Lighthouses of South Korea: Uljin Area

For most of its history Korea was an independent kingdom or at least an autonomous kingdom under Chinese influence. This came to an end in 1910 when Japan annexed all of Korea. At the end of World War II in 1945 the 38° parallel was established as the dividing line between U.S. and Soviet zones of occupation, and in 1948 separate civil administrations were established in the two halves of the country. The Korean War (1950-53) ended in a draw, with the armistice line falling close to the prewar 38° line. The Republic of Korea (ROK), commonly called South Korea, occupies the Korean peninsula south of the armistice line.

This page covers lighthouses of the central part of South Korea's province of North Gyeongsang (Gyeongsangbuk-do), including the counties of Uljin and Yeongdeok.This east coast of Korea faces the East Sea (commonly called the Sea of Japan in the West). Most of it is rugged and scenic, but there are some sandy beaches between the headlands. Although there are some famous and historic lighthouses on this coast, many of the more modern lights are not well known.

Navigational aids in the ROK are regulated by the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries (MOF). Management of lighthouses in North Gyeongsang is the responsibility of the Pohang Regional Office of Oceans and Fisheries.

In Korean the word for a lighthouse is deungdae (등대); dan is a cape, do is an island, and hang is a harbor. The Revised Romanization system for transliterating Korean into Latin characters has been official since 2000, although some place names may be more familiar in the spellings of older systems.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume M of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

Hupo Light
Hupo Light, Hupo
Pohang Regional Maritime Affairs Office photo

General Sources
Pohang Region Lighthouses
Information on major lighthouses posted by the Pohang MOF office.
Online List of Lights - Korea
Coming soon: photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
OpenSeaMap
Navigation chart information for Korea.

Uljin County Lighthouses

Uljin Area Lighthouses
* Jukbyeon (Chukpyong Dong)
1910. Active; focal plane 49 m (161 ft); white flash every 20 s. 16 m (52 ft) octagonal concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Entire lighthouse is white. Fog horn (one blast every 50 s). A photo is at right, Kim Tae Yun has a photo, another photo is available, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Although built by French engineers this historic lighthouse exhibits a typical Japanese design of the period. It was damaged during the Korean War in 1950 but was repaired and back in operation by late 1951. Located on a prominent cape about 8 km (5 mi) north of Uljin. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4432; NGA 16552.
* Jukbyeon East Outer Breakwater
2018. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); red flash every 4 s. 9 m (30 ft) round cylindrical red concrete tower. No photo available but Google has a satellite view. The Jukbyeon harbor was extended by building new outer breakwaters in 2017-18. Located at the end of the new breakwater. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4432.3.
#Jukbyeon East Inner Breakwater (1)
Date unknown. Removed. This was an 8 m (26 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. Photos of both breakwater lights and a second photo of this light are available, and Google has a satellite view and a distant 2015 street view. There is an active light (two red flashes every 6 s) on a short post. Located at the end of the original east breakwater; accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Active light: Admiralty M4432.6; NGA 16556.
#Jukbyeon West Inner Breakwater (1)
Date unknown. Removed. This was an 8 m (26 ft) round hourglass-shaped white concrete tower. Photos of both breakwater lights are available. The lighthouse has been removed; Google's satellite view and street view confirm the removal. There is an active light (two green flashes every 6 s) on a small skeletal tower. Formerly located at the end of the original east breakwater. Site open, tower closed. Active light: Admiralty M4433; NGA 16560.
* Jukbyeon West Outer Breakwater
2018. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); green flash every 4 s. 9 m (30 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. A 2019 photo is available and Google has a satellite view. The Jukbyeon harbor was extended by building new outer breakwaters in 2017-18. Located at the end of the new breakwater. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4432.4.

