From: Carl W. Conrad (email@example.com)
Date: Thu Feb 22 2001 - 12:34:15 EST
At 11:29 AM -0800 2/22/01, Jon D. Boyd wrote:
>Kenneth Litwak wrote about Luke 4:
> <Second, any thoughts about how to decide whether EN
>TW PNEUMATI shold be "in the sprit" or "By the
>The first part of verse one speaks of the PNEUMATOS hAGIOU, so I would
>take the PNEUMATI in the last part as also referring to the Holy Spirit.
>I understand the phrase EN TWi PNEUMATI as an instrumental dative (dat.
>of means), giving the sense "He was led by means of the Spirit."
><Also, in Luke 4:9
>It seems to me that for clarity's sake there could be
>a second auton after esthsen. Since there isn't, is
>there any way to know syntactically, like from the
>meaning of (ISTHMI here, that it is the Devil who
>stood on the pinnacle of the temple or that the devil
>stood/placed/set Jesus on the pinnacle of he temple.
>If I was going to say that X put Y somewhere, I'd use
>TIQHMI, not (ISTHMI.>
>HGAGEN DE AUTON EIS IEROUSALHM KAI ESTHSEN EPI TO PTERUGION TOU hIEROU
>KAI EIPEN AUTWi, EI hUIOS EI TOU QEOU, BALE SEAUTON ENTEUQEN KATW.
>The verb hISTHMI can be either transitive or intransitive (see BDAG). In
>this verse, the implied subject is hO DIABOLOS. I would opt for the
>transitive understanding of hISTHMI in this verse because we find that
>Jesus is also EPI TO PTERUGION TOU hIEROU because the devil tells him
>BALE SEAUTON ENTEUQEN KATW.
In fact this form, ESTHSEN, can ONLY be transitive; the alternative "3rd
aorist" form, ESTH, is what one uses for the intransitive (corresponding to
the present middle used for intransitive, hISTAMAI).
Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics/Washington University
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