Lighthouses of China: Rìzhào Area, Shāndōng

Shāndōng (formerly spelled Shantung) is a province of northern China lying directly across the Yellow Sea (Huáng Hǎi) from South Korea. The province includes the Shāndōng Peninsula (Shāndōng Bandǎo), which separates the Yellow Sea from the Bohai Sea (Bó Hǎi). As a result the province has long coastlines facing north on the Bohai Sea and southeast on the Yellow Sea.

Shāndōng is divided into sixteen prefectural-level cities. This page includes lighthouses of the province's southernmost coast, facing the Yellow Sea, in the prefectural-level city of Rìzhào. Rìzhào is a traditional fishing port, now a major commercial seaport and a Yellow Sea beach resort. The city has a population of about 2.8 million. Also included are lights of the southernmost part of the prefectural-level city of Qīngdǎo, located just over the northern border of Rìzhào.

Because of its strategic location and fine ports the Shāndōng Peninsula was a target for foreign penetration during the colonial period. Qīngdǎo, the major port on this coast, was leased as a German colony from 1897 to 1914. The entire province was occupied by Japan during World War II (1938-1945).

The pinyin system for transliterating Chinese into Latin characters is now the international standard, but some locations continue to be known also under the spellings of older transliteration systems. The Chinese word for a lighthouse is dēngtǎ (灯塔). In pinyin jiāo (formerly chiao) is a reef, shí is a rock, jiǎo is a cape, tóu is a headland, dǎo (tao) is an island; (tsu) is a small island, wān is a bay, mǎtóu is a pier, and gǎng (kang) is a harbor.

Lighthouses in China are maintained by the PRC Maritime Safety Administration. The administration is organized in four regional administrations; Shāndōng lighthouses fall under the Tiānjīn MSA.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. CN numbers are Chinese light list numbers. Admiralty numbers are from volume P of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Online List of Lights - China
Coming soon: photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
World of Lighthouses - China
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
Chinese English Pinyin Dictionary
A useful tool for juggling the representations of Chinese names.
Leuchttürme Chinas auf historischen Postkarten
Historic postcard images posted by Klaus Huelse.
China AMS Topographic Maps
A fine collection of U.S. Army Map Service maps of China, in English, posted by the University of Texas Library.

Rizhao Light
Rìzhào Light, Rìzhào, July 2007
Flickr Creative Commons photo by Terry Hu

Southernmost Qīngdǎo Lighthouses
These lights are in the area of Lángyátái Bay and Dǒngjiākǒu in the southernmost portion of the prefectural city of Qīngdǎo. This area was originally the county-level city of Jiāonán ("South Suburbs"). In 2012 Jiāonán was merged into Huángdǎo and in 2018 Huángdǎo became the Xīhǎiàn New Area. These ports are operated by Qīngdǎo but are closely tied geographically with the nearby city of Rìzhào.

Zhāitángdǎo (Zhāitáng dǎo) North
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); white flash every 4 s. 8 m (26 ft) round fiberglass tower colored with green and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located at the southern tip of an island about 50 km (30 mi) northeast of Rìzhào. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3808.77.
Zhāitángdǎo (Zhāitáng dǎo) South
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 80 m (262 ft); white flash every 6 s. 12 m (39 ft) square stone tower. A distant view is available. Google's satellite view shows the station; it also includes a tall skeletal tower. Located at the southern tip of an island about 50 km (30 mi) northeast of Rìzhào. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-1741; Admiralty P3808.8; NGA 18751.2.
Lángyátái Mǎtóu
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 16 m (52 ft); red light, pattern unknown. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) round hourglass-shaped tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on the ferry pier at Lángyátái, opposite Zhāitángdǎo. Site probably open, tower closed. Admiralty P3808.76.
Dǒngjiākǒu Dàtáng Pier
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); green light, pattern unknown. Approx. 8 m (26 ft) round fiberglass tower probably colored with green and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on the main pier in Lángyátái Bay on the east side of Dǒngjiākǒu. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3808.69.
Dǒngjiākǒu Huànéng Pier
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); continuous red light. 8 m (26 ft) round fiberglass tower colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on a commercial pier on the east side of Dǒngjiākǒu. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3808.65; NGA 18751.3.
Dǒngjiākǒu Breakwater
2014. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); green light, 3 s on, 3 s off. 10 m (33 ft) round fiberglass tower colored with green and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on the long west breakwater of Dǒngjiākǒu. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3808.613.
Dǒngjiākǒu (?)
Date unknown. Active (?); focal plane 27 m (89 ft); white flash every 1.5 s. 11 m (36 ft) round stone tower. No photo available and Google's satellite view shows the area has been altered drastically by recent industrial development. Located on a promontory about 40 km (25 mi) northeast of Rìzhào. Site status unknown. CN-1744; Admiralty P3808.6; NGA 18751.4.