Jukbyeon Light, Jukbyeon
Korea Cultural Heritage Administration photo
* Jinmimal (Chinmi Mal)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 58 m (190 ft); white flash every 6 s. 12 m (39 ft) round white concrete tower. The lighthouse hides behind trees in Google's street view from the pier and it is centered in a Google satellite view. Located at Jinmimal, a small fishing port about 8 km (5 mi) south of Uljin. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4431.5; NGA 16564.
* Osan North Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); red flash every 4 s. 8 m (26 ft) round cylindrical metal (?) tower, painted red. Wonwoo Lee has a closeup photo and Google has a satellite view and a distant street view. Located at the end of the breakwater; accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4431.45; NGA 16565.
* Osan South Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); green flash every 4 s. 8 m (26 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. Wonwoo Lee has a photo showing both Osan lighthouses and Google has a satellite view and a distant street view. Located at the end of the breakwater; accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4431.48.
* Sadong North Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); red flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located at the end of the north (main) breakwater of Sadong harbor; accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4431.2; NGA 16566.
* Sadong South Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); green flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted white. Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located at the end of the south breakwater of Sadong harbor; accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4431.4; NGA 16566.2.

Hupo Area Lighthouses
Hwamomal
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 48 m (157 ft); white flash every 7 s. 10 m (33 ft) round white concrete tower. Google has a street view and a distant satellite view. Located on a promontory about 35 km (22 mi) south of Uljin. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4431; NGA 16568.
* Gusan North Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); red flash every 5 s. 8 m (26 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. Google has a distant street view and a satellite view. Located at the end of the north (main) breakwater of Gusan harbor; accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4430.5; NGA 16569.
* Gusan South Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); green flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted white. Google has a distant street view and a satellite view. Located at the end of the south breakwater of Gusan harbor; accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4430.8; NGA 16569.1.
* Jiksan East Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (43 ft); red flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. A photo is available, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located at the end of the north (main) breakwater of Jiksan harbor; accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4430.31; NGA 16569.9.
* Jiksan South Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (43 ft); red flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted white. Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located at the end of the south breakwater of Jiksan harbor; accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4430.3; NGA 16569.7.
Wangdalcho
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 30 m (98 ft) tower, with a lantern mounted on a square platform supported by four robust piles. Lighthouse painted black with a red horizontal band. The Hydrographic and Oceanic Administration's photo is at right but the light is not shown in Google's satellite view. The light marks a dangerous underwater ridge. Located on a shoal about 25 km (15 mi) east northeast of Hupo. Admiralty M4430.2; NGA 16571.
** Hupo
1968. Active; focal plane 64 m (210 ft); white flash every 10 s. 10 m (33 ft) octagonal concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Entire lighthouse is white. Fog siren (one blast every 60 s). 1-story keeper's house. A Pohang MOF photo is at the top of this page, a blogger has several photos, Heechang Han has a street view, and Google has a satellite view. An "observatory" next to the lighthouse provides a spectacular view of the coast and surrounding mountains. Located on a prominent cape sheltering the harbor of Hupo, about 40 km (25 mi) north of Yeongdeok. A nearby hot springs provides convenient parking. Admiralty M4426; NGA 16572.
Wangdalcho Light
Wangdalcho Light, East Sea
Korea Hydrographic and Oceanographic Administration photo
* Jedong (Chedong) Hang
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); red flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. Google has a distant street view and an indistinct satellite view. Located on the north breakwater at Jedong, a small boat harbor on the north side of Hupo. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4427; NGA 16574.
* Hupo Hang East Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); red flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red with a white band at the bottom. Google has a satellite view and a very distant street view. Located at the end of the east (main) breakwater at Hupo. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4430.04; NGA 16576.
* Hupo Hang West Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); green flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. A photo is available (second photo on the page) and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located at the end of the west breakwater at Hupo. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4430; NGA 16580.

