Z.
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Z
Z (zē; in England commonly, and in America sometimes, z&ebreve_;d; formerly, also, &ibreve_;z"z&ebreve_;rd) Z, the twenty-sixth and last letter of the English alphabet, is a vocal consonant. It is taken from the Latin letter Z, which came from the Greek alphabet, this having it from a Semitic source. The ultimate origin is probably Egyptian. Etymologically, it is most closely related to s, y, and j; as in glass, glaze; E. yoke, Gr. &unr_;, L. yugum; E. zealous, jealous. See Guide to Pronunciation, §§ 273, 274.
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Za
Za (?), n. (Min.) An old solfeggio name for B flat; the seventh harmonic, as heard in the or aeolian string; -- so called by Tartini. It was long considered a false, but is the true note of the chord of the flat seventh. H. W. Poole.
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Zabism
Zabaism
{ Za"ba*ism (?), Za"bism (?) }, n. See Sabianism.
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Zabian
Za"bi*an (?), a. & n. See Sabian.
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Zacco
Zac"co (?), n. (Arch.) See Zocco.
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Zachun
Za*chun" (?), n. (Bot.) An oil pressed by the Arabs from the fruit of a small thorny tree (Balanites Aegyptiaca), and sold to piligrims for a healing ointment. J. Smith (Dict. Econ. Plants).
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Zaerthe
Zaer"the (?), n. (Zool.) Same as Zärthe.
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Zaffer
Zaf"fer (?), n. [F. zafre, safre; cf. Sp. zafra, safra, It. saffera, G. zaffer; all probably of Arabic origin. Cf. Zaphara.] A pigment obtained, usually by roasting cobalt glance with sand or quartz, as a dark earthy powder. It consists of crude cobalt oxide, or of an impure cobalt arseniate. It is used in porcelain painting, and in enameling pottery, to produce a blue color, and is often confounded with smalt, from which, however, it is distinct, as it contains no potash. The name is often loosely applied to mixtures of zaffer proper with silica, or oxides of iron, manganese, etc. [Written also zaffre, and formerly zaffree, zaffar, zaffir.]
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Zaim
Zaim (?; 277), n. [Turk. & Ar. za'īm.] A Turkish chief who supports a mounted militia bearing the same name. Smart.
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Zaimet
Zaim"et (?; 277), n. [Turk. & Ar. za'īmet.] A district from which a Zaim draws his revenue. Smart.
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Zain
Zain (?), n. A horse of a dark color, neither gray nor white, and having no spots. Smart.
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Zalambdodont
Za*lamb"do*dont (?), a. (Zool.) Of or pertaining to a tribe (Zalambdodonta) of Insectivora in which the molar teeth have but one V-shaped ridge.
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Zalambdodont
Za*lamb"do*dont, n. One of the Zalambdodonta. The tenrec, solenodon, and golden moles are examples.
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Zama
Za"ma (?), prop. n. 1. the battle in 202 BC in which Scipio decisively defeated Hannibal at the end of the second Punic War.
Syn. -- battle of Zama.
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zaman
za"man (?), n. (Bot.) A large ornamental tropical American tree (Albizia saman) with bipinnate leaves and globose clusters of flowers with crimson stamens and sweet-pulp seed pods eaten by cattle.
Syn. -- rain tree, saman, monkeypod, monkey pod, zamang.
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Zamang
Za*mang" (?), n. (Bot.) An immense leguminous tree (Pithecolobium Saman) of Venezuela. Its branches form a hemispherical mass, often one hundred and eighty feet across. The sweet pulpy pods are used commonly for feeding cattle. Also called rain tree. J. Smith (Dict. Econ. Plants).
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Zambian
Zam"bi*an (?), prop. n. a native or inhabitant of Zambia.
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Zambian
Zam"bi*an prop. adj. 1. of or pertaining to Zambia; as, Zambian cities.
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2. Of or pertaining to the inhabitants of Zambia; as, the Zambian President.
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Zambo
Zam"bo (?), n.; pl. Zambos (?). [See Sambo.] The child of a mulatto and a negro; also, the child of an Indian and a negro; colloquially or humorously, a negro; a sambo.
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Zamia
Za"mi*a (?), n. [L. zamia a kind of fir cone, from Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, hurt, damage. See Plin. xvi. 44.] (Bot.) A genus of cycadaceous plants, having the appearance of low palms, but with exogenous wood. See Coontie, and Illust. of Strobile.
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Zamindar
Zam`in*dar" (?), n. [Hind. zemīndār, zamīndār, a landholder, Per. zamīndār; zamīn land dār holding.] A landowner; also, a collector of land revenue; now, usually, a kind of feudatory recognized as an actual proprietor so long as he pays to the government a certain fixed revenue. [Written also zemindar.] [India]
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Zamindari
Zamindary
{ Zam"in*da*ry (?), Zam"in*da*ri (?) }, n. The jurisdiction of a zamindar; the land possessed by a zamindar. [Written also zemindary, zemindari.]
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Zamite
Za"mite (?), n. (Paleon.) A fossil cycad of the genus Zamia.
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Zamouse
Za*mouse" (?), n. [From a native name.] (Zool.) A West African buffalo (Bubalus brachyceros) having short horns depressed at the base, and large ears fringed internally with three rows of long hairs. It is destitute of a dewlap. Called also short-horned buffalo, and bush cow.
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Zampogna
Zam*po"gna (?), n. [It.] (Mus.) A sort of bagpipe formerly in use among Italian peasants. It is now almost obsolete. [Written also zampugna.]
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Zander
Zan"der (?), n. [Cf. D. zand sand.] (Zool.) A European pike perch (Stizostedion lucioperca) allied to the wall-eye; -- called also sandari, sander, sannat, schill, and zant.
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Zandmole
Zand"mole` (?), n. [Cf. D. zand sand. See Sand, and Mole the animal.] (Zool.) The sand mole.
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Zante
Zan"te (?), n. (Bot.) See Zantewood.
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Zante currant
Zan"te cur"rant (?). A kind of seedless grape or raisin; -- so called from Zante, one of the Ionian Islands.
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Zantewood
Zan"te*wood` (?), n. (Bot.) (a) A yellow dyewood; fustet; -- called also zante, and zante fustic. See Fustet, and the Note under Fustic. (b) Satinwood (Chloroxylon Swietenia).
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Zantiot
Zan"ti*ot (?), n. A native or inhabitant of Zante, one of the Ionian Islands.
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zany
za"ny (zā"n&euptack_;), adj. Comical in a clownish or buffoonish manner; whimsically comical.
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Zany
Za"ny (?), n.; pl. Zanies (?). [It. zanni a buffoon, merry-andrew, orig. same as Giovanni John, i. e., merry John, L. Ioannes, Gr. &unr_;, Heb. Yōkhānān, prop., the Lord graciously gave: cf. F. zani, fr. the Italian. Cf. Jenneting.] A merry-andrew; a buffoon.
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Then write that I may follow, and so be
Thy echo, thy debtor, thy foil, thy zany.
Donne.
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Preacher at once, and zany of thy age. Pope.
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Zany
Za"ny (?), v. t. To mimic. [Obs.]
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Your part is acted; give me leave at distance
To zany it.
Massinger.
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Zanyism
Za"ny*ism (?), n. State or character of a zany; buffoonery. Coleridge. H. Morley.
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zap
zap (zăp), v. t. 1. to shoot, destroy, or inactivate; my TV set was zapped by lightning.
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2. to bomb with an atomic bomb.
Syn. -- nuke, atomize.
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3. to cook or heat in a microwave oven.
Syn. -- microwave, micro-cook, nuke.
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4. to subject to radiation, a laser beam, a strong electric current, or other potentially destructive treatment.
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5. to skip over (e. g. a commercial or dull interval in a television program) by using the fast-forward button on a VCR remove control.
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6. to add interest, color, or attractiveness to; to liven; -- usually used with up. [RHUD]
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Zapas
Za*pas" (?), n. [Russ.] See Army organization, above.
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Zapatera
Za`pa*te"ra (?), n. [Sp. aceituna zapatera.] (Olive trade) A cured olive which has spoiled or is on the verge of decomposition; loosely, an olive defective because of bruises, wormholes, or the like.
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Zaphara
Zaph"a*ra (?), n. Zaffer.
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Zaphrentis
Za*phren"tis (?), n. [NL.] (Paleon.) An extinct genus of cyathophylloid corals common in the Paleozoic formations. It is cup-shaped with numerous septa, and with a deep pit in one side of the cup.
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Zapotilla
Zap`o*til"la (?), n. (Bot.) See Sapodilla.
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Zaptiah
Zap"ti*ah (?), n. A Turkish policeman. [Written also zaptieh.]
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Zarathustra
Zarathuster
Zar`a*thus"tra (?), Zar`a*thus"ter (?), prop. n. The Persian name for Zoroaster.
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Zarathustric
Zarathustrian
{ Zar`a*thus"tri*an (?), Zar`a*thus"tric (?) }, a. Of or pertaining to Zarathustra, or Zoroaster; Zoroastrian. Tylor.
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Zarathustrism
Zar`a*thus"trism (?), n. See Zoroastrianism.
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Zaratite
Zar"a*tite (?), n. (Min.) [Named after Gen. Zarata of Spain.] A hydrous carbonate of nickel occurring as an emerald-green incrustation on chromite; -- called also emerald nickel.
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Zareba
Za*re"ba (?), n. (Mil.) An improvised stockade; especially, one made of thorn bushes, etc. [Written also zareeba, and zeriba.] [Egypt]
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“Ah,” he moralizes, “what wonderful instinct on the part of this little creature to surround itself with a zareba like the troops after Osman Digma.” R. Jefferies.
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Zarf
Zarf (?), n. [Ar.] (Art) A metallic cuplike stand used for holding a finjan.
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Zarnich
Zar"nich (?), n. [F., fr. Ar. az-zernīkh, fr. Gr. &unr_;. See Arsenic.] (Min.) Native sulphide of arsenic, including sandarach, or realgar, and orpiment.
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Zaerthe
Zär"the (?), n. (Zool.) A European bream (Abramis vimba). [Written also zaerthe.]
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Zastrugi
Zas*tru"gi (?), n. pl.; sing. -ga (?). [Russ. zastruga furrow made on the shore by water.] Grooves or furrows formed in snow by the action of the wind, and running parallel with the direction of the wind. This formation results from the erosion of transverse waves previously formed.
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Zati
Za"ti (zä"t&euptack_;), n. (Zool.) A species of macaque (Macacus pileatus) native of India and Ceylon. It has a crown of long erect hair, and tuft of radiating hairs on the back of the head. Called also capped macaque.
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Zauschneria
Zau*schne"ri*a (?), n. [NL., named for M. Zauschner, a Bohemian botanist.] (Bot.) A genus of flowering plants. Zauschneria Californica is a suffrutescent perennial, with showy red flowers much resembling those of the garden fuchsia.
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Zax
Zax (zăks), n. A tool for trimming and puncturing roofing slates. [Written also sax.]
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Zayat
Za"yat (?; 277), n. A public shed, or portico, for travelers, worshipers, etc. [Burmah]
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Zea
Ze"a (zē"&adot_;), n. [L., a kind of grain, fr. Gr. ze`a, zeia`; cf. Skr. yava barley.] (Bot.) A genus of large grasses of which the Indian corn (Zea Mays) is the only species known. Its origin is not yet ascertained. See Maize.
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Zeal
Zeal (zēl), n. [F. zèle; cf. Pg. & It. zelo, Sp. zelo, celo; from L. zelus, Gr. &unr_;, probably akin to &unr_; to boil. Cf. Yeast, Jealous.]
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1. Passionate ardor in the pursuit of anything; eagerness in favor of a person or cause; ardent and active interest; engagedness; enthusiasm; fervor. “Ambition varnished o'er with zeal.” Milton.Zeal, the blind conductor of the will.” Dryden.Zeal's never-dying fire.” Keble.
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I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge. Rom. x. 2.
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A zeal for liberty is sometimes an eagerness to subvert with little care what shall be established. Johnson.
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2. A zealot. [Obs.] B. Jonson.
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Zeal
Zeal, v. i. To be zealous. [Obs. & R.] Bacon.
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Zealant
Zeal"ant (?), n. One who is zealous; a zealot; an enthusiast. [Obs.]
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To certain zealants, all speech of pacification is odious. Bacon.
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Zealed
Zealed (?), a. Full of zeal; characterized by zeal. [Obs.]Zealed religion.” Beau. & Fl.
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Zealful
Zeal"ful (?), a. Full of zeal. [R.] Sylvester.
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Zealless
Zeal"less (?), a. Wanting zeal. Hammond.
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Zealot
Zeal"ot (?), n. [F. zélote, L. zelotes, Gr. &unr_;. See Zeal.] One who is zealous; one who engages warmly in any cause, and pursues his object with earnestness and ardor; especially, one who is overzealous, or carried away by his zeal; one absorbed in devotion to anything; an enthusiast; a fanatical partisan.
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Zealots for the one [tradition] were in hostile array against zealots for the other. Sir J. Stephen.
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In Ayrshire, Clydesdale, Nithisdale, Annandale, every parish was visited by these turbulent zealots. Macaulay.
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Zealotical
Zea*lot"ic*al (?), a. Like, or suitable to, a zealot; ardently zealous. [R.] Strype.
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Zealotism
Zeal"ot*ism (?), n. The character or conduct of a zealot; zealotry.
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Zealotist
Zeal"ot*ist, n. A zealot. [Obs.] Howell.
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Zealotry
Zeal"ot*ry (?), n. The character and behavior of a zealot; excess of zeal; fanatical devotion to a cause.
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Enthusiasm, visionariness, seems the tendency of the German; zeal, zealotry, of the English; fanaticism, of the French. Coleridge.
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Zealous
Zeal"ous (?; 277), a. [LL. zelosus. See Zeal.]
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1. Filled with, or characterized by, zeal; warmly engaged, or ardent, in behalf of an object.
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He may be zealous in the salvation of souls. Law.
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2. Filled with religious zeal. [Obs.] Shak.
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-- Zeal"ous*ly, adv. -- Zeal"ous*ness, n.
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Zebec
Ze"bec (?), n. (Naut.) See Xebec.
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Zebra
Ze"bra (?), n. [Pg. zebra; cf. Sp. cebra; probably from a native African name.] (Zool.) Any member of three species of African wild horses remarkable for having the body white or yellowish white, and conspicuously marked with dark brown or brackish bands.
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&hand_; The true or mountain zebra (Equus zebra syn. Asinus zebra) is nearly white, and the bands which cover the body and legs are glossy black. Its tail has a tuft of black hair at the tip. It inhabits the mountains of Central and Southern Africa, and is noted for its wariness and wildness, as well as for its swiftness. The second species (Equus Burchellii syn. Asinus Burchellii or Equus quagga), known as Burchell's zebra, plains zebra, and dauw, is the most abundant, inhabiting the grassy plains of tropical and southern Africa, and differing from the preceding in not having dark bands on the legs, while those on the body are more irregular. It has a long tail, covered with long white flowing hair. Grevy's zebra (Equus grevyi) is distinct from the others in being placed in the subgenus Dolichohippus, whereas the plains and mountain zebras are placed in the subgenus Hippotigris. More on zebras can be found at:
http://www.imh.org/imh/bw/zebra.html

