(b. Jan. 14, 1841, Bourges, Fr.--d. March 2, 1895, Paris)
French painter and printmaker. The first woman to join the circle of the French impressionist painters, she exhibited in all but one of their shows, and, despite the protests of friends and family, continued to participate in their struggle for recognition.
Born into a family of wealth and culture, Morisot received the
conventional lessons in drawing and painting. She went firmly against
convention, however, in choosing to take these pursuits seriously and make
them her life's work. Having studied for a time under Camille Corot, she
later began her long friendship with
Edouard Manet, who became her
brother-in-law in 1874 and was the most important single influence on the
development of her style. Unlike most of the other impressionists, who were
then intensely engaged in optical experiments with color, Morisot and Manet
agreed on a more conservative approach, confining their use of color to a
naturalistic framework. Morisot, however, did encourage Manet to adopt the
impressionists' high-keyed palette and to abandon the use of black. Her own
carefully composed, brightly hued canvases are often studies of women,
either out-of-doors or in domestic settings. Morisot and American artist
are generally considered the most important women painters of
the later 19th century.
Un village (Le village de Maurecourt)
Pastel on paper (160 Kb), 47 x 72 cm (18 1/2 x 28 1/4"); Private collection, New York
Study: At the Water's Edge
1864; Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Fred Schoneman
one of the few early paintings of hers around.
The Artist's Sister at a Window
1869; National Gallery of Art, Washington
Also referred as "Young Woman Seated at a Window" or "Portrait of Edma Pontillon", the subject is Berthe Morisot's sister Edma.
Marine (The Harbor at Lorient)
1869 (130 Kb); Oil on canvas, 43.5 x 73 cm (17 1/2 x 28 3/4"); National Gallery of Art, Washington
La lecture (Reading: The Mother and Sister Edma of the Artist)
1869-70 (100 Kb); Oil on canvas, 101 x 81.8 cm (39 3/4 x 32 1/4"); National Gallery of Art, Washington; painting retouched by Manet
On the Balcony
1871-72; private collection.
The identity of the models is disputed.
Le berceau (The Cradle)
1872 (150 Kb); Oil on canvas, 56 x 46 cm (22 x 18"); Musee d'Orsay, Paris
The models are her sister Edma and Edma's daughter Blanche.
1873 (150 Kb); Oil on canvas, 45 x 55 cm (17 3/4 x 21 5/8"); Collection Mrs. John Hay Whitney, New York
The models are Berthe Morisot's sister Edma and Edma's daughter Jeanne.
Portrait de Mademoiselle M.T. (Young Girl with a Parrot)
c. 1873 (150 Kb); Pastel on paper, 60 x 49.5 cm (23 5/8 x 19 3/8"); Private collection, New York
1874; Musée d'Orsay, Paris
The models are Edma and her children.
In a Park
1874; also known as "On the Grass"; Petit Palais, Paris
Edma and her children.
Eugène Manet on the Isle of Wight
1875; Private Collection
Eugène Manet, the artist's husband.
Figure of a Woman (Before the Theater)
1875-76; Galerie Schröder und Leisewitz, Kunsthandel, Bremen, Germany
1876; "The Cheval Glass"; Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection, Lugano, Switzerland
Portrait of Marcel Gobillard (Little Boy in Gray)
1880; private collection in Geneva.
The model is Mme Morisot's nephew.
Peasant Hanging out the Washing
1881 (170 Kb); Oil on canvas, 46 x 67 cm (18 x 26 1/4"); Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen
Little Girl with a Doll
1884; private collection
The Bath (Girl Arranging Her Hair)
1885-86; Sterling and Francine Church Art Institute, Williamstown, Massachusetts, USA.
The model is Isabelle Lambert.
Little Girl Reading
1888; Museum of Fine Arts, St. Petersburg, Florida, USA.
The model is Jeanne Bonnet.
Julie Manet et son Lévrier Laerte
1893; Musée Marmottan, Paris.
1894; "Julie Daydreaming"; Private collection
the model is her daughter Julie.