Lighthouses of Indonesia: Papua Province North Coast

Indonesia has been independent since 1945 after having been the Dutch East Indies for more than 350 years. It is a huge country, stretching along both sides of the Equator for more than 46 degrees of longitude (roughly 5100 km or 3200 miles). Comprised of some 17,000 islands (more than 6000 inhabited islands), it has hundreds of major aids to navigation.

The lighthouses on this page are in Indonesian Papua (western New Guinea). The Dutch extended their claim to western New Guinea, the world's second-largest island, in 1828, but they established no major settlements until nearly 1900. The western half of the island remained under Dutch control until 1963, when it was ceded to Indonesia. Most of the Indonesian half of the island is included in Papua Province. West Papua Province includes the oddly-shaped Doberai or Bird's Head (Vogelkop) Peninsula at the northwestern corner of New Guinea. This page includes the lighthouses of the north coast of Papua Province, and there are separate pages for West Papua Province and Papua Province South Coast.

The Indonesian word for a lighthouse is mercusuar. The phrase menara suar, which includes the Arabic word menara, is sometimes used instead. Tanjung and ujung are words for capes, pulau is an island, selat is a strait, karang is a reef, and teluk is a gulf, bay, or harbor.

Aids to navigation in Indonesia are operated and maintained by the Directorate General of Sea Navigation.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volumes F and Q of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publications 111 and 112.

General Sources
World of Lighthouses - Indonesia
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
Online List of Lights - Indonesia - Vol. F and Vol. Q
Coming soon: photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.

Oinake Light, Jayapura Regency, November 2007
Flickr photo copyright Billy Gabriel; used by permission
Supiori Regency: Mapia Atoll Lighthouses
Note: The Mapia atoll (Kepulauan Mapia) is located far out in the Pacific, about 200 km (125 mi) north of Manokwari. These islands represent the northeasternmost extension of Indonesian territory. In the 19th century the atoll was claimed by Spain as part of the Caroline Islands. After the Spanish-American War in 1898 Spain sold its Caroline Islands colony to Germany but the treaty failed to include Mapia in its definition of the territory. This gave the Netherlands the opportunity to assert its own claim and add the islands to the Dutch East Indies; thus they were inherited by Indonesia. A small settlement on Pulau Bras supports Indonesia's coast guard and border control station.
Pulau Fanildo
2007. Active; focal plane 33 m (108 ft); two white flashes every 12 s. 30 m (98 ft) skeletal tower. Two 1-story station buildings. No photo available but Google has a satellite view of the station. The lighthouse marks the northwestern corner of the Mapia atoll. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2111.98.
Pulau Bras
2007. Active; focal plane 45 m (148 ft); two white flashes every 12 s. 40 m (131 ft) square skeletal tower with lantern and gallery mounted atop the coast guard and border patrol station. Tower painted white, lantern red. A photo is available and Google has a satellite view of the station. This new lighthouse marks the northeastern corner of the Mapia atoll. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2111.95.
Pulau Pegun
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 30 m (98 ft); white flash every 5 s. 30 m (98 ft) skeletal tower. Several 1-story station buildings. No photo available but Google has a satellite view of the station. Both NGA and ARLHS have placed the light erroneously in Palau. Located on the southern tip of Pulau Pegun, marking the southern end of the Mapia atoll. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS PAL-002; Admiralty F2111.9; NGA 111-10932.

Supiori Regency: Pulau Supiori Area Lighthouses
Note: The Biak Islands (known under Dutch rule as the Schouten Islands) are spread across the entrance to the Cenderawasih Bay above the "neck" of the Bird's Head Peninsula. Supiori, Biak, and Numfor are the largest of the islands. The islands were all included in the Biak Numfor Regency until 2004, when Supiori and nearby islands were split off as the separate Supiori Regency.
Pulau Bepondi
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); white flash every 5 s. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) square white skeletal tower. Four 1-story station buildings. No photo available. Bing's satellite view actually shows two towers at the station. Pulau Bepondi is a small island about 30 km (19 mi) northwest of the large island of Pulau Biak and 160 km (100 mi) northeast of Manokwari. Located at or near the southwestern corner of the island. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q3391.5; NGA 26053.
Pulau Bepondi North
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 33 m (108 ft); two white flashes every 12 s. 30 m (98 ft) "white beacon," possibly a concrete tower. No photo available and the lighthouse may be too new to appear in Google's satellite view. Located on the northern tip of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q3391.7.
Teluk Wabudori
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 14 m (46 ft); green light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 14 m (46 ft) round barbell-shaped green fiberglass tower mounted on a platform supported by piles. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on the west side of the entrance to the sheltered harbor of Wabudori (formerly Jenggerbun) on the north coast of Pulau Supiori. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q3392.75; NGA 26055.
Teluk Korido
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower mounted on a platform supported by piles. Barce Rumkabu's sunset photo is at right and Google has a satellite view. Located a short distance off the pier at Korido, on the south coast of Pulau Supiori. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q3392.73.

