Lighthouses of Indonesia: Northeastern Sundas

Indonesia has been independent since 1945, after having been the Dutch East Indies for more than 350 years. It is a huge country, stretching along both sides of the Equator for more than 46 degrees of longitude (roughly 5100 km or 3200 miles). Comprised of some 17,000 islands (more than 6000 inhabited islands), it has hundreds of major aids to navigation.

The arc of the Sunda Islands begins in the west with the major islands of Sumatra and Java, and continues eastward through a chain of smaller islands known in English as the Lesser Sunda Islands and in Indonesian as the Nusa Tenggara ("Southeastern Islands"). This page includes lighthouses at the northeastern end of the arc, including the large island of Flores and several smaller, closely-spaced islands east of Flores. These islands are all included in East Nusa Tenggara (Nusa Tenggara Timur) Province.

The Indonesian word for a lighthouse is mercusuar or (in two words) mercu suar. The phrase menara suar, which includes the Arabic word menara, is sometimes used instead. Tanjung and ujung are words for capes, gili or pulau is an island, selat is a strait, karang is a reef, teluk is a bay or harbor, and pelabuhan, labuhan or labuan is a port.

Aids to navigation in Indonesia are operated and maintained by the Directorate General of Sea Navigation.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume Q of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
World of Lighthouses - Indonesia
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
Online List of Lights - Indonesia
Coming soon: photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
Ende Light
Ende Light, Flores, August 2011
Flickr photo copyright Juan Carlos Marín; used by permission

Flores Lighthouses

Note: Flores is a long and narrow island, about 360 km (225 mi) long. Komodo and Sumbawa lie to the west across the Sape Strait. To the east, the Lesser Sunda chain continues with a loose group of smaller islands including Solor, Lembata (Lomblen), Pantar, and Alor. Flores has a population of more than 1.8 million.

West Manggarai Regency: Komodo Lighthouses
Note: Famous as a home of the Komodo dragon, the world's largest lizard, Komodo is a rather small, very rugged island between Sumbawa and Flores. The human population is quite small, about 2000 (roughly equal to the number of dragons).
Komodo (Tanjung Langkai) (2?)
Date unknown (2011?). Active; focal plane 70 m (230 ft); two quick white flashes every 5 s. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. The Admiralty reported this lighthouse as "temporarily destroyed" in 2010, so it was probably being replaced at that time. Located on a steep promontory at the southwestern tip of Komodo, marking the entrance to the Sape Strait. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1315; NGA 25626.
Gililawa Laut
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 30 m (98 ft); white flash every 3 s. Described only as a white beacon. No photo available and the light has not been located in Google's satellite view. Located on the northeastern tip of Gililawa Laut, an island off the northeastern tip of Komodo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1315.5; NGA 25628.3.

West Manggarai Regency: Labuan Bajo Area Lighthouses
Pulau Sabolon (Saboloh, Sabolan) Kecil (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; white flash every 1.5 s. Described only as a white beacon. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on an islet about 15 km (9 mi) northwest of Labuan Bajo, the principal port at the west end of Flores. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1329; NGA 25628.5.
* Labuan Bajo Pier
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); two white flashes every 3 s. 16 m (52 ft) round barbell-shaped fiberglass tower colored blue. Google has a street view but the light is hard to see in Google's distant satellite view of the location. Located at the foot of the main pier at Labuan Bajo. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1329.2.
Labuhan (Labuan) Bajo (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); white flash every 2.5 s. 10 m (33 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. M. Yusuf has a 2017 photo, the light is centered in Restanto Eko's view of the waterfront, and Google has a street view and a distant satellite view. Juan Carlos MarĂ­n's photo at right may show an earlier version of this light. Located near the northern end of the Labuan Bajo waterfront. Site open, tower closed. ID-4286; Admiralty Q1329.3.

Manggarai Regency: North Coast Lighthouses
Toro Besi (Tanjung Besi)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 30 m (98 ft); white flash every 3 s. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) round fiberglass tower with gallery colored white. Bing has a distant satellite view. Located on the northernmost point of Flores, about 10 km (6 mi) northwest of Reo. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1329.5; NGA 25629.
Labuhan Bajo Light
Labuhan Bajo Light, Flores, August 2011
photo copyright Juan Carlos Marín; used by permission
Reo Oil Depot
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); white flash every 3 s. Approx. 14 m (46 ft) square skeletal tower at least partially enclosed by white panels. Perwira Dinata has an aerial photo and Bing has a satellite view. Located in the Pertamina oil terminal on the northwest side of Reo. Site and tower closed. Admiralty Q1330.2; NGA 25629.4.
* Reo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); white flash every 3 s. 11 m (36 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery. Saferius Desantos has a 2018 photo, Perwira Dinata has an aerial photo, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located on the waterfront at Reo. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1330; NGA 25629.2.

