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Designations: H (Navy, US Army, USAF)
R (USAAF)
H is almost never used on its own, but preceded by letters indicating the
role of the helicopter:
A (attack), C (transport), H (rescue), N (test), M (special ops),
R (minsweeping), S (ASW), U (utility), V (VIP transport), X (test),
Y (preproduction).
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HCH McDonnell HCH-1
Non-compound version of the HRH, 1953. Intended as tactical
transport.
HJD McDonnell HJD Wirraway
One built. The HJD had its rotors on the tips of a large wing;
the engines were fitted in nacelles in the mid wing. The world's
first twin-engined helicopter.
Type: XHJD-1
Year: 1946 Crew: Engines: 2 * 336kW P&W R-985 Wasp Junior
Speed: 190km/h Ceiling: Range:
Load: 10 seats
HNS Vought-Sikorsky HNS
Navy version of the R-4 Hoverfly.
HOE Hiller HOE
Navy version of the H-32. The navy bought three of them.
HOS Sikorsky HOS
Navy version of the R-6.
HRH McDonnell (?) XHRH-1
Project only. Assault helicopter for the USMC. Compound helicopter
with the rotor driven by tipjets. 30 seats. 1953.
HRP Piasecki HRP-1
The 'flying banana' was the first heli with fore and aft rotors,
driven by a single engine in the tail.
Type: HRP-1
Year: 1943 Crew: Engines: 1 * 600hp P&W R-1340
Speed: 160km/h Ceiling: Range:
Load: 10 seats
HRP Boeing-Vertol HRP-2
Much improved HRP-1.
Type: HRP-2
Year: 1948 Crew: 2 Engines: 1 * 440kW P&W R-1340
Speed: 168km/h Ceiling: Range: 480km
Load: 10 seats
HSL Bell HSL
Type: HSL-1
Year: 1955 Crew: Engines: 1 * 1765kW P&W R-2800-50
Speed: 222km/h Ceiling: Range: 560km
Load:
HSS Sikorsky HSS Seabat
Renamed H-34.
HTK Kaman HTK
Type:
Year: Crew: Engines:
Speed: Ceiling: Range:
Load:
HTL Bell HTL
Renamed H-13
HUS Sikorsky HUS Seahorse
Renamed H-34.
H-1 Bell AH-1 Hueycobra
Bell model 209. The first true gunship; derivative of the UH-1.
Standard US attack helikopter of the Vietnam war. Still in service,
in improved versions, both single- and twin-engined.
Type: AH-1G
Year: 1967 Crew: 2 Engines: 1 * 1810kW Lycoming T53-L-13
Speed: 277km/h Ceiling: 3470m Range: 570km
Load: 1*g30mm; 4 points
H-1 Bell UH-1 Iroquois
Bell model 204 and 205, also 212 (UH-1N).
Better known as 'Huey', this has been the standard US
tactical transport helikopter for a long time. There is
also an EH-1 version for electronic warfare. Is now being
replaced by the H-60.
Type: UH-1H
Year: 1967 Crew: 1 Engines: 1 * 1030kW Lycoming T53-L-13
Speed: 204km/h Ceiling: 3840m Range: 510km
Load: 11 to 14 seats, or 1759kg
R-1 Platt-Le Page R-1
The R-1 had a large wing with rotors fitted on the wing tips, and
a fuselage with a converntional aircraft tail and a glazed nose.
Type: XR-1A
Year: 1943 Crew: 2 Engines: 1 * kW P&W R-985-AN-1
Speed: Ceiling: Range:
Load:
H-2 Kaman H-2 Seasprite
The Kaman H-2 was built as transport (UH-2), ASW (SH-2)
and rescue (HH-2) helicopter for the USN. First flew in 1959;
converted to twin-engined from 1967 onwards; prodcution reopened
in 1981. A lot of ships have one or two SH-2's on board.
Type: SH-2G
Year: 1987 Crew: 3 Engines: 1 * 1285kW G.E. T700-GE-401
Speed: 271km/h Ceiling: 6400m Range: 1083km
Load:
HO2S Sikorsky HO2S
Navy version of the R-5.
Type:
Year: Crew: Engines:
Speed: Ceiling: Range:
Load:
HR2S Sikorsky HR2S
Renamed H-37.
Type: XHR2S
Year: 1953 Crew: Engines: 2 * 1400kW P&W R-2800-50
Speed: 196km/h Ceiling: Range: 350km
Load:
HU2K Kaman HU2K
Renamed H-2.
