Re: metrical triplet form

On Fri, 28 Oct 1994 GTCOTR@aol.com wrote:

> I have read somewhere that Eph. 5:14 in Gk. is in "metrical triplet form."
> Would someone care to comment on it's structure, and perhaps how the metrical
> triplet is identified.  (Please pardon my ignorance.)
> I am also curious as to the similiarity or lack thereof to 1 Tim. 3:16, and
> the suggestion that one or both may have been at one time songs?
> Kenneth Bent
> gtcotr@aol.com 

I don't think there's anything more complicated in this than that the 
verse is in three clauses, each of which is one "colon" of a three-part 
structure;the structure is clearly evident in the text as printed in UBS4:

     Egeire ho katheudwn,
       kai anasta ek twn nekrwn,
     kai epiphausei soi ho Xristos.

The first two cola are parallel in structure to the extent that each 
begins with an imperative; they are also parallel in that they say 
precisely the same thing in different phrasing; the third colon states 
the consequence. This is not really a native Greek poetic structure but 
rather is a common Hebrew and ancient Near Eastern poetic structure.

Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University
One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO 63130, USA
(314) 935-4018
cwconrad@artsci.wustl.edu  OR cwc@oui.com