Lighthouses of the Philippines: Negros

The Philippines include more than 7000 islands stretching over 1750 km (1100 mi) of the western Pacific. The archipelago was a Spanish colony until the Spanish-American War of 1898, which brought the islands under U.S. administration. Japan occupied the islands during World War II (1942-45), and the country became independent shortly thereafter (1946).

The fourth largest island of the Philippines, Negros is divided lengthwise by a volcanic mountain range. Currently the northwestern half of the island (Negros Occidental Province) is in the Western Visayas Region and the southeastern half (Negros Oriental Province) is in the Central Visayas Region. The island has a population of nearly 4.5 million. The largest cities are the two provincial capitals, Bacolad in Negros Occidental and Dumaguete in Negros Oriental. The Tañon Striat separates Negros from Cebu on the east and the Guimaras Strait separates Negros from Guimaras and Panay to the west. The north coast faces the Visayan Sea and the southwest coast faces the Panay Gulf and Sulu Sea.

Filipino and English are official languages in the Philippines. In Filipino a lighthouses is called a parola; an island is an isla or pulo. Many English maritime terms have been adopted into Filipino, including cape, bay, and port, and the names of historic lighthouses are often retained in their Spanish forms.

Lighthouses in the Philippines are maintained by the Philippines Coast Guard's Marine Safety Services Command.

Many Philippine lighthouses are not well known so better information and photos are always needed.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. PCG numbers are the Philippines Light List numbers, where known. Admiralty numbers are from volume F of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Lighthouses in the Philippines
Photos and observations in blog entries by Loyd Martinez.
Philippine Lighthouses
8 historic photos posted by Johann Stockinger.
Lighthouses in the Philippines
Wikipedia article, with links to articles on several of the individual lighthouses.
Spanish Lighthouses of the Philippines
This is the Directory's own list of the Spanish light stations, with notes on their current status.
Lighthouses in the Philippines
Photos by various photographers available from Wikimedia.
World of Lighthouses - Philippines
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
Online List of Lights - Philippines
Photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
Navionics Charts
Navigation chart information for Negros.


Apo Island Light, Bohol Sea, October 2008
Flickr Creative Commons photo by Lisa and Alec

Negros Oriental Province Lighthouses


East Coast (Tañon Strait) Lighthouses
Guihulngan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); three white flashes every 12 s. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round hourglass-shaped fiberglass tower. Entire lighthouse is white. No photo available, and the light is not seen in Google's satellite view of the town. Located in Guihulngan. Site status unknown. PCG-0235; Admiralty F2352; NGA 14764.
* Bais City (Daco Island, Dacu)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; white flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round barbell-shaped white fiberglass tower. Reginald Aragones has a 2017 closeup photo and a second photo, and Google has a satellite view. The viewing platform surrounding the base of the lighthouse provides a wide view of the sea. Located at the summit of Dacu (Dewey) Island at the harbor of Bais. Accessible by road. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2350.5; NGA 14775.
Amlan (Amblan) Point
2008. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); white flash every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) square metal post with gallery. Entire lighthouse is white. Ian Yee has a photo and a closeup street view and Google has a satellite view. This light marks the west side of the narrowest passage between Negros and Cebu. Located on a low point near the mouth of the Amlan River. Site status unknown. PCG-0233; Admiralty F2348; NGA 14780.