Nagekeo Regency Lighthouse
* Marapokot
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); white flash every 3 s. 11 m (36 ft) (?) square skeletal tower. Patrix Djaga has a distant view, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. The tower appears taller than the listed height. NGA misspells the name as Marapoko. Located on the quay at Marapokot. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1331.5; NGA 25630.

Ende Regency: North Coast Lighthouse
Tanjung Karterbileh
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 127 m (417 ft); white flash every 3 s. "White beacon," according to NGA. No photo available, but Google's satellite view reveals a substantial square white skeletal tower with two associated buildings. Located on a very prominent cape in northeastern Flores, about 5 km (3 mi) northwest of Waka. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1332; NGA 25631.

Sikka Regency (Maumere Area) Lighthouses
Note: Maumere, in northeastern Flores, is the largest town on the island and the capital of Sikka Regency. It has a population of about 70,000.
Gosong Unjuran
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); green flash every 5 s. 15 m (49 ft) concrete tower, painted green. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. The approach to Maumere is between this light and the next one. Located on the east end of a shoal about 18 km (11 mi) northwest of Maumere. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1334.5; NGA 25639.
Gosong Boni
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); red flash every 6 s. 15 m (49 ft) round red fiberglass tower mounted on a square platform supported by piles. No photo available but Bing has a distant satellite view. Located on the southwest side of a reef about 10 km (6 mi) southwest of Pulau Pamana Besar. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1334; NGA 25639.5.
* Wuring
2015 (?). Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); six white flashes every 15 s. 20 m (66 ft) square white skeletal tower. A March 2017 photo is available and Google has a 2016 street view and a satellite view. Located on the quay at Wuring, a port on the north side of Maumere. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1334.6.
* Maumere (Teluk Maumere)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 110 m (361 ft); three white flashes every 20 s. 41 m (135 ft) skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white; lantern painted red. Google has a street view (also seen at right) and a satellite view. Located behind a cemetery on an isolated hill on the south side of the city. Site probably open, tower closed. ARLHS IDO-338; Admiralty Q1335; NGA 25639.3.

Maumere Light, Maumere, September 2016
Google Maps street view
* Maumere Pierhead (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); continuous red light. 9 m (30 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower, painted white. Anita Sawaluddin has a 2017 photo and Google has a satellite view. A closeup partial photo shows the base of the lighthouse after the devastating earthquake and tsunami of 12 December 1992, which killed 1490 people in Maumere. Located on the ferry pier at Maumere (ferries from here sail for Kupang, Timor). Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1334.8.

East Flores Regency: Flores Strait Lighthouses
Pulau Sarbete (Tanjung Mas)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 40 m (131 ft); white flash every 5 s. 15 m (49 ft) square skeletal tower mounted atop a building. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on an island embedded in a large complex of reefs about 15 km (9 mi) north of the entrance to the Flores Strait. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1341.6 NGA 25650.
* Tanjung Sarbete (2)
Date unknown (2009?). Active; focal plane 32 m (102 ft); white flash every 5 s. 30 m (98 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower, painted white. Google has an indistinct satellite view and a street view through trees. This light guides vessels approaching Larantuka through the narrow strait to the north. The earlier tower was only 15 m (49 ft) high. Located about 6 km (3.5 mi) northeast of the Larantuka waterfront. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1341; NGA 25648.
* Larantuka
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); white flash every 4 s. 15 m (49 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white. Jusuf Alfred Adoe's 2012 photo is at right, Hotma Hutapea has a view from the sea, and Google has a street view and an indistinct satellite view. Located on the waterfront in Larantuka, a town on the east coast of Flores. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1340; NGA 25640.
Pulau Lobetobi (Nusa Lobetobi)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 45 m (148 ft); quick-flashing white light. 15 m (49 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on a tiny island in the center of the southern entrance to the Flores Strait, off the southeastern tip of Flores. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1339; NGA 25642.

Ende Regency South Coast Lighthouse
* Ende
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 43 m (141 ft); white flash every 3 s. Approx. 38 m (125 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. Juan Carlos Marín's photo is at the top of this page, Yusron Efendi has a 2017 evening photo, Rowan Castle has a view from the sea and Google has a street view and a satellite view. The regency capital of Ende is the second largest town of Flores; it has about 60,000 residents and a port facing the Savu Sea on the southeastern coast of the island. Located at the main, T-shaped quay on the Ende waterfront. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1337; NGA 25632.


