OU MH . . .

From: Tom Launder (ae298@lafn.org)
Date: Fri Apr 11 1997 - 20:59:03 EDT

> OU MH KRIQHTE back in Luke 6:37 is important because it follows the
> conventions of a different mood, the dependent subjunctive (prohibitory
> and hortatory subjunctives, however, must be analyzed alongside
> imperatives). In imperatival constructions, there are no construction
> demands--they are independent uses--but in the case of OU MH, the aorist
> subjunctive was *required* by grammatical convention (rarely the present
> subjunctive, but not in the NT; or the rare future indicative) was
> *required* (OU MH is followed by the aorist subjunctive 85 times in the
> NT; never by the present subjunctive). Hence, the tense form of KRIQHTE
> is the "default" form (the one every Greek speaker at the time expected
> as right and proper--linguists call this the "unmarked" form). The
> aorist in KRIQHTE carries minimal to no semantic information, so that
> the lexical idea is communicated "simply" (Tom--if I haven't bored you
> away already!--the "ingressive" notion would be rare in this
> construction, and impossible with this verb, requiring a stative
> notion). This means that it is "aoristos"--a simple statement that
> judgment will not occur with no further elaboration.

Ok, if I understand everything correctly here then the aorist
subjunctive is "default" when coupled with OU MH. But then I figure
that I do not understand the significance of OU MH. Wallace states,
"This is the strongest way to negative something in Greek. . . OU MH +
the subjuctive denies a *potentiality*. . . OU MH rules out event the
idea as being a possibility" (Wallace, Greek Grammar Beyond The Basics,

So how does this relate to the OU MH KRIQHTE? Is there an idea here of
the impossibility of one experiencing judgement? Or is this reading too
much into the OU MH? Does context weaken or strengthen OU MH?

For the stative idea. . .does that mean that the verb KRIQHTE is one
that does not have a continual idea built into it? To judge is
traditionally a one time event like to die? I guess I really don't get
it kinda. :)

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