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Zebra caterpillar, the larva of an American noctuid moth (Mamestra picta). It is light yellow, with a broad black stripe on the back and one on each side; the lateral stripes are crossed with withe lines. It feeds on cabbages, beets, clover, and other cultivated plants. -- Zebra opossum, the zebra wolf. See under Wolf. -- Zebra parrakeet, an Australian grass parrakeet, often kept as a cage bird. Its upper parts are mostly pale greenish yellow, transversely barred with brownish black crescents; the under parts, rump, and upper tail coverts, are bright green; two central tail feathers and the cheek patches are blue. Called also canary parrot, scallop parrot, shell parrot, and undulated parrot. -- Zebra poison (Bot.), a poisonous tree (Euphorbia arborea) of the Spurge family, found in South Africa. Its milky juice is so poisonous that zebras have been killed by drinking water in which its branches had been placed, and it is also used as an arrow poison. J. Smith (Dict. Econ. Plants). -- Zebra shark. Same as Tiger shark, under Tiger. -- Zebra spider, a hunting spider. -- Zebra swallowtail, a very large North American swallow-tailed butterfly (Iphiclides ajax), in which the wings are yellow, barred with black; -- called also ajax. -- Zebra wolf. See under Wolf.
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zebra-tailed lizard
ze"bra-tailed liz`ard n. A lizard having a long tail with black bands (Callisaurus draconoides), which lives in the deserts of the southwestern U. S. and Mexico; called also gridiron-tailed lizard. RHUD
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Zebrawood
Ze"bra*wood` (?), n. (a) A kind of cabinet wood having beautiful black, brown, and whitish stripes, the timber of a tropical American tree (Connarus Guianensis). (b) The wood of a small West Indian myrtaceous tree (Eugenia fragrans). (c) The wood of an East Indian tree of the genus Guettarda.
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Zebrine
Ze"brine (?), a. (Zool.) Pertaining to, or resembling, the zebra.
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Zebrinny
Ze*brin"ny (?), n.; pl. -nies (&unr_;). A cross between a male horse and a female zebra.
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Zebrule
Zebrula
{ Ze"bru*la (?), Ze"brule (?) }, n. A cross between a male zebra and a female horse.
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Zebu
Ze"bu (?), n. [&unr_;. zébu; of uncertain origin.] (Zool.) A bovine mammal (Ros Indicus) extensively domesticated in India, China, the East Indies, and East Africa. It usually has short horns, large pendulous ears, slender legs, a large dewlap, and a large, prominent hump over the shoulders; but these characters vary in different domestic breeds, which range in size from that of the common ox to that of a large mastiff.
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&hand_; Some of the varieties are used as beasts of burden, and some fore for riding, while others are raised for their milk and flesh. The Brahmin bull, regarded as sacred by the Hindoos, also belongs to this species. The male is called also Indian bull, Indian ox, Madras ox, and sacred bull.
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Zebub
Ze"bub (?), n. (Zool.) A large noxious fly of Abyssinia, which like the tsetse fly, is destructive to cattle.
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Zechin
Ze"chin (?; 277), n. See Sequin.
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Zechstein
Zech"stein` (?), n. [Gr., fr. zeche a mine + stein a stone.] (Geol.) The upper division of the Permian (Dyas) of Europe. The prevailing rock is a magnesian limestone.
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Zed
Zed (?), n. [F., probably through It. zeta, fr. L. zeta. See Zeta.] The letter Z; -- called also zee, and formerly izzard.Zed, thou unnecessary letter!” Shak.
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Zedoary
Zed"o*a*ry (?), n. [F. zédoaire, LL. zedoaria; cf. It. zedoaria, zettovario, Pg. zedoaria, Sp. zedoaria, cedoaria; all fr. Ar. & Per. zedw&unr_;r.] (Med.) A medicinal substance obtained in the East Indies, having a fragrant smell, and a warm, bitter, aromatic taste. It is used in medicine as a stimulant.
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&hand_; It is the rhizome of different species of Curcuma, esp. Curcuma zedoaria, and comes in short, firm pieces, externally of a wrinkled gray, ash-colored appearance, but within of a brownish red color. There are two kinds, round zedoary, and long zedoary.
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Zeekoe
Zee"koe (?), n. [D., sea cow, lake cow.] (Zool.) A hippopotamus.
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Zeeman effect
Zee"man ef*fect" (?). (Physics) The widening and duplication, triplication, etc., of spectral lines when the radiations emanate in a strong magnetic field, first observed in 1896 by P. Zeeman, a Dutch physicist, and regarded as an important confirmation of the electromagnetic theory of light.
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Zehner
Zeh"ner (?), n. [G.] An Austrian silver coin equal to ten kreutzers, or about five cents.
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Zein
Ze"in (?), n. [Cf. F. zéine. See Zea.] (Chem.) A nitrogenous substance of the nature of gluten, obtained from the seeds of Indian corn (Zea) as a soft, yellowish, amorphous substance. [Formerly written zeine.]
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Zeitgeist
Zeit"geist` (?), n. [G.; zeit time + geist spirit. See Tide, n.; Ghost, n.] The spirit of the time; the general intellectual and moral state or temper characteristic of any period of time.
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Zemindar
Zem`in*dar" (?), n. Same as Zamindar.
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Zemindari
Zemindary
{ Zem"in*da*ry (?), ‖Zem"in*da*ri (?) }, n. Same as Zamindary.
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Zemni
Zem"ni (?), n. (Zool.) The blind mole rat (Spalax typhlus), native of Eastern Europe and Asia. Its eyes and ears are rudimentary, and its fur is soft and brownish, more or less tinged with gray. It constructs extensive burrows.
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Zemstvo
Zem"stvo (?), n. [Russ., fr. zemlya land.] In Russia, an elective local district and provincial administrative assembly. Originally it was composed of representatives elected by the peasantry, the householders of the towns, and the landed proprietors. In the reign of Alexander III. the power of the noble landowners was increased, the peasants allowed only to elect candidates from whom the governor of the province nominated the deputy, and all acts of the zemstvo subjected to the approval of the governor. Theoretically the zemstvo has large powers relating to taxation, education, public health, etc., but practically these powers are in most cases limited to the adjustment of the state taxation.
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Zenana
Ze*na"na (?), n. [Hind. zenāna, zanāna, fr. Per. zanāna, fr. zan woman; akin to E. queen.] The part of a dwelling appropriated to women. [India]
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Zend
Zend (?), n. [See Zend-Avesta.] Properly, the translation and exposition in the Huzvâresh, or literary Pehlevi, language, of the Avesta, the Zoroastrian sacred writings; as commonly used, the language (an ancient Persian dialect) in which the Avesta is written.
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Zend-Avesta
Zend`-A*ves"ta (?), n. [Properly, the Avesta, or sacred text, and its zend, or interpretation, in a more modern and intelligible language. W. D. Whitney.] The sacred writings of the ancient Persian religion, attributed to Zoroaster, but chiefly of a later date.
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Zendik
Zen"dik (?), n. [Ar. zandīk.] An atheist or unbeliever; -- name given in the East to those charged with disbelief of any revealed religion, or accused of magical heresies.
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Zenick
Ze"nick (?), n. (Zool.) A South African burrowing mammal (Suricata tetradactyla), allied to the civets. It is grayish brown, with yellowish transverse stripes on the back. Called also suricat. [obsolete] This term is not found on the internet. It probably refers to the meerkat, also called suricate.
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Zenik
Ze"nik (?), n. (Zool.) See Zenick.
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Zenith
Ze"nith (?; 277), n. [OE. senyth, OF. cenith, F. zénith, Sp. zenit, cenit, abbrev. fr. Ar. samt-urras way of the head, vertical place; samt way, path + al the + ras head. Cf. Azimuth.]
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1. That point in the visible celestial hemisphere which is vertical to the spectator; the point of the heavens directly overhead; -- opposed to nadir.
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From morn
To noon he fell, from noon to dewy eve,
A summer's day; and with the setting sun
Dropped from the zenith, like a falling star.
Milton.
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2. hence, figuratively, the point of culmination; the greatest height; the height of success or prosperity.
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I find my zenith doth depend upon
A most auspicious star.
Shak.
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This dead of midnight is the noon of thought,
And wisdom mounts her zenith with the stars.
Mrs. Barbauld.
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It was during those civil troubles . . . this aspiring family reached the zenith. Macaulay.
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Zenith distance. (Astron.) See under Distance. -- Zenith sector. (Astron.) See Sector, 3. -- Zenith telescope (Geodesy), a telescope specially designed for determining the latitude by means of any two stars which pass the meridian about the same time, and at nearly equal distances from the zenith, but on opposite sides of it. It turns both on a vertical and a horizontal axis, is provided with a graduated vertical semicircle, and a level for setting it to a given zenith distance, and with a micrometer for measuring the difference of the zenith distances of the two stars.
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Zenithal
Ze"nith*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to the zenith. “The deep zenithal blue.” Tyndall.
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Zeolite
Ze"o*lite (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; to boil + -lite: cf. F. zéolithe.] (Min.) A term now used to designate any one of a family of minerals, hydrous silicates of alumina, with lime, soda, potash, or rarely baryta. Here are included natrolite, stilbite, analcime, chabazite, thomsonite, heulandite, and others. These species occur of secondary origin in the cavities of amygdaloid, basalt, and lava, also, less frequently, in granite and gneiss. So called because many of these species intumesce before the blowpipe.
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Needle zeolite, needlestone; natrolite.
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Zeolitic
Ze`o*lit"ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to a zeolite; consisting of, or resembling, a zeolite.
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Zeolitiform
Ze`o*lit"i*form (?), a. Having the form of a zeolite.
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Zephyr
Zeph"yr (?), n. [L. zephyrus, Gr. &unr_;, akin to &unr_; darkness, the dark side, west: cf. F. zéphyr.] The west wind; poetically, any soft, gentle breeze. “Soft the zephyr blows.” Gray.
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As gentle
As zephyrs blowing below the violet.
Shak.
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Zephyr cloth, a thin kind of cassimere made in Belgium; also, a waterproof fabric of wool. -- Zephyr shawl, a kind of thin, light, embroidered shawl made of worsted and cotton. -- Zephyr yarn, or Zephyr worsted, a fine, soft kind of yarn or worsted, -- used for knitting and embroidery.
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Zephyrus
Zeph"y*rus (?), n. [L. See Zephyr.] The west wind, or zephyr; -- usually personified, and made the most mild and gentle of all the sylvan deities.
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Mild as when Zephyrus on Flora breathes. Milton.
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Zeppelin
Zep`pe*lin" (ts&ebreve_;p`p&etilde_;*lē"; Angl. z&ebreve_;p"p&euptack_;*l&ibreve_;n), n. A dirigible balloon of the rigid type, consisting of a cylindrical trussed and covered frame supported by internal gas cells, and provided with means of propulsion and control. It was first successfully used by Ferdinand Count von Zeppelin.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Zequin
Ze"quin (?), n. See Sequin.
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Zerda
Zer"da (?), n. [Of African origin.] (Zool.) The fennec.
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Zeriba
Ze*ri"ba (?), n. (Mil.) Same as Zareba.
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Zero
Ze"ro (?), n.; pl. Zeros (?) or Zeroes. [F. zéro, from Ar. çafrun, çifrun, empty, a cipher. Cf. Cipher.]
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1. (Arith.) A cipher; nothing; naught.
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2. The point from which the graduation of a scale, as of a thermometer, commences.
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&hand_; Zero in the Centigrade, or Celsius thermometer, and in the Réaumur thermometer, is at the point at which water congeals. The zero of the Fahrenheit thermometer is fixed at the point at which the mercury stands when immersed in a mixture of snow and common salt. In Wedgwood's pyrometer, the zero corresponds with 1077° on the Fahrenheit scale. See Illust. of Thermometer.
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3. Fig.: The lowest point; the point of exhaustion; as, his patience had nearly reached zero.
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Absolute zero. See under Absolute. -- Zero method (Physics), a method of comparing, or measuring, forces, electric currents, etc., by so opposing them that the pointer of an indicating apparatus, or the needle of a galvanometer, remains at, or is brought to, zero, as contrasted with methods in which the deflection is observed directly; -- called also null method. -- Zero point, the point indicating zero, or the commencement of a scale or reckoning.
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Zest
Zest (z&ebreve_;st), n. [F. zeste, probably fr. L. schistos split, cleft, divided, Gr. &unr_;, from &unr_; to split, cleave. Cf. Schism.]
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1. A piece of orange or lemon peel, or the aromatic oil which may be squeezed from such peel, used to give flavor to liquor, etc.
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2. Hence, something that gives or enhances a pleasant taste, or the taste itself; an appetizer; also, keen enjoyment; relish; gusto.
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Almighty Vanity! to thee they owe
Their zest of pleasure, and their balm of woe.
Young.
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Liberality of disposition and conduct gives the highest zest and relish to social intercourse. Gogan.
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3. The woody, thick skin inclosing the kernel of a walnut. [Obs.]
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Zest
Zest, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Zested; p. pr. & vb. n. Zesting.] 1. To cut into thin slips, as the peel of an orange, lemon, etc.; to squeeze, as peel, over the surface of anything.
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2. To give a relish or flavor to; to heighten the taste or relish of; as, to zest wine. Gibber.
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zestful
zest"ful (z&ebreve_;st"f&usdot_;l), adj. Marked by spirited enjoyment.
Syn. -- yeasty, zesty.
[WordNet 1.5]

