Lighthouses of China: Qínhuángdǎo, Héběi

Héběi (formerly spelled Hopei or Hopeh) is the province of northern China surrounding the independent metropolitan districts of Běijīng and Tiānjīn. Its coast faces eastward on the Bohai Sea, a northwestward extension of the Yellow Sea lying west of the Liaodong and Shandong peninsulas. Qínhuángdǎo, China's second busiest port after Shànghǎi, is located in the northeastern corner of Héběi.

Lighthouses in China are maintained by the PRC Maritime Safety Administration. The administration is organized in several regional administrations; Héběi and Tiānjīn lighthouses fall under the Tiānjīn MSA.

The pīnyīn system for transliterating Chinese into Latin characters is now the international standard but some locations continue to be known also under the spellings of older transliteration systems. The Chinese word for a lighthouse is dēngtǎ (灯塔). In pinyin jiāo (formerly chiao) is a reef or rock, jiǎo is a cape or headland, dǎo (tao) is an island; (tsu) is a small island, wān is a bay and gǎng (kang) is a harbor.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. CN numbers are Chinese light list numbers. Admiralty numbers are from volume P of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Online List of Lights - China
Coming soon: photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
World of Lighthouses - China
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
Chinese English Pinyin Dictionary
A useful tool for juggling the representations of Chinese names.
Leuchttürme Chinas auf historischen Postkarten
Historic postcard views posted by Klaus Huelse.

Nanshantou Light
Nánshāntóu Light, Qínhuángdǎo, August 2010
ex-Panoramio Creative Commons photo by Y.W. Jiang

Qínhuángdǎo City Lighthouses

Note: Qínhuángdǎo, at the mouth of the Táng river, is one of the largest ports of northern China. The harbor (Hǎigǎng) district has developed enormously in recent years and the international light lists have struggled to keep up with changes in the navigational lights. There may be additional lighthouses not described here.

Shānhǎiguān District (Qínhuángdǎo North Harbor) Lighthouses
Note: Shānhǎiguān ("sea mountain pass") is famous as the place where the Great Wall of China comes down to the sea. The modern harbor is just to the east of this major tourist attraction.
Shānhǎiguān South Pier
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 16 m (52 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 14 m (56 ft) round white tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on a pier in an area of new development east of the shipyard basin in Shānhǎiguān. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3955.23.
Shānhǎiguān No. 17 Pier
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 16 m (52 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 14 m (56 ft) round red tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on an inner pier in an area of new development east of the shipyard basin in Shānhǎiguān. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3955.235.
Shānhǎiguān East Breakwater South Head
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 20 m (66 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 17 m (56 ft) round white tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the long east breakwater of the shipyard basin in Shānhǎiguān. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3955.22.
Shānhǎiguān East Breakwater Middle
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 16 m (52 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 13 m (43 ft) round white tower painted with red (?) and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located in an elbow of the long east breakwater of the shipyard basin in Shānhǎiguān. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3955.21.
Shānhǎiguān West Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) round white tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the west (inner) breakwater of the shipyard basin in Shānhǎiguān. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3955.
Shānhǎiguān
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 20 m (66 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 14 m (46 ft) round white tower painted with red and white horizontal bands. The light is at the far left in a photo by Nguyễn Đức Dũng and Google has a satellite view. Located in an elbow of the long east breakwater of the shipyard basin in Shānhǎiguān. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3956.5.

