Re: Participle in Matt. 27:35

From: George Blaisdell (
Date: Thu Feb 25 1999 - 14:14:35 EST

Don Larson writes

>I note that Matthew uses a participle in Mt.27:35 where Mark (and
>Luke and John) use a verb in the indicative mood. Mt.27:35 reads:


Literally: "Crucifying Him they divide the garments of Him."
This simply seems to say what they did during the crucifixion.

>The Marcan parallel
>(Mk.15:24) uses an historical present: KAI STAUROUSIN AUTON KAI

"And they are crucifying Him and dividing His garments."
This seems to focus on the action of dividing, again during the
crucifying of Him. It could be a dramatic present usage, rather than an
historical present. But either way, the two present tenses seem to be
going on at the same time.

Both Luke and John use the aorist ESTAURWSAN.

Which simply reports the event of the crucifixion as a fact.

I take
>Matthew's construction as a participle of attendant circumstance, and
>translate "And they crucified him and they divided his garments,"
rather than
>treating the participle adverbially: "And after having crucified him,
>divided his garments." In either approach, Matthew's participle seems
to me
>to carry a weaker force than the finite verb Mark employs.

Well, if Matt. stresses the time during which the dividing occurs, and
Mark stresses the dividing during that time, weak and strong are
difficult for me to assess. They seem pretty much similar...


George Blaisdell
Roslyn, WA

Get Your Private, Free Email at

B-Greek home page:
You are currently subscribed to b-greek as: []
To unsubscribe, forward this message to
To subscribe, send a message to

This archive was generated by hypermail 2.1.4 : Sat Apr 20 2002 - 15:40:17 EDT