegm (?), n. [L. parapegma, Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to fix beside; para` beside + &unr_; to fix: cf. F. parapegme.] An engraved tablet, usually of brass, set up in a public place.
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&hand_; Parapegms were used for the publication of laws, proclamations, etc., and the recording of astronomical phenomena or calendar events.
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Parapeptone
Par`a*pep"tone (?), n. [Pref. para- + peptone.] (Phisiol. Chem.) A proteinaceous body formed in small quantity by the peptic digestion of proteids. It can be converted into peptone by pancreatic juice, but not by gastric juice.
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Parapet
Par"a*pet (?), n. [F., fr. It. parapetto, fr. parare to ward off, guard (L. parare to prepare, provide) + petto the breast, L. pectus. See Parry, and Pectoral.]
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1. (Arch.) A low wall, especially one serving to protect the edge of a platform, roof, bridge, or the like.
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2. (Fort.) A wall, rampart, or elevation of earth, for covering soldiers from an enemy's fire; a breastwork. See Illust. of Casemate.
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Parapetalous
Par`a*pet"al*ous (?), a. [Pref. para- + petal.] (Bot.) Growing by the side of a petal, as a stamen.
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Parapeted
Par"a*pet`ed, a. Having a parapet.
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Paraph
Par"aph (?), n. [F. paraphe, parafe, contr. fr. paragraphe.] A flourish made with the pen at the end of a signature. In the Middle Ages, this formed a sort of rude safeguard against forgery. Brande & C.
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Paraph
Par"aph, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Paraphed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Paraphing.] [Cf. F. parapher, parafer.] To add a paraph to; to sign, esp. with the initials.
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Parapherna
Par`a*pher"na (?), n. pl. [L.] (Rom. Law) The property of a woman which, on her marriage, was not made a part of her dower, but remained her own.
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Paraphernal
Par`a*pher"nal (?), a. [Cf. F. paraphernal.] Of or pertaining to paraphernalia; as, paraphernal property. Kent.
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Paraphernalia
Par`a*pher*na"li*a (?), n. pl. [LL. paraphernalia bona, fr. L. parapherna, pl., parapherna, Gr. &unr_;; para` beside + &unr_; a bride's dowry, fr. fe`rein to bring. See 1st Bear.]
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1. (Law) Something reserved to a wife, over and above her dower, being chiefly apparel and ornaments suited to her degree.
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2. Personal belongings; ornaments; finery; sundry objects carried about for personal convenience.
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3. The appendages, apparatus, or equipment used in a particular activity; as, surveyors unloading their paraphernalia from a van.
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Paraphimosis
Par`a*phi*mo"sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;; &unr_; beyond + &unr_; to muzzle.] (Med.) A condition in which the prepuce, after being retracted behind the glans penis, is constricted there, and can not be brought forward into place again.
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Paraphosphoric
Par`a*phos*phor"ic (?), a. [Pref. para- + phosphoric.] (Chem.) Pyrophosphoric. [Obs.]
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Paraphragma
Par`a*phrag"ma (-frăg"m&adot_;), n.; pl. Paraphragmata (#). [NL., fr. Gr. para` beside + &unr_;, &unr_;, an inclosure.] (Zool.) One of the outer divisions of an endosternite of Crustacea. -- Par`a*phrag"mal (#), a.
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Paraphrase
Par"a*phrase (păr"&adot_;*frāz), n. [L. paraphrasis, Gr. para`frasis, from parafra`zein to say the same thing in other words; para` beside + fra`zein to speak: cf. F. paraphrase. See Para-, and Phrase.] A restatement of a text, passage, or work, expressing the meaning of the original in another form, generally for the sake of its clearer and fuller exposition; a setting forth the signification of a text in other and ampler terms; a free translation or rendering; -- opposed to metaphrase.
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In paraphrase, or translation with latitude, the author's words are not so strictly followed as his sense. Dryden.
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Excellent paraphrases of the Psalms of David. I. Disraeli.
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His sermons a living paraphrase upon his practice. Sowth.
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The Targums are also called the Chaldaic or Aramaic Paraphrases. Shipley.
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Paraphrase
Par"a*phrase, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Paraphrased (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Paraphrasing (?).] To express, interpret, or translate with latitude; to give the meaning of a passage in other language.
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We are put to construe and paraphrase our own words. Bp. Stillingfleet.
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Paraphrase
Par"a*phrase, v. i. To make a paraphrase.
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Paraphraser
Par"a*phra`ser (?), n. One who paraphrases.
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Paraphrasian
Par`a*phra"sian (?), n. A paraphraser. [R.]
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Paraphrast
Par"a*phrast (?), n. [L. paraphrastes, Gr. &unr_;: cf. F. paraphraste.] A paraphraser. T. Warton.
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Paraphrastic
{ Par`a*phras"tic (?), Par`a*phras"tic*al (?), } a. [Gr. &unr_;: cf. F. paraphrastique.] Paraphrasing; of the nature of paraphrase; explaining, or translating in words more clear and ample than those of the author; not literal; free. -- Par`a*phras"tic*al*ly, adv.
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Paraphysis
Pa*raph"y*sis (?), n.; pl. Paraphyses (#). [NL., fr. Gr. para` beside + &unr_; growth.] (Bot.) A minute jointed filament growing among the archegonia and antheridia of mosses, or with the spore cases, etc., of other flowerless plants.
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Paraplegy
Paraplegia
{ ‖Par`a*ple"gi*a (?), Par"a*ple`gy (?), } n. [NL. paraplegia, fr. Gr. &unr_; hemiplegia, fr. &unr_; to strike at the side; para` beside + &unr_; to strike: cf. F. paraplégie.] (Med.) Palsy of the lower half of the body on both sides, caused usually by disease of the spinal cord. -- Par`a*pleg"ic (#), a.
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Parapleura
Par`a*pleu"ra (?), n.; pl. Parapleuræ (#). [NL. See Para-, and 2d Pleura.] (Zool.) A chitinous piece between the metasternum and the pleuron of certain insects.
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Parapodium
Par`a*po"di*um (?), n.; pl. Parapodia (#). [NL., fr. Gr. para` beside + &unr_;, dim. of &unr_; foot.] (Zool.) One of the lateral appendages of an annelid; -- called also foot tubercle.
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&hand_; They may serve for locomotion, respiration, and sensation, and often contain spines or setæ. When well developed, a dorsal part, or notopodium, and a ventral part, or neuropodium, are distinguished.
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Parapophysis
Par`a*poph"y*sis (?), n.; pl. Parapophyses (#). [NL. See Para-, and Apophysis.] (Anat.) The ventral transverse, or capitular, process of a vertebra. See Vertebra. -- Par*ap`o*phys"ic*al (#), a.
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parapsychologist
par`a*psy*chol"o*gist n. One who studies or is versed in parapsychology.
[PJC]

parapsychology
par`a*psy*chol"o*gy n. The field of study concerned with psychological phenomena not explainable by the laws of physics, especially extrasensory perception, telepathy, psychokinesis, precognition, and clairvoyance. The field is controversial, most scientists holding the opinion that the supposed phenomena observed result from poor experimental design, or are mere statistical artifacts or in some cases deliberate fraud.
[PJC]

parapsychological
parapsychological adj. Of or pertaining to parapsychology; pertaining to forces or mental processes outside the possibilities defined by natural or scientific laws; as, parapsychological research.
Syn. -- psychic, psychical, parapsycholological, paranormal.
[WordNet 1.5]

Parapterum
Pa*rap"te*rum (?), n.; pl. Paraptera (#). [NL. See Para-, and Pteron.] (Zool.) A special plate situated on the sides of the mesothorax and metathorax of certain insects.
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Paraquito
Paraquet
{ Par`a*quet" (?), Par`a*qui"to (?), } n. [See Paroquet.] (Zool.) See Parrakeet.
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Para rubber
Pará rubber. The caoutchouc obtained from the South American euphorbiaceous tree Hevea brasiliensis, hence called the Pará rubber tree, from the Brazilian river and seaport named Pará; also, the similar product of other species of Hevea. It is usually exported in flat round cakes, and is a chief variety of commercial India rubber.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Parasang
Par"a*sang (?), n. [L. parasanga, Gr. &unr_;, from Old Persian; cf. Per. farsang.] A Persian measure of length, which, according to Herodotus and Xenophon, was thirty stadia, or somewhat more than three and a half miles. The measure varied in different times and places, and, as now used, is estimated at from three and a half to four English miles.
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Parascenium
Par`a*sce"ni*um (?), n.; pl. Parascenia (#). [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;; para` beside + &unr_; stage.] (Greek & Rom. Antiq.) One of two apartments adjoining the stage, probably used as robing rooms.
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Parasceve
Par`a*sce"ve (?), n. [L., from Gr. &unr_;, lit., preparation.] 1. Among the Jews, the evening before the Sabbath. [Obs.] Mark xv. 42 (Douay ver.)
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2. A preparation. [R.] Donne.
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Paraschematic
Par`a*sche*mat"ic (?), a. [Gr. &unr_; to change from the true form.] Of or pertaining to a change from the right form, as in the formation of a word from another by a change of termination, gender, etc. Max Müller.
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Paraselene
Par`a*se*le"ne (?), n.; pl. Paraselenæ (#). [NL., from Gr. para` beside + selh`nh the moon: cf. F. parasélène.] (Meteor.) A mock moon; an image of the moon which sometimes appears at the point of intersection of two lunar halos. Cf. Parhelion.
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Parashah
Par"a*shah (?), n.; pl. -shoth (#) or -shioth (#). [Heb. pārāshāh.] A lesson from the Torah, or Law, from which at least one section is read in the Jewish synagogue on every Sabbath and festival.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Parashoth
Par"a*shoth, n.; pl. of Parashah.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Parasita
Par`a*si"ta (păr`&adot_;*sī"t&adot_;), n. pl. [NL.] (Zool.) (a) An artificial group formerly made for parasitic insects, as lice, ticks, mites, etc. (b) A division of copepod Crustacea, having a sucking mouth, as the lerneans. They are mostly parasites on fishes. Called also Siphonostomata.
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Parasital
Par"a*si`tal (păr"&adot_;*sī`t&aitalic_;l), a. (Bot. & Zool.) Of or pertaining to parasites; parasitic.
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Parasite
Par"a*site (păr"&adot_;*sīt), n. [F., fr. L. parasitus, Gr. para`sitos, lit., eating beside, or at the table of, another; para` beside + sitei^n to feed, from sitos wheat, grain, food.]
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1. One who frequents the tables of the rich, or who lives at another's expense, and earns his welcome by flattery; a hanger-on; a toady; a sycophant.
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Thou, with trembling fear,
Or like a fawning parasite, obey'st.
Milton.
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Parasites were called such smell-feasts as would seek to be free guests at rich men's tables. Udall.
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2. (Bot.) (a) A plant obtaining nourishment immediately from other plants to which it attaches itself, and whose juices it absorbs; -- sometimes, but erroneously, called epiphyte. (b) A plant living on or within an animal, and supported at its expense, as many species of fungi of the genus Torrubia.
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3. (Zool.) (a) An animal which lives during the whole or part of its existence on or in the body of some other animal, feeding upon its food, blood, or tissues, as lice, tapeworms, etc. (b) An animal which steals the food of another, as the parasitic jager. (c) An animal which habitually uses the nest of another, as the cowbird and the European cuckoo.
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Parasitical
Parasitic
{ Par`a*sit"ic (păr`&adot_;*s&ibreve_;t"&ibreve_;k), Par`a*sit"ic*al (păr`&adot_;*s&ibreve_;t"&ibreve_;*k&aitalic_;l), } a. [L. parasiticus, Gr. &unr_;: cf. F. parasitique.]
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1. Of the nature of a parasite; having the habits of a parasite; fawning for food or favors; sycophantic.Parasitic preachers.” Milton.
Syn. -- leechlike, bloodsucking.
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2. (Bot. & Zool.) Of or pertaining to parasites; living on, or deriving nourishment from, some other living animal or plant. See Parasite, 2 & 3.
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Parasitic gull, Parasitic jager. (Zool.) See Jager.
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-- Par`a*sit"ic*al*ly, adv. -- Par`a*sit"ic*al*ness, n.
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parasiticidal
par`a*sit`i*cid"al adj. Capable of destroying parasites, especially capable of expelling or destroying parasitic worms.
Syn. -- anthelmintic, anthelminthic, helminthic.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Parasiticide
Par`a*sit"i*cide (păr`&adot_;*s&ibreve_;t"&ibreve_;*sīd), n. [Parasite + L. caedere to kill.] Anything used to destroy parasites. Quain.
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Parasitism
Par"a*si`tism (păr"&adot_;*sī`t&ibreve_;z'm; 277), n. [Cf. F. parasitisme.]
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1. The state or behavior of a parasite; the act of a parasite. “Court parasitism.” Milton.
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2. (Bot. & Zool.) The state of being parasitic.
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parasol
par"a*sol` (păr"&adot_;*s&obreve_;l`; 277), n. [F., fr. Sp. or Pg. parasol, or It. parasole; It. parare to ward off, Sp. & Pg. parar (L. parare to prepare) + It. sole sun, Sp. & Pg. sol (L. sol). See Parry, Solar.] A kind of small umbrella used by women as a protection from the sun.
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Parasol
Par"a*sol`, v. t. To shade as with a parasol. [R.]
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Parasolette
Par`a*sol*ette" (?), n. A small parasol.
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Parasphenoid
Par`a*sphe"noid (?), a. [Pref. para- + sphenoid.] (Anat.) Near the sphenoid bone; -- applied especially to a bone situated immediately beneath the sphenoid in the base of the skull in many animals. -- n. The parasphenoid bone.
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Parastichy
Pa*ras"ti*chy (?), n. [Pref. para- + Gr. sti`chos a row.] (Bot.) A secondary spiral in phyllotaxy, as one of the evident spirals in a pine cone.
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Parasynaxis
Par`a*syn*ax"is (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. &unr_;, from &unr_; to assemble illegally or secretly.] (Civil Law) An unlawful meeting.
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Parasynthetic
Par`a*syn*thet"ic (?), a. [Gr. &unr_;. See Para-, and Synthetic.] Formed from a compound word.Parasynthetic derivatives.” Dr. Murray.
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Paratactic
Par`a*tac"tic (?), a. (Gram.) Of pertaining to, or characterized by, parataxis.
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Parataxis
Par`a*tax"is (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; a placing beside, fr. &unr_; to place beside.] (Gram.) The mere ranging of propositions one after another, without indicating their connection or interdependence; -- opposed to syntax. Brande & C.
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Parathesis
Pa*rath"e*sis (?), n.; pl. Paratheses (#). [NL., from Gr. &unr_; a putting beside, from &unr_; to put beside.]
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1. (Gram.) The placing of two or more nouns in the same case; apposition.
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2. (Rhet.) A parenthetical notice, usually of matter to be afterward expanded. Smart.
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3. (Print.) The matter contained within brackets.
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4. (Eccl.) A commendatory prayer. Shipley.
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Parathetic
Par`a*thet"ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to parathesis.
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Paratonnerre
Pa`ra`ton`nerre" (?), n. [F., fr. parer to parry + tonnerre thunderbolt.] A conductor of lightning; a lightning rod.
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Paraunter
Par*aun"ter (?), adv. [Par + aunter.] Peradventure. See Paraventure. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Parauque
Pa*rauque" (?), n. (Zool.) A bird (Nyctidromus albicollis) ranging from Texas to South America. It is allied to the night hawk and goatsucker.
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Paravail
Par`a*vail" (?), a. [OF. par aval below; par through (L. per) + aval down; a- (L. ad) + val (L. vallis) a valley. Cf. Paramount.] (Eng. Law) At the bottom; lowest. Cowell.
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&hand_; In feudal law, the tenant paravail is the lowest tenant of the fee, or he who is immediate tenant to one who holds over of another. Wharton.
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Paravant
Paravant
{ Par"a*vant` (?), Par"a*vant` (?), } adv. [OF. par avant. See Par, and 1st Avaunt.]
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1. In front; publicly. [Obs.] Spenser.
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2. Beforehand; first. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Paraventure
Par`a*ven"ture (?), adv. [Par + aventure.] Peradventure; perchance. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Paraxanthin
Par`a*xan"thin (?), n. [Pref. Para- + xanthin.] (Physiol. Chem.) A crystalline substance closely related to xanthin, present in small quantity in urine.
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Paraxial
Par*ax"i*al (?), a. [Pref. para- + axial.] (Anat.) On either side of the axis of the skeleton.
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Paraxylene
Par`a*xy"lene (?), n. (Chem.) A hydrocarbon (C6H4(CH3)2) of the aromatic series obtained as a colorless liquid by the distillation of camphor with zinc chloride. It is one of the three metamers of xylene. Cf. Metamer, and Xylene.
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Parboil
Par"boil` (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Parboiled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Parboiling.] [OE. parboilen, OF. parbouillir to cook well; par through (see Par) + bouillir to boil, L. bullire. The sense has been influenced by E. part. See 1st Boil.] 1. To boil or cook thoroughly. [Obs.] B. Jonson.
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2. To boil in part; to cook partially by boiling.
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3. Hence: (Fig.) To do (something) only part way, or incompletely. Also used intransitively.
[PJC]

Parbreak
Par"break` (?), v. i. & t. [Par + break.] To throw out; to vomit. [Obs.] Skelton.
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Parbreak
Par"break`, n. Vomit. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Parbuckle
Par"buc`kle (?), n. (a) A kind of purchase for hoisting or lowering a cylindrical burden, as a cask. The middle of a long rope is made fast aloft, and both parts are looped around the object, which rests in the loops, and rolls in them as the ends are hauled up or payed out. (b) A double sling made of a single rope, for slinging a cask, gun, etc.
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Parbuckle
Par"buc`kle, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Parbuckled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Parbuckling (?).] To hoist or lower by means of a parbuckle. Totten.
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Parcae
Par"cae (?), n. pl. [L.] The Fates. See Fate, 4.
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Parcase
Par*case" (?), adv. [Par + case.] Perchance; by chance. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Parcel
Par"cel (?), n. [F. parcelle a small part, fr. (assumed) LL. particella, dim. of L. pars. See Part, n., and cf. Particle.] 1. A portion of anything taken separately; a fragment of a whole; a part. [Archaic] “A parcel of her woe.” Chaucer.
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Two parcels of the white of an egg. Arbuthnot.
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The parcels of the nation adopted different forms of self-government. J. A. Symonds.
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2. (Law) A part; a portion; a piece; as, a certain piece of land is part and parcel of another piece.
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3. An indiscriminate or indefinite number, measure, or quantity; a collection; a group.
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This youthful parcel
Of noble bachelors stand at my disposing.
Shak.
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4. A number or quantity of things put up together; a bundle; a package; a packet.
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'Tis like a parcel sent you by the stage. Cowper.
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Bill of parcels. See under 6th Bill. -- Parcel office, an office where parcels are received for keeping or forwarding and delivery. -- Parcel post, that department of the post office concerned with the collection and transmission of parcels; also, the transmission through the parcel post deparment; as, to send a package by parcel post. See parcel post in the vocabulary. -- Part and parcel. See under Part.
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Parcel
Par"cel, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Parceled (?) or Parcelled; p. pr. & vb. n. Parceling or Parcelling.]
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1. To divide and distribute by parts or portions; -- often with out or into. “Their woes are parceled, mine are general.” Shak.
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These ghostly kings would parcel out my power. Dryden.
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The broad woodland parceled into farms. Tennyson.
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2. To add a parcel or item to; to itemize. [R.]
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That mine own servant should
Parcel the sum of my disgraces by
Addition of his envy.
Shak.
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3. To make up into a parcel; as, to parcel a customer's purchases; the machine parcels yarn, wool, etc.
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To parcel a rope (Naut.), to wind strips of tarred canvas tightly arround it. Totten. -- To parcel a seam (Naut.), to cover it with a strip of tarred canvas.
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Parcel
Par"cel, a. & adv. Part or half; in part; partially. Shak. [Sometimes hyphened with the word following.]
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The worthy dame was parcel-blind. Sir W. Scott.
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One that . . . was parcel-bearded [partially bearded]. Tennyson.
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Parcel poet, a half poet; a poor poet. [Obs.] B. Jonson.
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Parceling
Par"cel*ing, n. [Written also parcelling.]
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1. The act of dividing and distributing in portions or parts.
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2. (Naut.) Long, narrow slips of canvas daubed with tar and wound about a rope like a bandage, before it is served; used, also, in mousing on the stayes, etc.
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Parcel-mele
Par"cel-mele` (?), adv. [See Parcel, and Meal a part.] By parcels or parts. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Parcel post
Par"cel post. That branch of the post office having to do with the collection, transmission, and delivery of parcels{4}. The British Inland Parcel Post was established in 1883. The rates in 1913, dating from 1897, were 3d. for parcels not exceeding one pound and 1d. for each additional pound up to the limit of 10 pounds. A general parcel post was established in the United States by Act of August 24, 1912, which took effect Jan. 1, 1913. At that time, parcels could not exceed 11 pounds in weight nor 72 inches in length and girth combined. Provision is made from insuring parcels, and also for sending parcels C.O.D. The rates of postage vary with the distance. See Zone, below.
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

Parcenary
Par"ce*na*ry (?), n. [See Parcener, partner.] (Law) The holding or occupation of an inheritable estate which descends from the ancestor to two or more persons; coheirship.
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&hand_; It differs in many respects from joint tenancy, which is created by deed or devise. In the United States there is no essential distinction between parcenary and tenancy in common. Wharton. Kent.
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Parcener
Par"ce*ner (?), n. [Of. parçonnier, parsonnier, fr. parzon, parçun, parcion, part, portion, fr. L. partitio a division. See Partition, and cf. Partner.] (Law) A coheir, or one of two or more persons to whom an estate of inheritance descends jointly, and by whom it is held as one estate.
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Parch
Parch (pärch), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Parched (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Parching.] [OE. perchen to pierce, hence used of a piercing heat or cold, OF. perchier, another form of percier, F. percer. See Pierce.] 1. To burn the surface of; to scorch; to roast over the fire, as dry grain; as, to parch the skin; to parch corn.
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Ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn. Lev. xxiii. 14.
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2. To dry to extremity; to shrivel with heat; as, the mouth is parched from fever.
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The ground below is parched. Dryden.
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Parch
Parch, v. i. To become scorched or superficially burnt; to be very dry.Parch in Afric sun.” Shak.
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Parchedness
Parch"ed*ness, n. The state of being parched.
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Parcheesi
Par*chee"si (pär*chē"z&ibreve_;), n. See Pachisi.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

parchesi
par*che"si (pär*chē"z&ibreve_;), n. See Pachisi.
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parching
parch"ing (pärch"&ibreve_;ng), a. Scorching; burning; drying. “Summer's parching heat.” Shak. -- Parch"ing*ly, adv.
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Parchisi
Par*chi"si (pär*chē"z&ibreve_;), n. same as Pachisi.
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Parchment
Parch"ment (pärch"m&eitalic_;nt), n. [OE. parchemin, perchemin, F. parchemin, LL. pergamenum, L. pergamena, pergamina, fr. L. Pergamenus of or belonging to Pergamus an ancient city of Mysia in Asia Minor, where parchment was first used.] 1. The skin of a lamb, sheep, goat, young calf, or other animal, prepared for writing on. See Vellum.
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But here's a parchment with the seal of Cæsar. Shak.
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2. The envelope of the coffee grains, inside the pulp.
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Parchment paper. See Papyrine.
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Parchmentize
Parch"ment*ize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. -ized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. -izing (?).] To convert to a parchmentlike substance, especially by sulphuric acid.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Parcity
Par"ci*ty (?), n. [L. parcitas, fr. parcus sparing.] Sparingless. [Obs.]
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Parclose
Par"close (?), n. [OF. See Perclose.] (Eccl. Arch.) A screen separating a chapel from the body of the church. [Written also paraclose and perclose.] Hook.
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Pard
Pard (pärd), n. [L. pardus, Gr. pa`rdos; cf. Skr. p&rsdot_;dāku tiger, panther.] (Zool.) A leopard; a panther.
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And more pinch-spotted make them
Than pard or cat o'mountain.
Shak.
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Pardale
Par"dale (pär"d&auptack_;l), n. [L. pardalis, Gr. pa`rdalis. Cf. Pard.] (Zool.) A leopard. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Pardie
Parde
{ Par*de" (?), Par*die" (?) }, adv. or interj. [F. pardi, for par Dieu by God.] Certainly; surely; truly; verily; -- originally an oath. [Written also pardee, pardieux, perdie, etc.] [Obs.]
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He was, parde, an old fellow of yours. Chaucer.
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Pardine
Par"dine (?), a. (Zool.) Spotted like a pard.
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Pardine lynx (Zool.), a species of lynx (Felis pardina) inhabiting Southern Europe. Its color is rufous, spotted with black.
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Pardo
Par"do (?), n. [Pg. pardao, fr. Skr. pratāpa splendor, majesty.] A money of account once used in in Goa, India, equivalent to about 2s. 6d. sterling. or 60 cts. (in 1913).
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Pardon
Par"don (pär"d'n), n. [F., fr. pardonner to pardon. See Pardon, v. t.] 1. The act of pardoning; forgiveness, as of an offender, or of an offense; release from penalty; remission of punishment; absolution.
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Pardon, my lord, for me and for my tidings. Shak.
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But infinite in pardon was my judge. Milton.
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Used in expressing courteous denial or contradiction; as, I beg your pardon; or in indicating that one has not understood another; as, I beg pardon; or pardon me?.
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2. An official warrant of remission of penalty.
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Sign me a present pardon for my brother. Shak.
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3. The state of being forgiven. South.
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4. (Law) A release, by a sovereign, or officer having jurisdiction, from the penalties of an offense, being distinguished from amnesty, which is a general obliteration and canceling of a particular line of past offenses.
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Syn. -- Forgiveness; remission. See Forgiveness.
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Pardon
Par"don, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Pardoned (pär"d'nd); p. pr. & vb. n. Pardoning.] [Either fr. pardon, n., or from F. pardonner, LL. perdonare; L. per through, thoroughly, perfectly + donare to give, to present. See Par-, and Donation.] 1. To absolve from the consequences of a fault or the punishment of crime; to free from penalty; -- applied to the offender.
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In this thing the Lord pardon thy servant. 2 Kings v. 18.
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I pray you, pardon me; pray heartily, pardon me. Shak.
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2. To remit the penalty of; to suffer to pass without punishment; to forgive; -- applied to offenses.
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I pray thee, pardon my sin. 1 Sam. xv. 25.
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Apollo, pardon
My great profaneness 'gainst thine oracle!
Shak.
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3. To refrain from exacting as a penalty.
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I pardon thee thy life before thou ask it. Shak.
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4. To give leave (of departure) to. [Obs.]
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Even now about it! I will pardon you. Shak.
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Pardon me, forgive me; excuse me; -- a phrase used also to express courteous denial or contradiction, or to request forgiveness for a mild transgression, such as bumping a person while passing.
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Syn. -- To forgive; absolve; excuse; overlook; remit; acquit. See Excuse.
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Pardonable
Par"don*a*ble (?), a. [Cf. F. pardonnable.] Admitting of pardon; not requiring the excution of penalty; venial; excusable; -- applied to the offense or to the offender; as, a pardonable fault, or culprit.
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Pardonableness
Par"don*a*ble*ness, n. The quality or state of being pardonable; as, the pardonableness of sin. Bp. Hall.
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Pardonably
Par"don*a*bly, adv. In a manner admitting of pardon; excusably. Dryden.
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Pardoner
Par"don*er (?), n. 1. One who pardons. Shak.
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2. A seller of indulgences. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Pardoning
Par"don*ing, a. Relating to pardon; having or exercising the right to pardon; willing to pardon; merciful; as, the pardoning power; a pardoning God.
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Pare
Pare (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Pared (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Paring.] [F. parer to pare, as a horse's hoofs, to dress or curry, as, leather, to clear, as anchors or cables, to parry, ward off, fr. L. parare to prepare. Cf. Empire, Parade, Pardon, Parry, Prepare.] 1. To cut off, or shave off, the superficial substance or extremities of; as, to pare an apple; to pare a horse's hoof.
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2. To remove; to separate; to cut or shave, as the skin, rind, or outside part, from anything; -- followed by off or away; as, to pare off the rind of fruit; to pare away redundancies.
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3. Fig.: To diminish the bulk of; to reduce; to lessen.
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The king began to pare a little the privilege of clergy. Bacon.
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paregmenon
pa*reg"me*non` n. (Rhet.) Juxtaposing words having a common derivation, as in the phrase "sense and sensibility".
[WordNet 1.5]

Paregoric
Par`e*gor"ic (?), a. [L. paregoricus, Gr. &unr_;, from &unr_; addressing, encouraging, soothing; para` beside + &unr_; an assembly: cf. F. parégorique. See Allegory.] Mitigating; assuaging or soothing pain; as, paregoric elixir.
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Paregoric
Par`e*gor"ic, n. (Med.) A medicine that mitigates pain; an anodyne; specifically, camphorated tincture of opium; -- called also paregoric elexir.
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Parelcon
Pa*rel"con (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; to draw aside, to be redundant; para` beside + &unr_; to draw.] (Gram.) The addition of a syllable or particle to the end of a pronoun, verb, or adverb.
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Parelectronomic
Par`e*lec`tro*nom"ic (?), a. (Physiol.) Of or relating to parelectronomy; as, the parelectronomic part of a muscle.
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Parelectronomy
Par*e`lec*tron"o*my (?), n. [Pref. para- + electro- + Gr. &unr_; law.] (Physiol.) A condition of the muscles induced by exposure to severe cold, in which the electrical action of the muscle is reversed.
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Parelle
Parella
{ ‖Pa*rel"la (?), ‖Pa`relle (?), } n. [Cf. F. parelle.] (Bot.) (a) A name for two kinds of dock (Rumex Patientia and Rumex Hydrolapathum). (b) A kind of lichen (Lecanora parella) once used in dyeing and in the preparation of litmus.
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Parembole
Pa*rem"bo*le (&unr_;), n. [NL., from Gr. &unr_; an insertion beside. See Para-, and Embolus.] (Rhet.) A kind of parenthesis.
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parement
pare"ment (pâr"m&eitalic_;nt), n. See Parament. [Obs.]
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paremptosis
par`emp*to"sis (păr`&ebreve_;mp*tō"s&ibreve_;s), n. [NL., from Gr. pare`mptwsis a coming in beside; para` beside + 'empiptein to fall in.] Same as Parembole.
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parenchyma
pa*ren"chy*ma (p&adot_;*r&ebreve_;&nsmacr_;"k&ibreve_;*m&adot_;), n. [NL., from Gr. pare`gchyma, fr. paregchei^n to pour in beside; para` beside + 'en in + chei^n to pour: cf. F. parenchyme.] (Biol.) The soft cellular substance of the tissues of plants and animals, like the pulp of leaves, the soft tissue of glands, and the like.
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parenchymal
pa*ren"chy*mal (?), a. Of, pertaining to, or consisting of, parenchyma.
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Parenchymous
Parenchymatous
{ Par`en*chym"a*tous (?), Pa*ren"chy*mous (?), } a. [Cf. F. parenchymateux.] Of, pertaining to, or connected with, the parenchyma of a tissue or an organ; as, parenchymatous degeneration.
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Parenesis
Pa*ren"e*sis (?), n. [L. paraenesis, Gr. parai`nesis, fr. parainei^n to advise.] Exhortation. [R.]
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Parenetical
Parenetic
{ Par`e*net"ic (?), Par`e*net"ic*al (?), } a. [Gr. parainetiko`s: cf. F. parénétique.] Hortatory; encouraging; persuasive. [R.] F. Potter.
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parent
par"ent (pâr"&eitalic_;nt or pār"&eitalic_;nt; 277), n. [L. parens, -entis; akin to parere to bring forth; cf. Gr. porei^n to give, beget: cf. F. parent. Cf. Part.] 1. One who begets, or brings forth, offspring; a father or a mother.
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Children, obey your parents in the Lord. Eph. vi. 1.
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2. That which produces; cause; source; author; begetter; as, idleness is the parent of vice.
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Regular industry is the parent of sobriety. Channing.
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Parent cell. (Biol.) See Mother cell, under Mother, also Cytula. -- Parent nucleus (Biol.), a nucleus which, in cell division, divides, and gives rise to two or more daughter nuclei. See Karyokinesis, and Cell division, under Division.
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Parentage
Par"ent*age (pâr"&eitalic_;nt*&auptack_;j; 277), n. [Cf. F. parentage relationship.] Descent from parents or ancestors; parents or ancestors considered with respect to their rank or character; extraction; birth; as, a man of noble parentage. “Wilt thou deny thy parentage?” Shak.
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Though men esteem thee low of parentage. Milton.
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Parental
Pa*ren"tal (?), a. [L. parentalis.] 1. Of or pertaining to a parent or to parents; as, parental authority; parental obligations; parental affection.
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2. Becoming to, or characteristic of, parents; tender; affectionate; devoted; as, parental care.
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The careful course and parental provision of nature. Sir T. Browne.
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Parentally
Pa*ren"tal*ly, adv. In a parental manner.
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Parentation
Par`en*ta"tion (?), n. [L. parentatio, fr. parentare to offer a solemn sacrifice in honor of deceased parents. See Parent.] Something done or said in honor of the dead; obsequies. [Obs.] Abp. Potter.
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Parentele
Par"en`tele` (?), n. [F. parentèle, L. parentela.] Kinship; parentage. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Parenthesis
Pa*ren"the*sis (p&adot_;*r&ebreve_;n"th&euptack_;*s&ibreve_;s), n.; pl. Parentheses (#). [NL., fr. Gr. pare`nqesis, fr. parentiqe`nai to put in beside, insert; para` beside + 'en in + tiqe`nai to put, place. See Para-, En-, 2, and Thesis.]
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1. A word, phrase, or sentence, by way of comment or explanation, inserted in, or attached to, a sentence which would be grammatically complete without it. It is usually inclosed within curved lines (see def. 2 below), or dashes. “Seldom mentioned without a derogatory parenthesis.” Sir T. Browne.
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Don't suffer every occasional thought to carry you away into a long parenthesis. Watts.
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2. (Print.) One of the curved lines () which inclose a parenthetic word or phrase.
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&hand_; Parenthesis, in technical grammar, is that part of a sentence which is inclosed within the recognized sign; but many phrases and sentences which are punctuated by commas are logically parenthetical. In def. 1, the phrase “by way of comment or explanation” is inserted for explanation, and the sentence would be grammatically complete without it. The present tendency is to avoid using the distinctive marks, except when confusion would arise from a less conspicuous separation.
[1913 Webster]

Parenthesize
Pa*ren"the*size (p&adot_;*r&ebreve_;n"th&euptack_;*sīz), v. t. To make a parenthesis of; to include within parenthetical marks. Lowell.
[1913 Webster]

parenthetical
parenthetic
{ par`en*thet"ic (păr`&ebreve_;n*th&ebreve_;t"&ibreve_;k), par`en*thet"ic*al (păr`&ebreve_;n*th&ebreve_;t"&ibreve_;*k&aitalic_;l), } a. [Cf. Gr. pare`nqetos.] 1. Of the nature of a parenthesis; pertaining to, or expressed in, or as if in, a parenthesis; as, a parenthetical clause; a parenthetic remark; a parenthetical style. [wns=1]
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A parenthetical observation of Moses himself. Hales.
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2. Using or containing parentheses.
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3. Added within parentheses to amplify or explain; as, parenthetical remarks. [wns=2]
[WordNet 1.5]