Teluk Korido Light, Pulau Supiori, September 2015
Flickr photo copyright Barce Rumkabu; permission requested

Biak Numfor Regency Lighthouses
Pulau Rasi
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (43 ft); three white flashes every 15 s. 13 m (43 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available but Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Located on a small island at the southeastern end of the Biak Islands. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q3393.6; NGA 26088.
Tanjung Basari (Pulau Miosmboi)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); white light, 2 s on, 6 s off. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) square white skeletal tower. No photo available but Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on a rocky reef just off the eastern tip of Pulau Biak. Accessible only by boat but easy to see from the beach. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q3392.8; NGA 26058.
Sorido Outer Range Front (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft) (?); white light, 1 s on, 1 s off. 10 m (33 ft) (?) square skeletal tower painted white. No photo available but Google has an indistinct satellite view. The tower appears to be higher than the listed height. The rear light is on a mast. Located on the beach near the Biak Island airport, east of Kota Biak on the south side of Pulau Biak. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q3393; NGA 26060.
Sorido Inner Range Front (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft) (?); white light, 4 s on, 4 s off. 10 m (33 ft) (?) square skeletal tower painted white. Ronni Berotabui has a distant street view and Google has a satellite view. The tower appears to be higher than the listed height. Located on the west end of the main quay at Kota Biak. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q3393.3; NGA 26068.
Sorido Inner Range Rear (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft) (?); white light, 4 s on, 4 s off. 15 m (49 ft) (?) square skeletal tower painted white. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. The tower appears to be higher than the listed height. Located 240 m (262 yd) west northwest of the front light. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q3393.31; NGA 26072.
Pulau Rani
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); white flash every 3 s. 15 m (49 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island off the southwestern coast of Pulau Biak. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q3392.7; NGA 26056.
Pulau Numfor (Yerunana)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 45 m (148 ft); white flash every 5 s. 16 m (52 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Pulau Numfor is an island about 25 km (15 mi) in diameter in the northwestern corner of the Cenderawasih Gulf. Located near Kameri on the northwestern side of the island, about 65 km (40 mi) east of Manokwari. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-179; Admiralty Q3392; NGA 26052.

Nabire Regency Lighthouses
Pulau Kabuai (Kubuai) (2)
2010 (?). Active; focal plane 33 m (108 ft); white flash every 5 s. 30 m (98 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. NGA formerly listed a light with a 14 m (46 ft) focal plane. Located on a tiny islet in the southwestern Cenderawasih Gulf. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q3395.4; NGA 26107.
Ujung Kimbo (Teluk Kimi, Nabire)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); two white flashes every 8 s. 20 m (66 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. The light is in the upper right corner of Arief Hidayat's aerial photo of the port and Google has a satellite view. Located on a headland sheltering the harbor of Nabire, the regency capital on the east side of the Cenderawasih Gulf. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q3395.8; NGA 26104.
Pulau Jaunan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); white flash every 5 s. 20 m (66 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. Raimond Rumatray has a drone view of visitors atop the tower and Google has a good satellite view. The Admiralty and NGA list the light as "Nabire," although it is 32 km (20 mi) north of that town. Located on a small island, the westernmost in a group of islands. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q3395.6; NGA 26100.