H-3 Sikorsky H-3 Sea King
The Sikorsky S-61 has been built as Search & Rescue heli (HH-3),
ASW (SH-3), tactical transport (CH-3), VIP transport (VH-3),
and commercial transport. Westland built many
as the Sea King and the Commando.
Type: SH-3D
Year: 1966 Crew: 2 Engines: 2 * 1044kW G.E. T58-GE-10
Speed: 267km/h Ceiling: 4480m Range: 1005km
Load: 381kg b,t,msl.
R-4 Sikorsky R-4 Hoverfly
Sikorsky VS-316. First operational helicopter
used by the USAAF, the R-4 was a development of the
VS-300. A few saw service in WWII. 130 built.
Type: YR-4B
Year: 1943 Crew: 2 Engines: 1 * 147kW Warner R-550-3
Speed: 131km/h Ceiling: 2440m Range: 370km
Load: 150kg
H-5 Hiller OH-5
The OH-5 was designed as a light observation helicopter for the
Army. Lost the competition.
Type: OH-5A
Year: Crew: Engines:
Speed: Ceiling: Range:
Load:
HO5S Sikorsky HO5S
Type: HO5S
Year: Crew: Engines: 1 * 180kW Franklin
Speed: Ceiling: Range:
Load:
R-5 Sikorsky R-5
Two-seat observation helicopter.
Type: R-5A
Year: Crew: 2 Engines: 1 * 450hp P&W R-985-AN-1
Speed: 144km/h Ceiling: Range:
Load: up to four litters, carried externally.
H-6 Hughes H-6
A small and agile helicopter with a distictive teardrop shape.
The OH-6 Cayuse was US Army in Vietnam for observation duties.
Also known as the 'Loach'. The AH-6 and MH-6 versions are
known as 'Defender'; only 20 or so of these are in service
with special units.
Type: OH-6A
Year: Crew: 1 Engines: 1 * 186kW Allison T63-A-5
Speed: 274km/h Ceiling: 4800m Range: 610km
Load:
R-6 Sikorsky R-6
Type: R-6A
Year: Crew: 2 Engines: 1 * 245hp Franklin O-405-9
Speed: Ceiling: Range:
Load: two litters, carried externally.
H-12 Hiller UH-12
Deliveries of the light UH-12 helicopter were resumed in 1986.
Type: UH-12
Year: Crew: 1 Engines: 1 * 228kW Lycoming VO-540
Speed: 154km/h Ceiling: 4940m Range: 676km/h
Load: 2 seats
H-13 Bell OH-13
Bell model 47. The model 47 was the first certified civil helicopter;
the OH-13 model proved the military usefulness of the helicopter
in the Korean war.
Type:
Year: Crew: Engines:
Speed: Ceiling: Range:
Load:
H-17 Kellet-Hughes XH-17
One built. At 19960kg, the XH-17 was more than twice as heavy
than any contemporary helicopter. It was a 'skycrane', with four long
long legs that aneblad it to manoeuvre itself above bulky cargoes.
Type: XH-17
Year: 1952 Crew: 2 Engines: 1 * G.E. J35
Speed: Ceiling: Range: 65km
Load:
H-19 Sikorsky UH-19
Sikorsky S.55. The H-19 had a radial engine fitted in the bulbous
nose, and a box-like fuselage with the cocpit on top.
Type: UH-19B
Year: Crew: Engines:
Speed: Ceiling: Range: 720km
Load:
H-20 Hughes XH-20 Little Henry
One built. The XH-20 was powered by ramjets at the rotor tips. It was
no more than a steel tube frame with an open seat for the pilot,
a rudder and fuel tanks.
Type: 1947
Year: Crew: 1 Engines: 2 *
Speed: Ceiling: Range:
Load:
H-21 Boeing-Vertol H-21 Work Horse
USAF version of the HRP-2.
Type: H-21C
Year: 1952 Crew: 2 Engines: 1 * 1050kW Wright R-1820-103
Speed: 190km/h Ceiling: Range: 480km
Load:
H-23 Hiller H-23 Raven
Version of the H-12.
Type: H-23D
Year: 1946 Crew: 2 Engines: 1 * 180kW Lycoming VO-435-A1C
Speed: 150km/h Ceiling: 4020m Range: 320km
Load: 2 seats
H-25 Boeing-Vertol H-25
version of the H-21.
