Struggling with Participles

The forum for those who still struggle with morphology, syntax, and idiom, or who wish to discuss basic questions about the meaning of Greek texts, syntax, or words.
Forum rules
This is not a place for students to ask for the answers to their homework assignments. Users who do that may be banned.
Posts: 496
Joined: June 1st, 2011, 4:19 am
Location: Sussex, Wisconsin

Re: Struggling with Participles

Post by Paul-Nitz »

I'm really struggling to understand participles. alanmacall » 01 Feb 2017 21:02
ἠ μετοχή ἔγκλισις

Used as a Noun (Substantive Participle)
The Greek Participle can be like a verb turned into a noun:
  • Compare:
    ὁ ἄνθρωπος ποιεῖ τι. The man does something.
    ὁ πέμψας με ἀληθής ἐστιν The one sending me is true. Jn 8:26
Used with a Noun (Adjectival Participle)
The Greek Participle can be like an adjective:
  • Compare:
    ἐκεῖνος ἦν ὁ ἀνήρ ὁ πλούσιος. That one was a rich man.
    ἐκεῖνος ἦν ὁ λύχνος ὁ φαίνων That one was the shining lamp. Jn 5:35
Used to describe the main clause (Circumstantial Participle)
The Greek Participle can describe an action that is taking place alongside the main verb.
  • Examples:

    μὴ ἔχων σπέρμα ἀφῆκεν τὴν γυναῖκα αὐτοῦ τῷ ἀδελφῷ αὐτοῦ. Not having offspring he left his wife to his brother. Mt 22:25.
    ἀκούσαντες ἐθαύμασαν When they heard, they marveled. Mt 22:22
    κρούσαντος δὲ αὐτοῦ τὴν θύραν τοῦ πυλῶνος προσῆλθεν παιδίσκη ὑπακοῦσαι. After he knocked on the door, a servant girl went to answer. Ac 12:13 (Genitive Absolute Participle)
Used to complete the thought of another verb (Supplementary Participle)
The Greek Participle can complete the meaning of some verbs than need help, like “stop, begin, continue” and others.
  • ἐπαύσαντο τύπτοντες τὸν Παῦλον They stopped beating Paul. Ac 21:32
    οὐ παύομαι εὐχαριστῶν ὑπὲρ ὑμῶν I do not cease giving thanks for you. Eph 1:16
Paul D. Nitz - Lilongwe Malawi
Jonathan Robie
Posts: 3794
Joined: May 5th, 2011, 5:34 pm
Location: Durham, NC

Re: Struggling with Participles

Post by Jonathan Robie »

I like this, Paul. Clear and helpful.
ἐξίσταντο δὲ πάντες καὶ διηποροῦντο, ἄλλος πρὸς ἄλλον λέγοντες, τί θέλει τοῦτο εἶναι;
Post Reply

Return to “Beginners Forum”