Hǎigǎng District (Qínhuángdǎo Main Harbor) Lighthouses
Qínhuángdǎo Coal Storage Wharf
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 18 m (59 ft); red light, pattern unknown. Approx. 16 m (52 ft) round concrete tower painted with red (?) and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located at the east end of the coal wharf of the Meisiqi terminal in eastern Qínhuángdǎo. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3954.934.
Qínhuángdǎo Coal Pier No. 1
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 22 m (72 ft); green light, pattern unknown. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) round concrete tower painted with green (?) and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the main pier of the Meisiqi terminal in eastern Qínhuángdǎo. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3954.926.
Qínhuángdǎo Meisiqi Pier (Chenxiang Hangdao)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on an inner pier at the Meisiqi terminal in eastern Qínhuángdǎo. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3954.65; NGA 18453.
Qínhuángdǎo HSA Large Pier
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); continuous green light. 11 m (36 ft) round concrete tower painted with green (?) and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on an inner pier at the Meisiqi terminal in eastern Qínhuángdǎo. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3954.9; NGA 18453.2.
Qínhuángdǎo East Channel/Southeast Approach Range Common Front (2)
1984 (station established 1973). Active; focal plane 33 m (108 ft); continuous white light. 29 m (95 ft) octagonal cylindrical concrete tower topped by a control room. Lighthouse painted with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located near a large tank farm on the east side of Qínhuángdǎo. Site and tower closed. CN-1274; Admiralty P3948; NGA 18448.
Qínhuángdǎo East Channel Range Rear (2)
1984 (station established 1973). Active; focal plane 45 m (148 ft); white light, 3 s on, 2 s off. 44 m (144 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower topped by a control room. Lighthouse painted with red and white horizontal bands. An older MSA photo is at right and Google has a good satellite view. Skeletal towers to either side of the lighthouse carry lights defining the edges of the channel. Located in an industrial area about 1200 m (3/4 mi) north of the front light. Site and tower closed. CN-1273; Admiralty P3948.1; NGA 18452.
Qínhuángdǎo Southeast Approach (Shiwandunji Hangdao) Range Middle (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 43 m (141 ft); white light, 2 s on, 4 s off. Approx. 39 m (128 ft) tapered square skeletal tower with gallery. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located in an industrial zone 1.95 km (1.2 mi) northwest of the front light. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3948.11; NGA 18448.1.
Qínhuángdǎo Southeast Approach (Shiwandunji Hangdao) Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 58 m (190 ft); continuous white light. Approx. 45 m (148 ft) octagonal concrete tower carrying a large observation room. Lighthouse painted with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Two tapered skeletal towers to the southeast, seen in another satellite view, define the edges of the channel. Located in an industrial zone 1.95 km (1.2 mi) northwest of the front light. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3948.15; NGA 18448.2.
Qínhuángdǎo Fuel Oil Pier Outer Head (2)
1990 (station established 1976). Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); white flash every 3 s. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery. Lighthouse painted white. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. The three oil pier lights appear to be identical. Located at the end of a long pier on the east end of the Qínhuángdǎo waterfront. Site and tower closed. CN-1266; Admiralty P3950.5; NGA 18432.
Qínhuángdǎo Fuel Oil Pier Inner Head (2)
1990 (station established 1973). Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); continuous red light. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery. Lighthouse painted white. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of a side pier on Fuel Oil Pier, about 600 m (0.4 mi) north of the Outer Head Light. Site and tower closed. CN-1267; Admiralty P3949.5; NGA 18424.
Qinhuangdao East Channel Middle Range Rear Light
Qínhuángdǎo East Channel Range Rear Light
PRC Maritime Safety Administration photo
Qínhuángdǎo Fuel Oil Pier Innermost Head
1979. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); red flash every 4 s. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery. Lighthouse painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of a side pier on Fuel Oil Pier, about 600 m (0.4 mi) north of the Outer Head Light. Site and tower closed. CN-1268; Admiralty P3950; NGA 18428.
Qínhuángdǎo Coal (Meiyiqi) Pier
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 11 m (36 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery painted with red (?) and white horizontal bands. An aerial photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of a pier a short distance west of the oil piers. Admiralty P3950.3.
Qínhuángdǎo Xīnkāi Outer Channel Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane and light characteristic unknown. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower painted with red (?) and white horizontal bands. . No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on the waterfront just east bank of the mouth of the Xīnkāi River. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3937.5.
Qínhuángdǎo Xīnkāi Outer Channel Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane and light characteristic unknown. Approx. 40 m (131 ft) tapered skeletal tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located in an industrial area on the east bank of the Xīnkāi River. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3937.51.
Qínhuángdǎo East Entrance West Breakwater
2009. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); red light, 1 s on, 1 s off. 13 m (43 ft) double post (ladder-like) steel tower with a large gallery and a triangular daymark at the top, painted white with red trim. No photo available, but Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located at the end of a short breakwater on the west side of the mouth of the Xīnkāi River. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3937.45.
Zhǔhángdào Yǐndǎo (Zhongxin Biao, Qínhuángdǎo Main Channel Range Subsidiary)
1986. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); white light, 1 s on, 1 s off. 15 m (49 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery, mounted on a square concrete pier. Lighthouse painted with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Bing has a fuzzy satellite view. This is apparently an entrance light for the range. Located offshore about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) southeast of the Nánshāntóu lighthouse. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. CN-1278; Admiralty P3937.6; NGA 18420.
* Qínhuángdǎo Main Channel Range Front (2)
Date unknown (station established 1975). Active; focal plane 31 m (102 ft); continuous white light. 30 m (98 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower, painted white. The tower carries a large triangular daymark, point up. King Yin Chan has a photo (this tower is behind the skeletal tower on the left) and Google has a satellite view. Located on the Qínhuángdǎo waterfront about 600 m (0.37 mi) northeast of the Nánshāntóu lighthouse. Site open, tower closed. CN-1279; Admiralty P3937.4; NGA 18412.
* Qínhuángdǎo Main Channel Range Rear
Date unknown (station established 1975). Active; focal plane 48 m (157 ft); white light, 2 s on, 2 s off. 47 m (154 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower topped by a control room. Lighthouse painted with red and white vertical stripes. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Skeletal towers to either side of the lighthouse carry lights defining the edges of the channel. Located in downtown Qínhuángdǎo about 1.95 km (1.2 mi) north of the front light. Site open, tower closed. CN-1280; Admiralty P3937.41; NGA 18416.
* Nánshāntóu Tourist Pier
2009. Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); white light, 1 s on, 1 s off. 12 m (39 ft) square tower with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted white; the lantern roof is orange. A photo is at right, a 2016 photo and a 2014 closeup are available, and Google has a satellite view. This lighthouse replaced a light on a yellow post . Located at the end of a pier extending from a plaza at the north side of the Nánshāntóu headland. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty P3937.2.
** Nánshāntóu (4)
1991 (station established 1890). Active; focal plane 59 m (194 ft); white flash every 15 s. 49 m (161 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern, gallery, and a circular observation room, adjoining a semicircular 2-story concrete harbor control building. Lighthouse painted white, lantern red. Y.W. Jiang's photo is at the top of this page, Mapio.net has photos, another photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. This is the landfall light for the port of Qínhuángdǎo. The original lighthouse was replaced in 1918 and another lighthouse was built under Japanese rule in 1942. The present lighthouse is somewhat endangered by erosion of the bluff on which it stands and there was a project in 1993 to stabilize this slope. Located on a promontory ("Nánshāntóu" means "South Mountain Head") on the Qínhuángdǎo waterfront, just east of the traditional harbor entrance. Site open; the observation level of the tower is probably open as well. ARLHS PRC-047; CN-1285; Admiralty P3937; NGA 18408.
Qínhuángdǎo South Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); white light occulting every 2 s. 11 m (36 ft) round fiberglass tower colored with green and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on the south breakwater pier of the original Qínhuángdǎo harbor. Site and tower closed. CN-1289; Admiralty P3943.8; NGA 18456.
Qínhuángdǎo South Inner Pier
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); continuous green light. 17 m (56 ft) square concrete tower painted with red (?) and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on a pier north of the south breakwater. Site and tower closed. CN-1290; Admiralty P3943.9; NGA 18464.
Qínhuángdǎo Old Channel Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 36 m (118 ft); continuous white light. 35 m (115 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower carrying a triangular daymark point up. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on the waterfront at the original Qínhuángdǎo harbor. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3943; NGA 18440.

