Lighthouses of China: Northwestern Shāndōng

Shāndōng (formerly spelled Shantung) is a province of northern China lying directly across the Yellow Sea from South Korea. This page includes lighthouses of the northwestern corner of the province facing the Bohai Sea.

Lighthouses in China are maintained by the PRC Maritime Safety Administration. The administration is organized in four regional administrations; Shāndōng lighthouses fall under the Tiānjīn MSA and its district office at Yāntái.

The pīnyīn system for transliterating Chinese into Latin characters is now the international standard, but some locations continue to be known also under the spellings of older transliteration systems. The Chinese word for a lighthouse is dēngtǎ (灯塔). In pinyin jiāo (formerly chiao) is a reef or rock, jiǎo is a cape or headland, dǎo (tao) is an island; (tsu) is a small island, wān is a bay and gǎng (kang) is a harbor.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. CN numbers are Chinese light list numbers. Admiralty numbers are from volume P of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Online List of Lights - China
Coming soon: photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
World of Lighthouses - China
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
Chinese English Pinyin Dictionary
A useful tool for juggling the representations of Chinese names.
Leuchttürme Chinas auf historischen Postkarten
Historic postcard images posted by Klaus Huelse.
China AMS Topographic Maps
A fine collection of U.S. Army Map Service maps of China, in English, posted by the University of Texas Library.

Qimujiao Light
Qimujiǎo Light, Lóngkǒu
PRC Maritime Safety Administration Yāntái Office photo

Bīnzhōu Prefecture Lighthouses

Wúdì County Lighthouse
Note: Bīnzhōu faces the shallow western side of the Bohai Sea on the north side of the Yellow River Delta. The city is the home of textiles and automotive industries.
Bīnzhōu Gǎng
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); white flash every 3 s. 11 m (36 ft) round metal tower, painted with black and white horizontal bands. No photo probably shows this light, but the light is not seen in Google's satellite view. In order to create a deepwater port for the city, piers have been built at the end of a 12 km (7.5 mi) long trestle. The light is at the end of this complex. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3906.64.

Dōngyíng Prefecture Lighthouses

Hékǒu District Lighthouses
Note: Dōngyíng faces the shallow southwestern side of the Bohai Sea within the Yellow River Delta and at the west entrance to Láizhōu Bay. The city is the home of numerous petroleum-based industries associated with the nearby Shènglì Oil Field. The harbor district is called Hékǒu (River Port).
Dōngyíng North Breakwater
2017. Active; focal plane about 24 m (79 ft); green light, 2 s on, 2 s off. 21.5 m (71 ft) tapered square skeletal tower painted white. A photo is at right but the light is not seen in Google's satellite view. This lighthouse was completed in December 2017 and marks the completion of the "North Breakwater Project." Located at the end of the long breakwater. Admiralty P3906.4031.
Dōngyíng Gǎng
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); green flash every 3 s. 12 m (39 ft) round metal tower, painted with green and white horizontal bands. No photo available and the light is not seen in Google's satellite view. In order to create a deepwater port for the city, piers have been built at the end of a 7 km (4.4 mi) long trestle. The light is at the end of this complex. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3906.4; NGA 18527.5.
Dōngyíng North Basin North Breakwater
2012(?). Active; focal plane about 20 m (66 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 17 m (56 ft) round tile-covered concrete tower, colored white with a green top. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on the north side of the entrance to a harbor basin just east of the long trestle. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3906.408.
Dōngyíng North Basin South Breakwater
Date unknown (before 2009). Active; focal plane about 16 m (52 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 14 m (46 ft) round tile-covered concrete tower, colored white with a red top. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on the south side of the entrance to a harbor basin just east of the long trestle. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3906.409.
Dōngyíng South Basin Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 20 m (66 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 23 m (75 ft) square skeletal tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located near the waterfront of the south basin. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3906.43.
Dōngyíng South Basin Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 30 m (98 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 27 m (89 ft) square skeletal tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located about 600 m (3/8 mi) west southwest of the front light. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3906.431.

North Breakwater Light, Dōngyíng, December 2017,
Dōngyíng Port photo

Wéifāng Prefecture Lighthouses

Note: Wéifāng includes a cluster of industrial cities located at the southern end of Láizhōu Bay.

Shòuguāng City Lighthouse
Shòuguāng East Pier
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 11 m (36 ft) round barbell-shaped tower. No photo available but the light catsa a long shadow in Google's satellite view. Located at the east end of the main wharf in Shòuguāng. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3906.28.

Hántíng District Lighthouses
Wéifāng Gǎng Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 30 m (98 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 27 m (89 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower. A distant view is available and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the main pier of Wéifāng. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3906.27.
Báilàng Hé
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); red light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) round hourglass-shaped tower colored with red and white horizontal bands. Zhāng Xiètiān has a street view from the beach but the light is not seen in Bing's satellite view. Located on the east jetty at the entrance to the Báilàng River in Wéifāng. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3906.26.

Yāntái Prefecture North Coast Lighthouses

Note: Yāntái stretches along more than half of the north coast of the Shāndōng Peninsula and also includes the Chángshān Islands offshore.