Parenthetically
Par`en*thet"ic*al*ly, adv. In a parenthetical manner; by way of parenthesis; by parentheses.
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Parenthood
Par"ent*hood (?), n. The state of a parent; the office or character of a parent.
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Parenticide
Pa*ren"ti*cide (?), n. [L. parenticida a parricide; parens parent + caedere to kill.]
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1. The act of one who kills one's own parent. [R.]
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2. One who kills one's own parent; a parricide. [R.]
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Parentless
Par"ent*less (?), a. Deprived of parents.
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Parepididymis
Par*ep`i*did"y*mis (?), n. [NL. See Para-, and Epididymis.] (Anat.) A small body containing convoluted tubules, situated near the epididymis in man and some other animals, and supposed to be a remnant of the anterior part of the Wolffian body.
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Parer
Par"er (?), n. [From Pare, v. t.] One who, or that which, pares; an instrument for paring.
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Parergon
Pa*rer"gon (?), n. [L.] See Parergy.
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Parergy
Par"er*gy (?), n. [L. parergon, Gr. &unr_;; para` beside + &unr_; work.] Something unimportant, incidental, or superfluous. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
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Paresis
Par"e*sis (?), n. [NL., from Gr. pa`resis, fr. parie`nai to let go; para` from + "ie`nai to send.] (Med.) Incomplete paralysis, affecting motion but not sensation.
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Parethmoid
Par*eth"moid (?), a. [Pref. para- + ethmoid.] (Anat.) Near or beside the ethmoid bone or cartilage; -- applied especially to a pair of bones in the nasal region of some fishes, and to the ethmoturbinals in some higher animals. -- n. A parethmoid bone.
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Paretic
Pa*ret"ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to paresis; affected with paresis.
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Parfay
Par*fay" (?), interj. [Par + fay.] By my faith; verily. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Parfit
Par"fit (?), a. Perfect. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Parfitly
Par"fit*ly, adv. Perfectly. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Parfleche
Par*fleche" (?), n. [Prob. through Canadian F. fr. Amer. Indian.] A kind of rawhide consisting of hide, esp. of the buffalo, which has been soaked in crude wood-ash lye to remove the hairs, and then dried.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Parfocal
Par*fo"cal (?), a. [Pari- + focal.] (Opt.) With the lower focal points all in the same plane; -- said of sets of eyepieces so mounted that they may be interchanged without varying the focus of the instrument (as a microscope or telescope) with which they are used. “the convenience of a microscope with parfocal objective lenses”
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Parfourn
Parforn
{ Par*forn" (?), Par*fourn" (?) }, v. t. To perform. [Obs.] Chaucer. Piers Plowman.
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Pargasite
Par"gas*ite (?), n. [So called from Pargas, in Finland.] (Min.) A dark green aluminous variety of amphibole, or hornblende.
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Pargeboard
Parge"board` (?), n. See Bargeboard.
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Parget
Par"get (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Pargeted; p. pr. & vb. n. Pargeting.] [OE. pargeten, also spargeten, sparchen; of uncertain origin.] 1. To coat with parget; to plaster, as walls, or the interior of flues; as, to parget the outside of their houses. Sir T. Herbert.
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The pargeted ceiling with pendants. R. L. Stevenson.
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2. To paint; to cover over. [Obs.]
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Parget
Par"get, v. i. 1. To lay on plaster.
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2. To paint, as the face. [Obs.] B. Jonson.
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Parget
Par"get, n. 1. Gypsum or plaster stone.
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2. Plaster, as for lining the interior of flues, or for stuccowork. Knight.
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3. Paint, especially for the face. [Obs.] Drayton.
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Pargeter
Par"get*er (?), n. A plasterer. Johnson.
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Pargeting
Par"get*ing, n. [Written also pargetting.] Plasterwork; esp.: (a) A kind of decorative plasterwork in raised ornamental figures, formerly used for the internal and external decoration of houses. (b) (In modern architecture), the plastering of the inside of flues, intended to give a smooth surface and help the draught.
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Pargetory
Par"get*o*ry (?), n. Something made of, or covered with, parget, or plaster. [Obs.] Milton.
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Parhelic
Par*he"lic (?), a. Of or pertaining to parhelia.
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Parhelion
Par*hel"ion (?), n.; pl. Parhelia (#). [L. parelion, Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;; para` beside + &unr_; the sun.] A mock sun appearing in the form of a bright light, sometimes near the sun, and tinged with colors like the rainbow, and sometimes opposite to the sun. The latter is usually called an anthelion. Often several mock suns appear at the same time. Cf. Paraselene.
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Parhelium
Par*he"li*um (?), n. See Parhelion.
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Pari-
Par"i- (?). [L. par, paris, equal.] A combining form signifying equal; as, paridigitate, paripinnate.
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Pariah
Pa"ri*ah (?), n. [From Tamil paraiyan, pl. paraiyar, one of the low caste, fr. parai a large drum, because they beat the drums at certain festivals.]
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1. One of an aboriginal people of Southern India, regarded by the four castes of the Hindus as of very low grade. They are usually the serfs of the Sudra agriculturalists. See Caste. Balfour (Cyc. of India).
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2. An outcast; one despised by society.
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Pariah dog (Zool.), a mongrel race of half-wild dogs which act as scavengers in Oriental cities. -- Pariah kite (Zool.), a species of kite (Milvus govinda) which acts as a scavenger in India.
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Parial
Pa*ri"al (?), n. See Pair royal, under Pair, n.
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Parian
Pa"ri*an (?), a. [L. Parius.] Of or pertaining to Paros, an island in the Aegean Sea noted for its excellent statuary marble; as, Parian marble.
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Parian chronicle, a most ancient chronicle of the city of Athens, engraved on marble in the Isle of Paros, now among the Arundelian marbles.
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Parian
Pa"ri*an, n. 1. A native or inhabitant of Paros.
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2. A ceramic ware, resembling unglazed porcelain biscuit, of which are made statuettes, ornaments, etc.
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Paridigitata
Par`i*dig`i*ta"ta (?), n. pl. [NL. See Pari-, and Digitate.] (Zool.) Same as Artiodactyla.
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Paridigitate
Par`i*dig"i*tate (?), a. (Anat.) Having an even number of digits on the hands or the feet. Owen.
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Paries
Pa"ri*es (?), n.; pl. Parietes (#). [See Parietes.] (Zool.) The triangular middle part of each segment of the shell of a barnacle.
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Parietal
Pa*ri"e*tal (?), a. [L. parietalis, fr. paries, -ietis, a wall: cf. F. pariétal. Cf. Parietary, Pellitory.]
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1. Of or pertaining to a wall; hence, pertaining to buildings or the care of them.
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2. Resident within the walls or buildings of a college.
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At Harvard College, the officers resident within the college walls constitute a permanent standing committee, called the Parietal Committee. B. H. Hall (1856).
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3. (Anat.) (a) Of or pertaining to the parietes. (b) Of, pertaining to, or in the region of, the parietal bones, which form the upper and middle part of the cranium, between the frontals and occipitals.
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4. (Bot.) Attached to the main wall of the ovary, and not to the axis; -- said of a placenta.
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Parietal
Pa*ri"e*tal, n. 1. (Anat.) One of the parietal bones.
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2. (Zool.) One of the special scales, or plates, covering the back of the head in certain reptiles and fishes.
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Parietary
Pa*ri"e*ta*ry (?), a. See Parietal, 2.
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Parietary
Pa*ri"e*ta*ry, n. [L. parietaria, fr. parietarius parietal. Cf. Pellitory, Parietal.] (Bot.) Any one of several species of Parietaria. See 1st Pellitory.
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Parietes
Pa*ri"e*tes (?), n. pl. [L. paries a wall.]
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1. (Anat.) The walls of a cavity or an organ; as, the abdominal parietes; the parietes of the cranium.
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2. (Bot.) The sides of an ovary or of a capsule.
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Parietic
Pa`ri*et"ic (?), a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid found in the lichen Parmelia parietina, and called also chrysophanic acid.
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Parietine
Pa*ri"e*tine (?), n. [L. parietinus parietal: cf. parietinae ruined walls.] A piece of a fallen wall; a ruin. [Obs.] Burton.
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Parieto-
Pa*ri"e*to- (&unr_;). (Anat.) A combining form used to indicate connection with, or relation to, the parietal bones or the parietal segment of the skull; as, the parieto-mastoid suture.
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Parigenin
Pa*rig"e*nin (?), n. [Parillin + -gen + -in.] (Chem.) A curdy white substance, obtained by the decomposition of parillin.
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Parillin
Pa*ril"lin (?), n. [Shortened fr. sarsaparillin.] (Chem.) A glucoside resembling saponin, found in the root of sarsaparilla, smilax, etc., and extracted as a bitter white crystalline substance; -- called also smilacin, sarsaparilla saponin, and sarsaparillin.
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parimutuel
par`i*mu"tu*el (păr`&ibreve_;*mū"ch&oomacr_;*ŭl), n. A form of betting where winners share the total amount wagered, in proporation to their bets, and less a portion for the management; -- used commonly in betting at horse racing track. In parimutuel betting, the payoff for a bet does not have fixed odds, but depends on the amount bet on each outcome.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Paring
Par"ing (?), n. [From Pare, v. t.] 1. The act of cutting off the surface or extremites of anything.
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2. That which is pared off. Pope.
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Pare off the surface of the earth, and with the parings raise your hills. Mortimer.
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parings
parings n. pl. [Plural of paring{2}.] Parts that are pared or cut off.
Syn. -- paring.
[WordNet 1.5]

Paripinnate
Par`i*pin"nate (?), a. [Pari- + pinnate.] (Bot.) Pinnate with an equal number of leaflets on each side; having no odd leaflet at the end.
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Paris
Par"is (?), n. [From Paris, the son of Priam.] (Bot.) A plant common in Europe (Paris quadrifolia); herb Paris; truelove. It has been used as a narcotic.
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&hand_; It much resembles the American genus Trillium, but has usually four leaves and a tetramerous flower.
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Paris
Par"is, n. The chief city of France.
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Paris green. See under Green, n. -- Paris white (Chem.), purified chalk used as a pigment; whiting; Spanish white.
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parish
par"ish (păr"&ibreve_;sh), n. [OE. parishe, paresche, parosche, OF. paroisse, parosse, paroiche, F. paroisse, L. parochia, corrupted fr. paroecia, Gr. paroiki`a, fr. pa`roikos dwelling beside or near; para` beside + o'i^kos a house, dwelling; akin to L. vicus village. See Vicinity, and cf. Parochial.]
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1. (Eccl. & Eng. Law) (a) That circuit of ground committed to the charge of one parson or vicar, or other minister having cure of souls therein. Cowell. (b) The same district, constituting a civil jurisdiction, with its own officers and regulations, as respects the poor, taxes, etc.
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&hand_; Populous and extensive parishes are now divided, under various parliamentary acts, into smaller ecclesiastical districts for spiritual purposes. Mozley & W.
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2. An ecclesiastical society, usually not bounded by territorial limits, but composed of those persons who choose to unite under the charge of a particular priest, clergyman, or minister; also, loosely, the territory in which the members of a congregation live. [U. S.]
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3. In Louisiana, a civil division corresponding to a county in other States.
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Parish
Par"ish, a. Of or pertaining to a parish; parochial; as, a parish church; parish records; a parish priest; maintained by the parish; as, parish poor. Dryden.
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Parish clerk. (a) The clerk or recording officer of a parish. (b) A layman who leads in the responses and otherwise assists in the service of the Church of England. -- Parish court, in Louisiana, a court in each parish.
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Parishen
Par"ish*en (?), n. A parishioner. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Parishional
Pa*rish"ion*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to a parish; parochial. [R.] Bp. Hall.
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Parishioner
Pa*rish"ion*er (?), n. [F. paroissien, LL. parochianus.] One who belongs to, or is connected with, a parish.
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Parisian
Pa*ri"sian (?), n. [Cf. F. parisen.] A native or inhabitant of Paris, the capital of France.
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Parisian
Pa*ri"sian, a. Of or pertaining to Paris.
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Parisienne
Pa`ri`si`enne" (?), n. [F.] A female native or resident of Paris.
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Parisology
Par`i*sol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; almost equal, evenly balanced + -logy.] The use of equivocal or ambiguous words. [R.]
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parison
par"i*son (?), n. (Glassworking) An intermediate stage or shape of a glass object which is produced in more than one stage.
[PJC]

Parisyllabical
Parisyllabic
{ Par`i*syl*lab"ic (?), Par`i*syl*lab"ic*al (?), } a. [Pari- + syllabic, -ical: cf. F. parisyllabique.] Having the same number of syllables in all its inflections.
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Paritor
Par"i*tor (?), n. [Abbrev. fr. apparitor: cf. L. paritor a servant, attendant.] An apparitor. “Summoned by an host of paritors.” Dryden.
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Paritory
Par"i*to*ry (?), n. Pellitory. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Parity
Par"i*ty (?), n. [L. paritas, fr. par, paris, equal: cf. F. parité. See Pair, Peer an equal.] 1. The quality or condition of being equal or equivalent; a like state or degree; equality; equivalence; close correspondence; analogy; as, parity of reasoning. “No parity of principle.” De Quincey.
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Equality of length and parity of numeration. Sir T. Browne.
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2. Specifically: (Finance) Equivalence in value to the currency of another country.
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3. (Physics) A property assigned to elementary particles, conceptualized as a form of symmetry, representing the fact that no fundamental distinctions can be observed between right-handed and left-handed systems of particles in their interactions, and supported by the typical observation that the total parity of a system is unchanged as particles are created or annihilated; however, certain interactions involving the weak force have been shown to violate the principle of conservation of parity.
[PJC]

4. (Physics) A property of the wave function of a system, which takes the value of +1 or -1, indicating whether the value of the wave function changes sign if each of the variables of the system is replaced by its negative.
[PJC]

5. (Med.) The condition of having borne a child or children, alive or dead.
[PJC]

6. (Math.) The property of being even or odd; as, 3 has odd parity, but 6 has even parity.
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7. Hence: (Computers) The property of having an even or odd number of bits set to the value of 1 (as opposed to 0); -- applied to bytes or larger groups of bits in a data structure. It is used mostly in the process of parity checking. The parity of a data structure can be changed by changing the value of the parity bit.
[PJC]

parity bit
par"i*ty bit` (?), n. (Computers) The bit within a data structure which is assigned a value of 1 or 0 so as to make the parity{7} of the data structure odd or even. Data structures may or may not have parity bits, dpending on whether the system does or does not perform parity checking. The most commonly used parity bit is the eigth (higher-order) bit of a byte, which is used when data transmission uses only the 7 lower-order bits of each byte as significant data; some memory systems use a ninth bit as a parity bit for each eight bits (one byte) of significant data in memory.
[PJC]

parity check
par"i*ty check` (?), n. (Computers) The act or process of testing whether a byte or other data structure has an even or odd number of bits set to the value of 1; -- it is used primarily to detect errors in data, especially in memory banks or in data transmitted over a communications line. The parity can be changed by assigning one bit in each data structure as the parity bit, so that the total number of bits set to the value of 1 is odd (odd parity) or even (even parity). If parity is used for error checking the writing and reading systems must first agree on which type of parity (odd or even) to use; if the reading system detects a deviation from the agreed parity, it signals an error, to be handled by the error-handling processes of the system.
[PJC]

parity checking
par"i*ty check`ing (?), n. (Computers) The process of performing a parity check.
[PJC]

Parjanya
Parjanya prop. n. 1. (Hinduism) The Hindu god of rain; sometimes identified with Indra.
[WordNet 1.5]

Park
Park (pärk), n. [AS. pearroc, or perh. rather fr. F. parc; both being of the same origin; cf. LL. parcus, parricus, Ir. & Gael. pairc, W. park, parwg. Cf. Paddock an inclosure, Parrock.] 1. (Eng. Law) A piece of ground inclosed, and stored with beasts of the chase, which a man may have by prescription, or the king's grant. Mozley & W.
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2. A tract of ground kept in its natural state, about or adjacent to a residence, as for the preservation of game, for walking, riding, or the like. Chaucer.
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While in the park I sing, the listening deer
Attend my passion, and forget to fear.
Waller.
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3. A piece of ground, in or near a city or town, inclosed and kept for ornament and recreation; as, Hyde Park in London; Central Park in New York.
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4. (Mil.) A space occupied by the animals, wagons, pontoons, and materials of all kinds, as ammunition, ordnance stores, hospital stores, provisions, etc., when brought together; also, the objects themselves; as, a park of wagons; a park of artillery.
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5. A partially inclosed basin in which oysters are grown. [Written also parc.]
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6. Any place where vehicles are assembled according to a definite arrangement; also, the vehicles.
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7. A position of the gear lever in a vehicle with automatic transmission, used when the vehicle is stopped, in which the transmission is in neutral and a brake is engaged.
[PJC]

Park of artillery. See under Artillery. -- Park phaeton, a small, low carriage, for use in parks. -- industrial park a region located typically in a suburban or rural area, zoned by law for specific types of business use (as, retail business, light industry, and sometimes heavy industry), often having some parklike characteristics, and having businesses, parking lots, and sometimes recreation areas and restaurants. The sponsoring agency may also provide supporting facilities, such as water towers, office buildings, or for large industrial parks, an airport.
[PJC]

Park
Park, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Parked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Parking.] 1. To inclose in a park, or as in a park.
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How are we parked, and bounded in a pale. Shak.
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2. (Mil.) To bring together in a park, or compact body; as, to park artillery, wagons, automobiles, etc.
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3. In oyster culture, to inclose in a park.
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4. To bring (a vehicle) to a stop and leave it standing; -- typically a parked vehicle is off of the public road, the motor is not running, and the driver has left the vehicle. a vehicle stopped but still running with the driver in it is said to be standing. parallel-park [PJC]

5. To place (an object) in a temporary location; as, to park oneself on the couch; to park one's money in a mutual fund. [informal]
[PJC]

Park
Park, v. i. 1. To promenade or drive in a park; also, of horses, to display style or gait on a park drive.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

2. To come to a stop [in a vehicle] off of the public road and leave the vehicle standing; -- typically the motor of a parked vehicle is not left running; as, he parked in a no-parking zone.
[PJC]

Parkee
Parka
{ Par"ka (?), Par"kee (?) }, n. [Russ. parka, parki, dim. of para a pair, fr. G. paar, L. par. Cf. Pair.] 1. An outer garment made of the skins of birds or mammals, worn by Eskimos, etc.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

2. A coat with a fur lining and a hood, used for protection in very cold weather.
[PJC.]

3. Hence: Any of a variety of jackets with attached hoods, usually of very warm or waterproof construction so as to provide protection from cold or rainy weather.
[PJC.]

parked
parked adj. p. p. of park, v. t., 2; -- of vehicles; as, there were four parked cars across the street.
[WordNet 1.5]

Parker
Park"er (?), n. The keeper of a park. Sir M. Hale.
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Parkeria
Par*ke"ri*a (?), prop. n. [NL. So named from W. K. Parker, a British zoologist.] (Zool.) A genus of large arenaceous fossil Foraminifera found in the Cretaceous rocks. The species are globular, or nearly so, and are of all sizes up to that of a tennis ball.
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Parkeriaceae
Parkeriaceae prop. n. A natural family of ferns coextensive with the genus Ceratopteris; sometimes it is included in the family Polypodiaceae.
Syn. -- family Parkeriaceae.
[WordNet 1.5]

Parkesine
Parkes"ine (pärks"&ibreve_;n or pärks"ēn), n. [So called from Mr. Parkes, the inventor.] A compound, originally made from gun cotton and castor oil, but later from different materials, and used as a substitute for vulcanized India rubber and for ivory; -- called also xylotile.
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Parkia
Parkia prop. n. A genus of tropical Old World trees, including the nitta trees.
Syn. -- genus Parkia.
[WordNet 1.5]

parking
parking n. The act of maneuvering a vehicle into a location where it can be left temporarily.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. A space or spaces in which a vehicle can be parked; as, there is plenty of parking behind the store.
[WordNet 1.5]

Parkinsonia
Parkinsonia prop. n. A small genus of spiny shrubs or small trees.
Syn. -- genus Parkinsonia.
[WordNet 1.5]

parkinsonism
parkinsonism n. A degenerative nervous disorder occurring mostly in persons older than 60 years, characterized in advanced stages by rhythmic muscular tremors, especially in the hands, and by rigidity of movement, a drooping posture, slow speech, and a masklike facial expression; the term designates a set of symptoms, and the underlying disease causing these symptoms is most commonly Parkinson's disease. Parkinsonism results from a deficiency in the neurotransmitter dopamine caused by degeneration of the cells producing that agent. It can be mitigated by chemotherapy with agents such as levodopa (3-hydroxy-L-tyrosine).
Syn. -- paralysis agitans, Parkinson's disease, Parkinson's syndrome, Parkinson's, shaking palsy.
[WordNet 1.5]

A Mayo Clinic study finds parkinsonism, a group of ailments that includes Parkinson's disease, is three times more common than previously thought and men are more likely to develop it than women.
The study, published Tuesday in the journal Neurology, found the lifetime risk of developing parkinsonism is 7.5 percent, three times higher than previously thought.
UPI (Jan. 2, 1999)
[PJC]

Parkinson's disease
Parkinson's
Parkinson's, Parkinson's disease prop. n. A disease causing parkinsonism, a degenerative nervous disorder; sometimes used loosely as a synonym for parkinsonism. More precisely, parkinson's disease is the term for the underlying physiological disorder and parkinsonism is the term for the set of symptoms associated with the disease. See parkinsonism.
Syn. -- paralysis agitans, Parkinsonism, Parkinson's disease syndrome, shaking palsy.
[WordNet 1.5]

Parkinson's disease is the most common form of parkinsonism, a group of disorders that are the result of the loss of dopamine-producing brain cells. Mayo Clinic (Report, 1999)
[PJC]

According to the National Parkinson's Foundation (NPF), 1 million Americans -- including former heavyweight boxing champion Muhammad Ali, U.S. Attorney General Janet Reno, and television and film star Michael J. Fox -- are affected by Parkinson's disease. Mayo Clinic (Report, 1999)
[PJC]

parkleaves
park"leaves` (pärk"lēvz`), n. (Bot.) A European species of Saint John's-wort; the tutsan. See Tutsan.
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parkway
park"way` n. A wide scenic road planted with trees.
Syn. -- drive.
[WordNet 1.5]

parky
park"y adj. Cold; -- of weather. [British informal]
[WordNet 1.5]

Parlance
Par"lance (pär"l&aitalic_;ns), n. [OF., fr. F. parler to speak. See Parley.] Conversation; discourse; talk; diction; phrase; as, in legal parlance; in common parlance.
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A hate of gossip parlance and of sway. Tennyson.
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Parlante
Parlando
{ ‖Par*lan"do (?), ‖Par*lan"te (?), } a. & adv. [It.] (Mus.) Speaking; in a speaking or declamatory manner; to be sung or played in the style of a recitative.
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parlay
par"lay v. t. 1. To wager the winnings plus the initial stake of one bet on a subsequent wager, or to engage in a series of such increased wagers. This is the characteristic act in a common betting system used by gamblers to try to achieve a large win from a small initial stake. Statistically, it is similar to betting a small stake on a game with a large payoff and a proportionately small chance of winning. [PJC]

2. To exploit success in one endeavor so as to achieve greater success in subsequent endeavors.
[PJC]

3. Fig., to transform a gain into something of greater value.
[PJC]

parlay
par"lay n. The act of betting the winnings from a prior bet, plus the original stake, on a subsequent bet; the second or later such bet in a series; also, a series of such bets, with the stakes for later bets coming from the winnings of earlier bets. This is the characteristic act in a common betting system used by gamblers to try to achieve a large win from a small initial stake. Statistically, it is similar to betting a small stake on a game with a large payoff, but with a proportionately small chance of winning.
[PJC]

Parle
Parle (?), v. i. [F. parler. See Parley.] To talk; to converse; to parley. [Obs.] Shak.
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Finding himself too weak, began to parle. Milton.
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Parle
Parle, n. Conversation; talk; parley. [Obs.]
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They ended parle, and both addressed for fight. Milton.
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Parley
Par"ley (?), n.; pl. Parleys (#). [F. parler speech, talk, fr. parler to speak, LL. parabolare, fr. L. parabola a comparison, parable, in LL., a word. See Parable, and cf. Parliament, Parlor.] Mutual discourse or conversation; discussion; hence, an oral conference with an enemy, as with regard to a truce.
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We yield on parley, but are stormed in vain. Dryden.
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To beat a parley (Mil.), to beat a drum, or sound a trumpet, as a signal for holding a conference with the enemy.
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Parley
Par"ley, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Parleyed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Parleying.] To speak with another; to confer on some point of mutual concern; to discuss orally; hence, specifically, to confer orally with an enemy; to treat with him by words, as on an exchange of prisoners, an armistice, or terms of peace.
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They are at hand,
To parley or to fight; therefore prepare.
Shak.
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Parliament
Par"lia*ment (?), n. [OE. parlement, F. parlement, fr. parler to speak; cf. LL. parlamentum, parliamentum. See Parley.] 1. A parleying; a discussion; a conference. [Obs.]
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But first they held their parliament. Rom. of R.
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2. A formal conference on public affairs; a general council; esp., an assembly of representatives of a nation or people having authority to make laws.
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They made request that it might be lawful for them to summon a parliament of Gauls. Golding.
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3. The assembly of the three estates of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, viz., the lords spiritual, lords temporal, and the representatives of the commons, sitting in the House of Lords and the House of Commons, constituting the legislature, when summoned by the royal authority to consult on the affairs of the nation, and to enact and repeal laws.
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&hand_; Thought the sovereign is a constituting branch of Parliament, the word is generally used to denote the three estates named above.
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4. In France, before the Revolution of 1789, one of the several principal judicial courts.
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Parliament heel, the inclination of a ship when made to careen by shifting her cargo or ballast. -- Parliament hinge (Arch.), a hinge with so great a projection from the wall or frame as to allow a door or shutter to swing back flat against the wall. -- Long Parliament, Rump Parliament. See under Long, and Rump.
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Parliamental
Par`lia*men"tal (?), a. Parliamentary. [Obs.]
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Parliamentarian
Par`lia*men*ta"ri*an (?), a. Of or pertaining to Parliament. Wood.
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Parliamentarian
Par`lia*men*ta"ri*an, n. 1. (Eng. Hist.) One who adhered to the Parliament, in opposition to King Charles I. Walpole.
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2. One versed in the rules and usages of Parliament or similar deliberative assemblies; as, an accomplished parliamentarian.
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Parliamentarily
Par`lia*men"ta*ri*ly (?), adv. In a parliamentary manner.
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Parliamentary
Par`lia*men"ta*ry (?), a. [Cf. F. parlementaire.]
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1. Of or pertaining to Parliament; as, parliamentary authority. Bacon.
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2. Enacted or done by Parliament; as, a parliamentary act. Sir M. Hale.
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3. According to the rules and usages of Parliament or of deliberative bodies; as, a parliamentary motion; parliamentary order; parliamentary procedure.
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Parliamentary agent, a person, usually a solicitor, professionally employed by private parties to explain and recommend claims, bills, etc., under consideration of Parliament. [Eng.] -- Parliamentary train, one of the trains which, by act of Parliament, railway companies are required to run for the conveyance of third-class passengers at a reduced rate. [Eng.]
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Parlor
Par"lor (?), n. [OE. parlour, parlur, F. parloir, LL. parlatorium. See Parley.] [Written also parlour.] 1. A room for business or social conversation, for the reception of guests, etc. Specifically: (a) The apartment in a monastery or nunnery where the inmates are permitted to meet and converse with each other, or with visitors and friends from without. Piers Plowman. (b) In large private houses, a sitting room for the family and for familiar guests, -- a room for less formal uses than the drawing-room. Esp., in modern times, the dining room of a house having few apartments, as a London house, where the dining parlor is usually on the ground floor. (c) Commonly, in the United States, a drawing-room, or the room where visitors are received and entertained; a room in a private house where people can sit and talk and relax, not usually the same as the dining room.
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&hand_; “In England people who have a drawing-room no longer call it a parlor, as they called it of old and till recently.” Fitzed. Hall.
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2. A room in an inn or club where visitors can be received.
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Parlor car. See Palace car, under Car.
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Parlor match
Par"lor match`. A friction match that contains little or no sulphur.
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parlour
parlour n. 1. Same as parlor.
Syn. -- living room, sitting room, front room, parlor.
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2. A room in an inn or club where visitors can be received.
Syn. -- parlor.
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Parlous
Par"lous (?), a. [For perlous, a contr. fr. perilous.]
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1. Attended with peril; dangerous; as, a parlous cough. [Archaic] “A parlous snuffing.” Beau. & Fl.
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2. Venturesome; bold; mischievous; keen. [Obs.] “A parlous boy.” Shak. “A parlous wit.” Dryden. -- Par"lous*ly, adv. [Obs.] -- Par"lous*ness, n. [Obs.]
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Parmelia
Parmelia prop. n. The type genus of the Parmeliaceae; a large genus of chiefly alpine foliaceous lichens.
Syn. -- genus Parmelia.
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Parmesan
Par`me*san" (?), a. [F. parmesan, It. parmigiano.] 1. Of or pertaining to Parma in Italy.
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2. Parmesan cheese.
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Parmesan cheese, a kind of cheese of a rich flavor, though from skimmed milk, made in Parma, Italy.
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Parnassia
Par*nas"si*a (?), n. [NL.] (Bot.) A genus of herbs growing in wet places, and having white flowers; grass of Parnassus.
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Parnassian
Par*nas"sian (?), a. [L. Parnassius.] Of or pertaining to Parnassus.
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Parnassian
Par*nas"sian, n. [See Parnassus.] (Zool.) Any one of numerous species of butterflies belonging to the genus Parnassius. They inhabit the mountains, both in the Old World and in America.
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Parnassian
Par*nas"sian (?), n. [F. parnassien.] One of a school of French poets of the Second Empire (1852-70) who emphasized metrical form and made little use of emotion as poetic material; -- so called from the name (Parnasse contemporain) of the volume in which their first poems were collected in 1866.
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Parnassien
Par`nas`si`en" (?), n. [F.] Same as Parnassian.
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Parnassus
Par*nas"sus (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. &unr_;.] (Anc. Geog. & Gr. Myth.) A mountain in Greece, sacred to Apollo and the Muses, and famous for a temple of Apollo and for the Castalian spring.
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Grass of Parnassus. (Bot.) See under Grass, and Parnassia. -- To climb Parnassus, to write poetry. [Colloq.]
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Parnellism
Par"nell*ism (?), n. (Eng. Politics) The policy or principles of the Parnellites.
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Parnellite
Par"nell*ite (?), n. (Eng. Politics) One of the adherents of Charles Stewart Parnell (1846-91) in his advocacy of home rule for Ireland.
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Paroccipital
Par`oc*cip"i*tal (?), a. [Pref. para- + occipital.] (Anat.) Situated near or beside the occipital condyle or the occipital bone; paramastoid; -- applied especially to a process of the skull in some animals.
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Parochial
Pa*ro"chi*al (?), a. [LL. parochialis, from L. parochia. See Parish.] 1. Of or pertaining to a parish; restricted to a parish; as, parochial duties; parochial schools.Parochial pastors.” Bp. Atterbury.
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2. Hence: Limited; narrow; having or characterized by narrow interests centered on oneself or one's local community; narrow-minded; provincial; as, parochial views. “The parochial mind.” W. Black.
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Parochialism
Pa*ro"chi*al*ism (?), n. The quality or state of being parochial in form or nature; a system of management peculiar to parishes.
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Parochiality
Pa*ro`chi*al"i*ty (?), n. The state of being parochial. [R.] Sir J. Marriot.
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Parochialize
Pa*ro"chi*al*ize (?), v. t. To render parochial; to form into parishes.
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Parochially
Pa*ro"chi*al*ly, adv. In a parochial manner; by the parish, or by parishes. Bp. Stillingfleet.
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Parochian
Pa*ro"chi*an (?), a. [See Parochial, Parishioner.] Parochial. [Obs.]Parochian churches.” Bacon.
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Parochian
Pa*ro"chi*an, n. [LL. parochianus.] A parishioner. [Obs.] Ld. Burleigh.
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Parodical
Parodic
{ Pa*rod"ic (?), Pa*rod"ic*al (?), } a. [Gr. &unr_;: cf. F. parodique.] Having the character of parody.
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Very paraphrastic, and sometimes parodical. T. Warton.
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parodist
par"o*dist (păr"&ouptack_;*d&ibreve_;st), n. [Cf. F. parodiste.] One who writes a parody; one who parodies. Coleridge.
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parody
par"o*dy (păr"&ouptack_;*d&ybreve_;), n.; pl. Parodies (păr"&ouptack_;*d&ibreve_;z). [L. parodia, Gr. parw,di`a; para` beside + 'w,dh` a song: cf. F. parodie. See Para-, and Ode.]
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1. A writing in which the language or sentiment of an author is mimicked; especially, a kind of literary pleasantry, in which what is written on one subject is altered, and applied to another by way of burlesque; travesty.
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The lively parody which he wrote . . . on Dryden's “Hind and Panther” was received with great applause. Macaulay.
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2. A popular maxim, adage, or proverb. [Obs.]
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parody
par"o*dy, v. t. [imp. & p. p. parodied (?); p. pr. & vb. n. parodying.] [Cf. F. parodier.] To write a parody upon; to burlesque.
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I have translated, or rather parodied, a poem of Horace. Pope.
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Paroket
Par"o*ket` (?), n. (Zool.) See Paroquet.
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Parol
Pa*rol" (?), n. [See Parole, the same word.]
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1. A word; an oral utterance. [Obs.]
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2. (Law) Oral declaration; word of mouth; also, a writing not under seal. Blackstone.
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Parol
Pa*rol", a. Given or done by word of mouth; oral; also, given by a writing not under seal; as, parol evidence.
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Parol arrest (Law), an arrest in pursuance of a verbal order from a magistrate. -- Parol contract (Law), any contract not of record or under seal, whether oral or written; a simple contract. Chitty. Story.
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Parole
Pa*role" (?), n. [F. parole. See Parley, and cf. Parol.] 1. A word; an oral utterance. [Obs.]
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2. Word of promise; word of honor; plighted faith; especially (Mil.), promise, upon one's faith and honor, to fulfill stated conditions, as not to bear arms against one's captors, to return to custody, or the like.
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This man had forfeited his military parole. Macaulay.
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3. (Mil.) A watchword given only to officers of guards; -- distinguished from countersign, which is given to all guards.
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4. (Law) Oral declaration. See 1st Parol, 2.
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5. The release of a prisoner from confinement prior to the end of the original sentence, conditioned on good behavior and often with other specific conditions, such as not to associate with known criminals. Such early release is common where the sentence provides a minimum and maximum term; as, he was released on parole after three years of his five-year sentence; he is out on parole.
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6. A document authorizing a parole{5}.
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Parole
Pa*role", a. See 2d Parol.
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Parole
Pa*role", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Paroled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Paroling.] (Mil. and Penology) To set at liberty on parole; as, to parole prisoners.
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parole board
pa*role" board`, n. A group of individuals with authority to determine whether a prisoner will be granted parole{5} from a particular prison.
[PJC]

