From: Ben Crick (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Date: Wed Nov 04 1998 - 12:38:30 EST
On Tue 3 Nov 98 (18:25:23), email@example.com wrote:
> ...ALLWi ...hETERWi ....ALLWi ....ALLWi ....ALLWi ....ALLWi
> ...hETERWi ....ALLWi
> Anyone out there brave enough to speculate on this and it significance?
> What would the purpose be in using the different synonyms, if not for
The celebrated Pauline sentence using hETEROS and ALLOS together is found
in Galatians 1:6-7 ...EIS hETERON EUAGGELION, hO OUK ESTIN ALLO, ...: a
different Gospel which is not the same.
Strong writes "ALLOS as compared with hETEROS denotes numerical, in
distinction from qualitative, differences. ALLOS adds ('one besides');
hETEROS distinguishes ('one of two'). Every hETEROS is an ALLOS, but not
every ALLOS is a hETEROS. ALLOS generally denotes simple distinctions of
individuals; hETEROS involves the secondary idea of difference of kind."
Trench, /Synonymns of the NT/, writes four pages on ALLOS, hETEROS (para
xcv beginning on page 357 in my copy): too long to quote here.
Charles Hodge writes "There is a distinction indicated in the Greek which
is not expressed in our version. The main divisions in this enumeration
seem to be indicated by hETEROS, and the subordinate ones by ALLOS, though
both words are translated by /another/; the former, however, is a stronger
exoression of difference. Here, therefore, where hETERWi is used, a new
class seems to be introduced. To the first class belong the word of wisdom
and the word of knowledge; to the second, all that follow except the last
two." (/The 1st Epistle to the Corinthians/, Banner of Truth, reprint 1959,
J Bengel writes "hWi . hETERWi . hETERWi, to one, to another, to another)
Three Genera: comp ch 13:8, and among these the expression, /to another/,
denotes many Species, each under its own Genus. So also 15:39, 40, 41.
ALLOS in turn is used for distinguishing the Species; hETEROS, the Genera.
By a change, ALLOS is used to distinguish genera, hETEROS species:
Hebrews 11:35" (/Gnomon novi testamenti/, E.T., Edinburgh, 1859, p 294).
Speculation concerning the theology of this is outside the scope of b-greek
so I will duck...
-- Revd Ben Crick, BA CF <firstname.lastname@example.org> 232 Canterbury Road, Birchington, Kent, CT7 9TD (UK) http://www.cnetwork.co.uk/crick.htm
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