Fwd: Re: Jerome's translation

From: Carl W. Conrad (cwconrad@artsci.wustl.edu)
Date: Mon Nov 02 1998 - 16:54:49 EST

<x-flowed>I am forwarding herewith to B-Greek a message sent yesterday to the
Classics list in response to the below-noted question. I thought it might
be interesting to at least some B-Greekers, especially as occasional
questions regarding Latin ways of turning Greek usages have been raised on
the list. I have asked and received Signore Stupazzini's permission to
forward this message.

>Date: Sun, 01 Nov 1998 22:09:20 +0100
>From: Luciano Stupazzini <stps30k1@bo.nettuno.it>
>To: classics@u.washington.edu
>Subject: Re: Jerome's translation
>Mime-Version: 1.0
>At 20.05 26/10/98 +0200, Rev. Marius David Cruceru wrote:
>>Dear List,
>>Can someone help me to find something about Jerome's translation of aorist
>>tense in Latin? I am referring at papers, dissertations or other materials.
>>I suppose that is a lot of material about Jerome's phenomenal intuition in
>>the process of translating Bible in Latin.
>I can't refer you to any paper or dissertation. Being however interested in
>finding some way to explain the aorist tense to my students, I found what I
>think are good examples from Jerome's translation of Mark 1.30-34 and 6.1-2.
>In my opinion Jerome perfectly undesrtood what the aorist tense means and
>what is the difference between aorist and imperfect tense; therefore his
>latin translation is always very good.
>Mark 1.30:
>Jerome says: "Decumbebat ( kate/keito ) autem socrus Simonis febricitans:
>et statim dicunt ei de illa. Et accedens ( proselqw\n ) elevavit (
>)/hgeiren ) eam, apprehensa ( krath/saj ) manu eius: et continuo dimisit (
>)afh=ken ) eam febris et ministrabat ( dihko/nei ) eis." etc.
>Jerome translated "afh=ken" as "continuo dimisit" because, I think, he
>perferctly undestood the meaning of the aorist tense. As to the present
>participle "accedens", where Mark uses an aorist participle, I think Jerome
>prefers to give a word by word correspondance to the Greek text rather than
>to express that the action was completed before ("cum accessisset"), which
>isn't the most important feature of the aorist participle.
>Mark 6.1-2:
>et facto ( genome/nou ) sabato coepit ( )/hrxato ) in synagoga docere: et
>multi audientes admirabantur ( )exeplh/ssonto ) dicentes: " etc.
>Just two little samples, which I hope may help you.
>Best wishes
>Luciano Stupazzini
>formerly Latin and Greek Teacher at Liceo "Minghetti"

Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics/Washington University
One Brookings Drive/St. Louis, MO, USA 63130/(314) 935-4018
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