Copyright, Public Domain, and U.S. Government Publications
Items on this web site that are from family collections are copyrighted.

Electronic sources are cited using the Chicago Citation Format: (Chicago Manual of Style, 15th ed., sections 17.270, 17.237) described in the Library of Congress: How to Cite Electronic Sources..

Many of the other items related to the Civil War, World War 1 and World War 2 appear to be works of the United States Government prepared by an officer or employee of the United States Government as part of that personís official duties and is in the public domain, as defined in 17 U.S.C. sec 101 (1994). More details are at:


The University of North Carolina has an excellent chart on when items pass into the public domain

The Civil War photos from the Library of Congress are in the public domain. Details are at: Rights and Reproductions.

On the 
Army Service Forces Communications Zone, Paris page, permission to use the diorama photo is from Adj. Maj. Jean-Claude Schmetz, Curator, Truschbaum Museum.

On the
Signal Units in the Normandy Campaign, the assault landing credit arrowhead is from the U.S. Army Award: Arrowhead

On the Discharge Uniform Page, the photos of the ribbons are almost all from
Ribbons  Order of Precedence  at U.S. Army Institute of Heraldry.

Public domain image of the 1st Army shoulder patch on the 215th's page is from
Dr. Howard G. Lanham's Shoulder Sleeve Insignia of Basic Elements, Army Groups and Armies, United States Army, Second World War

I am confirming the copyright status of all items I have any question about. If an item is not in the public domain, I will obtain permission for its use or if necessary, remove it.

Please send copyright concerns to Leonard H. Cizewski. Thank you.
INDEX: Cizewski, Lovetere, Musbach, & Robinson Family History

© 2006 - 2013 Leonard H. Cizewski

Last Updated: October 25, 2013
Posted: 2006
Last Reviewed:

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