Nánshāntóu Tourist Pier Light, Qínhuángdǎo, 2009
Nipic.com Creative Commons photo by gremlin
Qínhuángdǎo Old Channel Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane and light characteristic unknown. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower carrying a triangular daymark point down. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located about 1 km (0.6 mi) north of the front light. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3943.1; NGA 18444.
Qínhuángdǎo Pier A
1982 (station established 1976). Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); continuous green light. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery. Lighthouse painted white. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. The original light was removed after a ship collided with the pier in 1980. Located on the seaward corner of the main pier of Qínhuángdǎo's traditional harbor. Site status unknown. CN-1269; Admiralty P3945; NGA 18466.
Qínhuángdǎo Breakwater East End
1986. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); red flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) round tapered fiberglass tower, painted with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has an indistinct satellite view. NGA describes the breakwater as being detached, but it is now joined to land by a very broad industrial pier. Located at the east end of the main breakwater for Qínhuángdǎo's traditional harbor. Site and tower closed. CN-1297.1; Admiralty P3942; NGA 18454.
Qínhuángdǎo West Channel Range Front
Date unknown (station established 1975). Active; focal plane 31 m (102 ft); continuous white light. 30 m (98 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower topped by a control room. Lighthouse painted with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. The lighthouse is flanked on either side by two skeletal towers presumably carrying additional lights; these indicate the sides of the dredged channel. Located at the end of a pier in Qínhuángdǎo's traditional harbor. Site and tower closed. CN-1302; Admiralty P3941.151; NGA 18468.
Qínhuángdǎo West Channel Range Middle (2)
Date unknown (station established 1975). Active; focal plane about 44 m (144 ft); continuous white light. Approx. 40 m (131 ft) cylindrical tower topped by a control room. Lighthouse painted with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Skeletal towers to either side of the lighthouse carry lights defining the edges of the channel. This lighthouse is on the site of the former rear range light. The new tower is apparently shorter than the old one, which had a height of 46 m (151 ft). Located within the harbor area about 1 km (0.6 mi) northwest of the front light. Site status unknown. CN-1303; Admiralty P3941.14.
Qínhuángdǎo West Channel Range Rear
Date unknown (2000 or later). Active; focal plane 50 m (164 ft); white light occulting once every 5 s. 46 m (151 ft) cylindrical tower topped by a control room. Lighthouse painted with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Skeletal towers to either side of the lighthouse carry lights defining the edges of the channel. Located on the east bank of the Tanghe river, next to an interchange of a new expressway. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3941.15; NGA 18472.
Qínhuángdǎo Breakwater West End
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12.5 m (41 ft); continuous green light. 10 m (33 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, painted white; lantern painted black. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located at the west end of the formerly-detached main breakwater. Site and tower closed. CN-1298; Admiralty P3942.1; NGA 18454.5.
Qínhuángdǎo PE Base East Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 12 m (39 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, painted white; lantern painted black. Sisavath Thepvongsa has a distant street view and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the main breakwater of a basin just east of the Táng River mouth. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3941.65.
Qínhuángdǎo PE Base West Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 10 m (33 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 6 m (20 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, painted white; lantern painted black. This light is behind the flag in Sisavath Thepvongsa's street view but Google has a satellite view. Located at the west end of the formerly-detached main breakwater. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3941.66.

