History of India

Edited by A. V. Williams Jackson, Ph.D., LL.D., Professor of Indo-Iranian Languages in Columbia University

Volume 5 – The Mohammedan Period as Described by its Own Historians

Selected from the works of the late Sir Henry Miers Elliot, K.C.B.


The Lake of Udaipur

Udaipur, the capital of the ancient state of Mewar, is the centre of what has been called the “Lake District of India.” The lake itself, on which the city is located, is one of the most picturesque sheets of water in the world. The dazzling marble of royal palaces, imaged in its mirror-like face, stands out in contrast to the dark hills in the background.

Table of Contents

Introduction by the Editor

Chapter 1 – Arab Conquest of Sind

Chapter 2 – The Holy Wars of Islam Waged against Hindustan by Sabuktagin and Mahmud of Ghazni

Chapter 3 – Rise of the House of Ghor

Chapter 4 – Kutb-ad-din Aybek and Altamish – Two of the Slave Kings

Chapter 5 – Raziya, the Mohammedan Empress of India

Chapter 6 – The Earlier Career of Ulugh Khan, afterwards Emperor Balban

Chapter 7 – Ala-ad-din’s Conquests in the Deccan

Chapter 8 – Some Measures of Mohammad Taghlak and of Firoz Shah

Chapter 9 – Timur’s Account of his Invasion of India and Sack of Delhi

Chapter 10 – The Memoirs of the Emperor Babar

Chapter 11 – Beginning of the Reign of the Emperor Humayun

Chapter 12 – Akbar’s Religious Views, as Described by Badauni

Chapter 13 – From the Memoirs of the Emperor Jahangir

Chapter 14 – Some Incidents of Shah Jahan’s Reign

Chapter 15 – Aurangzib

List of Illustrations

The Lake of Udaipur – Arabesque from a Mohammedan Tomb – Seals of Early Caliphs – A Type of Ceylon Beauty – The Manjanik, a Catapult or Ballista – Jat Peasants and Landlords – A Tomb at Multan – An Indian Barber – Arab Armour – Mohammedan Traders and Escort at Kathiawar – An old Pavilion at Thatta in Sind – Sind, according to the Arab Geographer Ibn Haukal – A Ruined Mohammedan Mosque at Haidarabad in Sind – Gold Coin of Mahmud, struck at Naishapur in Khorasan, 402 A.H. (1011–1012 A.D.) – A Species of Indian Dagger – Hindu Idols – Afghan Types – An Indian Necklace – The River Indus at Attok – Exterior of Sultan Mahmud’s Tomb at Ghazni – An Afghan Boy – Fort of Jodhpur – Interior of Sultan Mahmud’s Tomb at Ghazni – A Sketch of the Khaibar Pass – Indian Armour – An Indian Dagger – A Burning-ghat on the Bank of the Ganges at Benares – The Sacred Ganges at Benares – Crossing the River Sutlaj on Skins – The Bala Hissar at Peshawar – A Khalji Chieftain and his Wife – Arabesque Scroll from the Minaret of Kutb-ad-din Aybek – A Hindu Musician – Minar of Kutb-ad-din at Delhi – A Pious Mendicant – The Kutb Minar at Delhi – View of Lahore from the Palace in the Fort – A House at Multan – The Road near a Ruined Temple at Ujjain – Painted Decoration on the Ceiling of Itmad-ad-Daulah’s Tomb – A Mohammedan Woman – An Arab Projectile – The Diwan-i-Aam at Delhi – A Scene at Lahore – Exterior of the Jami’ Masjid at Delhi – Indian Village Women – The Tower of Victory at Chitor – A Mohammedan Tomb at Delhi – An Engine of War – The Tomb of Mohammad Ghana at Gwalior – A Group of Afghans – A Silver Coin of Ala-ad-din – The so-called Gates of Somnath – A Group of Indian Mussulmans – A richly Caparisoned Elephant – The Temple at Madura – Gold Coin of Firoz, struck at Ahsanabad, 807 A.H. (1404–1405 A.D.) – A Peasant Woman grinding Corn – A Goldsmith at Lucknow – A Mohammedan Tomb at Thatta – View of Agra with the Jami’ Masjid – A Minar at Ahmadabad – A Mohammedan Tomb – Teaching Islam to the Youth – An Indian Decorative Design – The River Indus at Khushalgarh – Shah Timur – Ruins at Kabul – An Afghan Fortress – An Afghan Pass – Indian Children – Mussulman Priests of India – Mohammedan Armour – An Indian Dagger – Gateway of the Mosque of Ala-ad-din at Delhi – Tomb of Firoz Shah at Delhi – Approach to the Palace at Udaipur – Hindu Women – The Mausoleum of Timur at Samarkand – Interior of Timur’s Tomb at Samarkand – Mohammedans at Noonday Prayers – A Gate at Kabul – A Distant View of Kabul – A Glimpse of Lahore – Indian Tents and Pavilions – Modern Tribesmen of Afghanistan – A Chain-work Helmet – A Procession of Elephants – The Kanch Mahal, or Crystal Seraglio, at Amber – The Great Howitzer called Malik-i-Maidan – Tomb of Babar at Kabul – An Indian Decorative Design – Babar, Humayun, Akbar and Jahangir – The Tomb of Humayun at Old Delhi – The Pachisi Court of Akbar at Fathpur-Sikri – Gold Coins of Akbar – Akbar’s Tomb at Sikandra – Akbar’s Tomb at Sikandra – House of Akbar’s Hindu Minister, Birbal, at Fathpur-Sikri – The Emperor Akbar – Akbar’s Tombstone at Sikandra – Zodiacal Gold Mohrs of Jahangir – The Moghul Empire – Indian Girls from Kashmir – A Scene near Attok – Jahangir’s Sarcophagus at Lahore – A Street Scene in Ahmadabad – Shah Nasir-ad-din of Persia – Shah Jahangir holding an Audience – Gold Coin of Aurangzib, struck at Bijapur 1099 A.H. (1687–1688 A.D.) – The Mosque of Aurangzib at Benares – A Mosque at Aligarh – Crowds at a Hindu Festival – Aurangzib’s Burial-place – Decorative Design on a Mohammedan Tomb

This collection transcribed by Chris Gage
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