Type: HH-25
Year: Crew: Engines:
Speed: Ceiling: Range:
Load:
H-26 American Helicopter H-26 Jet Jeep
Type: XH-26
Year: Crew: 1 Engines: 2 * 16kg
Speed: 130km/h Ceiling: Range: 170km
Load:
H-28 Hughes H-28
Project only. Development of the XH-17. Designed maximum weight was
47627kg
Type: XH-28
Year: Crew: Engines:
Speed: Ceiling: Range:
Load:
H-28 Enstrom TH-28
A modified model 280 trainer for the US Army, intended to replace
the UH-1 in the training role. The Bell 206B JetRanger III was chosen
instead.
Type: TH-28
Year: 1988 Crew: Engines: 1 * 313kW Allison 250-C20B
Speed: Ceiling: Range:
Load:
H-32 Hiller H-32
Only 17 built. Prototype flew in 1952. The H-32 had a small
engine to bring the rotor to speed; then small ramjets at the
tips of the two-bladed rotor were ignited.
Type: YH-32
Year: Crew: Engines: 1 * kW
2 * kN
Speed: 130km/h Ceiling: Range:
Load:
H-34 Sikorsky H-34
The Sikorsky S-58 was a very succesfull general-duty
helicopter. The radial engine was fitted in the
nose as in the S-55, but the fusega was more streamlined.
2261 were built.
Type: UH-34D
Year: 1955 Crew: 2 Engines: 1 * 1120kW Wright R-1820
Speed: 200km/h Ceiling: 3660m Range: 400km
Load: 18 seats
H-37 Sikorsky H-37
Type: CH-37A
Year: 1955 Crew: 3 Engines: 2 * 1545kW P&W R-2800
Speed: 210km/h Ceiling: 2650m Range: 320km
Load: 33 seats
H-40 Bell XH-40
Renamed H-1.
H-43 Kaman H-43 Huskie
The HH-43, with its intermeshing twin rotors, was the
standard rescue helicopter at USAF airfields.
Type: HH-43B
Year: 1958 Crew: 2 Engines: 1 * 640kW Lycoming T53
Speed: Ceiling: Range:
Load:
H-46 Boeing-Vertol H-46 Sea Knight
In service as UH-46 and CH-46 transport and HH-46 rescue helicopter
with the USN and the USMC. Very similar to the CH-47 in
general layout.
Type: CH-46A
Year: 1946 Crew: Engines: 2 * kW G.E. T58
Speed: Ceiling: Range:
Load: 25 seats
H-47 Boeing-Vertol H-47 Chinook
The standard US Army medium transport helicopter. A 'banana'
design with fore and aft rotors, and a loading ramp in the tail. Large
underslung loads are also carried, e.g. large guns or downed
aircraft. There is also an MH-47 version for the special forces.
Type: CH-47C
Year: 1968 Crew: 2 Engines: 2 * 2760kW Lycoming T55-L-11C
Speed: 300km/h Ceiling: 3100m Range: 2140km
Load: 8440kg (internal), 10528kg (max), 33 seats
H-48 Bell H-48
Model 204B, used as 'missile site support' helicopter.
H-50 H-50 Gyrodyne
An unmanned ASW helicopter, built in 1960. The USN bought more than
300. The Gyrodyne carried two torpedos.
Type: QH-50
Year: Crew: Engines: 1 * 270hp Boeing T-50
Speed: 150km/h Ceiling: Range:
Load:
H-51 Lockheed H-51
Three built. The H-51 set a few records. The XH-51 was a
compound-heli, i.e. with an additional jet engine on a stub wing.
Type: XH-51N
Year: 1962 Crew: Engines: 1 * P&W C T74
1 * 1180kg P&W
Speed: 437km/h Ceiling: Range:
Load:
H-52 Sikorksy H-52
Type: HH-52A
Year: Crew: Engines: 1 * 920kW
Speed: Ceiling: Range:
Load:
H-53 Sikorsky H-53
The most powerful western heli. Easely recognized
by its boxlike fuselage, large sponsons and inclined tail rotor
pylon. The CH-53 Stallion is a transport; the MH-53 Sea Dragon and
the MH-53 are used for minesweeping, the HH-53 Super Jolly Green
Giant is a rescue helicopter.
Type: CH-53E
Year: 1975 Crew: 3 Engines: 3 * 3266kW G.E. T64-GE-416
Speed: 315km/h Ceiling: 5640m Range: 2075km
Load: 55 seats, max. 16330kg
H-54 Sikorsky CH-54 Tarhe
This is the typical S-64 'Skycrane' helicopter, with a thin
flatbottomed fuselage on high wheels, to carry a container.
