From: Moon-Ryul Jung (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Date: Sat Apr 24 1999 - 05:54:37 EDT
I have some elementary questions on the usage of participles. Some of the
seem closely related and others are not.
1. Attributive adjectivals without the article.
The attribute position of adjectives is known to require the article in
front of them, e.g. in
hO KALOS AGGELOS or hO AGGELOS hO KALOS. But there are some cases where
is violated. E.g.:
Rom 8:24: ELPIS DE BLEPOMENH OUK ESTIN ELPIS. "hope that is seen"
Mk 5:36: hO DE IHSOUS PARAKOUSAS TON LOGON LALOUMENOU LEGEI...
"the word that is spoken"
These examples raised some questions to me.
1.1. Is this "violation of the rule" quite often, especially in the case
1.2. Is there NO difference bewteen the attributive expressions with the
those without the article?
1.3. Is AGGELOS hO KALOS legal? If so, should I translate it as "the
good angel" or
"a good angel"?
1.4. Is AGGELOS KALOS legal? If so, can it mean "a good angel"?
2. Explicit subjects of attributive participle clauses??
Consider Mt 2:7: HKRIBWSEN TON CRONON TOU FAINOUMENOU ASTEROS
(he asked the time of the star's appearing).
Here I take FAINOUMENOU ASTEROS as a participle clause with the article
in front of it. The genitive ASTEROS plays the role of the subject of
Is this analysis correct? Are there other examples similar to this?
Or should we take TOU FAINOUMENOU ASTEROS to mean "of the star that
But "the time of the star that appeared" does not make sense to me.
3. Complementary participles after ARCOMAI (begin)?
On recent posts on Lk 7:45 there were discussions on "complementary
used after verbs of ceasing: DIELIPEN KATAFILUOUSA (stop kissing]. I
complementary participles can be used after verbs of beginning.
This question was raised by the way most translations take Mk 2:23b.
2:23a KAI EGENETO AUTON EN TOIS SABBASIN PARAPOREUESQAI DIA TWN SPORIMWN
2:23b: KAI hOI MAQHTAI AUTOU HRXANTO hODON POIEIN TILLONTES TOUS STACUAS.
Most translations took 2:23n to mean "and his disciples began, as they
to pluck the ears."
My initial attempt was "his disciples began to make their way plucking the
The "official translations" take the infinitive clause hODON POIEIN as a
even though there is no preposition in front of it, e.g. EN TWi. I wonder
if this translation
is grammatically possible.
Dept of Computer Science
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