Dōnggǎng (East Harbor) District: Downtown Rìzhào City Lighthouses
* Rìzhào (2)
1985 (station established 1933). Active; focal plane 40 m (131 ft); white flash every 8 s; the tower is also floodlit at night. 36 m (118 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and double gallery, centered on a circular 1-story concrete building. Lighthouse painted white with blue trim. Terry Hu's photo is at the top of this page, Ole Roeßler has a 2015 photo, Lee Sung Hoon has a 2011 photo, Wikimedia has photos, and Google has an excellent satellite view. The wide lower gallery suggests the lighthouse may be open for climbing, but no confirmation of that is available. The lighthouse is the centerpiece of Lighthouse Square, part of a concerted effort to upgrade the city's beaches and tourist facilities. Located just off the beach, south of a new marina and about 8 km (5 mi) north of the traditional harbor of Rìzhào. Site open, tower status unknown. ARLHS PRC-056; CN-1746; Admiralty P3808; NGA 18752.
Pier Head
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 18 m (59 ft); continuous red light. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) round white tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the pier. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3808.4; NGA 18753.7.
Coal Pier Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 21 m (69 ft); continuous red light. 20 m (66 ft) tapered square skeletal tower carrying a diamond-shaped daymark. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located near the foot of the pier. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3808.2; NGA 18753.
Coal Pier Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 29 m (95 ft); continuous red light. 28 m (92 ft) tapered square skeletal tower carrying a diamond-shaped daymark. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located 330 m (0.2 mi) north northwest of the front light. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3808.21; NGA 18753.1.
* Shíjiù (Rìzhào (1))
1933. Inactive since 1985. 14 m (46 ft) octagonal stone tower, originally painted with black and white horizontal bands. Lantern removed. There's a page for the lighthouse, another article has a closeup photo, Eric Liu has a 2018 photo, and Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Shíjiù is the traditional harbor district in downtown Rìzhào. The lighthouse was built privately by British engineers for a shipping magnate interested in developing the port. There was a recent proposal to restore the lighthouse as a cultural monument; we need information on whether this has been done. Located inside the commercial port area of Rìzhào. Site and tower closed.

Shíjiù Light, Rìzhào, August 2017
Tencent News photo by Xiaobian
Shíjiù Bulk Pier
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); white light, 2 s on, 2 s off. 8 m (26 ft) round fiberglass tower colored white with a red top. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of pier in the traditional Shíjiù harbor. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3808.1; NGA 18753.4.
Shíjiù West Breakwater
2014. Active; focal plane 19 m (62 ft); green light, 3 s on, 3 s off. 16 m (52 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Tower painted with black and white horizontal bands. Kamal Char has a 2019 photo and Google has a satellite view. Located on the "west" (really north) breakwater of Shíjiù harbor. Site and tower closed. CN-1748.005; Admiralty P3808.08.
Shíjiù East Breakwater
2014. Active; focal plane 19 m (62 ft); red light, 3 s on, 3 s off. 16 m (52 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Tower painted with red and white horizontal bands.. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on the "east" (really south) breakwater of Shíjiù harbor. Site and tower closed. CN-1748.006; Admiralty P3808.09.
 

Lánshān District Lighthouses
Lánshān is a port district about 30 km (19 mi) south of Rìzhào.

Lánshān North Harbor Pierhead
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 18 m (59 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 14 m (46 ft) tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the pier in the "North Operating Area" of Lánshān. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3806.62.
Lánshān Gǎng Jetty
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 12 m (39 ft); green flash every 3 s. Approx. 8 m (26 ft) round barbell-shaped tower, probably colored with green and white horizontal bands. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on a pier inside the South Harbor. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3806.586.
Lánshān Gǎng Oil Pier
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 14 m (46 ft); green light, pattern unknown. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) round tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on an elbow of the east pier of the oil terminal west of the main South Harbor. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3806.575.

Shíjiù West Breakwater Light, Rìzhào, June 2019
Google Maps photo by Kamal Char
Lánshān Gǎng Oil Pier Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 25 m (82 ft); continuous (?) yellow light. Approx. 25 m (82 ft) skeletal tower carrying a triangular daymark. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located in the oil terminal west of the main South Harbor. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3806.58.
Lánshān Gǎng Oil Pier Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 40 m (131 ft); continuous (?) yellow light. Approx. 40 m (131 ft) skeletal tower carrying a triangular daymark. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located about 300 m (1/5 mi) north of the front light. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3806.581.
Lánshān Gǎng Tónghǎi Wharf
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 14 m (46 ft); white light, pattern unknown. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) round barbell-shaped tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on a short pier inside the oil terminal basin. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3806.565.
Lánshān Gǎng South Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 24 m (79 ft); green light, pattern unknown. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on the main south (really east) of the southern basin. Site and tower closed. Admiralty P3806.45.
 

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Qīngdǎo | South: Liányúngǎng

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Posted March 31, 2008. Checked and revised July 22, 2020. Lighthouses: 22. Site copyright 2020 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.