Lighthouses of South Korea: Gangneung Area (Central Gangwon)

For most of its history, Korea was an independent kingdom, or at least an autonomous kingdom under Chinese influence. This came to an end in 1910, when Japan annexed all of Korea. At the end of World War II in 1945, the 38° parallel was established as the dividing line between U.S. and Soviet zones of occupation, and in 1948 separate civil administrations were established in the two halves of the country. The Korean War (1950-53) ended in a draw, with the armistice line falling close to the prewar 38° line. The Republic of Korea (ROK), commonly called South Korea, occupies the Korean peninsula south of the armistice line.

This page covers lighthouses of the southern part of South Korea's east coast in the province of Gangwon (Gangwon-do), including Yangyang County and the metropolitan city of Gangneung. This coast faces the East Sea (commonly called the Sea of Japan in the West). Most of it is rugged and scenic, but there are some sandy beaches between the headlands. Although there are some famous and historic lighthouses on this coast, many of the more modern lights are not well known.

Following several recent government reorganizations, navigational aids in the ROK are now regulated by the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries (MOF). Management of lighthouses in Gangwon is the responsibility of the Donghae Regional Office of Oceans and Fisheries, with branch offices in the ports of Mukho, Sokcho, and Samcheok. The Korean Hydrographic and Oceanographic Administration (KHOA) publishes notices to mariners.

In Korean, the word for a lighthouse is deungdae (등대); dan is a cape, do is an island, and hang is a harbor. The Revised Romanization system for transliterating Korean into Latin characters has been official since 2000, although some place names may be more familiar in the spellings of older systems.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume M of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Donghae Regional Office - Navigation Aids Office
Information on major lighthouses of Gangwon Province.
KAAN Major National Lighthouses
KAAN is the Korean Association of Aids to Navigation. Small photos and basic data, all in Korean.
Online List of Lights - Korea
Coming soon: photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
OpenSeaMap
Navigation chart information for this area.


Jumunjin Light, Gangneung, July 2018
Google Maps photo by Chang Sung Park

Yangyang County Lighthouses

Seo Township Lighthouses
* Mulchi Hang North Breakwater (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); red flash every 5 s. 11 m (36 ft) round mushroom-shaped concrete tower, painted red. A photo is at right, another photo of both lighthouses is available, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located on the north breakwater of Mulchi harbor, about 7 km (4 mi) south of Sokcho. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4456.9; NGA 16421.
* Mulchi Hang South Breakwater (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); green flash every 5 s. 11 m (36 ft) round mushroom-shaped concrete tower, painted white. A photo is at right, a photo of both lighthouses is available, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located on the south breakwater of Mulchi harbor, about 7 km (4 mi) south of Sokcho. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4456.93; NGA 16422.
* Jeonjin Hang North Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); red flash every 5 s. 11 m (36 ft) round concrete tower painted red. Google has a street view and a satellite view. Michael Yang's street view is taken from the base of the lighthouse. Located on the north breakwater of Jeonjin harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4456.8; NGA 16423.1.
Susan Dan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 73 m (240 ft); white flash every 5 s. 16 m (52 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, painted white. Binnam Lee has a distant view (lighthouse atop the headland at right) and Google has a satellite view and a distant street view. Located on a hilltop north of Susan harbor. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4456.5; NGA 16424.
Mulchi Hang Lights
Mulchi Hang Breakwater Lights, Yangyang, October 2008
Yangyang County photo (no longer online)
* Susan Dan North Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); red flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. Jongryong Kim has a street view and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the north breakwater of Susan harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4456.55.
* Susan Dan North Breakwater Spur
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); two red flashes every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. Jongryong Kim has a closeup street view and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of a north-south spur attached to the north breakwater of Susan harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4456.555.
* Susan Dan South Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); green flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted white. Jongryong Kim has a street view and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the south breakwater of Susan harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4456.56.

Hyeonbuk Township Lighthouses
* Gisamun Dan (Hajodae Beach)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 32 m (105 ft); white flash every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, painted white. Park Geun Sung has a 2018 photo, Seongbin Im has a closeup photo and Google has a satellite view. Located on a promontory about 8 km (5 mi) southeast of Susan harbor. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4456; NGA 16428.
* Gisamun Hang (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); red flash every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) round concrete tower. Lighthouse painted beige; the round mushroom top is painted red. A photo is at right, and Hunjung Park has a street view and Google has a satellite view. Located on the breakwater of the small harbor sheltered by the cape of Gisamun Dan. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4456.2; NGA 16429.

Gisamun Hang Light, Hajodae
Yangyang Tourist Bureau photo
* Dongsan Hang South Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); green flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted white. Google has a satellite view and a distant street view. Located at the end of the south breakwater of Dongsan harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4455.61.

Gangneung (Kangnung) City Lighthouses

Jumunjin Town Lighthouses
* Namae Hang East Breakwater (3)
2008 (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 19 m (59 ft); red flash every 4 s. 12 m (39 ft) round mushroom-shaped concrete tower, painted red. Kye Wondae's street view is at right, closeup is available and Google has a street view and a satellite view. The first lighthouse was a skeletal tower seen in Dringe Augh's closeup photo. Located at the end of a breakwater on the north side of the entrance to the Namae River, about 4 km (2.5 mi) north of Jumunjin. The pier is at the south end of the popular Jumunjin beach, one of the longest sand beaches of Korea's east coast. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4455; NGA 16432.
* Namae Hang South Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); green flash every 4 s. 6 m (20 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted white. Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located at the end of the south breakwater of Namae harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4455.4; NGA 16433.
* Uamjin Hang
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); red flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower painted red. Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located on the north (main) breakwater of Uamjin harbor, on the north side of Jumunjin. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4449.9; NGA 16435.1.

