Date: Thu Sep 28 1995 - 12:47:53 EDT
On 09-28, Larry Swain writes:
<<On the Granville Sharp rule, I am wondering what the rule is for clauses,
is there anything beyond how one reads the context to determine if 2
subordinate, predicate clauses joined by kai/ are referrents to the same,
or stand independantly.>>
I should have sent this to everyone, I just sent it to Conrad alone. But if
you wish to study the Granville Sharp rule further, here are some places to
You can study the Granville-Sharp rule in Dana & Mantey's volume called "A
Manual Grammar of the Greek New Testament" published by Macmillan, the latest
printing I have is 1990. See page 147 where he says:
(1) With Nouns connected by 'kai' The following rule by Granville Sharp of
a century back still proves to be true: "When the copulative kai connects two
nouns of the same case, if the article 'ho' or any of its cases precedes the
first of the said nouns or participles, and is not repeated before the second
noun or participle, the latter always relates to the same person that is
expressed or described by the first noun or participle; i.e., it denotes a
farther description of the first-named person."
A.T. Robertson discusses this practice in his "Grammar of the Greek New
Testament in the Light of Historical Research," pp. 785-786. When the
persons are to be distinguished, the article is repeated before the second
noun or participle (pp. 786-787).
Dana and Mantey give the example of 2 Peter 2:20: " tou kuriou kai soteros
Iesou Christou." where Lord and Saviour refer to the same person. See
Titus 2:13 and 2 Peter 1:1 where it is significant in identifying Jesus
Christ Christ with God. Jesus is our great God and Savior.
Grace to you,
Logos Bible Institute
13248 Roscoe Blvd.
Sun Valley, CA 91352
This archive was generated by hypermail 2.1.4 : Sat Apr 20 2002 - 15:37:28 EDT