zesty
zest"y (z&ebreve_;st"&euptack_;), adj. Having a pleasantly stimulating flavor. Opposite of bland.
Syn. -- piquant, spicy, savory, savoury.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. marked by spirited enjoyment.
Syn. -- zestful, yeasty.
[WordNet 1.5]

Zeta
Ze"ta (?), n. [L., from Gr. &unr_;. Cf. Zed.] A Greek letter [ζ] corresponding to our z.
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Zetetic
Ze*tet"ic (?), a. [Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to seek: cf. F. zététique.] Seeking; proceeding by inquiry.
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Zetetic method (Math.), the method used for finding the value of unknown quantities by direct search, in investigation, or in the solution of problems. [R.] Hutton.
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Zetetic
Ze*tet"ic, n. A seeker; -- a name adopted by some of the Pyrrhonists.
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Zetetics
Ze*tet"ics (?), n. [See Zetetic, a.] (Math.) A branch of algebra which relates to the direct search for unknown quantities. [R.]
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Zeuglodon
Zeu"glo*don (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; the strap or loop of a yoke + &unr_;, &unr_;, tooth.] (Paleon.) A genus of extinct Eocene whales, remains of which have been found in the Gulf States. The species had very long and slender bodies and broad serrated teeth. See Phocodontia.
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Zeuglodont
Zeu"glo*dont (?), (Zool.) Any species of Zeuglodonta.
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Zeuglodonta
Zeu`glo*don"ta (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zool.) Same as Phocodontia.
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Zeugma
Zeug"ma (?), n. [L., from Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to yoke, join. See Yoke.] (Gram.) A figure by which an adjective or verb, which agrees with a nearer word, is, by way of supplement, referred also to another more remote; as, “hic illius arma, hic currus fuit;” where fuit, which agrees directly with currus, is referred also to arma.
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Zeugmatic
Zeug*mat"ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to zeugma; characterized by zeugma.
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Zeugobranchiata
Zeu`go*bran`chi*a"ta (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; to yoke + &unr_; a gill.] (Zool.) Same as Zygobranchia.
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Zeus
Zeus (?), n. (Gr. Myth.) The chief deity of the Greeks, and ruler of the upper world (cf. Hades). He was identified with Jupiter.
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Zeuzerian
Zeu*ze"ri*an (?), n. (Zool.) Any one of a group of bombycid moths of which the genus Zeuzera is the type. Some of these moths are of large size. The goat moth is an example.
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Zeylanite
Zey"lan*ite (?), n. (Min.) See Ceylanite.
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Zibeth
Zibet
{ Zib"et, Zib"eth } (?), n. [Cf. It. zibetto. See Civet.] (Zool.) A carnivorous mammal (Viverra zibetha) closely allied to the civet, from which it differs in having the spots on the body less distinct, the throat whiter, and the black rings on the tail more numerous.
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&hand_; It inhabits India, Southern China, and the East Indies. It yields a perfume similar to that of the civet. It is often domesticated by the natives, and then serves the same purposes as the domestic cat. Called also Asiatic civet or Indian civet.
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Ziega
Zie"ga (?), n. Curd produced from milk by adding acetic acid, after rennet has ceased to cause coagulation. Brande & C.
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Zietrisikite
Zie`tri*si"kite (?), n. (Min.) A mineral wax, vert similar to ozocerite. It is found at Zietrisika, Moldavia, whence its name.
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Zif
Zif (?), n. [Heb. ziv.] The second month of the Jewish ecclesiastical year, corresponding to our May.
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Zighyr
Zigger
{ Zig"ger, Zig"hyr } (?), v. i. (Mining) Same as Sicker. [Prov. Eng.] Raymond.
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Ziggurat
Zig"gu*rat (?), n. A temple tower of the Babylonians or Assyrians, consisting of a lofty pyramidal structure, built in successive stages, with outside staircases, and a shrine at the top; -- called also zikkurat.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Zigzag
Zig"zag` (?), n. [F. zigzag, G. zickzack, from zacke, zacken, a dentil, tooth. Cf. Tack a small nail.]
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1. Something that has short turns or angles.
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The fanatics going straight forward and openly, the politicians by the surer mode of zigzag. Burke.
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2. (Arch.) A molding running in a zigzag line; a chevron, or series of chevrons. See Illust. of Chevron, 3.
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3. (Fort.) See Boyau.
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Zigzag
Zig"zag` (?), a. Having short, sharp turns; running this way and that in an onward course.
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Zigzag
Zig"zag`, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Zigzagged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Zigzagging.] To form with short turns.
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Zigzag
Zig"zag`, v. i. To move in a zigzag manner; also, to have a zigzag shape. R. Browning.
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Zigzaggery
Zig"zag`ger*y (?), n. The quality or state of being zigzag; crookedness. [R.]
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The . . . zigzaggery of my father's approaches. Sterne.
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Zigzaggy
Zig"zag`gy, a. Having sharp turns. Barham.
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Zikkurat
Zik"ku*rat (?), n. A temple tower of the Babylonians or Assyrians, consisting of a lofty pyramidal structure, built in successive stages, with outside staircases, and a shrine at the top; -- called also ziggurat.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Zilla
Zil"la (?), n. (Bot.) A low, thorny, suffrutescent, crucifeous plant (Zilla myagroides) found in the deserts of Egypt. Its leaves are boiled in water, and eaten, by the Arabs.
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Zillah
Zil"lah (?), n. [Ar. zila.] A district or local division, as of a province. [India]
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Zimb
Zimb (?), n. (Zool.) A large, venomous, two-winged fly, native of Abyssinia. It is allied to the tsetse fly, and, like the latter, is destructive to cattle.
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Ziment-water
Zim"ent-wa`ter (?), n. [G. cement-wasser. See Cement.] A kind of water found in copper mines; water impregnated with copper.
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Zimocca
Zi*moc"ca (?), n. A sponge (Euspongia zimocca) of flat form and fine quality, from the Adriatic, about the Greek islands, and the coast of Barbary.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Zinc
Zinc (z&ibreve_;&nsmacr_;k), n. [G. zink, probably akin to zinn tin: cf. F. zinc, from the German. Cf. Tin.] (Chem.) An abundant element of the magnesium-cadmium group, extracted principally from the minerals zinc blende, smithsonite, calamine, and franklinite, as an easily fusible bluish white metal, which is malleable, especially when heated. It is not easily oxidized in moist air, and hence is used for sheeting, coating galvanized iron, etc. It is used in making brass, britannia, and other alloys, and is also largely consumed in electric batteries. Symbol Zn. Atomic number 30. Atomic weight 65.38. [Formerly written also zink.]
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Butter of zinc (Old Chem.), zinc chloride, ZnCl2, a deliquescent white waxy or oily substance. -- Oxide of zinc. (Chem.) See Zinc oxide, below. -- Zinc amine (Chem.), a white amorphous substance, Zn(NH2)2, obtained by the action of ammonia on zinc ethyl; -- called also zinc amide. -- Zinc amyle (Chem.), a colorless, transparent liquid, composed of zinc and amyle, which, when exposed to the atmosphere, emits fumes, and absorbs oxygen with rapidity. -- Zinc blende [cf. G. zinkblende] (Min.), a native zinc sulphide. See Blende, n. (a). -- Zinc bloom [cf. G. zinkblumen flowers of zinc, oxide of zinc] (Min.), hydrous carbonate of zinc, usually occurring in white earthy incrustations; -- called also hydrozincite. -- Zinc ethyl (Chem.), a colorless, transparent, poisonous liquid, composed of zinc and ethyl, which takes fire spontaneously on exposure to the atmosphere. -- Zinc green, a green pigment consisting of zinc and cobalt oxides; -- called also Rinmann's green. -- Zinc methyl (Chem.), a colorless mobile liquid Zn(CH3)2, produced by the action of methyl iodide on a zinc sodium alloy. It has a disagreeable odor, and is spontaneously inflammable in the air. It has been of great importance in the synthesis of organic compounds, and is the type of a large series of similar compounds, as zinc ethyl, zinc amyle, etc. -- Zinc oxide (Chem.), the oxide of zinc, ZnO, forming a light fluffy sublimate when zinc is burned; -- called also flowers of zinc, philosopher's wool, nihil album, etc. The impure oxide produced by burning the metal, roasting its ores, or in melting brass, is called also pompholyx, and tutty. -- Zinc spinel (Min.), a mineral, related to spinel, consisting essentially of the oxides of zinc and aluminium; gahnite. -- Zinc vitriol (Chem.), zinc sulphate. See White vitriol, under Vitriol. -- Zinc white, a white powder consisting of zinc oxide, used as a pigment.
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Zinc
Zinc, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Zincked or Zinced (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Zincking or Zincing (&unr_;).] To coat with zinc; to galvanize.
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Zincane
Zinc"ane (?), n. (Chem.) Zinc chloride. [Obs.]
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Zincic
Zinc"ic (?), a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, containing, or resembling, zinc; zincous.
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Zincide
Zinc"ide (?), n. A binary compound of zinc. [R.]
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Zinciferous
Zinc*if"er*ous (?), a. [Zinc + -ferous.] Containing or affording zinc.
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Zincification
Zinc`i*fi*ca"tion (?), n. The act or process of applying zinc; the condition of being zincified, or covered with zinc; galvanization.
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Zincify
Zinc"i*fy (?), v. t. [Zinc + -fy.] (Metal.) To coat or impregnate with zinc.
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Zincite
Zinc"ite (?), n. (Min.) Native zinc oxide; a brittle, translucent mineral, of an orange-red color; -- called also red zinc ore, and red oxide of zinc.
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Zincing
Zincking
{Zinck"ing, or Zinc"ing (?) }, n. (Metal.) The act or process of applying zinc; galvanization.
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Zincky
Zinck"y (?), a. Pertaining to zinc, or having its appearance. [Written also zinky.]
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Zinco-
Zin"co- (?). A combining form from zinc; in chemistry, designating zinc as an element of certain double compounds. Also used adjectively.
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Zincode
Zinc"ode (?), n. [Zinc + -ode, as in electrode.] (Elec.) The positive electrode of an electrolytic cell; anode. [R.] Miller.
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Zincograph
Zin"co*graph (?), n. A zinc plate prepared for printing by zincography; also, a print from such a plate.
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Zincographer
Zin*cog"ra*pher (?), n. An engraver on zinc.
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Zincongraphical
Zincongraphic
{ Zin`con*graph"ic (?), Zin`con*graph"ic*al (?), } a. Of or pertaining to zincography; as, zincographic processes.
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Zincography
Zin*cog"ra*phy (?), n. [Zinco- + -graphy.] The art or process of engraving or etching on zinc, in which the design is left in relief in the style of a wood cut, the rest of the ground being eaten away by acid.
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Zincoid
Zinc"oid (?), a. [Zinc + -oid.] Pertaining to, or resembling, zinc; -- said of the electricity of the zincous plate in connection with a copper plate in a voltaic circle; also, designating the positive pole. [Obs.]
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Zinco-polar
Zin`co-po"lar (?), a. [Zinco- + polar.] (Elec.) Electrically polarized like the surface of the zinc presented to the acid in a battery, which has zincous affinity. [Obs.]
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Zincous
Zinc"ous (?), a. 1. (Chem.) (a) Of, pertaining to, or containing, zinc; zincic; as, zincous salts. (b) Hence, formerly, basic, basylous, as opposed to chlorous.
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2. (Physics) Of or pertaining to the positive pole of a galvanic battery; electro-positive.
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'zine
zine
zine, 'zine (zēn), n. [shortened from magazine.] A publication similar to a magazine{4} but in electronic rather than printed form, maintained as data files on a computer and accessible via the world wide web; sometimes called e-zine (“e” standing for electronic, as in e-mail.
[PJC]

Zingaro
Zin"ga*ro (?), n.; pl. Zingari (?). [It.] A gypsy.
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Zingel
Zing"el (z&ibreve_;ng"&eitalic_;l), n. (Zool.) A small, edible, freshwater European perch (Aspro zingel), having a round, elongated body and prominent snout.
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Zingiberaceous
Zin`gi*ber*a"ceous (z&ibreve_;n`j&ibreve_;*b&etilde_;r*ā"shŭs), a. [L. zingiber ginger. See Ginger.] (Bot.) Of or pertaining to ginger, or to a tribe (Zingibereae) of endogenous plants of the order Scitamineae. See Scitamineous.
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Zink
Zink (z&ibreve_;&nsmacr_;k), n. (Chem.) See Zinc. [Obs.]
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Zinkenite
Zink"en*ite (-&eitalic_;n*īt), n. [From Zinken, director at one time of the Hanoverian mines.] (Min.) A steel-gray metallic mineral, a sulphide of antimony and lead.
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Zinky
Zink"y (?), a. See Zincky. Kirwan.
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Zinnia
Zin"ni*a (?), n. [NL. So called after Professor Zinn, of Göttingen.] (Bot.) Any plant of the composite genus Zinnia, Mexican herbs with opposite leaves and large gay-colored blossoms. Zinnia elegans is the commonest species in cultivation.
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Zinnwaldite
Zinn"wald*ite (?), n. [So called after Zinnwald, in Bohemia, where it occurs.] (Min.) A kind of mica containing lithium, often associated with tin ore.
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Zinsang
Zin"sang (?), n. (Zool.) The delundung.
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Zinziberaceous
Zin`zi*ber*a"ceous (?), a. (Bot.) Same as Zingiberaceous.
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Zion
Zi"on (?), n. [Heb. tsīyōn, originally, a hill.]
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1. (Jewish Antiq.) A hill in Jerusalem, which, after the capture of that city by the Israelites, became the royal residence of David and his successors.
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2. Hence, the theocracy, or church of God.
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3. The heavenly Jerusalem; heaven.
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Zionism
Zi"on*ism (?), n. [Zion + -ism.] Among the Jews, a theory, plan, or movement for colonizing their own race in Palestine, the land of Zion, or, if that is impracticable, elsewhere, either for religious or nationalizing purposes; -- called also Zion movement. -- Zi"on*ist, n. -- Zi`on*is"tic (?), a.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Zip
Zip (z&ibreve_;p), n. [Imitative.] 1. A hissing or sibilant sound such as that made by a flying bullet.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

2. a quantity of no importance. [informal]
Syn. -- nothing, nihil, nichts, nix, nada, aught, cipher, cypher, goose egg, naught, nil, zero, zilch.
[WordNet 1.5]

3. a device for locking together two toothed edges by means of a sliding tab.
Syn. -- slide fastener, zipper, zip-fastener.
[WordNet 1.5]

Zip
Zip, v. i. To make, or move with, a sound like a zip{1}.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Zip-fastener
zip"-fa`stener (?), n. 1. a device for locking together two toothed edges by means of a sliding tab.
Syn. -- slide fastener, zip, zipper.
[WordNet 1.5]

zip + 4
zip + 4 (z&ibreve_;p" plŭs fōr`), n. a full nine-digit zip code. See zip code.
[PJC]

zip code
zip" code` (z&ibreve_;p"kōd`), n. [zone improvement plan.] Any one of a set of numbers assigned by the United States Postal Service to designate a particular postal delivery area. One or more zip codes are assigned to each post office. The numbers initially had five digits (the initial code), indicating state and post office. Later, four more optional digits were added (the expanded code) indicating the box number or delivery route. The full set of nine digits is also referred to as zip + 4. The code is appended in an address to the line bearing the city and state names, as in “Plainfield, NJ 07062”. [Also spelled ZIP code and Zip code.]
[PJC]

zip-code
zip"-code` (z&ibreve_;p"kōd`), v. t. to affix a zip code to (an address or a letter).
[PJC]

Ziphiidae
Zi*phi"i*dae (?), prop. n. A natural family of cetaceans comprising the beaked whales; in some esp. former classifications included in the family Physeteridae.
Syn. -- family Ziphiidae, Hyperodontidae, family Hyperodontidae.
[WordNet 1.5]

Ziphioid
Ziph"i*oid (?), n. (Zool.) See Xiphioid.
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zipper
zip"per (?), n. 1. a device for locking together two toothed edges by means of a sliding tab.
Syn. -- slide fastener, zip, zip-fastener.
[WordNet 1.5]

zippy
zippy (?), adj. 1. quick and energetic. torpid
Syn. -- brisk, lively, merry, rattling, snappy, spanking.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. full of life and energy. dull
Syn. -- bouncing, bouncy, peppy, spirited, lively.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Zirbanit
Zir*ba*nit (?), prop. n. (Babylonian mythology) The consort of Marduk.
Syn. -- Sarpanitu, Zarpanit.
[WordNet 1.5]

