From: George Blaisdell (email@example.com)
Date: Sat Jun 19 1999 - 09:55:33 EDT
>From: "Carl W. Conrad"
>Moon-Ryul Jung wrote:
> >Linda asked:
> >The question is about the translation of the "because clause":
> >hOTI EKRINEN hO QEOS TO KRIMA hUMWN EX AUTHS.
> >Literally it says:
> >God judged your judgement from her.
> >Some translated it as
> >God judged your judgement against her.
> >It seems to make sense.
> >So, here we have two questions.
> >(1) Can EX mean AGAINST?
> >(2) What does "KRINW TO KRIMA hUMWN" mean?
>(1) No, EK in this instance must mean (oddly) "with reference to", an
>extraordinary extension of "arising from",
>hOTI EKRINEN hO QEOS TO KRIMA hUMWN EX AUTHS 'because God condemned her
>what she did to you' Re 18:20.
>Note that this translation is of the "dynamic equivalence" sort: it is good
>English but there's no way to see in it what Greek text it is derived from
>without having gone through the entire >analysis of the two phrases in
>question (KRINEIN TO KRIMA hUMWN and EX AUTHS).
I am wondering if this may be a formulaic expression of a legal decision, in
virtue of the two genitives following TO KRIMA. In US courts the judge
might say "I find FOR the plaintiff AGAINST [EX] the defendant. This would
have hUMWN EX AUTHS as a unit [of decision, both for and against] modifying
So here: hOTI EKRINEN hO QEOS TO KRIMA hUMWN EX AUTHS would translate
"[rejoice] that God decided the judgement [in favor] of you against [away
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