Paromology
Par`o*mol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. fr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to grant; &unr_; by, near + &unr_; to speak together, agree. See Homologous.] (Rhet.) A concession to an adversary in order to strengthen one's own argument.
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Paronomasia
Par`o*no*ma"si*a (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to form a word by a slight change; para` beside + &unr_; to name, fr. 'o`noma a name.] (Rhet.) A play upon words; a figure by which the same word is used in different senses, or words similar in sound are set in opposition to each other, so as to give antithetical force to the sentence; punning. Dryden.
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Paronomastical
Paronomastic
{ Par`o*no*mas"tic (?), Par`o*no*mas"tic*al (?), } a. Of or pertaining to paronomasia; consisting in a play upon words.
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Paronomasy
Par`o*nom"a*sy (?), n. [Cf. F. paronomasie.] Paronomasia. [R.] B. Jonson.
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Paronychia
Par`o*nych"i*a (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. parwnychi`a; para` beside + 'o`nyx, 'o`nychos, a nail{1}.] (Med.) A whitlow, or felon{3}. Quincy.
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Paronym
Par"o*nym (?), n. A paronymous word. [Written also paronyme.]
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Paronymous
Pa*ron"y*mous (?), a. [Gr. parw`nymos; para` beside, near + 'o`noma a name.] 1. Having the same derivation; allied radically; conjugate; -- said of certain words, as man, mankind, manhood, etc.
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2. Having a similar sound, but different orthography and different meaning; -- said of certain words, as all and awl; hair and hare, etc.
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Paronymy
Pa*ron"y*my, n. The quality of being paronymous; also, the use of paronymous words.
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Paroophoron
Par`o*öph"o*ron (?), n. [NL., from Gr. &unr_; (see Para-) + &unr_; an egg + fe`rein to bear.] (Anat.) A small mass of tubules near the ovary in some animals, and corresponding with the parepididymis of the male.
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Paroquet
Par"o*quet` (?), n. [F. perroquet, or Sp. periquito; both prob. orig. meaning, little Peter. See Parrot.] (Zool.) Same as Parrakeet. [Written also paroket, parroquet, and perroquet.]
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Paroquet auk or Paroquet auklet (Zool.), a small auk (Cyclorrhynchus psittaculus) inhabiting the coast and islands of Alaska. The upper parts are dark slate, under parts white, bill orange red. Called also perroquet auk.
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Parorchis
Pa*ror"chis (?), n. [NL. See Para-, and Orchis.] (Anat.) The part of the epididymis, or the corresponding part of the excretory duct of the testicle, which is derived from the Wolffian body.
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Parosteal
Pa*ros"te*al (?), (Physiol.) Of or pertaining to parostosis; as, parosteal ossification.
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Parostosis
Par`os*to"sis (?), n. [NL. See Para-, and Ostosis.] (Physiol.) Ossification which takes place in purely fibrous tracts; the formation of bone outside of the periosteum.
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Parostotic
Par`os*tot"ic (?), a. Pertaining to parostosis.
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Parotic
Pa*rot"ic (?), a. [See Parotid.] (Anat.) On the side of the auditory capsule; near the external ear.
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Parotic region (Zool.), the space around the ears.
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Parotid
Pa*rot"id (?), a. [L. parotis, -idis, Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;; para` beside, near + &unr_;, &unr_;, the ear: cf. F. parotide. ] (Anat.) (a) Situated near the ear; -- applied especially to the salivary gland near the ear. (b) Of, pertaining to, or in the region of, the parotid gland.
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Parotid gland (Anat.), one of the salivary glands situated just in front of or below the ear. It is the largest of the salivary glands in man, and its duct opens into the interior of the mouth opposite the second molar of the upper jaw.
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Parotid
Pa*rot"id, n. (Anat.) The parotid gland.
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Parotitis
Par`o*ti"tis (?), n. [NL. See Parotid, and -itis.] (Med.) Inflammation of the parotid glands.
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Epidemic parotitis or Infectious parotitis, mumps.
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Parotoid
Par"o*toid (?), a. [Parotid + -oid.] (Anat.) Resembling the parotid gland; -- applied especially to cutaneous glandular elevations above the ear in many toads and frogs. -- n. A parotoid gland.
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Parousia
Pa*rou"si*a (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;. See Parusia.] (a) The nativity of our Lord. (b) The last day. Shipley.
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Parovarium
Par`o*va"ri*um (?), n. [NL. See Para-, and Ovarium.] (Anat.) A group of tubules, a remnant of the Wolffian body, often found near the ovary or oviduct; the epoophoron.
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Paroxysm
Par"ox*ysm (?), n. [F. paroxysme, Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to sharpen, irritate; para` beside, beyond + &unr_; to sharpen, from &unr_; sharp.] 1. (Med.) The fit, attack, or exacerbation, of a disease that occurs at intervals, or has decided remissions or intermissions. Arbuthnot.
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2. Any sudden and violent emotion; spasmodic passion or action; a convulsion; a fit.
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The returning paroxysms of diffidence and despair. South.
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Paroxysmal
Par`ox*ys"mal (?), a. Of the nature of a paroxysm; characterized or accompanied by paroxysms; as, a paroxysmal pain; paroxysmal temper. -- Par`ox*ys"mal*ly, adv.
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Paroxytone
Par*ox"y*tone (?), n. [Gr. &unr_;, a. See Para-, and Oxytone.] (Gr. Gram.) A word having an acute accent on the penultimate syllable.
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Parquet
Par*quet" (pär*kā" or pär*k&ebreve_;t"), n. [F. See Parquetry.]
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1. A body of seats on the floor of a music hall or theater nearest the orchestra; but commonly applied to the whole lower floor of a theater, from the orchestra to the dress circle; the pit.
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2. Same as Parquetry.
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3. In various European public bourses, the railed-in space within which the “agents de change,” or privileged brokers, conduct business; also, the business conducted by them; -- distinguished from the coulisse, or outside market.
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4. In most European countries, the branch of the administrative government which is charged with the prevention, investigation, and punishment of crime, representing the public and not the individual injured.
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Parquetage
Par"quet*age (?), n. See Parquetry.
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Parquet circle
Parquet circle. That part of the lower floor of a theater with seats at the rear of the parquet and beneath the galleries; -- called also, esp. in U. S., orchestra circle or parterre.
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Parqueted
Par"quet*ed (pär*kād"), a. Formed in parquetry; inlaid with wood in small and differently colored figures.
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One room parqueted with yew, which I liked well. Evelyn.
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Parquetry
Par"quet*ry (?), n. [F. parqueterie, fr. parquet inlaid flooring, fr. parquet, dim. of parc an inclosure. See Park.] A species of joinery or cabinet-work consisting of an inlay of geometric or other patterns, generally of different colors, -- used especially for floors.
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Parquette
Par*quette" (?), n. See Parquet.
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Parr
Parr (pär), n. [Cf. Gael. & Ir. bradan a salmon.] (Zool.) (a) A young salmon in the stage when it has dark transverse bands; -- called also samlet, skegger, and fingerling. (b) A young leveret.
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Parakeet
Parrakeet
{ Par"ra*keet` (păr"r&adot_;*kēt`), Par"a*keet` }, n. [See Paroquet.] (Zool.) Any one of numerous species of small parrots having a graduated tail, which is frequently very long; -- called also paroquet and paraquet.
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&hand_; Many of the Asiatic and Australian species belong to the genus Paleornis; others belong to Polytelis, Platycercus, Psephotus, Euphema, and allied genera. The American parrakeets mostly belong to the genus Conurus, as the Carolina parrakeet (Conurus Carolinensis).
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Parrel
Parral
{ Par"ral (?), Par"rel (?), } n. [F. appareil. See Apparel, n.] 1. (Naut.) The rope or collar by which a yard or spar is held to the mast in such a way that it may be hoisted or lowered at pleasure. Totten.
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2. A chimney-piece. Halliwell.
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Parraqua
Par*ra"qua (?), n. (Zool.) A curassow of the genus Ortalida, allied to the guan.
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Parrhesia
Par*rhe"si*a (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;; para` beside, beyond + &unr_; a speaking.] (Rhet.) Boldness or freedom of speech.
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Parricidal
Par"ri*ci`dal (?), a. [L. parricidalis, parricidialis. See Parricide.] Of or pertaining to parricide; guilty of parricide.
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Parricide
Par"ri*cide (?), n. [F., fr. L. parricida; pater father + caedere to kill. See Father, Homicide, and cf. Patricide.]
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1. Properly, one who murders one's own father; in a wider sense, one who murders one's father or mother or any ancestor.
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2. [L. parricidium.] The act or crime of murdering one's own father or any ancestor.
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Parricidious
Par`ri*cid"i*ous (?), a. Parricidal. [Obs.]
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Parrock
Par"rock (păr"rŭk), n. [AS. pearruc, pearroc. See Park.] A croft, or small field; a paddock. [Prov. Eng.]
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Parrot
Par"rot (păr"rŭt), n. [Prob. fr. F. Pierrot, dim. of Pierre Peter. F. pierrot is also the name of the sparrow. Cf. Paroquet, Petrel, Petrify.] 1. (Zool.) In a general sense, any bird of the order Psittaci.
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2. (Zool.) Any species of Psittacus, Chrysotis, Pionus, and other genera of the family Psittacidæ, as distinguished from the parrakeets, macaws, and lories. They have a short rounded or even tail, and often a naked space on the cheeks. The gray parrot, or jako (Psittacus erithacus) of Africa (see Jako), and the species of Amazon, or green, parrots (Chrysotis) of America, are examples. Many species, as cage birds, readily learn to imitate sounds, and to repeat words and phrases.
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Carolina parrot (Zool.), the Carolina parrakeet. See Parrakeet. -- Night parrot, or Owl parrot. (Zool.) See Kakapo. -- Parrot coal, cannel coal; -- so called from the crackling and chattering sound it makes in burning. [Eng. & Scot.] -- Parrot green. (Chem.) See Scheele's green, under Green, n. -- Parrot weed (Bot.), a suffrutescent plant (Bocconia frutescens) of the Poppy family, native of the warmer parts of America. It has very large, sinuate, pinnatifid leaves, and small, panicled, apetalous flowers. -- Parrot wrasse, Parrot fish (Zool.), any fish of the genus Scarus. One species (Scarus Cretensis), found in the Mediterranean, is esteemed by epicures, and was highly prized by the ancient Greeks and Romans.
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Parrot
Par"rot, v. t. To repeat by rote, without understanding, as a parrot.
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Parrot
Par"rot, v. i. To chatter like a parrot.
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Parroter
Par"rot*er (păr"rŭt*&etilde_;r), n. One who simply repeats what he has heard. [R.] J. S. Mill.
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parrotfish
par"rot*fish` (păr"rŭt*f&ibreve_;sh`), n. Any of several gaudy tropical fishes of the family Scaridae having parrotlike beaks formed by fusion of teeth.
Syn. -- pollyfish.
[WordNet 1.5]

Parrotia
Parrotia prop. n. A genus containing one species, the irontree.
Syn. -- genus Parrotia.
[WordNet 1.5]

Parrotiopsis
Parrotiopsis prop. n. A genus of trees containing only one species, a deciduous tree of Himalaya.
Syn. -- genus Parrotiopsis.
[WordNet 1.5]

parrotlike
par"rot*like` (păr"rŭt*līk`), adj. Mechanically imitated or repeated without thought or understanding; as, a mere parrotlike word-calling process; a voice quality sounding parrotlike.
[WordNet 1.5]

Parrotry
Par"rot*ry (păr"rŭt*r&ybreve_;), n. Servile imitation or repetition. [R.] Coleridge. “The supine parrotry.” Fitzed. Hall.
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Parrot's-bill
Par"rot's-bill` (păr"rŭts*b&ibreve_;l`), n. [So called from the resemblance of its curved superior petal to a parrot's bill.] (Bot.) The glory pea. See under Glory.
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Parry
Par"ry (păr"r&ybreve_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Parried (păr"r&ebreve_;d); p. pr. & vb. n. Parrying.] [F. paré, p. p. of parer. See Pare, v. t.]
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1. To ward off; to stop, or to turn aside; as, to parry a thrust, a blow, or anything that means or threatens harm. Locke.
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Vice parries wide
The undreaded volley with a sword of straw.
Cowper.
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2. To avoid; to shift or put off; to evade.
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The French government has parried the payment of our claims. E. Everett.
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parry
par"ry, v. i. To ward off, evade, or turn aside something, as a blow, argument, etc. Locke.
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parry
par"ry, n.; pl. Parries (&unr_;). A warding off of a thrust or blow, as in sword and bayonet exercises or in boxing; hence, figuratively, a defensive movement in debate or other intellectual encounter.
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parse
parse (pärs), v. t. [imp. & p. p. parsed (pärst); p. pr. & vb. n. parsing.] [L. pars a part; pars orationis a part of speech. See Part, n.] (Gram.) To resolve into its elements, as a sentence, pointing out the several parts of speech, and their relation to each other by government or agreement; to analyze and describe grammatically.
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Let him construe the letter into English, and parse it over perfectly. Ascham.
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parsec
par"sec (pär"s&ebreve_;k), n. [From parallax second. See parallax second and annual parallax, under parallax.] (Astron.) A unit of length used in describing astronomical distances, equal to 3.26 light years, or 3.086 x 1013 km. Abbreviated pc. The derived units of kiloparsec (kpc, 1000 parsecs) and megaparsec (mpc, one million parsecs) are often found in discussion of astronomical distances.
[PJC]

Parsee
Par"see (pär"sē or pär*sē"), prop. n. [Hind. & Per. pārsī a Persian, a follower of Zoroaster, a fire worshiper. Cf. Persian.]
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1. One of the adherents of the Zoroastrian or ancient Persian religion, descended from Persian refugees settled in India, and now found in western India; a fire worshiper; a Gheber.
Syn. -- Parsi.
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2. The Iranian dialect of much of the religious literature of the Parsees.
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Parseeism
Par"see*ism (pär"sē*&ibreve_;z'm or pär*sē"&ibreve_;z'm), prop. n. The religion and customs of the Parsees.
Syn. -- Parsiism.
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parser
pars"er (?), n. One who parses.
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Parsi
Parsi (pär"sē or pär*sē") prop. n. Same as Parsee.
Syn. -- Parsee.
[WordNet 1.5]

Parsiism
Parsiism (pär"sē*&ibreve_;z'm or pär*sē"&ibreve_;z'm) prop. n. 1. Same as Parseeism.
Syn. -- Parseeism.
[WordNet 1.5]

Parsimonious
Par`si*mo"ni*ous (?), a. [Cf. F. parcimonieux. See Parsimony.] Exhibiting parsimony; sparing in expenditure of money; frugal to excess; penurious; niggardly; stingy. -- Par`si*mo"ni*ous*ly, adv. -- Par`si*mo"ni*ous*ness, n.
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A prodigal king is nearer a tyrant than a parsimonious. Bacon.
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Extraordinary funds for one campaign may spare us the expense of many years; whereas a long, parsimonious war will drain us of more men and money. Addison.
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Syn. -- Covetous; niggardly; miserly; penurious; close; saving; mean; stingy; frugal. See Avaricious.
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parsimoniousness
parsimoniousness n. 1. The quality of being parsimonious; extreme care in spending money; reluctance to spend money unnecessarily.
Syn. -- parsimony, thrift, penny-pinching.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. An extreme stinginess.
Syn. -- meanness, minginess, niggardliness, niggardness, parsimony, tightfistedness.
[WordNet 1.5]

Parsimony
Par"si*mo*ny (?), n. [L. parsimonia, parcimonia; cf. parcere to spare, parsus sparing: cf. F. parcimonie.] Closeness or sparingness in the expenditure of money; -- generally in a bad sense; excessive frugality; niggardliness. Bacon.
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Awful parsimony presided generally at the table. Thackeray.
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Syn. -- Economy; frugality; illiberality; covetousness; closeness; stinginess. See Economy.
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Parsley
Pars"ley (pärs"l&ybreve_;), n. [OE. persely, persil, F. persil, L. petroselinum rock parsley, Gr. petrose`linon; pe`tros stone + se`linon parsley. Cf. Celery.] (Bot.) An aromatic umbelliferous herb (Carum Petroselinum), having finely divided leaves which are used in cookery and as a garnish.
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As she went to the garden for parsley, to stuff a rabbit. Shak.
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Fool's parsley. See under Fool. -- Hedge parsley, Milk parsley, Stone parsley, names given to various weeds of similar appearance to the parsley. -- Parsley fern (Bot.), a small fern with leaves resembling parsley (Cryptogramme crispa). -- Parsley piert (Bot.), a small herb (Alchemilla arvensis) formerly used as a remedy for calculus.
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Parsnip
Pars"nip (pärs"n&ibreve_;p), n. [OE. parsnepe, from a French form, fr. L. pastinaca; cf. pastinare to dig up, pastinum a kind of dibble; cf. OF. pastenade, pastenaque.] (Bot.) The aromatic and edible spindle-shaped root of the cultivated form of the Pastinaca sativa, a biennial umbelliferous plant which is very poisonous in its wild state; also, the plant itself.
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Cow parsnip. See Cow parsnip. -- Meadow parsnip, the European cow parsnip. -- Poison parsnip, the wild stock of the parsnip. -- Water parsnip, any plant of the umbelliferous genus Sium, the species of which are poisonous.
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Parson
Par"son (?), n. [OE. persone person, parson, OF. persone, F. personne person, LL. persona (sc. ecclesiae), fr. L. persona a person. See Person.]
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1. (Eng. Eccl. Law) A person who represents a parish in its ecclesiastical and corporate capacities; hence, the rector or incumbent of a parochial church, who has full possession of all the rights thereof, with the cure of souls.
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2. Any clergyman having ecclesiastical preferment; one who is in orders, or is licensed to preach; a preacher.
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He hears the parson pray and preach. Longfellow.
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Parson bird (Zool.), a New Zealand bird (Prosthemadera Novæseelandiæ) remarkable for its powers of mimicry and its ability to articulate words. Its color is glossy black, with a curious tuft of long, curly, white feathers on each side of the throat. It is often kept as a cage bird.
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Parsonage
Par"son*age (?), n. 1. (Eng. Eccl. Law) A certain portion of lands, tithes, and offerings, for the maintenance of the parson of a parish.
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2. The glebe and house, or the house only, owned by a parish or ecclesiastical society, and appropriated to the maintenance or use of the incumbent or settled pastor.
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3. Money paid for the support of a parson. [Scot.]
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What have I been paying stipend and teind, parsonage and vicarage, for? Sir W. Scott.
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Parsoned
Par"soned (?), a. Furnished with a parson.
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Parsonical
Parsonic
{ Par*son"ic (?), Par*son"ic*al (?), } a. Of or pertaining to a parson; clerical.
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Vainglory glowed in his parsonic heart. Colman.
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-- Par*son"ic*al*ly, adv.
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Parsonish
Par"son*ish (?), a. Appropriate to, or like, a parson; -- used in disparagement. [Colloq.]
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Part
Part (pärt), n. [F. part, L. pars, gen. partis; cf. parere to bring forth, produce. Cf. Parent, Depart, Parcel, Partner, Party, Portion.] 1. One of the portions, equal or unequal, into which anything is divided, or regarded as divided; something less than a whole; a number, quantity, mass, or the like, regarded as going to make up, with others, a larger number, quantity, mass, etc., whether actually separate or not; a piece; a fragment; a fraction; a division; a member; a constituent.
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And kept back part of the price, . . . and brought a certain part and laid it at the apostles'feet. Acts v. 2.
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Our ideas of extension and number -- do they not contain a secret relation of the parts ? Locke.
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I am a part of all that I have met. Tennyson.
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2. Hence, specifically: (a) An equal constituent portion; one of several or many like quantities, numbers, etc., into which anything is divided, or of which it is composed; proportional division or ingredient.
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An homer is the tenth part of an ephah. Ex. xvi. 36.
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A thought which, quartered, hath but one part wisdom,
And ever three parts coward.
Shak.
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(b) A constituent portion of a living or spiritual whole; a member; an organ; an essential element.
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All the parts were formed . . . into one harmonious body. Locke.
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The pulse, the glow of every part. Keble.
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(c) A constituent of character or capacity; quality; faculty; talent; -- usually in the plural with a collective sense. “Men of considerable parts.” Burke. “Great quickness of parts.” Macaulay.
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Which maintained so politic a state of evil, that they will not admit any good part to intermingle with them. Shak.
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(d) Quarter; region; district; -- usually in the plural. “The uttermost part of the heaven.” Neh. i. 9.
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All parts resound with tumults, plaints, and fears. Dryden.
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(e) (Math.) Such portion of any quantity, as when taken a certain number of times, will exactly make that quantity; as, 3 is a part of 12; -- the opposite of multiple. Also, a line or other element of a geometrical figure.
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3. That which belongs to one, or which is assumed by one, or which falls to one, in a division or apportionment; share; portion; lot; interest; concern; duty; office.
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We have no part in David. 2 Sam. xx. 1.
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Accuse not Nature! she hath done her part;
Do thou but thine.
Milton.
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Let me bear
My part of danger with an equal share.
Dryden.
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4. Hence, specifically: (a) One of the opposing parties or sides in a conflict or a controversy; a faction.
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For he that is not against us is on our part. Mark ix. 40.
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Make whole kingdoms take her brother's part. Waller.
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(b) A particular character in a drama or a play; an assumed personification; also, the language, actions, and influence of a character or an actor in a play; or, figuratively, in real life; as, to play the part of Macbeth. See To act a part, under Act.
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That part
Was aptly fitted and naturally performed.
Shak.
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It was a brute part of him to kill so capital a calf. Shak.
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Honor and shame from no condition rise;
Act well your part, there all the honor lies.
Pope.
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(c) (Mus.) One of the different melodies of a concerted composition, which heard in union compose its harmony; also, the music for each voice or instrument; as, the treble, tenor, or bass part; the violin part, etc.
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For my part, so far as concerns me; for my share. -- For the most part. See under Most, a. -- In good part, as well done; favorably; acceptably; in a friendly manner; as, to take an act in good part. Hooker. -- In ill part, unfavorably; with displeasure. -- In part, in some degree; partly. -- Part and parcel, an essential or constituent portion; -- a reduplicative phrase. Cf. might and main, kith and kin, etc. “She was . . . part and parcel of the race and place.” Howitt. -- Part of speech (Gram.), a sort or class of words of a particular character; thus, the noun is a part of speech denoting the name of a thing; the verb is a part of speech which asserts something of the subject of a sentence. -- Part owner (Law), one of several owners or tenants in common. See Joint tenant, under Joint. -- Part singing, singing in which two or more of the harmonic parts are taken. -- Part song, a song in two or more (commonly four) distinct vocal parts. “A part song differs from a madrigal in its exclusion of contrapuntual devices; from a glee, in its being sung by many voices, instead of by one only, to each part.” Stainer & Barrett.
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Syn. -- Portion; section; division; fraction; fragment; piece; share; constituent. See Portion, and Section.
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Part
Part (pärt), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Parted; p. pr. & vb. n. Parting.] [F. partir, L. partire, partiri, p. p. partitus, fr. pars, gen. partis, a part. See Part, n.]
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1. To divide; to separate into distinct parts; to break into two or more parts or pieces; to sever. “Thou shalt part it in pieces.” Lev. ii. 6.
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There, [celestial love] parted into rainbow hues. Keble.
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2. To divide into shares; to divide and distribute; to allot; to apportion; to share.
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To part his throne, and share his heaven with thee. Pope.
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They parted my raiment among them. John xix. 24.
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3. To separate or disunite; to cause to go apart; to remove from contact or contiguity; to sunder.
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The Lord do so to me, and more also, if aught but death part thee and me. Ruth i. 17.
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While he blessed them, he was parted from them, and carried up into heaven. Luke xxiv. 51.
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The narrow seas that part
The French and English.
Shak.
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4. Hence: To hold apart; to stand between; to intervene betwixt, as combatants.
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The stumbling night did part our weary powers. Shak.
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5. To separate by a process of extraction, elimination, or secretion; as, to part gold from silver.
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The liver minds his own affair, . . .
And parts and strains the vital juices.
Prior.
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6. To leave; to quit. [Obs.]
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Since presently your souls must part your bodies. Shak.
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7. To separate (a collection of objects) into smaller collections; as, to part one's hair in the middle.
[PJC]

To part a cable (Naut.), to break it. -- To part company, to separate, as travelers or companions.
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Part
Part, v. i. 1. To be broken or divided into parts or pieces; to break; to become separated; to go asunder; as, rope parts; his hair parts in the middle.
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2. To go away; to depart; to take leave; to quit each other; hence, to die; -- often with from.
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He wrung Bassanio's hand, and so they parted. Shak.
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He owned that he had parted from the duke only a few hours before. Macaulay.
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His precious bag, which he would by no means part from. G. Eliot.
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3. To perform an act of parting; to relinquish a connection of any kind; -- followed by with or from; as, to part with one's money.
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Celia, for thy sake, I part
With all that grew so near my heart.
Waller.
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Powerful hands . . . will not part
Easily from possession won with arms.
Milton.
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It was strange to him that a father should feel no tenderness at parting with an only son. A. Trollope.
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4. To have a part or share; to partake. [Obs.] “They shall part alike.” 1 Sam. xxx. 24.
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Part
Part, adv. Partly; in a measure. [R.] Shak.
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Partable
Part"a*ble (?), a. See Partible. Camden.
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Partage
Part"age (?), n. [F. See Part, v. & n.]
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1. Division; the act of dividing or sharing. [Obs.] Fuller.
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2. Part; portion; share. [Obs.] Ford.
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Partake
Par*take" (pär*tāk"), v. i. [imp. Partook (pär*t&oobreve_;k"); p. p. Partaken (pär*tāk"'n); p. pr. & vb. n. Partaking.] [Part + take.]
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1. To take a part, portion, lot, or share, in common with others; to have a share or part; to participate; to share; as, to partake of a feast with others. “Brutes partake in this faculty.” Locke.
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When I against myself with thee partake. Shak.
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2. To have something of the properties, character, or office; -- usually followed by of.
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The attorney of the Duchy of Lancaster partakes partly of a judge, and partly of an attorney-general. Bacon.
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partake
par*take" (pär*tāk"), v. t. 1. To partake of; to have a part or share in; to share.
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Let every one partake the general joy. Dryden.
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2. To admit to a share; to cause to participate; to give a part to. [Obs.] Spencer.
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3. To distribute; to communicate. [Obs.] Shak.
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partaker
par*tak"er (pär*tāk"&etilde_;r), n. 1. One who partakes; a sharer; a participator.
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Partakers of their spiritual things. Rom. xv. 27.
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Wish me partaker in my happiness. Shark.
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2. An accomplice; an associate; a partner. [Obs.]
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Partakers wish them in the blood of the prophets. Matt. xxiii. 30.
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partan
par"tan (pär"t&aitalic_;n), n. [Cf. Ir. & Gael. partan.] (Zool.) An edible British crab. [Prov. Eng.]
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parted
part"ed (pärt"&ebreve_;d), a. 1. Separated; divided.
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2. Endowed with parts or abilities. [Obs.] B. Jonson.
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3. (Bot.) Cleft so that the divisions reach nearly, but not quite, to the midrib, or the base of the blade; -- said of a leaf, and used chiefly in composition; as, three-parted, five-parted, etc. Gray.
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Parter
Part"er (?), n. One who, or which, parts or separates. Sir P. Sidney.
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Parterre
Par*terre" (?), n. [F., fr. par on, by (L. per) + terre earth, ground, L. terra. See Terrace.] 1. (Hort.) An ornamental and diversified arrangement of beds or plots, in which flowers are cultivated, with intervening spaces of gravel or turf for walking on.
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2. The pit of a theater; the parquet. [France]
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Partheniad
Par*the"ni*ad (?), n. [See Parthenic.] A poem in honor of a virgin. [Obs.]
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Parthenic
Par*then"ic (?), a. [Gr. parqeniko`s, fr. parqe`nos a maid, virgin.] Of or pertaining to the Spartan Partheniæ, or sons of unmarried women.
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Parthenocissus
Parthenocissus prop. n. A genus of woody vines having disklike tips on the tendrils.
Syn. -- genus Parthenocissus.
[WordNet 1.5]

parthenogenesis
par`the*no*gen"e*sis (pär`th&euptack_;*n&ouptack_;*j&ebreve_;n"&euptack_;*s&ibreve_;s), n. [Gr. parqe`nos a virgin + E. genesis.] 1. (Biol.) The production of new individuals from virgin females by means of ova which have the power of developing without the intervention of the male element; the production, without fertilization, of cells capable of germination. It is one of the phenomena of alternate generation. Cf. Heterogamy, and Metagenesis.
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2. (Bot.) The production of seed without fertilization, believed to occur through the nonsexual formation of an embryo extraneous to the embryonic vesicle.
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Parthenogenetic
Par`the*no*ge*net"ic, a. (Biol.) Of, pertaining to, or produced by, parthenogenesis; as, parthenogenetic forms. -- Par`the*no*ge*net"ic*al*ly, adv.
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Parthenogenitive
Par`the*no*gen"i*tive (?), a. (Biol.) Parthenogenetic.
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Parthenogeny
Par`the*nog"e*ny (?), n. (Biol.) Same as Parthenogenesis.
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Parthenon
Par"the*non (pär"th&euptack_;*n&obreve_;n), prop. n. [L., fr. Gr. Parqenw`n, fr.parqe`nos a virgin, i. e., Athena, the Greek goddess called also Pallas.] A celebrated marble temple of Athena, on the Acropolis at Athens. It was of the pure Doric order, and has had an important influence on art.
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Parthenope
Par*then"o*pe (pär*th&ebreve_;n"&ouptack_;*pē), n. [L., the name of a Siren, fr. Gr. Parqeno`ph.] 1. (Gr. Myth.) One of the Sirens, who threw herself into the sea, in despair at not being able to beguile Ulysses by her songs.
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2. One of the asteroids between Mars and Jupiter, discovered by M. de Gasparis in 1850.
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Parthian
Par"thi*an (?), a. Of or pertaining to ancient Parthia, in Asia. -- n. A native of Parthia.
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Parthian arrow, an arrow discharged at an enemy when retreating from him, as was the custom of the ancient Parthians; hence, a parting shot.
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partial
par"tial (pär"sh&aitalic_;l), a. [F., fr. LL. partials, fr. L. pars, gen. partis, a part; cf. (for sense 1) F. partiel. See Part, n.] 1. Of, pertaining to, or affecting, a part only; not general or universal; not total or entire; as, a partial eclipse of the moon.Partial dissolutions of the earth.” T. Burnet.
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2. Inclined to favor one party in a cause, or one side of a question, more then the other; biased; not indifferent; as, a judge should not be partial.
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Ye have been partial in the law. Mal. ii. 9.
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3. Having a predilection for; inclined to favor unreasonably; foolishly fond. “A partial parent.” Pope.
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Not partial to an ostentatious display. Sir W. Scott.
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4. (Bot.) Pertaining to a subordinate portion; as, a compound umbel is made up of a several partial umbels; a leaflet is often supported by a partial petiole.
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Partial differentials, Partial differential coefficients, Partial differentiation, etc. (of a function of two or more variables), the differentials, differential coefficients, differentiation etc., of the function, upon the hypothesis that some of the variables are for the time constant. -- Partial fractions (Alg.), fractions whose sum equals a given fraction. -- Partial tones (Music), the simple tones which in combination form an ordinary tone; the overtones, or harmonics, which, blending with a fundamental tone, cause its special quality of sound, or timbre, or tone color. See, also, Tone.
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Partialism
Par"tial*ism (?), n. Partiality; specifically (Theol.), the doctrine of the Partialists.
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Partialist
Par"tial*ist n. 1. One who is partial. [R.]
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2. (Theol.) One who holds that the atonement was made only for a part of mankind, that is, for the elect.
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Partiality
Par`ti*al"i*ty (?; 277), n. [Cf. F. partialité.] 1. The quality or state of being partial; inclination to favor one party, or one side of a question, more than the other; undue bias of mind.
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2. A predilection or inclination to one thing rather than to others; special taste or liking; as, a partiality for poetry or painting. Roget.
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Partialize
Par"tial*ize (?), v. t. & i. To make or be partial. [R.]
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Partially
Par"tial*ly adv. 1. In part; not totally; as, partially true; the sun partially eclipsed. Sir T. Browne.
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2. In a partial manner; with undue bias of mind; with unjust favor or dislike; as, to judge partially. Shak.
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Partibility
Part`i*bil"i*ty (?), n. [From Partible.] The quality or state of being partible; divisibility; separability; as, the partibility of an inherttance.
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Partible
Part"i*ble (?), a. [L. partibilis, fr. partire to part, divide, fr. L. pars: cf. F. partible. See Part.] Admitting of being parted; divisible; separable; susceptible of severance or partition; as, an estate of inheritance may be partible. “Make the molds partible.” Bacon.
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Participable
Par*tic"i*pa*ble (?), a. Capable of being participated or shared. [R.] Norris.
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Participant
Par*tic"i*pant (?), a. [L. participans, p. pr. of participare: cf. F. participant. See Participate.] Sharing; participating; having a share or part. Bacon.
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Participant
Par*tic"i*pant, n. A participator; a partaker.
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Participants in their . . . mysterious rites. Bp. Warburton.
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Participantly
Par*tic"i*pant*ly, adv. In a participant manner.
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Participate
Par*tic"i*pate (?), a. [L. participatus, p. p. of participare to participate; pars, partis, part + capere to take. See Part, and Capacious.] Acting in common; participating. [R.] Shak.
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Participate
Par*tic"i*pate (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Participated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Participating.] To have a share in common with others; to take a part; to play a role; to partake; -- followed by in, formerly by of; as, to participate in a debate; to participate in a discussion. Shak.
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So would he participate of their wants. Hayward.
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Mine may come when men
With angels may participate.
Milton.
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Participate
Par*tic"i*pate, v. t. 1. To partake of; to share in; to receive a part of. [R.]
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Fit to participate all rational delight. Milton.
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2. To impart, or give, or share of. [Obs.] Drayton.
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participating
participating adj. Taking part in an activity; as, the participating organizations.
Syn. -- active.
[WordNet 1.5]

Participation
Par*tic`i*pa"tion (?), n. [F. participation, L. participatio.] 1. The act or state of participating, or sharing in common with others; as, a participation in joy or sorrows.
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These deities are so by participation. Bp. Stillingfleet.
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What an honor, that God should admit us into such a blessed participation of himself! Atterbury.
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2. Distribution; division into shares. [Obs.] Raleigh.
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3. Community; fellowship; association. [Obs.] Shak.
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Participative
Par*tic"i*pa*tive (pär*t&ibreve_;s"&ibreve_;*p&auptack_;*t&ibreve_;v), a. [Cf. F. participatif.] Capable of participating.
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Participator
Par*tic"i*pa`tor (pär*t&ibreve_;s"&ibreve_;*pā`t&etilde_;r), n. [L.] One who participates, or shares with another; a partaker.
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participatory
par*tic"i*pa*tor`y (pär*t&ibreve_;s"&ibreve_;*pŭ*tôr`&ybreve_;), adj. Affording the opportunity for individual participation; as, participatory democracy.
[WordNet 1.5]

