Re: QEOTHS-Col 2:9

From: Carlton Winbery (
Date: Mon Sep 13 1999 - 19:15:17 EDT

>Both "Little Kittel" (page 322) and Louw & Nida (page 140) treat QEOTHS
>as nearly synonymous in meaning. For both, Louw & Nida give "the nature
>or state of
>being God - 'deity, divine nature, divine being,'" and for both, "Little
>gives "divinity." Did you perhaps mean QEIOS, which is the word at Acts
>17:29, not
>It might be interesting also to know the context or range of meaning
>QEOTHS is given
>in the other Greek contemporaneous literature.
>Solomon Landers
>Memra Institute for Biblical Research
>Tony Costa wrote:
>> Dear Friends,
>> In Col 2:9 the word QEOTHS is used, and is usually translated "Deity" or
>> "Godhead". Thayer's Greek-English Lexicon defines it as "Godhead, the state
>> of being God". I believe this word only appears in this text in all the GNT.
>> Thayer comments that this word is different than QEIOTHS (Acts 17:29; Rom
>> 1:20) which is usually translated as "Divinity". Does anyone know where in
>> other Greek literature contemporaneous or prior to the writing of Colossians
>> this word is used outside the GNT? Many thanks.
>> Tony Costa, B.A.
>> Univ. of Toronto
Given below are the entries from Liddell Scott Jones online from Perseus.

QEOTHS, HTOS, hH, divinity, divine nature, Ep.Col.2.9, Plu.2.359d, Luc.
Icar.9, etc.; dia theotÉta for religious reasons, Heliod.ap.Orib.50.7.1.

QEIOTHS, HTOS, hH, divine nature, divinity, LXX Wi.18.9,Ep.Rom.1.20, SIG867.31
      (Ephesus, ii A.D.), Plu.2.665a, etc.

      2. f.l.for hOSIOTHS, Isoc. 11.26, Plu.2.857a, and so prob. in

        II. as title of Roman Emperors, Orib.1.1.1, SIG900.23 (Panamara, iv
A.D.), etc.

It looks to me that they were used almost as synonyms in all the listed

Dr. Carlton L. Winbery
Foggleman Professor of Religion
Louisiana College
Ph. 1 318 448 6103 hm
Ph. 1 318 487 7241 off

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