Zirco-
Zir"co- (?). (Chem.) A combining form (also used adjectively) designating zirconium as an element of certain double compounds; zircono-; as in zircofluoric acid, sodium zircofluoride.
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Zircofluoride
Zir`co*flu"or*ide (?), n. (Chem.) A double fluoride of zirconium and hydrogen, or some other positive element or radical; as, zircofluoride of sodium.
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Zircon
Zir"con (?), n. [F., the same word as jargon. See Jargon a variety of zircon.] 1. (Min.) A mineral consisting predominantly of zirconium silicate (Zr2SiO4) occurring in tetragonal crystals, usually of a brown or gray color. It consists of silica and zirconia. A red variety, used as a gem, is called hyacinth. Colorless, pale-yellow or smoky-brown varieties from Ceylon are called jargon.
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2. an imitation gemstone made of cubic zirconia.
[PJC]

Zircon syenite, a coarse-grained syenite containing zircon crystals and often also elaeolite. It is largely developed in Southern Norway.
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Zircona
Zir"co*na (?), n. [NL.] (Chem.) Zirconia.
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Zirconate
Zir"con*ate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of zirconic acid.
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Zirconia
Zir*co"ni*a (?), n. [NL.] (Chem.) The oxide of zirconium (ZrO2), obtained as a white powder, and possessing both acid and basic properties. On account of its infusibility, and brilliant luminosity when incandescent, it is used as an ingredient of sticks for the Drummomd light.
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cubic zirconia. A colorless form of zirconia similar in appearance and refractivity to diamond, and used as a substitute for diamonds in inexpensive jewelry; -- also known by the acronym CZ.
[PJC]

Zirconic
Zir*con"ic (?), a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, containing, or resembling, zirconium; as, zirconic oxide; zirconic compounds.
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Zirconic acid, an acid of zirconium analogous to carbonic and silicic acids, known only in its salts.
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Zirconium
Zir*co"ni*um (?), n. [NL.] (Chem.) A rare element of the carbon-silicon group, intermediate between the metals and nonmetals, obtained from the mineral zircon as a dark sooty powder, or as a gray metallic crystalline substance. Symbol Zr. Atomic weight, 90.4.
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Zircon light
Zir"con light. (Physics) A light, similar to the calcium light, produced by incandescent zirconia.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Zircono
Zir"co*no (?). See Zirco-.
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Zirconoid
Zir"con*oid (?), n. [Zircon + oid.] (Crystallog.) A double eight-sided pyramid, a form common with tetragonal crystals; -- so called because this form often occurs in crystals of zircon.
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zit
zit (z&ibreve_;t), n. a pimple. [slang]
[PJC]

Zither
Zith"er (?), n. [G. zither. See Cittern.] (Mus.) An instrument of music used in Austria and Germany. It has from thirty to forty wires strung across a shallow sounding-board, which lies horizontally on a table before the performer, who uses both hands in playing on it. [Not to be confounded with the old lute-shaped cittern, or cithern.]
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ziti
zi"ti (zē"t&euptack_;), n. (Cookery) A tubular pasta in short pieces.
[WordNet 1.5]