Participial
Par`ti*cip"i*al (?), a. [L. participialis: cf. E. participal. See Participle.] Having, or partaking of, the nature and use of a participle; formed from a participle; as, a participial noun. Lowth.
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Participial
Par`ti*cip"i*al, n. A participial word.
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Participialize
Par`ti*cip"i*al*ize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Participialized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Participializing.] To form into, or put in the form of, a participle. [R.]
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Participially
Par`ti*cip"i*al*ly, adv. In the sense or manner of a participle.
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Participle
Par"ti*ci*ple (?), n. [F. participe, L. participium, fr. particeps sharing, participant; pars, gen. partis, a part + capere to take. See Participate.] 1. (Gram.) A part of speech partaking of the nature of both verb and adjective; a form of a verb, or verbal adjective, modifying a noun, but taking the adjuncts of the verb from which it is derived. In the sentences: a letter is written; being asleep he did not hear; exhausted by toil he will sleep soundly, -- written, being, and exhaustedare participles.
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By a participle, [I understand] a verb in an adjectival aspect. Earle.
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&hand_; Present participles, called also imperfect, or incomplete, participles, end in -ing. Past participles, called also perfect, or complete, participles, for the most part end in -ed, -d, -t, -en, or -n. A participle when used merely as an attribute of a noun, without reference to time, is called an adjective, or a participial adjective; as, a written constitution; a rolling stone; the exhausted army. The verbal noun in -ing has the form of the present participle. See Verbal noun, under Verbal, a.
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2. Anything that partakes of the nature of different things. [Obs.]
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The participles or confines between plants and living creatures. Bacon.
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Particle
Par"ti*cle (?), n. [L. particula, dim. of pars, gen partis, a part: cf. F. particule. See Part, and cf. Parcel.] 1. A minute part or portion of matter; a morsel; a little bit; an atom; a jot; as, a particle of sand, of wood, of dust.
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The small size of atoms which unite
To make the smallest particle of light.
Blackmore.
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2. Any very small portion or part; the smallest portion; as, he has not a particle of patriotism or virtue.
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The houses had not given their commissioners authority in the least particle to recede. Clarendon.
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3. (R. C. Ch.) (a) A crumb or little piece of consecrated host. (b) The smaller hosts distributed in the communion of the laity. Bp. Fitzpatrick.
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4. (Gram.) A subordinate word that is never inflected (a preposition, conjunction, interjection); or a word that can not be used except in compositions; as, ward in backward, ly in lovely.
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4. (Physics) An elementary particle.
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Particle accelerator
Par"ti*cle ac*cel"er*a*tor (?), n. (Physics) A large and expensive scientific instrument used by physicists to accelerate elementary particles (such as protons or electrons) to speeds near that of light, for the purpose of investigating the fundamental properties of matter; sometimes also called an atom smasher, since the particles thus accelerated are often directed at targets of atoms which are fragmented by the impact into their more fundamental component particles. The particles generated by impact of a beam in an accelerator on its target are detected by various types of detecting apparatus, and procedures are required to sort and identify the many particles created. The fundamental particles generated by impacts in a particle accelerator are often those not actually present inside atoms; and in certain types of particle accelerator, such as the colliding beam accelerator, the impact which generates energetic particles is with other fundamental particles, and not with atoms.
[PJC]

Particle physics
Par"ti*cle phys`ics (?), n. That branch of physics which investigates the nature of matter, and in particular the properties and behavior of the elementary particles (fundamental particles), of which matter is composed. Included in this field is the more specialized branch of high-energy physics.
[PJC]

parti-color
parti-color v. t. To make motley or parti-colored.
Syn. -- motley.
[WordNet 1.5]

parti-colored
par"ti-col`ored, a. Having sections or patches colored differently and usually brightly. Same as Party-colored. [Also spelled parti-coloured.]
Syn. -- motley, multicolor, culticolour, multicolored, multicoloured, painted, piebald, pied, varicolored, varicoloured.
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Particular
Par*tic"u*lar (?), a. [OE. particuler, F. particulier, L. particularis. See Particle.] 1. Relating to a part or portion of anything; concerning a part separated from the whole or from others of the class; separate; sole; single; individual; specific; as, the particular stars of a constellation. Shak.
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[Make] each particular hair to stand an end,
Like quills upon the fretful porpentine.
Shak.
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Seken in every halk and every herne
Particular sciences for to lerne.
Chaucer.
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2. Of or pertaining to a single person, class, or thing; belonging to one only; not general; not common; hence, personal; peculiar; singular. “Thine own particular wrongs.” Shak.
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Wheresoever one plant draweth such a particular juice out of the earth. Bacon.
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3. Separate or distinct by reason of superiority; distinguished; important; noteworthy; unusual; special; as, he brought no particular news; she was the particular belle of the party.
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4. Concerned with, or attentive to, details; minute; circumstantial; precise; as, a full and particular account of an accident; hence, nice; fastidious; as, a man particular in his dress.
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5. (Law) (a) Containing a part only; limited; as, a particular estate, or one precedent to an estate in remainder. (b) Holding a particular estate; as, a particular tenant. Blackstone.
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6. (Logic) Forming a part of a genus; relatively limited in extension; affirmed or denied of a part of a subject; as, a particular proposition; -- opposed to universal: e. g. (particular affirmative) Some men are wise; (particular negative) Some men are not wise.
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Particular average. See under Average. -- Particular Baptist, one of a branch of the Baptist denomination the members of which hold the doctrine of a particular or individual election and reprobation. -- Particular lien (Law), a lien, or a right to retain a thing, for some charge or claim growing out of, or connected with, that particular thing. -- Particular redemption, the doctrine that the purpose, act, and provisions of redemption are restricted to a limited number of the human race. See Calvinism.
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Syn. -- Minute; individual; respective; appropriate; peculiar; especial; exact; specific; precise; critical; circumstantial. See Minute.
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Particular
Par*tic"u*lar (?), n. 1. A separate or distinct member of a class, or part of a whole; an individual fact, point, circumstance, detail, or item, which may be considered separately; as, the particulars of a story.
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Particulars which it is not lawful for me to reveal. Bacon.
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It is the greatest interest of particulars to advance the good of the community. L'Estrange.
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2. Special or personal peculiarity, trait, or character; individuality; interest, etc. [Obs.]
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For his particular I'll receive him gladly. Shak.
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If the particulars of each person be considered. Milton.
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Temporal blessings, whether such as concern the public . . . or such as concern our particular. Whole Duty of Man.
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3. (Law) One of the details or items of grounds of claim; -- usually in the pl.; also, a bill of particulars; a minute account; as, a particular of premises.
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The reader has a particular of the books wherein this law was written. Ayliffe.
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Bill of particulars. See under Bill. -- In particular, specially; specifically; peculiarly; particularly; especially. “This, in particular, happens to the lungs.” Blackmore. -- To go into particulars, to relate or describe in detail or minutely.
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particularise
particularise v. t. Same as particularize. [Chiefly Brit.]
[PJC]

particularized
particularised
particularised particularized adj. Stated or described in detail.
Syn. -- circumstantial, detailed.
[WordNet 1.5]

Particularism
Par*tic"u*lar*ism (?), n. [Cf. F. particularisme.] 1. A minute description; a detailed statement. [R.]
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2. (Theol.) The doctrine of particular election.
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3. (German Politics) Devotion to the interests of one's own kingdom or province rather than to those of the empire.
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Particularist
Par*tic"u*lar*ist, n. [Cf. F. particulariste.] One who holds to particularism. -- Par*tic`u*lar*is"tic, a.
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Particularity
Par*tic`u*lar"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Particularities (#). [Cf. F. particularité.] 1. The state or quality of being particular; distinctiveness; circumstantiality; minuteness in detail.
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2. That which is particular; as: (a) Peculiar quality; individual characteristic; peculiarity. “An old heathen altar with this particularity.” Addison. (b) Special circumstance; minute detail; particular. “Even descending to particularities.” Sir P. Sidney. (c) Something of special or private concern or interest.
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Let the general trumpet blow his blast,
Particularities and petty sounds
To cease!
Shak.
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Particularization
Par*tic`u*lar*i*za"tion (?), n. The act of particularizing. Coleridge.
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Particularize
Par*tic"u*lar*ize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Particularized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Particularizing (?).] [Cf. F. particulariser.] To give as a particular, or as the particulars; to mention particularly; to give the particulars of; to enumerate or specify in detail. [Also spelled particularise.]
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He not only boasts of his parentage as an Israelite, but particularizes his descent from Benjamin. Atterbury.
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Particularize
Par*tic"u*lar*ize, v. i. To mention or attend to particulars; to give minute details; to be circumstantial; as, to particularize in a narrative.
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Particularly
Par*tic"u*lar*ly, adv. 1. In a particular manner; expressly; with a specific reference or interest; in particular; distinctly.
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2. In an especial manner; especially; in a high degree; as, a particularly fortunate man; a particularly bad failure.
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The exact propriety of Virgil I particularly regarded as a great part of his character. Dryden.
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Particularment
Par*tic"u*lar*ment (?), n. A particular; a detail. [Obs.]
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Particulate
Par*tic"u*late (pär*t&ibreve_;k"&uuptack_;*lāt), v. t. & i. [See Particle.] To particularize. [Obs.]
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Particulate
Par*tic"u*late (pär*t&ibreve_;k"&uuptack_;*l&auptack_;t), a. 1. Having the form of a particle.
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2. Referring to, or produced by, particles, such as dust, minute germs, etc. [R.]
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The smallpox is a particulate disease. Tyndall.
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3. Composed of particles; finely divided.
[PJC]

particulate
par*tic"u*late (pär*t&ibreve_;k"&uuptack_;*l&auptack_;t), n. Matter composed of particles; -- often used in the pl.; as, the quantity of particulates in auto exhaust is strictly regulated.
[PJC]

Parting
Par"ting (pärt"&ibreve_;ng), a. [From Part, v.] 1. Serving to part; dividing; separating.
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2. Given when departing; as, a parting shot; a parting salute. “Give him that parting kiss.” Shak.
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3. Departing. “Speed the parting guest.” Pope.
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4. Admitting of being parted; partible.
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Parting fellow, a partner. [Obs.] Chaucer. -- Parting pulley. See under Pulley. -- Parting sand (Founding), dry, nonadhesive sand, sprinkled upon the partings of a mold to facilitate the separation. -- Parting strip (Arch.), in a sash window, one of the thin strips of wood let into the pulley stile to keep the sashes apart; also, the thin piece inserted in the window box to separate the weights. -- Parting tool (Mach.), a thin tool, used in turning or planing, for cutting a piece in two.
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Parting
Par"ting (pärt"&ibreve_;ng), n. 1. The act of parting or dividing; the state of being parted; division; separation. “The parting of the way.” Ezek. xxi. 21.
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2. A separation; a leave-taking. Shak.
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And there were sudden partings, such as press
The life from out young hearts.
Byron.
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3. A surface or line of separation where a division occurs.
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4. (Founding) The surface of the sand of one section of a mold where it meets that of another section.
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5. (Chem.) The separation and determination of alloys; esp., the separation, as by acids, of gold from silver in the assay button.
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6. (Geol.) A joint or fissure, as in a coal seam.
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7. (Naut.) The breaking, as of a cable, by violence.
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8. (Min.) Lamellar separation in a crystallized mineral, due to some other cause than cleavage, as to the presence of twinning lamellæ.
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Partisan
Par"ti*san (pär"t&ibreve_;*z&aitalic_;n), n. [F., fr. It. partigiano. See Party, and cf. Partisan a truncheon.] [Written also partizan.] 1. An adherent to a party or faction; esp., one who is strongly and passionately devoted to a party or an interest. “The violence of a partisan.” Macaulay.
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Both sides had their partisans in the colony. Jefferson.
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2. (Mil.) (a) The commander of a body of detached light troops engaged in making forays and harassing an enemy. (b) Any member of such a corps.
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Partisan
Par"ti*san, a. [Written also partizan.] 1. Adherent to a party or faction; especially, having the character of blind, passionate, or unreasonable adherence to a party; as, blinded by partisan zeal.
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2. (Mil.) Serving as a partisan in a detached command; as, a partisan officer or corps.
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Partisan ranger (Mil.), a member of a partisan corps.
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Partisan
Par"ti*san, n. [F. pertuisane, prob. fr. It. partigiana, influenced in French by OF. pertuisier to pierce. It was prob. so named as the weapon of some partisans, or party men. Cf. Partisan one of a corps of light troops.] A kind of halberd or pike; also, a truncheon; a staff.
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And make him with our pikes and partisans a grave. Shak.
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Partisanship
Par"ti*san*ship, n. The state of being a partisan, or adherent to a party; feelings or conduct characteristic of a partisan.
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Partita
Par*ti"ta (?), n. [It.] (Mus.) A suite; a set of variations.
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Partite
Par"tite (?), a. [L. partitus, p. p. of partire to part, divide, from pars. See Part, and cf. Party, a.] 1. (Bot.) Divided nearly to the base; as, a partite leaf is a simple separated down nearly to the base.
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2. Consisting of parts; usually used in compounds specifying the number of parts; as, a tripartite treaty.
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Partition
Par*ti"tion (?), n. [F. partition, L. partitio. See Part, v.] 1. The act of parting or dividing; the state of being parted; separation; division; distribution; as, the partition of a kingdom.
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And good from bad find no partition. Shak.
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2. That which divides or separates; that by which different things, or distinct parts of the same thing, are separated; separating boundary; dividing line or space; specifically, an interior wall dividing one part or apartment of a house, a compartment of a room, an inclosure, or the like, from another; as, a brick partition; lath and plaster partitions; cubicles with four-foot high partitions.
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No sight could pass
Betwixt the nice partitions of the grass.
Dryden.
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3. A part divided off by walls; an apartment; a compartment. [R.] “Lodged in a small partition.” Milton.
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4. (Law.) The severance of common or undivided interests, particularly in real estate. It may be effected by consent of parties, or by compulsion of law.
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5. (Mus.) A score.
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Partition of numbers (Math.), the resolution of integers into parts subject to given conditions. Brande & C.
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Partition
Par*ti"tion (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Partitioned (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Partitioning.] 1. To divide into parts or shares; to divide and distribute; as, to partition an estate among various heirs.
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2. To divide into distinct parts by lines, walls, etc.; as, to partition a house.
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Uniform without, though severally partitioned within. Bacon.
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partitioned
partitioned adj. Divided into partitions.
Syn. -- partitioned off.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

partitioning
partitioning n. An analysis into mutually exclusive categories.
Syn. -- breakdown.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. Separation by the creation of a boundary that divides or keeps apart.
Syn. -- division, partition, segmentation, subdivision.
[WordNet 1.5]

partitionist
partitionist n. An advocate of partitioning a country.
[WordNet 1.5]

Partitionment
Par*ti"tion*ment (?), n. The act of partitioning.
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Partitive
Par"ti*tive (?), a. [Cf. F. partitif.] (Gram.) Denoting a part; as, a partitive genitive.
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Partitive
Par"ti*tive, n. (Gram.) A word or phrase expressing partition, or denoting a part; as, the phrase “of the team” in “half of the team”.
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Partitively
Par"ti*tive*ly, adv. In a partitive manner.
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Partlet
Part"let (?), n. [Dim. of part.] 1. A covering for the neck, and sometimes for the shoulders and breast; originally worn by both sexes, but later by women alone; a ruff. [Obs.] Fuller.
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2. A hen; -- so called from the ruffing of her neck feathers. “Dame Partlett, the hen.” Shak.
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Partly
Part"ly, adv. In part; in some measure of degree; not wholly. “I partly believe it.” 1 Cor. xi. 18.
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Partner
Part"ner (pärt"n&etilde_;r), n. [For parcener, influenced by part.] 1. One who has a part in anything with an other; a partaker; an associate; a sharer.Partner of his fortune.” Shak. Hence: (a) A husband or a wife. (b) Either one of a couple who dance together. (c) One who shares as a member of a partnership in the management, or in the gains and losses, of a business.
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My other self, the partner of my life. Milton.
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2. (Law) An associate in any business or occupation; a member of a partnership. See Partnership.
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3. pl. (Naut.) A framework of heavy timber surrounding an opening in a deck, to strengthen it for the support of a mast, pump, capstan, or the like.
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Dormant partner, or Silent partner. See under Dormant, a.
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Syn. -- Associate; colleague; coadjutor; confederate; partaker; participator; companion; comrade; mate.
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Partner
Part"ner, v. t. To associate, to join. [Obs.] Shak.
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Partnership
Part"ner*ship, n. 1. The state or condition of being a partner; as, to be in partnership with another; to have partnership in the fortunes of a family or a state.
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2. A division or sharing among partners; joint possession or interest.
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Rome, that ne'er knew three lordly heads before,
First fell by fatal partnership of power.
Rowe.
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He does possession keep,
And is too wise to hazard partnership.
Dryden.
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3. An alliance or association of persons for the prosecution of an undertaking or a business on joint account; a company; a firm; a house; as, to form a partnership.
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4. (Law) A contract between two or more competent persons for joining together their money, goods, labor, and skill, or any or all of them, under an understanding that there shall be a communion of profit between them, and for the purpose of carrying on a legal trade, business, or adventure. Kent. Story.
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&hand_; Community of profit is absolutely essential to, though not necessarily the test of, a partnership.
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5. (Arith.) See Fellowship, n., 6.
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Limited partnership, a form of partnership in which the firm consists of one or more general partners, jointly and severally responsible as ordinary partners, and one or more special partners, who are not liable for the debts of the partnership beyond the amount of cash they contribute as capital. -- Partnership in commendam, the title given to the limited partnership (F. société en commandité) of the French law, introduced into the code of Louisiana. Burrill. -- Silent partnership, the relation of partnership sustained by a person who furnishes capital only.
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Partook
Par*took" (pär*t&oobreve_;k"), imp. of Partake.
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Partridge
Par"tridge (pär"tr&ibreve_;j), n. [OE. partriche, pertriche, OF. pertris, perdriz, F. perdrix, L. perdix, -icis, fr. Gr. pe`rdix.] (Zool.) 1. Any one of numerous species of small gallinaceous birds of the genus Perdix and several related genera of the family Perdicidæ, of the Old World. The partridge is noted as a game bird.
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Full many a fat partrich had he in mew. Chaucer.
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&hand_; The common European, or gray, partridge (Perdix cinerea) and the red-legged partridge (Caccabis rubra) of Southern Europe and Asia are well-known species.
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2. Any one of several species of quail-like birds belonging to Colinus, and allied genera. [U.S.]
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&hand_; Among them are the bobwhite (Colinus Virginianus) of the Eastern States; the plumed, or mountain, partridge (Oreortyx pictus) of California; the Massena partridge (Cyrtonyx Montezumæ); and the California partridge (Callipepla Californica).
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3. The ruffed grouse (Bonasa umbellus). [New Eng.]
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Bamboo partridge (Zool.), a spurred partridge of the genus Bambusicola. Several species are found in China and the East Indies. -- Night partridge (Zool.), the woodcock. [Local, U.S.] -- Painted partridge (Zool.), a francolin of South Africa (Francolinus pictus). -- Partridge berry. (Bot.) (a) The scarlet berry of a trailing american plant (Mitchella repens) of the order Rubiaceæ, having roundish evergreen leaves, and white fragrant flowers sometimes tinged with purple, growing in pairs with the ovaries united, and producing the berries which remain over winter; also, the plant itself. (b) The fruit of the creeping wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens); also, the plant itself. -- Partridge dove (Zool.) Same as Mountain witch, under Mountain. -- Partridge pea (Bot.), a yellow-flowered leguminous herb (Cassia Chamæcrista), common in sandy fields in the Eastern United States. -- Partridge shell (Zool.), a large marine univalve shell (Dolium perdix), having colors variegated like those of the partridge. -- Partridge wood (a) A variegated wood, much esteemed for cabinetwork. It is obtained from tropical America, and one source of it is said to be the leguminous tree Andira inermis. Called also pheasant wood. (b) A name sometimes given to the dark-colored and striated wood of some kind of palm, which is used for walking sticks and umbrella handles. -- Sea partridge (Zool.), an Asiatic sand partridge (Ammoperdix Bonhami); -- so called from its note. -- Snow partridge (Zool.), a large spurred partridge (Lerwa nivicola) which inhabits the high mountains of Asia; called also jermoonal. -- Spruce partridge. See under Spruce. -- Wood partridge, or Hill partridge (Zool.), any small Asiatic partridge of the genus Arboricola.
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parts
parts (pärts), n. pl. The local environment; as, he hasn't been seen around these parts in years.
[WordNet 1.5]

partsong
part"song` (pärt"s&obreve_;ng`), n. A song with two or more voice parts.
[WordNet 1.5]

part-time
part-time adj. 1. Occupying less than the entire time appropriate to an activity; as, a part-time job. Opposed to full-time.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. Employed for less than the full time usually expended at a task or occupation; as, part-time employees; a part-time teacher. Opposed to full-time. Commonly, thirty-five hours per week or more is considered full-time, and less than 30 is part-time work.
[PJC]

part-time
part-time adv. For less than the usual full time appropriate to an activity; on a part-time basis; as, to sell real estate part-time. Opposed to full-time.
[WordNet 1.5]

part-time
part-time n. A working schedule occupying less than full time, i.e. less than 35 hours per week.
Syn. -- part time.
[WordNet 1.5]

part-timer
part-timer n. Somone who works part-time; a part-time employee. Contrasted with full-timer.
[WordNet 1.5]

Parture
Par"ture (?), n. Departure. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Parturiate
Par*tu"ri*ate (?), v. i. [See Parturient.] To bring forth young. [Obs.]
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Parturiency
Par*tu"ri*en*cy (?), n. Parturition.
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Parturient
Par*tu"ri*ent (?), a. [L. parturiens, p. pr. of parturire to desire to bring forth, fr. parere, partum, to bring forth. See Parent.] Bringing forth, or about to bring forth, young; fruitful. Jer. Taylor.
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Parturifacient
Par*tu`ri*fa"cient (?), n. [L. parturire to desire to bring forth + facere to make.] (Med.) A medicine tending to cause parturition, or to give relief in childbearing. Dunglison.
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Parturious
Par*tu"ri*ous (?), a. Parturient. [Obs.] Drayton.
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Parturition
Par`tu*ri"tion (?), n. [L. parturitio, fr. parturire: cf. F. parturition. See Parturient.] 1. The act of bringing forth, or being delivered of, young; the act of giving birth; delivery; childbirth.
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2. That which is brought forth; a birth. [Obs.]
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Parturitive
Par*tu"ri*tive (?), a. Pertaining to parturition; obstetric. [R.]
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Party
Par"ty (pär"t&ybreve_;), n.; pl. Parties (pär"t&ibreve_;z). [F. parti and partie, fr. F. partir to part, divide, L. partire, partiri. See Part, v.] 1. A part or portion. [Obs.] “The most party of the time.” Chaucer.
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2. A number of persons united in opinion or action, as distinguished from, or opposed to, the rest of a community or association; esp., one of the parts into which a people is divided on questions of public policy.
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Win the noble Brutus to our party. Shak.
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The peace both parties want is like to last. Dryden.
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3. A part of a larger body of company; a detachment; especially (Mil.), a small body of troops dispatched on special service.
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4. A number of persons invited to a social entertainment; a select company; as, a dinner party; also, the entertainment itself; as, to give a party.
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5. One concerned or interested in an affair; one who takes part with others; a participator; as, he was a party to the plot; a party to the contract.
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6. The plaintiff or the defendant in a lawsuit, whether an individual, a firm, or corporation; a litigant.
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The cause of both parties shall come before the judges. Ex. xxii. 9.
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7. Hence, any certain person who is regarded as being opposed or antagonistic to another.
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If the jury found that the party slain was of English race, it had been adjudged felony. Sir J. Davies.
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8. Cause; side; interest.
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Have you nothing said
Upon this Party 'gainst the Duke of Albany?
Shak.
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9. A person; as, he is a queer party. [Now accounted a vulgarism.]
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“For several generations, our ancestors largely employed party for person; but this use of the word, when it appeared to be reviving, happened to strike, more particularly, the fancy of the vulgar; and the consequence has been, that the polite have chosen to leave it in their undisputed possession.” Fitzed. Hall.
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Party jury (Law), a jury composed of different parties, as one which is half natives and half foreigners. -- Party man, a partisan. Swift. -- Party spirit, a factious and unreasonable temper, not uncommonly shown by party men. Whately. -- Party verdict, a joint verdict. Shak. -- Party wall. (a) (Arch.) A wall built upon the dividing line between two adjoining properties, usually having half its thickness on each property. (b) (Law) A wall that separates adjoining houses, as in a block or row.
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Party
Par"ty, a. [F. parti divided, fr. partir to divide. See Part, v., and cf. Partite.] 1. (Her.) Parted or divided, as in the direction or form of one of the ordinaries; as, an escutcheon party per pale.
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2. Partial; favoring one party; partisan.
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I will be true judge, and not party. Chaucer.
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Charter party. See under Charter.
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Party
Par"ty, adv. Partly. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Party-coated
Par"ty-coat`ed (?), a. Having a motley coat, or coat of divers colors. Shak.
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Parti-colored
Party-colored
{ Par"ty-col`ored, Par"ti-col`ored } (?), a. Colored with different tints; variegated; as, a party-colored flower.Parti-colored lambs.” Shak.
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partygoer
par"ty*go`er n. Someone who is attending a party{4}; as, the hall was crowded with an overflow of partygoers.
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Partyism
Par"ty*ism (?), n. Devotion to party.
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Parula
Parula prop. n. The type genus of the Parulidae: wood warblers.
Syn. -- genus Parula.
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Parulidae
Parulidae prop. n. A natural family of New World warblers.
Syn. -- family Parulidae.
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Parumbilical
Par`um*bil"ic*al (?), a. [Pref. para- + umbilical.] (Anat.) Near the umbilicus; -- applied especially to one or more small veins which, in man, connect the portal vein with the epigastric veins in the front wall of the abdomen.
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Parure
Pa`rure" (?), n. [F., OF. pareure, LL. paraura, fr. L. parare to prepare. See Pare.] An ornament or decoration for the person; esp., a decoration consisting of a set of ornaments to be used together; as, a parure of rubies or of embroideries.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Parus
Parus prop. n. The type genus of the family Paridae.
Syn. -- genus Parus.
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Parusia
Pa*ru"si*a (p&adot_;*r&usuml_;"zh&ibreve_;*&adot_;), n. [NL., fr. Gr. paroysi`a presence, fr. parei^nai to be present; para` beside + e'i^nai to be.] (Rhet.) A figure of speech by which the present tense is used instead of the past or the future, as in the animated narration of past, or in the prediction of future, events.
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Parvanimity
Par`va*nim"i*ty (?), n. [L. parvus little + animus mind.] The state or quality of having a little or ignoble mind; pettiness; meanness; -- opposed to magnanimity. De Quincey.
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Parvati
Parvati prop. n. (Hinduism) The wife of Siva and a benevolent aspect of Devi; the goddess of plenty.
Syn. -- Anapurna, Annapurna.
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Parvenu
Par"ve*nu` (?), n. [F., prop. p. p. of parvenir to attain to, to succeed, to rise to high station, L. pervenire to come to; per through + venire to come. See Par, prep., and Come.] An upstart; a man newly risen into notice.
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Parvise
Parvis
{ Par"vis, Par"vise } (?), n. [F. parvis, fr. LL. paravisus, fr. L. paradisus. See Paradise.] A court of entrance to, or an inclosed space before, a church; hence, a church porch; -- sometimes formerly used as place of meeting, as for lawyers. Chaucer.
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Parvity
Parvitude
{ Par"vi*tude (?), Par"vi*ty (?), } n. [L. parvitas, fr. parvus little: cf. OF. parvité.] Littleness. [Obs.] Glanvill. Ray.
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Parvolin
Par"vo*lin (?), n. (Physiol. Chem.) A nonoxygenous ptomaine, formed in the putrefaction of albuminous matters, especially of horseflesh and mackerel.
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Parvoline
Par"vo*line (?), n. (Chem.) A liquid base, C9H13N, of the pyridine group, found in coal tar; also, any one of the series of isomeric substances of which it is the type.
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Pas
Pas (?), n. [F. See Pace.] 1. A pace; a step, as in a dance. Chaucer.
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2. Right of going foremost; precedence. Arbuthnot.
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Pasan
Pa"san (?), n. (Zool.) The gemsbok.
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Pascha
Pasch
{ Pasch (?), ‖Pas"cha (?), } n. [AS. pascha, L. pascha, Gr. &unr_;, fr. Heb. pesach, fr. pāsach to pass over: cf. OF. pasque, F. pâque. Cf. Paschal, Paas, Paque.] The passover; the feast of Easter.
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Pasch egg. See Easter egg, under Easter. -- Pasch flower. See Pasque flower, under Pasque.
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Paschal
Pas"chal (păs"k&aitalic_;l), a. [L. paschalis: cf. F. pascal. See Pasch.] Of or pertaining to the passover, or to Easter; as, a paschal lamb; paschal eggs. Longfellow.
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Paschal candle (R. C. Ch.), a large wax candle, blessed and placed on the altar on Holy Saturday, or the day before Easter. -- Paschal flower. See Pasque flower, under Pasque.
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Paseng
Pa*seng" (pä*s&ebreve_;ng"), n. (Zool.) The wild or bezoar goat. See Goat.
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Pash
Pash (?), v. t. [Prob. of imitative origin, or possibly akin to box to fight with the fists.] To strike; to crush; to smash; to dash in pieces. [Obs.] P. Plowman. “I'll pash him o'er the face.” Shak.
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Pash
Pash, n. [Scot., the pate. Cf. Pash, v. t.] 1. The head; the poll. [R.] “A rough pash.” Shak.
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2. A crushing blow. [Obs.]
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3. A heavy fall of rain or snow. [Prov. Eng.]
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Pasha
Pa*sha" (?), n. [Turk. pāshā, bāshā; cf. Per. bāshā, bādshāh; perh. a corruption of Per. pādishāh. Cf. Bashaw, Padishah, Shah.] An honorary title given to officers of high rank in Turkey, as to governers of provinces, military commanders, etc. The earlier form was bashaw. [Written also pacha.]
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&hand_; There are three classes of pashas, whose rank is distinguished by the number of the horsetails borne on their standards, being one, two, or three, a pasha of three tails being the highest.
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Pashalic
Pa*sha"lic (?), n. [Written also pachalic.] [Turk.] The jurisdiction of a pasha.
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Pashaw
Pa*shaw" (?), n. See Pasha.
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Pasigraphical
Pasigraphic
{ Pas`i*graph"ic (?), Pas`i*graph"ic*al (?) } a. Of or pertaining to pasigraphy.
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Pasigraphy
Pa*sig"ra*phy (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; for all (dat. pl. of &unr_; all) + -graphy.] A system of universal writing, or a manner of writing that may be understood and used by all nations. Good.
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Pasilaly
Pas"i*la`ly (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; for all (dat. pl. of &unr_; all) + &unr_; talking.] A form of speech adapted to be used by all mankind; universal language.
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Pask
Pask (?), n. [See Pasque.] See Pasch.
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Paspy
Pas"py (?), n. [F. passe-pied.] A kind of minuet, in triple time, of French origin, popular in the reign of Queen Elizabeth and for some time after; -- called also passing measure, and passymeasure. Percy Smith.
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Pasque
Pasque (?), n. [OF. pasque.] See Pasch.
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Pasque flower (Bot.), a name of several plants of the genus Anemone, section Pulsatilla. They are perennial herbs with rather large purplish blossoms, which appear in early spring, or about Easter, whence the common name. Called also campana.
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Pasquil
Pas"quil (?), n. [It. pasquillo.] See Pasquin. [R.]
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Pasquil
Pas"quil, v. t. [R.] See Pasquin.
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Pasquilant
Pas"quil*ant (?), n. A lampooner; a pasquiler. [R.] Coleridge.
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Pasquiler
Pas"quil*er (?), n. A lampooner. [R.] Burton.
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Pasquin
Pas"quin (?), n. [It. pasquino a mutilated statue at Rome, set up against the wall of the place of the Orsini; -- so called from a witty cobbler or tailor, near whose shop the statue was dug up. On this statue it was customary to paste satiric papers.] A lampooner; also, a lampoon. See Pasquinade.
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The Grecian wits, who satire first began,
Were pleasant pasquins on the life of man.
Dryden.
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Pasquin
Pas"quin, v. t. To lampoon; to satiraze. [R.]
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To see himself pasquined and affronted. Dryden.
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Pasquinade
Pas`quin*ade" (?), n. [F. pasquinade, It. pasquinata.] A lampoon or satirical writing. Macaulay.
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Pasquinade
Pas`quin*ade", v. t. To lampoon, to satirize.
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Pass
Pass (p&adot_;s, păs), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Passed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Passing.] [F. passer, LL. passare, fr. L. passus step, or from pandere, passum, to spread out, lay open. See Pace.] 1. To go; to move; to proceed; to be moved or transferred from one point to another; to make a transit; -- usually with a following adverb or adverbal phrase defining the kind or manner of motion; as, to pass on, by, out, in, etc.; to pass swiftly, directly, smoothly, etc.; to pass to the rear, under the yoke, over the bridge, across the field, beyond the border, etc. “But now pass over [i. e., pass on].” Chaucer.
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On high behests his angels to and fro
Passed frequent.
Milton.
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Sweet sounds rose slowly through their mouths,
And from their bodies passed.
Coleridge.
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2. To move or be transferred from one state or condition to another; to change possession, condition, or circumstances; to undergo transition; as, the business has passed into other hands.
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Others, dissatisfied with what they have, . . . pass from just to unjust. Sir W. Temple.
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3. To move beyond the range of the senses or of knowledge; to pass away; hence, to disappear; to vanish; to depart; specifically, to depart from life; to die.
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Disturb him not, let him pass paceably. Shak.
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Beauty is a charm, but soon the charm will pass. Dryden.
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The passing of the sweetest soul
That ever looked with human eyes.
Tennyson.
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4. To move or to come into being or under notice; to come and go in consciousness; hence, to take place; to occur; to happen; to come; to occur progressively or in succession; to be present transitorily.
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So death passed upon all men. Rom. v. 12.
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Our own consciousness of what passes within our own mind. I. Watts.
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5. To go by or glide by, as time; to elapse; to be spent; as, their vacation passed pleasantly.
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Now the time is far passed. Mark vi. 35
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6. To go from one person to another; hence, to be given and taken freely; as, clipped coin will not pass; to obtain general acceptance; to be held or regarded; to circulate; to be current; -- followed by for before a word denoting value or estimation. “Let him pass for a man.” Shak.
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False eloquence passeth only where true is not understood. Felton.
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This will not pass for a fault in him. Atterbury.
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7. To advance through all the steps or stages necessary to validity or effectiveness; to be carried through a body that has power to sanction or reject; to receive legislative sanction; to be enacted; as, the resolution passed; the bill passed both houses of Congress.
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8. To go through any inspection or test successfully; to be approved or accepted; as, he attempted the examination, but did not expect to pass.
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9. To be suffered to go on; to be tolerated; hence, to continue; to live along. “The play may pass.” Shak.
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10. To go unheeded or neglected; to proceed without hindrance or opposition; as, we let this act pass.
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11. To go beyond bounds; to surpass; to be in excess. [Obs.] “This passes, Master Ford.” Shak.
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12. To take heed; to care. [Obs.]
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As for these silken-coated slaves, I pass not. Shak.
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13. To go through the intestines. Arbuthnot.
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14. (Law) To be conveyed or transferred by will, deed, or other instrument of conveyance; as, an estate passes by a certain clause in a deed. Mozley & W.
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15. (Fencing) To make a lunge or pass; to thrust.
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16. (Card Playing) To decline to play in one's turn; in euchre, to decline to make the trump.
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She would not play, yet must not pass. Prior.
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To bring to pass, To come to pass. See under Bring, and Come. -- To pass away, to disappear; to die; to vanish. “The heavens shall pass away.” 2 Pet. iii. 10. “I thought to pass away before, but yet alive I am.” Tennyson. -- To pass by, to go near and beyond a certain person or place; as, he passed by as we stood there. -- To pass into, to change by a gradual transmission; to blend or unite with. -- To pass on, to proceed. -- To pass on or To pass upon. (a) To happen to; to come upon; to affect. “So death passed upon all men.” Rom. v. 12. “Provided no indirect act pass upon our prayers to define them.” Jer. Taylor. (b) To determine concerning; to give judgment or sentence upon. “We may not pass upon his life.” Shak. -- To pass off, to go away; to cease; to disappear; as, an agitation passes off. -- To pass over, to go from one side or end to the other; to cross, as a river, road, or bridge.
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Pass
Pass (?), v. t. 1. In simple, transitive senses; as: (a) To go by, beyond, over, through, or the like; to proceed from one side to the other of; as, to pass a house, a stream, a boundary, etc. (b) Hence: To go from one limit to the other of; to spend; to live through; to have experience of; to undergo; to suffer. “To pass commodiously this life.” Milton.
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She loved me for the dangers I had passed. Shak.
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(c) To go by without noticing; to omit attention to; to take no note of; to disregard.
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Please you that I may pass This doing. Shak.
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I pass their warlike pomp, their proud array. Dryden.
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(d) To transcend; to surpass; to excel; to exceed.
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And strive to pass . . .
Their native music by her skillful art.
Spenser.
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Whose tender power
Passes the strength of storms in their most desolate hour.
Byron.
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(e) To go successfully through, as an examination, trail, test, etc.; to obtain the formal sanction of, as a legislative body; as, he passed his examination; the bill passed the senate.
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2. In causative senses: as: (a) To cause to move or go; to send; to transfer from one person, place, or condition to another; to transmit; to deliver; to hand; to make over; as, the waiter passed bisquit and cheese; the torch was passed from hand to hand.
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I had only time to pass my eye over the medals. Addison.
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Waller passed over five thousand horse and foot by Newbridge. Clarendon.
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(b) To cause to pass the lips; to utter; to pronounce; hence, to promise; to pledge; as, to pass sentence. Shak.
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Father, thy word is passed. Milton.
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(c) To cause to advance by stages of progress; to carry on with success through an ordeal, examination, or action; specifically, to give legal or official sanction to; to ratify; to enact; to approve as valid and just; as, he passed the bill through the committee; the senate passed the law. (e) To put in circulation; to give currency to; as, to pass counterfeit money.Pass the happy news.” Tennyson. (f) To cause to obtain entrance, admission, or conveyance; as, to pass a person into a theater, or over a railroad.
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3. To emit from the bowels; to evacuate.
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4. (Naut.) To take a turn with (a line, gasket, etc.), as around a sail in furling, and make secure.
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5. (Fencing) To make, as a thrust, punto, etc. Shak.
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Passed midshipman. See under Midshipman. -- To pass a dividend, to omit the declaration and payment of a dividend at the time when due. -- To pass away, to spend; to waste. “Lest she pass away the flower of her age.” Ecclus. xlii. 9. -- To pass by. (a) To disregard; to neglect. (b) To excuse; to spare; to overlook. -- To pass off, to impose fraudulently; to palm off.Passed himself off as a bishop.” Macaulay. -- To pass (something) on (some one) or To pass (something) upon (some one), to put upon as a trick or cheat; to palm off. “She passed the child on her husband for a boy.” Dryden. -- To pass over, to overlook; not to note or resent; as, to pass over an affront.
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Pass
Pass, n. [Cf. F. pas (for sense 1), and passe, fr. passer to pass. See Pass, v. i.] 1. An opening, road, or track, available for passing; especially, one through or over some dangerous or otherwise impracticable barrier; a passageway; a defile; a ford; as, a mountain pass.
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“Try not the pass!” the old man said. Longfellow.
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2. (Fencing) A thrust or push; an attempt to stab or strike an adversary. Shak.
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3. A movement of the hand over or along anything; the manipulation of a mesmerist.
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4. (Rolling Metals) A single passage of a bar, rail, sheet, etc., between the rolls.
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5. State of things; condition; predicament.
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Have his daughters brought him to this pass. Shak.
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Matters have been brought to this pass. South.
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6. Permission or license to pass, or to go and come; a psssport; a ticket permitting free transit or admission; as, a railroad or theater pass; a military pass.
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A ship sailing under the flag and pass of an enemy. Kent.
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7. Fig.: a thrust; a sally of wit. Shak.
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8. Estimation; character. [Obs.]
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Common speech gives him a worthy pass. Shak.
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9. [Cf. Passus.] A part; a division. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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10. (Sports) In football, hockey, and other team sports, a transfer of the ball, puck, etc., to another player of one's own team, usually at some distance. In American football, the pass is through the air by an act of throwing the ball.
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