Yeongdeok County Lighthouses

Chuksan Area Lighthouses
Baekseok Hang East Breakwater (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); red flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) post rising from a small equipment shelter. Google has a street view, but the light is not seen clearly in Google's satellite view. Entire structure painted red. The original lighthouse was a round cylindrical concrete tower. Located at the end of the main breakwater of Baekseok, a beach resort at the northern edge of Yeongdeok. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4428.
Baekseok Hang West Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); green flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located at the end of the west breakwater of Baekseok. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4428.1; NGA 16581.
* Byeonggok Hang
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); red flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located on the east breakwater at Byeonggok, a small boat harbor on the north side of Daejin. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4424.8.
Daejin (Taejin) Hang North Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); red flash every 5 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. A photo (next to last photo on the page) is available, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located at the end of the main breakwater of Daejin, a beach resort at the northern edge of Yeonghae. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4424.5; NGA 16597.
Daejin (Taejin) Hang South Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); green flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located at the end of the south breakwater of Baekseok. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4424.6; NGA 16598.
* #Chuksan Hang North Breakwater (1)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); red flash every 5 s. This was an 8 m (26 ft) octagonal cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. Google's street view shows that the light is now on a simple post. Google has a satellite view. Located at Chuksan, a small fishing port about 12 km (7.5 mi) north of Yeongdeok. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4421; NGA 16592.
* Chuksan Hang Inner Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); green flash every 5 s. 8 m (26 ft) round hourglass-shaped white concrete tower. Several views from the main lighthouse (see below) are available (about 1/4 the way down the page) and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located at the end of the inner south breakwater of Chuksan. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4420; NGA 16588.
* Chuksan Hang South Breakwater (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); green flash every 5 s. 8 m (26 ft) octagonal cylindrical white concrete tower. The light is at the right edge of a photo taken from the main lighthouse and Google has a street view and a satellite view. NGA describes a smaller tower here. Located at the end of the outer south breakwater of Chuksan. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4420.3; NGA 16594.
*** Chuksan (2)
2011 (station established 1935). Active; focal plane 102 m (335 ft); white flash every 5 s. 23 m (75 ft) round concrete tower with lantern, gallery, and a large observation level. The lighthouse is white, lantern dome red. A June 2011 blog posting has numerous photos including the one at right. Google has a street view and a satellite view. The 1935 Japanese-built lighthouse, heavily damaged during World War II, was rebuilt after the war. Located on the heights south of Chuksan harbor. Site open (it's a stiff climb), and the observation level is open to visitors. On-street parking is available at the foot of the hill. Admiralty M4424; NGA 16584.
Chuksan Light
Chuksan Light, Chuksan, June 2011
Blog.daum.net photo by Cheongsol customer; permission requested

Ganggu Area Lighthouses
* Gyeongjeong Hang East Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); red flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located at the end of the main breakwater of Gyeongjeong harbor, about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) north of the Changpomal lighthouse. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4419; NGA 16595.
* Gyeongjeong Hang West Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); green flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. Google has a street view and a distant satellite view. Located at the end of the west breakwater of Gyeongjeong harbor, about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) north of the Changpomal lighthouse. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4419.2.
* Nomul Hang
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); red flash every 5 s (?). 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located on the east breakwater at Nomul, a small boat harbor on the south side of Daejin. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4418.5.
** Changpomal (Changpo Mal) (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 61 m (200 ft); white flash every 6 s. 12 m (39 ft) round white concrete tower with a spherical lantern and an open observation gallery. Lantern painted red; wrapped around one side of the tower is a blue "crab claw" sculpture. John H. Lee's photo is at right, another closeup is available, and Google has a street view and a fuzzy satellite view. This interesting lighthouse replaced a plain white cylindrical tower. The observation platform provides a spectacular view of the East Sea. Located on a steep headland about 5 km (3 mi) east of Yeongdeok. Accessible by road; parking provided. Site open, and visitors can climb to the observation level. Admiralty M4418; NGA 16596.
Ganggu Hang East Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); red flash every 5 s. 11 m (36 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. Google has a satellite view and a distant street view. Located at the end of the main breakwater at Ganggu, a small port about 32 km (20 mi) north of Pohang. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4415; NGA 16600.
* Ganggu Hang West Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); green flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round hourglass-shaped concrete tower painted white. Google has a satellite view and a distant street view. Located at the end of the short west breakwater at Ganggu; buildup of sand south of the breakwater has put this light almost on the beach. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4414; NGA 16604.
Changpomal Light
Changpomal Light, Yeongdeok, July 2009
photo copyright John H. Lee; used by permission
* Gugye (Kukye) Hang Main Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); red flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located at the end of the principal breakwater at Gugye, a small port about 29 km (18 mi) north of Pohang. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4413.7; NGA 16609.
* Gugye (Kukye) Hang East Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); red flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located at the end of a spur off the principal breakwater at Gugye. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4413.75; NGA 16610.
* Gugye (Kukye) Hang South Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); green flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted white. Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located at the end of the south (really west) breakwater at Gugye. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4413.8; NGA 16611.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Donghae and Samcheok | East: Ulleungdo and Dokdo | South: Pohang

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Posted October 29, 2007. Checked and revised October 13, 2019. Lighthouses: 38. Site copyright 2019 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.