PANTES in Romans 3:23

From: Stephen C. Carlson (
Date: Tue Jan 18 2000 - 23:14:31 EST

I received the following question from my uncle, and I am somewhat at loss
in how to respond:

>I have a translation question for you, if you could be so
>kind to help me. In Romans 3:23 is the word all (pas) to mean "all groups" or
>all individuals. I know someone who states that the word all for individuals
>is "panton" not "pas." Therefore the translation means all groups and not all
>individuals. Thanks a bunch! Uncle Jim

For reference, Romans 3:23 is PANTES GAR hHMARTON KAI hUSTEROUNTAI THS

All my reference works merely state than an anarthrous substantive PANTES
means "all," with no indication of "all groups." I also feel that "all
groups" is ruled out by the context.

Can anyone clarify things up here?

Stephen Carlson

Stephen C. Carlson              
Synoptic Problem Home Page
"Poetry speaks of aspirations, and songs chant the words."  Shujing 2.35

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