Pass boat (Naut.), a punt, or similar boat. -- Pass book. (a) A book in which a trader enters articles bought on credit, and then passes or sends it to the purchaser. (b) See Bank book. -- Pass box (Mil.), a wooden or metallic box, used to carry cartridges from the service magazine to the piece. -- Pass check, a ticket of admission to a place of entertainment, or of readmission for one who goes away in expectation of returning.
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Passable
Pass"a*ble (?), a. [Cf. F. passable.] 1. Capable of being passed, traveled, navigated, traversed, penetrated, or the like; as, the roads are not passable; the stream is passablein boats.
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His body's a passable carcass if it be not hurt; it is a throughfare for steel. Shak.
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2. Capable of being freely circulated or disseminated; acceptable; generally receivable; current.
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With men as with false money -- one piece is more or less passable than another. L'Estrange.
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Could they have made this slander passable. Collier.
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3. Such as may be accepted or allowed to pass without serious objection; adequate; acceptable; tolerable; admissable; moderate; mediocre.
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My version will appear a passable beauty when the original muse is absent. Dryden.
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Passableness
Pass"a*ble*ness, n. The quality of being passable.
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Passably
Pass"a*bly, adv. Tolerably; moderately.
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Passacaglio
Passacaglia
{ ‖Pas`sa*ca*glia (?), ‖Pas`sa*ca*glio (?), } n. [Sp. pasacalle a certain tune on the guitar, prop., a tune played in passing through the streets.] (Mus.) An old Italian or Spanish dance tune, in slow three-four measure, with divisions on a ground bass, resembling a chaconne.
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Passado
Passade
{ Pas*sade" (?), Pas*sa"do (?), } n. [F. passade; cf. Sp. pasada. See Pass, v. i.] 1. (Fencing) A pass or thrust. Shak.
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2. (Man.) A turn or course of a horse backward or forward on the same spot of ground.
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Passage
Pas"sage (?), n. [F. passage. See Pass, v. i.] 1. The act of passing; transit from one place to another; movement from point to point; a going by, over, across, or through; as, the passage of a man or a carriage; the passage of a ship or a bird; the passage of light; the passage of fluids through the pores or channels of the body.
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What! are my doors opposed against my passage! Shak.
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2. Transit by means of conveyance; journey, as by water, carriage, car, or the like; travel; right, liberty, or means, of passing; conveyance.
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The ship in which he had taken passage. Macaulay.
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3. Price paid for the liberty to pass; fare; as, to pay one's passage.
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4. Removal from life; decease; departure; death. [R.] “Endure thy mortal passage.” Milton.
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When he is fit and season'd for his passage. Shak.
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5. Way; road; path; channel or course through or by which one passes; way of exit or entrance; way of access or transit. Hence, a common avenue to various apartments in a building; a hall; a corridor.
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And with his pointed dart
Explores the nearest passage to his heart.
Dryden.
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The Persian army had advanced into the . . . passages of Cilicia. South.
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6. A continuous course, process, or progress; a connected or continuous series; as, the passage of time.
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The conduct and passage of affairs. Sir J. Davies.
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The passage and whole carriage of this action. Shak.
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7. A separate part of a course, process, or series; an occurrence; an incident; an act or deed. “In thy passages of life.” Shak.
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The . . . almost incredible passage of their unbelief. South.
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8. A particular portion constituting a part of something continuous; esp., a portion of a book, speech, or musical composition; a paragraph; a clause.
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How commentators each dark passage shun. Young.
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9. Reception; currency. [Obs.] Sir K. Digby.
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10. A pass or en encounter; as, a passage at arms.
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No passages of love
Betwixt us twain henceforward evermore.
Tennyson.
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11. A movement or an evacuation of the bowels.
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12. In parliamentary proceedings: (a) The course of a proposition (bill, resolution, etc.) through the several stages of consideration and action; as, during its passage through Congress the bill was amended in both Houses. (b) The advancement of a bill or other proposition from one stage to another by an affirmative vote; esp., the final affirmative action of the body upon a proposition; hence, adoption; enactment; as, the passage of the bill to its third reading was delayed. “The passage of the Stamp Act.” D. Hosack.
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The final question was then put upon its passage. Cushing.
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In passage, in passing; cursorily. “These . . . have been studied but in passage.” Bacon. -- Middle passage, Northeast passage, Northwest passage. See under Middle, Northeast, etc. -- Of passage, passing from one place, region, or climate, to another; migratory; -- said especially of birds. “Birds of passage.” Longfellow. -- Passage hawk, a hawk taken on its passage or migration. -- Passage money, money paid for conveyance of a passenger, -- usually for carrying passengers by water.
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Syn. -- Vestibule; hall; corridor. See Vestibule.
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Passager
Pas"sa*ger (?), n. [See Passenger.] A passenger; a bird or boat of passage. [Obs.] Ld. Berners.
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Passageway
Pas"sage*way` (?), n. A way for passage; a hall. See Passage, 5.
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Passant
Pas"sant (?), a. [F., p. pr. of passer. See Pass, v. i.] 1. Passing from one to another; in circulation; current. [Obs.]
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Many opinions are passant. Sir T. Browne.
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2. Curs&unr_;ry, careless. [Obs.]
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On a passant rewiew of what I wrote to the bishop. Sir P. Pett.
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3. Surpassing; excelling. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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4. (Her.) Walking; -- said of any animal on an escutcheon, which is represented as walking with the dexter paw raised.
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Passee
Passe
passe
{ pas*se", ‖Pas`sé", masc.Pas`sé"e, fem. } (pă*s&auptack_;), a. [F.] Past; gone by; hence, past one's prime; worn; faded; as, a passée belle. Ld. Lytton.
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2. Same as old-fashioned, a., 2.
Syn. -- antique, demode, old-fashioned, old-hat(predicate), outmoded, out-of-date, out of fashion(predicate), out of style(predicate), passe.
[WordNet 1.5]

3. Past; -- used appositively; as, time passe.
[PJC]

Passegarde
Passe"garde` (?), n. [F.] (Anc. Armor) A ridge or projecting edge on a shoulder piece to turn the blow of a lance or other weapon from the joint of the armor.
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Passement
Passe"ment (?), n. [F.] Lace, gimp, braid etc., sewed on a garment. Sir W. Scott.
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Passementerie
Passe*men"terie (E. p&adot_;s*m&ebreve_;n"tr&ibreve_;; F. pä`s'mäN`t'r&euptack_;"), n. [F.] Trimmings, esp. of braids, cords, gimps, beads, or tinsel.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

passenger
pas"sen*ger (păs"s&ebreve_;n*j&etilde_;r), n. [OE. & F. passager. See Passage, and cf. Messenger.] 1. A passer or passer-by; a wayfarer. Shak.
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2. A traveler by some established conveyance, as a coach, steamboat, railroad train, etc.
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Passenger falcon (Zool.), a migratory hawk. Ainsworth.
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Passenger mile
Pas"sen*ger mile. (Railroads) A unit of measurement of the passenger transportation performed by a railroad during a given period, usually a year, the total of which consists of the sum of the miles traversed by all the passengers on the road in the period in question.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Passenger mileage
Passenger mileage. (Railroads) Passenger miles collectively; the total number of miles traveled by passengers on a railroad during a given period.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

passenger pigeon
passenger pigeon (Zool.), A once common wild pigeon of North America (Ectopistes migratorius), now extinct. It was so called on account of its extensive migrations.
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&hand_; The passenger pigeon presents a striking example of how dramatic a negative influence man can have on other species. The population of the passenger pigeon is estimated to have been at one time as high as five billion in North America, but over a period of about one hundred years large scale hunting for use as food and killing for “sport” reduced the numbers below that necessary to sustain existence of the species. At one time over 200,000 birds were shipped to the food markets in one day. The last wild pigeon is believed to have died in 1900, and the last bird in captivity died in 1914. It is a rare example of the date of a man-made extinction being recorded with certainty.
[PJC]

Passe partout
passe-partout
passe`-par`tout", ‖Passe" par`tout" (päs` pär`t&oomacr_;"), n. [F., from passer to pass + partout everywhere.] 1. That by which one can pass anywhere; a safe-conduct. [Obs.] Dryden.
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2. A master key; a latchkey. [wns=1]
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3. A light picture frame or mat of cardboard, wood, or the like, usually put between the picture and the glass, and sometimes serving for several pictures.
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4. A strip of adhesive paper or gummed tape used to mount a picture between a piece of glass and a backing. [wns=2]
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5. The method of mounting a picture between a piece of glass and a backing, using a passe-partout{4}.
[PJC]

Passer
Pass"er (?), n. One who passes; a passenger.
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Passer-by
passerby
pas`ser*by", Pass`er-by" (?), n. One who passes by, especially casually or by chance; one not directly involved in some action; a passer.
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Passeres
Pas"se*res (?), prop. n. pl. [NL., fr. L. passer a sparrow.] (Zool.) An order, or suborder, of birds, including more that half of all the known species. It embraces all singing birds (Oscines), together with many other small perching birds.
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Passeriform
Pas*ser"i*form (?), a. (Zool.) Like or belonging to the Passeres.
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Passeriformes
Passeriformes prop. n. The largest order of birds comprising about half the known species: rooks; finches; sparrows; tits; warblers; robins; wrens; swallows; etc.; in four suborders: Eurylaimi; Tyranni; Menurae; Oscines or Passeres.
Syn. -- order Passeriformes.
[WordNet 1.5]

Passerina
Passerina prop. n. A genus of small North American bush-loving finches; the New World buntings.
Syn. -- genus Passerina.
[WordNet 1.5]

Passerine
Pas"ser*ine (?), a. [L. passerinus, fr. passer a sparrow.] (Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Passeres.
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The columbine, gallinaceous, and passerine tribes people the fruit trees. Sydney Smith.
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Passerine
Pas"ser*ine, n. (Zool.) One of the Passeres.
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Passibility
Pas`si*bil"i*ty (?), n. [L. passibilitas: cf. F. passibilité.] The quality or state of being passible; aptness to feel or suffer; sensibility. Hakewill.
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Passible
Pas"si*ble (?), a. [L. passibilis, fr. pati, to suffer: cf. F. passible. See Passion.] Susceptible of feeling or suffering, or of impressions from external agents.
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Apolinarius, which held even deity itself passible. Hooker.
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Passibleness
Pas"si*ble*ness, n. Passibility. Brerewood.
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Passiflora
Pas"si*flo"ra (?), n. [NL., from L. passio passion (fr. pati, passus, to suffer) + flos, floris, flower.] (Bot.) A genus of plants, including the passion flower. It is the type of the order Passifloreæ, which includes about nineteen genera and two hundred and fifty species.
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Passifloraceae
Passifloraceae prop. n. A natural family of tropical woody tendril-climbing vines.
Syn. -- family Passifloraceae, passionflower family.
[WordNet 1.5]

Passim
Pas"sim (?), adv. [L.] Here and there; everywhere; as, this word occurs passim in the poem.
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Passing
Pass"ing (?), n. The act of one who, or that which, passes; the act of going by or away.
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Passing bell, a tolling of a bell to announce that a soul is passing, or has passed, from its body (formerly done to invoke prayers for the dying); also, a tolling during the passing of a funeral procession to the grave, or during funeral ceremonies. Sir W. Scott. Longfellow.
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Passing
Pass"ing, a. 1. Relating to the act of passing or going; going by, beyond, through, or away; departing.
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2. Exceeding; surpassing, eminent. Chaucer. “Her passing deformity.” Shak.
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Passing note (Mus.), a character including a passing tone. -- Passing tone (Mus.), a tone introduced between two other tones, on an unaccented portion of a measure, for the sake of smoother melody, but forming no essential part of the harmony.
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Passing
Pass"ing, adv. Exceedingly; excessively; surpassingly; as, passing fair; passing strange. “You apprehend passing shrewdly.” Shak.
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Passingly
Pass"ing*ly, adv. Exceedingly. Wyclif.
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Passion
Pas"sion (?), n. [F., fr. L. passio, fr. pati, passus, to suffer. See Patient.] 1. A suffering or enduring of imposed or inflicted pain; any suffering or distress (as, a cardiac passion); specifically, the suffering of Christ between the time of the last supper and his death, esp. in the garden upon the cross. “The passions of this time.” Wyclif (Rom. viii. 18).
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To whom also he showed himself alive after his passion, by many infallible proofs. Acts i. 3.
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2. The state of being acted upon; subjection to an external agent or influence; a passive condition; -- opposed to action.
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A body at rest affords us no idea of any active power to move, and, when set in motion, it is rather a passion than an action in it. Locke.
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3. Capacity of being affected by external agents; susceptibility of impressions from external agents. [R.]
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Moldable and not moldable, scissible and not scissible, and many other passions of matter. Bacon.
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4. The state of the mind when it is powerfully acted upon and influenced by something external to itself; the state of any particular faculty which, under such conditions, becomes extremely sensitive or uncontrollably excited; any emotion or sentiment (specifically, love or anger) in a state of abnormal or controlling activity; an extreme or inordinate desire; also, the capacity or susceptibility of being so affected; as, to be in a passion; the passions of love, hate, jealously, wrath, ambition, avarice, fear, etc.; a passion for war, or for drink; an orator should have passion as well as rhetorical skill. “A passion fond even to idolatry.” Macaulay. “Her passion is to seek roses.” Lady M. W. Montagu.
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We also are men of like passions with you. Acts xiv. 15.
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The nature of the human mind can not be sufficiently understood, without considering the affections and passions, or those modifications or actions of the mind consequent upon the apprehension of certain objects or events in which the mind generally conceives good or evil. Hutcheson.
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The term passion, and its adverb passionately, often express a very strong predilection for any pursuit, or object of taste -- a kind of enthusiastic fondness for anything. Cogan.
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The bravery of his grief did put me
Into a towering passion.
Shak.
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The ruling passion, be it what it will,
The ruling passion conquers reason still.
Pope.
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Who walked in every path of human life,
Felt every passion.
Akenside.
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When statesmen are ruled by faction and interest, they can have no passion for the glory of their country. Addison.
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5. Disorder of the mind; madness. [Obs.] Shak.
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6. Passion week. See Passion week, below. R. of Gl.
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Passion flower (Bot.), any flower or plant of the genus Passiflora; -- so named from a fancied resemblance of parts of the flower to the instruments of the crucifixion of Christ.
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&hand_; The flowers are showy, and the fruit is sometimes highly esteemed (see Granadilla, and Maypop). The roots and leaves are generally more or less noxious, and are used in medicine. The plants are mostly tendril climbers, and are commonest in the warmer parts of America, though a few species are Asiatic or Australian.
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Passion music (Mus.), originally, music set to the gospel narrative of the passion of our Lord; after the Reformation, a kind of oratorio, with narrative, chorals, airs, and choruses, having for its theme the passion and crucifixion of Christ. -- Passion play, a mystery play, in which the scenes connected with the passion of our Savior are represented dramatically. -- Passion Sunday (Eccl.), the fifth Sunday in Lent, or the second before Easter. -- Passion Week, the last week but one in Lent, or the second week preceding Easter. “The name of Passion week is frequently, but improperly, applied to Holy Week.” Shipley.
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Syn. -- Passion, Feeling, Emotion. When any feeling or emotion completely masters the mind, we call it a passion; as, a passion for music, dress, etc.; especially is anger (when thus extreme) called passion. The mind, in such cases, is considered as having lost its self-control, and become the passive instrument of the feeling in question.
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Passion
Pas"sion (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Passioned (?); p. pr & vb. n. Passioning.] To give a passionate character to. [R.] Keats.
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Passion
Pas"sion, v. i. To suffer pain or sorrow; to experience a passion; to be extremely agitated. [Obs.] “Dumbly she passions, frantically she doteth.” Shak.
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Passional
Pas"sion*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to passion or the passions; exciting, influenced by, or ministering to, the passions. -- n. A passionary.
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Passionary
Pas"sion*a*ry (?), n. [L. passionarius: cf. F. passionaire.] A book in which are described the sufferings of saints and martyrs. T. Warton.
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Passionate
Pas"sion*ate (?), a. [LL. passionatus: cf. F. passionné.] 1. Capable or susceptible of passion, or of different passions; easily moved, excited or agitated; specifically, easily moved to anger; irascible; quick-tempered; as, a passionate nature.
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Homer's Achilles is haughty and passionate. Prior.
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2. Characterized by passion; expressing passion; ardent in feeling or desire; vehement; warm; as, a passionate friendship. “The passionate Pilgrim.” Shak.
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3. Suffering; sorrowful. [Obs.] Shak.
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Passionate
Pas"sion*ate (?), v. i. 1. To affect with passion; to impassion. [Obs.]
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Great pleasure, mixed with pitiful regard,
The godly king and queen did passionate.
Spenser.
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2. To express feelingly or sorrowfully. [Obs.] Shak.
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Passionately
Pas"sion*ate*ly (?), adv. 1. In a passionate manner; with strong feeling; ardently.
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Sorrow expresses itself . . . loudly and passionately. South.
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2. Angrily; irascibly. Locke.
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Passionateness
Pas"sion*ate*ness, n. The state or quality of being passionate.
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Passionist
Pas"sion*ist, n. (R. C. Ch.) A member of a religious order founded in Italy in 1737, and introduced into the United States in 1852. The members of the order unite the austerities of the Trappists with the activity and zeal of the Jesuits and Lazarists. Called also Barefooted Clerks of the Most Holy Cross.
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Passionless
Pas"sion*less (?), a. Void of passion; without anger or emotion; not easily excited; calm. “Self-contained and passionless.” Tennyson.
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Passiontide
Pas"sion*tide` (?), n. [Passion + tide time.] The last fortnight of Lent.
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Passive
Pas"sive (?), a. [L. passivus: cf. F. passif. See Passion.] 1. Not active, but acted upon; suffering or receiving impressions or influences; as, they were passive spectators, not actors in the scene.
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The passive air
Upbore their nimble tread.
Milton.
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The mind is wholly passive in the reception of all its simple ideas. Locke.
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2. Receiving or enduring without either active sympathy or active resistance; without emotion or excitement; patient; not opposing; unresisting; as, passive obedience; passive submission.
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The best virtue, passive fortitude. Massinger.
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3. (Chem.) Inactive; inert; unreactive; not showing strong affinity; as, red phosphorus is comparatively passive.
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4. (Med.) Designating certain morbid conditions, as hemorrhage or dropsy, characterized by relaxation of the vessels and tissues, with deficient vitality and lack of reaction in the affected tissues.
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Passive congestion (Med.), congestion due to obstruction to the return of the blood from the affected part. -- Passive iron (Chem.), iron which has been subjected to the action of heat, of strong nitric acid, chlorine, etc. It is then not easily acted upon by acids. -- Passive movement (Med.), a movement of a part, in order to exercise it, made without the assistance of the muscles which ordinarily move the part. -- Passive obedience (as used by writers on government), obedience or submission of the subject or citizen as a duty in all cases to the existing government. -- Passive prayer, among mystic divines, a suspension of the activity of the soul or intellectual faculties, the soul remaining quiet, and yielding only to the impulses of grace. -- Passive verb, or Passive voice (Gram.), a verb, or form of a verb, which expresses the effect of the action of some agent; as, in Latin, doceor, I am taught; in English, she is loved; the picture is admired by all; he is assailed by slander.
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Syn. -- Inactive; inert; quiescent; unresisting; unopposing; suffering; enduring; submissive; patient.
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Passive aeroplane
Passive balloon
{ Pas"sive bal*loon" or Pas"sive a"ër*o*plane }. One unprovided with motive power.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Passive flight
Passive flight. Flight, such as gliding and soaring, accomplished without the use of motive power.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Passively
Pas"sive*ly, adv. 1. In a passive manner; inertly; unresistingly.
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2. As a passive verb; in the passive voice.
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Passiveness
Pas"sive*ness, n. The quality or state of being passive; unresisting submission.
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To be an effect implies passiveness, or the being subject to the power and action of its cause. J. Edwards.
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passivism
pas"si*vism` n. 1. The doctrine that all violence is unjustifiable; hence, the principle of passive resistance. [wns=1]
Syn. -- pacifism.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. The quality of being passive.
[PJC]

Passivity
Pas*siv"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. passivité.] 1. Passiveness; -- opposed to activity. Jer. Taylor.
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2. (Physics) The tendency of a body to remain in a given state, either of motion or rest, till disturbed by another body; inertia. Cheyne.
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3. (Chem.) The quality or condition of any substance which has no inclination to chemical activity; inactivity.
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Pass-key
Pass"-key` (?), n. A key for opening more locks than one; a master key.
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Passless
Pass"less, a. Having no pass; impassable. Cowley.
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Passman
Pass"man (?), n.; pl. Passmen (&unr_;). One who passes for a degree, without honors. See Classman, 2. [Eng. Univ.]
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Passover
Pass"o`ver (?), n. [Pass + over. See Pasch.] (Jewish Antiq.) (a) A feast of the Jews, instituted to commemorate the sparing of the Hebrews in Egypt, when God, smiting the firstborn of the Egyptians, passed over the houses of the Israelites which were marked with the blood of a lamb. (b) The sacrifice offered at the feast of the passover; the paschal lamb. Ex. xii.
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Pass-parole
Pass`-pa*role" (?), n. [F. passe-parole.] (Mil.) An order passed from front to rear by word of mouth.
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Passport
Pass"port (&unr_;), n. [F. passeport, orig., a permission to leave a port or to sail into it; passer to pass + port a port, harbor. See Pass, and Port a harbor.] 1. Permission to pass; a document given by the competent officer of a state, permitting the person therein named to pass or travel from place to place, without molestation, by land or by water.
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Caution in granting passports to Ireland. Clarendon.
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2. A document carried by neutral merchant vessels in time of war, to certify their nationality and protect them from belligerents; a sea letter.
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3. A license granted in time of war for the removal of persons and effects from a hostile country; a safe-conduct. Burrill.
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4. Figuratively: Anything which secures advancement and general acceptance. Sir P. Sidney.
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His passport is his innocence and grace. Dryden.
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Passus
Pas"sus (?), n.; pl. L. Passus, E. Passuses (&unr_;). [L., a step, a pace. See Pace.] A division or part; a canto; as, the passus of Piers Plowman. See 2d Fit.
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Password
Pass"word` (?), n. A word to be given before a person is allowed to pass; a watchword; a countersign. Macaulay.
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Passymeasure
Pas"sy*meas`ure (?), n. [Corrupted fr. It. passamezzo.] [Obs.] See Paspy. Shak.
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Past
Past (?), a. [From Pass, v.] Of or pertaining to a former time or state; neither present nor future; gone by; elapsed; ended; spent; as, past troubles; past offences.Past ages.” Milton.
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Past master. See under Master.
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Past
Past, n. A former time or state; a state of things gone by. “The past, at least, is secure.” D. Webster.
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The present is only intelligible in the light of the past, often a very remote past indeed. Trench.
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Past
Past, prep. 1. Beyond, in position, or degree; further than; beyond the reach or influence of. “Who being past feeling.” Eph. iv. 19. “Galled past endurance.” Macaulay.
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Until we be past thy borders. Num. xxi. 22.
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Love, when once past government, is consequently past shame. L'Estrange.
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2. Beyond, in time; after; as, past the hour.
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Is it not past two o'clock? Shak.
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3. Above; exceeding; more than. [R.]
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Not past three quarters of a mile. Shak.
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Bows not past three quarters of a yard long. Spenser.
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Past
Past (p&adot_;st), adv. By; beyond; as, he ran past.
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The alarum of drums swept past. Longfellow.
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pasta
pas"ta (p&adot_;"st&adot_;; Brit. păs"t&adot_;) n. Any of a variety of edible unleavened doughey preparations made from flour, eggs and water, originating in Italy, and shaped into various forms, such as solid strings (as spaghetti), hollow tubes, or layered squares (ravioli). They may be mixed with various sauces, often having a tomato base, or filled with meat or cheese fillings.
Syn. -- Italian paste, paste.
[WordNet 1.5]

Paste
Paste (pāst), n. [OF. paste, F. pâte, L. pasta, fr. Gr. &unr_; barley broth; cf. &unr_; barley porridge, &unr_; sprinkled with salt, &unr_; to sprinkle. Cf. Pasty, n., Patty.] 1. A soft composition, as of flour moistened with water or milk, or of earth moistened to the consistence of dough, as in making potter's ware.
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2. Specifically, in cookery, a dough prepared for the crust of pies and the like; pastry dough.
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3. A kind of cement made of flour and water, starch and water, or the like, -- used for uniting paper or other substances, as in bookbinding, etc., -- also used in calico printing as a vehicle for mordant or color.
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4. A highly refractive vitreous composition, variously colored, used in making imitations of precious stones or gems. See Strass.
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5. A soft confection made of the inspissated juice of fruit, licorice, or the like, with sugar, etc.
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6. (Min.) The mineral substance in which other minerals are imbedded.
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Paste eel (Zool.), the vinegar eel. See under Vinegar.
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Paste
Paste, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Pasted; p. pr. & vb. n. Pasting.] To unite with paste; to fasten or join by means of paste.
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Pasteboard
Paste"board` (?), n. 1. A stiff thick kind of paper board, formed of several single sheets pasted one upon another, or of paper macerated and pressed into molds, etc.
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2. (Cookery) A board on which pastry dough is rolled; a molding board.
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pasted
pasted adj. Affixed with glue or paste.
Syn. -- glued, stuck to(predicate).
[WordNet 1.5]

Pastel
Pas"tel (?), n. [F.; cf. It. pastello. Cf. Pastil.] 1. A crayon made of a paste composed of a color ground with gum water. [Sometimes incorrectly written pastil.] “Charming heads in pastel.” W. Black.
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2. (Bot.) A plant affording a blue dye; the woad (Isatis tinctoria); also, the dye itself.
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Paster
Past"er (?), n. 1. One who pastes; as, a paster in a government department.
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2. A slip of paper, usually bearing a name, intended to be pasted by the voter, as a substitute, over another name on a printed ballot. [Cant, U.S.]
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Pastern
Pas"tern (?), n. [Of. pasturon, F. pâturon, fr. OF. pasture a tether, for beasts while pasturing; prop., a pasturing. See Pasture.] 1. The part of the foot of the horse, and allied animals, between the fetlock and the coffin joint. See Illust. of Horse.
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&hand_; The upper bone, or phalanx, of the foot is called the great pastern bone; the second, the small pastern bone; and the third, in the hoof, the coffin bone.
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Pastern joint, the joint in the hoof of the horse, and allied animals, between the great and small pastern bones.
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2. A shackle for horses while pasturing. Knight.
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3. A patten. [Obs.] Dryden.
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paste-up
paste-up n. A composition of a flat object on a board or other backing; as, they showed him a paste-up of the book jacket.
[WordNet 1.5]

pasteurellosis
pasteurellosis n. An acute infectious disease characterized by pneumonia and blood infection.
Syn. -- hemorrhagic septicemia.
[WordNet 1.5]

Pasteurian
Pas*teur"i*an (?), prop. a. Of or pertaining to Louis Pasteur.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Pasteurism
Pas*teur"ism (?), n. [Fr. Pasteur, a French scientist.] 1. A method of treatment, devised by Pasteur, for preventing certain diseases, as hydrophobia, by successive inoculations with an attenuated virus of gradually increasing strength.
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2. Pasteurization.
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Pasteurization
Pas*teur`i*za"tion (?), n. A process devised by Pasteur for preventing or checking fermentation in fluids, such as wines, milk, etc., by exposure to a temperature of 140° F., thus destroying the vitality of the contained microorganisms.
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Pasteurize
Pas*teur"ize (?), v. t. 1. To subject to pasteurization.
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2. To treat by pasteurism.
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Pasteurizer
Pas"teur*iz`er (?), n. One that Pasteurizes, specif. an apparatus for heating and agitating, fluid.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Pasteur's fluid
Pas`teur's" flu"id (?). (Biol.) An artificial nutrient fluid invented by Pasteur for the study of alcoholic fermentation, but used also for the cultivation of bacteria and other organisms. It contains all the elements of protoplasm, and was originally made of the ash of yeast, some ammonia compound, sugar, and water.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Pasticcio
Pas*tic"ci*o (?), n. [It., fr. pasta. See Paste.] 1. A medley; an olio. [R.] H. Swinburne.
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2. (Fine Arts) (a) A work of art imitating directly the work of another artist, or of more artists than one. (b) A falsified work of art, as a vase or statue made up of parts of original works, with missing parts supplied.
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pasties
pas"ties (pās"tēz) n. A pair of adhesive patches worn to cover the nipples of exotic dancers and striptease performers.
[WordNet 1.5]

Pastille
Pastil
{ Pas"til (?), Pas*tille" (?), } n. [F. pastille, L. pastillusa pastus food. See Pasture, and cf. Pastel.] 1. (Pharmacy) A small cone or mass made of paste of gum, benzoin, cinnamon, and other aromatics, -- used for fumigating or scenting the air of a room.
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2. An aromatic or medicated lozenge, especially one used to soothe a sore throat; a troche. [wns=1]
Syn. -- cough drop, troche.
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3. See Pastel, a crayon.
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pastime
pas"time` (p&adot_;s"tīm`), n. [Pass + time: cf. F. passetemps.] That which amuses, and serves to make time pass agreeably; sport; amusement; diversion; as, that great American pastime, baseball.
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pastime
pas"time`, v. i. To sport; to amuse one's self. [R.]
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Pastinaca
Pastinaca prop. n. A genus comprising the parsnips.
Syn. -- genus Pastinaca.
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pastis
pastis (p&adot_;*stēs") n. [F., ca. 1925] An anise-based liqueur similar to absinthe but yellowish in color and containing no wormwood.
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pastness
past"ness n. The quality of being past.
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pastor
pas"tor (p&adot_;s"t&etilde_;r), n. [L., fr. pascere, pastum, to pasture, to feed. Cf. Pabulum, Pasture, Food.] 1. A shepherd; one who has the care of flocks and herds.
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2. A guardian; a keeper; specifically (Eccl.), a minister having the charge of a church and parish.
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3. (Zool.) A species of starling (Pastor roseus), native of the plains of Western Asia and Eastern Europe. Its head is crested and glossy greenish black, and its back is rosy. It feeds largely upon locusts.
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Pastorage
Pas"tor*age (?), n. The office, jurisdiction, or duty, of a pastor; pastorate.
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Pastoral
Pas"tor*al (?), a. [L. pastoralis: cf. F. pastoral. See Pastor.] 1. Of or pertaining to shepherds; hence, relating to rural life and scenes; as, a pastoral life.
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2. Relating to the care of souls, or to the pastor of a church; as, pastoral duties; a pastoral letter.
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Pastoral staff (Eccl.), a staff, usually of the form of a shepherd's crook, borne as an official emblem by a bishop, abbot, abbess, or other prelate privileged to carry it. See Crook, and Crosier. -- Pastoral Theology, that part of theology which treats of the duties of pastors.
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Pastoral
Pas"tor*al (?), n. 1. A poem describing the life and manners of shepherds; a poem in which the speakers assume the character of shepherds; an idyl; a bucolic.
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A pastoral is a poem in which any action or passion is represented by its effects on a country life. Rambler.
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2. (Mus.) A cantata relating to rural life; a composition for instruments characterized by simplicity and sweetness; a lyrical composition the subject of which is taken from rural life. Moore (Encyc. of Music).
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3. (Eccl.) A letter of a pastor to his charge; specifically, a letter addressed by a bishop to his diocese; also (Prot. Epis. Ch.), a letter of the House of Bishops, to be read in each parish.
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Pastorale
Pas`to*ra"le (?), n. [It.] 1. (Mus.) A composition in a soft, rural style, generally in 6-8 or 12-8 time.
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2. A kind of dance; a kind of figure used in a dance.
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Pastorally
Pas"tor*al*ly (?), adv. 1. In a pastoral or rural manner.
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2. In the manner of a pastor.
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Pastorate
Pas"tor*ate (?), n. [Cf. F. pastorat. See Pastor.] The office, state, or jurisdiction of a pastor.
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Pastorium
Pas*to"ri*um (?), n. [See Pastor; cf. Auditorium.] A parsonage; -- so called in some Baptist churches. [Southern U. S.]
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Pastorless
Pas"tor*less, a. Having no pastor.
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Pastorling
Pas"tor*ling (?), n. An insignificant pastor. [R.]
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Pastorly
Pas"tor*ly, a. Appropriate to a pastor. Milton.
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Pastorship
Pas"tor*ship, n. Pastorate. Bp. Bull.
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pastrami
pas*tra"mi (päs*tr&adot_;"mē) n. A highly seasoned cut of smoked beef.
[WordNet 1.5]