South Coast (Bohol Sea and Sulu Sea) Lighthouses
* Dumaguete
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); green flash every 5 s. 10.5 m (34 ft) square white concrete pillar mounted on a square base, with a stairway winding around the tower, rising from one end of a former passenger terminal building. A 2009 photo and a 2011 photo are available, and Google has a street view and an indistinct satellite view. The capital of Negros Oriental Province, Dumaguete is an important terminal for ferries crossing the Bohol Sea to Mindanao. Located on the wharf at Dumaguete. Site open, tower closed. PCG-0232; Admiralty F2346; NGA 14732.
* Dumaguete Water Tower
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 30 m (98 ft); white light, 3 s on, 2 s off. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) round white concrete tower carrying a round tank. Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located on Katada Street in downtown Dumaguete. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2347; NGA 14736.
** [Apo Island (1)]
1917. Inactive since about 2005. 10.5 m (35 ft) concrete tower with gallery and external ladder, no lantern. 1-story keeper's house, abandoned. Edzel Rubite has a 2016 photo and Georg Kramer has a photo of both lighthouses. Located at the highest point of the island southeast of Zamboanguita in southernmost Negros. The island is a popular resort, and the lighthouse is accessible by hiking trails. Site open, tower can be climbed.
* Apo Island (2)
2005(?) (station established 1917). Active; focal plane 130 m (428 ft); white flash every 5 s. 11 m (36 ft) hourglass-shaped white fiberglass tower with gallery; access to the gallery is by an internal ladder. A photo is at right, Robin Directo has a 2018 photo, Robert Casaclang has a 2012 photo, and Google has a satellite view of the station. Located close to the old keeper's house. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2344; NGA 14796.
Antulang (Siaton Point)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 26 m (85 ft); three white flashes every 15 s. 11 m (36 ft) round hourglass-shaped fiberglass tower. Entire lighthouse is white. Buildings nearby are presumably former keeper's cottages. A photo is available, but the light is not seen in Google's indistinct satellite view. Located at the southern tip of Negros. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2345; NGA 14730.
Cansilan (Basay)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 26 m (85 ft); white flash every 5 s. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round hourglass-shaped fiberglass tower. Entire lighthouse is white. Sigbun Luna has a 2018 photo (also seen at right) and a view from the sea, Google has a street view and an indistinct satellite view. NGA is confused and lists this light twice. Located on a sharp promontory on the southwest coast of Negros about 15 km (9 mi) west of Bayawan. Site open, tower closed. PCG-0742; Admiralty F2359.82; NGA 14718 (=14729).

Apo Island Light, Bayawan, June 2018
Google Maps photo by Sigbun Luna

Negros Occidental Province Lighthouses

West Coast (Sulu Sea and Panay Gulf) Lighthouses
Taliptipun
2016. Active; focal plane unknown; white flash every 5 s. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) white concrete post with gallery. No photo available and the light has not been found in Google's satellite view of the area. Located off the National Highway at Da-Og, a short distance north of the provincial boundary. Site status unknown. PCG-0740; Admiralty F2359.78.
Matatindoc Point (Sipalay)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; white flash every 5 s. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round barbell-shaped white metal and fiberglass tower. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a headland marking the southwesternmost tip of Negros, about 5 km (3 mi) southwest of Sipalay. Site status unknown. PCG-0770; Admiralty F2359.75.
* Sojoton Point (Cayauan)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown but probably at least 30 m (98 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. Approx. 11 m (36 ft) round barbell-shaped white metal and fiberglass tower. A 2018 photo (also seen at right) and a second photo are available, and Google has a distant satellite view. There is an observation deck next to the lighthouse. Located atop a high promontory at the southwestern corner of Negros, marking the south side of the entrance to the Panay Gulf from the Sulu Sea. Accessible by road and a short walking trail; limited parking is available. Site open, tower closed. PCG-0228; Admiralty F2359.7; NGA 14717.
Himamaylan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 7 m (23 ft); reed flash every 5 s. 7 m (23 ft) concrete tower. No photo available but Bing has a distant satellite view. Located on mud flats on the south side of the entrance to Himamaylan. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2359.5; NGA 14716.

Northwest Coast (Guimaras Strait) Lighthouses
Pulupandan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 14 m (46 ft); red flash every 5 s. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round barbell-shaped white metal and fiberglass tower. A view from the sea is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of a pier at Pulupandan, a port and ferry terminal on the central west coast of Negros; ferries link Pulupandan to San Lorenzo, Guimaras. Site status unknown. PCG-0459; Admiralty F2359; NGA 14686.7.
* Bredco
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; white fkash every 5 s. Described by the light lists only as a "tower." This light is probably atop a 4-story building; Google has a street view and a satellite view of this location. Located on the main quay at Bacalod. Site open, tower closed. PCG-0227; Admiralty F2358.5; NGA 14686.2.
* Bacalod (Banago Wharf)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 16 m (52 ft); red flash every 5 s. Light mounted atop a 2-story pierhead building. A photo is available and Google has a street view and a satellite view. With a population of more than half a million Bacolod is the second largest city of the Visayas and a major port. Located at the end of the Banago wharf. Accessible by driving the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2358.2; NGA 14686.
Tomonton (Tomongtong) Point
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round barbell-shaped white metal and fiberglass tower. No photo available but Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on a marshy point at the northwestern corner of Negros. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2357.7; NGA 14681.

