[b-greek] Re: To Shame or not To Shame

From: Carl W. Conrad (cwconrad@artsci.wustl.edu)
Date: Mon Feb 18 2002 - 09:16:04 EST

At 8:39 AM -0500 2/18/02, Jonathan Robie wrote:
>I have a question about ENTREPW in this passage. How on earth can I tell
>when this verb means "to shame" and when it means "to respect"?

One good clue: the active is causative; the MP (and of course you know that
I would prefer to call it middle) is to feel a sense of shame or reverence
before a person--i.e. to feel a sense of inhibition regarding how one is
likely to behave before such a person. Older Greek used AIDEOMAI and

25.196 ENTREPW: to cause someone to be embarrassed or ashamed - 'to shame,
to embarrass.' OUK ENTREPWN hUMAS GRAFW TAUTA 'I do not write this to
embarrass you' 1Cor 4:14; MH SUNANAMIGNUSQAI AUTWi, hINA ENTRAPHi [where
ENTRAPHi is aor. "passive" (i.e. MP)]'have nothing to do with him, so that
he will be ashamed' 2Th 3:14.

87.11 ENTREPOMAI: to show respect to a person on the basis of his high
status - 'to respect, to show respect.' PEMYW TON hUION MOU TON AGAPHTON;
ISWS TOUTON ENTRAPHSONTAI 'I will send my own dear son; surely they will
respect him' Lk 20:13. In a number of languages the showing of respect is
referred to by a number of figurative expressions, for example, 'to bow
before,' 'to kneel before,' 'to crouch before,' or 'to stand appalled in
the presence of.'


Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University (Emeritus)
Most months:: 1647 Grindstaff Road/Burnsville, NC 28714/(828) 675-4243
cwconrad@artsci.wustl.edu OR cwconrad@ioa.com
WWW: http://www.artsci.wustl.edu/~cwconrad/

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