Zittern
Zit"tern (?), n. (Min.) See Cittern.
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Zizania
Zi*za"ni*a (?), n. [NL., from L. zizanium darnel, cockle, Gr. &unr_;.] (Bot.) A genus of grasses including Indian rice. See Indian rice, under Rice.
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Zizel
Ziz"el (?), n. [G. ziesel.] (Zool.) The suslik. [Written also zisel.]
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Zizith
Zi"zith (?), n. pl. [Heb. tsītsith.] The tassels of twisted cords or threads on the corners of the upper garment worn by strict Jews. The Hebrew for this word is translated in both the Authorized and Revised Versions (Deut. xxii. 12) by the word “fringes.”
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Zoanthacea
Zo`an*tha"ce*a (?), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. zw^,on an animal + &unr_; flower.] (Zool.) A suborder of Actinaria, including Zoanthus and allied genera, which are permanently attached by their bases.
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Zoantharia
Zo`an*tha"ri*a (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zool.) Same as Anthozoa.
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Zoantharian
Zo`an*tha"ri*an (?), a. (Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Zoantharia. -- n. One of the Anthozoa.
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Zoanthodeme
Zo*an"tho*deme (?), n. [See Zoantharia, and Deme.] (Zool.) The zooids of a compound anthozoan, collectively.
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Zoanthoid
Zo*an"thoid (?), a. [See Zoantharia, and -oid.] (Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Zoanthacea.
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Zoanthropy
Zo*an"thro*py (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; animal + &unr_; man.] (Med.) A kind of monomania in which the patient believes himself transformed into one of the lower animals.
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Zoanthus
Zo*an"thus (?), n. [NL. See Zoantharia.] (Zool.) A genus of Actinaria, including numerous species, found mostly in tropical seas. The zooids or polyps resemble small, elongated actinias united together at their bases by fleshy stolons, and thus forming extensive groups. The tentacles are small and bright colored.
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Zobo
Zo"bo (?), n. [Native name.] (Zool.) A kind of domestic cattle reared in Asia for its flesh and milk. It is supposed to be a hybrid between the zebu and the yak.
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Zoccolo
Zocco
{ Zoc"co (?), Zoc"co*lo (?), } n. [It. fr. L. socculus. See Socle, and cf. Zacco.] (Arch.) Same as Socle.
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Zocle
Zo"cle (?; 277), n. (Arch.) Same as Socle.
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Zocor
Zo"cor (zō"kôr), n. [Trade name from Merck & Co.] a trade name for simvastatin.
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Zodiac
Zo"di*ac (?), n. [F. zodiaque (cf. It. zodiaco), fr. L. zodiacus, Gr. &unr_; (sc. &unr_;), fr. &unr_;, dim. of zw^,on an animal, akin to &unr_; living, &unr_; to live.]
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1. (Astron.) (a) An imaginary belt in the heavens, 16° or 18° broad, in the middle of which is the ecliptic, or sun's path. It comprises the twelve constellations, which one constituted, and from which were named, the twelve signs of the zodiac. (b) A figure representing the signs, symbols, and constellations of the zodiac.
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2. A girdle; a belt. [Poetic & R.]
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By his side,
As in a glistering zodiac, hung the sword.
Milton.
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Zodiacal
Zo*di"a*cal (?), a. [Cf. F. zodiacal.] (Astron.) Of or pertaining to the zodiac; situated within the zodiac; as, the zodiacal planets.
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Zodiacal light, a luminous tract of the sky, of an elongated, triangular figure, lying near the ecliptic, its base being on the horizon, and its apex at varying altitudes. It is to be seen only in the evening, after twilight, and in the morning before dawn. It is supposed to be due to sunlight reflected from multitudes of meteoroids revolving about the sun nearly in the plane of the ecliptic.
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Zoea
Zo"ë*a (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; life.] (Zool.) A peculiar larval stage of certain decapod Crustacea, especially of crabs and certain Anomura. [Written also zoaea.]
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&hand_; In this stage the anterior part of the body is relatively large, and usually bears three or four long spines. The years are conspicuous, and the antennae and jaws are long, fringed organs used in swimming. The thoracic legs are undeveloped or rudimentary, the abdomen long, slender, and often without appendages. The zoea, after casting its shell, changes to a megalops.
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Zoetrope
Zo"e*trope (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; life + &unr_; turning, from &unr_; to turn.] An optical toy, in which figures made to revolve on the inside of a cylinder, and viewed through slits in its circumference, appear like a single figure passing through a series of natural motions as if animated or mechanically moved.
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Zohar
Zo"har (?), n. [Heb. zōhar candor, splendor.] A Jewish cabalistic book attributed by tradition to Rabbi Simon ben Yochi, who lived about the end of the 1st century, a. d. Modern critics believe it to be a compilation of the 13th century. Encyc. Brit.
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Zoic
Zo"ic (?), a. [Gr. &unr_;.] (Zool.) Of or pertaining to animals, or animal life.
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Zoide
Zo"ide (?), n. (Biol.) See Meride.
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Zoilean
Zo*il"e*an (?), a. Having the characteristic of Zoilus, a bitter, envious, unjust critic, who lived about 270 years before Christ.
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Zoilism
Zo"i*lism (?), n. Resemblance to Zoilus in style or manner; carping criticism; detraction.
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Bring candid eyes the perusal of men's works, and let not Zoilism or detraction blast well-intended labors. Sir T. Browne.
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Zoisite
Zois"ite (?), n. [After its discoverer, Von Zois, an Austrian mineralogist.] (Min.) A grayish or whitish mineral occurring in orthorhombic, prismatic crystals, also in columnar masses. It is a silicate of alumina and lime, and is allied to epidote.
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Zoism
Zo"ism (?), n. [Gr. zwh` life + -ism.] 1. Reverence for animal life or belief in animal powers and influences, as among savages.
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2. (Biol.) A doctrine, now discarded, that the phenomena of life are due to a peculiar vital principle; the theory of vital force.
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Zokor
Zo"kor (zō"kôr), n. (Zool.) An Asiatic burrowing rodent (Siphneus aspalax) resembling the mole rat. It is native of the Altai Mountains.
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Zolaesque
Zo`la*esque" (?), a. In the style of Zola (see Zolaism).
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Zolaism
Zo"la*ism (?), n. The literary theories and practices of the French novelist Emile Zola (1840-1902); naturalism, esp. in a derogatory sense. -- Zo"la*ist, n. -- Zo`la*is"tic (?), a. -- Zo"la*ize (?), v.
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Zoellner's lines
Zöll"ner's lines` (?). [So called after Friedrich Zöllner, a German physicist.] Parallel lines that are made to appear convergent or divergent by means of oblique intersections.
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Zollverein
Zoll"ve*rein` (?), n. [G., from zoll duty + verein union.] Literally, a customs union; specifically, applied to the several customs unions successively formed under the leadership of Prussia among certain German states for establishing liberty of commerce among themselves and common tariff on imports, exports, and transit.
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&hand_; In 1834 a zollverein was established which included most of the principal German states except Austria. This was terminated by the events of 1866, and in 1867 a more closely organized union was formed, the administration of which was ultimately merged in that of the new German empire, with which it nearly corresponds territorially.
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Zomboruk
Zom"bo*ruk (?), n. (Mil.) See Zumbooruk.
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Zona
Zo"na (?), n.; pl. Zonae (?). [L., a girdle. See Zone.] A zone or band; a layer.
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Zona pellucida. [NL.] (Biol.) (a) The outer transparent layer, or envelope, of the ovum. It is a more or less elastic membrane with radiating striae, and corresponds to the cell wall of an ordinary cell. See Ovum, and Illust. of Microscope. (b) The zona radiata. -- Zona radiata [NL.] (Biol.), a radiately striated membrane situated next the yolk of an ovum, or separated from it by a very delicate membrane only.
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Zonal
Zon"al (?), a. [L. zonalis.] Of or pertaining to a zone; having the form of a zone or zones.
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Zonal equation (Crystallog.), the mathematical relation which belongs to all the planes of a zone, and expresses their common position with reference to the axes. -- Zonal structure (Crystallog.), a structure characterized by the arrangements of color, inclusions, etc., of a crystal in parallel or concentric layers, which usually follow the outline of the crystal, and mark the changes that have taken place during its growth. -- Zonal symmetry. (Biol.) See the Note under Symmetry.
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Zonar
Zo"nar (?), n. [Mod. Gr. &unr_; a girdle, fr. Gr. &unr_;, dim. of &unr_; a girdle. See Zone.] A belt or girdle which the Christians and Jews of the Levant were obliged to wear to distinguish them from Mohammedans. [Written also zonnar.]
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Zonaria
Zo*na"ri*a (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zool.) A division of Mammalia in which the placenta is zonelike.
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Zonate
Zon"ate (?), a. (Bot.) Divided by parallel planes; as, zonate tetraspores, found in certain red algae.
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Zone
Zone (zōn), n. [F. zone, L. zona, Gr. zw`nh; akin to zwnny`nai to gird, Lith. jůsta a girdle, jůsti to gird, Zend yāh.] 1. A girdle; a cincture. [Poetic]
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An embroidered zone surrounds her waist. Dryden.
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Loose were her tresses seen, her zone unbound. Collins.
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2. (Geog.) One of the five great divisions of the earth, with respect to latitude and temperature.
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&hand_; The zones are five: the torrid zone, extending from tropic to tropic 46° 56′, or 23° 28′ on each side of the equator; two temperate or variable zones, situated between the tropics and the polar circles; and two frigid zones, situated between the polar circles and the poles.
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Commerce . . . defies every wind, outrides every tempest, and invades. Bancroft.
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3. (Math.) The portion of the surface of a sphere included between two parallel planes; the portion of a surface of revolution included between two planes perpendicular to the axis. Davies & Peck (Math. Dict.)
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4. (Nat. Hist.) (a) A band or stripe extending around a body. (b) A band or area of growth encircling anything; as, a zone of evergreens on a mountain; the zone of animal or vegetable life in the ocean around an island or a continent; the Alpine zone, that part of mountains which is above the limit of tree growth.
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5. (Crystallog.) A series of planes having mutually parallel intersections.
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6. Circuit; circumference. [R.] Milton.
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7. (Biogeography) An area or part of a region characterized by uniform or similar animal and plant life; a life zone; as, Littoral zone, Austral zone, etc. The zones, or life zones, commonly recognized for North America are Arctic, Hudsonian, Canadian, Transition, Upper Austral, Lower Austral, and Tropical.
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8. (Cryst.) A series of faces whose intersection lines with each other are parallel.
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9. (Railroad Econ.) (a) The aggregate of stations, in whatsoever direction or on whatsoever line of railroad, situated between certain maximum and minimum limits from a point at which a shipment of traffic originates. (b) Any circular or ring-shaped area within which the street-car companies make no differences of fare.
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10. any area to or within which a shipment or transportation cost is constant; specifically, in the United States parcel-post system, any of the areas about any point of shipment for which but one rate of postage is charged for a parcel post shipment from that point. The rate increases from within outwards. The first zone includes the unit of area “(a quadrangle 30 minutes square)” in which the place of shipment is situated and the 8 contiguous units; the outer limits of the second to the seventh zones, respectively, are approximately 150, 300, 600, 1000, 1400, and 1800 miles from the point of shipment; the eighth zone includes all units of area outside the seventh zone.
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Abyssal zone. (Phys. Geog.) See under Abyssal. -- Zone axis (Crystallog.), a straight line passing through the center of a crystal, to which all the planes of a given zone are parallel.
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Zone
Zone, v. t. To girdle; to encircle. [R.] Keats.
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Zoned
Zoned (?), a. 1. Wearing a zone, or girdle. Pope.
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2. Having zones, or concentric bands; striped.
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3. (Bot.) Zonate.
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Zoneless
Zone"less (?), a. Not having a zone; ungirded.
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The reeling goddess with the zoneless waist. Cowper.
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In careless folds, loose fell her zoneless vest. Mason.
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Zonnar
Zon"nar (?), n. See Zonar.
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Zonular
Zon"u*lar (?), a. Of or pertaining to a zone; zone-shaped. “The zonular type of a placenta.” Dana.
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Zonule
Zon"ule (?), n. A little zone, or girdle.
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Zonulet
Zon"u*let (?), n. A zonule. Herrick.
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Zonure
Zon"ure (?), n. [Zone + Gr. &unr_; tail.] (Zool.) Any one of several of South African lizards of the genus Zonura, common in rocky situations.
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Zoo-
Zo"o- (?). A combining form from Gr. zww^,n an animal, as in zoogenic, zoology, etc.
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Zoochemical
Zo`o*chem"ic*al (?), a. Pertaining to zoochemistry.
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Zoochemistry
Zo`o*chem"is*try (?), n. [Zoo- + chemistry.] Animal chemistry; particularly, the description of the chemical compounds entering into the composition of the animal body, in distinction from biochemistry.
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Zoochemy
Zo*och"e*my (?), n. [Zoo- + Gr. &unr_; alchemy.] Animal chemistry; zoochemistry. Dunglison.
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Zoochlorella
Zo`o*chlo*rel"la (?), n. [NL., dim. from Gr. zw^,on an animal + &unr_; green.] (Zool.) One of the small green granulelike bodies found in the interior of certain stentors, hydras, and other invertebrates.
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Zoocyst
Zo"o*cyst (?), n. [Zoo- + cyst.] (Biol.) A cyst formed by certain Protozoa and unicellular plants which the contents divide into a large number of granules, each of which becomes a germ.
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Zoocytium
Zo`o*cy"ti*um (?), n.; pl. Zoocytia (?). [NL., fr. Gr. zw^,on an animal + &unr_; a hollow vessel.] (Zool.) The common support, often branched, of certain species of social Infusoria.
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Zoodendrium
Zo`o*den"dri*um (?), n.; pl. Zoodendria (?). [NL., fr. Gr. zw^,on an animal + &unr_; a tree.] (Zool.) The branched, and often treelike, support of the colonies of certain Infusoria.
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Zooecium
Zo*oe"ci*um (?), n.; pl. Zooecia (?). [NL., fr. Gr. zw^,on an animal + &unr_; house.] (Zool.) One of the cells or tubes which inclose the feeling zooids of Bryozoa. See Illust. of Sea Moss.
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Zooerythrine
Zo`o*e*ryth"rine (?), n. [Zoo- + Gr. &unr_; red.] (Zool.) A peculiar organic red coloring matter found in the feathers of various birds.
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Zoogamous
Zo*og"a*mous (?), a. [Zoo- + Gr. &unr_; marriage.] (Biol.) Of or pertaining zoogamy.
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Zoogamy
Zo*og"a*my (?), n. (Biol.) The sexual reproduction of animals.
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Zoogenic
Zo`o*gen"ic (?), a. [Zoo- + -gen + -ic: cf. Gr. &unr_; born of an animal.] (Biol.) Of or pertaining to zoogeny, animal production.
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Zoogony
Zoogeny
{ Zo*og"e*ny (?), Zo*og"o*ny (?), } n. [Zoo- + root of Gr. &unr_; to be born, &unr_; offspring.] The doctrine of the formation of living beings.
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Zoogeographical
Zo`o*ge`o*graph"ic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to zoography.
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Zoogeography
Zo`o*ge*og"ra*phy (?), n. [Zoo- + geography.] The study or description of the geographical distribution of animals.
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Zoogloea
Zo`o*gloe"a (?), n. [NL., from Gr. zw^,on an animal + &unr_; any glutinous substance.] (Biol.) A colony or mass of bacteria imbedded in a viscous gelatinous substance. The zoogloea is characteristic of a transitory stage through which rapidly multiplying bacteria pass in the course of their evolution. Also used adjectively.
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Zoographer
Zo*og"ra*pher (?), n. One who describes animals, their forms and habits.
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Zoographical
Zoographic
{ Zo`o*graph"ic (?), Zo`o*graph"ic*al (?), } a. [Cf. F. zoographique.] Of or pertaining to the description of animals.
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Zoographist
Zo*og"ra*phist (?), n. A zoographer.
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Zoography
Zo*og"ra*phy (?), n. [Zoo- + -graphy: cf. F. zoographie.] A description of animals, their forms and habits.
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Zooid
Zo"oid (?), a. [Zoo- + -oid.] (Biol.) Pertaining to, or resembling, an animal.
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Zooid
Zo"oid, n. 1. (Biol.) An organic body or cell having locomotion, as a spermatic cell or spermatozooid.
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2. (Zool.) (a) An animal in one of its inferior stages of development, as one of the intermediate forms in alternate generation. (b) One of the individual animals in a composite group, as of Anthozoa, Hydroidea, and Bryozoa; -- sometimes restricted to those individuals in which the mouth and digestive organs are not developed.