The CH-54 was also used in Vietnam to retrieve 380 downed aircraft.
Type: CH-54
Year: 1964 Crew: 3 Engines: 2 * 3310kW P&W JTD12-4A
Speed: 200km/h Ceiling: 4000m Range: 410km
Load: 9100kg
H-55 Hughes H-55
Type: TH-55
Year: Crew: Engines:
Speed: Ceiling: Range:
Load:
H-56 Lockheed AH-56 Cheyenne
The complicated AH-56 anti-tank heli was rejected. Only 11 were
built, and the procurement of a new attack heli was postponed
until the AH-64 came available. The AH-56 had an additional
pusher prop on the tail.
Type: AH-56A
Year: 1967 Crew: 2 Engines: 1 * 2528kW G.E. T64-GE-16
Speed: 410km/h Ceiling: 8000m Range: 1400km
Load: 1 * g30mm, 1 * mg7.62mm, 900kg b,r,msl
H-58 Bell OH-58 Kiowa
Standard US Army scout helicopter, developed from the
model 206 JetRanger. The OH-58D was selected to replace the
earlier OH-58A. There is also an armed version, unofficially
known as the AH-58 Warrior.
Type: OH-58A
Year: 1969 Crew: 2 Engines: 1 * 237kW Allison T63-A-700
Speed: 220km/h Ceiling: 5760m Range: 490km
Load: 2 seats, 1*mg7.62mm
H-59 Sikorsky H-59
Two built. The XH-59A was built to test the ABC rotor system,
consisting of two three-blade, coaxial counter-rotating rotors.
Type: XH-59A
Year: 1973 Crew: 2 Engines: 1 * P&W C PT6T-3
Speed: 196km/h Ceiling: Range:
Load:
H-60 Sikorsky H-60
The H-60 was developed top replace the UH-1 as tactical transport
helicopter. It has been developed into a wide range of models,
including the UH-60 Black Hawk, EH-60, MH-60 Pave Hawk,
VH-60, SH-60 Seahawk, and HH-60 Jayhawk.
Type: UH-60A
Year: 1980 Crew: 3 Engines: 2 * 1130kW G.E. T700-G-700
Speed: 296km/h Ceiling: 5790m Range: 600km
Load: 11 seats, 4500kg on external hardpoints.
H-61 Boeing-Vertol H-61
Boeing design competing with the UH-60. Three built.
Type: YUH-61
Year: 1975 Crew: Engines: 2 * 1130kW G.E. T700
Speed: Ceiling: Range:
Load: 11 seats, 4500kg
H-62 Boeing H-62
Heavy-lift helicopter. Cancelled.
Type: XCH-62
Year: Crew: Engines: 3 * 5945kW Allison T701
Speed: Ceiling: Range:
Load:
H-63 Bell H-63
The YAH-63 attack heli lost the competition with the AH-64.
Type: YAH-63
Year: Crew: 2 Engines: 2 * 1130kW G.E. T700
Speed: Ceiling: Range:
Load: 1 * g30mm, b,r,msl
H-64 Hughes H-64 Apache
Attack helicopter now in service with the US Army. The Apache
is armed with the M230 Chain Gun and up to sixteen AGM-114 Hellfire
anti-tank missiles.
Type: AH-64A
Year: 1986 Crew: 2 Engines: 2 * 1265kW G.E. T700-GE-701
Speed: 296km/h Ceiling: 6400m Range: 1700km
Load: 1 * g30mm, 701kg msl,r
H-65 Aerospatiale HH-65 Dauphin
The US Coast Guard selected the Aerospatiale SA366 Dauphin 2 for
its requirement for a short-range rescue helicopter. Basically
similar to the SA365, the HH-65 uses 60% US equipment.
Type: HH-65
Year: 1982 Crew: 3 Engines: 2 * 507kW Textron Lycoming LTS101-750A-1
Speed: 257km/h Ceiling: Range: 760km
Load:
H-66 Boeing-Sikorsky RAH-66 Comanche
The new recce/attack helicopter of the US Army, selected under the
LHX program.
H-67 Bell TH-67 Creek
Bell model 206B JetRanger III, selected by the US Army for its
training programme.
Type:
Year: Crew: Engines:
Speed: Ceiling: Range:
Load:
H-76 Sikorsky H-76
Type:
Year: Crew: Engines:
Speed: Ceiling: Range:
Load:
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