Pastry
Pas"try (?), n.; pl. Pastries (&unr_;). 1. The place where pastry is made. [Obs.] Shak.
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2. Articles of food made of paste, or having a crust made of paste, as pies, tarts, etc.
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Pastry cook, one whose occupation is to make pastry; as, the pastry cook of a hotel.
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Pasturable
Pas"tur*a*ble (?), a. Fit for pasture.
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Pasturage
Pas"tur*age (?), n. [OF. pasturage, F. pâturage. See Pasture.] 1. Grazing ground; grass land used for pasturing; pasture.
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2. Grass growing for feed; grazing.
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3. The business of feeding or grazing cattle.
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Pasture
Pas"ture (?), n. [OF. pasture, F. pâture, L. pastura, fr. pascere, pastum, to pasture, to feed. See Pastor.] 1. Food; nourishment. [Obs.]
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Toads and frogs his pasture poisonous. Spenser.
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2. Specifically: Grass growing for the food of cattle; the food of cattle taken by grazing.
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3. Grass land for cattle, horses, etc.; pasturage.
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He maketh me to lie down in green pastures. Ps. xxiii. 2.
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So graze as you find pasture. Shak.
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Pasture
Pas"ture, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Pastured (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Pasturing.] To feed, esp. to feed on growing grass; to supply grass as food for; as, the farmer pastures fifty oxen; the land will pasture forty cows.
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Pasture
Pas"ture, v. i. To feed on growing grass; to graze.
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pastureland
pas"ture*land` n. A field covered with grass or herbage and suitable for grazing by livestock; pasture.
Syn. -- pasture, grazing land, lea, ley.
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Pastureless
Pas"ture*less, a. Destitute of pasture. Milton.
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Pasturer
Pas"tur*er (?), n. One who pastures; one who takes cattle to graze. See Agister.
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Pasty
Pas"ty (?), a. Like paste, as in color, softness, stickness. “A pasty complexion.” G. Eliot.
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Pasty
Pas"ty, n.; pl. Pasties (#). [OF. pasté, F. pâté. See Paste, and cf. Patty.] A pie consisting usually of meat wholly surrounded with a crust made of a sheet of paste, and often baked without a dish; a meat pie. “If ye pinch me like a pasty.” Shak. “Apple pasties.” Dickens.
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A large pasty baked in a pewter platter. Sir W. Scott.
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Pat
Pat (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Patted (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Patting.] [Cf. G. patschen, Prov. G. patzen, to strike, tap.] To strike gently with the fingers or hand; to stroke lightly; to tap; as, to pat a dog.
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Gay pats my shoulder, and you vanish quite. Pope.
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Pat
Pat, n. 1. A light, quik blow or stroke with the fingers or hand; a tap.
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2. A small mass, as of butter, shaped by pats.
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It looked like a tessellated work of pats of butter. Dickens.
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Pat
Pat, a. [Cf. pat a light blow, D. te pas convenient, pat, where pas is fr. F. passer to pass.] Exactly suitable; fit; convenient; timely.Pat allusion.” Barrow.
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Pat
Pat, adv. In a pat manner.
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I foresaw then 't would come in pat hereafter. Sterne.
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Pataca
Pa*ta"ca (?), n. [Sp.] The Spanish dollar; -- called also patacoon. [Obs.]
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Patache
Pa`tache" (?), n. [F. & Sp. patache, P. patacho.] (Naut.) A tender to a fleet, formerly used for conveying men, orders, or treasure. [Spain & Portugal]
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Patacoon
Pa`ta*coon" (?), n. [Sp.] See Pataca.
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Patagium
Pa*ta"gi*um (?), n.; pl. Patagia (#). [L., an edge or border.] 1. (Anat.) In bats, an expansion of the integument uniting the fore limb with the body and extending between the elongated fingers to form the wing; in birds, the similar fold of integument uniting the fore limb with the body.
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2. (Zool.) One of a pair of small vesicular organs situated at the bases of the anterior wings of lepidopterous insects. See Illust. of Butterfly.
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Patagonian
Pat`a*go"ni*an (?), a. Of or pertaining to Patagonia. -- n. A native of Patagonia.
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Patamar
Pat"a*mar (?), n. [From the native name.] (Naut.) A vessel resembling a grab, used in the coasting trade of Bombay and Ceylon. [Written also pattemar.]
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Patas
Pa*tas" (?), n. (Zool.) A West African long-tailed monkey (Cercopithecus ruber); the red monkey.
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Patavinity
Pat`a*vin"i*ty (?), n. [L. patavinitas, fr. Patavium: cf. F. patavinité] The use of local or provincial words, as in the peculiar style or diction of Livy, the Roman historian; -- so called from Patavium, now Padua, the place of Livy's nativity.
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Patch
Patch (?), n. [OE. pacche; of uncertain origin, perh. for placche; cf. Prov. E. platch patch, LG. plakk, plakke.] 1. A piece of cloth, or other suitable material, sewed or otherwise fixed upon a garment to repair or strengthen it, esp. upon an old garment to cover a hole.
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Patches set upon a little breach. Shak.
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2. Hence: A small piece of anything used to repair a breach; as, a patch on a kettle, a roof, etc.
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3. A small piece of black silk stuck on the face, or neck, to hide a defect, or to heighten beauty.
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Your black patches you wear variously. Beau. & Fl.
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4. (Gun.) A piece of greased cloth or leather used as wrapping for a rifle ball, to make it fit the bore.
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5. Fig.: Anything regarded as a patch; a small piece of ground; a tract; a plot; as, scattered patches of trees or growing corn.
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Employed about this patch of ground. Bunyan.
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6. (Mil.) A block on the muzzle of a gun, to do away with the effect of dispart, in sighting.
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7. A paltry fellow; a rogue; a ninny; a fool. [Obs. or Colloq.] “Thou scurvy patch.” Shak.
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Patch ice, ice in overlapping pieces in the sea. -- Soft patch, a patch for covering a crack in a metallic vessel, as a steam boiler, consisting of soft material, as putty, covered and held in place by a plate bolted or riveted fast.
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Patch
Patch (păch), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Patched (păcht); p. pr. & vb. n. Patching.] 1. To mend by sewing on a piece or pieces of cloth, leather, or the like; as, to patch a coat.
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2. To mend with pieces; to repair with pieces festened on; to repair clumsily; as, to patch the roof of a house.
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3. To adorn, as the face, with a patch or patches.
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Ladies who patched both sides of their faces. Spectator.
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4. To make of pieces or patches; to repair as with patches; to arrange in a hasty or clumsy manner; -- generally with up; as, to patch up a truce. “If you'll patch a quarrel.” Shak.
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patchboard
patch"board n. (Computers) A circuit board where circuits are completed and modified by making connections with patchcords.
Syn. -- switchboard, plugboard.
[WordNet 1.5]

patchcord
patch"cord n. A conducting cord with a plug at each end, used to make connections between circuit terminals at a patchboard.
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patched
patched (păcht) adj. 1. Mended, usually clumsily by covering a hole with a patch; as, patched jeans.
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2. [p. p. of patch, v. t..] Partly covered; as, The field was patched with ice and snow.
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Patcher
Patch"er (păch"&etilde_;r), n. One who patches or botches. Foxe.
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Patchery
Patch"er*y (păch"&etilde_;r*&ybreve_;), n. Botchery; covering of defects; bungling; hypocrisy. [R.] Shak.
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patchiness
patchiness n. Unevenness in quality or performance.
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patching
patching n. The act of mending a hole in a garment by sewing a patch over it.
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Patchingly
Patch"ing*ly (?), adv. Knavishly; deceitfully. [Obs.]
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Patchouly
Patchouli
{ Pa*tchou"li, Pa*tchou"ly } (?), n. [CF. F. patchouli; prob. of East Indian origin.] 1. (Bot.) A small shrubby mintlike plant (Pogostemon cablin syn. Pogostemon Patchouli) of the East Indies, yielding an essential oil from which a highly valued perfume is made.
Syn. -- pachouli, Pogostemon cablin.
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2. The heavy perfume made from the patchouli plant.
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Patchouly camphor (Chem.), a substance homologous with and resembling borneol, found in patchouly oil.
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patch up
patch` up" n. To mend by patching; to patch; -- also used figuratively; as, to patch up frayed relations bewteen parties.
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Patchwork
Patch"work` (?), n. Work composed of pieces sewed together, esp. pieces of various colors and figures; hence, anything put together of incongruous or ill-adapted parts; something irregularly or clumsily composed; a thing patched up. Swift.
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Patchy
Patch"y (?), a. Full of, or covered with, patches; abounding in patches.
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Pate
Pa`té" (?), a. (Her.) See Patté.
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Pate
Pa`té" (?), n. [F. pâté.] 1. A pie. See Patty.
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2. (Fort.) A kind of platform with a parapet, usually of an oval form, and generally erected in marshy grounds to cover a gate of a fortified place. [R.]
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Pate
Pate (?), n. [Cf. LG. & Prov. G. pattkopf, patzkopf, scabby head; patt, patz, scab + kopf head.] 1. The head of a person; the top, or crown, of the head. [Now generally used in contempt or ridicule.]
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His mischief shall return upon his own head, and his violent dealing shall come down upon his own pate. Ps. vii. 16.
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Fat paunches have lean pate. Shak.
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2. The skin of a calf's head.
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Pated
Pat"ed (?), a. Having a pate; -- used only in composition; as, long-pated; shallow-pated.
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Patee
Pa*tee" (?), n. See Pattee.
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Patefaction
Pat`e*fac"tion (?), n. [L. patefactio, fr. patefacere to open; patere to lie open + facere to make.] The act of opening, disclosing, or manifesting; open declaration. Jer. Taylor.
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Patela
Pat"e*la (?), n. [Hind. patelā.] A large flat-bottomed trading boat peculiar to the river Ganges; -- called also puteli.
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Patella
Pa*tel"la (?), n.; pl. Patellæ (#). [L., a small pan, the kneepan, dim. of patina, patena, a pan, dish.] 1. A small dish, pan, or vase.
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2. (Anat.) The kneecap; the kneepan; the cap of the knee.
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3. (Zool.) A genus of marine gastropods, including many species of limpets. The shell has the form of a flattened cone. The common European limpet (Patella vulgata) is largely used for food.
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4. (Bot.) A kind of apothecium in lichens, which is orbicular, flat, and sessile, and has a special rim not a part of the thallus.
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Patellar
Pa*tel"lar (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the patella, or kneecap.
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Patelliform
Pa*tel"li*form (?), a. [Patella + form: cf. F. pattelliforme.] 1. Having the form of a patella.
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2. (Zool.) Resembling a limpet of the genus Patella.
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Patellula
Pa*tel"lu*la (?), n.; pl. Patellulæ (#). [NL., dim. of L. patella. See Patella.] (Zool.) A cuplike sucker on the feet of certain insects.
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Paten
Pat"en (?), n. [LL. patina, patena, fr. L. patina, patena, a pan; cf. L. patere to be open, E. patent, and Gr. pata`nh a kind of flat dish: cf. F. patène. Cf. Patina.] 1. A plate. [Obs.]
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2. (Eccl.) The place on which the consecrated bread is placed in the Eucharist, or on which the host is placed during the Mass. It is usually small, and formed as to fit the chalice, or cup, as a cover.
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[Written also patin, patine.]
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Patena
Pat"e*na (?), n. [LL.] (Eccl.) A paten.
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Patena
Pa*te"na (?), n. [Cf. Pg. patena a paten.] A grassy expanse in the hill region of Ceylon.
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Patency
Pa"ten*cy (?), n. [See Patent.] 1. The condition of being open, enlarged, or spread.
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2. The state of being patent or evident.
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Patent
Pat"ent (păt"ent or pāt"ent), a. [L. patens, -entis, p. pr. of patere to be open: cf. F. patent. Cf. Fathom.] 1. (Oftener pronounced pāt"ent in this sense) Open; expanded; evident; apparent; unconcealed; manifest; public; conspicuous.
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He had received instructions, both patent and secret. Motley.
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2. Open to public perusal; -- said of a document conferring some right or privilege; as, letters patent. See Letters patent, under 3d Letter.
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3. Appropriated or protected by letters patent; secured by official authority to the exclusive possession, control, and disposal of some person or party; patented; as, a patent right; patent medicines.
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Madder . . . in King Charles the First's time, was made a patent commodity. Mortimer.
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4. (Bot.) Spreading; forming a nearly right angle with the steam or branch; as, a patent leaf.
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Patent leather, a varnished or lacquered leather, used for boots and shoes, and in carriage and harness work. -- Patent office, a government bureau for the examination of inventions and the granting of patents. -- Patent right. (a) The exclusive right to an invention, and the control of its manufacture. (b) (Law) The right, granted by the sovereign, of exclusive control of some business of manufacture, or of the sale of certain articles, or of certain offices or prerogatives. -- Patent rolls, the registers, or records, of patents.
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Patent
Pat"ent, n. [Cf. F. patente. See Patent, a.] 1. A letter patent, or letters patent; an official document, issued by a sovereign power, conferring a right or privilege on some person or party. Specifically: (a) A writing securing to an invention. (b) A document making a grant and conveyance of public lands.
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Four other gentlemen of quality remained mentioned in that patent. Fuller.
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&hand_; In the United States, by the act of 1870, patents for inventions are issued for seventeen years, without the privilege of renewal except by act of Congress.
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2. The right or privilege conferred by such a document; hence, figuratively, a right, privilege, or license of the nature of a patent.
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If you are so fond over her iniquity, give her patent to offend. Shak.
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Patent
Pat"ent, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Patented; p. pr. & vb. n. Patenting.] To grant by patent; to make the subject of a patent; to secure or protect by patent; as, to patent an invention; to patent public lands.
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Patentable
Pat"ent*a*ble (?), a. Suitable to be patented; capable of being patented.
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Patentee
Pat`ent*ee" (?), n. One to whom a grant is made, or a privilege secured, by patent. Bacon.
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Patent-hammered
Pat"ent-ham"mered (?), a. (Stone Cutting) Having a surface dressed by cutting with a hammer the head of which consists of broad thin chisels clamped together.
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Patently
Pat"ent*ly (?; see Patent, a.), adv. Openly; evidently.
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Patera
Pat"e*ra (?), n.; pl. Pateræ(&unr_;). [L., fr. patere to lie open.] 1. A saucerlike vessel of earthenware or metal, used by the Greeks and Romans in libations and sacrifices.
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2. (Arch.) A circular ornament, resembling a dish, often worked in relief on friezes, and the like.
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Paterero
Pat`e*re"ro (?), n. See Pederero. [Obs.]
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Paterfamilias
Pa`ter*fa*mil`i*as (?), n.; pl. Pateresfamilias (#). [L., fr. pater father + familias, gen. of familia family.] (Rom. Law) The head of a family; in a large sense, the proprietor of an estate; one who is his own master.
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Paternal
Pa*ter"nal (?), a. [L. paternus, fr. pater a father: cf. F. paternel. See Father.] 1. Of or pertaining to a father; fatherly; showing the disposition of a father; guiding or instructing as a father; as, paternal care. “Under paternal rule.” Milton.
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2. Received or derived from a father; hereditary; as, a paternal estate.
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Their small paternal field of corn. Dryden.
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Paternal government (Polit. Science), the assumption by the governing power of a quasi-fatherly relation to the people, involving strict and intimate supervision of their business and social concerns, upon the theory that they are incapable of managing their own affairs.
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Paternalism
Pa*ter"nal*ism (?), n. (Polit. Science) The theory or practice of paternal government. See Paternal government, under Paternal. London Times.
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paternalistic
pa*ter`nal*ist"ic adj. Benevolent but sometimes intrusive; -- used often of governments and the administration of large organizations. See paternal government.
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Paternally
Pa*ter"nal*ly, adv. In a paternal manner.
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Paternity
Pa*ter"ni*ty (?), n. [L. paternitas: cf. F. paternité. See Paternal.] 1. The relation of a father to his child; fathership; fatherhood; family headship; as, the divine paternity.
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The world, while it had scarcity of people, underwent no other dominion than paternity and eldership. Sir W. Raleigh.
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2. Derivation or descent from a father; male parentage; as, the paternity of a child.
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3. Origin; authorship.
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The paternity of these novels was . . . disputed. Sir W. Scott.
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Paternoster
Pa"ter*nos`ter (?), n. [L., Our Father.] 1. The Lord's prayer, so called from the first two words of the Latin version.
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2. (Arch.) A beadlike ornament in moldings.
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3. (Angling) A line with a row of hooks and bead-shaped sinkers.
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4. (Mining) An elevator of an inclined endless traveling chain or belt bearing buckets or shelves which ascend on one side loaded, and empty themselves at the top.
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Paternoster pump, Paternoster wheel, a chain pump; a noria. -- Paternoster while, the space of time required for repeating a paternoster. Udall.
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Patesi
Pa*te"si (?), n. [Assyrian.] (Babylonian Antiq.) A religious as well as a secular designation applied to rulers of some of the city states of ancient Chaldea, as Lagash or Shirpurla, who were conceived to be direct representatives of the tutelary god of the place.
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path
path (p&adot_;th), n.; pl. paths (p&adot_;&thlig_;z). [AS. pæð, pað; akin to D. pad, G. pfad, of uncertain origin; cf. Gr. pa`tos, Skr. patha, path. √21.] 1. A trodden way; a footway.
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The dewy paths of meadows we will tread. Dryden.
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2. A way, course, or track, in which anything moves or has moved; route; passage; an established way; as, the path of a meteor, of a caravan, of a storm, of a pestilence. Also used figuratively, of a course of life or action.
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All the paths of the Lord are mercy and truth. Ps. xxv. 10.
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The paths of glory lead but to the grave. Gray.
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Path
Path (p&adot_;&thlig_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Pathed (p&adot_;&thlig_;d); p. pr. & vb. n. Pathing.] To make a path in, or on (something), or for (some one). [R.]Pathing young Henry's unadvised ways.” Drayton.
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Path
Path, v. i. To walk or go. [R.] Shak.
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Pathan
Pathan prop. n. A native or inhabitant of Afghanistan, especially of the Pashtun tribes of southern Afghanistan.
Syn. -- Afghan, Afghanistani, Pashto, pashtun.
[WordNet 1.5]

pathematic
path`e*mat"ic (păth`&euptack_;*măt"&ibreve_;k), a. [Gr. paqhmatiko`s, fr. pa`qhma a suffering, paqei^n, to suffer.] Of, pertaining to, or designating, emotion or suffering. [R.] Chalmers.
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Pathetic
Pa*thet"ic (p&adot_;*th&ebreve_;t"&ibreve_;k), a. [L. patheticus, Gr. paqhtiko`s, fr. paqei^n, pa`schein, to suffer: cf. F. pathétique. See Pathos.] 1. Expressing or showing anger; passionate. [Obs.]
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2. Affecting or moving the tender emotions, esp. pity or grief; full of pathos; as, a pathetic song or story.Pathetic action.” Macaulay.
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No theory of the passions can teach a man to be pathetic. E. Porter.
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Pathetic muscle (Anat.), the superior oblique muscle of the eye. -- Pathetic nerve (Anat.), the fourth cranial, or trochlear, nerve, which supplies the superior oblique, or pathetic, muscle of the eye. -- The pathetic, a style or manner adapted to arouse the tender emotions.
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Pathetical
Pa*thet"ic*al (?), a. Pathetic. [R.] -- Pa*thet"ic*al*ly, adv. -- Pa*thet"ic*al*ness, n.
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Pathetism
Path"e*tism (?), n. [Cf. F. pathétisme.] See Mesmerism. L. Sunderland.
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Pathfinder
Path"find`er (?), n. One who discovers a way or path; one who explores untraversed regions.
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The cow is the true pathfinder and pathmaker. J. Burroughs.
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Pathic
Path"ic (păth"&ibreve_;c), n. [L. pathicus, Gr. paqiko`s, passive, fr. paqei^n, pa`schei^n, to suffer] A male who submits to the crime against nature; a catamite. [R.] B. Jonson.
&hand_; The term “crime against nature” to refer to homosexual activity is now (2002) seldom used except by religious conservatives. It was in the 1913 Webster, and is left here for historical purposes.
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Pathic
Path"ic, a. [Gr. paqiko`s.] Passive; suffering.
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Pathless
Path"less (?), a. Having no beaten path or way; untrodden; impenetrable; as, pathless woods.
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Trough the heavens' wide, pathless way. Milton.
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Pathmaker
Path"mak`er (?), n. One who, or that which, makes a way or path.
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Pathogene
Pathogen
Path"o*gen, Path"o*gene (?), n. [See Pathogenic.] (Biol.) Any microorganism which causes disease; a pathogenic organism; an infectious microorganism; a bacterium, virus, or other agent which can cause disease by infection; -- opposed to zymogene. The spelling pathogene is now archaic.
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Pathogenesis
Path`o*gen"e*sis (?), n. (Med.) Pathogeny.
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Pathogenetic
Path`o*ge*net"ic (?), a. (Med.) Pathogenic.
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Pathogenic
Path`o*gen"ic (?), a. [Gr. pa`qos disease + the root of ge`nos birth.] (Med. & Biol.) Of or pertaining to pathogeny; producting disease; as, a pathogenic organism; a pathogenic bacterium.
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Pathogeny
Pa*thog"e*ny (?), n. (Med.) (a) The generation, and method of development, of disease; as, the pathogeny of yellow fever is unsettled. (b) That branch of pathology which treats of the generation and development of disease.
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Pathognomonic
Pa*thog`no*mon"ic (?), a. [Gr. &unr_; skilled in judging of diseases; pa`qos a disease + &unr_; skilled: cf. F. pathognomonique. See Gnomic.] (Med.) Specially or decisively characteristic of a disease; indicating with certainty a disease; as, a pathognomonic symptom.
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The true pathognomonic sign of love jealousy. Arbuthnot.
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Pathognomy
Pa*thog"no*my (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; passion + &unr_; a judgment, fr. &unr_;, &unr_;, to know.] Expression of the passions; the science of the signs by which human passions are indicated.
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Pathological
Pathologic
{ Path`o*log"ic (?), Path`o*log"ic*al (?), } a. [Gr. &unr_;: cf. F. pathologique.] 1. Of or pertaining to pathology.
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2. (Med.) caused by or due to disease; abnormal; morbid; as, pathological tissue; a pathological condition.
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-- Path`o*log"ic*al*ly, adv.
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pathologist
pa*thol"o*gist (?), n. [Cf. F. pathologiste.] One skilled in pathology; an investigator in pathology; as, the pathologist of a hospital, whose duty it is to determine the causes of the diseases.
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pathology
pa*thol"o*gy (-j&ybreve_;), n.; pl. pathologies (-j&ibreve_;z). [Gr. pa`qos a suffering, disease + -logy: cf. F. pathologie.] 1. (Med.) The science which treats of diseases, their nature, causes, progress, symptoms, etc.
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&hand_; Pathology is general or special, according as it treats of disease or morbid processes in general, or of particular diseases; it is also subdivided into internal and external, or medical and surgical pathology. Its departments are nosology, ætiology, morbid anatomy, symptomatology, and therapeutics, which treat respectively of the classification, causation, organic changes, symptoms, and cure of diseases.
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2. (Med.) The condition of an organ, tissue, or fluid produced by disease.
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Celluar pathology, a theory that gives prominence to the vital action of cells in the healthy and diseased functions of the body. Virchow.
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Pathopoeia
Path`o*poe"ia (?), n.; pl. -ias (#). [NL., from Gr. paqopoii`:a; pa`qos passion + poiei^n to make.] (Rhet.) A speech, or figure of speech, designed to move the passion. Smart.
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Pathos
Pa"thos (pā"th&obreve_;s), n. [L., from Gr. pa`qos a suffering, passion, fr. paqei^n, pa`schei^n, to suffer; cf. po`nos toil, L. pati to suffer, E. patient.] That quality or property of anything which touches the feelings or excites emotions and passions, esp., that which awakens tender emotions, such as pity, sorrow, and the like; contagious warmth of feeling, action, or expression; pathetic quality; as, the pathos of a picture, of a poem, or of a cry.
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The combination of incident, and the pathos of catastrophe. T. Warton.
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1. The quality or character of those emotions, traits, or experiences which are personal, and therefore restricted and evanescent; transitory and idiosyncratic dispositions or feelings as distinguished from those which are universal and deep-seated in character; -- opposed to ethos.
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2. Suffering; the enduring of active stress or affliction.
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Pathway
Path"way (?), n. A footpath; a beaten track; any path or course. Also used figuratively. Shak.
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In the way of righteousness is life; and in the pathway thereof is no death. Prov. xii. 28.
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We tread the pathway arm in arm. Sir W. Scott.
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Patible
Pat"i*ble (?), a. [L. patibilis, fr. pati to suffer.] Sufferable; tolerable; endurable. [Obs.] Bailey.
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Patibulary
Pa*tib"u*la*ry (?), a. [L. patibulum a gallows: cf. F. patibulaire.] Of or pertaining to the gallows, or to execution. [R.] Carlyle.
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Patibulated
Pa*tib"u*la`ted, a. Hanged on a gallows. [R.]
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Patience
Pa"tience (pā"sh&eitalic_;ns), n. [F. patience, fr. L. patientia. See Patient.] 1. The state or quality of being patient; the power of suffering with fortitude; uncomplaining endurance of evils or wrongs, as toil, pain, poverty, insult, oppression, calamity, etc.
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Strengthened with all might, . . . unto all patience and long-suffering. Col. i. 11.
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I must have patience to endure the load. Shak.
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Who hath learned lowliness
From his Lord's cradle, patience from his cross.
Keble.
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2. The act or power of calmly or contentedly waiting for something due or hoped for; forbearance.
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Have patience with me, and I will pay thee all. Matt. xviii. 29.
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3. Constancy in labor or application; perseverance.
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He learned with patience, and with meekness taught. Harte.
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4. Sufferance; permission. [Obs.] Hooker.
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They stay upon your patience. Shak.
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5. (Bot.) A kind of dock (Rumex Patientia), less common in America than in Europe; monk's rhubarb.
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6. (Card Playing) Solitaire.
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Syn. -- Patience, Resignation. Patience implies the quietness or self-possession of one's own spirit under sufferings, provocations, etc.; resignation implies submission to the will of another. The Stoic may have patience; the Christian should have both patience and resignation.
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Patient
Pa"tient (pā"sh&eitalic_;nt), a. [F., fr. L. patiens, -entis, p. pr. of pati to suffer. Cf. Pathos, Passion.] 1. Having the quality of enduring; physically able to suffer or bear.
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Patient of severest toil and hardship. Bp. Fell.
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2. Undergoing pains, trials, or the like, without murmuring or fretfulness; bearing up with equanimity against trouble; long-suffering.
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3. Constant in pursuit or exertion; persevering; calmly diligent; as, patient endeavor.
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Whatever I have done is due to patient thought. Sir I. Newton.
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4. Expectant with calmness, or without discontent; not hasty; not overeager; composed.
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Not patient to expect the turns of fate. Prior.
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5. Forbearing; long-suffering.
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Be patient toward all men. 1 Thess. v. 14.
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Patient
Pa"tient, n. 1. One who, or that which, is passively affected; a passive recipient.
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Malice is a passion so impetuous and precipitate that it often involves the agent and the patient. Gov. of Tongue.
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2. A person under medical or surgical treatment; -- correlative to physician or nurse.
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Like a physician, . . . seeing his patient in a pestilent fever. Sir P. Sidney.
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In patient, a patient who receives lodging and food, as treatment, in a hospital or an infirmary. -- Out patient, one who receives advice and medicine, or treatment, from an infirmary.
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Patient
Pa"tient, v. t. To compose, to calm. [Obs.]Patient yourself, madam.” Shak.
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Patiently
Pa"tient*ly, adv. In a patient manner. Cowper.
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Patine
Patin
{ Pat"in (?), Pat"ine }, n. A plate. See Paten. “Inlaid with patines of bright gold.” Shak.
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patina
pat"ina (păt"&ibreve_;*n&adot_;; It. pä"t&euptack_;*n&adot_;), n. [It., fr. L. patina a dish, a pan, a kind of cake. Cf. Paten.] 1. A dish or plate of metal or earthenware; a patella.
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2. (Fine Arts) The color or incrustation which age gives to works of art; especially, the green rust which covers ancient bronzes, coins, and medals. Fairholt.
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patinate
patinate v. t. to coat with a patina; to patinize.
Syn. -- patinize.
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patinize
patinize v. t. to coat with a patina.
Syn. -- patinate.
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Patio
Pa"ti*o (pä"t&euptack_;*&ouptack_;), n. [Sp., a court] (Metal) A paved yard or floor where ores are cleaned and sorted, or where ore, salt, mercury, etc., are trampled by horses, to effect intermixture and amalgamation.
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&hand_; The patio process is used to reduce silver ores by amalgamation.
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2. In Spain, Spanish America, etc., a court or courtyard of a house or other building; esp., an inner court open to the sky.
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3. (păt"&euptack_;*ō`) A usually paved area adjacent to a dwelling, used for outdoor lounging, dining, receptions of guests, etc.
[PJC]

patio furniture
pa"ti*o fur"ni*ture Furniture such as chairs, tables, settees or loungers, suited for use on a patio{3}, i.e. such that will not be damaged by exposure to rain, sun or other outdoor elements.
[PJC]

patisserie
pa`tis`serie", ‖Pâ`tis`serie" (?), n. [F. pâtisserie. See Pate.] 1. Pastry. Sterne.
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2. a shop selling mostly pastries; a pastry shop.
[PJC]

Patly
Pat"ly (?), adv. Fitly; seasonably. Barrow.
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Patness
Pat"ness, n. Fitness or appropriateness; striking suitableness; convenience.
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The description with equal patness may suit both. Barrow.
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Patois
Pa`tois" (p&adot_;`twä"), n. [F.] A dialect peculiar to the illiterate classes; a provincial form of speech.
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The jargon and patois of several provinces. Sir T. Browne.
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Patolli
Pa*tol"li (?), n. [Mex. patolli dice.] An American Indian game analogous to dice, probably originally a method of divination.
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Patonce
Pa*tonce" (p&adot_;*t&obreve_;ns"), a. [Cf. F. patte d'once paw of an ounce.] (Her.) Having the arms growing broader and floriated toward the end; -- said of a cross. See Illust. 9 of Cross.
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Patrial
Pa"tri*al (pā"tr&ibreve_;*&aitalic_;l), a. [L. patria fatherland, country, fr. pater father.] (Lat. Gram.) Derived from the name of a country, and designating an inhabitant of the country; gentile; -- said of a noun. -- n. A patrial noun. Thus Romanus, a Roman, and Troas, a woman of Troy, are patrial nouns, or patrials. Andrews.
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Patriarch
Pa"tri*arch (pā"tr&ibreve_;*ärk), n. [F. patriarche, L. patriarcha, Gr. paria`rchhs, fr. paria` lineage, especially on the father's side, race; path`r father + 'archo`s a leader, chief, fr. 'a`rchein to lead, rule. See Father, Archaic.] 1. The father and ruler of a family; one who governs his family or descendants by paternal right; -- usually applied to heads of families in ancient history, especially in Biblical and Jewish history to those who lived before the time of Moses.
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2. (R. C. Ch. & Gr. Ch.) A dignitary superior to the order of archbishops; as, the patriarch of Constantinople, of Alexandria, or of Antioch.
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3. A venerable old man; an elder. Also used figuratively.
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The patriarch hoary, the sage of his kith and the hamlet. Longfellow.
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The monarch oak, the partiarch of trees. Dryde.
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Patriarchal
Pa`tri*ar"chal (?), a. [Cf. F. patriarcal.] 1. Of or pertaining to a patriarch or to patriarchs; possessed by, or subject to, patriarchs; as, patriarchal authority or jurisdiction; a patriarchal see; a patriarchal church.
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2. Characteristic of a patriarch; venerable.
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About whose patriarchal knee
Late the little children clung.
Tennyson.
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3. (Ethnol.) Having an organization of society and government in which the head of the family exercises authority over all its generations.
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Patriarchal cross (Her.), a cross, the shaft of which is intersected by two transverse beams, the upper one being the smaller. See Illust. (2) of Cross. -- Patriarchal dispensation, the divine dispensation under which the patriarchs lived before the law given by Moses.
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Patriarchate
Pa`tri*ar"chate (pā`tr&ibreve_;*är"k&auptack_;t), n. [Cf. F. patriarcat.] 1. The office, dignity, or jurisdiction of a patriarch. Jer. Taylor.
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2. The residence of an ecclesiastic patriarch.
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3. (Ethnol.) A patriarchal form of government or society. See Patriarchal, a., 3.
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Patriarchdom
Pa"tri*arch*dom (pā"tr&ibreve_;*ärk*dŭm), n. The office or jurisdiction of a patriarch; patriarchate. [R.]
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Patriarchic
Pa`tri*ar"chic (pā'tr&ibreve_;*är"k&ibreve_;k), a. [L. patriarchicus, Gr. patriarchiko`s.] Patriarchal.
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Patriarchism
Pa"tri*arch*ism (?), n. Government by a patriarch, or the head of a family.
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Patriarchship
Pa"tri*arch*ship, n. A patriarchate. Ayliffe.
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Patriarchy
Pa"tri*arch`y (?), n. [Gr. patriarchi`a.] 1. The jurisdiction of a patriarch; patriarchship. Brerewood.
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2. Government by a patriarch; patriarchism.
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patricentric
patricentric adj. centered upon the father.
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Patrician
Pa*tri"cian (?), a. [L. patricius, fr. patres fathers or senators, pl. of pater: cf. F. patricien. See Paternal.] 1. (Rom. Antiq.) Of or pertaining to the Roman patres (fathers) or senators, or patricians.
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2. Of, pertaining to, or appropriate to, a person of high birth; noble; not plebeian.
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Born in the patrician file of society. Sir W. Scott.
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His horse's hoofs wet with patrician blood. Addison.
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Patrician
Pa*tri"cian, n. [L. patricius: cf. F. patricien.] 1. (Rom. Antiq.) Originally, a member of any of the families constituting the populus Romanus, or body of Roman citizens, before the development of the plebeian order; later, one who, by right of birth or by special privilege conferred, belonged to the nobility.
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2. A person of high birth; a nobleman.
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3. One familiar with the works of the Christian Fathers; one versed in patristic lore. [R.] Colridge.
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Patricianism
Pa*tri"cian*ism (?), n. The rank or character of patricians.
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Patriciate
Pa*tri"ci*ate (?), n. The patrician class; the aristocracy; also, the office of patriarch. Milman.
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Patricidal
Pat*ri"ci`dal (?), a. Of or pertaining to patricide; parricidal.
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Patricide
Pat*ri"cide (?), n. [L. pater father + caedere to kill. Cf. Parricide.] 1. The murderer of his father.
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2. The crime of one who murders his father. Same as Parricide.
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patrikin
patrikin n. one related on the father's side.
Syn. -- agnate, patrilineal kin, patrisib, patrilineal sib.
[WordNet 1.5]

patrilineage
patrilineage n. The line of descent traced through the paternal side of the family.
Syn. -- agnation.
[WordNet 1.5]

patrilineal
patrilineal adj. tracing descent through the male line; as, a patrilineal society.
[WordNet 1.5]

