From: Alan B. Thomas (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Date: Wed Mar 07 2001 - 14:08:31 EST
--- Mark Wilson wrote:
> In John 8:23 we have:
> hUMEIS EK TWN KATW ESTE EGW EK TWN ANW EIMI
> Here KATW and ANW, both adverbs, have their
> adverbial natures
> cancelled by the articles.
What cancels their adverbial natures is other
grammatical and contextual features. In essense, your
question recognizes a violation of a grammatical
The definite article is needed to create a grammatical
construct of which the adverb is a part. The whole is
as you say...not an adverb. But disecting the whole
into parts leads to all kinds of problems when you
disect a grammatical "unit."
It is non-sense to disect UNDERSTAND into "under" and
"stand." Or to split PET FISH into "pet" and "fish."
Spliting grammatical or syntactical units is always
inappropriate in understanding a language.
Also, how does the unit function? In your above
example, they function as "nouns."
A similar mistake takes place in Dr. D. Wallace's
GGBB. In discussing the Aorist, he categorizes
incorrectly the Aorist as GNOMIC. An Aorist can be
used in a gnomic CONTEXT, but the Aorist itself is not
For example, 1 Pet 1.24 is given the following
"the grass WITHERS and the flower FALLS OFF"
Here WITHERS and FALLS OFF are Aorists, but context
makes this proposition gnomic; the Aorist does not
make it gnomic, and in fact, does not contribute to
its gnomic nature.
Note that Greek does not have a verb tense form for a
proposition like this (timeless). Peter could not have
used the Present Tense Form since he was not intending
to identify a CURRENT situation. He was describing a
GNOMIC (timeless) situation. There is no tense form
available to a Greek writer for this.
The error is made by attributing "gnomicity" to the
tense form found WITHIN this gnomic context, which
itself is a larger unit (at the proposition level).
Always remember that a "cat" is not the sum of three
letters (c,a,t). Equally, do not disect "the above
place" into three words.
Alan B. Thomas
"Actually, there was no final "s" on "toward," but
now it's acceptable. Languages just change."
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