Re: hHGEOMAI - 'esteem' without attributive

From: Carl W. Conrad (
Date: Fri Jun 02 2000 - 10:05:16 EDT

At 3:52 PM +0200 6/2/00, Roe wrote:
>Betraying my novitiate, I had written:
>> >Did hHGEOMAI without an attributive word added ever ... have the
>> > meaning "to esteem" ...
>Carl responded:
>> I don't think "esteem" as such is quite right for the sense--except in the
>> sense of "deem" or "judge" and I don't think I'd call its modifying word an
>> attributive so much as a predicate word; in this usage hHGEISQAI generally
>> takes a direct object and a predicate accusative: "to deem X to be Y"--so
>> here, Phil 2:3 "deeming each other (to be) better than yourselves."
>I don't find any examples where hHGEOMAI is used without a predicate or
>other modifying word, could mean "esteem" except *possibly* occurences
>"Remember those who led you,..." or "...who are (or were) esteemed by
>But without a predicate or other modifying word, it seems that this
>would make no more sense than:
>"Remember those who were thought by you..."
>"Remember those who were deemed by you..."

hHGEOMAI is a middle-voice word and I don't think you'll ever find it
bearing a passive sense (but I'm currently in Missouri and waiting to be

I would understand TWN hHGOUMENWN Heb 13:7 as a substantival participle and
hUMWN as a genitive regularly used as the object of verbs of governing.


Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics/Washington University
One Brookings Drive/St. Louis, MO, USA 63130/(314) 935-4018
Home: 7222 Colgate Ave./St. Louis, MO 63130/(314) 726-5649

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