Běidàihé District Lighthouse
Jīnshānzuǐ (2)
1991 (station established 1954). Active; focal plane 52 m (171 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 28 m (92 ft) square skeletal tower, lower half pyramidal and upper half cylindrical. Lighthouse painted white. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. The place name Jīnshānzuǐ means "golden spur." Located on a high promontory projecting into the gulf of Bohai about 12 km (7.5 mi) southwest of Qínhuángdǎo. Site status unknown, but this site is probably accessible by road. CN-1308; Admiralty P3936; NGA 18476.

Fǔníng District Lighthouses
** Xiānluó Dǎo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 38 m (125 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 36 m (118 ft) octagonal tower topped by a large round observation room. A waterslide spirals around the lower half of the tower; near the top two arms appear to support bungee jumping. A closeup photo is at right, a 2008 photo and a 2016 photo are available, and Google has a satellite view. Needless to add, this is a recreational facility. Located on an artificial island, connected to shore by a chair lift, about 800 m (1/2 mi) off the beach at Yánghékǒu, a popular resort town. Site and tower open. Admiralty P3935.9.
* Yánghékǒu
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 60 m (200 ft); light characteristic unknown. Light mounted atop an 18-story apartment building. Jiǎng Bīn has a photo and Google has a satellite view. Located on the east side of the mouth of the Yánghé River. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty P3935.8.

Xiānluó Dǎo Light, Qínhuángdǎo, 2013
ex-Panoramio Creative Commons photo by xjuyghur

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Southwestern Liaoning | South: Tianjin Area

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Posted March 5, 2008. Checked and revised May 3, 2018. Lighthouses: 41. Site copyright 2018 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.