Re: PRWTH in Lk 2:2

Date: Mon Sep 28 1998 - 09:20:59 EDT

Denny Diehl here

I retrieved my copy of Turner's Grammar and will note
his comments.

>> "Luke 2:2, which mentions Quirinius in
>> connexion with an earlier census, is best
>> translated: "This enrollment was before
>> that made when Quirinius was governor
>> of Syria." (cf. N. Turner, Grammatical
>> Insights Into The Greek New Testament
>> [ Edinburgh, 1966 ], pp. 23f).

>I hope that someone will go beyond offering us this translation as
>and explain to us, whether from Turner's Grammatical Insights into the
>Greek New Testament, or elsewhere, just what the justification for
>this translation on the basis of the Greek text might be.

The above reference to Nigel Turner's A Grammar Of New Testament
Greek, Vol III Syntax will be found on page 32 in the section The
Comparison Of Adjectives And Adverbs. I will quote him as follows:

        "8. Superlative for Comparative

        "To complete the picture, PRWTOS and ESCATOS must
        be mentioned here. PRWTOS = PROTEROS ... Mt 27.64
        ELDER, Jn 1:15, 30 SUPERIOR TO OR BEFORE ME,
        15:18 BEFORE US. PRWTOS meaning FORMER and
        ESCATOS meaning LATTER occur in Mt 27:64. Thus
        PRWTOS in Ac 1:1 is ambiguous: either Luke is guilty of
        a popular Hellenistic mannerism or he intended to write
        three volumes. Similarly difficult is Lk 2:2 hAUTH hH
        APOGRAFH PRWTH. It is the first census of a series
        (if class. Greek); or first of two (if Hellenistic). And if
        Hellenistic it could mean either the first census of the two
        made by Quirinius, or the census before the (greater)
        census made by Quirinius"

Carl, your comments please. All the best.

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