Re: Romans 12:9-19 Imperatival participles

Jonathan Robie (
Mon, 23 Dec 1996 12:42:24 -0500

At 11:50 AM 12/23/96 EST, James H. Vellenga wrote:

>Let me second Jonathan's question. My observation is that it's
>possible to regard these participles as participles if you don't
>insist on treating them as complete sentences. One ought not to
>be surprised that Greek, like other languages, contains constructs
>that aren't "legal" sentences (in English, at least, we call them
>sentence fragments). Thus, in Rom 12, for example, one could
>read in part
> ... the compassionate, in cheerfulness; the love, without
> hypocrisy--hating the sordid, clinging to the good, cherishing
> one another with the affection of brothers [and sisters], ....
>This way you get an implicit imperative without a real one.
>Could the same be happening in the Greek?

Interpreted this way, it seems to be painting a picture of the life to which
we are called rather than issuing a series of commands to live this
particular way.


Jonathan Robie
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