Patrimonial
Pat`ri*mo"ni*al (?), a. [L. patrimonialis: cf. F. patrimonial.] Of or pertaining to a patrimony; inherited from ancestors; as, a patrimonial estate.
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Patrimonially
Pat`ri*mo"ni*al*ly, adv. By inheritance.
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Patrimony
Pat"ri*mo*ny (?), n.; pl. Patrimonies (#). [L. patrimonium, fr. pater father: cf. F. patrimoine. See Paternal.] 1. A right or estate inherited from one's father; or, in a larger sense, from any ancestor. “'Reave the orphan of his patrimony.” Shak.
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2. Formerly, a church estate or endowment. Shipley.
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Patriot
Pa"tri*ot (pā"tr&ibreve_;*&obreve_;t; 277), n. [F. patriote; cf. Sp. patriota, It. patriotto; all fr. Gr. patriw`ths a fellow-countryman, fr. pa`trios established by forefathers, fr. path`r father. See Father.] One who loves his country, and zealously supports its authority and interests. Bp. Hall.
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Such tears as patriots shed for dying laws. Pope.
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Patriot
Pa"tri*ot, a. Becoming to a patriot; patriotic.
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Patriotic
Pa`tri*ot"ic (?), a. [Cf. F. patriotique, Gr. patriwtiko`s belonging to a fellow-countryman.] Inspired by patriotism; actuated by love of one's country; zealously and unselfishly devoted to the service of one's country; as, a patriotic statesman, vigilance.
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Patriotical
Pa`tri*ot"ic*al (?), a. Patriotic; that pertains to a patriot. -- Pa`tri*ot"ic*al*ly, adv.
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Patriotism
Pa"tri*ot*ism (?), n. [Cf. F. patriotisme.] Love of country; devotion to the welfare of one's country; the virtues and actions of a patriot; the passion which inspires one to serve one's country. Berkley.
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Patriots' Day
Pa"tri*ots' Day. A legal holiday in the States of Massachusetts and Maine, April 19, the anniversary of the battle of Lexington in 1775. It was first observed in 1894. [U. S.]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Patripassian
Pa`tri*pas"sian (?), n. [LL. Patripassiani, pl.; L. pater father + pati, passus, to suffer: cf. F. patripassiens.] (Eccl. Hist.) One of a body of believers in the early church who denied the independent preëxistent personality of Christ, and who, accordingly, held that the Father suffered in the Son; a monarchian. -- Pa`tri*pas"sian*ism (#), n.
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Patrist
Pa"trist (?), n. One versed in patristics.
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Patristical
Patristic
{ Pa*tris"tic (?), Pa*tris"tic*al (?), } a. [F. patristique. See Paternal.] Of or pertaining to the Fathers of the Christian church.
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The voluminous editor of Jerome and of tons of patristic theology. I. Taylor.
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Patristics
Pa*tris"tics (?), n. That departnent of historical theology which treats of the lives and doctrines of the Fathers of the church.
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Patrizate
Pa"tri*zate (?), v. i. [L. patrissare, patrizare; cf. Gr. patria`zein.] To imitate one's father. [R.]
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Patrocinate
Pa*troc"i*nate (?), v. t. [L. patrocinatus, p. p. of patrocinari to patronize, fr. patronus patron.] To support; to patronize. [Obs.] Urquhart.
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Patrocination
Pa*troc`i*na"tion (?), n. The act of patrocinating or patronizing. [Obs.]Patrocinations of treason.” Bp. Hall.
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Patrociny
Pa*troc"i*ny (?), n. [L. patrocinium.] [Obs.] See Patrocination.
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Patrol
Pa*trol" (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Patrolled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Patrolling.] [F. patrouiller, O. & Prov. F. patrouiller to paddle, paw about, patrol, fr. patte a paw; cf. D. poot paw, G. pfote, and E. pat, v.] To go the rounds along a chain of sentinels; to traverse a police district or beat.
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Patrol
Pa*trol" (p&adot_;*trōl"), v. t. To go the rounds of, as a sentry, guard, or policeman; as, to patrol a frontier; to patrol a beat.
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Patrol
Pa*trol", n. [F. patrouille, OF. patouille. See Patrol, v. i.] 1. (Mil.) (a) A going of the rounds along the chain of sentinels and between the posts, by a guard, usually consisting of three or four men, to insure greater security from attacks on the outposts. (b) A movement, by a small body of troops beyond the line of outposts, to explore the country and gain intelligence of the enemy's whereabouts. (c) The guard or men who go the rounds for observation; a detachment whose duty it is to patrol.
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2. Any perambulation of a particular line or district to guard it; also, the men thus guarding; as, a customs patrol; a fire patrol.
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In France there is an army of patrols to secure her fiscal regulations. A. Hamilton.
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3. See Boy Scout.
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Patrole
Pa*trole" (?), n. & v. See Patrol, n. & v.
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patroller
patroller n. An individual or a member of a group that patrols an area.
[WordNet 1.5]

patrolling
patrolling n. The activity of going around or through an area at regular intervals for security purposes.
Syn. -- patrol.
[WordNet 1.5]

Patrolman
Pa*trol"man (?), n.; pl. Patrolmen (&unr_;). One who patrols; a watchman; especially, a policeman who patrols a particular precinct of a town or city.
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patrol wagon
patrol wagon n. An enclosed truck used by police to transport prisoners.
Syn. -- paddy wagon, Black Maria.
[WordNet 1.5]

Patron
Pa"tron (?), n. [F., fr. L. patronus, fr. pater a father. See Paternal, and cf. Patroon, Padrone, Pattern.] 1. One who protects, supports, or countenances; a defender.Patron of my life and liberty.” Shak. “The patron of true holiness.” Spenser.
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2. (Rom. Antiq.) (a) A master who had freed his slave, but still retained some paternal rights over him. (b) A man of distinction under whose protection another person placed himself. (c) An advocate or pleader.
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Let him who works the client wrong
Beware the patron's ire.
Macaulay.
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3. One who encourages or helps a person, a cause, or a work; a furtherer; a promoter; as, a patron of art.
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4. (Eccl. Law) One who has gift and disposition of a benefice. [Eng.]
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5. A guardian saint. -- called also patron saint.
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6. (Naut.) See Padrone, 2.
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Patrons of Husbandry, the grangers. See Granger, 2.
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Patron
Pa"tron, v. t. To be a patron of; to patronize; to favor. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
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Patron
Pa"tron, a. Doing the duty of a patron; giving aid or protection; tutelary. Dryden.
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Patron saint (R. C. Ch.), a saint regarded as the peculiar protector of a country, community, church, profession, etc., or of an individual.
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Patronage
Pa"tron*age (?), n. [F. patronage. Cf. LL. patronaticum, and L. patronatus.] 1. Special countenance or support; favor, encouragement, or aid, afforded to a person or a work; as, the patronage of letters; patronage given to an author.
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2. Business custom. [Commercial Cant]
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3. Guardianship, as of a saint; tutelary care. Addison.
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4. The right of nomination to political office; also, the offices, contracts, honors, etc., which a public officer may bestow by favor.
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5. (Eng. Law) The right of presentation to church or ecclesiastical benefice; advowson. Blackstone.
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Patronage
Pa"tron*age, v. t. To act as a patron of; to maintain; to defend. [Obs.] Shak.
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Patronal
Pa"tron*al (?), a. [L. patronalis; cf. F. patronal.] Patron; protecting; favoring. [R.] Sir T. Browne.
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Patronate
Pa"tron*ate (?), n. [L. patronatus.] The right or duty of a patron; patronage. [R.] Westm. Rev.
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Patroness
Pa"tron*ess (?), n. [Cf. F. patronnesse.] A female patron or helper. Spenser.
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Night, best patroness of grief. Milton.
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Patronization
Pa`tron*i*za"tion (?), n. The act of patronizing; patronage; support. [R.]
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Patronize
Pa"tron*ize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Patronized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Patronizing (?).] 1. To act as patron toward; to support; to countenance; to favor; to aid.
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The idea has been patronized by two States only. A. Hamilton.
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2. To trade with customarily; to frequent as a customer. [Commercial Cant]
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3. To assume the air of a patron, or of a superior and protector, toward; -- used in an unfavorable sense; as, to patronize one's equals.
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Patronizer
Pa"tron*i`zer (?), n. One who patronizes.
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Patronizing
Pa"tron*i`zing (?), a. Showing condescending favor; assuming the manner of airs of a superior toward another. -- Pat"ron*i`zing*ly, adv. Thackeray.
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Patronless
Pa"tron*less (?), a. Destitute of a patron.
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Patronomatology
Pa`tro*nom`a*tol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. path`r, patro`s, a father + E. onomatology.] That branch of knowledge which deals with personal names and their origin; the study of patronymics.
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Patronymic
Pa`tro*nym"ic (-n&ibreve_;m"&ibreve_;k), a. [L. patronymicus, Gr. patrwnymiko`s; path`r father + 'o`noma name: cf. F. patronymique.] Derived from ancestors; as, a patronymic denomination.
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Patronymic
Pa`tro*nym"ic, n. [Gr. patrwnymiko`n.] A modification of the father's name borne by the son; a name derived from that of a parent or ancestor; as, Pelides, the son of Peleus; Johnson, the son of John; Macdonald, the son of Donald; Paulowitz, the son of Paul; also, the surname of a family; the family name. M. A. Lower.
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&hand_; In Russia, the patronymic is taken routinely as a middle name, and is commonly used together with the given name in addressing people with whom one is familiar, thus Ivan Ivanovich would be commonly used to address Ivan, whose father was Ivan; likewise Boris Michaelovich would address Boris the son of Michael, and Lena Ivanova would address Lena, the daughter of Ivan.
[PJC]

Patronymical
Pa`tro*nym"ic*al (?), a. Same as Patronymic.
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Patroon
Pa*troon" (?), n. [D. patroon a patron, a protector. See Patron.] One of the proprietors of certain tracts of land with manorial privileges and right of entail, under the old Dutch governments of New York and New Jersey.
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Patroonship
Pa*troon"ship, n. The office of a patroon. Irving.
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Pattee
Patte
{ ‖Pat`té" (?), Pat*tee" (?), } a. [F. patté, fem. pattée, fr. patte paw, foot. Cf. Patten.] (Her.) Narrow at the inner, and very broad at the other, end, or having its arms of that shape; -- said of a cross. See Illust. (8) of Cross. [Written also paté, patee.]
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Pattemar
Pat"te*mar (?), n. See Patamar.
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Patten
Pat"ten (?), n. [F. patin a high-heeled shoe, fr. patte paw, foot. Cf. Panton, Patté.] 1. A clog or sole of wood, usually supported by an iron ring, worn to raise the feet from the wet or the mud.
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The patten now supports each frugal dame. Gay.
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2. A stilt. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.
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Pattened
Pat"ten*ed (?), a. Wearing pattens. “Some pattened girl.” Jane Austen.
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Patter
Pat"ter (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Pattered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Pattering.] [Freq. of pat to strike gently.] 1. To strike with a quick succession of slight, sharp sounds; as, pattering rain or hail; pattering feet.
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The stealing shower is scarce to patter heard. Thomson.
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2. To mutter; to mumble; as, to patter with the lips. Tyndale. [In this sense, and in the following, perh. from paternoster.]
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3. To talk glibly; to chatter; to harangue. [Colloq.]
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I've gone out and pattered to get money. Mayhew.
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Patter
Pat"ter, v. t. 1. To spatter; to sprinkle. [R.] “And patter the water about the boat.” J. R. Drake.
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2. [See Patter, v. i., 2.] To mutter; as prayers.
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[The hooded clouds] patter their doleful prayers. Longfellow.
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To patter flash, to talk in thieves' cant. [Slang]
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Patter
Pat"ter, n. 1. A quick succession of slight sounds; as, the patter of rain; the patter of little feet.
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2. Glib and rapid speech; a voluble harangue.
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3. The cant of a class; patois; as, thieves's patter; gypsies' patter.
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4. The language or oratory of a street peddler, conjurer, or the like, hence, glib talk; a voluble harangue; mere talk; chatter; also, specif., rapid speech, esp. as sometimes introduced in songs. [Cant or Colloq.]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Patterer
Pat"ter*er (?), n. One who patters, or talks glibly; specifically, a street peddler. [Cant, Eng.]
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Pattern
Pat"tern (?), n. [OE. patron, F. patron, a patron, also, a pattern. See Patron.] 1. Anything proposed for imitation; an archetype; an exemplar; that which is to be, or is worthy to be, copied or imitated; as, a pattern of a machine.
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I will be the pattern of all patience. Shak.
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2. A part showing the figure or quality of the whole; a specimen; a sample; an example; an instance.
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He compares the pattern with the whole piece. Swift.
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3. Stuff sufficient for a garment; as, a dress pattern.
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4. Figure or style of decoration; design; as, wall paper of a beautiful pattern.
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5. Something made after a model; a copy. Shak.
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The patterns of things in the heavens. Heb. ix. 23.
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6. Anything cut or formed to serve as a guide to cutting or forming objects; as, a dressmaker's pattern.
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7. (Founding) A full-sized model around which a mold of sand is made, to receive the melted metal. It is usually made of wood and in several parts, so as to be removed from the mold without injuring it.
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8. a recognizable characteristic relationship or set of relationships between the members of any set of objects or actions, or the properties of the members; also, the set having a definable relationship between its members.
[PJC]

Various collections of objects or markings are spoken of as a pattern. Thus: the distribution of bomb or shell impacts on a target area, or of bullet holes in a target; a set of traits or actions that appear to be consistent throughout the members of a group or over time within a group, as behavioral pattern, traffic pattern, dress pattern; the wave pattern for a spoken word; the pattern of intensities in a spectrum; a grammatical pattern.
[PJC]

9. (Gun.) A diagram showing the distribution of the pellets of a shotgun on a vertical target perpendicular to the plane of fire.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

10. the recommended flight path for an airplane to follow as it approaches an airport for a landing. Same as landing pattern.
[PJC]

11. an image or diagram containing lines, usually horizontal, vertical, and diagonal, sometimes of varying widths, used to test the resolution of an optical instrument or the accuracy of reproduction of image copying or transmission equipment. Same as test pattern.
[PJC]

pattern box, pattern chain, or pattern cylinder (Figure Weaving), devices, in a loom, for presenting several shuttles to the picker in the proper succession for forming the figure. -- Pattern card. (a) A set of samples on a card. (b) (Weaving) One of the perforated cards in a Jacquard apparatus. -- Pattern reader, one who arranges textile patterns. -- Pattern wheel (Horology), a count-wheel.
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Pattern
Pat"tern, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Patterned (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Patterning.] 1. To make or design (anything) by, from, or after, something that serves as a pattern; to copy; to model; to imitate. Milton.
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[A temple] patterned from that which Adam reared in Paradise. Sir T. Herbert.
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2. To serve as an example for; also, to parallel.
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To pattern after, to imitate; to follow.
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patterned
patterned adj. Having describable patterns, especially patterns of colors. [Narrower terms: banded, blotched, blotchy, splotched, brindled, brindle, brinded, tabby, burled, checked, checkered, dappled, mottled, dotted, flecked, specked, speckled, stippled, figured, floral, flowered, laced, marbled, marbleized, moire, watered, pinstriped, pinstripe(prenominal), slashed, streaked, spotted, sprigged, streaked, streaky, striped, stripy, tessellated, veined, venose] plain, solid
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

patternlike
patternlike adj. 1. resembling a pattern or shape or outline. a gigantic black and patternlike figure against the eastern sky
[WordNet 1.5]

patternmaker
patternmaker n. Someone who makes patterns (as for sewing or carpentery or metalworking).
[WordNet 1.5]

Pattern matching
Pat"tern match"ing (?), n. [See pattern.] (Computers) A technique in automated data analysis, usually performed on a computer, by which a group of characteristic properties of an unknown object is compared with the comparable groups of characteristics of a set of known objects, to discover the idenity or proper classification of the unknown object. There are two major types of pattern matching, statistical pattern matching and syntactic pattern matching. In statistical pattern matching, the criteria used to recognize identity or class membership vary, but in general some combination of the differences in the groups of characteristics of known and unknown objects are considered to be a measure of the difference ("distance") between them, and the closest known object or objects are viewed as presenting the most likely identity or class for the unknown object. In syntactic pattern matching, a set of known patterns, e.g. as in the possible order of parts of speech in a language, is defined, and the unknown pattern is compared to find that known pattern or patterns which matches the unknown exactly. In general, statistical pattern matching is used where properties of objects with continuous values are being compared, and syntactic pattern matching where a complex arrangement of at least two different objects may be built by application of a set of rules (a "grammar") for combining the objects in a specified order. Examples of the latter are natural and formal languages.
[PJC]

Pattinson's process
Pat"tin*son's proc"ess (?). (Metal.) A process of desilverizing argentiferous lead by repeated meltings and skimmings, which concentrate the silver in the molten bath, the final skimmings being nearly pure lad. The processwas invented in 1833 by Hugh Lee Pattinson, an English metallurgist.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Patty
Pat"ty (?), n.; pl. Patties (#). [F. pâté. See Pasty.] A little pie.
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Pattypan
Pat"ty*pan` (?), n. 1. A pan for baking patties.
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2. A patty. [Obs.]
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Patulous
Pat"u*lous (?), a. [L. patulus, fr. patere to be open, extend.] Open; expanded; slightly spreading; having the parts loose or dispersed; as, a patulous calyx; a patulous cluster of flowers.
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The eyes are large and patulous. Sir J. Hill.
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Pau
Pau (?), n. See Pah.
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Pauciloquent
Pau*cil"o*quent (?), a. Uttering few words; brief in speech. [R.]
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Pauciloquy
Pau*cil"o*quy (?), n. [L. pauciloquium; paucus little + loqui to speak.] Brevity in speech. [R.]
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Paucispiral
Pau`ci*spi"ral (?), a. [L. paucus few + E. spiral.] (Zool.) Having few spirals, or whorls; as, a paucispiral operculum or shell.
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Paucity
Pau"ci*ty (p&asuml_;"s&ibreve_;*t&ybreve_;), n. [L. paucitas, fr. paucus few, little: cf. F. paucité See Few.] 1. Fewness; smallness of number; scarcity; rarity. Hooker.
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Revelation denies it by the stern reserve, the paucity, and the incompleteness, of its communications. I. Taylor.
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2. Smallness of quantity; exiguity; insufficiency; as, paucity of blood. Sir T. Browne.
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Paugy
Paugie
{ Pau"gie, Pau"gy } (?), n.; pl. Paugies (#). [Corrupted from Amer. Indian mishcuppauog. See Scup.] (Zool.) The scup. See Porgy, and Scup.
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Pauhaugen
Pau*hau"gen (?), n. [North Amer. Indian.] (Zool.) The menhaden; -- called also poghaden.
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Paul
Paul (?), n. See Pawl.
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Paul
Paul, n. An Italian silver coin. See Paolo.
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Pauldron
Paul"dron (?), n. [See Powldron.] (Mil. Antiq.) A piece of armor covering the shoulder at the junction of the body piece and arm piece.
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Paulianist
Paulian
{ Pau"li*an (?), Pau"li*an*ist (?), } n. (Eccl. Hist.) A follower of Paul of Samosata, a bishop of Antioch in the third century, who was deposed for denying the divinity of Christ.
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Paulician
Pau"li*cian (p&asuml_;"l&ibreve_;*sh&aitalic_;n), n. [Etymol. uncertain.] (Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect of Christian dualists originating in Armenia in the seventh century. They rejected the Old Testament and the part of the New.
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Paulin
Pau"lin (p&asuml_;"l&ibreve_;n), n. (Naut.) See Tarpaulin.
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Pauline
Pau"line (p&asuml_;"līn), a. [L. Paulinus, fr. Paulus Paul.] Of or pertaining to the apostle Paul, or his writings; resembling, or conforming to, the writings of Paul; as, the Pauline epistles; Pauline doctrine.
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My religion had always been Pauline. J. H. Newman.
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Paulist
Paul"ist (?), n. (R. C. Ch.) A member of The Institute of the Missionary Priests of St. Paul the Apostle, founded in 1858 by the Rev. I. T. Hecker of New York. The majority of the members were formerly Protestants.
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Paulownia
Pau*low"ni*a (?), prop. n. [NL. So named from the Russian princess Anna Pavlovna.] (Bot.) A genus of trees of the order Scrophulariaceæ, consisting of one species, Paulownia imperialis.
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&hand_; The tree is native to Japan, and has immense heart-shaped leaves, and large purplish flowers in panicles. The capsules contain many little winged seeds, which are beautiful microscopic objects. The tree is hardy in America as far north as Connecticut.
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Paum
Paum (?), v. t. & i. [See Palm to cheat.] To palm off by fraud; to cheat at cards. [Obs.] Swift.
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Paunce
Paunce (?), n. [See Pansy.] (Bot.) The pansy. “The pretty paunce.” Spenser.
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Paunch
Paunch (p&asuml_;nch or pänch; 277), n. [OF. panch, pance, F. panse, L. pantex, panticis.] 1. (Anat.) The belly and its contents; the abdomen; also, the first stomach, or rumen, of ruminants. See Rumen.
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2. (Naut.) A paunch mat; -- called also panch.
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3. The thickened rim of a bell, struck by the clapper.
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4. A noticeably protruding belly; a potbelly.
[PJC]

Paunch mat (Naut.), a thick mat made of strands of rope, used to prevent the yard or rigging from chafing.
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Paunch
Paunch, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Paunched (p&asuml_;ncht or päncht); p. pr. & vb. n. Paunching.] 1. To pierce or rip the belly of; to eviscerate; to disembowel. Shak.
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2. To stuff with food. [Obs.] Udall.
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Paunchy
Paunch"y (p&asuml_;nch"&ybreve_;), a. Pot-bellied. [R.] Dickens.
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Paune
Paune (?), n. A kind of bread. See Pone.
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Pauper
Pau"per (?), n. [L. See Poor.] A very poor person; one without any means of support, especially one dependent on private or public charity. Also used adjectively; as, pauper immigrants, pauper labor.
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Pauperism
Pau"per*ism (?), n. [Cf. F. paupérisme.] The state of being a pauper; the state of indigent persons requiring support from the community. Whatly.
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Syn. -- Poverty; indigence; penury; want; need; destitution. See Poverty.
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Pauperization
Pau`per*i*za"tion (?), n. The act or process of reducing to pauperism. C. Kingsley.
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Pauperize
Pau"per*ize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Pauperized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Pauperizing (?).] To reduce to pauperism; as, to pauperize the peasantry.
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Pauropoda
Pau*rop"o*da (?), prop. n. pl. [NL., from Gr. pay^ros small + -poda.] (Zool.) An order of small myriapods having only nine pairs of legs and destitute of tracheæ.
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Pause
Pause (p&asuml_;z), n. [F., fr. L. pausa. See Pose.] 1. A temporary stop or rest; an intermission of action; interruption; suspension; cessation.
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2. Temporary inaction or waiting; hesitation; suspence; doubt.
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I stand in pause where I shall first begin. Shak.
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3. In speaking or reading aloud, a brief arrest or suspension of voice, to indicate the limits and relations of sentences and their parts.
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4. In writing and printing, a mark indicating the place and nature of an arrest of voice in reading; a punctuation point; as, teach the pupil to mind the pauses.
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5. A break or paragraph in writing.
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He writes with warmth, which usually neglects method, and those partitions and pauses which men educated in schools observe. Locke.
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6. (Mus.) A hold. See 4th Hold, 7.
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Syn. -- Stop; cessation; suspension.
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Pause
Pause, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Paused (p&asuml_;zd); p. pr. & vb. n. Pausing.] [Cf. F. pauser, L. pausare. See Pause, n., Pose.] 1. To make a short stop; to cease for a time; to intermit speaking or acting; to stop; to wait; to rest. “Tarry, pause a day or two.” Shak.
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Pausing a while, thus to herself she mused. Milton.
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2. To be intermitted; to cease; as, the music pauses.
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3. To hesitate; to hold back; to delay. [R.]
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Why doth the Jew pause? Take thy forfeiture. Shak.
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4. To stop in order to consider; hence, to consider; to reflect. [R.] “Take time to pause.” Shak.
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To pause upon, to deliberate concerning. Shak.
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Syn. -- To intermit; stop; stay; wait; delay; tarry; hesitate; demur.
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Pause
Pause, v. t. To cause to stop or rest; -- used reflexively. [R.] Shak.
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Pauser
Paus"er (?), n. One who pauses. Shak.
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Pausingly
Paus"ing*ly, adv. With pauses; haltingly. Shak.
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Pauxi
Paux"i (?), n. [From the native name: cf. Sp. pauji.] (Zool.) A curassow (Ourax pauxi), which, in South America, is often domesticated.
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Pavage
Pav"age (?), n. [Cf. F. pavage.] See Paviage. [R.]
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Pavan
Pav"an (?), n. [F. pavane; cf. It. & Sp. pavana, and Sp. pavon, pavo, a peacock, L. pavo.] A stately and formal Spanish dance for which full state costume is worn; -- so called from the resemblance of its movements to those of the peacock. [Written also pavane, paven, pavian, and pavin.]
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Pave
Pa`vé" (?), n. [F., from paver to pave. See Pave.] The pavement.
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‖Nymphe du pavé (&unr_;), a prostitute who solicits in the street; a streetwalker. [A low euphemism.]
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Pave
Pave (pāv), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Paved (pāvd); p. pr. & vb. n. Paving.] [F. paver to pave, LL. pavare, from L. pavire to beat, ram, or tread down; cf. Gr. pai`ein to beat, strike.] 1. To lay or cover with stone, brick, or other material, so as to make a firm, level, or convenient surface for vehicles, horses, carriages, or persons on foot, to travel on; to floor with brick, stone, or other solid material; as, to pave a street; to pave a court.
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With silver paved, and all divine with gold. Dryden.
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To pave thy realm, and smooth the broken ways. Gay.
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2. Fig.: To make smooth, easy, and safe; to prepare, as a path or way; as, to pave the way to promotion; to pave the way for an enterprise.
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It might open and pave a prepared way to his own title. Bacon.
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paved
paved adj. 1. covered with a firm surface; -- of pathways or roadways. [Narrower terms: asphalt, macadam, macadamized, tarmac, tarmacadam; blacktopped, brick, cobblestone, cobblestoned] [Ant: unpaved]
Syn. -- hard-surfaced, surfaced, made-up [British], sealed [Australian].
[WordNet 1.5]

Pavement
Pave"ment (?), n. [F., fr. LL. pavamentum, L. pavimentum. See Pave.] That with which anything is paved; a floor or covering of solid material, laid so as to make a hard and convenient surface for travel; a paved road or sidewalk; a decorative interior floor of tiles or colored bricks.
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The riches of heaven's pavement, trodden gold. Milton.
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Pavement teeth (Zool.), flattened teeth which in certain fishes, as the skates and cestracionts, are arranged side by side, like tiles in a pavement.
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Pavement
Pave"ment, v. t. To furnish with a pavement; to pave. [Obs.] “How richly pavemented!” Bp. Hall.
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Paven
Pav"en (?), n. See Pavan.
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Paver
Pav"er (?), n. One who paves; one who lays a pavement. [Written also pavier and pavior.]
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Pavesade
Pav`e*sade" (?), n. [F. See Pavise.] A canvas screen, formerly sometimes extended along the side of a vessel in a naval engagement, to conceal from the enemy the operations on board.
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Pavesse
Pavese
{ Pa*vese" (?), Pa*vesse" (?) }, n. Pavise. [Obs.]
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Paviage
Pa"vi*age (?), n. (Law) A contribution or a tax for paving streets or highways. Bouvier.
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Pavian
Pav"i*an (?), n. See Pavan.
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Pavid
Pav"id (?), a. [L. pavidus, from pavere to be afraid.] Timid; fearful. [R.] Thackeray.
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Pavidity
Pa*vid"i*ty (?), n. Timidity. [R.]
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Pavier
Pav"ier (?), n. A paver.
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Paviin
Pa"vi*in (pā"v&ibreve_;*&ibreve_;n), n. (Chem.) A glucoside found in species of the genus Pavia of the Horse-chestnut family.
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Pavilion
Pa*vil"ion (?), n. [F. pavillon, fr. L. pavilio a butterfly, also, a tent, because spread out like a butterfly's wings.] 1. A temporary movable habitation; a large tent; a marquee; esp., a tent raised on posts. “[The] Greeks do pitch their brave pavilions.” Shak.
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2. (Arch.) A single body or mass of building, contained within simple walls and a single roof, whether insulated, as in the park or garden of a larger edifice, or united with other parts, and forming an angle or central feature of a large pile.
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3. (Mil.) A flag, colors, ensign, or banner.
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4. (Her.) Same as Tent (Her.)
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5. That part of a brilliant which lies between the girdle and collet. See Illust. of Brilliant.
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6. (Anat.) The auricle of the ear; also, the fimbriated extremity of the Fallopian tube.
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7. A covering; a canopy; figuratively, the sky.
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The pavilion of heaven is bare. Shelley.
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Pavilion
Pa*vil"ion, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Pavilioned (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Pavilioning.] To furnish or cover with, or shelter in, a tent or tents.
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The field pavilioned with his guardians bright. Milton.
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Pavin
Pav"in (?), n. See Pavan.
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Paving
Pav"ing (?), n. 1. The act or process of laying a pavement, or covering some place with a pavement.
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2. A pavement.
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Pavior
Pav"ior (?), n. 1. One who paves; a paver.
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2. A machine for laying pavement; a rammer for driving paving stones.
Syn. -- paviour, paving machine.
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3. A brick or slab used for paving.
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paviour
paviour n. See pavior{2}.
Syn. -- pavior, paving machine.
[WordNet 1.5]

Pavise
Pavis
Pa*vis, Pa*vise (?), n. [OF. pavaix, F. pavois; cf. It. pavese, LL. pavense; perh. named from Pavia in Italy.] (Mil. Antiq.) A large heavy oblong shield covering the whole body, carried by a pavisor, who sometimes also screened an archer with it. It was originally carried but sometimes set up in permanent position [Written also pavis, pavais, pavese, and pavesse.] Fairholt.
[1913 Webster + WordNet 1.5]

Pavisor
Pa*vis"or (?), n. (Mil. Antiq.) A soldier who carried a pavise.
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Pavlovian
Pavlovian prop. adj. Of or pertaining to Ivan Pavlov, or the principles of conditioned responses that he investigated; as, a Pavlovian response. dog
[WordNet 1.5]

