Re: Perfect and Subjunctive/Future

From: Carlton L. Winbery (
Date: Fri Sep 06 1996 - 13:40:41 EDT

akio itou wrote;
>I have two questions to ask. In fact, one of my students asked me, but I do
>not think I have answered him adequately.
>Believe it or not, one of them concerns the perfect tense. What is the
>exact force of the perfect tense *elhluquian* in Mk 9:1. Matthew has a
>present participle *ercomenon*, whch refers to 'the son of man', not the
>kingdom. I do not think that this category did not come up in the recent
>discussion of perfect.

*elhluquian* is the perfect active participle modifying BASILEIAN. It
asserts that "they will see the Kingdom having come (present) in power."
The participle like and verbal adjective describes the Kingdom which they
see as present.

>The other is *apolesei* in Mk 8:35. Am I supposed to take this a variant
>form of subjunctive, or a case of the indicative future fomr used for a
>subjuctive? What are opinions of those eminent Greek scholars?
*apolesei* appears to me as a prediction, "he will destroy it (his life).
The subjunctive is QELHi used with the particle EAN. This construction is
part of an indefinite relative clause, "Whoever wishes to save his live".
This relative clause serves as the subject of the future verb APOLESEI.

Carlton L. Winbery
Prof. NT & Greek La College

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