Lighthouses of South Korea: Gyeongju

For most of its history, Korea was an independent kingdom, or at least an autonomous kingdom under Chinese influence. This came to an end in 1910, when Japan annexed all of Korea. At the end of World War II in 1945, the 38° parallel was established as the dividing line between U.S. and Soviet zones of occupation, and in 1948 separate civil administrations were established in the two halves of the country. The Korean War (1950-53) ended in a draw, with the armistice line falling close to the prewar 38° line. The Republic of Korea (ROK), commonly called South Korea, occupies the Korean peninsula south of the armistice line.

This page covers lighthouses of the city of Gyeonju in the southeastern corner of South Korea's province of North Gyeongsang (Gyeongsangbuk-do). With a population of about 275,000 Gyeongju is a medium-sized city located between the larger cities of Pohang to the north and Ulsan to the south. It has a scenic coast facing east on the East Sea (commonly called the Sea of Japan in the West).

Navigational aids in the ROK are regulated by the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries (MOF). Management of lighthouses in North Gyeongsang is the responsibility of the Pohang Regional Office of Oceans and Fisheries.

In Korean, the word for a lighthouse is deungdae (등대); dan is a cape, do is an island, and hang is a harbor. The Revised Romanization system for transliterating Korean into Latin characters has been official since 2000, although some place names may be more familiar in the spellings of older systems.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume M of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
KAAN Major National Lighthouses
KAAN is the Korean Association of Aids to Navigation. Small photos and basic data, all in Korean.
Pohang Region Lighthouses
Lighthouse information posted by the Pohang MOF office.
Lighthouses in South Korea
Photos by various photographers available from Wikimedia.
Online List of Lights - Korea
Coming soon: photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
OpenSeaMap
Navigation chart information for Korea.


1968 Gampo Light, Gyeongju, May 2018
Google Plus photo by 신종언

Gampo District Lighthouses
* Yangpo Outer Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); red flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical red concrete tower. A closeup photo (next to last photo on the page) is available, Kim MyungSoo has a distant view, and Google has a satellite view and a very distant street view. Located at the end of the main breakwater at Yangpo, a fishing port about 25 km (15 mi) southeast of Pohang. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4403; NGA 16662.
Yangpo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 24 m (79 ft); white flash every 7 s. 9.5 m (31 ft) round white concrete tower. A photo (3/4 the way down the page) is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a promontory on the south side of Yangpo harbor. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4402; NGA 16664.
* Yeondong Hang
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); red flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical red concrete tower. The tower seems to be embedded in a sculpture of some kind, but no photo is available. Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located on the main breakwater of Yeodong harbor, about 6 km (4 mi) north of Gampo.
Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4401.5.
* Gampo (Kampo, Songdae, Songdaemal) (3)
2001 (station established 1955). Active; focal plane 30 m (98 ft); flash every 17 s, alternately red and white. 14 m (46 ft) square pagoda-style tower with lantern and gallery, attached to a 2-story keeper's house. Lighthouse painted white. B.E. Bouchard's photo is at right, another photo is available, and Google has a satellite view of the station. This interesting lighthouse was intended from the start as a tourist attraction. Located on a headland overlooking the harbor of Gampo, about 32 km (20 mi) south of Pohang. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS SKR-027; Admiralty M4400; NGA 16668.
Gampo Lighthouse
2001 Gampo Light, Gyeongju, June 2003
Flickr Creative Commons photo by B.E. Bouchard
* Gampo (2)
1968 (station established 1955). Presumably inactive since 2001. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Entire lighthouse is white. A photo is at the top of this page, Cho Taelim has a 2017 photo, another photo is available, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. This lighthouse is close to the 2001 lighthouse, but down a steep slope. Site open, tower closed.
Gwanam
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); six quick white flashes followed by one long white flash every 15 s. 17 m (56 ft) round concrete tower mounted on a large round concrete base. Tower painted yellow, base black. Lee San-pil has a photo, Jeong Cheol has a 2018 photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a rocky reef about 250 m (800 ft) offshore southeast of the Gampo lighthouses. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4399.5; NGA 16669.
Gampo North Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); red flash every 4 s. 11 m (36 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. This lighthouse is on the right in a 2016 photo, Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located at the end of the north breakwater of Gampo harbor. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4398.2; NGA 16672.1.
Gampo West Breakwater (2)
2016. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); two green flashes every 6 s.. 16 m (52 ft) square concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted white. The sides of the tower have large cutouts, as seen in the closeup photo by Cho Jongpil seen at right. This lighthouse is on the left in a 2016 photo, and Google has a fuzzy satellite view. Previously the light was on a concrete post attached to a square concrete equipment shelter. It was reported deactivated in 2015 and dropped from the NGA List. The new light was announced in July 2016. Located on an inner breakwater of Gampo harbor. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4398; ex-NGA 16672.
Gampo Hang South Breakwater (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); two green flashes every 6 s. 17 m (56 ft) octagonal cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. A photo and a second photo are available, and Google has a satellite view. NGA lists this light as "N. Kamp'o Hang." Located at the end of the original south breakwater of Gampo harbor. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4399.2; NGA 16672.2.
* Jeonchon Hang North Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); red flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. Kei Unggaro has a street view from the nearby beach, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the north breakwater at Jeonchon, a fishing port about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) south of the Gampo lighthouse. Presumably accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4397.85; NGA 16672.3.
* Jeonchon Hang South Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); green flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. Kei Unggaro has a street view from the nearby beach, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the south breakwater at Jeonchon. Presumably accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4397.86; NGA 16672.5.


West Breakwater Light, Gampo, October 2017
Google Plus photo by 최종필 (Cho Jongpil)

* Gagok Hang
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 13 m (43 ft); red flashing light. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. A closeup photo is available, and Google has a street view and a distant satellite view. Located on the main breakwater of Gagok harbor. Presumably accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4397.8.

Yangnam District Lighthouses
Naa Outer Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 13 m (43 ft); red flashing light. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. No photo available. Google has a satellite view and a very distant street view. The harbor at Naa serves the Wolseong Nuclear Power Plant. Located on the main breakwater of the harbor. Site and tower closed. Admiralty M4397.791.
Naa Inner Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 13 m (43 ft); green flashing light. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted white. No photo available. Google has a satellite view and a very distant street view. Located on the south breakwater of the harbor. Site and tower closed. Admiralty M4397.79.
Eupchon (Upchon) Hang North Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); red flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. Yongho To has a street view, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the north breakwater at Upchon, about 30 km (19 mi) north of Ulsan. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4397.7; NGA 16672.7.
Eupchon (Upchon) Hang South Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); green flash every 5 s. 8 m (26 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted white. Yongho To has a street view, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the south breakwater at Upchon, about 30 km (19 mi) north of Ulsan. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4397.75.
* Suryeom Hang
Date unknown (2017?). Active; focal plane about 13 m (43 ft); red light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. Patton Kim has a view from the waterfront and Google has an indistinct satellite view, but the tower is too new to appear in Google's street view. Located on the main breakwater of Suryeom harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4397.695.
* Jigyeong Hang
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 13 m (43 ft); red light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. Google has a street view and an indistinct satellite view. Located on the main breakwater of Jigyeong harbor, just north of the Ulsan City limit. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4397.69.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Pohang | East: Ulleungdo and Dokdo | South: Ulsan

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Posted October 29, 2007. Checked and revised September 8, 2018. Lighthouses: 18. Site copyright 2018 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.