[b-greek] Comparing ALLOS and hETEROS

From: Brandon C Wason (brandonwason@calvarychapel.com)
Date: Tue Jun 26 2001 - 19:06:22 EDT

I've heard arguments for certain doctrines based on the usage of ALLOS and
hETEROS. ALLOS can mean, supposedly, "another of the same kind," while
hETEROS can mean "another of a different kind." LSJ seems to support the
latter definition, while I couldn't really find support for the first
definition (In addition to LSJ I also used BDAG). Basically, can ALLOS mean
"another of the same kind" anywhere, and was this still being used in the
first century? Secondly, was hETEROS still being used (at least partly) as
"another of the different kind" in the first century? Thirdly, is there a
*basis* for drawing a doctrinal conclusion from these types of word usages?

The verse I had in mind was John 14:16. Here it says that Father will give
another (ALLOS) Counselor- thus (so the argument goes) the Spirit is of the
same kind (nature?) as the Son. I'm not trying to start a theological
discussion...it's obviously not the right place for that. I am looking for
word usage and the *principle* of drawing theological conclusions from the
word usage. I don't want your interpretations of the verse. Thanks for your

Brandon C. Wason
PO Box 646
Yorba Linda, CA 92885

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