Re: accents

From: Paul F. Evans (
Date: Mon Feb 10 1997 - 16:06:03 EST

<html><html><head></head><BODY bgcolor="#FFFFFF"><p><font size=2 color="#000000" face="Arial">Carl,<br><br>I would like to demonstrate my usual knack for the &quot;basic&quot; and elementary question. &nbsp;In the recent discussion of accents, it has been observed, and I am well aware of the fact, that accents were not original to the text (NT in particular). &nbsp;Where do they come from, and by what system were they put into place? &nbsp;And if they do, in some instances, make a material difference to meaning, surely where the meaning is ambiguous in the first place, or a textual variant disputed, accents cannot be the determiners?<br> &nbsp;<br>Paul F. Evans<br>Pastor<br>Thunder Swamp Pentecostal Holiness Church<br>Mount Olive, NC<br><br>&quot;Endeavouring to make use of NT Greek in a real life ministry!&quot; <br><br>----------<br>From: Carl W. Conrad &lt;<font color="#0000FF"><u></u><font color="#000000">&gt;<br>To: Andrew Kulikovsky &lt;<font color="#0000FF"><u>anku@celsiustech</u><font color="#000000">&gt;<br>Cc: '<font color="#0000FF"><u></u><font color="#000000">'<br>Subject: Re: accents<br>Date: Monday, February 10, 1997 7:13 AM<br><br>At 11:52 PM -0600 2/9/97, Andrew Kulikovsky wrote:<br>&gt;Fellow Greeks,<br>&gt;<br>&gt;Do Greek accents have any semantic meaning or modify the meaning of<br>&gt;Greek words in any way?<br>&gt;<br>&gt;I remember someone telling me that accents on the last letter of certain<br>&gt;pronouns indicate interrogation (or something like that anyway). Is this<br>&gt;correct?<br><br>I don't know whether a linguist would be inclined to say that accents have<br>semantic meanings by themselves, but I think it would have to be said that<br>they are markers often differentiating otherwise identical morphemes, as in<br>the instance of the indefinite TIS (unaccented enclitic) and interrogative<br>TI/S (accented and tending toward the early part of a clause if not even<br>the initial position). Similarly in personal pronouns, the form
s EMOI\ and<br>SOI\ are marked and emphatic (and tend to precede the verb governing them)<br>as opposed to the unaccented enclitic forms MOI and SOI. E.g.:<br><br>&#009;EIPE/ MOI &nbsp;&quot;Tell me, ... &quot;<br>&#009;EMOI\ EIPE/ &nbsp;&quot;Tell ME (not someone else), ... &quot;<br><br>&#009;ANH/R TIS &nbsp;&quot;some fellow,&quot; &quot;a certain fellow&quot;<br>&#009;TI/S ANH/R? &quot;what fellow?&quot;<br><br>At any rate there are some significant differences between words otherwise<br>alike in apparent &quot;spelling&quot;--but you must realize that spelling usually is<br>inexact. The accent indicates an essential aspect of the word's<br>pronunciation/sounding that makes it a different word from that pronounced<br>without it or with an accent of a different kind or on a different syllable.<br><br><br>Carl W. Conrad<br>Department of Classics, Washington University<br>One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO, USA 63130<br>(314) 935-4018<br><font color="#0000FF"><u></u><font color="#00
0000"> &nbsp;OR <font color="#0000FF"><u></u><font color="#000000"><br>WWW: <font color="#0000FF"><u>><font color="#000000"><br><br><br>----------<br><br></p>

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