Re: many

Carl W. Conrad (
Tue, 12 Nov 1996 18:35:27 -0600

At 5:09 PM -0600 11/12/96, Mikael Persson wrote:
>Is there any connection between the two occurrences of "the many"
>(OI POLLOI) in Rom 5:19, implying that the latter ones are the same as
>the first ones? Or is it just contrasting the singularity in "of the
>one" (TOU EVOS)?
>Mikael Persson

I would say that Paul here is rhetorically underscoring his parallelism of
the consequences of the action of the ONE (Adam, Christ) for the great
majority o humanity (Adam's heirs = sinful humanity, Christ's heirs =
believers made righteous by faith). So it is not just hOI POLLOI that is
emphasized by repetition, but also TOU hENOS, and the rhetoric is further
enhanced by the word-play of the two verbal nouns upon which TOU hENOS
depends in the two clauses: PARAKOHS and hUPOKOHS--as well as by the
repetition of the same verb in different forms with the two occurrences of

Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University
One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO, USA 63130
(314) 935-4018 OR