[b-greek] Re: perfect PROISTHMI...

From: Carl W. Conrad (cwconrad@artsci.wustl.edu)
Date: Thu Jul 06 2000 - 06:41:25 EDT

At 11:37 AM +0200 7/6/00, Roe wrote:
>In 1Tim 5:17, we see PROISTHMI in the perfect tense:
>Why do most (all?) versions translate PROISTHMI in the present tense

Because the perfect tense of hISTHMI/hISTAMAI (and its compounds) provides
the only means of indicating that something is NOW standing as a result of
completion of the process indicated by the present-tense form:

        PROISTHMI = I am in the process of putting X in charge (of Y)
        PROISTAMAI = I am in process of being put in charge (of Y)

        PROESTHKA = I have come to be put in charge (of Y) = I AM in charge

The perfect forms hESTHKA (and compounds) and OIDA (and compounds) do
regularly carry the force of present tenses because, as STATIVES, they
indicate the STATE currently obtaining.


Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University
Summer: 1647 Grindstaff Road/Burnsville, NC 28714/(828) 675-4243
cwconrad@artsci.wustl.edu OR cwconrad@ioa.com
WWW: http://www.artsci.wustl.edu/~cwconrad/

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