Re: Heb 1:1-2

From: Carlton Winbery (
Date: Wed Jun 18 1997 - 11:43:36 EDT

Wayne Heidler wrote;
>I have a question on diagramming Hebrews 1:1-2 (or at least I believe it is
>diagramming in nature).
>1. The first words: POLUMERWS KAI POLUTROPWS. I know that they are both
>adverbs and used a total of one time each in the NT. My question is, is
>this an adverbial phrase and if so what could the possible syntax be.
>2. Verse 2 starts with the prep. EP'. Again, I think this is the start of
>a clause, possibly an Adverbial Gen. of time. But where would the end be?
>This is strictly for my own education. I am trying to work my way through
>Hebrews and discover or use what I had learned as much as I can. I have
>also been studying Mounce's grammar, along with Brooks and Winbery *Syntax
>of the NT Greek*. But it is slow going.
The subject and verb of the main clause is hO THEOS . . . ELALHSEN . . ..
As is often done, an adverbial (temporal) participle is used to form a
contrast with the main verb, i.e., LALHSAS. The sentence begins in Greek
with three adverbs, "in many times and in many ways in olden times . . ."
These adverbs describe the action of the participle clause. A
prepositional phrase is used adverbially to modify the main verb, "in these
last days." Means is indicated for the participle by "by the prophets"
(some say agency). The contrast is complete by comparing that with the
means of the main verb, "by (the) Son." The other parts are two indirect
objects, of the participle - "to (our) fathers", and for the main verb, "to
us." So in a diagram put the adverbs under the participle, the prep phrase
(EPI ESC.) under the main verb; the agents under the appropriate verb
forms; and the indirect objects in the appropriate place; the subject/verb
on the sentence line and you got it.

Carlton L. Winbery
114 Beall St.
Pineville, LA 71360
Fax (318) 442-4996
Phone 318 487-7241 Home 448-6103

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