From: George Goolde (
Date: Thu Sep 16 1999 - 01:50:52 EDT

I think this particle is often overlooked and is also treated in a rather
sloppy manner. Many seem to assume that DE and KAI are synonomous.

I understand DE to be continuative and KAI to be adjunctive or ascensive.
DE is sometimes translated "but" in English. Once again, I see DE to be
primarily continuative while ALLA is adversative.

Has anyone on list done extensive work in comparing these particles?

George A. Goolde
Professor, Bible & Theology
Southern California Bible College & Seminary

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