Larantuka Light, East Flores, May 2012
ex-Panoramio Creative Commons photo by Jusuf Alfred Adoe


East Manggarai Regency South Coast Lighthouses
* Teluk Aimere (Aemere) (Waiwole)
2017. Active; focal plane 32 m (105 ft); six quick white flashes every 15 s. 30 m (98 ft) square white skeletal tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view and a 2016 street view that shows the tower under construction. Located on the waterfront at Waiwole, a new harbor at the west end of Aimere Bay. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1331.
Mberung (Mborong)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); white flash every 1.5 s. 10 m (33 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery. Google has a street view and an indistinct satellite view. Located just off the beach at Mborong. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1330.4; NGA 25629.7.

Manggarai Regency: South Coast Lighthouse
Pulau Mules (Pulau Gelinta)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 50 m (164 ft); quick-flashing white light. 20 m (66 ft) octagonal white concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Roi Hosnan has a photo, a 2015 photo (2/3 the way down the page) is available, and Bing has a satellite view. This light and the Tanjung Sasar Light on Sumba frame the narrowest passage of the Sumba Strait. Located on the south side of Pulau Mules, a small island just off the southwestern coast of Flores. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1330.3.

Solar Islands Lighthouses

Note: The Solar Islands lie to the east of Flores, across the narrow Flores Strait. Solar, Adonara, and Lembata are the largest of the islands.

East Flores Regency: Solar and Adonara Lighthouses
Tanjung Lawawolo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); quick-flashing white light. Approx. 13 m (43 ft) white concrete post with gallery, mounted on a square base. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on the southwestern tip of Pulau Solar, the southernmost of the Solar Islands, marking the southern entrance to the Flores Strait. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1339.5; NGA 25643.
* Waiwerang (Wai Werang, Pulau Adonara) (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); three white flashes every 15 s. Approx. 14 m (46 ft) square white skeletal tower. Najwa Safira has a 2016 photo, the tower is near the left edge in Frans Kia Ose's photo and Google has an indistinct satellite view. NGA lists a much smaller tower. Adonara is the second largest of the Solar Islands and lies between Flores and Lembata. Located at the ferry terminal in Waiwerang, on the south coast of Adonara. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1342; NGA 25652.
* Dermaga Sada
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 16 m (52 ft); white light, pattern unknown. Approx. 14 m (46 ft) square white skeletal tower. The tower is in trees on the right in Simplisius Chandrikia's photo but the tower is not seen in Google's satellite view. Located at a ferry terminal on the east end of Adonara; the ferries cross the Boling Strait to Lembata. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1342.3.

Lembata Regency Lighthouses
Note: Lembata is the easternmost and largest of the Solar Islands. The island is about 80 km (50 mi) long and up to 30 km (19 mi) wide.
* Lewoleba (Tanjung Leba-Leba)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 35 m (115 ft); nine quick white flashes every 15 s. 25 m (82 ft) square white skeletal tower. Google has a street view (also seen at right) and a satellite view. Lewoleba, the capital of Lembata Regency, is on the northwest coast of Lembata facing Lewoleba Bay. The Admiralty calls it Leba-Leba. Located on the waterfront at Lewoleba. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1342.7.
Tanjung Tuak
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); white flash every 4 s. Approx. 11 m (36 ft) white concrete post with gallery, mounted on a square base. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on the western tip of Lembata, marking the Boling Strait, the narrow passage between Lembata and Adonara at the northern end of the Lembata Strait. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1342.5; NGA 25651.7.
Kawula (Tanjung Uhowutun)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 52 m (171 ft); white flash every 4 s. Approx. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a promontory on the north coast of Lembata near Lebewala. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1343; NGA 25651.
Tanjung Atadei
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 90 m (295 ft); white flash every 7 s. 30 m (98 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Cape Atadei is a prominent cape on the southeast coast of Lembata. The lighthouse is not at the tip of the cape; it is near a village about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) northeast of the cape. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1342.8.