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Zooidal
Zo*oid"al (?), a. Of or pertaining to a zooid; as, a zooidal form.
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Zoolatry
Zo*ol"a*try (?), n. [Zoo- + Gr. &unr_; worship.] The worship of animals.
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Zoologer
Zo*ol"o*ger (?), n. A Zoologist. Boyle.
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Zoological
Zo`o*log"ic*al (?), a. [Cf. F. zoologique.] Of or pertaining to Zoology, or the science of animals.
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Zoologically
Zo`o*log"ic*al*ly, adv. In a Zoological manner; according to the principles of Zoology.
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Zoologist
Zo*ol"o*gist (?), n. [Cf. F. zoologiste.] One who is well versed in Zoology.
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Zoologize
Zo*ol"o*gize (?), v. i. To study Zoology; esp., to collect animals for study.
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Zoology
Zo*ol"o*gy (?), n.; pl. Zoologies (?). [Zoo- + -logy: cf. F. zoologie. See Zodiac.]
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1. That part of biology which relates to the animal kingdom, including the structure, embryology, evolution, classification, habits, and distribution of all animals, both living and extinct.
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2. A treatise on this science.
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Zoomelanin
Zo`o*mel"a*nin (?), n. [Zoo- + melanin.] (Physiol. Chem.) A pigment giving the black color to the feathers of many birds.
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Zoomorphic
Zo`o*mor"phic (?), a. [Zoo- + Gr. &unr_; form.] Of or pertaining to zoomorphism.
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Zoomorphism
Zo`o*mor"phism (?), n. 1. The transformation of men into beasts. [R.] Smart.
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2. The quality of representing or using animal forms; as, zoomorphism in ornament.
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3. The representation of God, or of gods, in the form, or with the attributes, of the lower animals.
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To avoid the error of anthropomorphism, we fall into the vastly greater, and more absurd, error of zoomorphism. Mivart.
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Zoon
Zo"on (?), n.; pl. Zoa (?). [NL., fr. Gr. zw^,on an animal.] (Zool.) (a) An animal which is the sole product of a single egg; -- opposed to zooid. H. Spencer. (b) Any one of the perfectly developed individuals of a compound animal.
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Zoonic
Zo*on"ic (?), a. [Gr. zw^,on an animal: cf. F. zoonique.] Of or pertaining to animals; obtained from animal substances.
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Zoonite
Zo"o*nite (?), n. (Zool.) (a) One of the segments of the body of an articulate animal. (b) One of the theoretic transverse divisions of any segmented animal.
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Zoonomy
Zo*on"o*my (?), n. [Zoo- + Gr. &unr_; a law: cf. F. zoonomie.] The laws of animal life, or the science which treats of the phenomena of animal life, their causes and relations.
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Zoonule
Zo"o*nule (?), n. [Dim. fr. Gr. zw^,on an animal.] (Zool.) Same as Zoonite.
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Zoopathology
Zo`o*pa*thol"o*gy (?), n. [Zoo- + pathology.] Animal pathology.
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Zoophaga
Zo*oph"a*ga (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; animal + &unr_; to eat.] (Zool.) An artificial group comprising various carnivorous and insectivorous animals.
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Zoophagan
Zo*oph"a*gan (?), n. (Zool.) A animal that feeds on animal food.
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Zoophagous
Zo*oph"a*gous (?), a. [Gr. &unr_;; zw^,on an animal + &unr_; to eat.] Feeding on animals.
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&hand_; This is a more general term than either sarcophagous or carnivorous.
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Zoophilist
Zo*oph"i*list (?), n. [Zoo- + Gr. &unr_; to love.] A lover of animals. Southey.
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Zoophily
Zo*oph"i*ly (?), n. Love of animals.
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Zoophite
Zo"o*phite (?), n. A zoophyte. [R.]
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Zoophoric
Zo`o*phor"ic (?), a. [Gr. &unr_;; zw^,on an animal + fe`rein to bear; cf. F. zoophorique.] Bearing or supporting the figure of an animal; as, a zoophoric column.
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Zoophorous
Zo*oph"o*rous (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. &unr_;. See Zoophoric.] (Anc. Arch.) The part between the architrave and cornice; the frieze; -- so called from the figures of animals carved upon it.
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Zoophyta
Zo*oph"y*ta (?), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. zw^,on an animal + fyto`n a plant.] (Zool.) An extensive artificial and heterogeneous group of animals, formerly adopted by many Zoologists. It included the cœlenterates, echinoderms, sponges, Bryozoa, Protozoa, etc.
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&hand_; Sometimes the name is restricted to the Cœlentera, or to the Anthozoa.
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Zoophyte
Zo"o*phyte (?), n. [F. zoophyte, Gr. &unr_;; zw^,on an animal + &unr_; plant, akin to &unr_; to be born, to be. See Zodiac, and Be, v. i.] (Zool.) (a) Any one of numerous species of invertebrate animals which more or less resemble plants in appearance, or mode of growth, as the corals, gorgonians, sea anemones, hydroids, bryozoans, sponges, etc., especially any of those that form compound colonies having a branched or treelike form, as many corals and hydroids. (b) Any one of the Zoophyta.
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Zoophytical
Zoophytic
{ Zo`o*phyt"ic (?), Zo`o*phyt"ic*al (?), } a. [Cf. F. zoophytique.] (Zool.) Of or pertaining to zoophytes.
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Zoophytoid
Zo*oph"y*toid (?), a. [Zoophyte + -oid.] (Zool.) Pertaining to, or resembling, a zoophyte.
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Zoophytological
Zo`o*phyt`o*log"ic*al (?), a. [Cf. F. zoophytologique.] Of or pertaining to zoophytology; as, zoophytological observations.
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Zoophytology
Zo*oph`y*tol"o*gy (?; 277), n. [Zoophyte + -logy: cf. F. zoophytologie.] The natural history zoophytes.
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Zoopraxiscope
Zo`o*prax"i*scope (?), n. [Zoo- + Gr. &unr_; a doing, an acting (from &unr_; to do) + -scope.] An instrument similar to, or the same as, the, the phenakistoscope, by means of which pictures projected upon a screen are made to exhibit the natural movements of animals, and the like.
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Zoopsychology
Zo`o*psy*chol"o*gy (?), n. [Zoo- + psychology.] Animal psychology.
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Zoosperm
Zo"o*sperm (?), n. [Zoo- + sperm.] (Biol.) One of the spermatic particles; spermatozoid.
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Zoosporangium
Zo`o*spo*ran"gi*um (?), n.; pl. -sporangia (?). [NL. See Zoo-, and Sporangium.] (Bot.) A spore, or conceptacle containing zoospores.
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Zoospore
Zo"o*spore (?), n. [Zoo- + spore.]
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1. (Bot.) A spore provided with one or more slender cilia, by the vibration of which it swims in the water. Zoospores are produced by many green, and by some olive-brown, algae. In certain species they are divided into the larger macrozoospores and the smaller microzoospores. Called also sporozoid, and swarmspore.
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2. (Zool.) See Swarmspore.
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Zoosporic
Zo`o*spor"ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to zoospores; of the nature of zoospores.
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Zootic
Zo*ot"ic (?), a. [Gr. zw^,on an animal.] Containing the remains of organized bodies; -- said of rock or soil.
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Zootomical
Zo`o*tom"ic*al (?), a. [Cf. F. zootomique.] Of or pertaining to zootomy.
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Zootomist
Zo*ot"o*mist (?), n. [Cf. F. zootomiste.] One who dissects animals, or is skilled in zootomy.
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Zootomy
Zo*ot"o*my (?), n. [Zoo- + Gr. &unr_; to cut: cf. F. zootomie.] The dissection or the anatomy of animals; -- distinguished from androtomy.
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Zootrophic
Zo`o*troph"ic (?), a. [Gr. &unr_;. See Zoo-, and Trophic.] (Physiol.) Of or pertaining to the nourishment of animals.
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Zoozoo
Zoo"zoo` (?), n. [Of imitative origin.] (Zool.) The wood pigeon. [Prov. Eng.]
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Zope
Zope (?), n. [G.] (Zool.) A European fresh-water bream (Abramis ballerus).
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Zopilote
Zo"pi*lote (?), n. [Sp.] (Zool.) The urubu, or American black vulture.
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Zoril
Zor"il (?), n. (Zool.) Same as Zorilla.
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Zorilla
Zo*ril"la (?), n. [Sp. zorilla, zorillo, dim. of zorra, zorro, a fox: cf. F. zorille.] (Zool.) Either one of two species of small African carnivores of the genus Ictonyx allied to the weasels and skunks. [Written also zoril, and zorille.]
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&hand_; The best-known species (Ictonyx zorilla) has black shiny fur with white bands and spots. It has anal glands which produce a very offensive secretion, similar to that of the skunk. It feeds upon birds and their eggs and upon small mammals, and is often very destructive to poultry. It is sometimes tamed by the natives, and kept to destroy rats and mice. Called also mariput, Cape polecat, and African polecat. The name is sometimes erroneously applied to the American skunk.
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Zoroaster
Zo`ro*as"ter (?), prop. n. The persian prophet Zarathustra, who probably lived in the second millenium B. C. His treachings form the basis for the religion Zoroastrianism.
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Zoroastrian
Zo`ro*as"tri*an (?), a. Of or pertaining to Zoroaster, or his religious system.
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Zoroastrian
Zo`ro*as"tri*an (?), n. A follower of Zoroaster; one who accepts Zoroastrianism.
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Zoroastrianism
Zo`ro*as"tri*an*ism (?), n. The religious system of Zoroaster, the legislator and prophet of the ancient Persians, which was the national faith of Persia; mazdeism. The system presupposes a good spirit (Ormuzd) and an opposing evil spirit (Ahriman). Cf. Fire worship, under Fire, and Parsee.
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Zoroastrism
Zo`ro*as"trism (?), n. Same as Zoroastrianism. Tylor.
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Zoster
Zos"ter (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. &unr_; girdle, zoster. See Zone.] (Med.) Shingles.
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Zostera
Zos"te*ra (?), n. [NL.] (Bot.) A genus of plants of the Naiadaceae, or Pondweed family. Zostera marina is commonly known as sea wrack, and eelgrass.
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Zosterops
Zos"ter*ops (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; girdle + &unr_;, &unr_;, the eye.] (Zool.) A genus of birds that comprises the white-eyes. See White-eye.
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Zouave
Zouave (?; 277), n. [F., fr. Ar. Zouaoua a tribe of Kabyles living among the Jurjura mountains in Algeria.] (Mil.) (a) One of an active and hardy body of soldiers in the French service, originally Arabs, but now composed of Frenchmen who wear the Arab dress. (b) Hence, one of a body of soldiers who adopt the dress and drill of the Zouaves, as was done by a number of volunteer regiments in the army of the United States in the Civil War, 1861-65.
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Zounds
Zounds (?), interj. [Contracted from God's wounds.] An exclamation formerly used as an oath, and an expression of anger or wonder.
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Zoutch
Zoutch (?; 277), v. t. (Cookery) To stew, as flounders, eels, etc., with just enough or liquid to cover them. Smart.
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Zubr
Zubr (z&oomacr_;br), n. [Polish żubr.] (Zool.) The aurochs.
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Zuche
Zuche (z&oomacr_;ch), n. A stump of a tree. Cowell.
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Zuchetto
Zu*chet"to (?), n. [It. zucchetto.] (R. C. Ch.) A skullcap covering the tonsure, worn under the berretta. The pope's is white; a cardinal's red; a bishop's purple; a priest's black.
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Zufolo
Zu"fo*lo (?; 277), n. [It.] (Mus.) A little flute or flageolet, especially that which is used to teach birds. [Written also zuffolo.]
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Zuisin
Zui"sin (?), n. (Zool.) The American widgeon. [Local, U. S.]
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Zulu
Zu"lu (z&oomacr_;"l&oomacr_;), prop. n. [Also Zooloo.] 1. Any member of the tribe of Zulus; a Zulu-Kaffir. See Zulus.
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2. (Philol.) One of the most important members of the South African, or Bantu, family of languages, spoken partly in Natal and partly in Zululand, but understood, and more or less in use, over a wide territory, at least as far north as the Zambezi; -- called also Zulu-Kaffir.
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3. A word used in spoken communications to represent the letter Z.
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Zulu-Kaffir
Zu"lu-Kaf"fir, n. A member of the Bantu race comprising the Zulus and the Kaffirs.
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Zulus
Zu"lus (z&oomacr_;"l&oomacr_;z), prop. n. pl.; sing. Zulu (z&oomacr_;"l&oomacr_;). (Ethnol.) The most important tribe belonging to the Kaffir race. They inhabit a region on the southeast coast of Africa, but formerly occupied a much more extensive country. They are noted for their warlike disposition, courage, and military skill.
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Zumbooruk
Zum*boo"ruk (?), n. [Turk. & Ar. zambūrak, fr. Ar. zambūr a hornet.] (Mil.) A small cannon supported by a swiveled rest on the back of a camel, whence it is fired, -- used in the East.
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Zumometer
Zumology
Zumological
Zumic
Zu"mic (?), a., Zu`mo*log"ic*al (&unr_;), a., Zu*mol"o*gy (&unr_;), n., Zu*mom"e*ter (&unr_;), n., etc. See Zymic, Zymological, etc.
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Zuni
Zunis
Zu"ñis (?), n. pl.; sing. Zuñi (&unr_;). (Ethnol.) A tribe of Pueblo Indians occupying a village in New Mexico, on the Zuñi River.
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Zunian
Zu"ñi*an (?), a. Of or pertaining to the Zuñis, or designating their linguistic stock. -- n. A Zuñi.
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Zunyite
Zun"yite (?), n. (Min.) A fluosilicate of alumina occurring in tetrahedral crystals at the Zuñi mine in Colorado.
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Zwanziger
Zwan"zi*ger (tsvän"ts&euptack_;*g&etilde_;r), n. [G.] An Austrian silver coin equivalent to 20 kreutzers, or about 10 cents.
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Zwieback
Zwie"back` (tsvē"bäk`), n. [G., fr. zwie- two, twice (see Twice) + backen to bake.] A kind of biscuit or rusk first baked in a loaf and afterwards cut and toasted.
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Zwinglian
Zwing"li*an (?), prop. a. (Theol.) Of or pertaining to Ulric Zwingli (1481-1531), the reformer of German Switzerland, who maintained that in the Lord's Supper the true body of Christ is present by the contemplation of faith but not in essence or reality, and that the sacrament is a memorial without mystical elements. -- n. A follower of Zwingli.
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Zygantrum
Zy*gan"trum (?), n.; pl. Zygantra (?). [Gr. &unr_; a yoke + &unr_; a cave, hole.] (Anat.) See under Zygosphene.
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Zygapophysis
Zyg`a*poph"y*sis (?), n.; pl. Zygapophyses (?). [Gr. &unr_; a yoke + E. apophysis.] (Anat.) One of the articular processes of a vertebra, of which there are usually four, two anterior and two posterior. See under Vertebra. -- Zyg`ap*o*phys"i*al (?), a.
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Zygenid
Zyg"e*nid (?), n. [Cf. Gr. &unr_;, probably the hammer-headed shark.] (Zool.) Any one of numerous species of moths of the family Zygaenidae, most of which are bright colored. The wood nymph and the vine forester are examples. Also used adjectively.
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Zygobranchia
Zyg`o*bran"chi*a (?), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. zygo`n a yoke + &unr_; a gill.] (Zool.) A division of marine gastropods in which the gills are developed on both sides of the body and the renal organs are also paired. The abalone (Haliotis) and the keyhole limpet (Fissurella) are examples.
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Zygobranchiate
Zyg`o*bran"chi*ate (?), a. (Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Zygobranchia.
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Zygodactyle
Zygodactyl
{ Zyg`o*dac"tyl, Zyg`o*dac"tyle } (?), n. [See Zygodactylic.] (Zool.) Any zygodactylous bird.
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Zygodactylae
Zyg`o*dac"ty*lae (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zool.) The zygodactylous birds. In a restricted sense applied to a division of birds which includes the barbets, toucans, honey guides, and other related birds.
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Zygodactyli
Zyg`o*dac"ty*li (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zool.) Same as Scansores.
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Zygodactylous
Zygodactylic
{ Zyg`o*dac"ty*lic (?), Zyg`o*dac"tyl*ous (?; 277), } a. [Gr. zygo`n a yoke, pair + &unr_; finger, toe: cf. F. zygodactyle.] (Zool.) Yoke-footed; having the toes disposed in pairs; -- applied to birds which have two toes before and two behind, as the parrot, cuckoo, woodpecker, etc.
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Zygoma
Zy*go"ma (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to yoke, zygo`n a yoke.] (Anat.) (a) The jugal, malar, or cheek bone. (b) The zygomatic process of the temporal bone. (c) The whole zygomatic arch.
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Zygomatic
Zyg`o*mat"ic (?; 277), a. [Cf. F. zygomatique.] (Anat.) Of, pertaining to, or in the region of, the zygoma.
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Zygomatic arch, the arch of bone beneath the orbit, formed in most mammals by the union of the malar, or jugal, with the zygomatic process of the temporal bone. In the lower vertebrates other bones may help to form it, and there may be two arches on each side of the skull, as in some reptiles. -- Zygomatic process, a process of the temporal or squamosal bone helping to form the zygomatic arch.
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Zygomorphous
Zygomorphic
{ Zyg`o*mor"phic (?), Zyg`o*mor"phous (?), } a. [Gr. zygo`n a yoke + &unr_; form.] (Biol.) Symmetrical bilaterally; -- said of organisms, or parts of organisms, capable of division into two symmetrical halves only in a single plane.
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Zygophyllaceae
Zy`go*phyl*la"ce*ae (?), prop. n. A natural family of small trees, shrubs, and herbs of warm arid and saline regions; it is often resinous, and some are poisonous. It contains the genera Zygophyllum; Tribulus; Guaiacum; and Larrea.
Syn. -- family Zygophyllaceae, bean-caper family.
[WordNet 1.5]

