Re: Romans 12:15 -- anarthrous participles

From: Ben Crick (
Date: Tue Aug 26 1997 - 12:24:22 EDT

On Mon 25 Aug 97 (22:58:08), wrote:
> Well, one distinctive feature of this verse is the infinitive used with
> imperative force, which Robertson calls an "absolute infinitive". I
> guess it is similar to English phrases like "smoking prohibited", though
> "smoking" is not an infinitive. German has similar form that does use an
> infinitive, e.g. "Rauchen verboten", "Betreten verboten".

 The German syntax is clear; –(Das) Rauchen (ist) verboten•. The infinitive is
 used as an anarthrous verbal noun, with present tense of "to be" understood.

 Perhaps Robertson is thinking of the Hebrew Infinitive Absolute construction.
 The Inf. Abs. is a verbal noun, corresponding to the English -ing ending:
 "Smoking (is) forbidden"; "seeing is believing". In my Greek example, TO ZHN
 CRISTOS KAI TO APOQANEIN KERDOS "Living is Christ; dying is gain" (Philippians
 It is also used to give emphasis, as in /KiY-BaReKh 'aBaReKKa/ (Genesis
 22:17); EI MHN *EULOGWN EULOGHSW* SE (LXX & Hebrews 6:14): where the Greek
 participle is used.

 The Infinitive Construct with the preposition /L-/ expresses the English
 infinitive with the preposition "to ": /LiShMoR/ to keep; /LiMShoL/ to reign;

 Revd Ben Crick, BA Bristol, 1963 (hons in Theology)
 232 Canterbury Road, Birchington, Kent, CT7 9TD (UK)

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