Re: OTI in Eph. 2:18

From: James H. Vellenga (
Date: Thu Aug 01 1996 - 08:32:42 EDT

> At 3:01 PM -0400 7/31/96, L. Mark Bruffey wrote:
> >Is it possible that in Eph. 2:18 OTI is to be understood emphatically,
> >rather than as a causal subordinator or relative? Can anyone cite for me
> >several examples of OTI in such a usage, both from biblical texts and from
> >non-biblical hellenistic texts?
And Carl W. Conrad replied:
> As I have no resources ready to hand for extra-biblical Greek in my
> mountain hideaway, I can't cite such instances. I am, however, one of those
> who think Ephesians is stylistically different from the undisputably
> Pauline letters in several ways. I think that hOTI is indeed emphatic here,
> but I would not be inclined to argue that it is extraordinary. Had DI'
> AUTOU GAR EXOMEN ... been written instead of hOTI DI' AUTOU EXOMEN ... the
> essential sense would not be significantly different but the rhetorical
> emphasis would be weaker. I think hOTI is emphatic enough here that it
> would be appropriate to translate this verse as: "The reason is that ... "

Is it also possible to treat hOTI as introducing a clause that is
apposition with "peace," as in

  ... he preached peace to you [who are] far off and to the ones
  [who are] near: that through him we both have access to the Father
  by means of one Spirit.

-- that is, that our "having access in common" is what constitutes peace
(with each other and with God), and is the essence of his preaching?


James H. Vellenga |
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