[b-greek] Re: a translation question

From: Carl W. Conrad (cwconrad@artsci.wustl.edu)
Date: Thu Feb 01 2001 - 19:41:48 EST

At 1:29 PM -0800 2/1/01, Alex Kyrychenko wrote:
>Dear List-members,
>During the lesson on the participles I was to translate the following
>English sentence into Greek:
>"I saw him after he had believed in the Lord." My suggested
>translation, EIDON PISTEUSANTA EIS TON KURION, was corrected into
>personal pronoun was necessary since the participle already contained
>all the information. Could you please comment on that and refer me to
>a good grammar? Thank you.

In this case a pronoun is certainly required so that one can know who it
was that had believed; of course it's also true that the AUTON must refer
to someone previously named (the problem with translating simple sentences
is that they are always outside of a context, and a context is essential if
we're going to have pronouns and connectives). The personal pronoun is not
required for a SUBJECT of a verb, but in this instance the participle has
to be connected to an accusative object of EIDON. You might have had a
substantive participle in a sentence like EIDON TON PISTEUSANTA EIS TON
KURION ("I saw the one who had believed in the Lord") but that's different;
in your sentence PISTEUSANTA needs a noun or pronoun object of EIDON to
accord with.


Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics/Washington University
One Brookings Drive/St. Louis, MO, USA 63130/(314) 935-4018
Home: 7222 Colgate Ave./St. Louis, MO 63130/(314) 726-5649
WWW: http://www.artsci.wustl.edu/~cwconrad/

B-Greek home page: http://metalab.unc.edu/bgreek
You are currently subscribed to b-greek as: [jwrobie@mindspring.com]
To unsubscribe, forward this message to leave-b-greek-327Q@franklin.oit.unc.edu
To subscribe, send a message to subscribe-b-greek@franklin.oit.unc.edu

This archive was generated by hypermail 2.1.4 : Sat Apr 20 2002 - 15:36:49 EDT