Lighthouses of Brunei
Brunei (officially, Brunei Darussalam) is an independent,
oil-rich sultanate facing the South China Sea on the northwestern coast
of Borneo. The country's territory consists of two enclaves within the
Malaysian state of Sarawak, the larger one on the west side of Brunei
Bay and a smaller one on the south side of the bay. The Sultan of Brunei accepted a British protectorate in an 1888 treaty that remained in
force until it was dissolved in 1984. No traditional lighthouses were built in Brunei, so all of its lights are of relatively modern origin and design.
Aids to navigation in Brunei are operated and maintained by the Brunei Marine Department. In the Malay language used in Brunei the term for a lighthouse is rumah
api; an island is a pulau and a cape is a tanjung.
ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS
World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume F
of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA
List numbers are from Publication 112.
- General Sources
- Online List of Lights - Brunei
- Coming soon: photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas. The Brunei photos are by Rainer Arndt.
- World of Lighthouses - Brunei
- Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
- Navigation chart information for Brunei.
Muara Range Lights, Pulau Muara Besar, December 2012
photo copyright James Smith; used by permission
- Ampa Patches (Magpie Rock)
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft) four white flashes
every 20 s. 17 m (56 ft) square pyramidal steel tower with gallery mounted
on a platform supported by three piles. Located in an oil field
area about 30 km (19 mi) offshore and 65 km (40 mi) west of the entrance
to Brunei Bay. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty
F1934.8; NGA 24248.
- * Lumut
- 2005. Active; focal plane about 33 m (108 ft); three white flashes every 15 s. 30 m (98 ft) hexagonal tower
with lantern and gallery. the tower is painted in red, white, and
blue as shown in Hazwan Yusof's photo at right. A photo, a 2018 photo and another photo are available, Harry Mason has a nighttime photo, and Google has a good satellite view.
Completed in November 2004 and inaugurated in March 2005, this lighthouse
guides ships toward Lumut, a port on the South China Sea west of the
entrance to Brunei Bay. The light has a listed range of 45 km (28 mi). For reasons unknown the Admiralty lists it among its lights on oil and gas production facilities. Located in Lumut. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F9527.425.
- Pelong Rocks (Pulau Pelong)
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 24 m (79 ft); three white flashes every 15 s. 11 m (36 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. Trabas has Arndt's distant view, and Lisa Omarali has a photo, but the tower is inconspicuous in Google's satellite view. Located on a rocky islet about 5 km (3 mi) northwest of the entrance to Brunei. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS BRU-002; Admiralty F1936; NGA 24368.
- Muara Entrance Range Front
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); continuous green neon light. 15 m (49 ft) skeletal tower mounted on a triangular concrete platform supported by piles. The tower carries a triangular daymark, point up, painted red with a white vertical stripe. James Smith's photo is at the top of this page, Trabas has Arndt's photo and Bing has a satellite view. The range guides vessels entering Brunei Bay in a dredged channel on the west side of Pulau Muara Besar. Located off the northwestern point of Pulau Muara Besar, an island in the bay entrance. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F1936.5; NGA 24328.
- Muara Entrance Range Rear
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 28 m (92 ft); continuous green neon light. 27 m (89 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. The tower carries a triangular daymark, point down, painted red with a white vertical stripe. James Smith's photo is at the top of this page, Trabas has Arndt's photo and the shadow of the tower is seen among petroleum tanks in Google's satellite view. Located near the western end of Pulau Muara Besar. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1936.51; NGA 24332.
- Tanjung Sapo (Sapoh)
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 28 m (92 ft); flash every 10 s, white or red depending on direction. Skeletal tower, painted white; the height is not listed but it must be at least 20 m (66 ft). No photo available and the tower has not been located in Google's satellite view. Located at the east end of Pulau Muara Besar, where it marks the natural entrance to Brunei Bay (the modern entrance is through the dredged channel at the west end of the island). Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1938; NGA 24316.
Lumut Light, Lumut, December 2008
Flickr Creative Commons photo by Hazwan Yusof
- Pulau Chermin (2?) (South Bar Bank Range Rear)
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 16 m (52 ft) aluminum skeletal tower. The tower carries a square red and white daymark. No photo available, but Google has an indistinct satellite view. Pulau Chermin is a small island in the entrance to Brunei Harbour. Apparently there was a historic lighthouse on the island, but if so Google's satellite view shows no trace of it. The modern light stands on a dangerous reef about 400 m (1/4 mi) northwest of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS BRU-001; Admiralty F1941.1; NGA 24266.
Information available on lost lighthouses:
Notable faux lighthouses:
Adjoining page: East Malaysia
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Posted March 21, 2006. Checked and revised December 1, 2018.
Lighthouses: 7. Site copyright 2018 Russ Rowlett and the University of North
Carolina at Chapel Hill.