From: Edgar Foster (email@example.com)
Date: Mon May 04 1998 - 20:07:58 EDT
On pages 132-133 of the New American Commentary (the book of Acts),
John B. Polhill provides a lucid rationale for the NIV rendering of
In short, Polhill says that "the Greek is complex and somewhat
obscure, but the NIV probably renders it as clearly as it can be by
separating it into two parallel statements."
As for the question of whose faith healed the man in Acts 3, Polhill
writes that Luke intentionally left it open. He does say, however,
that the apostles had faith which antedated the man's healing; the
restored man was unequivocally filled with faith after the miracle.
The NA Commentary is published by Broadman Press: Nashville, TN. The
copyright year on Polhill's commentary is 1992.
---"Paul S. Dixon" wrote:
> On Mon, 4 May 1998 05:51:43 -0500 "Carl W. Conrad"
> <firstname.lastname@example.org> writes:
> >At 10:34 PM -0500 5/3/98, Paul S. Dixon wrote:
> >>I am at a loss as to understanding the justification for the NIV
> >>translation of Acts 3:16a. It reads:
> >> By faith in the name of Jesus, this man whom you see
> >> and know was made strong.
> >>The Greek has:
> >> KAI EPI THi PISTEI TOU ONOMATOS AUTOU TOUTON
> >> hON QEWREITE KAI OIDATE, ESTEREWSEN TO ONOMA
> >> AUTOU,
> >>First of all, it apparently takes the masculine accusative TOUTON as
> >>subject of the sentence. Secondly, it renders the active
> >>as a passive, "was made strong."
> >>Most translations take TO ONOMA AUTOU as the subject and render the
> >>active voice actively. Just wondering where the NIV translators get
> >>their translation. Does "dynamic equivalency" have this much
> >Paul, as I read it, the translator is not taking TOUTON as the
> >ESTEREWSEN at all, but simply transforming the structure of the
> >that the active construction with the order O-V-S becomes in the
> >English a passive construction with the order S-V-Agent. The
> >been altered, nor would I really consider this a "dynamic
> >version. (Actually, this is a translation strategy that I suggest
> >students for preserving the word-order of the original; when the
> >object comes first in its clause and the subject last: translate the
> >as subject, make the verb passive, and convert the subject into an
> >One might argue (and I think that is the point of Mike Beazley's
> >to your message) that this alters the meaning, but I don't really
> >so; sometimes the word-order is as powerful and communicative as the
> >phrasing itself, and I believe that is the case here; one thing to
> remember is
> >that inthe Greek the beginning is one place of powerful emphasis
> >end is another. This sentence, however, also makes a powerful
> >the object by making it a demonstrative and qualifying it with a
> >relative clause; note also that the concluding phrase, TO ONOMA
> >reiterates the opening formula, EPI THi PISTEI TOU ONOMATOS AUTOU.
> >order to convey the full rhetorical force of the original, I'd make
> >translation even stronger:
> > "And it is on the basis of faith in him that this very man
> >whom you see and know has been made strong: it was His name that did
> >But of course, even if that's the real sense of the original Greek,
> >probably wouldn't be acceptable to any translation committee that
> >more important to reproduce the FORM of the original than the
> That was helpful. Thanks, Carl. This apparently explains the NIV
> thinking. The word order of the Greek is often lost in the
> So, we are somewhere between wanting to retain the word order
> retaining the CONTENT. How about something like this?
> "and on the basis of faith in His name, this one, whom you
> see and know, His name has made strong."
> A little awkward, perhaps, but true to the content and form, and
> Paul Dixon
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