Namae Hang East Breakwater Light, Gangneung
Google Maps street view by Kye Wondae
* Jumunjin (Chumujin Dan)
1918. Active; focal plane 40 m (131 ft); white flash every 7.5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round brick tower with lantern and gallery. 1-story brick keeper's house. Fog siren (one 5 s blast every 60 s). Chang Sung Park's photo is at the top of this page, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. The lighthouse was repaired after being damaged during fighting early in the Korean War. When the lighthouse was renovated in 2002 a public observation tower was built atop one of the auxiliary buildings. The station is a staffed communications facility. Located on a sharp promontory about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) north of Jumunjin. Site open, observation tower open daily, lighthouse tower closed. ARLHS SKR-006; Admiralty M4450; NGA 16436.
* Jumunjin East Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); red flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. Dringe Augh has a closeup photo that also shows the south breakwater light in the distance, Stuart Fraser has a photo of the east and south breakwater lights, another photo is available, and Google has a satellite view and a distant street view. Located at the end of the east (outer) breakwater of Jumunjin. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4452; NGA 16440.
* Jumunjin West Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); green flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) round hourglass-shaped white concrete tower. Google has a satellite view and a distant street view. Located at the end of the west (inner) breakwater of Jumunjin. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4452.5; NGA 16444.
* Jumunjin South Breakwater (No. 2 Jetty)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); green flash every 4 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted white. Matthew Pate has a photo, and Stuart Fraser has a closeup and a photo of the east and south breakwater lights, and Google has a satellite view and a distant street view. Located at the end of the original south breakwater of Jumunjin. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4453; NGA 16448.
Jumunjin Outer Breakwater North End
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); yellow (?) flashing light. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower rising from a pyramidal base. Entire lighthouse is yellow. Google has a satellite view and a very distant street view. The outer breakwater, just outside the harbpr entrance, was added sometime after Google's 2014 street views. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4451.8.
Jumunjin Outer Breakwater South End
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); red flashing light. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower painted red. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4451.9.

Yeongok Township Lighthouse
* Yeongjin Hang
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); red flash every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower painted red. Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located on the east (main) breakwater of Yeongjin harbor, about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) southeast of Jumanjin. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4449.88.

Sacheon Township Lighthouses
* Sacheon (Sach'onjin) North Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); red flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. Hee Tae Chang has a photo and Google has a satellite view and a fuzzy street view. Located at the end of the north breakwater of Sacheon harbor in Gangneung. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4449.8; NGA 16451.
* Sacheon (Sach'onjin) South Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); green flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted white. No photo available but Google has a satellite view and a fuzzy street view. Located at the end of the south breakwater of Sacheon harbor in Gangneung. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4449.85; NGA 16451.5.
Gaiam South
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 10 m (33 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower painted black with a red horizontal band. Jongyeol Lee has a street view from the beach and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located about 300 m (0.2 mi) offshore at Haean-Ro on the north side of Gangneung. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4449.77.

Gangneung City Lighthouses
* Anmok North Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); red flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. A photo is available, Rae Gwak has a street view (also seen at right) and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the north breakwater of Anmok harbor in Gangneung. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4449.7; NGA 16451.6.

Anmok Hang North Breakwater Light, Gangneung, May 2017
Google Maps street view by Rae Gwak
* Anmok South Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); green flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted white. Rae Gwak has a street view and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the south breakwater of Anmok harbor in Gangneung. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4449.75; NGA 16451.65.

Gangdong Township Lighthouses
* Aninjin Breakwater
2014. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); red flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. No photo available but Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located at the end of the north breakwater of Aninjin harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4449.6; NGA 16451.7.
* Aninjin Groyne
2014. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); green flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted white. No photo available but Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located at the end of the south breakwater of Aninjin harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4449.65; NGA 16451.8.
Jeongdongjin (Chongdongjin) Dan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 89 m (292 ft); white flash every 8 s. 10 m (33 ft) round white concrete tower. No closeup photo available but Google has a distant satellite view. and a very distant street view. Located on a prominent headland about 12 km (7.5 mi) southeast of Gangneung. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4449.5; NGA 16452.
* Simgok Hang (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 16 m (52 ft); red flash every 4 s. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Entire lighthouse is red. A photo is available and Google has a 2018 street view (also seen at right) and a satellite view. The first light was a skeletal tower seen in a 2015 street view. Located at the end of the breakwater at Simgok, about 1 km (0.6 mi) south of Jeongdongjin Dan. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4449.4; NGA 16453.

Simgok Hang Breakwater Light, Gangneung, November 2018
Google Maps street view

Okgye Township Lighthouses
* Geumjin Hang Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); red flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. A photo of both breakwater lights is available and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located at the end of the north breakwater of Geumjin harbor, about 16 km (10 mi) north of Donghae. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4449.3; NGA 16449.
* Geumjin Hang Groyne
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); green flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. A photo is available and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located at the end of the south breakwater of Geumjin harbor, about 16 km (10 mi) north of Donghae. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4449.35; NGA 16450.
* Okgye Hang North Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); red flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. A photo shows both breakwater lighthouses and Google has a satellite view and a very distant street view. Located at the end of the north breakwater of Okgye harbor, about 11 km (7 mi) north of Donghae. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4449.1; NGA 16454.
* Okgye Hang South Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (39 ft); green flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. A photo shows both breakwater lighthouses and Google has a satellite view and a very distant street view. Located at the end of the south breakwater of Okgye harbor, about 11 km (7 mi) north of Donghae. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4449.2; NGA 16454.1.
 

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Sokcho Area | South: Donghae and Samcheok

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Posted October 29, 2007. Checked and revised September 23, 2019. Lighthouses: 33. Site copyright 2019 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.