Norway is one of the world's most maritime nations. The country is long and narrow with drowned valleys called fjords that bring the sea far inland in most regions. The mainland coast is estimated to be 2650 km (1650 mi) long and when all the islands and minor indentations are counted the total coastline approaches an astonishing 60,000 km (37,500 mi), long enough the go around the world one and a half times. With such a lengthy and rocky shore it's not surprising that Norway has a large number of lighthouses.
Although it has always been considered a separate realm, Norway has only been independent since 1905; it was ruled by the Danish king until 1814 and then by the Swedish king until the Norwegian parliament arranged a peaceful separation of the two kingdoms.
Located about 100 km (60 mi) north of Oslo, Lake Mjøsa is Norway's largest lake. It extends north to south through the mountains for about 117 km (73 mi). Its greatest width is 15 km (9 mi) but for most of its length it is about 5 km (3 mi) wide. Navigation on the lake is receational except for the historic paddlewheel steamboat Skibladner, which sails between Eidsvoll at the southern end of the lake and Lillehammer near the northern end.
In Norway a lighthouse is simply called a fyr (fire) or sometimes a fyrtårn (fire tower). Aids to navigation are maintained by the Kystverket (Coast Directorate), an agency of the Ministry of Transport and Communications.
ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. NF numbers are from the Norsk Fyrliste, the official Norwegian light list. Admiralty numbers are from volume B of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 115.
Information available on lost lighthouses:
Notable faux lighthouses:
Adjoining pages: South: Oslo Area
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Posted April 10, 2006. Checked and revised February 1, 2020. Lighthouses: 2. Site copyright 2020 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.