Zygophyllum
Zy`go*phyl*lum (?), prop. n. 1. A genus of usually tropical herbs or shrubs having ill-smelling foliage and flower buds that are used as capers: bean capers.
Syn. -- genus Zygophyllum.
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Zygophyte
Zy"go*phyte (?), n. [Gr. zygo`n a yoke + fyto`n a plant.] (Bot.) Any plant of a proposed class or grand division (Zygophytes, Zygophyta, or Zygosporeae), in which reproduction consists in the union of two similar cells. Cf. Oophyte.
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Zygoptera
Zy`gop"te*ra (?), prop. n. A suborder consisting of the damselflies.
Syn. -- suborder Zygoptera.
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Zygosis
Zy*go"sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; balancing, fr. zygo`n yoke.] (Biol.) The process of the merging of two gametes. Same as Conjugation.
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zygosity
zy*gos"i*ty (z&iuptack_;*g&obreve_;s"&ibreve_;*t&ybreve_;), n. (Biol.) The property of being either homogeneous or heterogeneous with respect to the allelic genes determining some hereditary trait in a diploid or polyploid organism; if homogeneous, the organism is homozygous; if heterogeneous, it is heterozygous.
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Zygosperm
Zyg"o*sperm (?), n. [Gr. zygo`n a yoke + E. sperm.] (Bot.) A spore formed by the union of the contents of two similar cells, either of the same or of distinct individual plants. Zygosperms are found in certain orders of algae and fungi.
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Zygosphene
Zyg"o*sphene (?), n. [Gr. zygo`n a yoke + &unr_; a wedge.] (Anat.) A median process on the front part of the neural arch of the vertebrae of most snakes and some lizards, which fits into a fossa, called the zygantrum, on the back part of the arch in front.
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Zygospore
Zyg"o*spore (?), n. [Gr. zygo`n a yoke + E. spore.] (Bot.) (a) Same as Zygosperm. (b) A spore formed by the union of several zoospores; -- called also zygozoospore.
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zygote
zy"gote (zī"gōt), n. The cell resulting from the union of an ovum and a spermatozoon, or (broadly) the developing new organism arising from such a cell.
Syn. -- fertilized cell.
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zygotene
zy*go*tene" (?), n. 1. the second stage of the prophase of meiosis.
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zygotic
zy*got"ic (zī*g&obreve_;t"&ibreve_;k), adj. 1. of or pertaining to a zygote.
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Zylonite
Zy"lon*ite (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; wood.] Celluloid.
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Zymase
Zym"ase (?), n. [From Zyme.] (Physiol. Chem.) A soluble ferment, or enzyme. See Enzyme.
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Zyme
Zyme (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; leaven.]
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1. A ferment.
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2. (Med.) The morbific principle of a zymotic disease. Quain.
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Zymic
Zym"ic (?), a. (Old Chem.) Pertaining to, or produced by, fermentation; -- formerly, by confusion, used to designate lactic acid.
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Zymogen
Zym"o*gen (?), n. [Zyme + -gen.] (Physiol. Chem.) A mother substance, or antecedent, of an enzyme or chemical ferment; -- applied to such substances as, not being themselves actual ferments, may by internal changes give rise to a ferment.
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The pancreas contains but little ready-made ferment, though there is present in it a body, zymogen, which gives birth to the ferment. Foster.
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Zymogene
Zym"o*gene (?), n. [Zyme + root of Gr. &unr_; to be born.] (Biol.) One of a physiological group of globular bacteria which produces fermentations of diverse nature; -- distinguished from pathogene.
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Zymogenic
Zym`o*gen"ic (?), a. (Biol.) (a) Pertaining to, or formed by, a zymogene. (b) Capable of producing a definite zymogen or ferment.
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Zymogenic organism (Biol.), a microorganism, such as the yeast plant of the Bacterium lactis, which sets up certain fermentative processes by which definite chemical products are formed; -- distinguished from a pathogenic organism. Cf. Micrococcus.
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Zymological
Zymologic
{ Zy`mo*log"ic (?), Zy`mo*log"ic*al (?), } a. [Cf. F. zymologique.] Of or pertaining to zymology.
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Zymologist
Zy*mol"o*gist (?), n. One who is skilled in zymology, or in the fermentation of liquors.
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Zymology
Zy*mol"o*gy (?), n. [Zyme + -logy: cf. F. zymologie.] A treatise on the fermentation of liquors, or the doctrine of fermentation. [Written also zumology.]
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Zymolysis
Zy*mol"y*sis (?), n. [NL. See Zyme, and Lysis.] (Physiol. Chem.) The action of enzymes, such as digestion or fermentation; also, the changes produced by such action. -- Zy`mo*lyt"ic (?), a.
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