Lewoleba Light, Lembata, September 2016
Google Maps street view

Pantar and Alor Lighthouses

Alor Regency: Pantar Lighthouses
Note: Alor is a rugged island located north of Timor Leste, from which it is separated by the Ombai Strait. The island has a population of about 170,000. Pantar is an island located between Lembata and Alor.
Pulau Lapan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 34 m (111 ft); two white flashes every 15 s. 30 m (98 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. Located on an island in the northern entrance to the strait between Lembata and Pantar. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1343.5; NGA 25651.5.
* Blang Merang (Baranusa)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); white flash every 2 s. 12 m (39 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. Mochamad Yusuf has a 2017 closeup photo, Yani Moupulo has a view from the sea, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on the quay at Blang Merang, the seaport associated with Baranusa, the largest settlement on Pantar. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1343.7; NGA 25651.6.
[Tanjung Muna (Tambatan Munasely)]
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); white light, 1 s on, 1 s off. 12 m (39 ft) post centered on a platform supported by piles. Wahidin Abubakar has a distant view and Bing has a distant satellite view. Located on a shoal off the northeastern tip of Pantar, marking the northern entrance to the Pantar Strait. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1343.8.
Pulau Treweg (Tanjung Kelatetek)
2017. Active; focal plane unknown; white light, 1 s on, 1 s off. 20 m (66 ft) square white skeletal tower with gallery. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. In its June 2017 announcement of the light the Admiralty lists the focal plane as 12 m (39 ft), which cannot be correct. Located on the rugged southern tip of Pulau Treweg, an island in the center of the southern entrance to the Pantar Strait. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1345.5.

Alor Regency: Alor Lighthouses
Tanjung Margeta
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 55 m (180 ft); white flash every 7.5 s. Approx. 37 m (121 ft) square tapered skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. Several coast guard buildings. A distant view from the sea is available and Google has a good satellite view of the station. Located on the southwestern point of Alor, the east side of the entrance to the Pantar Strait. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-360; Admiralty Q1346; NGA 25714.
Tanjung Jolono
2008(?). Active; focal plane 35 m (115 ft); white light, 1.5 s on, 5.5 s off. 30 m (98 ft) skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. Located on the south side of the entrance to the bay of Kalabahi (see next entry). Site status unknown, probably open. Admiralty Q1345; NGA 25711.7.
* Kalabahi (2)
2006(?). Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); three white flashes every 15 s. 20 m (66 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. Mujiono Leo's 2008 photo is at right and Google has a satellite view. NGA formerly listed a short post light. Kalabahi, on Alor's northwestern peninsula, is the capital of Alor Regency. The town lies at the head of a long, fjord-like bay. Located on the quay at Kalabahi. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1344; NGA 25712.
Kalabahi Southwest
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); white flash every 3 s. Approx. 13 m (43 ft) round white tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located at a Pertamina oil terminal about 3 km (2 mi) southwest of Kalabahi waterfront. Site and tower closed. Admiralty Q1344.5; NGA 25712.5.
Pulau Sika (Sikka)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); white flash every 4 s. 12 m (39 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Sika is a low island off a prominent cape on the north coast of Alor. Located at the eastern tip of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1348; NGA 25711.5.
Tanjung Babi
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 26 m (85 ft); white flash every 5 s. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) white concrete post with gallery mounted on a square base. No photo available but Bing has a distant satellite view. Located on a prominent cape on the eastern north coast of Alor. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1347.5; NGA 25711.
Kalabahi Light
Kalabahi Light, Alor, September 2008
ex-Panoramio Creative Commons photo by Mujiono Leo
Tanjung Manomani
2004. Active; focal plane 80 m (262 ft); white flash every 4.5 s. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. No photo available but Bing has a good satellite view. Located on the northeastern tip of Alor. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1347.3.
* Maritaing
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 13 m (43 ft); white light, characteristic unknown. 10 m (33 ft) round white fiberglass tower with a flared top. Jefree Harsel has a photo and Google has a satellite view. Located on the waterfront of Maritaing, a small port at the east end of Alor. Site open, tower closed. Not listed by the Admiralty.
Tanjung Lisomu (Laisumbu)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 60 m (97 ft); two white flashes every 28 s. 40 m (131 ft) skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white; lantern painted red. Keeper's house and other station buildings. Semi Tahun has a view from the sea and Google has a good satellite view. This lighthouse guides vessels through the Ombai Strait separating Alor from Timor Leste. Located in Maritaing at the southeastern tip of Alor. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1347; NGA 25710.
Tanjung Koyiek
2004. Active; focal plane 80 m (262 ft); two white flashes every 16 s. 30 m (98 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. Numerous coast guard buildings. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on a promontory on the central south coast of Alor. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1346.5.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Southern Sulawesi | Northeast: Southern Maluku | South: Southeastern Sundas | West: Sumbawa

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Posted January 10, 2009. Checked and revised May 23, 2019. Lighthouses: 42. Site copyright 2019 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.