Yapen Islands Regency Lighthouses
Note: Pulau Yapen is an island about 170 km (105 mi) long but only about 25 km (15 mi) at its widest; it lies east to west across the northeastern Cenderawasih Bay southeast of Pulau Biak.
Tanjung Rainbawi (Tanjung Rainbawa)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 26 m (85 ft); white flash every 3 s. 20 m (66 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available but Google has an indistinct satellite view. The lighthouse may have been replaced recently, since NGA formerly listed a 16 m (52 ft) tower. Located at the eastern tip of the island of Yapen, marking the east entrance to the Cenderawasih Gulf. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-322; Admiralty Q3393.7; NGA 26108.
* Serui (2)
2009(?). Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); white flash every 3 s. 15 m (49 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower, painted white. A photo is at right, Ikal Ichwan has a twilight photo, M. Andi has a view from the sea, and Google has a satellite view. Indonesian Wikipedia has a photo of the former light. Serui is the principal town on Pulau Yapen. Located at the head of a short pier on the waterfront of Serui, on the south side of Pulau Yapen. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q3394.5; NGA 26084.
Serui Pertamina
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 10 m (33 ft); white light, pattern unknown. Approx. 8 m (26 ft) square tower mounted on four robust piles. A photo is available and Google has a satellite view. Located at the foot of the pier at the Pertamina oil terminal on the west side of Serui. Site and tower closed. Admiralty Q3394.
Tanjung Woka (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 40 m (131 ft); white flash every 3 s. 10 m (33 ft) (?) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. The tower appears to be taller than the 10 m listed by NGA. Located on the west end of Pulau Yapen. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q3395; NGA 26096.
Serui Light
Serui Light, Serui, May 2010
ex-Panoramio photo copyright danank.ar.io; permission requested

Waropen Regency Lighthouses
Note: Waropen Regency is the mainland region on the east coast of Cenderawasih Bay across from Pulau Yapen
Tanjung Kamengsenu
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 53 m (174 ft); white flash every 4 s. Approx. 40 m (131 ft) square tapered skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. Two small station buildings. No photo available but Google has a satellite view of the station. Located on a prominent cape on the east side of the Cenderawasih Gulf. Site status unknown. Admiralty K3395.9; NGA 26104.5.
Pulau Naufi (Pulau Nau)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 35 m (115 ft); one long white flash every 10 s. Described by NGA only as a beacon, this is probably a skeletal tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view that probably shows the light to the right of a monument. Located at the northern tip of an island off the east coast of the Cenderawasih Gulf. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q3396; NGA 26105.
* Tanjung Worisanua (Pelabuhan Waropen)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); white flash every 6 s. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) square white skeletal tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located just west of the piers at Waropen. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q3396.2; NGA 26105.5.
Mamberamo (Cape D'Urville)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 31 m (102 ft); white flash every 5 s. 16 m (52 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on the east side of the entrance to the Mamberamo River about 3 km (2 mi) southwest of Tanjung Perkam (Cape D'Urville), the northwestern "shoulder" of New Guinea. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q3396.6; NGA 26112.

Sarmi Regency (Philippine Sea) Lighthouses
Pulau Liki (Kumamba Liki)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 45 m (141 ft); one long white flash every 5 s. 40 m (131 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. Four 1-story coast guard station buildings. No photo available but Google has a satellite view of the station. Located on the northern tip of Pulau Liki, about 40 km (25 mi) north of Sarmi. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-210; Admiralty Q3396.8; NGA 26092.
Pulau Armo (Pulau Nirumoar)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); six quick white flashes and one long white flash every 15 s. 16 m (52 ft) post with gallery mounted on a square platform supported by piles. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef at the southern end of Pulau Nirumoar, an island about 10 km (6 mi) southeast of Pulau Liki. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q3396.9; NGA 26115.
Sarmi (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 32 m (105 ft); white flash every 5 s. 16 m (52 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. This light recently replaced a much shorter tower. Located on a promontory near Sarmi, about 140 km (225 mi) west northwest of Jayapura. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q3397; NGA 26116.
* Pelabuhan Sarmi
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 25 m (82 ft); white light, pattern unknown. Approx. 22 m (72 ft) octagonal white concrete tower. Tom Ramand has an April 2017 photo (also seen at right), and Eragon Black has an October 2017 street view, but the tower is too new to appear in Google's satellite view. Located on the waterfront at Sarmi. Site open, tower closed. Not listed by the Admiralty.
Pulau Yamna (Jamna)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); white flash every 6 s. No description and no photo available but Bing has an indistinct satellite view that may show the lighthouse. Located on Pulau Yamna, an island about 50 km (30 mi) east of Sarmi. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q3397.6; NGA 26118.

