From: Carl W. Conrad (email@example.com)
Date: Sun Feb 21 1999 - 07:00:56 EST
At 11:45 PM -0600 2/20/99, Bill Ross wrote:
>Hi, I've been away for a while, up to my neck in other alligators, so if
>anyone has addressed anything to me and found it unanswered, please try
>I find myself in need of your expertise...
>In Romans 5:12, Paul writes EF hW PANTES hHMARTON, commonly translated "for
>that all sinned."
>If I'm not mistaken, this is literally "upon which all sinned."
>Is the EF hW part used anywhere else in Scripture?
>Or is it a common construct outside of the Scriptures?
I only checked the NT in Accordance, but I found it in
2 Cor 5:4 ... STENAZOMEN BAROUMENOI, EF' hWi OU QELOMEN EKDUSASQAI ALL
EPENDUSASQAI, hINA ...
Phil 3:12 ... DIWKW DE EI KAI KATALABW, EF' hWi KAI KATELHMFQHN hUPO
Phil 4:10 ... ANEQALETE TO hUPER EMOU FRONEIN, EF' hWi KAI EFRONEITE,
EPI + dative in older Greek tends to be spatial locative ("upon this," "at
this particular [place]") or metaphorical ("on the basis of" = "for the
reason that ..."
>What other possibile translations might it support?
I think you have to consider the particular context, but depending on that
you might use "because," "since," "the reason being that ..." or the like.
Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics/Washington University
One Brookings Drive/St. Louis, MO, USA 63130/(314) 935-4018
Home: 7222 Colgate Ave./St. Louis, MO 63130/(314) 726-5649
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