Defective Verbs

From: Gilbert L. Rice (
Date: Fri Nov 20 1998 - 13:28:44 EST

Remember five weeks ago a post from me inquiring about the subject above?
No one replied. Now I see page 344 Grammar of Greek N.T. by Robertson the

"Hence it was natural that some verbs never developed a present tense, like
EIDON, and some made no aorist, like HORAO. The defective verbs thus throw
much light on the history of the tenses."

So for all you out there that know so much more than I do, that hits the
nail right on the head. In fact, one of the verbs, HORAO, was the one I was
specially interested in.

Part two: Where in Bauer-Arndt-Gingrich's Lexicon will be found just the
printed verb OPTOMAI? It is in Young's concordance under 'appear' and in
Vines under 'appear' and in Strong's perhaps wrongly under 3700. But
Perschbacher's New Analytical Greek Lexicon puts it under HORAO as one of
the Strong's Variants.

Strong's gives no extended definition under 3700 except 'to gaze.' If it
is to be put under 3708 (per Perschbacher), does the latitude of Strong's
definitions under 3708 apply?

Is it true that the verb OPTANO with that spelling does not appear anywhere
in the NT?
(I do not have a computer program of the Greek N.T. to check it out.)

Vines says correctly, "OPTOMAI is to be found in dictionaries under the
word HORAO, to see; it supplies some forms that are lacking in that verb."
Is there a proven verb from which OPTOMAI comes? Or does it come from

Thanks for your responses to the above inquiries.

Gilbert Rice
San Diego

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