Zymome
Zy"mome (?), n. [Gr. zy`mwma a fermented mixture.] (Old Chem.) A glutinous substance, insoluble in alcohol, resembling legumin; -- now called vegetable fibrin, vegetable albumin, or gluten casein.
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Zymosimeter
Zymometer
{ Zy*mom"e*ter (?), Zy`mo*sim"e*ter (?), } n. [Gr. zy`mh ferment, or zy`mwsis fermentation + -meter: cf. F. zymosimètre.] An instrument for ascertaining the degree of fermentation occasioned by the mixture of different liquids, and the degree of heat which they acquire in fermentation.
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Zymophyte
Zym"o*phyte (zīm"&ouptack_;*fīt or z&ibreve_;m"&ouptack_;*fīt), n. [Zyme + Gr. fyto`n a plant.] (Physiol. Chem.) A bacteroid ferment.
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Zymoscope
Zy"mo*scope (zīm"&ouptack_;*skōp), n. [Zyme + -scope.] (Physiol. Chem.) An apparatus for determining the fermenting power of yeast by measuring the amount of carbonic acid evolved from a given quantity of sugar.

Zymose
Zy*mose" (z&iuptack_;*mōs"), n. (Chem.) Invertin.
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Zymosis
Zy*mo"sis, n. [NL., fr. Gr. zymwtiko`s fermentation, fr. zy`mh ferment.] (Med.) (a) A fermentation; hence, an analogous process by which an infectious disease is believed to be developed. (b) A zymotic disease. [R.] The medical usage is now (2004) archaic. -- PJC.
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Zymotic
Zy*mot"ic (z&iuptack_;*m&obreve_;t"&ibreve_;k), a. [Gr. zymwtiko`s causing to ferment, fr. zymoy^n to ferment, zy`mh ferment, leaven.] 1. Of, pertaining to, or caused by, fermentation.
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2. (Med.) Designating, or pertaining to, a certain class of diseases. See Zymotic disease, below.
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Zymotic disease (Med.), any epidemic, endemic, contagious, or sporadic affection which is produced by some morbific principle or organism acting on the system like a ferment. Now (2004) referred to as an infectious disease. -- PJC
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Zythem
Zy"them (zī"th&ebreve_;m), n. See Zythum.
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Zythepsary
Zy*thep"sa*ry (z&ibreve_;*th&ebreve_;p"s&adot_;*rŭ), n. [Gr. zy^qos a kind of beer + 'e`psein to boil.] A brewery. [R.]
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Zythum
Zy"thum (z&ibreve_;"thŭm), n. [L., fr. Gr. zy^qos a kind of beer; -- so called by the Egyptians.] A kind of ancient malt beverage; a liquor made from malt and wheat. [Written also zythem.]
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