Pavo
Pa"vo (?), prop. n. [L., a peacock. See Peacock.] 1. (Zool.) A genus of birds, including the peacocks.
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2. (Astron.) The Peacock, a constellation of the southern hemisphere.
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Pavon
Pa"von (?), n. A small triangular flag, esp. one attached to a knight's lance; a pennon.
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Pavone
Pa*vone" (?), n. [Cf. It. pavone, Sp. pavon, fr. L. pavo.] (Zool.) A peacock. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Pavonian
Pa*vo"ni*an (?), a. Of or pertaining to a peacock. [R.] Southey.
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Pavonine
Pav"o*nine (?), a. [L. pavoninus, fr. pavo a peacock. See Peacock.] 1. (Zool.) Like, or pertaining to, the genus Pavo.
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2. Characteristic of a peacock; resembling the tail of a peacock, as in colors; iridescent. P. Cleaveland.
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Paw
Paw (p&asuml_;), n. [OE. pawe, poue, OF. poe: cf. patte, LG. pote, D. poot, G. pfote.] 1. The foot of a quadruped having claws, as the lion, dog, cat, etc.
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2. The hand. [Jocose] Dryden.
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Paw clam (Zool.), the tridacna; -- so called because shaped like an animal's paw.
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Paw
Paw, v. i. To draw the forefoot along the ground; to beat or scrape with the forefoot. Job xxxix. 21.
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Paw
Paw, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Pawed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Pawing.] 1. To pass the paw over; to stroke or handle with the paws; hence, to handle fondly or rudely.
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2. To scrape or beat with the forefoot.
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His hot courser pawed the Hungarian plane. Tickell.
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Pawk
Pawk (?), n. (Zool.) A small lobster. Travis.
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Pawky
Paw"ky (?), a. [Cf. AS. pæcean to deceive.] Arch; cunning; sly. [Scot.] Jamieson.
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Pawl
Pawl (?), n. [W. pawl a pole, a stake. Cf. Pole a stake.] (Mach.) A pivoted tongue, or sliding bolt, on one part of a machine, adapted to fall into notches, or interdental spaces, on another part, as a ratchet wheel, in such a manner as to permit motion in one direction and prevent it in the reverse, as in a windlass; a catch, click, or detent. See Illust. of Ratchet Wheel. [Written also paul, or pall.]
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Pawl bitt (Naut.), a heavy timber, set abaft the windlass, to receive the strain of the pawls. -- Pawl rim or Pawl ring (Naut.), a stationary metallic ring surrounding the base of a capstan, having notches for the pawls to catch in.
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Pawl
Pawl, v. t. To stop with a pawl; to drop the pawls off.
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To pawl the capstan. See under Capstan.
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Pawn
Pawn (?), n. See Pan, the masticatory.
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Pawn
Pawn, n. [OE. paune, poun, OF. peon, poon, F. pion, LL. pedo a foot soldier, fr. L. pes, pedis, foot. See Foot, and cf. Pioneer, Peon.] (Chess) A man or piece of the lowest rank.
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Pawn
Pawn, n. [OF. pan pledge, assurance, skirt, piece, F. pan skirt, lappet, piece, from L. pannus. See Pane.] 1. Anything delivered or deposited as security, as for the payment of money borrowed, or of a debt; a pledge. See Pledge, n., 1.
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As for mortgaging or pawning, . . . men will not take pawns without use [i. e., interest]. Bacon.
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2. State of being pledged; a pledge for the fulfillment of a promise. [R.]
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Redeem from broking pawn the blemish'd crown. Shak.
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As the morning dew is a pawn of the evening fatness. Donne.
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3. A stake hazarded in a wager. [Poetic]
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My life I never held but as a pawn
To wage against thy enemies.
Shak.
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In pawn, At pawn, in the state of being pledged. “Sweet wife, my honor is at pawn.” Shak. -- Pawn shop, a shop where a pawnbroker does business. -- Pawn ticket, a receipt given by the pawnbroker for an article pledged.
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Pawn
Pawn, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Pawned (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Pawning.] 1. To give or deposit in pledge, or as security for the payment of money borrowed; to put in pawn; to pledge; as, to pawn one's watch.
Syn. -- hock [colloq].
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And pawned the last remaining piece of plate. Dryden.
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2. To pledge for the fulfillment of a promise; to stake; to risk; to wager; to hazard.
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Pawning his honor to obtain his lust. Shak.
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Pawnable
Pawna*ble (?), a. Capable of being pawned.
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Pawnbroker
Pawn"bro`ker (?), n. One who makes a business of lending money on the security of personal property pledged or deposited in his keeping.
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Pawnbroking
Pawn"bro`king, n. The business of a pawnbroker.
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Pawnee
Pawn*ee" (?), n. (Law) One or two whom a pledge is delivered as security; one who takes anything in pawn.
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Pawnees
Paw`nees" (?), prop. n. pl.; sing. Pawnee (&unr_;). (Ethnol.) A tribe of Indians (called also Loups) who formerly occupied the region of the Platte river, but now (1890) live mostly in the Indian Territory (Oklahoma). The term is often used in a wider sense to include also the related tribes of Rickarees and Wichitas. Called also Pani.
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Pawnor
Pawner
{ Pawn"er (?), Pawn*or" (?), } n. (Law) One who pawns or pledges anything as security for the payment of borrowed money or of a debt.
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Pawpaw
Paw`paw" (?), n. (Bot.) Same as Papaya.
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Pax
Pax (?), n. [L. pax peace. See Peace.] 1. (Eccl.) The kiss of peace; also, the embrace in the sanctuary now substituted for it at High Mass in Roman Catholic churches.
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2. (R. C. Ch.) A tablet or board, on which is a representation of Christ, of the Virgin Mary, or of some saint and which, in the Mass, was kissed by the priest and then by the people, in mediæval times; an osculatory. It is still used in communities, confraternities, etc.
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Kiss the pax, and be quiet like your neighbors. Chapman.
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3. Friendship, or a friend; -- esp. in the phrases to make pax with, to make friends with, to be good pax, to be good friends; also, truce; -- used esp. interjectionally. [Eng. Schoolboy Slang]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Paxillose
Pax"il*lose` (?), a. [L. paxillus a small stake.] (Geol.) Resembling a little stake.
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Paxillus
Pax*il"lus (?), n.; pl. Paxilli (#). [L., a peg.] (Zool.) One of a peculiar kind of spines covering the surface of certain starfishes. They are pillarlike, with a flattened summit which is covered with minute spinules or granules. See Illustration in Appendix.
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Paxwax
Pax"wax` (?), n. [For faxvax, fr. AS. feax hair (akin to OHG. fahs) + weaxan to grow. See Wax to grow, and cf. Faxed, Pectinate.] (Anat.) The strong ligament of the back of the neck in quadrupeds. It connects the back of the skull with dorsal spines of the cervical vertebræ, and helps to support the head. Called also paxywaxy and packwax.
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Paxywaxy
Pax"y*wax`y (?), n. (Anat.) See Paxwax.
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Pay
Pay (pā), v. t. [OF. peier, fr. L. picare to pitch, pix pitch: cf. OF. peiz pitch, F. poix. See Pitch a black substance.] (Naut.) To cover, as bottom of a vessel, a seam, a spar, etc., with tar or pitch, or waterproof composition of tallow, resin, etc.; to smear.
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Pay
Pay, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Paid (pād); p. pr. & vb. n. Paying.] [OE. paien, F. payer, fr. L. pacare to pacify, appease, fr. pax, pacis, peace. See Peace.] 1. To satisfy, or content; specifically, to satisfy (another person) for service rendered, property delivered, etc.; to discharge one's obligation to; to make due return to; to compensate; to remunerate; to recompense; to requite; as, to pay workmen or servants.
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May no penny ale them pay [i. e., satisfy]. P. Plowman.
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[She] pays me with disdain. Dryden.
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2. Hence, figuratively: To compensate justly; to requite according to merit; to reward; to punish; to retort or retaliate upon.
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For which, or pay me quickly, or I'll pay you. B. Jonson.
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3. To discharge, as a debt, demand, or obligation, by giving or doing what is due or required; to deliver the amount or value of to the person to whom it is owing; to discharge a debt by delivering (money owed).Pay me that thou owest.” Matt. xviii. 28.
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Have patience with me, and I will pay thee all. Matt. xviii. 26.
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If they pay this tax, they starve. Tennyson.
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4. To discharge or fulfill, as a duy; to perform or render duty, as that which has been promised.
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This day have I paid my vows. Prov. vii. 14.
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5. To give or offer, without an implied obligation; as, to pay attention; to pay a visit.
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Not paying me a welcome. Shak.
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To pay off. (a) To make compensation to and discharge; as, to pay off the crew of a ship. (b) To allow (a thread, cord, etc.) to run off; to unwind. (c) to bribe. -- To pay one's duty, to render homage, as to a sovereign or other superior. -- To pay out (Naut.), to pass out; hence, to slacken; to allow to run out; as, to pay out more cable. See under Cable. -- To pay the piper, to bear the cost, expense, or trouble. [Colloq.]
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Pay
Pay (pā), v. i. To give a recompense; to make payment, requital, or satisfaction; to discharge a debt.
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The wicked borroweth, and payeth not again. Ps. xxxvii. 21.
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2. Hence, to make or secure suitable return for expense or trouble; to be remunerative or profitable; to be worth the effort or pains required; as, it will pay to ride; it will pay to wait; politeness always pays.
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To pay for. (a) To make amends for; to atone for; as, men often pay for their mistakes with loss of property or reputation, sometimes with life. (b) To give an equivalent for; to bear the expense of; to be mulcted on account of.
[1913 Webster] 'T was I paid for your sleeps; I watched your wakings. Beau. & Fl.
[1913 Webster] -- To pay off. [Etymol. uncertain.] (a) (Naut.) To fall to leeward, as the head of a vessel under sail. (b) to repay (a debt). -- To pay on. [Etymol. uncertain.] To beat with vigor; to redouble blows. [Colloq.] -- To pay round [Etymol. uncertain.] (Naut.) To turn the ship's head.

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Pay
Pay, n. 1. Satisfaction; content. Chaucer.
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2. An equivalent or return for money due, goods purchased, or services performed; salary or wages for work or service; compensation; recompense; payment; hire; as, the pay of a clerk; the pay of a soldier.
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Where only merit constant pay receives. Pope.
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There is neither pay nor plunder to be got. L'Estrange.
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Full pay, the whole amount of wages or salary; maximum pay; especially, the highest pay or allowance to civil or military officers of a certain rank, without deductions. -- Half pay. See under Half. -- Pay day, the day of settlement of accounts. -- Pay dirt (Mining), earth which yields a profit to the miner. [Western U.S.] -- Pay office, a place where payment is made. -- Pay roll, (a) a roll or list of persons entitled to payment, with the amounts due; now usually one word, payroll. (b) the total sum of money which is paid to all employees on payday.
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Payable
Pay"a*ble (?), a. [Cf. F. payable. Cf. Pacable.] 1. That may, can, or should be paid; suitable to be paid; justly due. Drayton.
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Thanks are a tribute payable by the poorest. South.
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2. (Law) (a) That may be discharged or settled by delivery of value. (b) Matured; now due.
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payables
payables n. money that a person or organization expects and is obligated to pay on notes and accounts.
[WordNet 1.5]

payback
payback n. same as retribution. [informal]
[PJC]

2. same as requital. [informal]
[PJC]

Pay Cerps
Pay Cerps. A staff corps in the United States navy, consisting of pay directors, pay inspectors, paymasters, passed assistant paymasters, and assistant paymasters, having relative rank from captain to ensign, respectively.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Pay rock
Pay dirt
{ Pay dirt, Pay rock, etc. } 1. (Mining) Earth, rock, etc., which yields a profit to the miner. [Western U. S.]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

2. a discovery, especially after an exploratory process, which yields a profit or sought-after benefit; -- used especially in the phrase “to hit pay dirt”.
[PJC]

PAYE
PAYE prop. n. the British system of withholding tax. [Acronym]
Syn. -- pay as you earn.
[WordNet 1.5]

Payee
Pay*ee" (?), n. The person to whom money is to be, or has been, paid; the person named in a bill or note, to whom, or to whose order, the amount is promised or directed to be paid. See Bill of exchange, under Bill.
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Payen
Pay"en (?), n. & a. Pagan. [F.] [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Payer
Pay"er (?), n. One who pays; specifically, the person by whom a bill or note has been, or should be, paid.
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paying
paying n. 1. the act of paying money.
Syn. -- payment, defrayal, defrayment.
[WordNet 1.5]

paying
paying adj. yielding material gain or profit; as, paying investments. [Ant: unprofitable]
Syn. -- profitable.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. providing a salary for work performed; as, a paying job. [prenominal] [Ant: unpaid]
Syn. -- compensable, remunerative, salaried, stipendiary, gainful.
[WordNet 1.5]

payload
pay"load` (pā"lōd`) n. The part of a missile or torpedo that carries the explosive charge.
Syn. -- warhead, load.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. The goods carried by a large vehicle.
Syn. -- cargo, lading, freight, load, loading, shipment, consignment.
[WordNet 1.5]

Paymaster
Pay"mas`ter (?), n. One who pays; one who compensates, rewards, or requites; specifically, an officer or agent of a government, a corporation, or an employer, whose duty it is to pay salaries, wages, etc., and keep account of the same.
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Paymaster-general
Pay"mas`ter-gen"er*al. 1. (a) (Mil.) In the United States army, an officer of the rank of brigadier general, who commands the pay department, which is charged with the payment of the officers and men. (b) (Nav.) In the United States navy, the Chief of the Bureau of Provisions and Clothing, who has charge of the payment of officers and men and their clothing and subsistence. He has the rank of rear admiral.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

2. In Great Britain, an officer of the Treasury who makes all payments and disbursements, civil as well as military. He is a member of the ministry, but not of the cabinet.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Payment
Pay"ment (?), n. [F. payment, paiement. See Pay to requite.] 1. The act of paying, or giving compensation; the discharge of a debt or an obligation.
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No man envieth the payment of a debt. Bacon.
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2. That which is paid; the thing given in discharge of a debt, or an obligation, or in fulfillment of a promise; reward; recompense; requital; return. Shak.
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3. Punishment; chastisement. [R.]
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Payn
Payn (?), n. [OF. & F. pain, fr. L. panis bread.] Bread. Having Piers Plowman.
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Payndemain
Payn`de*main" (?), n. [OF. pain bread + demaine manorial, lordly, own, private. See Payn, and Demesne. Said to be so called from the figure of our Lord impressed upon it.] The finest and whitest bread made in the Middle Ages; -- called also paynemain, payman. [Obs.]
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Payne's process
Payne's process (?). A process for preserving timber and rendering it incombustible by impregnating it successively with solutions of sulphate of iron and calcium chloride in vacuo. -- Payn"ize, v. t.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Paynim
Pay"nim (?), n. & a. See Painim.
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Paynize
Payn"ize (?), v. t. [From Mr. Payne, the inventor.] To treat or preserve, as wood, by a process resembling kyanizing.
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payoff
payoff n. 1. profit or gain from an action; -- used broadly; as, lots of effort with little payoff.
[PJC]

2. retribution, payback.
[PJC]

3. The act of giving or receiving money or other valuable consideration as a bribe.
Syn. -- bribe.
[PJC]

4. The money or item given as a bribe.
[PJC]

5. same as compensation 2.
Syn. -- compensation, remuneration, recompense.
[PJC]

6. The climax or final result of an event or endeavor; the denoument of a narrative.
[PJC]

Payor
Pay*or" (?), n. (Law) See Payer. [R.]
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pay-phone
pay-phone n. 1. a coin-operated telephone.
Syn. -- pay-station.
[WordNet 1.5]

Payse
Payse (?), v. t. To poise. [Obs.] Spenser.
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paysheet
pay"sheet` n. 1. the total amount of money paid in wages; as, the company had a large paysheet.
Syn. -- payroll.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. a list of employees and their salaries; as, the company had a long paysheet.
Syn. -- payroll.
[WordNet 1.5]

payslip
pay"slip` n. 1. a slip of paper included with a person's salary payment, that records how much money the person has earned and how much tax or insurance etc. has been taken out.
[WordNet 1.5]

pay-station
pay-station n. a coin-operated telephone.
Syn. -- pay-phone.
[WordNet 1.5]

Pay streak
Pay streak. 1. (Mining) The zone, parallel to the walls of a vein, in which the ore is concentrated, or any narrow streak of paying ore in less valuable material.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

2. (Oil Boring) A stratum of oil sand thick enough to make a well pay.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Paytine
Pay"tine (?), n. (Chem.) An alkaloid obtained from a white bark resembling that of the cinchona, first brought from Payta, in Peru.
[1913 Webster]

PBS
PBS n. 1. (Biochem.) [Initialism] Phosphate-buffered saline, a saline solution containing a phosphate buffer.
Syn. -- phosphate-buffered saline.
[PJC]

2. [Initialism] Public Broadcasting System; a system of non-profit radio and television broadcasting stations.
[PJC]

PC
PC n. (Computers) A personal computer; a computer{2} designed for use by one person at a time; -- contrasted with shared-time computers such as mainframes and minicomputers, which may be accessed by multiple users each operating from a different input device (in the 1990's, usually a terminal). A personal computer typically uses a microprocessor for its CPU. [Initialism]
Syn. -- personal computer, microcomputer.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

PC
PC (pē`sē") a. An initialism for politically correct. [Initialism]
Syn. -- P. C., politically correct.
[PJC]

PCP
PCP n. A drug originally taken in the form of powder ("dust") for its hallucinogenic effects.
Syn. -- phencyclidine hydrochloride, angel dust.
[WordNet 1.5]

pct
pct n. [Abbreviation of percent.] Percent; a fractional proportion, multiplied by 100. [abbreviation]
Syn. -- percentage, percent, per cent.
[WordNet 1.5]

Pd
Pd prop. n. The chemical symbol for palladium, an element of the platinum group, of atomic number 46.
Syn. -- palladium.
[WordNet 1.5]

pe
pe n. The 17th letter of the Hebrew alphabet.
[WordNet 1.5]

Pea
Pea (pē), n. [OF. peis. See Poise.] The sliding weight on a steelyard. [Written also pee.]
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Pea
Pea, n. (Naut.) See Peak, n., 3.
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Pea
Pea, n.; pl. Peas (pēz) or Pease (pēz). [OE. pese, fr. AS. pisa, or OF. peis, F. pois; both fr. L. pisum; cf. Gr. pi`sos, pi`son. The final s was misunderstood in English as a plural ending. Cf. Pease.] 1. (Bot.) A plant, and its fruit, of the genus Pisum, of many varieties, much cultivated for food. It has a papilionaceous flower, and the pericarp is a legume, popularly called a pod.
[1913 Webster]

&hand_; When a definite number, more than one, is spoken of, the plural form peas is used; as, the pod contained nine peas; but, in a collective sense, the form pease is preferred; as, a bushel of pease; they had pease at dinner. This distinction is not always preserved, the form peas being used in both senses.
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2. A name given, especially in the Southern States, to the seed of several leguminous plants (species of Dolichos, Cicer, Abrus, etc.) esp. those having a scar (hilum) of a different color from the rest of the seed.
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&hand_; The name pea is given to many leguminous plants more or less closely related to the common pea. See the Phrases, below.
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Beach pea (Bot.), a seashore plant, Lathyrus maritimus. -- Black-eyed pea, a West Indian name for Dolichos sphærospermus and its seed. -- Butterfly pea, the American plant Clitoria Mariana, having showy blossoms. -- Chick pea. See Chick-pea. -- Egyptian pea. Same as Chick-pea. -- Everlasting pea. See under Everlasting. -- Glory pea. See under Glory, n. -- Hoary pea, any plant of the genus Tephrosia; goat's rue. -- Issue pea, Orris pea. (Med.) See under Issue, and Orris. -- Milk pea. (Bot.) See under Milk. -- Pea berry, a kind of a coffee bean or grain which grows single, and is round or pea-shaped; often used adjectively; as, pea-berry coffee. -- Pea bug. (Zool.) Same as Pea weevil. -- Pea coal, a size of coal smaller than nut coal. -- Pea crab (Zool.), any small crab of the genus Pinnotheres, living as a commensal in bivalves; esp., the European species (Pinnotheres pisum) which lives in the common mussel and the cockle. -- Pea dove (Zool.), the American ground dove. -- Pea-flower tribe (Bot.), a suborder (Papilionaceæ) of leguminous plants having blossoms essentially like that of the pea. G. Bentham. -- Pea maggot (Zool.), the larva of a European moth (Tortrix pisi), which is very destructive to peas. -- Pea ore (Min.), argillaceous oxide of iron, occurring in round grains of a size of a pea; pisolitic ore. -- Pea starch, the starch or flour of the common pea, which is sometimes used in adulterating wheat flour, pepper, etc. -- Pea tree (Bot.), the name of several leguminous shrubs of the genus Caragana, natives of Siberia and China. -- Pea vine. (Bot.) (a) Any plant which bears peas. (b) A kind of vetch or tare, common in the United States (Lathyrus Americana, and other similar species). -- Pea weevil (Zool.), a small weevil (Bruchus pisi) which destroys peas by eating out the interior. -- Pigeon pea. (Bot.) See Pigeon pea. -- Sweet pea (Bot.), the annual plant Lathyrus odoratus; also, its many-colored, sweet-scented blossoms.
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Peabird
Pea"bird` (?), n. (Zool.) The wryneck; -- so called from its note. [Prov. Eng.]
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Peabody bird
Pea"bod*y bird` (?). (Zool.) An American sparrow (Zonotrichia albicollis) having a conspicuous white throat. The name is imitative of its note. Called also White-throated sparrow.
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Peace
Peace (?), n. [OE. pees, pais, OF. pais, paiz, pes, F. paix, L. pax, pacis, akin to pacere, paciscere, pacisci, to make an agreement, and prob. also pangere to fasten. Cf. Appease, Fair, a., Fay, v., Fang, Pacify, Pact, Pay to requite.] A state of quiet or tranquillity; freedom from disturbance or agitation; calm; repose; specifically: (a) Exemption from, or cessation of, war with public enemies. (b) Public quiet, order, and contentment in obedience to law. (c) Exemption from, or subjection of, agitating passions; tranquillity of mind or conscience. (d) Reconciliation; agreement after variance; harmony; concord. “The eternal love and pees.” Chaucer.
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&hand_; Peace is sometimes used as an exclamation in commanding silence, quiet, or order. “Peace! foolish woman.” Shak.
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At peace, in a state of peace. -- Breach of the peace. See under Breach. -- Justice of the peace. See under Justice. -- Peace of God. (Law) (a) A term used in wills, indictments, etc., as denoting a state of peace and good conduct. (b) (Theol.) The peace of heart which is the gift of God. -- Peace offering. (a) (Jewish Antiq.) A voluntary offering to God in token of devout homage and of a sense of friendly communion with Him. (b) A gift or service offered as satisfaction to an offended person. -- Peace officer, a civil officer whose duty it is to preserve the public peace, to prevent riots, etc., as a polliceman, sheriff or constable. -- To hold one's peace, to be silent; to refrain from speaking. -- To make one's peace with, to reconcile one with, to plead one's cause with, or to become reconciled with, another. “I will make your peace with him.” Shak.
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Peace
Peace, v. t. & i. To make or become quiet; to be silent; to stop. [R.]Peace your tattlings.” Shak.
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When the thunder would not peace at my bidding. Shak.
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Peaceable
Peace"a*ble (?), a. [OE. peisible, F. paisible.] Begin in or at peace; tranquil; quiet; free from, or not disposed to, war, disorder, or excitement; not quarrelsome. -- Peace"a*ble*ness, n. -- Peace"a*bly, adv.
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Syn. -- Peaceful; pacific; tranquil; quiet; mild; undisturbed; serene; still. -- Peaceable, Peaceful. Peaceable describes the state of an individual, nation, etc., in reference to external hostility, attack, etc.; peaceful, in respect to internal disturbance. The former denotes “in the spirit of peace;” latter; “in the possession or enjoyment of peace.” A peaceable adjustment of difficulties; a peaceful life, scene.
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Peacebreaker
Peace"break`er (?), n. One who disturbs the public peace. -- Peace"break`ing, n.
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Peaceful
Peace"ful (?), a. 1. Possessing or enjoying peace; not disturbed by war, tumult, agitation, anxiety, or commotion; quiet; tranquil; as, a peaceful time; a peaceful country; a peaceful end.
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2. Not disposed or tending to war, tumult or agitation; pacific; mild; calm; peaceable; as, peaceful words.
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Syn. -- See Peaceable.
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--Peace"ful*ly, adv.. -- Peace"ful*ness, n.
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peacekeeper
peacekeeper n. 1. a member of a military force that is assigned (often with international sanction) to preserve peace in a trouble area.
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2. someone who keeps peace; as, she's the peacekeeper in that family.
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3. the pistol of a law officer in the old West. [U. S. History]
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Peaceless
Peace"less, a. Without peace; disturbed. Sandys.
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peace-loving
peace-loving adj. Inclined or disposed to peace; as, peace-loving citizens. Opposed to warlike or belligerent.
Syn. -- peaceable, dovish, pacific.
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Peacemaker
Peace"mak`er (?), n. One who makes peace by reconciling parties that are at variance. Matt. v. 9.
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--Peace"mak`ing, n.
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peacenik
peacenik n. someone who prefers negotiations to armed conflict in the conduct of foreign relations. [Derog.]
Syn. -- dove.
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peacetime
peacetime n. A period of time during which there is no war; as, civil liberties are valued more highly in peacetime than in war.
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Peach
Peach (pēch), v. t. [See Appeach, Impeach.] To accuse of crime; to inform against. [Obs.] Foxe.
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Peach
Peach, v. i. To turn informer; to betray one's accomplice. [Obs. or Colloq.]
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If I be ta'en, I'll peach for this. Shak.
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Peach
Peach (pēch), n. [OE. peche, peshe, OF. pesche, F. pêche, fr. LL. persia, L. Persicum (sc. malum) a Persian apple, a peach. Cf. Persian, and Parsee.] 1. (Bot.) A well-known high-flavored juicy fruit, containing one or two seeds in a hard almond-like endocarp or stone. In the wild stock the fruit is hard and inedible.
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2. The tree (Prunus Persica syn. Amygdalus Persica) which bears the peach fruit.
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3. The pale red color of the peach blossom, or the light pinkish yellow of the peach fruit.
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Guinea peach, or Sierra Leone peach, the large edible berry of the Sarcocephalus esculentus, a rubiaceous climbing shrub of west tropical Africa. -- Palm peach, the fruit of a Venezuelan palm tree (Bactris speciosa). -- Peach color, the pale red color of the peach blossom. -- Peach-tree borer (Zool.), the larva of a clearwing moth (Aegeria exitiosa, or Sannina, exitiosa) of the family Aegeriidae, which is very destructive to peach trees by boring in the wood, usually near the ground; also, the moth itself. See Illust. under Borer.
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Peachblow
Peach"blow`, a. (Ceramics) Of the delicate purplish pink color likened to that of peach blooms; -- applied esp. to a Chinese porcelain, small specimens of which bring great prices in the Western countries.
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Peach-colored
Peach"-col`ored (pēch"kŭl`&etilde_;rd), a. Of the color of a peach blossom.Peach-colored satin.” Shak.
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Peacher
Peach"er (pēch"&etilde_;r), n. One who peaches. [Low] Foxe.
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Peachick
Pea"chick` (pē"ch&ibreve_;k`), n. (Zool.) The chicken of the peacock.
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peachwood
peach"wood` (pēch"w&oobreve_;d`) n. 1. A tropical tree Caesalpinia echinata, having a prickly trunk; its heavy red wood yields a red dye and is used for cabinetry.
Syn. -- Caesalpinia echinata.
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2. The heavy red wood of the Caesalpinia echinata; brazilwood; pernambuco wood.
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Peachy
Peach"y (pēch"&ybreve_;), a. Resembling a peach or peaches.
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pea coat
peacoat
pea"coat`, pea" coat` (pē"kōt`), n. [Prob. fr. D. pij, pije, a coat of a coarse woolen stuff.] A thick loose double-breasted woolen jacket, or coat, commonly worn by sailors in cold weather; a pea-jacket.
Syn. -- pea coat, peacoat, pea jacket, peajacket, pea-jacket.
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Peacock
Pea"cock` (pē"k&obreve_;k`), n. [OE. pecok. Pea- in this word is from AS. peá, pāwa, peacock, fr. L. pavo, prob. of Oriental origin; cf. Gr. taw`s, taw^s, Per. tāus, tāwus, Ar. tāwūs. See Cock the bird.] 1. (Zool.) The male of any pheasant of the genus Pavo, of which at least two species are known, native of Southern Asia and the East Indies.
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&hand_; The upper tail coverts, which are long and capable of erection, are each marked with a black spot bordered by concentric bands of brilliant blue, green, and golden colors. The common domesticated species is Pavo cristatus. The Javan peacock (Pavo muticus) is more brilliantly colored than the common species.
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2. In common usage, the species in general or collectively; a peafowl.
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Peacock butterfly (Zool.), a handsome European butterfly (Hamadryas Io) having ocelli like those of peacock. -- Peacock fish (Zool.), the European blue-striped wrasse (Labrus variegatus); -- so called on account of its brilliant colors. Called also cook wrasse and cook. -- Peacock pheasant (Zool.), any one of several species of handsome Asiatic pheasants of the genus Polyplectron. They resemble the peacock in color.
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peacock-blue
peacock-blue adj. A bright greenish blue.
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Peacock Throne
Pea"cock` Throne. A famous throne formerly of the kings of Delhi, India, but since 1739, when it was carried off by Nadir Shah, held by the shahs of Persia (now Iran); -- so called from its bearing a fully expanded peacock's tail done in gems.
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2. [metonymically named after the throne on which he sat.] The office or position of the Shah of Iran; as, to ascend the Peacock Throne.
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Peafowl
Pea"fowl` (?), n. [See Peacock.] (Zool.) The peacock or peahen; any species of Pavo.
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Peag
Peag (pēg), n. [Written also peage, peak, peeke.] [Prob. of North American Indian origin, by shortening of wampumpeag. RHUD.] A kind of aboriginal shell money, or wampum, of the Atlantic coast of the United States; -- originally applied only to polished white cylindrical beads. See also wampum.
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Peage
Pe"age (?), n. See Paage.
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Peagrit
Pea"grit` (?), n. (Min.) A coarse pisolitic limestone. See Pisolite.
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Peahen
Pea"hen` (?), n. [See Peacock.] (Zool.) The hen or female peafowl.
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Pea jacket
Pea jacket
Pea-jacket
Pea"-jack`et, Pea" jack`et Pea" jack`et (?), n. [Prob. fr. D. pij, pije, a coat of a coarse woolen stuff.] A thick loose double-breasted woolen jacket, or coat, commonly worn by sailors in cold weather.
Syn. -- pea coat, peacoat, pea jacket.
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Peak
Peak (pēk), n. [OE. pek, AS. peac, perh of Celtic origin; cf. Ir. peac a sharp-pointed thing. Cf. Pike.] 1. A point; the sharp end or top of anything that terminates in a point; as, the peak, or front, of a cap. “Run your beard into a peak.” Beau. & Fl.
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2. The top, or one of the tops, of a hill, mountain, or range, ending in a point; often, the whole hill or mountain, esp. when isolated; as, the Peak of Teneriffe.
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Silent upon a peak in Darien. Keats.
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3. (Naut.) (a) The upper aftermost corner of a fore-and-aft sail; -- used in many combinations; as, peak-halyards, peak-brails, etc. (b) The narrow part of a vessel's bow, or the hold within it. (c) The extremity of an anchor fluke; the bill. [In the last sense written also pea and pee.]
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Fore peak. (Naut.) See under Fore.
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Peak
Peak, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Peaked (pēkt); p. pr. & vb. n. Peaking.] 1. To rise or extend into a peak or point; to form, or appear as, a peak.
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There peaketh up a mighty high mount. Holand.
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2. Hence: To achieve a maximum of numerical value, intensity of activity, popularity, or other characteristic, followed by a decline; as, the stock market peaked in January; his performance as a pitcher peaked in 1990; sales of the XTX model peaked at 20,000 per year.
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3. To acquire sharpness of figure or features; hence, to look thin or sickly. “Dwindle, peak, and pine.” Shak.
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4. [Cf. Peek.] To pry; to peep slyly. [archaic] Shak.
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Peak arch (Arch.), a pointed or Gothic arch.
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Peak
Peak, v. t. (Naut.) To raise to a position perpendicular, or more nearly so; as, to peak oars, to hold them upright; to peak a gaff or yard, to set it nearer the perpendicular.
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Peaked
Peaked (pēkt or pēk"&ebreve_;d), a. 1. Pointed; ending in a point; as, a peaked roof.
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2. (Oftener pēk"&ebreve_;d) Sickly; not robust. [Colloq.]
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Peaking
Peak"ing (pēk"&ibreve_;ng), a. 1. Mean; sneaking. [Vulgar]
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2. Pining; sickly; peakish. [Colloq.]
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Peakish
Peak"ish, a. 1. Of or relating to a peak; or to peaks; belonging to a mountainous region. “Her peakish spring.” Drayton. “His peakish dialect.” Bp. Hall.
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2. Having peaks; peaked.
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3. Having features thin or sharp, as from sickness; hence, sickly. [Colloq.]
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Peaky
Peak"y (pēk"&ybreve_;), a. 1. Having a peak or peaks. Tennyson.
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2. Sickly; peaked. [Colloq.]
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Peal
Peal (pēl), n. [Etymol. uncertain.] (Zool.) A small salmon; a grilse; a sewin. [Prov. Eng.]
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Peal
Peal, v. i. To appeal. [Obs.] Spencer.
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Peal
Peal, n. [An abbrev. of F. appel a call, appeal, ruffle of a drum, fr. appeller to call, L. appellare. See Appeal.] 1. A loud sound, or a succession of loud sounds, as of bells, thunder, cannon, shouts, of a multitude, etc. “A fair peal of artillery.” Hayward.
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Whether those peals of praise be his or no. Shak.
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And a deep thunder, peal on peal, afar. Byron.
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2. A set of bells tuned to each other according to the diatonic scale; also, the changes rung on a set of bells.
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To ring a peal. See under Ring.
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Peal
Peal, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Pealed (pēld); p. pr. & vb. n. Pealing.] 1. To utter or give out loud sounds.
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There let the pealing organ blow. Milton.
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2. To resound; to echo.
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And the whole air pealed
With the cheers of our men.
Longfellow.
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Peal
Peal, v. t. 1. To utter or give forth loudly; to cause to give out loud sounds; to noise abroad.
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The warrior's name,
Though pealed and chimed on all the tongues of fame.
J. Barlow.
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2. To assail with noise or loud sounds.
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Nor was his ear less pealed. Milton.
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3. To pour out. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.
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peal out
peal out, v. i. To give off a loud pealing sound; to peal.
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2. To accelerate quickly from a stop in a vehicle, especially an automobile, so that the tires grind against the pavement and make a squealing noise while accelerating; -- sometimes performed by young drivers for showy display. [slang]
Syn. -- drop a patch.
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Pean
Pean (pēn), n. [OF. pene, F. panne.] (Her.) One of the furs, the ground being sable, and the spots or tufts or.
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Pean
Pe"an (pē"&aitalic_;n), n. A song of praise and triumph. See Pæan.
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Peanism
Pe"an*ism (pē"&aitalic_;n*&ibreve_;z'm), n. [Gr. paianismo`s, fr. paiani`zein to chant the pæan.] The song or shout of praise, of battle, or of triumph. [R.]
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Peanut
Pea"nut (pē"nŭt), n. (Bot.) The fruit of a trailing leguminous plant (Arachis hypogæa); also, the plant itself, which is widely cultivated for its fruit.
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&hand_; The fruit is a hard pod, usually containing two or three seeds, sometimes but one, which ripen beneath the soil. Called also earthnut, groundnut, and goober.
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Peanut butter
Pea"nut but"ter. A paste made by mixing ground fresh roasted peanuts with a small quantity of water or oil, and used chiefly as a relish on sandwiches, etc.
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Peanut gallery
Pea"nut gal"ler*y. 1. The cheapest seats in a theater, being typically those farthest from the stage, as in the uppermost balcony.
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2. In a television show for children, the section where visiting children sit as guests during the performance.
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3. Hence: Any group of children, or the chidren in a group of people; as, let's have no noise from the peanut gallery. [Colloq.]
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Pear
Pear (pâr), n. [OE. pere, AS. peru, L. pirum: cf. F. poire. Cf. Perry.] (Bot.) The fleshy pome, or fruit, of a rosaceous tree (Pyrus communis), cultivated in many varieties in temperate climates; also, the tree which bears this fruit. See Pear family, below.
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Pear blight. (a) (Bot.) A name of two distinct diseases of pear trees, both causing a destruction of the branches, viz., that caused by a minute insect (Xyleborus pyri), and that caused by the freezing of the sap in winter. A. J. Downing. (b) (Zool.) A very small beetle (Xyleborus pyri) whose larvæ bore in the twigs of pear trees and cause them to wither. -- Pear family (Bot.), a suborder of rosaceous plants (Pomeæ), characterized by the calyx tube becoming fleshy in fruit, and, combined with the ovaries, forming a pome. It includes the apple, pear, quince, service berry, and hawthorn. -- Pear gauge (Physics), a kind of gauge for measuring the exhaustion of an air-pump receiver; -- so called because consisting in part of a pear-shaped glass vessel. -- Pear shell (Zool.), any marine gastropod shell of the genus Pyrula, native of tropical seas; -- so called from the shape. -- Pear slug (Zool.), the larva of a sawfly which is very injurious to the foliage of the pear tree.
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Pearch
Pearch (p&etilde_;rch), n. [Obs.] See Perch.
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Pearl
Pearl (p&etilde_;rl), n. A fringe or border. [Obs.] -- v. t. To fringe; to border. [Obs.] See Purl.
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Pearl stitch. See Purl stitch, under Purl.
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Pearl
Pearl, n. [OE. perle, F. perle, LL. perla, perula, probably fr. (assumed) L. pirulo, dim. of L. pirum a pear. See Pear, and cf. Purl to mantle.] 1. (Zool.) A shelly concretion, usually rounded, and having a brilliant luster, with varying tints, found in the mantle, or between the mantle and shell, of certain bivalve mollusks, especially in the pearl oysters and river mussels, and sometimes in certain univalves. It is usually due to a secretion of shelly substance around some irritating foreign particle. Its substance is the same as nacre, or mother-of-pearl. Pearls which are round, or nearly round, and of fine luster, are highly esteemed as jewels, and at one time compared in value with the precious stones. Since development of cultured pearls, the relative value has diminished somewhat, though the best pearls are still expensive, and natural pearls even more so. Artificial pearls may be made of various materials, including material similar to that of natural pearls; these are less expensive than natural or cultured pearls. See cultured pearl, below.
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2. Hence, figuratively, something resembling a pearl; something very precious.
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I see thee compassed with thy kingdom's pearl. Shak.
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And those pearls of dew she wears. Milton.
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3. Nacre, or mother-of-pearl.
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4. (Zool.) A fish allied to the turbot; the brill.
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5. (Zool.) A light-colored tern.
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6. (Zool.) One of the circle of tubercles which form the bur on a deer's antler.
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7. A whitish speck or film on the eye. [Obs.] Milton.
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8. A capsule of gelatin or similar substance containing some liquid for medicinal application, as ether.
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9. (Print.) A size of type, between agate and diamond.</