Pelabuhan Sarmi Light, Sarmi, April 2017
Google Maps photo by Tom Ramand

Jayapura Regency (Philippine Sea) Lighthouses
Note: Jayapura, the capital of Papua Province, is a city of more than 300,000 people. Known as Hollandia under Dutch control, it was recaptured from Japanese occupation by an Alled amphibious invasion in April 1944.
Tanjung Kamdara (Kamadara)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 43 m (141 ft); white light, 5 s on, 5 s off. Approx. 40 m (131 ft) octagonal white concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Several coast guard station buildings. Stevanus Rumbino has a 2018 photo, Steve Christiantara has a 2014 photo and Google has a satellite view. Located on a promontory about 120 km (75 ft) west of Jayapura. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q3397.8; NGA 26119.
Tanjung Kelapa (Tanjung Ormu)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); white flash every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) square skeletal tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. The area is accessible only by boat. Located on a promontory about 50 km (30 mi) west of Tanjung Suaja. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q3397.95; NGA 26119.5.
Tanjung Suaja (Soeadja Moko)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 215 m (705 ft); three white flashes every 24 s. 20 m (66 ft) white concrete tower. Keeper's houses and other station buildings. No photo available but Google has a good satellite view. Tanjung Suaja is a mountainous promontory that shelters the approach to Jayapura, about 4 km (2.5 mi) east of the city. Located atop the mountain, but accessible by road. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-281; Admiralty Q3398; NGA 26120.
* Jayapura Entrance North
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); green flash every 5 s. 13 m (43 ft) round hourglass-shaped green tower, mounted on a square concrete platform supported by concrete piles. Ralph Sanderson's photo is at right, he has a second photo taken from the other side of the bay, and Google has a satellite view. Jayapura, known as Hollandia under Dutch rule, has a beautiful semicircular harbor framed by mountains. Located just offshore near the Swiss-Belhotel Papua, marking the north side of the entrance to the harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q3398.8; NGA 26123.5.
Noebai Nan Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); quick-flashing white light. 15 m (49 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white and carrying a triangular slatted daymark, point up. The tower is at the far left in Arief Rachman Ashar's photo of the harbor and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located near the south end of the waterfront in Jayapura. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q3399; NGA 26124.

Jayapura Entrance North Light, Jayapura, March 2007
Flickr photo copyright Ralph Sanderson; used by permission
* Noebai Nan Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 22 m (72 ft); white light occulting once every 4 s. 20 m (66 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white and carrying a triangular slatted daymark, point down. Richard Monny's photo is at right but the tower is inconspicuous in Google's satellite view. Located near the Bank of Papua in downtown Jayapura, 150 m (165 yd) west of the front light. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q3399.1; NGA 26128.
* Jayapura Harbor
2013. Active; focal plane 38 m (125 ft); white flash every 5 s. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. Asmatriadi Anwar has a view across the harbor and Google has a satellite view. Located on Batu Putih Street on the south side of Jayapura Harbor. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q3399.5.
Jayapura Entrance South (Hollandia Baai)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); red flash every 4 s. 13 m (43 ft) round hourglass-shaped red tower, mounted on a square concrete platform supported by concrete piles. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Located on a shoal marking the south side of the entrance to Jayapura harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q3398.9; NGA 26123.
* Oinake
Date unknown (1990s?). Active; focal plane 200 m (656 ft); white flash every 10 s. Approx. 37 m (121 ft) octagonal concrete tower with lantern and gallery. The lighthouse is unpainted white concrete. Billy Gabriel's photo is at the top of this page, Ian Uzumaki has a 2018 photo, Ashley Zoch has a 1999 photo, and Google has a good satellite view. This lighthouse is located at the border between Indonesian Papua and the independent nation of Papua New Guinea, near the town of Watung, Papua New Guinea, and about 50 km (30 mi) east of Jayapura, the capital of Indonesia's Papua province. Argananta Yuwana has a street view taken at the border crossing. Accessible by road. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q3399.8; NGA 26129.

Noebai Nan Range Rear Light, Jayapura, December 2015
ex-Panoramio photo copyright Richard Monny; used by permission

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: East: Northern Papua New Guinea | West: West Papua

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Posted December 31, 2008. Checked and revised July 3, 2019. Lighthouses: 39. Site copyright 2019 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.