Láizhōu City Lighthouses
Note: Láizhōu is a city of about 900,000 residents on the east side of Láizhōu Bay.
* Hǔtóuyá (Tigerhead Point)
1946. Active; focal plane 42 m (138 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 15 m (49 ft) hexagonal stone tower with lantern. No photo available but Google has an indistinct satellite view. The tower is unpainted; lantern painted black. The lighthouse was built by local authorities to guide fishermen; it has a spiral wood staircase. Located on a hillside overlooking the southeastern corner of Láizhōu Bay. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty P3906.2.
Zhūwàng Gǎng
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 14 m (46 ft); red light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round barbell-shaped tower, probably colored red or with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the breakwater of an industrial harbor in Láizhōu. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3906.16.
Sānshāndǎo (Láizhōu Shān)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 33 m (108 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) square masonry tower with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted white, lantern black. A photo is at right and Google has an indistinct satellite view. This appears to be a historic lighthouse. Located atop a steep bluff above Sānshāndǎo, the Láizhōu fishing port. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3905.5.
Laizhou Shan Light
Láizhōu Shān Light, Láizhōu, May 2013
ex-Panoramio Creative Commons photo by gofman3

Lóngkǒu City Lighthouses
Note: Lóngkǒu, a city of about 625,000 residents, is located at the eastern entrance to Láizhōu Bay.
Xīnhángdào (New Channel) Range Front
2007. Active; focal plane 28 m (92 ft); continuous red light. 24 m (79 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower with gallery, mounted on a square platform. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. This is the approach range for Lóngkǒu. Located about 5 km (3 mi) offshore from Lóngkǒu. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3898.5; NGA 18532.5.
Xīnhángdào (New Channel) Range Rear
2007. Active; focal plane 44 m (144 ft); continuous red light. 40 m (131 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower with gallery, mounted on a square platform and carrying a black diamond-shaped daymark. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. Located 1 km (0.6 mi) southeast of the front light. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3898.51; NGA 18532.51.
Lóngkǒu Gǎng Range Front (3)
2008 (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 32 m (105 ft); continuous green light. 30 m (98 ft) skeletal tower mounted atop a building. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. This light replaced a light on a 25 m (82 ft) square skeletal tower, and NGA formerly listed a 16 m (52 ft) skeletal tower. Located on a pier in Lóngkǒu's inner harbor. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3898; NGA 18533.
Lóngkǒu Gǎng Range Rear (3)
2008 (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 46 m (151 ft); continuous green light. 43 m (141 ft) round concrete tower painted with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. NGA formerly listed shorter towers for this range. Located beside a major street in Lóngkǒu's harbor district, 400 m (1/4 mi) east of the front light. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3898.1; NGA 18533.5.
Lóngkǒu Gǎng Berth No. 1
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 20 m (66 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on the north side of the main wharf. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3897.69.
Lóngkǒu Gǎng Berth No. 27
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 20 m (66 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located at the southwest corner of a large area of recently reclaimed land, wher it marks the north side of the entrance to the main inner harbor. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3898.3.
 
Shènglì Mǎtóu Hángdào (Victory Dock Channel) Range Front
2008. Active; focal plane 21 m (69 ft); green light, 1 s on, 1 s off. 20 m (66 ft) square skeletal tower, painted black and carrying a black and yellow daymark. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located at the waterfront on the north side of Lóngkǒu harbor. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3897.6.
Shènglì Mǎtóu Hángdào (Victory Dock Channel) Range Rear
2008. Active; focal plane 30 m (98 ft); green light, 1 s on, 1 s off. 29 m (95 ft) square skeletal tower, painted black and carrying a black and yellow daymark. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located 650 m (0.4 mi) north of the front light. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3897.61.
* Qīmùjiǎo (Qimudǎo, Chimatao) (3)
2004 (station established 1871). Active; focal plane 71 m (233 ft); white flash every 5 s. 18 m (59 ft) round tower with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted white, lantern red. An MSA photo is at the top of this page and Google has a satellite view. The original lighthouse was a 12 m (36 ft) hexagonal stone tower, and this was replaced in 1977 by a 7 m (23 ft) masonry tower. Qīmùjiǎo is the tip of a west-pointing sandy promontory that shelters Lóngkǒu Bay; the end of the peninsula was formerly an island (Qīmùdǎo) that is now connected to the mainland by a sandy isthmus. The area has become well known as a beach resort, with the lighthouse as a tourist attraction. Located at the tip of the peninsula about 12 km (7.5 mi) west of Lóngkǒu. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty P3897; NGA 18532.
Yǐdǎo (Horsetail Island)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 8 m (26 ft) round stone or concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a fuzzy satellite view. Located at the southern tip of a small island off the northwest coast of Sāngdǎo (next entry). Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3896.85.
* Sāngdǎo (Mulberry Island)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 21 m (69 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) round stone tower. The lighthouse is unpainted. Another photo (second photo on the page) is available and Google has a fuzzy satellite view. This appears to be a historic lighthouse. Sāngdǎo is an island about 2 km (1.25 mi) off the mainland and about 13 km (8 mi) northeast of Lóngkǒu. Located on the southern tip of the island. Site presumably open, tower closed. Admiralty P3896.8.
 
 

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Tiānjīn Area | East: Yāntái Area

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Posted March 31, 2008. Checked and revised May 31, 2019. Lighthouses 24. Site copyright 2019 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.