Sojoton Point Light, Cayauan, August 2018
Google Maps photo by limitsfound

North Coast (Visayan Sea) Lighthouses
Cadiz Entrance
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 12 m (39 ft); red light, pattern unknown. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) mast atop a round white concrete tower with gallery. Jappet Gella has a distant view from shore and Bing has a distant satellite view. Located on the west (right) side of the entrance to Cadiz. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2357.5.
* Cadiz (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 20 m (66 ft); white flash every 5 s. Approx. 18 m (59 ft) mast atop a 2-story port operations building. Marvin Espesor has a photo and Google has a satellite view. NGA lists a "wooden post" for this light. Located at the end of a long pier at Cadiz, a city of about 155,000 people at the north end of Negros. Accessible by driving the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2357.4; NGA 14676.
Matabas Island
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 13 m (43 ft); white flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round hourglass-shaped white metal and fiberglass tower. Minda Monica Ponce-Rodriguez has a distant view from the sea and Google has a satellite view.This light marks a narrow passage between Negros and Bantanyan Island, Cebu. Located on the northwest corner of a small but inhabited island on a reef off the northeastern corner of Negros. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2356.6; NGA 14750.

Northeast Coast (Tañon Strait) Lighthouses
Escalante (Danao River) (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft) (?); NGA lists a continuous red light but Navionics shows a white light. Originally a 10 m (33 ft) white concrete tower, but a photo by Neil Murite shows that the tower has been extended, perhaps to as much as 20 m (66 ft). Google has an indistinct satellite view. NGA describes the light as being "on ruins of wharf in Danao River," but the wharf has been rebuilt and no longer carries the light. Escalante, at the northeastern corner of Negros, is the terminal for ferries to Tabuelan in Cebu. Located near the new wharf. Site status unknown. PCG-0238; Admiralty F2356.4; NGA 14748.
Buenavista (Escalante)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 12 m (39 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round hourglass-shaped white metal and fiberglass tower. No photo available but Bing has a satellite view. Located a short distance south of the Danao River entrance. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2356.2.
Refugio Island (Sipaway Island)
1913. Active; focal plane 37 m (121 ft); white flash every 7 s. 17 m (55 ft) square white steel tower with gallery. A closeup photo is available and Google has a satellite view. Located on the northeastern shore of Refugio (Sipaway) Island, which protects the harbor of San Carlos City on the eastern coast of Negros. Site status unknown. ARLHS PHI-049; PCG-0236; Admiralty F2354; NGA 14744.
* San Carlos (3)
Date unknown (station established 1913). Active; focal plane about 20 m (66 ft); two red flashes every 10 s. Approx. 16 m (52 ft) round hourglass-shaped concrete tower, painted white. A photo is at right, Jessamae Baje has a 2018 photo, Roy Espina has a street view, and Google has a satellite view. The light lists descibe a much shorter tower. San Carlos is a city of about 135,000 residents and the terminal for ferries crossing the Tañon Strait to Toledo, Cebu. Located on the ferry pier at San Carlos. Site open, tower closed. PCG-0237; Admiralty F2356; NGA 14740.
San Carlos Light
San Carlos Light, San Carlos, March 2010
ex-Panoramio photo copyright Marlon "Villegas" Briones; used by permission

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: East: Cebu | South: Northern Mindanao | Northwest: Panay and Guimaras

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Posted July 24, 2005. Checked and revised December 31, 2020. Lighthouses: 23. Site copyright 2020 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.